Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)
Holanda FCI 314 . Flushing Dogs

Kooikerhondje

The Kooikerhondje was initially listed among companion dogs, outside of the Netherlands it is practically unknown.

Content

History

This puppy with an unpronounceable original name has a long history, that begins in the Middle Ages, more specifically in the fifteenth century, when the Spanish brought the first Spaniels to the Netherlands. Several crosses with local dogs resulted in the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker). The dog quickly spread, appearing in many paintings by 17th century Dutch masters, como Jan Steen (1626-1679), but also in literature, especially in the Dutch Historian Stories Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft (1581-1647).

It was his special talent for hunting ducks that made him famous. Dutch for "small cager dog" (other name of Kooikerhondje – Kooiker). He was trained to lure ducks with his white plumed tail into trapped channels that ended in a cage (“eendenkooi“, in Dutch), where the hunters (“kooiker“) they could easily catch them. The specimens used for this hunting technique were called “hondjes de Kooiker“, and the name has remained in this breed.

Apart from the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker), few breeds are capable of learning this hunting technique. A notable exception is the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, which appeared in the 19th century and is generally considered to be a descendant of the Kooiker.

However, the usefulness of the dog did not end there: when it wasn't duck hunting season, it was used to hunt vermin.

Its population declined rapidly between the two wars, mainly due to the abandonment of this hunting method (which required a lot of work to maintain the channels from the traps) in favor of the use of the rifle, facilitated by the greater precision of firearms. Like this, on the eve of World War II, the breed had almost disappeared, with a total number of individuals estimated at only thirty.

After the invasion of the Netherlands in 1940, the baronessa von Hardenbroek of Ammerstol, in the spirit of resistance to the German occupation, decided to save this typically Dutch dog. Delivered a black and white photo to several street vendors, asking them to notify you if they encountered such an animal. This is how he found tommy, a female Kooiker from the north of the Netherlands, which was the reason for the rebirth of the breed as we know it today.

Between 1942 and 1976, the baroness raised 52 layers of Dutch foxhounds that were named after his kennel, from Valhalla, and obtained the recognition of the breed by the Raad van Beheer (the country's official canine organization) in 1971. Later, the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1990 and by the United Kennel Club (UKC) American in 1996. The other leading American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2004.

If he Kooikerhondje (Kooiker) has become a relatively common dog in its home country, not yet the case in the rest of the world, where remains unknown. However, things seem to be changing since the decade of 2010.

Like this, en el Reino Unido, where it is recognized by The Kennel Club, Enrollments have increased considerably since 2013, to the point of already exceeding fifty copies a year.

Also in France there is a certain madness for this breed: while in 2007 and 2012 they only signed up 5 specimens in the LOF (French Origins Book), between 2013 and 2018 there were more than 200.

In United States, the Dutch for "small cager dog" still very weird, but the Dutch Kooikerhondje Club of America (NKCUSA) registered 11 new breeders in 2018 and 2019, suggesting that the breed is also enjoying growing interest there, and that its population will increase rapidly.

Photo: Kooikerhondje puppy by Petful

Physical characteristics

The Kooikerhondje – Kooikerhondje is a medium-sized dog with a harmonious build, with a general appearance reminiscent of a Spaniel. Her body, slightly longer than tall, he is muscular but thin: they are dogs made for speed and agility. The tail follows the line of the back and reinforces its slim appearance.

The head is carried high, which gives it an aristocratic air. The skull is quite wide and rounded, while the muzzle, ending in a black nose, is slightly truncated. His dark brown almond eyes express intelligence and kindness. The ears are medium in size, placed in a line that starts from the nose and passes through the eye, falling down the cheeks.

The coat is of medium length and can be smooth or slightly wavy. The legs have a longer plumage on the hind legs than on the front ones., but the plumage of the tail is the most characteristic of the Kooikerhondje: long and white, giving the tail a feathery look. The long black hairs on the tips of the ears, known as “Earrings”, they are highly sought after.

The coat is predominantly white, with large well-marked orange-red spots on the body. The rule Kooiker accepts small marks of this color on the legs, as well as the presence of some black hairs mixed with the orange-red color. The head should have a clear white line that reaches the nose.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the male being slightly larger than the female, that tends to shed more hair during the shedding period.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 38 – 42 cm.
▷ Female size: 36 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight: 10 – 13 kg.
▷ Female weight: 9 – 12 kg.

Character and skills

The Kooikerhondje It is a loyal dog, very attached to his family, from which he does not like to part. However, they are not effusive and prefer to stay quietly by their master's side rather than jump up to show their attachment. You also need a quiet environment, and does not bear stress well: frequent parties or quarrels would risk lasting disruption.

Logically, not a recommended breed of dog for young children, since the cries of a baby or the whims of a small child are hardly to his liking. They are much better suited to a family that shares their calm and relaxed approach to life..

They are quite suspicious of people they do not know, but they quickly accept those who pay them a little attention, especially if they take the trouble to offer them a reward.

Although it accepts other dogs of a similar character, does not especially seek the company of other dogs. Regarding coexistence with other animals, especially with cats or rodents, can be especially difficult due to strong hunting instincts. Even if he is able to get along with the household animals he has been raised with, the risk that one day he will start chasing the family cat is very real.

If its placid character could make it suitable for the elderly, he forgets a bit quickly that he is also very active, needing at least two hours of exercise a day. Having said that, he is not very demanding with what he does, and he is as likely to accompany his owner on a long and quiet walk as he is to play chasing a ball with the children in the garden or looking for it. However, prefers water activities: to swim, jumping into the water or just playing in a pond are activities that make this water-loving dog happy, since he was originally bred to work on the canals.

If you can live in an apartment as long as your daily need for activity is met, the Kooikerhondje greatly prefers to have a garden to frolic in. However, you need to make sure the space is well fenced because, even if I do not have a special predisposition to flee, his hunting instinct is likely to push him to run after all the animals in the region and, Therefore, to move away from your residence.

In any case, although it is generally calm, Problems can arise if you don't have a chance to expend your energy and are left alone too often. In particular, the owner may face inopportune barking and / or destructive dog behavior.

Smart and attentive, to the Kooikerhondje he likes to be stimulated intellectually; they especially like obedience exercises or learning new tricks. However, your intelligence is a double-edged sword, as they quickly pick up on any hesitation on the part of their master, and they can decide to assume the leadership of the family pack. Therefore, It is a breed reserved for a master who already has experience, in addition to being able to provide you with the stable environment you need.

Education

Like all dogs, the Kooiker needs to be socialized from a young age to get used to people, places, noises, smells… that you will know during your life. It is especially advisable to introduce the small animals that share your home as soon as possible, to minimize the risk of lawsuits or even accidents once you are an adult.

The Kooikerhondje, very sensible, reacts poorly to stressful situations and can be traumatized by traditional training methods. Therefore, their training should be based on positive reinforcement: the compliments, accompanied by caresses and some sweets, they work much better than reprimands. However, your teacher must stand firm and consistent, so as not to confuse you and make you lose confidence in your leader's ability to lead.

It is important that all family members are involved in their education, to assimilate and accept your authority.

Active, smart and eager to please, the Kooikerhondje It is an ideal student for obedience exercises as well as for learning different canine sports: Flyball, agility, dogs-cross…

Health

The Kooiker has a small gene pool and, Therefore, is prone to many life-threatening genetic diseases. Fortunately, the work of selecting the breeders responsible for Kooiker has resulted in the practical elimination of these risks today.

These diseases with which the breed has often been associated are:

  • The von Willebrand disease, which causes blood clotting problems and can lead to death from bleeding. Widespread DNA testing since the years 90 make that today we hardly find more affected subjects;
  • Hereditary necrotizing myelopathy, a neurological problem that affects the spinal cord and causes paralysis. Thanks to a responsible breeding policy, now there is less than one case a year worldwide;
  • The hereditary epilepsy, which can cause seizures that range from a few seconds to several minutes. The number of affected dogs is steadily decreasing, to the point that this disease only affects between 1 and 5 dogs a year;
  • The miositis, o polymositis, it is a chronic inflammation of one or more muscles that can cause very different symptoms depending on the muscles affected. Potentially deadly, this disease is still relatively widespread, affecting about the 1% of the population;
  • The waterfall, an opaque filter in the eyes that can cause blindness in dogs, that has been practically eliminated;
  • The patellar dislocation moderate, which is disabling but not dangerous, and it is by far the most common condition. In fact, almost the 15% of the breed representatives are affected.
  • Another risk to the health of the Dutch for "small cager dog" is obesity, so the owner should regularly check that the dog is not overweight, in addition to giving him enough exercise.

    Last but not least, like all breeds of dogs with hanging ears, are at increased risk of ear infections.

    Life expectancy

    12 - 14 years

    Grooming

    The Kooikerhondje it is a low maintenance breed of dog. A quick weekly brushing is more than enough to keep the coat healthy. However, during the shedding periods in spring and fall, brushing more frequently is recommended to remove dead hair.

    Bathing your dog is seldom necessary. In any case, you should not bathe your dog more than twice a year, so as not to damage your skin. On the other hand, After the Kooikerhondje have fun in a pool, in the sea or in a doubtful-looking pond, it is advisable to rinse it with fresh water to remove any traces of chlorine, shall, algae or bacteria.

    On the other hand, it is advisable to take advantage of the weekly brushing session to check the eyes, teeth and, above all, the dog's ears, to ensure that there is no dirt that could cause the start of an infection or otitis.

    Last but not least, the claws of Kooikerhondje are tough and grow relatively quickly: natural wear and tear is often not enough, and then you have to trim them manually when they have become too long.

    Utility

    Historically used for duck hunting in the canals of the Netherlands, the Kooiker is today mainly a pet.

    His high level of activity and intelligence also allow him to obtain excellent results in dog sports competitions, and a patient and dedicated trainer can turn you into a flyball or agility champion.

    Characteristics “Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    versatility ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

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    Images “Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)”

    Photos:

    1 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-kooiker-3917568/
    2 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-mascotas-4744089/
    3 – Dutch Decoy Dog puppy by Jeroenzwaan, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – KOOIKERHONDJE PUPPY by https://pixy.org/4695950/
    5 – Kooikerhondje by Burner83 / from wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Kooiker – petsadviser.com by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)”

    Kooiker – 16 weeks – MOOS
    Carino in der Hundeschule

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


      • FCI breed standard "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

        FCIFCI - "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"
        Spaniel

        Alternative names:

          1. Kooiker, Dutch Spanie (English).
          2. Petit chien hollandais de chasse au gibier d’eau (French).
          3. Kooikerhondje (German).
          4. (em neerlandês: Kooikerhondje) (Portuguese).
          5. Kooikerhondje, Pequeño Perro Holandés para la caza acuática (Spanish).

    Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
    Noruega FCI 203 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Norwegian Hound

    The Norwegian Hound (Dunker) it is found only in its country of origin and is practically unknown outside its borders.

    Content

    History

    The Norwegian Hound was originally called Dunker, in honor of the Norwegian captain and breeder Wilhelm Conrad Dunker (1806-1860), who established the first breed standard in 1850. During the first half of the 19th century, there was a large population of hounds in norway, including various types used for hare hunting. Wilhelm Dunker selected those with the sharpest sense of smell and crossed them with a Russian Harlequin Hound to produce a versatile hound, able to hunt rabbits and hares by smell rather than sight, and tough enough to withstand the harsh weather conditions of Norway.

    In 1902 was founded the Norsk Harehundklub, a club dedicated to hounds. That same year the hounds were divided into two main groups, known today as Dunker y Hygenhounds. The first was the largest and included local dogs from all over the country, providing a wide and varied breeding base.

    Although Norway was less affected by World War II than other European countries, the demand for these dogs dropped dramatically, which made it difficult for the breeders to continue their work properly. As a result, the number of specimens decreased significantly.

    After the conflict is over, the Dunker regained some popularity and was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1956.

    However, this bounce was only short lived: lost ground again from the decade of 1970, due to competition from foreign breeds of hunting dogs imported into the country.

    Things did not improve much in the 80, to the point that inbreeding problems began to appear. In fact, the decline in its population led many breeders to resort to inbreeding to continue breeding. This led to a high rate of congenital deafness.. For this reason, in 1987, the breeding committee of the Norwegian Hound asked the Norsk Kennel Klubb (NKK), the reference canine organization in Norway, permission to cross the Dunker with other races, but they denied it. However, how things did not improve much, the NKK finally gave his approval for some crosses two years later. This resulted in a more varied and healthy genetic makeup, while maintaining the characteristic features of the breed.

    The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1996. However, the other American reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), has not done the same to this day – nor does the neighboring Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or the prestigious British Kennel Club (KC). In fact, at the global level, recognition of the breed is still quite partial.

    It's the same for broadcast. Even in the other Scandinavian countries, is almost absent, with the exception of Sweden, where the Svenska Kennelklubben records a number of births each year that can be counted on the fingers of one hand, compared to around twenty in the early nineties. In France, not a single inscription was made in the Book of French Origins (LOF) during the first two decades of the 21st century.

    In Norway, The number of Dunkers recorded each year in the NKK has been around 150 since the mid-decade 2000. However, this marks a halving of the number compared to the change of the years 90. This limited number is partly explained by the deafness problem present in this breed: almost the 75% of its population suffers from deafness.

    Photo: A Norwegian Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    The Norwegian Hound It is a medium-sized dog distinguished by its long, well-proportioned body, his energetic and clear walk and his light weight. They have solid bones, giving an impression of strength and endurance. The back is straight, firm and long enough to give length to the rib cage. Lets on strong, dry front legs. The tail is wide and thick at the base and tapers at the tip. Descends to the hock or slightly protrudes from the hock.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    Quite long, its head is characterized by a slightly domed skull and a marked stop. Located at half height, the ears are flat, without folds, hanging and soft to the touch. Half-width, taper towards its tip, which is rounded. Its mouth has scissor-shaped teeth dominated by a square, well-developed snout., a black nose and wide nostrils.

    His eyes are round, large and very penetrating. Although they are usually dark in color, there are also individuals with one or two blue eyes, a characteristic that is associated with an increased risk of deafness. Minnow eyes are allowed in blue individuals (variegated). Regardless of the color of the eyes, the eyes express calm and seriousness.

    The coat of the Dunker consists of short hair, hard, tight and dense. Its coloration is a distinctive sign of the breed: they are either black with light fawn and white spots, or blue merle (Variegated?) and mottled with light fawn and white spots. Jet black coats with dark tawny markings are less desirable, and those in which white predominates (to the point of representing at least the 50% Of the surface) are considered undesirable by the norm.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

    Life expectancy: 12 years of age.

    Size of Norwegian Hound

      – Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
      – Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
      – Female size: Of 47 - 53 cm.
      – Male size: Of 50 - 55 cm.

    Character and skills “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    The Norwegian Hound is a fast and tenacious hunter with an above-average olfactory ability. They excel particularly in hunting hare and rabbit.

    Being also gentle, loving, cheerful and friendly, they have all the qualities required to be an excellent companion dog. Balanced, patients, tolerant and devoid of aggressiveness, they are very good playmates for children. However, it is important to note that a dog should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision, and this applies to all races.

    His total lack of aggressiveness and his attraction to humans, even for those you don't know, make it totally impossible to use as a guard dog. In effect, not reserved at all, shy, fearful or aggressive with strangers, rather they tend to welcome them positively and trust them. They are more likely to greet a malicious person with curiosity and licking them rather than barking to warn their master or make them understand that they better go their way.

    His sociability extends to other dogs too. Therefore, it is quite possible to share a house with a dog companion without fearing that conflict situations will multiply, and is generally friendly with those he meets on his walks.

    With cats and other animals, things are a little more complicated. His hunting instinct naturally leads him to chase any small furry animal that is not part of the canine species.. Although he has grown up with him and must consider his little companion as a member of the family and not as a potential prey, risk can never be ruled out, so it is better to avoid such cohabitation. As for those that can be found on your walks, you probably want to chase them. Therefore, it is preferable to keep it on a leash during excursions, to avoid any accident.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    In any case, the fear that it will chase other animals does not mean that you should not take it out enough every day, knowing that you need a lot of activity to expend your great energy. Need at least 45 minutes of exercise per day, but his stamina makes him happy to go further if given the chance. In addition, it is preferable to vary the pleasures to allow you to fully expend your energy: long walks, run through the park, sports with dogs, etc. Sports that require running (like canicross) and those that appeal to your senses (like tracking) they are the most recommended. In fact, this dog is very happy when he has to mobilize his physical and mental capacities. In any case, in addition to allowing you to exercise, all these activities reinforce the relationship with his master, which is especially important if you are hearing impaired.

    From the above it follows that the Dunker not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person, I couldn't give you all the exercise you need. The ideal for him is a master of sport, and willing to take his partner in his various activities. Retirees may be right for him, if they are active enough.

    In any case, life in the city is not ideal for him, that needs large spaces to fully develop. A house with a garden in the country is a much more appropriate environment to live. However, it is important to ensure that the garden is well fenced and that the environment is safe, as his instincts and hunting instincts soon lead him to follow leads and flee.

    Once your need for exercise is satisfied, the Norwegian Hound has an easy and docile character; is far from being as stubborn as many hunting dog breeds. However, your sense of smell can make training difficult, as he is easily distracted by a scent and not really responsive to his master's commands.

    Their propensity to bark can also be quite annoying. He is particularly prone to doing so if his master is away for a long time without having given him any exercises beforehand and without having the means to do it himself.. In fact, inactivity can be a burden and cause those behavior problems, as well as destruction, for example. However, as long as you have something to take care of in the absence of your family, not the type of dog that suffers a lot from separation anxiety.

    Education “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Like all the other hounds, the Norwegian Hound must be socialized from an early age. In other words, so that he becomes a balanced adult and has no trouble finding his place, should be given without delay a maximum of opportunities to meet all kinds of humans (veterinary, neighbors, delivery man, etc.), Other animals, but also to face various noises, smells and situations. This is even more important as you are easily distracted by your sense of smell..

    The rules established in your education should also be taught to you from an early age, when your ability to learn and docility are at their best. As with any race, bad habits are quickly acquired while he is still a puppy and become real problems when he grows up.

    In any case, the Dunker it is a breed of dog that is easy to train and that listens to its master, as long as he uses a dog-friendly training method. Treatments generally prove to be very effective in positively reinforcing your good deeds and facilitating learning. However, sometimes it is necessary to show firmness and affirm your own authority to prevent this dogged dog from doing what he pleases. It can also be difficult to get their attention, given their tendency to be distracted by their sense of smell.

    Since it has a strong inclination to follow its nose and to chase passing small animals, Teaching your dog to call back is especially important to avoid the risk of a frantic tug on the leash or running away if it moves freely.

    It can also be helpful to try to teach him to channel his propensity to bark.. However, as it is deeply ingrained in him, should not be expected to be the calmest of dogs. If it is impossible to make him understand that some things do not necessarily require him to bark, at least he can be taught to stop on command.

    Last but not least, if the dog is deaf from birth, as is the case with a significant fraction of the representatives of the breed, the master must obviously adapt to this restriction: training a deaf dog is not done in the same way as training another dog that is capable of hearing its master's voice. Trust is then even more crucial in the relationship between the animal and its master., so that you can learn and live in good conditions despite your disability. Of course, communication is then done through non-verbal communication, and it is up to the teacher to adopt explicit body language, based on gestures and precise mimics, specific for each indication you want to give.

    Health “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    The Norwegian Hound is very resistant, generally have excellent health and very good longevity.

    Used to living in harsh Norwegian weather, can tolerate cold and humidity without difficulty. Their coat is naturally waterproof and offers good protection from the elements. On the other hand, shows some intolerance to high temperatures, even if it is able to adapt to a Mediterranean climate. You simply need to lighten up your activities during hot flashes, or at least privilege those that are carried out inside, to make sure you always have access to a shaded place or even air conditioning and to avoid any excessive physical exercise in the hottest hours.

    Its small population and its limited diffusion prevent a very important deterioration of health, but it has been shown that it is predisposed to certain problems:

  • deafness, what is a hereditary disease. According to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), almost the 75% of the breed population is today deaf by at least one, if not both ears;
  • hip dysplasia, a joint malformation that may be characterized by a hereditary predisposition. Can cause joint pain as well as difficulty moving;
  • Elbow dysplasia, which can also be favored by a hereditary predisposition. It is painful and leads to difficulty moving and the development of osteoarthritis;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary and incurable eye disease. Causes loss of night vision first, then loss of daytime vision, to the point that the dog becomes totally blind;
  • Demodecic scabies, a contagious parasitic disease that causes itching and true discomfort to the dog, gradually losing appetite and sleep;
  • ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to its hanging shape.
  • In addition, individuals used for hunting are exposed to the various risks associated with this activity: wounds, parasites, thorns, etc.

    In addition, the Dunker has a strong appetite. How it is usually active, this is not usually a problem. However, if it is not, soon becomes overweight.

    Given the hereditary conditions to which the breed is predisposed, the breeder's work plays a decisive role in the adoption of a Norwegian Hound that he is in perfect health and that he will probably remain so. In addition to the results of genetic tests performed on the parents and the puppy to reduce the risk of such diseases, every serious and responsible breeder must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as documents related to the vaccines administered.

    In addition, when the dog is small and still growing, your bones and joints are particularly fragile: therefore, any excessive or prolonged physical exercise should be avoided, since I could pay it one day or another, with potentially permanent sequelae (malformations, etc.).

    Last but not least, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian at least once a year to ensure that the dog is in good health or, on the other hand, to be able to detect as soon as possible any problem whose symptoms are not yet visible. This health check is also an opportunity to carry out your immunization reminders, which are another essential lever to keep the dog in good health. Still in the prevention registry, it is the owner's responsibility to renew the antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary throughout the year, so your partner is never unprotected.

    Care and maintenance “Norwegian Hound”

    A tough breed, the Norwegian Hound do not require much maintenance.

    However, they lose a lot of hair, so brushing your hair twice a week is not too much to help remove dead hairs and keep it looking good. During their shedding periods in spring and fall, when it should be done more often (even daily) to prevent hair growth throughout the house.

    Since his hair is not very dirty and therefore does not have a strong odor, bathing him two or three times a year is generally sufficient. In any case, a too frequent bath will make the sebum naturally present on the skin disappear, that insulates and protects it from the elements. Having said that, do not hesitate to give him a bath if he has gotten very dirty, for example during a particularly muddy hunting trip. In any case, you can only use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, at the risk of damaging your skin.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    The ears, on the other hand, require special attention, since its hanging shape implies an increased risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). They should be cleaned every week with a damp cloth or a cleaning product specially designed for this purpose.. They should also be dried after each bath or a long period of time in a humid place.

    Their eyes they should also be examined weekly and cleaned if necessary with a damp cloth.

    It is also necessary to brush the teeth of your dog every week or even every day to avoid the formation of dental plaque and its possible consequences (bad breath, diseases, etc.). A toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

    In addition, it is important to regularly check your dog's claws to make sure they are not getting too long and to trim them if this is the case. This could not only hinder your gait, it could also be broken and potentially injured at the same time. Having said that, while you're active and spending long hours outdoors, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them.

    To know how to proceed during maintenance sessions, it is helpful to benefit from the expertise of a vet or groomer the first time. In fact, whether the various procedures for grooming the coat, the ears, the eyes, your pet's teeth or claws are not done properly, not only will satisfactory results not be obtained, but the owner may even injure or injure his pet. In addition, the owner should get used to his pet very soon, so that throughout his life he accepts to be manipulated without being rebellious.

    In addition, when your pet returns from a long time in the wild, it is a good idea to systematically take a little time to inspect it carefully: parasites, spikes or dirt may have gotten into their fur, and may also have been injured.

    What is the price of a “Norwegian Hound”

    In Norway, a puppy Dunker It costs around 7000 Norwegian crowns (a few 650 EUR). The sale price varies from one individual to another depending on the prestige of the offspring, the dog's lineage and its intrinsic characteristics.

    Since the breed does not have a wide international distribution, it is almost impossible to find a breeder of the same outside your country of origin.

    Therefore, whether you are in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada or elsewhere, who wants to adopt a Norwegian Hound you must opt ​​for the import solution. In this case, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, you must respect the regulations to import a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Sabueso Noruego (Dunker) – Raza de Perro
    Dunker ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 203
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)” FCI Norwegian Hound (Dunker) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dunker (English).
      2. Dunker (French).
      3. Dunkerbracke, Dunkerlaufhund (German).
      4. Dunker (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador noruego, Dunker, Sabueso de Dunker (Spanish).

    Norrbottenspets
    Suecia FCI 276 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Norrbottenspets

    The Norrbottenspets also used as a draft dog.

    Content

    History

    The Norrbottenspets (Spitz from the North Bothnia country) probably originates from the small spitz-type Laika that was known to live with hunters in the North Cape area, already in prehistoric times. Little hunting spitz have survived for thousands of years through natural selection - survival of the fittest. In the very harsh and difficult areas of the northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, hunting for food and skins was a necessity in order to survive. Precious skins like saber, Sable fur and ermine were the only valid currency for centuries. When fur prices fell drastically after WWII, so did the interest in him Norrbottenspets.

    The breed disappeared and there were no records for many years, hence the Kennel Club of Sweden (SKK) declared it extinct. But only a decade later news came that true-type specimens had been found living as pets and watchdogs in small inland homes in North Bothnia.. Due to the very dedicated work of a few men, this ancient hunting spitz was saved.
    In 1967 the Norrbottenspets was introduced to the Registries and a new standard was drawn up.

    Source: http://www.fci.be/en/nomenclature/NORRBOTTENSPITZ-276.html

    Physical characteristics

    It is a small spitz-type dog with a rather square appearance, compact and plump, with a lean and strong musculature. The bearing is handsome, with head and tail high. The breed has a strong sexual dimorphism, although the ideal specimen for both sexes is a well-characterized small spitz, attentive, good guardian, of harmonious construction and good character.

    The skull is sharp, with the ears set high and relatively small, eyes are dark and bright, and express calmness and predisposition towards work.

    Ears are slightly below average size with sparse hair and erect bearing. The tail is set relatively high, fairly tall in a semicircle, with the tip touching the sides of the thighs. When it stretches, must not exceed the tip of the hock.

    Hair: hard, short, straight and quite bushy, with fine and dense undercoat. The length varies depending on the body area: longer around the neck and on the thighs and shorter on the skull and front of the extremities.

    Color: all colors are allowed. The ideal is white with yellow or brownish red spots.

    Size: males 45 cm.; females, 42 cm.

    Character and skills

    Norrbottenspets

    The pretty white colored Spitz, medium size and short hair is very rare in his native country and practically unknown outside of Sweden.

    He is an excellent guard with a lot of drive, temperament and stubbornness. With proper physical and mental tension, it is also a nice and friendly companion dog.

    As a born hunter, the Norrbottenspets He is very Brave, fearless and alert. He is extremely lively and has a lot of temperament and self-confidence. The Norrbottenspets it is very suitable as a guard dog, because it reports everything I miss immediately without being aggressive. In the family he is very sociable, friendly and gentle. But the intelligent and self-confident dog can also be stubborn and needs a sensitive education and clear guidance..

    The Norrbottenspets he is very docile, but it needs a lot of movement and a lot of demanding and varied activity. The ideal are, for example, tests with companion dogs, sports tournaments with dogs or rescue dog training. Only with appropriate mental and physical activity will Norrbottenspets it is also a nice and friendly family companion dog. As a pure house dog or for a life in the city it is not the right dog.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 276
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI standard of the Norrbottenspets

    Norrbottenspets FCI Norrbottenspets FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Nordic Spitz, Norrbottenspitz, Pohjanpystykorva (English).
      2. Spitz nordique (French).
      3. Norrbottenspets, Pohjanpystykorvat (German).
      4. Spitz nórdico (Portuguese).
      5. Spitz nórdico (Spanish).

    Black Norwegian Elkhound
    Noruega FCI 268 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Black Norwegian Elkhound

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound joins closely with his people and is very loyal

    .

    Content

    History

    Among the three moose hunters of the North (Black Norwegian Elkhound, Gray Norwegian Elkhound and Jämthund), the Black Norwegian is probably the one receiving the least attention. But the agile and friendly hunter is an attractive breed to many dog ​​owners..

    Its origins go back a long way along with those of the Gray Norwegian Elkhound: These self-confident four-legged Spitz-type friends belong to the time-honored breeds, because a similar dog look can be tried up to the stone age in Scandinavia.

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a modern variant of Gray Norwegian Elkhound and has been officially recognized as an independent breed since 1877. An advantage of him Black Norwegian Elkhound during hunting is that it is clearly visible in the white snow. However, These clever four-legged friends have always been used as guard dogs or pack protection dogs.

    Physical characteristics

    Despite the similarity of name, the Black Norwegian Elkhound it's a separate breed, but closely related to the Gray Norwegian Elkhound. However, the Black Norwegian Elkhound it is much less common.

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound it is optically a typical Spitz and has a compact, square build with erect ears. He wears his tail rolled up on his back like other dogs Moose hunter from adulthood. It is smaller and more agile than the Gray Norwegian Elkhound and weighs around 18 kg with a height of 47 cm to the cross. As the name already indicates, this dog's short coat is black, but white spots on legs and chest are allowed as per standard. Also the eyes are dark. The pelage is dense, very sticky and consists of a rough top coat with a soft bottom coat.

    Character and skills

    Multifaceted character

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound he is very loyal to his people. This does not mean that this independent partner is subordinate. Abroad, these dogs are lively, curious and open to all common adventures. However, the busy Black Norwegian Elkhound they also enjoy cozy hugs on a quiet afternoon.

    They are playful, brave and very smart. Like many Nordic dogs, are good “alarm systems”, but only limited good watchdogs: They indicate to strangers – loudly and persistently – but it may happen that they then run towards a potential intruder with a wagging tail. These proud four-legged friends don't always get along with other dogs of the same species. Proper conditioning and socialization is important

    Educating the Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Easily educated with knowledge

    His intelligence and humanity contribute to the education of this Black Norwegian Elkhound don't present big obstacles.

    Likes to work with “their” people and do what they say, as long as you also find it useful. Because you always have to take into account the small stubbornness of this independent hunter when training him. Be consistent and pay special attention to recoverability and bark control. Strength and toughness are absolutely out of place in the upbringing of this sensitive four-legged friend.

    Usually reacts very quickly and strongly to harsh words and reproaches, so use them sparingly. The Black Norwegian Elkhound can be better motivated by the principle of positive reinforcement – clicker training can also be of great help here. A visit to the puppy school helps improve this companion's social streak, which is sometimes a bit belligerent compared to other dogs. It can also be very helpful to attend training classes at the dog school – it is better to choose a suitable dog school where you and your companion feel comfortable before the puppy arrives.

    Health “Black Norwegian Elkhound”

    In general, the breed is considered to be quite robust and, provided he is raised responsibly, is largely free of genetic diseases. Representatives of the breed can reach the 13 years old in good health. This energetic four-legged friend needs a species-appropriate diet, which should consist mainly of meat: Therefore, you must choose a food in which meat is the first element of the declaration and preferably cereals are not included. Your dog's energy needs depend on his constitution and how much he consumes through exercise, so keep an eye on your slim waist and adjust daily servings as needed.

    Important: Just like us humans, small snacks move quickly to the hips too – plan your dog's snacks in the general ration. Healthy snacks include dry dog ​​chews or sugar-free dental care snacks and freeze-dried meat snacks. Water must always be freely available.

    Care “Black Norwegian Elkhound”

    The coat of the Black Norwegian Elkhound it is very important to the furry four legged friend, because it performs an outstanding protective function in the harsh Nordic climate and protects you from extensive autumn rains as well as freezing winds. Help your partner keep their hair always in a clean condition and brush it every few days to remove dead hair. You can also brush daily during the coat change, so your roommate loses less hair in the apartment. Coat dirt can be brushed off as soon as it has dried.

    You should only bathe your roommate if it can't be helped, use a mild dog shampoo for this purpose. When brushing, routinely check the ears and clean them with a mild shampoo if necessary. Some dog owners have chosen to brush their roommates' teeth with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste.. It is a good way to prevent tartar and its secondary diseases until the dog is old enough. However, you should already accustom your puppy to the ritual. Also check the claws of older dogs from time to time – if they no longer wear enough, you need to shorten them accordingly with a pair of dog claw pliers.

    Activities “Black Norwegian Elkhound”

    Although his original task was to accompany the hunter when hunting moose and bears, but also smaller animals like foxes, the Black Norwegian Elkhound it is a versatile all-rounder: Loves outdoor exercise and is considered very persistent. This is why you can easily take your four-legged adult friend with you to training sessions. jogging.

    Outdoor activities can be relaxed, especially if you have trained your Black Norwegian Elkhound so it doesn't run away with every rabbit. Apart from recovery exercises – that only very few moose hunters enjoy – the docile and energetic dog can get excited about many things: For example, can find great fun in agility sports and quest games. In addition, It is suitable for the work of rescue dogs. Some owners of moose hunters they also report on beautiful experiences with their partner, trained as a visiting dog, with whom they visit, for example, retirement homes or nursing homes and give the residents of those places an animal joy. Try together what you like, The chances are great!

    Is a “Black Norwegian Elkhound?”

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound suits athletes who like to be outside and keep their dog busy. If you can make this possible for your dog, it is also possible to keep it in an apartment, as long as the apartment offers enough space. Education can be mastered by beginners if they are willing to deal with the hunting characteristics of the breed and adjust education accordingly..

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound it can be a wonderful companion for children. This original hunter can live normally with cats, sometimes even in a friendly way, if you have already gotten used to them as a puppy. Otherwise there could be problems, because the dog sees the cat as prey. Small animals like rabbits are not ideal companions, since they can always trigger prey drive.

    A Black Norwegian Elkhound can also sleep outside, what can be a sensible alternative for these heat sensitive animals in summer. However, needs close family connections and does not like to be alone. Before the dog moves, clarify not only the one-time and permanent expenses you will have to pay, but also if you are willing to spend several hours a day actively with your new partner for years to come. You should also take care of your dog in case of illness or during the holidays – many destinations today also offer holidays with a dog.

    Where can I find my desired “Black Norwegian Elkhound?”

    It doesn't matter which of the two Norwegian Elkhound has won your heart: Outside Scandinavia, big game hunters from the far north are rarely seen. This is even more difficult with the black Norwegian than with the gray. Therefore, if you are interested in this animal rarity, please contact the Nordic dog breed clubs in your country. If required, they can contact breeders at home and abroad. However, you will usually have to take into account waiting times and long distances to travel to the desired puppy. In his native country, Norway, only a few are born 120 puppies every year.

    As a result, becomes difficult or impossible if you look for a Black Norwegian Elkhound outside scandinavia, that is already grown. It is very unlikely that you will find a four-legged dog of this type in the animal shelters of your country; However, a visit there can be helpful if it's open to other breeds.

    Ratings of the Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Black Norwegian Elkhound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Black Norwegian Elkhound”

    Puppy's “Black Norwegian Elkhound” by Eirik Newth / CC BY

    “Black Norwegian Elkhound” running through the snow by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1602973

    Videos “Black Norwegian Elkhound”/h2>

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 268
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI standard of the breed Black Norwegian Elkhound

    FCI Black Norwegian Elkhound FCI Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Alternative names:

      1. Norsk Elghund Svart, Norsk Elghund Black, Black Elkhound, Norwegian Moose Dog (black) (English).
      2. Chien d’élan norvégien noir (French).
      3. Norsk Elghund Sort (German).
      4. Norsk elghund sort (Portuguese).
      5. Elkhound noruego negro (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Black Norwegian Elkhound About 1 years old by Rvenes / CC BY-SA

    Norwegian Buhund
    Noruega FCI 237 . Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

    The Norwegian Buhund It is usually excellent obedience and dog agility competitions.

    Content

    History

    The Norwegian Buhund (Norsk Buhund, Nordiske Spitz-Hunde, Norwegian Sheepdog or Pastor Noruego) is a breed of dog Spitz type of Norwegian origin which is closely related to the races Icelandic Sheepdog (Icelandic Sheepdog) and Swedish Elkhound.

    The name Buhund "derived from the Norwegian word"BU”, meaning farm, farm or mountain refuge, place where he lived the pastor while tending his flock in the summer. The Norwegian Buhund used as a grazing dog and as a watchdog.

    As we said, the Norwegian Buhund belongs to a class of dogs called the type Spitz. All of them have in common the pointed ears and curled tail. Within the races Spitz, There is much variation in terms of size, to the coat and the color.

    The Norwegian Buhund is a very ancient race, "part of the existing documentation on the excavation of the"Gokstad ship"buried on the farm in Sandar Gokstad", Sandefjord, Vestfold (Norway) in 1880, contains in addition to the great discovery, they found a Viking grave (that it dated back to the year 900) in which lay the skeleton of a man between 50 and 70 years of age, and its about the skeletons of six dogs of different sizes, similar to Norwegian Buhund of our times.

    Norwegian Buhund Videos
    Norwegian Buhund in Bath Aftermath (MP4 Version)
    Norwegian Buhund Kahsha Eating Peanut Butter

    This famous archaeological research was directed by Nicolay Nicolaysen (1817-1911) a well-known antiquarian and Norwegian archaeologist. He was a founding member of the Society for the preservation of Norwegian ancient monuments, which presided in 1851. The findings of this research are exhibited today in the In Oslo Viking Ship Museum.

    Returning to the skeletons of found dogs along with the Tomb Viking, scholars of the subject, pose that these dogs were the ancestors of modern Buhund. And they were there, because in those days when the Vikings of dying, necessary and precious possessions were buried with them. It was believed that they would need them in their future life.

    In those days dogs Buhund farms and livestock farms were currently protecting, pastoreaba ovejas… according to their beliefs, They hoped that dogs continue carrying out their work in the more than. It has been documented that these dogs were with the Vikings on many of his travels, by sea and land.

    Photo: Vali.org

    Physical characteristics

    Returning to the present day the Norwegian Buhund has a rather square profile, are medium-sized and long legs, well takes a tail wrapped around the center of the back. The head is wedge-shaped, with well erect ears and nose of black.

    According to the standard of the Norwegian Buhund the height at the cross goes from 43,2 - 45,8 cm., the females are slightly smaller than males. The weight of the males is of 15 - 18 Kg and females of 12 - 16 Kg.

    The colors of the coat may be:

    • Wheat: It includes any shade of colour ranging from pale cream to cream darker, with or without dark markings on the tip of the hair, It is possible to display the color white, but will have to be tiny, the black mask is acceptable.
    • Solid black: with areas where the color white is allowed, for example, a narrow white ring around the neck, a narrow white tuft in the face, a small spot of white hairs on the chest (by way of tie), at the end of the legs and the tail. In United Kingdom the "Wolf Sable" colour (Wolf Sable)”, also permitted, According to the Kennel Club's breed standard.

    The Norway Buhund is prone to suffer from hereditary eye problems and hip dysplasia.

    The hair coat of the Norwegian Buhund has an average length, the coat is easy to care for, post that is not entangled, a weekly brushing is enough.

    Perhaps the hair when moved, need brushing more often, but is only a seasonal matter.

    Character and skills

    The Norwegian Buhund it's a very cheerful and active race. They never tire easily and require exercise daily and generous. The Norwegian Buhund is need to expel their energy because if it is not possible to appear destructive tendencies (break furniture, Objetos…).

    Beyond its high level of activity and energy, they are also very affectionate and famous for his love for unconditional towards children.

    Is a race of hyper loving, they love to give and receive affection of his family, that will form strong bonds. You will have a distant and distrustful behavior with strangers, but it is very smart so you will notice who is well received and will go in search of love. They are very sociable and somewhat ladradores, but he will never throw to bite if there is no provocation.

    The Norwegian Buhund, also, He is very stubborn and shows a strong desire to learn new things, But if the stimulus is not the appropriate, It is safer to resort to destructive or inappropriate behavior. This is because they get bored easily and are restless. That is why it is necessary that they have ongoing activity.

    This breed is ideal for homeowners that they can devote time and desire to exercise and training of your pet.

    With this appetite for learning combined with its high level of energy and activity, the Norwegian Buhund he is usually an excellent dog in obedience and dog agility competitions.

    This breed is an excellent companion for a lover of sports.

    Norwegian Buhund Education

    The Norwegian Buhund is smart and cooperative and likes to serve its people, learns quickly. Therefore, this dog's education is not a challenge for already experienced dog owners. Before moving in with a dog of this breed, beginners must deal intensively with their characteristics, as well as the training of dogs in general and especially as far as grazing dogs are concerned.

    In addition to basic obedience, it is important that the Norwegian Buhund pay special attention to the control of barking and the training of loneliness from the age of the puppy: Of course you shouldn't leave your dog alone for long, but you must get used to the fact that he has to endure without his beloved human herd from a very young age. A game lesson for puppies, as well as visiting a canine school, are a good help for the Norwegian Buhund, who doesn't always get along with his congeners, familiarize yourself with other different canine characters and to socialize it more in this regard. With this vivacious four-legged friend, always remember that only a physically and mentally exhausted dog can be successfully trained – otherwise he'll look for a way out for his boredom.

    Norwegian Buhund Health

    The Norwegian Buhund are considered robust and weatherproof. The breed has largely been freed from hereditary diseases to this day. Occasionally there is an increased risk of painful dysplasia of the hip joint, as well as hereditary eye diseases. You can be sure if you only buy from a breeder who performs the proper preliminary exams with the parents' animals. Responsible breeding with technical knowledge is the best way to minimize the risk of inherited diseases.

    Especially in summer, make sure your pet doesn't get too hot and changes sports activities in the early hours of the morning or late afternoon – After all, the Norwegian Buhund is designed for cooler climates.

    The optimal diet of Norwegian Buhund

    This active four-legged friend needs a proper workload for the species, as well as proper nutrition, to provide you with high-quality energy. Give your partner a grainless meal, but with a high meat content. This means that the meat must be at the top of the ingredients list. This applies to both dry and wet foods.

    The manufacturer's feeding recommendations regarding daily rations can only be guidelines that you should adapt depending on your dog's constitution and actual activities. Snacks or treats can be both tasty and healthy. For example, opt for sugar-free dental care snacks or dried meat snacks to reward your dog. With dry chewables like cow's ears, you can meet their chewing needs. Weigh your adult dog regularly to counteract any possible weight gain or loss in time. Its Norwegian Buhund should always have enough fresh water available.

    Norwegian Buhund Care

    The dense fur of the Norwegian Buhund it's weatherproof and easy to care for, but loses it relatively in abundance, so it's best to leave the corduroy pants in the closet during the weeks of change of coat. The change of fur in spring and autumn can be shortened to a few days combing daily. Out of this “hairy period”, it's enough to comb your hair once a week.

    Get your puppy used to the grooming ritual:

    This not only prepares him to be combed in adulthood, but also reinforces the link. Dirt can be brushed from dry coat, in difficult cases helps clean the area with a damp cloth. Just give your Norwegian quadruped a bath every few months to protect the dog's skin. In this case, use a mild dog shampoo. Check your pet's eyes and ears regularly and clean them with an eye or ear cleaner if necessary. Older dogs, in particular, or those who walk almost exclusively on soft soils, may need help with claw care: Dedicate yourself to the pedicure if the claws become too long to prevent them from hooking painfully.

    Where can I find a Norwegian Buhund?

    You won't find a Norwegian Buhund in all cities – you often have to travel hundreds of miles or abroad to find a representative of this breed as a new family member. However, should remain selective and only buy from breeders who belong to a club and can give information on parental animal health care openly and with appropriate evidence. Ideally, you can visit the breeders at home before making a decision, despite being away, to exchange information about their upbringing, puppies, but also his personal experience with dogs. Because a serious breeder makes sure he only puts his protégés in an environment suitable for them.

    Adult dogs are very difficult to find outside Scandinavia and the countries mentioned above. So if you're interested in an erro of this breed, you're looking for a new home, you should search the Internet on the Nordic dog club pages or contact these clubs. If required, can help you or have knowledge about dogs that are very similar to Norwegian Buhund or mixed races that could be considered. Some Nordic grazing dogs are similar in their character and exterior appearance, for example the Finnish Lapphund or the Icelandic Sheepdog. Keep your eyes open when you're looking for your partner, but also find out the history of your possible new partner to see if it is a good match for you and your environment.

    Ratings of the Norwegian Buhund

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Norwegian Buhund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ?

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Can be alone all day ?

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ?

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ?

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ?

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    Kindness with child ?

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    Tendency to bite ?

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    Tendency to bark ?

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    Tendency to flee ?

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    Hair loss force ?

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    Suitable as a guard dog ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Joy ?

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    Cat friendliness ?

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Power level ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Norwegian Buhund

    Videos of the Norwegian Buhund

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 237
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..
    • AKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • ANKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • CKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • ​KC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • NZKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • UKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

    Norwegian Buhund FCI Standard

    Norwegian Buhund FCI Norwegian Buhund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Norsk Buhund, Norwegian Sheepdog (English).
      2. Berger norvégien (French).
      3. Norsk Buhund (German).
      4. Pastor norueguês (Portuguese).
      5. Buhund, Pastor de Noruega (Spanish).

    Norwegian Lundehund
    Noruega FCI 265 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Lundehund

    Most of the Norwegian Lundehund live in Norway and Finland, it is believed that there are some 2000 copies around the world.

    Content

    History

    The Lundehund (Norsk Lundehund or Norwegian Puffin Dog) It is a small breed of dog of Spitz type, originally from Norway. Its name is composed of the prefix Lunde, Norwegian lundefugl (puffins), and the suffix hund, What dog. The breed was developed to hunt these birds and their eggs.

    The Norwegian Lundehund is a small, rectangular Spitz, with a wide variety of mobility in the joints of your bones, What makes him able to enter through small and intricate passages.

    They remain able to rotate the head back on the backbone and bend the hind legs to the side at an angle of 90 degrees such as the arms of humans, In addition to six toes on the feet.

    The breed has a long history. Already in 1600 It was used for hunting puffins along the Norwegian coast. Its flexibility and extra toes were ideal for hunting of birds in their places of nesting in the inaccessible cliffs and caves.

    Video “Norwegian Lundehund”


    My lundehund

    Interest in the breed declined as new hunting methods for puffins, as for example, the use of networks…, and this ex officio contortionist, was no longer needed. Puffins were a precious object of hunting, the meat was horse and kept and feathers were used to make quilts.

    The breed was nearly extinct around World War II, when the canine distemper hit Værøy and the islands surrounding. In 1963, the population was decimated… Only six copies of Lundehund (one Værøy and 5 in Soon, to the South of Norway), These five puppies was of the same litter.

    Due to the care of the breeding with strict guidelines, currently there are approximately 1500 or 2000 copies of Lundehund around the world, of this population around 1.100 are in Norway and almost 350 in the United States.

    The official record of the Lundehund was approved by the American Kennel Club's in the miscellaneous class 1 in July of 2008, After a unanimous vote of the Board the 13 in November of 2007. The race debuted at the AKC National Championship / Eukanuba in Long Beach, California (United States), the 13 and 14 in December of 2008, being one of the most important events of the American canine world.

    The 12 in February of 2010, The American Kennel Club Board of Directors voted to accept the Lundehund in the AKC Source Book and became part of it on 1 in December of 2010. The 1 in January of 2011, It became a part of the "non-Sports Group".

    For the American Kennel Club and Canadian Kennel Club, the non-sports group is a diverse classification that comprises a variety of robust dogs with different personalities and appearances as the Chow Chow , and the Keeshond, among others. Covered by the non-sporting group breeds, It is very diverse in terms of appearance, size, layer, personality and, in general.

    According to the classification of the CRF is located in the Group 5 Dogs type Spitz and primitive type. Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    Physical characteristics

    The Lundehund medium in size looks a bit like a fox and is, also because it is one of the rare races, sometimes mistaken for a mestizo, a Nordic mongrel. On the contrary, is very specialized: The Lundehund has been bred for hunting puffins, a kind of bird that breeds in burrows. This brings with it some unique physical characteristics: your shoulder joints are more flexible, allowing you to rotate your front legs 90 ° to the side. In addition, this dog can close his pointed, upright ears, allowing you to dive better.

    The most striking features are undoubtedly the six toes of each foot and the up to eight pads, which give the ancient cliff hunter immense security. Some of these dogs also lack molars, which facilitated the transport of the captured birds without damaging them.

    The Norwegian Lundehund It has a height at the withers of up to 38 cm and weighs 7 kg. sporty and light. The dense coat is short and red to fawn, with black hair tips in places. have a smooth undercoat, very fine and a rough top coat.

    Character and skills

    The Norwegian Lundehund is a four legged friend, simple and skillful, but he has a lot of energy and wants to live it. Due to its independent nature – the Lundehund was left to fend during the hunt – always kept his own head and thus will never fully subordinate himself. Who respects this, win with him Lundehund an easy to train and loyal friend for life.

    Basically the breed is considered quite shy, so a close relationship with its owner is especially important – this is how your Lundehund gain security. Towards strangers he is usually reserved – it is also considered to be alert. He usually gets along well with other dogs. The Lundehund not a typical hunting dog, but it is also wonderfully suitable as a companion dog.

    The education of the Norwegian Lundehund

    This is a breed of dog with a stubborn and stubborn character, they are still easy to train and learn the basic commands with great motivation.

    Although the breed belongs to hunting dogs, the Lundehund can accompany you, with some effort in their education, on your nature walks without the need for a leash, since it is not an elusive dog, nor a traditional prey tracker. A bigger challenge is getting our dogs to stop barking: Lundehund, like all nordic dogs, announce aloud all the supposedly interesting things in their environment – and that in part is quite persistent. So patience is absolutely necessary when training a Lundehund. Already in puppyhood, be sure to keep this in mind when training your dog. Play lessons for puppies, as well as attending a dog school, have a positive effect on Lundehund – here you can not only socialize it more with other four legged friends, but you will surely also get some tips and tricks for the education of this dog.

    Health: the syndrome Lundehund

    Since the population dates back to only five dogs, Controlled breeding of the breed made a fresh start in the decade of 1960, with what the Lundehund has a very small gene pool. One of the five founding dogs developed stomach and intestinal symptoms at the age of about three years, that have spread even further among the descendants. Today, this is known as the Lundehund syndrome: a chronic and inflammatory bowel disease that is associated with increased loss of protein through the intestines. About half of the population is affected by it, although to varying degrees. A genetic test can be used to determine if a dog intended for breeding is a carrier, so that the risk of Lundehund syndrome can be reduced. There is no cure for this disease, only symptoms can be relieved. While some dogs are barely limited by the disease and have long symptom-free phases, other affected quadrupeds have a more severe course and eventually lead to death.

    Before deciding to acquire a representative of this breed, must be informed in detail about the Lundehund syndrome and the corresponding genetic test and its meaning. The Nordic Dog Clubs can also provide you with more information on this.. The healthy ones Norwegian Lundehund are, for the rest, very robust and can reach an age of about 14 years.

    care “Norwegian Lundehund”

    The coat of this Norwegian Coastal Dog is insensitive to weather conditions and requires little grooming. However, the more you brush, less hair is distributed in your home – especially during coat change a daily brushing may make sense, because the Lundehund then lose a lot of hair. In all other respects, care is quite simple: dirt brushes better when dry. By the way, the Norwegian Lundehund It is one of the few dogs that really enjoys grooming. If you support them with the brush, you are also doing something for their bonding.

    Check the ears and eyes regularly and clean them with special ear and eye cleaners if necessary. If the eyes get wet, what happens in many dogs due to narrow tear ducts, just clean and dry them gently once a day with clear water. Some dog owners opt for daily dental care in the form of toothbrushing with dog toothpaste and toothbrush.. If you already introduce your puppy to this ritual, is an optimal prevention against tartar and associated secondary diseases.

    Activities “Norwegian Lundehund”

    Long walks in nature, enjoying the wind and the weather are the base of activity of this Norwegian breed. In addition, most of these dogs love to swim. Make your partner happy and give him the opportunity to do it! But you should also encourage and challenge their brain and skills. There is a wide range of joint activity possibilities at your disposal: Dog lovers can enjoy almost all types of sports with dogs, with the exception of sports with training dogs. Due to his great independence you should not expect unconditional obedience from him, but a relaxed approach to the respective human-animal hobby jointly. Try together with your animal companion which sport you like the most!

    Is a “Norwegian Lundehund”?

    A Norwegian Lundehund fits well in a sporty family, where at least one family member already has experience with dogs. Learn easily and with pleasure, but for education you still need a certain knowledge and consistency. In addition, it is important to use the dog to its full potential – the small Lundehund not a couch dog, needs a lot of outdoor exercise and a lot of time.

    He is usually very fond of children and can also make friends with cats, especially if you met them as a puppy. This dog can also live in a medium-sized apartment, but of course also enjoy a garden (leak proof). It is important to direct the joy of the breed's barking in a controlled manner.

    Before moving, make sure no one in your household has an allergy to animal hair and consider whether you can and want to take the dog on vacation – many hotels today host four-legged friends – or how you organize care. Although the Lundehund it's more like a small dog, can be quite expensive in terms of regular costs: Apart from a high quality diet with a high content of fish, this includes taxes and dog insurance, as well as visits to the vet. In addition, is, of course, the not inconsiderable purchase price of this rare four-legged friend – with possible travel expenses – and if necessary the basic equipment.

    Where can i find my “Norwegian Lundehund”?

    First of all: A Norwegian Lundehund It's very weird. In total, there are some 1.300 specimens around the world. Therefore, you may very well have to wait a long time and travel many miles to get hold of such a rare dog. The majority of the Lundehunds they live in norway. Check with a Norwegian dog club in your country to find out how to contact the breeders of the Norwegian Lundehund. Ask your potential dog breeder about the Lundehund syndrome and the diet of the breed.

    His young Lundehund will move in with you at the earliest at the age of eight weeks – if you come from a European country, you will normally need a valid rabies vaccine for the trip in addition to the necessary papers. It is essential that you remember booster shots and also talk to your vet about regular deworming of your four-legged friend.

    It is extremely unlikely to find an adult dog, especially outside of norway. So if you are looking for a four legged adult friend, it is advisable to contact a Nordic dog club. There are also often wonderful mongrel dogs looking for a new home., value the adoption of one of them.

    We wish you much joy with your extraordinary Norwegian Lundehund!

    Characteristics “Norwegian Lundehund”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Norwegian Lundehund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Norwegian Lundehund

    photos:

    1 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by http://www.petsadviser.com/
    2 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/754827
    3 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/880994
    4 – Norwegian puffin town Andrva / CC BY-SA
    5 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lundehund.jpg
    6 – The Norwegian Lundehund “With” looking out at the ocean on the north side of the island Værøy in Northern Norway. The island on the top, in the middle, is “The mosque”, the island in the top left is “Mosques” by ZorroIII / CC BY-SA

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 265
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway,
      Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    Norwegian Lundehund breed FCI standard

    Norwegian Lundehund FCI Norwegian Lundehund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Norsk Lundehund, lundehund, Norwegian Puffin Dog (English).
      2. lundehund (French).
      3. Norsk Lundehund (German).
      4. Cão de papagaio-do-mar (Portuguese).
      5. Perro frailecillo, Lundehund (Spanish).

    Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
    Canadá FCI 312 . Retrievers

    Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

    The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is a very intelligent dog, resistant and playful.

    Content

    History

    Sometimes nicknamed “Toller“, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is originally from the Little River area of ​​Nova Scotia, a province on the Atlantic coast of Canada. For a long time he was known as “Little River Duck Dog” before adopting its current name in 1945.

    Although its exact origins remain uncertain, it is well established that it was developed both to bring the aquatic game and to lure it to the hunter's shore in advance. The Micmacs (Mi’kmaq), First Nations people of Eastern Canada, were the first to instill this technique in their dogs. The idea came from observing how red foxes attract waterfowl to shore by splashing water to excite their curiosity, before attacking them once they have approached.

    Regarding the idea of ​​training dogs to recover waterfowl, spread rapidly in the 19th century. It was then that breeders based in England, The United States and Canada developed various breeds of Retrievers, almost all of which are named after their place of origin (Labrador Retriever, Chesapeake Bay Retriever, etc.). This is also what Canadian breeders in the Little River area did, more specifically from Yarmouth County, with the exception that they aspired to create a dog capable of attracting game, drawing inspiration from the knowledge of the Micmacs. To achieve your goal, crossed the dogs used by the Micmacs with others Retrievers (as the Golden Retriever), as well as with him English Springer Spaniel, the Irish Setter and some Collies used by farmers in the region. The result of his work was called the Little River Duck Hunting Dog.

    The fact that this place was quite remote is probably largely due to, for more than a century, was only known in his native region. In 1945, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) officially recognized the breed and renamed it Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever. This recognition took her out of anonymity.

    Over the years 60, the Toller began to be used more in the United States, although its popularity remained limited. Was not up 1984 when a breed club was created in the country, and up 1987 when it was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC). Regarding the other reference organization in the country, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same only 16 years later, in 2003.

    It also spread across Europe, especially after its recognition for the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1981.

    In England, made its appearance mainly through hunting clubs and dog competitions, like the ring and agility. He was recognized by the Kennel Club (KC) in 1988.

    Both in Canada and in the rest of the world, the breed is known primarily to fans of waterfowl hunting. Its use as a family dog ​​is gaining popularity in many countries, but it is still far from being one of the most popular breeds.

    In United States, for example, the race occupies around the post 80 (of something less than 200) on the AKC breed classification based on the number of annual AKC registrations, having uploaded some 20 put in 2010.

    The rise has been even more pronounced in France, where, However, it started from a lower base. In effect, while the number of registrations in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) I was not in my twenties before 2010, multiplied by more than five over the next decade, until over a hundred at the end of the latter.

    On the other hand, en el Reino Unido, the appeal of Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever has been generally stable over the same period: despite occasional spikes in some years, the Kennel Club registers around 200 births per year.

    Physical characteristics

    The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, is a dog from medium-sized, powerful, compact structure, muscular and well-proportioned body.

    One of its many features worth highlighting is its extreme agility, determination and Security their movements.

    It is from the section of the Retrievers, the smallest of all, the males measuring of 48 - 51 cm. and females of 45 - 48 cm..

    Their eyes are size medium, mostly and almond-shaped van amber to brown colour. Its expression is friendly, vivacious and certain slyly.

    The lores they are medium-sized and form triangular. Its tail, wide at the base and thinner towards the tip is populated with generous fringes.

    Its the mantle of double layer and waterproof, the layer external the way a soft hair with medium length, and internal layer, It is composed of a dense hair and softer still.

    The color the layer can be of several all within the range of the Orange. They may have white markings at the tip of the tail, the feet, the breast and chest.

    It is currently used mostly for waterfowl hunting, When you separate charge, It acts as a decoy to draw attention to the birds with their moves and jumps.

    Height and weight

      ▷ Male size: of 48 - 51 cm.
      ▷ Female size: Of 45 - 48 cm.
      ▷ Male weight: Of 20 - 23 kg
      ▷ Female weight: Of 17 - 20 kg

    Character and skills

    The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever He is intelligent and independent, with sense of humor, curiosity and ability to play. However, needs a firm master to provide a framework with clear boundaries, or else you can become the master of your own mind and become the master of the house.

    In particular, it is an ideal dog with children, since he shows an energy at least equal to theirs and does not stop bringing what they send him to look for. However, It's important to put attention on, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision.

    He usually gets along well with his peers - especially those of his own race- and is usually happy in your company. Living with other pets, on the other hand, it's much more chaotic. His strong hunting instinct leads him to consider cats and other small domestic animals as prey, and therefore to chase them. Fencing the garden is highly recommended to prevent it from chasing other animals. It's no use waiting for an underground electric fence to stop you, since the discomfort he feels is no match for his hunting instinct. The latter also clearly explains why it is preferable to lead him on a leash when he goes out in public..

    In any case, can be counted on to report anything that seems abnormal. Constantly on the prowl, will not stop warning as soon as someone approaches the house. Below, he usually copies his answer to his master's, and does not hesitate to defend it if necessary. On the other hand, if you see that the newcomer is welcome, does the same, maintaining the natural reserve that it has towards strangers.

    The Toller is not recommended for apartment living, if only because it can be relatively noisy. Does not bark excessively, but when he gets excited (either by certain noises, from the sight of small animals or from the game), emits an almost shrill bark, that some breeders and owners describe as difficult to bear. Of course, this problem is less pronounced if the apartment is rather quiet. In any case, adjusting to apartment living depends on being provided with a sufficient amount of exercise, namely, at least one hour a day.

    This is especially true during their first year of life., during which he is extremely active and playful. It is then necessary to provide him with a large number of stimuli and activities, but at the same time you have to know how to moderate your ardor. In effect, while you are developing and have not fully developed your muscles (what happens around one year of age), remains especially fragile. Therefore, you need to increase the duration and intensity of exercise very gradually throughout your growth period, at the risk of causing injuries or even malformations that would penalize you for the rest of your life.

    After his first birthday, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever becomes much less hyperactive. Conserves a large amount of energy, but you can settle for a good hour of daily activity to keep your feet on the ground. However, there is something else: it is an ideal dog for a sports master, who wants to take his partner for long walks, for example. Able to easily adapt to different environments, it is a very good traveling companion.

    During their pilgrimages, always willing to take a dip if the opportunity presents itself: having been developed to hunt in aquatic environments, swimming is one of his favorite activities, even in murky water. Not necessarily an ideal choice for a master who wants a perfectly clean companion and a flawless interior., as it gives you smart pleasure to play in the mud and roll in the dust.

    Created to help humans during their hunting sessions, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever seeks the company of his family and needs mental stimulation. He likes nothing more than keeping busy and feeling useful.. Otherwise, they are likely to get bored and start digging, chew on things or bark incessantly.

    The average life expectancy is of some 12-14 years.

    Comments

    It is a race very rare in Europe, However in North America it is quite popular and is widespread.

    Education

    Because they are constantly trying to please their owners, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever they are quite easy to train. This is especially true because he likes to be mentally stimulated and helpful., so he is always ready to learn new orders.

    However, as he has a relatively strong temperament, it is best to avoid trying to train him under pressure or duress, as he finds it difficult to bear and may even refuse to cooperate. On the other hand, dog training techniques based on positive reinforcement, employed by a quiet master, patient and persistent, are exactly what you need. As long as you are motivated and find an interest in what you do, he is a very good student.

    It may take some subtlety to establish authority and respect for your dog without rushing him, but this is necessary to develop your trust in your master and for both of you to have fun together during training sessions. Consistency is also important: if the rules are not clear or consistent over time or among household members, he will most likely decide for himself what to expect.

    Puppy socialization is important to all breeds, but it is even more important to the Toller, who can be especially reserved with strangers. For this reason, it is important to let you meet all kinds of people, other animals and situations from an early age, to prevent him from becoming a shy adult.

    One of the easiest things to do in raising a Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is to teach you to bring things home to order, because he is a born dog. This can be checked if it is used for hunting: needs little stimulation and quickly integrates behaviors such as baiting or retrieving from the hunt, that are quite natural for him.

    Imitation learning can be an important part of your education, since he is very attentive and learns a lot through observation. Clicker training is also especially effective with it, as it is more stimulating for him to learn to perform tasks in response to a visual or auditory cue, like the sound of a whistle or clicker, that by repetition. In addition, hates repeating the same exercise over and over again: to ensure your full cooperation, it is better to diversify the training sessions.

    Also performs very well in shows and obedience, as well as in agility competitions. Teaching him these dog sports and practicing them with him are excellent levers to use in his education.: keeps you busy and stimulates you both mentally and physically.

    Translation done with the free version of the translator www.DeepL.com/Translator

    Health

    The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is generally a healthy dog.

    However, the relatively small gene pool on which it is based has led to the emergence of inbreeding-related diseases in the breed's population.

    The main risks to which you are exposed are the following:

    • the Hip Dysplasia, which may be favored by a hereditary predisposition. Is a source of pain, lameness and then osteoarthritis. The set reduces the mobility of the animal;
    • The patella dislocation, an orthopedic condition that, according to its severity, may be asymptomatic and cause simple discomfort or total loss of knee mobility. In the most serious cases, corrective surgery is required;
    • Progressive retinal atrophy, an inherited disease that first affects night vision, then to the daytime and, At last, leads to total blindness of the dog;
    • Collie eye abnormality, an inherited disease that may or may not be progressive. When it is like this, can end up causing blindness of the dog;
    • The Addison's disease (hipocorticism), an endocrine disorder that develops more often in women between the ages of four and six. Produces general weakness, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss;
    • The Hypothyroidism, which is the result of an alteration of the thyroid gland and causes lethargy, weight loss and hair loss, as well as great fatigue;
    • The deafness, that usually appears around the 7 u 8 years in affected individuals. Some bloodlines seem to be more prone to it than others.

    In addition, due to the folded shape of his ears, are more prone to infections at this level, like otitis.

    Adopt from a breeder Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever professional and reputable offers guarantees for a number of possible genetic diseases, thanks to the tests that have had to be carried out on the parents or the puppy. The breeder should also be able to provide details of the vaccinations the puppy has received, as recorded in your health or vaccination record, as well as a certificate from a veterinarian attesting to the good health of the puppy.

    Of course, this does not exempt you from doing everything possible to keep you healthy throughout your life. In this issue, prevention plays an important role, just like in humans: it is important to make sure they are examined by a vet at least once a year. This routine check-up can allow, in particular, detect a possible health problem at an early stage, but also make sure you don't miss one of your shots.

    Life expectancy

    Of 12 - 14 years

    Grooming

    The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever it is an easy-care dog.

    A weekly brushing is usually enough to keep their coat shiny and tangle-free.. The exception is during the spring and fall shedding periods., when daily brushing is recommended to remove the numerous dead hairs.

    How sometimes he likes to play in the mud and get dirty, regular bathing may be necessary, especially to avoid the accumulation of dirt in the coat. How you like water, not usually recalcitrant. However, be sure to use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, as it can damage your skin.

    Take advantage of your dog's weekly coat maintenance session to check the condition of his eyes and clean them.

    Looking at your ears, require special vigilance, since its folded shape implies an increased risk of infection. They should also be carefully examined and cleaned weekly.. In addition, It is recommended to dry them after swimming to prevent moisture from settling, as it facilitates the development of bacteria.

    You should also brush your teeth at least once a week. Otherwise, as with any dog, plaque build-up will eventually lead to tartar build-up, which can cause bad breath and other ailments. Even more frequent brushing is recommended, ideally every day. In any case, it is essential to use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs.

    Looking at its claws, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them. However, you should periodically check that this is the case. If that is not the case, need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper, as otherwise there is a risk that they will become a nuisance or break.

    The different gestures to maintain the coat, the eyes, the ears, your dog's teeth or claws aren't necessarily natural, especially for a beginner owner. However, it is not only essential to do them, but also to do them without risk of injuring or even harming the animal. Therefore, it may be wise to learn them from a vet or groomer the first time, to make sure you know how to do them correctly after. By the way, the sooner you get used to your dog, the less likely you are to feel uncomfortable or even recalcitrant during these operations.

    It is also essential to ensure that you exercise on uneven and rather abrasive surfaces: this keeps your pads in good condition and prevents them from becoming too soft, since then they would accumulate dirt more easily and would be more prone to lacerations.

    Use

    The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever It is mainly used as a hunting dog for waterfowl, which is capable not only of recovering, but also to attract the hunter. English name Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever reflects this particularity, Since the word “tolling” comes from the verb “tollen“, that means “Attract”.

    To attract waterfowl, plays on the edge of the pond and makes splashes that sound a bit like a duck flapping its wings on the surface of the water. Curious by nature, waterfowl come to shore to see what happens. When they are close enough, the Great retreats behind the hunter's shed, and it rises to chase away the game and make it fly: just shoot your prey. Below, the dog re-enters the scene, this time to search and retrieve the downed game. This ingenious technique requires a lot of control, obedience and complicity, and it is precisely by emphasizing these traits that the race was created and developed.

    In addition to his quite unique hunting skills, the Toller also excels in a large number of dog sports disciplines, like the ring, el agility, obedience, the flyball and even the canine frisbee (discdog).

    It is also a good family dog, who gets along especially well with children and loves to do all kinds of activities with his master.

    Quite suspicious of strangers and always attentive, is always alert barking when a stranger approaches the house, although not the most dissuasive or aggressive of guard dogs, far from it.

    Last but not least, as long as, of course, receive specific training, they can also be part of the very selective group of maritime rescue dogs.

    Characteristics “Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever”

    Videos “Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 312
    • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
    • Section 1: Retrievers. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs

    FCI breed standard “Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever”

    FCIFCI – “Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever”
    Nova Scotia FCI Retriever

    Alternative names:

      1. Yarmouth Toller, Tolling Retriever, Little Red Duck Dog, Little River Duck Dog, Toller, Duck Toller (English).
      2. Nova Scotia, (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever en anglais) (French).
      3. Nova Scotia Retriever, Toller (German).
      4. (em inglês: Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever) (Portuguese).
      5. en inglés: Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, Toller, Novie, Retriever (Spanish).

    Gray Norwegian Elkhound
    Noruega FCI 242 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Cazador de Alces Noruego

    Content

    History

    National dog of Norway

    The roots of this Norwegian national dog go back a long way: already the findings of the Stone Age give evidence of a very similar quadruped. Some cynologists suspect that the current appearance of the breed is very close to that of the first western European domestic dogs. In scandinavia, the Gray Norwegian Elkhound they were used mainly to hunt elk, but also bears, Hence its name.

    For a long time the breed was mainly bred in Sweden, where was he called “gray dog”. But since 1981 Norway has had the sponsorship: The breed got its current name, the “gray dog” was formally removed as a race in this context.

    In total there are three Moose Hunter dogs: Besides of Gray Norwegian Elkhound, are the Black Norwegian Elkhound and the Jämthund Sueco. Norwegian gray is the most common: Although rarely seen outside of Scandinavia, is very popular in its home country and is considered the national dog there.

    Physical characteristics

    The dog Gray Norwegian Elkhound has a very classic look, similar to the first dogs domesticated by humans in Western Europe. The waterproof coat in typical shades of gray, black and white already gives an indication of the Nordic origin of this dog Moose Hunter. But it also has the effect that some laymen at first glance consider it a mixed race with parts of the Huskys. With a maximum height of 52 cm at the withers and a body weight of about 24 kg with compact structure, the Gray Norwegian Elkhound belongs to the medium-sized breeds and is larger than the Black Norwegian Elkhound. The pointy ears are erect and the tail is ideally rolled slightly over the back..

    Character and skills

    The Gray Norwegian Elkhound they are intelligent animal companions with their own personalities. So if you are looking for a four-legged friend who is willing to subordinate himself, you are wrong with this proud fellow. The breed is considered brave, smart and friendly. To the Gray Norwegian Elkhound they usually like to bark, make sure to monitor it since they are puppies. Many Gray Norwegian Elkhound they are therefore very suitable as watchdogs, because they are alerted by strangers – However, it is quite possible that this human-friendly breed will be caressed by a stranger. In an emergency, However, loyal four-legged friends are always ready to defend their loved ones. The Gray Norwegian Elkhound can be well kept as a family dog – whenever I exercise a lot outside. He gets along very well with children and shows his playful side, especially when interacting with them.

    Gray Norwegian Elkhound Training

    Although this breed does not have a submissive nature, is considered easy to create. An advantage is that this friendly and social dog does not tend to dominate or attack. In any case, it is important to have a sufficient workload, because a boring Gray Norwegian Elkhound seek their occupation independently, and this is usually not to the liking of their owners. In addition, make sure that from the age of the puppy you work for a good recovery of the hunting dog. You should also take into account the joy of barking when you train. Attending a dog training school can support you and your quadruped in joint learning and also reinforces their social streak in handling their peers..

    Gray Norwegian Elkhound Health

    These Norwegian hunters they are considered very robust and hardly prone to genetic diseases. There is a slight predisposition to the eye disease Progressive Retinal Atrophy (ARP) and hip dysplasia – before buying a puppy, Please, talk to the breeder in question, who will be happy to inform you about sanitary precautions for your farm animals. Exercising and eating a balanced diet is the best way to keep your puppy's joints in shape during old age.. Make sure this dog always has a cool place to stay in summer – the breed tolerates cold well, but is considered to be heat sensitive. The Gray Norwegian Elkhound can reach an age of up to 16 years, some even more.

    Gray Norwegian Elkhound Nutrition

    Like every dog, the Gray Norwegian Elkhound you need a balanced diet that is high in meat. So make sure to feed a food where meat is at the top of its intake, regardless of whether you choose wet or dry food. The Gray Norwegian Elkhound tend to gain weight quickly, so you should always watch your daily ration and include treats. Manufacturer's instructions are only a rough guide, as metabolism and exercise change your dog's energy needs. So check your partner's weight regularly so that you can counter if he gains or loses weight. If you want to reward your dog, use high-quality sugar-free snacks or cereals. Chunks of freeze-dried meat for dogs are a good example. Dry chews meet your partner's chewing needs. Make sure your four-legged friend always has enough drinking water at his disposal.

    Gray Norwegian Elkhound Care

    This dog's coat consists of a longer top coat and a dense undercoat.. It is very weather resistant and easy to brush. However, the Gray Norwegian Elkhound you also lose a relatively large amount of hair, especially during coat change twice a year. During this time, you should brush him daily to stop the flood of hair in your home and rid the dog of dead hair. Especially with older animals or if your dog walks mainly on the soft forest floor, you may need to trim the claws regularly. This will prevent your Gray Norwegian Elkhound get hurt if you get stuck with them. If you are not sure, ask your vet to show you how to trim them during checkups – you can usually do the pedicure yourself with special pliers. When brushing your dog's ears, also check that they are not dirty and use a special ear cleaner for dogs if necessary. You can effectively prevent tartar and its consequences by brushing your dog's teeth every day along with a dog toothbrush and an animal-friendly toothpaste.. If you are considering this, you should get your puppy used to the ritual around its shiny little teeth.

    Is A Gray Norwegian Elkhound Right For Me?

    The Gray Norwegian Elkhound still well suited to hunters, but he can also be a happy family dog ​​if he has enough outdoor activity. Not a dog for the city. A fenced garden would be an ideal addition to your home. This breed is not made for living in a small apartment.. You should already have experience with dogs, because although the Gray Norwegian Elkhound be smart and like to learn, will not accept instructions that seem crazy. Here you need the right mix of knowledge and sensitivity. Can get along with cats, but he should have already met them as potential companions at puppy age.

    Like any other four legged friend, keeping this dog requires a not inconsiderable amount of time: Are you ready to spend a few hours outside with your partner every day and in any weather? In addition, estimate costs in advance: In addition to the purchase price and, if required, the basic equipment, there are regular expenses for vet visits, high quality food, as well as the tax and insurance of the dog.

    Where can I buy a Gray Norwegian Elkhound?

    If you are looking for a Gray Norwegian Elkhound outside scandinavia, you must have a little patience. So it makes sense to contact Nordic dog clubs directly, that can help you, for example, to make contacts abroad. Because especially in the far north there are naturally more specimens. In scandinavia, a few 2.000 puppies of the breed see the light of day every year.

    The probability of finding a Gray Norwegian Elkhound adult in animal shelters is extremely low outside of Scandinavia. So, even if you prefer to give an old animal a new home, contact the Nordic dog clubs in your country. The hybrids of the protectors are also possibly questioned, that they will be glad of a common coexistence with you.

    We wish you much joy with your friendly companion from the far north!!

    Ratings of the Gray Norwegian Elkhound

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Gray Norwegian Elkhound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Gray Norwegian Elkhound

    Photos:

    1 – Norwegian Elk Hunter gray by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/706371
    2 – Norwegian Elk Hunter gray by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/869691
    3 – Norwegian Elk Hunter gray by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1336997
    4 – Norvin Son of Storm owned by Nichola Herron. Photo by sannse at the City of Birmingham Championship Dog Show, 29th August 2003 by True / CC BY-SA
    5 – Norwegian Elk Hunter gray by https://pxhere.com/no/photo/1233791
    6 – Norwegian Elk Hunter gray by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/c%C3%A9sped-mam%C3%ADfero-animales-naturaleza-3259673/

    Gray Norwegian Elkhound Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 242
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • ANKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • ​KC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • NZKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs

    FCI Gray Norwegian Elkhound breed standard

    FCI Gray Norwegian Elkhound FCI Gray Norwegian Elkhound

    Alternative names:

      1. Norsk elghund, Grå norsk elghund, Gray Norwegian Elkhound, Small, Grey Elk Dog, Norwegian Moose Dog, Harmaa norjanhirvikoira (English).
      2. Norwegian Elkhound (French).
      3. Norwegischer Elchhund grau (German).
      4. Elkhound, Norueguês cinza (Portuguese).
      5. Norsk elghund, Norsk elghund grå, Cazador de alces noruego gris, Gray Norwegian elkhound, Small grey elk dog, Norwegian moose dog (Spanish).
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