Polish Hound
Polonia FCI 52 - Medium-sized Hounds

Polish Hound

It is quite widespread in Poland, while outside of this country it is considered a rare breed.

Content

History

Originally from Poland, country to which it owes its current name, the Polish Hound it is a very old breed of dog, since it is believed that it appeared in the 13th century, although the first written records that mention it explicitly date from the 17th century. They are part of the group “Medium-sized Hounds” and it is believed that they are the result of the crossing between the St. Hubert Hound, German and Russian hounds and local Polish breeds. Polish nobles, fans of hunting parties, they were bred and used especially for hunting larger game.

Since the middle of the 19th century, the Polish Hound, which was very popular at that time, began to appear in dog shows in his native country. At that time, Poland was under Russian occupation, and the breed was bred mainly in the territory of present-day Belarus, which was then also annexed by Russia. After 1918, Poland regained its independence, but the breeding of the Polish Hound continued almost exclusively in the east of the country.

During World War II, due to successive invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and then by the USSR, the breed saw its population decrease dramatically. After the war, Polish borders were redrawn; Poland, by losing the territories he owned in the east, lost the cradle of Polish Hound as well as all the remaining farms. No breeder seized the territory of the “new” Poland, and the race found itself on the brink of extinction.

She was eventually saved by a Polish colonel named Piotr Kartawik.. In 1959, created a kennel dedicated to him and reconstituted livestock from 4 dogs imported from Belarus. The first standard of the Polish Hound was written on the basis of individuals from this kennel and published in 1964.

The breed was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) two years later, in 1966. However, the Polish Hound is not recognized by any other major canine organization and, although once again it is very widespread in Poland, still relatively rare in the rest of the world.

Photos: Polish Hound by Wikipedia

Physical characteristics

The Polish Hound is a medium-sized hound and a companion dog. They are muscular, strong and compact, with mighty bones and a massive march, but without the impression of heaviness. They are better suited for endurance than speed.

The head, quite heavy and chiseled, appears rectangular when viewed from the side. The occipital bone is very pronounced. The line of the forehead forms an obtuse angle with that of the muzzle, and the forehead has multiple wrinkles.

The Polish Hound has a strong, long jaw with a regular bite. The eyes are dark brown and almond-shaped, with a soft expression, slightly sunken and almond-shaped. Superciliary arches are marked. The snout is elongated and truncated at the tip. Rounded at the tips, the ears are low, hanging and quite long.

Low rise and slightly curved, the tail is thick and its lower part is provided with longer hair. Chest is wide, wide and proportionally deep.

The Polish Hound has a double layer (hair and undercoat) average length. This layer gives very good water repellency and protection against heat and bad weather., especially since the undercoat is thick. Hair is longer on the spine, on the back of the hind legs and on the bottom of the tail; is shorter and smoother on the muzzle and ears.

It's brown on the head, the ears (except the sides of the skull), the legs, sternal region and thighs, and black or dark gray on the rest of the body. Tan color can vary from red to brown, but the cinnamon tone is the most sought after. In any case, the separation between the two colors must be very clear. White markings on the chest are tolerated (even up to the muzzle) and on the tips of the legs and tail.

HEIGHT AND WEIGHT :

  • Height to the cross: Males: 56-65 cm., Females: 55-60 cm..
  • Weight : Males : 25-32 kg, Females : 20-26 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Polish Hound he is an affectionate dog, protective and very intelligent. And unlike most Poles and other hunting dogs, who are notoriously undisciplined and not very obedient, do not pose major training problems. This character trait makes them equally appreciated by hunters and families, as is the case with your neighbor, the Austrian Black and Tan Hound, a rare but obedient and easy to train breed that is also an exception. However, the Polish Hound tends to mature a little more slowly than other dogs, so it can be expected that he will maintain his youthful demeanor at 2 or 3 years of age.

    Naturally calm and friendly, they are excellent companions, loyal as much as possible, showing affection not only to adults, but also to younger dogs. Not only is he loving, kind and protective with them, but he is also very patient. In this way, a great complicity can be created between the dog and the child, since the latter learns from a young age to respect the animal and its needs. The Polish Hound It, therefore, a breed of dog adapted to children, even the very young.

    Reputed for being naturally vigilant and distrustful of strangers, without being aggressive, the Polish Hound develops protective instincts with age, leading him to actively defend those around him, whether they are the weakest, the youngest or the oldest. Facing intruders and armed with your unerring sense of smell, Polish hounds make excellent watchdogs, protecting without fail their masters and their properties, even though they weren't bred for it.

    They are sociable animals and generally enjoy the company of other dogs. Can sometimes become a barker in your presence, without being prone to arguing with peers. His voice is powerful, melodious cases, and allows you to communicate with your master while hunting. The voice is deep in the male and quite high in the female.

    To the Polish Hound loves large expanses and wooded areas where he can fully express his hunting instincts. Not at all suited to apartment living, and is much more comfortable in the country than in the city.

    Developed for hunting and used to living in large spaces, must be walked for a long time and very regularly (on average two or three hours a day), even if you have access to a large garden. The ideal thing for him is to be able to accompany an active teacher during his exercises: footing, running and other sports outings will make you happy. On the other hand, if not asked enough, expect a long and frequent bark, meant to get attention.

    Education

    An obedient and intelligent breed, the Polish Hound it is relatively easy to train, since he is intelligent and quite obedient. They have a good memory and, as such, easily retain what they learn, without the need for a large number of repetitions. However, their education must be early and sufficiently balanced, mixing softness and firmness. He is particularly receptive to the method of positive education, what is the best way to educate him and make him obey.

    On the other hand, How can it take time to reach mental maturity (sometimes two or three years), it is important to be patient during your education, especially if we notice that you tend to lose concentration easily.

    Last but not least, if the dog is to be used as a hunting dog, teaching the dog to remember should be one of the priorities in his training.

    Health and care

    The Polish Hound it is a strong and resistant breed of dog, that does not present any significant risk in terms of possible predisposition to certain diseases. Like most older dog breeds, has robust health and is much less susceptible to genetic diseases that can affect newer breeds.

    In spite of this, due to its large chest and high level of activity, is quite susceptible to the development of dilation-torsion syndrome of the stomach.

    In addition, how much of their time is spent outdoors, especially if they are used as hunting dogs, are more susceptible to parasites (like ticks and fleas) and infections, as well as injuries and hunting accidents.

    Last but not least, as with any dog ​​with lop ears, be careful with the risk of ear infections and inflammation.

    Care and maintenance

    The Polish Hound it is easy to care for because its coat is short and straight. Brushing your dog's coat once a week keeps it clean and removes dead hairs, especially during shedding periods. How shedding periods are not very consistent, brushing every two to three days is usually sufficient.

    Because its beautiful waterproof coat does not get dirty easily, bathing is rarely necessary. In fact, in most cases, the coat can be cleaned with a simple damp cloth. In addition, washing your dog tends to remove sebum, which has many positive properties, so it should only be done when the coat is really very dirty.

    In addition, you need to check and maintain your dog's ears regularly, as it is quite prone to canine ear infections. One can take the opportunity to examine their eyes at the same time.

    Looking at its claws, they are supposed to wear out naturally during your outings. However, If it is not so, you should cut your dog's claws from time to time.

    Last but not least, when he comes back from hunting or walking, it is important to ensure that there are no ticks (the application of a preventive antiparasitic treatment is strongly recommended) and any injuries you may have sustained while running.

    Price of a Polish Hound

    The price of a puppy Polish Hound is between 500 and 700 EUR.

    Images “Polish Hound”

    Photos:

    1 – Polish hound by Wikimedia
    2 – Polish Hound during dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Polish hound by Wikimedia
    4 – Polish hound by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1175414
    5 – Polish hound by Wikimedia
    6 – Polish hound by Wikimedia

    Videos of the “Polish Hound”

    POLISH HOUND THE OGAR POLSKI
    Mądry ogar polski

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 52
    • Group 6: Scent hound and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.

    FCI breed standard “Polish Hound”

    “Polish Hound” FCI Polish Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Ogar Polski, Polish (Ogar) Hound (English).
      2. (ogar polski en polonais), podzary (French).
      3. (Ogar Polski) (German).
      4. em polonês/polaco: Ogar Polski) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso de Polonia (Spanish).

Styrian Coarse-haired Hound
Austria FCI 62 - Medium-sized Hounds.

Styrian Coarse-haired Hound

Insensitive to the weather and austere, which is especially useful in high mountains and forests.

Content

History

The race Styrian Coarse-haired Hound developed from the end of the 19th century. Already in 1870, an industrial of Styria, a state in southeastern Austria, obtained an interesting litter by crossing a “Hanoverian Scenthound” with a Styrian Coarse-haired Hound. The goal was to obtain a hunting dog that would combine the qualities of the two ancient breeds and inherit a coat that would allow it to withstand the elements..

The Styrian Coarse-haired Hound was created by a man named Carl Peitinger. The breed was officially recognized in its country of origin in 1889, and was finally recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) 65 years later, the 31 in August of 1954.

Photo: Styrian Wirehaired Hound, Half Year Old By See page for author, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Styrian Coarse-haired Hound
Styrian Coarse-haired Hound

The Styrian Coarse-haired Hound they are medium-sized dogs with solid bones; the expression is austere, but not mean. The skull is slightly domed, with a well developed occipital bone. The stop is marked. The eyes are brown. The ears, Not very large, worn flat against the cheeks and covered with fine hair. The tail is of medium length, strong at the base, with dense hair, never curly but carried upward in a sickle shape; the bottom is like a brush, but without lock.

Hair : Lasted, neither furry nor shiny, hard. In the head, the hair is shorter than in the body. Has mustaches.
Color: red and pale yellow. The white star on the chest is allowed.
Size: 47 a 53 cm for the male and 45 a 51 cm for female.
Weight: approx.. 18 kg.

Character and skills

The Styrian Coarse-haired Hound they have all the qualities of a hunting dog. These dogs show great enthusiasm, determination and stamina when it comes to forcing the game by giving the voice. At home, the Styrian Coarse-haired Hound he is very close to his master and is particularly wary of strangers. They get along quite well with their peers, if they are used to its presence from puppies. They can be more turbulent with other small animals; his hunting instinct is still very strong.

The education…

The Styrian Coarse-haired Hound have a strong character and must be trained early and firmly. It is also necessary that they socialize properly and receive training in recovery to avoid incidents of all kinds.

This Styrian Hound not only used to force the game of hunting by giving the voice, rather he is very often considered a specialist in tracking blood in difficult mountainous terrain. This makes it a highly sought after hunting companion..

Its exclusively hunter and predator temperament makes it inadvisable as a pet.

However they are very intelligent animals, cheerful and loving nature as well as an unusual sensitivity.

Care and maintenance …

It needs regular exercise and its coat requires constant maintenance.

Ratings of the “Styrian Coarse-haired Hound”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Styrian Coarse-haired Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos of the “Styrian Coarse-haired Hound”

Hunting dog – Styrian wire-haired bracke ( Peintinger Bracke ) – a fantastic hunting dog Trailer

Jagdhund – Steirische Rauhhaarbracke (Peintinger Bracke) – a fantastic hunting dog!

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 62
  • Group 6: Scent hound and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds

FCI breed standard “Styrian Coarse-haired Hound”

“Styrian Coarse-haired Hound” FCI Styrian Wirehaired Hound FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Peintinger Bracke, Wirehair Styrian Mountain (English).
    2. Brachet de Styrie à poil dur (French).
    3. Peintinger-Bracke, Steirische Rauhhaarige (German).
    4. (em alemão: Steirische Rauhhaarbracke) (Portuguese).
    5. Sabueso estirio de pelo áspero (Spanish).

Austrian Black and Tan Hound
Austria FCI 63 - Medium-sized Hounds.

Sabueso austriaco negro y fuego

The Austrian Black and Tan Hound is very emotional. Perceived mood of its owner.

Content

History

The Austrian Black and Tan Hound It is a breed of dog originating in Austria. It is believed that he is the true descendant of the original Celtic Hound, Although there is no known history of the Austrian Black and Tan Hound until after mid-19th century. This historic slump is due once the breeding was not regulated.

The Austrian Black and Tan Hound, from its origins, It was used for monitoring or tracking of injured animals, commonly, in places of significant altitude.

Physical characteristics

The Austrian Black and Tan Hound is a dog medium-sized and well solid structure. His head shows a wide skull and little pronounced occipital region with well marked stop.

It has glossy dark brown eyes that convey a lively look and alert. The ears are of high insertion and medium-sized, rounded, not very broad and hang onto the cheek. The tail is long and will fine tuning towards the tip, takes her fall but slightly curved.

The coat of the Austrian Black and Tan Hound It is smooth, soft to the touch, dense, short (a few 2 26cm in length) and very bright.

The coloration of this breed It is very important since that is its touch of distinction, they should be black as a basis, with small and clearly defined, fire to light brands range from pale tawny to dark. Two tawny markings above the eyes must be present.

This breed has a hypersensitive smell.

The height at the withers of Austrian Black and Tan Hound will of 48 56 cm. And his weight is around between the 19 and 20 Kg.

Thanks to its excellent ability to work, both high mountains and Plains land, the Austrian Black and Tan Hound is highly prized as a bloodhound and blood trail dog. Their fine sense of smell allows you to search safely (especially of hares).

Character and skills

Is alive, attentive, reserved with strangers but friendly and does not present any trait of shyness.

While it is used for hunting Hound (for tracking), It is an animal that adapts well to family life, but if we make the commitment to have a Austrian Black and Tan Hound, We must be able to give the animal enough to make you happy.

A few good walks in the field kept it happy, In addition to (as with all dogs) a good daily walk.

It is a very emotional dog that perceived especially mood of its owner.

Photos “Austrian Black and Tan Hound”

Videos “Austrian Black and Tan Hound”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 63
  • Group 6: Scent hound and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds

FCI breed standard “Austrian Black and Tan Hound”

“Austrian Black and Tan Hound” FCI Austrian black and tan hound FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Bracke, Vieräugl (English).
    2. Brachet autrichien noir et feu (French).
    3. Kärntner Bracke, Österreichische Glatthaarige Bracke (German).
    4. (em alemão: brandlbracke) (Portuguese).
    5. Austriaco negro y fuego (Spanish).

Briquet Griffon Vendéen
Francia FCI 19 - Medium-sized Hounds

Briquet Griffon Vendéen

Long lasting, fast and robust, the Briquet Griffon Vendéen is a passionate hunter with extraordinary instincts.

Content

History

The selection of Briquet Griffon Vendéen dates back to before WWI, and was made by the Count of Elva.

It is a harmonious and enhanced reduction of Grand Griffon Vendéen. It is a distinguished dog and quite robust in its construction. Several times decimated during wars, the Briquet Griffon Vendéen reappears at Fontenay-le-Comte in 1946.

Today, there are many excellent quality individuals. In 1995, a group of Briquets they won the french roe deer cup, and numerous dogs work on the foot of the boar.

It is the only breed that retains the name of “Briquet“, that means “medium size dog”.

Photo: This is a Briquet Griffon Vendéen. His name is Unno du Sentier D’Aimeron by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Briquet Griffon Vendéen”

The Briquet Griffon Vendéen it is a common griffon of medium size. The head and body are collected. The head, quite light, shows parallel lines of skull and muzzle. The cranium, pretty short, is slightly domed with a well-marked stop. Eyes are dark brown. The flexible ones, narrow and thin ears are medium long and turned inward. The short tail is thick at birth and gradually tapers towards the tip. Carries like a saber blade.

The coat is well proportioned, hard and rough without ever being woolly. The most common coat is white and orange. Other coats are black and white, black and Brown, black and sand, tricolor, charcoal sand color with or without white.

SIZE:
Height to the cross: In males: of 50 a 55 cm., in females: of 48 a 53 cm..

Character and skills “Briquet Griffon Vendéen”

Long lasting, fast and robust, the Briquet Griffon Vendéen he is a passionate hunter with extraordinary instincts. They are stubborn, enterprising and capable of taking initiative. Therefore, the teacher must be obeyed.

Entrepreneurs and determined, they are also resistant and robust. However, he is not very patient and can be bitten.

It's a hound, used for hunting big game, the hare and the fox. Adapts to city life and makes a proper watchdog.

Ratings of the “Briquet Griffon Vendéen”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Briquet Griffon Vendéen” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Briquet Griffon Vendéen”

Photos:

1 – A Medium Griffon Vendéen. Colour: white by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Medium Vendéen Griffon, Griffon Vendéen lighter by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Briquet Grifón Vendeano by https://pin.it/1GsizhZ
4 – Briquet Grifón Vendeano by http://www.adopt-a-griffon.eu/en/breeds/briquet-griffon-vendeen-2/

Videos of the “Briquet Griffon Vendéen”

Briquet Griffon Vendéen 🐶🐾 Everything Dog Breeds 🐾🐶
Briquet Griffon Vendeen

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 19
  • Group 6: Scent hound and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds
  • Central Canine Society

FCI breed standard “Briquet Griffon Vendéen”

“Briquet Griffon Vendéen” FCI Briquet Grifón Vendeano FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Medium Vendéen Griffon (English).
    2. Briquet griffon vendéen (French).
    3. Briquet griffon vendéen (German).
    4. Briquet griffon vendéen (Portuguese).
    5. Briquet griffon vendéen (Spanish).

Lapponian Herder
Finlandia FCI 284 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

Lapponian Herder

It barks a lot, especially when he is working.

Content

History

The similarities of Lapponian Herder with the Finnish Lapphund they are big: The ancestors of both races served the Sami, who were also called “Lapps” in honor of his native Lapland in times past, like hunters and watchdogs.

How reindeer herding was particularly important to many Sami, this breed next to this town and with the increasing domestication of reindeer, developed more and more in herding dogs. The agile and intelligent ancestors of the Lapponian Herder they mastered this task brilliantly. In breeding not yet coordinated, it wasn't so much appearance that mattered, but rather the character and herding abilities of the dogs. As a result, there was no uniform appearance for a long time. In the middle of the 20th century the first standards were developed. But at that moment, the Lapponian Herder and the Finnish Lapphund they were still considered as one race.

Only in december 1966 the Lapponian Herder was recognized as an independent breed. However, its importance as a reindeer herding dog diminished more and more with time and with the advent of snowmobiles. Today the breed is largely unknown outside of Scandinavia. In his homeland., However, there are some friends of these dogs, who appreciate this breed as a member of the family. These dogs are mostly kept as companion dogs., but some of them still perform faithful shepherding services.

Physical characteristics

“Like a mix of Border collie and German Shepherd” – this is the appearance of a Lapponian Herder. However, the trained eye recognizes above all the similarity with other Nordic races such as the Alaskan Malamute.

The Lapponian Herder is a slim and athletic dog of the type Spitz with a height of about 51 cm at the withers in males and about 46 cm in females. It weighs some 25 kg, the weight is not fixed in the standard. This breed is rather long than tall, which means that the length of the body exceeds the height at the withers by one 10 per cent. The Finnish Shepherd of Lapland wears his ears pricked, the long hairy tail hanging at rest, slightly curved when moving. The color of the coat varies between black and various shades of gray and brown. White markings on the neck are allowed, chest and legs. The breed's coat consists of two layers: a dense, thin undercoat and a stiffer, longer outer coat.

Character and skills

The Lapponian Herder they are great for heavy work like herding dogs. They unerringly track lost cattle and have repeatedly proven themselves to be perfect assistants to herders and cattle breeders.. Animals are considered to be very eager to learn, they are smart and they bark. Due to their pronounced attention they are also excellent watchdogs.. In addition to the courage attributed to him, these dogs are also agile and strong. They are considered good dressage dogs and can also be kept in families. It should be noted, However, that the Lapponian Herder requires a high degree of exercise and effort.

Health of the Lapponian Herder

This parent breed is considered robust and hardy and almost never causes inherited diseases.. If you are looking for such a dog, you should definitely support the efforts of serious breeders and only buy a puppy from one of them. Because responsible breeders place importance on caring for the health of parents, as well as type and character. Because the coat is adapted to the Nordic climate, the dog should never be asked to perform at its best in temperatures above 15 degrees. Basically, in summer it is advisable to change the longest exercise units to the morning and afternoon hours. Representatives of this breed reach an age of twelve to fourteen years.

Nutrition of the Lapponian Herder

The Lapponian Herder it is a muscular animal that likes to move. So adjust the amount of food to your constitution and your actual load. The information on the packaging can only be a guide. Keep an eye on the slim waist so that you can take measurements in time if you Finnish shepherd start eating bacon. Give the puppy up to four servings per day. A Lapponian Herder adult can get by on two meals.

Important:

Give your dog a break after his ration, so always feed him after exercising. It's not just the amount that counts: Make sure to use a high quality dog ​​food where meat is the main ingredient. You can recognize this by the fact that meat is at the top of your diet and cheap fillers like grain have been avoided.. This applies to both dry and wet foods.

To meet your dog's chewing needs, can offer you regular dry dog ​​chews, like cow's ears. Like candy or other snacks, remember to include them in your dog's daily ration to avoid overweight. When it comes to snacks, opt for sugar-free treats like beef jerky servings or perk rewards like dental care snacks. Your pet should always have access to cool drinks.

Lapponian Herder care

The Lapponian Herder has many thick hairs, that it shares relatively generously with its surroundings, namely: misses. However, the more often you use a brush, less hair will end up on your four walls. During the change of coat twice a year she loses a lot of hair, but brushing shortens the “hairy period”. Better to comb dirt from the coat when it is dry. You should only bathe your reindeer dog when absolutely necessary. Then use a mild dog shampoo. Regularly check the length of eye hairs, the ears and the length of the claws and, if required, use eye and ear cleaners or dog claw scissors. Especially dogs that walk a lot on soft ground can tend to have long claws, which can cause them to get painfully stuck.

Activities with the Lapponian Herder

Of course: all dogs love being in nature. The Lapponian Herder it's a true all-rounder in this sense. When you have grown up and have had proper training, makes a wonderful jogging companion, cycling or horse riding – and of course on long and extensive walks. Dog sports in a club can also be a lot of fun with the Lapponian Herder: Agility, obedience, olfactory work or use as a rescue dog often suits him well. Try what you and your Lapponian Herder enjoy more. Of course, the breed is also predestined for the tasks of herding dogs. It is important to accustom the four-legged friend to regular periods of rest, despite proper use of the species, so you don't try too hard and stay balanced.

Where can I buy my Lapponian Herder?

Are you determined to have him move in with you Lapponian Herder and you can offer him everything he needs for a happy and complete dog life? Congratulations! However, you may still have an obstacle to overcome, because: The Lapponian Herder are very rare outside of Finland and Scandinavia. Find out more about potential breeders of a Nordic dog club to make your first contacts. If only overseas breeders are considered, first read the basics of adopting a puppy from abroad and the entry conditions. Although it may be a long way, you should definitely choose a dog from a reputable breeder to support healthy and responsible breeding of the breed. If the search for a puppy of this breed seems too complicated, You should also look for other breeds or dogs in the animal shelters. Similar to the Lapponian Herder It, of course, the Finnish Lapphund, which is also not common outside of Scandinavia, but at least not as rare as its close relative.

Ratings of the Lapponian Herder

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Lapponian Herder” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 284
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..

FCI standard of the Lapponian Herder

Lapponian Herder FCI Lapponian Herder FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Lapland Reindeer-Dog, Reindeer Herder, lapinporokoira (Finnish), lapsk vallhund (Swedish) (English).
    2. Lapinporokoira (French).
    3. Finnischer Lapplandhirtenhund, Lapinporokoira (German).
    4. Lapinporokoïra, Pastor de renas da Lapônia (Portuguese).
    5. Lapland, Perro pastor finlandés, Pastor lapón (Spanish).

Karst Shepherd
Eslovenia FCI 278 - Molossoid . Mountain

Karst Shepherd

Karst Shepherd a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.

Content

History

The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor entitled «The glory of the Duchy of Carniole». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 with the name of " Iliria Shepherd »During the F.C.I general assembly. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. However, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, The Yugoslav Central Society decided to name the one from the Karst region "Shepherd of the Karst massif" and the other " Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.

Physical characteristics

Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, but the height at the cross accepted for breeding is the same for both breeds.

It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, with well-developed muscles and a strong constitution.

The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
Hair: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.

  • Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
  • Size: males, of 57 a 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 a 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).

Character and skills

The Karst Shepherd is a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.

The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherd is late developing, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.

He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherd he's a nice companion dog, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.

Overall Karst Shepherd It:

  • Incorruptible guard in the house
  • Does not get along with other dogs.
  • Patient, but still affectionate
  • Forgiving with children

Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance

Only conditionally suitable for the city.
Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.

Karst Shepherd Health

The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, but suffers from some typical breed problems. On average, they reach an age of 10 a 12 years and therefore become significantly older than most German shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..

Its claws must be shortened regularly.
They have sensitive ears that swell quickly.
Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..

Buy a Karst Shepherd

Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export.
Pay attention to good breeding conditions!
As the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, you will hardly be able to visit the breeder before buying. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.

Karst Shepherd Images

Photos:

1 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
2 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
5 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

Karst Shepherd Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 278
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Karst Shepherd breed FCI standard

    KARST SHEPHERD DOG FCIKARST SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. KARST SHEPHERD DOG, kraški ovčar, kraševec (English).
      2. Kraski Ovcar (French).
      3. Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor da Ístria (Portuguese).
      5. kraški ovčar (Spanish).

    South Russian Ovcharka
    Rusia FCI 326

    South Russian Ovcharka

    It is a dog that reacts fast, is strong, balanced and lively, with a tendency to be dominant and very active in defense.

    Content

    History

    The ancestry of the South Russian Ovcharka It comes from the thick-haired bearded dogs that were brought along with fine wool sheep to the steppe regions of the South from Spain. This fact is mentioned in volume XXVI (1830 and., St. Petersburg) from the complete collection of the laws of the Russian Empire. These agile medium-sized dogs, modern-like Catalan Sheepdog, they were able to corner the flocks of sheep and protect them. These dogs brought from Spain spontaneously mated with local shepherds and hunting dogs, who had been raised there as sheep since ancient times. Later, these crossbreeds spread throughout the southern regions of Russia and they were even known abroad, in western countries or in Europe as “the russian shepherd”. In 1867, a gold medal was awarded to Russian Shepherd Dog at the World's Fair in Paris for its beauty. However, the real selection started in 1898, in Crimea, en Askania – Nova, the demesne of the Russian baron of German origin Mr. Friedrich von Falz-Fein. He was the person who gave the breed modern typical traits and called it “South Russian Ovcharka“.

    Numerous offspring with local hounds had led to increased height and white color dominance, added a certain lightness of confirmation and a few chest flattening typical of fast-running dogs, as well as tucked-in belly and more pronounced angles of the hindquarters. The last typical characteristics of the conformation and the name “South Russian Ovcharka” they were finally assigned to the breed in the period of the USSR, in the early decade of 1930, when the first official breed standard was approved. The dogs of South Russian Ovcharka they are easy to maintain and can easily adapt to various weather conditions due to their resistance, and they are always ready to protect their owners and their properties. These dogs are exceptionally loyal and dedicated to their owners., but at the same time it should not be expected that the South Russian Ovcharka be friendly to strangers.

    Physical characteristics

    The South Russian Ovcharka it is a medium to large size dog, medium-bodied, not robust, with strong bones and powerful dry muscles. Sexual dimorphism is well defined, males are more bulky compared to females and have larger heads. The top line is a characteristic feature of the breed; forms a slight curve over the spine. The body, the head, the limbs and tail are covered in thick fur, long and disheveled that gives a deceptive impression of clumsiness and heaviness, but actually the South Russian Ovcharka he is a fast and agile dog. The eyes, slightly almond-shaped, must be dark and horizontally arranged. The ears are relatively small, triangular and hanging.

    • Hair: the cloak is made up of long hair (10-15 cm.), often dense and slightly wavy, hard with abundant undercoat.
    • Color: uniform white allowed, White grey (Ash), white with gray traces, stained gray; fawn white robes are rarer, straw and completely gray.
    • Size: males, minimum 65 cm.; females, minimum 62 cm.. Individuals of 75 cm or more.

    Observations and tips

    Puppies are sometimes born light gray in color and turn white with the first shedding.

    Character and skills

    It is a dog that reacts fast, is strong, balanced and lively, with a tendency to be dominant and very active in defense. Very smart and responsive, is very balanced but easily takes action if your family's safety is threatened. It is very good with the owners, children included.

    South Russian Ovcharka Pictures

    South Russian Ovcharka videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 326
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs

  • FCI Standard of the South Russian Ovcharka breed
  • SOUTH RUSSIAN SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Yuzhnorússkaya Ovcharka, Ukrainian Ovcharka, Ukrainian Shepherd Dog, Yuzhak, South Ukrainian Ovcharka, South Russian Shepherd Dog, South Russian Sheepdog (English).
      2. berger de l’Ukraine (French).
      3. Juschnorusskaja Owtscharka, Südrussischer Schäferhund, Ioujnorousskaïa Ovtcharka (German).
      4. pastor-da-ucrânia (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor Ucraniano, Pastor del sur de Rusia (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Southern Russian Shepherd by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/perro-2042862/
    2 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    3 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    4 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    5 – Wikimania Images by Sailesh by Sailesh Patnaik / CC BY-SA

    Dutch Shepherd
    Holanda FCI 223 - Sheepdogs.

    Dutch Shepherd

    The most widespread variety is the long-haired one, but the breed is almost unknown outside the Dutch borders.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch shepherd descends directly from the belgian shepherds, which is very similar (including subdivision into three hair varieties).

    Originally the main function of the Dutch shepherd it was typical of a country sheepdog. From the earliest times the Dutch had an agricultural culture, among others, made up of flocks of sheep. Dogs should keep the herd away from planting, which they did patrolling the limits of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the transfer of the herd to the common meadows, markets and ports. In the farm, kept chickens out of the kitchen yard, cows were herded for milking and the milk cart was pulled. They also alerted farmers if anyone entered. Around 1900, herds had almost disappeared in the Netherlands. The Dutch Shepherd's versatility made him suitable for training, which at that time was beginning to become popular. Thus began a new career as a police dog, search and rescue and as a guide dog for the blind. Still capable of herding flocks anyway. The first breed standard dates from 12 in June of 1898.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of medium size and weight, quite muscular, Powerfully built and well proportioned. His expression is intelligent and temperament, live. The eyes are dark in color, medium-sized, macaroons, somewhat oblique and never round. The ears, smaller than big, they are straight and facing the front, and inserted high. The tail, that at rest hangs straight or forms a slight curve, reaches the tip of the hock. When it is active, the dog is elegantly elevated, never coiled; never falls on the sides.

    • Hair: the short-haired variety has a well attached coat; the long-haired one has straight hair, and the variety of hard hair has it thick and hard; on the head it forms prominent eyebrows, mustaches and beard. Depending on the cloak, in the breed there are three varieties: Smooth-haired, long and hard.
    • Color: striated but the least intensely, on brown background (golden fluted) or gray (fluted gray). The stripes are less evident in hard-haired specimens. Black mask is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 57 a 62 cm.; females, of 55 a 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    Affectionate, obedient, docile, vigilant, trustworthy, undemanding and very resistant. Always watch out, active and endowed with the true nature of a shepherd dog. It is a little less reactive and less nervous than Belgian Shepherd, the one who looks like, However, even in character.

    The Dutch Shepherd works willingly with his master and is able to cope with any task assigned to him.
    Herding larger herds must have the ability to work in conjunction with various other dogs..

    Dutch Shepherd Images

    Dutch Shepherd Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial
    • FCI 223
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Dutch Shepherd breed FCI standard
  • DUTCH SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Herder, Hollandse Herder (English).
      2. Berger hollandais (French).
      3. Holländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor holandês (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Short-haired Dutch Shepherd stacked by CaroleField / CC BY-SA
    2 – Silverbrindle and goldbrindle are the approved colors of the breed by Lissunmusta / CC BY-SA
    3 – Short-haired brindle male Dutch Shepherd named Black, 2 years old, owned by Jason Paluck by Wikipedia
    4 – Adult brindle Dutch shepherd by https://www.pikrepo.com/fyvdb/adult-brindle-dutch-shepherd
    5 – dutch shepherd by https://www.peakpx.com/504961/dutch-shepherd
    6 – Dutch shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1387398
    7 – Neros van Guard is a Dutch Shepherd imported from Canada to the USA by Ulyseemuff / CC BY-SA

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