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hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)
Hungría FCI 240 . Short-haired Sighthounds

Lebrel Húngaro

The nature of hungarian hound, like its appearance, It is elegant. Extremely sensitive and smart, friendly sweetie, but never nosy.

Content

History

The hungarian hound is a real specialty among Hungarian dog breeds. But, it is perhaps the least known four-legged Hungarian. It has been threatened with extinction several times throughout its history, although he is a very valuable and lovable companion with an impressive talent for hunting. Due to its rarity, has crossed with other dogs over the years, reason why many people nowadays do not consider that the Greyhound non-hunter kept for hobby purposes is a hungarian hound pure breed.

Its origin

Like all Greyhounds, the ancestor of this Hungarian breed also comes from Egypt. They first appeared around the third millennium BC, the first finds come from that time. Several theories were born about its formation, but the only thing certain is that they reached the Carpathian Basin with the Hungarian conquerors, who used them for hunting. The first memories of hungarian hound go back to the time of San Esteban. At that moment, This Sighthound it was very popular, just like it was a fashionable pastime in the days of Matthias Hunyadi. The king himself often spent his time hunting with them on horseback.. After his death, with the country divided into three parts, the breeding of hungarian hound started to decline.

During Turkish rule, the hungarian greyhound was crossed with oriental type greyhounds. Hunting went from being a real hobby to poaching, since it was the best way to hunt without attracting attention.

The reformist count István Széchenyi popularized greyhound racing and the hungarian hound became the national dog. At that time, Greyhound races were considered special and prestigious social events. Almost constantly, associations were formed to deal with the breed and hunting with it. Horse and greyhound racing also attracted foreigners. This is how English thoroughbreds and the “Greyhound”. The resistance of the indigenous race was a rare treasure, but it did not correspond to the speed of the English Greyhound. Thus, the two dogs crossed often and the hungarian hound lost its original character. Thus, many people continue to question the Hungarian character of the greyhound, some say the old character has completely disappeared from current dogs.

After World War II, the breed almost disappeared. In 1963 a movie was made about King Matthias, for which they were needed hungarian sighthounds. But, this dog was so rare that it was almost impossible to find one in the country. For the movie, nature filmmaker and hunter Kálmán Szigethy found some specimens, bought them and started raising them. Thanks to Szigethy, the hungarian hound revived and in 1966 was officially recognized by the FCI. Since then, it has slowly but inexorably spread throughout Europe and is not in danger of extinction. In 2004, all breeds of domestic dogs, including hungarian hound, were declared a national treasure by the Hungarian Parliament, and in 2017 it was even named hungarian heritage dog.

Physical characteristics

The hungarian hound it is a thin hunting dog, his joints are dry and his musculature is prominent. The chest is flat and deep. The trunk is rectangular. The coat is short and of varied colors, and is bred in most greyhound colors.

Body weight of 22-31 kg, according to sex, and height at the cross of 62-70 cm.. It has a strong bone structure and a long head with character.. Almond-shaped eyes, dark brown. Black nose. The ears are called rose ears, that are small and bent back. Long tail, fine, regularly screwed. Its movement is flexible, elegant and graceful.

When run, can reach speeds of up to 60 km/h.

Life expectancy is 12-14 years.

Video of the Hungarian Greyhound
Magyar Agár - Agárfesztivál - Osagárd 2008

Character and skills

The hungarian hound has a very persistent and determined character. This is why he is so successful in greyhound racing. Compared to other dogs, can keep fast speed for a long time and, in case of stumbling, will continue on his way with the same vigor. He has a big heart in his deep chest, that helps you gallop with persistence. Radiates strength, elegance and great presence of mind. Although he loves to run, he is not hyperactive. typical of greyhounds, rests relatively frequently but requires a lot of exercise. So, regular daily exercise is important.

Your nature - like your appearance- It is elegant. He's extremely smart and sharp, loving but never intrusive. It is also recommended with children, they love them and a well socialized dog is not aggressive towards them. He is protective of his family but is not a biter and never barks unnecessarily. It is reserved with strangers. Has a balanced temperament, which makes it an ideal family pet. Early socialization and frequent exercise are important, otherwise you may develop behavior problems. This will most likely manifest itself in the flight. It is also excellent for various dog sports, especially greyhound racing, hunting or agility. Its calm nature also makes it ideal as a therapy dog..

Ideal environment

Greyhounds can stay indoors if they get adequate exercise every day. Get plenty of rest and can sleep up to 18 hours a day. Consequently, is very fond of comfort and soft beds. In a garden shed, it is necessary to ensure that a high enough fence is erected around it, since it will easily skip the lowest. He gets along very well with children, if they are treated well. It does not require a particularly active owner and is perfect for a family with an average lifestyle. A great hiking companion.

Grooming

The hungarian hound does not require any special care. You need to bathe him a couple of times a year and clean his eyes and ears at appropriate intervals. Brushing with a brushing glove is recommended once a week. More frequent brushing is recommended during the shedding season.

Health

The hungarian hound it is a healthy breed, does not have any specific disease.

Characteristics "hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Images "hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)"

Photos:

1 – hungarian hound Color: of course by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – hungarian hound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/magyar-agar-perro-animal-galgo-5016524/
3 – hungarian hound by Magpie (vitalap / edits), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – hungarian hound at the Katowice dog show (2005) by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – hungarian hound by Hachieko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – hungarian hound by http://www.magyaragar.eu/blog/tag/ungarischer-windhund/page/24/

Videos "hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)"


Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
  • Standard CCC (Canadian Kennel Club / Canadian Kennel Club)
  • Standard KC (The Kennel Club) – Hound
  • Standard UKC (United Kennel Club) – Sighthound and Pariah


FCI breed standard "hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)"

FCIFCI - hungarian hound (Magyar Agár)
Sighthound

Alternative names:

1. Magyar agár, Hungarian agar (English).
2. Magyar Agár (French).
3. Magyar Agár (German).
4. Magyar Agár, Lébrel húngaro (Portuguese).
5. Galgo húngaro, Magyar Agár (español).

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Irish wolfhound
Irlanda FCI 160 . Rough-haired Sighthounds

The Irish wolfhound It is the largest breed of dog that exists.; adults reach an average height of between 95 and 100 cm to the cross.

Lebrél irlandés

Content

Characteristics "Irish wolfhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Irish wolfhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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History

The Irish wolfhound it is a very old canine breed, It was used as a war and hunting dog as early as the 3rd century BC..

As the greatest of the Sighthounds and hunting dogs, they were already admired. In fact, its impressive size and exceptional bravery even allowed it to hunt the now-extinct Irish elk, that doubled him in size. But, It was his ability to attack wolves that gave the name to the Irish Wolfhound. Before taking this name, he was known simply as Cu, a Gaelic word whose meaning is not very clear; according to the texts, this word was sometimes translated as dog, sometimes like war dog, sometimes like wolf.

In any case, it's easy to imagine how, on the battlefield, the Irish wolfhoundhe could look like a fierce fighter and impress with his size. Its main use was to knock men off their horses or from enemy chariots. But, although his warrior past is mentioned during the various Celtic wars, there are few texts that narrate his exploits with greater precision. However, It should be noted that during the sacking of Delphi in the year 279 a.C., one survivor mentioned the presence of giant dogs fighting alongside their masters, but without giving more details.

Although it was used against him in some conflicts with the Celts, was admired by the Romans. This is attested by writings such as those of the Roman consul Quinto Aurelio, who received them as a gift and reported in the year 391 a.C. that Rome admired them in amazement. The Romans also used them as fighting dogs in the arenas., making them compete with other animals and prisoners of war.

The Irish wolfhound is intrinsically linked to the history and folklore of its country of origin, which is the national dog. In addition to the historical mentions of his role in wars and conflicts, this gentle giant is also at the center of the legends told in various writings, already in the 3rd and 4th centuries. In fact, its popularity has endured throughout the ages, as illustrated by numerous examples. One of the most famous comes from a twelfth-century writing that relates that Mesrodia, then king of Leinstern, In Ireland, owned an Irish Wolfhound so remarkable that the King of Connacht offered him six thousand cows and other treasures in exchange for his dog. Mesrodia's refusal led to a war between the two kingdoms, but the text does not specify what happened to the Greyhound, called Aibe.

In ancient ireland (until the 5th century AD), A law reserved to kings and nobles the possibility of owning a Irish wolfhound, and his number was a prestige mark of the person's title. These may include, minor members of the nobility could only own a maximum of two Irish wolfhound. But, this did not mean that the number of representatives of the breed in the country was extremely limited, since Ireland was divided at that time into more than 150 kingdoms, with many kings and nobles.

The Irish wolfhound it was a popular gift among the nobility, and was often delivered with silver and gold chains to develop or strengthen alliances. One of the most famous exchanges was the sending of an Irish greyhound named Gelert to Prince Llewellyn of Wales by King John of England in 1210, and the burial place of the august dog can be seen today in Wales.

Either used in battle or gifted to consolidate alliances, The Irish Greyhound has also made a name for itself outside its native country; mentions of the breed can be found in numerous writings. In 1596, in Spain, the poet Lope de Vega wrote a sonnet entirely dedicated to the Irish wolfhound.

Despite its glorious past, the Irish greyhound was not far from extinction in the early 1800s. At that time, the Irish wolfhound it was used mainly for hunting, but the disappearance or near disappearance of wolves, deer, roe deer and wild boar in Ireland took away much of its usefulness. It survived because some families already used it as a pet.

The Irish wolfhound he probably owes his salvation to Commander H as well. D. Richardson, who wrote a book about dogs in 1842 (The Dog: Its Origin, Natural History, and Varieties), in which he suggested that the Irish wolfhound and the Deerhound they were the same race. This led him to start a breeding program for the Irish wolfhound using Irish wolfhound from the Glengarry area (Ireland), saving the race from the brink of extinction.

Captain George Augustus Graham was another breeder who, in the decade of 1860, kept the race alive. Crossed the Irish wolfhound with the Scottish Greyhoundby Glengarry, Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound and the Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy) to avoid inbreeding. He also used the Irish wolfhound that had been crossed with the Great Dane harlequin. Graham was also responsible for the creation of the first breed club of the Irish wolfhound in 1885.

The Kennel Club, the leading british kennel club, was founded in 1873, but did not recognize the breed until 1925.

In United States, was recognized already in 1897 by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The other leading American organization, the UKC (United Kennel Club), it took a little longer to do the same, since it was not until 1921. It also, in 1927 a breed club was founded. Today, the irish greyhound is moderately popular in ireland, occupying an average of 75th place in 200 in the number of pedigrees issued annually by the AKC.

The International Cynological Federation did not recognize the Irish wolfhound until 1955.

Physical characteristics

The Irish wolfhound is the largest of Sighthounds and has an elongated and imposing body, with massive musculature and a broad back. Their legs are long, straight and strong; perfect to let you jump high.

His head is long and flat, and the skull is not very wide. The ears are located high on the skull and fold along it., in the characteristic style of Greyhounds.

The muzzle is long and slightly pointed, and the small dark eyes.

Finally, their fur has a wire texture; it is rough and quite short. The hair under the eyes and under the jaw is slightly curly and longer than the rest of the body. The color of the coat is gray, white, black, red, beige or tabby.

Weight and size

▷ Male size: 81 to 94 cm.
▷ female size: 71 to 81 cm.
▷ Male weight: 55 to 85 kg
▷ female weight: 50 to 70 kg

Character and skills

the size of the Irish wolfhound makes it not a suitable dog for everyone. In fact, even if it is quite passive, it is not recommended to live in an apartment, due to its size. You have to have enough space for everyone to move around easily. It also, how prone to joint problems (starting with the Hip Dysplasia), they are also not recommended for homes with stairs.

So, the Irish wolfhound is much more comfortable in a place with enough space to stretch his legs, preferably with a fenced garden, to prevent the dog from escaping. A wireless electric fence probably wouldn't stop it, since his hunting instinct prevails.

In any case, even if you have access to a garden, it is important that you plan walks with your adult dog for at least 40 minutes a day. Once your need for exercise is satisfied, you will be happier to walk around the house with your family.

Whether walking or running, daily exercise should be much more limited with a puppy of Irish wolfhound, due to the fragility of your joints. It is best to start with a five-minute walk each day and then gradually increase the walking time.. The gradual increase in time and distance of exercise should continue until the child reaches maturity., to prevent joint damage. In any case, children under one year of age should not travel more than three kilometers.

It also, despite your affection and devotion to your loved ones, the Irish wolfhound not the most effective guard dog, as they do not have the reflex to start barking to warn of potential danger. It also, although its large size may be enough to scare away potential intruders, They are not the type to adopt an aggressive temperament towards a human, even if it is malicious. This is not incompatible with his ability to display great bravery; simply, despite his origin as a warrior dog, does not a priori perceive humans as a source of danger. They are often described as gentle giants who, despite its size, they can be very gentle with family and children.

In fact, this intelligent dog naturally seeks human company, making him an extremely loyal companion. They get along with everyone, and this is also true if they have to share their daily life with another dog.

On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, it can be quite difficult to get them to live with other pets, as they will soon be mistaken for prey. Although he is socialized from a young age to the presence of other species, there is always the risk that your natural instincts will overtake you, so this coexistence must always be carried out under supervision.

It is also his hunting instinct which explains why it is advisable to always keep him on a leash., to prevent it from chasing small animals, unfamiliar cats or even small dogs that may pass by. In fact, there is a real risk that you will be the victim of a traffic accident, 'Cause when he's worried about the hunt, he forgets his immediate surroundings, to the extent, for example, to cross a road without paying attention to possible vehicles.

Education

The Irish wolfhound he is a sensitive and intelligent dog, that it is easy to train if the owner uses positive reinforcement dog training techniques and knows how to stay calm in case of problems, but also rewards the dog when it responds well to instructions. On the other hand, if he is punished or if his owner raises his voice too much, likely to retract and isolate. It also requires a certain consistency in your education..

It also, when they are still small, the Irish wolfhound have a tendency to steal various objects, like shoes. Thus, it is often easier and safer to leave your dog in a crate at home when you are away. But, duration should be minimal: more than half a day would start to cause problems, as your dog needs to move and stretch to prevent joint damage. As i grow, and as long as your education is not deficient, You should understand that this is not acceptable behavior., and that impulse should pass, which would allow him to be let loose at home.

Health

The Irish wolfhound is one of the shortest-lived dog breeds and is prone to a variety of health problems, several of which are common to all large dogs :

The hepatic dog
This disease is the result of liver failure., that no longer fulfills its metabolic functions. This functional loss is the cause of serious metabolic disorders. (dehydration, diarrhea, etc.) and can cause the death of the dog . In the Irish wolfhound, the most common cause is intoxication from an inadequate dose of certain medications to which it is particularly sensitive.

Hip Dysplasia
Common in dogs of this size, can have several causes. In the case of the Irish wolfhound, is an inherited condition most often caused by the femur not fully inserting into the hip joint.

heart disorders
Dog heart problems do not spare the Irish Wolfhound. In particular, a third of the representatives of the breed have an increased risk of cardiac arrest caused by dilated cardiomyopathy (also called a heart strain).

▷ The dilation-torsion of the stomach.

It also, like all breeds of greyhounds , the Irish wolfhound have an increased sensitivity to anesthetics and certain medications. In the event of an intervention that requires anesthetizing the dog, it is essential to choose a veterinarian familiar with the Irish wolfhound and its physiological specificities, since a normal dose in another race can be fatal for him.

Life expectancy

Of 6 to 8 years

Grooming

The Irish wolfhound constantly changes, but not in excess. The dog's coat should be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair.. However, the coat is generally easy to care for, and it should not be necessary to bathe the dog more than once or twice a year, unless, Of course, that you come into contact with a substance that is dirty or harmful to your health.

Some owners trim their fur Irish wolfhound, but this is more for aesthetic reasons than a real need. This is done primarily for individuals shown at dog shows. In any case, longer hair around the ears can be trimmed slightly, legs or neck. The underbelly and tail hair can also be shortened to give the dog a proud appearance..

It is also advisable to brush the dog's teeth two or three times a week.. The dog's nails should be trimmed once or twice a month, depending on its wear.

Once a week, brushing the dog's coat is an opportunity to examine its general physical condition, for example, to make sure your ears or skin are not red or show other signs of infection.

Food

Like all large dogs, the Irish wolfhound has a big food budget. In fact, needed between 540 and 1.000 grams of quality dry food each day, administered in two meals: one in the morning and one at night. The exact amount should be determined with the help of your veterinarian., depending on the age and activity level of the dog.

In any case, due to the high risk of stomach bloating, it is important to avoid any intense physical activity in the hour before and especially after each meal.

Price of a “Irish wolfhound”

The Irish wolfhound not only is it an expensive dog to breed (due to the budget for food that it represents), but it is also one of the most expensive breeds to buy. The price of a puppy Irish wolfhound varies between the 1.350 and 1.800 EUR, without there being a significant difference between males and females.

Images "Irish wolfhound"

Photos:

1 – “Irish wolfhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/irish-wolfhound-chihuahua-poodle-mix-85578/
2 – Meet drew, the new “Irish wolfhound” rescued from my mother. A precious animal by Airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Irish wolfhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/irish-wolfhound-perro-1789938/
4 – Attila, Irish Wolfhound, owner Ms.. Sylvie Saulue by Sylvie Saulue/Design Madeleine, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Irish Wolfhound, striped, macho by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Yesterday my mother received a “Irish wolfhound” rescued. His owner couldn't keep him any longer due to a terminal illness, so the wolf rescue society contacted my mother to see if she would take him in, and he said yes 🙂 Amy and I picked it up yesterday, and this is me bonding with him 🙂 Taken with Amy's phone camera, so excuse the quality. by Airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Irish wolfhound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 2: Rough-haired Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hound
  • ANKC – Group 4 (Hounds)
  • CKC – Group 2 – Hounds
  • KC – Hound
  • NZKC – Hound
  • UKCSighthound and Pariah


FCI breed standard "Irish wolfhound"

FCIFCI - Irish wolfhound
Sighthound

Alternative names:

1. Irish wolfhound (English).
2. Irish wolfhound (French).
3. Irish Wolfhound (German).
4. (em inglês: Irish Wolfhound), Lébrel irlandês (Portuguese).
5. Cazador de lobos irlandés, Lobero irlandés (español).

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Afghan Hound
Afghanistan Great Britain FCI 228 . Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds.

The Afghan Hound It behaves so haughty and reserved, especially with strangers

Lebrel Afgano

Content

Characteristics "Afghan Hound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Afghan Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History “Afghan Hound”

Also know as Tazi It is a dog coming from Afghanistan.

The origin of this breed it is possible that you are in the race Saluki, that would have reached Afghanistan through Persia. Already in Afghanistan, the Saluki I would need a coat more appropriate for the hostile climate of the mountains of this country, developing the long coat which characterizes Afghan Hound current, and with which today seduces so many people who acquire dogs of this breed without taking into account that they need very special care.

The origin of the Afghan Hound it is ancient, with the first records approximately in the year 1000 to. C., in the area where it is currently Afghanistan. It was used as a hunting dog.

The antiquity of this breed has not yet been corroborated by anyone, but the earliest records date from the 19th century, which does not mean that they did not exist before, but that Afghan nomads didn't bother in the race record for writing. The first illustration made of a Afghan Hound It is the year 1813. This race came to England in 1920 and didn't succeed, It is recognized by the british kennel club only six years later.

In the year 1880, When he ended the war between Afghans and British, the officers of the British army took home some of these dogs, whose characteristics as hunting dogs in the harsh conditions of the Afghan mountains, had caught his attention.

Videos "Afghan Hound"

Miske, galgo afgano
Breed All About It - Afghan Hound

In Europe, the Afghan Hound It has maintained its natural activity sheepdog and hunting, task that he already did in his homeland. As well, Thanks to its elegant appearance, agility and speed, has become a companion and racing dog.

In the beginning, the Afghan Hound He was employed to chase prey of all kinds, who were in the mountains Afghanistan, such as hares, foxes, Gazelles, jackals, Wolves, deer, and even, Snow leopard (which is the only big cat that lives exclusively in high mountains and is perfectly adapted to this environment).

Another function of Afghan Hound was the monitoring the camps of nomadic tribes and livestock, functions that, along with those related to hunting, They gave this race a huge popularity among nomads Afghanistan (they even reserved a day of festivity dedicated to the Afghan Hound, which engalanaban them with necklaces of flowers).

Physical characteristics “Afghan Hound”

General appearance gives an impression of force, dignity, speed and power. The exotic and oriental expression is typical of the breed, with a direct and scrutinizing look.

The head It has the long narrow skull and not, with the prominent occipital, the snout long, clean jaw and the light stop.

The eyes They are preferably dark, almost triangular and slightly oblique upwards. The ears They are set low, well delayed position and the animal stuck against the head. The limb They are straight and well boned. The tail it should not be too short, fits low, It forms a ring at the tip and is adorned with a few curious Wicks. In motion, the animal has been raised.

The hair It is long and thin on the sides, extremities and flanks. In older dogs is short and dense in the area from the shoulders and the kidneys. Head is long from the front and forms a long silky hair.

They are admitted all colors.

The ideal height the cross males: 68 to 74 cm.. and females: 63 to 69 cm..

Character and skills “Afghan Hound”

It is considered one of the least intelligent races, positioned on the scale as the number 79 according to S. Coren, autor de “The Intelligence of Dogs”, but also whimsical.

The Afghan Hound is independent and capable of chasing its prey without the need for instructions. His intelligence and confidence allow him to anticipate the reactions of his prey and make decisions on his own..

This means that you tend to act freely and do things your way when you decide it is necessary., instead of following the letter of his master's instructions. This means that your training can be challenging., and that it is a breed that needs an experienced trainer.

But, despite its independence, They are very devoted to their owner and are usually affectionate with their family. But, must accept that this affection is not available à  la carte, but when they decide the time is right. In other words, you have to accept their independence and not expect constant displays of affection from them. Not recommended for families with young children: without being aggressive with them, tends to reject their contact when they are too insistent.

outside the family circle, their sociability is limited. Thus, often tends to be distant - even haughty- with anyone who considers a stranger in their home. You can even show that attitude with your master, especially if you feel upset.

His somewhat difficult character and the fact that he is not necessarily affectionate tend to make us forget that, However, he is a faithful companion. May have a hard time adjusting to a new home.

But, can be very affectionate and fun, and even enjoys being the center of attention. Some owners also report that they like to steal things and hide them. He even seems to enjoy doing it in front of his owner's nose.. In other words, even when he's having fun, shows your level of confidence and self-control.

The Afghan Hound it is a very robust dog that needs a lot of exercise. But, can adapt to life in a flat, as long as its owner provides a minimum of two hours of physical activity a day to expend its energy. Due to his background as a hunter, he especially likes to run long distances: it is one of his favorite activities, and walking is not enough. So, you need to run several times a week - or even every day- and is a very good companion for someone who wants to run with their dog. It can be content to run in a secure enclosure on days when its owner is not available for a long run., as long as you continue to do at least some additional activities (brisk walks, go to the park, etc.) to expend your boundless energy.

If you live in a house and have access to a garden, it must be strictly fenced, since his hunting instinct is particularly pronounced. Otherwise, won't stop taking off if it sees potential prey, to go after her. It's not a wireless electric fence that could stop him, since the discomfort he feels is no match for his desire to pursue.

Obviously, the same happens when walking, so it is always better to wear it on a leash, at the risk of suddenly disappearing as soon as a potential prey is identified. If the owner wishes to allow his dog to go off leash in certain less dangerous areas, you should at least equip it with a connected GPS dog collar, to be able to find it in case of need.

Last, their hunting instinct means that coexistence with other small animals is not recommended. Sometimes he can tolerate a cat if he has become used to its presence from a young age, but in general, not very sociable with other animals. It is a little less complicated with other dogs, But again, you better start with them asap.

Education

Although he is extremely loyal, the Afghan Hound he is very stubborn and tends to do what he wants. If we add to this that they tend to be dominant, we can see how much they need an experienced owner who knows how to show their dog who is the master and assert himself gently. To get it, it is recommended to use training techniques based on positive reinforcement.

In any case, your training requires a good dose of patience, since it is very independent. If you decide you are not interested, you need to use your imagination to capture their attention and arouse their interest, or postpone the training session. If you feel upset when you think you have something better to do, in a rush and / or forced to do something you don't want to, becomes very stubborn and rejects any instructions. It also, to avoid fatigue and, Therefore, disinterest on his part, it is better to opt for varied sessions rather than long repetitions of the same exercise.

The training of a Afghan Hound requires, Therefore, the ability to adapt to your current mood and vary exercises to diversify your sessions and keep your focus. This is all the more true since, unlike other races, does not seek to please his master.

Group classes in a school for puppies (once the first vaccinations have been carried out) they are an interesting option for the success of training. This can help teach the puppy the first commands (how to sit to order or search) in a more supervised environment. It also, offer an interesting socializing opportunity.

Socialization is an important aspect of training an Afghan greyhound puppy. As he is not very fond of human beings outside his family circle, it is important to expose it from a young age to various people and situations (go out in public, meet the neighbors, receive guests at home, etc.) so you don't get too reserved. In fact, his shyness and natural distrust of strangers tend to get the best of him quickly.

It also, as your maintenance need is quite important but you may consider human interaction a nuisance, it is essential to teach him from a young age to allow himself to be manipulated without flinching.

Health

Although generally in good health, the Afghan Hound is particularly prone to certain diseases:

  • Allergies: the symptoms of an allergy in a dog are the same as in humans (crying eyes, sneezing, etc.). They can be treated with drugs and / or changes in the animal's environment, depending on the type of allergy involved;
  • Cancer : as humans, this condition can be fatal, has fortiori if detected in an advanced stage. On the other hand, when taken on time, it is often possible to remove the cancerous mass by surgery and / or taking medication;
  • The juvenile cataract : is usually present from birth and, depending on its severity, can potentially be treated by surgery. But, in some cases, cause blindness in the dog ;
  • Hypothyroidism , a thyroid gland disorder causing lethargy, weight and hair loss, as well as fatigue. Usually, it is treated with medications.

It also, like most dogs with hanging ears , have an increased risk of ear infection and, therefore, requires special vigilance at this level.

It also, is more exposed than other breeds to the risk of urinary obstruction. These can be treated with medications, but surgery is required if they don't work. In any case, a change in diet is often necessary to reduce the risk of new crystal formation.

Obesity is not a problem you are predisposed to. But, any dog ​​that is malnourished and / or not exercising enough is at risk of being overweight, with a potential higher risk of developing certain diseases. His master must, Therefore, go to the trouble of weighing your partner regularly, make sure everything is in order at this level and react if it is not, in general, to make you exercise more and be more rigorous in your daily ration is enough.

Another good must-have habit is taking your dog to the vet at least once a year for a full checkup.. This allows both detecting a possible problem early, as well as ensuring that everything is in order regarding the dog's vaccinations and reminders.

Life expectancy

12 to 14 years

Grooming

Due to its long fur, cleanliness is an essential dimension of maintaining Afghan Hound. To avoid tangling, the dog should be brushed with a rubber comb, ideally every day. This will help maintain the silky texture of the coat while removing dead hair.. As in the case of any long-haired dog, do not neglect the time dedicated to this task, as it is an important condition to keep your dog healthy.

It also, It is necessary that you take your dog to the groomer from time to time to keep his coat well trimmed and looking good for all occasions. In fact, the maintenance of its thick coat is more complex than that of many other breeds, and it is better to leave it in the hands of a professional. Ideally, trim it every 2 or 3 months.

On the other hand, the Afghan Hound only needs to be bathed once or twice a year, unless it got dirty. Regular brushing is usually enough to remove debris that may be lodged in the coat..

The ears, on the other hand, they need a lot more attention. Long hair around the ears and the fact that they are folded on themselves pose a higher risk of this happening. To avoid irritation or infection problems, it is important to inspect them weekly and keep them clean.

This weekly session is also an opportunity to clean the dog's eyes and brush his teeth., in order to maintain good oral hygiene and limit the formation of tartar, which can have unfortunate consequences.

In general, as in the case of all dogs, a weekly check-up is essential to ensure that you are in good health and to detect any problems early, be it skin rashes, eye infections or injuries to the pads of the feet.

Last, the claws of this very active animal tend to wear out enough naturally, so no need to trim them manually. But, it is important to periodically check that this is the case and to do so if necessary.

Observations

He has washed too often (each 15 days), because knots are easily formed.. Exemplary elders and breeding females can be sheared to be able to take care of more easily.

Use

Along the centuries, the Afghan Hound has developed a long coat, thick and silky that allows it to withstand the extreme temperatures of the mountainous regions where it was used as a hunting dog.

His resistance to cold is not the only asset that made him -and makes him- a formidable hunter: you can also trust your vision. Similar to the Whippet, the English Greyhound, the Borzoi and the Saluki, has a field of view of 270 degrees, 30 more than other dog breeds (and 70 more than a human being). This allows them to detect their prey from a wider angle while remaining immobile., so they can go unnoticed more easily.

Once they start to chase their prey, the Afghan Hound it gives them little chance of escaping. In fact, his speed is legendary: can reach a maximum speed of 64 km/h, not far from the speed record ever set by a racehorse (69,2 km/h). Can only maintain that speed for short distances, but it has a great resistance, as it can be maintained for hundreds of kilometers.

In his native Afghanistan, it was used mainly to hunt large prey, both in desert areas and in the mountains. He was valued for his ability to travel long distances, its speed and its value. In fact, one of his tasks was to hold back dangerous prey, like leopards, until the riders arrived. This type of hunting, in which the dog leads the hunters, requires great independence and a capacity to react to different situations with few instructions. These are qualities that he still possesses today..

But, this use as a hunting dog has now disappeared. The most frequent is to find it as a companion dog, although their number has decreased considerably compared to a few decades ago.

It also stands out in dog shows and, despite his strong character, is known for its good performance in obedience competitions.

On the other hand, although he is an extremely fast runner, the races of the Afghan Hound have never been as popular as his cousin the Greyhound. There are records of this type of racing in India and Afghanistan in the 19th century, but it is not clear in the literature how popular this sport was then. Since the mid-1990s 1980, some breeders try to popularize them, mainly in England and the United States, But it is no small thing to say that they face headwinds. In fact, criticism of the treatment of racing dogs has been on the rise, thanks above all to the awareness-raising work of various animal defense organizations, so dog racing has been losing popularity over the years 90.

Price "Afghan Hound"

The price of a puppy Afghan Hound varies between the 1.200 and 1.400 EUR, without there being a significant price difference between males and females.

In fact, price differences from one individual to another are explained more by the intrinsic characteristics of the puppy (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), the possible prestige of its lineage and the reputation of the kennel from which it comes.

Images “Afghan Hound”

Videos “Afghan Hound”


Breeders of the breed "Afghan Hound"

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Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Afghan Hound"

FCIFCI - Afghan Hound
Sighthound

Alternative names

1. Afghan Hound, Tazi, Tazhi Spay, Da Kochyano Spay, Sage Balochi, Ogar Afgan, Barakzai Hound, Eastern Greyhound/Persian Greyhound (English).
2. Lévrier afghan, Tazi (French).
3. Afghanische Windhund, kurz Afghane (German).
4. Galgo afegão (Portuguese).
5. Lebrel afgano, Baluchi Hound, Sage Baluchi, Tazi, Ogar Afgan (español).

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Polish Greyhound
Polonia FCI 333 . Short-haired Sighthounds.

Polish Greyhound

The Polish Greyhound born to hunt, not only of the hare, the bustard and the fox, but also the wolf.

Content

History

The “Polish Greyhound” is a very ancient race. In the chronicles of Galla Anonymous there are references to the royal court's expenses in maintaining the Greyhounds. According to an old Polish dictionary, in the 13th century there were more than 300 terms to refer to Greyhounds, which shows that in Poland at that time they were known and popular animals.

The first description of hunting with Greyhounds is located in Myślistwie z ogary (Hunting with stallions), of Jan Ostroróg, and the first description of a Greyhound data of 1600 (A. Gostomski, Equestrian farm). Another description of hunting with Greyhounds found in the poem The fighter de Tomasz Bielawski, published in 1595.

Last, “Nature” of the 13 in July of 1895, describing the visit of Grand Duke Nicolas to a dog show in Tuilleries, gives the following information about the Polish Greyhound, prince's property: “These Greyhounds shorthair come from Poland, from where they entered Russia in large numbers with the expedition of Prince Dimitri in 1505; are bigger than Sighthounds, but less delicate, and her hair is longer”.

All these data confirm that the Polish Greyhound was present in the Polish lands before the Borzoi – Russian Hound for hunting and the “Greyhound”. The Polish Greyhound has many features in common with the Saluki, like its fur, that is not found in others Short-haired Sighthounds nor in the Borzoi. The coats like dominoes, flame black or tricolor are also common in the Saluki. At the same time, the Polish Greyhound does not have the black color without fire with white variants, so frequent in the “Greyhound”.

The Greyhounds spread throughout Europe thanks to the migrations of Celtic tribes. The Celts valued hunting on horseback with Greyhounds as a sport and its ouertragoi (in latin transcription – contract), originating from Asia, they became the ancestor of most European races of Greyhounds.

It is also believed that Polish Greyhound descends directly from the Asian type. While the English selected their Greyhounds for the speed with which they could hunt hares in a relatively limited space, in central europe, in the great flat areas of Poland at that time, in a dry and harsh climate, the Greyhounds Asians evolved into larger dogs, robust and strong, used to hunt any type of game, including foxes and wolves.

The Greyhounds Asians also came to our area with the nomadic Scythian tribes. Written sources show that, in the 18th and 19th centuries, the Polish Greyhound original crossed with other Greyhounds, as the Irish wolfhound.

The heyday of Polish Greyhound irretrievably happened at the end of the 19th century, when - as a result of the progressive divisions of the land- the search for game began to be hampered by fences. The population of Polish Greyhound was significantly reduced in not very numerous kennels of tradition-loving nobility, especially in southern Poland, in Podolia and Ukraine. Until World War II, the Greyhounds hunted in the voivodeship of Kielce, in the estate of the lords Niemojewski – Oleszno Kielecki. Oleszno Kieleckie It was the last bastion of Polish Greyhound.

The Second World War and the harsh postwar years caused the almost total extinction of these beautiful dogs. The fate of this breed after the war was turbulent and complicated. In southern areas of Poland, dogs from scattered kennels used to fall into the hands of poachers, which is why, as outlaws, they were viciously exterminated by hunters, forest guards and militiamen. In that moment all that was “manorial” was methodically destroyed. Nonetheless, some Polish Greyhound survived, and the selection was carried out according to the speed, agility and “passivity” (skill in catching). That skill in the capture allowed to keep the race pure.

Over the years 70, a group of enthusiasts strove to save and restore the breed. In 1981 a registration book was opened for the Polish Greyhound. In 1989 the breed was officially recognized by the FCI as the fourth Polish breed.

Character and skills

The Polish Greyhound is a quiet dog, sober and brave. Show distance to strangers, while towards his own family he is very attached and affectionate. Raised together with a cat, you can live with him at home, but if you see a cat outside, your hunting instincts will kick in.

Video of the Polish Greyhound
Polish greyhound- CHROBRY.MOV

It must be remembered that the Polish Greyhound will generally not be satisfied with the chase itself, but can actually hunt a pet, so in the places where stray cats walk, must absolutely be kept on a leash. Usually, is not aggressive with strangers, but like a dog with a strong character, can get into a fight if provoked. He also has a strong territorial instinct.

The Polish Greyhound he is very devoted to his owner, and properly guided is “a man's dog”, an excellent companion at home and, when necessary, a vigilant guardian of the property.

It feels better in a house with a garden (However, some rides must be provided), but it will also suit apartment living, as long as your activity needs are met.

Physical characteristics

  • Size: desired height at withers for females 68-75 cm., for males 70-80 cm.
  • Weight: 25-35 kg
  • Fur: hair elastic to the touch, pretty hard, but without wires or silky; of unequal length on the body: the hair is longer at the withers, the shortest on the sides, chest and limbs, the belly is covered with thin and sparse hair. On the back of the thighs and on the bottom of the tail, the hair is longer but also hard; pants and a light feather.
  • Color: all colors are ok; the edges of the eyelids and the tip of the nose are black or dark; only with light tones, like beige or blue, the tip of the nose is respectively beige or blue.
  • Life expectancy:

    10-12 years

    Health

    The Polish Greyhound he is a very healthy dog. They're strong, fit and resistant. They tolerate low temperatures well, whenever they are in motion. Despite its thick undercoat, cool down pretty quickly, because they have thin, highly vascularized skin and a very thin layer of subcutaneous fat.

    So far no special predisposition to genetic diseases has been found in Polish Greyhound. A young dog should receive an adequate amount of exercise, for your body to develop properly. Puppies and young dogs should not be over-exercised and the dog should be introduced to training gradually..

    Grooming

    The short hair of a Polish Greyhound does not require any special treatment. During the molting period, the dog should be combed once every few days, and less frequent brushing is sufficient. We bathe the dog as needed. It also, we control the state of the ears and teeth. If required, trim claws.

    Characteristics "Polish Greyhound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Polish Greyhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
    • CKC – Miscellaneous?
    • Standard UKC (United Kennel Club) – Sighthound and Pariah


    FCI breed standard "Polish Greyhound"

    FCIFCI - Polish Greyhound
    Sighthound

    Alternative names:

    1. Polish Sighthound, Chart Polski (Polish) (English).
    2. Chart polski (French).
    3. Chart polski (German).
    4. (em polonês/polaco: chart polski) (Portuguese).
    5. Chart Polski (Polaco) (español).

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    Spanish greyhound
    España FCI 285 . Short-haired Sighthounds

    Galgo espanol

    The Spanish greyhound is highly appreciated for your discretion and sincere affection, never inordinate, that he professes for his owner.

    Content

    History

    The Spanish greyhound it is an ancient breed of hunting dog. His specialty is hunting hares and other small game in difficult terrain.. The Spanish greyhound They are persistent and fast sight hunters. Type dogs Greyhound already described in the first reports of antiquity. They represent one of the oldest types of dog and have not changed their basic design for thousands of years. Its resemblance to the ancient Egyptian hunting dog Tesem, one of the oldest and also fairly well documented dog breeds of all, it's amazing.

    Of 1930 to 1935, the wealthy landowners of southern Spain imported Greyhounds from England and raised here with the Greyhounds original. As the races of Greyhounds had become popular on English racecourses, saw an advantage in the crossing of the fast racing greyhounds. But, It was overlooked that these extremely high speeds of a greyhound occurred on flat tracks. In the changing, uneven and stony hunting grounds of a Spanish greyhound they are rather a disadvantage. Like a sports car off the road. But, This wave of imports meant that the real Spanish greyhound in the sense of purity and original function. It also, in his homeland little attention was traditionally paid to purity in the modern upbringing sense. Mixtures with Warren hound, for example, are standard. Plus, a large part of the population lives relatively self-determined anyway. All this is not a disadvantage for the quality and well-being of the dogs, not even for the race. And rather it favors the old Greyhound almost finds himself again and the influences of the Greyhound.

    In the past, most dogs were bred according to this almost classical principle of selection for suitability, around the world. Mainly performance for the purpose counted. So, the breed can also be considered healthy in essence, healthier than many of the “high creators” pure-bred. The FCI, the world dog breeding association, officially recognized the breed Spanish greyhound in 1971. In 1982 a revised standard was written. It describes an anatomy that does justice to the special use of a hunting whippet in sight for persistent hare hunting in the field.

    Popular mixes

    There are many more mixes of Spanish greyhound which pure breeds according to the specifications of the dog breeding. Many of the stray dogs in the Iberian Peninsula descend from the Spanish greyhound, that -like the Warren hound– they are simply abandoned after being used by hunters. These dogs have developed a marked aptitude and cunning, that they used especially in their constant search for food.

    Physical characteristics

    The Spanish greyhounds show the typical appearance of a European greyhound. In Spain they are ubiquitous, but above all as street dogs and according to the pedigree breeding criteria above all mixes. This does not have to be a disadvantage with these dogs.. Along the centuries, have established themselves very well and have developed their type. But, the greyhounds they also have an official standard as purebred dogs for a long time 50 years. The official standard describes them like this:

    The Spanish greyhound is of considerable size, medium format, slightly convex profile, elongated, with elongated skull. compact skeleton, long narrow head, spacious chest, belly very tucked up and very long tail. Clearly vertical and muscular hindquarters.

    He wears thin and short hair or -very rarely- semi-long and rough. The Spanish greyhound they do not have undercoat, what can be a problem in the harsh winters of northern Europe. All colors are permitted. The ears should form a wide, triangular-shaped base. When you are alert, the ears are half prick in the first third with the folded ends pointing to the sides. When they are at rest (relaxed) form a rose ear near the head.

    What is the size of a “Spanish greyhound”?

    No weight is prescribed, but yes the desired size. The Spanish greyhound must have a height at the cross of 62 to 70 centimeters for males and 60 to 68 centimeters for females.

    How many years does a “Spanish greyhound”?

    There are no exact figures on the life expectancy of Spanish greyhounds. But, life expectancy can be considered very high, specifically of 12 to 15 years or more, provided there is no inbreeding.

    Character and skills

    The Spanish greyhound they are hunting dogs and greyhounds at the same time. They are very agile and alert. Almost nothing escapes your keen senses. Especially when they are young dogs, nervously yearn for exercise and experiences, ideally of a hunting nature and above all with the option of being able to run freely. As they tend to have a strong hunting instinct, this need so ingrained in the dogs of our latitudes can rarely be satisfied in nature.

    It is an experience to see the greyhounds run in freedom. They can sprint quickly, even on difficult terrain, and they can make amazing hooks.

    The Spanish greyhound they are very intelligent and docile. They quickly know what is allowed and what is taboo. They are kind and open with people. They have a good-natured character and can be charmingly cuddly.. They seek a close bond with their owners and are loyal to them. But they also go their own ways. Due to the harsh performance-oriented selection in their home country, they are very hard and resistant. In the specimens that were socialized as street dogs and then taken to other countries, a drive for freedom is often observed that should not be underestimated. The belt, which on the other hand gives the dogs a feeling of security, perceived as a threat and a constriction.

    Many of these dogs find life in densely populated cities stressful., more than the usual struggle for survival in their home country. This also applies to restrictions on dogs. They can become so fearful and shy, who are under constant stress. They are challenges for the dog, and the owners, but in many cases they can be solved well with canine sense and a little affection. But, we cannot recommend them as a beginner dog.

    What care does a “Spanish greyhound”?

    The Spanish greyhound he is extremely frugal. It is enough to brush the coat with a spiked glove from time to time.

    Are there diseases typical of the breed? “Spanish greyhound”?

    Against the background of performance-oriented selection in its country of origin and fluid genetic boundaries there with corresponding unknown inbreeding, his health is extremely robust and exemplary. This can be different sometimes with show dogs bred in other countries. The Spanish greyhound they do not have undercoat. They need professional clothing when it is very cold.

    What food is best for a “Spanish greyhound”?

    The Spanish greyhound has no special dietary requirements. It is a true omnivore. Of course, high quality food is good for your health and you like it too. The Spanish greyhound it is also suitable for “barfing profesional”.

    Activities with him “Spanish greyhound”

    How much exercise does a Spanish Greyhound need??

    The Spanish greyhound it is a real hunting dog and sighthound. The Sighthound Association offers the opportunity to participate in sighthound races or coursing events with Spanish greyhound to keep the dog busy and physically active. Other dog sports, like agility, are also suitable. Due to his strong motivation for hunting, training requires a lot of patience and empathy.

    Considerations before adopting a “Spanish greyhound”

    Where can you adopt a “Spanish greyhound”?

    If you want to share your life with a Spanish greyhound, you should look up a breeder or local animal shelters well before you buy one and make contacts here. The breeder must be trusted. Please, do not buy a Greyhound online, as there is a high risk that the puppy comes from a dog vendor disguised as an animal welfare organization. You can easily find greyhound-type dogs at a trusted animal shelter near you..

    Characteristics "Spanish greyhound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Spanish greyhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Images "Spanish greyhound"

    Photos:

    1 – “Spanish greyhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/galgo-español-rápido-perros-3799630/
    2 – “Spanish greyhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perros-jugando-galgo-español-saluki-3799600/
    3 – “Spanish greyhound” by Netspy, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – “Spanish greyhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/greyhound-galgos-4890924/
    5 – “Spanish greyhound” by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xeivz
    6 – “Spanish greyhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-galgo-mascotas-3765523/

    Videos "Spanish greyhound"


    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
    • RSCFRCE


    FCI breed standard "Spanish greyhound"

    FCIFCI - Spanish greyhound
    Greyhound

    Alternative names:

    1. Spanish Galgo, Galgo (English).
    2. Galgo espagnol (French).
    3. Galgo, Galgo español (German).
    4. Galgo español (Portuguese).
    5. Lebrel español, Galgo (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Greyhound (English Greyhound)
    Irlanda Gran Bretañaa FCI 158 . Short-haired Sighthounds

    The Greyhound It is a breed of dog that is used mainly as a companion and competition animal..

    Galgo Inglés

    Content

    Characteristics "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Greyhound (English Greyhound)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    History

    There are several explanations about the origin of the name Greyhound. Some say it is due to the gray color of the breed, but the most popular theory is that the name comes from Old English “grei”, What dog, and “hundr”, what does hunter mean.

    Whatever the origin of your name, the Greyhound it is one of the oldest dog breeds, which is confirmed by its genetic characteristics. It also, although it is impossible to determine the exact date, the first mentions of this breed date back to more than 8.000 years.

    More recently, it was also depicted in drawings from ancient Egypt (3200-1100 a.C.). There is also evidence of its presence and use in ancient Greece (766-323 a.C.). He was already known for his athletic qualities and great speed., and the Greeks already organized dog races.

    Later, the Greyhound It is also mentioned in the writings of the Roman poet Ovid (43-17 or 18 a.C.). It is also the only breed of dog mentioned in the Bible..

    It is very likely that it originated in the Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound), who accompanied Phoenician sailors in ancient times. They used him as a hunting dog in the desert, activity in which its speed and robustness worked wonders. The Arabian Greyhound has long been recognized as a sign of nobility, and was especially known in dog racing.

    The Greyhound has also been portrayed throughout history as a noble canine breed, both in art and literature, especially in english. In fact, have long been associated with royalty. Many medieval tapestries depict the dog as a companion of the aristocracy and the kings of France and England.. It was generally used for hunting deer and wild boar.. Between the 11th and 14th centuries, an english law (the Canute Laws of Great Britain, enacted in 1016) it even stipulated that no criminal could possess a greyhound, which further confirmed the prestige of the breed.

    After an undeniable success throughout Europe, It is said that it appeared in America in the 16th century, brought by Spanish explorers.

    Three centuries later, when the first dog shows were organized in England and the United States, was immediately one of the first breeds to be exhibited. Nothing less than 18 Sighthounds Englishmen competed in the first Westminster Kennel Club show in 1877.

    On the american side, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1885. The first greyhound race was held there the following year, in 1886, although the National Greyhound Association was not founded until twenty years later, in 1906.

    Dog racing is still very popular in the United States and other countries, and the Greyhound still a favorite. In fact, nicknamed “the cheetah of the canine world”, can reach speeds higher than those of any of its peers: he is the fastest dog in the world. It must be said that this breed has been selected for thousands of years to hunt leaving its prey behind, so today it can reach speeds of about 70 km/h. But, just like the cheetah, the maximum speed of the Greyhound can only be reached in a short distance, since it does not have a great resistance.

    And if that was not enough, he is also very skilled, able to anticipate each movement of a prey and to change direction quickly while maintaining high speed. They also have the ability to perform prodigious jumps.: one of its representatives holds the world record for high jump among dogs since 2006, with a jump of 1,72 height meters performed without running.

    On an international level, the Greyhound has become known mainly through races and dog shows. The breed was recognized in the late 19th century by the British Kennel Club and by the American Kennel Club (1885). The United Kennel Club (UKC) American and the International Cynological Federation (FCI) it took a little longer, waiting until 1914 to do the same.

    More recently, the misfortunes of these dogs have contributed in some way to their notoriety. In fact, Greyhound racing has been the subject of controversy regarding its ethics and, above all, to the fate of retired greyhounds. In fact, the latter are often abandoned, Euthanized or sold to laboratories for use in animal experiments. Many shelters and animal protection organizations have taken up the issue, to the point where greyhounds - including the Greyhound– have gained in popularity as family dogs.

    Physical characteristics

    The Greyhound characterized by a slim body with a slightly arched back, a long neck, a long, thin head and ears usually folded over the neck. The tail is low, quite long and slightly curved. The torso is generally broad, as it houses large lungs and a fairly large heart.

    In fact, this dog has physical characteristics that allow it to run at incredible speeds. Every line of your body is an advantage in this regard.: its length, his thinness, his deep chest, your flexible spine, its strong hind legs, his long tail and remarkable hips combine to make him a very powerful dog.

    But, there is a physical distinction between two types of greyhounds: the Greyhound racing and the Greyhound competition. In general, the English racing greyhound is smaller: the height of the male ranges from 63 and 76 cm., that of the female between 61 and 74 cm.. Its weight is also slightly lower. The racing greyhound also has a more muscular neck and shoulders than the show greyhound., that looks slimmer, despite its larger size: of 71 to 76 cm for the male, and 68 to 74 cm for female.

    Last, whether they are racing dogs or show dogs, English greyhounds have a short, very fine coat that requires very little maintenance. Their fur comes in a wide variety of colors: white, brown, red, gray and brindle.

    Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: 63 – 76 cm.
    ▷ female size: 61 – 74 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 30 – 35 kg
    ▷ female weight: 28 – 32 kg

    Character and skills

    The Greyhound is known to be a very intelligent dog, playful, obedient, strong and robust.

    He is also a very kind companion, showing very little aggressiveness towards other dogs. This is because this breed was specially selected to run and hunt in a group.. On the other hand, its prey hunting instinct is extremely strong, so it may not be suitable for a household with a small pet, like a rabbit. So that this coexistence is possible, the puppy will need a lot of socialization and training to temper his hunting instinct from an early age. In any case, keep in mind that the hunting instinct is very strong in this breed; even though he has gotten used to his presence, it is recommended to supervise in all circumstances their possible coexistence with small domestic animals.

    His hunting instinct also explains that, when going for a walk with your dog, your strap must always be well fastened. He is the most athletic of all dogs and is capable of reaching speeds even a runner cannot. 100 meters can approach. This means that it would be very difficult for a careless owner to try to catch up with his Greyhound.

    If coexistence with other species can be problematic, The same should not happen with living with children. The Greyhound He is an excellent family dog ​​and is very tolerant of children. But, it is recommended to avoid living with young children or those who are not used to interacting with dogs. Having said that, When the Greyhound you are in an inappropriate situation, will usually try to get away from her, instead of growling or biting.

    On the other hand, Exposure to crowds can cause real stress in a Greyhound insufficiently socialized. But, they are not usually aggressive towards strangers: they usually limit themselves to barking or making a specific movement of the ears to warn their owners of the presence of a stranger.

    It also, contrary to what his athletic abilities might suggest, they require less exercise than most other breeds, since they do not have a great resistance. The Greyhound It is also a very docile and calm dog that loves naps. In fact, his favorite activity is… have no activity! He's glad to spend the day just dozing, surrounded by his family.

    Thus, the Greyhound it is a breed of dog suitable for a flat or a house with a small garden. Despite his large size and athletic build, space is not a problem for him, as long as its owner offers a comfortable and cozy place to rest. But, it is recommended to provide the garden with a solid fence to prevent the dog from running away if it occurs to him to chase other animals beyond his territory. But, an electric fence for dogs is often ineffective with them, since his hunting instinct prevails.

    Last, it is usually recommended that Greyhound retirees available for adoption wear muzzles, as they may be tempted to bite smaller dogs or other animals. But, this may be a temporary measure while your new pet adjusts to his new environment and you gain better control of his temper. It also, as most dogs have lived with other dogs and with humans, may suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for a long time. Shelters and other organizations that facilitate the adoption of these dogs are often a good source of information to guide you in finding the right companion.

    In any case, there is no genetic evidence of behavioral differences between the two types of Greyhound. So, if there are such differences, breeders attribute them to the training and experience of each dog.

    Education

    The Greyhound it is a very intelligent breed of dog, and it is quite easy to train. Usually, they are very obedient and learn quickly. But, they can be stubborn with certain orders, so patience and perseverance are the keywords to keep in mind during training. This may be the case when teaching your dog to sit., since it is quite an awkward position for him. Does not adopt it naturally, and rather it seems that it is balanced on its tail.

    As he is quite proud and has a sensitive temperament, it is better not to be rude or aggressive with him, and this is especially true when trained. Dog training techniques that use positive reinforcement rather than punishment are the most successful with this breed. This is the case, above all, if food is used as a motivator.

    In general, the Greyhound is loyal but independent, and requires a secure owner. Usually, quickly bond with their owner and obey him as soon as they learn his job.

    Last, it is especially important to socialize him with other dogs and humans of all kinds from an early age, so as not to let his natural shyness get the better of him. If this happens, you may have a hard time adjusting to changes in your environment or your schedule. Various socialization techniques can be used, how to enroll him in a puppy school, stroll it through public gardens or take it to outdoor events. In any case, it is important to provide a variety of opportunities and types of socialization so that your dog is as comfortable as possible in public and in interactions with humans.

    Health

    The Greyhound is especially prone to certain diseases: Hip Dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, von Willebrand disease and gastric problems.

    The Dysplasia in dogs it is a developmental anomaly of a tissue that is present from birth and causes deformities. It is especially prevalent in racing sighthounds, since excessive physical activity accelerates the onset and development of the disease.

    As the Greyhound is sensitive to intestinal inflammation, physical activity should be avoided - including simple walking- in the 30 minutes before or after a meal. This is because intestinal bloating can lead to inflammation or even twisting of the stomach., what can be deadly.

    The Hypothyroidism in dogs it means that the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. The consequences can range from reduced fertility to more serious problems, like dog obesity, lethargy and irregular heat cycles. But, although this breed is actually prone to hypothyroidism, it is not uncommon for individuals to be misdiagnosed due to lack of knowledge of their normal hormone levels. So, it is important to choose a veterinarian who knows the physiological peculiarities of the Greyhound, related to the fact that it has a slightly larger heart than other dogs. This leads to higher blood pressure and, often, to a slight heart murmur. It is not a problem, but a veterinarian unaware of this feature could make an incorrect diagnosis.

    The von Willebrand disease is the most common inherited blood clotting disorder in dogs.

    It also, the Greyhound you are at risk of being overweight, especially individuals withdrawing from careers. It is common for them to win around 2 kg, but you have to be careful not to exceed this threshold. So, it is important to carefully monitor your dog's weight and not overfeed it.

    The Greyhound used for racing also have dental hygiene problems. This health problem is not shared with individuals used for dog shows and the cause does not appear to be genetic., rather it is due to the living conditions of the racing dogs.

    Last, due to its short coat and low percentage of fat, the Greyhound it is a breed sensitive to cold. It is recommended to equip it with a dog coat when you go out in cold or rainy weather, and make sure you always have a warm place to rest. For the same reason, make sure the places where you can rest are soft, to avoid the appearance of bedsores (also known as “bed sores”).

    The low percentage of body fat also makes the Greyhound is more sensitive than other breeds to anesthetics and certain medications. So, it is recommended to choose a veterinarian who is familiar with the breed and its physiology (including hormone levels) to avoid misdiagnosis or inappropriate treatment.

    Life expectancy

    10 to 13 years

    Grooming

    The Greyhound it is a low maintenance breed, as its short, shiny coat requires little brushing. Brush the dog's coat weekly, preferably with a comb or a rubber glove, it is enough to remove dead skin and excess hair, while helping to distribute body oils to keep the coat shiny. During brushing, it is advisable to examine the skin for redness and lesions, especially around the nose, mouth, eyes and paws.

    If the coat is well groomed, the Greyhound rarely need a bath.

    But, are prone to dental hygiene problems, so regular brushing is recommended to avoid plaque build-up.

    It also, like the ears of the Greyhound they are usually bent, it is important to inspect them weekly to avoid the development of infections, manifested by the presence of redness and / or bad smells. The outer part of the ear can be cleaned with a cotton swab slightly moistened with a special solution for cleaning dogs' ears.. But, it is important never to insert anything into the ear canal.

    Last, if they do not wear out naturally due to a rather sedentary lifestyle, it is necessary to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month to avoid scratches or other problems.

    Food

    To limit the risk of obesity, it is recommended to measure the food that is given to the greyhound and divide it into two portions: one in the morning and one at night.

    As a general rule, of 2,5 to 4 cups of quality dry feed are sufficient for males and 1,5 to 3 cups for females.

    Use

    The Greyhound was first used as a hunting dog, which explains why the tracking instinct is still very present in this breed, although this use has almost disappeared.

    It also, This breed has long been recognized for its athletic abilities and remains one of the most widely represented in dog sports today. Of course, the breed is especially known for sighthound racing, whether by sight or by chance. It was in his home country, Great Britain, where the Sighted Pursuit in the middle of the 18th century, and where the races on artificial hares made their appearance in 1927. It also, the Greyhound also usually participates in obedience and agility competitions.

    In addition to the sports lines of the Greyhound, there are also lines for dog shows.

    Last, the Greyhound increasingly used as a companion dog, and it has many qualities for it. A person who wishes to adopt a Greyhound as a companion dog you can certainly opt for a puppy, which is always an attractive option, but keep in mind that there are also many available Greyhound retired adults (sometimes prematurely), and they can represent a magnificent option. In fact, in recent years, many non-profit organizations (shelters, animal protection associations, etc.) campaigns have been launched to raise awareness among the general public about the fate of greyhounds used for racing (abandonment, euthanasia, sale to laboratories, etc.) and to find adoptive families for retired copies. This has allowed the general public to better understand the Greyhound and its potential as a family dog.

    Price

    The price of a Greyhound of a professional breeder varies between 900 and 3.600 EUR. This very wide range is explained by the fact that the price depends largely on the lineage of the dog and its age.: in general, increases with age, especially in the case of racing sighthounds that have begun their training.

    In the case of horses withdrawn from races and available for adoption in shelters, the price to adopt a Greyhound usually oscillates between 250 and 300 EUR, depending on the care offered by the shelter in question.

    Images "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

    Photos:

    1 – Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/galgos-windhunderennen-5373255/
    2 – Greyhound by Adam.J.W.C., CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Greyhound by MTSOfan
    4 – Greyhound striped (1 year) and male greyhound (8 months) leonado. by Tux-Man, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Greyhound by No machine-readable author provided. Pleple2000 assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Greyhound by https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/greyhound/

    Videos "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"


    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
    • AKC – Hounds Toy
    • ANKC – (Hounds)
    • CKC – Hounds
    • ​KC – Hounds
    • NZKC – Hounds Toy
    • UKC – Hounds


    FCI breed standard "Greyhound (English Greyhound)"

    FCIFCI - Greyhound (English Greyhound)
    Greyhound

    Alternative names:

    1. English Greyhound (English).
    2. Greyhound (French).
    3. Großer Englischer Windhund (German).
    4. (em inglês: Greyhound) (Portuguese).
    5. Lebrel ingés, Greyhound (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Italian Greyhound
    Italia FCI 200 . Short-haired Sighthounds

    Galgo Italiano

    The Italian Greyhound despite being an Italian breed, not widely used in your country.

    Content

    History

    Of ancient origin, the Italian Greyhound He is a descendant of the small sighthounds that were present in the court of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

    The current breed is believed to have originated in what is now Turkey and Greece.. Although it is not clear if the breed was used as a hunting dog or as a companion dog. (or maybe both), it is clear that he made a strong impression there, to the point that it is represented in many ceramic finds during archaeological excavations.

    The breed spread to Italy around the 5th century BC.. Italian Greyhound Remains Found in Pompeii, city ​​buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 a.C.

    There are few traces of this dog until the Middle Ages, when he became the favorite of the nobility. Although the dog was found in most of Mediterranean Europe, was particularly successful in Italy, where its current name comes from. Once again, the artists of the time chose to pay tribute to him: This time, was immortalized in the paintings of the great masters.

    Little by little he conquered northern Europe and arrived in Great Britain in the 16th century., where it soon became popular with the nobility, and was even adopted by some sovereigns. His popularity in Europe grew steadily, peaking in the 19th century, but the conflicts of the first half of the 20th century decimated their ranks.

    Fortunately, had already crossed the Atlantic to the United States, to the point that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1886. Although their number was never very great, it was these American lines that contributed to the post-war revival of the breed. In fact, to reinstate their breeding programs, European breeders (and in particular those of Great Britain) They resorted to importing animals from the United States.

    In 1948, the United Kennel Club (UKC) American recognized breed, followed in 1956 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FC). Today, all the main canine associations recognize the Italian Greyhound, o IG, as it is affectionately known by Anglo fans.

    Like this, is present all over the world and enjoys a certain popularity, that tends to grow. in your country of origin, each year more than 300 dogs in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana, versus less than 200 at the end of the years 200. In United States, ranks 70 (of 195) among the most popular breeds, according to the number of annual registrations in the AKC. In the United Kingdom, registrations are increasing considerably, going from little more than 200 per year around 2010 twice that figure alone 10 years later. The same upward trend is observed in France, where now more than 450 copies per year in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF), in front of some 200 in the decade of 1990 and principles of 2000. In the news, it is the second most popular sighthound breed in the country, far behind the Whippet.

    Physical characteristics

    The Italian Greyhound has, as the name reflects, the elegant and distinguished look of a miniature greyhound. In fact, It is the smallest of the sighthounds.

    Her slender body is almost perfectly square, its length is equal to its height at the withers. Their slender legs, with a refined bone structure, have well-developed musculature, but not bulky. The tail, carried low in its first half and then curved up, it is also very fine.

    The head is long, oblong and narrow, sitting on a long, muscular neck, with a diameter greater than that of the skull, which is flat. Its conical snout ends in a black nose, or at least dark. His big round eyes, very expressive, they are rather dark brown. His little ears, carried high, they have fine cartilage and fold in on themselves. When the dog is on the prowl, stands upright and the lobe is placed in a horizontal position, a position called “windlass”.

    The mantle of Italian Greyhound has no undercoat and consists of short hair, silky and fine that covers the whole body without fringes. The coat can be any shade of black, gray or isabela (a color between beige and yellow). There may be some white markings on the chest and feet.

    Last, sexual dimorphism is very mild: males and females are roughly the same size and weight.

    Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: 32 to 38 cm.
    ▷ female size: 32 to 38 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 5 kg
    ▷ female weight: 5 kg

    Character and skills

    The Italian Greyhound He is very affectionate with the members of his family. He likes to spend most of his time with them., either playing, walking, lounging next to you or sneaking under the covers for the night. Can tolerate being left alone relatively well when master is working, especially if you know that you will receive affection and attention when you return. On the other hand, You are likely to suffer from separation anxiety if you have to spend a whole weekend away from your family. It is a dog that needs attention, and is able to spend hours with his master on the living room sofa, but also to follow him with curiosity throughout the house.

    No matter how close he is to his family, this dog is very shy in the presence of strangers: after barking to signal its presence, runs and hides to watch from a distance how things are going.

    Live very well with young people, who are excellent playmates for him: It is a recommended dog for children. But, children must have learned to behave with an animal and be aware that it is not a toy, to avoid any form of abuse. This is especially true since the miniature size of this dog, attached to their fine and brittle bones, means that accidents can happen very quickly. They should also be careful to speak to you in a calm voice., as he would soon be frightened by loud shouts of joy or exaggerated crying. In any case, regardless of race, the interaction between a dog and a young child should always take place under the supervision of an adult.

    The sociability of Italian Greyhound spreads to other animals, so living with them is not usually a problem. But, if the Italian Greyhound must share a home with a larger dog, it is important to ensure that the larger dog does not see the Italian Greyhound like prey or disturb him too violently when playing together. It also, this dog likes to chase everything that moves, what could be a source of stress for a small rodent like a mouse, although it is unlikely that it will actually be attacked.

    In fact, the Italian Greyhound is an active dog, who likes to run, jump and play, although, of course, this decreases as you get older. Agility is an ideal dog sport to satisfy your need for exercise. But if you don't have access to the outside, quickly find a clue among the living room furniture, that you can use, for example, to run and jump on the highest furniture. It must be said that this dog shares with cats a special fondness for high places, so it is not uncommon to find him frolicking on the kitchen table or bedroom dresser.

    But, they can live well in a flat, as long as they have enough space to exercise for at least an hour a day. But, the owner should be aware that they may have cleaning problems, especially if not taken for walks often enough. Thus, it is recommended that you have access to the outdoors, where he can run and relieve himself before returning to the heat of home, in every sense. As it is difficult for him to contain himself when he feels like it, a dog hatch is ideal so that he can go to the garden independently. This also makes it easy for you to sunbathe in the garden whenever you want., since it is one of his favorite activities. But, the garden must not have gaps through which it can slip and must be fenced with a fence of at least 1,5 m high to prevent it from jumping. In any case, an underground electric fence would not be an effective device, since it is not the download received that would make it go back. In fact, his propensity to run after anything that moves means he can take off quickly as soon as he is given the chance. For the same reason, it is recommended to always carry it on a leash when walking. This is all the more true since it can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h, which makes it very difficult to catch it once it has started.

    In this regard, remember that, like all sighthounds, the Italian Greyhound has a neck wider than the head, which makes the usual collars ineffective. There are special collars on the market for this type of dog, but a simple harness can also achieve the desired result.

    A little manipulative, the Italian Greyhound tends to do what he wants and can easily guide a master who does not know how to teach him the family hierarchy and who allows himself to be touched by his big eyes. However, is an intelligent dog, who generally likes to please his family. They can teach you some tricks and, in general, he loves games that stimulate him both physically and mentally. In particular, does not tire of looking for a ball and loves any activity that involves searching or chasing an object.

    His drive makes him capable of getting into difficult situations, especially when he is young. In fact, This reckless little guy doesn't realize how fragile he is, and many representatives of the breed end up with a broken leg after trying to jump from too high a place.

    Last, has a much more powerful voice than its small size suggests. Yes indeed, not a big barker, although he does not hesitate to let himself be heard throughout the neighborhood when he perceives an unknown noise.

    education

    The education of Italian Greyhound should start asap, placing special emphasis on their socialization. In fact, this is important for this relatively shy dog ​​to get used to people, animals and situations you may face later in life.

    Another crucial point in your education is cleanliness.. Your bladder is only as small as your size. So, even with all the goodwill in the world, can't keep it for long. So, it is important to teach him to relieve himself in an agreed place (abroad, If it is possible, or in a litter box inside) and to point out your urgent needs, to be taken into account without delay. But, no homeowner is safe from an accident one day, even with a well-trained adult dog. If this happens, of course, you should avoid punishing your dog, since nothing good will come of it.

    Despite your undeniable stubbornness, the training of the Italian Greyhound shouldn't be too difficult: in fact, it is a very suitable breed as a first dog. Positive reinforcement methods are very successful with this breed, who likes to be rewarded for their efforts with treats, encouragement and caresses. On the other hand, traditional dog training techniques do not work well with this dog and are likely to amplify his natural shyness.

    On the other hand, even with a good training method and a good coach, you will find it difficult to pay attention for a long time, so it is better to do several short sessions each day than one long session that will bore you and probably not be successful.

    Health

    The little Italian greyhound is a fairly robust breed, and many of these representatives have more than 15 years.

    But, is particularly predisposed to a long list of diseases and conditions:

    • Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that can make walking easier or more difficult;
    • Dislocated kneecap, that affects the ball and causes lameness;
    • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, hip bone deformity often mistaken for dysplasia, what can make arthritis premature if not done in time;
    • Periodontal problems, for example with bleeding gums or even tooth loss;
    • Progressive retinal atrophy, causing breakdown of eye tissue that could lead to vision loss;
    • Alopecia, total or partial hair loss;
    • cryptorchidism, when one of the testicles of a male individual does not descend into its place;
    • The Hypothyroidism, a thyroid gland disorder responsible for excessive weight gain and listless behavior;
    • Epilepsy, a disease caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures;
    • The glaucoma, excessive increase in pressure inside the eye, causing pain and loss of vision;
    • Vitro-retinal degeneration, characterized by deposits on the retina that resemble snowflakes;
    • The portosystemic shunt, when a vein allows blood to bypass the liver. So it no longer leaks, which causes a lot of problems. Surgery is usually prescribed, with a success rate of 85%;
    • Skin cancer, often caused by excessive sun exposure;
    • Von Willebrand disease, causing blood clotting problems.

    This breed is also particularly prone to leg fractures., especially in the radius and ulna (Paws). In fact, its fine structure is not as resistant as sometimes seems to be imagined, so much so that his reckless side can often lead to an accident.

    It also, this breed seems particularly sensitive to organic phosphate insecticides. So, it is necessary to carefully choose the products used inside the house and / or in the garden.

    The Italian Greyhound you may also be allergic to certain anesthetics and barbiturates. This point should be discussed with the veterinarian before any operation..

    Finally, with its small size and short fur, It is a canine breed that fears cold and bad weather. If you live outside the house, what is not recommended, need adequate shelter. It also, it is useful to dress him in a dog windbreaker on walks when it rains, or a sweater if the air is cold.

    On the other hand, even if you particularly appreciate this, we need to make sure you don't spend too much time in the sun in the summer, because it is quite prone to skin problems. So, it is advisable to keep it in the shade, or at least put on a dog sunscreen.

    Life expectancy

    Of 13 to 14 years

    Grooming

    The Italian Greyhound it is a very easy breed to care for.

    In fact, its short coat only requires a quick weekly brushing to keep it shiny. They shed very little and do not have a noticeable molting period during which molting might require more regular maintenance..

    That is why they are considered a hypoallergenic breed of dog.. Having said that, remember that there is no zero risk: someone allergic to dogs should take the time to check in real conditions that there are no problems with the animal they are considering adopting. But, a dog that sheds very little, as is the case of the Italian greyhound, has an effectively reduced risk of transmitting allergens.

    In any case, brushing the dog's hair once a week is usually enough to clean it: unless it has been rolled up in a sticky or smelly substance, it is usually not necessary to bathe him.

    To complete this weekly session, you have to check your teeth, eyes and ears and clean them if necessary. Pay special attention to your teeth and gums to check for any inflammation that could be a sign of periodontal disease., since it is a health problem to which it is more prone than other dogs.

    Last, check that its claws are not too long, and if they are, you have to cut them, as there is a risk that you will be hindered in your movements and / or hurt. But, this is not necessarily a problem with a very active dog, as natural wear and tear can take care of it.

    Food

    The Italian Greyhound you have no difficulty choosing your food, and commercial dog food is doing well. So that you receive all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for your good health, food must be of good quality and adapted to their size and age.

    It's important to stick to the manufacturer's recommended daily amounts to make sure you don't overeat. If your dog receives treats, especially as part of their training, the corresponding caloric intake should be deducted from your daily allowance to avoid weight gain.

    In general, a responsible owner who cares about keeping his dog healthy should monitor his diet and weight by weighing him regularly. If you have a slip, do not wait to correct the situation: in general, just reduce your servings and give you more exercise. If that is not the case, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian to rule out a possible health problem and establish a more appropriate diet.

    On the other hand, remember that the Italian Greyhound is a naturally slimmer breed than many others: do not be alarmed by it, or try to remedy it by increasing your diet.

    Price “Italian Greyhound”

    The price of a puppy Italian Greyhound round the 1000 EUR.

    But, this average price hides a rather large disparity, since the fork goes from 700 to 1.400 EUR. The difference from one subject to another is largely explained by their physical characteristics., more or less close to the norm. Lineage is important too: a puppy whose parents or other ancestors have received honors at various dog shows is bound to fetch a higher price. Sex also influences, as females tend to be slightly more expensive than males.

    Characteristics "Italian Greyhound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Italian Greyhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Images "Italian Greyhound"

    Photos:

    1 – A male of Italian Greyhound by christina, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – A female of Italian Greyhound llamada Sakura by tanakawho, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Enzo, a Italian Greyhound called Enzo by madaise
    4 – Italian Greyhound by Mark Robinson
    5 – Italian Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-galgo-italiano-lindo-mascota-3810479/
    6 – dogs of Italian Greyhound by Italian_Greyhound_Puppies.jpg: Jim or Katie McClartyderivative work: Anka Friedrich, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Italian Greyhound"


    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
    • Standard CCC (Canadian Kennel Club / Canadian Kennel Club)
    • Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana –


    FCI breed standard "Italian Greyhound"

    FCIFCI - Italian Greyhound
    Petit

    Alternative names:

    1. (Italian: Piccolo levriero Italiano), Italian Sighthound (English).
    2. Petit lévrier italien (French).
    3. Italian Greyhound (German).
    4. (em italiano: Piccolo levriero italiano), Piccolo levriero italiano (Portuguese).
    5. Piccolo, Galgo Italiano, Lebrel italiano (español).

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    Lhasa Apso
    Tíbet FCI 227 - Tibetan breeds.

    Lhasa Apso

    The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn.

    Content

    History

    Originally from Tibet, the Lhasa Apso is known in his country of origin as “Apso Seng Kyi”, that means “dog with the roar of a lion”, probably in reference to its characteristic bark and its appearance quite similar to that of a miniature lion.

    DNA studies have established that it is one of the oldest domestic dogs: the first specimens would have appeared several thousand years before our era. They have also shown that it is one of the dog breeds most closely related to the wolf, although its appearance does not necessarily suggest it.

    For a long time they were mistaken for the Tibetan Terrier, until separate rules were established that facilitated their differentiation. The distinction was made mainly on the basis of size, being the Tibetan Terrier bigger and, Therefore, more of a deterrent as a guard dog.

    Considered sacred in its country of origin, It was forbidden to be sold and was raised exclusively by nobles and monks to watch over and protect palaces., Isolated Buddhist temples and monasteries in the Himalayan mountains. His job was to raise the alarm in case of intrusion or potential danger, while his cousin, the Tibetan Mastiff, put all his imposing stature to deter malicious individuals from going any further. The monks believed that when the owner of a Lhasa Apso I died and was not yet ready for Nirvana, his soul was reincarnated in the body of his animal.

    It was also customary to use it as a gift for foreign leaders. It also, only the Lhasa Apso gifts from the Dalai Lama could leave the country. They always happened in pairs, to bring luck and prosperity to the recipient. This is how the first subjects were introduced into China towards 1583, at the beginning of the Manchu dynasty.

    The international diffusion of Lhasa Apso

    It was not until the dawn of the 20th century that the Lhasa Apso came to europe, and more specifically in 1904. It was then that the first import to the UK took place., when British soldiers returning from the expedition to Tibet led by Francis Younghusband brought back representatives of the breed. But, was not up 1964 when the Kennel Club, the main canine organization in the country, officially recognized the breed.

    In France, was introduced in 1949 by Miss Violette Dupont.

    The Lhasa Apso first set foot in North America in 1933, when Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933), the XIII Dalai Lama, offered one to the explorer and naturalist Charles Suydam Cutting (1889-1972).

    It took the American Kennel Club only two years to officially recognize the breed, as he did in 1935. The other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club, waited until 1975 to do the same.

    The International Cynological Federation (FCI), that coordinates the organizations of a hundred countries, recognized the Lhasa Apso in 1969.

    Popularity

    The Lhasa Apso is now very popular and is present all over the world.

    In United States, ranks 70 (of something less than 200) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. This marks a certain decline compared to the first years of the 21st century., when he was rather in the position 40.

    In the United Kingdom, the breed is also in sharp decline, after having peaked. Like this, while the number of annual births registered by the Kennel Club was around 4.000 in the middle of the Decade of 2000 and exceeded 4.500 early in the decade 2010, then collapsed, to the point of dividing by three, with, Therefore, less than 1.500 annual records at the end of the decade of 2010.

    The situation is quite similar in France, where the breed reached its peak popularity in the early years 90, with more than 1.500 births in some years. But, before the dawn of the 21st century, they had already regressed below a thousand. The Lhasa Apso recovered in the second half of the decade of 2000, flirting with the numbers reached at their peak. But, fell back from 2012, and abruptly. Like this, during the decade of 2010, the number of people registered each year in the French Book of Origins (LOF) divided by two, ending the decade in less than 700.

    Physical characteristics

    The Lhasa Apso it is a small dog with a robust and harmonious appearance. His body is longer than high, and well proportioned. Its front legs are straight. The tail is set high on the back and covered by a long lock of hair.

    The skull is small and slightly rounded, with a well defined stop. The ears are soft, medium in size and covered with long hair. Very often hidden under a long fringe of hair, eyes are dark brown and oval. They have an alert expression. The snout is short, straight but not square, and ends in a black nose.

    The coat of the Lhasa Apso consists of a medium density undercoat and a long topcoat, Lisa, dense and hard. Hair covers the entire body and usually touches the ground, without ever impeding their movements.

    But, because they shed relatively little, they are often promoted as a breed of dog hypoallergenic, which makes them suitable for people with allergies to dogs. But, keep in mind that no breed is totally hypoallergenic: a person who is in this case should always try to carry out a test in real conditions for several hours before any adoption.

    In any case, the coat can be of various colors: dorado, sand, honey, dark grey, Slate, black, white or brown. It is smooth in some individuals, and particolorada (that is to say, that mixes several colors) in others.

    Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are very similar in size.

    Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: 20 – 30 cm.
    ▷ female size: 18 – 28 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
    ▷ female weight: 4 – 6 kg

    Character and skills

    The Lhasa Apso He is very loving and protective of his owners. But, despite the close bond he has with them, his independent nature allows him to handle loneliness without difficulty. He is not one of those who suffer from separation anxiety when his owners are absent for a few hours.

    Get along well with children old enough to have learned to interact with and respect an animal, which makes him a very good playmate. On the other hand, by not being very patient, can quickly become overwhelmed by young children who are noisy, that move a lot or that hurt you, and then he risks at any moment to react abruptly. So, it is not recommended that you live with younger children. In any case, Whatever your race, a dog should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision.

    Probably because he loves his family and seeks to protect them, the Lhasa Apso It, on the other hand, suspicious of strangers. They do not hesitate to bark when they perceive a threat or a stranger approaching their home, and are usually perceptive enough to quickly determine if the person is a friend or foe of their family. So, he is an excellent alert dog. But, not only uses their vocalizations to raise the alarm: it is known to bark a lot, even in situations that don't justify it. This is probably due to his highly developed hearing., that allows you to hear noises and sounds inaudible to humans and even to some other races.

    Living with their little fellows usually goes well, how much have they grown up together. Otherwise, for its dominant character, it can be more complicated. Given its size, it is also better to avoid living with a large dog, since it could inadvertently hurt you, for example while playing together. There is also a risk with people who are on your walks. In fact, as he is very brave and sees himself as bigger and more powerful than he really is, does not hesitate to play with (or sometimes face) other dogs much bigger than him, not realizing that they could unintentionally hurt you during their interactions.

    Have you share your home with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is very possible. In fact, does not have a very pronounced predatory instinct, and he is not one of those who begins to chase the small animals that are during his walks. The only exception are those who dare to enter their territory, for example in your garden.

    The Lhasa Apso you don't need much to satisfy your need for exercise. But, half an hour a day, through two or three walks and / or play sessions, is a minimum below which you should not keep it balanced. On the other hand, if you are happy to accompany your masters on short walks, its resistance is quite limited: you don't have to count on him to walk for hours. In fact, its low level of activity makes it an ideal companion for the elderly or sedentary. However, do not neglect to exercise daily, both for their psychological and physical well-being, especially since it is a breed of dog that tends to be overweight.

    It also, the Lhasa Apso not only needs to be physically stimulated. In fact, You also have to take advantage of his curiosity and his great intelligence so that he is psychologically balanced. So, It may be convenient not only to vary the routes and activities of the walk, but also, for example, regularly teach him new tricks or let him play different dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally, that allow you to exercise both physically and mentally.

    As soon as your needs are met, easily adapts to all places in life, showing himself capable of living both in the city and in the country, in an apartment like in a house. Having said that, even if you have access to a garden, your independence does not mean you can spend most of your time there, away from their masters. In fact, to be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family.

    But, it is important to note that the Lhasa Apso is independent, stubborn and not really inclined to spontaneously obey. It also, if you don't like something, does not hesitate to express his discontent. It also, matures very slowly and can remain a puppy in your head until 3 years. So, not really suitable for a person who has no experience with dogs, since it could give you too much trouble.

    Education

    The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn. It also, matures slowly, to the point that some individuals remain puppies on their heads for up to three years. Obviously, this is not without consequences on their education: has difficulty concentrating and taking learning sessions seriously.

    Everything is combined so that obeying is not necessarily the most natural thing for him, not the first thing on his priority list. This is all the more true as he is dominant and does not hesitate to question the rules and test the limits.; if he perceives a flaw that allows him to do what he pleases or even occupy the role of leader, does not hesitate to exploit it.

    So, its owner must be firm from the first months and not let it get away with it, at the risk of allowing the development of “small dog syndrome”. The latter appears when the owners, too moved by the pretty and harmless looks of their young companion, do not correct -or not enough- their inappropriate behaviors (grunts, barking, aggressiveness…), like they would with a bigger dog. This is the best way to make it disobedient, aggressive, disturbed and hard to live. It also, then it is very difficult to correct the situation, once bad habits have been established.

    This is the case, for example, of the barking, since it is known to bark excessively. Do not wait to try to make him understand the circumstances in which it is useless to do so and those in which, on the other hand, is pertinent. You also have to teach him to stop when asked.

    To avoid drifts or failures in your education, It is important that each of the members of the house is involved in it and makes sure that the current regulations are respected to the letter. These rules must be established from their arrival in the family and be constant over time and from one person to another., otherwise he runs the risk of getting lost and not being able to understand what is expected of him.

    It also, either to make him assimilate the rules or to teach him various useful things, a certain regularity is necessary to obtain results, and it is better to start from your arrival in the family. Short daily sessions are great for keeping you focused on the tasks at hand, as it tends to get bored quickly. Positive reinforcement is the best training method: rewarding him with treats and stimuli is much more effective than harsh punishment.

    Last, like any dog, the socialization of Lhasa Apso should be started at an early age, during which it is more malleable and adaptable. To become a well-adjusted adult and behave correctly in all circumstances, needs to meet as many people and animals as possible during the first months of life, as well as being exposed to all kinds of situations and stimuli.

    Health

    The Lhasa Apso is generally robust and healthy. It is also not unusual for representatives of the breed to live to 20 years or more.

    It also, its Tibetan origins and its well-stocked coat (that is not alien) explain why it is particularly resistant to cold and humidity. On the other hand, is much less comfortable when mercury peaks, or even frankly in great difficulty., your flattened face implies a markedly lower than average respiratory ventilation capacity and, Therefore, a less good ability to regulate your internal temperature by panting.Particularly prone to heatstroke, it's not done, for example, to live in a Mediterranean climate.

    Although he is in good general health, It is possible that he will suffer from various more or less serious pathologies throughout his life. The health problems to which he is predisposed are:

    • the brachycephalic syndrome, Which affectssnub-nosed and star-nosed dog breeds.In fact, this morphological peculiarity predisposes the animal to various health problems, like breathing difficulties, eye diseases or digestive disorders. Surgical intervention may be considered to enlarge the animal's nostrils and thus increase its respiratory capacity;
    • the Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance may be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and inevitably progresses toosteoarthritis aas the dog ages;
    • the dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), common in small dogs. It occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain and / the cojera;
    • the herniated disc, a disease of the spine that causes pain that is increasingly difficult for the animal to face, which can therefore be aggressive when manipulated or the door. It also has more and more difficulties to move, he even ends up paralyzed.In less advanced cases, rest and medication are usually sufficient, but in others surgery is necessary;
    • inguinal hernia, manifested by the appearance of a soft, painless mass between the inner thigh and the abdomen. It mainly affects unsterilized women and is cured by surgical intervention;
    • congenital renal dysplasia, a malformation of the kidneys whose symptoms can be very varied: growth retardation, dull coat, lack of appetite, dirt … In all cases, it is a serious and incurable disease;
    • urolitiasis (or bladder stone), which is the formation of stones in the urinary tract., the dog experiences difficulty urinating or even gets dirty and / or the presence of blood in the urine. Treatment consists of surgical removal of the stone;
    • congenital hydrocephalus, a disease of the nervous system that can have many consequences: strabismus, bulging skull, stunted growth, locomotive difficulties,epileptic attacks, vision problems … Medical treatments reduce symptoms, but it is also possible to consider a surgical intervention to solve the problem at the source;
    • type B hemophilia (or Christmas disease), a blood clotting disorder that is often inherited, affects mainly males and causes heavy or prolonged bleeding, as well as the spontaneous appearance of bruises. It is a serious and incurable pathology: even if thedog transfusionsare possible during severe bleeding, usually dies young;
    • the periodontics, an irreversible inflammatory disease of the gingival tissue uncommon in all canines and particularly insmall breeds.It appears due to poor oral hygiene and causes inflammation of the gums. In the most serious cases, teeth eventually loosen and fall out at an early stage, thetreatment of periodontics isbased on desquamation and good oral hygiene When the disease is in an advanced stage, surgery is needed to remove affected teeth;
    • the infectionsof the ear, frequent inflammation indog breeds with floppy ears;
    • the dermatitis by Malassezia, a dermatological disease caused by the multiplication of the yeast called Malassezia, which usually causes redness, itching and greasing the skin of the animal;
    • the adenitis sebácea, a relatively rare skin disease destroys the sebum-producing glands, causing dry skin, total or partial hair loss and the appearance of scabs that can give off bad odors. Treatments are available to reduce the symptoms, but the disease itself is incurable;
    • allergies, either food allergies or atopy., the animal scratches repeatedly and skin lesions may appear.

    The Lhasa Apso it is also particularly prone to certain eye diseases:

    • the progressive atrophy, an incurable inherited disease characterized by degeneration of the retina, resulting in progressive loss of vision, night and then day, until the individual becomes totally blind;
    • the glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited. It causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina. This painful pathology for the animal rapidly progresses to total or partial loss of sight, unless it is seen urgently;
    • dry conjunctivitis, a disease that can be inherited due to insufficient tear production, resulting in dry eye, inflammation of the eyelids, Red eyes, repeated blinking of the eyelids, presence of scabs and / or yellowish discharge. All of these symptoms obviously cause pain and discomfort to the animal. In severe cases, sores can also develop and cause ulcers that can lead to perforation or loss of the eye. This condition usually requires lifelong treatment;
    • nictitating gland prolapse (or cherry eye), an ophthalmological condition of the lacrimal gland. The most common signs are the appearance of a small red ball in the inner corner of the eye and watery eyes. It is treated with surgical intervention;
    • the entropion, which corresponds to a curl of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye and can be inherited., irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by repeated eyelash rubbing and / or hairs in fragile parts of the eye. The problem can be solved with the help of surgery;
    • corneal dystrophy, a corneal disease often inherited in origin that results in clouding of the cornea in both eyes.There are two types of dystrophies: lipid and endothelial. The former do not compromise vision and do not require special treatment. The latter, on the other hand, can cause blindness, but it is treatable by surgery;
    • distiquiasis, an eye disease characterized by abnormally implanted eyelashes which may be asymptomatic or cause irritation, itchiness, redness of the eyes or even the formation of acorneal ulcer.Different techniques are used to treat affected people;
    • It also, the Lhasa Apso has a fairly high risk of Obesity.The latter can cause or aggravate many pathologies, and therefore have a significant impact on the health of the animal.

    The list of ailments to which you are predisposed Lhasa Apso can be overwhelming at first glance, but it should be remembered that they are still rare and that most representatives of the breed spend their lives trouble-free. This is confirmed in particular by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians: the 32% of the deaths studied were simply caused by old age (32%), way ahead of cancers (18%) and diseases, kidneys (7%).

    But, knowing that some of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, it is important to adopt from acreatorrigorous ofLhasa Apso.In fact, in addition to guaranteeing quality socialization to the puppies, a serious breeder routinely performs genetic testing on individuals he plans to breed (or also in the offspring obtained), to prevent the transmission of a hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of the tests in question, in addition to presenting a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as the detail of the vaccines administered, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination record.

    Once the animal is adopted, We must not lose sight of the fact that it is particularly fragile throughout its growth., particularly when it comes to your bones and joints., it is strongly recommended not to force him to make excessive physical efforts during this period, since you would run the risk of injuring yourself or even developing malformations, with potentially long-lasting consequences.This is all the more true since this dog is predisposed to certain joint problems (dislocation of the patella and Hip Dysplasia).

    Finally, whatever your age and like any other race, everything Lhasa Apso must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete check-up, that at the same time allows you to ensure that you are kept up to date with your vaccination withdrawal.

    Life expectancy

    14 years

    Grooming

    The Lhasa Apso It is not for those who do not have time or desire to spend a lot of time caring for their dog's coat. In fact, to remove dead hair and prevent mat formation, its long coat must be brushed at least three or four times a week, with a special brush or glove. Although the molt remains moderate throughout the year, brushing should be done daily during spring and fall seasonal moult.

    If it is not maintained regularly enough, hair gets tangled, preventing the skin from breathing. This favors the proliferation of bacteria and the skin problems that they can cause. It also, it is very painful for the animal - even impossible- detangle the hairs with a simple brush, and then it is usually necessary to go through a professional hairdresser.

    It also, as the length of its fur makes it often touch the ground, tends to easily accumulate dirt and give off bad odors. So, it is necessary to wash it with a shampoo adapted to dogs, once every one or two months. But, you should not wash your dog more than this, as this will remove the sebum that protects you from skin problems. When you bathe, you must be careful not to get the inside of your dog's ears wet, since they are especially sensitive. It is also recommended to clean the dog's coat directly after bathing rather than letting it air dry, since this could reduce its beauty and shine.

    To avoid the task of untangling, or to be needed less often, many owners of Lhasa Apso choose to keep their pet's hair short. Whether they do it themselves or use the services of a professional dog groomer, the coat should be trimmed with scissors or trimmed every two months to keep the coat clean.

    But, even if the fur stays long, a small cut is necessary every one or two months to prevent the animal from being hindered when moving and to reduce the risk of infection caused by small plants or spikelets that get stuck in the fur.

    The hanging ears of the Lhasa Apso they also require special attention. In effect, this morphological particularity means that moisture and dirt can easily accumulate there, and be the source of infections such as otitis. So, you have to inspect them and, if required, clean them once a week, and dry them every time they have been in contact with water or have spent a long time in a humid place.

    The weekly maintenance of your ears is also the occasion to check your eyes and clean their contour, to reduce the risk of infections.

    You can also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth, making sure to use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This will help prevent tartar buildup., which can cause bad breath and, above all, the appearance of oral diseases such as periodontal disease, which is very common in Lhasa Apso and it can have serious consequences on your health. Knowing this, the ideal is to brush several times a week, or even every day.

    Looking at its claws, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them. But, when the animal becomes older and / or less active, they can get too long and bother you, or even injuring you. In this case, they need to be trimmed with a claw trimmer or special file.

    Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, maintaining a Lhasa Apso should not be done randomly. It is useful to learn them the first time with a vet or groomer if in doubt, to know the good techniques and to be able to act effectively and safely, without hurting or harming your pet. It also, how many hairdressing sessions will be throughout your life, It is convenient that the dog grooming sessions run as smoothly as possible: getting used to it since childhood is an excellent way to achieve it.

    Food

    Like any dog, the diet of Lhasa Apso must suit your age, your level of physical activity and your health status. It is recommended to opt for high quality croquettes or industrial patés, to provide you with all the nutritional inputs you need on a daily basis.

    In any case, its small size should not lead one to believe that it can be fed with food intended for cats. In fact, the two species do not have the same nutritional needs, and he would suffer both deficiencies of some nutrients and excesses of others.

    In this case, it is even more important to be attentive, since this breed has a predisposition to being overweight. This is even more true in the case of a neutered individual, because the risk of obesity is then more important. Dividing your daily allowance into at least two meals is a good way to keep you from crying out throughout the day., since he knows that a second meal awaits him a little later. It is also better to avoid abusing the treats, although they can obviously be very effective in educating you. A good habit may be to systematically deduct your caloric intake from your daily allowance., In addition to, of course, opt for low-calorie products.

    At the same time, weighing the dog once or twice a month makes it possible to quickly detect any deviations. If this is confirmed or even accentuated in the following measurements, it is advisable to take the dog to the vet, since only he can determine the cause of the problem and remedy it. In fact, your diet and activity level are not always the cause: weight gain may be due to illness or a reaction to treatment, for example.

    Last, like any dog, the Lhasa Apso must have water available throughout the day, regularly renewed so that it is always fresh.

    Utility

    Until the 20th century, the Lhasa Apso It was used by Tibetan monks and nobles to guard and protect palaces, Buddhist temples and monasteries. His extremely fine hearing allowed him to alert quickly in case of danger.

    In fact, even today, its courage and protective nature allow it to stand out as a warning dog.

    But, now we find it used mainly as a companion animal. In fact, his affectionate and cheerful character makes him an endearing companion. If we add their low need for exercise, we will understand that it easily finds its place in many homes and places in life. This is especially true because they shed less hair and produce less dandruff than many other breeds., making them a great potential choice for someone with a dog allergy. Having said that, since there can be big differences from one individual to another and no dog is totally hypoallergenic, real-life testing is always essential by spending several hours with the animal you are considering adopting.

    Its small size, its long coat and elegance also make the Lhasa Apso a regular at dog shows. However, Any owner who considers entering their dog in beauty contests must have a lot of time and a marked interest in hairdressing., since then a daily brushing and several hours of maintenance a week is necessary to maintain a well-groomed coat and address these events in the best conditions.

    His kindness and sweetness also make him a very good hospital therapy dog, nursing homes and nursing homes.

    Last, their intelligence and liveliness can be put to the test in various dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally.

    Price

    The price of a puppy Lhasa Apsoor ranges between 500 and 1.500 EUR, being the average of about 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females.

    whatever the country, the significant price differences between the specimens are generally explained by the greater or lesser conformity of the animal with the breed standard, as well as the prestige of the breeding and the lineage from which it comes.


    Breeders of the breed "Lhasa Apso"

    Characteristics "Lhasa Apso"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Lhasa Apso" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Images "Lhasa Apso"

    Photos:

    1 – A dog Lhasa Apso, With white hair she is two years old, her name is Yuna by Yuna89bcn, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Lhasa Apso female with 6 meses by Lcfrederico, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso_Puppy_Clip.jpg
    4 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso,_aged_16_months.jpg
    5 – “Lhasa Apso” by Flickr user lisaschaos . Photo uploaded to commons by user ltshears, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Skoda_new_064.jpg

    Videos "Lhasa Apso"

    Lhasa Apsos | Breed Judging 2023

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Lhasa Apso"

    FCIFCI - Lhasa Apso
    Lhasa

    Alternative names:

    1. Lhasa, Lion Dog (English).
    2. Apso Seng Kyi (French).
    3. Lhasaterrier, Löwenhund (German).
    4. Nome original 拉薩犬 (Portuguese).
    5. Perro león/span> (español).