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Silky Terrier
Australia FCI 236 . Toy Terriers

Australian Silky Terrier

The Silky Terrier not appropriate to live with other smaller pets.

Content

History

The Silky Terrier is a native of Australia dog, Although the types and ancestral breeds were of Great Britain. The ancestors of the Australian Silky Terrier include the Yorkshire Terrier (originating in England and Scotland before being considered) and the Aussie (descended from wire-haired Terriers brought from Britain to Australia in the 19th century 19), but the records do not indicate whether early dogs were simply Terrier Australian born with silky fur, or if there was an attempt to create a breed apart.

In accordance with the American Kennel Club, the race began at the end of the 19th century, being result of crosses between a Yorkshire Terrier and Aussie. At the beginning, the breed became known as “the sydney silk”, since it was located mainly in the city of Sydney, Australia. Although most Australian breeds are listed as working dogs, el Australian Silky Terrier, is considered to be, was raised –mainly- to be an urban pet and companion of the family, but also It is a breed known for killing snakes in Australia.

Videos "Silky Terrier"

Until 1929, the Terrier australiano, the Silky Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier they were not clearly defined, in the same litter, three dogs could be born of breeds that over time were considered, different. According to existing information, they were separated by the appearance in different types once they raised separately.

After 1932 in Australia, miscegenation was tweaking, and in 1955 the name of the race officially became Australian Silky Terrier. The breed was recognized by the national canine Council of Australia, in 1958 in the Toy group.

During and after World War II American soldiers who had been sent to Australia, return to United States, they brought several Australian Silky Terrier. Photographs in the newspapers of the time (1954), They show the soldiers, back home wearing their pets Australian Silky Terrier, and this caused a rise in popularity to the race, and Australian Silky Terrier hundreds were imported from Australia to the United States.

The American Kennel Club He acknowledged the race as the Silky Terrier in 1959, like the United Kennel Club ((UNITED STATES)UU.) in 1965, and the Canadian Kennel Club. The breed is recognized by all major canine clubs of the English speaking world, and internationally by the International Cynological Federation as breed number 236.

Physical characteristics

The Australian Silky Terrier is a Terrier, but is usually placed in the Group of dogs Toy type, instead of the Terrier group, due to its small size. The Federation Cynologique Internationale has a special section of the Terrier group that includes only the smaller dogs, While other canine clubs, place the breed in the Toy group, but universally everyone agrees that the breed type is Terrier.

His mantle's hair is grey, Griffon's soft texture and bluish, smooth and long. It requires constant maintenance and brushing. An Australian Silky Terrier should be about 23 to 25 cm to cross and weighs between 3.6 and 8 kg, Although the steps may vary between the different federations. It should be a little bit longer than that width (about one-fifth longer than the height at the cross).

El Silky terrier australiano, small, almond-shaped eyes. according to the rules, the eyes are considered to lack. The ears are small and erect. It has a tail of high adjustment and small feet, almost like a cat. The hair should be long. The hair on the face and ears is usually cut.

This breed must have with a Barber every three weeks and their teeth should be brushed. Terriers are notorious for having tooth and gum problems..

The layer of Silky Terrier is very susceptible to tangles and mats and requires daily brushing and the hairstyle. This breed requires a deep commitment to the owners. To keep the shiny fur, regular washing is necessary. Using an avocado and oatmeal shampoo will help relieve itchy skin., characteristic dryness of this breed.

Character and skills

The breed standard describes the ideal temperament of the Australian Silky Terrier as a sharp warning and active. They love to have opportunities to run and play, but you must have a well-fenced garden. They also enjoy vigorous walks and play ball. What can be done to combat the boredom will be well received by these small.

Though in the past it was used as mouse-eared dog although currently its main function is to be a pet since it adapts without any problem to life in houses or apartments. Gets along very well with people who respect him and cared for. It can cause problems with other dogs because despite their tiny size they tend to be slightly angry. It is not appropriate to live with other small pets. Thanks that you be walking. Live an average of 15 years.

Australian Silky Terrier pictures

Videos Australian Silky Terrier

Group 3 / Section 4 – Pet Terrier

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Australian Terrier
Australia FCI 8 . Small sized Terrier

The Australian Terrier is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence.

Australian Terrier

Content

Characteristics "Australian Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History


The Australian Terrier It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, classified in the section 2.

Due to his appearance, He is often confused with a Yorkshire Terrier large size. Is not surprising because, this breed comes from crossing a Yorkshire Terrier and different breeds of Terrier among the Skye Terrier, Cairn Terrier, the Norwich Terrier and other Irish Terrier.

Its origin goes back in the early 19th century, when accompanied by their Terrier British families travelled to Australia, and the vicissitudes of fate led those Terriers to interbreed with the natives..., and this is how many races in the world have been born.

In the early years of its existence, the Australian Terrier was known by the name Broken-coated-Terrier or Broken-hair-buel-and-tan”.

The wording of the first breed standard, took place in the year 1896, While the official recognition of the same, It is located a little later… in 1933. Y, The latest revision of the standard dates from 1962.

Otros nombres: Terrier Australien

Group 3 / Section 2 – Small sized Terrier.

Physical characteristics

It is a long dog (in relation to your height), rustic looking, robust with short limbs and strong.

The head is elongated, It has the black truffle and scissor closing denture. It has pointed ears being erect and small and dark eyes. The tail is often be amputated.

The height of the Australian Terrier is maximum 25 cm. to the cross in males and 22,5 to 23 in females, the average weight is 4.5 to 5 Kg.

The hair is hard, straight and average length. that rustic look, precisely, Since hair is rough to the touch and out gives it.

The fur can be blue or silver, with stains of fire (or bronze) on the limbs and snout, or color sand clear or Griffon.

Puppies are born black solid color and change color in three months.

Observations

It is a very robust breed of dog, that often has a high percentage of Diabetes Mellitus.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes is defined as a disorder in the metabolism of the hydrates of carbon, fats and proteins caused by a deficiency of insulin, It can be absolute or relative.

Insulin is a hormone secreted in the beta cells of the pancreas, whose production allows to control blood sugar (blood glucose levels). Insulin deficiency causes a deterioration in the capacity of tissues to use nutrients, that translates into an increase of glucose in blood (Hyperglycemia).

Diabetes is classified according to the disease in humans, that is to say, as type I and type II.

The type I It is characterized by the destruction of beta cells, What determines the loss progressive and complete end of insulin secretion. Dogs suffering from Type I Diabetes Mellitus may have a sudden onset of symptoms due to the rapid loss of the ability to produce insulin.. These cases require insulinización from the time of diagnosis and are called diabetics 1,811 (DMID).

Other dogs may have a gradual loss of insulin secretion, that their beta cells will be destroyed with slow. These animals may have an initial period in which hyperglycemia is mild or easily controlled., in which case it's diabetic insulinoindependientes (DMIID), Although in the long term these dogs also need her.

Diabetes Mellitus type II is a little more difficult to understand and is characterized by what we call "insulin resistance" and by "dysfunctional" beta cells. The secretion of insulin by these cells will be high, low or normal, but not enough to overcome the resistance to it in the peripheral tissues.

It´s, to explain it in a graphic way, It is as if peripheral tissues do not obey the orders of the insulin or were not able to do what send it.

Regarding the metabolism or synthesis of glucose, These dogs may have DMID or DMIID, that is to say, whether or not to require insulin depending on the extent of insulin resistance and the functional status of the beta cells in terms of their ability to produce and secrete the hormone in low amounts, normal or high.

Dogs also recognizes a secondary diabetes, produced by a carbohydrate intolerance (glucose) due to the presence of a disease or a drug treatment that it antagonizes or counteracts the effects of insulin and can lead to the exhaustion of the beta cells of the pancreas with the appearance of diabetes insulinodependiente.

The owners of diabetic dogs should be aware that the routine in the treatment with insulin and food has to be respected. Two fixed doses of insulin per day associated with a palatable food that always provides the same source and the same amount of starch, always run at the same time it can reduce the risk of hypoglycemia in diabetic dogs.

In North America, area where the Australian Terrier is very popular, scientific research is being carried out on the incidence of this disease.

Character and skills

The breed standard describes the ideal Australian Terrier temperament as an alert spirit., “with the natural aggressiveness of a Buzzard and a Hunter of coverage“.

Taking into account the Classification of dogs according to their functional and obedience intelligence (Stanley Coren's "The Intelligence of Dogs") the Australian Terrier ranks number 34. Means that, is higher than the average, which indicates a good capacity for learning and training.

The Australian Terrier is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence, loyalty and faithfulness.

Sometimes it can become dominant, so a good training from an early age would be appropriate..

It is perfectly adapted to any type of housing, whether large or small (apartment, House, house with garden, etc.). It should be enough with daily brushing and a walk.

Images “Australian Terrier”

Videos “Australian Terrier”

Australian Terrier (Terrier Australia)

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
  • AKC – Terriers
  • ANKC – Terriers


FCI breed standard "Australian Terrier"

FCIFCI - Australian Terrier
Australian

Alternative names:

1. Aussie (English).
2. Terrier australien (French).
3. Aussie (German).
4. Terrier australiano (Portuguese).
5. Aussie, Terrier Australiano (español).

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Italian Greyhound
Italia FCI 200 . Short-haired Sighthounds

Galgo Italiano

The Italian Greyhound despite being an Italian breed, not widely used in your country.

Content

History

Of ancient origin, the Italian Greyhound He is a descendant of the small sighthounds that were present in the court of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

The current breed is believed to have originated in what is now Turkey and Greece.. Although it is not clear if the breed was used as a hunting dog or as a companion dog. (or maybe both), it is clear that he made a strong impression there, to the point that it is represented in many ceramic finds during archaeological excavations.

The breed spread to Italy around the 5th century BC.. Italian Greyhound Remains Found in Pompeii, city ​​buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 a.C.

There are few traces of this dog until the Middle Ages, when he became the favorite of the nobility. Although the dog was found in most of Mediterranean Europe, was particularly successful in Italy, where its current name comes from. Once again, the artists of the time chose to pay tribute to him: This time, was immortalized in the paintings of the great masters.

Little by little he conquered northern Europe and arrived in Great Britain in the 16th century., where it soon became popular with the nobility, and was even adopted by some sovereigns. His popularity in Europe grew steadily, peaking in the 19th century, but the conflicts of the first half of the 20th century decimated their ranks.

Fortunately, had already crossed the Atlantic to the United States, to the point that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1886. Although their number was never very great, it was these American lines that contributed to the post-war revival of the breed. In fact, to reinstate their breeding programs, European breeders (and in particular those of Great Britain) They resorted to importing animals from the United States.

In 1948, the United Kennel Club (UKC) American recognized breed, followed in 1956 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FC). Today, all the main canine associations recognize the Italian Greyhound, o IG, as it is affectionately known by Anglo fans.

Like this, is present all over the world and enjoys a certain popularity, that tends to grow. in your country of origin, each year more than 300 dogs in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana, versus less than 200 at the end of the years 200. In United States, ranks 70 (of 195) among the most popular breeds, according to the number of annual registrations in the AKC. In the United Kingdom, registrations are increasing considerably, going from little more than 200 per year around 2010 twice that figure alone 10 years later. The same upward trend is observed in France, where now more than 450 copies per year in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF), in front of some 200 in the decade of 1990 and principles of 2000. In the news, it is the second most popular sighthound breed in the country, far behind the Whippet.

Physical characteristics

The Italian Greyhound has, as the name reflects, the elegant and distinguished look of a miniature greyhound. In fact, It is the smallest of the sighthounds.

Her slender body is almost perfectly square, its length is equal to its height at the withers. Their slender legs, with a refined bone structure, have well-developed musculature, but not bulky. The tail, carried low in its first half and then curved up, it is also very fine.

The head is long, oblong and narrow, sitting on a long, muscular neck, with a diameter greater than that of the skull, which is flat. Its conical snout ends in a black nose, or at least dark. His big round eyes, very expressive, they are rather dark brown. His little ears, carried high, they have fine cartilage and fold in on themselves. When the dog is on the prowl, stands upright and the lobe is placed in a horizontal position, a position called “windlass”.

The mantle of Italian Greyhound has no undercoat and consists of short hair, silky and fine that covers the whole body without fringes. The coat can be any shade of black, gray or isabela (a color between beige and yellow). There may be some white markings on the chest and feet.

Last, sexual dimorphism is very mild: males and females are roughly the same size and weight.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 32 to 38 cm.
▷ female size: 32 to 38 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 kg
▷ female weight: 5 kg

Character and skills

The Italian Greyhound He is very affectionate with the members of his family. He likes to spend most of his time with them., either playing, walking, lounging next to you or sneaking under the covers for the night. Can tolerate being left alone relatively well when master is working, especially if you know that you will receive affection and attention when you return. On the other hand, You are likely to suffer from separation anxiety if you have to spend a whole weekend away from your family. It is a dog that needs attention, and is able to spend hours with his master on the living room sofa, but also to follow him with curiosity throughout the house.

No matter how close he is to his family, this dog is very shy in the presence of strangers: after barking to signal its presence, runs and hides to watch from a distance how things are going.

Live very well with young people, who are excellent playmates for him: It is a recommended dog for children. But, children must have learned to behave with an animal and be aware that it is not a toy, to avoid any form of abuse. This is especially true since the miniature size of this dog, attached to their fine and brittle bones, means that accidents can happen very quickly. They should also be careful to speak to you in a calm voice., as he would soon be frightened by loud shouts of joy or exaggerated crying. In any case, regardless of race, the interaction between a dog and a young child should always take place under the supervision of an adult.

The sociability of Italian Greyhound spreads to other animals, so living with them is not usually a problem. But, if the Italian Greyhound must share a home with a larger dog, it is important to ensure that the larger dog does not see the Italian Greyhound like prey or disturb him too violently when playing together. It also, this dog likes to chase everything that moves, what could be a source of stress for a small rodent like a mouse, although it is unlikely that it will actually be attacked.

In fact, the Italian Greyhound is an active dog, who likes to run, jump and play, although, of course, this decreases as you get older. Agility is an ideal dog sport to satisfy your need for exercise. But if you don't have access to the outside, quickly find a clue among the living room furniture, that you can use, for example, to run and jump on the highest furniture. It must be said that this dog shares with cats a special fondness for high places, so it is not uncommon to find him frolicking on the kitchen table or bedroom dresser.

But, they can live well in a flat, as long as they have enough space to exercise for at least an hour a day. But, the owner should be aware that they may have cleaning problems, especially if not taken for walks often enough. Thus, it is recommended that you have access to the outdoors, where he can run and relieve himself before returning to the heat of home, in every sense. As it is difficult for him to contain himself when he feels like it, a dog hatch is ideal so that he can go to the garden independently. This also makes it easy for you to sunbathe in the garden whenever you want., since it is one of his favorite activities. But, the garden must not have gaps through which it can slip and must be fenced with a fence of at least 1,5 m high to prevent it from jumping. In any case, an underground electric fence would not be an effective device, since it is not the download received that would make it go back. In fact, his propensity to run after anything that moves means he can take off quickly as soon as he is given the chance. For the same reason, it is recommended to always carry it on a leash when walking. This is all the more true since it can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h, which makes it very difficult to catch it once it has started.

In this regard, remember that, like all sighthounds, the Italian Greyhound has a neck wider than the head, which makes the usual collars ineffective. There are special collars on the market for this type of dog, but a simple harness can also achieve the desired result.

A little manipulative, the Italian Greyhound tends to do what he wants and can easily guide a master who does not know how to teach him the family hierarchy and who allows himself to be touched by his big eyes. However, is an intelligent dog, who generally likes to please his family. They can teach you some tricks and, in general, he loves games that stimulate him both physically and mentally. In particular, does not tire of looking for a ball and loves any activity that involves searching or chasing an object.

His drive makes him capable of getting into difficult situations, especially when he is young. In fact, This reckless little guy doesn't realize how fragile he is, and many representatives of the breed end up with a broken leg after trying to jump from too high a place.

Last, has a much more powerful voice than its small size suggests. Yes indeed, not a big barker, although he does not hesitate to let himself be heard throughout the neighborhood when he perceives an unknown noise.

education

The education of Italian Greyhound should start asap, placing special emphasis on their socialization. In fact, this is important for this relatively shy dog ​​to get used to people, animals and situations you may face later in life.

Another crucial point in your education is cleanliness.. Your bladder is only as small as your size. So, even with all the goodwill in the world, can't keep it for long. So, it is important to teach him to relieve himself in an agreed place (abroad, If it is possible, or in a litter box inside) and to point out your urgent needs, to be taken into account without delay. But, no homeowner is safe from an accident one day, even with a well-trained adult dog. If this happens, of course, you should avoid punishing your dog, since nothing good will come of it.

Despite your undeniable stubbornness, the training of the Italian Greyhound shouldn't be too difficult: in fact, it is a very suitable breed as a first dog. Positive reinforcement methods are very successful with this breed, who likes to be rewarded for their efforts with treats, encouragement and caresses. On the other hand, traditional dog training techniques do not work well with this dog and are likely to amplify his natural shyness.

On the other hand, even with a good training method and a good coach, you will find it difficult to pay attention for a long time, so it is better to do several short sessions each day than one long session that will bore you and probably not be successful.

Health

The little Italian greyhound is a fairly robust breed, and many of these representatives have more than 15 years.

But, is particularly predisposed to a long list of diseases and conditions:

  • Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that can make walking easier or more difficult;
  • Dislocated kneecap, that affects the ball and causes lameness;
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, hip bone deformity often mistaken for dysplasia, what can make arthritis premature if not done in time;
  • Periodontal problems, for example with bleeding gums or even tooth loss;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, causing breakdown of eye tissue that could lead to vision loss;
  • Alopecia, total or partial hair loss;
  • cryptorchidism, when one of the testicles of a male individual does not descend into its place;
  • The Hypothyroidism, a thyroid gland disorder responsible for excessive weight gain and listless behavior;
  • Epilepsy, a disease caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures;
  • The glaucoma, excessive increase in pressure inside the eye, causing pain and loss of vision;
  • Vitro-retinal degeneration, characterized by deposits on the retina that resemble snowflakes;
  • The portosystemic shunt, when a vein allows blood to bypass the liver. So it no longer leaks, which causes a lot of problems. Surgery is usually prescribed, with a success rate of 85%;
  • Skin cancer, often caused by excessive sun exposure;
  • Von Willebrand disease, causing blood clotting problems.

This breed is also particularly prone to leg fractures., especially in the radius and ulna (Paws). In fact, its fine structure is not as resistant as sometimes seems to be imagined, so much so that his reckless side can often lead to an accident.

It also, this breed seems particularly sensitive to organic phosphate insecticides. So, it is necessary to carefully choose the products used inside the house and / or in the garden.

The Italian Greyhound you may also be allergic to certain anesthetics and barbiturates. This point should be discussed with the veterinarian before any operation..

Finally, with its small size and short fur, It is a canine breed that fears cold and bad weather. If you live outside the house, what is not recommended, need adequate shelter. It also, it is useful to dress him in a dog windbreaker on walks when it rains, or a sweater if the air is cold.

On the other hand, even if you particularly appreciate this, we need to make sure you don't spend too much time in the sun in the summer, because it is quite prone to skin problems. So, it is advisable to keep it in the shade, or at least put on a dog sunscreen.

Life expectancy

Of 13 to 14 years

Grooming

The Italian Greyhound it is a very easy breed to care for.

In fact, its short coat only requires a quick weekly brushing to keep it shiny. They shed very little and do not have a noticeable molting period during which molting might require more regular maintenance..

That is why they are considered a hypoallergenic breed of dog.. Having said that, remember that there is no zero risk: someone allergic to dogs should take the time to check in real conditions that there are no problems with the animal they are considering adopting. But, a dog that sheds very little, as is the case of the Italian greyhound, has an effectively reduced risk of transmitting allergens.

In any case, brushing the dog's hair once a week is usually enough to clean it: unless it has been rolled up in a sticky or smelly substance, it is usually not necessary to bathe him.

To complete this weekly session, you have to check your teeth, eyes and ears and clean them if necessary. Pay special attention to your teeth and gums to check for any inflammation that could be a sign of periodontal disease., since it is a health problem to which it is more prone than other dogs.

Last, check that its claws are not too long, and if they are, you have to cut them, as there is a risk that you will be hindered in your movements and / or hurt. But, this is not necessarily a problem with a very active dog, as natural wear and tear can take care of it.

Food

The Italian Greyhound you have no difficulty choosing your food, and commercial dog food is doing well. So that you receive all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for your good health, food must be of good quality and adapted to their size and age.

It's important to stick to the manufacturer's recommended daily amounts to make sure you don't overeat. If your dog receives treats, especially as part of their training, the corresponding caloric intake should be deducted from your daily allowance to avoid weight gain.

In general, a responsible owner who cares about keeping his dog healthy should monitor his diet and weight by weighing him regularly. If you have a slip, do not wait to correct the situation: in general, just reduce your servings and give you more exercise. If that is not the case, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian to rule out a possible health problem and establish a more appropriate diet.

On the other hand, remember that the Italian Greyhound is a naturally slimmer breed than many others: do not be alarmed by it, or try to remedy it by increasing your diet.

Price “Italian Greyhound”

The price of a puppy Italian Greyhound round the 1000 EUR.

But, this average price hides a rather large disparity, since the fork goes from 700 to 1.400 EUR. The difference from one subject to another is largely explained by their physical characteristics., more or less close to the norm. Lineage is important too: a puppy whose parents or other ancestors have received honors at various dog shows is bound to fetch a higher price. Sex also influences, as females tend to be slightly more expensive than males.

Characteristics "Italian Greyhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Italian Greyhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Italian Greyhound"

Photos:

1 – A male of Italian Greyhound by christina, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A female of Italian Greyhound llamada Sakura by tanakawho, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Enzo, a Italian Greyhound called Enzo by madaise
4 – Italian Greyhound by Mark Robinson
5 – Italian Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-galgo-italiano-lindo-mascota-3810479/
6 – dogs of Italian Greyhound by Italian_Greyhound_Puppies.jpg: Jim or Katie McClartyderivative work: Anka Friedrich, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Italian Greyhound"


Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
  • Standard CCC (Canadian Kennel Club / Canadian Kennel Club)
  • Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana –


FCI breed standard "Italian Greyhound"

FCIFCI - Italian Greyhound
Petit

Alternative names:

1. (Italian: Piccolo levriero Italiano), Italian Sighthound (English).
2. Petit lévrier italien (French).
3. Italian Greyhound (German).
4. (em italiano: Piccolo levriero italiano), Piccolo levriero italiano (Portuguese).
5. Piccolo, Galgo Italiano, Lebrel italiano (español).

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Griffon belge
Bélgica FCI 81 . Griffons

Grifón Belga

The Griffon belge is almost identical to Griffon Bruxellois, from which differs only in color.

Content

History

Originally from Belgium, as the name reflects, the Griffon belge It is an original and easy-going companion dog.. Rational in origin, They are today friendly and lively companions who however struggle to find their audience as they remain one of the lesser known breeds in the group. 9.

The three races that make up the group 9 of the ICF have a similar morphology, but different coat quality and color varieties.

They share a common history and are descended from a small, wire-haired dog., the “smousje“, present in the Brussels region for decades.

The three varieties were selected in the 19th century with blood from other small companion breeds such as the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel. The Yorkshire Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer and the Affenpinscher they could also have been used in the cocktail that created the three races.

The first Griffon belge were entered in the Book of Origins of Saint-Hubert in 1883.

These dogs became very popular at the beginning of the 20th century thanks to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium.. They became the favorites of high society ladies and elegant women.

The iconography that represents the breed is abundant and paintings with small wire-haired Griffons have been found since the 17th century..

The breed began to be exported abroad, especially to France in the middle of the 20th century.

Physical characteristics

This is a small dog a balanced, sturdy built, almost square body frame, fixed frame and elegant movements, the look awake and lively. Its almost human expression is especially striking.

The body weight is about 3,5 – 6 kg. The head is the most characteristic and striking part of the body. It must be quite large compared to the body and the hair of it is rough, erected, makes a rich mustache and beard. It also highlights the visual aspect of the “big head”. The skull should be broad and rounded, properly arched eyebrows.

The nose from the front at the same level as the eyes should be black, wide, with the nostrils properly open. Its tip should be so far back when viewed from the side flush with chin and forehead.

The lips are black at the edges, tight, near the jaws and teeth. There is no overlap of the top and bottom. If they are too loose, interrupt the desired expression. The lower jaw is longer than the upper jaw (physiologically underprotected jaw), directed slightly upwards, wide at the top and cannot be pointed. Its width is very important since the chin protrudes. The incisors of both jaws should be regularly arranged in a row, in which the top and bottom are parallel. No incisors should be missing. If the mouth is closed, neither teeth nor tongue can be seen.

The eyes must be separated, be big and round, should never be prominent. The iris is brown, the more dark best. The edges of the eyelids should be black. The defect is considered small eyes, oval in shape and bright colors.

The back is straight, short and strong. The tail must be set high and carried. When amputated, should be reduced by 2/3 of its original length. If the animal protection law prohibits cuts, can remain uncut. When it unfolds, must be high, curved so that its tip bends towards the back, don't touch the back or can't squirm. Short tail, twisted or kinked is considered a serious offense.

The Griffon belge they have a rough coat with undercoat. The mantle is rough, slightly wavy, but not curly. The fur rules, but to be correctly evaluated its structure must be long enough. Too long hair obscures the typical silhouette and is therefore not acceptable. A silky or woolly coat is evaluated as a serious fault.

Character and skills

He is a nervous dog and can become a very barking dog if he feels lonely or bored. He has a strong personality and for this he needs a good education from a very young age. The Griffon belge she is also lively, attentive, brave and always act with determination. So, You have to be careful that he does not suffer because his courage and self-confidence often means that he does not see the danger.

Can usually live with children and other pets. A curious and loving dog of character Terrier, very active and always reacts to strange noises.

The Griffon belge needs to be accompanied all the time, cannot stand being alone and may develop negative behaviors to attract attention such as barking or causing damage. This “hairy” has a tendency to become attached to a person, following her most of the time.

Tireless and always ready to play with everyone, he's kind most of the time, but you can also play a role of guardian of the property and your family.

Education

He is very intelligent and loves to learn. Your education is, Therefore, relatively easy, although it must be firm and adequate, as she tends to be slightly stubborn at times.

An early and well-adapted education will prevent him from growing up doing only what he wants.

Very sociable, has no problem with the inhabitants of the house, whether human or animal.

Although he is sociable by nature, sometimes he is shy with strangers, which makes him a good guardian. So, their socialization should be aimed at not exacerbating this natural shyness in front of strangers.

They can live anywhere and with any type of owner. Despite its small size, have a great need for exercise, but it is easy for him to do it anywhere, precisely because of its small size.

Health

The Griffon belge is generally in excellent health. They are not affected by any particular disease or pathology.

Some subjects may sometimes suffer from eye infections or dermatological problems, although these cases are still rare. Its longevity is very appreciable.

Grooming

Her pretty fur, quite complete, requires regular brushing to ensure a beautiful and healthy coat. No other particular maintenance is necessary.

Utility

They are great companions, besides being incredible guard and hunting dogs. They can easily raise the alarm when intruders invade their territory, as well as scare away small rodents from the area. It is also very noticeable in skill sports (agility).

Price

Purchase price of a puppy Griffon belge: between 700 € y 900 €.

Characteristics "Griffon belge"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon belge" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Griffon belge"

Photos:

1 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Griffon belge” puppy by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker
6 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon belge"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 “Griffons”
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Griffon belge"

FCIFCI - Griffon belge
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Belgium Griffon (English).
2. Griffon belge (French).
3. Griffon Belge (German).
4. Griffon belge (Portuguese).
5. Griffon belge (español).

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Griffon Bruxellois
Bélgica FCI 80 . Griffons

Grifón de Bruselas

The Griffon Bruxellois is known to have a big heart, and a strong desire to snuggle and spend long hours with their caregiver.

Content

History

The Griffon Bruxellois, semi-long hair variety, It is the oldest of the Belgian Griffons. It is said to descend from Smousje, a small rough-haired Brussels dog that was used to hunt rats.. Was before 1880 when the selection and improvement of this breed began in Brussels. Crosses were made between the Barbet, the Stable griffon, the Affenpinscher, el Yorkshire Terrier, the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (ruby fur; solid red). Presented for the first time in Brussels at 1880, three years later a first standard of the Griffon Bruxellois, which was modified in 1904 to lead to the final version. A first breed club was then created in Great Britain in 1887, and then in the United States in 1945. The breed is recognized by the FCI since 1954.

Like all Grifones belgas, the Griffon Bruxellois was especially popular in the early 20th century, thanks above all to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium. But, the two world wars brought the breed to the brink of extinction. It only owes its survival to the efforts of enthusiasts., especially the british. In fact, hardly any left Griffon Bruxellois in Belgium at the end of WWII.

Today, is a dog that is still relatively rare.

It is in Great Britain where Griffons are more widespread, while in the rest of Europe, the population is still very low.

The AKC registered its first Griffon Bruxellois in 1910. If not for the dedication of the American and British enthusiasts, the race might not have survived.

The Griffon Bruxellois gained millions of new fans in 1997, when a rogue Griffon Bruxellois named Jill outshone Jack Nicholson in the hit movie “As Good As It Gets“.

Physical characteristics

The Griffon Bruxellois is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, almost square in constitution, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Fur:

The Griffon Bruxellois has a hard coat with undercoat. The coat is naturally rough, slightly wavy, not curly, but yes skinny. The coat should be long enough to allow the structure to be seen. A coat that is too long damages the silhouette and is not sought after. A silky or woolly coat is a serious fault. The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

Color: Red, reddish; a little black is tolerated in head decoration.

In the three races (Griffon belge, Griffon Bruxellois and Petit Brabançon) some white hair is tolerated on the chest, but it is not sought.

Weight:

Of 3,5 to 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Griffon Bruxellois is balanced, alert and proud. With an assertive character and a certain ego, not necessarily suitable in the presence of very young children. In fact, will not appreciate being abused. On the other hand, it will be a very good companion for slightly older children. It also, gets along very well with other animals.

neither shy nor aggressive, the Griffon Bruxellois he is very vigilant and attached to his master. Above all, he needs to be close to his family, and is perfectly suited to apartment living. It also, have a moderate need for exercise: a daily walk is enough for him. This also makes him a suitable dog for an older person, if it is willing to provide the necessary maintenance. With more reason, by not supporting loneliness, will certainly prefer a very available master, with whom you can share games and emotions.

Last, it is a very funny and expressive animal, what will the happiness of home do. Some say that their mimicry is similar to that of a human or a monkey.

Education

In general, they seem to pick up tricks quickly and love to practice them when their attention is drawn to them. to him Griffon Bruxellois loves agility tests, in which they stand out. With his appearance of “mad king” in her fur coat, they can be fun and upbeat if given enough love. As it is a breed that tends to become more attached to a single member of the family, he will have to be accustomed to meeting as many people as possible from a young age so that he does not become excessively protective.

They are not troublemakers, but problems can arise if they become too dependent. They do not like to be alone for a long time because they immediately miss their master. Your love of the game makes it easy to bond. They love to play fetch and seem to be inexhaustible when it comes to having fun.. Once they have tired, they snuggle in your lap and take a well-deserved nap. They need a short leash walk every day, or just the chance to frolic outside, but they don't need a lot of exercise. Recovery usually works very well.

Health

Although the Griffon Bruxellois it is a generally healthy dog, with an estimated life of fourteen years, is nevertheless predisposed to certain hereditary genetic diseases such as displasia coxofemoral, the medial patella dislocation and the respiratory obstruction syndrome. It is also subject to hydrocephalus, “aberrant eyelashes” (distichiasis and trichiasis) and skin allergies.

Grooming

For your maintenance, daily brushing is necessary. It is also advisable to groom him regularly and monitor the condition of his eyes and the folds of his face.

His tough fur must be plucked, that is to say, dead hairs must be removed by hand. It is advisable to entrust this removal to a dog groomer.


Breeders of the breed "Griffon Bruxellois"

Characteristics "Griffon Bruxellois"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon Bruxellois" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Griffon Bruxellois"

Photos:

1 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by The original uploader was Dan9186 at English Wikipedia., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Griffon Bruxellois” – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by Galawebdesign, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Griffon Bruxellois” one year old by Galawebdesign, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – European Dog Champion “Griffon Bruxellois” 2010 by Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon Bruxellois"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 “Griffons”
  • AKCSporting


FCI breed standard "Griffon Bruxellois"

FCIFCI - Griffon Bruxellois
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Griffon, Griff, Bruss (English).
2. Griffon bruxellois (French).
3. Griffon bruxellois (German).
4. (Portuguese).
5. Griffon bruxellois (español).

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Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Little Lion Dog

Content

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and states that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it descends from dogs that came from Tibet via Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics claims that his name is not a reference to the king of animals, but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought-after companion dog in the Middle Ages.. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

So that, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. But, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen what we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

But, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. But, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. But, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the line of the back, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top layer. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog can perfectly keep its long hair on the whole body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. But, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. So, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. But, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. It also, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy is sure to delight singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and unlimited attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him., and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. As such, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

But, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

It also, if he can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then he will have to raise a lion's mane skin, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out in the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 to 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush it every two or three days to keep its beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, taking care to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

It also, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so that you can show off the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. But, it must be remembered here that the dog's coat allows him to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

But, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Images "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-löwchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Petit

Alternative names:

1. Löwchen (English).
2. Löwchen (French).
3. Petit chien lion (German).
4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
5. Löwchen (español).

▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Kromfohrlander
Germany FCI 192 . Kromfohrlander

Kromfohrlander

The Kromfohrlander (nicknamed countries or Krom) It is a breed of companion dog originating in Germany..

Content

History

The Kromfohrlander it is a modern breed, born of the intervention of the United States in Germany after World War II. The exact story varies. A story tells that the founding dog of the breed, Peter, was a scruffy canine mascot that was found by American troops in northern France. Your ancestry could be a mix of Grand basset griffon vendéen and Fox Terrier (wire).

Somehow, Peter parted ways with the troops, but he was rescued by a woman named Ilse Schleifenbaum. She adopted him, and in the natural course of things, Peter had an affair with Fifi, a Fox Terrier (wire) black and white. Her cubs, Shaggy y Witch, they were very similar to their father in appearance and temperament. Ilse decided that his qualities were worth reproducing and called the dogs “krom fohr” (“crooked groove”), by the local landscape.

Another version of the history of the race is that Peter traveled with the troops and they handed him over to Frau Schleifenbaum. She raised him with her own dog, described as resembling a Fawn Brittany Griffon, producing five litters bearing their father's stamp. Be that as it may, the International Cynological Federation recognized them as a distinct breed in 1955.

The first Kromfohrlander imported to the United States was Button von der Britzer Muhle in 1997. A female followed, Finca vom Kahlharz, in 1999. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed a few years earlier, in 1996, classifying it originally as Terrier, but then reassigning her to companion dog status in 2013. But, was not up 2012 when the Kromfohrlander began to be registered with the Stock Service of the American Kennel Club Foundation (AKC FSS).

Currently, in Germany, a few 200 dogs of Kromfohrländer per year are under the umbrella of the VDH. Faced with the problem of inbreeding, in 2010 the breeding association was founded ProKromfohrländer e.V., you want to systematically counteract with selective crosses and other measures. These may include, the Dansk-Svensk Gårdshund, a very similar Danish-Swedish dog breed provisionally recognized by the FCI, is being crossed to improve the breeding base. Taking into account the history of the breeding of the Kromfohrländer and the physical and psychological characteristics of both breeds of dogs, it seems that it is a good way. By the way, name Kromfohrländer comes from a valley near Siegen, that it's called Krom Fohr = Krumme Furche.

The Kromfohrländer It is one of the newer German dog breeds, practically unknown outside its borders.

Physical characteristics

The Kromfohrländer It is a breed of medium-sized companion dog. . There are two different types of hair: rough hair (Rauhaar) and smooth hair (Glatthaar). This is what the provisions of the standard say about the general appearance. The standard says about the color of the coat:

Basic color white; Light brown markings, reddish brown to very dark brown in the form of spots of different sizes or like a saddle. Black hair ends with brown undercoat are allowed. In the head: light brown spots, reddish brown to dark brown on the cheeks, above the eyes and in the ears. Largely symmetrically subdivided with white markings extending to the forehead or nape (symmetrical mask with glow).

As a result of extreme inbreeding, the dogs in practice became increasingly pale in terms of their brown tones. That is why the Fox Terrier (wire) they crossed in the decade of 1960 to enhance colors. One Kromfohrländer has manageable dimensions, matching her cheerful charisma, friendly and lively .

Weight and height

  • Male size: 38 – 46 cm.
  • female size: 38 – 46 cm.
  • Male weight: 11 – 16 kg
  • female weight: 9 – 14 kg
  • Character and skills

    The Kromfohrländer purebred is an adaptable dog, sensitive and with terrier blood.

    It is a true family dog. He follows her where he can. At the same time, presents features of “unique dog”. Within his town there are always one or two people to whom he is especially attached. Especially close friendships can develop here., even intimate, if your humans allow it. So the world is alright for the dog, yes and while these your faithful friends are there. He is faithfully dedicated to them. Without them he is restless and only looks towards the door, when the master or loves her finally arrive.

    With a little good education and guidance, he is a very sociable family dog, who is also very good at living with children. At the same time, he is quite reserved with strangers.

    Some bark very discreetly, others report each movement. Both on the leash and on your own turf, the Kromfohrländer sometimes tends to megalomania. This appears to be an inheritance from the Terrier. Here your caregivers must show clear leadership. Only with the development of your own personality, usually at two years, becomes more relaxed in dealing with the outside world. Another advantage of Kromfohrländer is that he barely has hunting instinct. This makes walks or hikes in nature with him very relaxing.

    Health

    The Kromfohrlander is generally healthy, with a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years.

    All dogs have the potential to developgenetic health problems, Like all people, they have the potential to inherit a particular disease. – Do not walk – from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee to their puppies, to tell you that the race is 100 percent healthy and having no known problems or telling you that their puppies are isolated from the main body. home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems in the breed and the incidence with which they occur in their lines..

    Health problems that can be observed in the breed include:

    • Autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroid disease)
    • Cistinuria, a genetic defect that allows the accumulation of cystine, an amino acid, in urine.
    • Epilepsy
    • keratosis, hardening of the footpad caused by an excess of a protein called keratin
    • Patellar luxation, an orthopedic condition that involves the kneecap slipping out of place

    Ask the breeder what problems they have experienced in their lines. Problems like autoimmune thyroiditis may not show up until the dog is middle-aged or older..

    Careful breeders test their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and most attractive specimens., But sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in many cases, thedogsthey can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what caused their deaths.

    If a breeder tells you that they do not need to do these tests or that their dogs do not need health certifications because they have never had problems in their lines, that your dogs have been vet checked or you give any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing. dog, walk away immediately.

    Remember that after you have brought a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: theObesity.Keep a Kromfohrländer at a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming

    The coat of the Kromfohrländer can be rough or smooth, and each type of coat can vary in length. Wire-haired dogs, or rough fur, they always have beards, which makes them look pretty and scruffy. The hair is thick and rough in texture. Beneath him is a short soft cape.

    Smooth-haired dogs have feathers in their ears, chest and legs and a nice feathered tail. Your body hair can be short or long, and finishes off a short and smooth undercoat.

    The Kromfohrländer lose hair, but not in excess. People who live with dogs say that regular sweeping and vacuuming is enough to keep their fur under control.

    Fur tends to shed dirt easily, and dogs don't usually smell unless they've wallowed in something that smells bad. Bathe them when necessary. Depending on whether a Kromfohrländer spends a lot of time outdoors, as well as in your furniture, that can mean weekly, monthly or quarterly.

    The rest is basic care. Trim your nails every week or two, or when necessary. Brush teeth frequently - with a veterinarian approved pet toothpaste- for general good health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Kromfohrlander"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kromfohrlander" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
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    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
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    Home ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Kromfohrlander"

    Photos:
    1 – "Kromfohrlander" by Ellarie, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – One "Kromfohrlander", wirehaired subtype, lying on the grass. by Marc Runger, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – "Kromfohrlander" Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrländer-raza-de-perro-4417896/
    5 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrländer-otoño-4417894/
    6 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrländer-raza-de-perro-4417897/

    Videos "Kromfohrlander"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 10: Kromfohrlander
    • AKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Kromfohrlander"

    FCIFCI - Kromfohrlander
    Kromfohrlander

    Alternative names:

    1. Länder, Kromi (English).
    2. Kromfohrländer (French).
    3. Kromfohrländer (German).
    4. Kromfohrländer (Portuguese).
    5. Länder, Krom (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Petit Brabançon
    Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

    Petit Brabançon

    The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

    Content

    History

    The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

    In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

    These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

    Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Petit Brabançon is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

    Shelter:

    The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

    The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

    Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

    Weight:

    of 3,5 to 6 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. neither shy nor aggressive.

    Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
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    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
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    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
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    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
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    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
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    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Petit Brabançon"

    Photos:

    1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria Michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
    5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Petit Brabançon"

    Beatrice and Hugo Petit Brabancon 2
    Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.
    Petit Brabançon:Flamby. 3 month

    Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

    FCIFCI - Petit Brabançon
    Petit

    Alternative names:

    1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
    2. Petit brabançon (French).
    3. Petit brabançon (German).
    4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
    5. Petit brabançon (español).