English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
Gran Bretañaa FCI 13 . Toy Terriers

English Toy Terrier

In Great Britain they are increasingly rare and in the rest of Europe they are disappearing.

Content

History

The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) is closely related to the Manchester Terrier. It was originally called Black and Tan Terrier and was usually even larger than current specimens. They deliberately mated with him Italian Sighthound and only the smallest dogs were used for breeding.

They were originally kept in London as rat catchers. Due to its size, they were often put in the pocket of a purse or coat, where they should protect themselves from pickpockets. In the time of Queen Victoria it was very popular as a lap dog.

Physical characteristics

The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) he is a well balanced dog, elegant, compact, sharp and clean construction.

Has a body weight of about 3,6 kg. The height of his body is about 30 cm.. With this size, the English toy terrier It is one of the smallest representatives of the group of terriers. Therefore, falls in section 4 “Terriers enanos”.

This breed is characterized by a slim body. All four legs are straight and very delicate. However, at the same time, the representatives of these Terriers are sporty and muscular, so they can easily accompany you on long walks.

At first sight, the little dog's large, upright ears stick out. The dog's muzzle is long and reminiscent of larger terriers. The eyes of the English toy terrier they are alert and awake. All the Toy Terriers ingleses they have the hair pattern “black and tan”, what does black and tan mean. Most of the coat is black, but there are tan marks on some parts of the body. So the dog always has tan marks on his face and chest. The coat of a English toy terrier it's short and smooth.

Character and skills

Today the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) belongs to the rare breeds and there are only a few breeders. And that, although this little terrier can be kept well even in city apartments. He is very close to his family and continues to be a good guardian, but tends to bark a little. He usually gets along well with children and is a tireless playmate. The little terrier also gets along with other dogs.

To the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) loves long walks and ball games. It can even be a good companion for shorter and not too fast jogging rounds.

The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) still show typical terrier characteristics. They are brave, testy, lively, alert and cheerful. They learn quickly, but they also need some consistency up front. They still have a hunting instinct, so from the beginning you must work to direct this instinct in an acceptable way.

Health and life expectancy

The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) tend to be a bit nervous, but otherwise they are quite healthy dogs. They can come to live off 13 - 15 years.

Similar breeds and relatives

The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) es similar al Manchester Terrier, the Italian Sighthound, the German Pinscher and the Doberman.

English Toy Terrier Care

This little terrier has an easy-care coat that never really needs to be washed. Once your English Toy Terrier has been lying, you can wash it with clean water. You should only use a dog shampoo if it is very dirty. Too frequent use of shampoos destroys the natural protective layer of the coat, what can cause skin diseases.

Its English toy terrier he is a robust dog that does not normally need a jacket. In very cold temperatures it may be useful to protect your dog with a well-fitting jacket. Especially very small dogs are hypothermic when they are in the snow for a long period of time. The jacket should fit well and not get in the way of your dog when he runs and plays.

Check your teeth English Toy Terrier regularly. Tartar can form here, which in the long run can lead to painful inflammation of the teeth. Care, a soft dog toothbrush can be used for brushing. A toothpaste for dogs is harmless and usually tastes quite good to animals.. Make sure to accustom your English Toy Terrier slowly and gently to brushing its teeth.

The correct nutrition of the English Toy Terrier

The English toy terrier it is a very robust breed that gets along with most foods. Due to its small body size it is important to provide the English toy terrier of enough energy. To do this, for example, you can choose a type of food specially developed for small breeds. Small dogs have a higher energy turnover than large dogs. Another way of feeding is to give the dog fresh food or homemade food. Here too care must be taken to ensure sufficient calorie intake.

Feed your English toy terrier several times a day, since the small dog can only absorb small amounts. Although healthy dogs usually have good teeth, the food components should not be too large.

Because the English toy terrier he is an adorable dog, many people tend to pamper him. However, many human foods are not suitable for dogs. Therefore, their English toy terrier should only be fed with food scraps if it does not contain sugar or spices.

Suitable accessories for the English Toy Terrier

You don't need many accessories for your English toy terrier for everyday use. For food and water your dog needs at least two bowls. The water bowl should always be full and accessible to your dog.

As the Toy Terriers ingleses they are very delicate animals, you should buy a well fitted harness. It is also important to use a light lead line. Traction lines are less suitable if your dog has not yet learned not to pull on the leash. A good alternative is to use a lightweight traction strap, that gives your dog freedom of movement.

To the playful English toy terrier loves to learn. So you can do many sports with it which are also suitable for very small dogs. Dummies and other recovery toys are good for training. In addition, you English toy terrier will have a lot of fun with chew toys, that also support dental health.

Last but not least, but no less important, should provide your English toy terrier a comfortable dog bed. There are several dog beds, almost all of them suitable. Whether your terrier is allowed on the couch or in bed, you can also give him a dog blanket there.

It is very important that you secure your English toy terrier in the car. An adapter for the belt buckles can be attached to the harness. This prevents skipping while driving and reduces the risk to your dog in the event of an accident. An alternative is to accustom your dog to a transport box. You can also take him on the train in a transport box if he is used to it.

Images "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"

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Photos:

1 – ENGLISH TOY TERRIER, NO JV-14 NO UCH X-Pected Dine Mites X-Factor by Swedish Fair from Sweden / CC BY
2 – English Toy Terrier (Black & So) by AkselHelp / CC BY-SA
3 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
4 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
5 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
6 – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
6 – English toy terrier by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/883104

Videos "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 3 – Section 4 Toy Terriers.
  • ​KC – Toy Group


FCI breed standard "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"

FCIFCI - English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
Terrier

Alternative names:

    1. ETT, English toy terrier (English).
    2. Toy terrier anglais noir et feu (French).
    3. English Toy Terrier (German).
    4. English Toy Terrier (Portuguese).
    5. Terrier miniatura negro y fuego, English toy terrier, Toy Terrier inglés, TERRIER INGLÉS DE JUGUETE NEGRO Y FUEGO (Spanish).

Japanese Terrier
Japón FCI 259 . Small sized Terriers.

Japanese Terrier

The Japanese Terrier it hardly enjoys diffusion and is practically to discover.

Content

History

In the middle of the Edo era, about 1700, a small dog appeared in Japan that looked a lot like the terrier type. It was the result of a cross between small Japanese dogs with English Fox Terrier Smooth, which was brought to the port of Nagasaki by Dutch sailors. At that time the port of Nagasaki was the only port open to western countries, especially the dutch. After several generations, some descendants of these dogs were bred as a type of Italian Greyhound.

Around 1900, al final de la era Meiji, some of the best of the aforementioned dogs were seen in the Kobe district and called “Terriers de Kobe”. His type was something between modern Fox Terrier Smooth and the modern Japanese Terrier. They were the first terriers to be bred in Japan. This “Kobe Terrier” and some of their ancestors were also called “Oyuki Terrier” and “Mikado Terrier” and it is said that they were lovingly cared for by locals and also by foreigners.

Around 1916 an ancestor of the Japanese Terrier in the Nada district, near Kobe, a so-called dog “KURO” (born in 1913 in Kobe), that means “black” in Japanese. This dog was a cross between a English toy terrier and Bull Terrier miniature, both imported from western countries. These pups were raised with dogs of the aforementioned Kobe Terrier. The result was a very short haired dog, thin and small of the Terrier type and was called Japanese Terrier (NIHON) since then. In those days, Osaka County's top breeders engaged in inbreeding and line breeding to consolidate appearance. Thanks to your efforts, the breed was firmly established in 1930.

In 1932 NIHON TERIA CLUB was founded under the presidency of Tamara KIKUJIRO. The Japanese Terrier it was ideal for city dog ​​breeders and became fashionable.

In 1940, where cities were built everywhere and with these cities grew the demand for a smaller and more active dog than the large guard dogs, the Japanese Terrier became very popular. However, in all its history, this breed was twice threatened with extinction. The first time, during WWII and again, about 1948, due to loss of popularity among the Japanese, since other western races were more fashionable.

Although the Japanese Terrier was recognized by the F.C.I. (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 1964, this breed was practically unknown outside of Japan.

According to the documents, three basic lines of Japanese Terrier: “LANDMARK” (by Mr.. Nobuaki Shigematsu, Yamaguchi Prefecture), “APPLY” (by Mr.. Sumiko Amano, Hamamatsu City) and “TAMA TAKAHARA” (by Mr.. Jun Takahara, Such).

Around 1985, there was less than 50 bitches available for breeding throughout Japan. After the great efforts of some volunteers, who were aware of the need for immediate protection of the race, the number of dogs had reached about 400 breeding dogs after seven years.

Therefore, special mention must be made of the efforts of Mr.. Jun TAKAHARA, whose commitment made the Japanese Terrier was known beyond the borders of Japan.

The breed was not seen in European countries until 1991, when a couple of Japanese Terriers arrived in France at the request of Mrs.. Luisa González de Castejón. Their dog names were “Kuroyuri Maru de Tama Takahara” (male) and “Keshinome Brains de Tama Takahara” (female).

Another European breeder had also joined this adventure in the years 90: The Sr. Roberto Verde from Naples (Italy) he also owned three beautiful Japanese Terriers.

Time and time again there have been and still are some breeders who care for this breed, but unfortunately it was not possible to establish a stable population in Europe.

After 2 years of establishing contact with the Japanese breeder Mr.. Thoshihide OZAKI was able to import the FIRST Japanese Terrier the 4.11.2014 to AUSTRIA. “YODOGIMI de OZAKI FARM JP” Born 28.06.2014. This dog was registered with the Austrian Kennel Club (ÖHZB) con JAPT 1.

In order to create a breeding base, more dogs have been imported from Japan in recent years. In total 4 females were brought to Austria and two males (Ozaki Farm JP’s HIBIKI Swiss / 2017 & Ozaki Farm JP’s SHIN / 2018) were transferred to Switzerland. In 2017 the first Japanese Terrier.

Physical characteristics

It is a small dog, elegant in appearance, and a defined and compact configuration.

Shoulder height: 30 cm. – 33 cm.; Weight: a few 5 kg

Fur: Short (2mm) smooth, dense and glossy; the coat does not need any additional care;

Color: Head: Tricolor (fire and white); Body: Basic color white with small black or tan spots.

The breeders of the Japanese Terrier they are very demanding in terms of appearance and color markings, that are sometimes considered more important than your sports skills. The ideal colors and markings in a Japanese Terrier are the black, chocolate brown and beige: The head, ears and nose bone should be dark in color, black or chocolate brown. The muzzle to the nose and on each cheek and above each eye should be light brown. The lower jaw will be white. A clear “V” is visible on the neck. Occasionally there are also dark gray heads with light brown markings. However, this is considered to be the worst of the color variations. This is different with the deep black heads. This black color is allowed, because it reminds one of the old kobe dogs.

Character and skills

The Japanese Terrier not only is he a very intelligent puppy, but also mischievous and full of terrier temperament. Knowing him means loving him for his great sensitivity. Has a cheerful character and will participate in games with pleasure and joy. It is a one-man dog whose devotion flatters its owner. As an attentive house dog will warn of the approach of a stranger but without being aggressive. It is very easy to train and can learn all kinds of tricks. His greatest effort is to please his owner. As a sports partner he has great skills and innate instincts. Has an excellent sense of smell and good eyesight, but still has no hunting ambitions. It's never quarrelsome, She gets along well with other dogs, especially with his own race.

It is an independent puppy, whose characteristics make it a pleasant “partner”. It is suitable for young people, for both athletes and the young at heart. And one thing is especially important for the little terrier: snuggling with its owner.

Fitness: The Japanese Terrier it's a small dog, but still needs enough activity. It is the ideal companion for active people. Likes to learn and is therefore also suitable for mind games or dog sports that are suitable for small breeds.

It is a “perro faldero” in the positive sense. But that's only if you're tired of the many races!

With the kids:

The Japanese Terrier is very attached to his owners and enjoys a good snuggle. However, he is not a babysitter dog. As in all small dog breeds, small body size has advantages when traveling, but it becomes a disadvantage with – and I say it with affection – the clumsy hands of children. This means that when they have children, make sure children handle the dog with care. Offer the dog an area where he can retreat if he becomes too heavy for him. If this is observed, nothing stands in the way of positive cooperation.

Correct nutrition Japanese Terrier

Proper nutrition is extremely important to avoid diet-related diseases. It is important to have a balanced diet that suits your beloved. Due to its active nature, the Japanese Terrier has its own nutritional requirements. It is very agile, so you need to pay attention to a sufficient power supply.

High-quality whole foods are precisely tailored to your dog's nutritional needs. This ensures a supply of all the nutrients your dog needs.. High-quality prepared foods have the advantage that no feed additives are needed.

Terriers are often susceptible to allergies based on gluten-containing grains. In this case, you must ensure that the food contains other sources of carbohydrates. Rice or potatoes are a good alternative here. Food intolerance can lead to skin rashes, inflammation and digestive problems.

It is recommended to feed your terrier several times a day in small portions. After each feeding, a pause in digestion must be ensured. You should refrain from eating before planned sports activities.

Care Japanese Terrier

The coat of his Japanese Terrier it is extremely easy to care, since it only measures about 2 cm long. Don't lose much, but you will enjoy removing loose hairs with a silicone glove. Even dandruff can be removed and the blood circulation of the skin is stimulated.

Your terrier's hair doesn't grow too thick. Therefore, it is recommended to put on a coat during the cold months. If you stay outdoors for a longer period of time, protect your stomach and nose with sun milk.

When caring for your terrier's teeth, you should make sure not to feed him any food that contains sugar. These damage teeth, which in turn can lead to serious digestive problems.

The Japanese Terrier has a highly developed musculature, but its bone structure is quite fine. Therefore, the use of a dog harness is recommended instead of a collar. If you stay home alone for a while, chewing bones of an appropriate size can be used as a toy.

Characteristics "Japanese Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Japanese Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images "Japanese Terrier"

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Photos:

1 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pleple2000
2 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorsk by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski. by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
5 – A Japanese Terrier by Canarian / CC BY-SA
6 – Bernie Lindsey, my dog by Bernielindsey44 at en.wikipedia / Public domain
7 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier. by Paweł Gąsiorski / CC BY-SA

Videos "Japanese Terrier"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
  • Japan Kennel Club – Terriers


  • FCI breed standard "Japanese Terrier"

    FCIFCI - Japanese Terrier
    Terrier

    Alternative names:

      1. Nippon Terrier, Nihon Teria, Nihon Terrier, Kobe Terrier, Mikado Terrier, Oyuki (snowy) Terrier (English).
      2. Nihon teria (French).
      3. Nippon-Terrier, Nishon-Terrier (German).
      4. nihon, nippon terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Nihon teria, Terrier Nipón, Terrier Japonés (Spanish).

Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier
Irlanda FCI 302 . Large and medium sized Terriers

Glen of Imaal Terrier

It is generally believed that Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is less excitable than other Terriers, although it takes action immediately when prompted.

Content

History

The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier originates from the Irish east coast, in county wicklow, which is in the ravine (=Valle) the Imaal. From this rough and wild valley this very old breed got its name. It was first mentioned around 1575.

Like old farm dog, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier he had a very busy life and worked hard for his master. Their job was to catch rats and mice on farms and operate smaller work machines such as churns and shredders., where I had to run with leather straps. He also accompanied his master on the fox hunt, the Badger and Otter. He worked in silence and if necessary he fought to the death. Before it was banned in Ireland, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier also used in questionable dogfights. Of course, he was also the most loyal friend and guarded the house and the yard, never shied away from facing a much bigger and stronger opponent.

For its owner, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier was as important as his daily bread, although undemanding, frugal and tough enough to share the barren life of farmers. This harsh life brought with it a ruthless selection. Only the toughest and most frugal Terriers survived, what characterizes the breed until today.

The pedigree of Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it's an irish secret to this day. In Ireland itself, this Terrier has never been numerous and did not leave his ancestral home until 1980, when the owners preserved him as a true child of nature, marked by great courage, skill and endurance. In 1933 the breed was officially recognized by the Irish Kennel Club ( I.K.C.). The international recognition of the F.C.I. continued on 1981.

Physical characteristics

The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is small but strong and robust and weighs up to 16 kilograms with a maximum height at the withers of 36 centimeters. Its relatively small forward leaning ears are notable.. Its coat is medium length and consists of a rough top layer and a smooth bottom layer. It can be wheat colored, tabby blue or in different shades of red and gold. In the case of a dark colored coat, a black-blue mask is common, which can also show as stripes over the ears, along the back and tail, so these marks become clearly clearer with increasing age.

Character and skills

Today the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a gentle and docile family dog. Its balanced and faithful nature, as well as his average temperament make life with him very pleasant. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is very affectionate, always happy and in a good mood and preferably “in the middle”. Enjoy all the attention and care, but without demanding anything. Rather, follows her around with her alert gaze and once she has gained attention, shows his joy for it with strong tail blows. If the joy is particularly great, his temperament can also run away with him.

Children are welcome as playmates, if they show him the respect that he shows. Pets are accepted by him without problems when they get used to each other. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier she is always friendly with strangers, and with his contagious joy, her charm and her irresistible gaze quickly has all the sympathies on her side. After all, it is a terrier that radiates a lot of personality. He is open-minded and not afraid to learn new things. He likes to be everywhere with his nose. In general, everything that is new – Weird people, new environments, an object that has not been there before – it is very interesting and has to be examined very carefully. The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is a particularly attentive observer. Along with her charming nature and her desire to do everything right, is very adaptable and develops a very close relationship with his family. He likes to accompany them whenever possible. Like a very people-oriented terrier, I would defend them in an emergency, even to death. Feel more comfortable in your proximity.

What characterizes him Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is his great courage, his self-confidence and his intelligence above average. Sufficient workload and intellectual work are important to the intelligent four-legged friend. Enjoy almost all activities, be it sports with dogs, search games or learning tricks – is available for all kinds of fun.

Despite its short legs, it is very agile, due to his muscular physique, a small power. Its special features are its slightly curved front legs with the legs turned outwards, his big head and his pronounced chest. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a very balanced dog, that radiates great calm on the one hand, but on the other hand you are immediately ready for action and, if required, vigorously watches over and defends your home and family.

The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier – the little irish with a big heart

Like a silent working terrier it hardly barks. It is also less excitable than other terriers. Sometimes you can see the Irish stubbornness, but the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier not resentful. Due to its origin it does not tolerate heat very well, he likes harsh weather and when the wind blows around his nose. But if the chemistry is not correct, or if the other dog brazenly approaches him, you will receive the message – “Glen doesn't like your attitude”. Therefore, it is important to socialize with other dogs from the beginning and to have contact with many dogs of different ages.

Care “Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier”

Because the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier still very original and not over-bred, still a very healthy and robust breed. Its coat has a rough top coat with a smooth undercoat that needs to be trimmed. In all other respects, his self-cleaning coat is very easy to care for. Coat color is wheat or Brindle (Blue striped).

A consistent but loving upbringing makes the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier a faithful companion, nice and gentle, which is easy to handle.

Life expectancy “Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier”

The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is considered an original dog breed, that is in good health and robustness due to the absence of hereditary diseases caused by breeding. If maintained in a species-appropriate manner, will live an average of twelve years.

Images "Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier"

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Photos:

1 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
2 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – Adult w:Glen of Imaal Terrier by photo by Scoo / CC BY-SA
4 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
5 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
6 – Glen of Imaalinterrieri by Sami Kronqvist / CC BY-SA

Videos "Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
  • AKC – Terriers
  • ANKC – Terriers
  • CKC – Terriers
  • ​KC – Terriers
  • NZKC – Terriers
  • UKC – Terriers


FCI breed standard "Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier"

FCIFCI - Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier
Terrier

Alternative names:

    1. Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier, Wicklow Terrier, Glen, Glennie (English).
    2. Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (French).
    3. Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (German).
    4. Glen of imaal terrier (Portuguese).
    5. Glen, Wicklow Terrier, Glen of Imaal Terrier, Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (Spanish).

Brazilian terrier
Brasil FCI 341 - Large and medium-sized Terrier.

Brazilian Terrier

Due to his easy training and physical abilities, the Brazilian terrier in Brazil it is used as a circus dog.

Content

History

Although the Brazilian terrier was originally from Brazil, his ancestors did not come from South America, but mainly from Europe. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Brazilian youths studied at European universities, especially in England and France. It was not uncommon for them to come home married and their wives sometimes brought small terrier dogs with them. These were mixed with the native males and females, so a breed of dog developed, whose members looked different and literally strange.

But in a few generations the phenotype of the Brazilian terrier. It is believed to be the result of crossing Pinscher, Chihuahua and Jack Russel Terrier.

By the way, the Brazilian terrier became familiar with the different living conditions in Brazil: At first families with their dogs lived in the countryside before being attracted to the big urban centers, that gradually developed. The Brazilian terrier used to serve primarily as a rat hunter. In the meantime, However, its field of application has been expanded: they are excellent guard and family dogs.

Selective breeding of this breed of dog, highly appreciated in Brazil but almost unknown in Europe, started around 1970. The Brazilian terrier was provisionally recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1995 and from 2007 is completely included as a breed in the catalog of the largest cynological organization in the world. Bears the standard number 341 and is in the group 3 (terriers), section 1 (Large and medium-sized terriers).

Physical characteristics

The Brazilian terrier is a dog's size medium, slim and harmonious construction. Its square body with rounded outer lines is firm but not too heavy. The weight of an adult animal is a maximum of eight to ten kilograms. This applies to both males and females, although the height at the withers is different in both: While reaching 35 - 40 centimeters in males, it's just 33 - 38 centimeters in females.

Interesting and unusual is that Brazilian terrier have different tail lengths from birth: From a rudimentary stump on a medium long tail to a full tail, you can find the most varied expressions. This characteristic characteristic of the breed gives the Brazilian terrier an individual appearance and does not detract from its charm, on the contrary.

The dog also owes its special charisma to the small folded ears, as well as the big round blue eyes, green, brown, Bluish gray or reddish brown with an open and lively look. The head seems very expressive. It has a triangular shape and is wide at the base. The face narrows noticeably from the widely spaced ears to the tip of the nose. Due to the relatively distinctive groove on the forehead, seems thoughtful.

The short coat, smooth, fine and tight dog feels very nice, a bit like the hair of a rat. No underwear. Especially soft areas are found on the head, the ears, the bottom of the neck and the inside of the front legs. As a rule, a Brazilian terrier it's tricolor. The basic color is always white. It is flanked by black marks, blue and / or brown red, they provide a distinctive pattern. Over and over you hear and read that the Brazilian terrier has strong similarities to Fox Terrier. This is undeniable, but there are visible differences: the Brazilian's muzzle is much shorter and the body contours appear more rounded, while the body of the Fox Terrier is more angular.

Character and skills

The character of Brazilian terrier can be described, justly, as little complicated. Their social behavior is once again much better than that of other types of terrier. For example, the stubbornness of Russel and I shake it off Fox Terrier are much less present in South America. He is very friendly with the people he meets and in relation to contact with their owners, one can use terms like “loving” and “Tender”. Also with other dogs the Brazilian terrier usually gets along smoothly.

Like your relatives in the terrier family, the Brazilian terrier it is extremely spirited, and therefore active and lively. You could also say: a real brazilian. As a result, need plenty of exercise. He loves to accompany runners and hikers and frolic with children., but is content with fun adventures in the park without complaining. But please, pay attention to the variety: The dog finds both pleasure in ball games and recovery. It moves freely and elegantly. Typical are the short and fast steps.

The Brazilian terrier is considered a smart dog – but of course this requires a certain amount of activity, not just outside, but also inside the house or the apartment. Its high level of attention and the fact that it is initially reserved towards strangers, his above average barking often qualifies him as a watchdog. It is also worth mentioning the dog's ability to empathize in almost any situation..

In short, It is an excellent dog for home and family or social, which can be easily trained with a successful mix of gentle and patient guidance. Canine sports enthusiast (agility, fly-ball). In addition, gets along very well with horses, making it an excellent companion for horse owners. Thanks to his pleasant character, the Brazilian terrier also suitable as a beginner dog for people who have had little or no experience of active dog ownership to date.

Considering its origin, the Brazilian terrier is naturally used to tropical temperatures. For this reason it is recommended to give up the breed if you live in very cold and rainy climates.

Care and health of the Brazilian Terrier

The maintenance of Brazilian terrier it's comparatively easy. This is mainly due to the short, smooth coat without undercoat. The dog hardly loses hair, so it is also suitable for allergy sufferers who have to do without the four-legged friends of other races for health reasons.

Talking about health:

Another positive aspect is that the Brazilian terrier they are particularly resistant to diseases and have a high life expectancy. On average, they live on 12 - 15 years. Only with respect to the ears is necessary caution: Dogs have what are known as slanted ears, which means that the ear canal is angled. This makes ventilation of the inner ear somewhat more difficult., which promotes the settlement of bacteria and fungi and significantly increases the probability of a dangerous ear infection. For this reason, the ears of the Brazilian terrier must be cleaned regularly and thoroughly. To do this, earlobes and special ear cleaners are used. These agents help loosen dirt and wax from the ear and, therefore, keep the quadruped healthy. Important: Never use cotton swabs. They would have a counterproductive effect.

Images "Brazilian terrier"

[nggallery id=597 template=caption]

Photos:

1 – Brazilian terrier – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
2 – Juliana Lopes / CC BY by Brazilian Terrier, uploaded from Flickr
3 – Matt Hidalgo / CC BY-SA by Filomena and one more of their faces =) (Brazilian Terrier)
4 – Terrier brasileño by Sini Merikallio / CC BY-SA
5 – The 4 genetically possible colours of Terrier Brasileiro. From left to right: Tricolor black, tricolor brown, tricolor blue, tricolor isabela by TerrierBrasileiroDaPedraFilosofal / CC BY-SA
6 – Terrier brasileño by https://brit-petfood.com/en/breed-catalog/terriers/brazilian-terrier
7 – Terrier brasileño by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1188027

Videos "Brazilian terrier"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers. Section 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
  • CBKC


FCI breed standard "Brazilian terrier"

FCIFCI - Brazilian terrier
Terrier

Alternative names:

    1. Fox Paulistinha (English).
    2. terrier brasileiro (French).
    3. Terrier Brasileiro (German).
    4. Fox paulistinha, Foquinho (Portuguese).
    5. Fox Paulistinha, Terrier Brasileiro (Spanish).

Slovak Cuvac
Eslovaquia FCI 142 - Sheepdogs.

Slovak Cuvac

The Slovak Cuvac it's a good watchdog, faithful and very brave, always ready to fight intruders, even if it's bears or wolves.

Content

History

The white mountain dog breed group is derived from arctic-type wolves, whose survivors remained from the pre-glacial era in the mountainous areas of Europe, as far as freezing limits reached. These areas are the mountainous slopes of the North Caucasus, the balkans, especially the Rodope mountains, the Carpathians, especially the Tatra, the slopes to the north of Abruzzo and finally the Pyrenees. In these cold and humid regions the mountain dog was introduced, also accompanied by ancient flora and fauna, which were still discovered by the Swedish researcher Wahlenberg in Scandinavia.. We can find a similar relationship with Nordic pets, for example, in Tatra regions in the Carpathians where the Huzul horse has as its predecessor the Gudbrandstal horse; in the same way, the Slovak Cuvac has an analogy with the pomeranian sheepdog. Slovak alpine cowboy activity has a very old tradition.

The Slovak Cuvac along with the mountain sheep, the Huzul horse and the typical mountain inhabitants constitute the basic economic conditions to take advantage of the pastures in cattle breeding. The Slovak mountains mostly belonged to the free people who were not subject to the servitudes of the Middle Ages; the people protected the country's borders and their task was only to make sheep cheeses. His institution was called ″ Wallach Alliance ″ (Vallasky belt), based in Kaschau until the abolition of easements. The members of this military and pastoral group carried out their services in the pastures, always accompanied by the typical surveillance dog. Tatra that also appear in many images. The Slovak Cuvac has shown his skills as a good caregiver, guardian and companion, as well as guide the flocks of sheep, to the care of the cattle and also in the pastures of turkeys and other domestic animals, as well as guarding various objects. Also the clients of the thermal stations who visited the alpine cowboys and who came to buy cheeses and other products, they looked with pleasure at these puppies covered in dense hair and bought them, taking this breed to lower places where it was often considered a luxury breed for its unique appearance.

In the Polish Tatra region, where there is a similar breed of mountain dog called goral dog, exceptionally strong specimens were commonly called "Liptauer", indicating its Slovak origin. In this way, It is also limited from the topographical point of view the region of the breeding of the Slovak Cuvac white. The genealogical record of the Slovak Cuvac was started in Czechoslovakia more than 30 years by Professor Anton Hruza of the Veterinary Faculty of Brünn. The initial material came from the Liptovska Luzna region, kokava, Vychodna from Tatrach and the surrounding area of ​​Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first hatchery was named ″ Ze zlaté studny ″ (from the golden well) and it was founded in Svitavy u Brna.

The calf in the Carpathians was called ″ z Hoverly ″ (the Hoverla). Since then, the Breeders Club of Slovak Cuvac is based in Bratislava where exact registrations are made and exhibitions are organized, judgments and powers that extend throughout the country. Other original bloodlines come from the Liptovské Hole regions, Velky Choc, buried, Martin, Jedlova and Jeseniky. The lines that have been extended further are Topas, career, Simba, Hrdos, Ibro, Cuvo, Ass, Dinar, Samko, Bojar, Olaf and others. Genetically the Slovak Cuvac can be characterized as a leuzistic mountain dog with a black muzzle, and to a lesser extent as a flavistico white dog with brown snout and lighter eyes. From the combination of the mentioned genetic types, in which the first is dominant, some variations in color tonality originate, pigmentation of the eyes, of the eyelids, of the muzzle, lips and mucosa. By means of a strict selection in the direction of the first type, judges and breeders achieved the rate required for the current standard and its stabilization within the hatchery area. The number of club members with bred and kennel dogs has reached as many as 200 in the last times. Since then, we have 800 live and registered dogs throughout the Republic. The quality of our upbringing of Slovak Cuvac it reflects, among other things, in the favorable judgment made in international exhibitions (Prague, Brno, Liberec, Bratislava, Leipzig among others) with intense foreign competition.

Physical characteristics

Shows the typical solid and solid appearance of mountain dogs. The bone is solid, the lively and vigilant temperament, fearless and attentive. The eyes are dark brown and oval. Ears are high and very mobile, of moderate length, hanging and almost attached to the head. The tail has a low implant and at rest descends to the hock. When the dog moves, he wears it curled on his back.

  • Hair: except for the head and limbs, where is shorter, the mantle constitutes a dense continuous covering without tufts in the tail and the haunches. The Mache have a marked mane. The subpelo, fine thick, it is completely covered by the hair and is less dense in summer.
  • Color: white. A yellowish blur at the end of the ears is supported but not desirable.
  • Size: males, of 62 - 70 cm.; females, of 59 - 65 cm..

Observations and tips

According to the tradition, only white individuals are selected to distinguish them at night from wild animals.

Character and skills

He is extremely faithful and brave and is always ready to face any harmful animal, still to wolves and bears. In order to differentiate it during the night from the wild beasts of the field, it is only bred in white color, this being an ancient tradition.

He is very affectionate with his owner.

Characteristics "Slovak Cuvac"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Slovak Cuvac" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images "Slovak Cuvac"

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Videos "Slovak Cuvac"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • AKC – PASTORAGE
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI breed standard "Slovak Cuvac"

FCIFCI - Slovak Cuvac
Chuvatch

Alternative names:

    1. Slovak Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac, Slovak tschuvatsch (English).
    2. Slovenský čuvač, cuvac (French).
    3. Slovenský Cuvac (German).
    4. Cuvac (Portuguese).
    5. Cuvac eslovaco (Spanish).

Source:

1 – fci

Photos:

1 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1323780
2 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1323780
3 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1424979
4 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/898976
5 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1233682

Treeing Walker Coonhound

Treeing Walker Coonhound

The Treeing Walker Coonhound, It is a breed of dog American descendant of the English Foxhound What, It was recognized for the first time as a caste separate varieties of Coonhound year 1945.

The race began when a stolen dog of unknown origin, nicknamed “Tennessee Lead “, He crossed with the dog of Mr Thomas Walker in the 19th century, responsible for importing the Foxhound English to Virginia in 1742.

The Treeing Walker Coonhound, they are extremely fast dogs, Agile and tireless in the pursuit of the trail. They are very vocal, they have a special bark that allows their owners to easily identify their dogs at great distances.

Read more

Aussie
Australia FCI 8 . Small sized Terrier

Terrier Australiano

The Aussie (Australian Terrier) It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, classified in the section 2.
It is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence, loyalty and faithfulness.

Sometimes it might be dominant so that a good training from an early age would be the right thing.

Read all the information in the race by clicking on: Australian Terrier.

Dogs breeds: Aussie


Australian Terrier
Australia FCI 8 . Small sized Terrier

Australian Terrier

The Australian Terrier is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence.

Content

History

The Australian Terrier It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, classified in the section 2.

Due to his appearance, He is often confused with a Yorkshire Terrier large size. Is not surprising because, this breed comes from crossing a Yorkshire Terrier and different breeds of Terrier among the Skye Terrier, Cairn Terrier, the Norwich Terrier and other Irish Terrier.

Its origin goes back in the early 19th century, when accompanied by their Terrier British families travelled to Australia, and the vicissitudes of fate led to that these Terrier cross with the autóctonos…, and this is how they were born many races in the world.

In the early years of its existence, the Australian Terrier was known by the name Broken-coated-Terrier or Broken-hair-buel-and-tan”.

The wording of the first breed standard, took place in the year 1896, While the official recognition of the same, is situated a little further late... in 1933. Y, the latest revision of the standard data of 1962.

Otros nombres: Terrier Australien

Group 3 / Section 2 – Small sized Terrier.

Physical characteristics

It is a long dog (in relation to your height), rustic-looking, robust with short limbs and strong.

The head is elongated, It has the black truffle and scissor closing denture. It has pointed ears being erect and small and dark eyes. The tail is often be amputated.

The height of the Australian Terrier is maximum 25 cm. to the cross in males and 22,5 - 23 in females, the average weight is situated in 4.5 - 5 Kg.

The hair is hard, straight and average length. This rustic-looking, precisely, Since hair is rough to the touch and out gives it.

The fur can be blue or silver, with stains of fire (or bronze) on the limbs and snout, or color sand clear or Griffon.

Puppies are born black solid color and change color in three months.

Comments

It is a very robust breed of dog, that often has a high percentage of Diabetes Mellitus.

What is Diabetes Mellitus??

Diabetes is defined as a disorder in the metabolism of the hydrates of carbon, fats and proteins caused by a deficiency of insulin, It can be absolute or relative.

Insulin is a hormone secreted in the beta cells of the pancreas, whose production allows to control blood sugar (blood glucose levels). Insulin deficiency causes a deterioration in the capacity of tissues to use nutrients, that translates into an increase of glucose in blood (Hyperglycemia).

Diabetes is classified according to the disease in humans, namely, as type I and type II.

The type I It is characterized by the destruction of beta cells, What determines the loss progressive and complete end of insulin secretion. Dogs suffering from type I Diabetes Mellitus may have a sudden onset of symptoms due to the rapid loss of the ability to produce insulin. These cases require insulinización from the time of diagnosis and are called diabetics 1,811 (DMID).

Other dogs may have a gradual loss of insulin secretion, that their beta cells will be destroyed with slow. These animals may have an initial period in which Hyperglycemia is mild or easy control, in which case it's diabetic insulinoindependientes (DMIID), Although in the long term these dogs also need her.

Diabetes Mellitus type II It is a little more difficult to understand and is characterized by what we call "insulin resistance" and "dysfunctional" beta cells. The secretion of insulin by these cells will be high, low or normal, but not enough to overcome the resistance to it in the peripheral tissues.

It´s, to explain it in a graphic way, It is as if peripheral tissues do not obey the orders of the insulin or were not able to do what send it.

In terms of metabolism or synthesis of glucose, These dogs may have DMID or DMIID, namely, need or not insulin according to the magnitude of the insulinorresistencia and functional status of the beta in their ability to produce cells and secrete the hormone in low quantities, normal or high.

Dogs also recognizes a secondary diabetes, produced by a carbohydrate intolerance (glucose) due to the presence of a disease or a drug treatment that it antagonizes or counteracts the effects of insulin and can lead to the exhaustion of the beta cells of the pancreas with the appearance of diabetes insulinodependiente.

The owners of diabetic dogs should be aware that the routine in the treatment with insulin and food has to be respected. Two fixed-dose of insulin a day associated with a food palatable to always provide the same source and the same amount of starch, always run at the same time it can reduce the risk of hypoglycemia in diabetic dogs.

In North America, area where the Australian Terrier is very popular, a research on the incidence of this disease is carried out.

Character and skills

The breed standard describes the ideal temperament Australian Terrier as a spirit warning, “with the natural aggressiveness of a Buzzard and a Hunter of coverage“.

Taking into account the Classification of dogs according to their functional intelligence and obedience (Stanley Coren ’ s "The intelligence of dogs") Australian Terrier ranks 34. Means that, is higher than the average, which indicates a good capacity for learning and training.

The Australian Terrier is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence, loyalty and faithfulness.

Sometimes it might be dominant so that a good training from an early age would be the right thing.

It is perfectly adapted to any type of housing, whether large or small (apartment, House, House with garden, etc.). It should be enough with daily brushing and a walk.

Australian Terrier pictures

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Australian Terrier videos

Characteristics "Australian Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Dog friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Hair loss ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Affection Level ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Need to exercise ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Social Needs ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Apartment ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Grooming ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

intelligence ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
  • AKC – Terriers
  • ANKC – Terriers


FCI breed standard "Australian Terrier"

FCIFCI - Australian Terrier
Australian

Alternative names:

    1. Aussie (English).
    2. Terrier australien (French).
    3. Aussie (German).
    4. Terrier australiano (Portuguese).
    5. Aussie, Terrier Australiano (Spanish).