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Colombian Gegar
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

Gegar Colombiano

Content

History

The Colombian Gegar (Gegar Colombiano) It is a dog breed created by the late Germán García y García, recognized breeder of dogs in Colombia where the race is named.

Research for the creation of this race begins in 1975, This is practically a new race, created with the intention that Colombia had a national dog with standard, as the Peruvian Inca, the Dogo Argentino, the Fila Brasileiro or the Chihuahua Mexican.

It's still a breed in the making, at around 200 copies located in Bogotá, Ibagué and los Llanos.

He is a descendant of the Basenji, the Canaan Dog and a primitive breed from the interior of the Colombian country, that currently is considered extinct. However, it is common to see similarities between the “Gegar” and the wild dogs or “Creole” also called “Gozques“, you roam the streets of the Colombian cities.

"Colombian Gegar"

Gegar Colombiano
Colombian Gegar – Mbloodt, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

The research for the development of the breed, headed by Germán García y García begins with an extensive tour of the Colombian Atlantic Coast, García y García realized that similar "races" existed in the towns of this region., similar to a European race, exactly from Spain and that were brought to Colombia at the time of the Conquest, According to García y García, in this part of the investigation, he did not have to make a major investment in the acquisition of these specimens., that on average one hundred pesos of the time paid by animal.

The second part of the research was developed in Bogotá where Germán García y García meeting 20 Creole dogs or “Gozques” How are they known in the country?, in order to establish that the wild dogs (Gozques) they are the product of a mixture which began with the Ibizan Hound, native of Ibiza, breed brought by the Spanish to America.

This race, very popular in Mallorca, joined to the Basenji, that arrived aboard slave ships from Africa and whose characteristic is a rarity among canines: no bark, as dogs, but meows, as cats.

The crossing of that Spanish dog with this African one resulted in this particular “Creole” breed., or “Gozque“, with that shortly after the conquest were populated coastal areas of the Magdalena, like the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Guatemala, Panama and the other countries where Spaniards and Africans landed with their pets.

Inside the investigations Garcia and Garcia He also warned of the similarity that Colombian specimens have with the breed Cirneco dell'Etna, very popular in the region of Sicily, Italy. That is when the first obstacle of the investigation would appear., since no specimen of this breed could be brought to the country. So decide to bring a Basenji, but the crosses with the Colombian trees are a failure. Although it achieved three generations, the expected result was not achieved. Ears not stopped and even barked.

Garcia and Garcia continues with the investigation in Mexico where as a jury in a world dog show is located, not only with the races he knew, If not with a totally new for him, the Canaan Dog, It is identical in many ways the Colombian native dog. Garcia and Garcia make crosses with these millennial dogs and finally, achieved what I wanted, an animal taller than the "criollo", with almost the same measurements at Basenji, zealous guardian, with a feathered tail and other characteristics exclusive to this breed.

Among the special features are, his extreme loyalty to the master, distrust to strangers, excellent Hunter, vigilant and boisterous and of great economy, because it does not require a special diet.

Physical characteristics

It is a small breed due to crossings which comes from, but it is a heavy-duty sniffer, excellent sense of smell and good habits of cleanliness, Constitution solid, its head is triangular skull measured the same as the snout, ears large in proportion to the head, upright, almond-shaped eyes, with scissor bite, not very short neck, long balanced body level dorsal line. Their front legs are straight, the later ones with low angle, queue in the form of sickle on the back.

The male measures of 38 to 43 cm and female 35,5 to 40,5 cm to the cross, and the weight of the males is of 10 to 14 kilos and the female 8 to 12 Kg.

Is chestnut pure and striped, in light shades to dark and can have these freckles of the same base color and white spots.

Character and skills

His temperament is of nobility to their masters, but rather distrustful with strangers, Intelligent, easy to educate, lively, good relationship with children and other pets including other breeds of dog depending on their education.

Great instinct for hunting, especially of animals such as hares and rabbits, and even rats, of great physical activity, He likes to work and activities with his master. Its longevity varies between 10 and 15 years of life.

Videos "Colombian Gegar"

Meet the Colombian dog breed

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Greyhound (English Greyhound)
Irlanda Gran Bretañaa FCI 158 . Short-haired Sighthounds

The Greyhound It is a breed of dog that is used mainly as a companion and competition animal..

Galgo Inglés

Content

Characteristics "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Greyhound (English Greyhound)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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History

There are several explanations about the origin of the name Greyhound. Some say it is due to the gray color of the breed, but the most popular theory is that the name comes from Old English “grei”, What dog, and “hundr”, what does hunter mean.

Whatever the origin of your name, the Greyhound it is one of the oldest dog breeds, which is confirmed by its genetic characteristics. It also, although it is impossible to determine the exact date, the first mentions of this breed date back to more than 8.000 years.

More recently, it was also depicted in drawings from ancient Egypt (3200-1100 a.C.). There is also evidence of its presence and use in ancient Greece (766-323 a.C.). He was already known for his athletic qualities and great speed., and the Greeks already organized dog races.

Later, the Greyhound It is also mentioned in the writings of the Roman poet Ovid (43-17 or 18 a.C.). It is also the only breed of dog mentioned in the Bible..

It is very likely that it originated in the Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound), who accompanied Phoenician sailors in ancient times. They used him as a hunting dog in the desert, activity in which its speed and robustness worked wonders. The Arabian Greyhound has long been recognized as a sign of nobility, and was especially known in dog racing.

The Greyhound has also been portrayed throughout history as a noble canine breed, both in art and literature, especially in english. In fact, have long been associated with royalty. Many medieval tapestries depict the dog as a companion of the aristocracy and the kings of France and England.. It was generally used for hunting deer and wild boar.. Between the 11th and 14th centuries, an english law (the Canute Laws of Great Britain, enacted in 1016) it even stipulated that no criminal could possess a greyhound, which further confirmed the prestige of the breed.

After an undeniable success throughout Europe, It is said that it appeared in America in the 16th century, brought by Spanish explorers.

Three centuries later, when the first dog shows were organized in England and the United States, was immediately one of the first breeds to be exhibited. Nothing less than 18 Sighthounds Englishmen competed in the first Westminster Kennel Club show in 1877.

On the american side, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1885. The first greyhound race was held there the following year, in 1886, although the National Greyhound Association was not founded until twenty years later, in 1906.

Dog racing is still very popular in the United States and other countries, and the Greyhound still a favorite. In fact, nicknamed “the cheetah of the canine world”, can reach speeds higher than those of any of its peers: he is the fastest dog in the world. It must be said that this breed has been selected for thousands of years to hunt leaving its prey behind, so today it can reach speeds of about 70 km/h. But, just like the cheetah, the maximum speed of the Greyhound can only be reached in a short distance, since it does not have a great resistance.

And if that was not enough, he is also very skilled, able to anticipate each movement of a prey and to change direction quickly while maintaining high speed. They also have the ability to perform prodigious jumps.: one of its representatives holds the world record for high jump among dogs since 2006, with a jump of 1,72 height meters performed without running.

On an international level, the Greyhound has become known mainly through races and dog shows. The breed was recognized in the late 19th century by the British Kennel Club and by the American Kennel Club (1885). The United Kennel Club (UKC) American and the International Cynological Federation (FCI) it took a little longer, waiting until 1914 to do the same.

More recently, the misfortunes of these dogs have contributed in some way to their notoriety. In fact, Greyhound racing has been the subject of controversy regarding its ethics and, above all, to the fate of retired greyhounds. In fact, the latter are often abandoned, Euthanized or sold to laboratories for use in animal experiments. Many shelters and animal protection organizations have taken up the issue, to the point where greyhounds - including the Greyhound– have gained in popularity as family dogs.

Physical characteristics

The Greyhound characterized by a slim body with a slightly arched back, a long neck, a long, thin head and ears usually folded over the neck. The tail is low, quite long and slightly curved. The torso is generally broad, as it houses large lungs and a fairly large heart.

In fact, this dog has physical characteristics that allow it to run at incredible speeds. Every line of your body is an advantage in this regard.: its length, his thinness, his deep chest, your flexible spine, its strong hind legs, his long tail and remarkable hips combine to make him a very powerful dog.

But, there is a physical distinction between two types of greyhounds: the Greyhound racing and the Greyhound competition. In general, the English racing greyhound is smaller: the height of the male ranges from 63 and 76 cm., that of the female between 61 and 74 cm.. Its weight is also slightly lower. The racing greyhound also has a more muscular neck and shoulders than the show greyhound., that looks slimmer, despite its larger size: of 71 to 76 cm for the male, and 68 to 74 cm for female.

Last, whether they are racing dogs or show dogs, English greyhounds have a short, very fine coat that requires very little maintenance. Their fur comes in a wide variety of colors: white, brown, red, gray and brindle.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 63 – 76 cm.
▷ female size: 61 – 74 cm.
▷ Male weight: 30 – 35 kg
▷ female weight: 28 – 32 kg

Character and skills

The Greyhound is known to be a very intelligent dog, playful, obedient, strong and robust.

He is also a very kind companion, showing very little aggressiveness towards other dogs. This is because this breed was specially selected to run and hunt in a group.. On the other hand, its prey hunting instinct is extremely strong, so it may not be suitable for a household with a small pet, like a rabbit. So that this coexistence is possible, the puppy will need a lot of socialization and training to temper his hunting instinct from an early age. In any case, keep in mind that the hunting instinct is very strong in this breed; even though he has gotten used to his presence, it is recommended to supervise in all circumstances their possible coexistence with small domestic animals.

His hunting instinct also explains that, when going for a walk with your dog, your strap must always be well fastened. He is the most athletic of all dogs and is capable of reaching speeds even a runner cannot. 100 meters can approach. This means that it would be very difficult for a careless owner to try to catch up with his Greyhound.

If coexistence with other species can be problematic, The same should not happen with living with children. The Greyhound He is an excellent family dog ​​and is very tolerant of children. But, it is recommended to avoid living with young children or those who are not used to interacting with dogs. Having said that, When the Greyhound you are in an inappropriate situation, will usually try to get away from her, instead of growling or biting.

On the other hand, Exposure to crowds can cause real stress in a Greyhound insufficiently socialized. But, they are not usually aggressive towards strangers: they usually limit themselves to barking or making a specific movement of the ears to warn their owners of the presence of a stranger.

It also, contrary to what his athletic abilities might suggest, they require less exercise than most other breeds, since they do not have a great resistance. The Greyhound It is also a very docile and calm dog that loves naps. In fact, his favorite activity is… have no activity! He's glad to spend the day just dozing, surrounded by his family.

Thus, the Greyhound it is a breed of dog suitable for a flat or a house with a small garden. Despite his large size and athletic build, space is not a problem for him, as long as its owner offers a comfortable and cozy place to rest. But, it is recommended to provide the garden with a solid fence to prevent the dog from running away if it occurs to him to chase other animals beyond his territory. But, an electric fence for dogs is often ineffective with them, since his hunting instinct prevails.

Last, it is usually recommended that Greyhound retirees available for adoption wear muzzles, as they may be tempted to bite smaller dogs or other animals. But, this may be a temporary measure while your new pet adjusts to his new environment and you gain better control of his temper. It also, as most dogs have lived with other dogs and with humans, may suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for a long time. Shelters and other organizations that facilitate the adoption of these dogs are often a good source of information to guide you in finding the right companion.

In any case, there is no genetic evidence of behavioral differences between the two types of Greyhound. So, if there are such differences, breeders attribute them to the training and experience of each dog.

Education

The Greyhound it is a very intelligent breed of dog, and it is quite easy to train. Usually, they are very obedient and learn quickly. But, they can be stubborn with certain orders, so patience and perseverance are the keywords to keep in mind during training. This may be the case when teaching your dog to sit., since it is quite an awkward position for him. Does not adopt it naturally, and rather it seems that it is balanced on its tail.

As he is quite proud and has a sensitive temperament, it is better not to be rude or aggressive with him, and this is especially true when trained. Dog training techniques that use positive reinforcement rather than punishment are the most successful with this breed. This is the case, above all, if food is used as a motivator.

In general, the Greyhound is loyal but independent, and requires a secure owner. Usually, quickly bond with their owner and obey him as soon as they learn his job.

Last, it is especially important to socialize him with other dogs and humans of all kinds from an early age, so as not to let his natural shyness get the better of him. If this happens, you may have a hard time adjusting to changes in your environment or your schedule. Various socialization techniques can be used, how to enroll him in a puppy school, stroll it through public gardens or take it to outdoor events. In any case, it is important to provide a variety of opportunities and types of socialization so that your dog is as comfortable as possible in public and in interactions with humans.

Health

The Greyhound is especially prone to certain diseases: Hip Dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, von Willebrand disease and gastric problems.

The Dysplasia in dogs it is a developmental anomaly of a tissue that is present from birth and causes deformities. It is especially prevalent in racing sighthounds, since excessive physical activity accelerates the onset and development of the disease.

As the Greyhound is sensitive to intestinal inflammation, physical activity should be avoided - including simple walking- in the 30 minutes before or after a meal. This is because intestinal bloating can lead to inflammation or even twisting of the stomach., what can be deadly.

The Hypothyroidism in dogs it means that the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. The consequences can range from reduced fertility to more serious problems, like dog obesity, lethargy and irregular heat cycles. But, although this breed is actually prone to hypothyroidism, it is not uncommon for individuals to be misdiagnosed due to lack of knowledge of their normal hormone levels. So, it is important to choose a veterinarian who knows the physiological peculiarities of the Greyhound, related to the fact that it has a slightly larger heart than other dogs. This leads to higher blood pressure and, often, to a slight heart murmur. It is not a problem, but a veterinarian unaware of this feature could make an incorrect diagnosis.

The von Willebrand disease is the most common inherited blood clotting disorder in dogs.

It also, the Greyhound you are at risk of being overweight, especially individuals withdrawing from careers. It is common for them to win around 2 kg, but you have to be careful not to exceed this threshold. So, it is important to carefully monitor your dog's weight and not overfeed it.

The Greyhound used for racing also have dental hygiene problems. This health problem is not shared with individuals used for dog shows and the cause does not appear to be genetic., rather it is due to the living conditions of the racing dogs.

Last, due to its short coat and low percentage of fat, the Greyhound it is a breed sensitive to cold. It is recommended to equip it with a dog coat when you go out in cold or rainy weather, and make sure you always have a warm place to rest. For the same reason, make sure the places where you can rest are soft, to avoid the appearance of bedsores (also known as “bed sores”).

The low percentage of body fat also makes the Greyhound is more sensitive than other breeds to anesthetics and certain medications. So, it is recommended to choose a veterinarian who is familiar with the breed and its physiology (including hormone levels) to avoid misdiagnosis or inappropriate treatment.

Life expectancy

10 to 13 years

Grooming

The Greyhound it is a low maintenance breed, as its short, shiny coat requires little brushing. Brush the dog's coat weekly, preferably with a comb or a rubber glove, it is enough to remove dead skin and excess hair, while helping to distribute body oils to keep the coat shiny. During brushing, it is advisable to examine the skin for redness and lesions, especially around the nose, mouth, eyes and paws.

If the coat is well groomed, the Greyhound rarely need a bath.

But, are prone to dental hygiene problems, so regular brushing is recommended to avoid plaque build-up.

It also, like the ears of the Greyhound they are usually bent, it is important to inspect them weekly to avoid the development of infections, manifested by the presence of redness and / or bad smells. The outer part of the ear can be cleaned with a cotton swab slightly moistened with a special solution for cleaning dogs' ears.. But, it is important never to insert anything into the ear canal.

Last, if they do not wear out naturally due to a rather sedentary lifestyle, it is necessary to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month to avoid scratches or other problems.

Food

To limit the risk of obesity, it is recommended to measure the food that is given to the greyhound and divide it into two portions: one in the morning and one at night.

As a general rule, of 2,5 to 4 cups of quality dry feed are sufficient for males and 1,5 to 3 cups for females.

Use

The Greyhound was first used as a hunting dog, which explains why the tracking instinct is still very present in this breed, although this use has almost disappeared.

It also, This breed has long been recognized for its athletic abilities and remains one of the most widely represented in dog sports today. Of course, the breed is especially known for sighthound racing, whether by sight or by chance. It was in his home country, Great Britain, where the Sighted Pursuit in the middle of the 18th century, and where the races on artificial hares made their appearance in 1927. It also, the Greyhound also usually participates in obedience and agility competitions.

In addition to the sports lines of the Greyhound, there are also lines for dog shows.

Last, the Greyhound increasingly used as a companion dog, and it has many qualities for it. A person who wishes to adopt a Greyhound as a companion dog you can certainly opt for a puppy, which is always an attractive option, but keep in mind that there are also many available Greyhound retired adults (sometimes prematurely), and they can represent a magnificent option. In fact, in recent years, many non-profit organizations (shelters, animal protection associations, etc.) campaigns have been launched to raise awareness among the general public about the fate of greyhounds used for racing (abandonment, euthanasia, sale to laboratories, etc.) and to find adoptive families for retired copies. This has allowed the general public to better understand the Greyhound and its potential as a family dog.

Price

The price of a Greyhound of a professional breeder varies between 900 and 3.600 EUR. This very wide range is explained by the fact that the price depends largely on the lineage of the dog and its age.: in general, increases with age, especially in the case of racing sighthounds that have begun their training.

In the case of horses withdrawn from races and available for adoption in shelters, the price to adopt a Greyhound usually oscillates between 250 and 300 EUR, depending on the care offered by the shelter in question.

Images "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

Photos:

1 – Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/galgos-windhunderennen-5373255/
2 – Greyhound by Adam.J.W.C., CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Greyhound by MTSOfan
4 – Greyhound striped (1 year) and male greyhound (8 months) leonado. by Tux-Man, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Greyhound by No machine-readable author provided. Pleple2000 assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Greyhound by https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/greyhound/

Videos "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"


Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hounds Toy
  • ANKC – (Hounds)
  • CKC – Hounds
  • ​KC – Hounds
  • NZKC – Hounds Toy
  • UKC – Hounds


FCI breed standard "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

FCIFCI - Greyhound (English Greyhound)
Greyhound

Alternative names:

1. English Greyhound (English).
2. Greyhound (French).
3. Großer Englischer Windhund (German).
4. (em inglês: Greyhound) (Portuguese).
5. Lebrel ingés, Greyhound (español).

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Golden Retriever
Escocia FCI 111 . Retrievers

Golden Retriever

The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age.

Content

History

The origin of the “Golden Retriever”, a specialized hunter in charge of returning the hunted game, it is quite discussed.

It may have originated in the Caucasus Mountains, where he was raised from a group of dogs related to him Leonberger, and then brought to Britain in the 19th century, or that it descends from a couple of dogs bought in 1858 to a Russian circus for a future English lord, Sir Dudley Marjoribanks.

Wavy Coated Terrier
Wavy Coated Terrier (We)

Behind the myth, we know that this man, also known as Lord Tweedmouth, I raised dogs since 1835. It is said that he made a decisive crossing between two subjects destined to become the great ancestors of the Golden Retriever. In fact, had a Wavy Coated Terrier yellow, called Nous, as well as a female Tweed Water Spaniel, called belle. In a photograph in which Nous poses, we discovered a curly dog, whose size, bone structure and head appear powerful.

In 1868, Lord Tweedmouth apareó a Nous y Belle. The historic litter is born. It is made up of a male, called crocus, and three females, There is, Primrose y Cowslip. The breeder then continues a patient work of inbreeding selection with two yellow females and another Tweed Water, a male named Tweed. In this lineage there are two black Retrievers, Sambo and Tracer, a Irish Setter, Sampson, as well as a Bloodhound sand-colored. This selection work was recorded in his breeding book, preserved today by the English Kennel Club.

The Lord's goal was to create a race that would meet the requirements of a “gentleman farmer“, that is to say, a dog with an impeccable nose for hunting waterfowl, but also with excellent skills in fields as varied as rescue or assistance to people with disabilities. He had to be an intelligent and loyal companion, be patient with children and calm at home.

In 1903, the English Kennel Club accepted the registration of the first Goldens, registered as Flat-coated Retriever variety Golden.

English Winifired Charlesworth, which contributed greatly to the recognition of the Flat-coated Retriever like a different race, wrote the first standard for the breed Golden Retriever in 1910.

In 1911 created the Golden Retriever Club of England and the English Kennel Club recognized the Golden Retriever as a race in its own right.

In France, the Retrievers most common were Labradors, and only in the decade of 1930, through breeding, the first appeared Golden Retriever in the territory. A first French litter was officially registered with the English Kennel Club in 1934, produced by the Conde Jules de Bonvouloir (with affix “of Saint-Jean-du-Bois“). The latter became president of the Retriever Club de France in the years 40.

The popularity of the Golden Retriever grew dramatically from the end of the years 80, becoming one of the favorite dogs of the French for its friendly nature, franco, playful and helpful.

Physical characteristics

The Golden Retriever is similar in appearance to Labrador Retriever. It is a harmonious dog, powerful and robust, but with a soft expression. His head is wide, his nose is black and his eyes, very separate, are dark brown. His ears are medium in size and hanging, placed at eye level. The tail is carried over the back, does not curl and reaches the hock.

The coat of the Golden it's thick and silky. Hair is straight or wavy, fringed. The undercoat is thick and the exudate (a kind of fat secreted by the skin) makes it very waterproof and protects it from the cold, so the Golden it can stay a long time in streams and rivers without any problem, even in winter.

The webbed shape of its legs also makes it easy to retrieve waterfowl.

The coat colors accepted by the standard are creamy white to dark gold. Snow white colors are not supported, Mahogany, chocolate or black.

Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 56 to 61 cm.
    ▷ female size: Of 51 to 56 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 29 to 31 kg
    ▷ female weight: Of 25 to 27 kg

Character and skills

The Golden Retriever he is naturally meek, friendly and devoted to his caretaker. If as a puppy it can be exuberant, as an adult it is a calm and serene dog, who feels true passion for his family, of which he is considered a full member, to the point of overflowing with love for children. For its gentle character, suits young families and older people alike.

He is a tireless playmate, a dog full of life, who cannot stand loneliness and needs a presence by his side. So, will be unhappy if separated too often from their masters. Sometimes has a side “sticky”, he likes to please his master by bringing slippers or mail, for example. To put it plainly, pleasing his owner also pleases himself.

The Golden Retriever do not have a natural guardian instinct and come into contact with strangers, both humans and animals, quite easily.

The Golden Retriever it is one of the most intelligent dog breeds, since he understands everything that happens around him.

Although they prefer the countryside, the Golden Retriever they also adapt very well to living in an apartment, provided they are given long walks several times a day. In fact, whether it rains or it is windy, you need to do exercise.

Education

Despite her soft mischievous eyes, the Golden Retriever needs a gentle and firm education at the same time. In effect, he is a real comedian, and before her charming eyes, one soon lets oneself be overwhelmed by a love that grows every day, but what can make one go blind.

As the Golden Retriever he's a bit stubborn when he's young, their education must be done through encouragement and not coercion. Otherwise, his stubborn and somewhat independent character will resurface, making it difficult to re-establish trust between the owner and the dog.

Last, the Golden Retriever usually have a very good relationship with others Golden Retriever, but it is important to socialize it as soon as possible.

Health

The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age, and your character will stabilize around the 4 years, or even more in some individuals. Its growth must be closely monitored, especially in the skeleton. As with all large dog breeds, it is preferable to avoid jumping and stairs while he is a puppy so as not to risk damaging the cartilage of his joints.

The Golden Retriever is also predisposed:

  • Patella dislocation and torn cruciate ligaments;
  • certain diseases of the musculoskeletal system (Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia);
  • Certain eye diseases (congenital and hereditary cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy…);
  • Certain skin diseases (atopia, dermatitis piotraumática, ictiosis…);
  • Piometrio, a severe uterine infection affecting older, unspayed females.

It also, the Golden Retriever is especially prone to Hip Dysplasia. It is advisable to ensure that the parents are free of these conditions when buying a puppy, requesting the creator of Golden Retriever x-rays and screening tests of the parents.

Last, in regards to the atopia, there is a racial component and not only a family. So, this condition can be triggered even if the parents are free of it.

Life expectancy

Of 10 to 12 years

Grooming

The Golden Retriever have moderate hair loss, even during its annual molt.

But, it is advisable to brush it weekly to detect possible parasites and spikelets, and even daily during the shedding period.

On the other hand, it is preferable not to wash the dog too often, as there is a risk of damaging the natural protection formed by its rough undercoat and oozing.

Last, like the ears of the Golden Retriever they are down, they are fragile. Thus, it is recommended to clean them regularly with suitable products to avoid ear infections.

Use

The Golden Retriever, a race created for this purpose, is primarily a hunting dog, who likes to return game pieces to his master, preferably dead, and often falls into the water. It also, naturally gifted for work, swimming is his favorite sport.

But the Golden Retriever it is also one of the most popular companion dogs.

It also, It is often used for its qualities as a support dog for patients, disabled assistance dog, guide dog for the blind, but also as a rubble dog, drug or bomb search.

Last, the Golden Retriever they are also in high demand today as show dogs.

Price

The purchase price of a Golden Retriever ranges between €500 and €1000 and its maintenance ranges between 1400 and 1500 EUR.

Characteristics "Golden Retriever"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Golden Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

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5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Golden Retriever"

Photos:

1 – One Golden Retriever male with a tennis ball by Scott Beckner, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Golden Retriever by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golden_retriever.jpg
3 – Golden Retriever by https://es.m.wikiquote.org/wiki/Archivo:Callie_the_golden_retriever_puppy.jpg
4 – Golden Retriever by I, Willybu, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Puppy Golden Retriever / young dog in the North Sea (Scheveningen, Hague, Netherlands) by Dirk Vorderstrasse, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Portrait of male Golden Retriever of 3 years by Johan Spaedtke, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Golden Retriever"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Golden Retriever"

FCIFCI - Golden Retriever
Golden

Alternative names:

1. Golden (English).
2. Retriever Golden (French).
3. Golden (German).
4. Golden (Portuguese).
5. Cobrador dorado (español).

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Gordon Setter
Escocia Reino Unido FCI 6 - Setter

Gordon Setter

The name Gordon Setter is due to the Dukes of Richmond-Gordon, creators of the breed

Content

History

Scottish native, the Gordon Setter was called for almost a century Black and Tan Setter, in reference to the color of their fur. Was not up 1924 when its name was changed to The Kennel Club, in memory of the Scottish Duke Alexander Gordon (1743-1827).

The latter played an important role in the development of the breed, creating at the end of the 18th century a hatchery in one of its castles, entirely dedicated to him, which allowed its standardization. Some believe other races also came into play (starting with the Saint Hubert Hound), but at least it is proven that the Gordon Setter is the result of the crossing between English Setter and Colleys. The resulting dogs had various coat colors ranging from black and white to red.. But, the Duke chose to favor black and tan subjects, excluding others from the brood; this explains why all representatives of the breed today wear this coat color.

Like this, the Gordon Setter became popular throughout Scotland and the rest of the UK in the early 19th century, to the point that it was one of the dogs exhibited in the first dog show in modern history, that was held in 1859 en Newcastle. In fact, its ability to adapt to any terrain, even the most rugged, makes you a perfect co-worker for hunting game birds.

Nor did he wait to leave his homeland. Like this, the first import of a Gordon Setter in France it dates back to 1840. Logically, the hunters would have been in charge of taking it to France. Just two years later, in 1842, Rake and Rachel were the first two representatives of the breed to cross the Atlantic and be imported to the United States. Your buyers, George Blunt y Daniel Webster, they acquired the breed directly from the kennel of the 5th Duke of Gordon, son and successor of Alexander Gordon.

The Gordon Setter was one of the first breeds recognized by the Kennel Club, the British organization of reference, since its creation in 1873. It was also one of the first nine breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) when it was founded in 1884. But, the other reference organization in the country, the United Kennel Club (UKC), waited until 1949 to do the same. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) it took even longer, since it was not until 1963 when he had to do the same.

But, although it is recognized around the world, the Gordon Setter is still a relatively rare breed. In United States, the Gordon Setter ranks 110 (of something less than 200) in the AKC breed classification, based on the number of births registered with the AKC each year, and the trend is for a slight decrease. In France, the number of new annual registrations in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) has not stopped declining since the 1990s, having reached a peak in the late eighties. At that time there were more than 1.000, but today there are only a few 600, what to compare, for example, with the more than 5.000 of the English Setter.

In the United Kingdom, the Gordon Setter is considered by the Kennel Club as a vulnerable native breed. But, the number of births registered in the organization each year remains relatively stable around 250.

Physical characteristics

The Gordon Setter is a big dog, robust and well muscled. But, there are differences in size between individuals belonging to display lines and those belonging to hunting lines, the latter being significantly smaller.

The general appearance of the Gordon Setter conveys an impression of nobility and dignity. His chest is not very wide in front and his back is strong, rather short, with well arched ribs. His body is of medium length, short from shoulder to hips. Its tail is rather short and can be straight or slightly curved.

The head is taller than it is wide, with a well developed skull. The upper part of the skull is slightly rounded and the stop is well marked. Located at the end of a long snout, his nose is black and wide, with wide open nostrils. Master a strong and regular jaw.

The eyes of the Gordon Setter they are a good size, not too deep not too bulging. Dark brown and shiny, give it a lively look. Looking at your ears, they are falls, medium size and fine. They are set low and worn close to the head.

Like others Setters, the coat is soft and shiny, smooth or slightly wavy, but it should not be curly. It is of medium length over most of the body. But, is short on the top of the head and on the front of the legs, long and silky at the top of the ears, long and thin on the back of the hind legs. Last, on the belly forms a strip that can extend across the chest and throat.

Its fur is bicolor, mixing deep charcoal black and shiny chestnut. The border between black and brown must be clearly defined.

It also, chestnut-red markings can be seen in different places on the body. This is the case, in particular, above the eyes, with two spots that do not exceed 2 cm each. They are also found in the throat and on each side of the muzzle. They should not exceed the base of the nose; look like a band around the end of the muzzle. There are also two large chestnut-red spots on the chest.

Tan markings are also present on the inside of the hind legs, spreading out from the paws to the toes. They are also present on or slightly above the front legs and around the anus.

Some individuals also have a white patch on the chest and/or black spots on the toes and under the jaw..

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced, since males are not normally taller than 4 cm more at the withers than females.

Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 66 to 66 cm.

    ▷ female size: Of 62 to 62 cm.

    ▷ Male weight: 29 kg

    ▷ female weight: 25 kg

Character and skills

The Gordon Setter He is a kind and very affectionate companion with his master. He is quite energetic in his youth, but it becomes much calmer as an adult.

It is an ideal dog especially with children, with whom he is tolerant and protective, and with whom he enjoys playing. But, given its size, it is better if they are already a certain age, as you will soon be able to involuntarily push them. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, that is to say, without adult supervision. In fact, An accident can happen at any time if you misinterpret a child's behavior and think that they are attacking. The risk of unfortunate consequences - even very serious ones- is even greater with an animal of that size, that could unintentionally upset a young child.

The close bond with the family can become problematic and can be counterproductive if the family has to be away from home often and/or for long periods of time. The dog is very likely to develop separation anxiety, what can lead to destructive behavior, escape attempts or excessive moaning.

You're also likely to be upset if you can't exercise for at least an hour a day. Although it is not at all suitable for an elderly and / or very sedentary person, it is an ideal companion for the owner of a dog who dreams, for example, with jogging with your dog, ride a bike with him or take him for long walks. But, it is essential that the rappelling process is mastered so that the dog can run without a leash, as his hunting instinct can take over at any time. He also likes games and loves to swim and play in the water.

If he is walked several times a day and his important need for exercise is satisfied, the Gordon Setter it is quiet and peaceful inside the home, able to live both in the city and in the country, and easily adapts to apartment living. If you live in a house with a garden, we must ensure that it is well fenced, since he is a fugitive by nature. Using an underground electric fence would not be an effective solution, since your determination is much stronger than the discomfort caused by electrical impulses, especially when it has sniffed a prey. In any case, it cannot be a question of making him live outside. In fact, to be happy and balanced, needs to be surrounded and interact with their masters, to feel like he is a full member of the family pack.

Although at Gordon Setter he likes to be surrounded, you greatly prefer to be around people you know or, at least, of other animals that you are used to seeing. On the other hand, he is quite suspicious, reserved and impassive with strangers, not hesitating to bark if it perceives the slightest danger. So, can be a good watchdog. They are also sometimes aggressive towards other dogs they meet for the first time.. In fact, is often a dog with a dominant temperament, who therefore wishes to seize his companions. A thorough socialization started at a very young age is de rigueur so that you learn to respect them.

But, coexistence with other animals in the home is not impossible, and having a playmate is a good way to avoid boredom in the absence of their masters. In fact, if they have grown up together, everything usually goes very well. On the other hand, the arrival of a new animal at home is only possible if it is used to living with other animals since childhood. If that is not the case, your hunting instinct is likely to lead you to regard the newcomer as prey. The same goes for the animals you see outside, especially those who venture into your garden.

His dominant character, independent and determined can also be a source of problems in the relationship with his master, if he does not know how to impose himself and make his dog respect him. A firm education is essential to prevent him from becoming difficult to handle., doing what he pleases.

Education

The socialization of Gordon Setter should be done at a young age, period when learning is easier, since it is more malleable and adaptable. Thus, it is necessary to get used as often as possible to meet new people and to face all kinds of situations and external stimuli (noises, smells, vehicles…). On the other hand, it is just as essential to teach them to tolerate loneliness, so your teacher's absences don't become a problem later. These two aspects are essential requirements to achieve a balanced and serene companion.

Given its size and its significant need for maintenance, it is convenient to get used to being handled without flinching from an early age, otherwise he will have problems when he is an adult. In view of his strong hunting instinct, learning to remember your dog is at least as important as basic commands (“Sit down”, “walk”, “stay”, etc.). This allows the dog to shed without having to worry too much, which makes it easier for him to exercise by himself and, Therefore, make you feel comfortable. Of course, this is especially important if it is used as a hunting dog. As long as I don't obey this order, must be carried on a leash when walking.

It also, the Gordon Setter it is an intelligent breed of dog and learns quickly. But, as is often the case with intelligent dogs, They are not the kind that take for granted: with a strong character, can quickly become very stubborn. This means that, to be obedient, You have to give him a firm education to prevent his intelligence from turning against his master and getting the best of him as soon as he gets home. But, do not punish your dog in any way when he does something wrong: as the Gordon Setter not really receptive to reprimands, it is better to opt for the positive reinforcement method, with the help of treats in particular.

Last, if it is intended to be used for hunting, the report and the notion of resignation are added to the reminder as indispensable teachings. In effect, must be able at all times to return when his master calls him, to catch a prey without biting it and to give it up if its owner asks.

Health

The Gordon Setter is generally in good health.

But, may be exposed to various pathologies of varying severity, as :

  • The stomach dilation-torsion syndrome, common to most large breeds of dogs and can lead to rapid death of the animal if not attended to quickly;
  • The hip and elbow dysplasia, also common in large dogs. Produces pain and lameness caused by inflammation of the joints, which can lead to osteoarthritis.
  • The progressive retinal atrophy, an inherited disease that causes retinal degeneration and can lead to total loss of vision;
  • The Hypothyroidism, a hormonal disorder responsible for many symptoms that vary from person to person;
    ear infections, due to the drooping shape of their ears;
  • The abiotrofia cortical cerebelosa, a severe inherited neurological disease due to premature degeneration of cerebellar cells. If adopted from a breeder Gordon Setter, DNA test results should be requested to establish that the puppy does not have the gene responsible for this disease. In any case, a worthy breeder does not breed an individual with a genetic disease. In the case of adoption by another route, DNA testing can be done before taking the plunge, in order to rule out this risk.

It also, as with all large breeds, It is strongly recommended to avoid subjecting a puppy to Gordon Setter to excessive physical exertion. In effect, it is very fragile during its growth, especially at the level of your bones and joints. The utmost care must be taken during this period.

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

The coat of the Gordon Setter requires special care and maintenance. Brushing two to three times a week with a brush or glove is essential for the sebum to be well distributed throughout the coat., removing dead hairs and preventing them from tangling. Although hair loss is moderate, brushing should be daily, during the seasonal moult in spring and fall. It is also necessary to wash the dog once every one or two months to avoid bad smells and clean its coat: due to hair length, tends to collect dirt easily. But, you must be careful not to wet the inside of their ears, as it is easily prone to ear infections.

It also, the hair between the pads and inside the ears should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infections caused by small plants or spikelets that could get stuck in the pads.

It also, pay special attention to your ears. Like any dog ​​with floppy ears, are at increased risk of infections (otitis, etc.). So, should be inspected and cleaned at least once a week, and ideally every time the dog comes into contact with water, for example during a hunting trip or after bathing. This is also an opportunity to check your eyes and clean them if necessary..

Looking at your teeth, cleaning is necessary at least once a week, as for all other dogs. Regular use of a dog toothbrush or finger pad will help limit tartar and bad breath..

Last, given your level of activity, natural wear and tear is usually enough to trim the claws of the Gordon Setter. But, as you get older or don't walk enough, claws can become too long and become a nuisance or even injury. If this happens, must be trimmed with a special file or nail clippers. If the owner is not very comfortable with this maintenance task, you can ask your vet to do it or, at least, teach him how to do it so he can do it himself.

Use

Born hunter, the Gordon Setter has long been used as a hunting dog and as a pointing and collecting dog. Although they are not very fast compared to others Setter, their stamina and keen sense of smell make them excellent woodcock hunters, partridges and retrievers.

Today, although they are still used primarily as bird hunting dogs, they are also increasingly found as companion and show dogs. His calm character, gentle and affectionate makes them very endearing pets, as long as their owners are able to satisfy their need for exercise.

Their loyalty to their owners and their distrust of strangers also make them excellent watchdogs.. So, it is also a good companion for canicross, canine mountain biking or any other sporting activity, thanks above all to its resistance and its robust character.

Last, its elegance, as well as his noble attitude, also make him a competitor of choice in canine beauty contests.

Price

The price of a puppy Gordon Setter varies between the 700 and 1200 euros in Europe .

Regardless of location, price differences from one individual to another are explained by their greater or lesser conformity with the norm, as well as by their sex: males are significantly more expensive than females.

Characteristics "Gordon Setter"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Gordon Setter" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Gordon Setter"

Photos:

1 – The picture shows a Gordon Setter in the typical work of the race in the field. by Nordic-Gordon-Hunters, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Gordon Setter by richkidsunite
3 – Gordon Setter at a dog show in Konopiska, Poland. by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Gordon Setter at a dog show in Konopiska, Polonia by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Gordon Setter by https://pixabay.com/photos/dog-setter-gordon-animal-pet-4320937/
6 – Gordon Setter by https://pixabay.com/photos/dog-setter-gordon-animal-pet-4320945/

Videos "Gordon Setter"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 2: British and Irish Pointers and Setters. 2.2: Setter
  • AKCSporting
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Gordon Setter"

FCIFCI - Gordon Setter
Gordon

Alternative names:

1. Black and tans (English).
2. Setter Gordon (French).
3. Gordon Setter (German).
4. Setter gordon (Portuguese).
5. Setter escocés (español).

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Large Münsterländer
Alemania FCI 118 . Spaniel type

Münsterländer Grande

Nature Large Münsterländer is lively but not express nervousness.

Content

History

Historically, the Large Münsterländer, It was a dog used to hunt birds and hawks in the middle ages, its origins are located in the trackers and retrievers, as well as sample of 19th century dogs.

The Large Münsterländer is considered to be, similar to the Small Munsterlander and the German Longhaired Pointer as part of the family of Pointing Dogs germans, whose professional parenting was beginning around the end of the 19th century.

After the “Deutscher-Langhaar-Verein” it excluded definitively to the black dog in 1909, the “Association for the pure breeding of the long-haired black-white Münsterländer Pointing Dog”, founded in 1919, assumed the raising of the black and white Longhair. Once the remaining, still extant dogs of this long-haired native breed were documented in an original list, mostly from the eastern Münster region and Lower Saxony, the Association began in 1922 planned parenting Large Münsterländer.

The founding list comprised 83 dogs. Descendants of the dogs on the original list were entered into the record book for the Large Münsterländer. The club that kept the record book was the “Association of Large Munsterlanders”, to date organized eight independent regional groups. The Club of the Large Münsterländer is a member of the VDH and the Federation of Working Gundogs (JGHV)

Physical characteristics

It is a dog with strong and muscular body structure, with a stylized picture; expression of intelligence and nobility.

Has a step and trot elastic, covers the ground, with a wide range. Elastic Gallop, with great momentum and thrust of the later members, and broad jump.

Video of the “Large Münsterländer”
Large Munsterlander Wilson Hunting duck retrieve

The skin is adherent. Her hair is long and dense, Although smooth; It is not wavy or separated, because this could be an impediment to perform its function in the hunt. typical broad hair.

The hair, both the male and the female, It must be especially long and dense in the posterior region of members before and after (with good feather). Also on the tail the hair must be especially long. The longest boom in the queue must be half the length of this.

The hair of the ears It should be long (with good formation of stripes) and it must be so long that it symmetrically exceeds the lower edge of the ears (never leather ears). In the rest of the head hair should be short and adherent.

It is of color White with plates and black spots, or a black splash. Black head, eventually with a spot or a whitelist.

Character and skills

El Munsterlander Grande, is a versatile hunting dog, his greatest skill is at work to perform after the firing of the Hunter.

Its main characteristics are docility, ability to learn and reliable utility for hunting. Its nature is lively but not obvious nervousness.

It can be perfectly adapted to the home life, from which you will greatly enjoy the warmth of your family, but you also need to run in the field to feel completely happy moments.

Observations

You need to do plenty of exercise, It is an ideal companion to go out running.

Use

Due to its versatility, it is necessary that the Large Münsterländer be placed regularly in the most varied fields. His medium head size has made him a specialist in the search for injured game animals, on the plains and in the woods. His main job is to, after the shot, avoids unnecessary suffering of the injured animal to some extent. The goal is to have a very good all-terrain dog; therefore, it is necessary to maintain in him these natural qualities.

Health

The Large Münsterländer he is a robust dog, living a long time and generally in very good health.
This dog is not predisposed to being overweight. Their activities should be oriented to humid environments (swamps) in hot weather. It is not afraid of the cold and can even live outside in a kennel..

For sale “Large Münsterländer”

The price of a Large Münsterländer varies according to their origins, age and gender. The limited diffusion of the breed on French soil does not allow knowing the average price of a puppy of Large Münsterländer registered in the LOF (Société Centrale Canine).

Characteristics "Large Münsterländer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Large Münsterländer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Large Münsterländer”

Videos “Large Münsterländer”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • ​KC – Gundogs
  • NZKC – Hunting dogs
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Large Münsterländer"

FCIFCI - Large Münsterländer
Munsterlander

Alternative names:

1. Großer Münsterländer (English).
2. Grand münsterländer (French).
3. Großer Münsterländer Vorstehhund (German).
4. (em alemão: Grosser münsterländer) (Portuguese).
5. (en alemán Großer Münsterländer), Gran Munsterlander (español).

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Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound
Francia FCI 322 - Large-sized Hounds

Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound is considered rare, very little spread outside of France and currently little used even in your country.

Content

The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound is a large and powerful sporting dog with its origin in France. He is praised for his incredible stamina, work skills and ability to operate on any type of terrain and for any weather condition. This breed is poorly adapted to apartment living due to its high exercise requirements. This type of Anglo-French hound is considered the most powerful.

Photo: This dog is one of a pack of Grand anglo-français tricolore by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

History Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The origin of the Anglo-French hound dates back to the 19th century, when hunting with large packs was at its height in France. However, the exact date of its development remains unclear, since the crossing of the French hound with various types of English hounds was a common practice in this country since the 16th century.

French hunters cared little for the appearance or pedigree of their dogs as long as they demonstrated unparalleled hunting prowess.. That is why these hounds were perceived more like stray dogs until the 20th century. The situation changed when in 1957 the breeders decided to organize the dogs according to their ancestry. His efforts resulted in the appearance of seven unique French breeds of sizes, coat texture and distinctive colors. The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound appeared as the result of the crossing of native French dogs, in particular the Poitevin hound and the Gascon Saintongeois and the English Foxhound. The breed is very rare, little used and virtually unknown outside of mainland France.

The word “Grand” it was placed before the breed name because it was used to hunt large game and functioned predominantly in packs of several dozen other canines. The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound is characterized by its resonant voice, his keen sense of smell and his relentless pursuit. This brave and passionate hunter will never be hampered by difficult terrain and harsh weather and can work for numerous hours without breaks.. The packs of the Anglo-French hounds They generally specialized in hunting roe deer and wild boar., although they could also hunt foxes and other small game animals.

Currently members of the breed are mostly active hunters as this dog is not suitable for the role of pet or show dog.. Its population was concentrated almost exclusively in its native France, where it is also considered a rare breed. But, the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound has the recognition of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and in 2006 was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (the UKC).

Physical Characteristics Great Tricolor Anglo-French Hound

The Great Tricolor Anglo-French Hound should appear elegant and almost old-fashioned in appearance. They must be robust, with a deep chest and a straight back that is supported by straight, muscular limbs. His broad skull has an obvious stop, while its square-shaped snout should contain a full set of teeth that meet in a scissor bite. Her big brown eyes, its pendulous ears and prominent black nose are all characteristic features of a scent hound. Its long, thin tail tends to have a white tip.

as its name suggests, it is a tricolor breed with white fur, fire and black. Its double coat is short and soft. Dogs measure between 60 and 70 cm in height to the cross, generally weigh between 30 and 35 kg. Your walk should be effortless and a pleasure to behold.

Character and skills Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound he is a magnificent sporting dog, that is very rarely used only as a pet. It gets used to living in large packs of other canines and requires a spacious yard to unleash its exuberant nature.. Some fans of the breed claim that their well-socialized specimen is fine with children. In any case, this vigorous and strong dog will not make an acceptable playmate for a young child.

The breed often demonstrates unwavering loyalty and affection towards their favorite people, but he stays quite distant from strangers. But, a Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound well educated will treat a new person with essential courtesy. Usually does not express enough interest in protecting its territory to be an effective watchdog. At the same time, some specimens can make good watchdogs. This breed definitely won't make any use of it in the guard dog role anyway due to its non-aggressive disposition..

The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound was bred to live and work with other dogs and usually yearns to have several permanent canine companions. He does quite well with strange dogs although he will not back down from confrontation if provoked. That is why this dog should always be kept on a leash while walking. Being a tenacious and reliable hunter, it can show high aggression towards other species of animals., especially towards homeless cats. It is possible to introduce this dog into the house with other non-canine pets while it is still a friendly and inquisitive pup.

Health of the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The most common problems for the breed include:

– canine hip dysplasia;
– patella dislocation;
– arthritis;
– frequent muscle tension;
– chronic ear infections;
– hearing problems;
– cryptorchidism;
– gastric torsion.

Caring for the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound should receive fairly basic maintenance. The owner should brush his dog a couple of times a week to keep his short, sleek coat in a healthy condition. The dog's nails should be trimmed monthly.

After every hunting trip, the coat and ears of a working specimen should be thoroughly examined for signs of ticks and other external parasites. The breed easily picks up various ear infections, so they need regular and careful cleaning. The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound he is a moderate biter.

Training of the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The training of the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound usually requires an average investment of time and effort. In fact, takes on a very natural hunting behavior and will effectively carry out its original hunting duties with a minimum of training. At the same time, is characterized by a certain streak of stubbornness and will not follow the orders of a week or an indecisive person. This dog usually has a strong desire to impress its owner and easily learns basic commands.

Breed training should be done exclusively with reward-based methods, with an emphasis on the dog's favorite treats. The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound will not put up with abusive or disrespectful treatment and will respond to it with even more obstinacy and disobedience.

Exercise with the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound

The Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound is an extremely vigorous working dog, accustomed to very intense physical exercise. When not hunting, he must be given the opportunity to expend his excessive energy. This dog is an infamous cat hunter, so it should never be released without a leash until it is in a closed and secure area.

During the hunting season it is advisable to offer the dog some type of exercise that emulates its hunting behavior.. It is worth remembering that if the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound lacks opportunities to vent, will gradually turn into a rebellious animal, hyperactive and destructive.

Videos "Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound"

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Pack of Anglo Saxons hunting wounded boar
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Grand Anglo Français Tricolore ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds
  • Central Canine Society


FCI breed standard "Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound"

FCIFCI - Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound
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Alternative names:

1. Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore Hound (English).
2. Grand anglo-français tricolore (French).
3. Grand Anglo-Français, Grand anglo-français tricolore (German).
4. Grand anglo-français tricolore (Portuguese).
5. Gran anglo-francés tricolor (español).

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Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound
Francia FCI 323 - Large-sized Hounds

Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound can be used both in pack and individually.

Content

History

This breed is originally from the "Bâtard Anglo - Saintongeois" a species that emerged in the mid-nineteenth century and was the result of the cross between the Gascon Saintongeois and the English Foxhound. Currently the breed has approximately 2000 specimens with approximately 200 births per year. They form a group of 20 or more deer hunters and a deer hunter.
The text of the year 2007 was written by M. Pierre Astié, President of the "Club du Chien d'ordre" and its committee in collaboration with Mr..
Raymond Triquet.

Physical Characteristics Black and White Great Anglo-French Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound is a big dog, pretty powerful, resilient and robust with strong bones that recall its origins with the Gascon Saintongeois. Its ears are medium-length. Extended forward, reach at most the snout two fingers behind the nose. Rather they end up at one point. Strong at birth, its tail ends at a conical point, long and straight; above the line of the back when the dog is in action but not reaching the vertical.

He has short hair, pretty strong and tight, necessarily black and white, with a large fur and more or less extensive black spots, which may show black or bluish spots, or even small tan marks, but these only in the limbs. A pale tanned spot over each eye and a pale tan on the cheeks, under the eyes, under the ears and at the base of the tail”. The “deer mark” on the thigh is quite common.

CARVING:

– Males: 65 to 72 cm.
– females: 62 to 68 cm.

Weight: On 25 kg.

Character and skills Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

GREAT ANGLO-FRENCH BLACK AND WHITE Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound lives mainly in packs and kennels. Used for deer hunting, roe deer or wild boars. Hunting on any terrain, even wet or wooded. The Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound form packs of about twenty dogs on hunts in their country of origin, France. You can also hunt alone with your master.

For a companion dog, the field and a large fenced garden are preferable. An accomplished athlete, the Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound will delight a good runner. In the presence of young children, it is not advisable to adopt an adult kennel dog without making sure it has been well socialized with children.

Health Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

Like all large races, the great black-and-white Anglo-French can suffer from joint pain. Their soft ears are sometimes prone to ear infections..

Hunting accidents are common and cause injuries, fractures or sprains.

Groomed Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

The short coat of the Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound should be brushed once a week.

Returning from the hunt, the fur will be inspected for wounds, parasites or thorns. Good vaccination and pest control coverage is recommended.

Great black and white Anglo-French hound training

The Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound he is friendly, but with a strong character. You'll have to be politely educated.

as a companion dog, it is preferable to bring a puppy that can be raised and socialized. Dog hunting training will be conducted by a hunter.

Exercise Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound is an extremely vigorous working dog, accustomed to very intense physical exercise. When not hunting, he must be given the opportunity to expend his excessive energy. This dog is an infamous cat hunter, so it should never be released without a leash until it is in a closed and secure area.

During the hunting season it is advisable to offer the dog some type of exercise that emulates its hunting behavior.. It is worth remembering that if the Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound lacks opportunities to vent, will gradually turn into a rebellious animal, hyperactive and destructive.

Videos "Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound"

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Grand Anglo Français Blanc et Noir ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??
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Grand Anglo Francais Blanc et Noir Dog Breed

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
  • Central Canine Society


FCI breed standard "Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound"

FCIFCI - Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound
Big

Alternative names:

1. Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Noir (English).
2. Grand Anglo-Français Blanc et Noir (French).
3. Grand Anglo-Français, Grand anglo-français blanc et noir (German).
4. Grand anglo-français blanc et noir (Portuguese).
5. Grand anglo-français blanc et noir (español).

Photos:

1 – A Grand Anglo-Fancais blanc et noir at full gallop by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Anglo-French white and black face by ArnaudM63, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

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Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound
Francia FCI 324 - Large-sized Hounds

l GREAT ORANGE AND WHITE ANGLO-FRENCH Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound it is considered little spread outside of France and little used even within its country.

Content

History Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound

It probably dates from the 16th century and is originally from France, the Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound comes from the cross between English Foxhound, French dogs and the addition of a contribution most likely from the Billy.

The addition of English and French blood produced a versatile all-rounder hunting dog that was particularly prized towards the end of the 19th century..

The boar, the Fox, deer and roe deer have been part of their specialties ever since.

Along with the Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound and the Great Anglo-French Tricolour Hound, it is one of the three French breeds that have been crossed with English blood.

Physical Characteristics Great White and Orange Anglo-French Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound it is a quite strong and powerful dog, with more English blood on his head than his tricolor counterpart. His eyes are big, brown and dark. The ears are quite thick, slightly turned and quite short. Its tail is quite long and sometimes slightly spied on.

His hair is short and not too thick, lemon white or orange white, as long as the orange is not too dark, tending towards red.

Height: 60 to 70 cm..
Weight: Of 30 to 35 kg.

Character and skills Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

Solitary or in a pack, brave, tenacious, rapid, gentle and friendly, the Great White and Orange Anglo-French Hound is a sociable hunting dog with an obedient nature.

Usually, they are easy to learn, like your socialization.

Tenacious, vigorous, brave and fast in the hunt, they are tender and gentle with their family, including children in the home.

Health Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

Quite robust and very solid, this large dog generally enjoys very good health.
He rarely gets sick and his longevity is still appreciable for a dog of his size..
The breed is not affected by any genetic defects or diseases.

Caring for Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

Brush him from time to time, to remove dead hairs and keep the coat healthy and beautiful, It is more than enough.

Training Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

Its socialization is easy, but your education must remain firm and adequate, although it requires less firmness than the other breeds in its category, because it is less dominant by nature than the other two.

His great intelligence also facilitates his education.

Exercise Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

The Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound is an extremely vigorous working dog, accustomed to very intense physical exercise. When not hunting, he must be given the opportunity to expend his excessive energy. This dog is an infamous cat hunter, so it should never be released without a leash until it is in a closed and secure area.

During the hunting season it is advisable to offer the dog some type of exercise that emulates its hunting behavior.. It is worth remembering that if the Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound lacks opportunities to vent, will gradually turn into a rebellious animal, hyperactive and destructive.

Videos "Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound"

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Horus sucht ein Zuhause
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Grand Anglo Français Blanc et Orange ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
  • Central Canine Society


FCI breed standard "Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound"

FCIFCI - Great Anglo-French White and Orange Hound
Big

Alternative names:

1. Chien Français Blanc et Orange (English).
2. Français blanc et orange (French).
3. Français blanc et orange (German).
4. Grande sabujo francês branco e laranja (Portuguese).
5. Français blanc et orange (español).