Speckle-faced Parrot
Pionus tumultuosus

Speckle-faced Parrot

Description:

28 to 31 cm.. tall and around 250 g. weight.

Speckle-faced Parrot

The Speckle-faced Parrot (Pionus tumultuosus) It is distinguishable by color from whitish crown up to the nape; base bill red rose, with forecrown redder. Cheeks whitish with red and purple tint to the neck; Purple chest.

Shoulder with thin strip yellow with reddish tint, inside base tail and crissum, red; the rest of the tail is green with blue on the outer feathers; under belly with red feathers with green edge.

ocula ringr greyish

The youth They have almost all head green and the wings, greenish yellow.

Taxonomic note:

The Speckle-faced Parrot It is probably the rarest and most controversial genre Pionus. It is sometimes divided into two species, in which case, the Pionus tumultuosus South is known as Speckle-faced Parrot, while the North, Pionus seniloides, They are known as White-capped Parrot (which leads to easy confusion with Pionus senilis).

Habitat:

It inhabits in Andean and sub-Andean cloud forests and forest edges, between 1600 and 3200 meters above sea level.
It is highly Nomad with temporal variations in the number of individuals who can be registered in a locality.

Reproduction:

With reproduce In September. In captivity puts 4 eggs which incubated about 26 days. more aspects of reproductive biology are unknown.

Food:

It has been registered consuming fruits of Turpinia paniculata and sometimes they are observed in large numbers feeding on corn crops in cultivated areas and banana plantations.

Distribution:

Its population is distributed in the southern Andes, from the center of Peru until Bolivia.

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 329.000 km2

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common, but irregular distribution” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction.

Parrot tumultuous captive:

This species is virtually nonexistent in poultry farming. There is only a small collection, private property in the United States. The Fundación Loro Parque in Tenerife, Spain, It has some copies.
The majority of the Speckle-faced Parrot imported to United States They were victims of aspergillosis - Probably caused by stress suffered during the import process.

In captivity They were observed as the to intelligent species, inquisitive and sometimes timid and nervous. Will get used to their caregiver over time. You can interact with a person and jealously attacking others. Prone to obesity.

Alternative names:

Speckle-faced Parrot, Plum-crowned Parrot, Speckle-faced Parrot (Plum-crowned) (inglés).
Pione pailletée, Pione pourprée (francés).
Purpurstirnpapagei (alemán).
Curica-de-cara-manchada (portugués).
Cotorra Gorriblanca, Loro Rosado, Loro Tumultuoso (español).

Tschudi Johann Jakob von
Tschudi Johann Jakob von

Clasificación científica:

Orden: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Nombre científico: Pionus tumultuosus
Citation: (von Tschudi, 1844)
Protónimo: Psittacus tumultuosus

Imágenes Loro tumultuoso:


Loro tumultuoso (Pionus tumultuosus)

    Fuentes:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
    Birdlife
    – Libro Loros, Pericos y Guacamayas Neotropicales

    Fotos:

    (1) – Eduardo Nogueira
    (2) – Speckle-faced Parrot at La Merced Zoo By josecajacuri [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
    (4) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
    (5) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
    (6) – PIONUS TUMULTUOSUS By Allen, Edgar W.; Erxleben, J.; Hanhart, Michael; Hanhart, N; Keulemans, J. G.; Mintern Bros.; Rowley, George Dawson; Smith, J.; Walther, T. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sonidos: Sebastian K. Herzog

Santa Marta Parakeet
Pyrrhura viridicata

Cotorra de Santa Marta

Description:

25 cm.. height.

The Santa Marta Parakeet (Pyrrhura viridicata) It, in general, green, with a strip red feature in the half of the chest that continues until the shoulder and armpit. The scales of the chest is less evident; the flight feathers blue. Band front narrow red in the forecrown and behind the eye with red and yellow dye. Tail over green and below red opaque.

Bill color bone; Brown IRIS; pale black legs. It has no sexual dimorphism.

  • Sound of the Santa Marta Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra Santa Marta.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits in mountain rainforest, clouded forest, pastures and edges, from 1900 to 2800 m. They fly at dawn and at dusk in compact and numerous flocks on the canopy of the forest. Is les has observed flying over them clear adjacent and each time more visiting them mulberry plantations.

The species rests and nests in couples and in lesser proportion in groups of three individuals in cavities of Palms of bouquet Ceroxylon ceriferum (Arecaceae).

Reproduction:

The period reproductive is starts in December and lasts until June, the cavities are visited on average 4 to 5 times a day. There is a sexual dimorphism and a low reproductive success can be associated with displacement or predation by the Aratinga wagleri wagleri (Scarlet-fronted Parakeet) or the Santa Marta Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus lautus prassinus) – Ramphastidae.

Food:

Twelve plant species are incorporated into the diet so far known to the Santa Marta Parakeet, It consists mainly of flowers and fruits, the inflorescence of the Croton bogotanus (Euphorbiaceae) is their main source of food. It forages in groups of size variable, showing an integration and disintegration of subgroups throughout the day. A sentinel system was observed.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1,600 km2

Endemic species of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, to the northeast of Colombia. The towns registered include The Summit, East of Taquiña on the basis of the Páramo of Mamarongo in the Guajira, and Cerro Quemado in the mountains of San Lorenzo.

Will produce some movements altitudinal seasonal. Almost all the habitat forest subtropical is designated as reserve forest or Park national, but the clearing for plantations of marijuana has been extensive, similar to the use of herbicides to combat it. So it only remains for the 15% the original forest (especially in the hillsides North), including only 200 the preferred height of the species km2. Quite common within this range very restricted, but the population probably below of the 5.000 birds.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

The range of this species and its small population are probably decreasing as a result of habitat loss. Therefore, qualifies as in danger.

Justification of the population

The population It has been estimated for a long time between 5.000 and 10.000 individuals, equivalent approximately to 3.300-6.700 mature individuals. The density of population is of 1 Ave per km2 (Botero-Delgadillo et to the. 2012). Assuming that the 680 km2 of habitat are fully occupied, the population total is calculated that is 2,900-4,800 birds, which is equivalent to 1,933-3,200 mature individuals; However, with occupation part is likely to remain less than 2.500 birds (Botero-Delgadillo et to the. 2012).

Justification of trend

Se sospecha una decrease moderate and continuous of the population on the basis of the rates of habitat loss.

Threats

· Is only a 15% the original vegetation of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, to a large extent on the slope North, where this species is found (LM Renjifo, Com. 1993, 2000).

· The main threat today is the expansion of plantations of non-native trees, such as the of Pine and eucalyptus, In addition to the clearance of land for the livestock (C. Olaciregui in litt. 2012).

· Historically, the conversion of forests in plantations of marijuana and coca was also a major threat (LG Olarte in litt., 1993, com LM Renjifo. Comm., 1993, J. Fjeldså verbally of 2000, pers LM Renjifo. Comm., 2000, C. Olaciregui in litt. 2012), that is compounded by the Government with application of herbicides in the sierra (LG Olarte in litt., 1993, com LM Renjifo. Comm., 1993, 2000).

· Other threats that followed to the human migration to the area Since the Decade of 1950 hereafter include slash & burn (Dinerstein et to the., 1995, Snyder et to the. 2000, Salazar and Strewe undated, PGW Salaman in litt. 1999).

· We know that it is hunted in the Valley of the river cold, and in the San Pedro district individuals in mulberry plantations have skyrocketed. The species not found in the local bird trade (Strewe 2005).

Santa Marta Parakeet in captivity:

Not marketed for captive.

Alternative names:

Santa Marta Parakeet, Santa Marta Conure (English).
Conure des Santa Marta, Perriche de Santa Marta, Perruche de Santa Marta (French).
Santa-Marta-Sittich, Santa Marta Sittich, Sittich (German).
Santa Marta Parakeet (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Santa Marta, Perico Oliva, Periquito de Santa Marta (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura viridicata
Citation: Todd, 1913
Protonimo: Pyrrhura viridicata


Santa Marta Parakeet (Pyrrhura viridicata)

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Oliveros rooms, H.. 2005. Population and ecological evaluation of the Santa Marta parakeet Parrot parakeet in the sector of San Lorenzo, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. (ProAves.org)

Photos:

(1) – Fundación ProAves – Proaves.org

Sounds: By GABRIEL MILK (Xeno-canto)

Saffron-headed Parrot
Pyrilia pyrilia

Saffron-headed Parrot


Description:

22,8 to 25,4 cm.. height.

Saffron-headed Parrot

The Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia) is characterized by the lores naked; head, rear and both sides of the neck, bright yellow. Upperparts green. The spots of the upperwing-coverts are bright yellow with some red feathers at the base; Red at the front edge of the wing with the external medium upperwing-coverts blue, or green with blue tips. The primary coverts are black, with the coverts remaining of the party top, green, sometimes with blue tips.

Primary and secondary bluish black with narrow green margin to the outerweb; tertiary green. Under the wings and axillary bright red, flight feather of color bluish pale. Breast Yellow olive; belly Green but paler and more yellowish than the top; undertail-coverts green. At the top the tail with yellow in the innerwebs and blue tips; yellowish below. Bill color pale horn; cere blackish; dark grey skin nude of the lores extends around the eye ring; eye ring whitish; irises dark brown; legs grey.

Both sexes similar. The immature has the crown and shoulders Green with yellow yellowish brown in the face and throat.

  • Sound of the Saffron-headed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Casanga cabeciamarilla.mp3]

Habitat:

Little known throughout its distribution. It inhabits in jungles wet, very wet, high secondary forest and cleared areas, between the 300 to 1700 m. In Venezuela can be seen in tropical and subtropical areas at altitudes of 150-1650 m (perhaps only seasonally to higher altitudes) and 1.000 metres in Colombia. Generally gregarious, seen in groups of up to 10 individuals.

Reproduction:

With reproduce during the first half of the year.
Birds in conditions of breeding observed in the months of March to June in Antioquia (Colombia). Immature seen during the month of July in Sierra de Perija (Venezuela and Colombia).

Food:

Just have your feed data, Although it more likely is that your diet is composed of of fruit, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 577.000 km2

The Saffron-headed Parrot is distributed in the this of the Province of Darien, Panama, to the North of Colombia and Northwest of Venezuela.

There are two records in the Northwest of Ecuador, a wandering pair alleged in the Book ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas and a flock of about 20 birds in the Pedro Vicente Maldonado Canton, in the Northwest of Pichincha (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001), Although their status is uncertain (JF Freile in litt., 2000, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001).

Today it is rare to see to the Saffron-headed Parrot in accessible areas, Although still being common in the Serrania of them Quinchas (Boyacá) and in the Hill of the peace (Santander) (Donegan et to the., 2003), Colombia and is soon likely to have decreased significantly in the Chocó, Colombia, or Darien (GR Angehr in litt., 1999, G. Stiles in litt., 1999).

There are few recent records, but still can be numerous in the base North of them Andes, Córdoba, North of Antioquia and Bolivar, and in the Valley of the Magdalena, to the East of Caldas and to the southeast of Antioquia, Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986, A. Cuervo in litt., 1999).

Seems to have decreased in Venezuela, where recent records are from the area of Merida, the South-East slopes of the Cordillera de Mérida, Barinas (Kirwan and Sharpe 1999, C. Sharpe, J. and F. Rodriguez Rojas-Suárez in litt., 1999) and Sierra de Perija (CJ Sharpe in litt. 2011).

The population total may have fallen below 10.000 individuals (Juniper and Parr 1998, G. Stiles in litt., 1999). In fact, is estimated that the Western population (West of Sinu) is of 2.000 to 4.000 individuals (the majority of the habitat intact), the population Center (Serranía de San Lucas) is probably less than 1.000 individuals, the slopes West of the Eastern Cordillera It is estimated at approximately 1.000 individuals and the eastern slope of the Eastern Cordillera and Merida perhaps less than 1.000 individuals (C. Sharpe, J. and F. Rodriguez Rojas-Suárez in litt., 1999).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a population moderately small suspected is declining, and therefore qualifies as near-threatened. It is considered nationally vulnerable in Colombia (Renjifo et to the., 2002) and Venezuela (Sharpe 2008).

Justification of the population

The population is estimated at at least 7.000 copies in total, more or less equivalent to 4.700 mature individuals (PGW Salaman in litt., 2006).

Justification of trend

A slow to moderate and continuous decrease in population is suspected on the basis of the rates of habitat loss: its preferred habitat is severely threatened (T. Donegan in litt 2006.).

Lorito Cabecigualdo in captivity:

Very difficult acclimating to captivity, susceptible to diseases in captive State.

Alternative names:

Saffron-headed Parrot, Bonaparte’s Parrot, Saffron headed Parrot (English).
Caïque de Bonaparte (French).
Goldkopfpapagei, Goldkopf-Papagei (German).
Saffron-headed Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cariamarilla, Lorito Cabecigualdo, Lorito de Cabeza Dorada (Spanish).
Cotorra Cariamarilla (Colombia).
Perico Cabecidorado (Venezuela).

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
Charles Lucien Bonaparte

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia pyrilia
Citation: (Bonaparte, 1853)
Protonimo: Psittacula pyrilia


Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia) by Ron KnightFlickr
(2) – Iconographie des perroquets: Paris :P. Bertrand,1857. by Biodiversity Heritage Library – Flickr

  • Sounds:

Rusty-faced Parrot
Hapalopsittaca amazonina

Rusty-faced Parrot

Description:

23 cm.. height and a weight between 97 and 115g.

The Rusty-faced Parrot or Parrot mountain (Hapalopsittaca amazonina) It is distinguishable by the dirty red of his face and crown. Its bill is pale with to the base of the lower mandible and the chin of color red orange. Headphones coverts reddish brown with yellow lines that extend behind the nape and the neck. The rest of upperparts they are green. Its chest This is olive green, with red spots in the shoulders similar to their Wing coverts internal minors. The rest of your wing-coverts they are blue-green and the remiges bluish-black. Its tail It is mainly dull red with wide blue apexes.

It has no sexual dimorphism. The youth are green-yellow color, with the face pale red and the secondaries grey.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Hapalopsittaca amazonina amazonina

    (Des Murs, 1845) – Nominal.

  • Hapalopsittaca amazonina theresae

    (Hellmayr, 1915) – The plumage with more olive tones and the face dark red.

  • Hapalopsittaca amazonina velezi

    (Serious,GR & Restrepo, 1989) – With part of the crown and nape, brighter yellowish green; forecrown red; list fine near to the ear; below and behind the eye, green. More information.

Habitat:

It inhabits in mountains with forests semi-moist and cloud, between the 2000 to 3600 m, with the presence of Oak (Quercus humboldtii) and Alder (Alnus acuminata).
Fly high in the forest canopy, in groups of 5-30 individuals. Presents aggregation behaviors for the night, establishing communal bedrooms in groups of between 2-35 individuals.

Reproduction:

Are unknown, many aspects of the reproductive biology of the Rusty-faced Parrot. Probably nests in tree hollows of Oak dead.

Food:

Consumes fruits of the “matapalo“, flowers and seeds, including the of Clusia sp. and some GUIs of which is fed with high frequency.

Distribution:

Size of the breeding range / resident): 234.000 km2

Is located in Colombia and Venezuela and Peru. In Colombia lives between 2000 and 2700 m above the sea level in the Cordillera Oriental and in the The upper Magdalena valley (South of the Department of the Huila). Between 3100 and 3600 m of height in the Cordillera Central in Caldas (where it is considered Bird emblem), in the basin of the Rio Blanco in the municipality of Manizales. In the Cordillera Oriental is known only in Norte de Santander and the southwest of Bogotá. Has also been recorded in the departments of Risaralda, Tolima, Huila (Cueva de los Guácharos, Meremberg nature reserve) and Cauca (Puracé National Park).

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Hapalopsittaca amazonina amazonina

    (Des Murs, 1845) – Nominal. East of the Colombian Andes.

  • Hapalopsittaca amazonina theresae

    (Hellmayr, 1915) – Eastern edge of the Andes of Colombia and Northwest of Venezuela.

  • Hapalopsittaca amazonina velezi

    (Serious,GR & Restrepo, 1989) – Center of the Colombian Andes. More information.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

From makes several years appears in the book red of species threatened by fault of the destruction of their habitat, including, the Palm of wax (Ceroxylon quindiuense).

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable Since its small population consists of subpopulations very small and scattered that probably will be experiencing declines continuous due to the loss widespread of habitat.

Justification of the population

Renjifo et to the. (2002) estimated that in Colombia the population can count 2,500-10,000 individuals, based on a hypothetical C.1 density of individuals / km2, and the 25% occupation of the approximately 13.890 km2 of habitat suitable. This may be an overestimation and the population could be at the turn of a few thousand mark in Colombia (P. Salaman in litt., 2005). There are also much smaller populations in Venezuela. Its location in the Ecuador is uncertain. Be placed better in the band 2.500-9.999 mature in general individuals, which is equivalent to 3.750-14.999 individuals, round here 3.500-15.000 individuals.

Justification of trend

Se sospecha una lenta y continua disminución de la población del Rusty-faced Parrot sobre la base de la continua destrucción y fragmentación del hábitat.

Lorito Amazonino in captivity:

No encontrado en avicultura.

Alternative names:

Rusty-faced Parrot, Bogota Parrot, Little Amazonian Parrot, Rusty faced Parrot (English).
Caïque à face rousse, Caïque à face rouge (French).
Caïque à face rousse (German).
Rusty-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Montañera, Lorito Amazonino, Lorito Multicolor, Loro fantasma (Spanish).
Cotorra Montañera, Lora montañera (Colombia).
Perico Multicolor (Venezuela).

Marc Athanase Parfait Oeillet Des Murs
Marc Athanase Parfait Oeillet Des Murs

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Hapalopsittaca
Scientific name: Hapalopsittaca amazonina
Citation: (Des Murs, 1845)
Protonimo: Psittacus amazoninus

Rusty-faced Parrot Images:


Rusty-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca amazonina)

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Iconographie ornithologique By Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs (1804-1878) (Iconographie ornithologique) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds:

Restrepo, Daniel Uribe

* – Restrepo, Daniel Uribe

Daniel has been chasing birds since he was 9-years old, growing on a farm in the Central Andes of Colombia, with his bedroom walls covered with colorful prints of John James Audubon’s birds. Daniel graduated in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science and has pursued bird and nature photography as his main passions in life.

He is co-founder of the Sociedad Caldense de Ornitología (SCO) based in Manizales. Dedicated mainly to conservation and sustainable development projects, Daniel has consulted for many of the most prominent environmental organizations in Colombia and currently assists private nature reserves in Colombia in the establishment of agritourism and ecotourism services.

Sun Parakeet
Aratinga solstitialis

Aratinga Sol

Description:

Ilustración Aratinga-Sol

Of 30 cm.. length and a weight between 120 and 130 g.

Of great beauty, the Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis) has the lores, ocular region and ear-coverts golden yellow, changing to shades red orange glossy; the forecrown, crown and nape are of a rich color yellow brilliant with color orange.

Bright yellow in the the mantle, the back and rump; uppertail-coverts of color yellow with exotic feathers of color blue. Scapulars Green Tips and the vane inner blue; the coverts smaller and medium, of color yellow with variable staining Green; greater coverts with tips of color green beige, primary coverts, blue. Flight feather, green above, primaries with tips and vane inner blue; grayish brown then. Undertail-coverts yellow (or orange / yellow). The throat Orange with yellow shading at the top of the chest; lower chest and the belly orange; Flanks and area of the vent yellow.

Upper, the tail mainly of color green yellowish with tips of color blue; undertail, of color grey with dye beige.

The bill of color Brown dark to black; the irises dark brown; legs distant.

Both sexes similar.

Immature usually with more muted than adults with the yellow colors of the head and the body replaced by an orange-Green. Lesser and medium uppertail-coverts green.

  • Sound of the Sun Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Sun Conure.mp3]

Habitat:

In general, live in Savanna, in dry forests with Palm trees and some times in flooded areas, until 1200 m. Cross the habitats more open only when traveling between the patches of forest. Are Bird social, usually observed in flocks of 30 or more individuals, with aggregations over large in tree fruit.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow of trees or palms (for example, Mauritia).
Nest with a chick only in the month of February in Suriname. The size medium of laying is of 3 to 4 eggs. These eggs are hatch during 23 to 27 days, that is almost the forty percent more that it from other birds, in comparison with the mass of egg.

Food:

Their diet is poorly documented, Although it probably consists of locally available food, such as different fruits, berries, nuts, sprouts and flowers. Some foods known including pods of legumes, small fruits of the family Melastomataceae, fruits Red's Cactus and possibly berries of the genus Malpighia.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 96.600 km2

The Sun Parakeet are distributed in the northeast of South America, from the Monte Roraima in the extreme north of Brazil (a single record in 1848 previously attributed to Venezuela), areas adjacent of it Pacaraima mountains in Venezuela and North of Guyana, to Pomeroon River, eastward through Suriname (apparently unknown in the North) and French Guayana until Brazil in Amapá.

Observed also in For and Eastern Amazonas (with boundary to the West around Rio Branco and locally to the South of the Amazon, from Santarém to the region of the River Canumã).

Although in general can be considered is usual, records sporadic suggest appearances local of the Sun Parakeet in an extended range of its distribution area.

Maintained locally as domestic fowl and trapped for the bird trade Vivas.

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: In danger of extinction

• Population trend: Decreasing

A well known in the South flock of Guyana has registered with a maximum number of 200 individuals (Bergman 2009), with other recent records in Roraima (Laranjeiras et to the. 2011). The population is estimated therefore between 1,000-2,499 mature individuals, based on recent records. This is equivalent to 1,500-3,749 birds in total, rounded in 1.500-4.000 individuals.

The population of the Sun Parakeet It is thought that can be in continuous descent, because, probably, continuous pressure which is subjected due to hunting.

THREATS:

Due to the high demand for this species in the pet market, its population has declined drastically over the past twenty years (J. Gilardi in litt., 2007).

Have been exported largely from Guyana during this time, What has led her to virtual extinction in that country. Trappers of Guyana and French Guiana have traveled to the border with Brazil to buy these birds for export (T. Arndt in litt. 2007, L. Silveira in litt., 2007).

A fit annual of export of 600 bird was established in Guyana in the years 1980 and it is believed that more than 2.200 they were imported into the United States between 1981 and 1985 (J. Gilardi in litt., 2007).

Its trade is in course, and because of the ease with which these birds may be attracted by bait (for example corn) and the long distances that will be traveling, It is easy to catch all individuals in a given area(J. Gilardi in litt., 2007).

Conservation Actions Underway:

    • It is very common in captivity, but it is not known what percentage of this population are hybrids between the Aratinga solstitialis and the parakeet maculata (Silveira et to the., 2005, LF Silveira in litt. 2012).

Conservation Actions Proposed:

    • Consider the inclusion of species in Appendix I.

    • Prevent the trade cross-border immediately CITES.

    • Work with them inhabitants indigenous of the land indigenous Raposa Serra do Sol and it community Amerindian in Karasabai for avoid its entrapment and protect the habitat right.

    • Survey to locate other important additional subpopulations.

    • Establish lines of breeding in captivity of birds of pure race.

Aratinga Sol in captivity:

The Sun Parakeet is known for its quacking very strong in comparison with its size relatively small. It is capable of imitating human beings, but not as well as some larger parrots.
Are popular as pets, due to their bright coloration while they have a very limited ability to speak.

Due to its inquisitive temperament, demand much attention from their owners, and sometimes they can be very noisy.

Alternative names:


Sun Parakeet, Sun Conure, Yellow Conure (English).
Conure soleil, Perriche soleil, Perruche soleil (French).
Sonnensittich (German).
Jandaia-sol, cacaoé, guaruba, Jandaia, jandaia-amarela, quijuba (Portuguese).
Aratinga Sol, Periquito Dorado (Spanish).
Perico Dorado (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Aratinga
Scientific name: Aratinga solstitialis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus solstitialis

Images Sun Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Cover photo:

(1) – Sun Conure or Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis) at a bird park in Singapore By Michael Gwyther-Jones (originally posted to Flickr as Singapore) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Image Gallery:

(2) – Three Sun Parakeets (also known as Sun Conure) at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore. The bird in the middle of the photograph has been wing clipped By Michael Gwyther-Jones from UK (FlickrUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Sun Parakeets (also known as Sun Conures) at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore By Michael Spencer (originally posted to Flickr as Jurong Bird Park) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Sun Parakeet (also known as Sun Conure) at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore By Michael Spencer (originally posted to Flickr as Jurong Bird Park) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Sun Conures at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore. Wing clipped By Doug Janson (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

(6) – Sun Parakeet (also known as Sun Conure) perching on a branch and eating white flowers at Hamilton Zoo, New Zealand By Brian Gratwicke [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Sun Conures, at Pairi Daiza, Brugelette, Belgium © Hans Hillewaert /, via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A pet Sun Parakeet (also known as Sun Conure) perching on a shoulder. It has been wingclipped By turtlemom4bacon from Orlando, FL, USA [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A Aratinga solstitialis at Baltimore Aquarium, USA By Chris Williamson [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

(10) – Feeding a Sun Conure, also known as a Sun Parakeet at Discovery Cove, Orlando, Florida, USA By eric from USA (IMG_4596) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(11) – He loves it when you blow on his face and it makes him puff! By Sarah G from Tulsa, USA (Sherbie Sherbie Puffs-Alot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(12) – Wing clipped Sun Parakeets (also known as Sun Conures) at Kobe Kachoen, a bird and flower park located on Port Island in Kobe, Japan By merec0 (originally posted to Flickr as niji) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(13) – Sun Conure, at Pairi Daiza, Brugelette, Belgium © Hans Hillewaert /, via Wikimedia Commons

Photo illustration:

(14) – An adult Sun Parakeet or Sun Conure (Aratinga solstitialis) . Jacques Barraband [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet
Psittacara wagleri

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng

34 to 36 cm.. of length and a weight of 162 to 217 g..

The Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Psittacara wagleri) He has the crown and forecrown bright red; lores and cheeks dark green with red feathers scattered in some birds. Of the nape even up to the uppertail-coverts dark green. Upperwing-coverts dark green; flight feather green, dyed Emerald above and olivaceous at the bottom. The greater underwing-coverts, also of color olivaceous, the remaining underwing-coverts, green. The underparts brighter yellowish green, sometimes with scattered red feathers on the throat and in the the thighs. Upper, the tail dark green; by down olive green.

Ilustración Aratinga de Wagler

The bill color pale horn; bare periophthalmic grey; irises yellow; legs distant.

Both sexes similar.

The immature with a reduction (or even absence) Red Feather in the head.

Subspecies Psittacara description wagleri
Subspecies
  • Psittacara wagleri frontatus

    (Cabanis, 1846) – Red of the head vaster than the species nominal, extending to the rear of the eyes. Red in the the thighs and bend of wing in the majority of birds. Larger than the species nominal (40 cm.).

  • Psittacara wagleri minor

    (Carriker, 1933) – Similar to the subspecies Frontata but smaller (38 cm.) and more green with pale red in the wings. Some specimens with yellow in the bend of wing.

  • Psittacara wagleri transilis

    (Peters,JL, 1927) – Darker than the species nominal, with less extensive red on the rear of the crown. Smaller that the species nominal (34 cm.).

  • Psittacara wagleri wagleri

    (Gray,GR, 1845) – The species nominal

Habitat:

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Psittacara

They inhabit in moist forests, deciduous, Gallery, cloudy and second-growth forests with Acacias, Prosopis and Ochroma, mainly in the lower subtropical and upper tropical zones, Although they can also penetrate in sub-templadas areas.

In Peru, observed in cloud forests semi-arid.

Reported at lower elevations in wet plantations, fields of corn and cactus scrub. Key requirement in their habitat are the cliffs, where breeding and resting.

In general, observed the altitudes of 2.000 m, above the 3.000 metres in Peru. Gregarious, usually in close flocks to the 20 individuals, sometimes up to 300 birds.

Communal hangers on the cliffs with diurnal movements towards the areas of power.

Reproduction:

Nest communally in Rocky steep, between December and June in the North of Colombia and between April and June in Venezuela. Average of the laying of 3 to 4 eggs and the incubation is of 23 or 24 days. The pups they leave the nest after 50 days, with a plumage green.

Food:

Its diet includes a variety of fruits, nuts and seeds; You can include cereal crops and fruit plantations. Usually they feed in the canopy.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 866.000 km2

The Scarlet-fronted Parakeet is distributed discontinuous by the Northwest and West of South America, in the area of the Andes, from Venezuela until Peru.

In Venezuela stretching from West of the Paria peninsula in the foothills of the Andes (between 500 and 2,000m, more altitude farther south), up to the Serranía del Perijá and in the North of Colombia, including the Department of Magdalena and the West and center of the mountain range of the Andes Although apparently absent in the southwestern tip of Colombia.

Their status in the eastern slope of the Andes in Colombia is uncertain. Found around the skirts of the Andes in the South of Ecuador and South of Peru until Tacna in I8 ° S latitudes.

Apparently, observed in the Western Andean slopes in the Peru with some reports from the South of the Valley of the Marañón River until Ayacucho and Apurimac, in the Central Andes.

Generally residents Although seasonal visitors in some areas. Irregularly-common, often abundant, Although scarce or non-existent in many areas; more scarce in the South. Decrease in its population in some areas (for example, Colombia), due to loss of habitat.

Trapped for the trade in live birds, with 16.644 specimens exported from Peru in 1982.

The large number of birds escaped from her cage makes it considered them are introduced in Spain, Florida, Hawaii and California.

Subspecies Psittacara distribution wagleri
Subspecies
  • Psittacara wagleri frontatus

    (Cabanis, 1846) – West of Ecuador and South of Peru, approximately 18° S

  • Psittacara wagleri minor

    (Carriker, 1933) – South of the Valley of the Marañón River until Ayacucho and Apurimac in the center of the Peruvian Andes.

  • Psittacara wagleri transilis

    (Peters,JL, 1927) – The northeastern coastal mountains of Venezuela up to the Paria peninsula, Sucre. Possibly records in Bethlehem, Caquetá, on the eastern slope of the East of the Of the Andes in Colombia. Unclear relationship with the species nominal.

  • Psittacara wagleri wagleri

    (Gray,GR, 1845) – The species nominal

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ


Status
Near Threatened (UICN)ⓘ

• Red list category of the UICN current: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The population trend of the Scarlet-fronted Parakeet apparently it has not quantified, but you suspect that your decline It moderately fast due to the persecution and change of land use (pit et to the., 1997).

The species has been the subject of a intense trade and individuals captured in nature have been recorded in international trade (UNEP-WCMC trade database CITES).

A high internal trade This species has been observed in Venezuela (pit et to the., 1997).

Pursued, due to its status as a crop pest, It can also be contributing to their decline.

Current levels of hunting pressure and persecution are not known, but it is assumed that it is producing a negative trend in their population.

Although this species shows a flexible use of the habitat and makes use of the crops, It is suspected that the the land use change It is contributing to a population decline of the species, and habitat clearance is presumed that it has led to the decline of this species in Colombia (pit et to the. 1997).

Conservation Actions Underway:

• The species appears in Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

• Conduct surveys to assess the size of the population of the species and the trend.

• Quantify the current impact of entrapment.

• Monitor the levels of trade.

• Carry out awareness-raising activities to reduce the capture and trade of Psittacidas activities.

• Increase the area of suitable natural habitat that receives effective protection.

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet in captivity:

The breeding in aviculture of the Scarlet-fronted Parakeet rarely achieved since this species is difficult to obtain and hard to maintain. This Parrot will only spawn several years kept in captivity.

It is a bird animated, Although, initially timid, that is because you provide a environment of Cologne, even in the breeding season. It´s resistant Once you have moved. Pretty noisy, something that must be taken into account if the neighbors are close.

Chomping hard, in need of a steady supply of fresh branches to meet the great need to chew. Enjoy the daily bath.

Alternative names:

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet, Red-fronted Conure, Red-fronted Parakeet, Scarlet fronted Parakeet, Scarlet-fronted Conure (English).
Conure de Wagler, Conure à front rouge, Perruche de Wagler (French).
Columbiasittich (German).
Periquito-de-cara-vermelha (Portuguese).
Aratinga de Wagler, Perico Frentirrojo, Periquito de Frente Roja (Spanish).
Loro frentirrojo, Perico Frentirrojo, Perico Chocolero (Colombia).
Cotorra de Frente Escarlata (Peru).
Chacaraco (Venezuela).
Perico frentiescarlata (Ecuador).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Psittacara
Scientific name: Psittacara wagleri
Citation: (Gray, GR, 1845)
Protonimo: Conurus Wagleri

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet pictures:

————————————————————————————————

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Psittacara wagleri)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri) at Jurong BirdPark, Singapore By Michael Gwyther-Jones (originally posted to Flickr as Singapore 2006 249) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

(2) – Scarlet-fronted Parakeet, also called Scarlet-fronted Conure at Jurong Birdpark, Singapore By Lynn Zheng (bird park_012) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – pericon found By the Selimalabi (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons By Selimalabi (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Chacaraco [Scarlet-fronted Parakeet] (Aratinga wagleri transilis) by barloventomagicoFlickr
(5) – Chacaraco / Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri) by Erick HouliFlickr

(6) – Illustration By Gray, George Robert; Hullmandel & Walton; Hullmandel, Charles Joseph; Mitchell, D. W. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Red-masked Parakeet
Psittacara erythrogenys

Aratinga de Guayaquil

Description Aratinga of Guayaquil:

Anatomy-parrots-eng

33 cm.. length between 165 and 200 g.. weight.

The Red-masked Parakeet (Psittacara erythrogenys) It is very similar to birds Scarlet-fronted Parakeet and to the Mitred Parakeet, but smaller and with more red area in the face, extending continuously up to the throat and nape.

Has the forecrown, crown, lores, the cheeks and the area around the eyes, bright red, generally forming a complete red mask to join to the chin (Sometimes the mask extends up to the throat). Since the nape up to the uppertail-coverts dark green, sometimes with scattered red feathers. The upperwing-coverts children with some feathers of red and the bend of wing red; remaining upperwing-coverts dark green, with dye Emerald to them vane outer the primary. The flight feather Brown Gold below; underwing-coverts minors, bright red, the greater coverts yellowish brown. The underparts brighter yellowish green, sometimes with mottled red and almost always with the the thighs red. Upper, the tail dark green; by below grayish brown.

The bill color pale horn; bare periophthalmic off-white; irises yellow; legs distant.

Both sexes similar.

The immature with the head and the thighs green.

Habitat Red-masked Parakeet:

Red-masked Parakeet video.

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Psittacara

The Red-masked Parakeet It occupies a wide range of vegetation types, from arid zones to moist forests, Since the sea level to altitudes 2.500 m, Although its usual habitat is below of the 1.000 m, in moist forests, deciduous forests, areas of dry thorny scrub and arid with cactus; They also live in degraded forest, areas cultivated with scattered trees, and around the urban areas. They tend to prefer arid and semi-arid habitats, not avoiding rainforest habitats.

Outside the breeding season, is a bird gregarious; in general, observed in pairs or in groups of up to 12 individuals, forming groups of up to 200 birds in the places where their communal roosts are. Formerly registered flocks of thousands of birds in Guayaquil, Ecuador.

Often associated in mixed flocks with the Grey-cheeked Parakeet (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera) and also observed in mixed flocks with the Bronze winged Parrot (Pionus chalcopterus).

Reproduction Red-masked Parakeet:

Nests in holes of mature trees, for example of Ceiba trichistandra or Cochlospermun vitifolium, There are also records of nests in termite mounds, with a report in a nest on a cliff. The breeding season in the southwest of Ecuador recorded during the rainy season (January-March). The laying, between 2 and 4 eggs. The female the incubated eggs during 23 to 24 days. The young they are born very little developed, blind and naked. They are fed with food previously digested by their mothers.

Food Aratinga of Guayaquil:

Few details exist about food preferences of the Red-masked Parakeet, Although seasonal movements from the more arid areas are probably related to food supply.

Reported foods include fruits of Hieronyma, Anacardiaceae, Oleaceae and Boraginaceae, as well as flowers of Erythrina.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 151.000 km2

The Red-masked Parakeet is distributed to the West of Ecuador and the Northwest corner of Peru.

In Ecuador, the species has been recorded from Manabi near South of the Equator, through Pichincha, The rivers, Guayas, Azuay, Gold and Loja, until Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque and Cajamarca, in the North of Peru and the region of Chachapoyas, Amazon (610 ’ S).

In Ecuador, the distribution of the Red-masked Parakeet is limited to the lowlands of the Pacific, Western slope of the Andes and valleys, Although it is apparently absent from the eastern slope; similar pattern in the Peru most Eastern records in the basin of the Amazon (Valley of the Utcubamba River) to 7754 ° ’ W.

The seasonal movements to and from the more arid areas, otherwise, residents.

Usually considered to be common (described as the most common parrot in several towns of the province of Gold, Ecuador), but the numbers fluctuate widely in some localities due to irregular seasonal movements. In some areas there has been a very drastic decrease of copies, reflecting the combined effects of the loss of habitat and your capture for the trade in live birds, for example, in Guayas, Ecuador.

There are at least eight protected areas, of which seven are in Ecuador.

There are leaks in Spain; well as in EE. UU., with breeding populations in the California cities of San Diego, Los Angeles, San Gabriel, Sunnyvale and San Francisco, You can see them eating fruits of cultivated tropical plants, and nesting in Palm trees.

Maintained in captivity at the local level (where is the most common Parrot kept in captivity) and commercialized in large quantities at the international level, especially since Peru.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ


Status
Near Threatened (UICN)ⓘ

• Red list category of the UICN current: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the population This species has not been estimated officially, but, in the absence of sufficient data, It is suspected that it may be in around the 10.000 specimens, more or less equivalent to 6.700 mature individuals.

The population of the species is suspected that it may be subjected to a moderately rapid decrease, due to its capture for him pet trade together with the loss of habitat and fragmentation. Further research is required.

Conservation Actions Underway:

  • Appendix II of CITES.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

  • Carry out surveys to get an estimate of the population.
  • The current threat of trade research.
  • Enforcing trade restrictions.
  • Census of population and monitoring.
  • Monitor the rates of loss and fragmentation of habitat.
  • Study its ability to persist in altered and fragmented habitats.

The Red-masked Parakeet in captivity:

Shy and suspicious. Little common in captivity outside its area of distribution.

They may live until 25 years, Although the average tends to be between 10 and 15 years.

Their diet: fruit as, Apple, pear, orange, bananas, grenades, Kiwi, papaya, cactus fruits, they form a 30 percent of the diet. Vegetables, such as: carrot, celery, Green beans and peas in the pod, the sweet corn on COB, green leavess, such as: Chard, lettuce , Kale, healer, Dandelion, Aviary grass, spray millet, mixture of small seeds, such as: Millet and small amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and hemp.

This species is found threatened from the wild bird trade local in Peru and Ecuador, where are rates of mortality due to mismanagement and stress high.

Never buy these birds in the illegal trade, Since these tend to come from its natural environment and it must be remembered that the Red-masked Parakeet is one endangered species.

Alternative names:

Red-masked Parakeet, Red Masked Conure, Red masked Parakeet, Red-headed Conure, Red-headed Parakeet, Red-masked Conure (English).
Conure à tête rouge, Conure à tête cerise, Conure à tête écarlate, Perriche à tête rouge, Perruche à tête rouge (French).
Guayaquilsittich (German).
Periquito-de-cabeça-vermelha (Portuguese).
Aratinga de Guayaquil, Loro de cara roja, Periquito de Cabeza Roja, Perico Cara Roja (Spanish).
Loro de cara roja (Chile).
Cotorra de Cabeza Roja (Peru).
Perico caretirrojo (Ecuador).

Scientific classification:

René Primevère Lesson
René Primevère Lesson

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Psittacara
Scientific name: Psittacara erythrogenys
Citation: (Lesson, 1844)
Protonimo: Psittacara (psittacus) Erythrogenys

Red-masked Parakeet pictures:

————————————————————————————————

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Feather wind

Photos:

(1) – A feral Red-masked Parakeet (also known as the Red-masked Conure and Cherry-headed Conure) in San Francisco, USA By Ingrid Taylar [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Red-masked parakeet, Aratinga erythrogenys. Two birds in a tree in San Francisco, California By Jef Poskanzer (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Red-masked Parakeet (Psittacara erythrogenys) at the Presidio, San Francisco, California By Frank Schulenburg (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Red-masked parakeet (Aratinga erythrogenys). A juvenile parrot which is mostly green and just starting to get some red feathers on its head By Eliya Selhub (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-masked Parakeet preening on a branch in San Francisco, USA By Ingrid Taylar from San Francisco Bay Area – California, USA [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Red-masked Conure at Birds of Eden, South Africa By Dick Daniels (http://carolinabirds.org /) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A feral Red-masked Parakeet (also known as the Red-masked Conure and Cherry-headed Conure) in San Francisco, USA By Ingrid Taylar [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Two feral Red-masked Parakeets in San Francisco, USA By Ingrid Taylar from San Francisco Bay Area – California, USA (Wild in SFUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Several Red-masked Parakeets eating a discarded apple in San Francisco, USA By Ingrid Taylar from San Francisco Bay Area – California, USA (A Big Find for ParrotsUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Red-throated Parakeet
Psittacara rubritorquis

Aratinga gorgirroja

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng
28 cm.. length and 130 g. of weight.

The Red-throated Parakeet (Psittacara rubritorquis) they have a plumage, in general, green, with yellow tones in the underparts; orange-red in the throat and on the front of the neck, with yellow-orange feathers scattered; variety of pens of color red orange scattered in the part low of them cheeks and both sides of the neck; Blue tint on primary coverts and vane outer of the flight feather; underwing-coverts brighter yellowish green; below, the flight feather yellow color without brightness.

Ilustración Aratinga gorgirroja

The bill color horn. Bare area of the eye ring grayish brown. The irises orange.

The male and female are similar.

The immature with the throat red, absent in the cheeks and both sides of the neck. The irises brown.

Habitat:

Red-throated Parakeet video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Psittacara

The Red-throated Parakeet is located in altitudes that range between the 600 and 1.800 m, in a variety of wooded areas, Save the rainforest.

They can be observed in moist forests, Open with weeds and growing areas areas in Guatemala; forests of Pinus sp in Nicaragua.

Is in flocks outside the breeding season, and couples during courtship and nesting season. Larger congregations are produced when food is abundant.

Reproduction:

The nesting takes place in tree cavities, cracks in rocks, holes from woodpeckers, holes in buildings or in arboreal termite mounds.
The breeding season is between the months of January and August and the laying tends to be of 3-4 eggs.

Food:

With feeds seed, nuts, berries and fruits. You can also feed on seeds and corn cultivated.
Sometimes, considered a pest to crops.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 139.000 km2

Distributed by the Eastern Highlands of Guatemala and El Salvador (apparently only a record) to the South by Honduras to the North of Nicaragua.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the. 1996).

The population of Red-throated Parakeet suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Not threatened globally (least concern). CITES II

Aratinga gorgirroja in captivity:

Pretty rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-throated Parakeet, Green Parakeet (Red-throated), Red-throated Conure (inglés).
Conure à gorge rouge, Perruche à gorge rouge (francés).
Rotkehlsittich, Guatemalasittich (alemán).
Periquito-de-papo-vermelho (portugués).
Aratinga Gorgirroja, Aratinga gorjirroja, Perico Gorjirrojo, perico garganta roja, Periquito Hondureño (español).
Perico Gorjirrojo (México).

Scientific classification:

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Psittacara
Scientific name: Psittacara rubritorquis
Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1887)
Protonimo: conurus rubritorquis

Parakeet images gorgirroja:

————————————————————————————————

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Red-throated Parakeet (Aratinga rubritorquis) also called Red-throated Conure at Macaw Mountain Bird Park and Nature Reserve, Copan, Honduras By Lauri Väin [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Red-throated Parakeet (also called Red-throated Conure) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Copan Ruinas, Honduras By Sarah and Jason (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_6987) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Two Red-throated Parakeets at Kakegawa Kacho-en, Kakegawa, Shizuoka, Japan By Takashi Hososhima from Tokyo, Japan (Green with envyUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Psittacara rubritorquis by Psittaciformes .NL – pinterest
(5) – Psittacara rubritorquis by Bellas Aves de El Salvador
(6) – Conurus rubritorquis by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: There McKewy Mejía (Xeno-canto)

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