Rafeiro of Alentejo
Portugal FCI 96 - Molossoid . Mountain

Rafeiro of Alentejo

It is an excellent watchdog in the farms and homes of the Alentejo.

Content

History

The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Alentejo Mastiff), as its name suggests, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, which extends south of the Tagus river to the Algarve. The pedigree dog, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.

In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. In addition, the intrepid four-legged friend protected the flock entrusted to him by reliably avoiding attacks by wild animals or rustlers. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, but also as a status symbol of strength and power.

As industrialization progressed and large estates declined, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. However, a small circle of enthusiasts ensured that the breed was preserved. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.

Physical characteristics

When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: Who would want to mess with such a big and powerful dog?

With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.

Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.

The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, Grey Wolf, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., as well as the brindle specimens according to the breed standard.

Character and skills

At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, his good nose and his excellent ears. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.

Like a purebred dog, whose only task is to accompany and protect his family, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, his innate sharpness is difficult to control even with a consistent education. After all, the smart and self-confident Rafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. However, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.

Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejo it must be able to offer you a large territory in which you can live your vigilant and protective instincts according to your mood. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Clearly shows you who is holding the reins in their hand and where their limits are. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.

Purchase of a Rafeiro of Alentejo

Those interested in a purebred Ranteiro del Alentejo sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. However, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, should refrain from buying it. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Who wants to make it into a family friendly companion dog, he does himself and the dog no favors.

Health and life expectancy of Rafeiro of Alentejo

The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known due to the low spread of the breed. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 a 14 years. However, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.

Rafeiro of Alentejo diet

In principle, this breed has no specific dietary needs. However, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. Therefore, following the high-energy puppy diet, a fairly low protein food should be given first to prevent the young dog from growing too fast. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, through which the necessary amount of animal protein is absorbed, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 96
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Rafeiro of Alentejo breed

    RAFEIRO OF ALENTEJO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Alentejo-Mastiff, alentejo mastiff (English).
      2. mâtin de l’Alentejo, mastiff de l’Alentejo (French).
      3. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rafeiro, Alentejo-Mastiff (German).
      4. Mastim Português, Mastim do Alentejo (Portuguese).
      5. Mastín del Alentejo (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Rafeiro del Alentejo by https://brit-petfood.com/hr/node/8006

    Rough Collie
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 156

    It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

    Content

    History

    The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

    Both the Long-haired Collie and the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

    • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, an all terreno…
    • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, Agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

    These two varieties of dogs crosses shepherds are born the precious Collie that we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

    After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, there is a theory that says those first Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Greyhound) in order to obtain a more "noble" head (finest), What is today one of the true characteristics of the Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

    But trends are changing according to blowing the wind... Like for example, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Balmoral Castle, the Collie is transformed into something like an article of fashion.

    The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, in the Decade of 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

    At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, they could travel long distances during the whole day and retained energy...

    While many theories attempt to explain them, Unfortunately, the exact origins of the Collie have a dark veil. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of the Long Haired Collie was on the Highlands of Scotland lands, where had it been used for centuries as a herding dog. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

    In the UK the Longhair Collie is no longer used for grazing cattle, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Although in United States and several European countries, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

    The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. The objective of the original club was "the promotion and the improvement of the breed of Border Collie". From there the first official breed standard was carved Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, Although much time has passed and many things cambiado… the objective of the Club is still the same. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, is oldest club americano…).

    The Collie's long hair was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first hair long Collie was imported to England. And from there are the pillars of the breed.

    With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 a 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie of today and paved the way for the emergence of large and famous American dog kennels in the years 1920 and 1930.

    One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 December 1872 until 18 February 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. The public is known both for his novels relating the adventures of his beloved Collie, "as for its famous breeding sites"Sunnybank”, from which the bloodlines of specimens of Rough Collie who live among us today.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the characteristic features of the Collie's long hair is his head and delicately pointed snout. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi-erectas, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the Shetland Shepherd Dog, but larger.

    Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

    • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
    • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
    • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

    All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

    It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

    The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, He has long hair and it seems a velcro… Shearing it is something very harmful to the skin and some not again them grow a significant amount of hair after having been shaved.

    The desired size and weight vary between the standards of the breed of dog clubs, but trying to balance the medidas… a long hair male Collie measured 55,8 a 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 lowest centimeters. Males weigh in 20 a 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 a 5 fewer kilos).

    Character and skills

    The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

    Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), and in some cases it is difficult to correct them. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. They enjoy human company and home heat.

    For yeah "The character of"Lassie"created by the British author Eric Knight was a Collie of long hair", It is probably the most famous dog in the world, fictional character that appeared in various films, TV series and books for years.

    "That character inspired screenwriter Hugo Butler in the film"Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Film that definitely launched to fame to the beautiful long hair Collie.

    Collie Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. Collie is prone to a host of health problems. Here is a brief summary of what you should know.

    Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, including multiple drug sensitivities to a mutation in the multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; information on how to test your dog can be found here.

    Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, after which all breeders should have ARP authorizations on all their breeding dogs.

    Collie eye abnormality is a group of eye disorders that range from mild to severe. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

    Unfortunately, Collies can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, as well as a condition called bloating, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Collie grooming

    Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful and voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of care, but it's not like that. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The Smooth Collie’s coat is a piece of cake to care for. Brush it weekly with a rubber brush or soft brush to remove dead hair. Your Collie should not need a bath more than once a month.

    Rough Collie go through a heavy molt twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn’t blow his coat, but throughout the year it loses more hair than the Rough Collie.

    The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually every few weeks. It shouldn't take so long for the click to be heard on the floor. Brush your teeth daily to improve overall health and breath.

    Rough Collie Characteristics

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rough Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss boyeros). / Section 1 –> Shepherd Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 156
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI Standard of the Rough Collie breed
    • COLLIE ROUGH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
      2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
      3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (Spanish).

    Rottweiler
    Alemania FCI 147 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Rottweiler

    The Rottweiler is a quiet dog, docile and faithful family.

    Content

    History

    The Rottweiler is one of the breeds of German origin that is recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The Rottweiler is a dog trotting type.

    The history of the Rottweiler dates back to the 19th century. The city of Rottweil in present-day Baden-Württemberg was known for its livestock trade. To keep animals under control on their way to pasture, farmers and butchers had to use smart and persistent companion dogs. At the beginning, these dogs were therefore called butcher dogs, later they were finally given the name Rottweiler due to its proximity to the city of Rottweil. Other theories on the history of the Rottweiler breed say that the canine breed was already used for livestock farming in Rome and therefore arrived with the Romans through the Alps to the city of Rottweil. In the early 20th century, when people were looking for a suitable police dog, it soon became clear that the Rottweiler, with his strong, muscular stature and intrepid temperament, was particularly suitable. In 1910 the Rottweiler was officially recognized as a police dog.

    These characteristics, they made it an indispensable both for farmers and butchers Assistant.

    Physical characteristics

    The Rottweiler is a medium to large dog, muscular, sturdy and strong with powerful teeth. Although its shape is quite robust, the Rottweiler has great resistance and is very agile. According to the breed standard, the height at the withers of a male dog is 68 cm., that of a female dog 63 cm.. The weight of a Rottweiler is between approx. 42 kg ( female) and approx. 50 kg (male). Rottweiler coat consists of a black top layer and bottom layer. The black top layer is described by the VDH (German Canine Federation) as “average length, thick, dense and tight”, while the bottom layer should not protrude from the top layer. The Rottweiler's coat is slightly longer on the hind legs. Characteristic for the Rottweiler is also the so-called blight, which means clearly defined brown-red markings on the lips, the snout, the eyebrows, under the tail root and on the chest.

    In this race we can find two lines of aging, the European, considered the original and the American. The American line is characterized by examples of greater height and more stylized bodies, on the other hand, European line dogs present a more robust with a lower height and compact body.

    Character and skills

    Although the Rottweiler is a race that has been used for defence work, his work and typicity requires that they are described as friendly, happy talk, quiet, faithful, obedient and willingness to work. In recent studies of aggressiveness in races this was not among the top ten.

    In addition the Rottweiler dog is located within the ten most intelligent dogs, they are dogs of great trust and kindness, You can be glad that it will meet the desired objective.

    An important attribute that has the Rottweiler is his adiestrabilidad. It is a very intelligent and obedient dog, able to learn many tasks.

    According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Rottweiler is the No. 9 from the list.

    Its history as a shepherd, as military dog and care as well as dog obedience and exhibition, speaks highly of his versatility.

    The Rottweilers are ideal as protectors of the family and property. You agree to all the members of the family and protect both the father and the son. The Rottweilers usually do not have Favorites, Although there are exceptions. They tend to be individualists, and this is due, Once again, are creatures with discernment and lists.

    His intelligence “affects” to your adiestrabilidad. As, frequently, It is said of the cats, they are too ready to wait for repetition of an order. Once they have executed her once or twice as you like, Surely they tired of the game and seek a better output. "Why insist human to do these things so many times?"? "I have already grasped the idea the first time and was not so exciting" it seems that he thinks the Rottweiler.

    Some need more help than others, but patience is always required when you train a dog, regardless of what race.
    Please understand that nothing wrong with owning a Rottweiler there is. They are incredible dogs and wonderful pets. This is not an issue of race, but rather individuals who are involved with the canine behavior modification.

    Rottweiler maintenance

    Since the Rottweiler was bred as a persistent working dog and therefore needs a lot of leash in order to function properly, keeping him in the kennel is out of the question. However, due to its robustness, can stay out if there is a good family connection and corresponding workload. It is important to socialize the Rottweiler from the beginning through specific training and attendance at a dog training school and to get him used to different situations and people. Due to its character, the Rottweiler can be used very well as a service dog, guard dog, rescue dog or guide dog for the blind. Although it is not the classic family dog, living with children is usually not a problem. Due to its size and strength, wild games with children should be avoided, and children should not walk alone with the Rottweiler due to its enormous traction. Proper maintenance a Rottweiler includes not only a demanding occupation but also a good education.

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is with 8-10 years somewhat below average value. Unlike small dog breeds, the musculoskeletal system of larger dog breeds is already under great stress during the growth phase, causing signs of wear earlier.

    Buy a Rottweiler

    Before deciding on a Rottweiler, one must closely examine their attitude and character and carefully consider whether this breed is really suitable. The following questions must be answered affirmatively: Can I offer the Rottweiler enough space and exercise? Do I have time to take care of the animal enough? Do all family members agree with the dog? Do I trust the education of a Rottweiler? Can I take my dog ​​on vacation or what alternatives are there? If you finally decide to get a Rottweiler, doesn't necessarily have to come from a breeder. Why don't you visit the animal shelter?- Maybe you will find a Rottweiler there that you can give a good home. Here the purchase is also much cheaper than with a breeder.

    Rottweiler Education

    The correct education is very important for a Rottweiler to promote its generally human and balanced character.. Your position in the family hierarchy must be clear to the dog from the start, so that he learns to obey and respect his master. Consistency is extremely important in Rottweiler education, and it should be dominant, but without harshness. As a responsible dog owner, you must act with sovereignty, calm and especially with consideration when training a Rottweiler. The Rottweiler recognizes these positive leadership qualities, which ultimately makes him a loyal companion. As in the case of any other dog, training should begin at the puppy's age, where positive behavior is rewarded with praise, for example in the form of sweets. Caution: With insufficiently dominant leadership or erroneous and inconsistent education, Rottweiler can develop dangerous behavior – this shows the great role that the correct education of the Rottweilers plays.

    Rottweiler Health and Care

    Since the Rottweiler's coat is rather short to medium long, the toilet is not very complex. However, due to its agile nature, impurities can quickly accumulate on the coat, so grooming should not be neglected entirely. Occasional brushing is completely sufficient. For Rottweiler coat length, special brushes for dogs, but also cotton gloves have proven to be very effective. In addition to the toilet, foot care, as well as eye care, ears and nails should be considered as usual.

    Breed specific diseases

    As with many other large dogs, certain diseases occur more frequently in Rottweiler dogs. These include hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, both are poor development of the respective joints. Because this is due to a genetic disposition, an X-ray examination must be presented in a breed aptitude test. To prevent disease, care must be taken that the animal is not overweight and gets enough exercise. Leukoencephalomyelopathy is also an inherited disease. It leads to progressive paralysis in young animals and is not curable., although it occurs quite infrequently. On the other hand, in recent years, heart disease has been recorded more frequently in this breed. Constriction of the nerves of the heart, for example, is inherited and affects the reflux of blood from the heart, which ultimately leads to limited performance of the Rottweiler.

    Rottweiler feed

    Like any other dog, the Rottweiler needs a species-appropriate diet. To prevent overweight and resulting breed diseases, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, dog food should not be too fatty and especially low in protein. It is also important that the Rottweiler feeds in moderation and has limited access to the feeding bowl. Instead of being able to use a large portion of food, dog owners should distribute food appropriately for their “Rotti”. Whether dry or wet food is better for the Rottweiler, the dog owner must decide for himself.

    Rottweiler puppies prefer to eat what they are used to eating from their breeder. Therefore, it makes sense to continue feeding this food for the time being and only change food when the dog is older and may have different needs than its food. It's best to just try what the Rottweiler likes best: in addition to wet and dry food, also a healthy alternative to barking at the dog.

    Rottweiler reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rottweiler” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
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    Rottweiler Images

    Rottweiler Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 147
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, doge type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Group 3 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Rottweiler breed FCI standard

    ROTTWEILER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rott, Rottie (English).
      2. Rottweiler (French).
      3. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (German).
      4. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Portuguese).
      5. Rottie, Rott (Spanish).

    Russo-European Laika
    Rusia FCI 304 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Russo-European Laika

    It is characterized by its great sense of orientation and its tendency to avoid being confined.

    Content

    History

    The Laika it is an original breed of dog from the far north. They are spread across the entire land mass of Eurasia, from Finland to the Bering Sea. The Laika, in its three variants, It is the breed of dog with the largest closed range of all. In the first place it was called a hunting dog. In the villages of Siberia, However, it is useful in many ways. In addition to his role as a hunting dog, It is a protection dog and a guard dog and has even proven its worth as a sled dog.

    Some associate a dog named “Laika” with the history of space travel. Because the dog Laika was the first living being sent into space by humans. His heat death in the cramped Soyuz capsule was planned from the start. But Laika is also the name of a breed of dog. Most of these dogs are extremely robust and intelligent with a huge gene pool. The Laika It is a breed of dog that has been recognized by the canine world since very early. From the time around 1880 there are several descriptions about these dogs. At that time the animals were already participants in the Moscow dog shows. For thousands of years they had enormous economic and cultural importance. Large parts of Siberia were able to develop by humans only with the help of these dogs.

    In the Middle Ages to modern times the Laika played a central role in the fur trade, what made old russia rich. The Laika he was the best hunter of martens. “The hunting dogs of the Sable they must be fugitives, with an exquisite nose, thin face and ears, and possess great sharpness and intelligence.” So it is said in the old reports. Today, hunting wild boar and other game animals is the specialty of this breed. By the way, the name comes from the Russian word “lajat” for “to bark”. The Laika seek and chase the game quietly at first. Once they have caught it, they start barking loudly so the hunter can find it – Hence the name.

    Until the years 40, the Laika they were raised according to the old tradition. Without any more preambles, the most suitable specimens were taken for common work with and for humans. They were then provided with a standard for modern pedigree dog breeding.
    In 1947 Four races of Laika were established by the Russian Congress of Cynologists, three of them are recognized by the FCI today:

    Then there is the Finnish Spitz, that the Russians call the Karelo-Finnische Laika. But the Laika it has nothing to do with the spitz as we know it. They have a completely different nature, although they may look similar on the outside. The races of Laika are very similar to each other and often only differ in details.

    Here we describe the Russo-European Laika, which has found a certain diffusion especially in eastern Germany. This still has its roots in the times of the GDR. From 1950 the Laika have been hunters here. Last but not least, but not less important, many of those who worked in the construction of pipelines in the vastness of the Soviet Union brought the race Laika To Germany.

    Physical characteristics

    The Russo-European Laika is a dog's size medium, strong, with a slightly longer and dense coat. On the head and ears the hair is short and dense. The construction is almost square. The Laika wears its well feathered tail on its back. The head is reminiscent of a European Spitz with wide awake eyes. Wears it upright like a triangle with pointed ears. The official FCI standard describes a strong dog: “The muscles are dry and well trained. A strong bone structure. Sex differences are clearly marked”. The height at the withers is between 52 and 58 centimeters in males. Bitches are a 2 smaller cm. No weight given. The coat color doesn't really play a role with the Laika. In the Russo-European Laika black with white are considered typical colors.

    Character and skills

    The Laika is a thoroughbred hunting dog. Has a distinctive sharpness of play, defend the prey, it's focused, but not sharp.

    The characteristics that recommend it as a hunting dog and that allow it to survive in the harsh living conditions of Siberia, they do not facilitate its maintenance as a companion and family dog. Therefore, serious breeding expressly attaches importance to a good socialization of the puppies already in the breeder.

    As a thoroughbred hunter you have a high level of initiative and want to work independently and with perseverance.. Some experience is needed, consistency and patience to direct this independent head. Otherwise, he would follow his thoughts and instincts at the right opportunity and hunt on his own.

    Needs a busy master or caregiver who is able and willing to allow a lot of movement. Worth it. The Laika they are really big dogs: Highly intelligent, docile and seemingly unlimited capacity. You have to merge very closely with this dog. Then follow your caregiver without contradictions. It is a fantastic experience of nature to roam the landscape with this wide awake dog.

    The ideal is, if you can lead him on the hunt. The Laika is not a guard dog, but he is willing to defend his family effectively. In front of other dogs he has no interest or is even dominant; seems to feel he is far superior to most local house dogs with his rustic body control and keen emergency senses.

    A true Laika, not bred for exhibitions, embodies a wonderful piece of Nordic nature.

    Attitude

    The Laika not at all a dog for beginners. It has high demands on its maintenance, that stem from your destiny as a hunting dog. In addition, it is a very independent working dog. If one wants to have the clear leading role as a human, this requires a lot of understanding of the dog. This opens the possibility of a very special intimate relationship between man and dog., which is not based on submission but on mutual respect and true friendship. In addition to his passion for hunting, can also be used for the agility and other sports with dogs. Here he is also enormously powerful but also demanding. So it's not enough to just go to dog sports with him once a week.. Monotonous reps aren't your thing either.

    On the other hand, is not picky about attitude. However, a property (well secured) must be available, because at Laika he likes to stay out, what is not to be confused with kennel maintenance. During the hunt the animal never loses contact with its guide. Shows an extraordinary sense of direction, a vital feature in the vastness of Russia. So almost always find – if you want – an exit from the property, and again. A proper hunting guide is ideal. Otherwise, need a teacher or a lover of outdoor sports. The breed is extremely robust and adaptable, but it is not a dog for a flat.

    Education of the Russo-European Laika

    The Russo-European Laika can be well trained for a very experienced dog owner. But you have to get involved with him very intensely. He is open and honest and likes to work with his master and mistress, although his “will to please” be limited. Not a partner for any kind of tricks. Has no problems and is frugal in daily handling, whenever you have your workload on hunting or dog sports.

    Care and health of the Russian-European Laika

    The Russo-European Laika it is absolutely easy to clean. Just need a little grooming here and there, during the coat change a little more.

    Nutrition

    The Laika is free of problems in its nutrition.

    The life expectancy of the Russo-European Laika

    It is not for the world of cacina exhibitions, the Laika healthy breed can easily reach the 12 years and much more with a good physical condition.

    Buy a Laika

    As a buyer you should make sure you get a Laika from a breeder who does not inbreed and only allows natural mating.. Other practices are diametrically opposed to respect and love for these original and robust dogs. If you are interested in a Laika, The first thing you should do is check if you want and can spend a close life, common and sporty with these dogs for at least the next ten years. Then you should get information from a local breeder, who is affiliated with a nodic dog club. A puppy of this breed costs around 1.000 EUR.

    Typical diseases of the Russo-European Laika

    The Laika it is a very healthy and extremely robust breed of dog, as long as he's not unilaterally bred by a supposed beauty in the dog show business. Hardly any other breed of dog today is fortunate enough to have access to such a large population., naturally original, to a genetic potential as great as the Laika in the vastness of Russia. One can only hope that this great opportunity will be seized by the breeding clubs..

    Images of the Russo-European Laika

    Photos:

    1 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/540768
    2 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/962571
    3 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/828184
    4 – Russo-European Laika male on Dog Show in Katowice, 2006 by Konrad Loesch / CC BY
    5 – Russo-European Laika by Timarflex / CC BY-SA
    6 – Russo-European Laika by tracey r / CC BY

    Russo-European Laika Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 304
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI Russo-European Laika breed standard

    Russo-European Laika FCI Russo-European Laika FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Laĭka (English).
      2. Laĭka (French).
      3. Russisch-Europäischer Laïka, Laĭka (German).
      4. Laika (Portuguese).
      5. Laika (Spanish).

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