Russkiy Toy
Rusia FCI 352 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Russkiy Toy

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible.

Content

History

The “Russkiy Toy” it is a recent breed of dog, but its history began in the 18th century, in Russia, with the importation of many English Toy Terrier. One of them was even adopted by Emperor Peter I the Great (1672-1725), during the last years of his life and his reign.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the popularity of Toy Terrier rose among the Russian aristocracy. They became an essential element, and by the early 20th century they had clearly become a status symbol. Participating in cultural events and social gatherings with a well-behaved little dog became the norm of the good society of the time.

Although many of these dogs were imported from Great Britain, most were born in Russia, and a loose breeding program had already begun to gradually differentiate them from their ancestors. Present at Russian dog shows for some time, they began to officially call each other Russian toy terriers at an exhibition held in St. Petersburg in 1907, where they were exposed 11 specimens.

The revolution of 1917 I was going to change things: associated with the aristocracy, the Russian Toy Terrier experienced a sudden and brutal decline, that left him on the brink of extinction. A few breeders tried to preserve the breed, but they faced many difficulties at a time when dog breeding was run by the regime, which instead encouraged the development of dogs that could be used by the military.

The death of Josef Stalin in 1953 eased restrictions and some Moscow breeders, St. Petersburg, Svendlosk and Irkutsk were able to revive the breed. But after 40 years, there were no more specimens with perfectly known ancestry and pure characteristics, so they had to start from scratch, from individuals with characteristics similar to those previously known.

The year 1958 marked a turning point for the breed, when a guy named Chicky was born with long hair and fringed ears and tail. Until then, all representatives of the breed had a smooth and short coat. The breeder Yevghenina Zharova wanted to preserve these characteristics and crossed him with a female with a longer than average coat and started a specific breeding program.. His initiative was crowned with success: starting at 1966 and the creation of a specific standard, these dogs were considered as belonging to a breed other than the Russian Toy Terrier and they were called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier.

The year 1988 marked another turning point, because the Russian Cynological Federation (RKF), the reference organization in Russia, then decided to unify short hair and long hair again under the same standard, considering them as two varieties of the same breed.

In the following years, after the fall of the iron curtain in 1989, the first copies of Russian Toy Terrier They were able to go out to conquer Europe and the breed began to develop, in particular in Finland and in the Eastern countries.

However, the opening of the borders also brought about the entry of new breeds into Russia, who replaced local dogs in the hearts of dog lovers. As a result, in the decade of 1990, this dog was again on the brink of extinction in Russia. However, on the one hand, had already been imposed abroad and, for another, Russian breeders managed to maintain enough gene pool in their country to keep the breed healthy.

In the first decade of 2000, things sped up. In 2006, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally and gave it the official name of Russkiy Toy, removing the name of Terrier. Two years later, in 2008, a breed club was founded in the United States (Russian Toy Club of America), and that same year the United Kennel Club (UKC) American also accepted the breed. El American Kennel Club (AKC) did the same in 2010 by including it in your Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a step prior to full recognition.

In 2017, the Russkiy Toy obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI, as well as the famous Kennel Club (KC) British. In fact, today it is recognized by most of the large national canine organizations – is the case, in particular, del Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), for example.

Today, the AKC is present in almost all of Europe, but it is still rare in the United States, which explains why the final recognition of the AKC is still pending.

In Great Britain, annual records around the KC have been around 50 since the acceptance of the breed in 2017.

This figure is higher in France, where they were registered between 100 and 150 births in the French Stud Book (LOF) in 2010, which shows that this dog, although it remains relatively discreet in the country, has managed to find its audience.

Photo: One Russkiy Toy of 20 meses by Skest at German Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Russkiy Toy bears his name well, as it belongs to the smallest dog breeds in the world on the particular sides of the Chihuahua, of which it shares several characteristics.

Its square body with a raised belly is higher at the neck than the rump. The extremities, fine boned and lean muscled, they are quite long, giving the impression that they are high on the legs. The tail is relatively short, carried in the shape of a sickle or saber, and fringed in the case of long-haired dogs. In areas where tail docking is permitted, docked tail is accepted, as long as a stump is left with 2 to 4 vertebrae.

The head is small in proportion to the body, with a clearly marked stop. The muzzle is pointed and ends in a preferably black nose. The eyes are large, round and very expressive. your colour must be as darkest as possible. The ears, which are a distinctive feature of the breed, They are set high and sustained. Big and thin, they form two isosceles triangles in the skull. The long-haired variety is covered with long, thick hair that falls in a plume shape.

This dog has no undercoat. However, upper hair differs from dog to dog, to the point that there are two varieties of the breed: the one with straight hair is short, smooth and shiny, while the one with long hair has a medium length (of 3 to 5 cm.). The latter also have fringes on their ears and tail., that cover the entire outside of the ear when mature.

Multiple coat colors are allowed: black and tan, Brown and fire, Blue and fire, lilac and fire, and red with blue, brown or black. There are also some smooth dogs: his fur is red, leonado or cream. The most common color is black and tan.

Last, there is no real sexual dimorphism in this breed: males and females are roughly the same size and appearance.

Size and weight

Size: 20 – 28 cm.
Weight: 1 – 3 kg

Varieties

National and international canine associations usually distinguish between two varieties of Russkiy Toy: the of smooth hair, sometimes called shorthair, and the of Longhair. Although it is not usual, since the breeders of Russkiy Toy they usually specialize in one or the other, these varieties can be crossed: then mixed litters are obtained, composed of both short-haired and long-haired individuals.

The long-haired variety, with its specific fringes on the ears, is the most sought after by fans, and also the most common. It has a semi-long coat (between 3 and 5 cm.) in the body, while the tail and ears are covered with long, thick fur that forms characteristic fringes.

The straight hair variety, on the other hand, has a short smooth shiny looking top coat. Historically, the first representatives of the breed were all short-haired.

None of the varieties of Russkiy Toy has undercoat. In general, apart from its fur, are perfectly identical in character and physical characteristics.

Character and skills

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible. Your attachment can even turn into possessiveness and, if i wasn't well socialized, can be overtly threatening (insofar as your size allows) towards those who get too close to their master. He also tends to distrust strangers, at least at the beginning: if you see that they are invited to the house, quickly curious to know more about them.

If you are able to stay alone for a few hours, will quickly become anxious if absent for a long time (especially if this happens almost every day) and can then behave destructively. The presence of a small companion in the home can be a pertinent solution to help you not see time pass when your master is at work and reduce the risk of separation anxiety.. Usually, your pet will get along with other animals, already be partners, cats, rodents or reptiles, and this is usually the case even with those who do not live in your house. However, be careful not to be disturbed or scared by this barking and hyperactive puppy. And don't forget that a cat is usually much bigger, quick and better armed in case of discussion…

In any case, lives perfectly in an apartment, as long as your need for exercise is met. The latter is also relatively consistent due to its size., since it is necessary to travel it at least half an hour a day. In other words, carry you in a bag, in a dog stroller or even in the arms of its owner is not the best gift that can be given, since you need to stretch your legs. However, if you live in a house with a garden in the country, it can be dangerous to leave it alone in the garden, because its size makes it a potential prey for many wild animals: birds Raptors, foxes, weasels…

Like other miniature dog breeds, not really aware of the latter, so it is able to put itself in dangerous situations. No doubt, for example, to provoke a dog that weighs more than 20 times its weight, without worrying about the possible consequences. Therefore, it is better to lead him on a leash when he goes out and teach him to curb his burning.

To the smart Russkiy Toy he likes to be stimulated intellectually. Dog games and puzzles can be a great way to keep him busy while his owners are out and about., and loves to learn new tricks. You can also participate in dog sports such as obedience and agility, but its small size makes it difficult to compete.

On the other hand, not recommended for families with young children. In effect, its small size and its fragility mean that it can be easily mistreated by the little ones, and the accident risks are very real – for the two protagonists, In addition. You can be seriously injured by a small car thrown at you in a moment of anger, just as he can respond by biting if his tail or ears are pulled. It also, a dog should never be left alone unsupervised with a young child, and that is valid whatever your race.

Last, the Russkiy Toy barks often. Its high-pitched voice is an excellent alarm in case of threat, but it is also likely to quickly anger the neighbors.

Education

Like all its fellow men, the Russkiy Toy needs to be socialized from the first weeks. This is all the more important as you tend to be cautious: only successful socialization can allow you to become a sociable and balanced adult. So, need to meet many people (family, friends…) but also other animals, be it dogs, cats or rodents.

The fact that he is intelligent and likes to be liked greatly facilitates his education. Learning to clean and remember orders is usually not a problem. If the family is patient and firm, it is possible to go much further, since they can also learn many tricks.

Positive reinforcement is the best method to reach and educate the best possible Russkiy Toy. The moods, caresses and treats are real motivations for him, and quickly learns to do everything possible to satisfy his Master.

In fact, the Russkiy Toy It is a breed of dog adapted for a beginner, but his master must never forget that a dog needs a leader to direct him. This leadership role, it is he who must exercise it. Your partner needs limits, which must be immutable, taxes from a very young age and consistent over time, as well as from one family member to another. If he is allowed to do what he wants when he is little, or if the rules are different depending on the day of the week or the person, you don't know what to expect and your behavior is affected.

It is about the famous “small dog syndrome”, common to all miniature breeds: little by little adopts unacceptable attitudes (do not leave space on the sofa, growl at his master, steal food…) but ignored by their master, who remains hypnotized by his little one and “beautiful” partner. As nothing stops you, this laxity encourages him to push the limits further and further, to the point of gradually taking control of the house. The longer the owner waits to take control of the situation and allow bad habits to take root, the more difficult it will be for him to put his partner back in order. To avoid this, rules should be clear and instilled from the start, and then apply in all circumstances, without exception. In the same logic, it is not advisable to hold him in your arms too often, especially if it is about moving with him when he could just as well walk next to his master, because not only does it not help him to live his dog life and spend, but it can also provoke a tendency to dominate.

Health

The Russkiy Toy is particularly robust and poses little risk of disease.

However, it is sensitive to extreme temperatures and must be protected from both heat and cold. When the thermometer is rising, you should limit your activities to the coolest hours and not let it stay too long in the sun, while adog coatnot too much when you have to go out in cold weather. In any case, has no vocation to spend most of his time outdoors: its natural place is inside the house.

Among the conditions that can affect the breed, the most commons are:

  • impacted tooth, when a milk tooth does not fall out and therefore does not give way to a growing adult tooth. This is a fairly common problem, which is solved without great difficulty by a veterinarian;
  • the patellar dislocation, a kneecap problem: leaves its position and forces the dog to limp to move. This problem is relatively common in all small dogs and, sometimes, requires surgery;
  • the progressive retinal atrophy, degeneration of eye tissues leading to total blindness It is an inherited disease and carriers are normally excluded from reproduction, so it's still pretty rare;
  • the Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which attacks the hip and causes necrosis that causes stiffness and pain., this disease is very rare and can be operated to relieve the pain caused.

However, the main risk to the health of the Russkiy Toy comes from its small size and fiery character, which can be the cause of many fractures. The fall of a book on its paws, A career that ends in a collision with a chair or an agitated argument with a larger fellow can end in the emergency room., your family must be constantly vigilant.

Another risk you are particularly exposed to is obesity, and once again only your master can help you.You need to monitor your weight regularly and act at the first signs of overweight, adjusting both your portion sizes and your activity level.

As with any race, the adoption of a creator of Russkiy Toy serious and responsible greatly increases the probability of obtaining a healthy puppy The professional must provide a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, Submit medical history or vaccination record, in which the vaccines administered to the animal are recorded, and make available the results of genetic tests performed to parents. a small one.

Of course, this does not guarantee that you will stay healthy for your entire life To maximize the chances of this being the case, prevention is essential: it is advisable to wear regularly (At least once a year) take your dog to the vet for a routine checkup.This not only identifies the beginning of a possible problem, it also ensures that you don't miss your shot reminders.

Life expectancy

12 to 13 years

Grooming

Either for the straight-haired variety or for the long-haired variety, the maintenance of the coat of the Russkiy Toy is simple. In effect, a weekly brushing is enough to avoid knots and remove possible dirt. Muda little, but it may be helpful to increase the frequency of brushing to 2 or 3 times a week when applicable, in spring and autumn.

How he tolerates the bathroom well, clean it every 1 or 2 months to rid it of all impurities and make sure it doesn't mess up the house is usually not a problem either. You just have to make sure you use a specific shampoo for dogs, and in no case a product made for humans.

The rest is a matter of course. For example, their weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to check and clean their eyes and ears with a damp cloth. This will prevent debris and dirt from accumulating, thereby reducing the risk of infection.

You should also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth with a special toothpaste for dogs, although twice a week (or even daily) it's even better. This will help prevent tartar buildup., that can cause bad breath, cavities and other problems.

Last, although it has gone out enough, their claws tend to grow faster than they wear out. Thus, it is necessary to trim them with a simple nail clipper when they have become too long, to prevent them from getting in the way or even breaking. A monthly cut is usually sufficient. The first time, you can learn how to do it with a vet or a groomer, to avoid doing it wrong.

Food

The Russkiy Toy perfectly fits commercially available industrial dog foods. You just have to be careful to choose a product adapted to dogs of this size, especially if you eat kibble. You also have to choose food of sufficient quality and establish an adapted daily ration to provide it with all the nutrients it needs., especially considering your activity level and your age.

In any case, cat food, although it certainly is the perfect size for its size, not at all adequate. Too rich, are likely to cause rapid and dangerous weight gain.

This is especially true since obesity is a very real problem for this breed whose needs are often much lower than their family thinks.. It is necessary to scrupulously follow the daily rations recommended by the manufacturers or the veterinarian, and regularly weigh your dog to quickly detect too large a variation. A weight gain of 200g is negligible for a human, but for a Russkiy Toy this is around the 10% of their normal weight.

In case of unjustified weight gain, it is advisable to react without delay, adjusting both the dog's daily ration and activity level. If this doesn't help, a visit to the vet is necessary to explore the possibility of a disease and to develop a more appropriate diet if this is not the problem.

Last, like all dogs, the Russkiy Toy you should always have access to a bowl of fresh water, so you can quench your thirst whenever you want.

Use

The Russkiy Toy is above all – and also always – a companion dog, made to spend most of his time with his family. Playful and affectionate, perfectly capable of apartment living, represents an ideal option for those who have little space to offer their dog, but on the other hand they may be available to dedicate time.

His affectionate character also makes him a very good therapy dog, able to spend hours by his master's side if he needs it, and to help you with your mere presence.

His natural distrust of the unknown and his propensity to bark make him an excellent alert dog., but its size prevents it from being a true watchdog, although his bravery is not questionable.

Last, it is common to find it at dog shows, where your success is not denied. They can also participate in dog sports competitions, like obedience, but its small size is definitely a disadvantage.

How much does a "Russkiy Toy"?

The price of a puppy Russkiy Toy is of some 1500 EUR, but this average hides great disparities. In effect, depending on the reputation of the kennel, of the prestige of their ancestors but also and above all of their intrinsic physical characteristics, can go from 800 euros for the copies with some small defects up to almost 4000 euros for those intended for breeding and/or exhibitions. On the other hand, there are no big price differences according to gender.

Characteristics "Russkiy Toy"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Russkiy Toy" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Russkiy Toy"

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Photos:

1 – “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Russkiy Toy” Puppy, 4 months old by Shamanofthistown, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Russkiy Toy” shorthair, smooth coat, brown and tan by NiaNike, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Short hair “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Two “Russkiy Toy”, one with short hair and one with long hair by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Russkiy Toy” Daniel, Rostov del Don by Sofiya357, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Russkiy Toy"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Russkiy Toy"

FCIFCI - Russkiy Toy
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, Toychik (English).
    2. Toychik, Toy-chic (French).
    3. Russischer Zwergspaniel, Moskauer Langhaariger Toy Terrier (московский длинношерстный той-терьер) (German).
    4. (em russo: Русский той-терьер) (Portuguese).
    5. Miniatura ruso, Toy Terrier ruso (español).

Tibetan spaniel
Tíbet FCI 231 . Tibetan breeds.

Tibetan spaniel

The Tibetan spaniel it is an awake and very active dog that is very close to its owner.

Content

History

The Tibetan spaniel es una raza originaria de las regiones montañosas del Tíbet, as its name suggests. The ancestors of the Tibetan Spaniel are believed to have appeared two millennia ago, along with the Lhasa Apso, the Shih Tzu and the Pekingese, among others. This dog has long accompanied Buddhist monks in their temples, warning their masters and their companions (mainly to Tibetan Mastiff – Do-Khy) de la más mínima intrusión.

Even though it's called spaniel, has neither the qualities nor the heritage of a hunting dog. Siempre se ha utilizado como perro de compañía y de alerta. Los primeros representantes de la raza que se llevaron a Inglaterra llegaron allí a finales del siglo XIX. In United States, the Tibetan spaniel began to be adopted during the decade of 1960 and the national club dedicated to the breed was founded in 1971. 13 years later, earned recognition from the American Kennel Club. In the meantime, the 22 in August of 1961, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) granted the breed its own ultimate status.

Photo: Tibetan spaniel by gomagotiFlickr

Physical characteristics

▷ Fur: silky, glued, smooth, average length, shorter on the face and in the front of the legs. The fringes are present on the back of the front legs. Hair and mane are less dense in females.
▷ Color: all colors are allowed, shades and combinations.
▷ Head: Small in relation to the body, proud port. The skull is slightly domed, medium width and length. The stop is light but it's marked.
▷ Ears: Medium-sized, high insertion, well feathered and hanging.
▷ Eyes: oval, dark brown, medium-sized, placed far apart, forward facing, showing an expressive and lively look.
▷ Body: rectangular, slightly longer than the height of the withers. The neck is moderately short, strong, covered with a mane (more pronounced in males than females). The loin is straight and the ribs are well sprung.
▷ The tail it is high insertion, happily held, forming a loop on the back when the dog is in action and provided with abundant hair.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 25 – 26 cm.
▷ female size: 22 – 24 cm.
▷ Male weight: 4 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 4 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Tibetan spaniel is an alert and active little dog that shows great intelligence. Your education is very easy. Loyal to his family and close to his masters, it is a dog that nevertheless needs independence.

Accumulate many qualities such as affection, the softness, the sensibility. It is a dog very devoted to his family and that adapts as well to a family with children as to a single person or older. It is not an aggressive dog, pero desconfía de las personas que no conoce, which makes him a very good alert and guard dog because he is full of security.

The Tibetan spaniel is an indoor dog that fits perfectly into an urban lifestyle, In an apartment. La posibilidad de disfrutar de un jardín vallado también le conviene, but you should always be able to benefit from a shelter from bad weather.

Education

The Tibetan spaniel it is a social race that needs regular contact with its humans. They do not respond well when left alone for long periods of time. Al haber sido desarrollado como perro de compañía por los monjes tibetanos, are emotional and empathic with the needs of their owners.

It is important to socialize him Tibetan spaniel at a young age with a variety of people and situations. They are protectors of their family. Even after socializing, they tend to be distant with strangers. If you are scared or uncomfortable, a Tibetan spaniel will express mistrust with loud alarm barks.

Although it is not a particularly athletic dog, necesita paseos diarios para su equilibrio físico, psychological and emotional.

Health

The Tibetan spaniel it is a strong and healthy dog. However, the breed is prone to a number of diseases, such as the risk of patella luxation, generalized retinal atrophy, urinary stones and persistent pupillary membrane.

Grooming

The Tibetan spaniel It is subject to 2 seasonal moults per year. During these, you are likely to lose hair extensively. Apart from the changes, its maintenance is still undemanding, but it should be done regularly.

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week outside the shedding periods and daily during them.. Special attention must be paid to the hygiene of the inside of their hanging ears to avoid possible infections. You can give it a bath every 3 or 4 months approximately, but it is not necessary to shear it.

Food

The Tibetan spaniel does not need a special diet. Not a very greedy dog. Like all dogs, a good quality diet is advised, adapted to his age, a su estado de salud y a su ejercicio físico para mantenerlo en buena salud.

Price of Tibetan spaniel

The price of a puppy Tibetan spaniel it will depend on the sex, the pedigree of the parents, compliance with breed standards, etc.

▷ Price of a Tibetan spaniel male: of 550 to 1200 EUR.
▷ Price of a female Tibetan spaniel : 600 to 1200 EUR.

Criadores del Tibetan spaniel

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Characteristics "Tibetan spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Tibetan spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

friendly dog ​​ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

hair loss ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Affection level ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Need for exercise ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Social need ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Home ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Toilet ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

Child friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Surveillance ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

joy ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Images "Tibetan spaniel"

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Photos:

1 – Tibetan spaniel by Angelica, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Close up view of a Tibetan spaniel by Docter Nick, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Buddy, Tibetan spaniel particolor of two years by Ladykransteer, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Tibetan spaniel by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/tibetano-spaniel-cachorro-perro-5214218/
5 – Tibetan spaniel by Daimen.Richards, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Tibetan spaniel relajado by DillyFan503, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Tibetan spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Tibetan spaniel"

FCIFCI - Tibetan spaniel
Spaniel

Alternative names:

    1. Tibbie (English).
    2. Du Tibet, Epagneul du Tibet (French).
    3. Tibetan Spaniel (German).
    4. Tibbie (Portuguese).
    5. Tibbie (español).

Petit Brabançon
Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

Petit Brabançon

The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

Content

History

The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Petit Brabançon is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Shelter:

The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

Weight:

of 3,5 to 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. neither shy nor aggressive.

Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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Images "Petit Brabançon"

[nggallery id=683 template=caption]

Photos:

1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria Michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Petit Brabançon"

youtu.be/N8MxaJJitq0
Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.
youtu.be/AHqir-mwoxs

Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

FCIFCI - Petit Brabançon
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
    2. Petit brabançon (French).
    3. Petit brabançon (German).
    4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
    5. Petit brabançon (español).

Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Little Lion Dog

Content

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

friendly dog ​​ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

hair loss ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Affection level ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and states that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it descends from dogs that came from Tibet via Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics claims that his name is not a reference to the king of animals, but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought-after companion dog in the Middle Ages.. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

So that, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. However, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen what we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

However, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. However, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. However, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the line of the back, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top layer. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog can perfectly keep its long hair on the whole body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. However, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. Therefore, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. However, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. It also, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy is sure to delight singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and unlimited attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him., and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. As such, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

However, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

It also, if he can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then he will have to raise a lion's mane skin, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out in the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 to 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush it every two or three days to keep its beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, taking care to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

It also, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so that you can show off the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. However, it must be remembered here that the dog's coat allows him to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

However, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Images "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

[nggallery id=680 template=caption]

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-l%C3%B6wchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Löwchen (English).
    2. Löwchen (French).
    3. Petit chien lion (German).
    4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
    5. Löwchen (español).

Japanese Chin
China Japón FCI 206 . Japan Chin and Pekingese

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, It is said to have the character of a cat, y verán porque…

Content

Characteristics "Japanese Chin"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Japanese Chin" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The true origin of the Japanese Chin It is still controversial, Although a general consensus, concludes that originated in Spaniela.

These dogs were brought to Japan around year 732. Some maintain the ancestors of these dogs first arrived to Japan around the year 732, as a gift from royalty Korea, while others argue that Japanese Chin copies were offered as a gift to the Empress of Japan in the middle of the sixth century, otras teorías aseguran que llegaron a Japón en el año 1000.

But beyond all the controversy regarding the origin, all agree on one thing, the Japanese Chin, is an authentic “Japanese”, because it reflects the Japanese sensitivity to detail.

The Japanese established various breeds of dogs, with a defined purpose that was work, that Japan considered something different, different from a “dog“, He was considered a work on farm animal, for hunting, to care for cattle, etc., but the Japanese Spaniel, fue algo muy especial porque era considerado estrictamente un perro de compañía.

His appearance and distinctive personality was quickly captured the hearts of the Japanese and that led to ownership of these dogs to be limited to persons of Royal and noble blood.

Como consecuencia, every noble House was raising its own standard, why there are many variations of the Japanese Spaniel, in terms of size, the density of the layer, the eyes, la personalidad…

Once the race was introduced in the West, a strong desire of the people by the smaller copies (those who weighed a maximum 4,5 Kg.), He carried that size was the most popular and became the official standard of various canine clubs around the world.

El profesor Von Ludvic Schulmuth estudió orígenes caninos a partir de un hallazgo de restos óseos de perros encontrados en asentamientos humanos que databan del octavo milenio antes de Cristo, in the Gobi desert. On the basis of the information collected, he created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs which gathered very interesting information concerning the origin of certain breeds that are today very popular.

The Gobi Desert is a large desert region between Spaniela northern and southern Mongolia. Can be one of the deserts, or desert areas largest and most important worldwide. Around it the Altai Mountains and the steppes of Mongolia in the North, la meseta del Tíbet y la planicie del norte de Spaniela por el suroeste. La palabra gobi significa ‘desierto’ in Mongolian. The Gobi is composed of different geographic and ecological regions, basadas en sus variaciones de clima y topografía.

Historically, the Gobi desert He is noted for being part of the Mongol Empire and the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.

Occupying the 30% of the national territory, great Gobi Mongolia covers capricious montes, sandy dunes, vast plateaus, steppes with its aromatic herbs and, Since then, a varied animal world, within the canine ancestors found Professor Ludvic Von Schulmuth.

Ludvic von Schulmuth defined as origin of certain dog breeds a former denizen dog of the Gobi desert, whose remains were found in places where stored manure or litter, and called them “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog”, de este animal surgieron varias líneas que fueron dando origen a varias razas. For example, un perro pequeño de pelo suave y orejas caídas ese fue el ancestro de Spaniel tibetano, the Japanese Chin and Pekingese. Another branch which descends from the “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog ” gave rise to the Continental Toy Spaniel and to the Chihuahua longhair. Y, another branch of the same dog of the Gobi desert, gave rise to the emergence of the Pug and Shih Tzu.

There is also some documentation that indicates Portuguese sailors introduced the breed to Europe in the century 17 through the gift of some to Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of King Charles II of England, but there is more evidence that the first Japanese Spaniel which opened steps behind borders, It was a gift of the Emperor of Japan offered a U.S. Navy officer, Matthew C. Perry, When he visited East in 1853 to open bilateral trade. The naval officer, a litter seven Japanese took Spaniel, and to reach their land only survived two, y a quién los regaló es algo que aún no se sabe con certeza.

De lo que sí tenemos plena certeza es que el Spaniel Japonés, also known as the Spaniel Japanese has been the dog of Japanese royalty.

Physical characteristics

This small dog of friendly aspect, It has a very similar appearance to that of the Pekingese, But unlike, its legs are longer, and the color of the fur is different; It may be black and white or red and white. The fur is soft and long; the large, dark eyes, bien separados entre sí; the tail, well endowed with hair, relies on the back; the ears are triangular in shape and small size; the snout is short and flattened, and large heads relative to their body.

Character and skills

According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more than 200 the AKC judges ("The Intelligence of Dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), el Spaniel Japonés es el Nº 62 from the list.

The Japanese Spaniel barks only when necessary in order to alert the family of the arrival of a visitor or something out of the ordinary, then is a quiet breed.

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, is said to have the character of a cat, y verán porque…

The Japanese Chin is always alert, He is intelligent and independent, and it uses its feet to wash and dry your face. Other feline features are your preferences for the rest in elevated surfaces, as the backups of the sofa and chairs. Tiene una capacidad espectacular para caminar a través de una mesa de té sin tirar ningún objeto, If that doesn't make it a cat total!!!

These dogs were bred and trained for the purpose of loving his people. Although it is usually a quiet dog, He also known for the amount of mischief that make, Welcome to all, as the call “Spin Chin”, dan rápidas vueltas en círculo como si bailaran pero apoyados solo en sus patas traseras, While with their Forelegs dejan them interwoven and shaking them up top down at full speed, they are very funny.

El Spaniel Japonés es un excelente perro de compañía, It is affectionate and loyal to his owner and, normally, happy to see other people, aunque algunos desconfían de los extraños. It is a dog who prefers the family environment, pero se adapta muy bien en las nuevas situaciones y son a menudo utilizados como perros de terapia debido a esta característica y su amor por la gente. Socialization at an early age contributes to his temperament of develop optimally, is an emotionally balanced dog, by nature, but it is important to contribute.

Some tend to “sing”, producen un ruido que puede oscilar entre un mínimo trino a un alto sonido y bastante grave en relación a su tamaño, almost with the quality of Opera that sounds like “booooooo”. On race Basenji in the right column you can see a video of the dog singing, it is very similar to what the Japanese Chin.

Health

The orbits of the eyes of large contribute to moisture in the face and the folds of skin around the crushed nose and facial area, You can trap moisture and cause fungus problems. La cara debe ser limpiada de vez en cuando con un paño húmedo y los pliegues, with a cotton swab.

Diet is an important factor in the health and condition of the Japanese Chin, muchos ejemplares pueden ser alérgicos al maíz, for example.

Due to their small size they don't need too much exercise, aunque sí, requires frequent walks, because they are active and love to be outdoors. They adapt well to life in an apartment or small homes. On the other hand, their fur should brush your daily, as it is often about getting caught.

Japanese Chin has a long life, to round the 15 years, but in many cases can be extended to more or less the 18 years of age.

They weigh between 1,8 and 3,3 kand and measured at the cross, of 21 to 25 cm.. The litter is usually fairly small, of between 3 and 4 Puppies.

Images "Japanese Chin"

[nggallery id=523 template=caption]

credits:

1. Japanese Chin, young male by Pointer8 / CC BY-SA
2. A Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
3. A red Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
4. Japanese Chin with tongue hanging out over crooked teeth by OliviaCC / Public domain
5. A Japanese Chin puppy. By Rachel Harris (RLH) from Scottsdale, THE, U.S.A. / CC BY
6. One of our neighbours has this small Japanese Chin. By Mark Hillary
7. Japanese Chin by https://www.needpix.com/photo/download/1697007/dog-japanese-chin-animal-pet-sweet-white-black-nature-sunset
8. Japanese Chin by Tingflorance / CC BY-SA
9. Japanese Chin by Arnaud 25 / Public domain

Videos "Japanese Chin"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI standard of the breed "Japanese Chin"

FCIFCI - Japanese Chin
Spaniel

Alternative names:

    1. Japanese Spaniel, Chin (English).
    2. Épagneul japonais ou chin (French).
    3. Chin (German).
    4. Chin (Portuguese).
    5. Chin Japonés, Chin (español).

Chihuahua
México FCI 263 . Chihuahueno

Chihuahua

This little dog has a personality sassy large.

Content

History

The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; receives the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is supposed to have lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the indigenous people during the time of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word “Chihuahua” means “arid and sandy place” in Rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others that were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, the vague brown dogs with pointed ears that result when dogs are left to breed on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, The Chihuahua ranks 13th among the breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, height varies more than within any other race.

Usually, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 to 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

However, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Larger sized chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines..

Usually their teeth are double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors varies in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

Character and skills

The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, correct training and socialization can result in an excellent companion animal.

The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other Chihuahuas over other dogs.

As well, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, which can cause damage and injury to our pet...

Health

Many Chihuahuas are sensitive to cold due to their small body size.. Chihuahua owners often dress their dogs in coats in cold weather, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahuas tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

Another genetic abnormality in Chihuahuas and other Toy breeds is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are more noticeable (because "a big head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, and are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same rate as their siblings. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

However some chihuahua may have what is called 'molera or fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull.. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and their relative proximity to the ground.

Chihuahuas can also be born with a liver defect known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, stunted growth and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the offspring measure between 3 cm to 5 cm..

Chihuahuas are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, may suffer from short lifespans and health problems due to extreme dwarfism. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or specifically advertise very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, noting that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the “Pocket Chihuahua” has come to stay...

The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

The Chihuahueno “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That is when its general appearance begins to change, now with a more prominent head and a stockier body, and it is precisely abroad where, by establishing the racial norm of the breed, this type of modified Chihuahua is established as the “standard” When is the original the type “deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

“Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are like this because they suffered a deformation in the bones due to malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

Reproduction

The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many ways, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, Vulvar blood loss and male attraction. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 to 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

DIESTRO: (of 110 to 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

ANESTRO (of 150 to 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

So that, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most often it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 to 63 days. The normal delivery period ranges from 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

  • The first phase corresponds to the opening and relaxation of the cervix for the exit of the puppies.. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips thicken and a yellowish-white viscous liquid escapes from the lower corner.. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. go in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
  • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

  • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

Grooming

Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

  • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to remove dead hair and keep their skin and coat healthy.
  • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

If brush to the faithful chihuahua, should not need frequent baths. However, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so it doesn't get cold. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

Characteristics "Chihuahua"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chihuahua" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Chihuahua”

[nggallery id=522 template=caption]

credits:

1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

Videos “Chihuahua”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 6: Chihuahueno
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Chihuahua"

FCIFCI - Chihuahua
Chihuahua

Alternative names:

    1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
    2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
    3. Chihuahua (German).
    4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
    5. Chihuahua, chihuahua mejicano (español).

King Charles Spaniel
England FCI 128 . English Toy Spaniels

English Toy Spaniel

The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.

Content

History

Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. Tenía muchos, que iban y venían a su antojo por los pasillos del Palacio Real. ¡Incluso tenían un estatus privilegiado!

Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. Había conseguido hacerse indispensable para la Corte.

However, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.

Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spaniel se basa en estándares que fueron revisados por última vez en 2010.

Physical characteristics

Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. La mandíbula es ligeramente inferior, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.

▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Among 25 cm and 35 cm.
▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Among 3,5 kg and 6 kg
Pelo del King Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.

Character and skills

Es difícil encontrar un perro con el que sea más fácil convivir. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. So, ¡no hay que esperar a que venga hacia ti y anticiparse a sus necesidades!

He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.

It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..

More reserved than his cousin the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, remains gentle and calm in all circumstances.

Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, el King Charles Spaniel disfruta de la compañía de los niños. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.

In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. Mientras pueda acurrucarse con su amo y mostrar su alegría cuando le apetezca, will be happy. Older people like it a lot.

Education

Your sense of smell, su oído y su inteligencia hacen que no sólo sea un perro agradable para vivir, but also relatively easy to train. Basta con indicarle los límites que no debe traspasar y ofrecerle una buena socialización para que sea un excelente compañero de vida. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: aprovecha este rasgo para perfeccionar su educación y reforzar vuestros vínculos.

Health

With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, oídos, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. También puede tener problemas de irritación de los oídos y dificultades respiratorias y/o cardíacas. Last, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.

Grooming

The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.

For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, utilizando un cepillo de hierro sin púas o una carda suave, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, asegurándose de utilizar un champú especial para perros y de eliminar previamente los nudos.

Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

friendly dog ​​ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

hair loss ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Affection level ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Need for exercise ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Social need ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Home ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Toilet ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

barking ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Health ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Territorial ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Cat friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Intelligence ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Versatility ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

Child friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Surveillance ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”two”]

joy ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Images "King Charles Spaniel"

[nggallery id=689 template=caption]

Photos:

1 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
2 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
3 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=281620&picture=king-charles-spaniel
4 – King Charles Spaniel sitting while looking up, during the dog show in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. by Pleple2000 10:18, 5 April 2006 (UTC), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – King Charles Spaniel by Universe876 at Italian Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – King Charles Spaniel named blenheim by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "King Charles Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"

FCIFCI - King Charles Spaniel
King

Alternative names:

    1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
    2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
    3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
    4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
    5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (español).

Shih Tzu
Tíbet FCI 208 . Tibetan breeds.

Shih Tzu

The hair Shih Tzu needs a lot of care, especially with the exhibition specimens

Content

History

The Shih Tzu It is a very ancient breed of dog (the first data found on them date from the 10th century to. C.) originating in China. There is an opinion widely about his origin, but often give acceptable they are descended from similar Tibetan dogs Lhasa Apso.

Like the Lhasa Apso, the Shih Tzu They are a race linked in some way with the Buddhist religion. The Chinese bred them and primped so they seem somewhat Lions. Even the name of the race, “Shih Tzu”, means “Lion dog”, which is usually blamed on the strong and deep bark of these animals.

They were highly prized in China as guard dogs.

In the seventeenth century the history of the Shih Tzu. The Dalai Lama, wanting to fill of gifts to the Chinese emperor, He gave some examples of this breed. Ending the 19th century, Ts’eu-hi, emperatriz que era la abuela del último emperador, I was a big fan of the Shih Tzu y por ello tenía más de un centenar y cuidadores especializados. When in 1908 the Empress died, the Shih Tzu suffered a severe blow.

At the beginning of the 1930s, He began to creep into houses of Chinese elders, leaving the ivory tower. And in that time he received some names: Lhasa Lion Dog, Tibetan Poodle, etc. And in 1934 was founded the Peking Kennel Club.

In 1937, the invasion of China by the Japanese was the reason for the disappearance of the Shih Tzu in China, your country of origin. But, Luckily, los europeos ya se habían aficionado a esta raza, that in 1955 began to be extended by United States.

After her appearance, the Shih Tzu they replaced the Lhasa Apso as the favourite dogs of nobles and emperors. Los viajeros que durante aquella época visitaban el país oriental trajeron la moda de estos pequeños y peludos perros a Europa y, later, to America, where made a strong impression. In the modern era, the fashion of the Shih Tzu gradually disappeared, and after the Communist revolution the dog breed was considered extinct in China, aunque ya había calado hondo en Occidente.

All the genetic inheritance of Shih Tzu comes from seven pairs of dogs, including a Pekingese, that through the efforts of several historians have been able to be identified.

Physical characteristics

The head of these dogs is small in proportion to the rest of your body, and eyes, black (and rarely even blue or brown) they are always huge, so there they deserve special care if you want to avoid health problems.

Her hair is long and very dense, but never curly (are allowed a bit of undulation), and it can be of all colors, Although it is more normal to the front and the end of the tail are white. The ears are large and pendants, and they have so much hair that seem to form a whole with the hair in the neck.

The snout is short and flat, sometimes causing them breathing problems; for example, is quite common that they ronquen soundly. The average length of life of this dog is fourteen years, However, a Shih Tzu that has been well cared for and has not had major health problems can live up to twenty-three years, in the case of one of the longest known dog breeds. Their colours can be white, dorado, black, liver, Silver, Red or brindel. The Shih Tzu They are animals that, due to their type of hair, do not give allergies to allergic people.

Físicamente no son de muy alta estatura (they measured a maximum 26,7 cm and weigh in 4,5 to 8,1 kg).

Character and skills

Las razas de perros suelen crearse para un fin específico. In this case, the purpose of Shih Tzu is to be a partner. Has no hunting instinct, nor on guard, and is never aggressive. He was selected just to be a faithful and loving friend.

youtu.be/1wG-WER5CNU

The Shih Tzu It, Therefore, a dog that gets along with everyone, both with children and adults. Also appreciates other animals, especially felines. It is sometimes said to be a “dog Cat”, since its behavior is very similar to that of a feline. In fact, he decides when he wants to be caressed, and once he is an adult, aprecia mucho quedarse simplemente tranquilo en su cojín. It also, tends to be independent and to obey only if you want. It also, like many small breeds of dogs, puede tener un carácter algo difícil.

However, the Shih Tzu he is a tender and calm companion, pero también lleno de alegría. He loves to play and to be taken care of: his master is everything to him. In fact, can't stand loneliness; if your family is usually far away, la compañía de otro animal es bienvenida.

The Shih Tzu live as well in apartment as at home. Perfectly adapted to city life, he barks little and his calm character allows him to be carried everywhere: he will remain calmly at the feet of his master. Having said that, not a dog that needs a lot of exercise; a daily walk and games are enough for him. All this makes it an ideal dog for an older person., if it is willing to take on the daily maintenance it requires.

Education

Intelligent and endowed with a good learning ability, the Shih Tzu is nevertheless a stubborn dog. He does not like to obey blindly, y menos aún que le obliguen. Your master will have to be persistent and cunning. It is advisable to go through the game and fun rather to make him learn the orders.

Health

The Shih Tzu is generally in good health.

However, corre el riesgo de desarrollar el síndrome braquicéfalo, because of his crushed face.

It also, es un perro que puede ser propenso a las infecciones de oído, por sus orejas caídas, or cataracts for his bulging eyes. You can also get contact conjunctivitis, in case your hair falls into your eyes. That is why it is advisable to lift the hair by putting a toupee on it.. In general, hay que revisar regularmente sus ojos y oídos.

It also, being longer than tall, the Shih Tzu may have back problems, especially at the level of the intervertebral disc. It is advised to avoid going up and down the stairs too often. Therefore, in the absence of elevator, it is better to take it.

It also, also has a predisposition to atopia, risk that increases if your hair is poorly cared for.

He is a greedy dog, who is prone to obesity. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of the amount of food eaten. A maximum of 100 gramos de croquetas al día.

Last, si el frío no le molesta, the Shih Tzu it is instead sensitive to heat: in summer, it is necessary to shorten the walks, or perform them away from temperature peaks.

Grooming

To the Shih Tzu you have to take care of them with time and a lot of patience.

The maintenance of Shih Tzu requires careful attention.

In addition to the daily hairstyle, it is recommended to groom your Shih Tzu each 3 or 4 weeks. If cleaning is done at home, el uso de un champú y un acondicionador para perros muy nutritivos facilitará el trabajo. You have to dry the dog with a hair dryer, para que no coja frío.

On the other hand, it should be noted that the Shih Tzu only changes, making it one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

On the other hand, his eyes and teeth must be cleaned daily, and the ears once a week.

Food

You must be careful, as well, with food: they are delicate stomach dogs, normally they do not accept well anything else other than dry food. Veterinarians recommend give milk without lactose because many of them cannot tolerate.

Characteristics "Shih Tzu"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Shih Tzu" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Shih Tzu"

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Photos:

1 – "Shih Tzu" Name: fibi (female), 1,5 years in the photo by Wawri (Tomasz Wawak), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – "Shih Tzu" Tommy by IrinaOnt, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – "Shih Tzu" en Tallin dúo CACIB, 17-18 in August of 2013, concurso Best in Puppies by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – I am a "Shih Tzu" Nací el 2 in February of 2012 by User:Andy the shihtzu, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – "Shih Tzu" pure blood, squirrel by Gabsy, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – "Shih Tzu" freshly shorn by Yvonne Hering, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Shih Tzu"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Shih Tzu"

FCIFCI - Shih Tzu
Shih

Alternative names:

    1. Chrysanthemum Dog (English).
    2. Chien lion (French).
    3. Löwenhund, shih-tzu-kou (German).
    4. Chinese Lion (Portuguese).
    5. Perro león chino (español).