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Greyhound (English Greyhound)
Irlanda Gran Bretañaa FCI 158 . Short-haired Sighthounds

The Greyhound It is a breed of dog that is used mainly as a companion and competition animal..

Galgo Inglés

Content

Characteristics "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Greyhound (English Greyhound)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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History

There are several explanations about the origin of the name Greyhound. Some say it is due to the gray color of the breed, but the most popular theory is that the name comes from Old English “grei”, What dog, and “hundr”, what does hunter mean.

Whatever the origin of your name, the Greyhound it is one of the oldest dog breeds, which is confirmed by its genetic characteristics. It also, although it is impossible to determine the exact date, the first mentions of this breed date back to more than 8.000 years.

More recently, it was also depicted in drawings from ancient Egypt (3200-1100 a.C.). There is also evidence of its presence and use in ancient Greece (766-323 a.C.). He was already known for his athletic qualities and great speed., and the Greeks already organized dog races.

Later, the Greyhound It is also mentioned in the writings of the Roman poet Ovid (43-17 or 18 a.C.). It is also the only breed of dog mentioned in the Bible..

It is very likely that it originated in the Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound), who accompanied Phoenician sailors in ancient times. They used him as a hunting dog in the desert, activity in which its speed and robustness worked wonders. The Arabian Greyhound has long been recognized as a sign of nobility, and was especially known in dog racing.

The Greyhound has also been portrayed throughout history as a noble canine breed, both in art and literature, especially in english. In fact, have long been associated with royalty. Many medieval tapestries depict the dog as a companion of the aristocracy and the kings of France and England.. It was generally used for hunting deer and wild boar.. Between the 11th and 14th centuries, an english law (the Canute Laws of Great Britain, enacted in 1016) it even stipulated that no criminal could possess a greyhound, which further confirmed the prestige of the breed.

After an undeniable success throughout Europe, It is said that it appeared in America in the 16th century, brought by Spanish explorers.

Three centuries later, when the first dog shows were organized in England and the United States, was immediately one of the first breeds to be exhibited. Nothing less than 18 Sighthounds Englishmen competed in the first Westminster Kennel Club show in 1877.

On the american side, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1885. The first greyhound race was held there the following year, in 1886, although the National Greyhound Association was not founded until twenty years later, in 1906.

Dog racing is still very popular in the United States and other countries, and the Greyhound still a favorite. In fact, nicknamed “the cheetah of the canine world”, can reach speeds higher than those of any of its peers: he is the fastest dog in the world. It must be said that this breed has been selected for thousands of years to hunt leaving its prey behind, so today it can reach speeds of about 70 km/h. But, just like the cheetah, the maximum speed of the Greyhound can only be reached in a short distance, since it does not have a great resistance.

And if that was not enough, he is also very skilled, able to anticipate each movement of a prey and to change direction quickly while maintaining high speed. They also have the ability to perform prodigious jumps.: one of its representatives holds the world record for high jump among dogs since 2006, with a jump of 1,72 height meters performed without running.

On an international level, the Greyhound has become known mainly through races and dog shows. The breed was recognized in the late 19th century by the British Kennel Club and by the American Kennel Club (1885). The United Kennel Club (UKC) American and the International Cynological Federation (FCI) it took a little longer, waiting until 1914 to do the same.

More recently, the misfortunes of these dogs have contributed in some way to their notoriety. In fact, Greyhound racing has been the subject of controversy regarding its ethics and, above all, to the fate of retired greyhounds. In fact, the latter are often abandoned, Euthanized or sold to laboratories for use in animal experiments. Many shelters and animal protection organizations have taken up the issue, to the point where greyhounds - including the Greyhound– have gained in popularity as family dogs.

Physical characteristics

The Greyhound characterized by a slim body with a slightly arched back, a long neck, a long, thin head and ears usually folded over the neck. The tail is low, quite long and slightly curved. The torso is generally broad, as it houses large lungs and a fairly large heart.

In fact, this dog has physical characteristics that allow it to run at incredible speeds. Every line of your body is an advantage in this regard.: its length, his thinness, his deep chest, your flexible spine, its strong hind legs, his long tail and remarkable hips combine to make him a very powerful dog.

But, there is a physical distinction between two types of greyhounds: the Greyhound racing and the Greyhound competition. In general, the English racing greyhound is smaller: the height of the male ranges from 63 and 76 cm., that of the female between 61 and 74 cm.. Its weight is also slightly lower. The racing greyhound also has a more muscular neck and shoulders than the show greyhound., that looks slimmer, despite its larger size: of 71 to 76 cm for the male, and 68 to 74 cm for female.

Last, whether they are racing dogs or show dogs, English greyhounds have a short, very fine coat that requires very little maintenance. Their fur comes in a wide variety of colors: white, brown, red, gray and brindle.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 63 – 76 cm.
▷ female size: 61 – 74 cm.
▷ Male weight: 30 – 35 kg
▷ female weight: 28 – 32 kg

Character and skills

The Greyhound is known to be a very intelligent dog, playful, obedient, strong and robust.

He is also a very kind companion, showing very little aggressiveness towards other dogs. This is because this breed was specially selected to run and hunt in a group.. On the other hand, its prey hunting instinct is extremely strong, so it may not be suitable for a household with a small pet, like a rabbit. So that this coexistence is possible, the puppy will need a lot of socialization and training to temper his hunting instinct from an early age. In any case, keep in mind that the hunting instinct is very strong in this breed; even though he has gotten used to his presence, it is recommended to supervise in all circumstances their possible coexistence with small domestic animals.

His hunting instinct also explains that, when going for a walk with your dog, your strap must always be well fastened. He is the most athletic of all dogs and is capable of reaching speeds even a runner cannot. 100 meters can approach. This means that it would be very difficult for a careless owner to try to catch up with his Greyhound.

If coexistence with other species can be problematic, The same should not happen with living with children. The Greyhound He is an excellent family dog ​​and is very tolerant of children. But, it is recommended to avoid living with young children or those who are not used to interacting with dogs. Having said that, When the Greyhound you are in an inappropriate situation, will usually try to get away from her, instead of growling or biting.

On the other hand, Exposure to crowds can cause real stress in a Greyhound insufficiently socialized. But, they are not usually aggressive towards strangers: they usually limit themselves to barking or making a specific movement of the ears to warn their owners of the presence of a stranger.

It also, contrary to what his athletic abilities might suggest, they require less exercise than most other breeds, since they do not have a great resistance. The Greyhound It is also a very docile and calm dog that loves naps. In fact, his favorite activity is… have no activity! He's glad to spend the day just dozing, surrounded by his family.

Thus, the Greyhound it is a breed of dog suitable for a flat or a house with a small garden. Despite his large size and athletic build, space is not a problem for him, as long as its owner offers a comfortable and cozy place to rest. But, it is recommended to provide the garden with a solid fence to prevent the dog from running away if it occurs to him to chase other animals beyond his territory. But, an electric fence for dogs is often ineffective with them, since his hunting instinct prevails.

Last, it is usually recommended that Greyhound retirees available for adoption wear muzzles, as they may be tempted to bite smaller dogs or other animals. But, this may be a temporary measure while your new pet adjusts to his new environment and you gain better control of his temper. It also, as most dogs have lived with other dogs and with humans, may suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for a long time. Shelters and other organizations that facilitate the adoption of these dogs are often a good source of information to guide you in finding the right companion.

In any case, there is no genetic evidence of behavioral differences between the two types of Greyhound. So, if there are such differences, breeders attribute them to the training and experience of each dog.

Education

The Greyhound it is a very intelligent breed of dog, and it is quite easy to train. Usually, they are very obedient and learn quickly. But, they can be stubborn with certain orders, so patience and perseverance are the keywords to keep in mind during training. This may be the case when teaching your dog to sit., since it is quite an awkward position for him. Does not adopt it naturally, and rather it seems that it is balanced on its tail.

As he is quite proud and has a sensitive temperament, it is better not to be rude or aggressive with him, and this is especially true when trained. Dog training techniques that use positive reinforcement rather than punishment are the most successful with this breed. This is the case, above all, if food is used as a motivator.

In general, the Greyhound is loyal but independent, and requires a secure owner. Usually, quickly bond with their owner and obey him as soon as they learn his job.

Last, it is especially important to socialize him with other dogs and humans of all kinds from an early age, so as not to let his natural shyness get the better of him. If this happens, you may have a hard time adjusting to changes in your environment or your schedule. Various socialization techniques can be used, how to enroll him in a puppy school, stroll it through public gardens or take it to outdoor events. In any case, it is important to provide a variety of opportunities and types of socialization so that your dog is as comfortable as possible in public and in interactions with humans.

Health

The Greyhound is especially prone to certain diseases: Hip Dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, von Willebrand disease and gastric problems.

The Dysplasia in dogs it is a developmental anomaly of a tissue that is present from birth and causes deformities. It is especially prevalent in racing sighthounds, since excessive physical activity accelerates the onset and development of the disease.

As the Greyhound is sensitive to intestinal inflammation, physical activity should be avoided - including simple walking- in the 30 minutes before or after a meal. This is because intestinal bloating can lead to inflammation or even twisting of the stomach., what can be deadly.

The Hypothyroidism in dogs it means that the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. The consequences can range from reduced fertility to more serious problems, like dog obesity, lethargy and irregular heat cycles. But, although this breed is actually prone to hypothyroidism, it is not uncommon for individuals to be misdiagnosed due to lack of knowledge of their normal hormone levels. So, it is important to choose a veterinarian who knows the physiological peculiarities of the Greyhound, related to the fact that it has a slightly larger heart than other dogs. This leads to higher blood pressure and, often, to a slight heart murmur. It is not a problem, but a veterinarian unaware of this feature could make an incorrect diagnosis.

The von Willebrand disease is the most common inherited blood clotting disorder in dogs.

It also, the Greyhound you are at risk of being overweight, especially individuals withdrawing from careers. It is common for them to win around 2 kg, but you have to be careful not to exceed this threshold. So, it is important to carefully monitor your dog's weight and not overfeed it.

The Greyhound used for racing also have dental hygiene problems. This health problem is not shared with individuals used for dog shows and the cause does not appear to be genetic., rather it is due to the living conditions of the racing dogs.

Last, due to its short coat and low percentage of fat, the Greyhound it is a breed sensitive to cold. It is recommended to equip it with a dog coat when you go out in cold or rainy weather, and make sure you always have a warm place to rest. For the same reason, make sure the places where you can rest are soft, to avoid the appearance of bedsores (also known as “bed sores”).

The low percentage of body fat also makes the Greyhound is more sensitive than other breeds to anesthetics and certain medications. So, it is recommended to choose a veterinarian who is familiar with the breed and its physiology (including hormone levels) to avoid misdiagnosis or inappropriate treatment.

Life expectancy

10 to 13 years

Grooming

The Greyhound it is a low maintenance breed, as its short, shiny coat requires little brushing. Brush the dog's coat weekly, preferably with a comb or a rubber glove, it is enough to remove dead skin and excess hair, while helping to distribute body oils to keep the coat shiny. During brushing, it is advisable to examine the skin for redness and lesions, especially around the nose, mouth, eyes and paws.

If the coat is well groomed, the Greyhound rarely need a bath.

But, are prone to dental hygiene problems, so regular brushing is recommended to avoid plaque build-up.

It also, like the ears of the Greyhound they are usually bent, it is important to inspect them weekly to avoid the development of infections, manifested by the presence of redness and / or bad smells. The outer part of the ear can be cleaned with a cotton swab slightly moistened with a special solution for cleaning dogs' ears.. But, it is important never to insert anything into the ear canal.

Last, if they do not wear out naturally due to a rather sedentary lifestyle, it is necessary to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month to avoid scratches or other problems.

Food

To limit the risk of obesity, it is recommended to measure the food that is given to the greyhound and divide it into two portions: one in the morning and one at night.

As a general rule, of 2,5 to 4 cups of quality dry feed are sufficient for males and 1,5 to 3 cups for females.

Use

The Greyhound was first used as a hunting dog, which explains why the tracking instinct is still very present in this breed, although this use has almost disappeared.

It also, This breed has long been recognized for its athletic abilities and remains one of the most widely represented in dog sports today. Of course, the breed is especially known for sighthound racing, whether by sight or by chance. It was in his home country, Great Britain, where the Sighted Pursuit in the middle of the 18th century, and where the races on artificial hares made their appearance in 1927. It also, the Greyhound also usually participates in obedience and agility competitions.

In addition to the sports lines of the Greyhound, there are also lines for dog shows.

Last, the Greyhound increasingly used as a companion dog, and it has many qualities for it. A person who wishes to adopt a Greyhound as a companion dog you can certainly opt for a puppy, which is always an attractive option, but keep in mind that there are also many available Greyhound retired adults (sometimes prematurely), and they can represent a magnificent option. In fact, in recent years, many non-profit organizations (shelters, animal protection associations, etc.) campaigns have been launched to raise awareness among the general public about the fate of greyhounds used for racing (abandonment, euthanasia, sale to laboratories, etc.) and to find adoptive families for retired copies. This has allowed the general public to better understand the Greyhound and its potential as a family dog.

Price

The price of a Greyhound of a professional breeder varies between 900 and 3.600 EUR. This very wide range is explained by the fact that the price depends largely on the lineage of the dog and its age.: in general, increases with age, especially in the case of racing sighthounds that have begun their training.

In the case of horses withdrawn from races and available for adoption in shelters, the price to adopt a Greyhound usually oscillates between 250 and 300 EUR, depending on the care offered by the shelter in question.

Images "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

Photos:

1 – Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/galgos-windhunderennen-5373255/
2 – Greyhound by Adam.J.W.C., CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Greyhound by MTSOfan
4 – Greyhound striped (1 year) and male greyhound (8 months) leonado. by Tux-Man, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Greyhound by No machine-readable author provided. Pleple2000 assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Greyhound by https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/greyhound/

Videos "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"


Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hounds Toy
  • ANKC – (Hounds)
  • CKC – Hounds
  • ​KC – Hounds
  • NZKC – Hounds Toy
  • UKC – Hounds


FCI breed standard "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

FCIFCI - Greyhound (English Greyhound)
Greyhound

Alternative names:

1. English Greyhound (English).
2. Greyhound (French).
3. Großer Englischer Windhund (German).
4. (em inglês: Greyhound) (Portuguese).
5. Lebrel ingés, Greyhound (español).

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Griffon Bruxellois
Bélgica FCI 80 . Griffons

Grifón de Bruselas

The Griffon Bruxellois is known to have a big heart, and a strong desire to snuggle and spend long hours with their caregiver.

Content

History

The Griffon Bruxellois, semi-long hair variety, It is the oldest of the Belgian Griffons. It is said to descend from Smousje, a small rough-haired Brussels dog that was used to hunt rats.. Was before 1880 when the selection and improvement of this breed began in Brussels. Crosses were made between the Barbet, the Stable griffon, the Affenpinscher, el Yorkshire Terrier, the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (ruby fur; solid red). Presented for the first time in Brussels at 1880, three years later a first standard of the Griffon Bruxellois, which was modified in 1904 to lead to the final version. A first breed club was then created in Great Britain in 1887, and then in the United States in 1945. The breed is recognized by the FCI since 1954.

Like all Grifones belgas, the Griffon Bruxellois was especially popular in the early 20th century, thanks above all to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium. But, the two world wars brought the breed to the brink of extinction. It only owes its survival to the efforts of enthusiasts., especially the british. In fact, hardly any left Griffon Bruxellois in Belgium at the end of WWII.

Today, is a dog that is still relatively rare.

It is in Great Britain where Griffons are more widespread, while in the rest of Europe, the population is still very low.

The AKC registered its first Griffon Bruxellois in 1910. If not for the dedication of the American and British enthusiasts, the race might not have survived.

The Griffon Bruxellois gained millions of new fans in 1997, when a rogue Griffon Bruxellois named Jill outshone Jack Nicholson in the hit movie “As Good As It Gets“.

Physical characteristics

The Griffon Bruxellois is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, almost square in constitution, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Fur:

The Griffon Bruxellois has a hard coat with undercoat. The coat is naturally rough, slightly wavy, not curly, but yes skinny. The coat should be long enough to allow the structure to be seen. A coat that is too long damages the silhouette and is not sought after. A silky or woolly coat is a serious fault. The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

Color: Red, reddish; a little black is tolerated in head decoration.

In the three races (Griffon belge, Griffon Bruxellois and Petit Brabançon) some white hair is tolerated on the chest, but it is not sought.

Weight:

Of 3,5 to 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Griffon Bruxellois is balanced, alert and proud. With an assertive character and a certain ego, not necessarily suitable in the presence of very young children. In fact, will not appreciate being abused. On the other hand, it will be a very good companion for slightly older children. It also, gets along very well with other animals.

neither shy nor aggressive, the Griffon Bruxellois he is very vigilant and attached to his master. Above all, he needs to be close to his family, and is perfectly suited to apartment living. It also, have a moderate need for exercise: a daily walk is enough for him. This also makes him a suitable dog for an older person, if it is willing to provide the necessary maintenance. With more reason, by not supporting loneliness, will certainly prefer a very available master, with whom you can share games and emotions.

Last, it is a very funny and expressive animal, what will the happiness of home do. Some say that their mimicry is similar to that of a human or a monkey.

Education

In general, they seem to pick up tricks quickly and love to practice them when their attention is drawn to them. to him Griffon Bruxellois loves agility tests, in which they stand out. With his appearance of “mad king” in her fur coat, they can be fun and upbeat if given enough love. As it is a breed that tends to become more attached to a single member of the family, he will have to be accustomed to meeting as many people as possible from a young age so that he does not become excessively protective.

They are not troublemakers, but problems can arise if they become too dependent. They do not like to be alone for a long time because they immediately miss their master. Your love of the game makes it easy to bond. They love to play fetch and seem to be inexhaustible when it comes to having fun.. Once they have tired, they snuggle in your lap and take a well-deserved nap. They need a short leash walk every day, or just the chance to frolic outside, but they don't need a lot of exercise. Recovery usually works very well.

Health

Although the Griffon Bruxellois it is a generally healthy dog, with an estimated life of fourteen years, is nevertheless predisposed to certain hereditary genetic diseases such as displasia coxofemoral, the medial patella dislocation and the respiratory obstruction syndrome. It is also subject to hydrocephalus, “aberrant eyelashes” (distichiasis and trichiasis) and skin allergies.

Grooming

For your maintenance, daily brushing is necessary. It is also advisable to groom him regularly and monitor the condition of his eyes and the folds of his face.

His tough fur must be plucked, that is to say, dead hairs must be removed by hand. It is advisable to entrust this removal to a dog groomer.


Breeders of the breed "Griffon Bruxellois"

Characteristics "Griffon Bruxellois"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon Bruxellois" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1.0 out of 5
1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
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barking ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 1.0 out of 5
1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Griffon Bruxellois"

Photos:

1 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by The original uploader was Dan9186 at English Wikipedia., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Griffon Bruxellois” – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by Galawebdesign, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Griffon Bruxellois” one year old by Galawebdesign, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – European Dog Champion “Griffon Bruxellois” 2010 by Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon Bruxellois"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 “Griffons”
  • AKCSporting


FCI breed standard "Griffon Bruxellois"

FCIFCI - Griffon Bruxellois
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Griffon, Griff, Bruss (English).
2. Griffon bruxellois (French).
3. Griffon bruxellois (German).
4. (Portuguese).
5. Griffon bruxellois (español).

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Griffon belge
Bélgica FCI 81 . Griffons

Grifón Belga

The Griffon belge is almost identical to Griffon Bruxellois, from which differs only in color.

Content

History

Originally from Belgium, as the name reflects, the Griffon belge It is an original and easy-going companion dog.. Rational in origin, They are today friendly and lively companions who however struggle to find their audience as they remain one of the lesser known breeds in the group. 9.

The three races that make up the group 9 of the ICF have a similar morphology, but different coat quality and color varieties.

They share a common history and are descended from a small, wire-haired dog., the “smousje“, present in the Brussels region for decades.

The three varieties were selected in the 19th century with blood from other small companion breeds such as the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel. The Yorkshire Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer and the Affenpinscher they could also have been used in the cocktail that created the three races.

The first Griffon belge were entered in the Book of Origins of Saint-Hubert in 1883.

These dogs became very popular at the beginning of the 20th century thanks to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium.. They became the favorites of high society ladies and elegant women.

The iconography that represents the breed is abundant and paintings with small wire-haired Griffons have been found since the 17th century..

The breed began to be exported abroad, especially to France in the middle of the 20th century.

Physical characteristics

This is a small dog a balanced, sturdy built, almost square body frame, fixed frame and elegant movements, the look awake and lively. Its almost human expression is especially striking.

The body weight is about 3,5 – 6 kg. The head is the most characteristic and striking part of the body. It must be quite large compared to the body and the hair of it is rough, erected, makes a rich mustache and beard. It also highlights the visual aspect of the “big head”. The skull should be broad and rounded, properly arched eyebrows.

The nose from the front at the same level as the eyes should be black, wide, with the nostrils properly open. Its tip should be so far back when viewed from the side flush with chin and forehead.

The lips are black at the edges, tight, near the jaws and teeth. There is no overlap of the top and bottom. If they are too loose, interrupt the desired expression. The lower jaw is longer than the upper jaw (physiologically underprotected jaw), directed slightly upwards, wide at the top and cannot be pointed. Its width is very important since the chin protrudes. The incisors of both jaws should be regularly arranged in a row, in which the top and bottom are parallel. No incisors should be missing. If the mouth is closed, neither teeth nor tongue can be seen.

The eyes must be separated, be big and round, should never be prominent. The iris is brown, the more dark best. The edges of the eyelids should be black. The defect is considered small eyes, oval in shape and bright colors.

The back is straight, short and strong. The tail must be set high and carried. When amputated, should be reduced by 2/3 of its original length. If the animal protection law prohibits cuts, can remain uncut. When it unfolds, must be high, curved so that its tip bends towards the back, don't touch the back or can't squirm. Short tail, twisted or kinked is considered a serious offense.

The Griffon belge they have a rough coat with undercoat. The mantle is rough, slightly wavy, but not curly. The fur rules, but to be correctly evaluated its structure must be long enough. Too long hair obscures the typical silhouette and is therefore not acceptable. A silky or woolly coat is evaluated as a serious fault.

Character and skills

He is a nervous dog and can become a very barking dog if he feels lonely or bored. He has a strong personality and for this he needs a good education from a very young age. The Griffon belge she is also lively, attentive, brave and always act with determination. So, You have to be careful that he does not suffer because his courage and self-confidence often means that he does not see the danger.

Can usually live with children and other pets. A curious and loving dog of character Terrier, very active and always reacts to strange noises.

The Griffon belge needs to be accompanied all the time, cannot stand being alone and may develop negative behaviors to attract attention such as barking or causing damage. This “hairy” has a tendency to become attached to a person, following her most of the time.

Tireless and always ready to play with everyone, he's kind most of the time, but you can also play a role of guardian of the property and your family.

Education

He is very intelligent and loves to learn. Your education is, Therefore, relatively easy, although it must be firm and adequate, as she tends to be slightly stubborn at times.

An early and well-adapted education will prevent him from growing up doing only what he wants.

Very sociable, has no problem with the inhabitants of the house, whether human or animal.

Although he is sociable by nature, sometimes he is shy with strangers, which makes him a good guardian. So, their socialization should be aimed at not exacerbating this natural shyness in front of strangers.

They can live anywhere and with any type of owner. Despite its small size, have a great need for exercise, but it is easy for him to do it anywhere, precisely because of its small size.

Health

The Griffon belge is generally in excellent health. They are not affected by any particular disease or pathology.

Some subjects may sometimes suffer from eye infections or dermatological problems, although these cases are still rare. Its longevity is very appreciable.

Grooming

Her pretty fur, quite complete, requires regular brushing to ensure a beautiful and healthy coat. No other particular maintenance is necessary.

Utility

They are great companions, besides being incredible guard and hunting dogs. They can easily raise the alarm when intruders invade their territory, as well as scare away small rodents from the area. It is also very noticeable in skill sports (agility).

Price

Purchase price of a puppy Griffon belge: between 700 € y 900 €.

Characteristics "Griffon belge"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon belge" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Images "Griffon belge"

Photos:

1 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Griffon belge” puppy by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker
6 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon belge"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 “Griffons”
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Griffon belge"

FCIFCI - Griffon belge
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Belgium Griffon (English).
2. Griffon belge (French).
3. Griffon Belge (German).
4. Griffon belge (Portuguese).
5. Griffon belge (español).

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German Spaniel
Alemania FCI 104 . Flushing Dogs

German Spaniel

The German Spaniel it is very appreciated especially for hunting.

Content

History

The study of the history of hunting teaches us that centuries ago there were hunting dogs very similar to the current one. German Spaniel. At that time they were used to hunt.

Breeding of the controlled breed in a studbook began in the early 20th century, with a few suitable bitches. The first representative of the German Spaniel was Mr. Augusta 1834 L, a Staufenberg dog in Upper Bavaria.

At first there were only brown dogs with partial white markings and dogs with white markings.. The latter had small red spots on the head and limbs, calls “fire marks”. It was the bitch Baby auf de Schanze 1838 L the one that introduced the roan in the race. Rudolf Friess, a dog fancier who for decades had a major influence on the breeding of the German Spaniel, introduced separate breeding of brown and roan varieties.

Despite the narrow initial breeding base, put in place an essential requirement to avoid damage due to inbreeding through selective mating. The separation of the two colors is also justified by a certain disparity in the natural qualities of the German Spaniel. Chestnut trees were easier to drive over short distances and more persistent on the track, while the roans had a highly developed penetration at long distances.

These different natural gifts are no longer a reliable differential criterion today, since in the meantime, for many reasons, there have been repeated crosses between the two color varieties. But, in principle, the separation still maintains a certain reserve of unrelated blood within the race today.

The German Spaniel it is and continues to be bred by hunters and for hunters as a hunting dog with great versatility.

Photo: “German Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/wachtelhund-jagdhund-stöberhund-4604508/

Physical characteristics

The German Spaniel it is a medium sized hunting dog, longhair, very muscular, with a noble head and strong bones. In general, they are longer than they are tall, but they should never give the impression of being tall.

Lively and very passionate about hunting, friendly and self-assured in their natural environment, very docile and very adaptable; neither shy nor aggressive.

The German Spaniel in some points:

– Has a well developed piercing,

– follow the path of hunting big and small with will and perseverance,

– give voice without hesitation,

– has a fine nose,

– he likes rapport and water,

– has a bite for hunting and vermin,

– Trained and properly managed, hunt without deviating from course over long distances; works as a Bloodhound and in the search for lost pieces; is a versatile hunting dog for tracking and hunting in ditches, heavily wooded areas and in the water. Since the beginning of the supervised breeding, the ability to stop has not been taken into account.

The coat is strong, glued, mostly wavy, occasionally also curly (Astrakhan), or long, flat with thick undercoat; not too long, especially not fine or silky; on the nape, often curled on the ears and rump; well furnished hindquarters and tail; the presence of a frill around the neck is frequent; the belly is also well provided with hair; muzzle and cranial region have short but tight hair; the ears are covered with curls or tight, wavy hair that extends beyond the edge of the pinna; the interdigital spaces have a tight hair but not too long.

The “German Spaniel” it is bred in two color varieties:

– Solid brown, more rarely also red; often with white or mottled markings on the chest and toes.
– Brown roan, more rarely also red roan; the background color consists of brown hairs, possibly red, intimately mixed with white hairs; often the head is brown, possibly red, with spots or also a mantle that extends all over the back ; this color variety includes variegated coats with a white background and large brown spots, possibly red, also the so-called dogs “Tiger”, in which the white background is also mottled or mottled with small tufts of brown hair, possibly red; the latter can perfectly descend from monocolor parents.

All shades and variations of red are included in this term (red fox, red deer, red deer).

SIZE AND WEIGHT :

  • Males 48-54 cm.
  • females 45-52 cm.
  • Varies in relation to size, between some 18 and 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    Robust, brave, can work on all terrains, mainly forests and swamps. Active tracker, bush hunter, screaming on the road, he specializes in hunting small game but also in tracking foxes and large animals. He is a good collector, it is also a trail dog, able to search for wounded game. Loving, is appreciated as a companion. He is self-assured in his natural environment., while being endowed with a great capacity for adaptation.

    They are not shy or aggressive, but they need a strong education that starts soon.

    Education

    Kind, affectionate and docile, the German Spaniel has these wonderful predispositions by nature. But with one condition, and not the least. Because this dog needs a lot more exercise, education and activity from the beginning of what a family or active people can offer. Being on the go is not enough. The German Spaniel want more. It can and should do more than just be a family dog. Idleness goes against their nature. You need qualified training as a hunting dog that will challenge you mentally and physically. If you are successful, this passionate hunter will prove to be an obedient and loyal companion.

    Health

    The German Spaniel have a slight predisposition to hip dysplasia. Breeders are very careful not to breed animals with this predisposition. This will greatly reduce this deficiency.

    On the other hand, floppy ears predispose this dog to ear infections (and more for dogs used to getting into the water).

    Grooming

    The coat of the German Spaniel is perfectly adapted to your lifestyle. Dirt doesn't seem to stick to hair, even if he walks through the bushes for hours. A weekly brushing is enough. He usually decides when it's time to bathe. Showering in summer is a moment of well-being that you enjoy.

    Characteristics "German Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Images "German Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Deutscher Wachtel by Steffen Heinz (Caronna), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4748569/
    3 – German Spaniel by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Wachtel.jpg
    4 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-hund-haustier-5753477/
    5 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4763510/
    6 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4905048/

    Videos "German Spaniel"

    German Spaniel (German Quail Dog)
    German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
    Training German Spaniel - Ayrin from Jiříčký luk
    Training German Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers


    FCI breed standard "German Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - German Spaniel
    Perdiguero

    Alternative names:

    1. Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog) (English).
    2. Chien d’oysel (French).
    3. Deutscher Wachtel (German).
    4. (em alemão: Deutscher Wachtelhund) (Portuguese).
    5. Spaniel alemán, (en alemán deutscher wachtelhund) (español).

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    Golden Retriever
    Escocia FCI 111 . Retrievers

    Golden Retriever

    The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age.

    Content

    History

    The origin of the “Golden Retriever”, a specialized hunter in charge of returning the hunted game, it is quite discussed.

    It may have originated in the Caucasus Mountains, where he was raised from a group of dogs related to him Leonberger, and then brought to Britain in the 19th century, or that it descends from a couple of dogs bought in 1858 to a Russian circus for a future English lord, Sir Dudley Marjoribanks.

    Wavy Coated Terrier
    Wavy Coated Terrier (We)

    Behind the myth, we know that this man, also known as Lord Tweedmouth, I raised dogs since 1835. It is said that he made a decisive crossing between two subjects destined to become the great ancestors of the Golden Retriever. In fact, had a Wavy Coated Terrier yellow, called Nous, as well as a female Tweed Water Spaniel, called belle. In a photograph in which Nous poses, we discovered a curly dog, whose size, bone structure and head appear powerful.

    In 1868, Lord Tweedmouth apareó a Nous y Belle. The historic litter is born. It is made up of a male, called crocus, and three females, There is, Primrose y Cowslip. The breeder then continues a patient work of inbreeding selection with two yellow females and another Tweed Water, a male named Tweed. In this lineage there are two black Retrievers, Sambo and Tracer, a Irish Setter, Sampson, as well as a Bloodhound sand-colored. This selection work was recorded in his breeding book, preserved today by the English Kennel Club.

    The Lord's goal was to create a race that would meet the requirements of a “gentleman farmer“, that is to say, a dog with an impeccable nose for hunting waterfowl, but also with excellent skills in fields as varied as rescue or assistance to people with disabilities. He had to be an intelligent and loyal companion, be patient with children and calm at home.

    In 1903, the English Kennel Club accepted the registration of the first Goldens, registered as Flat-coated Retriever variety Golden.

    English Winifired Charlesworth, which contributed greatly to the recognition of the Flat-coated Retriever like a different race, wrote the first standard for the breed Golden Retriever in 1910.

    In 1911 created the Golden Retriever Club of England and the English Kennel Club recognized the Golden Retriever as a race in its own right.

    In France, the Retrievers most common were Labradors, and only in the decade of 1930, through breeding, the first appeared Golden Retriever in the territory. A first French litter was officially registered with the English Kennel Club in 1934, produced by the Conde Jules de Bonvouloir (with affix “of Saint-Jean-du-Bois“). The latter became president of the Retriever Club de France in the years 40.

    The popularity of the Golden Retriever grew dramatically from the end of the years 80, becoming one of the favorite dogs of the French for its friendly nature, franco, playful and helpful.

    Physical characteristics

    The Golden Retriever is similar in appearance to Labrador Retriever. It is a harmonious dog, powerful and robust, but with a soft expression. His head is wide, his nose is black and his eyes, very separate, are dark brown. His ears are medium in size and hanging, placed at eye level. The tail is carried over the back, does not curl and reaches the hock.

    The coat of the Golden it's thick and silky. Hair is straight or wavy, fringed. The undercoat is thick and the exudate (a kind of fat secreted by the skin) makes it very waterproof and protects it from the cold, so the Golden it can stay a long time in streams and rivers without any problem, even in winter.

    The webbed shape of its legs also makes it easy to retrieve waterfowl.

    The coat colors accepted by the standard are creamy white to dark gold. Snow white colors are not supported, Mahogany, chocolate or black.

    Size and weight

      ▷ Male size: Of 56 to 61 cm.
      ▷ female size: Of 51 to 56 cm.
      ▷ Male weight: Of 29 to 31 kg
      ▷ female weight: Of 25 to 27 kg

    Character and skills

    The Golden Retriever he is naturally meek, friendly and devoted to his caretaker. If as a puppy it can be exuberant, as an adult it is a calm and serene dog, who feels true passion for his family, of which he is considered a full member, to the point of overflowing with love for children. For its gentle character, suits young families and older people alike.

    He is a tireless playmate, a dog full of life, who cannot stand loneliness and needs a presence by his side. So, will be unhappy if separated too often from their masters. Sometimes has a side “sticky”, he likes to please his master by bringing slippers or mail, for example. To put it plainly, pleasing his owner also pleases himself.

    The Golden Retriever do not have a natural guardian instinct and come into contact with strangers, both humans and animals, quite easily.

    The Golden Retriever it is one of the most intelligent dog breeds, since he understands everything that happens around him.

    Although they prefer the countryside, the Golden Retriever they also adapt very well to living in an apartment, provided they are given long walks several times a day. In fact, whether it rains or it is windy, you need to do exercise.

    Education

    Despite her soft mischievous eyes, the Golden Retriever needs a gentle and firm education at the same time. In effect, he is a real comedian, and before her charming eyes, one soon lets oneself be overwhelmed by a love that grows every day, but what can make one go blind.

    As the Golden Retriever he's a bit stubborn when he's young, their education must be done through encouragement and not coercion. Otherwise, his stubborn and somewhat independent character will resurface, making it difficult to re-establish trust between the owner and the dog.

    Last, the Golden Retriever usually have a very good relationship with others Golden Retriever, but it is important to socialize it as soon as possible.

    Health

    The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age, and your character will stabilize around the 4 years, or even more in some individuals. Its growth must be closely monitored, especially in the skeleton. As with all large dog breeds, it is preferable to avoid jumping and stairs while he is a puppy so as not to risk damaging the cartilage of his joints.

    The Golden Retriever is also predisposed:

    • Patella dislocation and torn cruciate ligaments;
    • certain diseases of the musculoskeletal system (Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia);
    • Certain eye diseases (congenital and hereditary cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy…);
    • Certain skin diseases (atopia, dermatitis piotraumática, ictiosis…);
    • Piometrio, a severe uterine infection affecting older, unspayed females.

    It also, the Golden Retriever is especially prone to Hip Dysplasia. It is advisable to ensure that the parents are free of these conditions when buying a puppy, requesting the creator of Golden Retriever x-rays and screening tests of the parents.

    Last, in regards to the atopia, there is a racial component and not only a family. So, this condition can be triggered even if the parents are free of it.

    Life expectancy

    Of 10 to 12 years

    Grooming

    The Golden Retriever have moderate hair loss, even during its annual molt.

    But, it is advisable to brush it weekly to detect possible parasites and spikelets, and even daily during the shedding period.

    On the other hand, it is preferable not to wash the dog too often, as there is a risk of damaging the natural protection formed by its rough undercoat and oozing.

    Last, like the ears of the Golden Retriever they are down, they are fragile. Thus, it is recommended to clean them regularly with suitable products to avoid ear infections.

    Use

    The Golden Retriever, a race created for this purpose, is primarily a hunting dog, who likes to return game pieces to his master, preferably dead, and often falls into the water. It also, naturally gifted for work, swimming is his favorite sport.

    But the Golden Retriever it is also one of the most popular companion dogs.

    It also, It is often used for its qualities as a support dog for patients, disabled assistance dog, guide dog for the blind, but also as a rubble dog, drug or bomb search.

    Last, the Golden Retriever they are also in high demand today as show dogs.

    Price

    The purchase price of a Golden Retriever ranges between €500 and €1000 and its maintenance ranges between 1400 and 1500 EUR.

    Characteristics "Golden Retriever"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Golden Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Images "Golden Retriever"

    Photos:

    1 – One Golden Retriever male with a tennis ball by Scott Beckner, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Golden Retriever by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golden_retriever.jpg
    3 – Golden Retriever by https://es.m.wikiquote.org/wiki/Archivo:Callie_the_golden_retriever_puppy.jpg
    4 – Golden Retriever by I, Willybu, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Puppy Golden Retriever / young dog in the North Sea (Scheveningen, Hague, Netherlands) by Dirk Vorderstrasse, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Portrait of male Golden Retriever of 3 years by Johan Spaedtke, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Golden Retriever"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Golden Retriever"

    FCIFCI - Golden Retriever
    Golden

    Alternative names:

    1. Golden (English).
    2. Retriever Golden (French).
    3. Golden (German).
    4. Golden (Portuguese).
    5. Cobrador dorado (español).

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    Gordon Setter
    Escocia Reino Unido FCI 6 - Setter

    Gordon Setter

    The name Gordon Setter is due to the Dukes of Richmond-Gordon, creators of the breed

    Content

    History

    Scottish native, the Gordon Setter was called for almost a century Black and Tan Setter, in reference to the color of their fur. Was not up 1924 when its name was changed to The Kennel Club, in memory of the Scottish Duke Alexander Gordon (1743-1827).

    The latter played an important role in the development of the breed, creating at the end of the 18th century a hatchery in one of its castles, entirely dedicated to him, which allowed its standardization. Some believe other races also came into play (starting with the Saint Hubert Hound), but at least it is proven that the Gordon Setter is the result of the crossing between English Setter and Colleys. The resulting dogs had various coat colors ranging from black and white to red.. But, the Duke chose to favor black and tan subjects, excluding others from the brood; this explains why all representatives of the breed today wear this coat color.

    Like this, the Gordon Setter became popular throughout Scotland and the rest of the UK in the early 19th century, to the point that it was one of the dogs exhibited in the first dog show in modern history, that was held in 1859 en Newcastle. In fact, its ability to adapt to any terrain, even the most rugged, makes you a perfect co-worker for hunting game birds.

    Nor did he wait to leave his homeland. Like this, the first import of a Gordon Setter in France it dates back to 1840. Logically, the hunters would have been in charge of taking it to France. Just two years later, in 1842, Rake and Rachel were the first two representatives of the breed to cross the Atlantic and be imported to the United States. Your buyers, George Blunt y Daniel Webster, they acquired the breed directly from the kennel of the 5th Duke of Gordon, son and successor of Alexander Gordon.

    The Gordon Setter was one of the first breeds recognized by the Kennel Club, the British organization of reference, since its creation in 1873. It was also one of the first nine breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) when it was founded in 1884. But, the other reference organization in the country, the United Kennel Club (UKC), waited until 1949 to do the same. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) it took even longer, since it was not until 1963 when he had to do the same.

    But, although it is recognized around the world, the Gordon Setter is still a relatively rare breed. In United States, the Gordon Setter ranks 110 (of something less than 200) in the AKC breed classification, based on the number of births registered with the AKC each year, and the trend is for a slight decrease. In France, the number of new annual registrations in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) has not stopped declining since the 1990s, having reached a peak in the late eighties. At that time there were more than 1.000, but today there are only a few 600, what to compare, for example, with the more than 5.000 of the English Setter.

    In the United Kingdom, the Gordon Setter is considered by the Kennel Club as a vulnerable native breed. But, the number of births registered in the organization each year remains relatively stable around 250.

    Physical characteristics

    The Gordon Setter is a big dog, robust and well muscled. But, there are differences in size between individuals belonging to display lines and those belonging to hunting lines, the latter being significantly smaller.

    The general appearance of the Gordon Setter conveys an impression of nobility and dignity. His chest is not very wide in front and his back is strong, rather short, with well arched ribs. His body is of medium length, short from shoulder to hips. Its tail is rather short and can be straight or slightly curved.

    The head is taller than it is wide, with a well developed skull. The upper part of the skull is slightly rounded and the stop is well marked. Located at the end of a long snout, his nose is black and wide, with wide open nostrils. Master a strong and regular jaw.

    The eyes of the Gordon Setter they are a good size, not too deep not too bulging. Dark brown and shiny, give it a lively look. Looking at your ears, they are falls, medium size and fine. They are set low and worn close to the head.

    Like others Setters, the coat is soft and shiny, smooth or slightly wavy, but it should not be curly. It is of medium length over most of the body. But, is short on the top of the head and on the front of the legs, long and silky at the top of the ears, long and thin on the back of the hind legs. Last, on the belly forms a strip that can extend across the chest and throat.

    Its fur is bicolor, mixing deep charcoal black and shiny chestnut. The border between black and brown must be clearly defined.

    It also, chestnut-red markings can be seen in different places on the body. This is the case, in particular, above the eyes, with two spots that do not exceed 2 cm each. They are also found in the throat and on each side of the muzzle. They should not exceed the base of the nose; look like a band around the end of the muzzle. There are also two large chestnut-red spots on the chest.

    Tan markings are also present on the inside of the hind legs, spreading out from the paws to the toes. They are also present on or slightly above the front legs and around the anus.

    Some individuals also have a white patch on the chest and/or black spots on the toes and under the jaw..

    Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced, since males are not normally taller than 4 cm more at the withers than females.

    Height and weight

      ▷ Male size: Of 66 to 66 cm.

      ▷ female size: Of 62 to 62 cm.

      ▷ Male weight: 29 kg

      ▷ female weight: 25 kg

    Character and skills

    The Gordon Setter He is a kind and very affectionate companion with his master. He is quite energetic in his youth, but it becomes much calmer as an adult.

    It is an ideal dog especially with children, with whom he is tolerant and protective, and with whom he enjoys playing. But, given its size, it is better if they are already a certain age, as you will soon be able to involuntarily push them. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, that is to say, without adult supervision. In fact, An accident can happen at any time if you misinterpret a child's behavior and think that they are attacking. The risk of unfortunate consequences - even very serious ones- is even greater with an animal of that size, that could unintentionally upset a young child.

    The close bond with the family can become problematic and can be counterproductive if the family has to be away from home often and/or for long periods of time. The dog is very likely to develop separation anxiety, what can lead to destructive behavior, escape attempts or excessive moaning.

    You're also likely to be upset if you can't exercise for at least an hour a day. Although it is not at all suitable for an elderly and / or very sedentary person, it is an ideal companion for the owner of a dog who dreams, for example, with jogging with your dog, ride a bike with him or take him for long walks. But, it is essential that the rappelling process is mastered so that the dog can run without a leash, as his hunting instinct can take over at any time. He also likes games and loves to swim and play in the water.

    If he is walked several times a day and his important need for exercise is satisfied, the Gordon Setter it is quiet and peaceful inside the home, able to live both in the city and in the country, and easily adapts to apartment living. If you live in a house with a garden, we must ensure that it is well fenced, since he is a fugitive by nature. Using an underground electric fence would not be an effective solution, since your determination is much stronger than the discomfort caused by electrical impulses, especially when it has sniffed a prey. In any case, it cannot be a question of making him live outside. In fact, to be happy and balanced, needs to be surrounded and interact with their masters, to feel like he is a full member of the family pack.

    Although at Gordon Setter he likes to be surrounded, you greatly prefer to be around people you know or, at least, of other animals that you are used to seeing. On the other hand, he is quite suspicious, reserved and impassive with strangers, not hesitating to bark if it perceives the slightest danger. So, can be a good watchdog. They are also sometimes aggressive towards other dogs they meet for the first time.. In fact, is often a dog with a dominant temperament, who therefore wishes to seize his companions. A thorough socialization started at a very young age is de rigueur so that you learn to respect them.

    But, coexistence with other animals in the home is not impossible, and having a playmate is a good way to avoid boredom in the absence of their masters. In fact, if they have grown up together, everything usually goes very well. On the other hand, the arrival of a new animal at home is only possible if it is used to living with other animals since childhood. If that is not the case, your hunting instinct is likely to lead you to regard the newcomer as prey. The same goes for the animals you see outside, especially those who venture into your garden.

    His dominant character, independent and determined can also be a source of problems in the relationship with his master, if he does not know how to impose himself and make his dog respect him. A firm education is essential to prevent him from becoming difficult to handle., doing what he pleases.

    Education

    The socialization of Gordon Setter should be done at a young age, period when learning is easier, since it is more malleable and adaptable. Thus, it is necessary to get used as often as possible to meet new people and to face all kinds of situations and external stimuli (noises, smells, vehicles…). On the other hand, it is just as essential to teach them to tolerate loneliness, so your teacher's absences don't become a problem later. These two aspects are essential requirements to achieve a balanced and serene companion.

    Given its size and its significant need for maintenance, it is convenient to get used to being handled without flinching from an early age, otherwise he will have problems when he is an adult. In view of his strong hunting instinct, learning to remember your dog is at least as important as basic commands (“Sit down”, “walk”, “stay”, etc.). This allows the dog to shed without having to worry too much, which makes it easier for him to exercise by himself and, Therefore, make you feel comfortable. Of course, this is especially important if it is used as a hunting dog. As long as I don't obey this order, must be carried on a leash when walking.

    It also, the Gordon Setter it is an intelligent breed of dog and learns quickly. But, as is often the case with intelligent dogs, They are not the kind that take for granted: with a strong character, can quickly become very stubborn. This means that, to be obedient, You have to give him a firm education to prevent his intelligence from turning against his master and getting the best of him as soon as he gets home. But, do not punish your dog in any way when he does something wrong: as the Gordon Setter not really receptive to reprimands, it is better to opt for the positive reinforcement method, with the help of treats in particular.

    Last, if it is intended to be used for hunting, the report and the notion of resignation are added to the reminder as indispensable teachings. In effect, must be able at all times to return when his master calls him, to catch a prey without biting it and to give it up if its owner asks.

    Health

    The Gordon Setter is generally in good health.

    But, may be exposed to various pathologies of varying severity, as :

    • The stomach dilation-torsion syndrome, common to most large breeds of dogs and can lead to rapid death of the animal if not attended to quickly;
    • The hip and elbow dysplasia, also common in large dogs. Produces pain and lameness caused by inflammation of the joints, which can lead to osteoarthritis.
    • The progressive retinal atrophy, an inherited disease that causes retinal degeneration and can lead to total loss of vision;
    • The Hypothyroidism, a hormonal disorder responsible for many symptoms that vary from person to person;
      ear infections, due to the drooping shape of their ears;
    • The abiotrofia cortical cerebelosa, a severe inherited neurological disease due to premature degeneration of cerebellar cells. If adopted from a breeder Gordon Setter, DNA test results should be requested to establish that the puppy does not have the gene responsible for this disease. In any case, a worthy breeder does not breed an individual with a genetic disease. In the case of adoption by another route, DNA testing can be done before taking the plunge, in order to rule out this risk.

    It also, as with all large breeds, It is strongly recommended to avoid subjecting a puppy to Gordon Setter to excessive physical exertion. In effect, it is very fragile during its growth, especially at the level of your bones and joints. The utmost care must be taken during this period.

    Life expectancy

    13 years

    Grooming

    The coat of the Gordon Setter requires special care and maintenance. Brushing two to three times a week with a brush or glove is essential for the sebum to be well distributed throughout the coat., removing dead hairs and preventing them from tangling. Although hair loss is moderate, brushing should be daily, during the seasonal moult in spring and fall. It is also necessary to wash the dog once every one or two months to avoid bad smells and clean its coat: due to hair length, tends to collect dirt easily. But, you must be careful not to wet the inside of their ears, as it is easily prone to ear infections.

    It also, the hair between the pads and inside the ears should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infections caused by small plants or spikelets that could get stuck in the pads.

    It also, pay special attention to your ears. Like any dog ​​with floppy ears, are at increased risk of infections (otitis, etc.). So, should be inspected and cleaned at least once a week, and ideally every time the dog comes into contact with water, for example during a hunting trip or after bathing. This is also an opportunity to check your eyes and clean them if necessary..

    Looking at your teeth, cleaning is necessary at least once a week, as for all other dogs. Regular use of a dog toothbrush or finger pad will help limit tartar and bad breath..

    Last, given your level of activity, natural wear and tear is usually enough to trim the claws of the Gordon Setter. But, as you get older or don't walk enough, claws can become too long and become a nuisance or even injury. If this happens, must be trimmed with a special file or nail clippers. If the owner is not very comfortable with this maintenance task, you can ask your vet to do it or, at least, teach him how to do it so he can do it himself.

    Use

    Born hunter, the Gordon Setter has long been used as a hunting dog and as a pointing and collecting dog. Although they are not very fast compared to others Setter, their stamina and keen sense of smell make them excellent woodcock hunters, partridges and retrievers.

    Today, although they are still used primarily as bird hunting dogs, they are also increasingly found as companion and show dogs. His calm character, gentle and affectionate makes them very endearing pets, as long as their owners are able to satisfy their need for exercise.

    Their loyalty to their owners and their distrust of strangers also make them excellent watchdogs.. So, it is also a good companion for canicross, canine mountain biking or any other sporting activity, thanks above all to its resistance and its robust character.

    Last, its elegance, as well as his noble attitude, also make him a competitor of choice in canine beauty contests.

    Price

    The price of a puppy Gordon Setter varies between the 700 and 1200 euros in Europe .

    Regardless of location, price differences from one individual to another are explained by their greater or lesser conformity with the norm, as well as by their sex: males are significantly more expensive than females.

    Characteristics "Gordon Setter"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Gordon Setter" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    Images "Gordon Setter"

    Photos:

    1 – The picture shows a Gordon Setter in the typical work of the race in the field. by Nordic-Gordon-Hunters, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Gordon Setter by richkidsunite
    3 – Gordon Setter at a dog show in Konopiska, Poland. by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Gordon Setter at a dog show in Konopiska, Polonia by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Gordon Setter by https://pixabay.com/photos/dog-setter-gordon-animal-pet-4320937/
    6 – Gordon Setter by https://pixabay.com/photos/dog-setter-gordon-animal-pet-4320945/

    Videos "Gordon Setter"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 2: British and Irish Pointers and Setters. 2.2: Setter
    • AKCSporting
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Gordon Setter"

    FCIFCI - Gordon Setter
    Gordon

    Alternative names:

    1. Black and tans (English).
    2. Setter Gordon (French).
    3. Gordon Setter (German).
    4. Setter gordon (Portuguese).
    5. Setter escocés (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    German Shorthaired Pointer
    Alemania FCI 119 . Braque Type

    Braco Alemán de Pelo Corto

    A strong hunting instinct is the most important characteristic of the German Shorthaired Pointer

    Content

    History

    The German Shorthaired Pointer (Deutscher Kurzhaariger Vorstehhund, It is a breed of dog developed in the 1800 in Germany, used for hunting.

    The exact origin of the German Shorthaired it is not clear. In accordance with the American Kennel Club, it is likely that the German Shorthaired Pointer is a descendant of a race known as German Bird Dog, which in turn is connected with the Old Spanish Pointer introduced in Germany in the 17TH century.

    It is also likely that within their ancestors are German dogs and other tracking dogs, as the English Pointer. But, as the first studbook was not created until 1870, It is impossible to identify all the dogs that were needed to create this race.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a versatile dog, without a doubt the most complete and efficient for hunting breed, thanks to their physical qualities and innate aptitudes, Standing out mainly in:

    • Find and display the birds elegantly.
    • Collect both land and water without distinguishing between the hair and feather.
    • It is the best companion of the bird of prey and the most characteristic in the art of falconry..
    • Prove your courage facing animals as temperamental and determined as the wild boar.
    • Able to follow a trail of blood as well as a Bloodhound.
    • In the home is the faithful, patient and excellent companion of children.

    The breed emerged in the 19th century due to the need for a versatile dog, that serve for the various forms of hunting, instead of having a different race for each specialty. With the hunting characteristics set, German breeders began the work of selecting dogs for its kind, and arriving at the end of the 19th century to the first racial standard, which over time, It has undergone changes to adapt to the natural evolution of forms of hunting.

    Its main characteristics are:

    • A special smell.
    • A persistent and effective search.
    • Great passion for work in water.
    • Elegant style.
    • Great physical resistance.
    • The courage to face large and aggressive animals without hesitation.
    • Higher than normal canine intelligence (ranks 17 in Stanley Coren's list: "The Intelligence of Dogs").
    • The males measure of 62 to 66 cm and females in 58 to 63 cm., and weigh in 25 to 30 Kg.
    • Coupled with this and its easy training, It is currently one of the most prized hunting worldwide breeds.

    The sample in the German Shorthaired Pointer it is par excellence a moment of great beauty and emotion, a true expression of the hunting art. It is the culmination of an extensive search, in which the dog after traveling many kilometers, among bushes, thorns, slopes, ravines or immense Plains, Locate the bird carried by their emanations, this makes the German Shorthaired Pointer the best and inseparable companion of the versatile hunter.

    The layer of German Shorthaired Pointer, it is short and flat with a dense coat protected by stiff hairs to make the coat waterproof and allow the dog to keep warm in cold climates. The color can be dark brown in English is defined as color “liver” (incorrectly as “chocolate” or “Brown”), black (Despite any area of black it is grounds for disqualification in American Kennel Club), either liver and black or black and white.

    Commonly the head is a solid or nearly solid color with the body being mottled or “marking” with liver and white, sometimes with so-called large solid color stains “Saddle”.

    Although the standard of German Shorthaired Pointer allows a slightly sandy coloring (“Mark Gelber”) in the extremities, This color is rare, any yellow coloration in contests of sample is by the AKC and the CKC, and the dog is disqualified.

    The German Shorthaired Pointer has a longer life expectancy than many breeds of the same size, generally they live between 12 and 14 years, There have been cases of copies that have lived in 16 to 18 years.

    The characteristic coloration of German Shorthaired Pointer provides you with unrivaled camouflage in winter seasons. To be standing next to dead trees and in the dirty snow, the mixture of the colors of Brown layer, black and white makes the dog bit visible.

    Character and skills

    The race generally along well with other dogs, Although females seem to be much more dominant in the interaction. A strong hunting instinct is the most important characteristic of this breed., It is not always good if you share a home with other small pets such as cats and rabbits.

    But with a proper training, the German Shorthaired Pointer, You will learn to distinguish what is the prey and what is not, which is why, You can live in a friendly manner with other family pets.

    The German Shorthaired Pointer needs a good daily dose of exercise, since it is an energetic animal and needs to spend that accumulated energy, if he is not given physical activity he will seem hyperactive and may develop destructive tendencies.

    It is good to take into account that this race is not a pet suitable for a home of sedentary or owners without experience.

    The German Shorthaired Pointer he is good with children, but be careful because the breed can be a little gross, especially when they are puppies.

    Characteristics "German Shorthaired Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Shorthaired Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Photos “German Shorthaired Pointer”

    Videos “German Shorthaired Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

    FCI breed standard "German Shorthaired Pointer"

    FCIFCI - German Shorthaired Pointer
    Bracco

    Alternative names:

    1. GSP, DK (English).
    2. GSP, DK (French).
    3. Deutscher kurzhaariger, Vorstehhund, Deutsch Kurzhaar, Kurzhaar, GSP, DK (German).
    4. Pointer alemão, Perdigueiro (Portuguese).
    5. GSP, DK (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    German Wirehaired Pointer
    Alemania FCI 98 . Braque Type

    Braco Alemán de Pelo Duro

    The German Wirehaired Pointer is very affectionate, active and intelligent.

    Content

    History

    The German Wirehaired Pointer (Drahthaar) es una raza de origen alemán.

    In this long-haired Hunter dog is gathers the blood of hounds, hunters of birds, water dogs and hunting with Falcons and therefore has a tendency to great versatility.

    The origin of this breed has barely a century. A group of breeders set out to obtain Pointing Dogs hard hair. Pointing Dogs rough-haired Germans, the Pudelpointer, the Griffon and the German Shorthaired Pointer they contributed to the formation of the breed. Some experts added to the Airedale Terrier and to the Italian Rough-Haired Hound to this list of participants in the creation of the German Wirehaired Pointer.

    As of the year 1879 pure breeding was carried out and the essential characteristics of the breed were established.

    In the year 1897, the Baron Schorlemer established the first standard of the German Wirehaired Pointer and this was the basis for the current pure breeding. It became one of the main hunting breeds in Germany in the latter part of the 20th century..

    Physical characteristics

    It is strong, muscular, under, of flowing lines, is medium-sized. Heavy dogs are not desirable. Some specimens are likely to develop hip dysplasia, ear infections, genetic eye diseases and skin cancer.

    Coat colors vary, can be solid liver color, black and white with liver markings, liver color with white markings, solid black and a mixture of three colors.

    The coat of the German Wirehaired Pointer, has as the most distinctive characteristic of the breed, the functional hirsute. A dog must have a correct fur to be of the correct type. The layer is resistant to weathering and, to some extent, water repellent. The inner layer is dense enough to insulate you from the cold winter, but it is fine in summer. The distinctive outer layer of the breed is straight, hard, rough to the touch and lisa. In the ears, the head and legs the hair is smoother.

    The weight of the males is of 34 to 40 kg. And in females, of 30 to 36 kg. Measuring the males of 61 to 68 cm and females 57 to 64 cm..

    Character and skills

    The German Wirehaired Pointer is very affectionate, active and intelligent. It seems that you have always wanted to learn and is very loyal to his family, You need a reference person who knows how to set the limits. Like it to be occupied and enjoy working with its owner. They are friendly with people who know and reserved with strangers, They must be socialized at an early age.

    They need plenty of exercise, any type of game that includes searching for objects on any type of terrain, will be your happy Pointer. It has a very fine sense of smell that allows it to track and recover any object both on land and in the water..

    Characteristics "German Wirehaired Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Wirehaired Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Photos “German Wirehaired Pointer”

    Videos “German Wirehaired Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

  • FCI nomenclature race "German Wirehaired Pointer"


  • FCI breed standard "German Wirehaired Pointer"

    FCIFCI - German Wirehaired Pointer
    Bracco

    Alternative names:

    1. Deutsch Drahthaar, Deutscher Drahthaariger, Vorstehhund Drahthaar (English).
    2. Chien d’arrêt allemand à poil long (French).
    3. auch Deutsch-Drahthaar (German).
    4. Drahthaar (Portuguese).
    5. Braco Alemán de Pelo Duro (español).