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Tibetan Terrier
Tíbet FCI 209 . Tibetan breeds.

The Tibetan Terrier, despite being considered a sacred dog in Tibet, He also accompanied the shepherds.

Terrier Tibetano

Content

Characteristics "Tibetan Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Tibetan Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

As the name suggests, the Tibetan Terrier was born on the roof of the world, in the heart of Central Asia.

They celebrate their second millennium, since the first writings on them date back to the beginning of our era. Probably related to the Hungarian Puli, the Tibetan Terrier, contrary to what its name might suggest, it was originally a sheepdog. He lived in harmony with the Tibetan monks and the nomads, and his life led him to live with the sheep, the horses and yaks that he guarded. He also herded the herds in mountainous areas too difficult for the larger dogs.. A good sentry, warned as soon as someone approached. In summary, the Tibetan Terrier was both recognized and Sheepdogs as Companion and Toy Dogs.

Out of respect for his soul, tradition dictated that the most vicious pup in a litter should not be killed. On the other hand, was handed over to the monks, who granted him a monastic life. Next to him, was subjected to regular work. This would partly explain the particular character of the Tibetan Terrier. This dog is devoid of all aggressiveness, perhaps because he lived the secluded life of the monasteries and shared everything with his master, being totally part of the family. It is also said that it was reputed to bring good luck..

In fact, considered as a sacred animal and guardian of the temples, this dog was the object of a true cult.

Over the years 20, the DRA. Agnes Greig, an english doctor, received a couple of Tibetan Terrier of one of his patients, a tibetan princess. This is how this breed came to Europe, when the doctor brought these gifts to his country. Was not up 1930 that the Kennel Club of India recognized the Tibetan Terrier as a pure breed, and in 1931 that the British Kennel Club he did the same.

Before being mistakenly baptized as “Tibetan Terrier” by the english, who classified it in the group of Terriers, the Tibetans called him “Chung-chung-pa“, that means “small person” (unlike in the Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy), it was called “big person”), or “Apso Tchenpo“, that means “Big Apso”, in opposition to “Small apso” what is he Lhasa Apso.

The French had proposed calling it Tibetan Griffin, but this proposal was not kept. Even today, although call it Pastor tibetanor would it be much more appropriate, this breed still carries a misleading name.

Physical characteristics

The Tibetan Terrier He is a medium-sized dog with a robust complexion and a determined expression.. They are recognized by their fur, generously endowed with long hair that covers most of his body. Has the appearance of a dog that can fit in a perfect square.

▷ Fur: long, abundant, fine (without being silky or woolly), smooth or corrugated (never curled), with a fine, woolly undercoat.
▷ Color: All coat colors are allowed, except chocolate and liver. White, grey, cream, dorado, black, Particolored and tricolor.
▷ Head: Well stocked with long hair, falling forward, but never about the eyes. Medium length skull, moderately sharp between ear and eye. The stop is slightly marked.
▷ Ears: V shape, pendants, set high on the sides of the skull and well feathered.
▷ Eyes: His eyes are lined with very long lashes, round, large, quite separate and dark brown.
▷ Body: Muscular, powerful, straight back, short, slightly arched loins, horizontal rump and chest that reaches to the elbow.
▷ Tail: High insertion, average length, happily carried in a loop over the back, with abundant hair.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 35 – 40 cm.
▷ female size: 35 to 40 cm.
▷ Male weight: 8 – 13 kgs.
▷ female weight: 8 – 13 kgs.

Character and skills

The Tibetan Terrier not a real terrier: It is a Shepherd Dog belonging to the group of Companion Dogs..

This faithful companion is endowed with many attractions. Its sociable, lively, smart and full of energy, and they are neither shy nor aggressive. It is a dog that adapts perfectly to the elderly or to single people who want company.

If you are wary of strangers, may be a barker, but he also knows very quickly that there is no danger, if required. Then it quickly calms down.

He has great security in the mountains and is endowed with a sharp intelligence that allows him to react very quickly to danger., but also behave like a gentleman in the city. Always ready to go out for a walk, he also knows how to be close to his master if he can't go out, because you settle for very little exercise.

If we add to this that it is not very noisy, we quickly understand that it is a breed of dog that can live in an apartment without problem.

Last, not content with being too demonstrative with his master and cuddly as desired, the Tibetan Terrier often appreciates the company of another dog or cat, and gets along very well with children, as long as they respect him and remember that he is not a stuffed animal. On the other hand, it is a dog that tolerates loneliness quite badly, much preferring the presence of his master in all circumstances.

Education

Very smart dog, it is easy and pleasant to work with Tibetan Terrier, although you need to understand the usefulness of what you are being asked to do.

Quite stubborn and not very submissive by nature, the Tibetan Terrier requires from an early age a faultless education, quite firm, but fair. His master must have “an iron hand in a velvet glove” and be infallible, because in general, smart dogs tend to find loopholes, and they can try to take the place of the leader of the pack if they consider that this place is vacant.

Health

The Tibetan Terrier it is a robust and resistant dog that does not have particular health problems. It even has a certain longevity.

Thus, two affections are usually noticed:

  • An abnormality of the vascular supply of the retina, which can lead to long-term blindness;
  • Hip Dysplasia, to a greater or lesser degree.

You can also suffer from deafness or neurological disorders, and also seems to be predisposed to diabetes mellitus.

Life expectancy

14 years

Grooming

During their annual molts, in spring and autumn, the Tibetan Terrier lose a lot of hair, which is quite visible as it has a long coat. During this time, it is necessary to brush it almost every day to avoid knots and maintain the beauty of its coat.

The rest of the year, thorough and regular brushing is necessary every other day. But, mowing can be used to simplify maintenance.

It also, hair under your pads should be cut regularly.

Price:

The purchase price of a Tibetan Terrier ranges from €900 to €1000.

breeders of the “Tibetan Terrier”

Images "Tibetan Terrier"

Photos:

1 – Tibetan Terrier in the snow by Mr407SW, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Tibetan Terrier of about 7 meses by PateraIncus, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Tibetan Terrier by Ian McFeganFlickr
4 – Tibetan Terrier purebred male 8 years sporting a 'puppy cut’ by Getsnarky, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Tibetan Terrier Daisy, taking a breather during agility class at Dog Barn, 16 in March of 2012 by Ian McFeganFlickr
6 – Tibetan Terrier by Acid Pix, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Tibetan Terrier"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Tibetan Terrier"

FCIFCI - Tibetan Terrier
Terrier

Alternative names:

1. Tsang Apso, Dokhi Apso (English).
2. Terrier du Tibet, Dhoki Apso (French).
3. Tibetan Terrier, Tsang Apso (German).
4. Tibetan Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Tibetan Terrier, Lhasa Terrier, Tibet Apso,
Tsang Apso
(español).

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Pekingese
China Inglaterra FCI 207 . Japan Chin and Pekingese

Pekinés

The Pekingese She loves being the center of attention and will ask to be integrated in all family activities.

Content

History

The Pekingese or Pequinés It is a breed of companion dog, developed in China. This small breed of dog is a native of the East Asian area, and is considered a departure from the mythical shaggy dogs of Tibet. Referral after referral, known in Korean prints first official documentation of ago 4.000 years, and others from the 8th century immersed in the Imperial Court of China, in the middle of H'ang Dynasty.

For the Empire, this animal arose in a mythological era, and here is a small paragraph about this origin: “-Lovely in love with a little monkey, the Lion King sought permission to marry her God magician Hai Ho. -If you are willing to sacrifice your strength and your size, I give my consent, It was the answer of the god.

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Maltese
Italia FCI 65 . Bichons

The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.

Bichón Maltés

Content

Characteristics "Maltese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Maltese It is a canine breed that has existed since ancient times and was already widespread in Mediterranean cultures.. But, contrary to what its name might suggest, its exact origin remains uncertain, but it seems to come from one of the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. But, Today it is mainly known as Maltese or Maltese dog.

Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese it even existed in ancient egypt. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 a.C. to 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. So, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.

Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.

They weren't the only ones who honored him, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 a.C. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. He mentioned a breed of small dog that he called in Latin canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.

Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Many noblewomen owned one and never went out without it.. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.

In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 a.C. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), Roman governor of Malta who owned a Maltese named Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.

The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), and there he also became very popular among the upper classes, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, while its small size allowed them to easily carry it on their blouses. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).

Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.

Despite its success and presence in many countries, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. There it was shown with the name of Maltese Lion Dog.

The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. But, was not up 1948, 60 years later, when the other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. But, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.

Physical characteristics

They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 to 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.

The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.

Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.

Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.

The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.

The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.

The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. But, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, so breeders focused solely on individuals with white fur.

As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.

Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. So, you better stay away from them.

In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.

Popularity

Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.

In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. But, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.

At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 there were some 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.

The situation is different in France, since the number of annual entries in the French Origin Book (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.

In Switzerland, it is the 13th most popular breed in the country. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.

Did you know??

The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. Could it be because they are so adorable in photographs? We think so.

Character and skills

"Maltese"

Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, and is able to comfort them in difficult times. He is very active and maintains a youthful spirit all his life..

Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. So, not suitable for a teacher who spends most of his days away from home.

Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. But, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, in the event that another animal comes one day to your family, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, since it could inadvertently hurt you, for example just playing with him.

Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, the latter are quick to have too abrupt gestures towards him, especially during playtime, and could inadvertently hurt you. It also, even if it's not like that, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, which could cause inappropriate reactions on your part. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.

Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. But, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.

The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Half an hour of activity a day is more than enough, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. But, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.

As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, in a big house with a garden. But, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, since its lack of undercoat makes it sensitive to cold. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.

Observations

Unlike other dogs the Maltese need little physical activity, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.

Taking them for a walk would also serve to make them sociable since they do not require much exercise, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.

They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.

Education

Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, as well as exposing him to all kinds of situations and environments. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..

At the same time, given the very strong level of attachment to their humans that characterizes this breed, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.

The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. But, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, since they are not receptive to reprimands and respond much better to stimuli and treats. But, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.

In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. This would be the best way to make him develop the “small dog syndrome”, that is to say, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, aggressive and difficult to live with. So, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.

Health

The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.

But, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, it is particularly sensitive to cold and humidity. When temperatures are cold, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, you are not meant to live in an area where the weather is cold for much of the year.

It also, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
  • The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), common in dogs. It occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain or lameness of varying degrees of severity. In the most severe cases, an operation is necessary;
  • The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsand corresponds to a reduction in the diameter of the trachea. The most common sign is a dry and chronic cough, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
  • The cryptorchidism, often a hereditary defect that prevents the animal's testicles from descending into the scrotum. The only solution then is to remove them surgically to avoid further complications, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
  • Congenital portosystemic derivation, a vascular abnormality that can cause growth retardation, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, the symptoms are subtle, which makes the diagnosis of the disease later. This pathology, whose cause may be hereditary, can be cured by surgical intervention;
  • Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Symptoms vary from individual to individual (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
  • shaking dog syndrome, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. It consists of inflammation of the cerebellum and causes attacks of involuntary tremors throughout the body and lack of coordination. The symptoms usually begin to appear between the 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
  • Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. The symptoms of the problem are loss of appetite, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, if you are not given sugar one way or another;
  • The Cushing's disease, a hormonal disease whose most common clinical signs include increased appetite, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
  • The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, at night and then day;
  • The glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited and causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina due to abnormally high pressure in the eye. This painful pathology for the animal rapidly evolves into total or partial loss of sight, unless it is attended urgently;
  • The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
  • The otitis, frequent inflammation indogs with floppy ears.

It also, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, that can cause or aggravate many existing pathologies, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. This is all the more true as it constitutes a vicious circle., because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.

Finally, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.

Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, It must be taken into account that its prevalence is low and that most people lead perfectly healthy lives. This is also confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, on a par with cancer. Cardiac causes rank third and together account for more than half of the observed deaths.

The number of diseases to which the breed is predisposed that are or may be hereditary, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., You must also provide a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as details of the vaccinations received, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.

Later, it is strongly recommended not to make him make prolonged or excessively intense physical efforts during his growth, period when your bones and joints are still very fragile. You would risk injury or malformations, potentially with lifelong consequences. This is even more important because you are predisposed to various joint problems:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.

Finally, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, that sometimes you can detect a problem that is still embryonic and treat it as best as possible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, to prevent the risk of parasites and the multiple diseases that accompany them, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.

Life expectancy

15 years

Grooming

The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, it is advisable to brush it every day with a special brush or glove and use a detangling and revitalizing spray. But, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.

The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. But, you must not go any further: excessive frequency could harm the balance of your skin, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. It also, systematically use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, also with the risk of damaging your skin, and avoid wetting the inside of your ears, as they are especially prone to ear infections and other infections.

It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.

It also, to avoid being embarrassed by the length of your hair at eye level, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.

So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.

It also, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.

You also have to pay special attention to their droopy ears., since this morphological characteristic increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). So, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.

The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.

Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, or even every day.

Utility

The Maltese It is one of the oldest companion dog breeds in the world., fulfilling this function since ancient times. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, as well as many historical figures, both in antiquity and in Renaissance Europe and subsequent centuries. He even had a reputation for healing the sick., or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.

In fact, things haven't changed much nowadays, since they are mainly used as companion dogs. But, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.

They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. But, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. So, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.

It also, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. But, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.

Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.

Last, your kindness and kindness, as well as his cheerful and attentive character, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.

Price

The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, It is not very difficult to find a Maltese breeder, because they are numerous.

In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.

Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, as well as the lineage from which they descend.

Images “Maltese”

Videos “Maltese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Maltese"

FCIFCI - Maltese
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Maltese, Sleeve Dog (English).
2. Bichon maltais (French).
3. Malteser (German).
4. Maltês, bichon maltês (Portuguese).
5. Bichón maltés, Maltaise, Couton, Mini Maltés, Pulguis (español).

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Shih Tzu
Tíbet FCI 208 . Tibetan breeds.

Shih Tzu

The hair Shih Tzu needs a lot of care, especially with the exhibition specimens

Content

History

The Shih Tzu It is a very ancient breed of dog (the first data found on them date from the 10th century to. C.) originating in China. There is an opinion widely about his origin, but often give acceptable they are descended from similar Tibetan dogs Lhasa Apso.

Like the Lhasa Apso, the Shih Tzu They are a race linked in some way with the Buddhist religion. The Chinese bred them and primped so they seem somewhat Lions. Even the name of the race, “Shih Tzu”, means “Lion dog”, which is usually blamed on the strong and deep bark of these animals.

They were highly prized in China as guard dogs.

In the seventeenth century the history of the Shih Tzu. The Dalai Lama, wanting to fill of gifts to the Chinese emperor, He gave some examples of this breed. Ending the 19th century, Ts’eu-hi, empress who was the grandmother of the last emperor, I was a big fan of the Shih Tzu and for this reason it had more than a hundred and specialized caregivers. When in 1908 the Empress died, the Shih Tzu suffered a severe blow.

At the beginning of the 1930s, He began to creep into houses of Chinese elders, leaving the ivory tower. And in that time he received some names: Lhasa Lion Dog, Tibetan Poodle, etc. And in 1934 was founded the Peking Kennel Club.

In 1937, the invasion of China by the Japanese was the reason for the disappearance of the Shih Tzu in China, your country of origin. But, Luckily, Europeans had already become fond of this breed, that in 1955 began to be extended by United States.

After her appearance, the Shih Tzu they replaced the Lhasa Apso as the favourite dogs of nobles and emperors. Travelers who visited the eastern country during that time brought the fashion for these small, hairy dogs to Europe and, later, to America, where made a strong impression. In the modern era, the fashion of the Shih Tzu gradually disappeared, and after the Communist revolution the dog breed was considered extinct in China, although it had already penetrated deeply in the West.

All the genetic inheritance of Shih Tzu comes from seven pairs of dogs, including a Pekingese, that through the efforts of several historians have been able to be identified.

Physical characteristics

The head of these dogs is small in proportion to the rest of your body, and eyes, black (and rarely even blue or brown) they are always huge, so there they deserve special care if you want to avoid health problems.

Her hair is long and very dense, but never curly (are allowed a bit of undulation), and it can be of all colors, Although it is more normal to the front and the end of the tail are white. The ears are large and pendants, and they have so much hair that seem to form a whole with the hair in the neck.

The snout is short and flat, sometimes causing them breathing problems; for example, is quite common that they ronquen soundly. The average length of life of this dog is fourteen years, However, a Shih Tzu that has been well cared for and has not had major health problems can live up to twenty-three years, in the case of one of the longest known dog breeds. Their colours can be white, dorado, black, liver, Silver, Red or brindel. The Shih Tzu They are animals that, due to their type of hair, do not give allergies to allergic people.

Physically they are not very tall (they measured a maximum 26,7 cm and weigh in 4,5 to 8,1 kg).

Character and skills

Dog breeds are often created for a specific purpose.. In this case, the purpose of Shih Tzu is to be a partner. Has no hunting instinct, nor on guard, and is never aggressive. He was selected just to be a faithful and loving friend.

Dog shih tzu vs Cat Funny Fight

The Shih Tzu It, Therefore, a dog that gets along with everyone, both with children and adults. Also appreciates other animals, especially felines. It is sometimes said to be a “dog Cat”, since its behavior is very similar to that of a feline. In fact, he decides when he wants to be caressed, and once he is an adult, he really appreciates just sitting still on his cushion. It also, tends to be independent and to obey only if you want. It also, like many small breeds of dogs, can be somewhat difficult.

But, the Shih Tzu he is a tender and calm companion, but also full of joy. He loves to play and to be taken care of: his master is everything to him. In fact, can't stand loneliness; if your family is usually far away, the company of another animal is welcome.

The Shih Tzu live as well in apartment as at home. Perfectly adapted to city life, he barks little and his calm character allows him to be carried everywhere: he will remain calmly at the feet of his master. Having said that, not a dog that needs a lot of exercise; a daily walk and games are enough for him. All this makes it an ideal dog for an older person., if it is willing to take on the daily maintenance it requires.

Education

Intelligent and endowed with a good learning ability, the Shih Tzu is nevertheless a stubborn dog. He does not like to obey blindly, and even less that they force him. Your master will have to be persistent and cunning. It is advisable to go through the game and fun rather to make him learn the orders.

Health

The Shih Tzu is generally in good health.

But, you are at risk of developing brachycephalic syndrome, because of his crushed face.

It also, is a dog that can be prone to ear infections, because of his drooping ears, or cataracts for his bulging eyes. You can also get contact conjunctivitis, in case your hair falls into your eyes. That is why it is advisable to lift the hair by putting a toupee on it.. In general, your eyes and ears should be checked regularly.

It also, being longer than tall, the Shih Tzu may have back problems, especially at the level of the intervertebral disc. It is advised to avoid going up and down the stairs too often. So, in the absence of elevator, it is better to take it.

It also, also has a predisposition to atopia, risk that increases if your hair is poorly cared for.

He is a greedy dog, who is prone to obesity. So, it is necessary to take care of the amount of food eaten. A maximum of 100 grams of kibble per day.

Last, if the cold doesn't bother you, the Shih Tzu it is instead sensitive to heat: in summer, it is necessary to shorten the walks, or perform them away from temperature peaks.

Grooming

To the Shih Tzu you have to take care of them with time and a lot of patience.

The maintenance of Shih Tzu requires careful attention.

In addition to the daily hairstyle, it is recommended to groom your Shih Tzu each 3 or 4 weeks. If cleaning is done at home, using a highly nourishing dog shampoo and conditioner will make the job easier. You have to dry the dog with a hair dryer, so that it does not catch cold.

On the other hand, it should be noted that the Shih Tzu only changes, making it one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

On the other hand, his eyes and teeth must be cleaned daily, and the ears once a week.

Food

You must be careful, as well, with food: they are delicate stomach dogs, normally they do not accept well anything else other than dry food. Veterinarians recommend give milk without lactose because many of them cannot tolerate.

Characteristics "Shih Tzu"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Shih Tzu" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Shih Tzu"

Photos:

1 – "Shih Tzu" Name: fibi (female), 1,5 years in the photo by Wawri (Tomasz Wawak), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – "Shih Tzu" Tommy by IrinaOnt, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – "Shih Tzu" in Tallinn duo CACIB, 17-18 in August of 2013, concurso Best in Puppies by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – I am a "Shih Tzu" I was born on 2 in February of 2012 by User:Andy the shihtzu, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – "Shih Tzu" pure blood, squirrel by Gabsy, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – "Shih Tzu" freshly shorn by Yvonne Hering, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Shih Tzu"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Shih Tzu"

FCIFCI - Shih Tzu
Shih

Alternative names:

1. Chrysanthemum Dog (English).
2. Chien lion (French).
3. Löwenhund, shih-tzu-kou (German).
4. Chinese Lion (Portuguese).
5. Perro león chino (español).

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Havanese
Cuba FCI 250 . Bichons

Thanks to its nature, the Havanese is used in therapy with animals

Bichón Habanero

Content

Characteristics "Havanese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Havanese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

Like all kind dogs Bichon, as the Coton de Tulear, the Bolognese or the Maltese, the Havanese has its origins in the western Mediterranean, on the Spanish and Italian coasts.

There are several theories about its appearance.. According to some historians, descends from Bichón de Tenerife, that was brought to Cuba in the 18th century, when several settlers began to settle on the island. Others believe that it is descended from Barbet and the Poodle French bred in France before being brought to Cuba by Spanish settlers, also during the 18th century. But, this hypothesis is much less plausible than the first.

In any case, as soon as you get to the island, their ancestors evolved to adapt to the climate, developing a lightweight, insulating coat to better tolerate heat. They also crossed paths with Blanquitos de la Habana, another Bichon-type dog that was already established on the island, but that has disappeared. Other crosses were probably made with Maltese, also imported by the settlers. The result was a more massive dog, rustic and robust.

It also, Cuba was subject to trade restrictions imposed by Spain at that time, and remained isolated for some time: this facilitated the development of a specifically local breed. During the 18th century, the breed was called Habanera, in reference to the city of Havana, capital of Cuba. They differed from other Bichon-type dogs by their fur, softer and that it could be of other colors besides white, and by its morphology. In fact, I was both smaller and bigger than them.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Havanese had become a very popular pet among Cuban aristocratic families. European travelers also fell under its spell, and some took them to england, Spain and France, which is why they also became fashionable in Europe in the middle of the century. Writer Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) and queen victoria (1819 – 1901) were some of the celebrities who owned them and who had a special predilection for this breed.

After the Cuban revolution of 1959, the race had a bad time. In fact, their number greatly decreased, to the point of being on the verge of extinction. But, some subjects accompanied people fleeing the chaos and went into exile abroad, especially in the state of Florida, in United States. Diplomatic tensions, sometimes very strong, they did not prevent Havanans from beginning to be known in the country. In fact, the breed probably owes its salvation to the individuals brought to the United States, as disturbances in their native territory caused a drastic drop in their numbers. In fact, although the breed continued to be present in Cuba during this period, it was primarily American enthusiasts who took up the breeding torch at this time in history.

Specialists emphasize in particular the importance of 11 specimens born on the island and who accompanied their masters to the United States: served as the basis for the selection made to constitute new lines. In fact, These 11 dogs were commissioned over the years 70 by the Goodales, a couple of American breeders. Enchanted by the intelligence of the race, its affectionate character and its great resistance to the hot and humid climate of Florida, they gave birth to puppies from the ten copies they possessed and developed a breeding program that was decisive. In fact, It is thanks to his work that the habanero had a new life in the United States and that new lines were born there, based on dogs born in Cuba. The first births took place in 1974, and in 1979 a breed club was created, the Havanese Club of America (HCA). Quickly, went from 9 to more than 400 Member, which shows how quickly this dog found an audience.

The recognition of Havanese

Although this country played a decisive role in the survival of the race, the official recognition of Havanans in the United States came late. In effect, we had to wait until 1991 for the United Kennel Club (UKC) take the step. The other local reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), he did the same 5 years later, in 1996.

El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) followed him in 1999.

On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) distinguished himself by recognizing the Havanese in 1963. This contributed to its spread in Europe., where the breed did not really enjoy the same popularity as in the second half of the 19th century.

In the United Kingdom, was recognized by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club in 1993.

More broadly, the Havanese is now recognized by all major international and national institutions in the world.

The situation of Havanese in Cuba

In Cuba, the flight of a large number of aristocrats (the same ones that constituted the main population of owners of this dog) to the United States and elsewhere could have raised fears of a disappearance of the race in the country.

But, this was avoided, since not all the owners of habaneros left, and some offspring continued to exist. Even in 1991 the Cuban Club of the Havanese (CCBH) with the aim of promoting the breed, protect it and promote its development. It also, of course, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC).

Today, the Havanese It is considered the national breed of Cuba – She is the only one from this country.). Obviously, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC). Enthusiasts now hope that the resumption of relations between the United States and the island will allow the exchange of dogs to expand the gene pool of Cuban and American bloodlines..

Did you know??

The Habanero It is the national dog of Cuba. Descend from the already gone Blanquito de la Habana; the Blanquito descends from Bichón Tenerife, too late.

Popularity

In the news, the Havanese is known and distributed all over the world, and is increasingly successful in many countries.

This is the case, in particular, from France, where each year some 800 dogs in the French Stud Book (LOF). The breed experienced an especially pronounced boom among 2009 and 2014, going from about 250 births per year to more than 700. Prior to that, the number had already doubled in the first decade of the 21st century, starting from a hundred, stable or even slightly inferior to the years 90.

In Switzerland, statistics from the Amicus Database show it to be the 20th most common breed in the country, With almost 5.000 registered copies.

The success of Havanese it is even more pronounced in Canada, where it is solidly anchored at the Top 10 of the most popular breeds in the country in view of the number of registrations in the CKC, standing between the 5th and 7th position depending on the year. The breed is also on the rise, since at the end of the decade of 2000 ranked 15th.

Its popularity is not denied in the United States either., where the stall is around 25 (of about 200) in the breed ranking established by the AKC based on the number of births registered each year in the organization. In the middle of the Decade of 2000, rather occupied the position 40, and around the 30 early in the decade 2010.

The Havanese is also increasingly popular in the UK, for example. In fact, at around 500 specimens registered annually with the KC at the end of 2010, more than double the score at the beginning of the decade, when some 200 births per year.

Physical characteristics

The Havanese is a small vigorous dog low on short legs, longhair, abundant, soft, preferably wavy. Their movements are alive and elastic.

Its height to the cross is of 21 to 29 cm., with the ideal of breed between 22,9 and 26,7 cm.. Its height is slightly smaller than the length from the shoulder to the hind legs, which should give the appearance of being slightly longer than it is tall. A unique aspect is the line of its back, straight but not horizontal. Their weight is between the 3,6 and 6,8 kg.

The truffle is black, the eyes are very large, in the form of almond, never round, Brown most obscure. It has a friendly expression. The contour of the eye should be dark brown to black. The ears are medium in length, implemented relatively high, falling along the cheeks forming a fold that elevates them slightly. Its tip is a bit strong tip. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Nor distant as windmill blades, or glued to the cheeks. It takes the high tail, in the form of pastoral staff (with the curved upper limb, in the form of scrolls) or, preferably, wound on the back; It is equipped with a fringe of long silky hairs.

With regard to their coat, the inner layer lanosa, is poorly developed; is often absent altogether. The layer of coverage is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy, and it can be curly, wicks.

There are two varieties of color:

  • Pure completely white, Fawn in different shades of the Griffon clear del habano (wetwood tobacco colour); spots of the mantle in these colors, sometimes slightly carborane.
  • White coat colors, light tawny to Brown, with black spots, black cloak. With the black nose and dark pigment around eyes, except for the chocolate-colored dogs, It can have dark brown pigment around the nose.

Mantle's hair should be long, soft, fluffy, silky and should be brushed frequently so that you do not enrede and form knots.
Many people consider Havanese Bichon a hypoallergenic dog.

Grooming “Havanese”

Provided that carried his dog an aesthetic Center, remind the professional stylist to revise the ears of your dog so that clean excess match, dust and dirt that might be present; as well as remove excess hair that grows in the ear hole. Deeper ear cleanings can only be done by the veterinarian.

It is important that you as the owner check your dog's ears and ears at least once a week to avoid more serious problems.. See where this is necessary for inspection and care to the veterinary doctor. Professional groomers should inform the owners of the pets they serve about possible ear problems so that they can be taken care of properly.

The nails should be cut each 3 to 4 weeks on average, their nails should measure approximately 1 cm., counting the root (which should measure up to half a centimeter). It is recommended that the cutting of nails do the veterinary doctor or the professional stylist. Owners if they do not have adequate experience should ask for advice to learn how to cut them; always using the tools in good condition and appropriate. Never cut the nails of your dog if you don't have special healing powder to control accidental bleeding that might be present. It is important that the dog is confident, post which tends to be aggressive in defending their legs.

The hair is very thin and fine. It is recommended to consistently styling each 2 or 3 days to prevent knots or lint from forming. It also, the hair helps to get rid of the unhealthy hairs. The breed standard provides for a cut of hair around their feet to avoid that look like a round pie and a small cut around the eyes for hygienic reasons, but no more cutting to participate in dog shows.

The hair of the Cubs is different from adult dogs, for this reason the agreement differently may be necessary. Check with your professional stylist. Remember your stylist to clean the anal glands of your dog as part of the routine of aesthetics; a veterinarian can also and recommend him to you each time this procedure must be your dog. The problems of anal glands are risky and uncomfortable.

Character and skills

They are very playful and good dogs with older people, rather than with the children. They love to climb on furniture and are one of the smallest companion breeds around..

The Havanese is exceptionally awake, It's easy to educate as alarm dog. Affectionate, cheerful nature, is nice, warm, funny, playful and even a little jester. He wants his entire family, including parents and children, and play endlessly with them. Rarely behaves aggressively, is friendly and is rarely shy or nervous around people, but still suspicious of strangers.

Ready and active, the Havanese has a light and elastic walk (physically given by his body), enough showy and agile as to emphasize their nature happy, also tends to be proud and conceited. It has free movements of the front limbs which move straight forward and the rear ones giving the push in a straight line.. It would always seek care through tricks as running from one room to another as fast as possible. You don't need too much exercise. This is a very people-oriented variety; They also have the habit of persecuting people without being possessive and play without attack.

The key word of this race is natural. The standard of the American Kennel Club speaks of one playful character rather than decorative and should reflect a Toy by its size and by playing with children and do tricks, not to be lying on a Silk Pillow.

Thanks to its nature, These dogs are used in therapy with animals, as for the deaf and in detection of termite among other assistance dog.

Price

The price of a puppy Havanese round the 1200 euros on average. But, this amount hides great disparities, since the price range goes from 700 to 2500 EUR.

whatever the country, the amount required depends on several criteria, as the quality of the lineage from which the animal comes, the prestige of the kennel, as well as, and above all, the intrinsic characteristics of the puppy, especially on the physical plane, that is to say, its greater or lesser approximation to the breed standard.

Images “Havanese”

Videos “Havanese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Havanese"

FCIFCI - Havanese
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Havanese dog, Havanese Cuban Bichon (English).
2. Bichon havanais (French).
3. Havaneser (German).
4. Bichon havanês, Havanese (Portuguese).
5. Bichón Habanero, Habanés (español).

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King Charles Spaniel
England FCI 128 . English Toy Spaniels

English Toy Spaniel

The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.

Content

History

Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. He had many, who came and went as they pleased through the corridors of the Royal Palace. They even had a privileged status!!

Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. He had managed to make himself indispensable to the Court..

But, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.

Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spaniel is based on standards that were last revised in 2010.

Physical characteristics

Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. The jaw is slightly lower, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.

▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Among 25 cm and 35 cm.
▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Among 3,5 kg and 6 kg
▷ Hair of the King Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.

Character and skills

It is difficult to find a dog that is easier to live with. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. So, No need to wait for it to come to you and anticipate its needs!!

He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.

It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..

More reserved than his cousin the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, remains gentle and calm in all circumstances.

Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, the king charles spaniel enjoys the company of children. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.

In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. As long as she can snuggle with her master and show her joy whenever she feels like it., will be happy. Older people like it a lot.

Education

Your sense of smell, his hearing and his intelligence make him not only a pleasant dog to live with, but also relatively easy to train. It is enough to indicate the limits that it should not cross and offer it good socialization so that it is an excellent life partner.. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: take advantage of this trait to hone their education and strengthen your bonds.

Health

With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, ears, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. You may also have problems with ear irritation and breathing and/or heart difficulties.. Last, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.

Grooming

The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.

For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, using an iron brush without bristles or a soft brush, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, making sure to use a special dog shampoo and previously remove the knots.

Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "King Charles Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
2 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
3 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=281620&picture=king-charles-spaniel
4 – King Charles Spaniel sitting while looking up, during the dog show in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. by Pleple2000 10:18, 5 April 2006 (UTC), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – King Charles Spaniel by Universe876 at Italian Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – King Charles Spaniel named blenheim by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "King Charles Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"

FCIFCI - King Charles Spaniel
King

Alternative names:

1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (español).

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Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Francia Belgica Spain FCI 215 . Bichons

The owner of a Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) You should avoid leaving it alone, suffers from anxiety when you're alone.

Content

Characteristics "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

It is said that the Bichon Frise, also known as Bichon à  poil frisé, is the product of a cross between the Maltese and other small dogs, including Barbet (French Water Dog), ancestor of Poodle.

Very present on the shore of the Mediterranean during the 14th century, would have been introduced to the Canary Islands by merchants and sailors who traveled the seas. At that time, the curly-haired Bichon was called Tenerife, by the name of one of the Canary Islands.

It was at the beginning of the 16th century when the Bichon Frise made its appearance in France, more specifically under the reign of Francisco I (1494-1547), that made him her favorite companion. Later, King Henry IV (1553-1610), that he was a great admirer of the breed, made it a very popular companion dog and requested by the ladies and gentlemen of the Court.

The heyday of Bichon Frise lasted until the 18th century, two centuries marked by the interest of the great painters of the time for this little dog. We find it for example in 1770 in the work of the painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The sweet ticket, depicting a woman with a magnificent bichon frize. In 1795, Francisco Goya painted The Duchess of Alba, with a Bichon Frise lying at his feet. Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), Louis XV's favorite (1710-1774), would have had several Bichon Frise.

During the Second Empire (1852-1870), the Bichon Frise, always in fashion, progressively left the halls of the aristocracy and became very popular with the general population. Appreciated for his intelligence and agility, accompany the entertainers in the streets, to jugglers and other organ players.

Unfortunately, as with many breeds of dogs, World War I was a severe blow to the Bichon à  poil frisé, and during the interwar period, the breeders of Bichon Frise almost entirely disappeared.

Fortunately, a passionate Belgian breeder and lover of the breed allowed it to survive by organizing several reproductions in the decade of 1920. France officially recognized the breed in 1933.

World War II and its terrible consequences, in both human and animal terms, were a second blow to the race, you had to wait three decades before seeing a new boom.

In 1960, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the Bichon à poil frisé, giving him Belgian and French origins, but it wasn't until the decade of 1970 when his popularity really started to grow.

In United States, the Bichon Frize Club of America was created in 1964, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1973.

In France, el Club of Bichons and Small Dogs Lions trabaja desde 1947 to defend and improve the Bichon Frise, but also the Bichon Maltese, the habanero, the Bichon Bolonais and the Little Lion Dog.

  • Japanese canine Club: Recognized the dogs miniature group in 1972.
  • Organization International Dogshow: Recognized in the Group of Companion Dogs in 1972.
  • American Kennel Club: AKC (United States). Entered into regular classes in 1973.
  • Canadian Kennel Club: CKC (Canada). Classified in the Group of dogs not hunters in 1975.
  • United Kennel Club: UKC (United States). Recognized in 1981.
  • The Kennel Club: KC (Great Britain).

These associations allow having useful references to estimate the popularity of the breed, Learn about the effort to keep defined, get advice for purchasing a purebred puppy and see this race to compete.

Physical characteristics

The Bichon Frise it's a small dog, light and very elegant. His skull is flat, his stop is not very marked and his nose is quite black. His round eyes are dark (between dark brown and black) and his ears are thin, falls and with a lot of hair. The tail is carried erect and gracefully curved, but not curled.

Their coat is fine, soft, silky, slightly curly. Relatively long, of 7 to 10 cm.. It has an inner mantle of wool.

Hair color can be white or brown very clearly. The height at the cross in the males is of 24 to 26.5 cm and the females of 23 to 30 cm.. The standard weight of the Bichon Frise lies between 3 and 6 Kg.

Life expectancy

They tend to live in 12 to 15 years.

Character and skills

Happy, lively and fearless, the Bichon Frise He is a small dog who easily expresses and communicates his joie de vivre. Very cuddly, loving and playful, he likes to be taken care of, and his mischief makes his charm. Very attached to his master, he is a dog that loves family life.

So that, the Bichon Frise It is an ideal companion dog for all age groups., as playful with children as kind to the elderly. He also likes to be around active people, with which you can share some canine sports activity, like caniVTT or agility.

Living in an apartment suits you just as well as living in a house with a garden, as long as your need for exercise is met with at least one walk a day.

Well mannered, tolerate loneliness wisely and without barking for hours, although he undeniably seeks the company.

Very sociable, gets along as well with humans as with other animals, including cats. Like this, the Bichon Frise he's a bad watchdog, although it can alert to the presence of a stranger through some barking.

Education

The Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) easy to educate as long as clear and precise hierarchical references are given from a young age. His master must be firm, but without excesses or brutality, patient and consistent.

Sometimes it can be a cheater, but he knows how to do it to get what he wants. Like this, its owner should not be overwhelmed, because a badly mannered dog that only does what it wants is a dog that is not comfortable with itself, In addition to being difficult for its owner to live with.

Naturally docile, vivacious and intelligent, the Bichon Frise is the ideal candidate for learning tricks or for obedience, because he quickly assimilates what is expected of him.

Health

The Bichon Frise he is a robust dog, cold and heat resistant. It is even one of the longest-lived dogs, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.

But, this does not prevent you from being predisposed to certain diseases such as cutaneous lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, joint disorders (dislocation of patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease, etc.) or eye disorders (cataract, stromal corneal dystrophy, etc.).

Grooming

The Bichon Frise, whose molt is almost non-existent, it is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

But, their coat requires a lot of maintenance. In effect, you have to brush it every day, at the risk of having so many knots that it is necessary to take it to a hairdresser to be sheared.

It is also a good idea to bathe your dog once a month with a nourishing dog shampoo., followed by an equally nourishing conditioner, to facilitate daily detangling and keep her beautiful white coat looking perfect.

To avoid the stripes that brown the pure white fur of the Bichon Frise, it is also necessary to clean the eyes every day.

It also, croquettes are preferable to other types of food, as they prevent whiskers from turning brown.

You should also take special care with your dog's ears and, in particular, prevent hair from growing on them, as it could allow moisture to settle in them and cause ear infections. Hair in the ear canal can be easily removed with tweezers.

Last, it is advisable to take the Bichon à  poil frisé to the groomer three or four times a year to get her long curly locks shortened.

Images “Bichon Frise”

Videos “Bichon Frise”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • ​KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

FCIFCI - Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Bichon Frise (English).
2. Bichon à poil frisé (French).
3. Bichon Frisé, hannover’scher schweisshund (German).
4. Bichon frisé (Portuguese).
5. Bichon de pelo rizado, Bichón Tenerife (español).

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Chihuahua
México FCI 263 . Chihuahueno

Chihuahua

This little dog has a personality sassy large.

Content

History

The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; receives the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is supposed to have lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the indigenous people during the time of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word “Chihuahua” means “arid and sandy place” in Rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others that were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, the vague brown dogs with pointed ears that result when dogs are left to breed on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, The Chihuahua ranks 13th among the breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, height varies more than within any other race.

Usually, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 to 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

But, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Larger sized chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines..

Usually their teeth are double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors varies in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

Character and skills

The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, correct training and socialization can result in an excellent companion animal.

The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other Chihuahuas over other dogs.

As well, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, which can cause damage and injury to our pet...

Health

Many Chihuahuas are sensitive to cold due to their small body size.. Chihuahua owners often dress their dogs in coats in cold weather, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahuas tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

Another genetic abnormality in Chihuahuas and other Toy breeds is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are more noticeable (because "a big head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, and are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same rate as their siblings. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

However some chihuahua may have what is called 'molera or fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull.. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and their relative proximity to the ground.

Chihuahuas can also be born with a liver defect known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, stunted growth and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the offspring measure between 3 cm to 5 cm..

Chihuahuas are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, may suffer from short lifespans and health problems due to extreme dwarfism. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or specifically advertise very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, noting that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the “Pocket Chihuahua” has come to stay...

The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

The Chihuahueno “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That is when its general appearance begins to change, now with a more prominent head and a stockier body, and it is precisely abroad where, by establishing the racial norm of the breed, this type of modified Chihuahua is established as the “standard” When is the original the type “deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

“Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are like this because they suffered a deformation in the bones due to malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

Reproduction

The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many ways, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, Vulvar blood loss and male attraction. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 to 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

DIESTRO: (of 110 to 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

ANESTRO (of 150 to 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

So that, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most often it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 to 63 days. The normal delivery period ranges from 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

  • The first phase corresponds to the opening and relaxation of the cervix for the exit of the puppies.. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips thicken and a yellowish-white viscous liquid escapes from the lower corner.. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. go in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
  • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

  • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

Grooming

Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

  • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to remove dead hair and keep their skin and coat healthy.
  • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

If brush to the faithful chihuahua, should not need frequent baths. But, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so it doesn't get cold. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

Characteristics "Chihuahua"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chihuahua" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Chihuahua”

credits:

1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

Videos “Chihuahua”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 6: Chihuahueno
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Chihuahua"

FCIFCI - Chihuahua
Chihuahua

Alternative names:

1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
3. Chihuahua (German).
4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
5. Chihuahua, chihuahua mejicano (español).