Rottweiler
Alemania FCI 147

Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a quiet dog, docile and faithful family.

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History

The Rottweiler is one of the breeds of German origin that is recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The Rottweiler is a dog trotting type.

The remote origin of the Rottweiler is communal all dogs Molosoides, and your ancestor is the Tibetan Mastiff.
In Germany, from time immemorial, Molosoides type dogs that had different names depending on the area to which it belonged was known.

The name of the Rottweiler was born in the German city called Rottweil, in which there was a former butchers dog that was widespread, in a capable guardian animal, defend its owner, as well as well as to develop other roles such as for example of drag of cattle.

Since the middle ages, years. At that time, the Rottweiler retains its name.

The Rottweiler last glimpse of their relationship with the dogs of the mountain by the role played by both his physical.
The issue is that in the course of several decades, These dogs have shown that they enjoyed a special mental balance that allowed them to attach to people's everyday lives, given his intelligence, his resistance and his characteristic sense of unity, Group.

These characteristics, they made it an indispensable both for farmers and butchers Assistant.

As has happened to other kennels, progress has had negative consequences. In the 19th century livestock was the main source of wealth of the area, but over time the progress marked his steps.

With the arrival of the railways and other means of transport for livestock, the Rottweiler lost its raison d ' être in the environment. But their characteristics have made it impossible that this missing race.

In the 20th century proved the usefulness of dogs Rottweiler to the police service and the results were fantastic and the year 1910 the Rottweiler was recognized as the official dog of the police and army.

It is good to remember that the origin of this beautiful car, There are different points of view, one of them defends that the Rottweiler has direct ancestors in the old Roman legions. Although it is true that in day, the more defended version is that it descended from the Tibetan Mastiff like everyone Molosoides.

Physical characteristics

The female weights from around 40 kg and measured between 56 and 63 cm. up the cross, Whereas optimum height between 60 and 61 centimeters. The male weighs surrounding a 50 kilograms and measured between 61 and 68 cm., being desirable in the standard it measured between 65 and 66 cm., capable of generating a force in its bite around of 150 Kg-F on the radio from his mouth.

The length of the trunk by the standard of the Federation Cynologique Internationale should not exceed the height in more than one 15%. This is measured from the sternum to the ischial bump.

The morphology of the head It is a determining factor in the assessment of a copy. According to the German standard, the length of the skull measured from the tip of the occipital to the interior of the eye corner has to be of 8,5 to 13 cm in females and 9,5 to 15 cm in males. In addition, the ratio between the skull the snout has to be of 6 to 4 or, in other words, the 60% the total length of the head must be occupied by the skull, leaving the 40% remaining to the snout.

However, the standard of the Federation Cynologique Internationale of April of 2000 avoid entering numbers, defining the skull as “average length, width between ears. Side view, moderately arched front line.

The occipital bone well developed, without exaggerations. Well defined stop.”, It continues this standard on the facial region “well developed nose. Wider than round with relatively large nostrils. It truffle always black”.

The snout “in connection with the skull should not appear nor short, or elongated. Straight nasal bridge, width at the base, moderately sharp.”

Along with the FCI standard the Rottweiler lips must be “Black, strongly attached, covering the corner of the mouth, the gum more obscure.”, about JAWS “upper and lower should be strong and broad”, on the denture “strong, complete (42 parts), with closing in scissors -the upper incisors closed covering the lower-“. For the cheek requires a developed zygomatic arch.

The eyes They must be “medium-sized, almond-shaped, dark brown, closing the eyelids completely United”, and ears “medium-sized, falls, triangular, separate and high insertion. With high and carried ears, the skull should appear wider.”

The neck has to be “strong, of moderate length, good muscular, slightly arched, clean, hanging skin in the throat and Chin free”.

Following the above standard often cut them the queue when they are puppies, leaving only one or two vertebrae, While the standard of the ADRK and the FCI prohibits the amputation of the tail from 2000, excluding the contest of copies without tail in exhibitions. However, need to clarify that countries such as Canada and USA.UU. they remain in their standard tail amputation.

In this race we can find two lines of aging, the European, considered the original and the American. The American line is characterized by examples of greater height and more stylized bodies, on the other hand, European line dogs present a more robust with a lower height and compact body.

Rottweiler: Standard FCI

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 06/04/2000.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION:

  • Skull: Medium length, width between ears. Side view, the forehead is moderately bulging; the occipital Protuberance is well developed, without being too noticeable.
  • Depression links (Stop): Very obvious.

FACIAL REGION:

  • Truffle: Well developed, more broad than round, with relatively large Windows, solid black.
  • Snout: In relation to the area of the skull you should not give a shortened or elongated impression. Straight nose cane, Broadband insertion, decreases moderately width back forward.
  • Lips: Black, well pasted. The angle of the lips tightly closed; Dark gums in preference.
  • JAWS / Teeth: Both the lower and upper jaw are strong and well wide. Healthy teeth, strong and full (42 parts). The upper incisors fall on the bottom in the form of scissors.
  • Cheeks: Zygomatic arches well notorious.
  • Eyes: Medium-sized, almendrada form, dark brown; with well-adherent eyelids.
  • Ears: Medium-sized, pendants, triangular, very separated and set high. With the ears well glued and placed forward, the area of the skull gives the impression of being wider.

NECK: Strong, moderately long, good muscular, slightly arched at the top; brief, without dewlap and loose skin.

BODY

  • Back: Straight, strong and stiff.
  • Pork loin: The lumbar region is short, strong and deep.
  • Rump: Wide, medium length, slightly rounded, without being straight, or with great fall.
  • Breast : Spacious, broad and deep (approx.. 50% the height of the cross), with a well-developed sill and bulky rib.
  • Abdomen: Not collected flanks.

TAIL: Naturally, horizontal extension of the upper line; rest you can also hang.

LIMBS

PREVIOUS MEMBERS:

  • As a whole: Seen from the front they are straight and not very together. The forearms, seen from side, they are straight. The angle of the scapula in relation to the horizontal is 45 °.
  • Shoulder: Well-placed.
  • Arms: Well glued to the trunk.
  • Forearms: Strongly developed and muscular.
  • Metacarpus: Slightly elastic, strong, slightly oblique.
  • Front feet: Round; closed and swollen fingers. Hard pads; short nails, black and strong.

LATER MEMBERS:

  • As a whole: Seen from behind are straight, parallel and not very together. Natural position are obtuse angles between the thigh and the hip bone, between the thigh and the leg (knee), and between the leg and the metatarsus (Hock).
  • Thigh: Moderately long, width and heavily muscled.
  • Leg: Long, strong, with many muscles, sinewy.
  • Hock: Powerful; well angled, not steep.
  • Rear feet: A little longer than the front; also closed fingers, bulky and heavy.

MOVEMENT: The Rottweiler is a m, remaining your back strong and with little movement. The development of the movement is harmonious, insurance, with force and free, with wide steps.

SKIN: Skin tight head throughout the area; form small wrinkles on the forehead when the dog is at attention.
FUR

HAIR: Composed of outer layer and internal NAP. The external layer hair is medium long, hard, thick and tight; internal NAP must not protrude beyond the external hair. In the hind, the hair is a little longer.

COLOR: Black, with well-defined fire marks of a bright pardo-rojizo color on the cheeks, snout, throat, chest and members, as well as above eyes and under the tail.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Males:

  • Height to the cross: 61-68 cm..
  • Of 61 to 62 cm.: small; of 63-64 cm.: medium-.
  • Of 65-66 cm.: large (correct size); of 67-68 cm.: very large.
  • Weight: Approximate: 50 kg.

Females:

  • Height to the cross: 56-63 cm..
  • Of 56 to 57 cm.: small; of 58 to 59 cm.: medium.
  • Of 60-61 cm.: large (correct size); of 62-63 cm.: very large.
  • Weight: Approximate: 42 kg.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the seriousness is considered the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

General appearance: Lightweight overall appearance, fragile; too high limb; weak muscles and bones.

  • Head: Head of hounds, narrow, light; too short or too long, Tosca; Flat front; absent or little noticeable stop.
  • Snout: Pointed or long; split nose; borrego type nose cane (convex), or depressed (concave); drop nose cane (Eagle); Truffle stained or color clear.
  • Lips: Not together, pink or stained; Open the lips angle.
  • JAWS: Narrow jaw.
  • Teeth: Bite of iron.
  • Cheeks: Very prominent.
  • Eyes: Clear, deep, bulging or round. Loose eyelids.
  • Ears: Too low, heavy, long, drooping, bent backwards, as well as separate or non-uniform consignment note.
  • Neck: Too long, Delgado, weak muscles, with loose skin or dewlap.
  • Body: Too long, too short, Strait.
  • Back: Too long, weak, past due or outstanding (convex).
  • Rump: Fall, too short, long or straight.
  • Breast : Chest with a flat rib, barrel or Strait, backwards.
  • Tail: Too high or too low implementation.
  • Former members: Close together, not straight; steep shoulder; elbows not quite clinging to the body or separated; too long forearms, short or steep; weak or steep Metacarpus; crushed feet; very flat fingers, destitute or very bulky; Nail Color clear.
  • Later members: Flat thighs; closed or cow type tips; the very acute or obtuse angles of the joints; Spurs.
  • Skin: The wrinkled facial skin.
  • Hair: Soft; too short or too long, wavy; absence of internal NAP.
  • Color: Wrong color marks, too big, or not clearly defined.

MISS PLAYOFFS

  • Behavior: Shy animals, shy, cowards, aggressive, overly suspicious, nervous and afraid of shots that show.
  • General appearance: Marked investment in the sexual nature (the male presenting characteristics of female or vice versa).
  • Teeth: Upper or lower prognathism, incisor arcade deviated; absence of an incisor tooth, Tusk, a premolar or a molar.
  • Eyes: Entropion, ectropion, yellow eyes; anisocromia (eyes of different colour).
  • Tail: Quebrada, threaded, strongly diverted laterally.
  • Hair: Markedly long or wavy.
  • Color: Any discrepancy of the characteristic black color with spots pardo-rojizo; white spots.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

N.B.: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

TRANSLATION: Federation Canófila Mexicana a.c..

Character and skills

Although the Rottweiler is a race that has been used for defence work, his work and typicity requires that they are described as friendly, happy talk, quiet, faithful, obedient and willingness to work. In recent studies of aggressiveness in races this was not among the top ten.

In addition the Rottweiler dog is located within the ten most intelligent dogs, they are dogs of great trust and kindness, You can be glad that it will meet the desired objective.

An important attribute that has the Rottweiler is his adiestrabilidad. It is a very intelligent and obedient dog, able to learn many tasks.

According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Rottweiler is the No. 9 from the list.

Its history as a shepherd, as military dog and care as well as dog obedience and exhibition, speaks highly of his versatility.

The Rottweilers are ideal as protectors of the family and property. You agree to all the members of the family and protect both the father and the son. The Rottweilers usually do not have Favorites, Although there are exceptions. They tend to be individualists, and this is due, Once again, are creatures with discernment and lists.

His intelligence “affects” to your adiestrabilidad. As, frequently, It is said of the cats, they are too ready to wait for repetition of an order. Once they have executed her once or twice as you like, Surely they tired of the game and seek a better output. "Why insist human to do these things so many times?"? "I have already grasped the idea the first time and was not so exciting" it seems that he thinks the Rottweiler.

In Spain the breed of dog Rottweiler It is classified as "Potentially hazardous" by Royal Decree. This means that in the Spanish State, potentially dangerous breeds are regulated by the Law 50/1999, of the 23 December and the Royal Decree 287/2002, of the 22 March.

So, for its possession you must obtain the license for possession of potentially dangerous dogs and register in the corresponding Municipal registration of potentially dangerous animals. One of the things that are required for this license is insurance of civil liability to third parties.

Some need more help than others, but patience is always required when you train a dog, regardless of what race.

Please understand that nothing wrong with owning a Rottweiler there is. They are incredible dogs and wonderful pets.

This is not an issue of race, but rather individuals who are involved with the canine behavior modification.

Images of the Rottweiler
  • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Rottweiler


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