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Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
Noruega FCI 203 - Medium-sized Hounds

Norwegian Hound

The Norwegian Hound (Dunker) is found only in its country of origin and is virtually unknown outside its borders.

Content

History

The Norwegian Hound was originally called Dunker, in honor of the Norwegian captain and breeder Wilhelm Conrad Dunker (1806-1860), who established the first breed standard in 1850. During the first half of the 19th century, there was a large population of hounds in norway, including various types used for hare hunting. Wilhelm Dunker seleccionó a los que tenían el sentido del olfato más agudo y los cruzó con un Russian Harlequin Hound to produce a versatile hound, able to hunt rabbits and hares by smell rather than sight, and tough enough to withstand the harsh weather conditions of Norway.

In 1902 was founded the Norsk Harehundklub, a club dedicated to hounds. That same year the hounds were divided into two main groups, known today as Dunker y Hygenhounds. El primero era el más numeroso e incluía perros locales de todo el país, proporcionando una amplia y variada base de cría.

Aunque Noruega se vio menos afectada por la Segunda Guerra Mundial que otros países europeos, the demand for these dogs dropped dramatically, which made it difficult for the breeders to continue their work properly. As a result, el número de especímenes disminuyó significativamente.

After the conflict is over, the Dunker regained some popularity and was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1956.

However, this bounce was only short lived: lost ground again from the decade of 1970, debido a la competencia de las razas extranjeras de perros de caza importadas al país.

Things did not improve much in the 80, to the point that inbreeding problems began to appear. In fact, the decline in its population led many breeders to resort to inbreeding to continue breeding. This led to a high rate of congenital deafness.. For this reason, in 1987, el comité de cría del Norwegian Hound asked the Norsk Kennel Klubb (NKK), the reference canine organization in Norway, permission to cross the Dunker with other races, but they denied it. However, how things did not improve much, the NKK finally gave his approval for some crosses two years later. This resulted in a more varied and healthy genetic makeup, manteniendo al mismo tiempo los rasgos característicos de la raza.

The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1996. However, the other American reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), no ha hecho lo mismo hasta el día de hoy – nor does the neighboring Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or the prestigious British Kennel Club (KC). In fact, at the global level, recognition of the breed is still quite partial.

It's the same for broadcast. Incluso en los demás países escandinavos, is almost absent, with the exception of Sweden, where the Svenska Kennelklubben registra cada año un número de nacimientos que puede contarse con los dedos de una mano, compared to around twenty in the early nineties. In France, no se hizo ni una sola inscripción en el Libro de los Orígenes Franceses (LOF) during the first two decades of the 21st century.

In Norway, The number of Dunkers recorded each year in the NKK has been around 150 since the mid-decade 2000. However, esto marca una reducción a la mitad del número comparado con el cambio de los años 90. Este número limitado se explica en parte por el problema de sordera presente en esta raza: almost the 75% of its population suffers from deafness.

Photo: A Norwegian Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound It is a medium-sized dog distinguished by its long, well-proportioned body, his energetic and clear walk and his light weight. They have solid bones, giving an impression of strength and endurance. The back is straight, firm and long enough to give length to the rib cage. Lets on strong, dry front legs. The tail is wide and thick at the base and tapers at the tip. Descends to the hock or slightly protrudes from the hock.

Dunker
Dunker

Quite long, its head is characterized by a slightly domed skull and a marked stop. Located at half height, the ears are flat, without folds, hanging and soft to the touch. De ancho medio, taper towards its tip, which is rounded. Its mouth has scissor-shaped teeth dominated by a square, well-developed snout., a black nose and wide nostrils.

His eyes are round, large and very penetrating. Although they are usually dark in color, there are also individuals with one or two blue eyes, una característica que se asocia con un mayor riesgo de sordera. Minnow eyes are allowed in blue individuals (variegated). Regardless of the color of the eyes, the eyes express calm and seriousness.

The coat of the Dunker consists of short hair, hard, tight and dense. Its coloration is a distinctive sign of the breed: they are either black with light fawn and white spots, or blue merle (¿bigarros?) and mottled with light fawn and white spots. Jet black coats with dark tawny markings are less desirable, and those in which white predominates (to the point of representing at least the 50% Of the surface) are considered undesirable by the norm.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

Life expectancy: 12 years of age.

Size of Norwegian Hound

    – female weight: Of 24 to 25 kg
    – Male weight: Of 24 to 25 kg
    – female size: Of 47 to 53 cm.
    – Male size: Of 50 to 55 cm.

Character and skills “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is a fast and tenacious hunter with an above-average olfactory ability. They excel particularly in hunting hare and rabbit.

Being also gentle, loving, cheerful and friendly, tienen todas las cualidades requeridas para ser un excelente perro de compañía. Equilibrados, patients, tolerant and devoid of aggressiveness, they are very good playmates for children. However, it is important to note that a dog should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision, and this applies to all races.

His total lack of aggressiveness and his attraction to humans, even for those you don't know, make it totally impossible to use as a guard dog. In effect, not reserved at all, shy, fearful or aggressive with strangers, rather they tend to welcome them positively and trust them. They are more likely to greet a malicious person with curiosity and licking them rather than barking to warn their master or make them understand that they better go their way.

His sociability extends to other dogs too. Therefore, it is quite possible to share a house with a dog companion without fearing that conflict situations will multiply, and is generally friendly with those he meets on his walks.

With cats and other animals, things are a little more complicated. His hunting instinct naturally leads him to chase any small furry animal that is not part of the canine species.. Although he has grown up with him and must consider his little companion as a member of the family and not as a potential prey, risk can never be ruled out, so it is better to avoid such cohabitation. As for those that can be found on your walks, you probably want to chase them. Therefore, it is preferable to keep it on a leash during excursions, to avoid any accident.

Dunker
Dunker

In any case, el miedo a que persiga a otros animales no significa que no debas sacarlo lo suficiente cada día, sabiendo que necesita mucha actividad para gastar su gran energía. Need at least 45 minutes of exercise per day, but his stamina makes him happy to go further if given the chance. It also, es preferible variar los placeres para permitirle gastar plenamente su energía: long walks, run through the park, sports with dogs, etc. Sports that require running (like canicross) and those that appeal to your senses (like tracking) they are the most recommended. In fact, este perro es muy feliz cuando tiene que movilizar sus capacidades físicas y mentales. In any case, in addition to allowing you to exercise, all these activities reinforce the relationship with his master, which is especially important if you are hearing impaired.

From the above it follows that the Dunker not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person, que no podría darle todo el ejercicio que necesita. The ideal for him is a master of sport, and willing to take his partner in his various activities. Retirees may be right for him, if they are active enough.

In any case, life in the city is not ideal for him, that needs large spaces to fully develop. Una casa con un jardín en el campo es un ambiente mucho más apropiado para vivir. However, es importante asegurarse de que el jardín esté bien cercado y que el entorno sea seguro, as his instincts and hunting instincts soon lead him to follow leads and flee.

Once your need for exercise is satisfied, the Norwegian Hound has an easy and docile character; is far from being as stubborn as many hunting dog breeds. However, your sense of smell can make training difficult, as he is easily distracted by a scent and not really responsive to his master's commands.

Their propensity to bark can also be quite annoying. Es particularmente propenso a hacerlo si su amo está lejos por mucho tiempo sin haberle dado ningún ejercicio de antemano y sin tener los medios para hacerlo por sí mismo. In fact, inactivity can be a burden and cause those behavior problems, así como destrucción, for example. However, as long as you have something to take care of in the absence of your family, not the type of dog that suffers a lot from separation anxiety.

Education “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

Like all the other hounds, the Norwegian Hound must be socialized from an early age. In other words, so that he becomes a balanced adult and has no trouble finding his place, should be given without delay a maximum of opportunities to meet all kinds of humans (veterinary, neighbors, delivery man, etc.), Other animals, but also to face various noises, smells and situations. Esto es aún más importante ya que se distrae fácilmente con su sentido del olfato.

The rules established in your education should also be taught to you from an early age, when your ability to learn and docility are at their best. As with any race, los malos hábitos se adquieren rápidamente cuando todavía es un cachorro y se convierten en verdaderos problemas cuando crece.

In any case, the Dunker it is a breed of dog that is easy to train and that listens to its master, as long as he uses a dog-friendly training method. Treatments generally prove to be very effective in positively reinforcing your good deeds and facilitating learning. However, sometimes it is necessary to show firmness and affirm your own authority to prevent this dogged dog from doing what he pleases. También puede ser difícil conseguir su atención, given their tendency to be distracted by their sense of smell.

Since it has a strong inclination to follow its nose and to chase passing small animals, Teaching your dog to call back is especially important to avoid the risk of a frantic tug on the leash or running away if it moves freely.

También puede ser útil tratar de enseñarle a canalizar su propensión a ladrar. However, as it is deeply ingrained in him, should not be expected to be the calmest of dogs. If it is impossible to make him understand that some things do not necessarily require him to bark, at least he can be taught to stop on command.

Last, if the dog is deaf from birth, as is the case with a significant fraction of the representatives of the breed, the master must obviously adapt to this restriction: el entrenamiento de un perro sordo no se hace de la misma manera que el entrenamiento de otro perro que es capaz de oír la voz de su amo. La confianza es entonces aún más crucial en la relación entre el animal y su amo, para que pueda aprender y vivir en buenas condiciones a pesar de su minusvalía. Of course, communication is then done through non-verbal communication, y depende del maestro adoptar un lenguaje corporal explícito, basado en gestos y mímicas precisas, específicas para cada indicación que desee dar.

Health “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is very resistant, generally have excellent health and very good longevity.

Used to living in harsh Norwegian weather, pueden tolerar el frío y la humedad sin dificultad. Their coat is naturally waterproof and offers good protection from the elements. On the other hand, shows some intolerance to high temperatures, even if it is able to adapt to a Mediterranean climate. You simply need to lighten up your activities during hot flashes, or at least privilege those that are carried out inside, para asegurarse de que siempre tiene acceso a un lugar a la sombra o incluso al aire acondicionado y evitarle cualquier ejercicio físico demasiado intenso en las horas más calurosas.

Its small population and its limited diffusion prevent a very important deterioration of health, but it has been shown that it is predisposed to certain problems:

  • deafness, what is a hereditary disease. Según la Fundación Ortopédica para los Animales (OFA), almost the 75% de la población de la raza es hoy en día sorda en al menos uno, si no ambos oídos;
  • hip dysplasia, a joint malformation that may be characterized by a hereditary predisposition. Puede causar dolor en las articulaciones así como dificultades para moverse;
  • Elbow dysplasia, which can also be favored by a hereditary predisposition. It is painful and leads to difficulty moving and the development of osteoarthritis;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary and incurable eye disease. Causes loss of night vision first, then loss of daytime vision, to the point that the dog becomes totally blind;
  • Demodecic scabies, a contagious parasitic disease that causes itching and true discomfort to the dog, gradually losing appetite and sleep;
  • ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to its hanging shape.
  • It also, individuals used for hunting are exposed to the various risks associated with this activity: wounds, parasites, thorns, etc.

    It also, the Dunker has a strong appetite. How it is usually active, this is not usually a problem. However, if it is not, soon becomes overweight.

    Given the hereditary conditions to which the breed is predisposed, the breeder's work plays a decisive role in the adoption of a Norwegian Hound that he is in perfect health and that he will probably remain so. In addition to the results of genetic tests performed on the parents and the puppy to reduce the risk of such diseases, every serious and responsible breeder must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, así como documentos relativos a las vacunas administradas.

    It also, cuando el perro es pequeño y aún está creciendo, your bones and joints are particularly fragile: therefore, debe evitarse cualquier ejercicio físico demasiado intenso o prolongado, ya que podría pagarlo un día u otro, with potentially permanent sequelae (malformations, etc.).

    Last, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian at least once a year to ensure that the dog is in good health or, on the other hand, para poder detectar lo antes posible cualquier problema cuyos síntomas no sean todavía visibles. This health check is also an opportunity to carry out your immunization reminders, which are another essential lever to keep the dog in good health. Aún en el registro de prevención, it is the owner's responsibility to renew the antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary throughout the year, so your partner is never unprotected.

    Care and maintenance “Norwegian Hound”

    A tough breed, the Norwegian Hound do not require much maintenance.

    However, they lose a lot of hair, así que cepillarse el pelo dos veces por semana no es demasiado para ayudar a eliminar los pelos muertos y mantenerlo en buen estado. Durante sus períodos de muda en primavera y otoño, when it should be done more often (even daily) to prevent hair growth throughout the house.

    Since his hair is not very dirty and therefore does not have a strong odor, bathing him two or three times a year is generally sufficient. In any case, a too frequent bath will make the sebum naturally present on the skin disappear, que la aísla y la protege de los elementos. Having said that, do not hesitate to give him a bath if he has gotten very dirty, for example during a particularly muddy hunting trip. In any case, sólo se puede utilizar un champú especialmente diseñado para perros, at the risk of damaging your skin.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    The oídos, on the other hand, require special attention, since its hanging shape implies an increased risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). Deben ser limpiados cada semana con un paño húmedo o un producto de limpieza especialmente diseñado para este fin. También deben secarse después de cada baño o de un largo período de tiempo en un lugar húmedo.

    Their eyes también deben ser examinados semanalmente y limpiados si es necesario con un paño húmedo.

    It is also necessary to brush the teeth de su perro cada semana o incluso cada día para evitar la formación de placa dental y sus posibles consecuencias (bad breath, diseases, etc.). A toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

    It also, it is important to regularly check your dog's claws to make sure they are not getting too long and to trim them if this is the case. Esto no sólo podría dificultar su andar, sino que también podría romperse y potencialmente lesionarse al mismo tiempo. Having said that, while you're active and spending long hours outdoors, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them.

    To know how to proceed during maintenance sessions, es útil beneficiarse de la experiencia de un veterinario o un peluquero la primera vez. In fact, whether the various procedures for grooming the coat, the ears, the eyes, your pet's teeth or claws are not done properly, not only will satisfactory results not be obtained, but the owner may even injure or injure his pet. It also, the owner should get used to his pet very soon, so that throughout his life he accepts to be manipulated without being rebellious.

    It also, when your pet returns from a long time in the wild, it is a good idea to systematically take a little time to inspect it carefully: parasites, spikes or dirt may have gotten into their fur, and may also have been injured.

    ¿Que precio tiene un “Norwegian Hound”

    In Norway, a puppy Dunker It costs around 7000 Norwegian crowns (a few 650 EUR). El precio de venta varía de un individuo a otro dependiendo del prestigio de la cría, el linaje del perro y sus características intrínsecas.

    Since the breed does not have a wide international distribution, es casi imposible encontrar un criador de la misma fuera de su país de origen.

    Therefore, whether you are in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada or elsewhere, who wants to adopt a Norwegian Hound you must opt ​​for the import solution. In this case, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, you must respect the regulations to import a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

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    Videos "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    Sabueso Noruego (Dunker) – Raza de Perro
    Dunker ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds


    FCI breed standard "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    FCIFCI - Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Dunker (English).
      2. Dunker (French).
      3. Dunkerbracke, Dunkerlaufhund (German).
      4. Dunker (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador noruego, Dunker, Sabueso de Dunker (español).

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    Dogo Canario
    España FCI 346 - Molossoid . Dogo

    Dogo Canario

    The aggressiveness of Dogo Canario should not be overly stimulated. It is an optimal guardian and defender without the need for training.

    Content

    History

    The Dogo Canario It is a classic moloso. Es la descendencia de un antiguo y en esta forma antigua sólo se encuentra raramente en Europa Central hoy en día. It has many names: Presa Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario. Dogs of the current type Dogo Canario existían todavía hace 200 years everywhere. They were the old saupackers, bear teethers, guard dogs, butcher dogs, the ancestors of the current great danes, bulldogs, boxers and mastiffs. They are extremely strong and bulky dogs, que aún hoy se resumen como molosos. Ya fueron criados en la antigüedad y siempre han sido muy apreciados. They were used on large farms, with livestock herds or for example on merchant ships such as guard and protection dogs, sirvieron como perros de pastoreo y como perros de caza para jabalíes u osos. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs, they had them carved in stone in full recognition does 3700 years.

    Due to its strength, courage and determination, have been used as fighting dogs in the arenas of animal fighting since Roman times. Molossians have a commanding head with a rather short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. Según las tradiciones de la antigüedad en palabras e imágenes, the main characteristics of the molossian have remained essentially the same for thousands of years, pero en los últimos siglos y especialmente debido a la moderna cría de perros, the classic type of molosser has been lost to some extent. In extreme cases strange shapes have been bred with many extremely short folds or snouts such as bulldogs or giants like him Great Dane or the Mastiff. The Dog is still raised in his homeland only for his performance at work.

    Therefore, chances are that the Dogo Canario todavía personifique el tipo Molosoide como era común en los viejos tiempos. It is clearly recognized as trotting, pero no sufre de exageraciones cultivadas de ninguna característica o rasgo corporal. Sólo se puede esperar que siga siendo así. Unfortunately, breeders are very much at odds with Dogo Canario. They haven't even managed to agree on a name and a registry office. Since 1991 has been officially considered as “The Canary Presa Dog” entre los símbolos naturales de las Islas Canarias. Meanwhile in 2001 the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture recognized these dogs as a national breed also under the name of Dogo Canario, the same dogs were then provisionally recognized as Dogo Canario by the world federation FCI in 2001 and finally in 2011. Other names are Perro de Presa y Alano. Alano It is an old word that means Great Dane.

    Physical characteristics

    The Dogo Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario – all designations for the same four-legged friend – he is an elegant dog that radiates athletic power. He is an athletic, muscular, alargado pero sin embargo típico moloso.

    The skull-muzzle ratio is approximately 6:4. The upper lip rests a little flaccidly on the lower one. The eyes, medium-sized, they are oval and hazelnut, the ears, high, they are separated from each other and are shaped like a button; únicamente se las amputa para recordar su función original de perro de combate. The neck, long and muscular, shows a slight dewlap. The tail is implanted high: thick at the base, is tuned to the extreme. El vientre está retraído, pero las últimas costillas destacan sólo ligeramente, giving a harmonious harp shape. Limbs are sturdy, muscular and perfectly plumb; angulation of the hind limbs is not very marked.

    The difference between male and female bulldogs desired by the FCI standard is therefore unnaturally large. In any case, desires of this standard for outward appearance should not be taken so seriously.

    Because fortunately this originally preserved dog breed, robust and healthy has set its standard “por sí misma”, more exactly for their performance at work, and has kept it in the practice of life until today. People, que ahora quiere ponerlo en un estándar de la cría moderna de perros con pedigrí, don't even agree to the principle, as we can see in its history of the breed. La cría moderna de perros con pedigrí no le ha hecho bien a ninguna raza de perro, both in terms of health and character. In old times, the Bulldog fitted with pleasure to the ears, de modo que éstas sobresalían hacia arriba. This is now prohibited. Hoy en día muestran grandes orejas colgantes hacia abajo.

    • Fur: short, without Undercoat, pretty hard.
    • Color: leonado or atigrado. The tabby specimens have a wide range of colors, desde los muy oscuros hasta un gris claro de tono bastante frío.
    • Size: males, of 61 to 66 cm.; females, of 57 to 62 cm..

    Character

    The Dogo Canario is a quiet dog, equilibrado y seguro de sí mismo. He is a powerful and defensive athlete who can show his performance at any time. Like all molossi, he is extremely kind, tiene nervios fuertes y un alto umbral de estímulo. However, está más ansioso por moverse y no tan letárgico como la mayoría de los molosos criados hoy en día sólo como compañeros. One Dogo Canario well socialized is friendly to people who know and like children. It is very sociable. Towards strangers is at first a little distant without fear. He is an incorruptible guardian, intrépido y protector de su familia sin ser agresivo por sí mismo. The FCI standard describes the character desired by the breed:

    Calm appearance; alert look. It is especially suitable as a watchdog… Su temperamento es equilibrado y tiene mucha confianza en sí mismo. Deep barking. He is docile and kind to his family members and with strong ties to his master, but you may suspect strangers. Un comportamiento seguro de sí mismo, elegant and somewhat distant. When you are alert, his attitude is confident and alert.

    It must be added that the Dogo Canario rarely barks. But if it barks once, it's pretty awesome.

    Fitness

    The Dogo Canario is undemanding in terms of external conditions. Of course: un pequeño apartamento en la gran ciudad no sería óptimo para su actitud. But other than that it's easy to maintain. It is also a working dog, a guard, a driver, un perro de caza para la caza de jabalíes. The Dogo Canario it is suitable as a family dog ​​only on the condition that it is well socialized, bien educado y físicamente en forma. You also have to take into account a fact: It is considered a “dangerous dog” en muchos países.

    Dogo Canario Education

    The Dogo Canario can be trained well, pero aún no es un perro para principiantes. It is intelligent, very sociable and eager to work. But at the same time he is very powerful and assertive. In case of doubt, always the strongest end of the strap. Therefore, su amo o cuidador no debe dejar dudas sobre su papel de líder y esto sobre la base de la autoridad natural. Entonces este perro dejará gustosamente el papel principal a sus bípedos sin reservas. But it must be filled. The Dogo Canario it is even suitable for demanding tasks such as training as an assistance or protection dog. El requisito básico es que provenga de un criador serio y que ya haya sido socializado allí.

    Dogo Canario health and care

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on your care.

    Typical diseases

    No se conocen las enfermedades específicas de la raza. Debido a su todavía corta carrera como perro de pedigrí oficial, it can be assumed that the population of the Dogo Canario, Presa Dog or Presa Canario – Whatever this ancient breed of dog is called – enjoys robust health.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on their diet.

    Life expectancy Dogo Canario

    There are no reliable figures on life expectancy. Seriously raised, the Dogo Canario debería poder vivir de 10 to 12 years.

    Buy Dogo Canario

    Before making a purchase, be aware that the restrictive attitude of the State can cause many problems in daily life and additional financial burdens. The Dogo Canario it is a large and powerful dog that belongs to the hands of an experienced teacher or lover. The cost of a Dogo Canario is of some 1200 EUR.

    Characteristics "Dogo Canario"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dogo Canario" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

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    Images "Dogo Canario"

    Photos:

    1 – Canarian Presa Dog – Dogo canario by Kamen rider snipe / CC BY-SA
    2 – Presa Canario dog – Dogo Canario by Basil Dragon / CC BY-SA
    3 – Presa Canario by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/732874
    4 – Canary bulldog, edited by Canecorsodog (en.Wikipedia) edited by Caronna 12:25, 6 February 2008 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    5 – Zai-Kan de Irema Curtó. Canary prey perro byManuel Curtó Jr. / CC BY-SA
    6 – Presa Canario by Wikipedia
    7 – Presa canario dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/75916

    Videos "Dogo Canario"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Watchdog


    FCI breed standard "Dogo Canario"

    FCIFCI - Dogo Canario
    The

    Alternative names:

      1. Canary Mastiff, Canary Catch Dog, Canarian Dogo, Presa Canario.Dogo Canario, Presa (English).
      2. dogo Canario (French).
      3. Presa Canario, Kanarische Dogge (German).
      4. Perro de presa canário, Dogo canário (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de presa canario (español).

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    Spanish dogo
    España Molosoide

    Dogo Español

    The Spanish dogo He has the instinct of guard and defense still preserving the hunting instinct and dam;

    Content

    History “Spanish dogo”

    Presa dogs entered the Iberian Peninsula accompanying barbarian tribes back in the 4th century; Swabians, Vandals and Alans they were guarding their livestock and transhumant with this type of dog camps.

    Throughout history these animals have been used in different functions with a common denominator; his instinct for hunting and dam as a tool at the service of hunting; management of livestock; guardianship and custody of properties; dog of war; etc.

    Kings, feudal lords, mercenaries, butchers, livestock, and even bullfighting, make these lineages a very important reference in the history of our country, reaching its peak during the period called "Spanish romanticism". The historical references are so numerous as diverse. Depending on their morphological characteristics, they would be used for some purposes or others.; the lightest and most runner type dogs were used for hunting big game, and the most corpulent and big-headed were used in tasks that required more power or stopping force than resistance. Where, how and when it begins to be systematically selected towards one or another trend and under one or another name is something difficult to decipher. Then there was talk of "types" -the concept of race is much more modern in canine matters-; and under that concept of "type" different morphologies coexisted with certain common features. The most generic denominations of this "type" have been "Alanos"; "dams";“dogos”; “bull dogs”; “alan butchers”; “boring”; etc.

    Sometimes referring to specific differential features called them in one way or another, and other times of generically under the same concept to different varieties. A current "taxonomic" classification of these dogs according to historical references, it would be an anachronism of difficult zootechnical solution.
    We find centuries-old descriptions –such as the one in the “Libro de la Montería”- that under the same concept of "Alano" puts the light type for hunting, mentioning another heavier variety for grabbing cattle.

    Videos "Spanish dogo"

    But we also find arguments and references that support morphological and functional differences between these "dams"; see the description of "Dogo" by the Royal Academy of the language Edition of the 20th century; The distinction by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1911 between “presa español” in its facet of guard and utility and the “Alano” in the group of trail and montería; the medal with the inscription “Dogo de Burgos” of the year 1625 ; documented deliveries of indigenous British Bulldogs and Italians, etc.

    So, far from scrutinizing on etymological or linguistic issues that are not exempt from ambiguities on occasions, We focus on the constructive process, that is none other that history with all its variability of types reconciled, with the present reality of the concept “race”, which requires adjustment to more defined patterns.

    Under this purpose is born the project for the recovery of the Spanish dogo; which would encompass the heaviest and most corpulent type of Alano or prey on our peninsula.

    Why unify under the name of "Dogo”? It was to use a name that meet a series of requirements:

      1. Having historic endorsement in number and significance of reference
      2. Generic name and identifiable with these morphologies
      3. Avoid controversial connotations related to endangerment
      4. Avoid localisms or allusion to obsolete or too restrictive functions

    The result of all this is the denomination of “Dogo” is the one that best encompasses the concept of “molosser Iberian”.

    We have the definition ofDogo” by the Royal Academy of the language; our Dogos influenced directly or indirectly the rest of related breeds; There are manifests from the Crown of Aragon for sending Spanish Dogos to Naples; The Governor of Cuba refers to the delivery of "Spanish prisoners" to the British Army for the control of maroons; they exported extensively to England; in Germany they recreated the extinct "bullesbeizer" through the Boxer by crossing a bulldog with a female prey named "Flora" of clear Hispanic descent; It is enough to look at the first Boxers from the end of the 19th century to see the resemblance between the German breed of that period and our native rustic flatbacks..
    The number of references is countless.

    • 2. Origins of the recovery process of the Spanish dogo

    In the Decade of the 80, With the beginning of the recovery of the Alano, the existence of different typologies and trends is already contemplated.. Then the terms "type" were used, livestock line or trend” Vs “hunter type” as a differential label.

    The merger of "Alans or dams" with dogs "villains” of the land, -light herding dogs and lupoid cut – gave a versatile hybrid that retained the atavism of the gripping dogs, but with the spark and resistance of the shepherds. Hence the "Villain of the Encartaciones”, a derivative of the Alano in its lightest version.

    The Spanish Alano standardizes by orienting its selection towards an intermediate type. The process concludes with the official recognition of the breed in the year 2003 on the part of the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

    In short the basic trends on a bipolar scale we find the following picture:

      1º/ On the one hand light morphology of more running and unloaded structures;

      2º/ At the opposite pole, the most corpulent and brachycephalic types;

      3º/ And between both extremes, a majority and consolidated intermediate type.

    The types "corridor” e “intermediate” would be represented by “Villains” y “Alans” respectively; leaving uncovered the most molosser niche of the scale.

    It was fair to detach for the first time since the beginning of the last century our "most corpulent prey" from their alan matrix, and do it not under the constraint that prints a "trend", But reconciling the idiosyncrasies of this type with the concept of current race. Any trend that takes body and prominence is likely to empower low-status of race; It is just a matter that under the right circumstances: having genetic material; references historical; and above all with a coordinated group willing to redirect selection facilitate this work.

    With the recovery of the Alano the tribute that the extreme types would pay was foreseeable; marginalized to a purely testimonial presence in directly proportional relationship to the fixing of the intermediate alano. Under this panorama our last redoubts of “Dogos” would be doomed to extinction as a potential breed or in the best of cases relegated to trend within the moderation imposed by the Alano standard.

    Fortunately, individuals of this type continued to be born in the litters of Alans. We have continued to use some breeders as players occasionally, and if only it were looking for complementarity, those genes are still there. Other breeders –special mention to Francisco Rincon– they have had the courage not only to continue using Alans in this trend, but do so looking for fix this type rather than complement it. Thanks to this, the recovery project of the “Spanish dogo” based on the genetic base of the “Alano" is a reality.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the most controversial issues in mapping out the path and targets in selection, It is to be clear where it started and where we are going; define that niche is covered with this project, and do it with its own identity, trying to converge as little as possible with the rest of related breeds. Our Dogo would fall between the molossians of arenas and the molosoides group.

    More related with our races Spanish dogo indigenous, both by type and by junction, they would be the Dogo Canario; the Alan Spanish; the Majorca Mastiff; the Dogue de Bordeaux; the Cane Corso; and the Bullmasfiff.

    Based on a thorough differential analysis of our standard project, We have our niche secured connection all them. Of echo, There is greater overlap between many terriers; bracoides; shepherds and Nordics – to name a few families- to enter our Spanish dogo and the rest of related.

    To see clearly where lie these differences, -others such as expression and typicity are more difficult to quantify- We took the average values of each racial pattern and vein results with our Spanish dogo. We will look at an example, that where could have some overlap in weight, There will be no size, or where any size won't be it in proportions; not to mention in expression and typicity although not easily described values.

    To this end we present the attached table offering average in those easier to obtain parameters values: adding maximum and minimum thresholds and dividing by two we get average weights and sizes of each standard. We do so only in males by simplifying data and observe such differences at a glance quickly.

    Related breeds Spanish Mastiff

    Delving into these differences, other variables –such as craniofacial lines; body perimeters such as head and chest; proportion of muzzle to skull; eye color; etc.,- They come to make our niche even clearer and they do so without entering into a conflict of competence with respect to the rest of the related breeds..

    Breed standard
    SPANISH DOGO RACIAL PATTERN

    Racial pattern

    HISTORICAL REVIEWS:

    During the period between the end of the s. IV and the 5th century, the alano village will occupy large areas of southern Europe, among others the Iberian Peninsula. This town is made accompanied by their dogs of prey, which are mixed with the powerful dogs brought to the peninsula by Phoenicians and Romans, mainly.

    Crossbreeding that gives rise to what would later be called Dogo, Dam or flat Spanish among other synonyms. His name is mainly due to their excellent qualities in the management and control of the cattle of bravo and semi-bravo type, native of the Iberian Peninsula.
    Later, the emergence of bullfighting, would make these play a prominent role in the same, in the so-called luck of dogs, until the beginning of the 20th century.

    As well, for its excellent qualities for the defence and guard, would be used as a war dog, being very appreciated by soldiers of other Nations, especially for the control of rebels in the Americas.

    GENERAL APPEARANCE:

    Molosser type, moderately brevilineo, very strong, rustic and endowed with tremendous power.
    Back straight and compact. It presents a notable sexual dimorphism, males showing a cranial region more developed and a stronger type. Medium to large-sized, brachycephalic, It has a robust structure as a whole, Compact and powerful.

    TEMPERAMENT:

    Sweet and affable character with the family. Tireless worker and multifaceted.
    Very attentive and especially gifted for the guardian, Defense, management and control of cattle. Easy management and education. He seems very sure of himself.

    HEAD:

    Brachycephalic, head strong and powerful.

    REGION CRANEAL:

    Slightly convex skull, square, wide and very strong. of medium width, always in harmony with the rest of the body. Slightly converging skull-facial lines. Well pointed front Groove. highly developed temporal muscles. The zygomatic arches, superciliary, as well as the temporal bones, They show a high development. The skin is smooth, without wrinkles. Very marked stop.

    FACIAL REGION (FACE):

      – Truffle: Pigmented black and complete. Large and wide holes.
      Snout: It is a square, strong, occupying the 34% the total length of the skull, admitting a deviation of the 2%. Light folds are supported.
      – Lips: thick and well Pigmented; desirable that they do not hang up too.
      – jaws and teeth: they must be very powerful. The wide enough to permit a correct insertion of dental. Preferably complete (42 parts). The teeth are not visible with the mouth closed. Canine blunt, short, wide and well separated. Is supported as the Scissor bite, Clip, reverse scissor, as well as a slight prognathism that does not exceed 0.5cm. Well developed JAWS.
      – Eyes: medium-sized, almond and separate. From dark Hazel to amber and yellow. Adhered, well pigmented eyelid. Frank gaze and front. With no apparent conjunctiva and little white.
      – Ears: medium-high insertion. Preferably folded over the face and slightly rounded at the bottom. Medium to small size.

    NECK:

    Well muscled, slightly arched and of medium length. Allowed light folds in the jowl area. Crushing it slightly from the shoulders to the head.

    BODY:

      – Cross: well marked, average implementation and descended toward the back.
      – Back: medium, flat and well developed.
      – Pork loin: short, broad, strong and convex.
      – Rump: slightly downed. It is short, wide and well developed.
      – Breast : width, deep, very strong and developed. Slightly cylindrical ribs. Profile down to the elbow. chest circumference, at its widest part must exceed at least one 25% the height at the withers.
      – Abdomen: moderately withdrawn.
      – Tail: average insertion. Great thick at its base is tuned toward aims it, not to exceed the Hock. It is not wound on the tip.

    FORELIMBS:

      – Shoulder: strong, with prominent muscles. Slightly oblique.
      – Arms: good muscular, Plumb and separate.
      – Elbows: neither returned to the outside or very attached to the chest.
      – forearms: good muscular, straight and with good bone.
      – Previous feet: rounded, made of strong fingers that reinforce the appearance of big cats.

    HINDQUARTERS:

    Strong and properly angled.

      – Thighs: apparent and very developed.
      – Hocks: short, vigorous and moderate-angle. RAM does not present.
      – Hind feet: rounded, slightly longer than the previous ones and fat fingers.

    MOVEMENT:

    The typical gait of the breed is the trot.. This is shown effortlessly, fluid and agile.
    The back is at the same level, parallel to the direction of motion. The head tends to be low. Explosive Gallop.

    SKIN:

    Thick and attached except in the neck, It is somewhat more lax.

    COAT:

      – Fur: moderately short (never satin), dense, acrid, There may be a light Undercoat. The hair should reinforce the rustic appearance of the individual.
      – Color: Griffon and barcinos or Brindle in all its varieties; alobados; carbonates or Chair; black and Brindle; black and fawn and peeps. With or without mask.

    SIZE AND WEIGHT:

      – Height at the withers: males from 61cm to 66cm, females of 58cm to 63 cm.. Supported a tolerance of 2cm at the top.
      – Weight: males between 45 and 53 kgr, females between 40 and 47 kgr. Supported a tolerance of 3 kgr.
      – Weight and height must go in harmony:
      – IPT (average weight height index) in males = 49 kgs / 63,5 cms = 0’77
      – Females average IPT = 43,5 kgs / 60,5 cms = 0’72
      – racial mean IPT = 0.745
      – ILA (height/length ratio) mean in males = height/length = 0.92 (a 8% longer than high).

    FAULTS:

    Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered absence and severity of this is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard.

    SERIOUS FAULTS:

      – Shyness.
      – Unjustified aggression.
      – Muzzle too short or too long.
      – Overload.
      – descending dorsal line.
      – Lack of two premolars.

    MISS PLAYOFFS:

      – Deafness.
      – albinism, lack of pigmentation.
      – Cryptorchidism or monorquidismo.
      – Lack of four premolars.
      – Mandibular torque.
      – Long hair.
      – amputated tail.

    Character and aptitudes of the “Spanish dogo”

    The historical evidence make it clear that we have a purely functional breed. We have already referred to some of the work that played these dogs; in bullfighting for the luck of “dogs the bull”; for management of livestock and hunting; as dog's force to the dam or grip of cattle; also as a dog guard or defense accompanied the armies. They had great prominence in America during the colonial period for the control of Maroons and the birth of much of the functional races of that continent: Cimarrón Uruguayo; Fila Brasileiro; cordovan fighting dog and rear dogo argentine; antique American Bulldogss; dams of the Caribbean; etc.

    While it is true that society evolves and the times are changing, It is not less true that the potential of this group can bring much as working dog. We want that the Spanish dogo still a dog's working to the extent of their possibilities; obviously not to compete with pastors in agility or mondioring not with villains in a half marathon; the limitations will be marked by their own morphological characteristics. But some minimal tests aimed at evaluating parameters related to power can be outlined.; arrojo and safety; meet minimum requirements in terms of physical potential; everything is a matter of to agree according to the reality of the project.

    Obviously if demand parameters that agility and resistance prevail, we would fall into the error of converging towards lighter typologies, hence how complicated it is sometimes to draw guidelines in this regard. It is not comparing ourselves to other breeds, fate of squeezing the maximum potential of our. If we have something clear who decided to give shape to this project, is that we do not want that our Spanish dogodo not become a mere pretty “showcase” just to recreate the reminiscences of the old bulldogs. These dogs must continue to be able to meet certain requirements and do so with the solvency appropriate to their morphology..

    I have always defended the individual initiative of each owner, each breeder; the selection and therefore evolution or a breed standardization, It does not necessarily imply a collective effort of all and each of the owners and breeders; It is enough to encourage those who wish to engage one degree more do so and facilitate the improvement of the rest. It is not so much a question of obligation and requirement, but to motivate those who want to use their energies in the improvement of the breed through its functional aspect.

    With a small group of fans "motivated" in this sense and working good dogs for the benefit of the community, there must be tangible results in the medium-long term that allow us to differentiate ourselves from other groups of a similar nature, but which have become mere exaggerated showcases of what they were. To minimize the danger of this "deterioration" -understood as such the reduction of its ancestral benefits in favor of spectacularity without more-, the breed Club can play an important role in this regard.

    It is possible to negotiate at the club level with veterinary clinics that allow significant discounts to members in the management of health control parameters (plates of hips and elbows dysplasia; hemivertebrae; heart tests; etc.); even subsidize club as part of these costs; establish ranking of specimens recommended by the club for breeding; designing tests of work; etc. It's all about go mapping objectives and study feasibility of each.

    Images “Spanish dogo”

    Videos “Spanish dogo”

    Alternative names for “Spanish dogo”:

    • span class =”no_translatelate”> PRESS, BORING, BULLS DOG, ALANO LIVESTOCK
    • Among the Group of the molossians arenas and molosoides.

    Sources:

    Images:

    • (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(7),(8),(9),(10) – Spanish dogo “The thirds” (Photos)
    • (6) – ROMERO DE LOS TARANTOS – Los Tarantos
    • (11),(12),(13) – Spanish Mastiff national Club (Photos)

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    Japanese Mastiff
    Japón FCI 260 - Molossoid - Dogo

    The Japanese Mastiff is quiet, serene, dignified and extraordinarily peaceful.

    Mastín Japonés

    The Japanese Mastiff (Tosa) It is a breed of dog originating in Japan. Molosser imposing aspect, It is one of the favorite breeds for the lovers of dogs large size around the world. The breed emerged in the mid-19th century, When crossing various European breeds of large size (Great Dane, Mastiff, St. Bernard, Bulldog, German Shorthaired) with the native Shikoku Inu.

    In Spain it is listed as a potentially dangerous breed of dog by Royal Decree, by which to his possession must obtain the licence for possession of dangerous dogs and register it in the corresponding Municipal registry of potentially dangerous animals. One of the things that are required for this license is insurance of civil liability to third parties.

    Otros nombres: 土佐 / Tosa Inu / Tosa Ken / Tosa Tōken / Japanese Fighting Dog / Japanese Mastiff / Tosa Fighting Dog

    Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Japanese Mastiff

    Read all about the race by clicking on: Tosa.

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    Dogo cubano
    Cuba Extinct

    The Dogo cubano It was very notable and renowned for their ferocity. Extinct race.

    Mastín Cubano

    Content

    History

    The Dogo cubano or Cuban dogge, It is a breed of dog of Cuba that has been terminated. It was very similar to the Bullmastiff. This breed of dog was used for dog fighting.

    This breed of dog was introduced in Cuba to capture fugitive slaves (Maroons). After the abolition of slavery it became too expensive an animal to feed and it was so that, the race ceased to exist with the time.

    Physical characteristics

    They were among a Bulldog and Mastiff as far as size is concerned. Snout is short, bandwidth and abruptly truncated.

    The head was broad and flat, and lips, pendants. The ears of medium-sized, and hanging also. Rather short tail, cylindrical, round upwards tipped forward.

    They were described as a “Rusty color Wolf” with the face, the lips and black legs. The Cuban Mastiff is the largest breed of mastiff with an average weight of 136.5 Kg.

    The Cuban Mastiff was very notable and recognized for his ferocity in the fight and for the skill in the persecution of slaves..

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    Bordeaux Mastiff
    Francia FCI 116 - Molossoid - Dogo

    The Bordeaux Mastiff It is very faithful to its owner and loving with children.

    Mastín de de Burdeos

    The Bordeaux Mastiff (Dogue de Bordeaux) is of French origin, is part of the large family of Mastiffs that even being of medium size turns out to be a dog of great strength and power, as a firm and determined to make it a great guard dog.

    It is one of the most ancient French breeds, coming from the Eastern mastiffs arrived in Europe with the barbarian hordes. In more recent times, other races have contributed to the definition of this: the Mastiff, the English Bulldog, and the German Dogue.

    The Bordeaux Mastiff is also called the "Doge of Bordeaux".

    Otros nombres: Dogo de Burdeos / Dogue de Bordeaux / Bordeauxdogge

    Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Bordeaux Mastiff

    Read all about the race by clicking on: Dogue de Bordeaux.

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    Great Dane
    Alemania FCI 235 - Molossoid - Dogo

    It is an expensive dog, that he eats in proportion to his size and that when he is young he needs some care

    Content

    Characteristics "Great Dane"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Great Dane" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
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    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
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    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    barking ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

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    History

    The Great Dane is the oldest breed in modern dog breeding in Germany. Since then it is considered by many as the Apollo among dogs – after the greek deity. And in fact, the Great Dane it is a dog with a special charm and a unique and impressive charisma and elegance. The origin of this breed is only partially found in Germany. Already in the 16th century the Great Danes are said to have originated in England, as described in historical sources “crossing the mastiff with the irish greyhounds”. The name “Dogge”, the old english word for dog, from which the current “Dog”, also speaks of a British line of descent. However, this type of dog was already bred in ancient times and was depicted on stone tablets.

    Also on the European continent, old bull teethers regularly mated with greyhounds and hunting dogs, since these results of the crosses were perfectly adapted to the great hunts of the boar nobility, bears and wolves. Little by little, a breed of its own with molossi developed., Greyhound and some hunting dog blood. In 1867 the viennese cynologist Leopold Fitzinger distinguished three variants of Great Dane: the common mastiff, english and danish. Even today the great danes They are called “Great Dane” in some languages. Modern analyzes by geneticists confirm the views of ancient cynologists about ancestors, and even assign them to greyhounds instead of molossians.

    In 1888 the Club of the Great Dane In Berlin. It is the first and oldest pedigree dog breeding club in Germany.. The Great Dane modern should now become a representative companion and protector. It also, should be even more elegant. So the standard was adapted to these ideas. It was possible to achieve an extremely elegant and harmonious mix of these very different origins.. The Great Dane combines the elegance and speed of hounds with the power and carefreeness of the molossians.

    Physical characteristics

    The Great Dane it is an extremely large and powerful dog but at the same time very elegant and sensitive. A male dog reaches a height at the cross of 80 cm., often even more. Bitches are slightly smaller. The Great Dane has a unique charisma. The animal painter and dog connoisseur Richard Strebel already betrayed 1914 to the breeders of the Great Dane, the: “… they have created a dog that can be considered without exaggeration as the most successful in size, proportion, strength and graceful movement never created in dogs.” Unfortunately, this respect is not always shown in breeding Great Dane. Regardless of your health, are used for extreme breeding, the so-called gigantism, as well as for games with defective genes for rare coat colors; genes that can also cause serious illness.

    While around 1900 the height at the withers for males was 76 – 80 cm., the FCI standard valid today says “at least 80 cm.” no clear upper limit. This allows the Great Dane reach the dubious honor of the world's largest dog. According to the Guinness Book of Records, this was the male Great Dane “Gibson” with 108 height cm. That was in August 2004. Gibson still reached an age of almost 7 years, but the last years only in 3 legs. His record was expanded more and more.

    “Zeus” de Michigan / EE.UU. reached a height of 112 cm and died with just 5 years, supposedly already in old age – Dubious records at the expense of dog welfare. The Great Dane it's impressive enough even without those dubious extremes. Its sovereign and elegant appearance is also highlighted by its silky coat. It is a very short coat, which is close to the muscular body with a slight shine. Colors are yellow or black, blue, tabby or stained.

    • Fur: Satin.
    • Color:
    • – Tawny: yellow golden colour with black mask. The eyebrows and edges of the eyes must be black, While the ears and the tail may be clearer.
      – Striped: Fawn and black in a striped pattern.
      – Blue: Dark steel grey, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
      – Negro: Jet Black pure, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
      – Harlequin: White with black patches. The Great Dane is the only breed to display this color pattern on its coat..

    • Size: the minimum height for males is 80 cm and for the females of 72 cm.

    Character

    The Great Dane is often described as a gentle giant, but it is naturally protective when the situation requires it. He is loving and loves people, and those qualities should never be perverted by encouraging aggressive behavior.

    In terms of character and size the Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Belongs exclusively to the hands of experienced dog owners, who can and want to be fully involved with the animal. So there is no more inspiring companion than this dog. El Canciller del Reich Otto von Bismarck, who was accompanied by great Danes all his life, he openly admired the intelligence and abilities of his great danes and is said to have said: “I have great respect for my dog's knowledge of human nature – it is faster and more complete than me.”

    Great Danes love children, but they must learn to be nice to them. And a blow from that wagging tail will knock a little boy down, so it's important to monitor their interactions. These large dogs can also learn to get along with other pets., especially when raised with them.

    A fenced yard is necessary to prevent the Great Dane go for a walk alone. Not usually a jumper, so a six foot fence should be enough to keep it contained. Note that while adult Great Danes are quite calm, puppies are very active and enjoy digging in gardens..

    You might think that the Great Dane it is more suitable for outdoor life due to its huge size, but it's just the opposite. Should be an indoor dog that is part of the family. When that's the case, the Great Dane is loving, learns well and is easily trained. Left to his own fate, the amount of destruction it can do to your home and garden is beyond imagination.

    any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Great Dane, years “adolescence” they can start at six months and continue until the dog is about two years old.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. Don't wait until you are six months old to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

    The Great Dane perfect doesn't come fully formed out of the puppy box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and who have been well socialized since the puppy's young age.

    Great Dane fitness

    The maintenance of Great Dane it is very complex and expensive. Food in the required quality and quantity, possible veterinary and drug costs, direct and indirect transportation costs and more require a financially wealthy owner. Yes a Great Dane wants to sit on the couch, you need all the two-seater, at least. Furniture made of solid faux leather has proven its worth here. The Great Dane should not be kept in a small apartment, Better is a house with a garden. The ideal would be to live in a rural area. Hectic urban centers are not the place where these big dogs feel comfortable. Also dog and owner are often met with rejection and even open hostility here. This must be considered.

    Scooby Doo

    Fiction has made it one of the best-known dogs to the general public.. Scooby Doo character is a Great Dane.

    The Great Dane it is a big dog that wants to have a lot of movement. However, he is hardly ever seen on the street, although with 1.200 puppies a year ranks ninth on the VDH bestseller hit list (German Canine Federation), even before dog breeds like the Bernese Mountain Dog or the Chihuahua, they are seen much more often on the streets. Often these giants are only locked up once they are past their puppy age and - poorly socialized and educated.- can no longer be managed by the owner who is not familiar with dogs. The Great Dane not a kennel dog. He is basically a family dog ​​and wants and needs the loving connection with his human family. Is smart and responsive. One should not think about what to do if this big dog, at times of 90 kg, is sick and has to be loaded. Therefore, buying a Great Dane must be carefully considered.

    Great Dane Education

    The Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Its strength and potential danger require expert and loving socialization, education and guidance already in the puppies. It is sensitive and intelligent and does not forgive any mistakes of the owner so quickly. She likes to be guided and educated, but not by any means of coercion. Many normal dog training aids do not work with the Great Dane, simply because it is too strong. In case of doubt, even the strongest man will not wear the leash. Due to overexploitation and unilaterally oriented breeding selection towards outward appearances, today there are, although extremely rare, specimens with idiopathic aggressiveness, which then represent practically insoluble problems for an education.

    Great Dane Health

    Great Danes also suffer from a high incidence of cardiomyopathy, a disease of the heart muscle that causes the heart to enlarge. This is very common in many giant dogs, and when it occurs late in life, can often be controlled with medication. Have your dog's heart checked at least once a year, and that any unusual murmurs or symptoms be investigated by a board-certified veterinary cardiologist. This condition can also be genetic., but currently available tests can only rule out the dog at the moment; a dog could shed one day and develop heart disease the next.

    Great Danes can also suffer from hip dysplasia, a crippling malformation of the hip socket that may require expensive surgery to repair and can result in painful arthritis later in life. Another genetic problem with an imperfect screening test, The best prevention for hip dysplasia at this time is to buy only a puppy whose parents have been tested with normal hips and who have very few close relatives with the disease.. Keep your dog slim, especially when young, can also help.

    Another painful bone disease is hypertrophic osteodystrophy., that occurs during the puppy's rapid growth phase. Ask Your Vet About Large Breed Puppy Foods. These diets are formulated to help puppies grow slowly., which can help prevent developmental orthopedic problems.

    Cancer is another major cause of death in the Great Dane, especially bone cancer. They are also prone to other skeletal problems, visual and neurological, both older and younger.
    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict if an animal will be free of these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

    Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Great Dane with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Great Dane care

    The Great Dane has a short coat, thick and smooth. Falls moderately, in other words, more than you might think, but it requires little cleaning. Brush into Danish weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to keep hair and skin healthy. In spring and autumn, will have a heavy shed, known as “blow” coat and will need to be brushed more frequently during that time to get rid of all loose hair.

    Bathe Danish as you like or only when it gets dirty. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, you can bathe a dane weekly if you want without damaging his coat.

    The rest is basic care. Cut your toenails every few weeks. Long nails can catch on things and tear off. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth frequently for good dental health. To prevent ear infections, keep ears dry and clean, using a cleaning solution recommended by your vet.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Great Dane consume large amounts of food. At the same time, this food must be of a very high quality and must be selectively composed during the growth phase, which lasts up to two years. When it comes to eating, sometimes it is very rustic. Certainly not all, but some great danes don't have the best “Table Manners”. So it may occasionally happen that the dog, as well as the feeding place should be cleaned after eating. How to minimize the risk of stomach torsion in this predisposed breed through proper feeding management is very important.

    Life expectancy

    Life expectancy Great Dane has increased slightly from the extremely low level of 2004 with 6 years and 6 months to 7 years, according to British Kennel Club statistics. As a general rule: the bigger and more unusual the coat color, less will be the life expectancy. Already at the age of 8 years a Great Dane he's officially considered an old man nowadays. Without gigantism and healthy breeding it could have a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years.

    Buy a Great Dane

    Only puppies from parents with a maximum height of 80 cm to the cross and have the colors yellow, striped, black, spotted. It also, Care must be taken to avoid inbreeding to get a puppy Great Dane healthy. One should know how old the ancestors of the puppies were. Those interested in dogs can find a Great Dane in one of the emergency initiatives for dogs and offer them a loving home. Maintaining Great Danes is very expensive. Acquisition costs can be negligible compared.

    Images "Great Dane"

    Photos:

    1 – Little Great Dane of 5 months, color negro by Eacampbell14 / CC BY-SA
    2 – 07 VICKY TRES MESES by https://flic.kr/ps/H4SaY
    3 – Great Dane by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-oqedh
    4 – Great Dane by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=34101&picture=perro-gran-danes
    5 – Great Dane Dog Close-up portrait of a Great Dane harlequin dog by public domain
    6 – Large size dog standing on woman wearing gray pullover hoodie on green open field at daytime by https://www.wallpaperflare.com/large-size-dog-standing-on-woman-wearing-gray-pullover-hoodie-on-green-open-field-at-daytime-wallpaper-zqizp

    Videos "Great Dane"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • CKC
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Non-Sporting
    • UKC – Watchdog


    FCI breed standard "Great Dane"

    FCIFCI - Great Dane
    Big

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Boarhound, Apollo of Dogs, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Grand Danois (French).
      3. Ulmer Dogge, Englische Dogge, Dänische Dogge, Hatzrüde, Saupacker, Große Dogge (German).
      4. Grande dinamarquês, Alano tedesco (Portuguese).
      5. Dogo alemán, Alano alemán (español).

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    Sausage dog
    Germany FCI 148 - Dachshund

    Dachshund

    The Sausage dog (“badger dog” in German), also called Dachshund, Dackel or Dog sausage, It is a breed of dog in German.

    Su peculiar fisonomía se debe a una mutación genética conocida como bassetismo, that is provided with copies of a few very short limbs relative to the size of the body.

    There are engravings of old Egypt where are short-legged dogs. However, race as we know it comes from the selection of hounds affected Germans from bassetismo, very suitable for rabbit-hunting, Hare, Badger and other prey into Burrows. Is believed to be the oldest variety of short hair; varieties of hard and long hair then arose through the crossing with the Griffon and Epagneul races, respectively.

    Sausage dog

    • Read all about the race, by clicking on: Dachshund.