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Griffon belge
Bélgica FCI 81 . Griffons

Grifón Belga

The Griffon belge is almost identical to Griffon Bruxellois, from which differs only in color.



Originally from Belgium, as the name reflects, the Griffon belge It is an original and easy-going companion dog.. Rational in origin, They are today friendly and lively companions who however struggle to find their audience as they remain one of the lesser known breeds in the group. 9.

The three races that make up the group 9 of the ICF have a similar morphology, but different coat quality and color varieties.

They share a common history and are descended from a small, wire-haired dog., he "smousje«, present in the Brussels region for decades.

The three varieties were selected in the 19th century with blood from other small companion breeds such as the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel. The Yorkshire Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer and the Affenpinscher they could also have been used in the cocktail that created the three races.

The first Griffon belge were entered in the Book of Origins of Saint-Hubert in 1883.

These dogs became very popular at the beginning of the 20th century thanks to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium.. They became the favorites of high society ladies and elegant women.

The iconography that represents the breed is abundant and paintings with small wire-haired Griffons have been found since the 17th century..

The breed began to be exported abroad, especially to France in the middle of the 20th century.

Physical characteristics

This is a small dog a balanced, sturdy built, almost square body frame, fixed frame and elegant movements, the look awake and lively. Its almost human expression is especially striking.

The body weight is about 3,5 – 6 kg. The head is the most characteristic and striking part of the body. It must be quite large compared to the body and the hair of it is rough, erected, makes a rich mustache and beard. It also highlights the visual aspect of the "big head". The skull should be broad and rounded, properly arched eyebrows.

The nose from the front at the same level as the eyes should be black, wide, with the nostrils properly open. Its tip should be so far back when viewed from the side flush with chin and forehead.

The lips are black at the edges, tight, near the jaws and teeth. There is no overlap of the top and bottom. If they are too loose, interrupt the desired expression. The lower jaw is longer than the upper jaw (physiologically underprotected jaw), directed slightly upwards, wide at the top and cannot be pointed. Its width is very important since the chin protrudes. The incisors of both jaws should be regularly arranged in a row, in which the top and bottom are parallel. No incisors should be missing. If the mouth is closed, neither teeth nor tongue can be seen.

The eyes must be separated, be big and round, should never be prominent. The iris is brown, the more dark best. The edges of the eyelids should be black. The defect is considered small eyes, oval in shape and bright colors.

The back is straight, short and strong. The tail must be set high and carried. When amputated, should be reduced by 2/3 of its original length. If the animal protection law prohibits cuts, can remain uncut. When it unfolds, must be high, curved so that its tip bends towards the back, don't touch the back or can't squirm. Short tail, twisted or kinked is considered a serious offense.

The Griffon belge they have a rough coat with undercoat. The mantle is rough, slightly wavy, but not curly. The fur rules, but to be correctly evaluated its structure must be long enough. Too long hair obscures the typical silhouette and is therefore not acceptable. A silky or woolly coat is evaluated as a serious fault.

Character and skills

He is a nervous dog and can become a very barking dog if he feels lonely or bored. He has a strong personality and for this he needs a good education from a very young age. The Griffon belge she is also lively, attentive, brave and always act with determination. So, You have to be careful that he does not suffer because his courage and self-confidence often means that he does not see the danger.

Can usually live with children and other pets. A curious and loving dog of character Terrier, very active and always reacts to strange noises.

The Griffon belge needs to be accompanied all the time, cannot stand being alone and may develop negative behaviors to attract attention such as barking or causing damage. This "furry" has a tendency to become attached to a person, following her most of the time.

Tireless and always ready to play with everyone, he's kind most of the time, but you can also play a role of guardian of the property and your family.


He is very intelligent and loves to learn. Your education is, Therefore, relatively easy, although it must be firm and adequate, as she tends to be slightly stubborn at times.

An early and well-adapted education will prevent him from growing up doing only what he wants.

Very sociable, has no problem with the inhabitants of the house, whether human or animal.

Although he is sociable by nature, sometimes he is shy with strangers, which makes him a good guardian. So, their socialization should be aimed at not exacerbating this natural shyness in front of strangers.

They can live anywhere and with any type of owner. Despite its small size, have a great need for exercise, but it is easy for him to do it anywhere, precisely because of its small size.


The Griffon belge is generally in excellent health. They are not affected by any particular disease or pathology.

Some subjects may sometimes suffer from eye infections or dermatological problems, although these cases are still rare. Its longevity is very appreciable.


Her pretty fur, quite complete, requires regular brushing to ensure a beautiful and healthy coat. No other particular maintenance is necessary.


They are great companions, besides being incredible guard and hunting dogs. They can easily raise the alarm when intruders invade their territory, as well as scare away small rodents from the area. It is also very noticeable in skill sports (agility).


Purchase price of a puppy Griffon belge: between 700 € y 900 €.

Characteristics "Griffon belge"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon belge" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Griffon belge"


1 – «Griffon belga» would Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – «Griffon belga» would Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – «Griffon belga» puppy by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – «Griffon belga» would Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – «Griffon belga» would Ger Dekker
6 – «Griffon belga» would Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon belge"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs
  • Section 3.1: Small Belgian Dogs / Griffons. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 «Grifones»
  • UKC – Company

FCI breed standard "Griffon belge"


Date of publication of the valid original standard:


Small guard and companion dog.

General appearance:

small pet dog; Intelligent, balanced, alert, haughty, robust, nearly square bodied ; with a good bone constitution, but at the same time elegant in its movements and in its construction. It draws attention for its almost human expression.
The two Griffons have hard hair and differ in color., while the Petit Brabançon has short hair.

important proportions:

The length of the body, from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock, should be as much as possible, equal to the height at the withers.

Behavior / temperament:

Balanced little dog, alert, haughty, well attached to his master, very vigilant. It is neither fearful, nor aggressive.


It is the most characteristic part of the body and the one that attracts the most attention.. The head is quite large compared to the body and has an almost human expression. At the Griffon the hair is hard, up and shaggy; is longer over the eyes, over the nostril, cheeks and chin, thus forming the decoration of the head.

Cranial region:

Wide and round. The forehead is well bulging.

  • Depression links (Stop): Well marked.

facial region:

  • Truffle : black. It is at the same level of the eyes. It's wide and the windows are wide open. The tip of the nose is raised back, which seen in profile places the chin, nose and forehead on the same margin.
  • Snout : The nasal canal, including truffle, it's very short ; will not exceed 1,5 cm long. In the Petit Brabançon a correct nasal passage appears longer, since there is no ornament. A nostril that is not upturned, as well as a truffle whose upper part is located below the lower eye line, give a bad impression and constitute serious misconduct.
  • Belfos : Blacks. Upper and lower lips are in close contact and tight. The upper one does not form flews and does not cover the lower one. Too loose spoils the desired expression.
  • Jaws / Teeth : The lower jaw is well curved upwards, is wide, not pointed and extends beyond the upper jaw ; the breed has lower prognathism. The six incisors of each jaw are preferably planted evenly and in a straight line, those above and below are very parallel. The mouth should be tightly closed and not even the teeth should be visible, nor the tongue. The width and protrusion of the chin are very important. Care should be taken that incisors are not missing.
  • Eyes : They are well separated, they are big and round, never prominent. Brown in color, as dark as possible. They will be bordered with black and preferably should not show the white of the eyeball. A small or oval eye, or light color, constitutes a fault.
  • Ears : Small, they are high, far enough apart. The uncut ears are semi-erect and fall to the front. Very large ears are not desirable, as well as ears that hang over the side of the head. Cropped ears are pointed and erect. Cropped ears are both accepted, like the uncut ones.


Medium length; blends harmoniously with the shoulders.


The length of the body is almost equal to the height at the withers. From the set it is a small square and stout dog.

  • Cross: Slightly prominent.
  • Back: Straight, short and strong.
  • Pork loin: Short and muscular, very little raised.
  • Rump: Wide, flat, or at most very slightly inclined.
  • Breast : Large, reaches up to the elbows. The tip of the sternum is marked, which it's, in profile, imparts a slightly prominent sill. The ribs are very elastic, but not barrel-shaped, not too flat.
  • bottom line: The belly is slightly raised; the flanks are well marked.


She is tall and the dog wears her high. The docked tail is trimmed 2/3 its length. The tail that has not been cut is presented raised, with the tip towards the back, although without touching it or being curled up. A naturally short or split tail, or curled up on the back, constitutes a serious offense.


Former members :

Seen together they are parallel, with a good bone structure and sufficiently separated.

  • Shoulder : Angulation is normal.
  • Elbows : Well attached to the body.
  • Carpi : Strong.
  • Pies : Small, round, they do not deviate even inwards, nor out. Fingers are good together; fingers sticking together constitutes a fault. Plantar pads are thick and as dark as possible. Nails are preferably black, as pigmented as possible.
Later members :

Seen as a whole they have a good bone structure and are well parallel. The angulations are in harmony with the forelimbs.

  • Babillas : Angled enough.
  • Hocks : well laid. Seen from the back, not closed, not open.
  • Pies : See previous members. Dewclaws are not a sought after characteristic.


Powerful, parallel movement of the limbs, with a good boost from the posteriors.


Fur: Hair quality:

  • The Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon Belge both have a hard coat and an undercoat.. Hair is naturally hard, slightly wavy, not curly, but trimmed and arranged for display. It should be long enough to allow the structure to be appreciated. Too long hair spoils the silhouette and is not what you are looking for. Silky or woolly hair is a serious offense.
  • The Petit Brabançon has short hair. Hair is rough, smooth and shiny; has at most 2 cm long.
  • Head ornament: At the griffon, the ornament (beard and mustache) It starts under the nose-eye line and runs from one ear to the other., covering well the muzzle and cheeks with a very abundant hair and longer than on the rest of the body. Above the eyes, the hair should be longer than on the rest of the skull and form the eyebrows.

Color: Griffon Bruxellois: Red, reddish; a little black is tolerated on the headdress.

  • Griffon Belge: Negro, black and tan. Tan markings must be pure and uniform in color. They are presented, in the previous members, from foot to carpus, and in the hindquarters from the foot to the hock. These colors go up the inside of the limbs. They are also seen in the anterior part of the chest, cheeks, chin, on top of the eyes, on the inside of the ears, below the tail and around the anus. Black can be mixed with red-brown, which is accepted although pure black and black and tan are preferred.
  • Petit Brabançon: The same colors as the two Griffons. Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized. In all three breeds some white hairs on the front of the chest are accepted, although this feature is not sought.

Size and weight:

Weight: It varies between 3,5 to 6 kg.


Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault and the severity of this is considered to the degree of the deviation to the standard and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog..

  • Any sign of aggressiveness. Fearful dog.
  • Nose depigmented or other than black.
  • Constantly visible tongue, being the mouth closed.
  • Twisting of the lower jaw.
  • Upper jaw that extends beyond the lower jaw.
  • Other colors other than those provided by the standard, such as gray, blue and fire, the brown and tan and the liver color (brown).
  • Any white stain.

Any dog ​​showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities should be disqualified..


Males should have two normal-appearing testicles fully descended into the scrotum..

Source: F.C.I - International Cynological Federation

Alternative names:

1. Belgium Griffon (English).
2. Griffon belge (French).
3. Griffon Belge (German).
4. Griffon belge (Portuguese).
5. Griffon belge (español).

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