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Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound
Rusia FCI 193 . Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds.

Borzoi

The Borzoi It is an affectionate and obedient dog with the master

Content

Characteristics "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

Dogs are mentioned in 17th century publications, with which our ancestors successfully hunted not only hares, but also wolves. Presumably, the first and most famous breeder of greyhounds It was the Russian Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich Romanov, who received several dogs of this breed as a gift from the Zaporozhye Cossacks. The version that the ancestors of the Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound current were brought to us from Persia and the Kazakh Khanate during the reign of Ivan the Terrible also has its foundation. The Tsar had great respect for the greyhounds and was sincerely interested in the new hunting breeds.

From the 18th century, the clan of greyhounds was subjected to extensive “training”. To improve the performance of hunting dogs, they crossed paths with Sighthounds local and english and, later, with Greyhounds of the Crimea and the Highlands. Breeding activity was spontaneous, since the main breeder of the breed was the aristocracy who maintained their own kennels and had the opportunity to freely experiment with breeding. Unlimited, the owners had to raise the animals according to their own preferences, which ended up dividing the family of the Greyhounds and slow down the standardization of the breed. As a result, the first standard for the exterior of the Borzoi could be written in 1888.

The breed has been featured in Russian dog shows since 1872 and was immediately disappointed by all the aesthetes who saw the animals as a common mongrel who had lost all the classic traits of the Borzoi Russian. But, the jury of the Moscow exhibition of the Imperial Hunting Society was more faithful to the four-legged contestants and awarded a gold medal to the Borzoi nicknamed “Reward” in 1874. But even this decision did not put an end to the desperate debates among experts about what exactly a Borzoi Russian. Thus, supporters of the tradition continue to campaign to return to the original appearance of dogs, while the other half of the breeders persist in voting for a renewed appearance of the greyhounds.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, the breeding of Russian Wolfhound sped up and in 1917 the number of purebreds in Russia had already exceeded 2000. Of course, during the years of the Civil Wars and the Great Patriotic War the Russian clan of Borzoi greyhounds suffered considerable losses, but despite everything it existed, and this gave Soviet enthusiasts the opportunity to start breeding these amazing animals again. The breed has reached America and Canada in the early 20th century, after Europe got fed up with the grace and hunting talent of its representatives and even managed to cool them down a bit. By the way, across the Atlantic the Borzoi they became more popular and were accepted there not as hunting but as sporting and show pets.

Physical characteristics

The Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound, they are the epitome of sophistication and elegance. Among his peers, These slim, ascetic beauties are noted for their exquisite exterior and mesmerizing ease of movement. Despite his relatively tall stature (the males up 85 cm to the cross, the females up 78 cm.), the Borzoi does not look like a giant of great weight. At the time, this characteristic of the breed was subtly interpreted by the genius of the Art Nouveau era Louis Icarus. After a couple of photos of the artist with a stretched and proud silhouette of a Borzoi Russian, became a fashion trend, and the illustrations, engravings and even sculptures depicting the majestic posture of the Greyhound, massively attracted the attention of French and Russian fans of the breed.

Character and skills

The Borzoi Russians are geniuses of reincarnation. They are irrepressible and gamble when they hunt, but as soon as they get into the walls of their houses, they immediately awaken the melancholic tranquility. In general, the Russian Wolfhound they are one of the most comfortable pets: they don't bark much and don't go after their owners to get their share of attention. When not hunting or walking, the Borzoi Russian prefers to spend his time passively resting on the sofa or curled up at his owner's feet. Nor is it a breed capable of giving all kinds of nasty surprises., how to tear the wallpaper or bite the shoes, as long as, of course, take walks regularly.

The Borzoi they do not feel love towards children, but not great hostility. Sudden screaming and laughing mostly bothers him, so when groups of noisy children arrive at the master's house, the dog usually tries to get away. Due to his peaceful nature and his innate sensitivity, the Russian Wolfhound is moderately educated in communication, even with strangers, but in response it demands exactly the same treatment. Being a sensitive dog, the Borzoi is sensitive to injustice and punishment is a tragedy for this breed.

Irritability is another characteristic of the Borzoi. At one point your dog walked imposingly at your feet, the next minute an occasional cat appears and the wind carries your dog away. The reason for this abrupt transition from one state to another is a chasing instinct, which in this race has evolved to the level of mania.

The intellectual performance of the Borzoi it's pretty good, although inexperienced owners may find it difficult to educate and train their pet at first. It is important to understand that the Borzoi not a companion or service dog, but a professional hunter whose main objective is to work with hunting. Consequently, all the intelligence and ingenuity of the breed go exactly to the hunting process. At the same time, in normal life the dog's brain works in energy saving mode, what is sometimes confused with stupidity.

Character and skills

Even though that him Borzoi it is a mostly docile and obedient dog, they are not very good students. By the way, experienced hunters are of the opinion that enrolling representatives of the breed in a general training course only spoils their natural talents. The Borzoi must always be alert: an accidental yell or threatening movement toward the dog, and immediately regards it as an attempt to degrade his dignity. So you have to be respectful when training with these “aristocrats”. It also, the Borzoi it is one of those races that have a different personality, so the training program and style for each individual can vary drastically.

The first and most important skill that owners must teach is the ability to distinguish between hunting and social life.. Gently train your puppy to chase anything that moves during walks, using the side-by-side pursuit order. Never leave him off a leash if there are smaller four-legged critters nearby. It also, don't try to raise a Borzoi as a domestic or circus dog. Despite his gentle nature, will not look for slippers or walk on hind legs.

You will have to forget about monotonous training with this breed, since monotony is the worst of evils for the Borzoi. Guide him seriously but without forcing him, rewarding your progress with treats. To the 6 months, your pup should have learned basic obedience commands (“Come here!”, “about!”) and be able to walk on a leash. The period of 6 to 10 months is considered a period of adolescent rebellion. Attempts to assert your authority by defying rules and regulations.

The best way to combat adolescent leadership in Russian Wolfhound is the additional physical training. The more you work and train, less time the puppy will have to do mischief. The easiest in this regard is for owners who already have a Borzoi adult at home besides puppy. An experienced dog will quickly put the overexcited teenager in his place and be an example and a teacher for him..

Hunting with a “Borzoi”

The Borzoi he is an excellent midland hunter who can successfully hunt both hares and foxes as well as wolves. This is not only due to natural instincts and innate cunning, but also to a peculiar linear position of the legs that allows the dog to abruptly change the direction of movement, allowing you to capture prey at lightning speed. But, despite these clear breed advantages, today's hunters often reject their representatives as untrained pets. The reason for such carelessness lies in the fact that Russian Wolfhound they are often crossed with other hunting dogs, so the descendants' stalking instinct is not alive enough. It also, not all owners understand that, although hunting with a Borzoi it's a seasonal affair, the dog will have to develop and hone his skills for the rest of his life. A dog that goes hunting twice a year and lies on the couch the rest of the time will never win a hunting trophy for its owner..

The Russian Hunting Sighthound is a short distance runner. The optimal conditions for dogs to show their hunting skills are a treeless area of ​​up to 500 metres in length, although practice shows that most animals only need between 200 and 300 meters to catch a prey and deliver it to its owner. The innate impulsiveness of dogs also plays a role in hunting: when seeing the prey, the Borzoi Go from waiting to chasing in a split second. If your attempts to hunt the prey are unsuccessful, they can repeat the unsuccessful march after a half-hour break.

The Borzoi is used to a dog collar in preparation for the first hunt. Training will begin at approximately 6 months of age and the puppy should learn to walk in a group without throwing himself forward and without lagging behind at the end of the pack. The Borzoi can be trained to 10-12 months, but in the beginning they are not allowed to make more than a chase attempt. Youngsters are not yet as hardy as older dogs and tire easily. It is advisable for the owner to raise two puppies at the same time, not necessarily both of the same race. As they mature and compete for the role of alpha male, they will try harder to prove themselves in training.

The training of the Borzoi Teenager in the wolf is better to do in the company of experienced dogs and their owners. But it is allowed to ride hares alone and, in general, it is better to start training the Greyhounds young men to chase the game with a herd of “hanging ears dogs”. Often, during the first hunt Greyhounds they cannot contain themselves and tear the small prey to pieces and even eat it before the master arrives. This, of course, not a reason to get angry, but even so, it is worth reproaching the dog a little for that behavior.

Care

The Borzoi they need little space, so they are suitable for a flat in the city with a lot of exercise. But, it must be remembered that this breed does not respect a common cradle and is unlikely to settle for a modest corner in the hallway. To the Russian Wolfhound they like to lie on the couch or in the master's bed better and do not get angry with them for it. It is a way for the dog to relax, trying to rest your back and tired muscles. Some experts even recommend placing the pet on a separate sofa with an orthopedic mattress if space permits.. Regarding outdoor animals, it is worth building a large enclosure and placing a house of at least 1 meter high and about 1,5 square m² with insulated walls and floor. If there are two Greyhounds in the home, the inner surface of the kennel should be increased to 2,5 m².

Grooming

The fine wool of a Russian Wolfhound has practically no undercoat and is often tangled. But, they can keep their fur clean by themselves. The owners only have to brush a couple of times a week and after walks pick up the fluff that has become tangled. During the molting period, the same routine will have to be repeated daily, which is quite common in all races.

When it comes to the frequency of baths, the breeders of Russian Wolfhound They disagree. Thus, some breeders recommend bathing the Borzoi once every three months, while others advise to give up this occupation completely and do bathing days only in emergencies, for example, when the dog gets dirty in the liquid mud. Your dog's eyes and ears do not need any special care.. You just have to keep them clean by removing the wax from the ear canal and cleaning the dirt that accumulates in the corner of the eyes with a piece of damp cloth.

The claws of the Russian Wolfhound must be trimmed so that they do not obstruct the animal during the race. The hair between the toes should also be trimmed, as it gets dirty very quickly and can become a source of bacteria, which can lead to skin infections. It also, the Greyhounds living in flats will have to wash their paws after every walk.

Walking with a “Borzoi”

If you find it difficult to motivate yourself to go for a run in the morning and in the afternoon, the Borzoi Russian is your dog. As passive as this breed is at home, it is not uncommon for you to stroll along sidewalks and park lanes, which means you will have plenty of opportunities to stretch while he walks. If the walk is not very stimulating, tie your Greyhound to the bike and pedal at full speed: to the Russian Wolfhound they also love. By the way, the walks with the Borzoi Russians should be practiced in any weather, so you can't go out for a walk in the drizzle.

It will be good if you have the opportunity to take your dog to the field, where you can let your hunting instincts flow. The city is useless, so make sure you walk your dog on a leash if you don't want him to be abandoned forever, because a Russian Wolfhound chased simply cannot hear the orders and screams of their owners. It also, dogs that are not going to be hunted should find an interesting alternative hobby. Can be treated, for example, of a coursing (chase of a “Hare” mechanics) or some simple activities like running after a ball or a Frisbee.

Food

In the case of Borzoi russians, experts advise sticking to the principles of divided meals. This breed feeds 3-4 times a day, dividing the daily ration into small portions. Dry food is not contraindicated either, unless it's an inexpensive version of the nearest supermarket. The basis of the diet of Borzoi russians fed “directly” must be lean raw meat. Ranchers consider horse meat to be ideal, since it is rarely infected with brucellosis. Lean cod is on the dog's menu, but if it is desired and funds are available, can be easily substituted for squid.

buckwheat, oatmeal and rice are suitable cereals, which can be turned into porridge by boiling broth or milk and leaving them to swell for half an hour. To the Russian Wolfhound they are given vegetables boiled or simply added to the soup. You also can't go overboard with sour dairy products, so pamper your four-legged friend with kefir or ryazhenka more often.

A correct balance of protein and calcium is very important for the normal growth and development of the Borzoi Russian. For this reason, mineral supplements are added to the menu from the 4 months, when the puppy's teeth start to change. It also, up to six months of age, dogs are given calcified cottage cheese and a chicken egg several times a week. But, be careful with preparations containing calcium, since an excess of this macronutrient is no less harmful to puppies than a lack.

Forbidden food:

  • Any food from the owner's table;
  • Potatoes and other high-starch vegetables;
  • Sweet;
  • Fatty meat and lard;
  • Tubular bones;
  • river fish.

The Russian Wolfhound usually feed after a walk by putting enough food in a bowl. The dog must not chase the bowl across the floor, licking it to clean it.

Health

The Borzoi it is a relatively healthy breed, but very sensitive to all kinds of anesthetics. It also, many dogs are allergic to flea and tick remedies, so the choice of such drugs should be especially careful. Regarding the genetic predisposition to specific diseases, most of the time the Russian Wolfhound suffer from volvulus, abdominal distension, retinopathy (retinal damage), cataracts and wobbler syndrome (compression of the spinal cord in the cervical spine).

How to choose a puppy from “Borzoi”

  • Choose from February or March litters, whose babies will be ready to move into a new home in May-June. In this case, you can diversify your pet's diet with seasonal fruits and vegetables, they contain most of the vitamins necessary for a growing body.
  • Do not get hung up on a specific type of appearance of the future pet (for example, the owner breeds white dogs and you want a gray one). The Russian Wolfhound it is one of the most diverse breeds, and each of its representatives is beautiful in its own way.
  • If in the foreseeable future you hope to raise a professional hunter from a puppy, ask if their parents have field diplomas. Hereditary talents are not worth praising too much, either., as hunting skills are not always passed down from parent to child and are highly dependent on proper training.
  • The exterior of a puppy Russian Wolfhound growing constantly changes, so it is unlikely that you will be able to choose the most spectacular baby of the litter. But, it is still worthwhile to visually assess the correction of the bite, the cleanliness of the dog and the general condition of the future pet.

Images "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

Photos:

1 – Borzoi by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/borzoi-perro-galgo-raza-retrato-4950553/
2 – Borzoi by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/search?q=perro+lobo+ruso
3 – Borzoi by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/borzoi-galgo-perro-animales-raza-4966781/
4 – Russian Wolfhound Borzoi, red & white, female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Borzoi by https://en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/file:Borzoi-2ym-body.png
6 – Borzoi by https://www.piqsels.com/en/public-domain-photo-jidhs

Videos "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hound
  • ANKC – Group 4 (Hounds)
  • CKC – Group 2 – Hounds
  • KC – Hound
  • NZKC – Hound
  • UKC – Sighthound and Pariah


FCI breed standard "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

FCIFCI - Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound
Borzoi

Alternative names:

1. Russian Hunting Sighthound, Russian Wolfhound, Barzoï (English).
2. Lévrier russe (French).
3. Barzaia, Russischer Windhund, Russischer Wolfshund, Borzoi (German).
4. Nome original “Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya” (Portuguese).
5. Galgo Ruso, Lebrel ruso (español).

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Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Francia Belgica Spain FCI 215 . Bichons

The owner of a Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) You should avoid leaving it alone, suffers from anxiety when you're alone.

Content

Characteristics "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

It is said that the Bichon Frise, also known as Bichon à  poil frisé, is the product of a cross between the Maltese and other small dogs, including Barbet (French Water Dog), ancestor of Poodle.

Very present on the shore of the Mediterranean during the 14th century, would have been introduced to the Canary Islands by merchants and sailors who traveled the seas. At that time, the curly-haired Bichon was called Tenerife, by the name of one of the Canary Islands.

It was at the beginning of the 16th century when the Bichon Frise made its appearance in France, more specifically under the reign of Francisco I (1494-1547), that made him her favorite companion. Later, King Henry IV (1553-1610), that he was a great admirer of the breed, made it a very popular companion dog and requested by the ladies and gentlemen of the Court.

The heyday of Bichon Frise lasted until the 18th century, two centuries marked by the interest of the great painters of the time for this little dog. We find it for example in 1770 in the work of the painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The sweet ticket, depicting a woman with a magnificent bichon frize. In 1795, Francisco Goya painted The Duchess of Alba, with a Bichon Frise lying at his feet. Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), Louis XV's favorite (1710-1774), would have had several Bichon Frise.

During the Second Empire (1852-1870), the Bichon Frise, always in fashion, progressively left the halls of the aristocracy and became very popular with the general population. Appreciated for his intelligence and agility, accompany the entertainers in the streets, to jugglers and other organ players.

Unfortunately, as with many breeds of dogs, World War I was a severe blow to the Bichon à  poil frisé, and during the interwar period, the breeders of Bichon Frise almost entirely disappeared.

Fortunately, a passionate Belgian breeder and lover of the breed allowed it to survive by organizing several reproductions in the decade of 1920. France officially recognized the breed in 1933.

World War II and its terrible consequences, in both human and animal terms, were a second blow to the race, you had to wait three decades before seeing a new boom.

In 1960, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the Bichon à poil frisé, giving him Belgian and French origins, but it wasn't until the decade of 1970 when his popularity really started to grow.

In United States, the Bichon Frize Club of America was created in 1964, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1973.

In France, el Club of Bichons and Small Dogs Lions trabaja desde 1947 to defend and improve the Bichon Frise, but also the Bichon Maltese, the habanero, the Bichon Bolonais and the Little Lion Dog.

  • Japanese canine Club: Recognized the dogs miniature group in 1972.
  • Organization International Dogshow: Recognized in the Group of Companion Dogs in 1972.
  • American Kennel Club: AKC (United States). Entered into regular classes in 1973.
  • Canadian Kennel Club: CKC (Canada). Classified in the Group of dogs not hunters in 1975.
  • United Kennel Club: UKC (United States). Recognized in 1981.
  • The Kennel Club: KC (Great Britain).

These associations allow having useful references to estimate the popularity of the breed, Learn about the effort to keep defined, get advice for purchasing a purebred puppy and see this race to compete.

Physical characteristics

The Bichon Frise it's a small dog, light and very elegant. His skull is flat, his stop is not very marked and his nose is quite black. His round eyes are dark (between dark brown and black) and his ears are thin, falls and with a lot of hair. The tail is carried erect and gracefully curved, but not curled.

Their coat is fine, soft, silky, slightly curly. Relatively long, of 7 to 10 cm.. It has an inner mantle of wool.

Hair color can be white or brown very clearly. The height at the cross in the males is of 24 to 26.5 cm and the females of 23 to 30 cm.. The standard weight of the Bichon Frise lies between 3 and 6 Kg.

Life expectancy

They tend to live in 12 to 15 years.

Character and skills

Happy, lively and fearless, the Bichon Frise He is a small dog who easily expresses and communicates his joie de vivre. Very cuddly, loving and playful, he likes to be taken care of, and his mischief makes his charm. Very attached to his master, he is a dog that loves family life.

So that, the Bichon Frise It is an ideal companion dog for all age groups., as playful with children as kind to the elderly. He also likes to be around active people, with which you can share some canine sports activity, like caniVTT or agility.

Living in an apartment suits you just as well as living in a house with a garden, as long as your need for exercise is met with at least one walk a day.

Well mannered, tolerate loneliness wisely and without barking for hours, although he undeniably seeks the company.

Very sociable, gets along as well with humans as with other animals, including cats. Like this, the Bichon Frise he's a bad watchdog, although it can alert to the presence of a stranger through some barking.

Education

The Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) easy to educate as long as clear and precise hierarchical references are given from a young age. His master must be firm, but without excesses or brutality, patient and consistent.

Sometimes it can be a cheater, but he knows how to do it to get what he wants. Like this, its owner should not be overwhelmed, because a badly mannered dog that only does what it wants is a dog that is not comfortable with itself, In addition to being difficult for its owner to live with.

Naturally docile, vivacious and intelligent, the Bichon Frise is the ideal candidate for learning tricks or for obedience, because he quickly assimilates what is expected of him.

Health

The Bichon Frise he is a robust dog, cold and heat resistant. It is even one of the longest-lived dogs, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.

But, this does not prevent you from being predisposed to certain diseases such as cutaneous lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, joint disorders (dislocation of patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease, etc.) or eye disorders (cataract, stromal corneal dystrophy, etc.).

Grooming

The Bichon Frise, whose molt is almost non-existent, it is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

But, their coat requires a lot of maintenance. In effect, you have to brush it every day, at the risk of having so many knots that it is necessary to take it to a hairdresser to be sheared.

It is also a good idea to bathe your dog once a month with a nourishing dog shampoo., followed by an equally nourishing conditioner, to facilitate daily detangling and keep her beautiful white coat looking perfect.

To avoid the stripes that brown the pure white fur of the Bichon Frise, it is also necessary to clean the eyes every day.

It also, croquettes are preferable to other types of food, as they prevent whiskers from turning brown.

You should also take special care with your dog's ears and, in particular, prevent hair from growing on them, as it could allow moisture to settle in them and cause ear infections. Hair in the ear canal can be easily removed with tweezers.

Last, it is advisable to take the Bichon à  poil frisé to the groomer three or four times a year to get her long curly locks shortened.

Images “Bichon Frise”

Videos “Bichon Frise”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • ​KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

FCIFCI - Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Bichon Frise (English).
2. Bichon à poil frisé (French).
3. Bichon Frisé, hannover’scher schweisshund (German).
4. Bichon frisé (Portuguese).
5. Bichon de pelo rizado, Bichón Tenerife (español).

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Bolognese
Italia FCI 196 . Bichons

Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed

Bichón Boloñés

Content

Characteristics "Bolognese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History “Bolognese”

Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.

According to dog literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence dates back to the 11th or 12th century. Similar to the Bichon Frise, became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the 19th century 16 until the early nineteenth century.

The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 to 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.

The Bolognese It was recognized in 1989 by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as race number 196 in the Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 1.1 Bichons.

Physical Characteristics Bichon Bolognese

White small dog, compact, classified as a companion dog and with a unique distinctive in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.

Did you know??

You may have heard that dogs' non-shedding coats make them a breed “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But they still produce dandruff, and can cause an allergic reaction.

The unique distinctive coat (that is to say, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.

Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The length of time of the culture cycle and shedding varies with age and other factors.. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.

Character and skills Bolognese

These dogs are very smart and love the company of people, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Although it may not seem like it, they have a very sharp ear., in general, they only bark when they hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichón Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.

Develops a close bond with its owner.

To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, making it an ideal companion dog for the family, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.

Education

The education of Bolognese not particularly difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. But, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.

Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-cared socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.

Health

The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. But, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.

Grooming

Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. It also, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.

The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the womb, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.

It also, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.

It also, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.

Last, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two or three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.

Images “Bolognese”

Videos “Bolognese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ​KC – Toy


FCI breed standard "Bolognese"

FCIFCI - Bolognese
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Bichon Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo (English).
2. Bichon bolonais, Bolognese (French).
3. Bologneser, Bichon Bolognese (German).
4. Bichon bolonhês, Bolognese (Portuguese).
5. Bichón boloñés, Boloñes (español).

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Boston Terrier
Estados Unidos FCI 140 . Small Molossian type Dogs

Annie the Boston Terrier

The Boston Terrier they are ready and friendly, mainly used as companion dogs.

Content

history “Boston Terrier”

Unlike many ancient races, history Boston Terrier is well known and can be accurately tracked. In 19th century England, the popularity of bloodthirsty activities involving attack dogs led to the trend of crossing breeds Terrier and Bull to develop individuals who could excel in dogfighting and other rat bait contests (the activity consisting of placing rats in an enclosed area and betting on the time it takes for a dog to kill them all). At the end of the decade 1860, and Liverpool, a cross between a Bulldog and White English Terrier (an extinct breed of dog) spawned a strong, muscular dog named Judge.

The owner of Judge sold it to an American named William O’Brien, that brought him home to Boston. In 1870, O'Brien sold Judge to another bostonian, Robert C. Hooper. Judge, now known in the pedigree trees of the breed as “Hooper’s Judge“, became the patriarch of the race Boston Terrier and in the common ancestor of almost all its representatives.

Judge had a good build and good posture, and weighed about 14 kg. He had dark brown fur, a square, stocky head and a white stripe on the muzzle. Surprisingly, only raised once, with a white bitch of 9 kg call “Burnett’s Gyp” (o Kate). Kate belonged to Edward Burnett, which was based in Southboro, Massachusetts. From this union was born a male cub named Well’s Eph. According to what they say, it was not particularly attractive, but had other features Hooper and his friends admired. This prompted them to start a breeding program with him at the center..

Well’s Eph he mated with a female named Tobin’s Kate, that weighed only 6 kilos and had a rather short head. It was golden tabby in color and had a straight, three-quarters docked tail.. Their offspring are believed to have bred with one or more French Bulldogs to create the base of the Boston Terrier what we know today.

But, this name did not yet exist at that time. Thus, the many offspring of Eph they received different names, as Bullet Dogs, Bull-and-Terriers, American Terriers y Boston Bull Terriers.

In 1889, about thirty owners of these dogs formed the American Bull Terrier Club, deciding to use the term Bull Terrier to name your favorite dog, simply adding an adjective indicating its geographical origin. As expected, the lovers and owners of the Bull Terrier they strongly opposed this choice. Given the influence they had at the time with the American Kennel Club (AKC), enthusiasts Boston Bull Terrier they had no choice but to change the name of their association to Boston Terrier Club, in honor of the breed's birthplace.

Four years later, in 1893, the Boston Terrier became the first American-born dog breed to be recognized by the AKC. At the same time, was the first dog added by the organization to the group of non-sporting breeds.

In the early days, the color and markings of the dog's coat Boston Terrier they were not considered very important. The standard set by the club was very flexible regarding the appearance of the coats, so there was a wide variety of apparitions. After years of careful breeding to define a specific coat type, developed and standardized the Boston Terrier as we know it today. The characteristic marks, similar to the tuxedo, have become a hallmark of the breed, What has earned him the nickname of “american gentleman”.

In the early 20th century, the Boston Terrier achieved great popularity in the United States: was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1914, and in 1915 it was the most popular dog breed in the country. It remained between 10 favorite dog breeds of Americans up to the decade of 1960. Today, although he has lost part of his pride, we keep finding it around the post 20 of the ranking established by the AKC based on the number of registrations in the organization.

Its international diffusion was greatly facilitated by its official recognition by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club. (KC) british in 1937 y por the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1955. Today, is recognized by leading national organizations around the world, including, of course, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

Did you know??

The Bill was exhibited at the Boston State Parliament and approved by the Assembly in 1979. The Boston Terrier was proclaimed mascot of the state by Edward King (the Governor, at that time that in his youth, had had a Boston Terrier).

Photo: Fickr – marada

Boston terrier physical characteristics

The Boston Terrier presents a certain diversity in terms of size. Without actually talking about varieties in their own right, organizations that recognize race generally distinguish between 3 weight categories:

▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.

Whatever its size, they have a beautiful stature and a very proud appearance. In effect, is well proportioned and has a complexion muscular and robust, built around a broad chest and a short muscular back. The rump curved gives the body a boxy look without looking chunky. The tail it's short and short. Can be worn straight or with corkscrew.

The neck, slightly arched, it is elegant and leads to reasonably broad, sloping back shoulders. The Paws they are straight and muscular, with straight elbows. The hind legs they are solid and well muscled, ending in small and compact feet.

The head it is structured by a square skull and has a flat forehead. The facial skin It should be free of wrinkles. The ears they are big, pointed and erect. In the territories where it is allowed, they are sometimes surgically trimmed to help them stand upright or give them a defined shape. This practice, named otectomy, is prohibited in an increasing number of jurisdictions (for example, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec), unless there are medical reasons for it.

The eyes they are dark, large, round and very expressive, which gives this dog a particularly intelligent and friendly look. Some dogs have light blue eyes, with a single blue eye, and others even have both blue eyes. But, this particularity is usually accompanied by one or more health problems: glaucoma, uveitis (inflammation of the uvea), deafness in one or both ears… Consequently, they are not recognized by the breed standard and are excluded from breeding.

The snout is short, square and wide, and ends in a flat black snout that dominates a toothless jaw. The Boston Terrier It is one of the so-called breeds of dogs brachycephalic. Like all other brachycephalic dogs, the lower jaw is proportional to the rest of the body, but the upper one is much shorter, which gives the head a sunken look.

The fur of the Boston Terrier is short, bright and smooth. It has no undercoat, which partly explains its low molt and its low resistance to extreme temperatures. The distinctive white markings on the muzzle, between the eyes and on the chest they form a pattern similar to that of the tuxedo, hence the nickname “american gentleman”. Although black and white fur is the best known and most common, the breed standards established by the most important organizations in the world also recognize the combination of brindle and white, as well as the seal and white (the seal is a color that looks black, but actually has a reddish glow visible only in sunlight or strong light). In addition to these official colors, specimens with smooth white fur can also be found, plain black, fawn and white, Blue and white, lilac and white, sand and white or brown and white.

Last, the sexual dimorphism not very pronounced in this breed, although females are usually slightly thinner than males.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Female size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight 7 – 11 Kg.
▷ Female weight 7 – 10 kg

Varieties

The question of the possible varieties of Boston Terrier it is still a topic that is sometimes highly debated. Some breeders insist that there are Boston Terriers “standard”, on the one hand, and Boston Terriers “miniature” less than 6 kg, the minimum weight recognized by world organizations, for another. Others go further and say that there are also Boston Terriers “in years”.

But, most professionals, as well as the different reference organizations that recognize the breed, consider that there are no varieties within it. But, take into account the great diversity of the breed in terms of size, and classify their representatives in three weight categories:

▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.

This does not prevent some breeders from intentionally crossing Boston Terriers smaller and smaller to get miniature or even tiny dogs. The latter are still purebred, but cannot be entered in a stud book and have a pedigree, because its size is smaller than that established by the breed standards. In fact, the Boston Terrier it's like any other race: dwarfism is synonymous with greater frailty and health problems.

Boston Terrier character and skills

The Boston Terrier combines the enthusiasm of their ancestors Terrier with the sweetness and good sense of their ancestors Bulldog. More of a rascal, has a certain sense of humor and likes to clown around. Loving, he likes to receive a lot of attention and be with his family, especially if that means being able to sit on your lap or share the bed or sofa. He gets very excited at first when he receives visitors, but he calms down quickly once he has been able to give them an enthusiastic welcome.

Has a special affinity with children, and their physical characteristics (small but robust) complete the image of a dog recommended for children. Having said that, just because you can let them play with him without fear of harm doesn't mean you should allow them to do anything and everything, especially since he may not stand being manipulated. So, you have to teach them as soon as possible to treat it with respect. On the other hand, he may also unintentionally push younger children, carried away by his enthusiasm. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child.

Although it may bark when someone knocks on the door, the Boston not a good protector. In fact, they tend to be so kind to humans that they warmly greet anyone who enters the house, friends or strangers. In fact, although it is territorial, usually does not pose a problem with strangers; unless provoked, not aggressive at all.

It also, although some representatives of the breed are especially active, it is by no means the general case. In general, the Boston Terrier need moderate exercise: the medium length walks, possibly supplemented with some play sessions (for example, with a ball) and that represent a cumulative duration of one hour per day, are more suitable than long sessions of vigorous exercise. Its small size, your need for moderate activity, its adaptability and low propensity to bark make it perfectly suited to living in an apartment. On the other hand, if you live in a house with a garden, it is necessary that the latter is properly insured and fenced to prevent his curious nature from pushing him to become interested in other animals or sources of distraction located outside. This will also protect him from other animals or people with bad intentions towards him..

On the other hand, when i come out, It must be worn with a leash and harness and not with a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems that your flattened face already predisposes to.

These morphological peculiarities also make, in periods of high temperatures, feel free to shorten your walks, but above all to avoid giving them in hot hours. In effect, its short snout considerably limits its cooling capacity and, Therefore, makes it especially sensitive to heat. On the other hand, his short fur makes him bear less the cold. In other words, even if I live in a temperate climate, not made to spend most of the time outside: your place is at home, and this is all the more true since you need to be in contact with your family to be in a good head.

If you can have fun alone, especially if they leave him his favorite toys, he far prefers to do it with his family. In any case, a Boston Terrier well raised and socialized he is certainly sociable and is always willing to play if the opportunity presents itself, needing a family that appreciates and seeks your company, but that does not require excessive attention or time. Easily adapts to its owner's schedules, although this does not mean that he likes to be alone for many hours. In fact, if your family is out most of the day, having him share your home with another little playmate is a great way to keep him from feeling lonely and developing behavior problems.

This is all the more true since their sociability does not only extend to human beings, but also other animals, starting with their congeners and cats, especially if you have gotten used to seeing them from a very young age, as part of their socialization. But, can quickly regain its hunting instincts when faced with a small rodent such as a rat or mouse: a possible coexistence with an animal of this type would have a great chance of going wrong.

On the other hand, when he meets strange dogs, can be a lot less friendly, if not directly territorial and protective. The best way to avoid these types of problems is also to allow you to meet all kinds of colleagues from the first time you go out.

Last, It should be noted that the Boston Terrier it's quite noisy. In fact, his short snout makes him sniff, drooling and snoring loudly. Some adopters may find this endearing., but for others it is reason enough to change their race.

Education

The Boston Terrier it's pretty smart, but sometimes he's stubborn. Some specimens are very willing to please and are easily and quickly trained, which explains the popularity of the breed in certain dog sports. Other, However, they are a little more difficult and take a little longer to train. This is true as soon as the dog learns to be tamed., what can lead up to 6 months with some dogs. In this context, it is highly recommended to use the dog cage indoors.

In any case, his sensitive temperament means that he does not take well harsh tones of voice and punishments. Both can be counterproductive to your education., since they can lead you to withdraw into yourself. On the other hand, thrives on gentle and continuous training through positive reinforcement.

Thus, if you are stubborn and not really willing to pursue the education we are trying to give you, it is important to try to understand what can motivate you, enlisting the help of a dog trainer if necessary. Treats are usually the trick, But the use of praise and abuse or the use of a favorite toy can also be the trigger for the success of the training..

As with all dogs, socialization and education of the Boston Terrier must start at an early age. Meet lots of people (family, friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and accustom him to crossing with all kinds of other dogs, as well as with representatives of other species, allows you to become a sociable and balanced adult. This reduces the risk of aggressive behavior or subsequent conflicts.

Health

Despite a life expectancy of about 13 years, the Boston Terrier is prone to many health problems, some of which are related to subrachycephaly, that is to say, with the fact that his mouth is crushed.

This morphological peculiarity also implies that it is much more sensitive to heat than many of its congeners., like any dog ​​with a short muzzle, is not able to inhale and exhale large volumes of air, limiting its ability to cool down when the mercury rises The dog's risk of heat stroke, among others, is particularly pronounced and, therefore, it is important to avoid excessively intense or prolonged efforts in these periods.

On the other hand, his short fur also makes him afraid of the cold.

Apart from this pronounced sensitivity to extreme temperatures, the main risks to your health are:

  • respiratory problems caused by the shape of their mouth. Some are mild, such as loud snoring or sobbing, but others can have serious consequences, and even fatal, such as airway obstruction or cardiac fatigue. Should also be kept on a leash using a harness and not a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems, due to the pressure exerted;
  • eye problems like cataracts,corneal ulcers and glaucoma, again due to its flat face.In the case of juvenile cataracts, a genetic test allows breeders to identify dogs that carry the gene and exclude them from breeding;
  • heart murmur, a symptom often associated with partial obstruction of the heart tubes or valves;
  • the mega esophagus, a defect of the esophagus that prompts the dog to regurgitate its food;
  • the patellar dislocation, a problem that may be congenital or occur later in life, and is common to many small dogs. In milder cases, can be replaced by itself or with the help of the vet, but the most serious cases require surgery;
  • skin allergies, including demodicosis (demodectic scabies), which can lead to hair loss with itchy or crusty lesions;
  • the deafness: 4 to 6% of the puppies Boston Terriers they are deaf in one ear from birth, and some are completely deaf. This particularly affects people with blue eyes and / or whose fur contains a lot of white It is important to discover this affection when the dog is as young as possible, because it affects the education and socialization that should be provided;
  • hemivertebra, what is a failure in the development of the bones of the spine, it is more common in dogs with corkscrew tails. Some dogs with hemivertebra remain asymptomatic throughout their lives, while in others the disease usually manifests itself as soon as they are small, for example, through impaired movement and lack of coordination in the hind legs. Sometimes, the disease progresses very quickly, to the point that the animal can become paralyzed in a few days, and surgery is often the only treatment;
  • reverse sneezing, which can occur when the dog is overly excited or swallows his food too quickly Corresponds to a strange noise, snarling and snoring, usually not dangerous for the dog, but if the attacks become frequent, can be a symptom of airway inflammation, presence of parasites in your nostrils or, more rarely, nasal polyps or a tumor.

It also, the birth of bitches is often problematic in the Boston Terrier.Puppies' broad heads sometimes get stuck in the mother's narrow pelvis: cesarean section is often necessary Litters have an average of 3 or 4 Puppies.

On a completely different note, you should know that this dog is particularly prone to excess gas, even if it depends a lot on your diet.

He is also very gluttonous, so its owner must be careful not only to choose the food he gives him and the size of his portions, but also to allow you to push yourself hard enough. Obesity is not a disease in itself, but it can cause the appearance or worsen various health problems, starting with joint problems or related to poor breathing capacity. Keeping your dog at a suitable weight is one of the best ways to provide good living conditions..

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

The short, soft coat of the Boston Terrier it is easy to care. Molts very little, so a weekly brushing is sufficient. But, when the fur sheds during the spring and fall seasons, the amount of dead hair is much higher, so you need to brush at least two more times.

On the other hand, its short fur does not get dirty and, Therefore, does not tend to emit bad odors. So, it is seldom necessary to bathe your dog: unless it's especially dirty, once or twice a year is more than enough. Unless your dog is especially dirty, once or twice a year is enough. Bathing your dog too often will only dry out his coat and skin, causing them to lose their protective properties and can cause itching and even injuries. In any case, it is essential to use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, as it can cause these problems.

On the other hand, their eyes need regular care, as their size and prominence make them especially fragile. It is best to check daily for any discharge and clean it if necessary, but also make sure there are no signs of redness or irritation.

It may also be the occasion to brush your teeth, to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause (bad dog breath, diseases…). If it is difficult to maintain a daily frequency, two or three times a week is usually enough.

Regarding their ears, they must be checked every week to see if they are red or smell bad, what could be a sign of infection. You should take the opportunity to clean them to prevent infection.

In most cases, the nails should be cut once or twice a month, since natural wear and tear is usually not enough. The first time, do not hesitate to ask a veterinarian or a groomer for help to know how to do it right.

Last, it is important to take advantage of the grooming sessions to look for sores, rashes or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness or inflammation of the skin, in the nose, mouth and eyes, and on the feet. A thorough weekly review helps to identify potential health problems early. This is true of all dogs, but it is especially true for dogs like the Boston Terrier who are particularly prone to skin allergies.

Food

Since the Boston Terrier they can be gluttonous, it is especially important to be attentive when feeding them with products and quantities appropriate to their age, size and activity level.

Since you can be prone to excessive flatulence related to your diet, Choosing high-quality products and trying to identify how your body reacts to different foods can be especially helpful in avoiding or reducing this problem..

In all cases, do not hesitate to use the experience of a veterinarian to make the right decisions in order to feed him in the best way.

This does not exempt you from weighing him regularly to make sure he is not overweight.. If required, reviewing your rations and activity level often remedies the problem. If that is not the case, it is necessary to go to the vet to rule out a possible disease and develop a more appropriate diet.

As with most dogs, it is better to divide your daily ration into two meals.

Last, like all dogs, must have permanent access to fresh water.

Use

When the Boston Terrier, at the end of the 19th century, it was used mostly in rat bait competitions (which consist of placing rats in an enclosed space and betting on the time it takes a dog to kill them all), but he was also very popular in dogfighting.

As blood sports were gradually banned in most countries, was able to become and became smaller and much friendlier for decades. In fact, today it brings together many of the qualities of an ideal companion and house dog.

Thanks to their intelligence and strong desire to please their owners, they can also excel in certain dog sports, like agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

Their friendly nature and desire to be close to people make them ideal therapy dogs..

How much can a cost "Boston Terrier"?

The price of a Boston Terrier puppy is between 1500 and 2000 EUR.

whatever the country, the price depends in particular on the lineage from which the dog descends (and the possible distinctions received by their ancestors), the prestige of the kennel and, above all, its intrinsic characteristics, that is to say, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, what it means, In addition, that within the same litter there may be quite significant price differences. On the other hand, there is no significant price difference between males and females.

Characteristics "Boston Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Boston Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Boston Terrier pictures

boston terrier videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Boston Terrier"

FCIFCI - Boston Terrier
Boston

Alternative names:

1. Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boxwood, American Gentlemen (English).
2. Terrier de Boston, Boston Terrier (French).
3. Boston Terrier (German).
4. Boston Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Boston Bull Terrier (español).

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Barbet (French Water Dog)
Francia FCI 105 . Water Dogs

The Barbet they prefer to be in the same room with the family at all times

Barbet

Content

Characteristics "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Barbet (French Water Dog)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The Barbet (French Water Dog) It is a French breed of dog of medium size water.

This dog of waters is a rare species. Almost everyone has heard of breeds like the Poodle, Griffon and the Bichon Frise … Have you ever wondered where all these breeds come from?? Your answer is the following … all came from the Barbet, or as some known, the French Water Dog. Now, Where does he come from French Water Dog? Well, that is a question for which no one has a definite answer, but there are a lot of conjectures.

Some people say that the dog of the Barbet is a descendant of the original Griffon, others say it came from the Bergamasco that were brought from Asia, When was Europe invaded, others say that the Barbet North African wine, travelling through Spain to install on France, people say that, but the french spaniel is not the origin of all Water Dogs, It is very likely that it was close to the original type.

The reality is that Barbet has been in Europe for centuries, There are even writings about him, from the Elizabethan era describing the Barbet and the type of care necessary to keep your hair healthy.

Physical characteristics

compact and vigorous, with good muscles and bones in relation to the volume of your body. The eyes are round, living with an expression that denotes intelligence.

Morphologically is classified as bracoide, head approaching the form primástica, with the wide snout at the same end than at the base and separated from the front by a depression or Groove very marked, gachas ears, long and hanging lips, with highlight of the higher above the level of the mandible.

The standard of the race measured between 58 and 65 cm for the male; and 52 to 61 cm for the female and a weight of between 17 and 28 kg . The Barbet It is the prototype of a water dog with woolly hair, long, curly. The accepted colors by the FCI they are pure black, brown, cervato, clear and grey cervato.

Character and skills

The Barbet was used as a water dog (as its name implies) was a great dog collector for hunting in marshy areas.

This dog has been used by farmers for grazing, but that's not all, This dog, the Barbet He also frequented port areas to be a friend and companion of sailors. A very versatile breed.

  • Personality Barbet It is accompanying, joyful, salty, obedient and intelligent. They are quick to learn and need training to obey. You are very kind with children, families and older people.

The Barbet they prefer to be in the same room with the family at all times. They need daily exercise to keep your body and mental state in a healthy state.

The average life of the Barbet is of 13 to 15 years, knowing some case that has come to live 19 years.

Images "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Videos "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

Recognized by the federations :

  • FCI
  • UKC
  • ​CKC


FCI breed standard "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

FCIFCI - Barbet (French Water Dog)
Barbet

Alternative names

1. Barbet, French water dog (English).
2. Barbet, chien d’eau français (French).
3. Barbet, Französischer Wasserhund (German).
4. Barbet, cão d’água francês (Portuguese).
5. Barbet, Perro de aguas francés (español).

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Bourbonnais Pointing Dog
Francia FCI 179 . Braque Type

Bourbonnais Pointing Dog

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog at birth it is frequently tailless, it is also called “Glue cutter”.

Content

History

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog it was already known in 1598 like an expert quail hunting dog. The authors of the time described him as a pleasant companion for the hunter, rustic and healthy looking, born with a short tail, with a white fur, whole and finely speckled with light brown or fawn trout.

After World War I, a group of dedicated breeders formed the first Club du Braque du Bourbonnais in 1925 with the goal of reviving the race and restoring its pre-war prominence. The first breed standard was published in the club's first newsletter in 1930. Although the organization and these breeders made considerable progress, his efforts were again almost wiped out by World War II. It also, strict adherence to a natural tailless dog and strict color requirements resulted in a dog based on appearance rather than performance.

The result of this selection in reverse leads to a total disaffection of the breeders. Of 1963 to 1973, there were no registrations in the L.O.F. (Book of French Origins) . In 1970, under the impulse of Michel Comte, a team of breeders set themselves the mission of ensuring the survival of the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog.

Today, French breeders strive to produce a Bourbonnais Pointing Dog that conforms to the breed standard, but of equal importance, the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog should now be proficient in the field as pointers, retrievers and trackers. Since the beginning of the 1970, the breeders of Bourbonnais Pointing Dog have substantially and rapidly improved the conformation of the breed and its performance in the field.

One second Club du Braque du Bourbonnais it was created in 1982 by Michel Comte, with the official recognition of the Central Canine Society (SCC), French affiliate of the FCI, in 1985. The goal of reviving the breed had been achieved, the breed standard relaxed, spotting and docked tails were found acceptable and the breed's remarkable hunting instincts were restored. The new breed standard was fully recognized by the SCC and the FCI in 1991. The standard was translated and published on the FCI website at 1998.

Photo: Braque_du_bourbonnais at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog is a robust, compact and muscular mid-size braque. Gives an impression of robustness and strength. The female has a slimmer and more elegant silhouette. Some dogs are born without a tail (anurus) or with a naturally short tail (brachyura). Tail docking is practiced in countries where it is allowed.

The head is pear-shaped, that is to say, rounded in all directions, with rounded side walls, well developed parietals and zygomatic arches. The pear-shaped head is typical of the breed.. The axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel or slightly divergent. Neither too light nor too heavy, the head is in proportion to the body. The eyes are large, rather rounded, hazelnut or dark amber, according to coat color. Medium length drop ears are situated at or just above the eye line.

The coat is fine, dense and short. It is finer on the head and ears, a little thicker and sometimes a little longer on the back. White spots are very invasive, finely speckled with brown (known as “wine lees” or “withered lilac”) the leonado (known as “peach blossom”) in all its variants. White and colored hairs can blend into a roan pattern. The ear generally wears the basic color more or less mottled. Color patches should be few in number and small in extent: must not exceed the size of the palm of the hand on the body and must never encompass both eyes at the same time on the face.

Character and skills

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog is described in the breed standard as gentle and affectionate, but also passionate and intelligent when hunting. Easily adapts to the most varied terrain and games. Naturally seeks a high emanation and displays a useful and accurate stopping ability.

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog they are mostly a Pointing Dogs versatile.

Exercise and training

Options for exercise could include play time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or being taken for walks several times a day. Exercise can also be done in the form of indoor activities, like the hideout, chase a ball rolling on the ground or learn new tricks. Certain outdoor activities such as swimming, hiking and retrieving balls or frisbees can provide a good outlet for expending energy. Training for dog sports such as agility, obedience and rallying can also be a great way to give your dog some exercise.

Health

Most of the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog they are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those who wish to own a Bourbonnais Pointing Dog they can get the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders use health exams and genetic testing of their breeders to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog requires relatively gentle handling. Has the ability to perceive the mood of the manipulator, seeking eye contact at all times.

Grooming

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog has a fine, dense and short coat. It's a little thicker, and sometimes longer, in the back. On the head and ears, the hair is thinner and shorter.

Beyond periodic brushing, the occasional bath will keep your Bourbonnais Pointing Dog clean and looking its best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog.. The breed's strong, fast-growing nails need to be regularly trimmed with a nail clipper or nail buffer to prevent excessive growth., breakage and cracking. The ears should be checked regularly to avoid accumulation of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Characteristics "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

Photos:

1 – Braque_du_bourbonnais at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Braque_du_bourbonnais at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Braque du Bourbonnais sur fond blanc by Desaix83, based on the work of Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Braque du Bourbonnais – world dog show 2010 by mjk23, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Braque du Bourbonnais – world dog show 2010 by mjk23, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Braque_du_bourbonnais by The original uploader was Michael Comte at French Wikipedia., CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type


FCI breed standard "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

FCIFCI - Bourbonnais Pointing Dog
Bracco

Alternative names:

1. Bourbonnais Pointer, Braque du Bourbonnais (English).
2. Braque du Bourbonnais (French).
3. Braque du Bourbonnais (German).
4. (em francês: Braque du Bourbonnais) (Portuguese).
5. Braco de Borbón, Braco de Bourbonnais (español).

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Blue Picardy Spaniel
Francia FCI 106 . Spaniel type

Blue Picardy Spaniel

Used for hunting, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is distinguished by its very pronounced style, his exceptional physical strength and its ability to evolve on all types of terrain.

Content

History

As its name suggests, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is a native of Picardy, a region of northern France. It is the result of the crosses made at the end of the 20th century between the Picardo Spaniel (in a gray coat speckled with brown spots, that appeared around the year 1000 during the Crusades and are very ancient cousins ​​of the French Spaniel) and the English SetterBlue Belton” (with a black and white coat, of Spanish origin and imported to England in the Middle Ages).

More precisely, These crosses were possible thanks to the arrival at Picardy and at the mouth of the Sum of many English hunters who came to board their hunting dogs, after the drastic quarantines introduced in his country. The two races mixed at that time, the initial goal was probably to end up with a dog with a longer gait than the Blue Picardy Spaniel, but also faster and with a better sense of smell.

At the beginning, the Picardy Spaniel and the Blue Picardy Spaniel they considered the same race, despite their different coats. The club of l’Epagneul Bleu de Picardie It was founded in 1907, but it wasn't until 1938 which was finally officially recognized as a distinct breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Past year, The club of l’Epagneul Bleu de Picardie had merged with the Club of l’Epagneul Picardie, founded for its part on 1921.

In 1980, The club of l’Epagneul de Pont-Audemer merged in turn, and the whole took the name of Club de l’Epagneul Picardie, du Bleu de Picardie and l’Epagneul Pont-Audemer. In 2015, the association changes its name and is renamed Club des Epagneuls de Picardie et de Pont-Audemer (CEPPA).

Several specimens were exported to Canada around 1987, and the Canadian Kennel Club in turn recognizes the breed in 1995. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) did the same the following year, at the same time as the Picardy Spaniel. On the other hand, the American Kennel Club (AKC), the other American reference organization, has not yet taken the step.

The Blue Picardy Spaniel, what is it called in english, It is also recognized by the American Association of Rare Breeds (ARBA), and this is not a coincidence: in fact, remains unknown in most of the world, and its acquisition is mainly in France, more particularly in his native region.

In France, in fact, has undergone a little more than 1.200 records LOF between 2010 and 2016, or some 180 by year. The trend is globally stable, probably supported by the good reputation it can boast as a hunting dog or as a pet.

Photo: Blue Picardy Spaniel at the World Dog Show in Poznan, Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

A dog “braccoid type”, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is not very big. But, his robust and muscular body gives him an impression of power and vitality.

Its bluish coat is due to the presence of the English Setter between their ancestors. It is also speckled with gray and black, which gives it very particular and specific reflections of the breed. Hair is flat on the body, with some wavy strands in the ears, the legs and under the tail.

The eyes of the Blue Picardy Spaniel they are big, dark brown and have a calm and benevolent expression. The rounded ears are relatively long and droop to the sides..

Finally, its tail is long, flexible and fringed.

Character and skills

Used for hunting, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is distinguished by its very pronounced style, its exceptional physical resistance and its ability to evolve on all types of terrain. If required, he can even submerge himself in the icy water without hesitating to return the game to his master.

But, although hunting is in his genes and he is used to living in the countryside, can adapt to city life. But, they are sporting dogs that need to run and get plenty of exercise. So, life in the city – especially if it is in an apartment – it may only be suitable for him if there is time for long outings in nature. In any case, It is not a recommended breed of dog for an elderly or sedentary person, since it must be able to allow him to use his overflowing energy and spend himself.

Balanced and smooth (as long as your activity need is satisfied), lover to please his master, It is also an excellent companion dog., greatly enjoying family life, of which he is a full member. In particular, It is a breed of dog adapted to children: nothing aggressive, his affection towards them is unlimited, and loves to share games and pampering with them, which he likes a lot.

It is perfectly possible that your dog lives with other dogs, since the Blue Picardy Spaniel It is a sociable and gentle dog by nature.

On the other hand, it is strongly discouraged to put it in the presence of small animals such as rabbits or birds: would inevitably identify them with game that must be brought to their keeper, which can lead to slight misunderstandings.

As they don't bark much, do not have a strong sense of territory and therefore cannot be used as watchdogs.

Use

The Blue Picardy Spaniel it's mostly a hunting dog. It is particularly suitable for working on small game in forests and swamps, although he is still the specialist in woodcocks.

Used for hunting, they are excellent point and retrieve dogs with a very pronounced sense of smell and exceptional physical stamina, qualities that make them the real joy of their hunting owners.

It is also an ideal companion dog. It is easy to live with them and very sociable, easily acclimatizing to family life and quickly finding their place in it, either in the midst of adults only or in the presence of children, of whom quickly become the best and most loyal friends.

Health

There are no known genetic diseases peculiar to the Blue Picardy Spaniel But, like all “Spaniel”, is particularly prone to ear infections, which are very common in dogs with floppy ears.

You also run the risk of injury during hunting parties, especially on the legs and pads. So, it is advisable to get used to checking that you do not limp when you return from hunting or a long activity in the open air. This could be a sign of a sprain or fracture, or simply caused by spikes, that can be as hidden as it is painful.

Finally, the Blue Picardy Spaniel you can fall victim to your greed and gain weight easily if you are not active enough. So, it is necessary to scrupulously monitor your dog's weight and, above all, make sure you always have your daily dose of adrenaline.

Grooming

In general, brushing is recommended when Blue Picardy Spaniel weekly, as its semi-long coat can easily retain twigs and dead leaves.

It also, and although it obviously depends on the activities that are carried out with him, it can be necessary, from time to time, wash their hair with a specific shampoo for dogs when it is really dirty.

In all cases, whether you return from hunting or go out to the field, you should carefully inspect your animal for thorns or a wound hidden by the hair.

Like any breed of dog with floppy ears, floppy ears pose a higher risk of infection and other problems, therefore they must be cleaned at least once a week with a suitable veterinary product.

Finally, due to its high level of activity, his claws should normally wear down in contact with the various floors he walks on. If that is not the case, should not hesitate (do) clipping your dog's claws once or twice a year.

For sale “Blue Picardy Spaniel”

The price of a puppy Blue Picardy Spaniel is of some 600 EUR. There is no significant difference between the price of a male and a female.

Characteristics "Blue Picardy Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Blue Picardy Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Blue Picardy Spaniel"

Videos "Blue Picardy Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • AKCGun Dog Group
  • CKC – Sports
  • UKCGun Dog Group


FCI breed standard "Blue Picardy Spaniel"

FCIFCI - Blue Picardy Spaniel
Spaniel

Alternative names:

1. Blue Picardy Spaniel, Bleu Picard (English).
2. Épagneul bleu de Picardie (French).
3. Blauer Picardie-Spanel, Epagneul Bleu Picard (German).
4. Spaniel azul da Picardia, (em francês: epagneul bleu de Picardie) (Portuguese).
5. Épagneul bleu de Picardie (español).

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Burgos Pointer
España FCI 90 . Braque Type

Perdiguero de Burgos

The Burgos Pointer is smart and learns easily, above all, tracking tasks.

Content

History

The Burgos Pointer It is a breed of dog Spain. Originally from Castile, especially in the province of Burgos, This rustic breed is intended for hunting and has exceptional characteristics for hunting small game..

It is an ancient breed from the Castilian tableland, is widespread, and according to some connoisseurs of the breed, it is likely that it has participated in the creation of other breeds of hunting dog, not only Spain.

The truth is that lot of documented material that speaks of this breed there is. Veterinary geneticist, José Manuel Sanz rudder, has dedicated several lines to the history of this breed and in a document that appears cited in many web, speaks of the Origins and Ancient History (Until 1911). You can read the complete material on the website of the Spanish Association of el Perro Perdiguero de Burgos. Here we will only mention what refers to the word “Perdiguero” and to the different theories about the origin but very briefly…

“The word ‘perdiguero‘ It occurs frequently in classical texts on venatoria and its reference corresponds to the generic Hunter dog of partridges, "perdicero" or "perdigero", but it cannot be lightly assumed that this dog was a Burgos Pointer. In numerous current texts we can read various theories about the origin of the race. The more absolute confusion arises from a whole once analysed separately. The most common mistakes that demonstrate a poor work of research are as follows:

  • Associate the word perdiguero the race Burgos Pointer.
  • Believing that the Pointing Dogs, as the Spanish classics tell us, they were Burgos Pointers and forget that they were other races.
  • Define like Burgos Pointer to the dogs that authors from Velázquez to Goya have been captured in numerous canvases where hunting dogs are reproduced.
  • Define incomprehensibly and lightly when Burgos Pointer as the origin of English Pointer, either in a display of patriotic enthusiasm, consider him further as the father of all European Braques“.

“The authors, as often happens, they do not manage to agree on the theories about the origins of animals and while some affirm that the sample dog is originally from Italy, others say that France or Spain (according to the nationality of the author) which they were born.

On the formation of the current dog Burgos Pointer the news is null and we can only apply the parameters that are studied to form a race, they are:

  • Time and place of training.
  • Genetic basis provided the race.
  • Adaptation to the environment in which is born.
  • Geographical isolation and inbreeding operated.

With regard to the first of them, not a breed created by man ex process are being, with measured doses of one or another blood, both the time and the place of training are uncertain. A race not be based in short periods of time and having no initial selection at a single point, can not think of that place of birth has been only a particular place”

(Author: José Manuel Sanz rudder).

Physical characteristics

While the Burgos Pointer, It is not as robust and defined muscular level, like its relative the English Pointer, their appearance shows the strength of the race.

It has the ears long and the tail It tends to be cut one-third of its original length.

Its fur It has variants that can form different ranges within the basic color. The basic colors of the hair are the white and the liver. These colors mingle regularly, giving variegated layers that tend to liver, gray liver, mosqueados in liver and other various combinations, depending on whether the liver or white color is predominant and depending on whether the white spots are open or closed.

It is a very common feature (Although non-binding layer), that have a clear white spot on the forehead and the ears always spotted with a homogeneous liver color. Liver-colored hairs can form sharp, well-defined liver-colored patches, regularly distributed by the layer of the animal

Its the mantle is short, thick and soft. The hair is thinner in the head, ears and limbs.

The skin is elastic, but not printing, thick, abundant, pinkish spotless. All Oris they will be Brown, never black.

The height males will of 62 to 67 cm and females 59 to 64 cm to the cross. Thinking of 25 to 30 kg.

It is an animal that as all, It requires a dose of daily exercise. A long walk, and a few races in the open air will keep you happy.

Character and skills

It is a very friendly and quiet dog, not afraid easily. It is smart and learns easily, especially in tracking work.

It is not a dog that adapts very well to urban environments.

It is used for small game (rabbits, hares, etc.).

It's perfect for hunting in any field (no matter how hard it is), since it has an enviable physical resistance and a great speed.

The Burgos Pointer it is highly appreciated by hunters who want a rustic dog, hard in any terrain and type of hunting, obedient, strong and above all excellent winds and method of hunting, due to his calm and poise in the search, as well as his sample and his impeccable collection.

Although used for small game pieces not dismisses pieces of hunting trail, in which he demonstrates great bravery.

Characteristics "Burgos Pointer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Burgos Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images: Burgos Pointer

Videos: Burgos Pointer

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type


FCI breed standard "Burgos Pointer"

FCIFCI - Burgos Pointer
Perdiguero

Alternative names:

1. Perdiguero de Burgos, Burgalese Pointer (English).
2. Retriever de Burgos, Braque de Burgos, Perdiguero (French).
3. Burgos-Hühnerhund (German).
4. Pointer espanhol, Pointer de Burgos (Portuguese).
5. Perdiguera (español).