Chihuahua
México FCI 263

Chihuahua

This little dog has a personality sassy large.

Content

History

The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; called the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is assumed that lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the Indians during the era of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word "Chihuahua" means "dry and sandy place" in rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, undefined brown dogs with pointed ears that result when allowed to raise dogs on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, Chihuahua occupies the 13th place among the breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, the height varies more than in any other race.

Generally, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 a 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

However, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Oversize Chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines.

His teeth is commonly double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors vary in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

Character and skills

The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, proper training and socialization can result in an excellent pet.

The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other dogs Chihuahua on other.

Also, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, What can generate damage and injuries to our mascota…

Health

Many chihuahua are sensitive to the cold due to their small body size. Chihuahua owners generally dress their dogs with coats in cold climates, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahua tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as Epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

Another genetic abnormality in chihuahua and other breeds Toy is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are notable (Since "a large head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, they are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same pace as his brothers. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

However some chihuahua may have what is called 'Mollera the fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and its relative proximity to the ground.

Chihuahuas can also be born with a defect in the liver known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, Stunting and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the young grow to between 3 cm to 5 cm..

Chihuahua are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, they may experience short periods of life and health due to extreme dwarfism problems. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or they specifically advertised very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, pointing out that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting the common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the "Chihuahua Pocket" It is here to stay ...

The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

The Chihuahueno “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That's when you start to change your overall appearance now head more prominent and more stocky and abroad is precisely where racial establishing the standard race set this type of Chihuahua modified as “standard” When is the original the type “Deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “Deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

“Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are so because they suffered deformation in bone by malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

Reproduction

The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many aspects, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, blood loss vulvar and attraction of male. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 a 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

DIESTRO: (of 110 a 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

ANESTRO (of 150 a 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

Thus, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most frequently it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 a 63 days. The normal delivery period varies between 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

  • The first phase corresponds to the openness and relaxation of the neck of the uterus to the exit of the puppies. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips will thicken and escapes by the lower corner a blanco-amarillento viscous liquid. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. Walk in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
  • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

  • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

Grooming

Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

  • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft brush to remove dead hair and maintain healthy skin and coat.
  • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

If brush to the faithful chihuahua, You should not need frequent bathing. However, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so not cool. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

Ratings Chihuahua

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Chihuahua” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Chihuahua”

credits:

1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

Videos “Chihuahua”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 9 –> Companion and Toy Dogs. . / Section 6 –> Chihuahueño. Without working trial.
  • FCI 218
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • Standard FCI breed Chihuahua
  • CHIHUAHUA FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
    2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
    3. Chihuahua (German).
    4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
    5. Chihuahua (Spanish).

Chesapeake Bay Retriever
USA FCI 263

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

The Chesapeake is a hunting dog, pure and simple.

Content

History

When a British brig was wrecked off the coast of Maryland 1807, part of the load was rescued included two dogs Newfoundland. Called Sailor and Canton, It was found to have excellent skills as reclaimers. The locals raised them with local dogs, and they became the ancestors of the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Other breeds that may have contributed to the composition of the Chesapeake were “Flat-coated Retriever” and the “Curly-coated Retriever”.

The result was a hard retriever was ready and willing to endure the hard, icy Chesapeake Bay being able to recover 100 a 200 ducks day. The first dogs came only in dark brown, but now any shade of brown, sedge or dead grass is acceptable.

The American Kennel Club registered its first Chessie, called Sunday, in 1878. The Chesapeake is ranked 48 breeds registered by the AKC, under the 41 a decade.

Physical characteristics

Distinctive features include eyes very clear, yellow or amber, rear quarters as high or slightly higher than the shoulders, and a double layer which tends to wave on shoulders, the neck, back and loins.

The Raincoats feels slightly oily and often is associated with a slight musky odor. three basic colors are usually seen on race: Brown, which it includes all shades from light brown to a deep dark brown; sedge, ranging from reddish yellow to bright red and brown shades; and dead grass in all shades, ranging from a dull tan to a straw color off.

The breed standard states that the target may also appear, but it should be limited to the chest, the belly, the toes or back of feet. The head is round and wide with an average stop and muzzle. The lips are thin, and ears are small and medium leather. The Forelegs should be straight with good bone. The hindquarters are especially strong and webbed fingers and an excellent ability to swim is important for Chesapeake.

This breed is also known for its large and powerful chest, icebreakers used when immersed in cold water while hunting ducks.

Character and skills

The “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” It is prized for its awake and cheerful disposition, his intelligence, his calm demeanor and his affectionate nature and protective. The value, the willingness to work, vivacity, good sense of smell, the intelligence, the enjoyment of the water and especially the general quality and the provisions should take priority when selecting and raising the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Extreme shyness or aggression are not desirable in this breed, whether the animal is used as a hunting dog or pet.

In the countryside, Chesapeake is a serious worker and has even been called neurotic in their quest to find birds falls. It is not out there to play. The Chesapeake are known for their excellent vision and memories when it comes to see where the birds fall and remember where to pick them up. His favorite activity is hunting for ducks.

When you train, respects their learning ability. Continue training him not long after it is clear that knows what to do. The perfect Chesapeake is not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised.

Did You Know?

The Chessie is not designed to be a companion, is a hunting dog, pure and simple. And not just any old hunting dog… is an aquatic bird dog and lives to get wet in pursuit of its prey feather.

Health “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

According to a survey conducted in 2005 by the American Chesapeake Club, the most common health problems seen in the breed are hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and other eye problems, cancer, Degenerative myelopathy and hypothyroidism. This breed can also be prone to a bleeding disorder called von Willebrand disease.

Looking for a breeder who use the new genetic test available for degenerative myelopathy, a form of progressive weakness and paralysis of the limbs. Although DM is rare, It is incurable and crippling. Not all dogs that test positive in the test of DM develop the disease, but farmers who try their race for this condition are probably the most conscientious. The test can be used to determine whether a puppy's parents are clean, they are carriers or are at risk; a puppy whose parents are clean – neither carriers nor at risk – also will be. A puppy two carrier parents will be at risk, and a puppy parent with a carrier may be at risk. Even dogs who undergo the test of having two copies of the gene never show symptoms of the disease, but the status of the parents of your puppy, and his own dog, It can help you be aware of the early warning signs.

Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, Ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs of their lines and why they died.

Remember that after hosting a new puppy home ut, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Advantage to the maximum their preventive abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

The Chesapeake has an oily and hard outer layer on a dense undercoat, fine and wooly. The dirt and debris are easily removed with a rubber brush. The undercoat is very clear in spring, so be prepared to brush the dog more often during this time to prevent loose hair from accumulating on clothing and furniture.

Give the Chessie Fresh water rinse after it has been in salt water or has swum in the mud of a pond or lake, but to keep the resistance of the coat to water, avoid bathing unless absolutely necessary. That can be as little as twice a year.

The rest are basic care. Keep ears clean and dry so they do not infect, and trim nails as needed, usually every two weeks. Brush teeth for general good health and fresh breath.

Ratings of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

credits:

1. A Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Keith Rousseau at en.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
2. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by Nevilley / CC BY-SA
3. Male, Chesapeake Bay Retriever competing in the conformation ring by George Makatura / Public domain
4. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1407301
5. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perros-mascotas-el-agua-1582148/
6. Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Diane – HTTPS://flic.kr/p/6k1uFQ
7. chesapeake bay retriever by https://www.peakpx.com/611264/chesapeake-bay-retriever
8. Brown Chesapeake Bay Retriever in the snow, carrying a plant part in its snout by Will Thomas / CC BY

Videos “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 8 –> Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs. / Section 1 –> Retrievers. With working trial.
  • FCI 263
  • FCI standard of the breed Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (English).
    2. Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Chesapeake (French).
    3. Chesapeake Bay Retriever (German).
    4. Chesapeake bay retriever (Portuguese).
    5. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (Spanish).

Český fousek
República Checa FCI 245

Cesky Fousek

The Český fousek It is a dog of Czech origin, defined as a breed of versatile.

Content

History

Before the First World War, the “Český fousek” It was the dog rough hair sample most important in the region of the current Czechoslovakia. Because of the First World War and its consequences, This race was on the verge of extinction in the mid-twenties. Hereafter, proposed regeneration of this race from some typical original dogs; through a planned selection produced the modern type of “Český fousek“, which currently it occupies second place in number among the breeds of hunting dogs used in Czech and Slovak Republics.

Physical characteristics

The “Český fousek” It is a noble dog sample size medium and coarse hair that has innate qualities for work in the field, in the water and in the woods, so that their usefulness is multiple. Despite being a hunter bitterest, let easily guide and has developed attachment to man.

Did You Know?

The name was given to this race according to the “Beard”, It located on the chin and characterizes him.

Height to the cross: Males: 60-66 cm., females: 58-62 cm..
Weight: In males at least 28 kg, maximum 34 kg. At least females 22 kg, maximum 28 kg.

Character and skills

The “Český fousek” It is a loyal dog, nice and very agile and active, very fond of hunting. It is a good retriever on land and water, but is used more frequently for exhibition games. Males are more stubborn, females are fairly quiet. It is friendly and playful with his family and acquaintances, it is customary to strangers more time. It may be too dominant during puberty, but it will fade over time. Very intelligent and insightful.

It works well with other animals , but supports the hunting instinct, chasing fast-moving objects, including pets or cyclists. It is advisable to breed in the herd, because socializes with other dogs perfection.

He is fond of children and have a perfect relationship with them.

It has a high bark to alert all pedestrians and unwanted visitors. It's a good guard, and if you think something is wrong, You may intervene against thieves.

Care “Český fousek”

The hair “Český fousek” It does not require a lot of care, I is sufficient occasionally comb with a brush with hard bristles. In case of heavy soiling, I wash it with good shampoo and water quality, since this type of hair may lose luster after a bad shampoo.

It is a very active and playful breed that likes to play and show hunting. He likes to do exactly that, but if it is sufficiently occupied by another type of movement, it will not lose. Every movement is suitable for him. It has an almost inexhaustible supply of energy, so it is particularly suitable for sports-minded people and provide them with enough exercise. Without moving, the “Český fousek” You might get bored and entertain destroying your garden or house.

Training and education are necessary, without them it can become completely unmanageable and too dominant. You need a driver to raise him better without violence. It can be dominant, not nervous.

Images “Český fousek”

credits:

1. When reusing, please credit me asauthor: Adam Kliczek, http://zatrzymujeczas.pl (CC-BY-SA-3.0)If you use my image on your website, please send me an email with webpage adress. If you use my image in your book, please send me an email.Contact me at: adam.kliczekgmail.complen plen +/- +/- / CC BY-SA
2. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/789408
3. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/680392
4. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
5. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
6. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
7. Czech_fousek at the World Expo in Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
8. Cesky Fousek by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/845285

Videos “Český fousek”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 7 –> Pointing Dogs. / Section 1.3 –> Continental Pointing Dogs, Grifón type . With working trial.
  • FCI 245
  • Federations: FCI , NZKC

    , UKC

  • FCI standard of the race Český fousek
  • BOHEMIAN WIRE-HAIRED POINTING GRIFFON FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Bohemian Wire-haired Pointing Griffon, Rough-coated Bohemian Pointer, Barbu tchèque (English).
    2. Ceský Fousek (French).
    3. Český fousek, Böhmisch Rauhbart (German).
    4. Czeski fousek (Portuguese).
    5. Terrier Checo (Spanish).

Portuguese Water Dog
Portugal FCI 37 - Water Dog

Cão de Água Português

The Portuguese Water Dog It is a kind and patient breed.

Content

The Portuguese Water Dog (Portuguese Water Dog) It is a breed of dog of the Algarve, Portugal. They were used as working dogs by fishermen from time immemorial, but in the 20th century have become a rare breed.

While, the origins of the breed are somewhat obscure, What if one certainty is that the history of these dogs is very old.
A likely reference to the Portuguese Water Dog is found in the text of a monk, that in 1297 He described the rescue of a sailor by a dog with similar characteristics than the race hablamos… “long, black hair, cut up the first rib, and with a tuft at the tip of the tail“.

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Portuguese Sheepdog
Portugal FCI 93

Cão da Serra de Aires

The Portuguese Sheepdog has an excellent herd instinct, always ready to take care of the goats

Content

History

The Serra de Aire Dogs almost 100 years.

This hairy, use livestock and guardian of the plains of the Portugal South may descend from the Berger de Brie, imported by the conde de Castro Guimarães and which in turn bred with local mountain dogs.

Despite the similarities with the Berger de Brie and the Catalan Sheepdog, There is no reliable evidence to suggest a direct line of descent.

During the greater part of the last century, the Portuguese Sheepdog was the companion of the shepherds in southern Portugal, but in the Decade of 1970 was almost extinct.

Fortunately, the beauty of your fur and your docile predisposition came to knowledge of the breeders. To this day many owners in Portugal are the owners of this breed and their future is assured.

Although it is virtually unknown outside their home country, This dog of woolly appearance is a class dog, worthy of greater international recognition.
The owners say that these small dogs “monkey”, nicknamed so by its peculiar look and picturesque expression, they have been part of the agricultural activity and family life for a very long time. As with many working breeds, the ability to work was more important than the appearance, and the standard was not set up to 1930.

Recognition: CKC, FCI, NKC, APRI, ACR, DRA

Physical characteristics

The fur of the Portuguese Sheepdog is long and smooth, with a light ripple. Do not have a background layer.

The colors We accept yellow, Brown, the fawn to red and more or less stained gray with red fire. There may be greater or lesser amount of white hairs scattered around the mantle, but never forming stains, except in the chest.

The previous tips they are symmetrically covered with long hair.
It has a beard that gives a mature look. The eyes they are round and dark, with a friendly expression. The ears moderate size usually hang on the sides of the cheeks, Although sometimes clipped. Trimming is banned in some European countries. Their feet they are particularly adaptable to rough terrain. Their legs they are strong and their chest deep.

Males can measure of 45 a 55 cm., while females measure of 42 a 52 cm.. The weight must be between 12 and 18 kg.

The hair is longer on the head giving these dogs a curious and messy bangs.
It has a head wide and robust, with a prominent nose and a strong jaw. The tail, very close from the base, the high boot, it reaches the Hock and tapered.

Their life expectancy is of 12-13 years.

Character and skills

The Portuguese Sheepdog It is one of the smartest Sheepdogs. This is a great dog, joyful, happy and always ready to work. Very loyal, and paired with their own town.

The Cao da Serra de Aires need a well balanced training. It has a above average intelligence and learns quickly and easily, but he can be stubborn and dominant if they feel that their owners do not have the same mentality. Therefore, It has always been a challenge for pastors. Trained once, This is the dog more reliable an owner may have. It requires educators safe and strong. These dogs can live with other animals, Although some males may try to dominate other males. They can live happily with other pets, provided that they have been properly socialized.

The Portuguese Sheepdog is usually patient with children, but the males, in particular, they can be very possessive within its territory. This race is reserved with strangers and they do a good job as a watchdog.

It is very Good Shepherd with cattle, that will tirelessly defend. These dogs are known for their fast attitude, intelligent and are particularly good to bringing back stray dogs. They love its owner above all on Earth. Not usually bite unless cause you.

Images Portuguese Sheepdog

Videos Portuguese Sheepdog

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs, except Swiss Cattle Dogs . / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 93
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , UKC
  • Standard FCI Breed Portuguese Sheepdog
  • PORTUGUESE SHEEPDOG FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Monkey dog, Cão da Serra de Aires (English).
    2. Berger de la Serra de Aires, CHIEN DE BERGER DE LA SERRA DE AIRES (French).
    3. PORTUGIESISCHER SCHÄFERHUND (German).
    4. (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de pastor portugués (Spanish).

Castro Laboreiro Dog
Portugal FCI 170 - Molossoid . Mountain

Perro de Castro Laboreiro

The Castro Laboreiro Dog It is an excellent guard dog and companion

Content

History

The Castro Laboreiro Dog (Cão de Castro Laboreiro) It is a breed of Portuguese dog of large size. Originating in the parish of Castro Laboreiro, Melgaço, is a dog type Lupoid amastinado is lighter than other breeds of cattle dogs.

The Castro Laboreiro Dog it has its origin in the region that gave it its name, the people of Castro Laboreiro, in the municipality of Melgaço. It is a rugged mountainous region that extends from the River Miño Peneda and Soajo mountains between the rivers Trancoso, Laboreiro and moro, until around 1400 m above sea level.

Like the dog, Castro Laboreiro is one of the oldest regions of the land of Portugal. The prehistoric remains such as dolmens and rock paintings, They demonstrate the presence of man in the region for thousands of years. The strengths are evidence of the strong presence of Celtic culture in the region. Also the Celts and the Romans came here, Roman roads and building bridges with their milestones. The castrejas communities have always lived of hunting, fishing, grazing and agriculture.

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Clumber Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 109

Clumber Spaniel

This Clumber Spaniel is medium to large sweet and gentle, with a deceptively relaxed appearance

Content

History

Little is actually known about the origins of race, but legend says that the Duc de Noailles of France He gave his dear spaniels his English counterpart, the Duke of Newcastle, to save them from the horrors of the French Revolution. The dogs were sent to the estate of the Duke in Clumber Park, which later they acquired the name of race. Based on the paintings of that time, the Clumber They have not changed much in two centuries: Dogs still have a temperament somewhat reserved, as well as a sensible appearance, rather than striking. The Basset Hound and a dog known as spaniel alpino (an extinct race), probably they listed in their genealogy.

Interest in the race continued during the nineteenth century, and even they were exhibited Clumbers in one of the first dog shows in 1859. The Clumber Spaniels also they became popular among the British aristocracy. Real race fans included the prince Albert and a Edward VII.

It has been allowed to be heavier, starting at 1950, and the weight limit is currently 34 Kg despite the excess in some specimens. Anyway, breed lovers make sure that this large does not cause any weakness in his hind.

Did You Know?

Some major British were in love with the Clumber Spaniel: The husband of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, and Edward VII, They were both fans of the race.

Physical characteristics

It is a well balanced dog, of bones strong, Active, with a reflective expression; overall appearance denoting strength. The Clumber should be firm, active and able to perform daily work in the field.

Its shape is similar to that of the Sussex Spaniel smaller. The Clumber It has a heavy bone structure, Their fur is dense, Weatherproof, straight and flat, with hair around the ears, belly and legs. The tufts are predominantly white with lemon colored spots, brown or orange around the eyes and the base of the tail.

WEIGHT:
Ideal weight: Males: 29,5 – 34 kg. Females: 25 – 29,5 kg.

Character and skills

According to the breed standard, the Clumber Spaniel He is loyal and affectionate with his family. It can be reserved with strangers, but it is never aggressive or timid. Good words for firm include, reliable, friendly and worthy… but do not let that fool you their dignified behavior. The Clumber is very smart, determined to get what he wants, and more agile than it looks. During his puppy, which usually lasts until three or four years, it can be a wild dog running through the house at breakneck speed and gets into many problems. (For some, Part of getting into trouble never ends.) On the positive side, the Clumber also it tends to stay young at heart well into old age.

If they raised together, the Clumber and children can become fast friends. If you still have no children, make sure your Clumber meet the children of your friends often and from an early age, to get used to the loud screams and rapid movements. The Clumber also gets along well with other dogs, and it is friendly with cats, ferrets and other small pets, as long as the know. Because of its sporty nature, considers that the furry or feathered creatures that live outdoors are animals hunting. In other words, is more likely that your Clumber swallow your whole wild bird to look after him delicately.

On a walk, the Clumber it moves at a slow and steady pace. It does not have high levels of energy from many other races that are dedicated to collecting and point, but it has the ability to break through any type of shrub that stand in your way. In addition, It has an infinite resistance, so it is a great companion for hiking and hunting, recovering quickly and enjoys water. To keep fit and out of trouble, need rides 20 a 30 minutes twice a day. If you have a fenced yard, Do not assume that exercised. Like the rest of us, the Clumber need motivation from a friend to get up and go.

The Clumber It is an independent thinker, so it can be stubborn. Train Your Clumber requires patience and the ability to convince him to do what you want is actually all her idea. It's a good problem solver; The point is that the problem that often involves doing something forbidden resolved. any dog, no matter how nice it is, You may develop obnoxious barking levels… and the Clumber is no exception. Some Clumbers They are naturally quiet, other bark at all, and some of them fall somewhere in the middle. If you live with, Let's say, a burrow, expects you Clumber learn to bark a lot.

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, take it to the class of kindergarten for puppies when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, y socialize, socialize, socialize. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Grooming

White and fringed coat Clumber requires a moderate amount of toilet: If you want me to be handsome, bathe him once a month, and brush or comb his coat during 10 a 15 minutes, up to three times a week, to prevent tangles and remove dead hair. You should also cut back on their feet, ears and feathers.

The locks were off at a moderate pace strong throughout the year, so buy a good vacuum cleaner; regular brushing will also reduce the amount of hair floating in your home.

The rest are routine care: Cut off nails every few weeks and keep drooping ears clean and dry to prevent infection. You should also brush his teeth regularly to maintain good overall health and fresh breath.

Health

The Clumber Spaniel They are generally healthy, but they are susceptible to some conditions, including eye problems such as Entropion and ectropion, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or dry eye, and falls. They may also be prone to hip dysplasia and an inherited condition called deficiency pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase , which can cause exercise intolerance and heart and lung problems.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. You must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

Careful breeders their dogs examined for genetic diseases, and only raise better-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy can develop one of these conditions. In the majority of cases, still you can live a good life, thanks to advances in veterinary medicine. Having said that, not all visits to the vet involve a genetic problem. Puppies love to eat them things, so it's not uncommon to develop gastroenteritis (intestine garbage) or require surgery to remove random objects from the intestines, as hand towels and toys.

And remember that you have the power to protect your Clumber one of the most common health problems: the obesity. You keep a healthy weight is a simple way to prolong the life of your Clumber avoiding problems such as hip dysplasia.

Ratings of the Clumber Spaniel

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Clumber Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Clumber Spaniel

credits:

1. Clumber Spaniel in Tallinn by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
2. Clumber Spaniel during show of dogs in Rybnik – Stone, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3. Clumber_spaniel en el World Dog Show en Poznań by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4. 2015 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, New York City by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA / CC BYwww.petsadviser.com
5. Clumber Spaniel by audrey_sel / CC BY-SA
6. A Clumber Spaniel by Canarian / CC BY-SA

Videos del Clumber Spaniel

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 8 –> Retrievers, Flushing dogs, water dogs. / Section 2 –> Flushing dogs. With working trial.
  • FCI 109
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI standard of the Clumber Spaniel breed
  • CLUMBER SPANIEL FCI

Cirneco dell'Etna
Italia FCI 199 . Primitive type - Hunting Dogs

Cirneco del Etna

This lively and friendly Sicilian Greyhound is an excellent companion and guardian that requires regular exercise – 20 a 30 minutes a day –

Content

History

The “Cirneco dell'Etna“, also it is known as the Sicilian Greyhound, it can resemble a small Pharaoh Hound, but it is a different breed of Italian origin, with its own color markings, shaped tail and ears in a triangle. Named after Mount Etna, on the Italian island of Sicily, where their ancestors hunted rabbits and hares. Lurks silently, So you can even sneak up on birds.

A dog of the Mediterranean of ancient origin that probably descended from hunting dogs that existed at the time of the pharaohs in ancient Egypt and were introduced to the Mediterranean by the Phoenicians, Sicily as the region chosen for adoption. Evidence of the presence of the Cirneco on the island is given by its representation in currencies, engravings and mosaics that date back many centuries BC and was always considered the oldest hunting dog, select and highly respected.

Today, This rare breed is predominantly a family companion.

Physical characteristics

It is primitive and elegant shapes and graceful. Their size is medium and compact body, robust with a thin layer of hair and ears pricked, always alert. Its structure is sub longilinear.

Thanks to his innate athletic ability, It has a natural agility and ability to run after a complaint. The Cirneco It has a reputation for being easier to train than others hounds, provided that the training sessions are short.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height to the cross: Males: 46 – 50 cm.. Females: 44 – 48 cm.. tolerance 2 cm below the minimum and above the maximum height. Weight: Males: 10 – 13 kg. Females: 8 – 11 kg.

Character and skills

The breed standard requires that the Cirneco be alert and be gentle, with an independent temperament. In this curious and playful greyhound loves to be with people. It's also smart and trainable, especially if positive reinforcement techniques are used as praise, games and goodies. Although small, the Cirneco is a hunter by nature. Always keep a tight leash, If you see a hare, the chase. However, tone stern voice should be enough to get him back.

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, take it to school for puppies when you 10 or 12 weeks of age, y socialize, socialize, socialize. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, you can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Health

As there are so few of these dogs, Little is known about the health of Cirnechi. In general, They seem to be a tough race, but they can suffer muscle injuries and the toes to the running. A reputable breeder will show potential health problems, including any conditions have noticed in their own lines.

Careful breeders their dogs examined for genetic diseases, and only raise better-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy can develop a genetic condition. In the majority of cases, still you can live a good life, thanks to advances in veterinary medicine. And remember that you have the power to protect your Cirneco one of the most common health problems: the obesity. It keep a proper weight is a simple way to extend the life of its Cirneco.

Grooming

The Cirneco has a bright coat, brown to brown, it is easy to care: Brush him every week using a glove dog or a rubber brush hair. If you constantly brush, You should not need a bath too often.

The rest are taken care routine: Often brush their teeth with a toothpaste pet approved by the veterinarian for general good health and fresh breath, and cut nails every week or two.

Ratings of the Cirneco dell'Etna

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Cirneco dell'Etna” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Cirneco dell'Etna

1. Cirneco dell’Etna during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
2. Cirneco Dell Etna by Jan Eduard
3. Cirneco dell’Etna during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4. Cirneco dell’Etna during dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
5. Cirneco dell’Etna by Night-thing (Flickr)
6. Cirneco by Oknolaz / CC BY-SA

Videos of the Cirneco dell'Etna

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 5 –> Spitz and primitive types. / Section 7 –> Primitive type Hunting Dogs. With working trial in Italy.
  • FCI 199
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , ​KC , UKC
  • Standard FCI Cirneco dell'Etna race
  • Etna Cirneco FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Cirneco (English).
    2. Cirneco (French).
    3. Cirneco (German).
    4. Cirneco (Portuguese).
    5. Cirneco (Spanish).

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