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Portuguese Podengo
Portugal FCI 94 . Primitive type - Hunting Dogs

Podenco Portugués

The Portuguese Podengo is a breed of dog that is in danger of extinction.



The Portuguese Podengo It is considered one of the oldest dogs breeds, that has its origins in the Phoenicians, cultural matrix of which descend the Portuguese. It is a native breed of Portugal, with great skills for hunting, but also surveillance, It is commonly used on farms to alert of the presence of intruders.

The great family of the hound race, specialists in the topic raised it was in Portugal where most subjected to crossing and as a result, branched lineage. Within their ancestors argue that perhaps the closest the Ibizan Hound, and various types of dogs of traces of lived (They inhabit) throughout the Mediterranean area. Like all hound dogs, History shows that they are represented in Egyptian paintings of thousands of years ago.

according to size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Grand, Small and medium, being each variety, products of the different crossing, over time.

It is believed that the great variety has emerged the variety of Portuguese Podengo small and medium, the ancestor of the Grande variety is the Pharaoh Hound spread from North Africa to the Iberian Peninsula. Although other authors raise that it is possible that the hound descends from the small Iberian wolves. There is still controversy...

Although one of the theories suggests that the Medium Portuguese Podenco arises, of different Podenco dogs from North Africa, The most accepted theory is that this variety, directly descended from the Portuguese Podengo Grande.

The small Portuguese Hound, sometimes described as a Chihuahua heavier (There is no kinship between these two races), often collaborate in the tasks of hunting with their larger peers, what this dog does is get into the rabbit hole and scare them so that they come out and are hunted by their pack mates.

In the North of Portugal today it is still used for hunting rabbits and small vermin. Hunting in a pack or alone. Although this dog can be seen in the rest of the country, its popularity lies in the North of the same.

Physical characteristics

As specified above, according to size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Grand, Medium- and Petit:

  • Portuguese Podengo Grande: It is a very rare variety and is in danger of extinction, especially the smooth variety. They are usually used in packs to hunt large prey such as deer or wild boar.. It is the only Portuguese breed used for wild boar hunting. His cloak can be short and smooth (less common and on the verge of extinction) or rough and long.
  • Portuguese Podengo Medio: It is the fastest of the three varieties, excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. You can hunt in a pack or alone. Like the great Portuguese Hound, their coats can be smooth or rough and short and long. Of the three varieties this is the most common, and the greatest concentration of these dogs is located in the North of Portugal.
  • Portuguese Podengo Pequeno: Like his brother medium is an excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. Responsible for getting into the Burrows (Thanks to its size and agility) to drive away prey and be hunted down by his pack mates. The small Portuguese Podengo coat is short and smooth, only.

The varieties in the fur are related to the inclement weather and adaptation to the same, the smooth-haired variety is more common in northern Portugal, characterized by being a humid area, This soft and smooth coat is necessary because it is dried more easily after wet.

The variety of hair bristles found in drier areas, where the coat of hair has the function of protecting the dog from the sun's rays and cold weather in winter. Nature is wise…

The hair short or long, thick medium and bright. In dogs with long hair and rough, the hairs of the snout are long (Beard). The predominant colors are yellow and the fawn (with its varieties of color clear, to very dark), and diluted or matte black; unicolores with or without white spots or white spotting.

Their life expectancy is around the 12 or 14 years, and it is a race that is rarely seen outside Portugal.

In general, is a medium-sized dog, well proportioned, muscular with good bone structure. It has long, narrow head, with moderately wide skull and the pointed snout.

The ears, large and triangular, they are carried erect. It has eyes expressive and little bulging in orbits, color honey or brown, according to coat color.

The pigmentation of eyelids is darker that the of the fur. The body is quite long, with ribs moderately arched.

The tail, is strong and pointed, long and medium length, It is held horizontal or slightly arched in activity.

Character and skills

The Portuguese Podengo, It is their three varieties has a cheerful character, intelligent and very sociable with other dogs. They are extremely affectionate with their owners, especially with the children.

They are very shy with strangers, always alert and constant surveillance of their territory, that makes them good guard dogs, although, It lacks the aggressiveness which may show a watchdog or defence.


Unfortunately, the Portuguese Podengo It is one of the canine breeds that today are found in danger of extinction, even in Portugal. It is not easy to see them out of Portugal.

Images “Portuguese Podengo”

Videos “Portuguese Podengo”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group :
  • Section : . .


  • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 7: Primitive type - Hunting Dogs.

FCI breed standard "Portuguese Podengo"

FCIFCI - Portuguese Podengo
Warren hound

Alternative names:

1. Portuguese Warren Hound (English).
2. Podengo portugais, Lévrier portugais (French).
3. Podengo Português (German).
4. Cão-coelheiro (Portuguese).
5. Podengo português (español).

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Cattle dog
Cattle Dogs according to the FCI



Known by the name of Sennenhund dog a number of breeds of dog traditionally have been used for the management and conduct of cattle.

The FCI classifies the breeds of cattle dogs into two different groups based on their physiognomy.
In Group I, Section 2, He placed Sennenhund dogs Lupoid appearance (similar to a Wolf) and in Group II, Section 3, to the trotting of mountain.

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Warren hound breeds
Italia España Portugal Grecia Francia Túnez Malta Warren hound

Razas de Podenco

The different “Warren hound breeds” are characterized by being little barking, extremely clever and agile for hunting.


It is called Warren hound to a type of hunting dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.

Various genetic studies carried out in recent years have come to the conclusion that contrary to the widespread belief that the Podenco is a type of primitive dog imported a few 3.000 the area of middle years, These dogs really are close genetic relationship with the rest of European hunting dogs and are not more “primitive” that most of them.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale brings together the Podencos within section 7 (“Primitive type - Hunting Dogs”) Group v, the Pharaoh Hound which in its place of origin is used for rabbit hunting is not included in this section, If not in the section 6 (“Primitive type”).

Podenco breeds recognized by the FCI


Not recognized by the FCI


Other races, Despite not being recognized by the FCI, they have morphological and usage characteristics typical of Podencos., are:

According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, the difference between Greyhound, Lebrel and poodle is based on the following definitions:

  • Greyhound: Lightweight dog breed, with small head, large eyes, the pointed snout, the ears are thin and hanging, the slim body and neck, the long legs and tail.
  • Sighthound: Variety of dog that is distinguished by having an upper lip and drooping ears, the strong muzzle, straight back, the long body and legs removed back. It was given this name for being very suitable for hunting hares.
  • Warren hound: The somewhat lower body, but more robust than the hound, with round head, the ears stiff, straight back, moderately long hair, the coiled tail and hands and feet small, but very strong. It is little barking and extremely shrewd and Agile for hunting, by its great view, smell and resistance.

Warren hound breeds

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Can de Palleiro
España Not recognized by the FCI

The Can de Palleiro It is a breed of herding dog provenzal.

Cão de Palleiro



The ancestors of Can de Palleiro It is a breed of herding dog provenzal. are the dogs introduced in the Iberian Peninsula by the Central European and Nordic peoples in the successive invasions that formed the Suebic Kingdom from Galicia. Share a common origin with the Belgian shepherds, germans, Dutch, of Picardia or with the Castro Laboreiro Dog.

This farm dog has existed since then in all of Galicia, and while many references about him, both oral and literary, has remained virtually anonymous to this day.

It is named in allusion to the barn where the Shepherd and guardian usually sleep.

Physical characteristics

Their fur tends to be thick, without sagging, and the body connected to the front. The deck (color) is generally uniform, with a wide range of sand, cinnamon, brown, Vulture black and uniform. Hair is thick and dense, more in winter, being an animal that generally they live outdoors, always with the cattle or Haystack.

The males measure height to cross a few 59-65 cm and the females of 57 to 63 cm.. Males weigh in 30 to 38 kg and females in 25 to 33 kg.

Character and skills

Can de Palleiro
Haystack dog, celtic shepherd – giggling, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

It is a herding dog and faithful and multifunctional guard, It is with cow herding them and saving them as also cares home. Guardian of proverbial intelligence, It presents a strong and reserved nature with strangers, Besides being brave and bite, characteristics that make it a great collaborator in driving and guarding livestock. With a great loyalty to his master, with the people of the House becomes quiet and sweet.

It is necessary to highlight the psychic and balanced stability of this animal, own a shepherd dog, so this feature has to take care of in the extreme, promoting balanced and sufficiently socialized specimens selection.

Dog possessive and careful of himself and those who live with him, ladra strangers and defends its territory as a good watchdog, it is ideal to live with large families and with children since it will not allow them to run any risk, ideal for field and not for the cities, which as its name indicates (Palleiro = Pajar) It is used to sleeping in the field.