Karst Shepherd
Eslovenia FCI 278 - Molossoid . Mountain

Karst Shepherd

Karst Shepherd a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.



The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor entitled «The glory of the Duchy of Carniole». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 with the name of " Iliria Shepherd »During the F.C.I general assembly. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. However, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, The Yugoslav Central Society decided to name the one from the Karst region "Shepherd of the Karst massif" and the other " Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.

Physical characteristics

Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, but the height at the cross accepted for breeding is the same for both breeds.

It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, with well-developed muscles and a strong constitution.

The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
Hair: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.

  • Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
  • Size: males, of 57 a 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 a 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).

Character and skills

The Karst Shepherd is a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.

The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherd is late developing, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.

He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherd he's a nice companion dog, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.

Overall Karst Shepherd It:

  • Incorruptible guard in the house
  • Does not get along with other dogs.
  • Patient, but still affectionate
  • Forgiving with children

Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance

Only conditionally suitable for the city.
Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.

Karst Shepherd Health

The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, but suffers from some typical breed problems. On average, they reach an age of 10 a 12 years and therefore become significantly older than most German shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..

Its claws must be shortened regularly.
They have sensitive ears that swell quickly.
Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..

Buy a Karst Shepherd

Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export.
Pay attention to good breeding conditions!
As the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, you will hardly be able to visit the breeder before buying. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.

Karst Shepherd Images


1 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
2 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
5 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

Karst Shepherd Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Karst Shepherd breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. KARST SHEPHERD DOG, kraški ovčar, kraševec (English).
      2. Kraski Ovcar (French).
      3. Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor da Ístria (Portuguese).
      5. kraški ovčar (Spanish).

    South Russian Ovcharka
    Rusia FCI 326

    South Russian Ovcharka

    It is a dog that reacts fast, is strong, balanced and lively, with a tendency to be dominant and very active in defense.



    The ancestry of the South Russian Ovcharka It comes from the thick-haired bearded dogs that were brought along with fine wool sheep to the steppe regions of the South from Spain. This fact is mentioned in volume XXVI (1830 and., St. Petersburg) from the complete collection of the laws of the Russian Empire. These agile medium-sized dogs, modern-like Catalan Sheepdog, they were able to corner the flocks of sheep and protect them. These dogs brought from Spain spontaneously mated with local shepherds and hunting dogs, who had been raised there as sheep since ancient times. Later, these crossbreeds spread throughout the southern regions of Russia and they were even known abroad, in western countries or in Europe as “the russian shepherd”. In 1867, a gold medal was awarded to Russian Shepherd Dog at the World's Fair in Paris for its beauty. However, the real selection started in 1898, in Crimea, en Askania – Nova, the demesne of the Russian baron of German origin Mr. Friedrich von Falz-Fein. He was the person who gave the breed modern typical traits and called it “South Russian Ovcharka“.

    Numerous offspring with local hounds had led to increased height and white color dominance, added a certain lightness of confirmation and a few chest flattening typical of fast-running dogs, as well as tucked-in belly and more pronounced angles of the hindquarters. The last typical characteristics of the conformation and the name “South Russian Ovcharka” they were finally assigned to the breed in the period of the USSR, in the early decade of 1930, when the first official breed standard was approved. The dogs of South Russian Ovcharka they are easy to maintain and can easily adapt to various weather conditions due to their resistance, and they are always ready to protect their owners and their properties. These dogs are exceptionally loyal and dedicated to their owners., but at the same time it should not be expected that the South Russian Ovcharka be friendly to strangers.

    Physical characteristics

    The South Russian Ovcharka it is a medium to large size dog, medium-bodied, not robust, with strong bones and powerful dry muscles. Sexual dimorphism is well defined, males are more bulky compared to females and have larger heads. The top line is a characteristic feature of the breed; forms a slight curve over the spine. The body, the head, the limbs and tail are covered in thick fur, long and disheveled that gives a deceptive impression of clumsiness and heaviness, but actually the South Russian Ovcharka he is a fast and agile dog. The eyes, slightly almond-shaped, must be dark and horizontally arranged. The ears are relatively small, triangular and hanging.

    • Hair: the cloak is made up of long hair (10-15 cm.), often dense and slightly wavy, hard with abundant undercoat.
    • Color: uniform white allowed, White grey (Ash), white with gray traces, stained gray; fawn white robes are rarer, straw and completely gray.
    • Size: males, minimum 65 cm.; females, minimum 62 cm.. Individuals of 75 cm or more.

    Observations and tips

    Puppies are sometimes born light gray in color and turn white with the first shedding.

    Character and skills

    It is a dog that reacts fast, is strong, balanced and lively, with a tendency to be dominant and very active in defense. Very smart and responsive, is very balanced but easily takes action if your family's safety is threatened. It is very good with the owners, children included.

    South Russian Ovcharka Pictures

    South Russian Ovcharka videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 326
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs

  • FCI Standard of the South Russian Ovcharka breed

    Alternative names:

      1. Yuzhnorússkaya Ovcharka, Ukrainian Ovcharka, Ukrainian Shepherd Dog, Yuzhak, South Ukrainian Ovcharka, South Russian Shepherd Dog, South Russian Sheepdog (English).
      2. berger de l’Ukraine (French).
      3. Juschnorusskaja Owtscharka, Südrussischer Schäferhund, Ioujnorousskaïa Ovtcharka (German).
      4. pastor-da-ucrânia (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor Ucraniano, Pastor del sur de Rusia (Spanish).


    1 – Southern Russian Shepherd by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/perro-2042862/
    2 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    3 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    4 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    5 – Wikimania Images by Sailesh by Sailesh Patnaik / CC BY-SA

    Dutch Shepherd
    Holanda FCI 223 - Sheepdogs.

    Dutch Shepherd

    The most widespread variety is the long-haired one, but the breed is almost unknown outside the Dutch borders.



    The Dutch shepherd descends directly from the belgian shepherds, which is very similar (including subdivision into three hair varieties).

    Originally the main function of the Dutch shepherd it was typical of a country sheepdog. From the earliest times the Dutch had an agricultural culture, among others, made up of flocks of sheep. Dogs should keep the herd away from planting, which they did patrolling the limits of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the transfer of the herd to the common meadows, markets and ports. In the farm, kept chickens out of the kitchen yard, cows were herded for milking and the milk cart was pulled. They also alerted farmers if anyone entered. Around 1900, herds had almost disappeared in the Netherlands. The Dutch Shepherd's versatility made him suitable for training, which at that time was beginning to become popular. Thus began a new career as a police dog, search and rescue and as a guide dog for the blind. Still capable of herding flocks anyway. The first breed standard dates from 12 in June of 1898.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of medium size and weight, quite muscular, Powerfully built and well proportioned. His expression is intelligent and temperament, live. The eyes are dark in color, medium-sized, macaroons, somewhat oblique and never round. The ears, smaller than big, they are straight and facing the front, and inserted high. The tail, that at rest hangs straight or forms a slight curve, reaches the tip of the hock. When it is active, the dog is elegantly elevated, never coiled; never falls on the sides.

    • Hair: the short-haired variety has a well attached coat; the long-haired one has straight hair, and the variety of hard hair has it thick and hard; on the head it forms prominent eyebrows, mustaches and beard. Depending on the cloak, in the breed there are three varieties: Smooth-haired, long and hard.
    • Color: striated but the least intensely, on brown background (golden fluted) or gray (fluted gray). The stripes are less evident in hard-haired specimens. Black mask is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 57 a 62 cm.; females, of 55 a 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    Affectionate, obedient, docile, vigilant, trustworthy, undemanding and very resistant. Always watch out, active and endowed with the true nature of a shepherd dog. It is a little less reactive and less nervous than Belgian Shepherd, the one who looks like, However, even in character.

    The Dutch Shepherd works willingly with his master and is able to cope with any task assigned to him.
    Herding larger herds must have the ability to work in conjunction with various other dogs..

    Dutch Shepherd Images

    Dutch Shepherd Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial
    • FCI 223
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Dutch Shepherd breed FCI standard

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Herder, Hollandse Herder (English).
      2. Berger hollandais (French).
      3. Holländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor holandês (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor holandés (Spanish).


    1 – Short-haired Dutch Shepherd stacked by CaroleField / CC BY-SA
    2 – Silverbrindle and goldbrindle are the approved colors of the breed by Lissunmusta / CC BY-SA
    3 – Short-haired brindle male Dutch Shepherd named Black, 2 years old, owned by Jason Paluck by Wikipedia
    4 – Adult brindle Dutch shepherd by https://www.pikrepo.com/fyvdb/adult-brindle-dutch-shepherd
    5 – dutch shepherd by https://www.peakpx.com/504961/dutch-shepherd
    6 – Dutch shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1387398
    7 – Neros van Guard is a Dutch Shepherd imported from Canada to the USA by Ulyseemuff / CC BY-SA

    Berger Picard
    Francia FCI 176

    Berger Picard

    The Berger Picard it is a little-known breed despite all its qualities



    The origins of the Berger Picard are ancient (is represented in a painting from the 8th century) and, However, there is no certain news of race before the year 1899, when he first appeared at an exhibition (where she was not judged because nobody knew her). The first French club for the protection of the breed did not appear until the year 1955.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of medium to large dimensions, well proportioned, rustic but elegant looking, characterized by its primitive shapes and rough hair. The head is provided with the size; the stop is very light and the forehead, slightly convex. The nose is strong and not too long, It should not end in a point. The nasal spout is straight. He has fine mustaches and a nice beard.

    Ears are inserted high, they are wide at the base and their bearing is upright, with the tip forward. The eyes are more or less dark, according to the coat color. The neck is strong and muscular. The thorax, alto. The total length of the trunk is slightly greater than the height at the withers. The tail reaches to the hock. At rest the dog carries it low, and on the move, highest; forms a slight curve at the tip.

    Hair: hard, rough, of 5 a 6 26cm in length.

    Color: grey, dark grey, grey blue, gray red, dark or light leonado, light dark, no white markings to stand out.

    Size: males, of 60 a 65 cm.; females, of 55 a 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    The Berger Picard He is very happy and playful as a family, especially with the children, while he's more reserved with strangers. It is very faithful to its owner, next to whom he would like to be constantly and to whom he shows his affection in all possible ways.

    It is much less nervous than other sheepdogs. It is equipped for all guard functions, defense and utility. It is very versatile, which means it is suitable for any task, either as a pastor, either guardian, and able to adapt to being a simple companion dog.
    It is a pity that it does not stand out from the aesthetic point of view, which does not favor its diffusion, because it has one of the safest and most balanced characters known, provided it is in the hands of a firm and determined owner.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs, except for Swiss cattlemen. / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial.
    • FCI 176
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , CKC , UKC
    • FCI Standard of the Berger Picard breed

    Alternative names:

      1. Picard, Picardy Shepherd, Picardy Sheepdog (English).
      2. Picard (French).
      4. Berger Picard (Portuguese).
      5. Berger Picard, Berger de Picardie (Spanish).


    Berger Picard, charcoal fawn (Fawn) by I follow / Public domain

    Croatian Sheepdog
    Croacia FCI 277

    Croatian Sheepdog

    With a great instinct for working with the herd.



    The Croatian Sheepdog, according to some authors it is an autochthonous Croatian race, while according to others they come from the East and have stabilized and settled in Croatia working with local pastors.

    In the news, the Croatian Sheepdog it is a little known dog outside its country.

    Physical characteristics

    The Croatian Sheepdog it is a dog in the lower limit of medium size. Short hair on the head and limbs is the hallmark of the breed. The head is quite light with a cone shape. The stop is poorly marked. The eyes are medium in size, macaroons, with a lively expression; the color goes from brown to black. The ears are triangular, raised or semi-raised, medium length and set slightly to the side. Straight ears are referable and cutting is not allowed. The tail is implanted a little high, with long thick hair. It is cut so that it does not have a length greater than 4 cm in adult error.

    Hair: hair length is 7 a 14 cm on the spine. The face is always covered with short hairs. The ears have short hair on the outer face and long on the inner. The hair is relatively soft, wavy and even curly. The undercoat must be dense.

    Color: predominantly black although some white spots on the throat or chest are admitted.

    Size: of 40 a 50 cm..

    Character and skills

    It is a lively dog, attentive, very docile, easy to educate and train, especially frugal and rustic. Has a great instinct for working with the herd, where it is used in both driving and custody, but it can also be used as a guard dog.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial
    • FCI 277
    • Federations: FCI , UKC
    • Croatian Sheepdog breed FCI standard

    Alternative names:

      1. Hrvatski ovčar, Kroatischer Schäferhund (English).
      2. Berger de Croatie (French).
      3. Kroatischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Hrvatski Ovčar (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor croata (Spanish).


    croatian sheepdog Mawlch Gera by Michala Mračková / Public domain

    Český fousek
    República Checa FCI 245

    Cesky Fousek

    The Český fousek It is a dog of Czech origin, defined as a breed of versatile.



    Before the First World War, the “Český fousek” It was the dog rough hair sample most important in the region of the current Czechoslovakia. Because of the First World War and its consequences, This race was on the verge of extinction in the mid-twenties. Hereafter, proposed regeneration of this race from some typical original dogs; through a planned selection produced the modern type of “Český fousek“, which currently it occupies second place in number among the breeds of hunting dogs used in Czech and Slovak Republics.

    Physical characteristics

    The “Český fousek” It is a noble dog sample size medium and coarse hair that has innate qualities for work in the field, in the water and in the woods, so that their usefulness is multiple. Despite being a hunter bitterest, let easily guide and has developed attachment to man.

    Did You Know?

    The name was given to this race according to the “Beard”, It located on the chin and characterizes him.

    Height to the cross: Males: 60-66 cm., females: 58-62 cm..
    Weight: In males at least 28 kg, maximum 34 kg. At least females 22 kg, maximum 28 kg.

    Character and skills

    The “Český fousek” It is a loyal dog, nice and very agile and active, very fond of hunting. It is a good retriever on land and water, but is used more frequently for exhibition games. Males are more stubborn, females are fairly quiet. It is friendly and playful with his family and acquaintances, it is customary to strangers more time. It may be too dominant during puberty, but it will fade over time. Very intelligent and insightful.

    It works well with other animals , but supports the hunting instinct, chasing fast-moving objects, including pets or cyclists. It is advisable to breed in the herd, because socializes with other dogs perfection.

    He is fond of children and have a perfect relationship with them.

    It has a high bark to alert all pedestrians and unwanted visitors. It's a good guard, and if you think something is wrong, You may intervene against thieves.

    Care “Český fousek”

    The hair “Český fousek” It does not require a lot of care, I is sufficient occasionally comb with a brush with hard bristles. In case of heavy soiling, I wash it with good shampoo and water quality, since this type of hair may lose luster after a bad shampoo.

    It is a very active and playful breed that likes to play and show hunting. He likes to do exactly that, but if it is sufficiently occupied by another type of movement, it will not lose. Every movement is suitable for him. It has an almost inexhaustible supply of energy, so it is particularly suitable for sports-minded people and provide them with enough exercise. Without moving, the “Český fousek” You might get bored and entertain destroying your garden or house.

    Training and education are necessary, without them it can become completely unmanageable and too dominant. You need a driver to raise him better without violence. It can be dominant, not nervous.

    Images “Český fousek”


    1. When reusing, please credit me asauthor: Adam Kliczek, http://zatrzymujeczas.pl (CC-BY-SA-3.0)If you use my image on your website, please send me an email with webpage adress. If you use my image in your book, please send me an email.Contact me at: adam.kliczekgmail.complen plen +/- +/- / CC BY-SA
    2. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/789408
    3. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/680392
    4. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    5. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    6. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    7. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    8. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/845285

    Videos “Český fousek”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 7 –> Pointing Dogs. / Section 1.3 –> Continental Pointing Dogs, Grifón type . With working trial.
    • FCI 245
    • Federations: FCI , NZKC

      , UKC

    • FCI standard of the race Český fousek

    Alternative names:

      1. Bohemian Wire-haired Pointing Griffon, Rough-coated Bohemian Pointer, Barbu tchèque (English).
      2. Ceský Fousek (French).
      3. Český fousek, Böhmisch Rauhbart (German).
      4. Czeski fousek (Portuguese).
      5. Terrier Checo (Spanish).

    Bearded collie
    Escocia FCI 271

    Collie Barbudo

    Collie Barbudo is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.



    The Bearded collie It is a breed of dog of medium size and long coat, It was originally used in tasks of grazing by Scottish shepherds. He is originally from Scotland, and their closest ancestors are a race of imported Polish shepherds in 1514.

    The history of the Collie-as we have said in another post of race– is a mixture of reality and legend. One story recounts that Kazimierz Grabski, a Polish merchant, went to Scotland in 1514 in order to negotiate a shipment of grain for sheep in several pastors, apparently brought six copies of pastoral dogs (Poles) it performed tasks of grazing in his native Poland, and at the destination they would help to move the cattle. A Scottish Shepherd, He was so impressed with the ability of herding dogs of Kazimierz Grabski, which changed several sheep by some of those six dogs. Y, was that, These Polish shepherds dogs were bred with the local dogs from Scotland and from there was born the beautiful Bearded Collie. This is one of the theories.

    Read moreBearded collie

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog
    Rusia FCI 335 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Pastor de Asia Central

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It is a cat with dog skin, sensitive and partner.



    The dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog (среднеазиатская овчарка or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.

    The Russian cinológicos clubs agree that this is one of the most popular in the country races, on many occasions, considering it the number 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, as well as mixing with other races, yet, can be found in their countries of origin, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and neighbouring countries.

    Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, It is a national tradition in many countries of the region. Russia biologists and scientists have studied the local canine population since the 18th century, so far.

    After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.

    However, and despite all, Today the population of dogs Central Asian Shepherd Dog remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, regardless of country of origin.

    In Europe, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is relatively unknown, but in Central Asian countries it is still used as a working dog and accompanies shepherds on their walks in the steppes.

    Physical characteristics

    This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog it is a dog of large or medium size, of rough constitution and strong musculature. Its coat is composed of the hard and smooth top layer and the abundant and dense inner layer. The top layer can be short (3 – 5 cm.) or slightly longer (7 – 10 cm.). With a longer top layer forms a distinctive mane around the neck. Due to a well developed undercoat and different lengths of the top coat, dogs adapt well to different weather conditions.

    The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, Brown grey, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled.

    The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. Tail and ear cutting is still practiced in the countries of origin.

    Although there are unique characteristics of the thoroughbred dog breed Central Asian Shepherd Dog, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin.

    Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. The body is quite comprehensive and provided with good flat muscles. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, the typical movement is a gallop.

    He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.

    According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, trying to highlight specific skills. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.

    Every year the shepherds in the area met to organize Central Asian Shepherd Dog fights, But unlike the bloody and ruthless struggles of which we are used to hear news, in this case they were fighting for the tutelage of a herd, and the winner was the dog that eventually, was done with the command of the same. It was 'domination' rather than destroying between own species.

    Dogs rarely were injured each other, it caused scratches less in most cases. Only true leaders, In fact, You medías a real fight, but that was not the most common. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.

    The Pastor of Central Asia, It is one of the most powerful group of livestock guardian dogs dogs, After the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, the Kangal, Akbash, for example.

    The height at the cross 60 a 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 a 50 kg.

    Character and skills

    In the news, rural people continue to demand and use the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like cattle watchdog, Although not as well as old.

    These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. The love and respect for the elderly are some of its features, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.

    They do not need any complicated training to learn the basic rules of the House but they are very independent and a little stubborn dogs, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, and it would not be the simple test for compliance with the object of the race.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog may come from creation lines that print a very different character: of work, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, regardless of the country of origin.

    According to the different canine clubs classification groups varies, the Russia Kennel Club classifies the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.

    Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, require to register copies of Central Asian Shepherd Dog a compulsory temperament test and an accredited training degree, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies Central Asian Shepherd Dog in the group of dogs Molossoid.

    While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.

    It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.

    Sensitive and Intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog You will respond better to someone who can inspire loyalty in you as well as strong leadership..

    Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog he spent a considerable amount of time moving around in his homeland, and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.

    With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Health

    the breed is still considered very healthy and extremely robust. Owners should not fear typical diseases of the breed. However, from time to time, like in all big dogs, joint problems occur, especially on the knees.

    Central Asian Shepherd Nutrition

    Although many joint diseases are inherited, symptoms can often be prevented or at least alleviated with the help of proper diet and posture. Particularly in the growth phase of dogs, care must be taken that animals do not shoot too fast. Growth too fast due to excessive protein intake in the growing months is considered one of the most common causes of subsequent joint disease. In addition to a fairly low protein food, given in small amounts three to four times a day, young dogs must also be physically preserved during this phase. Stairs or long walks should be avoided..

    Meat as the main component of food

    When the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is fully developed, the protein content of the food can be increased again. The main component of dog food should be – like in all dogs – high quality meat. It can be cooked or raw or, if industrially produced food mixtures are used, can come in dry or wet form. Regardless of the feeding method preferred by the respective owner, it is important that the content and composition of the food is adapted to the needs of the dog. According to age, sex, size, activity level and living environment, the composition of the necessary nutrients can vary considerably. There is no correct food for Central Asian Shepherd Dog.

    How much food does the Central Asian Shepherd Dog?

    Nor can the question of the amount of food for all dogs of this breed be answered in general. If the composition of the food is correct, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can cope with surprisingly small portions. Therefore, two meals a day are usually enough for an adult dog, which should be given at fixed times if possible. Portions too large, too many “sandwiches” between meals and lack of rest after feeding can increase the risk of stomach torsion.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog care

    Like nomadic dog, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's quite undemanding, this applies not only to the size of your food portions, but also in your care. Short to medium length coat proves to be very resistant and requires little grooming. However, should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and maintain healthy hair structure. The claws should also be trimmed to avoid injury and teeth, ears and eyes should be checked and cleaned regularly.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Education

    Buying a Central Asian Shepherd Dog must be well considered – although this applies to all breeds of dogs, it is especially true for this breed from Central Asia. It is not a family dog ​​in the classical sense nor is it suitable for a city life. This freedom-loving and independent dog finds it difficult to cope with living conditions in European industrial nations.

    Who is this breed suitable for??

    In the hands of livestock keepers and keepers who live in remote and isolated places, this protective dog of the pack is still in the best hands. Also people who live far from the city, own a large lot and wish to have a capable watchdog, can be considered as owners of this Central Asian Shepherd Dog. However, experience and some knowledge in dog training should be prerequisites for keeping this breed. In addition, an owner needs above all time and patience, because the socialization and education of this self-assured four-legged friend, who doesn't think much about blind obedience, It is hard work. How Central Asian dogs tend to dominate, they need a trainer who constantly sets limits for them and shows them with the necessary empathy (not to be confused with willingness to compromise) that it is worth trusting and following your human.

    Can a harmonious coexistence succeed?

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog certainly not a family dog ​​in the classical sense, reason why its maintenance like pure house and company dog ​​is absolutely inadvisable. This does not mean that a Owtscharka can't live together with humans. In a family that appreciates its natural instinct for vigilance and protection and gives it its original task of guarding the house, the yard and the cattle, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is quite adaptable and human-oriented. A basic socialization, namely, early contact with other people and animals, is as important to harmonious coexistence as sufficient opportunities for running and consistent parenting.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Pictures

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Central Asian Shepherd breed

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog FCI Central Asian Shepherd Dog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO Aziat (English).
      2. Chien de berger d’Asie centrale (French).
      3. Zentralasiatischer Owtscharka (German).
      4. Türkmen Alabaý, mastim-da-ásia-central (Portuguese).
      5. Perro Pastor de Asia Central (Spanish).

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