Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Rumanía FCI 349 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with its caregiver.

Content

History

The “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”, or Ciobanesc Romanesc Mioritic in romanian, it is a natural breed that has been present for centuries in the Carpathians, especially in southern Transylvania, in the mountainous regions near Sibiu and Brasov. Its exact origins are unknown, but it seems that their ancestors came to Romania around the 13th century with the Tatars who came to settle in the Danube Delta region and along the Black Sea coast.

In the middle ages, some local rulers used these powerful dogs to accompany their armies. This fueled the legend that the dogs often seen in ancient engravings depicting the battles between the Roman Empire and the Dacians, a native people of the Carpathians, they are the shepherds of Mioritza. However, since these battles took place over 1000 years before the arrival of the dog's ancestors to the region, it is in fact unlikely that he can claim to have any connection to these feats of arms.

In fact, the Mioritza Shepherd Dog he was above all the faithful companion of the illiterate peasants and shepherds isolated in the mountains. Stunning, mighty and brave, protected, and still protects today, herds against the many predators that live in the Carpathians: line, Wolf, bear…

His name is also a reference to his qualities as a pastor, Since the word “mioara” means “sheep” in romanian, precisely the animal that it has been protecting for several centuries.

Even today, many shepherds claim that only one of these dogs can scare away a bear, and popular belief says that it is the only race in the world capable of facing a bear and getting out alive.

The first written references to Mioritic go back to 1930, when Professor Gheorghe Moldoveanu, studying the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, made a first distinction between the different romanian sheepdogs. In 1934, the National Zootechnical Institute published a description of the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog, but it wasn't until 1981 that a first breed standard was defined, prepared by the Romanian Cynological Association (ACR).

This standard was revised in 2002 to meet the requirements of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who accepted the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog provisionally in 2005, before finally recognizing it in 2015. In the meantime, had taken off across the Atlantic, as recognized by the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2006. The other reference body in the country, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2018. However, neither the British nor the Canadian Kennel Club have followed suit.

It is estimated that the population of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is of 10.000 individuals in Romania, but the vast majority are pedigree and unregistered dogs. In fact, Although the breeding of non-pedigree dogs is prohibited in the country since 2015, ancient habits are slowly changing. Thus, there is often a dog left “field” from which a puppy is delivered to the neighbor of the village when a litter is born, rather than a pedigree dog that is purchased from a professional breeder.

On the other hand, although they are still relatively popular in the Romanian mountains, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog remain largely unknown outside of their home country, despite the efforts of Barbara Fallent, an Austrian-based breeder dedicated to popularizing them in Europe.

Photo: Ciobanesc Mioritic by DorinRodina, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Sometimes nicknamed “wool bear”, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is tall, powerful and furry. It is often confused with the Old English Sheepdog (or Bobtail), with which it has many physical similarities.

They are big and massive, but harmonious and very agile for a dog of this size, while its legs are muscular and erect. The tail stands tall and falls when at rest, but it rises horizontally when in the gazebo.

The neck is of medium length but broad and powerful, and bears a massive head of large size in relation to the rest of the body. The skull is slightly domed and ends in a rather short muzzle, tapering towards the nose. The latter should be black and well developed. The powerful jaws are scissor bite. The triangular ears with rounded tips fall along the cheeks and “disappear” in the fur.

The eyes are medium in size, often hazel or dark brown in color, but they can also be lighter in color, except yellow, which is not accepted by the standard of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. They express calm and intelligence.

The coat of the mioritic it is very long, measure at least 10 cm.. Covers the whole body, from head to tip of tail, going through the legs, where however it is a little shorter. The top coat is rough, while the lower layer is more flexible and dense, which makes the coat perfectly adapted to harsh weather conditions.

The coat can be uniform, white or gray, but most often it is variegated, with distinctive black or gray spots protruding from the white fur.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the female being only slightly smaller than the male.

Character and skills

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with his master and his family, bond that forms naturally during the growth period. We know that it is “a master's dog” – the person who adopted and raised him – making it very difficult to adopt an adult dog from Mioritic Shepherd Dog.

He is incredibly devoted and loyal to his family, at least the family he grew up with. Adults, children, pets or farm animals…: everyone he lives with is part of his family, and once he is an adult he will stop at nothing to protect them. Quiet and affectionate, gets along very well with children, without being an ideal playmate, especially for the little ones and / or restless, since he prefers quieter activities. In addition, given its size, could unintentionally push a small one.

A typical sheepdog, who distrusts strangers. Although tolerate close friends who come often, barks vigorously when a stranger approaches, and only allows him to enter his territory with the agreement of his master. Therefore, a lot of work on socialization and obedience is necessary from an early age to prevent this dog's power from, able to scare away wolves and bears, be misdirected, with dramatic consequences.

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog need space, and it is not at all a breed of dog adapted to apartment living. Its territorial and protective character makes it not an ideal option for people who live in a residential area., even with a large garden. Rather, they adapt better to the field or the mountains, where they have space and where they find less “threats” potentials, especially since they can easily spend their days and nights outdoors.

Having said that, if you need space, the mioritic neither is it a dog that needs a lot of exercise, at least not as an adult. It is true that the puppies of this breed are hyperactive and need to exercise daily, either in the form of games or walks. But the adult is much calmer, as are most sheepdogs, who prefer to stay close to their herd and not stray too far from it: patrolling the garden and taking an occasional walk with his master is more than enough for him.

However, it is important to know that the “territory” that defends the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is not limited to your garden: protect the place where your family is, establishing a kind of security perimeter around it in all circumstances. Like this, if your flock grazes in the mountains, don't let anyone get close, and if your family walks in a park, does the same.

However, the Mioritic Shepherd Dog not spontaneously aggressive, and never attacks for no reason. Barks to warn the intruder that they are not welcome, and leave the one who understands the message alone. On the other hand, anyone who risks ignoring the warning without his master's consent risks finding out why this dog has been the best friend of Romanian shepherds and protector of their flocks for centuries.

At last, used to accompany them alone, have learned to make decisions on their own. Although loyal and obedient, his independent character and power make him a dog that is not suitable as a first dog.

Education “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

If socializing the puppy from an early age is necessary for all breeds, is even more indispensable in the case of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. You must meet the people you may meet as an adult as soon as possible and get used to the situations that will be part of your life: walks in a crowded place, visits to the vet, sessions at the hairdresser… The latter should also allow you to get used to being handled without hesitation, which is absolutely essential to avoid any problems once adult, given its size and power.

In the same way, learning obedience should begin as soon as the dog is adopted. Smart and devoted, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is relatively easy to train if your master has the necessary experience and knows how to remind your dog who the master is if necessary. On the other hand, Inconsistent or hesitant orders can lead you to take matters into your own hands and choose the attitude that seems most appropriate. Unfortunately, in such cases, unlikely to make the desired decision.

In any case, although professional help can be useful as support, education must be provided by the teacher himself. You are the only person whose authority you recognize and trust.

In addition, traditional training methods should be banned, as they run the risk of damaging the strong bond between student and teacher. Positive reinforcement-based dog training is a much better option.

Regarding your role as guardian, does not require any special training. In fact, their instinct for protection is innate, so you don't need any specific training to become an excellent watchdog. In the same way, learn to become a good herding watchdog by observing adults, and just reproduce this behavior when it grows. Once again, no specific training is required.

Health “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a very healthy dog: is not subject to hereditary diseases, it is only slightly sensitive to common diseases and is resistant to harsh weather conditions. In fact, many individuals reach the age of 14 years or more, which is unusual for a dog of this size.

However, like all large dog breeds, may suffer from ..:

▷ Hip Dysplasia;
▷ elbow dysplasia;
▷ gastric dilation-torsion.

In addition, its long and dense coat can become a refuge for many parasites, especially if you spend most of your time outdoors. Therefore, it is essential to regularly ensure that all your deworming treatments are up to date.

Grooming “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog It is an easy-care breed of dog: a weekly brushing of his coat is enough to get rid of his dead hairs and ensure that he has no injuries that can be hidden by his long hair.

However, during the move, the dog should be brushed more frequently to avoid accumulation of dead hair, that could create knots and become true “parasite nests”.

Bathing the dog is unnecessary, since the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog has a self-cleaning coat. Even if he rolled in the mud before he came home, leaving it outside in a dry place should be enough to get rid of dirt. “A Mioritic dry is a Mioritic clean”, as the shepherds say.

On the other hand, it is essential to check every 2 or 3 days that your eyes and ears are not dirty and do not show any signs of infection. Their teeth and claws may be checked less regularly, but special attention should be paid to the dog's paw pads to make sure there is no accumulated dirt.

It is a good idea to get used to Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog to these grooming sessions from an early age, to avoid any problems later, given its size and power. If the teacher knows how to do it, they can become beautiful moments of complicity between him and his partner.

On the other hand, if it has to be prepared by a professional, the presence of your caregiver is necessary to calm you down and ensure that you do not have any aggressive reaction towards the stranger who is manipulating you.

Price “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

A puppy Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog costs between 1000 and 1200 EUR. A male is more expensive than a female, because males are more sought after by shepherds.

In any case, It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and to check its documents with the Romanian Canine Association (ACR). In fact, from 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Characteristics "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “"Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"“

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Beautiful Romanian Shepherd Dogs, the one on the left is the “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” and the one on the right is the “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” by Remus Pereni, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
“Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” by akc

Videos “"Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"“

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd – Facts and Information
The Miracle of Life – Romanian Mioritic shepherd dog babies

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 349
  • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKCFoundation Stock Service
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI breed standard "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

    FCIFCI – "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"
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    Alternative names:

      1. Romanian Mioritic, Mioritic Shepherd Dog, Ciobănesc Românesc Mioritic (English).
      2. Mioritic (French).
      3. Mioritic, Mocano, Barac (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc mioritic) ciobanesc romanesc mioritic (Portuguese).
      5. Mioritic (Spanish).

    Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
    Rumanía FCI 350 - Sheepdogs

    Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds

    Content

    History

    The “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”, also known as Carpatin (of his original name Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin), He is native to Romania, more precisely from the Danube Delta.

    It is said to be descended from the Lupo races – molosoides, comparable in size to ancient mastiffs, but with a morphology closer to that of the wolf, and that has been used to protect herds for more than 9.000 years, namely, since the beginning of the domestication of cattle in this region.

    Legend has it that their ancestors, to whom he is physically very close, they interbred naturally with wolves, resulting in a powerful and fearsome race. Although there is no irrefutable evidence, such hybridizations between dog and wolf are known to have in fact occurred in various regions of the world, what makes this theory plausible.

    Often hunting in packs, nothing stops this dog with his courage and unerring protective instinct. There have even been cases where a herd of Carpathian shepherds has been seen repelled by an adult bear. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been selected over the centuries with the main criterion of utility, which explains why it has kept its herding dog qualities intact to this day, especially since Romania still has many predators on its territory, including wolves and bears. Over the years, they have also become increasingly integrated into the family as guard dogs; very protective of their master, it's a role they play wonderfully.

    The first breed standard was developed in Romania in 1934. After the fall of communism in 1989, a few passionate breeders of the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog developed the breed so that its standard could meet the criteria of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Their efforts paid off, since the latter finally recognized it provisionally in 2005, and then definitely ten years later, in 2015. Among the other large canine organisms, the Société Centrale Canine and the United Kennel Club also recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, what is not the case with the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club or the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain.

    Although they are increasingly known and appreciated in the rest of the world, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog still quite rare outside of their home country. On the other hand, still very popular in Romania, where it is used as a herding dog and as a guard and companion dog.

    Photo: Possibly Carpathian sheepdog or Bucovina sheepdog by Alex Zelenko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog he is a large dog with an impressive physique.

    The body is rectangular, vigorous and well developed, without heaviness. Its length is greater than the height at the withers, and the lumbar region may be slightly longer in females than in males.

    The tail is held high, reaching or slightly exceeding the point of the hock. With abundant hair, hangs at rest but is carried high and slightly curved in action. It is neither flat nor rolled in the back.

    The head is strong but not heavy, of type lupoid, with a stop moderately marked. The nose is always black, big and wide. The scissor bite is powerful. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, dark brown. The ears, slightly above the eye line, they are triangular in shape, a little rounded at the tip, and fall close to the cheeks.

    The inner layer is dense and flexible, color clear, but the hair is rough, smooth and dense. It is shorter and flatter on the head and front of the legs, longer in the neck, the back of the legs and tail. It is abundant and of medium length in the rest of the body. The fur is sable (Wolf) with white markings, and the skin is ash colored.

    Character and skills

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is balanced, calm and brave. They are innate herding dogs with a very strong protective instinct, with an unconditional attachment to his flock and a closeness to his master and family that is far greater than that of most other guard dog breeds.

    This protective instinct makes them mistrust strangers. In the presence of a stranger, will come between him and his family and bark as a warning, until his master makes him understand that there is no danger.

    However, due to its friendlier temperament than the average of other guard dog breeds, it is also an excellent companion dog. As a breed of dog adapted to children, he is very gentle with them and is a great playmate for them. Regarding the cohabitation of the dog with the cat, generally goes well. Last but not least, the fact that they have long gotten used to defending themselves and working in packs also explains why they generally manage to get along with their peers, although they can be dominant with them.

    Although it suits all families quite well, this large and energetic dog needs a lot of exercise and play to maintain his mental balance and physical health. Therefore, better suited to a family that likes to move, and thus you can enjoy hiking with your dog (dogs-rando), from running with your dog (canicross) or cycling with your dog (cani-mountain biking). To feel completely fine, need at least an hour of daily exercise.

    Therefore, not at all suitable for use in an apartment: too small a space and insufficient physical exercise could cause behavioral disorders in the dog, including uncontrolled aggression (even towards their owners) and / or destructive behavior on the part of the dog. This is all the more true since the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds; therefore shows more anxiety in case of prolonged loneliness, especially if you are indoors with nothing to do to keep busy. Therefore, the ideal home for him is one with a large enclosed garden where he can run, and a master who is available to play with his dog and walk him for long hours.

    Education “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that is easier to train than other guard dog breeds, needs a strong education to start at an early age, since it has a strong character. It is imperative that the owner immediately show his dog who the master is and impose his authority, at the risk of seeing his partner with his impressive physique take control.

    Of course, firm does not mean brutal. Positive dog training, with incentives and rewards, is always the best way to earn respect and obedience. Purely authoritarian training would only lead to confrontation with this voluntarily dominant dog.

    Health “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although there have been cases of hip dysplasia or eye problems in some individuals, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a robust breed of dog, able to stay outdoors in inclement weather without being unduly hindered and, In addition, does not have a congenital predisposition to certain pathologies.

    Therefore, daily exercise and a balanced diet are enough to keep the dog healthy, vigorous and toned.

    However, be careful not to give too large a portion of food before physical exertion: like all big breeds, is particularly exposed to the risk of stomach dilation-torsion.

    Grooming “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a long fur, rarely needs professional grooming. However, it is recommended to brush the dog's hair daily with a wire brush or detangler, especially during the shedding period.

    If you spend most of your time outdoors, it is recommended to wash your dog once a month. However, if you stay inside, a dog bath every three to four months is sufficient.

    On the other hand, it is important to regularly examine and clean the dog's ears, as for all dogs with lop ears. A buildup of ear wax or bacteria could lead to infections, like ear infections.

    In addition, as in all races, brushing your dog's teeth at regular intervals is essential to avoid tartar problems. Ideally, you could do this two or three times a week.

    At last, how often a dog's claws are trimmed depends on its level of activity. It is best to inspect them from time to time and trim them if necessary.

    Characteristics "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"“

    Carpathian Shepherd

    Carpathian Shepherd

    Photos:

    1 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434185
    2 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1625909

    Videos “"Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"“

    Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd – 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
    Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 350
    • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI breed standard "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

    FCIFCI – "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"
    [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Romanian Shepherd, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Carpathian Sheepdog (English).
      2. Chien de berger des Carpathes (French).
      3. Carpatin, Zavod (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc carpatin) (Portuguese).
      5. Carpatin, Pastor de los Cárpatos, Perro pastor de los Cárpatos (Spanish).

    Chihuahua
    México FCI 263 . Chihuahueno

    Chihuahua

    This little dog has a personality sassy large.

    Content

    History

    The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; called the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is assumed that lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the Indians during the era of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

    There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word "Chihuahua" means "dry and sandy place" in rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

    Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, undefined brown dogs with pointed ears that result when allowed to raise dogs on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

    Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

    The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, Chihuahua occupies the 13th place among the breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, the height varies more than in any other race.

    Generally, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 - 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

    However, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Oversize Chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines.

    His teeth is commonly double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

    Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors vary in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

    Character and skills

    The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, proper training and socialization can result in an excellent pet.

    The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

    Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other dogs Chihuahua on other.

    Also, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, What can generate damage and injuries to our mascota…

    Health

    Many chihuahua are sensitive to the cold due to their small body size. Chihuahua owners generally dress their dogs with coats in cold climates, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

    This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahua tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as Epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

    Another genetic abnormality in chihuahua and other breeds Toy is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are notable (Since "a large head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, they are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same pace as his brothers. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

    However some chihuahua may have what is called 'Mollera the fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

    Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and its relative proximity to the ground.

    Chihuahuas can also be born with a defect in the liver known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, Stunting and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

    The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

    The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the young grow to between 3 cm to 5 cm..

    Chihuahua are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

    Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, they may experience short periods of life and health due to extreme dwarfism problems. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or they specifically advertised very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, pointing out that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

    In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting the common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the "Chihuahua Pocket" It is here to stay ...

    The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

    The Chihuahueno “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That's when you start to change your overall appearance now head more prominent and more stocky and abroad is precisely where racial establishing the standard race set this type of Chihuahua modified as “standard” When is the original the type “Deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “Deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

    This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

    “Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

    The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

    The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are so because they suffered deformation in bone by malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

    The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

    Reproduction

    The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many aspects, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

    The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

    PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, blood loss vulvar and attraction of male. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

    ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 - 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

    DIESTRO: (of 110 - 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

    ANESTRO (of 150 - 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

    Thus, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most frequently it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

    Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 - 63 days. The normal delivery period varies between 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

    The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

    • The first phase corresponds to the openness and relaxation of the neck of the uterus to the exit of the puppies. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips will thicken and escapes by the lower corner a blanco-amarillento viscous liquid. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. Walk in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
    • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

    • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

    Grooming

    Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

    • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft brush to remove dead hair and maintain healthy skin and coat.
    • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

    Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

    If brush to the faithful chihuahua, You should not need frequent bathing. However, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so not cool. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

    Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

    Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

    Characteristics "Chihuahua"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chihuahua" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Images “Chihuahua”

    credits:

    1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
    2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
    3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
    4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
    5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
    6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
    7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
    8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
    9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

    Videos “Chihuahua”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 6: Chihuahueno
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


    FCI breed standard "Chihuahua"

    FCIFCI - "Chihuahua"
    Chihuahua

    Alternative names:

      1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
      2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
      3. Chihuahua (German).
      4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
      5. Chihuahua, chihuahua mejicano (Spanish).

    Chesapeake Bay Retriever
    USA FCI 263 . Retrievers

    Chesapeake Bay Retriever

    The Chesapeake is a hunting dog, pure and simple.

    Content

    History

    When a British brig was wrecked off the coast of Maryland 1807, part of the load was rescued included two dogs Newfoundland. Called Sailor and Canton, It was found to have excellent skills as reclaimers. The locals raised them with local dogs, and they became the ancestors of the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Other breeds that may have contributed to the composition of the Chesapeake were “Flat-coated Retriever” and the “Curly-coated Retriever“.

    The result was a hard Retriever that he was ready and willing to endure the harsh and icy Chesapeake Bay being able to recover from 100 - 200 ducks day. The first dogs came only in dark brown, but now any shade of brown, sedge or dead grass is acceptable.

    The American Kennel Club registered your first Chessie, called Sunday, in 1878. The Chesapeake is ranked 48 breeds registered by the AKC, under the 41 a decade.

    Physical characteristics

    Distinctive features include eyes very clear, yellow or amber, rear quarters as high or slightly higher than the shoulders, and a double layer which tends to wave on shoulders, the neck, back and loins.

    The Raincoats feels slightly oily and often is associated with a slight musky odor. three basic colors are usually seen on race: Brown, which it includes all shades from light brown to a deep dark brown; sedge, ranging from reddish yellow to bright red and brown shades; and dead grass in all shades, ranging from a dull tan to a straw color off.

    The breed standard states that the target may also appear, but it should be limited to the chest, the belly, the toes or back of feet. The head is round and wide with an average stop and muzzle. The lips are thin, and ears are small and medium leather. The Forelegs should be straight with good bone. The hindquarters are especially strong and the toes webbed as excellent swimming ability is important to the Chesapeake.

    This breed is also known for its large and powerful chest, icebreakers used when immersed in cold water while hunting ducks.

    Character and skills

    The “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” It is prized for its awake and cheerful disposition, his intelligence, his calm demeanor and his affectionate nature and protective. The value, the willingness to work, vivacity, good sense of smell, the intelligence, the enjoyment of the water and especially the general quality and the provisions should take priority when selecting and raising the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Extreme shyness or aggression are not desirable in this breed, whether the animal is used as a hunting dog or pet.

    In the countryside, the Chesapeake he is a serious worker and has even been called neurotic in his quest to find fallen birds. It is not out there to play. The Chesapeake They are known for their excellent vision and memories when it comes to seeing where birds fall and remembering where to go to collect them.. His favorite activity is hunting for ducks.

    When you train, respects their learning ability. Continue training him not long after it is clear that knows what to do. The perfect Chesapeake is not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised.

    Did You Know?

    The Chessie not designed to be a companion, is a hunting dog, pure and simple. And not just any old hunting dog… is an aquatic bird dog and lives to get wet in pursuit of its prey feather.

    Health “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    According to a survey conducted in 2005 by the American Chesapeake Club, the most common health problems seen in the breed are hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and other eye problems, cancer, Degenerative myelopathy and hypothyroidism. This breed can also be prone to a bleeding disorder called von Willebrand disease.

    Looking for a breeder who use the new genetic test available for degenerative myelopathy, a form of progressive weakness and paralysis of the limbs. Although DM is rare, It is incurable and crippling. Not all dogs that test positive in the test of DM develop the disease, but farmers who try their race for this condition are probably the most conscientious. The test can be used to determine whether a puppy's parents are clean, they are carriers or are at risk; a puppy whose parents are clean – neither carriers nor at risk – also will be. A puppy two carrier parents will be at risk, and a puppy parent with a carrier may be at risk. Even dogs who undergo the test of having two copies of the gene never show symptoms of the disease, but the status of the parents of your puppy, and his own dog, It can help you be aware of the early warning signs.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, Ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs of their lines and why they died.

    Remember that after hosting a new puppy home ut, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Advantage to the maximum their preventive abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    The Chesapeake has a tough, oily outer coat over a dense undercoat, fine and wooly. The dirt and debris are easily removed with a rubber brush. The undercoat is very clear in spring, so be prepared to brush the dog more often during this time to prevent loose hair from accumulating on clothing and furniture.

    Give the Chessie Fresh water rinse after it has been in salt water or has swum in the mud of a pond or lake, but to keep the resistance of the coat to water, avoid bathing unless absolutely necessary. That can be as little as twice a year.

    The rest are basic care. Keep ears clean and dry so they do not infect, and trim nails as needed, usually every two weeks. Brush teeth for general good health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Chesapeake Bay Retriever"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chesapeake Bay Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
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    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
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    Child Friendly ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

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    Images “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    credits:

    1. A Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Keith Rousseau at en.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
    2. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by Nevilley / CC BY-SA
    3. Male, Chesapeake Bay Retriever competing in the conformation ring by George Makatura / Public domain
    4. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1407301
    5. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perros-mascotas-el-agua-1582148/
    6. Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Diane – HTTPS://flic.kr/p/6k1uFQ
    7. chesapeake bay retriever by https://www.peakpx.com/611264/chesapeake-bay-retriever
    8. Brown Chesapeake Bay Retriever in the snow, carrying a plant part in its snout by Will Thomas / CC BY

    Videos “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 8 –> Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs. / Section 1 –> Retrievers. With working trial.
    • FCI 263
    • FCI breed standard "Chesapeake Bay Retriever"
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (English).
      2. Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Chesapeake (French).
      3. Chesapeake Bay Retriever (German).
      4. Chesapeake bay retriever (Portuguese).
      5. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (Spanish).

    Český fousek
    República Checa FCI 245 . Griffon type

    Cesky Fousek

    The Český fousek It is a dog of Czech origin, defined as a breed of versatile.

    Content

    History

    Before the First World War, the “Český fousek” It was the dog rough hair sample most important in the region of the current Czechoslovakia. Because of the First World War and its consequences, This race was on the verge of extinction in the mid-twenties. Hereafter, proposed regeneration of this race from some typical original dogs; through a planned selection produced the modern type of “Český fousek“, which currently it occupies second place in number among the breeds of hunting dogs used in Czech and Slovak Republics.

    Physical characteristics

    The “Český fousek” It is a noble dog sample size medium and coarse hair that has innate qualities for work in the field, in the water and in the woods, so that their usefulness is multiple. Despite being a hunter bitterest, let easily guide and has developed attachment to man.

    Did You Know?

    The name was given to this race according to the “Beard”, It located on the chin and characterizes him.

    Height to the cross: Males: 60-66 cm., females: 58-62 cm..
    Weight: In males at least 28 kg, maximum 34 kg. At least females 22 kg, maximum 28 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Český fousek It is a loyal dog, nice and very agile and active, very fond of hunting. It is a good retriever on land and water, but is used more frequently for exhibition games. Males are more stubborn, females are fairly quiet. It is friendly and playful with his family and acquaintances, it is customary to strangers more time. It may be too dominant during puberty, but it will fade over time. Very intelligent and insightful.

    It works well with other animals , but supports the hunting instinct, chasing fast-moving objects, including pets or cyclists. It is advisable to breed in the herd, because socializes with other dogs perfection.

    He is fond of children and have a perfect relationship with them.

    It has a high bark to alert all pedestrians and unwanted visitors. It's a good guard, and if you think something is wrong, You may intervene against thieves.

    Care “Český fousek”

    The hair Český fousek It does not require a lot of care, I is sufficient occasionally comb with a brush with hard bristles. In case of heavy soiling, I wash it with good shampoo and water quality, since this type of hair may lose luster after a bad shampoo.

    It is a very active and playful breed that likes to play and show hunting. He likes to do exactly that, but if it is sufficiently occupied by another type of movement, it will not lose. Every movement is suitable for him. It has an almost inexhaustible supply of energy, so it is particularly suitable for sports-minded people and provide them with enough exercise. Without moving, the “Český fousek” You might get bored and entertain destroying your garden or house.

    Training and education are necessary, without them it can become completely unmanageable and too dominant. You need a driver to raise him better without violence. It can be dominant, not nervous.

    Characteristics "Český fousek"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Český fousek" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Images “Český fousek”

    credits:

    1. When reusing, please credit me asauthor: Adam Kliczek, http://zatrzymujeczas.pl (CC-BY-SA-3.0)If you use my image on your website, please send me an email with webpage adress. If you use my image in your book, please send me an email.Contact me at: adam.kliczekgmail.complen plen +/- +/- / CC BY-SA
    2. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/789408
    3. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/680392
    4. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    5. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    6. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    7. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    8. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/845285

    Videos “Český fousek”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 7 –> Pointing Dogs. / Section 1.3 –> Continental Pointing Dogs, Grifón type . With working trial.
    • FCI 245
    • Federations: FCI , NZKC

      , UKC

    • FCI breed standard "Český fousek"
    • BOHEMIAN WIRE-HAIRED POINTING GRIFFON FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bohemian Wire-haired Pointing Griffon, Rough-coated Bohemian Pointer, Barbu tchèque (English).
      2. Ceský Fousek (French).
      3. Český fousek, Böhmisch Rauhbart (German).
      4. Czeski fousek (Portuguese).
      5. Terrier Checo (Spanish).

    Portuguese Sheepdog (Monkey dog)
    Portugal FCI 93 . Sheepdogs

    Perro de pastor portugués

    The Portuguese Sheepdog has an excellent herd instinct, always ready to take care of the goats

    Content

    History

    The Portuguese Sheepdog has nearly 100 years.

    This hairy, use livestock and guardian of the plains of the Portugal South may descend from the Berger de Brie, imported by the conde de Castro Guimarães and which in turn bred with local mountain dogs.

    Despite the similarities with the Berger de Brie and the Catalan Sheepdog, There is no reliable evidence to suggest a direct line of descent.

    During the greater part of the last century, the Portuguese Sheepdog was the companion of the shepherds in southern Portugal, but in the Decade of 1970 was almost extinct.

    Fortunately, the beauty of your fur and your docile predisposition came to knowledge of the breeders. To this day many owners in Portugal are the owners of this breed and their future is assured.

    Although it is virtually unknown outside their home country, This dog of woolly appearance is a class dog, worthy of greater international recognition.
    The owners say that these small dogs “monkey”, nicknamed so by its peculiar look and picturesque expression, they have been part of the agricultural activity and family life for a very long time. As with many working breeds, the ability to work was more important than the appearance, and the standard was not set up to 1930.

    Recognition: CKC, FCI, NKC, APRI, ACR, DRA

    Physical characteristics

    The fur of the < is long and smooth, with a light ripple. Do not have a background layer.

    The colors We accept yellow, Brown, the fawn to red and more or less stained gray with red fire. There may be greater or lesser amount of white hairs scattered around the mantle, but never forming stains, except in the chest.

    The previous tips they are symmetrically covered with long hair.
    It has a beard that gives a mature look. The eyes they are round and dark, with a friendly expression. The ears moderate size usually hang on the sides of the cheeks, Although sometimes clipped. Trimming is banned in some European countries. Their feet they are particularly adaptable to rough terrain. Their legs they are strong and their chest deep.

    Males can measure of 45 - 55 cm., while females measure of 42 - 52 cm.. The weight must be between 12 and 18 kg.

    The hair is longer on the head giving these dogs a curious and messy bangs.
    It has a head wide and robust, with a prominent nose and a strong jaw. The tail, very close from the base, the high boot, it reaches the Hock and tapered.

    Their life expectancy is of 12-13 years.

    Character and skills

    The Portuguese Sheepdog It is one of the smartest Sheepdogs. This is a great dog, joyful, happy and always ready to work. Very loyal, and paired with their own town.

    The Portuguese Sheepdog needs a well-balanced training. It has a above average intelligence and learns quickly and easily, but he can be stubborn and dominant if they feel that their owners do not have the same mentality. Therefore, It has always been a challenge for pastors. Trained once, This is the dog more reliable an owner may have. It requires educators safe and strong. These dogs can live with other animals, Although some males may try to dominate other males. They can live happily with other pets, provided that they have been properly socialized.

    The Portuguese Sheepdog is usually patient with children, but the males, in particular, they can be very possessive within its territory. This race is reserved with strangers and they do a good job as a watchdog.

    It is very good Shepherd with cattle, that will tirelessly defend. These dogs are known for their fast attitude, intelligent and are particularly good to bringing back stray dogs. They love its owner above all on Earth. Not usually bite unless cause you.

    Images “Portuguese Sheepdog”

    Videos “Portuguese Sheepdog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs, except Swiss Cattle Dogs . / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 93
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , UKC
    • FCI breed standard "Portuguese Sheepdog (Monkey dog)"
    • PORTUGUESE SHEEPDOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Monkey dog, Cão da Serra de Aires (English).
      2. Berger de la Serra de Aires, CHIEN DE BERGER DE LA SERRA DE AIRES (French).
      3. PORTUGIESISCHER SCHÄFERHUND (German).
      4. Serra-d’aires (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor portugués (Spanish).

    Chinese Crested Dog
    China FCI 288 . Hairless Dogs

    Perro crestado chino

    The Chinese Crested Dog It is a breed of small hairless companion dog originating from China.

    Content

    History

    The origin of the “Chinese Crested Dog” It's not very clear. Some specialists see in this breed a descendant of certain Egyptian dogs, but this theory is disputed.

    In any case, the oldest traces of this dog date back to the Hans dynasty (226 BC. - 220 d.C.). It was used as a utility dog (especially by sailors, who took him aboard their boats to hunt rats) and as a companion dog at the imperial court, to the point that the emperors themselves possessed one.

    They were also used as currency in ports of call, what contributed to the spread of the breed.

    Reports of Europeans who traveled to China in the 18th century mention dogs similar to the Chinese Crested Dog, but it was not until the second half of the 20th century that the first representatives of the breed as we know it today arrived in Europe, and more specifically to Great Britain. The first brood was created in 1950 by Debora Wood. He founded the first breed club in 1959. The first dogs arrived in France in 1973.

    The Chinese Crested Dog is recognized by the FCI since 1987, by the British Kennel Club since 1981 and by the American Kennel Club from 1991.

    Physical characteristics

    The Chinese Crested Dog it is one of the most amazing looking dog breeds. This small dog with a slender silhouette is easily recognizable.

    The naked variety, the best known, has a smooth and hairless body, except in the head, legs and tail.

    There is another variety, the hairy, which is covered by a veil of long silky hair.

    All coat colors are allowed. Ears are erect in the nude variety and drooping in the hairy variety..

    Size and weight
      ▷ Male size: 28 – 33 cm.
      ▷ Female size: 23 – 30 cm.
      ▷ Male weight: 3 – 4 kg
      ▷ Female weight: 3 – 4 kg

    Varieties

    There are two different types of this breed:

    • Deer type lacking hair all over the body, except in the head, legs and tail, with light bones and lively character.
    • Cobby type long silky hair all over the body, with heavier bones.

    Character and skills

    The Chinese Crested Dog It is often known as an antidepressant dog due to its pleasant nature, besides her pretty crazy appearance. In fact, this little dog is affectionate, cheerful and playful. It is very endearing and it is never bad. Therefore, it is a good companion for children. Quite suspicious of strangers, it won't take long to bark at the slightest visit.

    With moderate needs in terms of physical activity, it is a breed of dog adapted to apartment life. However, what he needs the most Chinese Crested Dog is the company of his master. It can be very “dependent” with this. In addition, you may suffer from separation anxiety from the dog. In effect, he is a very demanding partner, who will have a hard time withstanding loneliness.

    If he Chinese Crested Dog has been well socialized, will tolerate other animals as well as other dogs without any problem.

    Education

    The education of Chinese Crested Dog must be firm but not violent, because it is sensitive. Otherwise, can adopt destructive behavior.

    Use

    The Chinese Crested Dog it is a companion and indoor dog.

    People say that, thanks to its body heat, used as a living hot water bottle to treat rheumatism.

    Health

    The Chinese Crested Dog is prone to various skin diseases:

    • atopic dermatitis ;
    • Allergic dermatitis ;
    • solar dermatitis.

    In addition, the naked variety of Chinese Crested Dog it is especially sensitive to cold and humidity. You should also take special care to protect your dog from the sun., as it could suffer burns.

    Last but not least, the genetic mutation that causes the absence of hair leads to teething problems: the dog usually loses all or part of its teeth at 2 years.

    Grooming

    In the case of the variety Deer type, without hair, you should bathe your dog frequently using a dog shampoo. No need to hydrate the skin or apply sunscreen.

    In the case of the variety Cobby type, you should brush your dog every week, except during the dog's puberty period, when it should be brushed every day. It is advisable to give him a bath regularly. Do not forget to dry it with a hair dryer -low temperature- to prevent you from catching a cold.

    Last but not least, Since the Chinese Crested Dog often have dental problems, brushing your dog's teeth every other day is recommended.

    Characteristics "Chinese Crested Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chinese Crested Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"Chinese Crested Dog"“

    Photos:

    1 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/illustrations/perro-perro-crestado-chino-4882997/
    2 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/crestado-chino-cachorro-3799578/
    3 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-crestado-chino-invierno-2501289/
    4 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by Sheri Lands, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – “Female of Perro crestado chino – Auriga Cassiopeia Maytays Minng – with her seven one-month-old puppies – four of them hairless, tres powderpuff” by HTO, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by I, Jasmine2501, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “"Chinese Crested Dog"“

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : .

    Federations:

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section: 3.2 Petit Brabançon
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


    FCI breed standard "Chinese Crested Dog"

    FCIFCI - "Chinese Crested Dog"
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Crested, Puff, Hairless Chinese Crested Dog (English).
      2. Chien nu chinois (French).
      3. Chinese Crested Dog (German).
      4. (em chinês: 中国冠毛犬) (Portuguese).
      5. Crestado, Puff (Spanish).

    Castro Laboreiro Dog
    Portugal FCI 170 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Perro de Castro Laboreiro

    The Castro Laboreiro Dog It is an excellent guard dog and companion

    Content

    History

    The Castro Laboreiro Dog (Cão de Castro Laboreiro) It is a breed of Portuguese dog of large size. Originating in the parish of Castro Laboreiro, Melgaço, is a dog type Lupoid amastinado is lighter than other breeds of cattle dogs.

    The Castro Laboreiro Dog it has its origin in the region that gave it its name, the people of Castro Laboreiro, in the municipality of Melgaço. It is a rugged mountainous region that extends from the River Miño Peneda and Soajo mountains between the rivers Trancoso, Laboreiro and moro, until around 1400 m above sea level.

    Like the dog, Castro Laboreiro is one of the oldest regions of the land of Portugal. The prehistoric remains such as dolmens and rock paintings, They demonstrate the presence of man in the region for thousands of years. The strengths are evidence of the strong presence of Celtic culture in the region. Also the Celts and the Romans came here, Roman roads and building bridges with their milestones. The castrejas communities have always lived of hunting, fishing, grazing and agriculture.

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