Suecia FCI 42 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

Swedish Elkhound

Still very old, the Jämthund was not recognized until the year 1946, previously it was confused with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound



Only in 1946 the Jämthund (Swedish Elkhound) was recognized as a breed. However, the Jämthund it is a very old breed of dog, which is already known since the north of Sweden is populated.

The reason for this late recognition is that the little Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the jämthund they were judged by the same race. At the end, this trial turned out to be untenable. The Jämthund mainly used to hunt moose, but it has also been used to hunt bears and lynxes, especially in the past.

Today the FCI recognizes three different moose dogs:

All three are assigned to buffers and dogs of the original type (Group 5) and in them they are assigned to the section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs”.

Physical characteristics

The Jämthund He is respected for his wolf-like appearance and his great and powerful stature. With a height at the cross of 57 - 65 centimeters and a weight of about 30 kg, It is the largest and heaviest of the three moose dogs recognized and at the same time the largest Nordic hunting dog. Throughout its long history, the Jämthund not only faced wolves, lynx and elk, but also adult bears, whom he faced fearlessly when hunting.

Character and skills

Blind obedience is absolutely far from this self-assured and independent pedigree dog from the far north. After all, the Jämthund in Sweden has been hunting moose, lynxes and even bears bravely and on their own for thousands of years. Although he always keeps in touch with his hunter, this smart and independent breed doesn't need your orders.

Strong dog personality with many talents

Dog lovers who are interested in this breed should know that the practice of certain commands sometimes requires some effort. With stupid repetitions or even with force and violence you will not achieve anything with the Jämthund.

However, if you accept his character and thoughtful nature and have the skills to deal with such a strong personality, you can certainly train him to be a versatile working and companion dog. With inventiveness, patience, consistency and sensitivity, the persistent and powerful Jämthund can be trained not only to be a versatile hunting dog, but also an excellent herding dog, Guard, sled and rescue.

Very experienced hunting dog

Despite relatively late recognition as a separate breed, the origin of Jämthund goes back a long time. In the province of Jämtland, in central Sweden, which is decisive for his name, the type of dog has been known for thousands of years.

Even the first settlers in northern and central Sweden had dogs to hunt bears, Moose, lynxes and wolves. Hunters especially appreciated his enormous stamina and physical strength., with which the dog, independently and bravely, went out in search of hunting.

Today he is considered in hunting circles as an intrepid and energetic search dog., which is not only suitable for hunting loose hounds, It can also be used for guide dog hunting. Search and pursue game in the dense forests of Scandinavia and remain silent until you have placed the animal. Only then does he give the hunter a signal through his barking that he can hit the target.. This type of hunting is called “standing still“.

The Jämthund as a family dog

Also as a family dog ​​the Jämthund it is very suitable, as long as enough space is given to the independent nature and great desire for freedom of this original hunting dog. So it is considered friendly, balanced, calm and fond of children. After an appropriate period of acclimatization, also accepts conspecific, cats and other pets without any problem.

He meets strangers with a certain distrust according to his natural instinct for vigilance and protection. Does not act nervous or aggressively. There is also no denying a certain joy in barking at this Nordic hunting dog..

Breeding and buying a Jämthund

In Sweden the Jämthund has long been known beyond hunting circles and is popular as a versatile utility and companion dog. In other countries of the world, However, the Swedish pedigree dog is very rare. Although you can find breeders in Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands and North America, finding and waiting for a purebred puppy can sometimes take years. Therefore, it is advisable to contact a registered association for Nordic dogs, that can help you find breeders in Scandinavia.

What do I have to consider when buying a Jämthund?

Although the distance to the breeder is long, those interested should take the time to get to know the kennel, the animals and the breeder in detail before buying. Don't take home the first best puppy, Before making several visits, convince yourself that it is a serious parenting, that dogs are raised with a lot of experience and love.

In addition to health tests, vaccines and the presence of all important papers and a pedigree, animals must grow up in a close relationship with their breeder from birth. The socialization of a Jämthund already begins in the first weeks of life. Living with his mother and brothers, but also with the breeder's family, puppies learn the most important rules of the hierarchy.

What demands does the Jämthund to the owner?

A Jämthund need plenty of exercise. You must also be sufficiently disabled both physically and mentally. A life in gated communities, in the city and without a garden, it certainly doesn't do this kind of dog justice.

The Jämthund feels more comfortable in rural areas. There you can move freely and spend a lot of time in nature. If not used for hunting purposes, you should definitely offer alternative activities. Possible are exams for companion dogs, dog tournaments or rescue dog training. Also bike rides, long walks or sledding shots in winter are suitable to satisfy the great momentum of movement of the Jämthund.

Is a Jämthund?

Before you start looking for a suitable breeder, you should ask yourself the following question: Is this Nordic pedigree dog right for me and my life??

This becomes especially important if you don't want to keep Jämthund like a hunting dog, but exclusively as a family dog. In this case you must make sure that you have enough experience, time and space to satisfy this demanding and energetic four-legged friend.

Asking if this dog is a good match for me, of course you should also watch the costs. After all, owning a dog costs not only time but also money. In addition to the purchase price, dog tax and insurance, there are also equipment expenses, watch out, food and visits to the vet.

You may be interested in our article on this topic: Getting the puppies used to the new home: Basic equipment and tips.

What food does the Jämthund need?

More important than the price of the food should be the price of the ingredients. This does not mean that the most expensive food is always the best.. Much more important is that the composition is adjusted to the needs of your dog and these depend on quite individual criteria such as weight, age, activity level and health status.

Basically, the food of Jämthund, like all the other dogs, should consist mainly of meat. It is the most important energy supplier for the descendant of the wolf and must constitute at least the 80 percent of the diet. The meat is complemented with vegetables, important fruits and fats, that provide an optimal supply of nutrients.

The cereals, the sugar, artificial flavor enhancers and chemical preservatives, on the other hand, have no place in dog food, either dry food, wet food, even cooked or raw food (BARF).

Care “Jämthund”

The waterproof coat of the Jämthund repels dirt and moisture well, but it still needs to be brushed regularly. It is best to comb your hair daily, especially during the layer change phase. This way you can remove dead hair in time and at the same time ensure that the amount of hair in your home is kept within limits.. However, you should not expect meticulous cleaning in your home as the owner of this dog.

In addition to the toilet, claws should be trimmed regularly to avoid injury. Your roommate's ears and teeth should also be cleaned and checked at regular intervals., about two or three times a week.

Health “Jämthund”

The Jämthunde they are very robust

Careful grooming is not just for cleanliness and hygiene, but above all for the health of your dog. Brush your dog regularly and check his ears, claws, eyes and teeth. This way you can quickly detect any changes and make an appointment with the vet on time.

Being overweight is a problem for all dog breeds and quickly causes more complaints. Therefore, it is advisable to check your pet's weight regularly. Hand palpation is also a good way to determine if your dog is of normal weight.. You shouldn't be able to see your dog's ribs from a distance, but I should be able to feel them.

In all other respects, the health of Jämthund is very robust, and there is no need to fear the hereditary diseases typical of the breed. If you have time, experience, money and the desire to fully adapt to this breed, you will surely have many years of pleasure with him Jämthund.

Characteristics "Jämthund"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Jämthund" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images "Jämthund"


1 – Jämthund by Jörgen Blom / CC BY-SA
2 – Jämthund (Swedish Elkhound) in the woods. 2 years old male. by User:Arto Pääkkönen / CC BY-SA
3 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/644232
4 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/619009
5 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1289323
6 – Jämthund village https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-tronco-mascota-animales-2064314/
7 – Jämthund by HTTPS://pxhere.com/es/photo/753453

Videos "Jämthund"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Proof of work for Nordic countries only (Sweden, Norway, Finland)..


  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
  • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.

FCI breed standard "Jämthund"

FCIFCI - Jämthund

Alternative names:

    1. Swedish Elkhound (English).
    2. Jämthund (French).
    3. Jämthund (German).
    4. Jämthund, Elkhound sueco (Portuguese).
    5. Elkhound sueco, Jämthund (Spanish).
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