Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Rumanía FCI 349 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with his handler.

Content

History

The “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”, or Ciobanesc Romanesc Mioritic in romanian, it is a natural breed that has been present for centuries in the Carpathians, especially in southern Transylvania, in the mountainous regions near Sibiu and Brasov. Its exact origins are unknown., but it seems that their ancestors came to Romania around the 13th century with the Tatars who came to settle in the Danube Delta region and along the Black Sea coast.

In the middle ages, some local rulers used these powerful dogs to accompany their armies. This fueled the legend that the dogs often seen in ancient engravings depicting the battles between the Roman Empire and the Dacians, a native people of the Carpathians, they are the shepherds of Mioritza. However, since these battles took place over 1000 years before the arrival of the dog's ancestors to the region, it is in fact unlikely that he can claim to have any connection to these feats of arms.

In fact, the Mioritza Shepherd Dog he was above all the faithful companion of the illiterate peasants and shepherds isolated in the mountains. Stunning, mighty and brave, protected, y aún hoy protege, herds against the many predators that live in the Carpathians: Lynx, Wolf, bear…

His name is also a reference to his qualities as a pastor, Since the word “mioara” means “sheep” in romanian, precisely the animal that it has been protecting for several centuries.

Even today, many shepherds claim that only one of these dogs can scare away a bear, y la creencia popular dice que es la única raza del mundo capaz de enfrentarse a un oso y salir con vida.

The first written references to Mioritic go back to 1930, when Professor Gheorghe Moldoveanu, studying the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, made a first distinction between the different romanian sheepdogs. In 1934, the National Zootechnical Institute published a description of the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog, but it wasn't until 1981 that a first breed standard was defined, prepared by the Romanian Cynological Association (ACR).

This standard was revised in 2002 to meet the requirements of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who accepted the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog provisionally in 2005, before finally recognizing it in 2015. In the meantime, había despegado al otro lado del Atlántico, as recognized by the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2006. El otro organismo de referencia del país, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2018. However, neither the British nor the Canadian Kennel Club have followed suit.

It is estimated that the population of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is of 10.000 individuals in Romania, pero la gran mayoría son perros con pedigrí y sin registrar. In fact, aunque la cría de perros sin pedigrí está prohibida en el país desde 2015, ancient habits are slowly changing. So that, there is often a dog left “field” from which a puppy is delivered to the neighbor of the village when a litter is born, en lugar de un perro de pedigrí que se adquiere de un criador profesional.

On the other hand, although they are still relatively popular in the Romanian mountains, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog siguen siendo en gran medida desconocidos fuera de su país de origen, despite the efforts of Barbara Fallent, an Austrian-based breeder dedicated to popularizing them in Europe.

Photo: Ciobanesc Mioritic by DorinRodina, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Sometimes nicknamed “wool bear”, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is tall, powerful and furry. It is often confused with the Old English Sheepdog (or Bobtail), con el que tiene muchas similitudes físicas.

They are big and massive, but harmonious and very agile for a dog of this size, while its legs are muscular and erect. La cola se pone alta y se lleva caída cuando está en reposo, but it rises horizontally when in the gazebo.

The neck is of medium length but broad and powerful, and bears a massive head of large size in relation to the rest of the body. The skull is slightly domed and ends in a rather short muzzle, tapering towards the nose. Este último debe ser negro y bien desarrollado. Las poderosas mandíbulas son de mordida de tijera. The triangular ears with rounded tips fall along the cheeks and “disappear” in the fur.

The eyes are medium in size, often hazel or dark brown in color, but they can also be lighter in color, except yellow, which is not accepted by the standard of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. They express calm and intelligence.

The coat of the mioritic it is very long, measure at least 10 cm.. Covers the whole body, from head to tip of tail, going through the legs, where however it is a little shorter. The top coat is rough, while the lower layer is more flexible and dense, which makes the coat perfectly adapted to harsh weather conditions.

The coat can be uniform, white or gray, but most often it is variegated, with distinctive black or gray spots protruding from the white fur.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the female being only slightly smaller than the male.

Character and skills

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog es un perro tranquilo y equilibrado que tiene un vínculo extraordinariamente fuerte con su amo y su familia, vínculo que se forma naturalmente durante el período de crecimiento. We know that it is “a master's dog” – the person who adopted and raised him – lo que hace muy difícil adoptar un perro adulto de Mioritic Shepherd Dog.

Es increíblemente devoto y leal a su familia, at least the family he grew up with. Adultos, children, pets or farm animals…: everyone he lives with is part of his family, and once he is an adult he will stop at nothing to protect them. Quiet and affectionate, gets along very well with children, without being an ideal playmate, especially for the little ones and / or restless, since he prefers quieter activities. What's more, given its size, podría involuntariamente empujar a uno pequeño.

Un típico perro pastor, que desconfía de los extraños. Although tolerate close friends who come often, barks vigorously when a stranger approaches, and only allows him to enter his territory with the agreement of his master. Therefore, a lot of work on socialization and obedience is necessary from an early age to prevent this dog's power from, able to scare away wolves and bears, be misdirected, with dramatic consequences.

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog need space, and it is not at all a breed of dog adapted to apartment living. Its territorial and protective character makes it not an ideal option for people who live in a residential area., incluso con un gran jardín. Rather, they adapt better to the field or the mountains, where they have space and where they find less “threats” potentials, especialmente porque pueden pasar fácilmente sus días y noches al aire libre.

Having said that, if you need space, the mioritic neither is it a dog that needs a lot of exercise, at least not as an adult. It is true that the puppies of this breed are hyperactive and need to exercise daily, either in the form of games or walks. But the adult is much calmer, como lo son la mayoría de los perros pastores, who prefer to stay close to their herd and not stray too far from it: patrullar en el jardín y dar un paseo ocasional con su amo es más que suficiente para él.

However, it is important to know that the “territory” that defends the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog no se limita a su jardín: protect the place where your family is, estableciendo una especie de perímetro de seguridad a su alrededor en todas las circunstancias. Like this, if your flock grazes in the mountains, don't let anyone get close, and if your family walks in a park, does the same.

However, the Mioritic Shepherd Dog not spontaneously aggressive, and never attacks for no reason. Barks to warn the intruder that they are not welcome, and leave the one who understands the message alone. On the other hand, anyone who risks ignoring the warning without his master's consent risks finding out why this dog has been the best friend of Romanian shepherds and protector of their flocks for centuries.

Finally, used to accompany them alone, have learned to make decisions on their own. Although loyal and obedient, his independent character and power make him a dog that is not suitable as a first dog.

Education “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

If socializing the puppy from an early age is necessary for all breeds, es aún más indispensable en el caso del Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. You must meet the people you may meet as an adult as soon as possible and get used to the situations that will be part of your life: walks in a crowded place, visits to the vet, sesiones en la peluqueríaEstos últimos también deben permitirle acostumbrarse a ser manejado sin vacilar, which is absolutely essential to avoid any problems once adult, given its size and power.

In the same way, learning obedience should begin as soon as the dog is adopted. Smart and devoted, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is relatively easy to train if your master has the necessary experience and knows how to remind your dog who the master is if necessary. On the other hand, Inconsistent or hesitant orders can lead you to take matters into your own hands and choose the attitude that seems most appropriate. Unfortunately, in such cases, unlikely to make the desired decision.

In any case, si bien la ayuda profesional puede ser útil como apoyo, education must be provided by the teacher himself. Es la única persona cuya autoridad reconoce y en la que confía.

What's more, traditional training methods should be banned, ya que corren el riesgo de dañar el fuerte vínculo entre el alumno y su maestro. Positive reinforcement-based dog training is a much better option.

Regarding your role as guardian, no requiere ningún entrenamiento especial. In fact, their instinct for protection is innate, por lo que no necesita ningún entrenamiento específico para convertirse en un excelente perro guardián. In the same way, learn to become a good herding watchdog by observing adults, and just reproduce this behavior when it grows. Once again, no se requiere un entrenamiento específico.

Health “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a very healthy dog: is not subject to hereditary diseases, sólo es ligeramente sensible a enfermedades comunes y es resistente a condiciones climáticas difíciles. In fact, many individuals reach the age of 14 years or more, which is unusual for a dog of this size.

However, like all large dog breeds, may suffer from ..:

▷ Hip Dysplasia;
▷ elbow dysplasia;
▷ gastric dilation-torsion.

What's more, its long and dense coat can become a refuge for many parasites, especially if you spend most of your time outdoors. Therefore, es esencial asegurarse regularmente de que todos sus tratamientos antiparasitarios estén al día.

Grooming “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog It is an easy-care breed of dog: a weekly brushing of his coat is enough to get rid of his dead hairs and ensure that he has no injuries that can be hidden by his long hair.

However, during the move, the dog should be brushed more frequently to avoid accumulation of dead hair, que podrían crear nudos y convertirse en verdaderos “parasite nests”.

Bathing the dog is unnecessary, since the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog has a self-cleaning coat. Even if he rolled in the mud before he came home, dejarlo afuera en un lugar seco debería ser suficiente para deshacerse de la suciedad. “One Mioritic dry is a Mioritic clean”, as the shepherds say.

On the other hand, it is essential to check every 2 or 3 días que sus ojos y oídos no estén sucios y no muestren ningún signo de infección. Their teeth and claws may be checked less regularly, but special attention should be paid to the dog's paw pads to make sure there is no accumulated dirt.

It is a good idea to get used to Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog to these grooming sessions from an early age, to avoid any problems later, given its size and power. If the teacher knows how to do it, they can become beautiful moments of complicity between him and his partner.

On the other hand, if it has to be prepared by a professional, the presence of your caregiver is necessary to calm you down and ensure that you do not have any aggressive reaction towards the stranger who is manipulating you.

Price “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

Un cachorro de Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog costs between 1000 and 1200 EUR. A male is more expensive than a female, because males are more sought after by shepherds.

In any case, It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and to check its documents with the Romanian Canine Association (ACR). In fact, from 2015, la reproducción de perros sin pedigrí o no registrados en el Libro de Orígenes de Rumania está prohibida en Rumania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Characteristics "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Beautiful Romanian Shepherd Dogs, the one on the left is the “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” and the one on the right is the “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” by Remus Pereni, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
“Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” by akc

Videos "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd – Facts and Information
The Miracle of Life – Romanian Mioritic shepherd dog babies

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • AKCFoundation Stock Service
  • UKC – Herding dogs


FCI breed standard "Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog"

FCIFCI - Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
Pastor

Alternative names:

    1. Romanian Mioritic, Mioritic Shepherd Dog, Ciobănesc Românesc Mioritic (English).
    2. Mioritic (French).
    3. Mioritic, Mocano, Barac (German).
    4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc mioritic) ciobanesc romanesc mioritic (Portuguese).
    5. Mioritic (español).

Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Rumanía FCI 350 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds

Content

History

The “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”, also known as Carpatin (of his original name Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin), He is native to Romania, more precisely from the Danube Delta.

It is said to be descended from the Lupo races – molosoides, comparable in size to ancient mastiffs, pero con una morfología más cercana a la del lobo, and that has been used to protect herds for more than 9.000 years, that is to say, since the beginning of the domestication of cattle in this region.

Legend has it that their ancestors, a los que está físicamente muy unido, they interbred naturally with wolves, resulting in a powerful and fearsome race. Although there is no irrefutable evidence, such hybridizations between dog and wolf are known to have in fact occurred in various regions of the world, lo que hace plausible esta teoría.

A menudo cazando en jauría, nothing stops this dog with his courage and unerring protective instinct. There have even been cases where a herd of Carpathian shepherds has been seen repelled by an adult bear. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been selected over the centuries with the main criterion of utility, lo que explica por qué ha conservado intactas sus cualidades de perro de pastoreo hasta el día de hoy, especialmente porque Rumania todavía tiene muchos depredadores en su territorio, including wolves and bears. Over the years, they have also become increasingly integrated into the family as guard dogs; very protective of their master, it's a role they play wonderfully.

The first breed standard was developed in Romania in 1934. Después de la caída del comunismo en 1989, a few passionate breeders of the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog developed the breed so that its standard could meet the criteria of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Their efforts paid off, ya que este último lo reconoció finalmente de manera provisional en 2005, and then definitely ten years later, in 2015. Among the other large canine organisms, the Société Centrale Canine and the United Kennel Club also recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, what is not the case with the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club or the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain.

Although they are increasingly known and appreciated in the rest of the world, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog sigue siendo bastante raro fuera de su país de origen. On the other hand, still very popular in Romania, donde se utiliza como perro de pastoreo y como perro de guardia y de compañía.

Photo: Possibly Carpathian sheepdog or Bucovina sheepdog by Alex Zelenko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog es un perro grande con un físico impresionante.

The body is rectangular, vigorous and well developed, without heaviness. Its length is greater than the height at the withers, and the lumbar region may be slightly longer in females than in males.

The tail is held high, reaching or slightly exceeding the point of the hock. With abundant hair, hangs at rest but is carried high and slightly curved in action. It is neither flat nor rolled in the back.

The head is strong but not heavy, of type lupoid, with a stop moderately marked. The nose is always black, big and wide. The scissor bite is powerful. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, dark brown. The ears, situadas un poco más arriba de la línea de los ojos, they are triangular in shape, a little rounded at the tip, and fall close to the cheeks.

The inner layer is dense and flexible, color clear, but the hair is rough, smooth and dense. It is shorter and flatter on the head and front of the legs, longer in the neck, the back of the legs and tail. It is abundant and of medium length in the rest of the body. The fur is sable (Wolf) with white markings, and the skin is ash colored.

Character and skills

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is balanced, calm and brave. They are innate herding dogs with a very strong protective instinct, con un apego incondicional a su rebaño y una cercanía a su amo y familia que es mucho mayor que la de la mayoría de las otras razas de perros guardianes.

This protective instinct makes them mistrust strangers. In the presence of a stranger, will come between him and his family and bark as a warning, until his master makes him understand that there is no danger.

However, due to its friendlier temperament than the average of other guard dog breeds, también es un excelente perro de compañía. As a breed of dog adapted to children, he is very gentle with them and is a great playmate for them. Regarding the cohabitation of the dog with the cat, generally goes well. Last, the fact that they have long gotten used to defending themselves and working in packs also explains why they generally manage to get along with their peers, although they can be dominant with them.

Although it suits all families quite well, este perro grande y enérgico necesita mucho ejercicio y juego para mantener su equilibrio mental y su salud física. Therefore, better suited to a family that likes to move, and thus you can enjoy hiking with your dog (dogs-rando), from running with your dog (canicross) or cycling with your dog (cani-mountain biking). To feel completely fine, need at least an hour of daily exercise.

Therefore, not at all suitable for use in an apartment: un espacio demasiado pequeño y un ejercicio físico insuficiente podrían provocar trastornos de comportamiento en el perro, including uncontrolled aggression (even towards their owners) and / or destructive behavior on the part of the dog. This is all the more true since the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds; therefore shows more anxiety in case of prolonged loneliness, especially if you are indoors with nothing to do to keep busy. Therefore, el hogar ideal para él es uno con un gran jardín cerrado donde pueda correr, and a master who is available to play with his dog and walk him for long hours.

Education “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that is easier to train than other guard dog breeds, needs a strong education to start at an early age, since it has a strong character. It is imperative that the owner immediately show his dog who the master is and impose his authority, a riesgo de ver a su compañero con su impresionante físico tomar el control.

Of course, firm does not mean brutal. Positive dog training, con estímulos y recompensas, is always the best way to earn respect and obedience. El entrenamiento puramente autoritario sólo llevaría a la confrontación con este perro voluntariamente dominante.

Health “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although there have been cases of hip dysplasia or eye problems in some individuals, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a robust breed of dog, able to stay outdoors in inclement weather without being unduly hindered and, In addition, no tiene una predisposición congénita a determinadas patologías.

Therefore, daily exercise and a balanced diet are enough to keep the dog healthy, vigorous and toned.

However, hay que tener cuidado de no darle una porción demasiado grande de comida antes del esfuerzo físico: like all big breeds, is particularly exposed to the risk of stomach dilation-torsion.

Grooming “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a long fur, rarely needs professional grooming. However, it is recommended to brush the dog's hair daily with a wire brush or detangler, especialmente durante el período de muda.

If you spend most of your time outdoors, it is recommended to wash your dog once a month. However, if you stay inside, a dog bath every three to four months is sufficient.

On the other hand, it is important to regularly examine and clean the dog's ears, como para todos los perros con orejas caídas. Una acumulación de cera de oídos o de bacterias podría conducir a infecciones, como las infecciones de oído.

What's more, as in all races, brushing your dog's teeth at regular intervals is essential to avoid tartar problems. Lo ideal sería que pudieras hacer esto dos o tres veces por semana.

Finally, how often a dog's claws are trimmed depends on its level of activity. It is best to inspect them from time to time and trim them if necessary.

Characteristics "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Carpathian Shepherd

Carpathian Shepherd

Photos:

1 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434185
2 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1625909

Videos "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd – 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • UKC – Herding dogs


FCI breed standard "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

FCIFCI - Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Romanian Shepherd, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Carpathian Sheepdog (English).
    2. Chien de berger des Carpathes (French).
    3. Carpatin, Zavod (German).
    4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc carpatin) (Portuguese).
    5. Carpatin, Pastor de los Cárpatos, Perro pastor de los Cárpatos (español).

Chihuahua
México FCI 263 . Chihuahueno

Chihuahua

This little dog has a personality sassy large.

Content

History

The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; recibe el nombre del estado más grande de la República mexicana (Chihuahua), donde se supone que vivió en estado salvaje y fue capturado y domesticado por los indígenas durante la época de la civilización “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

Existe la creencia en algunos países de que el perro le dio el nombre al estado de Chihuahua ya que la palabra “Chihuahua” significa “lugar árido y arenoso” en rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, otros que fueron traídos al Nuevo Mundo después de la conquista española de México. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, los perros marrones indefinidos con orejas puntiagudas que resultan cuando se deja a los perros criar por su cuenta sin selección de color u otras características específicas. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, el Chihuahua ocupa el 13º lugar entre las razas registradas por el AKC.

Physical characteristics

The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, la altura varía más que dentro de cualquier otra raza.

Usually, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 a 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

However, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Chihuahuas de tamaños mayores son vistos por igual en las mejores y en las peores líneas de sangre.

Comúnmente su dentadura es doble, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), con líneas, and speckled. Cada uno de estos colores varía en tonos e intensidades, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

Character and skills

The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, el entrenamiento correcto y la socialización pueden resultar en un animal de compañía excelente.

The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, prefiriendo la compañía de otros Chihuahua sobre otros perros.

As well, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, lo que puede generar daños y lesiones a nuestra mascota…

Health

Muchos chihuahua son sensibles al frío debido a su pequeño tamaño corporal. Los dueños de los chihuahua generalmente visten a sus perros con abrigos en climas fríos, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Los chihuahua tienden a tener anomalías genéticas, usually neurological, as epilepsy, apoplejías. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

Otra anomalía genética en los chihuahua y otras razas Toy es la hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, pero otros síntomas son más notables (debido a que “una cabeza grande” es una descripción muy vaga). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, y típicamente son letárgicos y no crecen al mismo ritmo que sus hermanos. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

However some chihuahua may have what is called ‘mollera o fontanela’, and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. El chihuahua es la única raza de perro que nace con un cráneo incompleto. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, redondos y protuberantes ojos y su relativa cercanía con el suelo.

Los chihuahuas también pueden nacer con un defecto en el hígado conocido como portosystemic shunt, en la que la sangre se desvía del hígado. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, retraso en el crecimiento y puede ser fatal si no se corrige con cirugía.

The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 meses y las crías llegan a medir entre 3 cm to 5 cm..

Los chihuahua son omnívoros, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, pueden sufrir cortos períodos de vida y problemas de salud debido al enanismo extremo. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, o específicamente publicitan animales muy pequeños. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, señalando que es difícil predecir el tamaño adulto de un cachorro, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rechazando el tamaño común, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the “Chihuahua de bolsillo” ha llegado para quedarse…

The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

The Chihuahueno “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, ahí es cuando empieza a cambiar su apariencia general ahora con la cabeza más prominente y el cuerpo mas fornido y es precisamente en el extranjero donde al establecer la norma racial de la raza se establece este tipo de Chihuahua modificado como el “standard” When is the original the type “venado” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “venado” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

Venado” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “cabeza de manzana” of the race. These terms are not official.

The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, son así porque sufrieron una deformación en los huesos por malnutrición, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Los que sí son aceptados son los Chihuahua “Apple heads”

The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

Reproduction

The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, es único en muchos aspectos, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (pero en varios días) by zeal.

The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, pérdidas sanguíneas vulvares y atracción de los machos. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 a 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

DIESTRO: (of 110 a 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

ANESTRO (of 150 a 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovario histerectomía).

So that, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Con mayor frecuencia es entre el día 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 a 63 days. El período de parto normal oscila entre 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

  • La primera fase corresponde a la apertura y relajación del cuello del útero para la salida de los cachorros. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. Los labios vulvares se engrosan y se escapa por la comisura inferior un líquido viscoso blanco-amarillento. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. Anda en círculos, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
  • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

  • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

Grooming

Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

  • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Cepíllalos semanalmente con un guante de goma o un cepillo de cerdas suaves para eliminar el pelo muerto y mantener la piel y el pelaje sanos.
  • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

If brush to the faithful chihuahua, should not need frequent baths. However, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Usa un champú suave hecho para perros y sécalo bien para que no se enfríe. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

Characteristics "Chihuahua"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chihuahua" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
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Need for exercise ⓘ

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Chihuahua”

credits:

1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

Videos “Chihuahua”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 6: Chihuahueno
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Chihuahua"

FCIFCI - Chihuahua
Chihuahua

Alternative names:

    1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
    2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
    3. Chihuahua (German).
    4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
    5. Chihuahua, chihuahua mejicano (español).

Chesapeake Bay Retriever
USA FCI 263 . Retrievers

The Chesapeake is a hunting dog, pure and simple.

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Content

Characteristics "Chesapeake Bay Retriever"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chesapeake Bay Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

Cuando un bergantín británico naufragó frente a la costa de Maryland en 1807, parte de la carga que fue rescatada incluía dos perros de Terranova. Called Sailor and Canton, se descubrió que tenían excelentes habilidades como recuperadores. The locals raised them with local dogs, and they became the ancestors of the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Other breeds that may have contributed to the composition of the Chesapeake were “Flat-coated Retriever” and the “Curly-coated Retriever“.

The result was a hard Retriever que estaba listo y dispuesto a aguantar la dura y helada Bahía de Chesapeake siendo capaz de recuperar de 100 a 200 patos al día. The first dogs came only in dark brown, but now any shade of brown, sedge or dead grass is acceptable.

The American Kennel Club registered your first Chessie, called Sunday, in 1878. The Chesapeake is ranked 48 breeds registered by the AKC, under the 41 a decade.

Physical characteristics

Distinctive features include eyes very clear, yellow or amber, rear quarters as high or slightly higher than the shoulders, and a double layer which tends to wave on shoulders, the neck, back and loins.

The Raincoats feels slightly oily and often is associated with a slight musky odor. three basic colors are usually seen on race: the brown, which it includes all shades from light brown to a deep dark brown; sedge, que varía desde un amarillo rojizo hasta un rojo brillante y tonos castaños; and dead grass in all shades, que varía desde un bronceado descolorido hasta un color pajizo apagado.

The breed standard states that the target may also appear, but it should be limited to the chest, the belly, the toes or back of feet. The head is round and wide with an average stop and muzzle. The lips are thin, and ears are small and medium leather. The Forelegs should be straight with good bone. The hindquarters are especially strong and the toes webbed as excellent swimming ability is important to the Chesapeake.

This breed is also known for its large and powerful chest, usado para romper el hielo cuando se sumerge en agua fría mientras caza patos.

Character and skills

The “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” It is prized for its awake and cheerful disposition, his intelligence, his calm demeanor and his affectionate nature and protective. The value, the willingness to work, vivacity, good sense of smell, the intelligence, the enjoyment of the water and especially the general quality and the provisions should take priority when selecting and raising the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Extreme shyness or aggression are not desirable in this breed, whether the animal is used as a hunting dog or pet.

In the countryside, the Chesapeake es un trabajador serio e incluso ha sido llamado neurótico en su afán por encontrar aves caídas. No está ahí fuera para jugar. The Chesapeake They are known for their excellent vision and memories when it comes to seeing where birds fall and remembering where to go to collect them.. His favorite activity is hunting for ducks.

When you train, respects their learning ability. No continúes entrenándolo mucho después de que esté claro que sabe qué hacer. The perfect Chesapeake is not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised.

Did you know??

The Chessie not designed to be a companion, is a hunting dog, pure and simple. And not just any old hunting dog… es un perro de ave acuática y vive para mojarse en la búsqueda de su presa de plumas.

Health “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

Según una encuesta realizada en 2005 by the American Chesapeake Club, the most common health problems seen in the breed are hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and other eye problems, cancer, la mielopatía degenerativa y el hipotiroidismo. This breed can also be prone to a bleeding disorder called von Willebrand disease.

Busca un criador que utilice la nueva prueba genética disponible para la mielopatía degenerativa, a form of progressive weakness and paralysis of the limbs. Although DM is rare, It is incurable and crippling. Not all dogs that test positive in the test of DM develop the disease, but farmers who try their race for this condition are probably the most conscientious.

The test can be used to determine whether a puppy's parents are clean, they are carriers or are at risk; a puppy whose parents are clean – neither carriers nor at risk – also will be. A puppy two carrier parents will be at risk, and a puppy parent with a carrier may be at risk. Incluso los perros que se someten a la prueba de tener dos copias del gen nunca muestran síntomas de la enfermedad, but the status of the parents of your puppy, and his own dog, It can help you be aware of the early warning signs.

Los criadores cuidadosos examinan a sus perros de cría para detectar enfermedades genéticas y sólo crían los ejemplares más saludables y de mejor aspecto, pero a veces la madre naturaleza tiene otras ideas y un cachorro desarrolla una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, pregunta al criador sobre las edades de los perros de sus líneas y de qué murieron.

Remember that after hosting a new puppy home ut, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventative abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

The Chesapeake has a tough, oily outer coat over a dense undercoat, fine and wooly. The dirt and debris are easily removed with a rubber brush. The undercoat is very clear in spring, así que prepárate para cepillar al perro más frecuentemente durante este tiempo para evitar que el pelo suelto se acumule en la ropa y los muebles.

Give the Chessie Fresh water rinse after it has been in salt water or has swum in the mud of a pond or lake, but to keep the resistance of the coat to water, avoid bathing unless absolutely necessary. That can be as little as twice a year.

The rest is basic care. Mantener los oídos limpios y secos para que no se infecten, y recortar las uñas según sea necesario, usually every two weeks. Cepíllar los dientes para una buena salud general y un aliento fresco.

Images “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

credits:

1. A Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Keith Rousseau at en.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
2. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by Nevilley / CC BY-SA
3. Male, Chesapeake Bay Retriever competing in the conformation ring by George Makatura / Public domain
4. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1407301
5. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perros-mascotas-el-agua-1582148/
6. Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Diane – HTTPS://flic.kr/p/6k1uFQ
7. chesapeake bay retriever by https://www.peakpx.com/611264/chesapeake-bay-retriever
8. Brown Chesapeake Bay Retriever in the snow, carrying a plant part in its snout by Will Thomas / CC BY

Videos “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI standard of the breed "Chesapeake Bay Retriever"

FCIFCI - Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Retriever

Alternative names:

    1. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (English).
    2. Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Chesapeake (French).
    3. Chesapeake Bay Retriever (German).
    4. Chesapeake bay retriever (Portuguese).
    5. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (español).

Cesky Fousek
República Checa FCI 245 . Griffon type

Cesky Fousek

The Cesky Fousek It is a dog of Czech origin, defined as a breed of versatile.

Content

History

Before the First World War, the “Cesky Fousek” It was the dog rough hair sample most important in the region of the current Czechoslovakia. Because of the First World War and its consequences, This race was on the verge of extinction in the mid-twenties. Hereafter, a regeneration of this breed was proposed from some original typical dogs; through a planned selection produced the modern type of “Cesky Fousek“, which currently ranks second in number among hunting dog breeds used in the Czech and Slovak Republics.

Physical characteristics

The “Cesky Fousek” It is a noble dog sample size medium and coarse hair that has innate qualities for work in the field, in the water and in the woods, so that its usefulness is multiple. Despite being a hunter bitterest, let easily guide and has developed attachment to man.

Did you know??

The name was given to this race according to the “Beard”, It located on the chin and characterizes him.

Height to the cross: Males: 60-66 cm., females: 58-62 cm..
Weight: In males at least 28 kg, maximum 34 kg. In females minimum 22 kg, maximum 28 kg.

Character and skills

The Cesky Fousek It is a loyal dog, nice and very agile and active, very fond of hunting. It is a good retriever on land and water, but is used more frequently for exhibition games. Males are more stubborn, females are fairly quiet. It is friendly and playful with his family and acquaintances, it is customary to strangers more time. It may be too dominant during puberty, but it will fade over time. Very intelligent and insightful.

It works well with other animals , but supports the hunting instinct, chasing fast-moving objects, including pets or cyclists. It is advisable to breed in the herd, because socializes with other dogs perfection.

He is affectionate with children and has a perfect relationship with them..

It has a high bark to alert all passers-by and unwanted visitors. It's a good guard, and if you think something is wrong, You may intervene against thieves.

Care “Cesky Fousek”

The hair Cesky Fousek It does not require a lot of care, I is sufficient occasionally comb with a brush with hard bristles. In case of heavy soiling, it is good to wash it with quality water and shampoo, as this type of hair could lose shine after an incorrect shampoo.

It is a very active and playful breed that likes to play and show hunting. He likes to do exactly that, but if it is sufficiently occupied by another type of movement, it will not lose. Every movement is suitable for him. It has an almost inexhaustible power supply, so it is particularly suitable for sports-minded people and provide them with enough exercise. Without moving, the “Cesky Fousek” you could get bored and entertain yourself by destroying your garden or house.

Training and education are necessary, without them it can become completely unmanageable and too dominant. You need a driver to raise him better without violence. It can be dominant, not nervous.

Characteristics "Cesky Fousek"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Cesky Fousek" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Affection level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Versatility ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Cesky Fousek”

credits:

1. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cesky_Fousek_Betty.jpg When reusing, please credit me asauthor: Adam Kliczek, http://zatrzymujeczas.pl (CC-BY-SA-3.0)If you use my image on your website, please send me an email with webpage adress. If you use my image in your book, please send me an email.Contact me at: adam.kliczekgmail.complen+/−plen+/− https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 CC BY-SA
2. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/789408
3. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/680392
4. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
5. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
6. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
7. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
8. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/845285

Videos “Cesky Fousek”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

    FCI , NZKC , UKC

FCI standard of the breed "Cesky Fousek"

FCIFCI - Cesky Fousek
Griffon

Alternative names:

    1. Bohemian Wire-haired Pointing Griffon, Rough-coated Bohemian Pointer, Barbu tchèque (English).
    2. Ceský Fousek (French).
    3. Český fousek, Böhmisch Rauhbart (German).
    4. Czeski fousek (Portuguese).
    5. Terrier Checo (español).

Chesapeake
USA FCI 263 . Retrievers

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

The Chesapeake (or Chesapeake Bay Retriever) It is a breed of dog that originated in the Bahía de Chesapeake, shores of Maryland in the East of United States.

They come from the race Newfoundland What, fue un regalo de los ingleses ofrecido a las familias que ayudaron a las víctimas de un naufragio en las costas de Maryland, in 1807. These two pieces of Newfoundland, un macho llamado “Sailor” y una hembra llamada “Canton”, they were rescued from the ship that sank in Maryland in 1807 and they are the parents of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever breed.

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Coonhound
Estados Unidos Coonhound types

Coonhound (the English: coon = raccoon; Hound = hound or hunting dog) It is a breed of dog of American origin which, It consists of a group of six different types of hounds. Los “Coondogs” (o “perros mapaches”, as they tend to call them) they are highly valued in United States.

Content

History


En el período colonial, several hunting dogs were imported because of the popular sport of the moment, la caza del zorro. Various breeds of hunting dogs were imported from England, Ireland and France, and the particular mix of these different races form the initial genetic composition of dogs which became known later, as dogs Virginia.

At the time the existing hunting dogs, were considered inadequate or rather incomplete, porque solamente podía dedicarse a la caza de animales que se ocultaban cerca del suelo, pero no podían con aquellos que se ocultaban en la copa de los árboles, as raccoons, las zarigüeyas, los gatos monteses y presas aún más grandes, as Cougars and bears.

Los perros se confundían, They despistaban and in turn were unable to keep track of the dam, years. At that time, to take refuge in trees escaping. It was for that reason that cross mediantes, consiguieron una amplia variedad de perros que podían ser capaces de seguir el rastro de animales refugiados en la copa de los árboles. Above all, raccoons.

The race name derives from its original use in the hunt for raccoons.

Fue así que este grupo de perros fueron desarrollados intentando destacar e incrementar sus mejores características: an acute sense of smell, the ability of tracking, pursue tirelessly its prey regardless of human orders, tanto en el suelo como cuando se escondían en la copa de los árboles. Y, especially guard cornered prey until the Hunter arrived. What's more, they are excellent in the delivery of all types of dam, If adequate training.

Physical characteristics

To race Coonhound, a lo largo de la historia se le han ido añadiendo diferentes líneas de sabuesos con el fin de mejorar sus capacidades, as the tracking, y características físicas como ser la forma de sus pies, algunos Coonhound tienen dedos de los pies palmeados para hacer frente a los ríos y pantanos, tan común en su territorio de caza habitual.

There are six individual breeds of Coonhound:

Character and skills

The Coonhound pueden cazar de forma individual o en jauría. In general, the hunters do not pursue their prey with the hounds, a diferencia de la caza del zorro organizado que sí lo hacen. In this case, simplemente esperan oír el aullido distintivo para determinar si un mapache o de cualquier otro animal, It has been cornered.

curiosidades

In the rural area of the Colbert County, Alabama ((UNITED STATES)UU.) existe un cementerio llamado “Key Underwood Coon Dog Memorial Graveyard”, reservado específicamente para el entierro de los perros mapaches (Coonhound).

A group of American troops, eligió ese lugar porque había sido un campamento de caza muy popular y el 4 in September of 1937 they buried a Coonhound (raccoon dog), property of the troop. Thus the cemetery was opened in memory of these precious hounds. He became an emblematic place, con el paso del tiempo…en el 2007 more than 185 perros fueron enterrados allí.

Para poder tener allí una lápida, a corner in the cemetery, Dogs must meet three requirements:

  • The owner has to prove (by primer and pedigree) its mascot is a dog authentic Coonhound.
  • A witness must declare that the deceased is a Coonhound.
  • Un miembro de la “Organización Coonhunter” del lugar donde residía el can debe ser autorizado por el propietario a ver la mascota fallecida y declarar al can como un auténtico Coonhound.

The cemetery has the same format as a graveyard of human, allí verán lápidas de todo tipo y detalles. Each 4 September (Día del Trabajo en Estados Unidos), desde hace bastante tiempo la “Tennessee Valley Coon Hunter’s Association” patrocina un encuentro en el cementerio para brindar homenaje a la inauguración del mismo (en el Día del Trabajo en 1937). La celebración incluye música, dance, Food and contests. They attend the event, often, políticos locales.

“Labor Day” o Día del Trabajo, es un día festivo federal que se celebra en Estados Unidos el primer lunes de septiembre. It has its origin in a parade held the 5 in September of 1882 in New York organized by the Nobles of the order of the Knights of labour (Knights of Labor). Inspired by a similar annual event held in Toronto (Canada). In 1884 another parade was held and the Knights of Labor they decided to do it annually.

Other organizations, mostly the affiliated with the first international, preferían el 1 may, date that recalls the beginning in 1886 de una huelga reivindicativa de la jornada laboral de ocho horas y que había llevado a la Revuelta de Haymarket de Chicago, tres días después, the 4 may. President Grover Cleveland believed that the holiday of the 1 de mayo sería una oportunidad para desórdenes. Therefore, fearing that it would reinforce the Socialist Movement, rapidly in 1887 supported the position of the Knights of Labor y su fecha para el día del Trabajo.

Desde entonces a diferencia de la mayoría de los países, Estados Unidos celebra el día del trabajo en una fecha distinta.

Chin
FCI 206 . Japan Chin and Pekingese

Chin Japonés

The true origin of the Chin It is still controversial, Although a general consensus, concludes that you originated in China.

These dogs were brought to Japan around year 732. Some maintain the ancestors of these dogs first arrived to Japan around the year 732, as a gift from royalty Korea, while others argue that you copies of Japanese Chin were offered as gifts to the Empress of Japan in the mid-6th century, otras teorías aseguran que llegaron a Japón en el año 1000.

But beyond all the controversy regarding the origin, all agree on one thing, the Japanese Chin, is an authentic “Japanese”, because it reflects the Japanese sensitivity to detail.

The Japanese established various breeds of dogs, with a defined purpose that was work, that Japan considered something different, different from a “dog“, He was considered a work on farm animal, for hunting, to care for cattle, etc., but the Japanese Chin, fue algo muy especial porque era considerado estrictamente un perro de compañía.

His appearance and distinctive personality was quickly captured the hearts of the Japanese and that led to ownership of these dogs to be limited to persons of Royal and noble blood.

Como consecuencia, every noble House was raising its own standard, reason why there are many variations of the Japanese Chin, in terms of size, the density of the layer, the eyes, la personalidad…

Once the race was introduced in the West, a strong desire of the people by the smaller copies (those who weighed a maximum 4,5 Kg.), He carried that size was the most popular and became the official standard of various canine clubs around the world.

El profesor Von Ludvic Schulmuth estudió orígenes caninos a partir de un hallazgo de restos óseos de perros encontrados en asentamientos humanos que databan del octavo milenio antes de Cristo, in the Gobi desert. On the basis of the information collected, he created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs which gathered very interesting information concerning the origin of certain breeds that are today very popular.

The Gobi desert is a large desert region located between northern China and the South of Mongolia. Can be one of the deserts, or desert areas largest and most important worldwide. Around it the Altai Mountains and the steppes of Mongolia in the North, la meseta del Tíbet y la planicie del norte de China por el suroeste. La palabra gobi significa ‘desierto’ in Mongolian. The Gobi is composed of different geographic and ecological regions, basadas en sus variaciones de clima y topografía.

Historically, the Gobi desert He is noted for being part of the Mongol Empire and the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.

Occupying the 30% of the national territory, great Gobi Mongolia covers capricious montes, sandy dunes, vast plateaus, steppes with its aromatic herbs and, Since then, a varied animal world, within the canine ancestors found Professor Ludvic Von Schulmuth.

Ludvic von Schulmuth defined as origin of certain dog breeds a former denizen dog of the Gobi desert, whose remains were found in places where stored manure or litter, and called them “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog”, de este animal surgieron varias líneas que fueron dando origen a varias razas. For example, un perro pequeño de pelo suave y orejas caídas ese fue el ancestro de Spaniel tibetano, the Japanese Chin, and the Pekinese. Another branch which descends from the “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog ” gave rise to the Continental Toy Spaniel and to the Chihuahua longhair. Y, another branch of the same dog of the Gobi desert, gave rise to the emergence of the Pug and Shih Tzu.

There is also some documentation that indicates Portuguese sailors introduced the breed to Europe in the century 17 through the gift of some to Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of King Charles II of England, but there is more evidence that the first Japanese Chin opened steps after borders, It was a gift of the Emperor of Japan offered a U.S. Navy officer, Matthew C. Perry, When he visited East in 1853 to open bilateral trade. The naval officer, took a litter of seven Japanese Chin, and to reach their land only survived two, y a quién los regaló es algo que aún no se sabe con certeza.

De lo que sí tenemos plena certeza es que el Chin Japonés, also known as the Spaniel Japanese has been the dog of Japanese royalty.

Según la clasificación realizada por Stanley Coren después de analizar las respuestas de más de 200 the AKC judges (“La inteligencia de los perros”, Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), el Chin Japonés es el Nº 62 from the list.

The Japanese Chin ladra only when it is necessary for the purpose of alerting the family of the arrival of a visitor or something out of the ordinary, then is a quiet breed.

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, is said to have the character of a cat, y verán porque…

The Japanese Chin is warning, intelligent and independent, and it uses its feet to wash and dry your face. Other feline features are your preferences for the rest in elevated surfaces, as the backups of the sofa and chairs. Tiene una capacidad espectacular para caminar a través de una mesa de té sin tirar ningún objeto, If that doesn't make it a cat total!!!

These dogs were bred and trained for the purpose of loving his people. Although it is usually a quiet dog, He also known for the amount of mischief that make, Welcome to all, as the call “Spin Chin”, dan rápidas vueltas en círculo como si bailaran pero apoyados solo en sus patas traseras, While with their Forelegs dejan them interwoven and shaking them up top down at full speed, they are very funny.

Some tend to “sing”, producen un ruido que puede oscilar entre un mínimo trino a un alto sonido y bastante grave en relación a su tamaño, almost with the quality of Opera that sounds like “booooooo”. On race Basenji in the right column you can see a video of the dog singing, It is very similar to what makes the Japanese Chin.

This small dog of friendly aspect, It has an appearance very similar to the Peking, But unlike, its legs are longer, and the color of the fur is different; It may be black and white or red and white. The fur is soft and long; the large, dark eyes, bien separados entre sí; the tail, well endowed with hair, relies on the back; the ears are triangular in shape and small size; the snout is short and flattened, and large heads relative to their body.

The orbits of the eyes of large contribute to moisture in the face and the folds of skin around the crushed nose and facial area, You can trap moisture and cause fungus problems. La cara debe ser limpiada de vez en cuando con un paño húmedo y los pliegues, with a cotton swab.

The diet is an important factor in the health and status of the Japanese Chin, muchos ejemplares pueden ser alérgicos al maíz, for example.

Due to their small size they don't need too much exercise, aunque sí, requires frequent walks, because they are active and love to be outdoors. They adapt well to life in a Department or small homes. On the other hand, their fur should brush your daily, as it is often about getting caught.

The Japanese Chin is a long-lived, to round the 15 years, but in many cases can be extended to more or less the 18 years of age.

They weigh between 1,8 and 3,3 kand and measured at the cross, of 21 a 25 cm.. The litter is usually fairly small, of between 3 and 4 Puppies.

El Chin Japonés es un excelente perro de compañía, It is affectionate and loyal to his owner and, normally, happy to see other people, aunque algunos desconfían de los extraños. It is a dog who prefers the family environment, pero se adapta muy bien en las nuevas situaciones y son a menudo utilizados como perros de terapia debido a esta característica y su amor por la gente. Socialization at an early age contributes to his temperament of develop optimally, is an emotionally balanced dog, by nature, but it is important to contribute.

Chin