Russian Harlequin Hound
Rusia Hound not recognized by the F.C.I.

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog found almost exclusively in Russia.

Content

History

In the 18th century, a hound native to Russia began to develop naturally, but it wasn't until around 1900 that selective breeding started in earnest, and the first breed standard for the Russian hound was developed in 1925. The breeders then crossed to the Estonian Hound with the English hounds. The result was the Russian Harlequin Hound, a slightly squarer looking dog with tricolor spots on a white body. The voice of the Russian Harlequin Hound is much deeper and melodic than that of a Estonian Hound, and frequently have black marks on the saddle.

Until 1951 This new breed of hound was known as the Anglo-Russian hound, but when he was accepted as a separate race from his own, he was known as the Russian Harlequin Hound. This breed was well known, not only for their melodic voices, but also for its speed and resistance when tracking its prey. They were frequently used as red hunting dogs, which means they were chasing foxes and wolves, traditionally known as red game, and they are rarely found outside the Soviet Union.

The breeders of the Russian Harlequin Hound they are still in the process of improving both the type and the uniformity of the breed and the breed is now seen sometimes at Soviet dog shows, and is considered equal in quality to the best Estonian Hound. The Russian Harlequin Hound It was also used by William Dunker when he developed his namesake the Dunker, sometimes also known as the Norwegian Hound.

The Russian Harlequin Hound It is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Photo: simonaaa93

Physical characteristics “Russian Harlequin Hound”

The Russian Harlequin Hound he is a muscular dog, medium-sized, which stands about twenty-four inches tall and weighs between 18 and 31 kg, with a square build, long, straight legs and a strong tail that has a slightly curved or saber-like shape. They also tend to have a somewhat broad, square head with a straight, square muzzle., that always ends with a black nose. They have slightly hanging lips, oval shaped eyes, usually dark brown, and medium-sized pendant ears that sit high on the head and hang down to the sides to frame the face.

The characteristic short coat of the Russian Harlequin Hound is mostly white with tricolor markings on the head, face, back and tail, and is typically quite dense; this coloring is particularly useful when hunting with this Russian hound as it makes it much easier to differentiate the hunting dog from its prey.

Character and skills “Russian Harlequin Hound”

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog found almost exclusively in Russia. A mix of the Estonian Hound and the English Foxhound, this scent hound is known for its ability to track the game traditionally known as red game, like the fox and the wolves. They tend to be friendly and outgoing with almost everyone they meet., both human and canine, but they have a high prey drive and may not be safe around cats and other small animals. This breed is not well adapted to apartment living due to its high activity levels and vocal nature..

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Rumanía FCI 357 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children

Content

History

Natural breed known for centuries in the Bucovina region, in northeastern Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd was brought to light for the first time in 1934 by G. Radulescu Calafat, publisher of the first Carpathian Sheepdog standard, who mentioned in an article published in the journal Vet Sciences another molosser type sheepdog named “Dulau” or “Capau”. Until then, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd had been compared to him Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, smaller.

While the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd has long been used as a guard dog for flocks of sheep against large predators in the Carpathians, like bears, wolves and lynx, it has also been used for many years by Romanian farmers as a guard dog.

In 1982 the Romanian Cynological Association, the reference canine organization in the country, developed a first standard that described the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd. It was updated in 2001 and 2002 in accordance with the FCI requests (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) with a view to their recognition of the breed, what actually happened provisionally in 2009.

In 2019, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI. On the other hand, not yet recognized by the British reference organization, The Kennel Club, nor by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC).

In fact, it is still very rare outside its country of origin and some neighboring countries, like Ukraine or Serbia. In Romania there have been 6.000 copies in the Romanian Origin Book, but only the breeding of 300 females and 200 males, as Romanian law imposes many restrictions on the breeding of dogs.

Photo: Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier – YouTube

Physical characteristics

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are huge dogs with a body slightly longer than the tall, powerful lower limbs and a horizontal, muscular back. Placed high on the body, its long tail is carried hanging at rest and rises in the back in a slightly upward curve when in the gazebo.

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The head, which is wide and carried slightly higher than the body, blends in with the voluminous and moderately long neck, which forms an angle of 100 - 110 degrees with the rest of the body.

The muzzle is black, the eyes are relatively small in relation to the head, the powerful jaw is chisel-shaped and the V-shaped ears with a rounded tip fall along the cheeks.

While the head and the front of the legs are covered with short hair, the rest of the body is covered with dense hair, long (6 - 10 cm.) and quite stiff. The coat is predominantly white, marked with black spots, gray or leonadas well defined. However, the standard of Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it also recognizes unbleached, uncoloured specimens that are completely white, white as snow, gray like ash or black.

Sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, being the male larger than the female.

Character and skills

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children, what can make it an ideal dog for a family. On the other hand, especially distrust strangers, so it is important to socialize him from an early age with the people with whom he can come into contact: friends, neighbors, postmen…

Used to guarding herds in the company of other dogs, coexists perfectly with its congeners and other pets that share its territory.

It is not aggressive at all, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are not prone to attack without reason. On the other hand, their very protective character makes them react in a very intimidating way if they perceive an intrusion into their territory. However, his growls and especially his serious and powerful barks are just a way to scare “invaders” and they are rarely precursors of offensive action. However, if you feel that your “family” (which is simply the herd that is in charge, if he has always lived like a sheepdog) is threatened, this extremely brave and protective dog risks going on the attack, without even backing down in front of a bear or a pack of wolves.

Independent and used to wandering alone in the wild mountains of Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd tolerates loneliness quite well and can be left alone for a few days without too much trouble, although he obviously prefers the company of his family. However, your ability to keep busy depends on having enough space to walk freely.

Due to its size, his resonant voice and his need for great spaces, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd They are not dogs that can live comfortably in apartments and are not recommended for urban areas. They greatly prefer sparsely populated areas, where they can patrol their territory in peace and quiet without risk of unwanted encounters.

A very active and resistant dog, needs daily physical activity and is happy to accompany his master on long walks in the countryside.

Education “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Dog of the months

The puppy's socialization phase is of primary importance for the puppy. Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, and it is very important that you meet your family very soon, to possible other household pets, as well as the other people and animals that you will meet regularly during your life. In effect, once adult, find it difficult to accept a new person in your environment (including for example a prospective dog handler or dog behaviorist), although this is not impossible.

As an intelligent and obedient dog, can be easily trained and trained for his future role as a sheepdog or watchdog from his first birthday. Despite its independent nature, responds very well to positive reinforcement methods, but the teacher must ensure that he always maintains a strong and authoritative demeanor.

In addition, instead of a long daily training session, it is advisable to opt for several short sessions spread throughout the day.

Health “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it is a particularly healthy and resistant breed.

However, like most large breeds of dogs, are prone to hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. To reduce risks, make sure they don't overdo physical activity during their growing season.

Gastric dilation of the dog is another problem that can affect this breed. Due to ingestion of food too fast, especially if they are dry, can be life-threatening and requires urgent intervention by a veterinarian. To minimize this risk, it is recommended to leave large amounts of water available when the dog eats, divide his daily ration into at least two meals and let him rest after these meals.

Grooming “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are long-haired dogs that need to be brushed once a week, and even more often during the shedding period. Losing her hair galore, not recommended for people who do not like to find dog hair all over the house and always have a perfectly clean interior.

In addition, at the end of winter, it is advisable to cut the hair between its pads to protect your dog from heat.

It is not necessary to bathe your dog unless, of course, is particularly dirty. In any case, no more than 2 or 3 times a year, as this can damage the natural protective layer of the skin.

On the other hand, the inside of the ears needs to be checked regularly, since it is common for external parasites to hide there, and clean them well to avoid any risk of infection.

The dog's claws should be checked monthly and trimmed if natural wear and tear is not enough.

Food “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

If he Romanian Bucovina Shepherd he has always been fed what his pastor used to prepare for him, good quality commercial kibbles are an ideal solution today, If and when, of course, the manufacturer's recommendations are followed.

Bones are important in this dog's diet, so it may be helpful to give him a bone to gnaw once in a while. However, chicken bones and other poultry should be banned as they can cause serious damage to the digestive system.

In addition, as with any dog ​​at high risk of bloating-twisting stomach, the daily ration should be divided into 2 or 3 meals and ensuring that the dog remains calm during and after these meals. This means, for example, make sure he sees his food coming instead of discovering it in front of him when he wakes up, avoid having another animal around you when you eat, and do not stimulate him during his meal or in the following hour.

In addition, is essential for Romanian Bucovina Shepherd have large amounts of fresh water available at all times.

Price “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

A puppy Romanian Bucovina Shepherd usually sold between 500 and 1000 EUR, but prices have tended to rise as the breed has been the subject of some interest after its recognition by the FCI. Males tend to be more expensive than females, and the price is higher when the animal has a smooth coat.

It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and check the documents with the Romanian Canine Association. From 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Characteristics “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier
Shepherd of Bucovina – Ilie Forest 2018

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 357
  • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”
    Romanian Shepherd from Bucovina FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bucovina Sheepdog, Bucovina Shepherd, Southeastern European Shepherd (English).
      2. Berger roumain de Bucovine, Berger de l’Europe du Sud-Est (French).
      3. Ciobănesc Românesc de Bucovina (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina) (Portuguese).
      5. (en rumano: Ciobănesc de Bucovina) (Spanish).

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
    Rumanía FCI 349 - Sheepdogs

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with its caregiver.

    Content

    History

    The “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”, or Ciobanesc Romanesc Mioritic in romanian, it is a natural breed that has been present for centuries in the Carpathians, especially in southern Transylvania, in the mountainous regions near Sibiu and Brasov. Its exact origins are unknown, but it seems that their ancestors came to Romania around the 13th century with the Tatars who came to settle in the Danube Delta region and along the Black Sea coast.

    In the middle ages, some local rulers used these powerful dogs to accompany their armies. This fueled the legend that the dogs often seen in ancient engravings depicting the battles between the Roman Empire and the Dacians, a native people of the Carpathians, they are the shepherds of Mioritza. However, since these battles took place over 1000 years before the arrival of the dog's ancestors to the region, it is in fact unlikely that he can claim to have any connection to these feats of arms.

    In fact, the Mioritza Shepherd Dog he was above all the faithful companion of the illiterate peasants and shepherds isolated in the mountains. Stunning, mighty and brave, protected, and still protects today, herds against the many predators that live in the Carpathians: line, Wolf, bear…

    His name is also a reference to his qualities as a pastor, Since the word “mioara” means “sheep” in romanian, precisely the animal that it has been protecting for several centuries.

    Even today, many shepherds claim that only one of these dogs can scare away a bear, and popular belief says that it is the only race in the world capable of facing a bear and getting out alive.

    The first written references to Mioritic go back to 1930, when Professor Gheorghe Moldoveanu, studying the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, made a first distinction between the different romanian sheepdogs. In 1934, the National Zootechnical Institute published a description of the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog, but it wasn't until 1981 that a first breed standard was defined, prepared by the Romanian Cynological Association (ACR).

    This standard was revised in 2002 to meet the requirements of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who accepted the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog provisionally in 2005, before finally recognizing it in 2015. In the meantime, had taken off across the Atlantic, as recognized by the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2006. The other reference body in the country, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2018. However, neither the British nor the Canadian Kennel Club have followed suit.

    It is estimated that the population of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is of 10.000 individuals in Romania, but the vast majority are pedigree and unregistered dogs. In fact, Although the breeding of non-pedigree dogs is prohibited in the country since 2015, ancient habits are slowly changing. Thus, there is often a dog left “field” from which a puppy is delivered to the neighbor of the village when a litter is born, rather than a pedigree dog that is purchased from a professional breeder.

    On the other hand, although they are still relatively popular in the Romanian mountains, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog remain largely unknown outside of their home country, despite the efforts of Barbara Fallent, an Austrian-based breeder dedicated to popularizing them in Europe.

    Photo: Ciobanesc Mioritic by DorinRodina, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    Sometimes nicknamed “wool bear”, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is tall, powerful and furry. It is often confused with the Old English Sheepdog (or Bobtail), with which it has many physical similarities.

    They are big and massive, but harmonious and very agile for a dog of this size, while its legs are muscular and erect. The tail stands tall and falls when at rest, but it rises horizontally when in the gazebo.

    The neck is of medium length but broad and powerful, and bears a massive head of large size in relation to the rest of the body. The skull is slightly domed and ends in a rather short muzzle, tapering towards the nose. The latter should be black and well developed. The powerful jaws are scissor bite. The triangular ears with rounded tips fall along the cheeks and “disappear” in the fur.

    The eyes are medium in size, often hazel or dark brown in color, but they can also be lighter in color, except yellow, which is not accepted by the standard of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. They express calm and intelligence.

    The coat of the mioritic it is very long, measure at least 10 cm.. Covers the whole body, from head to tip of tail, going through the legs, where however it is a little shorter. The top coat is rough, while the lower layer is more flexible and dense, which makes the coat perfectly adapted to harsh weather conditions.

    The coat can be uniform, white or gray, but most often it is variegated, with distinctive black or gray spots protruding from the white fur.

    Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the female being only slightly smaller than the male.

    Character and skills

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with his master and his family, bond that forms naturally during the growth period. We know that it is “a master's dog” – the person who adopted and raised him – making it very difficult to adopt an adult dog from Mioritic Shepherd Dog.

    He is incredibly devoted and loyal to his family, at least the family he grew up with. Adults, children, pets or farm animals…: everyone he lives with is part of his family, and once he is an adult he will stop at nothing to protect them. Quiet and affectionate, gets along very well with children, without being an ideal playmate, especially for the little ones and / or restless, since he prefers quieter activities. In addition, given its size, could unintentionally push a small one.

    A typical sheepdog, who distrusts strangers. Although tolerate close friends who come often, barks vigorously when a stranger approaches, and only allows him to enter his territory with the agreement of his master. Therefore, a lot of work on socialization and obedience is necessary from an early age to prevent this dog's power from, able to scare away wolves and bears, be misdirected, with dramatic consequences.

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog need space, and it is not at all a breed of dog adapted to apartment living. Its territorial and protective character makes it not an ideal option for people who live in a residential area., even with a large garden. Rather, they adapt better to the field or the mountains, where they have space and where they find less “threats” potentials, especially since they can easily spend their days and nights outdoors.

    Having said that, if you need space, the mioritic neither is it a dog that needs a lot of exercise, at least not as an adult. It is true that the puppies of this breed are hyperactive and need to exercise daily, either in the form of games or walks. But the adult is much calmer, as are most sheepdogs, who prefer to stay close to their herd and not stray too far from it: patrolling the garden and taking an occasional walk with his master is more than enough for him.

    However, it is important to know that the “territory” that defends the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is not limited to your garden: protect the place where your family is, establishing a kind of security perimeter around it in all circumstances. Like this, if your flock grazes in the mountains, don't let anyone get close, and if your family walks in a park, does the same.

    However, the Mioritic Shepherd Dog not spontaneously aggressive, and never attacks for no reason. Barks to warn the intruder that they are not welcome, and leave the one who understands the message alone. On the other hand, anyone who risks ignoring the warning without his master's consent risks finding out why this dog has been the best friend of Romanian shepherds and protector of their flocks for centuries.

    At last, used to accompany them alone, have learned to make decisions on their own. Although loyal and obedient, his independent character and power make him a dog that is not suitable as a first dog.

    Education “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    If socializing the puppy from an early age is necessary for all breeds, is even more indispensable in the case of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. You must meet the people you may meet as an adult as soon as possible and get used to the situations that will be part of your life: walks in a crowded place, visits to the vet, sessions at the hairdresser… The latter should also allow you to get used to being handled without hesitation, which is absolutely essential to avoid any problems once adult, given its size and power.

    In the same way, learning obedience should begin as soon as the dog is adopted. Smart and devoted, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is relatively easy to train if your master has the necessary experience and knows how to remind your dog who the master is if necessary. On the other hand, Inconsistent or hesitant orders can lead you to take matters into your own hands and choose the attitude that seems most appropriate. Unfortunately, in such cases, unlikely to make the desired decision.

    In any case, although professional help can be useful as support, education must be provided by the teacher himself. You are the only person whose authority you recognize and trust.

    In addition, traditional training methods should be banned, as they run the risk of damaging the strong bond between student and teacher. Positive reinforcement-based dog training is a much better option.

    Regarding your role as guardian, does not require any special training. In fact, their instinct for protection is innate, so you don't need any specific training to become an excellent watchdog. In the same way, learn to become a good herding watchdog by observing adults, and just reproduce this behavior when it grows. Once again, no specific training is required.

    Health “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a very healthy dog: is not subject to hereditary diseases, it is only slightly sensitive to common diseases and is resistant to harsh weather conditions. In fact, many individuals reach the age of 14 years or more, which is unusual for a dog of this size.

    However, like all large dog breeds, may suffer from ..:

    ▷ Hip Dysplasia;
    ▷ elbow dysplasia;
    ▷ gastric dilation-torsion.

    In addition, its long and dense coat can become a refuge for many parasites, especially if you spend most of your time outdoors. Therefore, it is essential to regularly ensure that all your deworming treatments are up to date.

    Grooming “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog It is an easy-care breed of dog: a weekly brushing of his coat is enough to get rid of his dead hairs and ensure that he has no injuries that can be hidden by his long hair.

    However, during the move, the dog should be brushed more frequently to avoid accumulation of dead hair, that could create knots and become true “parasite nests”.

    Bathing the dog is unnecessary, since the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog has a self-cleaning coat. Even if he rolled in the mud before he came home, leaving it outside in a dry place should be enough to get rid of dirt. “A Mioritic dry is a Mioritic clean”, as the shepherds say.

    On the other hand, it is essential to check every 2 or 3 days that your eyes and ears are not dirty and do not show any signs of infection. Their teeth and claws may be checked less regularly, but special attention should be paid to the dog's paw pads to make sure there is no accumulated dirt.

    It is a good idea to get used to Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog to these grooming sessions from an early age, to avoid any problems later, given its size and power. If the teacher knows how to do it, they can become beautiful moments of complicity between him and his partner.

    On the other hand, if it has to be prepared by a professional, the presence of your caregiver is necessary to calm you down and ensure that you do not have any aggressive reaction towards the stranger who is manipulating you.

    Price “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    A puppy Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog costs between 1000 and 1200 EUR. A male is more expensive than a female, because males are more sought after by shepherds.

    In any case, It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and to check its documents with the Romanian Canine Association (ACR). In fact, from 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

    Characteristics “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
    Beautiful Romanian Shepherd Dogs, the one on the left is the “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” and the one on the right is the “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” by Remus Pereni, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
    “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” by akc

    Videos “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd – Facts and Information
    The Miracle of Life – Romanian Mioritic shepherd dog babies

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 349
    • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKCFoundation Stock Service
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”
    Romanian Shepherd from Mioritza FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Romanian Mioritic, Mioritic Shepherd Dog, Ciobănesc Românesc Mioritic (English).
      2. Mioritic (French).
      3. Mioritic, Mocano, Barac (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc mioritic) ciobanesc romanesc mioritic (Portuguese).
      5. Mioritic (Spanish).

    Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
    Rumanía FCI 350 - Sheepdogs

    Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds

    Content

    History

    The “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”, also known as Carpatin (of his original name Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin), He is native to Romania, more precisely from the Danube Delta.

    It is said to be descended from the Lupo races – molosoides, comparable in size to ancient mastiffs, but with a morphology closer to that of the wolf, and that has been used to protect herds for more than 9.000 years, namely, since the beginning of the domestication of cattle in this region.

    Legend has it that their ancestors, to whom he is physically very close, they interbred naturally with wolves, resulting in a powerful and fearsome race. Although there is no irrefutable evidence, such hybridizations between dog and wolf are known to have in fact occurred in various regions of the world, what makes this theory plausible.

    Often hunting in packs, nothing stops this dog with his courage and unerring protective instinct. There have even been cases where a herd of Carpathian shepherds has been seen repelled by an adult bear. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been selected over the centuries with the main criterion of utility, which explains why it has kept its herding dog qualities intact to this day, especially since Romania still has many predators on its territory, including wolves and bears. Over the years, they have also become increasingly integrated into the family as guard dogs; very protective of their master, it's a role they play wonderfully.

    The first breed standard was developed in Romania in 1934. After the fall of communism in 1989, a few passionate breeders of the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog developed the breed so that its standard could meet the criteria of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Their efforts paid off, since the latter finally recognized it provisionally in 2005, and then definitely ten years later, in 2015. Among the other large canine organisms, the Société Centrale Canine and the United Kennel Club also recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, what is not the case with the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club or the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain.

    Although they are increasingly known and appreciated in the rest of the world, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog still quite rare outside of their home country. On the other hand, still very popular in Romania, where it is used as a herding dog and as a guard and companion dog.

    Photo: Possibly Carpathian sheepdog or Bucovina sheepdog by Alex Zelenko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog he is a large dog with an impressive physique.

    The body is rectangular, vigorous and well developed, without heaviness. Its length is greater than the height at the withers, and the lumbar region may be slightly longer in females than in males.

    The tail is held high, reaching or slightly exceeding the point of the hock. With abundant hair, hangs at rest but is carried high and slightly curved in action. It is neither flat nor rolled in the back.

    The head is strong but not heavy, of type lupoid, with a stop moderately marked. The nose is always black, big and wide. The scissor bite is powerful. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, dark brown. The ears, slightly above the eye line, they are triangular in shape, a little rounded at the tip, and fall close to the cheeks.

    The inner layer is dense and flexible, color clear, but the hair is rough, smooth and dense. It is shorter and flatter on the head and front of the legs, longer in the neck, the back of the legs and tail. It is abundant and of medium length in the rest of the body. The fur is sable (Wolf) with white markings, and the skin is ash colored.

    Character and skills

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is balanced, calm and brave. They are innate herding dogs with a very strong protective instinct, with an unconditional attachment to his flock and a closeness to his master and family that is far greater than that of most other guard dog breeds.

    This protective instinct makes them mistrust strangers. In the presence of a stranger, will come between him and his family and bark as a warning, until his master makes him understand that there is no danger.

    However, due to its friendlier temperament than the average of other guard dog breeds, it is also an excellent companion dog. As a breed of dog adapted to children, he is very gentle with them and is a great playmate for them. Regarding the cohabitation of the dog with the cat, generally goes well. Last but not least, the fact that they have long gotten used to defending themselves and working in packs also explains why they generally manage to get along with their peers, although they can be dominant with them.

    Although it suits all families quite well, this large and energetic dog needs a lot of exercise and play to maintain his mental balance and physical health. Therefore, better suited to a family that likes to move, and thus you can enjoy hiking with your dog (dogs-rando), from running with your dog (canicross) or cycling with your dog (cani-mountain biking). To feel completely fine, need at least an hour of daily exercise.

    Therefore, not at all suitable for use in an apartment: too small a space and insufficient physical exercise could cause behavioral disorders in the dog, including uncontrolled aggression (even towards their owners) and / or destructive behavior on the part of the dog. This is all the more true since the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds; therefore shows more anxiety in case of prolonged loneliness, especially if you are indoors with nothing to do to keep busy. Therefore, the ideal home for him is one with a large enclosed garden where he can run, and a master who is available to play with his dog and walk him for long hours.

    Education “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that is easier to train than other guard dog breeds, needs a strong education to start at an early age, since it has a strong character. It is imperative that the owner immediately show his dog who the master is and impose his authority, at the risk of seeing his partner with his impressive physique take control.

    Of course, firm does not mean brutal. Positive dog training, with incentives and rewards, is always the best way to earn respect and obedience. Purely authoritarian training would only lead to confrontation with this voluntarily dominant dog.

    Health “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although there have been cases of hip dysplasia or eye problems in some individuals, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a robust breed of dog, able to stay outdoors in inclement weather without being unduly hindered and, In addition, does not have a congenital predisposition to certain pathologies.

    Therefore, daily exercise and a balanced diet are enough to keep the dog healthy, vigorous and toned.

    However, be careful not to give too large a portion of food before physical exertion: like all big breeds, is particularly exposed to the risk of stomach dilation-torsion.

    Grooming “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a long fur, rarely needs professional grooming. However, it is recommended to brush the dog's hair daily with a wire brush or detangler, especially during the shedding period.

    If you spend most of your time outdoors, it is recommended to wash your dog once a month. However, if you stay inside, a dog bath every three to four months is sufficient.

    On the other hand, it is important to regularly examine and clean the dog's ears, as for all dogs with lop ears. A buildup of ear wax or bacteria could lead to infections, like ear infections.

    In addition, as in all races, brushing your dog's teeth at regular intervals is essential to avoid tartar problems. Ideally, you could do this two or three times a week.

    At last, how often a dog's claws are trimmed depends on its level of activity. It is best to inspect them from time to time and trim them if necessary.

    Characteristics “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Carpathian Shepherd

    Carpathian Shepherd

    Photos:

    1 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434185
    2 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1625909

    Videos “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd – 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
    Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 350
    • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”
    Romanian Carpathian Sheepdog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Romanian Shepherd, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Carpathian Sheepdog (English).
      2. Chien de berger des Carpathes (French).
      3. Carpatin, Zavod (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc carpatin) (Portuguese).
      5. Carpatin, Pastor de los Cárpatos, Perro pastor de los Cárpatos (Spanish).

    Rafeiro of Alentejo
    Portugal FCI 96 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Rafeiro of Alentejo

    The Rafeiro of Alentejo It is an excellent watchdog in the haciendas and houses of the Alentejo.

    Content

    History

    The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Alentejo Mastiff), as its name suggests, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, which extends south of the Tagus river to the Algarve. The pedigree dog, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.

    In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. In addition, the intrepid four-legged friend protected the flock entrusted to him by reliably avoiding attacks by wild animals or rustlers. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, but also as a status symbol of strength and power.

    As industrialization progressed and large estates declined, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. However, a small circle of enthusiasts ensured that the breed was preserved. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.

    Physical characteristics

    When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: Who would want to mess with such a big and powerful dog?

    With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.

    Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.

    The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, Grey Wolf, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., as well as the brindle specimens according to the breed standard.

    Character and skills

    At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, his good nose and his excellent ears. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.

    Like a purebred dog, whose only task is to accompany and protect his family, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, his innate sharpness is difficult to control even with a consistent education. After all, the smart and self-confident Rafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. However, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.

    Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejo it must be able to offer you a large territory in which you can live your vigilant and protective instincts according to your mood. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Clearly shows you who is holding the reins in their hand and where their limits are. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.

    Buy a “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

    Those interested in a Rafeiro of Alentejo Purebreds sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. However, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, should refrain from buying it. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Who wants to make it into a family friendly companion dog, he does himself and the dog no favors.

    Health and life expectancy of “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

    The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known due to the low spread of the breed. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 - 14 years. However, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.

    The diet of the “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

    In principle, this breed has no specific dietary needs. However, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. Therefore, following the high-energy puppy diet, a fairly low protein food should be given first to prevent the young dog from growing too fast. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, through which the necessary amount of animal protein is absorbed, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 96
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Rafeiro of Alentejo breed

    RAFEIRO OF ALENTEJO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Alentejo-Mastiff, alentejo mastiff (English).
      2. mâtin de l’Alentejo, mastiff de l’Alentejo (French).
      3. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rafeiro, Alentejo-Mastiff (German).
      4. Mastim Português, Mastim do Alentejo (Portuguese).
      5. Mastín del Alentejo (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Rafeiro of Alentejo by https://brit-petfood.com/hr/node/8006

    Rough Collie
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 156 . Sheepdogs

    It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

    Content

    History

    The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

    Both the Rough Collie as the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

    • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, an all terreno…
    • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, Agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

    From the crossing of these two varieties of shepherd dogs are born the precious Collie who we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

    After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, there is a theory that says those first Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Hunting Sighthound) in order to obtain a more "noble" head (finest), What is today one of the true characteristics of the Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

    But trends are changing according to blowing the wind... Like for example, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Balmoral Castle, the Collie they were transformed into something like a fashion item.

    The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, in the Decade of 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

    At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, they could travel long distances during the whole day and retained energy...

    While many theories attempt to explain them, Unfortunately, the exact origins of the Collie have a dark veil. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of Rough Collie I was in the Highlands of Scotland lands, where had it been used for centuries as a herding dog. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

    In the UK the Rough Collie no longer used for cattle grazing, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Although in United States and several European countries, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

    The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. The objective of the original club was "the promotion and the improvement of the breed of Border Collie". From there the first official breed standard was carved Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, Although much time has passed and many things cambiado… the objective of the Club is still the same. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, is oldest club americano…).

    The Rough Collie was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first Rough Collie it was imported to England. And from there are the pillars of the breed.

    With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 - 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie of today and paved the way for the emergence of large and famous American dog kennels in the years 1920 and 1930.

    One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 December 1872 until 18 February 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. The public is known both for his novels relating the adventures of his beloved Collie, "as for its famous breeding sites"Sunnybank”, from which the bloodlines of specimens of Rough Collie who live among us today.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the characteristic features of the Collie's long hair is his head and delicately pointed snout. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi erect, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the dog Shetland Sheepdog, but larger.

    Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

    • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
    • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
    • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

    All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

    It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

    The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, He has long hair and it seems a velcro… Shearing it is something very harmful to the skin and some not again them grow a significant amount of hair after having been shaved.

    The desired size and weight vary between the standards of the breed of dog clubs, but trying to balance the measures ... a Rough Collie male measures 55,8 - 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 lowest centimeters. Males weigh in 20 - 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 - 5 fewer kilos).

    Character and skills

    The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

    Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), and in some cases it is difficult to correct them. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. They enjoy human company and home heat.

    For yeah "The character of"LassieCreated by British author Eric Knight was a Rough Collie, It is probably the most famous dog in the world, fictional character that appeared in various films, TV series and books for years.

    "That character inspired screenwriter Hugo Butler in the film"Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Film that definitely launched the beautiful man to fame Rough Collie.

    Health “Rough Collie”

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. The Collie you are prone to a host of health problems. Here is a brief summary of what you should know.

    Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, including multiple drug sensitivities to a mutation in the multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; information on how to test your dog can be found here.

    Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, after which all breeders should have ARP authorizations on all their breeding dogs.

    The ocular anomaly of the Collie is a group of mild to severe eye disorders. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

    Unfortunately, the Rough Collie they can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, as well as a condition called bloating, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming “Rough Collie”

    Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful, voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of grooming, but it's not like that. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The coat of the Smooth Collie it's a piece of cake. Brush it weekly with a rubber brush or soft brush to remove dead hair. Your Collie should not need a bath more than once a month.

    The Rough Collie they go through a heavy shedding twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn’t blow his coat, but throughout the year he loses more hair than he Rough Collie.

    The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually every few weeks. It shouldn't take so long for the click to be heard on the floor. Brush your teeth daily to improve overall health and breath.

    Characteristics “Rough Collie”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rough Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss boyeros). / Section 1 –> Shepherd Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 156
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI Standard of the Rough Collie breed
    • COLLIE ROUGH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
      2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
      3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (Spanish).

    Rottweiler
    Alemania FCI 147 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Rottweiler

    The Rottweiler is a quiet dog, docile and faithful family.

    Content

    History

    The Rottweiler is one of the breeds of German origin that is recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The Rottweiler is a dog trotting type.

    The history of the Rottweiler dates back to the 19th century. The city of Rottweil in present-day Baden-Württemberg was known for its livestock trade. To keep animals under control on their way to pasture, farmers and butchers had to use smart and persistent companion dogs. At the beginning, these dogs were therefore called butcher dogs, later they were finally given the name Rottweiler due to its proximity to the city of Rottweil. Other theories on the history of the Rottweiler breed say that the canine breed was already used for livestock farming in Rome and therefore arrived with the Romans through the Alps to the city of Rottweil. In the early 20th century, when people were looking for a suitable police dog, it soon became clear that the Rottweiler, with his strong, muscular stature and intrepid temperament, was particularly suitable. In 1910 the Rottweiler was officially recognized as a police dog.

    These characteristics, they made it an indispensable both for farmers and butchers Assistant.

    Physical characteristics

    The Rottweiler is a medium to large dog, muscular, sturdy and strong with powerful teeth. Although its shape is quite robust, the Rottweiler has great resistance and is very agile. According to the breed standard, the height at the withers of a male dog is 68 cm., that of a female dog 63 cm.. The weight of a Rottweiler is between approx. 42 kg ( female) and approx. 50 kg (male). Rottweiler coat consists of a black top layer and bottom layer. The black top layer is described by the VDH (German Canine Federation) as “average length, thick, dense and tight”, while the bottom layer should not protrude from the top layer. The Rottweiler's coat is slightly longer on the hind legs. Characteristic for the Rottweiler is also the so-called blight, which means clearly defined brown-red markings on the lips, the snout, the eyebrows, under the tail root and on the chest.

    In this race we can find two lines of aging, the European, considered the original and the American. The American line is characterized by examples of greater height and more stylized bodies, on the other hand, European line dogs present a more robust with a lower height and compact body.

    Character and skills

    Although the Rottweiler is a race that has been used for defence work, his work and typicity requires that they are described as friendly, happy talk, quiet, faithful, obedient and willingness to work. In recent studies of aggressiveness in races this was not among the top ten.

    In addition the Rottweiler dog is located within the ten most intelligent dogs, they are dogs of great trust and kindness, You can be glad that it will meet the desired objective.

    An important attribute that has the Rottweiler is his adiestrabilidad. It is a very intelligent and obedient dog, able to learn many tasks.

    According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Rottweiler is the No. 9 from the list.

    Its history as a shepherd, as military dog and care as well as dog obedience and exhibition, speaks highly of his versatility.

    The Rottweilers are ideal as protectors of the family and property. You agree to all the members of the family and protect both the father and the son. The Rottweilers usually do not have Favorites, Although there are exceptions. They tend to be individualists, and this is due, Once again, are creatures with discernment and lists.

    His intelligence “affects” to your adiestrabilidad. As, frequently, It is said of the cats, they are too ready to wait for repetition of an order. Once they have executed her once or twice as you like, Surely they tired of the game and seek a better output. "Why insist human to do these things so many times?"? "I have already grasped the idea the first time and was not so exciting" it seems that he thinks the Rottweiler.

    Some need more help than others, but patience is always required when you train a dog, regardless of what race.
    Please understand that nothing wrong with owning a Rottweiler there is. They are incredible dogs and wonderful pets. This is not an issue of race, but rather individuals who are involved with the canine behavior modification.

    Rottweiler maintenance

    Since the Rottweiler was bred as a persistent working dog and therefore needs a lot of leash in order to function properly, keeping him in the kennel is out of the question. However, due to its robustness, can stay out if there is a good family connection and corresponding workload. It is important to socialize the Rottweiler from the beginning through specific training and attendance at a dog training school and to get him used to different situations and people. Due to its character, the Rottweiler can be used very well as a service dog, guard dog, rescue dog or guide dog for the blind. Although it is not the classic family dog, living with children is usually not a problem. Due to its size and strength, wild games with children should be avoided, and children should not walk alone with the Rottweiler due to its enormous traction. Proper maintenance a Rottweiler includes not only a demanding occupation but also a good education.

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is with 8-10 years somewhat below average value. Unlike small dog breeds, the musculoskeletal system of larger dog breeds is already under great stress during the growth phase, causing signs of wear earlier.

    Buy a Rottweiler

    Before deciding on a Rottweiler, one must closely examine their attitude and character and carefully consider whether this breed is really suitable. The following questions must be answered affirmatively: Can I offer the Rottweiler enough space and exercise? Do I have time to take care of the animal enough? Do all family members agree with the dog? Do I trust the education of a Rottweiler? Can I take my dog ​​on vacation or what alternatives are there? If you finally decide to get a Rottweiler, doesn't necessarily have to come from a breeder. Why don't you visit the animal shelter?- Maybe you will find a Rottweiler there that you can give a good home. Here the purchase is also much cheaper than with a breeder.

    Rottweiler Education

    The correct education is very important for a Rottweiler to promote its generally human and balanced character.. Your position in the family hierarchy must be clear to the dog from the start, so that he learns to obey and respect his master. Consistency is extremely important in Rottweiler education, and it should be dominant, but without harshness. As a responsible dog owner, you must act with sovereignty, calm and especially with consideration when training a Rottweiler. The Rottweiler recognizes these positive leadership qualities, which ultimately makes him a loyal companion. As in the case of any other dog, training should begin at the puppy's age, where positive behavior is rewarded with praise, for example in the form of sweets. Caution: With insufficiently dominant leadership or erroneous and inconsistent education, Rottweiler can develop dangerous behavior – this shows the great role that the correct education of the Rottweilers plays.

    Rottweiler Health and Care

    Since the Rottweiler's coat is rather short to medium long, the toilet is not very complex. However, due to its agile nature, impurities can quickly accumulate on the coat, so grooming should not be neglected entirely. Occasional brushing is completely sufficient. For Rottweiler coat length, special brushes for dogs, but also cotton gloves have proven to be very effective. In addition to the toilet, foot care, as well as eye care, ears and nails should be considered as usual.

    Breed specific diseases

    As with many other large dogs, certain diseases occur more frequently in Rottweiler dogs. These include hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, both are poor development of the respective joints. Because this is due to a genetic disposition, an X-ray examination must be presented in a breed aptitude test. To prevent disease, care must be taken that the animal is not overweight and gets enough exercise. Leukoencephalomyelopathy is also an inherited disease. It leads to progressive paralysis in young animals and is not curable., although it occurs quite infrequently. On the other hand, in recent years, heart disease has been recorded more frequently in this breed. Constriction of the nerves of the heart, for example, is inherited and affects the reflux of blood from the heart, which ultimately leads to limited performance of the Rottweiler.

    Rottweiler feed

    Like any other dog, the Rottweiler needs a species-appropriate diet. To prevent overweight and resulting breed diseases, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, dog food should not be too fatty and especially low in protein. It is also important that the Rottweiler feeds in moderation and has limited access to the feeding bowl. Instead of being able to use a large portion of food, dog owners should distribute food appropriately for their “Rotti”. Whether dry or wet food is better for the Rottweiler, the dog owner must decide for himself.

    Rottweiler puppies prefer to eat what they are used to eating from their breeder. Therefore, it makes sense to continue feeding this food for the time being and only change food when the dog is older and may have different needs than its food. It's best to just try what the Rottweiler likes best: in addition to wet and dry food, also a healthy alternative to barking at the dog.

    Rottweiler reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rottweiler” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Rottweiler Images

    Rottweiler Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 147
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Group 3 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Rottweiler breed FCI standard

    ROTTWEILER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rott, Rottie (English).
      2. Rottweiler (French).
      3. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (German).
      4. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Portuguese).
      5. Rottie, Rott (Spanish).

    Rhodesian Ridgeback
    Zimbabue FCI 146 . Related breeds

    Perro crestado rodesiano

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback He is loyal and inseparable from its owner and family environment partner.

    Content

    History

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a descendant of the semi-wild dogs used more than 500 years for the towns Khoikhoi y Hottentot in south africa. These ancestors already had the same color of wheat (a shade of yellow) and especially the distinctive dorsal crest, made up of hair growing in the opposite direction on the spine.

    When the Dutch settlers arrived from the 17th century, they were accompanied by many dogs to help them settle in these difficult regions. Terriers, greyhounds, molossians, Hunting dogs.…: all had a hard time adjusting to the African climate, lack of water and diseases transmitted in particular by the moscow tsetsé. The need to cross European dogs with the local breed quickly became apparent..

    The dogs of these crosses helped the farmers to hunt game animals, from the smallest birds to large mammals like lions. They also provided protection in isolated areas and put potentially dangerous animals to flight., such as leopards and baboons.

    With the arrival of the English in the 19th century, many boers (settlers of Dutch origin) they moved north, to the area known as Rhodesia, which is now Zimbabwe. This is where the history of the breed really began., when the Reverend Charles Helm (1844-1915) brought two females to the Fountain of Hope, a mission near the town of Bulawayo. They were the ones who started the breed's breeding program.

    In fact, the famous lion hunter Cornelius van Rooyen lived nearby and decided to incorporate these dogs into his pack used to hunt the king of animals. Started a breeding program, in which they were used Collies and the Great Dane to give to Rhodesian Ridgeback your current appearance.

    The exploits of this dog, able to run for hours with his master on horseback but also to corner the lion until the hunter arrived, made it quickly popular in the region. Its population exploded, and many young were born. A breeder named Francis Richard Barnes founded the first club of the breed in 1922 in Bulawayo, and wrote the first standard of the then Rhodesian Lion Dog. This standard was accepted in 1926 by the South African Kennel Union, the country's reference organization (nowadays the KUSA, pure Kennel Union of southern Africa). However, on the occasion of this official recognition of the breed, the organization decided to change the name to Rhodesian Ridgback.

    The breed appeared in Europe and the United States in the decade of 1930, But it wasn't until after WWII that it really took root. The British Kennel Club (KC) was the first to recognize it in 1954, followed a year later by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1955. Was not up 1980 that the American United Kennel Club (UKC) he did the same. However, All the main canine organizations in the world today recognize the Rhodesian Ridgeback: is the case of the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) in particular.

    Your current situation in your home country is paradoxical. Although it is probably the most widespread dog in South Africa, breeders are experiencing many difficulties due to the reduction of the gene pool. Like this, it is estimated that only one litter in twenty is registered with the KUSA, and can be considered purebred. as a result of that, the characteristics of this dog are being lost, and more and more crosses give rise to individuals who are far from the standard.

    However, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is very present in the rest of the world and enjoys a certain popularity. In the United States, annual registration statistics with the AKC place it in a very respectable 40th position (almost 200), and has almost won 20 places since the beginning of the 21st century. In Great Britain, the KC registers between 1000 and 1200 births per year.

    Physical characteristics

    The breed standard indicates that males should be between 63 and 68 cm to the height of the cross, weighing between 36 and 41 kg, and the slightly smaller females, of 61 - 66 cm. of height and a weight of between 29 and 34 kg.

    Its weight varies between 30 and 39 kg, its pelage is short, dense, smooth and shiny, without being woolly or silky.

    It has, as a feature, a crest on your spine, formed by hairs that grow in opposite direction to the rest of the fur.

    The Ridge must be clearly defined and symmetrical, closer to the hip. Must start immediately behind the shoulders and continue until the bones of the hip (rump).

    The Ridge must only have two crowns, identical and opposite. The length of the Crown shall not exceed to 1/3 the total length of the ridge or ridge. A good average of the width of the same is of 5 cm..

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback it is a dog of good presence, strong, muscular, Agile and active, symmetrical appearance, balanced and well balanced.

    An adult Ridgeback is a beautiful dog, well planted and Atlético, able to travel long distances with a proper speed. It emphasizes their agility, elegance and strength without the massive trend.

    The legs front are straight and strong, heavy bones, What makes it an extremely hardy animal.

    The breed standard accepts the colors ranging from pale wheat Red.

    The color of the snout It can be black or brown. It supports a small white spot on chest and toes of the front or rear legs.

    The South African hunters discovered that the Ridgeback, in Pack, they were very effective against the Lions, originating as well a second name for this race: “the African lion Hunter”.

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback adapts perfectly to the environment of the African steppes. It can withstand high temperatures, as well as the cold of the night.

    It´s resistant to insect bites and can remain without food and water more than 24 hours.

    Character and skills

    He is very smart. Absolutely loyal and inseparable from its owner and family environment partner. Patient with children (Although, because of his size and strength, indicated that they should be monitored during their games) and never aggressive.

    According to a popular legend, the crest of Rhodesian Ridgeback is the mark of a lion's paw.

    It is reserved with strangers. It is common to confuse its crest with the idea that the dog is Bristly, This often misinterpret her attitude.

    In general, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is a dog lively, joyful, playful and very brave.

    Let us not forget that he was selected for the Lions hunting. Since its inception its mission was to discover the lion with his barking and deceptive movements, as you amagues and leaks would attract its prey until it is in the sights of the gun of the Hunter.

    Education “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The socialization of Rhodesian Ridgeback should start in the first few weeks to help him become a calm and balanced adult. Meeting a lot of people (neighbors, friends, family, dealers…) and when crossing with all kinds of companions, gets used to social interactions and learns not to give in to his natural distrust of what is unknown to him.

    Your education can start from the first months, and it is important to quickly teach your dog to walk on a leash. Because his hunting instinct is deeply ingrained, tends to run after all small animals and should always be kept on a leash when not in an enclosed area.

    It is equally essential to quickly teach him obedience so that he learns to listen to his master and to carry out his orders., either when you are about to chase a passing cat or on any other occasion. He's really smart and stubborn, and tends to do what he likes. Needs a firm and authoritative master, who knows how to make your dog respect you. Add to that its imposing size and it's easy to see why it's not suitable for newbies.. On the other hand, an experienced teacher can use his intelligence and closeness to his family to teach him many tricks. That is why this dog often shines in dog sports competitions, especially in obedience or agility.

    In any case, traditional training methods backfire on this dog, since they would damage the bond between the dog and its owner. On the other hand, positive reinforcement has spectacular results in keeping the dog motivated and strengthening the human-animal relationship. However, to avoid boredom and prevent the animal from being less receptive, it is better to opt for short and playful sessions, even if this means making them more frequent.

    In addition, it is advisable to accustom it to being handled at a very young age, either for grooming sessions or visits to the vet. In fact, given its size, it would quickly become unwieldy if he had the idea of ​​not being very conciliatory in such circumstances as an adult.

    Last but not least, given their greed and the risks it entails for their health, it is also better to teach him from a young age to be satisfied with what he is given, and not let him beg or steal food at the table, in cupboards or even garbage cans.

    Health “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback it is quite robust, with a life expectancy of 10 - 12 years, which is quite normal for a breed of this size.

    They are very resistant to heat and drought, but they also tolerate cold quite well, as long as the temperature does not drop below 0 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, he doesn't like water at all and hates rain. It should not be left outside or hanging around when it rains. May not like damp or very cold areas, so another breed choice seems to be the best option.

    Despite his good general health, are particularly exposed to certain diseases:

    Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, often hereditary joint malformations that can cause more or less severe locomotion difficulties depending on the severity;

  • dilation-torsion of the stomach, also common in large dogs, which can be fatal if a vet does not intervene quickly. Most of the time it is due to too rapid ingestion of large amounts of food;
    Hypothyroidism, a hormonal problem in the thyroid gland that causes weight gain and general fatigue. This disease is still rare in the population of the breed, but it seems to be on the rise;
  • dermoid sinus, a hole in the back through which impurities can enter the spine. This inherited problem can lead to serious and life-threatening infections. Surgery can solve the problem, But it's not always like this. Although it is quite rare, this malformation is much more common in the Rhodesian Ridgeback than in other races, although affected individuals are systematically excluded from breeding;
  • Degenerative myelopathy, a progressive deterioration of the spinal cord that is paralyzing and fatal. However, still very weird;
    ophthalmological problems (waterfall, progressive retinal atrophy, persistence of the pupillary membrane, entropion…), more particularly within certain lines;
  • Other serious diseases have been reported in the Rhodesian Ridgeback, but they are still very rare and do not seem to affect these dogs more than other breeds: is the case of cerebellar abiotrophy, cervical malformation, hemolytic anemia, lupoid onychodystrophy, hemangiosarcoma or von Willebrand's disease.

    However, this long list should not hide the fact that, according to a study carried out in 2004 about almost 200 individuals by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, the main causes of mortality in this breed are cancer and advanced age, accounting for half of the deaths.

    To reduce the risk of inherited diseases and increase the chances of adopting a healthy puppy, it is recommended to go to a dog breeder Rhodesian Ridgeback serious and responsible. Must present a certificate issued by a veterinarian attesting that the animal is in good health, the details of the vaccinations carried out (registered in the health record or in the vaccination book), as well as the results of the genetic tests carried out that demonstrate the good health of the puppy and the parents.

    Like all breeds of lop-eared dogs, the Rhodesian Ridgeback are at increased risk of infection in this area. Therefore, You need to regularly clean your ears with a clean cloth to remove dirt and avoid problems.

    Another risk you are exposed to is obesity. Pretty greedy, you have a tendency to be overweight if you can't exercise as you should. Only its owner can help you keep your weight in shape, keeping him active and making sure he doesn't eat more than necessary.

    Your weight is one of the things the vet looks at during routine visits. As with any dog, these must be at least once a year, since they also and above all allow the early detection of any problem, as well as making sure you stay up to date with your vaccinations.

    Grooming “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The coat of the Rhodesian Ridgeback it is particularly easy to care, since his short coat only needs a quick weekly brushing. However, they molt in spring and fall, when it is advisable to increase the frequency of brushing to remove dead hair.

    The coat generally remains clean and therefore odorless, and only needs to be bathed when particularly dirty, for example after a walk in the mud. However, even in this case, vigorous brushing may be enough to help you get rid of dirt. In any case, when you bathe your dog, you can only use a shampoo specifically designed for dogs, as it can damage your skin.

    His floppy ears are finally the point that requires the greatest vigilance in terms of maintenance, because this morphological peculiarity implies a greater risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). To avoid this, should be inspected weekly and cleaned with a damp cloth. This prevents debris or dirt from accumulating.

    The weekly coat and ear maintenance session is also an opportunity to check and clean the eyes, even though there is no increased risk in this area.

    You should also take advantage of this time to brush your teeth to limit the formation of tartar and thus avoid problems such as bad breath, caries, gum disease, etc. The ideal, However, is that you brush more often, up to once a day.

    At last, the claws of Rhodesian Ridgeback they grow alive and are particularly hardy. Although he can run outdoors often, it is better to check them every 2-3 weeks, since it is common that natural wear is not enough to file them. When they get too long, should be trimmed with a nail clipper designed specifically for dogs, as there is a risk of them getting in the way or breaking.

    Use “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback has worked for centuries in its native country as a guard dog on isolated farms against predators, as well as hunting dog. They gained their letters of nobility and some notoriety thanks to their exploits during the lion hunts organized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.. A pack of two or three of these dogs was capable of chasing a lion for tens of kilometers before cornering it until the hunter arrived..

    Although nowadays he no longer hunts lions, continues to accompany hunters from various continents, helping them take out and chase game of all sizes.

    Also acts as a watchdog, warning of the arrival of strangers and not hesitating to show his courage if the threat is confirmed and his family is in danger.

    However, what makes it so popular today is primarily because it combines many of the qualities of the ideal companion dog. Affectionate and devoted, are especially popular with sports owners. Capable of running a marathon in 90 minutes, the Rhodesian Ridgeback can easily accompany a runner, cyclist or hiker for several hours. On the other hand, would not fit in well with an elderly or very sedentary person, and would have every chance to outperform a beginner or an insecure teacher.

    Last but not least, his physical assets obviously make him a champion in cani-cross competitions, but also excels in other dog sports, like obedience or agility.

    Buy “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The price of a puppy Rhodesian Ridgeback registered is an average of between 1200 and 1300 EUR, without great differences between males and females. However, this average hides a fairly wide price range, of 700 - 1800 EUR, depending on the physical characteristics of the puppy, its ancestry and the prestige of the offspring from which it comes.

    In canada, it is necessary to count between 1500 and 2500 Canadian dollars to adopt a Rhodesian Ridgeback with all the guarantees about the fact that you are in good health.

    Comments

    The race is almost unknown in Spain, and in the rest of Europe, that makes it very difficult to get a puppy from Rhodesian Ridgeback.

    Characteristics “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rhodesian Ridgeback” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Videos “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 146
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 3: Related breeds. Without working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 3: Related breeds.
    • AKCHound
    • ANKCGroup 4 (Hounds)
    • CKCGroup 2 – Hounds
    • ​KCHoundy
    • NZKCHound
    • UKCSighthounds & Pariahs

    FCI breed standard “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    FCIFCI – “Rhodesian Ridgeback”
    Rhodesian Ridgeback FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Ridgeback, African Lion Dog, African Lion Hound (English).
      2. Rhodesian ridgeback (French).
      3. (German).
      4. Rhodesian ridgeback (Portuguese).
      5. Perro Crestado de Rhodesia, Rhodesiano (Spanish).