Also known as “Ca de Bestiar”, it is believed that this breed has existed since ancient times. Through the years, this dog would have grown up with a variety of local Mallorcan dogs, as well as other European Shepherd dogs, and it was not until 1970 which he puts any restrictions on their upbringing. In fact, its breed standard was written as recently as 1980. It was in 2006 the UKC ⓘ recognized the breed within his Group of Sheepdogs.
Appreciated through the centuries by the Spaniards for their ability to be a versatile farm dog, the Majorca Shepherd Dog It was used both to herd flocks and to monitor property and animals. It has also been reported that the Majorca Shepherd Dog was widely used in dogfighting, a practice that is now illegal. Although still it used on farms today, and also often it kept as a pet, this rare breed once seen internationally and is considered a rare breed.
The Majorca Shepherd Dog is a large size dog, average weight, well proportioned, rustic, strong and large muscles, flexible and robust.
There are two varieties: long hair and most widespread short-haired. The head is well modeled, large and provided with the body, but not so much as to look like a molosser. Craniofacial shafts are slightly convergent; the relationship between the skull and the muzzle is of 1:1.
The color eyes goes from amber to dark brown, and his expression is intelligent and enigmatic.
The ears, small in relation to the head, they are triangular, inserted at the top and are normally bent, fall tips.
The tail Start horizontally, is horizontal section, It has thick base and it tapers towards the tip.
Hair: the short hair variety has quite thin Undercoat. In the variety of long hair, hair coverage can reach a length of 7 cm and it is slightly wavy. In both varieties should be soft and fine.
Color: the only supported is black, optionally with white spots on chest and feet.
Size: males, of 66 - 73 cm.; females, of 62 - 68 cm.. The weight is usually of 40 kg approximately.
Character and skills
He is a shepherd dog with skills for the job of guard and defense. It´s Intelligent, docile and affectionate, Although puppy it is usually shy and reserved. For this reason it is important to socialize to the maximum so that it encloses in itself.
The adult is very distrustful to strangers and he joins a very strong bond with his master. Her enigmatic gaze not glimpse of his thoughts. It has an extraordinary courage and willing to everything in order to defend their loved. It's a little known breed outside the Balearic Islands, so to acquire a good puppy should address to breeders of the Islands.
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Type and recognitions:
- CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
- FCI 321
- Federations: FCI ⓘ
FCI breed standard “Majorca Shepherd Dog”
Majorca Shepherd Dog (Ca de Bestiar – Majorca Shepherd Dog)
ORIGIN : Spain.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 26.05.1982.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
Section 1 Sheepdogs.
Without working trial.
Head: Sharply defined.
Eyes: Set wide, small and round in size.
Ears: Left natural.
Muzzle: Medium size and well proportioned to head.
Nose: Black and self-colored according to coat.
Bite: Scissors or level.
Neck: Short and strong.
Chest: Deep and broad, with well sprung ribs.
Body: Back is straight and strong, with loins muscular.
Legs: Forelegs are straight and strong. Hind legs are muscular with hocks and stifles well bent.
Feet: Small and compact, with arched toes and hard pads.
Coat: Shorthaired or longhaired.
Size: Dogs 66-73 cm.; bitches 62-68 cm..
There is a tolerance of + 1 cm..
Weight: 35-40 kg (77-88 lbs.).
– Heigth at the croup 71 cm..
– Heigth at the chest 39 cm..
– Longitudinal diameter 71 cm..
. Total lenght of head 26 cm..
. Lenght of the foreface 13 cm..
. Lenght of the skull 13 cm..
– Lenght of the neck 26 cm..
– Lenght of the ear 13 cm..
– Lenght of the tail 52 cm..
– Height at the Hock 23 cm..
– Lenght of the hair at loin:
– Variety short hair 2 cm..
– Variety long hair 7 cm..
– Width of the head 15 cm..
– Perimeter of the chest 81 / 83 cm..
– Width of the chest 26 cm..
– Perimeter of the neck 49 cm..
Movement: Swift and very agile, with flowing gait.
Temperament: Intelligent and thoughtful, protective.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
1. Ca de bestia, Pastor mallorquín (English).
2. Berger de Majorque (French).
3. Ca de Bestiar (German).
4. Ca de Bestiar (Portuguese).
5. Ca de Bestiar, Pastor mallorquín (Spanish).