Russkiy Toy
Rusia FCI 352 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Russkiy Toy

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible.

Content

History

The “Russkiy Toy” it is a recent breed of dog, but its history began in the 18th century, in Russia, with the importation of many English Toy Terrier. One of them was even adopted by Emperor Peter I the Great (1672-1725), durante los últimos años de su vida y su reinado.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the popularity of Toy Terrier rose among the Russian aristocracy. They became an essential element, y a principios del siglo XX se habían convertido claramente en un símbolo de prestigio. Participating in cultural events and social gatherings with a well-behaved little dog became the norm of the good society of the time.

Although many of these dogs were imported from Great Britain, la mayoría nacieron en Rusia, y un programa de cría suelta ya había comenzado a diferenciarlos gradualmente de sus antepasados. Presentes en las exposiciones caninas rusas desde hace algún tiempo, they began to officially call each other Russian toy terriers at an exhibition held in St. Petersburg in 1907, where they were exposed 11 specimens.

The revolution of 1917 I was going to change things: associated with the aristocracy, the Russian Toy Terrier experienced a sudden and brutal decline, that left him on the brink of extinction. A few breeders tried to preserve the breed, pero se enfrentaron a muchas dificultades en una época en la que la cría de perros estaba dirigida por el régimen, which instead encouraged the development of dogs that could be used by the military.

The death of Josef Stalin in 1953 alivió las restricciones y algunos criadores de Moscú, St. Petersburg, Svendlosk and Irkutsk were able to revive the breed. But after 40 years, no había más ejemplares con ascendencia perfectamente conocida y características puras, so they had to start from scratch, a partir de individuos con características similares a los conocidos anteriormente.

The year 1958 marked a turning point for the breed, when a guy named Chicky was born with long hair and fringed ears and tail. Until then, todos los representantes de la raza tenían un pelaje liso y corto. La criadora Yevghenina Zharova quiso preservar estas características y lo cruzó con una hembra con un pelaje más largo que la media e inició un programa de cría específico. His initiative was crowned with success: starting at 1966 y de la creación de un estándar específico, these dogs were considered as belonging to a breed other than the Russian Toy Terrier and they were called Toy Terrier de pelo largo de Moscú.

The year 1988 marked another turning point, because the Russian Cynological Federation (RKF), the reference organization in Russia, then decided to unify short hair and long hair again under the same standard, considering them as two varieties of the same breed.

In the following years, tras la caída del telón de acero en 1989, the first copies of Russian Toy Terrier They were able to go out to conquer Europe and the breed began to develop, en particular en Finlandia y en los países del Este.

However, the opening of the borders also brought about the entry of new breeds into Russia, who replaced local dogs in the hearts of dog lovers. As a result, en la década de 1990, this dog was again on the brink of extinction in Russia. However, on the one hand, ya se había impuesto en el extranjero y, for another, los criadores rusos consiguieron mantener un acervo genético suficiente en su país para mantener la raza sana.

In the first decade of 2000, things sped up. In 2006, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally and gave it the official name of Russkiy Toy, removing the name of Terrier. Two years later, in 2008, a breed club was founded in the United States (Russian Toy Club of America), and that same year the United Kennel Club (UKC) American also accepted the breed. El American Kennel Club (AKC) did the same in 2010 by including it in your Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a step prior to full recognition.

In 2017, the Russkiy Toy obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI, así como del famoso Kennel Club (KC) British. In fact, hoy en día está reconocido por la mayoría de las grandes organizaciones caninas nacionales – is the case, in particular, del Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), for example.

Today, the AKC is present in almost all of Europe, but it is still rare in the United States, which explains why the final recognition of the AKC is still pending.

In Great Britain, annual records around the KC have been around 50 since the acceptance of the breed in 2017.

This figure is higher in France, where they were registered between 100 and 150 nacimientos en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) in 2010, which shows that this dog, aunque siga siendo relativamente discreto en el país, ha conseguido encontrar su público.

Photo: One Russkiy Toy of 20 meses by Skest at German Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Russkiy Toy bears his name well, as it belongs to the smallest dog breeds in the world on the particular sides of the Chihuahua, del que comparte varias características.

Its square body with a raised belly is higher at the neck than the rump. The extremities, de huesos finos y músculos delgados, they are quite long, giving the impression that they are high on the legs. The tail is relatively short, carried in the shape of a sickle or saber, and fringed in the case of long-haired dogs. In areas where tail docking is permitted, docked tail is accepted, as long as a stump is left with 2 a 4 vertebrae.

The head is small in proportion to the body, with a clearly marked stop. The muzzle is pointed and ends in a preferably black nose. The eyes are large, round and very expressive. your colour must be as darkest as possible. The ears, which are a distinctive feature of the breed, They are set high and sustained. Big and thin, they form two isosceles triangles in the skull. The long-haired variety is covered with long, thick hair that falls in a plume shape.

This dog has no undercoat. However, upper hair differs from dog to dog, to the point that there are two varieties of the breed: the one with straight hair is short, smooth and shiny, while the one with long hair has a medium length (of 3 a 5 cm.). Estos últimos también tienen flecos en las orejas y en la cola, that cover the entire outside of the ear when mature.

Multiple coat colors are allowed: black and tan, Brown and fire, Blue and fire, lilac and fire, and red with blue, brown or black. There are also some smooth dogs: his fur is red, leonado or cream. El color más común es el negro y el fuego.

Last, there is no real sexual dimorphism in this breed: males and females are roughly the same size and appearance.

Size and weight

Size: 20 – 28 cm.
Weight: 1 – 3 kg

Varieties

National and international canine associations usually distinguish between two varieties of Russkiy Toy: the of smooth hair, sometimes called shorthair, and the of Longhair. Although it is not usual, since the breeders of Russkiy Toy they usually specialize in one or the other, these varieties can be crossed: then mixed litters are obtained, composed of both short-haired and long-haired individuals.

The long-haired variety, con sus flecos específicos en las orejas, is the most sought after by fans, y también la más común. It has a semi-long coat (between 3 and 5 cm.) in the body, mientras que la cola y las orejas están cubiertas de un pelaje largo y espeso que forma unos flecos característicos.

The straight hair variety, on the other hand, has a short smooth shiny looking top coat. Historically, the first representatives of the breed were all short-haired.

None of the varieties of Russkiy Toy has undercoat. In general, apart from its fur, son perfectamente idénticos en cuanto a carácter y características físicas.

Character and skills

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible. Your attachment can even turn into possessiveness and, if i wasn't well socialized, can be overtly threatening (insofar as your size allows) towards those who get too close to their master. He also tends to distrust strangers, at least at the beginning: if you see that they are invited to the house, quickly curious to know more about them.

If you are able to stay alone for a few hours, will quickly become anxious if absent for a long time (especialmente si esto ocurre casi todos los días) and can then behave destructively. The presence of a small companion in the home can be a pertinent solution to help you not see time pass when your master is at work and reduce the risk of separation anxiety.. Usually, your pet will get along with other animals, already be partners, cats, rodents or reptiles, y esto suele ser así incluso con los que no viven en tu casa. However, be careful not to be disturbed or scared by this barking and hyperactive puppy. And don't forget that a cat is usually much bigger, quick and better armed in case of discussion…

In any case, lives perfectly in an apartment, as long as your need for exercise is met. Esta última es además relativamente consecuente por su tamaño, ya que es necesario recorrerla al menos media hora al día. In other words, carry you in a bag, in a dog stroller or even in the arms of its owner is not the best gift that can be given, since you need to stretch your legs. However, si vive en una casa con jardín en el campo, puede ser peligroso dejarlo solo en el jardín, because its size makes it a potential prey for many wild animals: birds Raptors, foxes, weasels…

Like other miniature dog breeds, no es realmente consciente de esto último, so it is able to put itself in dangerous situations. No doubt, for example, to provoke a dog that weighs more than 20 times its weight, without worrying about the possible consequences. Therefore, it is better to lead him on a leash when he goes out and teach him to curb his burning.

To the smart Russkiy Toy he likes to be stimulated intellectually. Dog games and puzzles can be a great way to keep him busy while his owners are out and about., and loves to learn new tricks. You can also participate in dog sports such as obedience and agility, but its small size makes it difficult to compete.

On the other hand, not recommended for families with young children. In effect, its small size and its fragility mean that it can be easily mistreated by the little ones, and the accident risks are very real – for the two protagonists, In addition. You can be seriously injured by a small car thrown at you in a moment of anger, just as he can respond by biting if his tail or ears are pulled. What's more, a dog should never be left alone unsupervised with a young child, and that is valid whatever your race.

Last, the Russkiy Toy barks often. Its high-pitched voice is an excellent alarm in case of threat, but it is also likely to quickly anger the neighbors.

Education

Like all its fellow men, the Russkiy Toy needs to be socialized from the first weeks. This is all the more important as you tend to be cautious: only successful socialization can allow you to become a sociable and balanced adult. Therefore, need to meet many people (family, friends…) but also other animals, be it dogs, cats or rodents.

The fact that he is intelligent and likes to be liked greatly facilitates his education. Learning to clean and remember orders is usually not a problem. If the family is patient and firm, it is possible to go much further, since they can also learn many tricks.

Positive reinforcement is the best method to reach and educate the best possible Russkiy Toy. The moods, caresses and treats are real motivations for him, and quickly learns to do everything possible to satisfy his Master.

In fact, the Russkiy Toy It is a breed of dog adapted for a beginner, pero su amo nunca debe olvidar que un perro necesita un líder que lo dirija. Este papel de líder, it is he who must exercise it. Su compañero necesita límites, which must be immutable, taxes from a very young age and consistent over time, así como de un miembro de la familia a otro. If he is allowed to do what he wants when he is little, o si las normas son diferentes según el día de la semana o la persona, you don't know what to expect and your behavior is affected.

It is about the famous “síndrome del perro pequeño”, común a todas las razas en miniatura: little by little adopts unacceptable attitudes (do not leave space on the sofa, growl at his master, steal food…) but ignored by their master, who remains hypnotized by his little one and “beautiful” partner. As nothing stops you, esta laxitud le anima a llevar los límites cada vez más lejos, to the point of gradually taking control of the house. The longer the owner waits to take control of the situation and allow bad habits to take root, más difícil le resultará volver a poner en orden a su compañero. To avoid this, rules should be clear and instilled from the start, and then apply in all circumstances, without exception. In the same logic, it is not advisable to hold him in your arms too often, sobre todo si se trata de desplazarse con él cuando podría igualmente pasear al lado de su amo, because not only does it not help him to live his dog life and spend, but it can also provoke a tendency to dominate.

Health

The Russkiy Toy is particularly robust and poses little risk of disease.

However, es sensible a las temperaturas extremas y debe protegerse tanto del calor como del frío.Cuando el termómetro está subiendo, you should limit your activities to the coolest hours and not let it stay too long in the sun, while adog coatno es demasiado cuando tiene que salir en tiempo frío.En cualquier caso, has no vocation to spend most of his time outdoors: its natural place is inside the house.

Among the conditions that can affect the breed, the most commons are:

  • impacted tooth, cuando un diente de leche no se cae y por lo tanto no da paso a un diente adulto en crecimiento.Este es un problema bastante común, which is solved without great difficulty by a veterinarian;
  • the patellar dislocation, a kneecap problem: deja su posición y obliga al perro a cojear para moverse.Este problema es relativamente común en todos los perros pequeños y, sometimes, requiere cirugía;
  • the progressive retinal atrophy, degeneration of eye tissues leading to total blindness It is an inherited disease and carriers are normally excluded from reproduction, so it's still pretty rare;
  • the Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which attacks the hip and causes necrosis that causes stiffness and pain., esta enfermedad es muy poco común y puede operarse para aliviar el dolor causado.

However, the main risk to the health of the Russkiy Toy comes from its small size and fiery character, which can be the cause of many fractures. La caída de un libro sobre sus patas, A career that ends in a collision with a chair or an agitated argument with a larger fellow can end in the emergency room., your family must be constantly vigilant.

Another risk you are particularly exposed to is obesity, and once again only your master can help you.You need to monitor your weight regularly and act at the first signs of overweight, adjusting both your portion sizes and your activity level.

Al igual que con cualquier raza, the adoption of a creator of Russkiy Toy serious and responsible greatly increases the probability of obtaining a healthy puppy The professional must provide a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, presentar la historia clínica o cartilla de vacunación, in which the vaccines administered to the animal are recorded, and make available the results of genetic tests performed to parents. a small one.

Of course, this does not guarantee that you will stay healthy for your entire life To maximize the chances of this being the case, prevention is essential: it is advisable to wear regularly (At least once a year) take your dog to the vet for a routine checkup.This not only identifies the beginning of a possible problem, it also ensures that you don't miss your shot reminders.

Life expectancy

12 a 13 years

Grooming

Either for the straight-haired variety or for the long-haired variety, the maintenance of the coat of the Russkiy Toy is simple. In effect, a weekly brushing is enough to avoid knots and remove possible dirt. Muda little, pero puede ser útil aumentar la frecuencia de cepillado a 2 or 3 times a week when applicable, in spring and autumn.

How he tolerates the bathroom well, clean it every 1 or 2 months to rid it of all impurities and make sure it doesn't mess up the house is usually not a problem either. Sólo tienes que asegurarte de utilizar un champú específico para perros, y en ningún caso un producto hecho para humanos.

The rest is a matter of course. For example, su sesión semanal de acicalamiento debería ser también una oportunidad para revisar y limpiar sus ojos y orejas con un paño húmedo. This will prevent debris and dirt from accumulating, reduciendo así el riesgo de infección.

También debes aprovechar para cepillar los dientes de tu perro con un dentífrico especial para perros, although twice a week (or even daily) es aún mejor. This will help prevent tartar buildup., that can cause bad breath, cavities and other problems.

Last, although it has gone out enough, their claws tend to grow faster than they wear out. Thus, es necesario recortarlas con un simple cortaúñas cuando se han vuelto demasiado largas, to prevent them from getting in the way or even breaking. A monthly cut is usually sufficient. The first time, you can learn how to do it with a vet or a groomer, to avoid doing it wrong.

Food

The Russkiy Toy perfectly fits commercially available industrial dog foods. You just have to be careful to choose a product adapted to dogs of this size, especially if you eat kibble. You also have to choose food of sufficient quality and establish an adapted daily ration to provide it with all the nutrients it needs., especially considering your activity level and your age.

In any case, cat food, although it certainly is the perfect size for its size, not at all adequate. Too rich, are likely to cause rapid and dangerous weight gain.

This is especially true since obesity is a very real problem for this breed whose needs are often much lower than their family thinks.. It is necessary to scrupulously follow the daily rations recommended by the manufacturers or the veterinarian, and regularly weigh your dog to quickly detect too large a variation. A weight gain of 200g is negligible for a human, but for a Russkiy Toy this is around the 10% of their normal weight.

In case of unjustified weight gain, it is advisable to react without delay, adjusting both the dog's daily ration and activity level. If this doesn't help, a visit to the vet is necessary to explore the possibility of a disease and to develop a more appropriate diet if this is not the problem.

Last, like all dogs, the Russkiy Toy you should always have access to a bowl of fresh water, so you can quench your thirst whenever you want.

Use

The Russkiy Toy is above all – and also always – un perro de compañía, made to spend most of his time with his family. Playful and affectionate, perfectly capable of apartment living, represents an ideal option for those who have little space to offer their dog, but on the other hand they may be available to dedicate time.

His affectionate character also makes him a very good therapy dog, able to spend hours by his master's side if he needs it, and to help you with your mere presence.

His natural distrust of the unknown and his propensity to bark make him an excellent alert dog., but its size prevents it from being a true watchdog, aunque su valentía no es cuestionable.

Last, it is common to find it at dog shows, where your success is not denied. They can also participate in dog sports competitions, like obedience, but its small size is definitely a disadvantage.

¿Cuanto cuesta un "Russkiy Toy"?

The price of a puppy Russkiy Toy is of some 1500 EUR, but this average hides great disparities. In effect, depending on the reputation of the kennel, del prestigio de sus ancestros pero también y sobre todo de sus características físicas intrínsecas, can go from 800 euros for the copies with some small defects up to almost 4000 euros para los destinados a la cría y/o a las exposiciones. On the other hand, no hay grandes diferencias de precio según el sexo.

Characteristics "Russkiy Toy"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Russkiy Toy" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Russkiy Toy"

Photos:

1 – “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Russkiy Toy” Puppy, 4 months old by Shamanofthistown, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Russkiy Toy” shorthair, smooth coat, brown and tan by NiaNike, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Short hair “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Two “Russkiy Toy”, one with short hair and one with long hair by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Russkiy Toy” Daniel, Rostov del Don by Sofiya357, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Russkiy Toy"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Russkiy Toy"

FCIFCI - Russkiy Toy
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, Toychik (English).
    2. Toychik, Toy-chic (French).
    3. Russischer Zwergspaniel, Moskauer Langhaariger Toy Terrier (московский длинношерстный той-терьер) (German).
    4. (em russo: Русский той-терьер) (Portuguese).
    5. Miniatura ruso, Toy Terrier ruso (español).

Romagna Water Dog
Italia FCI 298 . Water Dogs

Romagna Water Dog

The Romagna Water Dog not suitable for sedentary people or living in the city.

Content

History

The Lagotto Romagnolo, or “Romagna Water Dog”, descended from the Italian dogs that were used to recover game from the water. In fact, your name means “Dog of the lakes of Romagna” in Italian, reflecting its original use and the northern Italian region from which it came, the Romaña.

It was used at least since the Italian Renaissance for this task, especially in the swamps and lagoons present in his native region. Además de hacer compañía a sus amos y vigilar sus casas, he was also very good at recovering dead ducks that were in the water. They are the Italian equivalent of the Spanish Spaniel and the Irish Spaniel.. Many specialists believe that Romagna Water Dog is the oldest breed of Retrievers and that it is the distant ancestor of many more recent races, as the Golden Retriever, the Portuguese Water Dog and the Poodle. It is also believed to be one of the oldest Italian dog breeds.

The first trace of a similar animal dates back to the 15th century, and more specifically to 1474, in a fresco called Parete dell’Incontro, painted by italian Andrea Mantegna. It was also described by the philosopher Erasmus (1466 – 1536) and appeared in some works of the engraver Marcantonio Raimondi (1480 – 1534).

Later, in the XVIII century, the famous naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) describió un perro de aguas mediterráneo que se parecía mucho al Romagna Water Dog.

Towards the end of the 19th century, much of the marshes in the area were drained into farmland, leaving the Romagna Water Dog jobless. However, los agricultores y otros propietarios pronto descubrieron que tenía un gran talento para encontrar trufas, muy apreciadas en el mundo de la gastronomía. In fact, this dog's excellent sense of smell, combinado con su espeso pelaje que le protegía de las ramas, brambles and other weeds, lo hacía muy eficiente. This change of use also implied certain changes in the traits of the breed: his primitive hunting instinct weakened, mientras que desarrolló una férrea concentración muy útil en la búsqueda de trufas. These two facts were combined so that you would not be distracted by the game when you were working.

However, el número de personas dedicadas a la búsqueda de trufas era mucho menor que el número de personas que cazaban. As a result, the breed's population decreased dramatically, so that by the middle of the 20th century there were only a few Romagna Water Dog. What's more, truffle hunters weren't really interested in developing a breed in their own right: as long as the dog was good at his task, les parecía bien. Consequently, at the beginning of the 20th century there was a certain decrease in interest in the selection of this dog and several poorly thought-out crosses were made with other breeds.

The rescue and diffusion of the breed in the 20th century

Over the years 70, some thought that the Lagotto Romagnolo había desaparecido por completo. However, aún quedaban algunos en Italia, and some passionate breeders took important steps to preserve them. The group was led by Quintino Toschi, breeder and judge of Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), la principal organización canina del país. With the support of the veterinarian Antonio Marsiano and from another lover of the Lagotto, Lodovico Babini, se puso en marcha un programa de selección para salvar al perro de la extinción que se cernía sobre él. In 1988, they founded a breed club, the Club Italiano Lagotto, and they did a great job to get the breed to develop again in good condition.

The work carried out by this group was a success and allowed the Lagotto Romagnolo was recognized by the ENCI in 1992.

Then it began to be known and spread abroad, particularly in Europe (France, Switzerland, Germany, Finland, Great Britain…), but also much beyond, as in Australia and the United States. Aunque en algunos de estos países las trufas no son tan abundantes como en Romagna, the Lagotto encontró su lugar en las familias como perro guardián y de compañía. It is also possible to find them - although much more rarely- in the water courses, as hunting retrievers.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally in 1995. Ten years later, in 2005, granted him full recognition.

In 1997, was founded the Unione Mondiale dei Club Lagotto Romagnolo (Lagotto Romagnolo Club World Union), in view of the worldwide expansion of the breed. Chaired by the Dr. Giovanni Morsiani, permitió preservar los rasgos originales de la raza y coordinar programas de cría de calidad en todo el mundo.

That same year a breed club was founded in the United States., the Lagotto Club of America.

In 2001, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to enroll the Lagotto in its Foundation Stock Service, a prerequisite for full recognition that occurred in 2015. The other reference organization in the United States, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized her in 2006.

in Canada, the Lagotto Romagnolo debuted in 1999. El primer ejemplar importado al país procedía de un famoso criadero italiano llamado Farnie. Ese mismo año se creó una primera cría en Alberta. Others followed him in 2000 and 2004, respectively in Ontario and Nova Scotia. Aunque estos criaderos pioneros ya no existen hoy en día, contributed greatly to the spread of the breed in the Canadian territory. The breed was provisionally recognized in 2012 by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), and then definitely in 2016.

Finally, en el Reino Unido, the romanian spaniel was accepted by the prestigious Kennel Club in the year 2000.

Photo: “Lagotto romagnolo” of 6 meses by XTY78, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Distribution and popularity

After having been on the verge of extinction half a century ago, the Romagna Water Dog parece ser hoy en día tan popular en su país de origen como lo fue en algunos momentos de su historia, and it is even more and more successful.

Like this, mientras que el número de registros anuales en el Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) was around the 1.500 early in the decade 2010, reached the 2.000 in 2014 and even approached the 2.500 at the end of the decade.

In France, the Romagna Water Dog has quickly conquered hearts. At the beginning of the 21st century, el número de perros inscritos cada año en el LOF (Libro de Orígenes Franceses) se podía contar con los dedos de una mano. A midyear 2000 he was already in his fifties, and then shot up to exceed 300 at the end of the decade. The success of Lagotto did not stop in the decade of 2010, quite the contrary: they ended up with some 500 births per year.

In Switzerland, the Lagotto is also well represented. Según las estadísticas de la base de datos oficial Amicus, in 2017 fue la 28ª raza más representada en el país, at around 3.500 animals.

On the other hand, in the UK it is much more discreet, although it seems that it begins to break through. Since the decade of 2000 until early next, there was no more than 20 or 30 births per year registered in the Kennel Club. However, this figure reached about 50 in the mid 2010, and then tripled in no time, to the point of ending the decade with more than 150 by year.

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is also small in the United States. The Lagotto Romagnolo se encuentra en la mitad de la clasificación de la raza según el número de inscripciones anuales en el AKC, around the post 100.

However, la raza se ha extendido por todo el mundo en las últimas décadas, con un éxito en algunos países que no era fácil de imaginar. This is the case of Australia, where the first records in the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) go back to the year 2000. Just fifteen years later, in the middle of the Decade of 2010, the organization already counted between 300 and 400 annual births.

Physical characteristics

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a small to medium sized dog, solid build and rather square profile. In fact, its length should be approximately equal to its height at the withers. They give an overall impression of robustness and strength.

The back is straight and muscular, with a strong and slightly convex loin. The chest is well developed and reaches to the elbows.

La cola está cubierta de pelo lanoso y rígido. It is not too high or too low and reaches the level of the hocks.

The front legs are well muscled with a fine but robust bone structure. Their feet are rounded and compact, with clenched fingers. As for the hind legs, they are very powerful, while still being well proportioned. The feet are a little more oval than the front ones, with slightly less arched fingers. On all legs, the pads are very resistant, the claws well curved and solid.

The skull is quite wide and slightly convex when viewed from the side. Neck is strong, muscular and much more massive in males than in females.

The ears are medium-sized and triangular in shape, but rather rounded at the tips. Son colgantes y llegan al nivel de las mandíbulas del perro.

The eyes are round, large and quite far apart. Its color can be ocher, dark brown or hazelnut. Then already Romagna Water Dog a very attentive and lively expression.

The muzzle is quite wide and slightly shorter than the skull. Finish off with a nose that can range from flesh-colored to dark brown., it is quite large and has large nostrils.

The lips are rather thin and covered with long and somewhat bristly whiskers.. Cubren unas poderosas mandíbulas en forma de tijera.

The skin is quite fine and pigmented. Goes from very light to dark brown, según el color del pelaje.

The coat consists, first, in a highly water resistant underlayer. It is covered by a very dense top layer, curly and woolly. The tight curls give the impression that the dog is disheveled all over the body. The curls are a little looser on the head, showing the beard, the mustache and bushy eyebrows.

The coat can be whitish, white with brown or orange highlights, orange red, brownish red or completely brown (in any shade of this color). Tan markings are also allowed in all shades, regardless of the dog's coat color.

It is worth mentioning that the fur of the Lagotto Romagnolo tarda en adquirir su aspecto característico, since it is not until 2 or 3 years of age. In effect, her curls form only very gradually; cuando todavía es un cachorro, its fur is very soft.

Last, the breed is characterized by a certain sexual dimorphism. In addition to having a more solid neck than the female, the male is usually taller and more massive than the female.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 43 – 48 cm.
    ▷ female size: 41 – 46 cm..
    ▷ Male weight: 13 – 16 kg
    ▷ female weight: 11 – 14 kg

Character and skills

The Lagotto Romagnolo is smart and lively, but he is also close to his family, with which he enjoys.

This is especially true of the very young., which makes it a very good dog breed choice for children. Su alto nivel de energía le permite pasar horas jugando con ellos sin cansarse. However, as with any of his peers, should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que tiene un nivel de energía relativamente alto y podría, for example, unintentionally pushing or even knocking down your young partner.

The Romagna Water Dog he also gets along very well with other dogs, whether they live in the same house or just pass each other on a walk. Having largely lost the strong hunting instinct of a few centuries ago, they can also get along with other animals such as cats, rodents and birds. If you have to share your home with one of them, coexistence is so much easier as it is established as soon as you get home. In any case, it is important to socialize him well from an early age and get him used to meeting representatives of other species: así tendrá menos ganas de perseguirlos a lo largo de su vida. In any case, if he is not well socialized and his hunting instinct tends to prevail, or if you do not respond perfectly to the call for attention, it may be preferable to walk it on a leash than in freedom.

El sentido del olfato no es el único que es muy agudo en este perro. In fact, también tiene un excelente oído, that allows you to hear from afar anyone who approaches you. What's more, fully fulfills the role of alert dog, barking and warning his owner as soon as an unknown person approaches his house. However, su papel termina ahí: as it is not one of those who threaten or impress, not really a good watchdog.

The Lagotto Romagnolo tends to keep some distance from strangers at first, even if they are invited by their master and the introductions are done correctly: puede pasar un tiempo antes de que confíen. However, once well socialized and educated, he ends up getting used to their presence and is very friendly with them. In fact, some of the breed representatives are open enough to be used as psychological support dogs, visiting hospitals, schools or even prisons, and bringing comfort wherever they go.

To accept new people, you have to be comfortable in your own home, así como en sus patas. To do this, debe realizar actividad física durante al menos una hora diaria, for example, through walks, juegos, puzzles or dog sports like agility or flyball. Sus habilidades físicas y su resistencia también le permiten acompañar alegremente a los señores deportistas en sus carreras, mountain bike rides or hikes. However, it can also be a good match for retired people, siempre y cuando se mantengan lo suficientemente activas y puedan sacarlo lo suficiente todos los días. In any case, how you tend to get bored easily, It is convenient to offer you varied activities and regularly change the places of your walk.

Swimming is also a great way to get your dog to exercise.. In fact, the centuries that it has spent being used as a waterfowl retriever explain that it is a dog that loves water. Le encanta nadar y disfruta de cada momento que pasa en un lago o un río. One of his favorite games is to go to find and recover the objects that his master throws into the water..

If you are not given enough opportunity to exercise and get bored, or if it suffers a lack of attention from its owners (either because they are absent too often and for too long, or because they neglect him), the Romagna Water Dog is likely to develop a number of undesirable behaviors. In particular, may start barking untimely and become excessively loud. Si tiene acceso a un jardín, can start digging holes to search for objects or food under the ground. Degrading objects or stealing food are also part of their history. All these behaviors are the sign of a psychological distress that is important to treat, and for which the owner is often responsible.

On the other hand, siempre que se respeten sus necesidades de atención y actividad física, the Romagna Water Dog he is a very affectionate companion, that he does not stop appreciating the most cuddly moments and that he is very calm.

What's more, as long as I have enough outings and activities, can be fully adapted to life in the city and in an apartment, aunque el entorno ideal para él siga siendo una casa con acceso a un jardín. However, no es cuestión de relegarlo al fondo del jardín, for example in a kennel: difícilmente lo toleraría y sería muy probable que aparecieran síntomas de ansiedad por separación.

Last, It should be noted that the female of the Lagotto Romagnolo reaches psychological maturity long before the male.

Education

The Lagatto Romagnolo he is intelligent and devoted: very eager to please, he has in his heart to understand what his owner wants, and meet your expectations. This makes it an easy dog ​​to train and suitable even for a beginner..

The most experienced people can go a long way in their education, because it was selected to quickly understand complex commands. It is not by chance that he often shines in obedience competitions.

Having said that, the practice in which you can excel the most is, of course, la búsqueda de trufas, allowing you to exploit your developed sense of smell. This does not require a great effort, since it is very easy to train a truffle dog, as long as you know how to do it.

Whatever your future mission, it is best to base the training of the Romagna Water Dog en ejercicios lúdicos y variados. In effect, his intelligence and alertness mean that he can get bored quickly if the sessions are repetitive. It is also important not to go for methods that are too strict for your taste.; it is better to bet on positive reinforcement, that motivates you to learn and makes things easier.

In any case, the fact that he is docile and obedient does not exempt you from having clear house rules, and to teach you quickly. As with any dog, You have to decide from the beginning what you can do and what you are not allowed to do., and try to keep it after, that is to say, be consistent over time. This consistency should also apply from one family member to another.: everyone must enforce the same rules, uniformly. If these conditions are not respected, the child is likely confused, having difficulty understanding what is expected of him, what is and what is not allowed.

Health

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a generally resistant dog: cuando no experimenta ningún problema de salud importante, can live long enough until 17 years, which is significantly above the average of its congeners that have such a template.

What's more, its thick coat protects it not only from water and humidity, sino también del frío.Por lo tanto, it can live very well in significantly less accommodating climates than its native Italy., sus orígenes explican que no sea particularmente sensible a las altas temperaturas.

A pesar de su buena salud general, It, like all races, particularly susceptible to certain diseases, in this case, is about:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a disease whose onset may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, which especially affects medium to large sized dogs.This is an abnormal conformation of the hip joint, that can cause pain, lameness and some difficulty moving.It also promotes the formation ofosteoarthritis aAs the animal ages, if the problem is detected early, algunas cirugías pueden retrasar los efectos de la enfermedad o aliviar los síntomas;
  • The Dysplasiadelcodo, a developmental problem of the elbow joint that causes pain or lameness., also leads to the development ofosteoarthritis.Like hip, una predisposición hereditaria puede aumentar la probabilidad de que ocurra.Es posible limitar las consecuencias gracias a una intervención quirúrgica, to be done as soon as possible;
  • The juvenile epilepsy, an inherited disease of the nervous system characterized by seizures, generally observable from the first 5 a 9 puppy weeks.In most cases, los síntomas desaparecen por sí solos alrededor de los 4 months of age, aunque algunos perros con la enfermedad continúan experimentando episodios ocasionales de convulsiones hasta la edad adulta.The gene that originates it is particularly widespread in Lagotto Romagnolo: según los datos facilitados por los laboratorios que realizan las pruebas que permiten identificar la enfermedad (Optigen in the United States, Mydogdna in Germany and Genoscoper in Finland) 46. % of the representatives of the tested breed carry it., only 3% de la población total padece realmente los síntomas de la enfermedad;
  • The ataxia cerebelosa, a neurological disease causing an inherited movement coordination disorder., it is also a source of involuntary muscle contractures problems.There is no treatment forla ataxia cerebelosa, cuyos síntomas empeoran y conducen a ladog euthanasiaabout two years after its appearance;
  • Abiotrofia cerebelosa, una afección nerviosa que puede heredarse y es causada por la degeneración de ciertas células cerebrales.Sus principales síntomas son temblores y movimientos inapropiados, especially when facing an obstacle.There is no cure for this disease, pero no causa sufrimiento físico al perro.Sin embargo, as the situation progressively worsens, there comes a time when the disability is too severe, so euthanasia is recommended;
  • Distrofia neuroaxonal, which corresponds to an accumulation of various substances in neurons. It is the particular cause of head tremors, trastornos del equilibrio o incluso caídas.Estos síntomas suelen aparecer en el primer mes del cachorro.No existe tratamiento contra esta enfermedad potencialmente hereditaria, which very often leads to the euthanasia of the animal;
  • Lysosomal storage disease, an inherited neurological disorder that often leads to euthanasia., está en el origen de movimientos descoordinados y pérdida de equilibrio.Según un estudio publicado en 2015 en la revista científica PLOS Genetics y tituladoMissense in the ATG4D gene links aberrant autophagy with neurodegenerative vacuolar storage disease“, approximately 12% of the Lagotti are carriers of the genetic mutation at the origin of this disease There is no cure and things are only getting worse;Therefore, an affected subject dies very young or ends up being euthanized.
  • The waterfall, a disease causing progressive loss of vision due to clouding of the lens, sometimes inherited and mainly affecting the elderly, se puede curar con una operación quirúrgica;
  • Infections ofoído (otitis, etc.), due to the hanging shape of his ears.

What's more, the Romagna Water Dog also poses a risk of being overweight. Not to be taken lightly, since being overweight can lead to various health problems, pero también agravar patologías ya presentes en el animal afectado.

However, Many of the diseases to which the breed is exposed are or may be of hereditary origin., the utmost vigilance is required when choosing acreator of Lagotto Romagnolo.A professional worthy of the name, as well as ensuring that your puppies benefit from good socialization from their first weeks, se compromete a maximizar las posibilidades de que estén sanos y se mantengan así.Para lograrlo, is in charge of carefully selecting its breeders, making them pass various genetic tests to avoid any transmission to their descendants of a possible hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of such tests, that may also have been done on the little ones themselves., must present a veterinary certificate attesting to the good health of the puppy whose adoption is being considered, así como su historial de salud o vacunación, este último en particular confirma que el animal ha recibido las diversas vacunas requeridas.

Una vez que este último regresa a su nuevo hogar, It is worth remembering that a dog is particularly vulnerable during its first few months., las actividades físicas inadecuadas (too long and / or too intense) can easily cause injury, but also affect the proper development of bones and joints, with potentially long-lasting consequences., it is better to wait for him to reach adulthood to take him for long walks or hunt for truffles for hours, por ejemplo.Esto es aún más cierto que esta raza es particularmente propensa a algunos problemas articulares (Hip Dysplasiaandelbow dysplasia).

From then on, no es porque sea un adulto por lo que ya no debería preocuparse por su salud.A lo largo de su vida, debería beneficiarse como cualquier perro de un seguimiento riguroso, including a visit to the vet once a year, and even more regularly when you are older, this allows the professional to perform a complete check-up of your health, y en ocasiones detectar un problema que un ojo menos informado como el del propietario no podría, todavía, This is also the perfect time to take any booster dose.

Además de las enfermedades contra las que estos últimos lo protegen, it is also necessary to ensure that you are permanently protected against parasites and the risks they imply.Therefore, It is the responsibility of the owner to renew the antiparasitic treatments of his companion throughout the year.Esto es aún más importante para las personas que pasan mucho tiempo al aire libre.

Life expectancy

13 years

Food

Feeding a Romagna Water Dog no es especialmente difícil: a balanced and good quality industrial feed is perfectly adequate. However, it is important to choose products and establish portions adapted to their age, salud y nivel de actividad física.

Este último puede variar significativamente durante el año, especially in the case of an individual used for truffle hunting during the winter season. Es necesario entonces ajustar al alza la cantidad de alimento que se le da cada día, so that you benefit from a sufficient energy supply and can work in good conditions. On the other hand, once the period in question has ended, servings should return to normal level, to prevent you from suffering from overweight problems.

When the dog is young, the ration must be adapted to the growth period in which it is. Esto es especialmente importante porque una dieta inadecuada podría ser perjudicial para el desarrollo físico del cachorro: if the food is too rich or is given in too large quantities, podría crecer demasiado rápido, lo que podría provocar problemas articulares. Otherwise, una alimentación insuficiente podría provocar carencias y problemas de crecimiento.

This is especially true because the Lagotto Romagnolo is easily prone to obesity. That is why it is important to pay attention to the evolution of your weight and weigh it twice a month.. If a discrepancy is observed, which is confirmed or even increased in the following measurements, it is necessary to visit the vet. Only a professional can safely determine the cause of weight gain, which may not be related to the dog's diet or activity level, but with a disease or a treatment, for example. Once the cause of the problem has been identified, the vet will be able to advise how to remedy it and return the dog to a healthy weight.

In any case, the fact that the Romagna Water Dog being prone to obesity implies that some caution should be exercised regarding the use of treats, aunque pueden resultar muy útiles, especially in the context of training. Lo ideal es optar por productos bajos en calorías y deducir su aporte calórico de su ración diaria.

This propensity to be overweight also justifies dividing your daily ration into multiple meals.: even if I have a sweet tooth, less likely to order food when you know another is waiting for you later.

Last, like any dog, the Lagotto Romagnolo a bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to you.

Grooming

The Lagotto Romagnolo is covered in thick, curly fur that needs a lot of maintenance.

First of all, it is necessary to brush it about twice a week, to avoid knot formation. The longer the coat, more important is to take the opportunity to examine it to remove dirt and other weeds, and undo the knots, especially around the joints: this will prevent injury or irritation caused by rubbing. También es conveniente acostumbrarse a examinar su pelaje después de un largo periodo en un entorno húmedo o con una vegetación muy densa.

On the other hand, muda muy poco y no tiene períodos de muda estacionales. If we add to this that he does not drool much, This makes it an especially appreciated companion for people who are very attached to cleanliness., but also for those who suffer from allergies. Thus, are often presented as a hypoallergenic dog breed, but you have to remember that none of them is 100% hypoallergenic and that the amount of allergens emitted can vary significantly from one individual to another, even within the same race. Therefore, there is nothing to replace a test in real conditions, consistente en pasar unas horas en compañía del animal cuya adopción se está considerando.

Regarding the bathroom, a monthly frequency is adequate to keep the dog's coat clean. Lagotto Romagnolo, without affecting its natural ability to resist water and inclement weather. However, es importante utilizar un champú suave especialmente diseñado para perros, otherwise your skin will be damaged, and do not dry or brush it after bathing, lo que podría dañar sus hermosos rizos.

What's more, their hairs grow quickly and require regular trimming, at the rate of some 3 or 4 times a year. Esto último puede ser realizado por un peluquero canino profesional o directamente por su dueño, if he knows how to do it.

Ears of the Lagotto Romagnolo require rigorous maintenance, since its hanging shape and the hairs that grow around it constitute fertile ground for the development of infections caused by the accumulation of moisture and dirt. Therefore, it is imperative to examine and clean them weekly, así como después de cada salida larga en la naturaleza. Esto es especialmente importante si el animal ha estado en un ambiente húmedo o ha estado nadando, and it is important to dry it well. What's more, se recomienda recortar regularmente el pelo alrededor de las orejas para evitar que la cera y la suciedad se depositen allí.

You should also check your eyes weekly and clean the area around them if they are dirty.. El vello alrededor de los ojos puede hacer que se desarrollen infecciones allí también. If to that we add that they can obstruct the vision of the dog, the interest of cutting them regularly is easily understood.

Regarding the teeth, they must be brushed regularly to avoid the formation of dental plaque, que puede ser en sí misma la causa de muchos problemas bucales. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better not to brush less than once a week. In any case, it is advisable to systematically use a toothpaste intended for the canine species.

The claws of the Lagotto Romagnolo they tend to be much less demanding in terms of maintenance, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors: this usually allows them to file naturally. However, es conveniente asegurarse de que realmente es así. In fact, if they get too long, can hinder the dog's movements, and even hurt you a lot if they break. If you hear them rubbing against the ground when walking on hard surfaces, It is a sign that you have to cut them manually.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or even claws, take care of a Lagotto Romagnolo requires mastering a series of gestures. If they are not necessarily complex, better make sure you do them correctly, not only for good results, but also and above all so as not to risk hurting your partner, or even injure him. Therefore, the first time it may be wise to make an appointment with the vet or a groomer, to learn from a professional how to proceed. In any case, it is advisable to accustom your pet to this type of manipulation as soon as possible, Since, otherwise, las sesiones de mantenimiento podrían resultarle especialmente desagradables.

Utility

Originally, the Lagotto Romagnolo used -and selected- para recuperar la caza que caía al agua. This selection explains its particularly waterproof coat and its very pronounced taste for swimming..

Since the end of the 19th century, after the drying up of many swamps in its Romagna natal, se dedica en cuerpo y alma a la búsqueda de trufas. Today, es la única raza de perro que se cría específicamente para esta tarea. Her highly developed sense of smell and her innate propensity to search by digging holes make her a true expert in this field..

También es un excelente perro de compañía hoy en día, that is sociable and easy to train. They are suitable for beginners and are especially suited to families, especially those who are quite active. They are especially popular with those allergic to dogs, ya que sueltan muy poco pelo y sólo liberan una pequeña cantidad de proteínas alergénicas. However, ningún perro puede considerarse 100% hypoallergenic, therefore compatibility cannot be guaranteed: there is nothing to replace a trial period of several hours with the person whose adoption is being considered.

Wide awake, the Lagotto Romagnolo It is also an excellent alert dog that does not hesitate to bark when an unfamiliar person approaches its home. On the other hand, can't really take on the role of watchdog, since they are not aggressive or threatening to strangers, y sería muy improbable que los ahuyentaran.

On the other hand, His excellent sense of smell obviously works wonders in crawling competitions and, of course, in the romps. También pueden distinguirse en los deportes caninos que destacan su gran energía e inteligencia, like agility, flyball or obedience.

Last, due to his friendly and always uniform temperament, sometimes used as a therapy dog, for example in hospitals, schools or prisons.

Price

In France and Belgium, the price of a puppy Lagotto Romagnolo ranges between 800 and 1.500 EUR, and the average is about 1.100 EUR.

in your country of origin, Italy, you have to tell about 600 a 1400 EUR. For a person who doesn't live very far, import may be an option to consider, ya que hay muchas más explotaciones allí, and therefore a greater offer.

in Canada, breeders usually ask for an amount that is around 2400 canadian dollars. However, patience is often necessary, ya que el reducido número de criadores en el país hace que sea habitual encontrarse en una lista de espera. This is especially true if you are looking for a puppy of a certain color..

The amount to pay to adopt a puppy from Lagotto Romagnolo in the United States it ranges from 1.800 and 2.500 American dollars.

In the case of an import from abroad, It is advisable to bear in mind that additional costs must be added to the purchase price: administrative expenses, quarantine, transport…

In any case, sea cual sea el país, the price that is asked depends on the prestige of the kennel and the lineage from which the puppy comes, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, en particular en el plano físico, that is to say, its greater or lesser conformity with the standard. What's more, it is this point that explains why important price differences are sometimes observed within the same litter.

Characteristics "Romagna Water Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romagna Water Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Romagna Water Dog"

Photos:

1 – “Romagna Water Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/lagotto-romagnolo-perro-cachorro-4272671/
2 – “Romagna Water Dog” en la Exposición Canina Mundial de Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Romagna Water Dog” La Gottis Campione by Flickr
4 – “Romagna Water Dog” by Rdo01, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Romagna Water Dog” during the dog show in Katowice, Polonia by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Romagna Water Dog” hembra de 2½ años by Entheta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Romagna Water Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASIFICACIÓN FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Romagna Water Dog"

FCIFCI - Romagna Water Dog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Lagotto Romagnolo (English).
    2. Lagotto Romagnolo, Lagotto (French).
    3. Lagotto Romagnolo (German).
    4. Lagotto romagnolo (Portuguese).
    5. Lagotto romagnolo, Lagotto de Romagna, Perro de laguna de Romagna (español).

Russian Harlequin Hound
Rusia Hound not recognized by the F.C.I.

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog found almost exclusively in Russia.

Content

History

In the 18th century, a hound native to Russia began to develop naturally, but it wasn't until around 1900 that selective breeding began in earnest, and the first breed standard for the Russian hound was developed in 1925. The breeders then crossed to the Estonian Hound with the English hounds. The result was the Russian Harlequin Hound, a slightly squarer looking dog with tricolor spots on a white body. The voice of the Russian Harlequin Hound is much deeper and melodic than that of a Estonian Hound, and frequently have black marks on the saddle.

Until 1951 This new breed of hound was known as the Anglo-Russian hound, but when he was accepted as a separate race from his own, he was known as the Russian Harlequin Hound. This breed was well known, not only for their melodic voices, but also for its speed and resistance when tracking its prey. They were frequently used as red hunting dogs, which means they chased foxes and wolves, traditionally known as red game, and they are rarely found outside the Soviet Union.

The breeders of the Russian Harlequin Hound they are still in the process of improving both the type and uniformity of the breed and the breed is now sometimes seen at Soviet dog shows, and is considered equal in quality to the best Estonian Hound. The Russian Harlequin Hound It was also used by William Dunker when he developed his namesake the Dunker, sometimes also known as the Norwegian Hound.

The Russian Harlequin Hound It is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Photo: simonaaa93

Physical characteristics “Russian Harlequin Hound”

The Russian Harlequin Hound he is a muscular dog, medium-sized, which stands about twenty-four inches tall and weighs between 18 and 31 kg, with a square build, long, straight legs and a strong tail that has a slightly curved or saber-like shape. They also tend to have a somewhat broad, square head with a straight, square muzzle., that always ends with a black nose. They have slightly hanging lips, oval shaped eyes, usually dark brown, and medium-sized pendant ears that sit high on the head and hang down to the sides to frame the face.

The characteristic short fur of the Russian Harlequin Hound is mostly white with tricolor markings on the head, face, back and tail, and is typically quite dense; this coloration is particularly useful when hunting with this Russian hound as it makes it much easier to differentiate the hunting dog from its prey.

Character and skills “Russian Harlequin Hound”

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog found almost exclusively in Russia. A mix of the Estonian Hound and the English Foxhound, this scent hound is known for its ability to track the game traditionally known as red game, like the fox and the wolves. They tend to be friendly and outgoing with almost everyone they meet., both human and canine, but they have a high prey drive and may not be safe around cats and other small animals. This breed is not well adapted to apartment living due to its high activity levels and vocal nature..

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Rumanía FCI 357 - Sheepdogs

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children, what can make it an ideal dog for a family.

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children

Content

Characteristics "Romanian Bucovina Shepherd"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Bucovina Shepherd" you know certain factors.

Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

Natural breed known for centuries in the Bucovina region, in northeastern Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd was brought to light for the first time in 1934 by G. Radulescu Calafat, publisher of the first Carpathian Sheepdog standard, quien mencionó en un artículo publicado en la revista Vet Sciences otro perro ovejero de tipo molosoide llamado “Dulau” or “Capau”. Until then, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd había sido comparado con el Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, smaller.

While the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd has long been used as a guard dog for flocks of sheep against large predators in the Carpathians, like bears, wolves and lynx, it has also been used for many years by Romanian farmers as a guard dog.

In 1982 the Romanian Cynological Association, la organización canina de referencia en el país, elaboró un primer estándar que describía al Romanian Bucovina Shepherd. It was updated in 2001 and 2002 in accordance with the FCI requests (International Cynological Federation) with a view to their recognition of the breed, what actually happened provisionally in 2009.

In 2019, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI. On the other hand, todavía no está reconocido por la organización de referencia británica, The Kennel Club, nor by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC).

In fact, sigue siendo muy rara fuera de su país de origen y de algunos países vecinos, like Ukraine or Serbia. In Romania there have been 6.000 ejemplares en el Libro de Orígenes de Rumania, pero sólo se permite la cría de 300 females and 200 males, as Romanian law imposes many restrictions on the breeding of dogs.

Photo: Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier – YouTube

Physical characteristics

"Romanian Bucovina Shepherd"

Pastor rumano de Bucovina

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are huge dogs with a body slightly longer than the tall, powerful lower limbs and a horizontal, muscular back. Placed high on the body, its long tail is carried hanging at rest and rises in the back in a slightly upward curve when in the gazebo.

The head, which is wide and carried slightly higher than the body, blends in with the voluminous and moderately long neck, which forms an angle of 100 a 110 degrees with the rest of the body.

The muzzle is black, the eyes are relatively small in relation to the head, la poderosa mandíbula tiene forma de cincel y las orejas en forma de V con la punta redondeada caen a lo largo de las mejillas.

While the head and the front of the legs are covered with short hair, the rest of the body is covered with dense hair, long (6 a 10 cm.) y bastante rígido. The coat is predominantly white, marked with black spots, gray or leonadas well defined. However, the standard of Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it also recognizes unbleached, uncoloured specimens that are completely white, white as snow, gray like ash or black.

Sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, being the male larger than the female.

Character and skills

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children, what can make it an ideal dog for a family. On the other hand, desconfía especialmente de los extraños, so it is important to socialize him from an early age with the people with whom he can come into contact: friends, neighbors, postmen…

Acostumbrado a vigilar los rebaños en compañía de otros perros, coexists perfectly with its congeners and other pets that share its territory.

It is not aggressive at all, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are not prone to attack without reason. On the other hand, their very protective character makes them react in a very intimidating way if they perceive an intrusion into their territory. However, his growls and especially his serious and powerful barks are just a way to scare “invaders” and they are rarely precursors of offensive action. However, if you feel that your “family” (which is simply the herd that is in charge, if he has always lived like a sheepdog) is threatened, this extremely brave and protective dog risks going on the attack, without even backing down in front of a bear or a pack of wolves.

Independent and used to wandering alone in the wild mountains of Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd tolera bastante bien la soledad y puede quedarse solo durante unos días sin demasiados problemas, aunque obviamente prefiere la compañía de su familia. However, your ability to keep busy depends on having enough space to walk freely.

Due to its size, his resonant voice and his need for great spaces, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd They are not dogs that can live comfortably in apartments and are not recommended for urban areas. They greatly prefer sparsely populated areas, where they can patrol their territory in peace and quiet without risk of unwanted encounters.

A very active and resistant dog, necesita actividad física diaria y se alegra de acompañar a su amo en sus largos paseos por el campo.

Education “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

"Romanian Bucovina Shepherd"

Pastor rumano de Bucovina
Dog of the months

The puppy's socialization phase is of primary importance for the puppy. Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, and it is very important that you meet your family very soon, to possible other household pets, así como a las demás personas y animales que conocerá regularmente durante su vida. In effect, once adult, le resulta difícil aceptar a una nueva persona en su entorno (including for example a prospective dog handler or dog behaviorist), although this is not impossible.

As an intelligent and obedient dog, can be easily trained and trained for his future role as a sheepdog or watchdog from his first birthday. Despite its independent nature, responds very well to positive reinforcement methods, but the teacher must ensure that he always maintains a strong and authoritative demeanor.

What's more, instead of a long daily training session, es aconsejable optar por varias sesiones cortas repartidas a lo largo del día.

Health “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it is a particularly healthy and resistant breed.

However, como la mayoría de las razas grandes de perros, are prone to hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. To reduce risks, hay que asegurarse de que no se someta a demasiada actividad física durante su período de crecimiento.

Gastric dilation of the dog is another problem that can affect this breed. Due to ingestion of food too fast, especially if they are dry, can be life-threatening and requires urgent intervention by a veterinarian. To minimize this risk, it is recommended to leave large amounts of water available when the dog eats, divide his daily ration into at least two meals and let him rest after these meals.

Grooming “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are long-haired dogs that need to be brushed once a week, e incluso más a menudo durante el período de muda. Losing her hair galore, not recommended for people who do not like to find dog hair all over the house and always have a perfectly clean interior.

What's more, at the end of winter, it is advisable to cut the hair between its pads to protect your dog from heat.

It is not necessary to bathe your dog unless, of course, is particularly dirty. In any case, no more than 2 or 3 times a year, as this can damage the natural protective layer of the skin.

On the other hand, es necesario revisar regularmente el interior de los oídos, ya que es común que los parásitos externos se escondan allí, and clean them well to avoid any risk of infection.

The dog's claws should be checked monthly and trimmed if natural wear and tear is not enough.

Food “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

If he Romanian Bucovina Shepherd siempre ha sido alimentado con lo que su pastor solía preparar para él, las croquetas comerciales de buena calidad son hoy en día una solución ideal, If and when, of course, the manufacturer's recommendations are followed.

Bones are important in this dog's diet, por lo que puede ser útil darle un hueso para roer de vez en cuando. However, chicken bones and other poultry should be banned as they can cause serious damage to the digestive system.

What's more, as with any dog ​​at high risk of bloating-twisting stomach, the daily ration should be divided into 2 or 3 meals and ensuring that the dog remains calm during and after these meals. This means, for example, make sure he sees his food coming instead of discovering it in front of him when he wakes up, avoid having another animal around you when you eat, and do not stimulate him during his meal or in the following hour.

What's more, is essential for Romanian Bucovina Shepherd have large amounts of fresh water available at all times.

Price “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Un cachorro de Romanian Bucovina Shepherd usually sold between 500 and 1000 EUR, but prices have tended to rise as the breed has been the subject of some interest after its recognition by the FCI. Males tend to be more expensive than females, and the price is higher when the animal has a smooth coat.

It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and check the documents with the Romanian Canine Association. Since 2015, la reproducción de perros sin pedigrí o no registrados en el Libro de Orígenes de Rumania está prohibida en Rumania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Videos "Romanian Bucovina Shepherd"

Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier
Shepherd of Bucovina – Ilie Forest 2018

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs


FCI breed standard "Romanian Bucovina Shepherd"

FCIFCI - Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Pastor

Alternative names:

    1. Bucovina Sheepdog, Bucovina Shepherd, Southeastern European Shepherd (English).
    2. Berger roumain de Bucovine, Berger de l’Europe du Sud-Est (French).
    3. Ciobănesc Românesc de Bucovina (German).
    4. (em romeno: Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina) (Portuguese).
    5. (en rumano: Ciobănesc de Bucovina) (español).

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Rumanía FCI 349 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with his handler.

Content

History

The “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”, or Ciobanesc Romanesc Mioritic in romanian, it is a natural breed that has been present for centuries in the Carpathians, especially in southern Transylvania, in the mountainous regions near Sibiu and Brasov. Its exact origins are unknown., but it seems that their ancestors came to Romania around the 13th century with the Tatars who came to settle in the Danube Delta region and along the Black Sea coast.

In the middle ages, some local rulers used these powerful dogs to accompany their armies. This fueled the legend that the dogs often seen in ancient engravings depicting the battles between the Roman Empire and the Dacians, a native people of the Carpathians, they are the shepherds of Mioritza. However, since these battles took place over 1000 years before the arrival of the dog's ancestors to the region, it is in fact unlikely that he can claim to have any connection to these feats of arms.

In fact, the Mioritza Shepherd Dog he was above all the faithful companion of the illiterate peasants and shepherds isolated in the mountains. Stunning, mighty and brave, protected, y aún hoy protege, herds against the many predators that live in the Carpathians: Lynx, Wolf, bear…

His name is also a reference to his qualities as a pastor, Since the word “mioara” means “sheep” in romanian, precisely the animal that it has been protecting for several centuries.

Even today, many shepherds claim that only one of these dogs can scare away a bear, y la creencia popular dice que es la única raza del mundo capaz de enfrentarse a un oso y salir con vida.

The first written references to Mioritic go back to 1930, when Professor Gheorghe Moldoveanu, studying the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, made a first distinction between the different romanian sheepdogs. In 1934, the National Zootechnical Institute published a description of the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog, but it wasn't until 1981 that a first breed standard was defined, prepared by the Romanian Cynological Association (ACR).

This standard was revised in 2002 to meet the requirements of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who accepted the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog provisionally in 2005, before finally recognizing it in 2015. In the meantime, había despegado al otro lado del Atlántico, as recognized by the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2006. El otro organismo de referencia del país, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2018. However, neither the British nor the Canadian Kennel Club have followed suit.

It is estimated that the population of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is of 10.000 individuals in Romania, pero la gran mayoría son perros con pedigrí y sin registrar. In fact, aunque la cría de perros sin pedigrí está prohibida en el país desde 2015, ancient habits are slowly changing. So that, there is often a dog left “field” from which a puppy is delivered to the neighbor of the village when a litter is born, en lugar de un perro de pedigrí que se adquiere de un criador profesional.

On the other hand, although they are still relatively popular in the Romanian mountains, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog siguen siendo en gran medida desconocidos fuera de su país de origen, despite the efforts of Barbara Fallent, an Austrian-based breeder dedicated to popularizing them in Europe.

Photo: Ciobanesc Mioritic by DorinRodina, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Sometimes nicknamed “wool bear”, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is tall, powerful and furry. It is often confused with the Old English Sheepdog (or Bobtail), con el que tiene muchas similitudes físicas.

They are big and massive, but harmonious and very agile for a dog of this size, while its legs are muscular and erect. La cola se pone alta y se lleva caída cuando está en reposo, but it rises horizontally when in the gazebo.

The neck is of medium length but broad and powerful, and bears a massive head of large size in relation to the rest of the body. The skull is slightly domed and ends in a rather short muzzle, tapering towards the nose. Este último debe ser negro y bien desarrollado. Las poderosas mandíbulas son de mordida de tijera. The triangular ears with rounded tips fall along the cheeks and “disappear” in the fur.

The eyes are medium in size, often hazel or dark brown in color, but they can also be lighter in color, except yellow, which is not accepted by the standard of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. They express calm and intelligence.

The coat of the mioritic it is very long, measure at least 10 cm.. Covers the whole body, from head to tip of tail, going through the legs, where however it is a little shorter. The top coat is rough, while the lower layer is more flexible and dense, which makes the coat perfectly adapted to harsh weather conditions.

The coat can be uniform, white or gray, but most often it is variegated, with distinctive black or gray spots protruding from the white fur.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the female being only slightly smaller than the male.

Character and skills

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog es un perro tranquilo y equilibrado que tiene un vínculo extraordinariamente fuerte con su amo y su familia, vínculo que se forma naturalmente durante el período de crecimiento. We know that it is “a master's dog” – the person who adopted and raised him – lo que hace muy difícil adoptar un perro adulto de Mioritic Shepherd Dog.

Es increíblemente devoto y leal a su familia, at least the family he grew up with. Adultos, children, pets or farm animals…: everyone he lives with is part of his family, and once he is an adult he will stop at nothing to protect them. Quiet and affectionate, gets along very well with children, without being an ideal playmate, especially for the little ones and / or restless, since he prefers quieter activities. What's more, given its size, podría involuntariamente empujar a uno pequeño.

Un típico perro pastor, que desconfía de los extraños. Although tolerate close friends who come often, barks vigorously when a stranger approaches, and only allows him to enter his territory with the agreement of his master. Therefore, a lot of work on socialization and obedience is necessary from an early age to prevent this dog's power from, able to scare away wolves and bears, be misdirected, with dramatic consequences.

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog need space, and it is not at all a breed of dog adapted to apartment living. Its territorial and protective character makes it not an ideal option for people who live in a residential area., incluso con un gran jardín. Rather, they adapt better to the field or the mountains, where they have space and where they find less “threats” potentials, especialmente porque pueden pasar fácilmente sus días y noches al aire libre.

Having said that, if you need space, the mioritic neither is it a dog that needs a lot of exercise, at least not as an adult. It is true that the puppies of this breed are hyperactive and need to exercise daily, either in the form of games or walks. But the adult is much calmer, como lo son la mayoría de los perros pastores, who prefer to stay close to their herd and not stray too far from it: patrullar en el jardín y dar un paseo ocasional con su amo es más que suficiente para él.

However, it is important to know that the “territory” that defends the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog no se limita a su jardín: protect the place where your family is, estableciendo una especie de perímetro de seguridad a su alrededor en todas las circunstancias. Like this, if your flock grazes in the mountains, don't let anyone get close, and if your family walks in a park, does the same.

However, the Mioritic Shepherd Dog not spontaneously aggressive, and never attacks for no reason. Barks to warn the intruder that they are not welcome, and leave the one who understands the message alone. On the other hand, anyone who risks ignoring the warning without his master's consent risks finding out why this dog has been the best friend of Romanian shepherds and protector of their flocks for centuries.

Finally, used to accompany them alone, have learned to make decisions on their own. Although loyal and obedient, his independent character and power make him a dog that is not suitable as a first dog.

Education “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

If socializing the puppy from an early age is necessary for all breeds, es aún más indispensable en el caso del Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. You must meet the people you may meet as an adult as soon as possible and get used to the situations that will be part of your life: walks in a crowded place, visits to the vet, sesiones en la peluqueríaEstos últimos también deben permitirle acostumbrarse a ser manejado sin vacilar, which is absolutely essential to avoid any problems once adult, given its size and power.

In the same way, learning obedience should begin as soon as the dog is adopted. Smart and devoted, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is relatively easy to train if your master has the necessary experience and knows how to remind your dog who the master is if necessary. On the other hand, Inconsistent or hesitant orders can lead you to take matters into your own hands and choose the attitude that seems most appropriate. Unfortunately, in such cases, unlikely to make the desired decision.

In any case, si bien la ayuda profesional puede ser útil como apoyo, education must be provided by the teacher himself. Es la única persona cuya autoridad reconoce y en la que confía.

What's more, traditional training methods should be banned, ya que corren el riesgo de dañar el fuerte vínculo entre el alumno y su maestro. Positive reinforcement-based dog training is a much better option.

Regarding your role as guardian, no requiere ningún entrenamiento especial. In fact, their instinct for protection is innate, por lo que no necesita ningún entrenamiento específico para convertirse en un excelente perro guardián. In the same way, learn to become a good herding watchdog by observing adults, and just reproduce this behavior when it grows. Once again, no se requiere un entrenamiento específico.

Health “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a very healthy dog: is not subject to hereditary diseases, sólo es ligeramente sensible a enfermedades comunes y es resistente a condiciones climáticas difíciles. In fact, many individuals reach the age of 14 years or more, which is unusual for a dog of this size.

However, like all large dog breeds, may suffer from ..:

▷ Hip Dysplasia;
▷ elbow dysplasia;
▷ gastric dilation-torsion.

What's more, its long and dense coat can become a refuge for many parasites, especially if you spend most of your time outdoors. Therefore, es esencial asegurarse regularmente de que todos sus tratamientos antiparasitarios estén al día.

Grooming “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog It is an easy-care breed of dog: a weekly brushing of his coat is enough to get rid of his dead hairs and ensure that he has no injuries that can be hidden by his long hair.

However, during the move, the dog should be brushed more frequently to avoid accumulation of dead hair, que podrían crear nudos y convertirse en verdaderos “parasite nests”.

Bathing the dog is unnecessary, since the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog has a self-cleaning coat. Even if he rolled in the mud before he came home, dejarlo afuera en un lugar seco debería ser suficiente para deshacerse de la suciedad. “One Mioritic dry is a Mioritic clean”, as the shepherds say.

On the other hand, it is essential to check every 2 or 3 días que sus ojos y oídos no estén sucios y no muestren ningún signo de infección. Their teeth and claws may be checked less regularly, but special attention should be paid to the dog's paw pads to make sure there is no accumulated dirt.

It is a good idea to get used to Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog to these grooming sessions from an early age, to avoid any problems later, given its size and power. If the teacher knows how to do it, they can become beautiful moments of complicity between him and his partner.

On the other hand, if it has to be prepared by a professional, the presence of your caregiver is necessary to calm you down and ensure that you do not have any aggressive reaction towards the stranger who is manipulating you.

Price “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

Un cachorro de Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog costs between 1000 and 1200 EUR. A male is more expensive than a female, because males are more sought after by shepherds.

In any case, It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and to check its documents with the Romanian Canine Association (ACR). In fact, from 2015, la reproducción de perros sin pedigrí o no registrados en el Libro de Orígenes de Rumania está prohibida en Rumania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Characteristics "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Beautiful Romanian Shepherd Dogs, the one on the left is the “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” and the one on the right is the “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” by Remus Pereni, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
“Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” by akc

Videos "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd – Facts and Information
The Miracle of Life – Romanian Mioritic shepherd dog babies

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • AKCFoundation Stock Service
  • UKC – Herding dogs


FCI breed standard "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

FCIFCI - Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Pastor

Alternative names:

    1. Romanian Mioritic, Mioritic Shepherd Dog, Ciobănesc Românesc Mioritic (English).
    2. Mioritic (French).
    3. Mioritic, Mocano, Barac (German).
    4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc mioritic) ciobanesc romanesc mioritic (Portuguese).
    5. Mioritic (español).

Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Rumanía FCI 350 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds

Content

History

The “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”, also known as Carpatin (of his original name Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin), He is native to Romania, more precisely from the Danube Delta.

It is said to be descended from the Lupo races – molosoides, comparable in size to ancient mastiffs, pero con una morfología más cercana a la del lobo, and that has been used to protect herds for more than 9.000 years, that is to say, since the beginning of the domestication of cattle in this region.

Legend has it that their ancestors, a los que está físicamente muy unido, they interbred naturally with wolves, resulting in a powerful and fearsome race. Although there is no irrefutable evidence, such hybridizations between dog and wolf are known to have in fact occurred in various regions of the world, lo que hace plausible esta teoría.

A menudo cazando en jauría, nothing stops this dog with his courage and unerring protective instinct. There have even been cases where a herd of Carpathian shepherds has been seen repelled by an adult bear. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been selected over the centuries with the main criterion of utility, lo que explica por qué ha conservado intactas sus cualidades de perro de pastoreo hasta el día de hoy, especialmente porque Rumania todavía tiene muchos depredadores en su territorio, including wolves and bears. Over the years, they have also become increasingly integrated into the family as guard dogs; very protective of their master, it's a role they play wonderfully.

The first breed standard was developed in Romania in 1934. Después de la caída del comunismo en 1989, a few passionate breeders of the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog developed the breed so that its standard could meet the criteria of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Their efforts paid off, ya que este último lo reconoció finalmente de manera provisional en 2005, and then definitely ten years later, in 2015. Among the other large canine organisms, the Société Centrale Canine and the United Kennel Club also recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, what is not the case with the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club or the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain.

Although they are increasingly known and appreciated in the rest of the world, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog sigue siendo bastante raro fuera de su país de origen. On the other hand, still very popular in Romania, donde se utiliza como perro de pastoreo y como perro de guardia y de compañía.

Photo: Possibly Carpathian sheepdog or Bucovina sheepdog by Alex Zelenko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog es un perro grande con un físico impresionante.

The body is rectangular, vigorous and well developed, without heaviness. Its length is greater than the height at the withers, and the lumbar region may be slightly longer in females than in males.

The tail is held high, reaching or slightly exceeding the point of the hock. With abundant hair, hangs at rest but is carried high and slightly curved in action. It is neither flat nor rolled in the back.

The head is strong but not heavy, of type lupoid, with a stop moderately marked. The nose is always black, big and wide. The scissor bite is powerful. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, dark brown. The ears, situadas un poco más arriba de la línea de los ojos, they are triangular in shape, a little rounded at the tip, and fall close to the cheeks.

The inner layer is dense and flexible, color clear, but the hair is rough, smooth and dense. It is shorter and flatter on the head and front of the legs, longer in the neck, the back of the legs and tail. It is abundant and of medium length in the rest of the body. The fur is sable (Wolf) with white markings, and the skin is ash colored.

Character and skills

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is balanced, calm and brave. They are innate herding dogs with a very strong protective instinct, con un apego incondicional a su rebaño y una cercanía a su amo y familia que es mucho mayor que la de la mayoría de las otras razas de perros guardianes.

This protective instinct makes them mistrust strangers. In the presence of a stranger, will come between him and his family and bark as a warning, until his master makes him understand that there is no danger.

However, due to its friendlier temperament than the average of other guard dog breeds, también es un excelente perro de compañía. As a breed of dog adapted to children, he is very gentle with them and is a great playmate for them. Regarding the cohabitation of the dog with the cat, generally goes well. Last, the fact that they have long gotten used to defending themselves and working in packs also explains why they generally manage to get along with their peers, although they can be dominant with them.

Although it suits all families quite well, este perro grande y enérgico necesita mucho ejercicio y juego para mantener su equilibrio mental y su salud física. Therefore, better suited to a family that likes to move, and thus you can enjoy hiking with your dog (dogs-rando), from running with your dog (canicross) or cycling with your dog (cani-mountain biking). To feel completely fine, need at least an hour of daily exercise.

Therefore, not at all suitable for use in an apartment: un espacio demasiado pequeño y un ejercicio físico insuficiente podrían provocar trastornos de comportamiento en el perro, including uncontrolled aggression (even towards their owners) and / or destructive behavior on the part of the dog. This is all the more true since the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds; therefore shows more anxiety in case of prolonged loneliness, especially if you are indoors with nothing to do to keep busy. Therefore, el hogar ideal para él es uno con un gran jardín cerrado donde pueda correr, and a master who is available to play with his dog and walk him for long hours.

Education “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that is easier to train than other guard dog breeds, needs a strong education to start at an early age, since it has a strong character. It is imperative that the owner immediately show his dog who the master is and impose his authority, a riesgo de ver a su compañero con su impresionante físico tomar el control.

Of course, firm does not mean brutal. Positive dog training, con estímulos y recompensas, is always the best way to earn respect and obedience. El entrenamiento puramente autoritario sólo llevaría a la confrontación con este perro voluntariamente dominante.

Health “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although there have been cases of hip dysplasia or eye problems in some individuals, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a robust breed of dog, able to stay outdoors in inclement weather without being unduly hindered and, In addition, no tiene una predisposición congénita a determinadas patologías.

Therefore, daily exercise and a balanced diet are enough to keep the dog healthy, vigorous and toned.

However, hay que tener cuidado de no darle una porción demasiado grande de comida antes del esfuerzo físico: like all big breeds, is particularly exposed to the risk of stomach dilation-torsion.

Grooming “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a long fur, rarely needs professional grooming. However, it is recommended to brush the dog's hair daily with a wire brush or detangler, especialmente durante el período de muda.

If you spend most of your time outdoors, it is recommended to wash your dog once a month. However, if you stay inside, a dog bath every three to four months is sufficient.

On the other hand, it is important to regularly examine and clean the dog's ears, como para todos los perros con orejas caídas. Una acumulación de cera de oídos o de bacterias podría conducir a infecciones, como las infecciones de oído.

What's more, as in all races, brushing your dog's teeth at regular intervals is essential to avoid tartar problems. Lo ideal sería que pudieras hacer esto dos o tres veces por semana.

Finally, how often a dog's claws are trimmed depends on its level of activity. It is best to inspect them from time to time and trim them if necessary.

Characteristics "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Carpathian Shepherd

Carpathian Shepherd

Photos:

1 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434185
2 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1625909

Videos "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd – 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • UKC – Herding dogs


FCI breed standard "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

FCIFCI - Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Romanian Shepherd, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Carpathian Sheepdog (English).
    2. Chien de berger des Carpathes (French).
    3. Carpatin, Zavod (German).
    4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc carpatin) (Portuguese).
    5. Carpatin, Pastor de los Cárpatos, Perro pastor de los Cárpatos (español).

Rafeiro of Alentejo
Portugal FCI 96 - Molossoid . Mountain

Rafeiro of Alentejo

The Rafeiro of Alentejo It is an excellent watchdog in the haciendas and houses of the Alentejo.

Content

History

The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Mastín del Alentejo), as its name suggests, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, que se extiende al sur del río Tajo hasta el Algarve. El perro de pedigrí, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.

In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. What's more, el intrépido amigo de cuatro patas protegía el rebaño que se le había confiado evitando de forma fiable los ataques de animales salvajes o cuatreros. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, sino también como un símbolo de estatus de fuerza y poder.

A medida que la industrialización avanzaba y los grandes latifundios disminuían, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. However, un pequeño círculo de entusiastas se aseguró de que la raza se preservara. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.

Physical characteristics

When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: ¿Quién querría meterse con un perro tan grande y poderoso?

With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.

Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.

The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, gris lobo, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., así como los ejemplares atigrados según el estándar de la raza.

Character and skills

At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, su buen olfato y sus excelentes oídos. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.

Like a purebred dog, cuya única tarea es acompañar y proteger a su familia, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, su agudeza innata es difícil de controlar incluso con una educación consistente. Después de todo, el inteligente y seguro de sí mismo Rafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. However, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.

Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejo debe poder ofrecerle un gran territorio en el que pueda vivir su instinto vigilante y protector según su estado de ánimo. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Le muestra claramente quién lleva las riendas en su mano y dónde están sus límites. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.

Compra un “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

Those interested in a Rafeiro of Alentejo Purebreds sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. However, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, debería abstenerse de comprarlo. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Quien quiera convertirlo en un perro de compañía adecuado para la familia, no se hace ni a sí mismo ni al perro ningún favor.

Health and life expectancy of “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

Las enfermedades típicas de la raza son apenas conocidas debido a la baja propagación de la raza. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 a 14 years. However, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.

The diet of the “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

In principle, esta raza no tiene necesidades dietéticas específicas. However, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. Therefore, siguiendo la dieta para cachorros de alta energía, se debe dar primero un alimento bastante bajo en proteínas para evitar que el joven perro crezca demasiado rápido. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, a través de la cual se absorbe la cantidad necesaria de proteína animal, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.

Characteristics "Rafeiro of Alentejo"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Rafeiro of Alentejo" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Rafeiro of Alentejo"

FCIFCI - Rafeiro of Alentejo
Rafeiro

Alternative names:

    1. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Alentejo-Mastiff, alentejo mastiff (English).
    2. mâtin de l’Alentejo, mastiff de l’Alentejo (French).
    3. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rafeiro, Alentejo-Mastiff (German).
    4. Mastim Português, Mastim do Alentejo (Portuguese).
    5. Mastín del Alentejo (español).

Photos:

1 – Rafeiro of Alentejo by https://brit-petfood.com/hr/node/8006

Rough Collie
Gran Bretañaa FCI 156 . Sheepdogs

The Rough Collie he is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

Content

History

The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

As he Rough Collie as the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

  • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, un todo terreno…
  • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

From the crossing of these two varieties of shepherd dogs are born the precious Collie who we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, existe una teoría que dice que esos primeros Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Hunting Sighthound) con el fin de obtener una cabeza más “noble” (finest), lo que es hoy una de las verdaderas características de la Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

Pero las modas van cambiando según sople el viento… Como por ejemplo, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Castillo de Balmoral, the Collie se transformaron en algo así como un artículo de moda.

The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, en la década de 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, podían recorrer grandes distancias durante el día entero y conservaban energía…

Si bien muchas teorías pretenden explicarlos, Unfortunately, los orígenes exactos del Collie tienen un velo oscuridad. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of Rough Collie I was in the Highlands of Scotland lands, donde había sido utilizado durante siglos como un perro pastor. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

In the UK the Rough Collie no longer used for cattle grazing, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Aunque en Estados Unidos y varios países europeos, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. El objetivo del club original era “el fomento y la mejora de la raza de Border Collie”. Desde allí se labró el primer estándar oficial de la raza Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, si bien mucho tiempo ha pasado y muchas cosas cambiado… el objetivo del Club sigue siendo el mismo. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, es más antiguo el club americano…).

The Rough Collie was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first Rough Collie it was imported to England. Y a partir de ahí se encuentran los pilares de la raza.

With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 a 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie de hoy en día y allanó el camino para el surgimiento de grandes y famosos criaderos caninos americanos en los años 1920 and 1930.

One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 diciembre 1872 until 18 febrero 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. El público lo conoce tanto por sus novelas relacionadas con las aventuras de sus queridos Collie, como por sus famosos criaderos “Sunnybank”, del que provienen las líneas de sangre de ejemplares de Rough Collie who live among us today.

Physical characteristics

Uno de los rasgos característicos de la Collie de Pelo Largo es su cabeza y hocico delicadamente puntiagudo. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi erect, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the dog Shetland Sheepdog, but larger.

Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

  • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
  • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
  • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, tiene el pelo largo y parece un velcro… Esquilarlo es algo muy dañino para la piel y a algunos no les vuelven a crecer una cantidad significativa de pelo después de haber sido rapado.

The desired size and weight vary between the breed standards of the different kennel clubs., pero intentando equilibrar las medidas… un Rough Collie male measures 55,8 a 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 shorter centimeters. Males weigh in 20 a 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 a 5 fewer kilos).

Character and skills

The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), y en algunos casos es difícil corregirlos. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. Disfrutan de la compañía humana y del calor hogareño.

Para recordar… El personaje de “Lassie” creado por el autor británico Eric Knight era un Rough Collie, It is probably the most famous dog in the world, personaje de ficción que participó en diversas películas, TV series and books for years.

Ese personaje inspiró al guionista Hugo Butler en la película “Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Película que lanzó definitivamente a la fama al hermoso Rough Collie.

Health “Rough Collie”

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, o que le diga que sus cachorros están aislados de la parte principal del hogar por razones de salud. Un criador de buena reputación será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen en sus líneas. The Collie you are prone to a host of health problems. Aquí hay un breve resumen de lo que debe saber.

Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, incluyendo múltiples sensibilidades a las drogas por una mutación en el gen de resistencia a múltiples drogas (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; la información sobre cómo realizar la prueba a su perro se puede encontrar aquí.

Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, después de lo cual todos los criadores deberían tener autorizaciones de ARP en todos sus perros de cría.

La anomalía ocular del Collie is a group of mild to severe eye disorders. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

Unfortunately, the Rough Collie they can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, así como una condición llamada hinchazón, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, si el estómago se retuerce sobre sí mismo, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Esté atento a síntomas como inquietud y paso, babeo, encías pálidas y lamido de labios, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. La torsión gástrica requiere una cirugía veterinaria inmediata, y la mayoría de los perros que se han hinchado una vez se hincharán de nuevo. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, y es imposible predecir si un animal estará libre de estas enfermedades, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking dogs, pero a veces la madre naturaleza tiene otras ideas y un cachorro desarrolla una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

Recuerde que después de haber acogido a un nuevo cachorro en su casa, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming “Rough Collie”

Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful, voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of grooming, pero no es así. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The coat of the Smooth Collie it's a piece of cake. Cepíllalo semanalmente con un cepillo de goma o un cepillo suave para eliminar el pelo muerto. Su Collie no debería necesitar un baño más de una vez al mes.

The Rough Collie they go through a heavy shedding twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn`t blow his coat, but throughout the year he loses more hair than he Rough Collie.

The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every few weeks. No deberían tardar tanto que se oiga el chasquido en el suelo. Cepíllese los dientes a diario para mejorar la salud general y el aliento.

Characteristics "Rough Collie"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Rough Collie" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC


  • FCI breed standard "Rough Collie"

    FCIFCI - Rough Collie
    Collie

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
      2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
      3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (español).

    creators of Rough Collie in Spain


    See list of creators 🔎

    Breeders of the breed "Rough Collie"