West Siberian Laika
Rusia FCI 306 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

Laika de Siberia Occidental

in your country of origin, Russia, the West Siberian Laika has been bred as a hunting dog for centuries.

Content

History

The “West Siberian Laika” (Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka), es el producto del cruzamiento entre las especies íntimamente relacionadas de Laïka de Chanteisk and Mansijak with Russian hunting dogs from the north of the Urals and Western Siberia. Outside its area of origin in areas mainly populated by hunters, This race has widely spread to central areas of Russia; This type of dog that abounds on these sites, they are reared in large installations. En distintas regiones de cacería existen perreras especiales para la crianza del West Siberian Laika.

Recognition by the FCI

Since 1980 the Russo-European Laika just like him East Siberian Laika have been recognized as independent breeds by the FCI in addition to the West Siberian Laika. However, the Yakutian Laika, así como otros tipos de Laïka, as the Jezdoraja Laika, the Nenezker Weather or the Karelo-Finnish Laika, are not internationally recognized until now. Within the FCI the three breeds of Laïka are classified in the group 5, Together with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the Karelian Bear Dog, form the Section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs” within this group.

Physical characteristics

Es un perro de cacería de utilidad variable, but also shooting or for sledge. Is medium-sized, Slim and strong Constitution. Her bone structure is well developed, is not mass or rough. Muscle is strong and well developed. It has a strongly coiled tail, He takes her on the back or the back.

Its fur is hard, short, with developed internal fluff. The outer layer is thick and straight. The internal fluff is abundant and dense hair's outer layer which gives a distant and leafy appearance. In the head, You ears and part of limb hair is short. On the cross, neck and back of legs the hair is longer than forming a collar in the region of the neck and a beard in the cheek area; the rear extremities presents some feathers.

Is white, salt and pepper, Red or gray in all colors. Allow the color black, also spotted or with the same color plates.

Strong similarity to the wolf

With the often hairier males, it even produces a kind of mane. Esta característica recuerda a un lobo, with which the Laïka not only share the pointed and high ears, narrow wedge-shaped head and small oblique eyes, but also strong teeth and coat color, often similar to wolf.

Colores variados del pelaje y una típica cola a rayas

However, the colors of him West Siberian laika son muy diversos según la amplia área de distribución de la raza y el gran número de trazos locales, ranging from pure white to black, pepper and salt, the color of the wolf, reddish brown, grey, the pied or the spotted. Característica de todas las razas de Russian Laika is the striking striped tail, worn both on the side and on the back.

Character and skills

Independent hunter and close ally.

Como la mayoría de los perros de caza, the West Siberian Laika also has some independence. Not only in hunting, but also as a watchdog, perro de compañía o perro de trineo, a veces actúa de forma independiente y autónoma. However, this does not mean that it cannot adapt to its humans. On the contrary: the Laïka feels closely connected to her reference person and always seeks their proximity. Even when hunting, nunca se aleja demasiado de su guía y se asegura cada 20 or 30 minutes of hunter following.

The intense relationship with humans allows him Laïka a pesar de sus raíces originales – be used as a herding dog, protection, guard or shooting.

Life in the family

Once an owner has earned the trust of his Laïka, even the most demanding training goals can be achieved. It is important that the West Siberian Laika have a firm place in your “in the sense” from the beginning and allow him to participate closely in the life of his people. In doing so, is closely linked to your “líder de la manada”, but also shows himself as a patient and loving companion when dealing with other family members, especially with the children. If you socialize early and comprehensively, living with other dogs and pets usually works without problems.

Activities “West Siberian Laika”

A pesar de estas características, the West Siberian Laika is and remains primarily a working dog, for which his “work” is as important as its people. A life as a pure domestic and family dog ​​certainly does not do justice to its nature.. Only if you can sufficiently demonstrate your stamina, agility, speed and intelligence, will present himself at home as a calm and balanced companion.

The West Siberian Laika I want to be “needy” and, therefore, debe recibir definitivamente una tarea que lo desafíe tanto física como mentalmente. Owners who don't run their Laïka like the hunter he is, they must provide for sufficient substitute employment, for example, in sport form (Agility), training dog sport, runway and nose work or training as a rescue dog.

Health “West Siberian Laika”

Unlike many other dog breeds, which often developed rather by coincidence, los perros rusos ya tenían desde muy temprano ideas exactas sobre las características útiles de esta raza. La cría de el West Siberian Laika pronto fue sometida a estrictos controles y tuvo lugar en estaciones de cría aprobadas por el estado central. In order to preserve the excellent qualities of hunting, officially organized tests were introduced. Los perros que no cumplían con los altos requisitos de uso fueron excluidos sistemáticamente de la cría.

Healthy and robust working dogs

Strict breeding requirements and tough selection led to the good hunting dog qualities and excellent sensory perceptions of dogs being preserved to this day. At the same time, high concentration on utility ensured that outward appearances became less of an affair. A breeding of pure beauty, that as the examples of other dog breeds show, a menudo conducía a problemas de salud, was avoided in the West Siberian Laika. Las enfermedades hereditarias típicas de la raza, with which fashionable dogs often fight, are not known in this original breed. Even generalized joint diseases, such as dysplasia of the hip joint (HD), rarely occur in this Laïka.

Nutrition “West Siberian Laika”

Dog owners shouldn't change their diet too often either.. Although the West Siberian Laika is not very picky about his diet, los constantes cambios en el plato de comida podrían sobrecargar incluso su robusto estómago. As a descendant of the wolf, dogs don't need many different foods to stay healthy. Unlike us humans, que deberíamos tener una dieta tan variada como sea posible y cuyo menú incluya carne, fish and vegetables, así como patatas, noodles and other cereal products, dogs need meat above all. Both their teeth and their digestion are oriented to the processing of foods based on meat. Different types of meat and changing tastes are, by the way, desirable with respect to this main ingredient.

Discover our selection of dog food.

Pay attention to your dog's nutritional needs. Tanto si alimenta a su perro con carne húmeda, dry, raw (BARF) or cooked, es importante que la cantidad y el contenido del alimento satisfaga las necesidades nutricionales específicas de su perro. These requirements depend on very individual criteria such as race, size, age, activity level and health status and may vary accordingly. If the composition is correct, a Laïka adulto puede arreglárselas con una o dos comidas al día. Después de la alimentación, el cuenco de alimentación debe ser limpiado y sólo debe estar disponible de nuevo al día siguiente o para la siguiente comida. It is better to avoid snacking between meals or the constant administration of treats. However, fresh drinking water should always be available for your dog.

Buying a West Siberian Laika

With his healthy nature, robust and original, the West Siberian Laika satisfies the desire of many dog ​​lovers for something “Wild” in our modern and civilized everyday life. Y por último, but not less important, the wolf appearance of this breed fascinates people. This natural beauty, coupled with excellent hunting performance, made of him West Siberian laika one of the most popular dog breeds of the former Soviet Union already in 1960.

¿Cuánto cuesta un cachorro de “West Siberian Laika”?

In Europe, the Time to fall todavía se ve raramente. Así que es extremadamente difícil fuera de Rusia conseguir un Laika de pura raza de una línea de cría probada. Long, arduous roads and a comparatively high puppy price between 1.300 and 1.500 EUR are the rule. Aunque hayas encontrado un criador adecuado después de una larga búsqueda, you may be advised not to buy a Laïka. Don't be surprised if during the first meeting you are asked very personal questions about your profession., their living conditions, your future plans and marital status. For committed and serious breeders, the welfare of dogs is, en última instancia, more important than financial benefit. Después de todo, keeping such a demanding animal takes a long time, experience and space.

Las personas que se sienten principalmente atraídas por la apariencia y la originalidad de este Laïka they must therefore carefully consider whether their living conditions and character really fit this breed. Si al final todavía estás convencido de que el West Siberian Laika is the correct breed, you must prepare well for the purchase of the new “family member”. Not only are you doing yourself a favor, but above all the dog, because this Laïka demands your undivided attention “handler” and does not tolerate a change of owner very well.

Cuidados para el “West Siberian Laika”

Although the West Siberian Laika he is a very robust dog, you need not only a healthy diet but also proper care to stay healthy and vital. Its hard and soft top layer repels dirt and water well, pero aún así debe cepillarse regularmente (about twice a week). During the change of coat, you Laïka should be brushed daily to remove dead hair and strands. In general, los dueños de esta raza de perro no deberían ser molestados por el pelo de los perros en la casa, because although the West Siberian Laika he is basically a very clean dog, lose a lot of hair, that spreads across the sofa, the carpet and the floor. In addition to the toilet, the claws should be regularly shortened and the ears, teeth and feet should be checked and cleaned.

Keeping

Regarding the attention, the time required can be manageable, but the use of a Laïka alone takes a lot of time (free). Who chooses a West Siberian Laika no debería por lo tanto tener que trabajar a tiempo completo. Este perro de trabajo orientado al ser humano no está hecho para largos períodos de soledad. As an original hunting dog needs a lot of career, an appropriate task and lots of contact with your reference person. A hatchery in a small town flat is, therefore, as unsuitable as a kennel. El perro de raza siberiana se siente más cómodo en una casa con un gran jardín vallado, where you can be close to your humans at all times.

No dog for beginners

Also for the education of this Laïka a close relationship between dog and human is a basic requirement. Si su perro confía en usted, puede confiar en su competencia y soberanía comolíder de la manaday está seguro de su cercanía y amor, will follow you willingly – a pesar de sus raíces originales como perro de caza independiente. Pero para cumplir de manera fiable el papel de un líder competente de la manada, technical knowledge is required, consistency and strength of character. The West Siberian Laika certainly not a beginner dog.

Characteristics "West Siberian Laika"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "West Siberian Laika" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "West Siberian Laika"

Photos:

1 – “West Siberian Laika” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Siberian_Laika.jpg
2 – “West Siberian Laika” by ecured
3 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas / CC BY-SA
4 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas / CC BY-SA
5 – First-generation (F1) wolf-dog hybrid from Wildlife Park Kadzidlowo, Poland (photos: A. Krzywinski) by Maris Hindrikson et al / CC BY
6 – This is a 4 month old West Siberian Laika female pup. It is at this stage when a WSL pups unique natural hunting instincts become evident by Meribelles at English Wikipedia / CC BY-SA

Videos "West Siberian Laika"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 306
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With proof of work..

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.


FCI breed standard "West Siberian Laika"

FCIFCI - West Siberian Laika
Laïka

Alternative names:

    1. WSL, Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (English).
    2. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (French).
    3. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (German).
    4. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (Portuguese).
    5. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (español).
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