Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
Noruega FCI 203 - Medium-sized Hounds

Norwegian Hound

The Norwegian Hound (Dunker) it is found only in its country of origin and is practically unknown outside its borders.

Content

History

The Norwegian Hound was originally called Dunker, in honor of the Norwegian captain and breeder Wilhelm Conrad Dunker (1806-1860), who established the first breed standard in 1850. During the first half of the 19th century, there was a large population of hounds in norway, including various types used for hare hunting. Wilhelm Dunker selected those with the sharpest sense of smell and crossed them with a Russian Harlequin Hound to produce a versatile hound, able to hunt rabbits and hares by smell rather than sight, and tough enough to withstand the harsh weather conditions of Norway.

In 1902 was founded the Norsk Harehundklub, a club dedicated to hounds. That same year the hounds were divided into two main groups, known today as Dunker y Hygenhounds. The first was the largest and included local dogs from all over the country, providing a wide and varied breeding base.

Although Norway was less affected by World War II than other European countries, the demand for these dogs dropped dramatically, which made it difficult for the breeders to continue their work properly. As a result, the number of specimens decreased significantly.

After the conflict is over, the Dunker regained some popularity and was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1956.

However, this bounce was only short lived: lost ground again from the decade of 1970, due to competition from foreign breeds of hunting dogs imported into the country.

Things did not improve much in the 80, to the point that inbreeding problems began to appear. In fact, the decline in its population led many breeders to resort to inbreeding to continue breeding. This led to a high rate of congenital deafness.. For this reason, in 1987, the breeding committee of the Norwegian Hound asked the Norsk Kennel Klubb (NKK), the reference canine organization in Norway, permission to cross the Dunker with other races, but they denied it. However, how things did not improve much, the NKK finally gave his approval for some crosses two years later. This resulted in a more varied and healthy genetic makeup, while maintaining the characteristic features of the breed.

The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1996. However, the other American reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), has not done the same to this day – nor does the neighboring Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or the prestigious British Kennel Club (KC). In fact, at the global level, recognition of the breed is still quite partial.

It's the same for broadcast. Even in the other Scandinavian countries, is almost absent, with the exception of Sweden, where the Svenska Kennelklubben records a number of births each year that can be counted on the fingers of one hand, compared to around twenty in the early nineties. In France, not a single inscription was made in the Book of French Origins (LOF) during the first two decades of the 21st century.

In Norway, The number of Dunkers recorded each year in the NKK has been around 150 since the mid-decade 2000. However, this marks a halving of the number compared to the change of the years 90. This limited number is partly explained by the deafness problem present in this breed: almost the 75% of its population suffers from deafness.

Photo: A Norwegian Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound It is a medium-sized dog distinguished by its long, well-proportioned body, his energetic and clear walk and his light weight. They have solid bones, giving an impression of strength and endurance. The back is straight, firm and long enough to give length to the rib cage. Lets on strong, dry front legs. The tail is wide and thick at the base and tapers at the tip. Descends to the hock or slightly protrudes from the hock.

Dunker
Dunker

Quite long, its head is characterized by a slightly domed skull and a marked stop. Located at half height, the ears are flat, without folds, hanging and soft to the touch. Half-width, taper towards its tip, which is rounded. Its mouth has scissor-shaped teeth dominated by a square, well-developed snout., a black nose and wide nostrils.

His eyes are round, large and very penetrating. Although they are usually dark in color, there are also individuals with one or two blue eyes, a characteristic that is associated with an increased risk of deafness. Minnow eyes are allowed in blue individuals (variegated). Regardless of the color of the eyes, the eyes express calm and seriousness.

The coat of the Dunker consists of short hair, hard, tight and dense. Its coloration is a distinctive sign of the breed: they are either black with light fawn and white spots, or blue merle (Variegated?) and mottled with light fawn and white spots. Jet black coats with dark tawny markings are less desirable, and those in which white predominates (to the point of representing at least the 50% Of the surface) are considered undesirable by the norm.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

Life expectancy: 12 years of age.

Size of Norwegian Hound

    – Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
    – Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
    – Female size: Of 47 - 53 cm.
    – Male size: Of 50 - 55 cm.

Character and skills “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is a fast and tenacious hunter with an above-average olfactory ability. They excel particularly in hunting hare and rabbit.

Being also gentle, loving, cheerful and friendly, they have all the qualities required to be an excellent companion dog. Balanced, patients, tolerant and devoid of aggressiveness, they are very good playmates for children. However, it is important to note that a dog should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision, and this applies to all races.

His total lack of aggressiveness and his attraction to humans, even for those you don't know, make it totally impossible to use as a guard dog. In effect, not reserved at all, shy, fearful or aggressive with strangers, rather they tend to welcome them positively and trust them. They are more likely to greet a malicious person with curiosity and licking them rather than barking to warn their master or make them understand that they better go their way.

His sociability extends to other dogs too. Therefore, it is quite possible to share a house with a dog companion without fearing that conflict situations will multiply, and is generally friendly with those he meets on his walks.

With cats and other animals, things are a little more complicated. His hunting instinct naturally leads him to chase any small furry animal that is not part of the canine species.. Although he has grown up with him and must consider his little companion as a member of the family and not as a potential prey, risk can never be ruled out, so it is better to avoid such cohabitation. As for those that can be found on your walks, you probably want to chase them. Therefore, it is preferable to keep it on a leash during excursions, to avoid any accident.

Dunker
Dunker

In any case, the fear that it will chase other animals does not mean that you should not take it out enough every day, knowing that you need a lot of activity to expend your great energy. Need at least 45 minutes of exercise per day, but his stamina makes him happy to go further if given the chance. In addition, it is preferable to vary the pleasures to allow you to fully expend your energy: long walks, run through the park, sports with dogs, etc. Sports that require running (like canicross) and those that appeal to your senses (like tracking) they are the most recommended. In fact, this dog is very happy when he has to mobilize his physical and mental capacities. In any case, in addition to allowing you to exercise, all these activities reinforce the relationship with his master, which is especially important if you are hearing impaired.

From the above it follows that the Dunker not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person, I couldn't give you all the exercise you need. The ideal for him is a master of sport, and willing to take his partner in his various activities. Retirees may be right for him, if they are active enough.

In any case, life in the city is not ideal for him, that needs large spaces to fully develop. A house with a garden in the country is a much more appropriate environment to live. However, it is important to ensure that the garden is well fenced and that the environment is safe, as his instincts and hunting instincts soon lead him to follow leads and flee.

Once your need for exercise is satisfied, the Norwegian Hound has an easy and docile character; is far from being as stubborn as many hunting dog breeds. However, your sense of smell can make training difficult, as he is easily distracted by a scent and not really responsive to his master's commands.

Their propensity to bark can also be quite annoying. He is particularly prone to doing so if his master is away for a long time without having given him any exercises beforehand and without having the means to do it himself.. In fact, inactivity can be a burden and cause those behavior problems, as well as destruction, for example. However, as long as you have something to take care of in the absence of your family, not the type of dog that suffers a lot from separation anxiety.

Education “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

Like all the other hounds, the Norwegian Hound must be socialized from an early age. In other words, so that he becomes a balanced adult and has no trouble finding his place, should be given without delay a maximum of opportunities to meet all kinds of humans (veterinary, neighbors, delivery man, etc.), Other animals, but also to face various noises, smells and situations. This is even more important as you are easily distracted by your sense of smell..

The rules established in your education should also be taught to you from an early age, when your ability to learn and docility are at their best. As with any race, bad habits are quickly acquired while he is still a puppy and become real problems when he grows up.

In any case, the Dunker it is a breed of dog that is easy to train and that listens to its master, as long as he uses a dog-friendly training method. Treatments generally prove to be very effective in positively reinforcing your good deeds and facilitating learning. However, sometimes it is necessary to show firmness and affirm your own authority to prevent this dogged dog from doing what he pleases. It can also be difficult to get their attention, given their tendency to be distracted by their sense of smell.

Since it has a strong inclination to follow its nose and to chase passing small animals, Teaching your dog to call back is especially important to avoid the risk of a frantic tug on the leash or running away if it moves freely.

It can also be helpful to try to teach him to channel his propensity to bark.. However, as it is deeply ingrained in him, should not be expected to be the calmest of dogs. If it is impossible to make him understand that some things do not necessarily require him to bark, at least he can be taught to stop on command.

Last but not least, if the dog is deaf from birth, as is the case with a significant fraction of the representatives of the breed, the master must obviously adapt to this restriction: training a deaf dog is not done in the same way as training another dog that is capable of hearing its master's voice. Trust is then even more crucial in the relationship between the animal and its master., so that you can learn and live in good conditions despite your disability. Of course, communication is then done through non-verbal communication, and it is up to the teacher to adopt explicit body language, based on gestures and precise mimics, specific for each indication you want to give.

Health “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is very resistant, generally have excellent health and very good longevity.

Used to living in harsh Norwegian weather, can tolerate cold and humidity without difficulty. Their coat is naturally waterproof and offers good protection from the elements. On the other hand, shows some intolerance to high temperatures, even if it is able to adapt to a Mediterranean climate. You simply need to lighten up your activities during hot flashes, or at least privilege those that are carried out inside, to make sure you always have access to a shaded place or even air conditioning and to avoid any excessive physical exercise in the hottest hours.

Its small population and its limited diffusion prevent a very important deterioration of health, but it has been shown that it is predisposed to certain problems:

  • deafness, what is a hereditary disease. According to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), almost the 75% of the breed population is today deaf by at least one, if not both ears;
  • hip dysplasia, a joint malformation that may be characterized by a hereditary predisposition. Can cause joint pain as well as difficulty moving;
  • Elbow dysplasia, which can also be favored by a hereditary predisposition. It is painful and leads to difficulty moving and the development of osteoarthritis;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary and incurable eye disease. Causes loss of night vision first, then loss of daytime vision, to the point that the dog becomes totally blind;
  • Demodecic scabies, a contagious parasitic disease that causes itching and true discomfort to the dog, gradually losing appetite and sleep;
  • ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to its hanging shape.
  • In addition, individuals used for hunting are exposed to the various risks associated with this activity: wounds, parasites, thorns, etc.

    In addition, the Dunker has a strong appetite. How it is usually active, this is not usually a problem. However, if it is not, soon becomes overweight.

    Given the hereditary conditions to which the breed is predisposed, the breeder's work plays a decisive role in the adoption of a Norwegian Hound that he is in perfect health and that he will probably remain so. In addition to the results of genetic tests performed on the parents and the puppy to reduce the risk of such diseases, every serious and responsible breeder must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as documents related to the vaccines administered.

    In addition, when the dog is small and still growing, your bones and joints are particularly fragile: therefore, any excessive or prolonged physical exercise should be avoided, since I could pay it one day or another, with potentially permanent sequelae (malformations, etc.).

    Last but not least, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian at least once a year to ensure that the dog is in good health or, on the other hand, to be able to detect as soon as possible any problem whose symptoms are not yet visible. This health check is also an opportunity to carry out your immunization reminders, which are another essential lever to keep the dog in good health. Still in the prevention registry, it is the owner's responsibility to renew the antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary throughout the year, so your partner is never unprotected.

    Care and maintenance “Norwegian Hound”

    A tough breed, the Norwegian Hound do not require much maintenance.

    However, they lose a lot of hair, so brushing your hair twice a week is not too much to help remove dead hairs and keep it looking good. During their shedding periods in spring and fall, when it should be done more often (even daily) to prevent hair growth throughout the house.

    Since his hair is not very dirty and therefore does not have a strong odor, bathing him two or three times a year is generally sufficient. In any case, a too frequent bath will make the sebum naturally present on the skin disappear, that insulates and protects it from the elements. Having said that, do not hesitate to give him a bath if he has gotten very dirty, for example during a particularly muddy hunting trip. In any case, you can only use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, at the risk of damaging your skin.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    The ears, on the other hand, require special attention, since its hanging shape implies an increased risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). They should be cleaned every week with a damp cloth or a cleaning product specially designed for this purpose.. They should also be dried after each bath or a long period of time in a humid place.

    Their eyes they should also be examined weekly and cleaned if necessary with a damp cloth.

    It is also necessary to brush the teeth of your dog every week or even every day to avoid the formation of dental plaque and its possible consequences (bad breath, diseases, etc.). A toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

    In addition, it is important to regularly check your dog's claws to make sure they are not getting too long and to trim them if this is the case. This could not only hinder your gait, it could also be broken and potentially injured at the same time. Having said that, while you're active and spending long hours outdoors, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them.

    To know how to proceed during maintenance sessions, it is helpful to benefit from the expertise of a vet or groomer the first time. In fact, whether the various procedures for grooming the coat, the ears, the eyes, your pet's teeth or claws are not done properly, not only will satisfactory results not be obtained, but the owner may even injure or injure his pet. In addition, the owner should get used to his pet very soon, so that throughout his life he accepts to be manipulated without being rebellious.

    In addition, when your pet returns from a long time in the wild, it is a good idea to systematically take a little time to inspect it carefully: parasites, spikes or dirt may have gotten into their fur, and may also have been injured.

    What is the price of a “Norwegian Hound”

    In Norway, a puppy Dunker It costs around 7000 Norwegian crowns (a few 650 EUR). The sale price varies from one individual to another depending on the prestige of the offspring, the dog's lineage and its intrinsic characteristics.

    Since the breed does not have a wide international distribution, it is almost impossible to find a breeder of the same outside your country of origin.

    Therefore, whether you are in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada or elsewhere, who wants to adopt a Norwegian Hound you must opt ​​for the import solution. In this case, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, you must respect the regulations to import a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    versatility ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

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    Videos “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Sabueso Noruego (Dunker) – Raza de Perro
    Dunker ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 203
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)” FCI Norwegian Hound (Dunker) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dunker (English).
      2. Dunker (French).
      3. Dunkerbracke, Dunkerlaufhund (German).
      4. Dunker (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador noruego, Dunker, Sabueso de Dunker (Spanish).

    Dogo Canario
    España FCI 346 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Dogo Canario

    The aggressiveness of Dogo Canario should not be overly stimulated. It is an optimal guardian and defender without the need for training.

    Content

    History

    The Dogo Canario It is a classic moloso. It is the offspring of an ancient and in this ancient form it is only rarely found in Central Europe today.. It has many names: Presa Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario. Dogs of the current type Dogo Canario existed still ago 200 years everywhere. They were the old saupackers, bear teethers, guard dogs, butcher dogs, the ancestors of the current great danes, bulldogs, boxers and mastiffs. They are extremely strong and bulky dogs, that even today are summarized as molossi. They were raised in ancient times and have always been highly appreciated. They were used on large farms, with livestock herds or for example on merchant ships such as guard and protection dogs, served as herding dogs and as hunting dogs for boars or bears. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs, they had them carved in stone in full recognition does 3700 years.

    Due to its strength, courage and determination, have been used as fighting dogs in the arenas of animal fighting since Roman times. Molossians have a commanding head with a rather short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molosser have remained essentially the same for thousands of years, but in recent centuries and especially due to modern dog breeding, the classic type of molosser has been lost to some extent. In extreme cases strange shapes have been bred with many extremely short folds or snouts such as bulldogs or giants like him Great Dane or the Mastiff. The Dog is still raised in his homeland only for his performance at work.

    Therefore, chances are that the Dogo Canario still embody the type Molosoide as was common in the old days. It is clearly recognized as trotting, but he does not suffer from cultivated exaggerations of any bodily characteristics or traits. You can only hope it stays that way. Unfortunately, breeders are very much at odds with Dogo Canario. They haven't even managed to agree on a name and a registry office. From 1991 has been officially considered as “The Canary Presa Dog” among the natural symbols of the Canary Islands. Meanwhile in 2001 the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture recognized these dogs as a national breed also under the name of Dogo Canario, the same dogs were then provisionally recognized as Dogo Canario by the world federation FCI in 2001 and finally in 2011. Other names are Perro de Presa y Alano. Alano It is an old word that means Great Dane.

    Physical characteristics

    The Dogo Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario – all designations for the same four-legged friend – he is an elegant dog that radiates athletic power. He is an athletic, muscular, elongated but nevertheless typical molosser.

    The skull-muzzle ratio is approximately 6:4. The upper lip rests a little flaccidly on the lower one. The eyes, medium-sized, they are oval and hazelnut, the ears, high, they are separated from each other and are shaped like a button; they are only amputated to remember their original role as a fighting dog. The neck, long and muscular, shows a slight dewlap. The tail is implanted high: thick at the base, is tuned to the extreme. The belly is retracted, but the last ribs stand out only slightly, giving a harmonious harp shape. Limbs are sturdy, muscular and perfectly plumb; angulation of the hind limbs is not very marked.

    The difference between male and female bulldogs desired by the FCI standard is therefore unnaturally large. Anyway, desires of this standard for outward appearance should not be taken so seriously.

    Because fortunately this originally preserved dog breed, robust and healthy has set its standard “By herself”, more exactly for their performance at work, and has kept it in the practice of life until today. People, who now wants to put it in a modern pedigree breeding dog standard, don't even agree to the principle, as we can see in its history of the breed. Modern pedigree dog breeding has not done any dog ​​breed any good, both in terms of health and character. In old times, the Bulldog fitted with pleasure to the ears, so that they protruded upwards. This is now prohibited. Today they show big ears hanging down.

    • Hair: short, without Undercoat, pretty hard.
    • Color: leonado or atigrado. The tabby specimens have a wide range of colors, from the very dark ones to a quite cold tone light gray.
    • Size: males, of 61 - 66 cm.; females, of 57 - 62 cm..

    Character

    The Dogo Canario is a quiet dog, balanced and self-confident. He is a powerful and defensive athlete who can show his performance at any time. Like all molossi, he is extremely kind, have strong nerves and a high stimulus threshold. However, he is more anxious to move and not as lethargic as most molossi bred today only as companions. A Dogo Canario well socialized is friendly to people who know and like children. It is very sociable. Towards strangers is at first a little distant without fear. He is an incorruptible guardian, fearless and protective of his family without being aggressive by himself. The FCI standard describes the character desired by the breed:

    Calm appearance; alert look. It is especially suitable as a watchdog… His temperament is balanced and he has a lot of self-confidence. Deep barking. He is docile and kind to his family members and with strong ties to his master, but you may suspect strangers. Self-confident behavior, elegant and somewhat distant. When you are alert, his attitude is confident and alert.

    It must be added that the Dogo Canario rarely barks. But if it barks once, it's pretty awesome.

    Attitude

    The Dogo Canario is undemanding in terms of external conditions. Of course: a small apartment in the big city would not be optimal for your attitude. But other than that it's easy to maintain. It is also a working dog, a guard, a driver, a hunting dog for hunting wild boars. The Dogo Canario it is suitable as a family dog ​​only on the condition that it is well socialized, well educated and physically fit. You also have to take into account a fact: It is considered a “dangerous dog” in many countries.

    Dogo Canario Education

    The Dogo Canario can be trained well, but it's not a beginner dog yet. It is intelligent, very sociable and eager to work. But at the same time he is very powerful and assertive. In case of doubt, always the strongest end of the strap. Therefore, his master or caretaker must not leave doubts about his role as leader and this on the basis of natural authority. Then this dog will gladly leave the main role to his bipeds without reservation. But it must be filled. The Dogo Canario it is even suitable for demanding tasks such as training as an assistance or protection dog. The basic requirement is that it comes from a serious breeder and has already been socialized there.

    Dogo Canario health and care

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on your care.

    Typical diseases

    Breed specific diseases are not known. Due to his still short career as an official pedigree dog, it can be assumed that the population of the Dogo Canario, Presa Dog or Presa Canario – Whatever this ancient breed of dog is called – enjoys robust health.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on their diet.

    Life expectancy Dogo Canario

    There are no reliable figures on life expectancy. Seriously raised, the Dogo Canario I should be able to live on 10 - 12 years.

    Buy Dogo Canario

    Before making a purchase, be aware that the restrictive attitude of the State can cause many problems in daily life and additional financial burdens. The Dogo Canario it is a large and powerful dog that belongs to the hands of an experienced teacher or lover. The cost of a Dogo Canario is of some 1200 EUR.

    Dogo Canario Images

    Photos:

    1 – Canarian Presa Dog – Dogo canario by Kamen rider snipe / CC BY-SA
    2 – Presa Canario dog – Dogo Canario by Basil Dragon / CC BY-SA
    3 – Presa Canario by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/732874
    4 – Canary bulldog, edited by Canecorsodog (en.Wikipedia) edited by Caronna 12:25, 6 February 2008 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    5 – Zai-Kan de Irema Curtó. Canary prey perro byManuel Curtó Jr. / CC BY-SA
    6 – Presa Canario by Wikipedia
    7 – Presa canario dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/75916

    Dogo Canario Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 346
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard Dogo Canario breed

    PRESA CANARIO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Canary Mastiff, Canary Catch Dog, Canarian Dogo, Presa Canario.Dogo Canario, Presa (English).
      2. dogo Canario (French).
      3. Presa Canario, Kanarische Dogge (German).
      4. Perro de presa canário, Dogo canário (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de presa canario (Spanish).

    Spanish dogo
    España Molosoide

    Dogo Español

    The Spanish dogo He has the instinct of guard and defense still preserving the hunting instinct and dam;

    Content

    History “Spanish dogo”

    Dam dogs entered in the Iberian tribes of barbarians beyond accompanying by the 4th century; Swabians, Vandals and Alans they were guarding their livestock and transhumant with this type of dog camps.

    Throughout history, these animals are used in different functions with a common denominator; his instinct for hunting and dam as a tool at the service of hunting; management of livestock; guardianship and custody of properties; dog of war; etc.

    Kings, feudal lords, mercenaries, butchers, livestock, and even bullfighting, These lines make a very important benchmark in the history of our country, reaching its greatest height during the period called "Spanish romanticism". The historical references are so numerous as diverse. According to their morphological characteristics they would use for some purposes or other; more light and more broker-type dogs were used for hunting, and the more corpulent and bobbleheads were employed in tasks requiring more power or strength of stop that resistance. Where, as and when it begins to be selected systematically towards one or another tendency and under one or another name is hardly something decipherable. Then spoke of "types" - the concept of race is much more modern in canine terms -; and under the concept of "type" coexist different morphologies with certain common traits. The more generic denominations of this "type" have been "Alans"; "prey";"Dogos"; "Bull dogs"; "Alans butchers"; "chatos"; etc.

    Sometimes referring to specific differential features called them in one way or another, and other times of generically under the same concept to different varieties. A current "taxonomic" classification of these dogs according to historical references, It would be an anachronism of difficult zootechnical solution.
    We found centuries-old descriptions — as in the "book of the Monteria"- that under the same concept of "Alano" gets to the lightweight type for hunting with reference to other heavier variety for the grip of cattle.

    But we also find arguments and references supporting morphological and functional differences between these "prey"; see the description of "Dogo" by the Royal Academy of the language edition of 20th century; The distinction by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1911 between "dam Spanish" in his role as guardian and utility and the "Alano" on the trail and hunting group; the Medal with the inscription "Dogue de Burgos" of the year 1625 ; documented deliveries of indigenous British Bulldogs and Italians, etc.

    Therefore, far from squinting not without ambiguities sometimes etymological or linguistic issues, We focus on the constructive process, that is none other that history with all its variability of types reconciled, with the current reality of the concept of "race", which requires adjustment to more defined patterns.

    Under this purpose is born the project for the recovery of the Spanish dogo; It would include the type of alano or dam heavy and most full-bodied of our peninsula.

    "Why unify under the denomination of"?Dogo”? It was to use a name that meet a series of requirements:

      1. Having historic endorsement in number and significance of reference
      2. Generic and identifiable name with these morphologies
      3. Avoid controversial connotations related to endangerment
      4. Avoid localisms or allusion to obsolete or too restrictive functions

    "Results of this denomination of"Dogo"is that better encompasses the concept of"molosser Iberian”.

    "We have the definition of"Dogo"by the Royal Academy of the language; our Dogos influenced directly or indirectly the rest of related breeds; There are manifestos of the Crown of Aragon for shipment of Doges Spaniards to Naples; the Governor of Cuba concerning the delivery of "dams Spaniards" the British Navy for the control of Maroons; they exported extensively to England; in Germany they recreated to the extinct "bullesbeizer" through the Boxer crossing a bulldog with a bitch of a dam called "Flora" of clear Hispanic descent; look the first boxer rebellion of late 19th to see the resemblance of the Germanic race of that period with our rustic flat autochthonous.
    The number of references is countless.

    • 2. Origins of the recovery process Spanish dogo

    In the Decade of the 80, with the onset of the Alano recovery already referred to the existence of different typologies and trends. Then used the terms "type, line or livestock trend"Vs"Hunter type"as differential label.

    "The fusion of"Alans or dams"with dogs"villains' land, -light grazing and cutting Lupoid dogs - gave a versatile hybrid that preserved the atavism of grip dogs, but with the spark and resistance of the shepherds. "Hence the"Villain of the Encartaciones”, a derivative of the Alano in its lightest version.

    The Spanish Alano is standardized to guiding their selection was an intermediate type. The process concludes with the official recognition of the breed in the year 2003 on the part of the Royal Canine society of Spain.

    In short the basic trends on a bipolar scale we find the following picture:

      1° / On the one hand light runners and discharged structures morphology;

      2° / On the pole opposite the types most corpulent and brachycephalic;

      3º / And between both ends, a majority and consolidated intermediate type.

    The types"corridor” e “intermediate"they would be represented by"Villains” y “Alans"respectively; leaving uncovered the most molosser niche of the scale.

    Was justice detach for the first time since the beginning of the century past our "most corpulent prey" of its parent alanica, and make it not under the restriction that prints a "trend", But reconciling the idiosyncrasies of this type with the concept of current race. Any trend that takes body and prominence is likely to empower low-status of race; It is just a matter that under the right circumstances: having genetic material; references historical; and above all with a coordinated group willing to redirect selection facilitate this work.

    With the recovery of the Alano was foreseeable the tribute that would pay the extreme types; marginalized to a purely testimonial presence in directly proportional relationship to the fixing of the intermediate alano. "Under this scenario our last strongholds of"Bulldogs"they would be doomed to extinction as potential race or in the best cases relegated to trend within the restraint imposed by the standard of the Alano.

    Were fortunately born individuals of this kind in litters of Alans. We have continued to use some breeders as players occasionally, and if only it were looking for complementarity, these genes have continued there. Other breeders - special mention to Francisco Rincon– they have had the courage not only to continue using Alans in this trend, but do so looking for fix this type rather than complement it. "Thanks to this recovery project of the"Spanish dogo"on the genetic basis of the"Alano"is a reality.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the most controversial issues in mapping out the path and targets in selection, It is to be clear where it started and where we are going; define that niche is covered with this project, and do it with its own identity, trying to converge as little as possible with the rest of related breeds. Our Dogo is framed between the the molossians of arenas and the molosoides group.

    More related with our races Spanish dogo indigenous, both by type and by junction, they would be the Dogo Canario; the Spanish Alano; the Majorca Mastiff; the Dogue de Bordeaux; the Cane Corso; and the Bullmasfiff.

    Based on a thorough differential analysis of our standard project, We have our niche secured connection all them. Of echo, There is greater overlap between many terriers; bracoides; pastors and Nordic - to mention a few families- to enter our Spanish dogo and the rest of related.

    To see clearly where lie these differences, -others, such as the expression and the type are more difficult to quantify- We took the average values of each racial pattern and vein results with our Spanish dogo. We will look at an example, that where could have some overlap in weight, There will be no size, or where any size won't be it in proportions; not to mention in expression and typicity although not easily described values.

    To this end we present the attached table offering average in those easier to obtain parameters values: by adding maximum and minimum thresholds and dividing between two we took weights and middle of each standard sizes. We do so only in males by simplifying data and observe such differences at a glance quickly.

    Related breeds Spanish Mastiff

    Delving into these differences, other variables - such as the facial skull lines; injuries such as the cephalic and thoracic perimeters; proportion of muzzle to skull; eye color; etc.,- they come to make it even more clear to what's our niche and do so without conflict of competence with respect to the rest of related breeds.

    Breed standard
    SPANISH MASTIFF BREED PATTERN

    Racial pattern

    – HISTORICAL REVIEWS:

    During the period between the end of the s. IV and the 5th century, the alano village will occupy large areas of southern Europe, among others the Iberian peninsula. This town is made accompanied by their dogs of prey, which is mestizan with powerful dogs brought to the peninsula by the Phoenicians and Romans, mainly.

    Miscegenation which gives rise to which most would be later called Dogo, Dam or flat Spanish among other synonyms. His name is mainly due to their excellent qualities in the management and control of the cattle of bravo and semi-bravo type, a native of the Iberian peninsula.
    Later, the emergence of bullfighting, would that they would play a prominent role in the same, in the so-called luck of dogs, until the beginning of the 20th century.

    Also, for its excellent qualities for the defence and guard, It would be used as a dog of war, being very appreciated by soldiers of other Nations, especially for the control of rebels in the Americas.

    – GENERAL APPEARANCE:

    Molosser type, moderately brevilineo, very strong, rustic and endowed with tremendous power.
    Back straight and compact. It presents a notable sexual dimorphism, males showing a cranial region more developed and a stronger type. Medium to large-sized, brachycephalic, It has a robust structure as a whole, Compact and powerful.

    – TEMPERAMENT:

    Sweet and affable character with the family. Tireless worker and multifaceted.
    Very attentive and especially gifted for the guardian, Defense, management and control of cattle. Easy management and education. He is very self-confident.

    – HEAD:

    Brachycephalic, head strong and powerful.

    – CRANIAL REGION:

    Slightly convex skull, square, wide and very strong. Average length, always in harmony with the rest of the body. Facial skull lines slightly converging. Well pointed front Groove. Well developed temporal muscles. The zygomatic arches, superciliary, as well as the temporal bones, They show a high development. The skin is smooth, without wrinkles. Very marked stop.

    – FACIAL REGION (FACE):

      – Truffle: Pigmented black and complete. Large and wide holes.
      Snout: It is a square, strong, occupying the 34% the total length of the skull, admitting a deviation of the 2%. Light folds are supported.
      – Lips: thick and well Pigmented; desirable that they do not hang up too.
      – JAWS and teeth: they must be very powerful. The wide enough to permit a correct insertion of dental. Preferably complete (42 parts). The teeth are not visible with the mouth closed. Canine blunt, short, wide and well separated. Is supported as the Scissor bite, Clip, reverse scissor, as well as a slight prognathism not exceeding 0, 5 cm. Well developed JAWS.
      – Eyes: medium-sized, almond and separate. From dark Hazel to amber and yellow. Adhered, well pigmented eyelid. Frank gaze and front. With no apparent conjunctiva and little white.
      – Ears: medium-high insertion. Preferably folded over the face and slightly rounded at the bottom. Medium to small size.

    – NECK:

    Well muscled, slightly arched and of medium length. Allowed light folds in the jowl area. Crushing it slightly from the shoulders to the head.

    – BODY:

      – Cross: well marked, average implementation and descended toward the back.
      – Back: medium, flat and well developed.
      – Pork loin: short, broad, strong and convex.
      – Rump: slightly downed. It is short, wide and well developed.
      – Breast : width, deep, very strong and developed. Slightly cylindrical rib. Profile down to the elbow. The thoracic perimeter, in its widest part must pass at least in a 25% the height at the withers.
      – Abdomen: moderately retracted.
      – Tail: average insertion. Great thick at its base is tuned toward aims it, not to exceed the Hock. It is not wound on the tip.

    – FORELIMBS:

      – Shoulder: strong, with prominent muscles. Slightly oblique.
      – Arms: good muscular, Plumb and separate.
      – Elbows: neither returned to the outside or very attached to the chest.
      – Forearms: good muscular, straight and with good bone.
      – Previous feet: rounded, made of strong fingers that reinforce the appearance of big cats.

    – HIND LIMBS:

    Strong and properly angled.

      – Thighs: apparent and very developed.
      – Hocks: short, vigorous and moderate-angle. RAM does not present.
      – Back feet: rounded, slightly longer than the previous ones and fat fingers.

    – MOVEMENT:

    The typical passage of the race is the trot. This is shown effortlessly, fluid and agile.
    The back is at the same level, parallel to the direction of motion. The head tends to be low. Explosive Gallop.

    – SKIN:

    Thick and attached except in the neck, It is somewhat more lax.

    – FUR:

      – Hair: moderately short (never satin), dense, acrid, There may be a light Undercoat. The hair should reinforce the rustic appearance of the individual.
      – Color: Griffon and barcinos or Brindle in all its varieties; alobados; carbonates or Chair; black and Brindle; black and Fawn and peeps. With or without mask.

    – SIZE AND WEIGHT:

      – Height at the withers: males from 61cm to 66cm, females of 58cm to 63 cm.. Supported a tolerance of 2cm at the top.
      – Weight: males between 45 and 53 kgr, females between 40 and 47 kgr. Supported a tolerance of 3 kgr.
      – Weight and height must be in harmony:
      – IPT (average weight size) in males = 49 kgs / 63,5 CMS = 0'77
      – Females average IPT = 43,5 kgs / 60,5 CMS = 0'72
      – Between racial IPT = 0'745
      – ILA (index height/length) means males = height/length = 0'92 (a 8% longer than high).

    – FAULTS:

    Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered absence and severity of this is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard.

    – SERIOUS FAULTS:

      – Shyness.
      – Unjustified aggression.
      – Muzzle too short or too long.
      – Overload.
      – Dorsal downline.
      – Lack of two premolars.

    – MISS PLAYOFFS:

      – Deafness.
      – Albinism, lack of pigmentation.
      – Cryptorchidism or monorquidismo.
      – Lack of four premolars.
      – Mandibular torque.
      – Long hair.
      – Amputated tail.

    Character and aptitudes of the “Spanish dogo”

    The historical evidence make it clear that we have a purely functional breed. We have already referred to some of the work that played these dogs; "in bullfighting for the fate of"dogs the bull”; for management of livestock and hunting; as dog's force to the dam or grip of cattle; also as a dog guard or defense accompanied the armies. They had great prominence in America during the colonial period for the control of Maroons and the birth of much of the functional races of that continent: Cimarrón Uruguayo; Fila Brasileiro; Cordoba fighting dog and rear Argentine Dogo; antique American Bulldogss; dams of the Caribbean; etc.

    While it is true that society evolves and the times are changing, It is not less true that the potential of this group can bring much as working dog. We want that the Spanish dogo still a dog's working to the extent of their possibilities; obviously not to compete with pastors in agility or mondioring not with villains in a half marathon; the limitations will be marked by their morphological characteristics. But can be outlined minimum tests to assess parameters related to the power; arrojo and safety; meet a few minimum requirements in terms of the physical potential; everything is a matter of to agree according to the reality of the project.

    Obviously if demand parameters that agility and resistance prevail, We fall into the trap of converge towards lighter types, Hence how complicated it is sometimes drawn guidelines in this regard. It is not comparing ourselves to other breeds, fate of squeezing the maximum potential of our. If we have something clear who decided to give shape to this project, is that we do not want that our Spanish dogodoes not become a mere "showcase" nice only to recreate the reminiscent of the old dogs of Bull. These dogs should remain able to meet certain requirements and do so with the solvency to its morphology.

    I have always defended the individual initiative of each owner, each breeder; the selection and therefore evolution or a breed standardization, It does not necessarily imply a collective effort of all and each of the owners and breeders; It is enough to encourage those who wish to engage one degree more do so and facilitate the improvement of the rest. It is not so much a question of obligation and requirement, but to encourage those who want to use their energies in the improvement of the breed through its functional aspect.

    With a small group of fans "motivated" in this sense and working good dogs for the benefit of the community, There must be tangible results long-term average allowing go differentiating us from other groupings of similar cut but yes have become mere exaggerated displays of what were. To minimize the danger of this "impairment" - meaning that the loss of their ancestral features for no more spectacular-, the breed Club can play an important role in this regard.

    You can trade Club with veterinary clinics that allow discounts to partners in the management of health control parameters (plates of hips and elbows dysplasia; hemivertebrae; heart tests; etc.); even subsidize club as part of these costs; establish ranking of individuals recommended by the club for breeding; designing tests of work; etc. It's all about go mapping objectives and study feasibility of each.

    Images “Spanish dogo”

    Videos “Spanish dogo”

    Alternative names for “Spanish dogo”:

    • span class =”no_translatelate”> PRESS, BORING, BULLS DOG, ALANO LIVESTOCK
    • Among the Group of the molossians arenas and molosoides.

    Sources:

    Images:

    • (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(7),(8),(9),(10) – Spanish dogo “The thirds” (Photos)
    • (6) – ROMERO DE LOS TARANTOS – Los Tarantos
    • (11),(12),(13) – Spanish Mastiff national Club (Photos)

    Great Dane
    Alemania FCI 235 - Molossoid - Dogo

    It is an expensive dog, that he eats in proportion to his size and that when he is young he needs some care

    Content

    History

    The Great Dane is the oldest modern breed of dog breeding in Germany. Since then it is considered by many as the Apollo among dogs – after the greek deity. And in fact, the Great Dane it is a dog with a special charm and unique and impressive charisma and elegance. The origin of this breed is only partially found in Germany. Already in the 16th century the Great Danes are said to have originated in England, as described in historical sources “crossing the mastiff with the Irish greyhounds”. The name “Dogge”, the old english word for dog, from which the current “Dog”, also talks about a line of British descent. However, this type of dog was raised in ancient times and was represented on stone tablets.

    Also on the European continent, old bull teethers regularly mated with greyhounds and hunting dogs, since these results of the crossings were perfectly adapted to the great hunts of the boar nobility, bears and wolves. Little by little, a breed of its own with molossi developed., Greyhound and some hunting dog blood. In 1867 the viennese cynologist Leopold Fitzinger distinguished three variants of Great Dane: the common mastiff, english and danish. Even today the great danes They are called “Great Dane” in some languages. Modern analyzes by geneticists confirm the views of ancient cynologists about ancestors, and even assign them to greyhounds instead of molossians.

    In 1888 the Club of the Great Dane In Berlin. It is the first and oldest pedigree dog breeding club in Germany. The Great Dane modern should now become a representative companion and protector. In addition, it should be even more elegant. So the standard was adapted to these ideas. It was possible to achieve an extremely elegant and harmonious blend of these very different origins. The Great Dane combines the elegance and speed of hounds with the power and carefreeness of the molossians.

    Physical characteristics

    The Great Dane it is an extremely large and powerful dog but at the same time very elegant and sensitive. A male dog reaches a height at the cross of 80 cm., often even more. Bitches are slightly smaller. The Great Dane has a unique charisma. The animal painter and dog connoisseur Richard Strebel already betrayed 1914 to the breeders of the Great Dane, the: “… they have created a dog that can be considered without exaggeration as the most successful in size, proportion, strength and graceful movement never created in dogs.” Unfortunately, this respect is not always shown in the breeding of Great Dane. Regardless of your health, are used for extreme breeding, the so-called gigantism, as well as for games with defective genes for rare fur colors; genes that can also cause serious illness.

    While around 1900 the height at the withers for males was 76 – 80 cm., the FCI standard valid today says “at least 80 cm.” without any clear upper limit. This allows the Great Dane reach the dubious honor of the world's largest dog. According to the Guinness Book of Records, this was the male Great Dane “Gibson” with 108 height cm. That was in August 2004. Gibson still reached an age of almost 7 years, but the last few years only in 3 legs. His record was expanded more and more.

    “Zeus” de Michigan / EE.UU. reached a height of 112 cm and died with just 5 years, supposedly already in old age – Dubious records at the expense of dog welfare. The Great Dane it's impressive enough even without those dubious extremes. Its sovereign and elegant appearance is also highlighted by its silky coat. It is a very short coat, which is close to the muscular body with a slight shine. Colors are yellow or black, blue, tabby or stained.

    • Hair: Satin.
    • Color:
    • – Griffon: yellow golden colour with black mask. The eyebrows and edges of the eyes must be black, While the ears and the tail may be clearer.
      – Striped: Fawn and black in a striped pattern.
      – Blue: Dark steel grey, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
      – Black: Jet Black pure, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
      – Harlequin: White with black patches. The great Dane is the only race which shows this color pattern on her coat.

    • Size: the minimum height for males is 80 cm and for the females of 72 cm.

    Character

    The Great Dane is often described as a gentle giant, but it is naturally protective when the situation requires it. He is loving and loves people, and those qualities should never be perverted by encouraging aggressive behavior.

    In terms of character and size the Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Belongs exclusively to the hands of experienced dog owners, who can and want to be fully involved with the animal. So there is no more inspiring companion than this dog. El Canciller del Reich Otto von Bismarck, who was accompanied by great Danes all his life, he openly admired the intelligence and abilities of his great danes and is said to have said: “I have great respect for my dog's knowledge of human nature – it is faster and more complete than me.”

    Great Danes love children, but they must learn to be nice to them. And a blow from that wagging tail will knock a little boy down, so it's important to monitor your interactions. These large dogs can also learn to get along with other pets., especially when they are raised with them.

    A fenced yard is necessary to prevent the Great Dane go for a walk alone. Not usually a jumper, so a two meter fence should be enough to keep it contained. Note that while adult Great Danes are quite calm, puppies are very active and enjoy digging in gardens..

    You would think that the Great Dane it is more suitable for outdoor life due to its huge size, but it's just the opposite. It should be an indoor dog that is part of the family. When that's the case, the Great Dane is loving, learns well and is easily trained. Left to his own fate, the amount of destruction it can do to your home and garden is beyond imagination.

    any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Great Dane, years “adolescence” they can start at six months and continue until the dog is about two years old.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. Don't wait until you are six months old to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

    The Great Dane perfect doesn't come fully formed out of the puppy box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and who have been well socialized since the puppy's young age.

    Great Dane attitude

    The maintenance of Great Dane it is very complex and expensive. Food in the required quality and quantity, possible veterinary and drug costs, direct and indirect transportation costs and more require a financially wealthy owner. Yes a Great Dane wants to sit on the couch, you need all the two-seater, at least. Furniture made of faux solid leather has proven its worth here. The Great Dane should not be kept in a small apartment, better is a house with a garden. The ideal would be to live in a rural area. Hectic urban centers are not the place where these big dogs feel comfortable. Also the dog and the owner often encounter rejection and even open hostility here. This must be considered.

    Scooby Doo

    Fiction has made it one of the best-known dogs for the general public. Scooby Doo character is a Great Dane.

    The Great Dane it is a big dog that wants to have a lot of movement. However, he is hardly ever seen on the street, although with 1.200 puppies a year ranks ninth on the VDH bestseller hit list (German Canine Federation), even before dog breeds like the Bernese Mountain Dog or the Chihuahua, they are seen much more often on the streets. Often these giants are only locked up once they are past their puppy age and - poorly socialized and educated.- can no longer be managed by the owner who is not familiar with dogs. The Great Dane not a kennel dog. He is basically a family dog ​​and wants and needs the loving connection with his human family. Is smart and responsive. One should not think about what to do if this big dog, at times of 90 kg, is sick and has to be loaded. Therefore, buying a Great Dane must be carefully considered.

    Great Dane Education

    The Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Its strength and potential danger require expert and loving socialization, education and guidance already in the puppies. It is sensitive and intelligent and does not forgive any mistake by the owner so quickly. She likes to be guided and educated, but not by any means of coercion. Many normal dog training aids do not work with the Great Dane, simply because it is too strong. In case of doubt, even the strongest man will not wear the leash. Due to overexploitation and breeding selection oriented unilaterally towards outward appearances, today there are, although extremely rare, specimens with idiopathic aggressiveness, which then represent practically insoluble problems for an education.

    Great Dane Health

    Great Danes also have a high incidence of cardiomyopathy, a disease of the heart muscle that causes an enlarged heart. This is very common in many giant dogs., and when it occurs late in life, can often be controlled with medication. Have your dog's heart checked at least once a year, and that any unusual murmurs or symptoms be investigated by a certified veterinary cardiologist. This condition can also be genetic., but currently available tests can only rule out the dog at the moment; a dog could rule out one day and develop heart disease the next day.

    Great Danes can also suffer from hip dysplasia, a crippling malformation of the hip socket that may require expensive surgery to repair and can result in painful arthritis later in life. Another genetic problem with an imperfect screening test, The best prevention for hip dysplasia at this time is to buy only a puppy whose parents have been tested with normal hips and who have very few close relatives with the disease.. Keep your dog slim, especially when young, can also help.

    Another painful bone disease is hypertrophic osteodystrophy., that occurs during the puppy's rapid growth phase. Ask Your Vet About Large Breed Puppy Foods. These diets are formulated to help puppies grow slowly., which can help prevent developmental orthopedic problems.

    Cancer is another major cause of death in the Great Dane, especially bone cancer. They are also prone to other skeletal problems, visual and neurological, both older and younger.
    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Great Dane with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Great Dane care

    The Great Dane has a short coat, thick and smooth. Falls moderately, in other words, more than you might think, but it requires little cleaning. Brush into Danish weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to keep hair and skin healthy. In spring and autumn, will have a heavy shed, known as “blow” coat and will need to be brushed more frequently during that time to get rid of all loose hair.

    Bathe Danish as you like or only when it gets dirty. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, you can bathe a dane weekly if you want without damaging his coat.

    The rest are basic care. Cut your toenails every few weeks. Long nails can catch on things and tear off. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth frequently for good dental health. To prevent ear infections, keep ears dry and clean, using a cleaning solution recommended by your vet.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Great Dane consume large amounts of food. At the same time, this food must be of a very high quality and must be selectively composed during the growth phase, which lasts up to two years. When it comes to eating, sometimes it is very rustic. Certainly not all, but some great danes don't have the best “Table Manners”. So it can occasionally happen that the dog, as well as the feeding place must be cleaned after eating. How to minimize the risk of stomach torsion in this predisposed breed through proper feeding management is very important.

    Life expectancy

    Life expectancy Great Dane has increased slightly from the extremely low level of 2004 with 6 years and 6 months to 7 years, according to British Kennel Club statistics. As a general rule: the bigger and more unusual the coat color, less will be the life expectancy. Already at the age of 8 years a Great Dane is officially considered an old man today. Without gigantism and healthy breeding you could have a life expectancy of 10 - 12 years.

    Great Dane Reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Great Dane” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Buy a Great Dane

    Only puppies from parents with a maximum height of 80 cm to the cross and have the colors yellow, striped, black, spotted. In addition, Care must be taken to avoid inbreeding to get a puppy Great Dane healthy. One should know how old the cubs' ancestors were. Those interested in dogs can find a Great Dane in one of the emergency initiatives for dogs and offer them a loving home. Maintaining Great Danes is very expensive. Acquisition costs can be negligible compared.

    Great Dane Images

    Photos:

    1 – Little Great Dane of 5 months, color negro by Eacampbell14 / CC BY-SA
    2 – 07 VICKY TRES MESES by https://flic.kr/ps/H4SaY
    3 – Great Dane by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-oqedh
    4 – Great Dane by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=34101&picture=perro-gran-danes
    5 – Great Dane dog Close-up portrait of a Great Dane Harlequin dog by public domain
    6 – Large size dog standing on woman wearing gray pullover hoodie on green open field at daytime by https://www.wallpaperflare.com/large-size-dog-standing-on-woman-wearing-gray-pullover-hoodie-on-green-open-field-at-daytime-wallpaper-zqizp

    Great Dane Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 235
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • CKC
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Non-Sporting
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Great Dane breed

    GREAT DATA FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Boarhound, Apollo of Dogs, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Grand Danois (French).
      3. Ulmer Dogge, Englische Dogge, Dänische Dogge, Hatzrüde, Saupacker, Große Dogge (German).
      4. Grande dinamarquês, Alano tedesco (Portuguese).
      5. Dogo alemán, Alano alemán (Spanish).

    Dogue de Bordeaux
    Francia FCI 116 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Dogo de Burdeos

    The Dogue de Bordeaux It is very faithful to its owner and loving with children.

    Content

    History

    The Dogue de Bordeaux, it is a medium to large size molossian from France. The Molossian type has been known since ancient times and played a considerable role in various cultures of the ancient world.. The Babylonians carved their molosser out of granite. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs. Molosses are strong and heavy dogs. They have a commanding head with a short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molosser have remained essentially the same for thousands of years.

    The range of their tasks in the service of man has also remained constant for a long time. The ancestors of the Dogue de Bordeaux served as a hunting dog for large, well-fortified game, especially as a saupacker. They had to catch and corner the dangerous boar until the hunter could kill it with the feather of the boar, a special spear. This required speed, resistance, much courage and strength. The Dogue de Bordeaux served and continues to serve today as a guard and protection dog. In the Middle Ages it was used for the arenas of animal fighting. Large and small mollusks have always been scattered across Europe. The Dogue de Bordeaux was created as an independent breed with the emergence of modern dog breeding as a separate dog breed. In 1863 The first French dog show was held at the Paris Acclimatization Garden.

    The Dogue de Bordeaux it was already shown there under its current name. The name must derive from the fact that these dogs were seen more often in the butchers of the city of Bordeaux. At that time the Dogue de Bordeaux they were not so big however, heavy and as wrinkled as today. Also lacking the monochromaticity required today. The male awarded in Paris in 1883, “Battle”, his head was wrinkle free with a black mask. The Dogue de Bordeaux often had to suffer the political turmoil of humanity. During the French Revolution in 1789 was almost exterminated, because he was considered the dog of the rich. During the two world wars, the dogs had to suffer so much that their breed was endangered after the wars. Since the decade of 1960 has been experiencing a new boom. To revive the race, it is said that they were crossed with the St. Bernard short hair.

    Physical characteristics

    The Dogue de Bordeaux It has an impressive appearance, despite or perhaps because it is not as big and heavy as a mastiff or a Saint Bernard. However, you can see the power it presents in majestic serenity. The standard establishes a height at the withers of 60 - 68 cm for males and 58 - 66 cm for females. The weight of the males is of “at least 50 kg” and that of the females of “at least 45 kg”. Unfortunately, the standard does not provide an upper weight limit. So today we see specimens with 70 kg and more.

    Especially such gigantism is at the expense of dogs' fitness and health.. Belgian Earl Bylandt gives 1894 as weight for the male 54 – 60 kg. German cynologist Richard Strebel reports in 1905 of 54 – 55 kg as the best weight for a male and 45 – 46 kg for a female. Such weight would also do very well to the current Dogue de Bordeaux. The coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux must be thin, short and soft to the touch. Should be “solid in all fawn color tones from mahogany to Elizabethan”. White spots on the chest and extremities of the limbs are allowed when they are not very extensive. This color restriction is also not very beneficial for the gene pool of the Dogue de Bordeaux. All this leads to the fact that today the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the most ephemeral dogs.

    Character

    Serious and self confident, but with an underlying sense of humor, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a vigilant and brave companion. It has several personalities: distant, Extrovert, funny, sweet, wrestler, quick to learn, each one belongs to a different dog.

    In the best case, the Bulldog is calm and gentle, but it can also be stubborn. When a dog this size is stubborn and wants to get away with it, can be difficult to deal with. The Dogue de Bordeaux Must have early and extensive socialization combined with strong leadership from its owner, or it can become aggressive towards other dogs, smaller animals or even people. If you want to live with a Dogue de Bordeaux, you must be willing to learn to work with him, to control it and earn its respect.

    A Bulldog who has an owner whom he respects is a wonderful family dog. Enjoy spending time with them, even in bed and sofa. It is not an active dog and is content to be in the house, making sure everyone is safe. Short walks and game moments are just your speed. But don't be fooled. If someone approaches the door, the Dogue de Bordeaux is there to protect you from harm.

    With young children, is loving, Protector, gentle and tolerant. Unlike many large breeds, they can be too rowdy with young children, the Bulldog is usually careful with them. However, large dogs are not appropriate for childcare, and all interaction between the two must be supervised.

    The perfect Dogue de Bordeaux not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, is not trained or is not supervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start train or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Dogue de Bordeaux, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

    Dogue de Bordeaux attitude

    The Dogue de Bordeaux it is somewhat more demanding in its maintenance. Not suitable for an apartment. Although it is not a very agitated dog, he really likes having a little freedom of movement, for example in a garden. Here he likes to spend several hours sleeping and watching. You need a lot of space, because he wants to be able to move freely. Appreciate long walks and short bike rides. You need your daily exercise, but she is not an athlete. Physical and mental effort should be avoided in hot weather. Also keep in mind that dogs as large and strong as the Dogue de Bordeaux in our current society, supposedly animal friendly, often meet with great rejection, sometimes aggressive. Some people simply fear him out of ignorance. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city.. One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet bills.

    Dogue de Bordeaux Education

    The Dogue de Bordeaux can be trained very well, in regards to the basic rules of behavior. He must also be well educated from the age of a puppy to be able to always run this center of power.. She does not like to learn tricks whose meaning is not clear to her. Even more than with most other dogs, an intimate relationship of trust with your master or lover is the basis for a successful education. There are also consequences, because the Dogue de Bordeaux is intelligent, he notices every little discrepancy and knows how to use it for his own purposes. The Dogue de Bordeaux it is also very sensitive. Do not forget the injustices. Always keep in mind that the leash of these dogs is only a symbolic control. The Dogue de Bordeaux would easily have the power to maneuver the other end of the strap at will, If I wanted. But it doesn't.

    Health Dogue de Bordeaux

    Like any giant breed with a short snout, the Dogue de Bordeaux have health problems. The breed's limited gene pool creates a dog susceptible to extreme temperatures, to heart disease like dilated cardiomyopathy and aortic stenosis, and ectropion, a condition in which the eyelid fades out. Dogue de Bordeaux is also prone to foot pad hyperkeratosis.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Dogue de Bordeaux at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Dogue de Bordeaux grooming

    The short coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux it is easy to care. Brush it once a week with a rubber brush to remove dead hairs.

    But there is more to grooming than caring for the coat. The Dogue de Bordeaux you have wrinkles and need special care to avoid becoming infected. Wipe them with a damp cloth or baby wipe, and then dry the folds thoroughly to avoid skin infections.

    Bring a hand towel to clean your wrinkled face after every meal or drink of water. When he shakes that big head, throw chunks of slime everywhere. It also comes off a lot, so you will spend a lot of time sweeping and vacuuming.

    The rest are basic care. Check the ears weekly and clean them if necessary, brush your teeth as often as possible, and cut your nails regularly, usually every few weeks.

    Nutrition / Food

    As with all these heavy dogs, especially in the growth phase, diet and composition must be carefully considered. Later this is not problematic. The risk of stomach torsion must be taken into account.

    The life expectancy of the Dogue de Bordeaux

    The average life expectancy of Dogue de Bordeaux It, Unfortunately, extremely low, of 6 - 8 years. It would be good for the race to do everything humanly possible to correct this..

    Buy a Dogue de Bordeaux

    A puppy should only be purchased personally from a reputable breeder.. This can be planned for a few 1.500 – 2.500 EUR. You should look closely at the litter and parents, as well as obtaining information about ancestors. You must pay attention to the age of the ancestors, and that they are not too heavy or too wrinkled.

    Dogue de Bordeaux Reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dogue de Bordeaux” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dogue de Bordeaux Images

    Photos:

    1 – Dogue de Bordeaux puppy 10 weeks old by publicdomainpictures.net
    2 – Dogue de Bordeaux Harley by publicdomainpictures.net
    3 – Bordeaux sits comfortably in the garden by publicdomainpictures.net
    4 – Portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux by publicdomainpictures.net
    5 – A portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) by spaceodissey from Parma, Italy / CC BY
    6 – Harley and Doutzen – Dogue de Bordeaux and bulldog playing together by publicdomainpictures.net

    Dogue de Bordeaux Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 116
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Dogs working
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Bordeaux Bulldog breed FCI standard

    DOGUE DE BORDEAUX FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff, Bordeauxdog (English).
      2. Dogue de Bordeaux (French).
      3. Dogue de Bordeaux (German).
      4. Mastim francês (Portuguese).
      5. Dogo de Burdeos (Spanish).

    Dogo Argentino
    Argentina FCI 292 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Dogo Argentino

    He is a fierce guardian and defender. It is not convenient to stimulate their aggressiveness.

    Content

    History

    The Dogo Argentino (Argentine Dogo) is a breed of dog, created by the Argentine physician Antonio Nores Martinez, looking for an animal suitable for the hunting of common species in Argentina, such as wild boar, peccaries and red foxes. Courage, courage and nobility are qualities that enhance the maximum in this race.

    The Dogo Argentino It is the only living Argentine dog breed (see footnote two extinct races), defined by its creator, Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, as “the best dog among all dogs of prey and more prey among all dogs in the world”.

    In the Decade of 1920, Antonio Nores Martinez (aided by his brother Agustín, his father Antonio and uncles) He decided to create a race of dam to collect the best qualities of the “Cordoba fighting dog“, but with superior physical strength and dimensions. In addition, It was proposed to bring a dog to have skills to hunt in Pack, particularly of wild boars, but he was able to beat or stop him only to the dam in combat until the arrival of his master or the rest of the Pack.

    Antonio used as the basis for the “Cordoba fighting dog“, a mixture of races introduced in the Argentina by English residents, Bull Terrier and Bulldog, with races that had brought the Spaniards, Spanish Alano and Spanish Mastiff. At these crossing, He was unbeaten in the fights of dogs, Antonio added blood lines Bull Terrier and Pyrenean Mastiff. Like this, in the thirteenth generation, Antonio was given account that had created a “war machine” perfect, an invincible battle dog. The white dogs of Antonio became famous as any other dog could overcome them rings.

    It thus creates the Araucana family. Then Antonio proposed legalizing the dog that had been created, because the fighting, Despite being his passion, they were prohibited throughout the world. On the other hand, He was fascinated by the idea of directly killing a dog to lift, continue and captured the dam. The Araucana family not served for hunting because they were very aggressive, very heavy in relation to its height and lack of sense of smell. Then Antonio introduced blood Pointer, creating the Guaraní family. These Doges maintained the fighting spirit of the Araucana family, but they were more resistant to pursue prey, they had a better sense of smell and could be that they did not battle.

    They spent several years crossing, selections and adequate functional gymnastics until towards the end of the Decade of 1940, Antonio managed to consolidate the current Argentine dogo, recognized as the most excellent hunting dog.

    In 1946 It organized a public match for the presentation of the race between Añá, an extraordinary specimen of Dogo Argentino and a breeding boar of 5 years. It was a tough race for Aña, the fight came out victorious, then surrendered it in forty minutes, finishing the fight in perfect physical condition. The battle was filmed and woke up in the cinófilos a great admiration for the Doge (“The Dogo Argentino“, by Paolo Vianini, Vecchi publishing, 2006.).

    In 1947 Augustine hosted a match in the Spanish Club of Morón between Chinese, a Dogo Argentino and a Creole Black Bull, great fighter. After a while of combat, that it caused him to Chinese femur fracture, He managed to turn the nose of the bull, which, in a few minutes, He could not resist more pain and knelt. Chinese not dropped. The end was really a party to the Spanish public. Francisco, another brother of Antonio, He entered the arena and spoke to Chinese who burst into their prey and continued limping (“The Dogo Argentino“, by Paolo Vianini, Vecchi publishing, 2006.).

    Augustine was a great diffuser of the race, finally achieving its recognition as such (see letter from Dr. Agustín Nores Martínez to the FCA). The standard was published in the magazine “Diana” in 1947. The official recognition in Argentina took place in 1964, and the international in 1973. You can read the letter sent by Dr. Agustín Nores Martinez1 to the Federation Cynologique Argentina requesting the opening of genealogical records of the breed, where he makes a detailed account of the virtues and potential of Dogo Argentino.

    In the last decades the Dogo Argentino It has been successfully introduced in the United States and several countries in Europe. Very good breeders can be found today in various countries throughout the world and of course Argentina, cradle of the Doge, that there are breeders of excellence. It is currently one of the regulatory dogs for police in Lebanon.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a very strong and sturdy dog, structure solid and muscular in all parts of the body, insensitive to pain, capable of combat with animals larger than himself and kill them. With the completely white layer, to distinguish it easily in the Mt., the Dogo Argentino it differs from other dogs also by its behavior: ladra rarely, almost for not wanting to note their presence, but when attacked, is devastating.

    The head is large with a massive skull. The truffle is black. Slightly concave snout, with thin lips to the bite and catch prey allows, continue breathing. Brown eyes, well separated between them. Ears upright or semierguidas, triangular and cut. The neck is powerful, thick and arched.

    The chest is wide and deep. The very high dorsal line in the shoulders then leans toward the hip. The limbs are straight, with muscular thighs, short hocks, United and short fingers. The tail is long and thick. The male must measure between 60 and 66 cm., and the female between 60 and 62 cm.; weight the male should be between the 48 - 54 kg, the female 45 kg. Always white mantle, and without spots, the pigmentation is not desired. The Dogo Argentino is an athlete, by which it should be kept thin and lightweight and not prone to obesity as if it were a Mastiff.

    By your skin should not remain long time exposed to the Sun. For a perfect maintenance of your fur brushing with a glove of crin or rubber that drag the loose hair is necessary. Skin problems are fairly common, particularly a disease called demodexia, It tends to occur mainly in the exemplary young immunosuppressed.

    Character and skills

    It is the most quintessential hunting dog. The Doges work in Pack, usually four members. When a Doge ventea wild boar, aims it to achieve this and it turned on in the snout, lores, neck or legs, without releasing it despite the punishment that would receive the beast. The Dogo Argentino is a very powerful bite, a great resistance and much courage, qualities that allow you to fight with the animal until the end or to reach other dogs in the Pack or the Hunter that rematará the boar with a knife.

    In some cases crossing of Doges with Greyhound joining the Pack, calls "Noose", to have dogs for both faster and lighter but they do not replace pure Doges, many more powerful and resistant.
    In recent years the Dogo Argentino I gain greater fame in hunting, given that can match in strength to the puma and another partner kill him. These copies are very strong and you don't feel the pain.

    Like all working dog, is very faithful to his master. In house usually behave well and almost never ladra. It is quiet and balanced. He is very loyal and affectionate with people. It tends to be aggressive toward their peers if it is not educated properly from an early age.

    You need to exercise, and be well comfortable space. It is not uncommon to find specimens with deafness. Their eyes should be cared, cleansing should be daily to avoid any type of inflammation.

    As any large breed, needs a strong and constant education but without violence. It is important to teach him not to attack other dogs and other domestic animals which must be able to live together in harmony. The hombre-perro relationship is a relationship of submission, Thus the hierarchical order must establish clear, who is charge.

    Once achieved this, the Dogo Argentino will be an exceptional companion, faithful to his master that will give his life if necessary. It is a dog that his role is very awake instinct, in fact, in the small farms, they wake up the instinct, so it is a dog as a pet should be always on leash when walking it.

    Dogo Argentino Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential for inherited diseases. Run away from any breeder who doesn't offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that race has no known problems, or keep the cubs isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and incidence occurring with.

    Conditions that have been seen in the breed include hypothyroidism and deafness. Bulldogs may also be prone to glaucoma and laryngeal paralysis. Y, like many big and giant races, the Dogo Argentino can develop hip dysplasia.

    Hip dysplasia is an inherited defect of the hip socket. It may be mild, causing little or no pain, or it can lead to severe lameness. Bulldogs with hip dysplasia can move slowly or avoid jumping. According to the severity of the condition, weight loss, medication or surgery can help relieve pain. Bulldogs to be reared must undergo hip radiography and classification by a veterinary orthopedic specialist at two years of age.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempt from health problems affecting the breed.. Make the dogs are “vet examined” It is not a substitute for testing genetic health. Find your puppy elsewhere.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and only breed the healthiest, best-looking specimens, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in his lines and what are the most common causes of death.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Dogo Argentino at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Care of the Dogo Argentino

    Grooming the Dogo Argentino is easy due to its short coat, although its large size means it's a great job. One bath every three months (or when it's dirty) with a mild shampoo for dogs is a good idea. Brush your stylish coat with a natural bristle brush or glove once a week. Use hair conditioner / polisher to shine.

    The rest are basic care. You have to check your ears every week and clean them if necessary and cut your toenails once a month. Regular brushing with a soft toothbrush and vet-approved dog toothpaste keeps teeth and gums healthy. It is essential to introduce the grooming to the Dogo Argentino when it is very young so that it learns to accept the handling and to make the fuss with tranquility.

    Dogo Argentino Reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dogo Argentino” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Dogo Argentino

    Videos of the Dogo Argentino

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 292
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Dogo Argentino breed

    DOGO ARGENTINO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Argentine Dogo, Dogo (English).
      2. Dogo argentino (French).
      3. Dogo Argentino (German).
      4. Dogue argentino, Mastim argentino (Portuguese).
      5. Argentine Mastiff, Mastín Argentino (Spanish).

    1 – Argentine Dogo dog by joseltr / CC0
    2 – Dogo argentino by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/66875
    3 – Argentine mastiff – Name: Ridge Owner: – Fred, of Domaine Salvator by Wikipedia
    4 – Dogo Argentino during dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Lilly M / CC BY-SA
    5 – Dogo Argentino by Paul Hermans / CC BY-SA
    6 – Eggon taking his daily walk by Blabriel / CC BY-SA

    Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)
    Tíbet FCI 230 - Molossoid . Mountain


    Mastín Tibetano

    The Tibetan Mastiff It is not a dog to live with children.

    Content

    History of “Tibetan Mastiff”

    The Tibetan Mastiff or Dogs-Khyi (Do-Khy), is a dog originating in Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 -. C.

    The “Mastin Tibetano” It is an ancient race of work of the pastoralists of the Himalayas and a traditional guardian of Tibetan monasteries. Its history has been surrounded by great mysticism since it was discovered in antiquity. Since its mention by Aristotle (384 – 322 -. C.) at the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praising the natural strength and greatness of the Doge of Tibet, both physically and mentally.

    Until his barking It has been described as only and as a feature of the race highly treasured.

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    Dobermann
    Alemania FCI 143 - Pinscher

    Doberman

    Although the Dobermann has a reputation for being a sharp and even sinister dog, his devoted fans consider him to be the most loving and loyal of his companions.

    Content

    History

    The race Dobermann is the only one in Germany to bear the name of its first known breeder: Friederich Louis Dobermann (2 of January 1834 – 9 of June 1894). According to the story, he was a tax collector, trail manager, and in addition “perrero”, with the legal right to catch all free-roaming dogs. To create the smart and reliable watchdog you had in mind, crossed short haired sheepdogs with Rottweilers, black and tan terrier, and German Pinschers. Chic dogs like greyhounds and Weimaraners may also have been part of their “recipe”. The “butcher dogs” played the most important role in the formation of the breed Dobermann, that in those times they were already seen as a race in itself. These dogs were of the type of the predecessors of the current Rottweiler, mixed with a type of black shepherd dog with red-rust markings that was common in the Thuringia region. With these mixtures, Dobermann started his hatchery in the years 70 of the century 19. In this way, he got “its race” utility dogs, home and ranches, they weren't just vigilantes, but also very attached to man.

    It was widely used as a protection dog and for the police. Its wide utility in the Police Service gave it at that time the name of “gendarme dog”. In hunting it was mainly used for the extermination of vermin. For all the conditions previously exposed, it was obvious that the FCI-St. N° 143 / 30.09.2016 3 Dobermann was officially recognized as a police dog at the beginning of the century 20. The upbringing of Dobermann resulted in a medium dog, strong and muscular, that despite all its substance allows to recognize elegance and nobility. It is suitable as a companion dog, protection and utility.

    The race Dobermann is the only one in Germany to bear the name of its first known breeder: Friederich Louis Dobermann (2 of January 1834 – 9 of June 1894). According to the story, he was a tax collector, trail manager, and in addition “perrero”, with the legal right to catch all free-roaming dogs. For parenting, he mated especially biting dogs from the dog shelter. The “butcher dogs” played the most important role in the formation of the breed Dobermann, that in those times they were already seen as a race in itself. These dogs were of the type of the predecessors of the current Rottweiler, mixed with a type of black shepherd dog with red-rust markings that was common in the Thuringia region.

    With these mixtures, Dobermann started his hatchery in the years 70 of the century 19. In this way, he got “its race” utility dogs, home and ranches, they weren't just vigilantes, but also very attached to man. It was widely used as a protection dog and for the police. Its wide utility in the Police Service gave it at that time the name of “gendarme dog”. In hunting it was mainly used for the extermination of vermin. For all the conditions previously exposed, it was obvious that the FCI-St. N° 143 / 30.09.2016 3 Dobermann was officially recognized as a police dog at the beginning of the century 20. The upbringing of Dobermann resulted in a medium dog, strong and muscular, that despite all its substance allows to recognize elegance and nobility. It is suitable as a companion dog, protection and utility.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a medium-sized dog, robust and muscular, elegant lines and noble and haughty demeanor. The head is elongated cone shaped and bouquet. The craniofacial lines are parallel, the stop is light and the nose, deep. The eyes are medium and oval. The ears have a high insertion and the animal has them upright. If they are whole, fall to the sides of the head, with the edges well glued to the cheeks. The back is short and solid. The limbs are straight and plump. The tail is amputated leaving two vertebrae.

    • Hair: short, very sticky and smooth.
    • Color: black or brown with fire. Blue no longer breeds because it transmits serious genetic defects.
    • Size: in males, of 68 - 72 cm., for a weight of 40 - 45 kg. In females, of 63 - 68 cm., for a weight of 32 - 35 kg. The intermediate sizes are the most wanted.

    Character and skills

    It is one of the sweetest and most sensitive dogs in the world. He goes out of his way, with whom you should live in close contact. Leaving him alone in the garden would mean ruining his character.. About him Dobermann a lot of gossip circulates, like for example that this dog "goes crazy" around the age of seven due to the lack of cranial capacity (one of the biggest absurdities, from the scientific point of view, never heard in cynophilia, and it is not that few are heard). Today, Fortunately, rare are cases of "crazy" or "irrepressible ferocity".

    Very loving with family members and safe with children (provided they leave him alone), with strangers he maintains the typical reserve of defense dogs. A balanced specimen, like all those from good hatcheries, will never behave aggressively for no reason, and it will be shown as a splendid companion dog delivered to its owner.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start train or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Dobermann, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

    Observations and tips

    Unselected dogs and the result of casual couplings are the only ones that can be nervous and in some cases biting. It is essential to buy the puppy in a good kennel that selects beauty and character.

    Doberman health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines.

    One of the most serious race-related health problems in the Doberman is cardiomyopathy., which causes an increase in the size of the heart. An annual heart exam is critical to detect this condition early., and no dog with cardiomyopathy should be bred. Nor should any Dobermann without a complete cardiac examination by a veterinary cardiologist in the past year. The sad reality, However, is that a dog that gets a good exam one day can develop heart disease the next day, and the two-parent puppy without heart disease can still develop it.

    Another race-related condition that affects the Dobermann is cervical vertebral instability (CVI), commonly called Wobbler syndrome. It is caused by a malformation of the vertebrae in the neck that causes pressure on the spinal cord and leads to weakness and lack of coordination in the hindquarters and sometimes to complete paralysis.. Symptoms can be managed to some extent in dogs that are not severely affected, and some dogs experience some relief from surgery, but the result is not certain. Although IVC is believed to be genetic, there is no disease screening test.

    The Dobermans they are also prone to the bleeding disorder known as von Willebrand disease, as well as hypoadrenocorticism or Addison's disease.

    Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Breeders must accept that all test results, positive or negative, are published in the CHIC database. It is not necessary for a dog to receive good results or even pass the evaluations to obtain a CHIC number, so CHIC registration alone is not proof of robustness or absence of disease, but all test results are published on the CHIC website and can be accessed by anyone who wants to check the health of a puppy's parents. If the breeder tells you that you don't need to do those tests because you have never had a problem with your lines and your dogs have been “vet checked”, so you need to find a breeder who is more rigorous with genetic testing.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Not all visits by Dobermann to the vet they are due to a genetic problem. The Dobermans are one of the breeds with a deep chest and a tendency to swell, a condition in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion, or gastric dilatation volvulus, suddenly attacks, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future. This procedure can also be done as a preventive measure..

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Dobermann with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Dobermann Grooming

    The toilet is a piece of cake. Cepilla al Dobermann with a brush or hunting glove every week, or even run a wet towel over it. The days you need a bath, use a dog shampoo, not a human product. Rinse it well and let it stir to dry or towel dry.

    The Dobermann comes off hair moderately. Regular brushing will help keep him and your house clean.. As with any dog, brushing before bathing helps remove more dead hair, leaving less hair to shed. Your vacuum cleaner will run longer if you brush your Dobermann regularly.

    The rest are basic care. Trim fingernails as needed, usually every few weeks. Brush your teeth for good general health and fresh breath.

    Dobermann Characteristics

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dobermann” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dobermann images

    Dobermann Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schanuezer type dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. . / Section 1 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer types. 1.1. Pinscher.
    • FCI 143
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • AKC – Dogs working
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog
  • FCI standard of the Dobermann breed
  • DOBERMANN FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Doberman Pinscher, Dobie, Doberman (English).
      2. Dobermann Pinscher (French).
      3. Dobermann Pinscher (German).
      4. Dobermann pinscher (Portuguese).
      5. Dobermann, Dobermann pinscher (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Doberman by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xqbqf
    2 – Doberman by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/36376/
    3 – Jean Dark Snow of Sweden, dobermann by Felill / CC BY-SA
    4 – Doberman by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=232839&picture=retrato-de-perro-doberman
    5 – Tallinn, Estonia, CACIB duo 2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    6 – Doberman by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=158143&picture=doberman-pinscher-de-guardia

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