Swedish Lapphund
Suecia FCI 135 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

Content

Origin and history

The Swedish Lapland Dog shares his ancestors with him Finnish Lapphund. They are descended from dogs bred by the Lapps and Sami specifically to herd their large herds of reindeer. For centuries they have served as indispensable working dogs in this way.

The breeding became more and more specialized in weather resistance and independence. The dogs had to perform physically very well. Persevering and willing to work, They formed the perfect partners for the herd owners. With this they ensured their livelihood for these people.

Only in the 20th century were three independent dog breeds formed and recognized from these dogs. In addition to the Swedish and Finnish Lapphound, there is also the Lapponian Herder today. This one has a shorter coat and short hair.

As technology progressed, the Swedish Lapphund was gradually replaced by snowmobiles. Due to its faithful and pleasant character, the breed remained, however, preserved. Today they are highly regarded as family and companion dogs. But they are also suitable for hunting, like watchdogs, and even as search and rescue dogs.

Physical characteristics

The breed is recognized by the FCI and belongs to the group 5 of the “Dogs type Spitz and primitive type”. The relationship with Spitz can be easily seen in the appearance of the Swedish Lapphund. Characteristic triangular head and ears frame large, alert eyes. With a height between 43 and 48 centimeters, belongs to the breeds of medium-sized dogs.

His coat is always black. Only occasionally can small white markings be found on the legs or chest. Like all Nordic dogs, has a double coat with a very dense undercoat and a long coat. This coat makes it very insensitive to almost all weather conditions.

Character and skills

Swedish Lapphund
The Nordic region's largest dog event: www.mydog.se

In his character, the Swedish Lapphund he is very attentive, lively and friendly. It is well adapted as a family dog. But it is often used for dog sports too, hunting or as a watchdog. Your original task as a herding dog is, Unfortunately, hardly necessary nowadays.

Like an intelligent and persistent dog, it is important that you are always physically and mentally disabled. Due to its independent character, consistent training is necessary. In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

The Swedish Lapphund tends to bark, what is beneficial to use as a watchdog. If you start early with education, the barking can also be well contained. Generally friendly with other animals.

Correct nutrition

The Swedish Lapphund has no special restrictions on feeding. It can be well fed with any quality food. Attention should be paid to a good nutrient composition. The sugar, However, has no place in feeding.

Awards are not absolutely necessary for the motivation and education of the Swedish Lapphund. However, is particularly happy with the natural chewy sticks, like cowhide or pig's ears. Attention should also be paid to dental care.

Swedish Lapphund Care

Although the coat of Swedish Lapphund it is as abundant as it is impressive, his toilet is not elaborate. The coat is very dense and offers perfect protection against the weather. Firm structure of the top layer is dirt repellent. Therefore, it is enough to brush the Swedish Lapphund from time to time to remove coarse dirt or sticks.

Only during the change of coat is daily brushing necessary. One should use the dog shampoo very sparingly with this dog. Therefore, should only be bathed in the absolutely exceptional case. In addition, a haircut is not normally necessary. Like any other dog, their claws should be checked regularly and, if required, cut. The ears should also be cleaned from time to time to avoid infection.

Videos of the Swedish Lapphund

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 135
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..

    FCI breed standard Swedish Lapphund

    Swedish Lapphund FCI Swedish Lapphund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Svensk lapphund (English).
      2. Chien suédois de Laponie (French).
      3. Schwedischer Lapphund (German).
      4. Lapphund (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor lapón de Suecia (Spanish).

    Leonberger
    Alemania FCI 145 - Molosoides - Mountain

    Leonberger

    Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.

    Content

    History

    The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, because it has been specifically bred according to the standard since 1846. The Leo It, therefore, one of the oldest dog breeds in modern breeding. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. Most other pedigree dogs have a long history and originated from ancient breeds of working dogs.

    The Leonberger, However, it has a different and unique history. Between 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. Everywhere people wanted these big dogs and they were (and they are) really big dogs.

    Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. So quite a few dog dealers from southwest Germany helped out. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Puppies that looked like a St. Bernard they were sold as such, but for the others there were at most a few potatoes from a farmer. The dog trade was – as it still is today – a lucrative business and some sold hundreds of puppies a year and got rich.

    Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. He created a brand out of puppies that he couldn't market as St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Thus was born the Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. Also in the official world of dogs these hybrids went unnoticed for a long time. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, does not even mention the Leonhardiner in his two-volume work “The breeds of the dog” (Dog breeds) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

    The Leonberger it should be a success in all respects. Today it belongs to the primitive rocks of the world of breed dogs, that no dog lover wants to miss. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, which still represents the Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, peaceful and totally suitable for families.

    Physical characteristics

    The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

    “In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. It is characterized by a harmonious construction and a self-assured calm with a lively temperament. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

    Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. The shapes of his physique should be recognizable. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

    A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. During the study period, life expectancy had even decreased by 1,5 years in the last three decades. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 years would be normal. The breed has recognized these red flags and is now more focused on the health and extension of life expectancy for these large dogs..

    Character and skills

    The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

    As a family dog, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion dog it is a nice companion, obedient and fearless in all life situations.

    The strength of character required includes above all: self-confidence, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

    Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. His very high stimulus threshold as well as his stoic composure are the necessary counterpart to his enormous strength. These two poles thus characterize the nature of the Leonberger. Here and there is a stubborn thing. Only good persuasion and supplication will help, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, A fascinating dog!

    Attitude

    The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, a small apartment on the nth floor would not be for him. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefer the cold. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

    It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

    One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. In addition, You should have considered before buying what to do if the dog is sick and may need to be brought 80 kg or more. Last but not least, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Here one must be really responsible and look honestly in the mirror if all the conditions for a happy coexistence with the dogs are given. Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

    Leonberger's Education

    It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, the strap is just a symbol of control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Because that would cause the exact opposite of education and end in disaster..

    Leonberger care

    Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

    Nutrition / Food

    You need a lot of high quality food. A raised bowl is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. Always pay attention to the weight.

    Leonberger Health

    As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone tumor in dogs, it is also very common in the Leonberger.

    Leonberge life expectancy

    Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 a 9 years. The pup is working to regain the possible natural life of a healthy dog. It is accompanied here by a research project of the University of Veterinary Medicine of Hannover.

    Buy a Leonberger

    Buying a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to spend many wonderful years with this giant. If you are looking for a puppy, above all, make sure that dogs are not over-bred. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. You should see a breeder affiliated with the FCI Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

    Leonberger images

    Photos:

    1 – Leonberger bitch by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
    2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
    3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
    5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
    6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

    Leonberger Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 145
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Leonberger breed FCI standard

    LEONBERGER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Chien Leonberg (French).
      3. Leo (German).
      4. Leo (Portuguese).
      5. Leo (Spanish).

    Rough Collie
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 156

    It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

    Content

    History

    The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

    Both the Long-haired Collie and the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

    • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, an all terreno…
    • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, Agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

    These two varieties of dogs crosses shepherds are born the precious Collie that we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

    After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, there is a theory that says those first Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Greyhound) in order to obtain a more "noble" head (finest), What is today one of the true characteristics of the Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

    But trends are changing according to blowing the wind... Like for example, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Balmoral Castle, the Collie is transformed into something like an article of fashion.

    The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, in the Decade of 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

    At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, they could travel long distances during the whole day and retained energy...

    While many theories attempt to explain them, Unfortunately, the exact origins of the Collie have a dark veil. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of the Long Haired Collie was on the Highlands of Scotland lands, where had it been used for centuries as a herding dog. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

    In the UK the Longhair Collie is no longer used for grazing cattle, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Although in United States and several European countries, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

    The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. The objective of the original club was "the promotion and the improvement of the breed of Border Collie". From there the first official breed standard was carved Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, Although much time has passed and many things cambiado… the objective of the Club is still the same. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, is oldest club americano…).

    The Collie's long hair was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first hair long Collie was imported to England. And from there are the pillars of the breed.

    With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 a 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie of today and paved the way for the emergence of large and famous American dog kennels in the years 1920 and 1930.

    One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 December 1872 until 18 February 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. The public is known both for his novels relating the adventures of his beloved Collie, "as for its famous breeding sites"Sunnybank”, from which the bloodlines of specimens of Rough Collie who live among us today.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the characteristic features of the Collie's long hair is his head and delicately pointed snout. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi-erectas, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the Shetland Shepherd Dog, but larger.

    Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

    • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
    • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
    • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

    All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

    It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

    The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, He has long hair and it seems a velcro… Shearing it is something very harmful to the skin and some not again them grow a significant amount of hair after having been shaved.

    The desired size and weight vary between the standards of the breed of dog clubs, but trying to balance the medidas… a long hair male Collie measured 55,8 a 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 lowest centimeters. Males weigh in 20 a 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 a 5 fewer kilos).

    Character and skills

    The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

    Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), and in some cases it is difficult to correct them. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. They enjoy human company and home heat.

    For yeah "The character of"Lassie"created by the British author Eric Knight was a Collie of long hair", It is probably the most famous dog in the world, fictional character that appeared in various films, TV series and books for years.

    "That character inspired screenwriter Hugo Butler in the film"Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Film that definitely launched to fame to the beautiful long hair Collie.

    Collie Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. Collie is prone to a host of health problems. Here is a brief summary of what you should know.

    Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, including multiple drug sensitivities to a mutation in the multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; information on how to test your dog can be found here.

    Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, after which all breeders should have ARP authorizations on all their breeding dogs.

    Collie eye abnormality is a group of eye disorders that range from mild to severe. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

    Unfortunately, Collies can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, as well as a condition called bloating, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Collie grooming

    Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful and voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of care, but it's not like that. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The Smooth Collie’s coat is a piece of cake to care for. Brush it weekly with a rubber brush or soft brush to remove dead hair. Your Collie should not need a bath more than once a month.

    Rough Collie go through a heavy molt twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn’t blow his coat, but throughout the year it loses more hair than the Rough Collie.

    The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually every few weeks. It shouldn't take so long for the click to be heard on the floor. Brush your teeth daily to improve overall health and breath.

    Rough Collie Characteristics

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rough Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    versatility ⓘ

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    Child Friendly ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
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    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss boyeros). / Section 1 –> Shepherd Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 156
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI Standard of the Rough Collie breed
    • COLLIE ROUGH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
      2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
      3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (Spanish).

    Landseer
    Alemania Suiza CanadáFCI 226 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Landseer

    The nature of Landseer and Newfoundland is very similar, considering the first one as something more agile.

    Content

    History

    The Landseer was created together with Newfoundland on the east coast of Canada. The great island of Newfoundland, located off the coast of Canada, gave his ancestors his name. Just 100 years the ways of Landseer they separated from those of Newfoundland. The reason was that they wanted to keep their skin color in black and white. More on this later. Who descended from the dogs of the Vikings of pre-Columbian times, from Spain or from the dogs of the Indians, are legends that remain untested. However, according to the current genetic map of dog breeds prepared in 2017 by an international group of researchers led by Heidi G. Parker, there is a close relationship with the recuperators, What, like the Labrador, come from the same area. Probably the ancestors of the Landseer or Newfoundland arrived in North America with the first European settlers.

    Large dogs proved to be important helpers to seal fishers and hunters in the cold waters of the North Atlantic, and they were also useful occasionally in bear hunting and big game hunting. In addition, landowners or Landseers they carried loads and even as a draft dog they are said to provide exceptional services. Working with fishermen in extremely harsh weather was very demanding. The Landseer had to think, had to do heavy work on the networks, saved the lives of the castaways over and over again. In this way he developed the peculiarities of his being and his physique. He accomplished amazing things in the service of humanity. The Landseers or landowners came to England over and over again with cod ships as early as the 18th and early 19th centuries. Here he soon became famous for his impressive achievements.

    The famous poet Lord Byron put in 1808 your dear boatswain Landseer an impressive monument. He had the words engraved on his tombstone: “Here rest the bones of one who possessed beauty without vanity, strength without exuberance, courage without savagery, and all the virtues of man without his vices”. Here the greatness of character of these dogs is expressed, that you can still experience today. The painter Sir Edwin Landseer immortalized his Newfoundlands black and white in oil several times around 1830. There is some evidence that dogs documented as Newfoundland Oh ya en Canis Earth News 1700 they were predominantly black and white and that only later did they establish the purely black or brown dogs that are typical of Newfoundland today. The black and white guy went out of style in England. However, Swiss and German cynologists and breeders brought the last good dogs from England and built a continental European breed.

    To save these black and white dogs from Newfoundland, they were declared their own race around 1900, named after their famous painter “Landseer“. So this ancient type of dog with a great history was preserved for the dog world. Since then, the Newfoundland and Landseers are bred separately. Later it is said that Kuvasz and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs were crossed to stabilize the white color of the soil.

    In 1960 the Landseer (continental-european type) was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

    Physical characteristics

    According to the breed standard of the Landseer, You must give the impression of being a but powerful and well balanced. The legs are relatively longer than the black Newfoundland. The back is straight and strong. The hind legs and shoulders are muscular.

    The upper layer must be long and as straight as possible, very dense and soft to the touch. The main color of the layer is white with various patches black in the rump, the neck, backsplash, belly, legs and the tail should be white.

    The head should be black with the white snout and symmetric white extends from the snout to the head, ending with the white collar. It has a distinctive shape with a noble facial expression. The ears are medium-sized and eyes should be dark brown. The size of the Landseer will of 67 a 80 cm., and at birth weigh between 500 a 750 grams and at the age of 1 year can be reached despite 50 a 60 kg.

    Like all Mastiff type breeds, the Landseer It is also grown very fast during its first year. Therefore one must be careful with the exercise, because if it becomes sedentary can suffer from overweight.

    Character and skills

    Throughout its development, and even at maturity (that is not until the dog is of 3 or 4 years of age), the Landseer is a very active dog who likes to do all kinds of activities. Swimming, for example, is your favorite activity. So when a Landseer smacks and sees water, already no boundaries, jump to the water.

    The Landseer he is a very accommodating dog with his master. It is active, has good temperament, but it is not a nervous dog. It is a very confident dog, Intelligent, loyal to their own people, fairly mild in nature and, When they are given sufficient exercise outdoors, it attaches very well to home life. In general terms, the majority of Landseer they are very independent and have a mind of its own. The Landseer is very easy to train, much love and patience will be rewarded with a partner for life.

    As we said in previous lines to most of the Landseer, they love water and walks, It is therefore necessary to fulfill these wishes to the dog. Being on the water takes it as a job, reason why can take advantage of these time to play to find objects, launch toy water to make it look, It can be one excellent training both for the owner and as for the dog. It is a good diver and with appropriate training, they are able to find objects in the bottom of any Lake. In this regard, It is good to note that if you want to go swimming with your Landseer you should keep in mind that, the dog will try to rescue and towed back to land. Therefore, no doubt have to be careful to do this the first time. Basic training is required so that the dog knows when you are playing, and when not. Any other activity with the family is also something that the Landseer always wants to do.

    When it comes to behaviour towards other dogs, children and people no problem. Especially the Landseer, they love to children.

    It is good to socialize with other dogs puppies, because if he is male, It can be very dominant. But with a proper education, There will be no problem.

    Landseer Education

    The Landseer can be educated very well. It is intelligent, interested and quickly understand what you are allowed to do and what you are not. Sometimes he takes it easy, but a little motivated he is very cooperative and tries to make his lord and master happy. The puppy should already show itself clearly and without exception where the hammer hangs. There should be no doubt about the orientation of your humans, as well as on the intimate relationship with.

    Always keep in mind that this dog is the strongest and that orientation only works through unquestionable recognition. But with praise and consequences you can basically accomplish everything with it. On the basis of a good education you can even train very well at Landseer. Many Landseer are used as rescue dogs in the water, but also on earth. For this you can pass the work tests with water in the clubs.

    Landseer Health and Care

    The maintenance and care of the Landseer they are complex as with all big dogs. The dense and weather resistant layer should be brushed regularly with a special brush. Should not be sheared or trimmed.

    The dogs of the breed Landseer like all large dogs they tend to hip joint dysplasia, twisting of the stomach. Due to their constitution and their dense fur they do not tolerate heat well.

    Nutrition / Food

    Like all large dogs, the Landseer needs a lot of good food. Especially in the growth phase you need professional nutritional planning. A bowl of food in a high position is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. You should always pay close attention to your weight.

    Landseer's life expectancy

    Life expectancy is between 10 and 12 years.

    Buy a Landseer

    You should only purchase a puppy locally from a breeder who is affiliated with the FCI. Puppies of this breed cost between 1.500 and 2.000 EUR.

    Landseer images

    Photos:

    1 – Puppy landseer – 3 months old by OdinetPietra / CC BY-SA
    2 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/548945
    3 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/550456
    4 – Cleo 11 months by Per Jensen – Flickr
    5 – Landseer at PhotoEmotions (pixabay.com)
    6 – Landseer by Katrina_S (pixabay.com)

    Videos del Landseer

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 226
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.

    Landseer breed FCI standard

    LANDSEER (EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL TYPE) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. LANDSEER (EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL TYPE) (English).
      2. LANDSEER (TYPE CONTINENTAL-EUROPEEN) (French).
      3. LANDSEER (EUROPÄISCH-KONTINENTALER TYP) (German).
      4. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEU CONTINENTAL) (Portuguese).
      5. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEO CONTINENTAL) (Spanish).

    Lakeland Terrier
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 70 - Large and medium sized Terriers

    Lakeland Terrier

    It is a friendly dog with its own, also with children if they respect, very confident in himself

    Content

    History

    The Lakeland Terrier It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, and within this section 1. The current Lakeland is a product of the crosses of different breeds of Terrier which include the Bedlington from whom he inherited his agility, the Border, of who retained the features of the fur, the Fox for its distinctive tail, and probably by its appearance the AIREDALE, These crosses resulted to the original Lakeland of the English region of Los Lagos.

    This dog was used by shepherds to protect sheep from attacks by foxes. The breed was officially recognized in the year 1928.

    Physical characteristics

    In the Terrier what we situaríamos in a medium scale, neither very big nor too small. Skull flat, well outlined, small ears and carried porridge with black truffle except liver color copies, followed by a long neck and elegant forms, slightly arched; short back, broad chest, strong limbs and good muscular. The tail is often be amputated. Its height varies between the 35 and 37 cm and his weight between the 6,5 and 7,5 kg. As the mantle may be black and Tan, Blue and fire, red, wheat, grey red, liver, blue black; sometimes with white markings on chest and legs.

    Character and skills

    It is a friendly dog with its own, also with children if they respect, very confident in himself, look cheerful and lively expression, very guardian and courageous by nature jacket.

    Lakeland Terrier, It is a dog that is well adapted to life in an apartment or a House. It is a dog that needs daily exercise (not excessive) and that also, like most of the Terrier, She loves to hunt small vermin.

    Lakeland Terrier Health

    The Lakeland Terrier they are a very healthy breed, although they may have some genetic problems. These include eye problems like cataracts, glaucoma and lens dislocation, and a blood clotting disorder called vonWillebrand disease.

    Many breeds of small dogs, including the Lakeland Terrier, can develop Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD), a bone disorder that requires surgery. Dogs sometimes also have a condition called dysthichiasis, eyelashes that grow from the glands in the corner of the dog's eyes and cause irritation. Symptoms can be mild and easily manageable or severe and require surgery.

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Lakeland with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Lakeland Terrier care

    Lakeland has a double layer: hard and lean on the outside with a soft inner layer next to the skin. Hair is slightly wavy or straight. For display ring, the coat is stripped by hand to show the outline of the dog, giving it a neat and worked appearance. The ” filling” – additional – on his face and legs they are abundant but neat with a clean texture.

    If you want your Lakeland to have the distinctive breed grooming, you will have to learn how to do it yourself or find a hairdresser who is familiar with the task, which can be a challenge. Show coat is even more difficult to achieve. Most pet owners simply groom their dogs a few times a week and trim every two months..

    The rest is basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually once every week or two. Brush your teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good general health and fresh breath. Check your ears weekly for dirt, redness or odor that may indicate an infection. If the ears are dirty, Clean them with a cotton swab moistened with a mild, pH balanced ear cleaner recommended by your vet.. Introduce your Lakeland to the toilet early to accept it willingly and patiently.

    Buy a Lakeland Terrier

    The best way to buy your Lakeland Terrier puppy is to buy it locally from a breeder who is a member of the Terriesr Club or you can search the shelter for a Lakeland Terrier or similar terrier.. The costs are about 1200 EUR.

    Lakeland Terrier Reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Lakeland Terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Lakeland Terrier Images

    Photos:

    1 – Lakeland Terrier by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1210535
    2 – Lakeland Terrier by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-imoro
    3 – Lakeland Terrier by https://www.pexels.com/photo/adorable-animal-animal-portrait-blur-1029726/
    4 – Virginia Purebred – Hollybriar Natural High by Hoppyh / CC BY-SA
    5 – Grizzle and tan Lakeland Terrier by Inkforest / CC BY-SA
    6 – Tallinn, Estonia, CACIB duo 2013, August 17-18 by https://es.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Lakeland.JPG

    Videos del Lakeland Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 70
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • AKC – Terrier
    • ANKC – Group 2 (Terriers)
    • CKC – Group 4 (Terriers)
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    Lakeland Terrier breed FCI standard

    LAKELAND TERRIER FCI LAKELAND TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Lakeland (English).
      2. Lakeland (French).
      3. Lakeland (German).
      4. Lakeland (Portuguese).
      5. Lakeland (Spanish).

    Russo-European Laika
    Rusia FCI 304 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Russo-European Laika

    It is characterized by its great sense of orientation and its tendency to avoid being confined.

    Content

    History

    The Laika it is an original breed of dog from the far north. They are spread across the entire land mass of Eurasia, from Finland to the Bering Sea. The Laika, in its three variants, It is the breed of dog with the largest closed range of all. In the first place it was called a hunting dog. In the villages of Siberia, However, it is useful in many ways. In addition to his role as a hunting dog, It is a protection dog and a guard dog and has even proven its worth as a sled dog.

    Some associate a dog named “Laika” with the history of space travel. Because the dog Laika was the first living being sent into space by humans. His heat death in the cramped Soyuz capsule was planned from the start. But Laika is also the name of a breed of dog. Most of these dogs are extremely robust and intelligent with a huge gene pool. The Laika It is a breed of dog that has been recognized by the canine world since very early. From the time around 1880 there are several descriptions about these dogs. At that time the animals were already participants in the Moscow dog shows. For thousands of years they had enormous economic and cultural importance. Large parts of Siberia were able to develop by humans only with the help of these dogs.

    In the Middle Ages to modern times the Laika played a central role in the fur trade, what made old russia rich. The Laika he was the best hunter of martens. “The hunting dogs of the Sable they must be fugitives, with an exquisite nose, thin face and ears, and possess great sharpness and intelligence.” So it is said in the old reports. Today, hunting wild boar and other game animals is the specialty of this breed. By the way, the name comes from the Russian word “lajat” for “to bark”. The Laika seek and chase the game quietly at first. Once they have caught it, they start barking loudly so the hunter can find it – Hence the name.

    Until the years 40, the Laika they were raised according to the old tradition. Without any more preambles, the most suitable specimens were taken for common work with and for humans. They were then provided with a standard for modern pedigree dog breeding.
    In 1947 Four races of Laika were established by the Russian Congress of Cynologists, three of them are recognized by the FCI today:

    Then there is the Finnish Spitz, that the Russians call the Karelo-Finnische Laika. But the Laika it has nothing to do with the spitz as we know it. They have a completely different nature, although they may look similar on the outside. The races of Laika are very similar to each other and often only differ in details.

    Here we describe the Russo-European Laika, which has found a certain diffusion especially in eastern Germany. This still has its roots in the times of the GDR. From 1950 the Laika have been hunters here. Last but not least, but not less important, many of those who worked in the construction of pipelines in the vastness of the Soviet Union brought the race Laika To Germany.

    Physical characteristics

    The Russo-European Laika is a dog's size medium, strong, with a slightly longer and dense coat. On the head and ears the hair is short and dense. The construction is almost square. The Laika wears its well feathered tail on its back. The head is reminiscent of a European Spitz with wide awake eyes. Wears it upright like a triangle with pointed ears. The official FCI standard describes a strong dog: “The muscles are dry and well trained. A strong bone structure. Sex differences are clearly marked”. The height at the withers is between 52 and 58 centimeters in males. Bitches are a 2 smaller cm. No weight given. The coat color doesn't really play a role with the Laika. In the Russo-European Laika black with white are considered typical colors.

    Character and skills

    The Laika is a thoroughbred hunting dog. Has a distinctive sharpness of play, defend the prey, it's focused, but not sharp.

    The characteristics that recommend it as a hunting dog and that allow it to survive in the harsh living conditions of Siberia, they do not facilitate its maintenance as a companion and family dog. Therefore, serious breeding expressly attaches importance to a good socialization of the puppies already in the breeder.

    As a thoroughbred hunter you have a high level of initiative and want to work independently and with perseverance.. Some experience is needed, consistency and patience to direct this independent head. Otherwise, he would follow his thoughts and instincts at the right opportunity and hunt on his own.

    Needs a busy master or caregiver who is able and willing to allow a lot of movement. Worth it. The Laika they are really big dogs: Highly intelligent, docile and seemingly unlimited capacity. You have to merge very closely with this dog. Then follow your caregiver without contradictions. It is a fantastic experience of nature to roam the landscape with this wide awake dog.

    The ideal is, if you can lead him on the hunt. The Laika is not a guard dog, but he is willing to defend his family effectively. In front of other dogs he has no interest or is even dominant; seems to feel he is far superior to most local house dogs with his rustic body control and keen emergency senses.

    A true Laika, not bred for exhibitions, embodies a wonderful piece of Nordic nature.

    Attitude

    The Laika not at all a dog for beginners. It has high demands on its maintenance, that stem from your destiny as a hunting dog. In addition, it is a very independent working dog. If one wants to have the clear leading role as a human, this requires a lot of understanding of the dog. This opens the possibility of a very special intimate relationship between man and dog., which is not based on submission but on mutual respect and true friendship. In addition to his passion for hunting, can also be used for the agility and other sports with dogs. Here he is also enormously powerful but also demanding. So it's not enough to just go to dog sports with him once a week.. Monotonous reps aren't your thing either.

    On the other hand, is not picky about attitude. However, a property (well secured) must be available, because at Laika he likes to stay out, what is not to be confused with kennel maintenance. During the hunt the animal never loses contact with its guide. Shows an extraordinary sense of direction, a vital feature in the vastness of Russia. So almost always find – if you want – an exit from the property, and again. A proper hunting guide is ideal. Otherwise, need a teacher or a lover of outdoor sports. The breed is extremely robust and adaptable, but it is not a dog for a flat.

    Education of the Russo-European Laika

    The Russo-European Laika can be well trained for a very experienced dog owner. But you have to get involved with him very intensely. He is open and honest and likes to work with his master and mistress, although his “will to please” be limited. Not a partner for any kind of tricks. Has no problems and is frugal in daily handling, whenever you have your workload on hunting or dog sports.

    Care and health of the Russian-European Laika

    The Russo-European Laika it is absolutely easy to clean. Just need a little grooming here and there, during the coat change a little more.

    Nutrition

    The Laika is free of problems in its nutrition.

    The life expectancy of the Russo-European Laika

    It is not for the world of cacina exhibitions, the Laika healthy breed can easily reach the 12 years and much more with a good physical condition.

    Buy a Laika

    As a buyer you should make sure you get a Laika from a breeder who does not inbreed and only allows natural mating.. Other practices are diametrically opposed to respect and love for these original and robust dogs. If you are interested in a Laika, The first thing you should do is check if you want and can spend a close life, common and sporty with these dogs for at least the next ten years. Then you should get information from a local breeder, who is affiliated with a nodic dog club. A puppy of this breed costs around 1.000 EUR.

    Typical diseases of the Russo-European Laika

    The Laika it is a very healthy and extremely robust breed of dog, as long as he's not unilaterally bred by a supposed beauty in the dog show business. Hardly any other breed of dog today is fortunate enough to have access to such a large population., naturally original, to a genetic potential as great as the Laika in the vastness of Russia. One can only hope that this great opportunity will be seized by the breeding clubs..

    Images of the Russo-European Laika

    Photos:

    1 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/540768
    2 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/962571
    3 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/828184
    4 – Russo-European Laika male on Dog Show in Katowice, 2006 by Konrad Loesch / CC BY
    5 – Russo-European Laika by Timarflex / CC BY-SA
    6 – Russo-European Laika by tracey r / CC BY

    Russo-European Laika Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 304
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI Russo-European Laika breed standard

    Russo-European Laika FCI Russo-European Laika FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Laĭka (English).
      2. Laĭka (French).
      3. Russisch-Europäischer Laïka, Laĭka (German).
      4. Laika (Portuguese).
      5. Laika (Spanish).

    West Siberian laika
    Rusia FCI 306 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Laika de Siberia Occidental

    In its country of origin, Russia, The West Siberian Laika has been bred as a hunting dog for centuries.

    Content

    History

    West Siberian Laika (Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka), is the product of the cross between closely related species of Chanteisk laika and Mansijak with Russian hunting dogs from the north of the Urals and Western Siberia. Outside its area of origin in areas mainly populated by hunters, This race has widely spread to central areas of Russia; This type of dog that abounds on these sites, they are reared in large installations. In different hunting regions there are special kennels for breeding the West Siberian laika.

    Recognition by the FCI

    From 1980 the Russo-European Laika as well as the East Siberian Laika have been recognized as independent breeds by the FCI in addition to the West Siberian laika. However, the Yakutian Laika, as well as other types of Laika, as the Jezdoraja Laika, the Nenezker Weather or the Karelo-Finnish Laika, are not internationally recognized until now. Within the FCI the three breeds of Laika are classified in the group 5, Together with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the Karelian Bear Dog, form the Section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs” within this group.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a variable value hunting dog, but also shooting or for sledge. Is medium-sized, Slim and strong Constitution. Her bone structure is well developed, is not mass or rough. Muscle is strong and well developed. It has a strongly coiled tail, He takes her on the back or the back.

    Its fur is hard, short, with developed internal fluff. The outer layer is thick and straight. The internal fluff is abundant and dense hair's outer layer which gives a distant and leafy appearance. In the head, You ears and part of limb hair is short. On the cross, neck and back of legs the hair is longer than forming a collar in the region of the neck and a beard in the cheek area; the rear extremities presents some feathers.

    Is white, salt and pepper, Red or gray in all colors. Allow the color black, also spotted or with the same color plates.

    Strong similarity to the wolf

    With the often hairier males, it even produces a kind of mane. This feature reminds of a wolf, with which the Laika not only share the pointed and high ears, narrow wedge-shaped head and small oblique eyes, but also strong teeth and coat color, often similar to wolf.

    Varied coat colors and a typical striped tail

    However, the colors of him West Siberian laika are very diverse depending on the wide range of the breed and the large number of local strokes, ranging from pure white to black, pepper and salt, the color of the wolf, reddish brown, grey, the pied or the spotted. Characteristic of all races of Russian Laika is the striking striped tail, worn both on the side and on the back.

    Character and skills

    Independent hunter and close ally.

    Like most hunting dogs, the West Siberian laika also has some independence. Not only in hunting, but also as a watchdog, companion dog or sled dog, sometimes acts independently and autonomously. However, this does not mean that it cannot adapt to its humans. On the contrary: the Laika feels closely connected to her reference person and always seeks their proximity. Even when hunting, never strays too far from his guide and ensures every 20 or 30 minutes of hunter following.

    The intense relationship with humans allows him Laika – despite its original roots – be used as a herding dog, protection, guard or shooting.

    Life in the family

    Once an owner has earned the trust of his Laika, even the most demanding training goals can be achieved. It is important that the West Siberian laika have a firm place in your “in the sense” from the beginning and allow him to participate closely in the life of his people. In doing so, is closely linked to your “leader of the pack”, but also shows himself as a patient and loving companion when dealing with other family members, especially with the children. If you socialize early and comprehensively, living with other dogs and pets usually works without problems.

    Activities with the West Siberian laika

    Despite these characteristics, the West Siberian laika is and remains primarily a working dog, for which his “work” is as important as its people. A life as a pure domestic and family dog ​​certainly does not do justice to its nature.. Only if you can sufficiently demonstrate your stamina, agility, speed and intelligence, will present himself at home as a calm and balanced companion.

    The West Siberian laika I want to be “needy” and, therefore, you should definitely receive an assignment that challenges you both physically and mentally. Owners who don't run their Laika like the hunter he is, they must provide for sufficient substitute employment, for example, in sport form (Agility), training dog sport, runway and nose work or training as a rescue dog.

    Health of the West Siberian laika

    Unlike many other dog breeds, which often developed rather by coincidence, Russian dogs already had exact ideas about the useful characteristics of this breed very early. The breeding of him West Siberian laika it was soon subjected to strict controls and took place in breeding stations approved by the central state. In order to preserve the excellent qualities of hunting, officially organized tests were introduced. Dogs that did not meet the high requirements for use were systematically excluded from breeding.

    Healthy and robust working dogs

    Strict breeding requirements and tough selection led to the good hunting dog qualities and excellent sensory perceptions of dogs being preserved to this day. At the same time, high concentration on utility ensured that outward appearances became less of an affair. A breeding of pure beauty, that as the examples of other dog breeds show, often led to health problems, was avoided in the West Siberian laika. The hereditary diseases typical of the breed, with which fashionable dogs often fight, are not known in this original breed. Even generalized joint diseases, such as dysplasia of the hip joint (HD), rarely occur in this Laika.

    Nutrition of the West Siberian laika

    Dog owners shouldn't change their diet too often either.. Although the West Siberian laika is not very picky about his diet, the constant changes in the food plate could overload even your robust stomach. As a descendant of the wolf, dogs don't need many different foods to stay healthy. Unlike us humans, that we should have a diet as varied as possible and whose menu includes meat, fish and vegetables, as well as potatoes, noodles and other cereal products, dogs need meat above all. Both their teeth and their digestion are oriented to the processing of foods based on meat. Different types of meat and changing tastes are, by the way, desirable with respect to this main ingredient.

    Discover our selection of dog food.

    Pay attention to your dog's nutritional needs. Whether you feed your dog wet meat, dry, raw (BARF) or cooked, it is important that the amount and content of the food meet the specific nutritional needs of your dog. These requirements depend on very individual criteria such as race, size, age, activity level and health status and may vary accordingly. If the composition is correct, a Laika adult can get by with one or two meals a day. After feeding, the feeding bowl should be cleaned and should only be available again the next day or for the next meal. It is better to avoid snacking between meals or the constant administration of treats. However, fresh drinking water should always be available for your dog.

    Buying a West Siberian Laika

    With his healthy nature, robust and original, the West Siberian laika satisfies the desire of many dog ​​lovers for something “Wild” in our modern and civilized everyday life. And finally, but not less important, the wolf appearance of this breed fascinates people. This natural beauty, coupled with excellent hunting performance, made of him West Siberian laika one of the most popular dog breeds of the former Soviet Union already in 1960.

    How much does a West Siberian laika puppy cost?

    In Europe, the Time to fall still rarely seen. So it is extremely difficult outside of Russia to get a purebred Laika from a proven breeding line.. Long, arduous roads and a comparatively high puppy price between 1.300 and 1.500 EUR are the rule. Even if you have found a suitable breeder after a long search, you may be advised not to buy a Laika. Don't be surprised if during the first meeting you are asked very personal questions about your profession., their living conditions, your future plans and marital status. For committed and serious breeders, the welfare of dogs is, as a last resort, more important than financial benefit. After all, keeping such a demanding animal takes a long time, experience and space.

    People who are primarily attracted to the appearance and originality of this Laika they must therefore carefully consider whether their living conditions and character really fit this breed. If in the end you are still convinced that the West Siberian laika is the correct breed, you must prepare well for the purchase of the new “family member”. Not only are you doing yourself a favor, but above all the dog, because this Laika demands your undivided attention “handler” and does not tolerate a change of owner very well.

    Caring for the West Siberian laika

    Although the West Siberian laika he is a very robust dog, you need not only a healthy diet but also proper care to stay healthy and vital. Its hard and soft top layer repels dirt and water well, but you still need to brush regularly (about twice a week). During the change of coat, you Laika should be brushed daily to remove dead hair and strands. In general, the owners of this breed of dog should not be disturbed by the hair of the dogs in the house, because although the West Siberian laika he is basically a very clean dog, lose a lot of hair, that spreads across the sofa, the carpet and the floor. In addition to the toilet, the claws should be regularly shortened and the ears, teeth and feet should be checked and cleaned.

    Keeping

    Regarding the attention, the time required can be manageable, but the use of a Laika alone takes a lot of time (free). Who chooses a West Siberian laika should therefore not have to work full time. This human-oriented working dog is not made for long periods of solitude. As an original hunting dog needs a lot of career, an appropriate task and lots of contact with your reference person. A hatchery in a small town flat is, therefore, as unsuitable as a kennel. The dog of the Siberian breed is most comfortable in a house with a large fenced garden, where you can be close to your humans at all times.

    No dog for beginners

    Also for the education of this Laika a close relationship between dog and human is a basic requirement. If your dog trusts you, you can trust your competence and sovereignty as “leader of the pack” and is sure of his closeness and love, will follow you willingly – despite its original roots as an independent hunting dog. But to reliably fulfill the role of a competent leader of the pack, technical knowledge is required, consistency and strength of character. The West Siberian laika certainly not a beginner dog.

    Evaluations of the West Siberian laika

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “West Siberian laika” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    West Siberian laika pictures

    Photos:

    1 – West Siberian laika by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Siberian_Laika.jpg
    2 – West Siberian laika by ecured
    3 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    4 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    5 – First-generation (F1) wolf-dog hybrid from Wildlife Park Kadzidlowo, Poland (photos: A. Krzywinski) by Maris Hindrikson et al / CC BY
    6 – This is a 4 month old West Siberian Laika female pup. It is at this stage when a WSL pups unique natural hunting instincts become evident by Meribelles at English Wikipedia / CC BY-SA

    West Siberian laika videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 306
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI West Siberian laika Standard

    West Siberian laika FCI West Siberian laika FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. WSL, Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (English).
      2. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (French).
      3. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (German).
      4. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (Portuguese).
      5. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (Spanish).

    East Siberian Laika
    Rusia FCI 305 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Laika de Siberia Oriental

    The East Siberian Laika is popular in its native Russia not only as a hunting dog, but also as a draft and sled dog.

    Content

    History

    The home of this impressive and robust pedigree dog is - as its name implies- in the forested area of ​​Eastern Siberia, more precisely in the vast area between Yenisei and kamchatka peninsula.

    The East Siberian Laika was first mentioned by name in 1947, when the Cynology Congress of Alliances in the former Soviet Union established four breed standards for different Laikis (plural of Laika). Besides him East Siberian Laika, these other races like the West Siberian laika and the Russo-European Laika, have been somewhat better known, as well as the Yakutian Laika and the Siberian Husky, so this breed was not yet recognized by the FCI.

    Ancestors of the East Siberian Laika:

    Hunting and sled dogs of the high arctic

    It is assumed that the history of the ancestors of the Laika goes way back. The origin of the Laika rousso dates back to the sleds and hunting dogs of the high arctic. The East Siberian Laika, as described in the breed standard today, was created by crossing Ewenkish, Lamutsker, Amur and other races of Laika. The main focus of the breeding efforts was training their hunting skills. A natural hunting instinct, courage and a lively temperament, as well as excellent sensory perceptions, a particularly good sense of smell and orientation should characterize the offspring.

    In his native Russia, the East Siberian Laika mainly used for squirrel hunting, martens and feather hunting. But it is also appreciated as a draft and sled dog. By the way, he is not related to the bitch “Laika“, who became world famous as the first dog in space. This bitch was probably a mix of Husky and Terrier.

    Physical characteristics

    With a height at the cross of 53 a 65 cm el East Siberian Laika belongs to the medium and large breeds. His muscular body and strong physique quickly give an impression of the sturdy build of this wolfdog.. From the harsh climate of its native Siberia, the hard hairs on its coat and the dense and soft undercoat protect. On the neck and shoulders the abundant coat forms the typical collar of the Laika. Males, where the fur at the withers is even more abundant, They also stand out for a kind of mane.

    Many color variations

    Regarding its fur, many different variations possible. So black shades are possible, White, grey, reddish, colored fox and colored wolf. Variations of pied or stained according to Russian standard and FCI.

    Other distinctive features of the East Siberian Laika are the ears standing, placed laterally and the tail rolled.

    Character and skills

    The Russian word “lajatj” (layat), from which the racial name is derived “Laika“, means “to bark”. And in fact, loud barking is a fundamental characteristic of this Russian hunting dog. Like a so-called poking dog, finds its prey on its own and keeps it in control with its distinctive barks until the hunter arrives and can kill the prey. He is very confident and brave and proves to be an independent worker, robust and persevering while hunting. Unlike other breeds of hunting dogs, as the Gray Norwegian Elkhound, the East Siberian Laika never strays too far from its controller. Each 20 or 30 minutes seeks contact with him and ensures that he continues his search.

    Independent hunter and trusted companion

    In combination with your intelligence, his lively temperament and physical strength, this narrow “leader bond” allows it to be used in many different ways. Like this, the East Siberian Laika it is popular in its native Russia not only as a hunting dog, but also as a draft and sled dog, as a companion dog and guard dog. Despite its independence, the East Siberian Laika shows himself within his family as a balanced and confident companion, that enjoys the most of the caresses of its humans. In contact with children the proud Laika is playful and considerate. Due to its original behavior, However, children should only be allowed to play with the strong dog under supervision.

    Not a beginner dog

    Despite his balanced nature and basically friendly nature, the East Siberian Laika a dog is not for beginners. Your innate hunting instinct, its great independence as well as its pronounced need for movement would quickly overwhelm inexperienced owners. Therefore, the keeping of this breed should be reserved to specialists who have experience in dealing with similar breeds and who know how to educate and train such an original dog.

    Typical health and diseases of the East Siberian Laika

    The owners of a East Siberian Laika they don't have to fear high bills for veterinary expenses. The breed is considered extremely robust and healthy. The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known. However, as with all big dogs, breeders and owners should pay attention to healthy hip development. Later diseases of hip or elbow dysplasia (HD o ED), that are often hereditary, but which are also the result of improper maintenance and feeding.

    Nutrition of the East Siberian Laika

    As in humans, nutrition plays a decisive role in the healthy development of the dog. Although the East Siberian Laika it is considered very robust and healthy by nature, so that this remains so, you need a balanced diet that provides you with all the essential nutrients in the right composition. As a descendant of the wolf, the Laika also needs mostly meat. But just like the wolf, that also eats all the prey including the stomach contents, hair and bones, the dog must also get vegetables, rice, fruit (and bones) additional.

    It depends on the proper ratio

    When preparing food, attention should be paid to the correct ratio of food and the respective nutrients. An excess of certain vitamins and minerals can be just as harmful as a deficiency. If you want to be sure of exactly what your dog needs, you can ask the vet for a detailed diet plan. This plan takes into account not only age, the weight and sex of the breed, but also activity levels, the accommodation conditions and the health status of each dog.

    Caring for the East Siberian Laika

    The East Siberian Laika is not very demanding not only in terms of food but also in terms of attention. Coarse and soft hair repels dirt well and only needs a brush two to three times a week. During this process, dead hair is removed and coarse dirt is brushed. The East Siberian Laika rarely need a bath – and only if the dirt cannot be combed in another way. Dog shampoo should also be used sparingly to prevent the skin's natural protective layer from stretching..

    Attitude to have with an East Siberian Laika

    Like all races of Laika, the East Siberian Laika was bred primarily as a working and utility dog. Since its origin, it is used to working hard and independently and to moving freely in nature.. An attitude as a house and companion dog would contradict his nature and certainly would not do this demanding dog justice.. Who wants to keep him Laika in the city despite everything, you have to make sure you don't just exercise a lot, but also a suitable occupation that challenges and satisfies you not only physically but also mentally.

    Is the Laika suitable for dog sport?

    For dog sports, This Laika is suitable only conditionally. Like a hunting dog, he still places great importance on his independence. Although proximity to his humans is important to him, maintains its independence. Do not expect blind or pronounced obedience “will to please” of a true Laika, like the one brought by many other breeds of domestic dogs. However, with his strong body and agile movements, naturally brings good conditions for use in the dog sports field.

    Closeness and trust from the beginning

    Whether hunting dog, sledge dog, dog shooting, watchdog or just companion dog: the East Siberian Laika is a demanding four-legged friend, requiring a lot of exercise and activity. However, do not forget that he also likes to be close to his humans. A pure kennel attitude does not do this breed justice. A Laika must be firmly integrated into the family from the beginning and experience a lot of contact with their humans and other animals. If you build a close relationship of trust and socialize your Laika comprehensively already in the puppy stage, will experience the original pedigree dog, despite its roots, as a very balanced and loving partner, for whom extensive fondling is almost as important as independent work.

    Buying an East Siberian Laika

    If you are interested in a purchase of a East Siberian Laika outside russia, you will probably have a hard time finding a breeder near you. However, When in doubt it is worth the long drive to Russia to meet and understand this Laika in its natural environment. After all, the East Siberian Laika It is not a dog that you should buy as a companion dog “that easy”. Plus plenty of time and space to get out, its maintenance and education requires a lot of knowledge, patience and assertiveness. Compared to other dog breeds, This Laika has a hard time asserting himself as an apartment dog. However, who is convinced that a East Siberian Laika is the right dog and whoever is looking for a purebred dog, has to accept long roads and long waiting periods for a puppy. The costs, just for the purchase of the puppy, they are with this breed some 1.300 a 1.500 EUR.

    Evaluations of the East Siberian Laika

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “East Siberian Laika” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    East Siberian Laika images

    Photos:

    1 – East Siberian Laika, young dog. The picture was taken by PrzemekL during World Dog Show 2006 in Poznań. by No machine-readable author provided. PrzemekL assumed (based on copyright claims). / Public domain
    2 – East siberian laika by Myrtle / CC BY-SA
    3 – East Siberian Laika, bitch. The picture was taken by PrzemekL during World Dog Show 2006 in Poznań by No machine-readable author provided. PrzemekL assumed (based on copyright claims). / Public domain
    4 – East Siberian Laika agouti by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    5 – East Siberian Laika Fawn & white by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    6 – East Siberian Laika Sable & white, head profile by Canarian / CC BY-SA

    East Siberian Laika videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 305
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI Images breed standard

    East Siberian Laika FCI East Siberian Laika FCI

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