The Crested Chinese (Chinese Crested Dog) It is a breed of hairless small companion dog (weighs between 2.7 a 5.5 Kg and has a height of 28 a 33 cm.) originating in China.
The origins of the Chinese crested dog are difficult to trace. Hairless dogs appear to arise by mutation in the world, but they have remained mainly in Central America and South.
The crested Chinese, apparently there are in China since the 13th century. It is said that the Chinese sailors kept these dogs in vessels like buzzards dogs, and that they exchanged them with local traders of all the places that were. In this way, almost without love..., the race was distributed in Turkey, Egypt, South Africa and, possibly, in Central America and South.
In Europe, they appear in tables of the year 1800, and later in pictures. It was at the end of the 19th century when Ida Garrett, a nurturer amateur hairless dogs, He began to promote the breed in Europe.
With the help of a handful of committed breeders (including the famous Gypsy Rose Lee and Ida Garrett), the Chinese crested dog gradually gained fans in America and Europe. In 1991 -After a century of effort - the breed was recognized by the AKC.
With the time, race distinguishing from others without hair by size and by the obvious presence of the crest, the plume in the queue and the “socks” in the legs, they do the Chinese crested a breed separate and consolidated.
How long there was Chinese Cresteds in China is something that is not known with certainty, among other things because now there is no Cresteds in China. And the race is not extinct because the British led Chinese crested specimens to the British Empire and retained its features until recent times.
They were the British, those who kept the race and her improved to make it as it is today. For its part, the Americans have also done much for the evolution of the race but always based on British lines. In general I would say that the Americans have more care the nature (Let us not forget that the origins of the breed are primitive and perhaps less time “domestic” the usual). On the European continent, existing lines of crested Chinese, come - also- of British origin dog.
As most of the breeds of hairless dog, the crested Chinese has two varieties, with or without hair, known in English as Greenland (without hair) and Powderpuff (with hair). Greenland and Powderpuff varieties seem to be two different races, but the balding due to an incomplete dominant gene in a single race.
Which has no hair has the soft skin, as the human and retains Tufts on the legs (socks) and the head (crest). In addition to being an incomplete dominant gene, hairless gene has a prenatal lethal effect, known as homocigotismo. The zygotes affected with double hairless gene (one in four), they fail to live and be reabsorb, with all the term living are heterozygous.
There nothing really clear in the history of the breed Chinese crested. The only thing we can say with certainty is that, as other races “nude” and some races “primitive”, comes from the Canis africanus and not of the Canis comunis, which come from the majority of breeds of domestic dogs as we know it.
Crested Chinese name has a clear and logical reason as to “Crested” referred to in, in effect, We can say that they have crest on the head. On the other hand, the Chinese origin is somewhat casual.
Nude races known seem to come all of Latin America. The most known and recognized by the FCI are the Xoloitzcuintle (Naked Mexican) and the dog without hair Peru, both with the same genetic varieties than the Chinese crested, namely, they occur in two varieties, without hair and hair.
Until recently relatively very, the variety with hair (Powderpuff) could not presents in competitions of beauty, Although it was always used and is still used for farming and improvement of the breed.
Both varieties are now also recognized and valued both the breeding and exhibition, they compete together in the vast majority of countries, the Greenland variety and Powderpuff can birth in a same litter and, except in the mantle, they have the same standard.
The crested Chinese, is a nice dog, sensitive and lively. It tends to be very loyal to the family and very attached to a person in particular, who considered their leader. They also tend to be somewhat shy with strangers and are always alert.
Early socialization, enough exercise and affection, they will result in an exceptional pet.