In Great Britain they are increasingly rare and in the rest of Europe they are disappearing.
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) is closely related to the Manchester Terrier. It was originally called Black and Tan Terrier and was usually even larger than current specimens. They deliberately mated with him Italian Sighthound and only the smallest dogs were used for breeding.
They were originally kept in London as rat catchers. Due to its size, they were often put in the pocket of a purse or coat, where they should protect themselves from pickpockets. In the time of Queen Victoria it was very popular as a lap dog.
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) he is a well balanced dog, elegant, compact, sharp and clean construction.
Has a body weight of about 3,6 kg. The height of his body is about 30 cm.. With this size, the English toy terrier It is one of the smallest representatives of the group of terriers. Therefore, falls in section 4 “Terriers enanos”.
This breed is characterized by a slim body. All four legs are straight and very delicate. However, at the same time, the representatives of these Terriers are sporty and muscular, so they can easily accompany you on long walks.
At first sight, the little dog's large, upright ears stick out. The dog's muzzle is long and reminiscent of larger terriers. The eyes of the English toy terrier they are alert and awake. All the Toy Terriers ingleses they have the hair pattern “black and tan”, what does black and tan mean. Most of the coat is black, but there are tan marks on some parts of the body. So the dog always has tan marks on his face and chest. The coat of a English toy terrier it's short and smooth.
Character and skills
Today the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) belongs to the rare breeds and there are only a few breeders. And that, although this little terrier can be kept well even in city apartments. He is very close to his family and continues to be a good guardian, but tends to bark a little. He usually gets along well with children and is a tireless playmate. The little terrier also gets along with other dogs.
To the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) loves long walks and ball games. It can even be a good companion for shorter and not too fast jogging rounds.
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) still show typical terrier characteristics. They are brave, testy, lively, alert and cheerful. They learn quickly, but they also need some consistency up front. They still have a hunting instinct, so from the beginning you must work to direct this instinct in an acceptable way.
Health and life expectancy
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) tend to be a bit nervous, but otherwise they are quite healthy dogs. They can come to live off 13 - 15 years.
Similar breeds and relatives
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) es similar al Manchester Terrier, the Italian Sighthound, the German Pinscher and the Doberman.
English Toy Terrier Care
This little terrier has an easy-care coat that never really needs to be washed. Once your English Toy Terrier has been lying, you can wash it with clean water. You should only use a dog shampoo if it is very dirty. Too frequent use of shampoos destroys the natural protective layer of the coat, what can cause skin diseases.
Its English toy terrier he is a robust dog that does not normally need a jacket. In very cold temperatures it may be useful to protect your dog with a well-fitting jacket. Especially very small dogs are hypothermic when they are in the snow for a long period of time. The jacket should fit well and not get in the way of your dog when he runs and plays.
Check your teeth English Toy Terrier regularly. Tartar can form here, which in the long run can lead to painful inflammation of the teeth. Care, a soft dog toothbrush can be used for brushing. A toothpaste for dogs is harmless and usually tastes quite good to animals.. Make sure to accustom your English Toy Terrier slowly and gently to brushing its teeth.
The correct nutrition of the English Toy Terrier
The English toy terrier it is a very robust breed that gets along with most foods. Due to its small body size it is important to provide the English toy terrier of enough energy. To do this, for example, you can choose a type of food specially developed for small breeds. Small dogs have a higher energy turnover than large dogs. Another way of feeding is to give the dog fresh food or homemade food. Here too care must be taken to ensure sufficient calorie intake.
Feed your English toy terrier several times a day, since the small dog can only absorb small amounts. Although healthy dogs usually have good teeth, the food components should not be too large.
Because the English toy terrier he is an adorable dog, many people tend to pamper him. However, many human foods are not suitable for dogs. Therefore, their English toy terrier should only be fed with food scraps if it does not contain sugar or spices.
Suitable accessories for the English Toy Terrier
You don't need many accessories for your English toy terrier for everyday use. For food and water your dog needs at least two bowls. The water bowl should always be full and accessible to your dog.
As the Toy Terriers ingleses they are very delicate animals, you should buy a well fitted harness. It is also important to use a light lead line. Traction lines are less suitable if your dog has not yet learned not to pull on the leash. A good alternative is to use a lightweight traction strap, that gives your dog freedom of movement.
To the playful English toy terrier loves to learn. So you can do many sports with it which are also suitable for very small dogs. Dummies and other recovery toys are good for training. In addition, you English toy terrier will have a lot of fun with chew toys, that also support dental health.
Last but not least, but no less important, should provide your English toy terrier a comfortable dog bed. There are several dog beds, almost all of them suitable. Whether your terrier is allowed on the couch or in bed, you can also give him a dog blanket there.
It is very important that you secure your English toy terrier in the car. An adapter for the belt buckles can be attached to the harness. This prevents skipping while driving and reduces the risk to your dog in the event of an accident. An alternative is to accustom your dog to a transport box. You can also take him on the train in a transport box if he is used to it.
FCI breed standard "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"
FCI - English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
1. ETT, English toy terrier (English).
2. Toy terrier anglais noir et feu (French).
3. English Toy Terrier (German).
4. English Toy Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Terrier miniatura negro y fuego, English toy terrier, Toy Terrier inglés, TERRIER INGLÉS DE JUGUETE NEGRO Y FUEGO (Spanish).
The Skye It is a typical Terrier: tenacious hard with a propensity to bark and dig.
The Skye terrier it is one of the oldest Scottish breeds. The Skye was known as the Western Isles Terrier which comprised the Skye Terrier with a mixture of races like their ancestors, including prototypes of the Cairn Terrier.
References to a terrier Scottish island of Skye back to long ago. In his book of the sixteenth century “Ingleses Dogs”, Johannes Caius wrote that the Skye Terrier was “out of the barbarous borders of the countries farthest north… what, because of the length of hair, does it look or face or body”. That certainly sounds like a description of profuse coat Skye.
The dogs were bred to hunt and kill foxes, badgers and otters that threatened livestock farm or property damage caused. His long coat and his facial hair were meant to protect them from injuries and rainy weather typical of Scotland.
Three centuries later, the Queen Victoria, dogs lover, he became interested in the race during one of his visits to Scotland, and dogs became fashionable pets noblewomen. It was said that even a duchess would be ashamed to show his face in the park without the company of a Skye. A portrait of Queen Victoria with one of his Skyes, Rona II, was painted by William Nicholson, and other Sykes appeared in paintings Sir Edwin Landseer.
Under threat of extinction
There is concern that the breed could disappear entirely, since during 2012 only 44 puppies were born in the UK. The particularly lowest period for this breed was in 2005, when they registered only 30 Puppies. Today this is the most threatened canine breed within the UK Kennel Club classification of Vulnerable Breeds3, and it is calculated that if we continue like this within 40 years the breed could go extinct.
Did You Know?
One of the best known and loved Skye Terrier It was Greyfriars Bobby, who faithfully he watched the grave of his owner, John Grey, during 14 years after the death of man. A statue honoring the loyalty of the dog is visited Edinburgh for dog lovers around the world.
The Skye terrier it's a long-bodied dog. Its length is twice its size with good length hair. It moves seemingly effortlessly. its members, body and jaws are strong. His head is long and powerful. It has a long body and under. The flat edges occur because the coat that falls straight.
The mantle is double layer. The inner layer should consist of short hair, thick, soft and fleecy. The outer layer for reasonably long hair, hard, straight, flattened without curls that should never prevent movement. On the head the hair is shorter, softer and falls over his forehead eyes watching but not preventing vision. He meets the hair on the sides of the head, surrounding ears like a fringe allowing appreciate the way.
Its color can be black, dark or light gray, Griffon, cream, all with black markings.
Its ideal height is 25 – 26 cm..
Length from tip of nose to tip of tail: 105 cm.. Females are slightly smaller in the same proportions.
The Skye Terriers They may be affected by various medical conditions, including eye problems (as glaucoma and dislocation of the lens), hipotiriodismo, of von Willebrand disease (a disorder of blood clotting), allergies and ulcerative colitis.
The “lameness of Skye” or “cojera dog” sometimes it occurs in puppies between 3 and 10 months of age. You can resolve without treatment, but some veterinarians suggest that activity is restricted. The Skye Terriers They can also undergo genetic forms of liver and kidney disease. The breeder of your puppy should be willing – in fact, anxious – to review health records of their dogs and discuss the prevalence of these and other health problems in their lines.
Character and skills
The Skye It is a classic Terrier: bold to, good, anything, friendly people who know, reserved and cautious with strangers. An old Scottish word, “clever”, It applies to him too. It is an intelligent dog and prudent people will consider carefully before deciding whether granted his affections. However, Once you are given, They are given lifetime.
It may not seem like a great athlete at first sight, but Skye has resistance, strength and agility galore. You'll find it by participating in agility, obedience and tracking, but it is also a partner willing sofa. Two or three rides 15 minutes or day games meet your exercise needs, but he is willing to further game if you are. If your temperament permits, Skye can also be a therapy dog cheerful, visiting people in facilities such as nursing homes and children's hospitals.
Like all terrier, the Skye has a mind of its own, but learns well. Train this sensitive dog with loving firmness and enjoy their trust and respect will win.
Characteristics "Skye terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Skye terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Afghan Hound It behaves so haughty and reserved, especially with strangers
History “Afghan Hound”
Also known as Tazi It is a dog coming from Afghanistan.
The origin of this breed it is possible that you are in the race Saluki, I would have come to Afghanistan through Persia. Already in Afghanistan, the Saluki need a more appropriate coat for the hostile climate of the mountains of this country, developing the long coat which characterizes Afghan Hound current, and with that today appeals to so many people that they acquire dogs of this breed without taking into account that you need very special care.
The origin of the Afghan Hound It is ancient, with the first records approximately in the year 1000 -. C., in the area where it is currently Afghanistan. It was used as a hunting dog.
The antiquity of this breed still has not been corroborated by anyone, but the earliest records date from the 19th century, which does not mean that they did not exist before, but that Afghan nomads didn't bother in the race record for writing. The first illustration made of a Afghan Hound It is the year 1813. This race came to England in 1920 and didn't succeed, It is recognized by the British Kennel Club only six years later.
In the year 1880, When he ended the war between Afghans and British, the officers of the British army took home some of these dogs, whose characteristics as hunting dogs in the harsh conditions of the Afghan mountains, they had drawn their attention.
Afghan Hound videos
In Europe, the Afghan Hound It has maintained its natural activity sheepdog and hunting, task that was already in its land of origin. Also, Thanks to its elegant appearance, agility and speed, It has become dog race and company.
In the beginning, the Afghan Hound He was employed to chase prey of all kinds, who were in the mountains Afghanistan, such as hares, foxes, Gazelles, jackals, Wolves, Deer, and even, Snow leopard (It is the only big cat who lives exclusively in high mountains and is perfectly adapted to this environment).
Another function of Afghan Hound was the monitoring the camps of nomadic tribes and livestock, functions that, along with those related to hunting, They gave this race a huge popularity among nomads Afghanistan (even they reserved a day of celebration dedicated to Afghan Hound, which engalanaban them with necklaces of flowers).
Physical characteristics “Afghan Hound”
General appearance gives an impression of force, dignity, speed and power. The exotic and oriental expression is typical of the breed, with a direct and scrutinizing look.
The head It has the long narrow skull and not, with the prominent occipital, the snout long, clean jaw and the light stop.
The eyes They are preferably dark, almost triangular and slightly oblique upwards. The ears They are set low, well delayed position and the animal stuck against the head. The limb They are straight and well boned. The tail it should not be too short, fits low, It forms a ring at the tip and is adorned with a few curious Wicks. In motion, the animal has been raised.
The hair It is long and thin on the sides, extremities and flanks. In older dogs is short and dense in the area from the shoulders and the kidneys. Head is long from the front and forms a long silky hair.
They are admitted all colors.
The ideal height the cross males: 68 - 74 cm.. and females: 63 - 69 cm..
The Afghan Hound is independent and capable of chasing its prey without the need for instructions. His intelligence and confidence allow him to anticipate the reactions of his prey and make decisions for himself.
This means that you tend to act freely and do things your way when you decide it is necessary., instead of following the letter of his master's instructions. This means that your training can be challenging., and that it is a breed that needs an experienced trainer.
However, despite its independence, They are very devoted to their owner and are usually affectionate with their family. However, must accept that this affection is not available à la carte, but when they decide the time is right. In other words, you have to accept their independence and not expect constant displays of affection from them. Not recommended for families with young children: without being aggressive with them, tends to reject their contact when they are too insistent.
Outside the family circle, their sociability is limited. For this reason, often tends to be distant - even haughty- with anyone who considers a stranger in their home. You can even show that attitude with your master, especially if you feel upset.
His somewhat difficult character and the fact that he is not necessarily affectionate tend to make you forget that, However, he is a faithful companion. May have a hard time adjusting to a new home.
However, can be very affectionate and fun, and even enjoys being the center of attention. Some owners also report that they like to steal things and hide them. He even seems to enjoy doing it in front of his owner's nose.. In other words, even when he's having fun, shows your level of confidence and self-control.
The Afghan Hound it is a very robust dog that needs a lot of exercise. However, can adapt to life in a flat, provided that its owner provides a minimum of two hours a day of physical activity to expend its energy. Due to his background as a hunter, he especially likes to run long distances: it is one of his favorite activities, and walking is not enough. Therefore, need to run several times a week - or even every day- and is a very good companion for someone who wants to run with their dog. You can be content to run in a safe enclosure on days when your owner is not available for a long run., as long as you continue to do at least some additional activities (brisk walks, go to the park, etc.) to expend your unlimited energy.
If you live in a house and have access to a garden, it must be strictly fenced, since his hunting instinct is particularly pronounced. In all other respects, won't stop taking off if it sees potential prey, to go after her. It's not a wireless electric fence that could stop you, since the discomfort he feels is no match for his desire to pursue.
Obviously, the same happens when walking, so it is always better to wear it on a leash, at the risk of suddenly disappearing as soon as a potential prey is identified. If the owner wishes to allow his dog to go off leash in certain less dangerous areas, should at least equip it with a connected GPS dog collar, to be able to find it in case of need.
Last but not least, their hunting instinct means that coexistence with other small animals is not recommended. Sometimes he can tolerate a cat if he has become used to its presence from a young age, but in general, not very sociable with other animals. It is a little less complicated with other dogs, But again, you better start with them asap.
Although he is extremely loyal, the Afghan Hound he is very stubborn and tends to do what he wants. If we add to this that they tend to be dominant, we can see how much they need an experienced owner who knows how to show their dog who is the master and assert himself gently. To get it, it is recommended to use training techniques based on positive reinforcement.
In any case, your training requires a good dose of patience, since it is very independent. If you decide you are not interested, you need to use your imagination to capture their attention and arouse their interest, or postpone the training session. If you feel upset when you think you have something better to do, in a rush and / or forced to do something you don't want to, becomes very stubborn and rejects any instructions. In addition, to avoid fatigue and, Therefore, disinterest on his part, it is better to opt for varied sessions rather than long repetitions of the same exercise.
The training of a Afghan Hound requires, Therefore, the ability to adapt to your current mood and vary exercises to diversify your sessions and keep your focus. This is all the more true since, unlike other races, does not seek to please his master.
Group classes in a school for puppies (once the first vaccinations have been carried out) they are an interesting option for the success of training. This can help teach the puppy the first commands (how to sit to order or search) in a more supervised environment. In addition, offer an interesting socializing opportunity.
Socialization is an important aspect of training an Afghan greyhound puppy. As he is not very fond of humans outside his family circle, it is important to expose it from a young age to various people and situations (go out in public, meet the neighbors, receive guests at home, etc.) so you don't get too reserved. In fact, his shyness and natural distrust of strangers tend to get the best of him quickly.
In addition, as your maintenance need is quite important but you may consider human interaction a nuisance, it is essential to teach him from a young age to allow himself to be manipulated without flinching.
Although generally in good health, the Afghan Hound is particularly prone to certain diseases:
Allergies: the symptoms of an allergy in a dog are the same as in humans (crying eyes, sneezing, etc.). They can be treated with drugs and / or changes in the animal's environment, according to the type of allergy involved;
Cancer : as humans, this condition can be fatal, has fortiori if detected in an advanced stage. On the other hand, when taken on time, it is often possible to remove the cancerous mass by surgery and / or taking medication;
The juvenile cataract : is usually present from birth and, depending on its severity, can potentially be treated by surgery. However, in some cases, cause blindness in the dog ;
Hypothyroidism , a thyroid gland disorder causing lethargy, weight and hair loss, as well as fatigue. Usually, it is treated with medications.
In addition, like most dogs with hanging ears , have an increased risk of ear infection and, therefore, requires special vigilance at this level.
In addition, is more exposed than other breeds to the risk of urinary obstruction. These can be treated with medications, but surgery is required if they don't work. In any case, a change in diet is often necessary to reduce the risk of new crystal formation.
Obesity is not a problem you are predisposed to. However, any dog that is malnourished and / or not exercising enough is at risk of being overweight, with a potential higher risk of developing certain diseases. His master must, Therefore, go to the trouble of weighing your partner regularly, make sure everything is in order at this level and react if it is not, in general, to make you exercise more and be more rigorous in your daily ration is enough.
Another good must-have habit is taking your dog to the vet at least once a year for a full checkup.. This allows both detecting a possible problem early, as well as ensuring that everything is in order regarding the dog's vaccinations and reminders.
12 - 14 years
Due to its long fur, cleanliness is an essential dimension of maintaining Afghan Hound. To avoid tangling, the dog should be brushed with a rubber comb, ideally every day. This will help maintain the silky texture of the coat while removing dead hair.. As in the case of any long-haired dog, do not neglect the time dedicated to this task, as it is an important condition to keep your dog healthy.
In addition, it is necessary that from time to time you take your dog to the groomer to keep his coat well trimmed and looking good for all occasions. In fact, the maintenance of its thick coat is more complex than that of many other breeds, and it is better to leave it in the hands of a professional. Ideally, trim it every 2 or 3 months.
On the other hand, the Afghan Hound only needs to be bathed once or twice a year, unless it got dirty. Regular brushing is usually enough to remove debris that may be lodged in the coat..
The ears, on the other hand, they need a lot more attention. Long hair around the ears and the fact that they are folded in on themselves pose a greater risk of this happening. To avoid irritation or infection problems, it is important to inspect them weekly and keep them clean.
This weekly session is also an opportunity to clean the dog's eyes and brush his teeth., in order to maintain good oral hygiene and limit the formation of tartar, which can have unfortunate consequences.
In general, as in the case of all dogs, a weekly check-up is essential to ensure that you are in good health and to detect any problems early, be it skin rashes, eye infections or injuries to the pads of the feet.
Last but not least, the claws of this very active animal tend to wear out enough naturally, so no need to trim them manually. However, it is important to periodically check that this is the case and to do so if necessary.
He has washed too often (each 15 days), because knots are easily formed.. Exemplary elders and breeding females can be sheared to be able to take care of more easily.
Along the centuries, the Afghan Hound has developed a long coat, thick and silky that allows it to withstand the extreme temperatures of the mountainous regions where it was used as a hunting dog.
His resistance to cold is not the only asset that made him -and makes him- a formidable hunter: you can also trust your vision. Similar to the Whippet, the English Greyhound, the Borzoi and the Saluki, has a field of view of 270 degrees, 30 more than other dog breeds (and 70 more than a human being). This allows them to detect their prey from a wider angle while remaining immobile., so they can go unnoticed more easily.
Once they start to chase their prey, the Afghan Hound it gives them little chance of escaping. In fact, his speed is legendary: can reach a maximum speed of 64 km/h, not far from the speed record ever set by a racehorse (69,2 km/h). Can only maintain that speed for short distances, but it has a great resistance, as it can be maintained for hundreds of kilometers.
In his native Afghanistan, it was used mainly to hunt large prey, both in desert areas and in the mountains. He was valued for his ability to travel long distances, its speed and its value. In fact, one of his tasks was to hold back dangerous prey, like leopards, until the riders arrived. This type of hunting, in which the dog leads the hunters, requires great independence and a capacity to react to different situations with few instructions. These are qualities that he still possesses today..
However, this use as a hunting dog has now disappeared. The most common is to find it as a companion dog, although their number has decreased considerably compared to a few decades ago.
It also stands out in dog shows and, despite his strong character, is known for its good performance in obedience competitions.
On the other hand, although he is an extremely fast runner, the races of the Afghan Hound have never been as popular as his cousin the Greyhound. There are records of this type of racing in India and Afghanistan in the 19th century, but it is not clear in the literature how popular this sport was then. Since the mid-1990s 1980, some breeders try to popularize them, mainly in England and the United States, But it is no small thing to say that they face headwinds. In fact, criticism of the treatment of racing dogs has been on the rise, thanks above all to the awareness-raising work of various animal defense organizations, so dog racing has been losing popularity over the years 90.
Price "Afghan Hound"
The price of a puppy Afghan Hound varies between the 1.200 and 1.400 EUR, without there being a significant price difference between males and females.
In fact, price differences from one individual to another are explained more by the intrinsic characteristics of the puppy (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), the possible prestige of its lineage and the reputation of the kennel from which it comes.
Characteristics "Afghan Hound"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Afghan Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Yorkshire Terrier, call Yorkie To abreviate, comes from the north of England and Scotland. Here it served for centuries as a versatile house and garden dog. Its territory was later the settlements of the working poor, that were built en masse with industrialization. The little houses were small, conditions were tight. There was no room for a big dog. The little terriers were exactly the right fit here and they served the village for many years as watchdogs and hunters. Keeping rats and mice away small, driving away a marten or fox that wanted to attack chickens or pigeons, occasionally killing a rabbit; the Yorkie proved to be a useful helper. It is even said that the old Yorkie has gone to the rabbit hole to hunt. Despite its rather delicate appearance, the Yorkshire Terrier it's a complete dog. Basically, it is a concise breed with a sometimes stubborn and fearless temperament. At the same time, has served as a lap dog for over 150 years.
Your current form as “Yorkshire Terrier” with very long and silky hair is the result of a directed show breeding. In addition, their ancestors were normally much larger than the current ones or even the Toy Yorkies.
In ancient documents, even 6 KG as the weight of a Yorkshire Terrier. Like the other little British Isles terriers, the Yorkie ultimately originates from a single large gene pool of those terriers from early working class settlements. Only through deliberate artificial separation, namely, the separation of the brood, became the many terrier breeds that are genetically separated today. Already in 1873 the Yorkshire Terrier was recognized as a breed of dog by the Kennel Club.
According to records, the Yorkshire Terrier was the first most popular breed in the United States in 2002. His first appearance in a canine exposition took place around 1880, and immediately he found wide acceptance in the public. It currently ranks first in the English breeds, and it is one of the most widespread company dogs around the world.
The West Highland White Terrier he is a very lively dog, Alegre, with great self-love, determined and independent.
The West Highland White Terrier, better known as Westie, is a former Scottish hunting terrier. The little terriers from which the Westie they served humans for many years as watchdogs and hunters. In addition, they made themselves useful in the house every day. Keeping houses free from rats and mice, chasing away a marten or fox that wanted to feed on chickens or pigeons at night, proved helpful helpers at home and in court. The true strength of West Highland White Terrier was active fox hunting, the marten and the otter. The little terrier chased these thieves without fear and with all determination to the farthest corner of his burrow, where they were trying to get them out of the burrow, as the hunters counted. Like his three Scottish brothers, Skye and Cairn Terrier, the West Highland White Terrier he is one of the four descendants of these old men Scottish hunting terrier.
Like the others, comes from the great gene pool of all those Scottish terriers. Only by intentional breeding, namely, artificial separation, Scotland's four genetically separated lower terrier breeds were born. Your current form as “West Highland White Terrier” It is the result of a breeding led as a companion and exhibition dog of the last 100 years. Until 1924 was raised and led along with the current Cairn-Terrier. The pure white color is the result of a selection of external features from the time of the breeding of the sample. It is an expression of efforts to make these four originally identical siblings increasingly distinguishable from each other.. In 1907 the breed was recognized by the British Kennel Club. It was always a fairly rare breed in Europe. That suddenly changed around 1990.
The advertising industry recognized the attractive effect of this smart and happy little terrier. Dog food brands like “César” remain inseparably connected with Westie. The nice one Westie became widely known as a means of advertising dog food and later other articles as well. Many people knew him as “the television dog”. He was temporarily better known than the Sausage dog or German Shepherd. The serious breeding scene could not meet the demand for puppies from Westie. This could not be said twice by multipliers from Germany and from all over Europe. Dubious vendors massively selling puppies in the dog market. This was not good for the dog breed, your physical condition and your health. Still today many of these breeders, mostly well disguised as “breed lovers”, frolicking on the Internet.
The West Highland White Terrier it is a small and manageable dog of impressive appearance and self-confidence. He's got a pretty thick overcoat with a hard top layer but doesn't lean. Your undercoat must be hair, short, smooth and dense. Your coat is weather resistant. With a height at the withers of about 28 centimeters, weighs between 6,5 and 8,5 kg. However, the ideal weight is not given by the standard. However, the Westies they are quite heavy in relation to their physical size. Of course, the color of a coat Westie it should always be white and pure white, After all, it's already in your name.
After the experiences with the fashion hype, already in 1998 a special requirement for healthy farming was set in the standard, so that any deviation that could “harm the dog's health and well-being”. A striking feature is the tail of the West Highland White Terrier, that the standard defines as: “of 13 - 15 cm long; covered with coarse hair, without pen, as straight as possible, haughtily carried, but neither happy nor hunched over the back. A long tail is not desirable, but under no circumstances should it be amputated. The tail of the Westies it is a good reflection of its intelligent nature.
Character and skills
The West Highland White Terrier he's a lively guy, bright and confident. In it beats the heart of a true terrier. The official standard describes its character as follows: “Petit, Active, bold, robust, endowed with considerable self-confidence and an air of predatory sharpness. Alert, Alegre, brave, confident but friendly”. The old hunter has a tendency to independence and overconfidence. He likes to see himself as an emperor.
One should not only accept this trait with a smile and a broad inner smile., but rather appreciate it. Of course, such ambitions must have limits, but maybe you shouldn't always notice this boundary setting by us humans. The Westies they are very loyal and affectionate. They love their family and are extremely child friendly.. They are characterized by their friendly and kind character. But they are not lap dogs. Despite his agile temperament, the Westies are not restless or nervous. Are alert, reporting unusual circumstances with excited barking.
The attitude of the Westies has no problems. Only grooming is mandatory, especially regular trimming. It has no demands regarding the size of the floor. It can also be kept well on the floor of a big city. Only one should allow him his daily walks. It should be noted that Westies they were hunting dogs, whose heritage lives on even with today's companion. Small dogs are very persevering and can follow their owners without problems when walking. Must be used to other pets from litter box. If he West Highland White Terrier is consistently and lovingly educated as early as the puppy's age, then this sturdy four-legged friend is a valuable companion, that adapts easily and willingly to all the living conditions of its caregivers.
The education of West Highland White Terrier is an often underrated chapter. Although the puppy looks so cute, especially in his first months of life, he is a true terrier very sure of himself. And such a terrier wants to be educated and guided. The Westie requires consequences in education from adulthood. Although small, dreams like most terriers in some corner of his brain of assuming leadership of the herd. You just have to take your education seriously. In all other respects, his education is not problematic. He wants and needs the guidance of his master or caretaker and is a docile companion, friendly and sociable.
Care of the West Highland White Terrier
The West Highland White Terrier are prone to rashes with dry skin, and frequent bathing can exacerbate these problems. The bathing them once a month – or a longer interval- does not usually cause problems. It is advisable to use neutral soaps or shampoo to baby and avoid products with aggressive substances, except veterinary prescription.
After bathing they should pay particular attention in dry him very well the ears with a towel. If brushes you daily or regularly, his hair will remain healthy and bright.
It is also advisable to occasionally perform a brushing through the grubbing-up of dead hair (referred to as striping), It is a totally painless method which is performed by a professional expert in canine aesthetics. This type of arrangement will maintain the texture and characteristics of the white mantle of the Westie. Also, It should be cleaned them ears weekly with a piece of cotton dampened with water to remove wax buildup and avoid possible infections.
We must pay special attention to clean with a damp cloth around the snout hair after eating or having dug a hole. The same, the lagrimales should be cleaned to avoid the accumulation of lagañas, Since a dog be white if not caring - diligently- maintain clean those parties they will wear an unsightly Brown and will make it look dirty or neglected. When they are pets should wash with wet wipes for babies, especially the part of the belly already to be a dog with short legs, It gets wet when they make Pee and end up picking up an ugly yellow color.
West Highland White Terrier Health
Cubs West Highland White Terrier they may have a disease called “Osteopathy West”, known as “Jaw of the lion or Scottie” It consists in the abnormal growth of bone of the jaw. This genetic disease is autosomal recessive in nature, that means that what a puppy the present both parents should have the gene and transmit it to the puppy; Unfortunately the only way to know if some copy playlist contains this gene is born a puppy and has that abnormality. By the same, Perhaps the own breeder won't know that some copy lacks this until that is born the litter.
Is condition usually occurs when the puppy is between 3 and 6 months of age and disappears to the 12 months.
The diagnosis is usually performed after taking x-rays. Treatment of the symptoms is to provide medicines to help the puppy to cope with this period, allowing him to eat and use its snout while it suffers from pain. Corticosteroids are therapeutic agents that are used most frequently. Disease disappears spontaneously when the period of growth ends. Only in very severe cases, It does not respond to treatment, is euthanasia.
Nutrition / Food
The nutrition of West Highland White Terrier not usually problematic, as long as it comes from a serious calf. It is not uncommon for allergies and skin irritations to require a dietary diet.
Westie's Life Expectancy
The West Highland White Terrier of serious upbringing tend to have robust health and can reach 15 years in good physical condition.
Buy a West Highland White Terrier
There are many dubious providers of Westies on the Internet. In your own interest and especially for the welfare of dogs you should look very carefully. It is best to purchase your Westie puppy locally from an FCI member breeder. Here you should pay special attention that there is no inbreeding. Or you can go to the animal shelter and look for other types of terriers. Cubs West Highland White Terrier cost around 1.000 EUR.
Characteristics "West Highland White Terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "West Highland White Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Pembroke Welsh CORGI is extremely intelligent, loving and has a great personality.
The Pembroke Welsh CORGI (Corgi) It is a small dog native of Great Britain. He has served for centuries as a shepherd, still considered one of the oldest dogs of Great Britain. There is another Welsh race, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi very similar, Although of larger size and long tail.
There are different theories about the origins of Pembroke Welsh CORGI. It is believed that the two varieties Corgi they are descended from the dog of the Visigoths who introduced the Vikings in Wales to 9th century. Or the Cardigan may be the oldest variety, introduced the Celts into Wales around the year 1200 (name Corgi comes from the Celtic word “CORGI” that means “dog”).
According to other sources, the Pembroke variety was brought to Wales by Flemish weavers in the 12th century. Independently, What was the origin of the breed, the Pembroke Welsh CORGI was developed in Pembrokeshire) and it was used to guide cattle mordisqueando its paw and barking. The varieties Pembroke and Cardigan freely crossed each other until the decade of the 30. From then on, breeders attempted to emphasize their differences.
This race was used for grazing. The poor peasants of the time were allowed to pasture in the open fields of the Crown, This absence of fences put at risk of lost or dispersed cattle and required a quick dog, clever and who could move smoothly between the livestock. The Pembroke is this kind of dog, that pushes the cattle by the heels. Its low height allowed him to run under livestock without receiving kicks. It has evolved as a domestic animal, and it is the favorite breed of the English Royal family. It is a constant companion and an excellent guardian.
Although the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and Pembroke they are relatives, his description of race is completely different. The Pembroke It is small in size, strong, robust Constitution, alert and active, It gives the impression of strength and stamina in a small body.
Head recalls by the shape and appearance to the Fox, with an expression alert and intelligent. The tail is short, preferably natural, When the puppies are not born rabones tail amputates almost completely.
The hair is fairly long and smooth, in various colors such as red, Jet, beige or black and Tan, usually with white spots, is a truly beautiful dog.
The Pembroke Welsh CORGI average has a height of 25 - 30 cm., unato length of 30 - 38 cm and a weight of 11 - 14 kg. Their life expectancy is of 12 - 14 years.
In England the Corgi de Pembroke is much more popular than Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Perhaps the most obvious reason for that popularity is that Pembroke is the favorite of the royal family, in particular of Queen Elizabeth II. Outside of England the Cardigan is still less known than the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
Character and skills
It is a very active dog, but the tendency to have them as pets in small homes reduces its activity. If this excesses are added in their food taken quickly to obesity.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is extremely intelligent and loving, with a great personality, very active and worker. Very adaptable to the farms and also, It is a perfect companion dog for children if it is treated as properly and only occasionally ladra.
An average dog requires of 150 - 300 grams of balanced per day commercial feed. A fairly common feature of Corgi is their voracity, that leads him to eat too much gives the impression that is never satiated; You must limit your intake.
By the length of the spine are particularly sensitive to overweight which can produce osteoarthritis that reduces your life expectancy and the quality of the same.
This race also has a tendency to hip dysplasia (polygenetic origin), the falls, retinal dysplasia, 's Von Willebrand disease and degenerative myelopathy.
Characteristics "Pembroke Welsh CORGI"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Pembroke Welsh CORGI" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The white color of the Sealyham terrier was selected so that the Hounds would easily distinguish him from the prey.
Its origins and history are better known than those of most other terrier breeds..
Captain Tucker-Edwards, who lived on his Sealy Ham estate in Pembrokeshire / Wales, He began in the mid-19th century to create a breed that fit his ideas of a dog suitable for hunting badgers., otters and martens. However, It has never been clear which races were actually involved in creating the Sealyham. The Dandie Dinmont Terrier, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Bullterrier and the Fox Terrier were probably used to obtain the desired sharp hunting dog, bold, callous and brave.
After the Captain's death in 1891, her daughter and her friends continued the upbringing. In 1910 the breed was admitted to the championship exhibitions and was therefore recognized as a breed. Soon these vital and intrepid Welsh terriers made a great impression and demand increased..
Whatever the exact breed mix, the captain had admirable success, creating a fearless and hard-working hunter who was also a charming companion by the fire. The years between the world wars were the heyday of the breed in America. The Sealys they won the Westminster Best Dog Show award three times this time, among them was the most famous show dog of the Prohibition era, a Sealy called bootlegger. His high profile was reinforced by top notch Hollywood owners like Humphrey Bogart, Gary Cooper y Cary Grant.
The popularity of Sealyham terrier among pet owners has decreased since those heady days, considering the many qualities of the breed. “They could be one of the best kept secrets of dogs”, says a lover of Sealyham terrier. The breed today is slightly larger and more affable than the first-bred terrier terriers bred by Captain Edwardes. Your kindness is very useful as therapists in nursing homes and children's hospitals.
With less than 31 cm. (12 inches) on the shoulder and an approximate weight of 9 kg (24 pounds) , the Sealyham terrier they are not big enough to be considered medium sized dogs, but they are among the strongest and most substantial small dogs.
A Sealyham terrier typical is well muscled, shapely, with long and determined steps. Waterproof coat is predominantly white, and her long and wide head is provided with luxurious facial hair. Despite its reputation for being the grossest among short-legged terriers, these terriers are cute, funny, affectionate, outgoing and trainable, although a little stubborn. His attention and his big dog bark make the Sealys excellent guard dogs. Blessed with an adaptable nature, the Sealys are willing to live in the city or in the country.
Character and skills
The Sealies are the typical terriers, since they are sure of themselves and curious. However, they are softer and less noisy than other terrier breeds, which makes it easier to live with them.
The Sealies they are outgoing and friendly, but alert. They tend to be reserved with strangers and are excellent guard dogs with an impressive bark. They respond well to positive training techniques and learn quickly, but their sense of humor often results in adding a smart twist to any command they are asked to perform., especially if they have an audience.
These are proud dogs that will consider themselves as full and equal members of the family and expect to be treated that way..
Like every dog, the Sealies need early socialization – exposure to many people, views, different sounds and experiences – when they are young. Socializing helps ensure that your Sealyham Terrier puppy grows up to be a complete dog..
Health “Sealyham terrier”
The Sealyham Terriers have no significant health problems. However, as with any dog, there are some conditions and diseases that Sealyhams they could be prone, such as lens dislocation and retinal dysplasia.
Lens dislocation. The lens of the eye can move when the supporting ligament is damaged. Sometimes it can be treated with medication or surgery, but in severe cases it may be necessary to remove the eye.
Retinal dysplasia. It is a malformation of the development of the retina with which the dog is born. Most cases are mild and there is no noticeable loss of vision. Veterinary ophthalmologists can do tests to determine if puppies are affected when they have 7 - 12 weeks of age. Retinal dysplasia should not affect a dog's ability to function as a companion, but the Sealyhams affected should not be raised.
Although these ailments are rarely reported in Sealyham Terriers, you should research breeders and find those who do the proper testing at your kennel to make sure you get the healthiest dog possible.
Care “Sealyham terrier”
The small size and robust construction of the Sealyham terrier make it a good choice for city or country dwellers. It is relatively idle indoors and can adapt to life without a patio, as long as you have walked daily. If you have a patio, must be fenced to avoid chasing other animals or going hunting.
The Sealyhams they are quite discreet, They're not here “busy” like most terriers. Due to its size, their loyalty to their families and their preference for cool temperatures, they perform better as domestic dogs.
Like most terriers, to the Sealies they like to dig and bark. This dog is an independent thinker and requires firm and consistent handling., but responds well to training with positive reinforcement techniques like food rewards, praise and play.
Sometimes the Sealies can be difficult to train at home, but patience and a regular schedule generally brings success.
Grooming “Sealyham terrier”
The Terriers de Sealyham have medium length and weather resistant double coats. The undercoat is dense and soft, while the top layer is hard and lean. The hair around the face and muzzle is very long, compared to the rest of the coat. The Sealyham they are all white, although some have lemon marks, brown or badger on the head and ears.
To look good, the Sealyham Terriers they should be brushed three times a week to prevent tangles from forming on the long hair of the head, legs and chest. Brushing by hand – plucking off dead hair to stimulate new hair growth – maintains correct hard coat texture, but this can be a laborious process.
Many pet owners choose to cut their dog's hair. The downside is that the coat becomes much softer and can shed more than just bare fur, that comes off only slightly. You can learn how to trim your Sealy yourself or you can take it to a professional hairdresser.
Other grooming needs are dental hygiene and nail care.. Brush your teeth Sealyham at least two to three times a week to eliminate tartar buildup and accompanying bacteria. Daily is better.
Cut her nails once or twice a month, as necessary. If you can hear the click of the nails on the floor, they are too long. Short nails keep your feet in good shape and won't scratch your legs when the Sealyham jump to greet you.
Start getting used to your Sealyham terrier to have it brushed and examined when it's a puppy. Handle your feet frequently – dogs are sensitive to their feet – and look into your mouth and ears.
Make grooming a positive experience full of praise and rewards, and will lay the groundwork to facilitate veterinary examinations and other manipulations as an adult.
Characteristics "Sealyham terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Sealyham terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Norfolk Terrier is lively, cheerful and adapts both the countryside and the city.
The Norfolk Terrier he is a very small terrier, low rise. Until 1964 formed a dog breed along with the Norwich Terrier. Both differ only in the shape of their ears. While the Norfolk Terrier has slanted ears, the Norwich Terrier has standing ears. In the past these dogs were raised together and it was always a surprise that puppies had ears. Because the judges at the shows at least felt they preferred the dogs with droopy ears, they wanted to have their ears drooping or leaning in a class of their own. However, either standing or with ears hanging, they are wonderful terriers, vivacious little ones you can enjoy. They come from the Middle East of England. There these little terriers served the people for many years as watchdogs and hunters at home and at court..
Keeping rats and mice, chasing away a marten or fox that wanted to feed on chickens or pigeons at night, proved helpful helpers at home and in court. However, the small Norfolk Terrier was not, like many other somewhat larger terriers, used for active fox hunting, the marten and the otter. Didn't have to go in pursuit of these predators. It would not have lacked courage and determination. The Terriers de Norwich and Norfolk they were useful as a cat, but much more defensive and effective, especially when it came to fighting rats. They also had the added value of being watchdogs and danger alarms and were better able to cope with harsh, wet and cold weather conditions of central england.
So these little terriers were already widespread in the cities centuries ago. As a result, were raised solely for their suitability for their tasks. Either with upturned or drooping ears, it did not matter. As their tasks drifted away from rats to accompany the human psyche, the subtleties of his outward appearance also came into play. One separated the terrier into two breeds. In 1954, both were officially recognized by the FCI under the name of Norwich Terrier. The tipped-ear variant was recognized as a separate breed in 1962.
It is a small dog, clever, short limb, Compact and robust; It has short back and its structure and strong bones.
Norfolk Terrier has a hair double layer: a hard top layer, ribbed and a warm and soft layer.
Ideally, is due comb the hair once a week to remove the loose hairs, dead and prevent mat.
It´s one of the smaller Terrier dogs, a “Demon” for its size. Affectionate but not quarrelsome, robust Constitution.
The tail amputation is optional. Medium amputation, implemented on a level with the dorsal and carried erect line. Tail of moderate size to give the dog an overall balance, thick at the base and is tuned toward the tip, as straight as possible, happily held, but not in an excessive manner.
Its movement is natural, low and high thrust. Previous members directed straight forward from the shoulders. A good angulation of the hindlimbs provides you with a great driving force.
The Member subsequent move in line with the previous, with free movements from the hips, and they must bend well at the knees and hocks. Level topline.
The hair It hard, rough texture (wire), straight and well attached to the body. Long and rough in the neck and shoulders.
The hair is short and smooth on the head and ears, with the exception of a few light eyebrows and mustache.
With regard to the color, We find all the shades of reddish, wheat, black and Tan or grey. Stains or white markings are undesirable, but allowed.
The height ideal to the cross is between 25 and 26 cm..
Character and skills
Norfolk Terrier should not be aggressive despite being able to defend itself if necessary. Them, along with Norwich Terrier and the Border Terrier, has the softer temperament of the Terrier group.
Like fellow, they love people and children and they are good pets. His level of activity is generally a reflection that the pace of its environment.
This breed should not stay or live outside, that thrive with human contact. In general, Norfolk Terrier does not generally dig, but, like any dog, It cavará by boredom when stays alone for too long.
Usually, living well with other pets when introduced as a dog. In the open air, they are natural hunters and have a strong instinct for prey to small bugs.
The Norfolk Terrier is a dog self-confident, they are elegant, they are erect tail and head. A Norfolk Terrier who is shy or to carry the tail between the legs is atypical.
The typical temperament of Norfolk Terrier is happy, cheerful and confident. The greater punishment would be ignored by the family.
Norfolk Terrier were bred as barn dogs to rid the stables of animal pests. Today, they are household companions and must have a pleasant willingness to live with the people.
The life expectancy of a Norfolk Terrier is of 12 - 15 years.
Today, the demand for Norfolk Terrier is much more to offer…
They are dogs that tend to have small litters and responsible breeders developed the breed, they only breed healthy dogs who are good temperament, lineage, good pedigree and that better reflect the standard of the breed.
Norfolk Terrier Education
The education of this breed is an often underrated chapter.. Although the already little dog looks so cute, especially in his first months of life, he is a true terrier very sure of himself. And such a terrier wants to be educated and guided. Therefore, the Norfolk Terrier requires consequences in education from puppy age. Although small, dreams like most terriers in some corner of his brain of assuming leadership of the herd. Deep down he feels loose like a mastiff or great dane. So you just have to take your education seriously. In all other respects, there is no problem. He wants and needs the guidance of his master or mistress and is a docile companion, friendly and sociable, that always brings a smile to our faces.
Norfolk Terrier Health and Care
The coat should be regularly groomed. The Norfolk does not know a change of coat. Two or three times a year dead hair should be trimmed, namely, ripped – but with moderation.
The small Norfolk Terrier it is a fairly robust breed of dog.
Nutrition / Food
Norfolk Terrier nutrition has no problems.
Norfolk Terrier life expectancy
The Norfolk Terrier they tend to have robust health and an average life expectancy of 15 years and more.
Buy a Norfolk Terrier
The best way to buy your puppy Norfolk is to buy it locally from an FCI member breeder or take a look at the shelter. A dog of this breed costs around 1.000 EUR.
Characteristics "Norfolk Terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Norfolk Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
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