Pont-Audemer Spaniel
Francia FCI 114 . Spaniel type

Pont-Audemer Spaniel

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel he is a gentle dog, very balanced and obedient. Energetic, smart and loyal, they are easy to train.

Content

History

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is originally from the Pont-Audemer region, looking for the Marais Vernier, in normandy, where it is traditionally used for hunting waterfowl. In 1886, the Kennel Club of Le Havre began to select him. After World War II, only a few copies of this small brown spaniel remained and crosses were made with the Irish Water Spaniel to save the race.

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel It's very weird. The total population of the breed is about three hundred individuals in France. Some breeders perpetuate the breed, mainly in Normandy and Picardy.

Photo: Riga, Baltic Winner 2013, 9-10 Nov by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel he is a stocky and vigorous Spaniel, whose body is almost square. Placed almost level with the line of the loins, the tail is carried quite straight. It is usually cut in the third; when the tail is not cut, It should be of medium length, a little curved. Dark amber or hazelnut, the eyes are rather small. The upper part of the skull and the long ears are well provided with curlers that frame the head, giving the impression of wearing a wig.

Hair is slightly rough on the body, wavy, neither flat nor curly. The fur is brown, preferably brown and speckled gray, with reflections of dead leaves.

Height and weight

  • Male size: Of 52 - 58 cm.
  • Female size: Of 52 - 58 cm.
  • Male weight: Of 19 - 20 kg
  • Female weight: Of 17 - 19 kg

Character and skills

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is loving and displays unwavering loyalty to his masters. However, if they don't get their regular dose of care, these dogs can often get anxious, which is an important trait of his personality.

These dogs are especially good with children and are very sociable. They are also great playmates and family companions.. However, if you are looking for a good watchdog, it may not be the best option, as they are too friendly and quiet to keep an eye on something or someone.

This breed gets along very well with other dogs, but does not get along with dogs of the same breed that do not belong to the same pack or group. It is also not very friendly with other pets.. However, puppies of this breed are easily mixed with other pets and are known to have a friendly demeanor towards them.

Training and education

The training of the Pont-Audemer Spaniel It is easy. This dog is very obedient and loyal to the orders of the master. However, training sessions should be short, since the dog hates any long and repetitive task.

Exercise of Pont-Audemer Spaniel

This dog has aggressive exercise needs, which means that even long walks don't usually satisfy you. The greatest satisfaction you would get would be from any long hunting session. However, if hunting is not a reality, this dog should be allowed to frolic in controlled areas so that he burns enough calories and meets his exercise requirements.

Health

Like the rest of the animals, this breed has health conditions to watch out for. Canine hip dysplasia, a condition related to the hip cavities, can cause arthritis in dogs. These dogs are also prone to Von Willebrand's disease (a bleeding disease related to clotting), and hyperthyroidism (overproduction of hormones in the thyroid).

Apart from these problems, patella luxation and dental problems are the most common in this breed. Alopecia, a skin disease caused by ringworm or other parasites, can also affect these dogs.

In summary, the following health problems are not uncommon in the breed Pont-Audemer Spaniel:

  • Canine hip dysplasia
  • Von Willebrand disease
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Dental disease
  • Patella dislocation
  • Alopecia

Grooming

These dogs' fur and fur might look like they need a lot of grooming, but in reality, this breed needs little to no maintenance. A regular brushing once or twice a week is all you need.

However, the dog's ears need to be cleaned whenever necessary and are at risk of infection if not kept clean.

Characteristics “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Pont-Audemer Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

How much does it cost to have a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?

Cubs Pont-Audemer Spaniel usually cost between 1000 and 1300 EUR.

Images “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

Photos

1 – “Pont-Audemer Spaniel” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – The Epagneul Pont Audemer is a french pointing dog by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Head profile of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – A Pont-Audemer Spaniel male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Pont-Audemer Spaniel male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Pont-Audemer Spaniel” by https://worlddogfinder.com/es/razas/spaniel-de-pont-audemer

Videos “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 114
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • Central Canine SocietyGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”
Spaniel de Pont-Audemère FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Epagneul Pont-Audemer, Setter of Pont-Audemer (English).
    2. Épagneul de Pont-Audemer (French).
    3. Epagneul de Pont-Audemer (German).
    4. (em francês: epagneul de Pont-Audemer) (Portuguese).
    5. Epagneul du Pont-Audemère (Spanish).

Picardy Spaniel
Francia FCI 108 . Spaniel type

Docile and resistant, happy with little, the Picardy Spaniel however needs the constant attention of your caregiver.

Content

History

The French Spaniel and the Picardy Spaniel the two races of Spaniel oldest on the European continent. They both seem to descend from “oysel dog” described in the works of Gaston Fébus (siglo XIII). At that time, Hunting was one of the most popular activities of the French nobility and the Spaniel French type was one of the most popular breeds. The breed is represented in paintings from this period by artists such as Alexandre-François Desportes and Jean-Baptiste Oudry. It is also the first dog breed to be admitted to exhibitions..

The breed became more popular after the French Revolution, since hunting is no longer an activity reserved exclusively for the nobility. Although it is found all over the country, a large contingent is present in the northwest of the country, where its water resistant coat makes it an ideal breed for hunting in forests and swamps. During the 19th century, English hunters crossed the English Channel and traveled to northwestern France to hunt in these famous lands. So they brought their own hunting dogs, that the French gradually adopted, thus endangering the Picardy Spaniel. In addition, the infusion of blood from English Setter in the race created the Blue Picardy Spaniel.

The Picardy Spaniel it is a very rare breed of dog, which is almost only found in metropolitan France.

The Picardy Spaniel is recognized by a wide variety of canine clubs and associations such as the International Canine Federation, even abroad like him North American Kennel Club, the American Rare Breed Association, the United Kennel Club. All these associations use the FCI standard. It is also recognized by the Continental Kennel Club, but unlike the Blue Picardy Spaniel, which is closely related to him, is not recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club.

Photo: “Picardy Spaniel” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Picardy Spaniel he is a beautiful dog, strong, elegant, nervous, solid and well muscled. Its coat is gray with brown spots on the different parts of the body and often tan on the head and legs.. Her dark amber eyes go wide giving you an expressive look. Its abundant and slightly wavy coat gives it protection, allowing you to work in the toughest places, especially in the water. The ears are long, quite low, located on the eye line and decorated with beautiful fringes. The tail, adorned with beautiful fur, worn with distinction. Its size ranges from 55 and 60 cm..

Character and skills

The FCI breed standard does not describe a typical temperament for the Picardy Spaniel. The Picardy Spaniel it is considered a docile breed of dog that loves to play with children, and easily bond with your caregiver. Generally described as a docile dog, good-natured and easy to train.

Above all, they are hunting dogs that need a lot of exercise to express their energy, resistance and rusticity.

His training is natural; the Picardy Spaniel they work to please their caregiver. Report, on land and in deep water, it's a pleasure for him. The rewards, caresses and compliments are the basis of his education.

Utility

The Picardy Spaniel is a hunting dog, that needs daily departures.

The Picardy Spaniel are used for hunting, in the woods for pheasant or in the swamps where they hunt, in particular, the snipe. It is also an effective dog for duck hunting, the hare or the rabbit. They are especially effective in swamps, where they do not hesitate to jump into the water. If required, can also recover hunting. This dog loves wide spaces where he can exercise, but you can also settle for smaller spaces and you can live very well in the city. The hair is abundant and slightly wavy, allowing you to hunt in dense vegetation and enter the water without any difficulty.

These docile dogs make pleasant companion dogs, but they require a lot of physical exercise.

Health

There are no known hereditary genetic diseases in dogs Picardy Spaniel. Its longevity is of 14 years on average. The Picardy Spaniel is especially sensitive to ear infections, like most lop-eared dogs, like other races of “Spaniels or Bassets”. The Picardy Spaniel tend to gain weight quickly if overfed.

Characteristics “Picardy Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Picardy Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Picardy Spaniel”

Picardy Spaniel

Our “Picardy Spaniel”, Gibbs des Chaumes de Thiérache to the 6 meses by Rachelle Vafidis, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Picardy Spaniel

Our “Picardy Spaniel”, Gibbs des Chaumes de Thiérache to the 6 meses by Rachelle Vafidis, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Picardy Spaniel”

Spaniel picardo (Epagneul picard) – Breed of dog
Picardy Spaniel (Epagneul Picard)

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 108
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • ​KC – Hunting dog
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Picardy Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “Picardy Spaniel”
Spaniel Picardo FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Epagneul picard (English).
    2. Épagneul picard (French).
    3. Epagneul Picard (German).
    4. (em francês: Epagneul Picard) (Portuguese).
    5. Epagneul picard (Spanish).

French Spaniel
Francia FCI 175 . Spaniel type

French Spaniel

Very gentle nature, courteous and intelligent, the French Spaniel is eager to learn.

Content

History

The origins of the French Spaniel are very uncertain and many hypotheses have been raised.

Its name would come from Spain or from the old French espaigner, that means “lie”. He is also considered the ancestor of the “Pointing Dogs”.

According to the most probable hypothesis, the French Spaniel it would be the descendant of the Oysel dogs described by Gaston Phoebus and used in the Middle Ages.

The French Spaniel is at the origin of the different varieties of hunting spaniels. By selecting, became the elegant and athletic breed of the type of the “Pointing Dogs” very firm that today shines in work competitions.

The first standard was written in 1891 by James de Connick, and later it was reworked and adapted to the different developments of the breed.

Photo: “French Spaniel”, from the group of Pointing Dogs franceses by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Hair: Plano, silky and dense. Slightly wavy behind the neck, above the tail set over the ears. Short and fine on the head but longer on the ears.

Its color: White and Brown (cinnamon to dark liver), with regular spots, little or moderately mottled.

His head : worn with pride, with well marked reliefs, medium length and width. The stop is moderately steep.

Ears : laid back, pulled forward, with more or less long and wavy fringes.

Eyes : So big, oval, tan to brown in color, according to the coat. Soft and intelligent expression.

Her body : slightly longer than the height at the withers. The top line is straight, always well supported, the cross is dry and wide, the back is broad and muscular, the rump is rounded and harmoniously sloping, the chest is divided and the sternum region wide and curved.

Tail : Thick at the base and tapers towards the tip. It is below the top line, carried more or less curved, provided with long and silky hair, slightly wavy.

Height and weight

▷ Male size: Of 56 - 61 cm.

▷ Female size: Of 55 - 59 cm.

▷ Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg

▷ Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg

Character and skills

Very gentle nature, elegant and smart, the French Spaniel is eager to learn. Although hunting is his main vocation, his sociability and sweetness make him a dog that adapts to all styles.

Balanced and frank, they are calm and docile dogs that are willing and eager to hunt, during which they are flexible and robust.

Very attached to their master, its deep sensitivity requires gentle training.

They do not tolerate loneliness and require regular outings.

How to take care of your “French Spaniel”: your needs

As a hunting dog, the French Spaniel you need to exercise and, therefore, needs wide open spaces. However, as it adapts very well to all environments, it can live very well in the city as long as its master takes it out regularly. Must be able to take long walks, if possible also in the forest or on a wooded area. It is a dog that loves water.

Regarding maintenance, the French Spaniel it should be brushed once or twice a week to detangle its fur.

The diet “French Spaniel”

Like other hunting dogs, the French Spaniel you only need one meal a day as an adult, preferably at night. You don't need any special food. It just has to be of good quality, varied and adapted to their age, state of health and physical exercise.

Health “French Spaniel”

The French Spaniel is in fairly good health. However, can be the target of certain diseases such as cataracts, hip dysplasia or eczema. It is also advisable to monitor and clean your ears regularly.

Price of a puppy “French Spaniel”

The price of a puppy French Spaniel it will depend on the sex, the pedigree of the parents, compliance with breed standards, etc.

Average price of a male of French Spaniel: 625€.
Average price of a female of French Spaniel: 625€.

Characteristics “French Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “French Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “French Spaniel”

Photos:
1 – “French spaniel” by Vertwatt94, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “French Spaniel” by Tux-Man, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Une femelle épagneul français à exposition by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “French Spaniel” by http://epagneul-francais-buck.e-monsite.com/
5 – “French Spaniel” by https://www.perdrioles.com/produit/chiots-epagneul-francais-2/
6 – “French Spaniel” https://chiens.photos/epagneul-francais-chiot/

Videos “French Spaniel”

Epagneul français
Haniel & Cloé in the garden

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 175
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • CKCMiscellaneous
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “French Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “French Spaniel”
Spaniel francés FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Canadian Setter, French Setter (English).
    2. Épagneul français (French).
    3. Epagneul Français (German).
    4. (em francês: epagneul français) (Portuguese).
    5. Epagneul Français (Spanish).

Blue Picardy Spaniel
Francia FCI 106 . Spaniel type

Blue Picardy Spaniel

Used for hunting, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is distinguished by its very pronounced style, its exceptional physical resistance and its ability to evolve on all types of terrain.

Content

History

As the name suggests, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is a native of Picardy, a region of northern France. It is the result of the crosses made at the end of the 20th century between the Picardo Spaniel (in a gray coat speckled with brown spots, that appeared around the year 1000 during the Crusades and are very ancient cousins ​​of the French Spaniel) and the English SetterBlue Belton” (with a black and white coat, of Spanish origin and imported to England in the Middle Ages).

More precisely, These crosses were possible thanks to the arrival at Mischief and at the mouth of the Sum of many English hunters who came to board their hunting dogs, after the drastic quarantines introduced in your country. The two races mixed at that time, the initial goal was probably to end up with a dog with a longer gait than the Blue Picardy Spaniel, but also faster and with a better sense of smell.

At the beginning, the Picardy Spaniel and the Blue Picardy Spaniel they considered the same race, despite their different coats. The club of l’Epagneul Bleu de Picardie It was founded in 1907, but it wasn't until 1938 which was finally officially recognized as a distinct breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Past year, The club of l’Epagneul Bleu de Picardie had merged with the Club l’Epagneul Picardie, founded for its part on 1921.

In 1980, The club of l’Epagneul de Pont-Audemer merged in turn, and the whole took the name of Club de l’Epagneul Picardie, du Bleu de Picardie and l’Epagneul Pont-Audemer. In 2015, the association changes its name and is renamed Club des Epagneuls de Picardie et de Pont-Audemer (CEPPA).

Several specimens were exported to Canada around 1987, and the Canadian Kennel Club in turn recognizes the breed in 1995. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) did the same the following year, at the same time as the Picardy Spaniel. On the other hand, the American Kennel Club (AKC), the other American reference organization, has not yet taken the step.

The Blue Picardy Spaniel, what is it called in english, It is also recognized by the American Association of Rare Breeds (ARBA), and this is not a coincidence: in fact, remains unknown in most of the world, and its acquisition is mainly in France, more particularly in his native region.

In France, in fact, has undergone a little more than 1.200 records LOF between 2010 and 2016, or some 180 by year. The trend is globally stable, probably supported by the good reputation it can boast as a hunting dog or as a pet.

Photo: Blue Picardy Spaniel at the World Dog Show in Poznan, Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

A dog “braccoid type”, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is not very big. However, his robust and muscular body gives him an impression of power and vitality.

Its bluish coat is due to the presence of the English Setter between their ancestors. It is also speckled with gray and black, which gives very particular and breed specific reflections. Hair is flat on the body, with some wavy strands in the ears, the legs and under the tail.

The eyes of the Blue Picardy Spaniel they are big, dark brown and have a calm and benevolent expression. The rounded ears are relatively long and fall to the sides.

At last, its tail is long, flexible and fringed.

Character and skills

Used for hunting, the Blue Picardy Spaniel is distinguished by its very pronounced style, his exceptional physical resistance and his ability to evolve on all types of terrain. If required, he can even submerge himself in the icy water without hesitating to return the game to his master.

However, although hunting is in his genes and he is used to living in the countryside, can adapt to city life. However, they are sporting dogs that need to run and get plenty of exercise. Therefore, life in the city – especially if it is in an apartment – it may only be suitable for him if there is time for long outings in nature. In any case, It is not a recommended breed of dog for an elderly or sedentary person, as it must be able to allow him to use his overflowing energy and expend himself.

Balanced and smooth (as long as your activity need is satisfied), lover to please his master, it is also an excellent companion dog, greatly enjoying family life, of which he is a full member. In particular, It is a breed of dog adapted to children: nothing aggressive, his affection towards them is unlimited, and loves to share games and pampering with them, which he likes a lot.

It is perfectly possible that your dog lives with other dogs, since the Blue Picardy Spaniel It is a sociable and gentle dog by nature.

On the other hand, it is strongly discouraged to put it in the presence of small animals such as rabbits or birds: would inevitably identify them with the game that must be brought to their keeper, which can lead to slight misunderstandings.

As they don't bark much, do not have a strong sense of territory and therefore cannot be used as watchdogs.

Use

The Blue Picardy Spaniel it's mostly a hunting dog. It is particularly suitable for working on small game in forests and swamps, although he is still the specialist in woodcocks.

Used for hunting, they are excellent point-and-pick dogs with a very pronounced sense of smell and exceptional physical stamina, qualities that make them the true joy of their hunting owners.

It is also an ideal companion dog. It is easy to live with them and very sociable, easily acclimatizing to family life and quickly finding their place in it, either in the midst of adults only or in the presence of children, of whom quickly become the best and most loyal friends.

Health

There are no known genetic diseases peculiar to the Blue Picardy Spaniel However, like all “Spaniel”, are particularly prone to ear infections, which are very common in dogs with lop ears.

You also run the risk of injury during hunting parties, especially on the legs and pads. Therefore, it is advisable to get used to checking that you do not limp when you return from hunting or a long activity in the open air. This could be a sign of a sprain or fracture., or simply caused by spikes, that can be as hidden as it is painful.

At last, the Blue Picardy Spaniel you can fall victim to your greed and gain weight easily if you are not active enough. Therefore, it is necessary to scrupulously monitor your dog's weight and, above all, make sure you always have your daily dose of adrenaline.

Grooming

In general, brushing is recommended when Blue Picardy Spaniel weekly, as its semi-long coat can easily retain twigs and dead leaves.

In addition, and although it obviously depends on the activities that are carried out with him, it can be necessary, from time to time, wash their hair with a specific dog shampoo when it is really dirty.

In all cases, whether you return from hunting or go out to the field, you should carefully inspect your animal for thorns or a wound hidden by the hair.

Like any breed of dog with lop ears, floppy ears pose a higher risk of infection and other problems, therefore they must be cleaned at least once a week with a suitable veterinary product.

At last, due to its high level of activity, its claws should normally wear out in contact with the various floors it walks on. If that is not the case, should not hesitate (do) clipping your dog's claws once or twice a year.

Buy a “Blue Picardy Spaniel”

The price of a puppy Blue Picardy Spaniel is of some 600 EUR. There is no significant difference between the price of a male and a female.

Characteristics “Blue Picardy Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Blue Picardy Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Blue Picardy Spaniel”

Videos “Blue Picardy Spaniel”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 106
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • AKCGun Dog Group
  • CKC – Sports
  • UKCGun Dog Group

FCI breed standard “Blue Picardy Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “Blue Picardy Spaniel”
Blue Picardy Spaniel FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Bleu Picard (English).
    2. Épagneul bleu de Picardie (French).
    3. Epagneul Bleu Picard (German).
    4. (em francês: epagneul bleu de Picardie) (Portuguese).
    5. Épagneul bleu de Picardie (Spanish).

Japanese Chin
China Japón FCI 206

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, It is said to have the character of a cat, and you will see because…

Content

History

The true origin of the Japanese Chin It is still controversial, Although a general consensus, concludes that originated in Spaniela.

These dogs were brought to Japan around year 732. Some maintain the ancestors of these dogs first arrived to Japan around the year 732, as a gift from royalty Korea, while others argue that Japanese Chin copies were offered as a gift to the Empress of Japan in the middle of the sixth century, other theories say that they arrived in Japan in the year 1000.

But beyond all the controversy regarding the origin, all agree on one thing, the Japanese Chin, is an authentic “Japanese”, because it reflects the Japanese sensitivity to detail.

The Japanese established various breeds of dogs, with a defined purpose that was work, that Japan considered something different, different from a “dog“, He was considered a work on farm animal, for hunting, to care for cattle, etc., but the Japanese Spaniel, It was something very special because it was strictly considered a companion dog.

His appearance and distinctive personality was quickly captured the hearts of the Japanese and that led to ownership of these dogs to be limited to persons of Royal and noble blood.

As a result, every noble House was raising its own standard, why there are many variations of the Japanese Spaniel, in terms of size, the density of the layer, the eyes, the personalidad…

Once the race was introduced in the West, a strong desire of the people by the smaller copies (those who weighed a maximum 4,5 Kg.), He carried that size was the most popular and became the official standard of various canine clubs around the world.

Professor Ludvic Von Schulmuth studied canine origins from a find of skeletal remains of dogs found in human settlements dating back to the eighth Millennium BC, in the Gobi desert. On the basis of the information collected, he created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs which gathered very interesting information concerning the origin of certain breeds that are today very popular.

The Gobi Desert is a large desert region between Spaniela northern and southern Mongolia. Can be one of the deserts, or desert areas largest and most important worldwide. Around it the Altai Mountains and the steppes of Mongolia in the North, Tibet Plateau and the northern plains of the southwest Spaniela. The word gobi means ' desert’ in Mongolian. The Gobi is composed of different geographic and ecological regions, based on variations in climate and topography.

Historically, the Gobi desert He is noted for being part of the Mongol Empire and the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.

Occupying the 30% of the national territory, great Gobi Mongolia covers capricious montes, sandy dunes, vast plateaus, steppes with its aromatic herbs and, Since then, a varied animal world, within the canine ancestors found Professor Ludvic Von Schulmuth.

Ludvic von Schulmuth defined as origin of certain dog breeds a former denizen dog of the Gobi desert, whose remains were found in places where stored manure or litter, and called them “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog”, This animal came several lines which were giving rise to several breeds. For example, a small dog of soft hair and drooping ears that was the ancestor of Tibetan Spaniel, the Japanese Chin and Pekingese. Another branch which descends from the “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog ” gave rise to the Papillon and to the Chihuahua long-haired. Y, another branch of the same dog of the Gobi desert, gave rise to the emergence of the Pug and Shih Tzu.

There is also some documentation that indicates Portuguese sailors introduced the breed to Europe in the century 17 through the gift of some to Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of King Charles II of England, but there is more evidence that the first Japanese Spaniel which opened steps behind borders, It was a gift of the Emperor of Japan offered a U.S. Navy officer, Matthew C. Perry, When he visited East in 1853 to open bilateral trade. The naval officer, a litter seven Japanese took Spaniel, and to reach their land only survived two, and who gave them is something that is still not known with certainty.

What it did have full certainty is that the Japanese Chin, also known as the Spaniel Japanese has been the dog of Japanese royalty.

Physical characteristics

This small dog of friendly aspect, It has a very similar appearance to that of the Pekingese, But unlike, its legs are longer, and the color of the fur is different; It may be black and white or red and white. The fur is soft and long; the large, dark eyes, well separated each other; the tail, well endowed with hair, relies on the back; the ears are triangular in shape and small size; the snout is short and flattened, and large heads relative to their body.

Character and skills

According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), The Japanese Spaniel is No. 62 from the list.

The Japanese Spaniel barks only when necessary in order to alert the family of the arrival of a visitor or something out of the ordinary, then is a quiet breed.

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, is said to have the character of a cat, and you will see because…

The Japanese Chin is always alert, He is intelligent and independent, and it uses its feet to wash and dry your face. Other feline features are your preferences for the rest in elevated surfaces, as the backups of the sofa and chairs. It has a spectacular ability to walk through a table of tea without throwing any object, If that doesn't make it a cat total!!!

These dogs were bred and trained for the purpose of loving his people. Although it is usually a quiet dog, He also known for the amount of mischief that make, Welcome to all, as the call “Spin Chin”, dan fast turns in a circle as if they danced but supported only on his hind legs, While with their Forelegs dejan them interwoven and shaking them up top down at full speed, they are very funny.

The Japanese Chin is an excellent companion dog, It is affectionate and loyal to his owner and, normally, happy to see other people, Although some mistrust of strangers. It is a dog who prefers the family environment, but it fits very well in new situations and are often used as therapy due to this feature and their love of dogs by people. Socialization at an early age contributes to his temperament of develop optimally, is an emotionally balanced dog, by nature, but it is important to contribute.

Some tend to “sing”, they produce a noise which can vary between a minimum triune to a high sound and quite serious in relation to its size, almost with the quality of Opera that sounds like “booooooo”. On race Basenji in the right column you can see a video of the dog singing, it is very similar to what the Japanese Chin.

Health

The orbits of the eyes of large contribute to moisture in the face and the folds of skin around the crushed nose and facial area, You can trap moisture and cause fungus problems. The face should occasionally be cleaned with a damp cloth and folds, with a cotton swab.

Diet is an important factor in the health and condition of the Japanese Chin, Many specimens may be allergic to the corn, for example.

Due to their small size they don't need too much exercise, Although, requires frequent walks, because they are active and love to be outdoors. They adapt well to life in an apartment or small homes. On the other hand, their fur should brush your daily, as it is often about getting caught.

Japanese Chin has a long life, to round the 15 years, but in many cases can be extended to more or less the 18 years of age.

They weigh between 1,8 and 3,3 kand and measured at the cross, of 21 - 25 cm.. The litter is usually fairly small, of between 3 and 4 Puppies.

Japanese Chin Ratings

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Japanese Chin” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Japanese Chin

credits:

1. Japanese Chin, young male by Pointer8 / CC BY-SA
2. A Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
3. A red Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
4. Japanese Chin with tongue hanging out over crooked teeth by OliviaCC / Public domain
5. A Japanese Chin puppy. By Rachel Harris (RLH) from Scottsdale, THE, U.S.A. / CC BY
6. One of our neighbours has this small Japanese Chin. By Mark Hillary
7. Japanese Chin by https://www.needpix.com/photo/download/1697007/dog-japanese-chin-animal-pet-sweet-white-black-nature-sunset
8. Japanese Chin by Tingflorance / CC BY-SA
9. Japanese Chin by Arnaud 25 / Public domain

Videos of the Japanese Chin

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 9 –> Companion and Toy Dogs. . / Section 8 –> Japan Chin and Pekingese.. Without working trial.
  • FCI 206
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI standard breed of Japanese Chin
  • JAPANESE CHIN FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Japanese Spaniel, Chin (English).
    2. Épagneul japonais ou chin (French).
    3. Chin (German).
    4. Chin (Portuguese).
    5. Chin Japonés, Chin (Spanish).

Irish Water Spaniel
Irlanda FCI 124 . Water Dogs

Perro de Agua Irlandés

Today, despite relative popularity with some hunters, the Irish Water Spaniel it is still not very widespread outside its country of origin.

Content

History

The origin of the Irish Water Spaniel, but several texts mention that their ancestors would have accompanied the Celts some 1000 years. More concretely, These 11th century texts mention a race similar to the Irish Water Spaniel, described simply as a dog used south of the River Shannon, In Ireland. However, although the characteristics of this ancestor are not documented in detail, experts agree that it was probably not a member of the family of the Spaniel. In fact, This mysterious ancestor is believed to be an ancient race of irish dog that contributed to the development of Irish Water Spaniel. This hypothesis is based on the fact that the Irish Water Spaniel has a very different tail than other breeds of Spaniels. In fact, unlike other representatives of the Spaniels family that have a rather bushy tail, the Irish Water Spaniel has a whip-shaped tail, also known as rat tail.

The other races of Spaniels descended from Persian dogs imported to the Iberian Peninsula. They did not appear in France - where they were then called “espaigneuls“- until the twelfth century. However, only later did mentions of specific breeds appear in the literature, which explains the dog's somewhat hazy past.

The most popular theory about the origin of Irish Water Spaniel is that the Spaniels were imported to Ireland and mixed with other irish dogs, possibly even with the Portuguese Water Dog, the Poodle and the now extinct English water spaniel. Although this theory can be supported by the great resemblance between the Poodle and the Irish Water Spaniel, the origins of the latter remain unclear, and we must be content with speculation, as there are no documents describing how the breed was created.

However, what is true is that the Irish Water Spaniel It was developed mainly for duck hunting and is very happy bringing the game to its master, both on land and in the water: in this way, looks more like a Retriever that a Spaniel. They can even be used to replace certain hunting dogs in a pack, since they are able to point and take the game to its owner when necessary. It is these characteristics and flexibility that make them so popular with hunters..

In the first half of the 19th century, a Dublin breeder named Justin McCarthy played an essential role in the development of the breed. Until then there were at least two different varieties of the breed, and he was able to combine them to create the Irish Water Spaniel as we know it today. It is known that one of his dogs, Boatswain (1834-1852), contributed greatly to the development of the breed by giving birth to a large number of young, and that several dogs of this line were champions in several dog shows.

The Irish Water Spaniel first appeared at dog shows in 1862 in Birmingham, England. For a long time, they were represented mainly by the descendants of the boatswains in these events. However, was not up 1899 when he entered the dog shows, still in england. The first breed club was founded in Ireland in 1890.

The Irish Water Spaniel was introduced in the United States in the decade of 1870. In 1877, in the first Westminster Kennel Club, the most famous dog show in the country, four representatives of the breed were presented to the public. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1884, but the United Kennel Club, the other American reference organization, waited until 1948 to do the same.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) took even longer to recognize the Irish Water Spaniel until 1954.

Today, despite relative popularity with some hunters, the Irish Water Spaniel it is still not very widespread outside its country of origin, where it also remains quite marginal. For example, ranks 150 of 190 in the AKC's ranking of America's most popular dog breeds, according to the number of records. In France, it's even weirder, Since the SCC (Société Centrale Canine) received less than 10 registration requests between 2010 and 2016. In Great Britain, the Kennel Club receives an average of one hundred a year: although it is much more consistent than in France, this figure is still quite modest.

Physical characteristics

The appearance of the Irish Water Spaniel it's quite unique. Although at first glance it may be mistaken for a Poodle Grand, its appearance is more robust than this, although it maintains an elegant silhouette. Its coat is also denser than that of the poodle and is made up of long, soft curls.; this is what protects them from water and helps them float. Its waterproof coat also allows it to face harsh climates and bad weather without flinching..

His head is rather broad and round, and ends with a rather square muzzle, strong looking, covered in short hairs. The ears are large, are set high on the skull and fall back on the head with abundant curls. The eyes are small, brown and almond-shaped.

The neck is strong and wide, though it's hidden under a thick layer of hair. The chest is also wide and deep, followed by a slimmer waist, characteristic of active breeds. His well-developed musculature and strong bones make him a fairly robust looking dog..

Its feet are webbed, which gives them a natural facility to swim, which makes the Irish Water Spaniel in one of the best races for swimming.

The tail is also unique and clearly distinguishes the Irish Water Spaniel other Water Dogs. It's shorter, straighter and has a very short coat (or is he almost naked), unlike other breeds of Water Dogs, they all have bushy tails. This explains why the Irish Water Spaniel is sometimes known as “Duck tail spaniel” or “Whip-tailed spaniel”. Although this anatomical feature sometimes makes you smile, makes the Irish Water Spaniel be a better swimmer than others Water Dogs.

Last but not least, the fur of the Irish Water Spaniel is lustrous and is made up of dense curls, with a lot of plumage. They are often called “the clown of the family of the Water Dogs“, not only for his playful personality, but also because of the longer curly hair they have on their heads, which often gives them the appearance of having a tuft on the top of the head, much like a clown wig. The coat is always reddish brown with chocolate tones.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 55 – 61 cm.
▷ Female size: 53 – 59 cm..
▷ Male weight: 25 – 31 kg
▷ Female weight: 20 – 27 kg

Character and skills

The Irish Water Spaniel is sometimes described as a difficult-tempered dog, and that's probably why it has never been especially sought after as a companion dog, despite its qualities. In fact, it is a dog developed for hunting: It, Therefore, decided to, Intelligent, Active, playful and energetic. This mix can sometimes lead to stubborn or mischievous behavior.. Even when they compete, their playful personality is often imposed and leads them to turn any activity into a game, causing some headaches for your coach. In general, not a breed of dog suitable for a beginner: on the contrary, needs an experienced master, able to give you a constant and structured education.

However, the Irish Water Spaniel it is a perfect companion dog if it is well socialized and trained, and can get enough exercise. Devoted to his master and his family, will do anything to please them, although sometimes this can lead to unwanted mischievous behavior or wanting to play when it's not the time. By the way, although he is devoted to his whole family, it's not uncommon for him to show a preference for a particular member, with whom you have a special affinity.

Able to easily adapt to all situations and conditions, the Irish Water Spaniel he is delighted to accompany his master in many activities, and can excel not only in hunting, but also in water activities or dog competitions, like the exhibitions. In effect, is agile, hardworking and has a good nose. In addition, is naturally happy and balanced, as well as loyal and obedient. With a real propensity to turn any activity into a game, they usually feel great pleasure when doing them, whatever they are.

The Irish Water Spaniel he is one of the best swimmers and loves the water. You have to watch them when they are in the water, since they jump at the first opportunity and enjoy swimming so much that it can be difficult to get them out. Having said that, swimming is a good way to satisfy your need for energy. However, even if you are familiar with the water and swim very well, it is important to keep an eye on him to ensure his safety, as with a child.

The Irish Water Spaniel does not bark much, and generally reserves its impressive barks for situations where you need to warn your family of immediate danger. Therefore, he is quite calm and makes an excellent watchdog, as he is naturally suspicious of strangers. Having said that, his lack of trust with strangers should not be confused with shyness, although he is rarely aggressive towards them: is content to advise. Even when hunting, just bark a little, having the peculiarity of being speechless about hunting, which makes him a good pointer.

The Irish Water Spaniel they tend to get along very well with other dogs and pets. The same goes for children. Whoever your partner is, can spend hours playing with it without getting tired, especially when it comes to looking for the ball.

It must be said that it is a very resistant and lively breed of dog, making it unsuitable for apartment living. You need at least one garden where you can stretch your legs, and it is even better if the garden has a pool. However, a small garden is not enough to satisfy your need for exercise and balance: needs at least an hour of daily running and some walks, as well as swimming regularly.

In fact, it is essential that you can expend your energy to be a calm and obedient dog once at home. Otherwise, the owner should expect destructive behavior from the dog. In fact, it is a recommended breed of dog for an athletic master, not a dog recommended for an elderly or sedentary person.

Starting at 9 or 10 weeks of age, it is recommended to give them 15 - 20 minutes of play in the morning and in the evening, in addition to socializing and doing other exercises. As is still the case for an adult, loves to play fetch or chase a frisbee. However, while waiting for your body to develop and gain muscle, it is better to prevent him from running with his master and, on the other hand, be content with training him to walk a distance of less than one kilometer. You can gradually increase the intensity of your dog's activities and the distances traveled, but you should not rush: too much exercise at a young age can affect your bones and joints, with repercussions for the rest of his life. Once adult, it is possible to run with your dog, but it is advisable to stick to reasonable distances and durations: due to risk of dysplasia, not a dog made to run marathons.

Education

The Irish Water Spaniel it is not a recommended dog for a first adoption. In fact, although it is quite easy to train because he likes to please his master, sometimes has an independent character that pushes you to want to act according to your own will. This is especially true of young males., who are very prone to testing their master's limits. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to show your dog who the master is, establish firm limits and a structured discipline framework with clear and consistent rules. In effect, This dog is known to take advantage of his master at the slightest inconsistency., or if you lack confidence. The fact that they are energetic and need a good amount of daily exercise also contributes to their being a demanding breed..

However, although sometimes they can be stubborn and independent, the Irish Water Spaniel it is usually easy to train. Being one of the most intelligent dog breeds, learn many commands with ease and excel at dog sports. When properly trained, are perfectly capable of performing very specific tasks, both in leisure and in obedience, agility and even dog shows. However, you need to deal with his mischievous nature: the more he learns, Plus you can turn your new abilities into games or mischief of any kind. In fact, it is clear that he has an overflowing imagination.

The Irish Water Spaniel responds better to dog training techniques based on positive reinforcement and rewards. They benefit from being coached by a patient teacher who does not raise his voice, at the risk of awakening their stubborn side and encouraging them to decide to do things their own way. That is why it is important to vary the activities during the educational sessions., to keep your interest and prevent you from starting to do things your way.

Last but not least, the socialization of Irish Water Spaniel is an important aspect of your education. He is extremely suspicious of strangers, although this should not be confused with shyness. The younger you are exposed to a variety of situations, the more comfortable you will be with strangers and will be able to recognize real danger, how not to confuse the postman's visit with a possible intruder. Schools for puppies (puppy socialization classes) they are an interesting option, but it can also be as simple as taking the puppy out in public and visiting the neighborhood. Whatever happens, will always be attentive, so it is the various socialization activities in your training that should help you differentiate between what is a normal part of your life and what is abnormal and should alert your family.

Health

The Irish Water Spaniel they are generally in good health and their fur makes them particularly resistant to bad weather.

However, are prone to various diseases:

waterfalls: unlike other dog breeds, in which they are generally due to aging, cataracts are most often hereditary in theIrish Water Spaniel, and they can appear from the age of five.
follicular dysplasia ;

Hip Dysplasia: it is very common in this breed, and appears to be genetic rather than due to joint wear and tear.

Dental malocclusion: this deformation makes the lower jaw more pronounced, which often causes the lower teeth to pop out of the mouth. Although this can be treated with plastic surgery, it is usually recommended to simply remove the teeth that prevent the mouth from closing normally.
Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP);

Von Willebrand disease;

Hypothyroidism in dogs.

In addition, it is known that the Irish Water Spaniel have allergic reactions to vaccines given to dogs. Therefore, it is important to monitor him during the hours following the vaccination, to react as quickly as possible in case of swelling of the face, lethargy, sharp pain around the injection site, etc. This risk should not be taken lightly, because very serious reactions can lead to the death of the dog.

In addition to this risk linked to vaccines, the Irish Water Spaniel may be sensitive to dewormers and certain dog antibiotics. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a veterinarian who knows well the specificities of this breed, starting with drugs that can cause an allergic reaction in the dog.

Last but not least, like any breed of dog with hanging ears, are at increased risk of ear infections.

Since many of these diseases are genetic and, Therefore, hereditary, it is important to check, when adopting an Irish spaniel, that comes from a line in which these health problems are rare.

Life expectancy

12 - 13 years

Grooming

The dense fur of the Irish Water Spaniel requires regular care to avoid hair build-up. In particular, dead hair must be removed with a natural hair comb two or three times a week, which also helps distribute natural oils and prevent dirt build-up, that the density of its coat makes it retain especially quickly.

It is important to get your dog used to brushing relatively early, why start brushing your dog as an adult, when it is fully active and its coat is a little longer, it can be a real challenge if it is a new experience for him.

In addition, Your dog's coat should generally be trimmed every two months to maintain a healthy appearance.

It is also important to regularly bathe your dog or allow him to expose his coat to water.. The Water Dogs secrete large amounts of natural oils that help protect their coat from water, and regular bathing keeps their coat healthy by preventing too much oil and dirt from accumulating.

By the way, the Irish Water Spaniel is considered a breed of dog hypoallergenic, since it changes very little. However, it is important to remember that no race is 100% hypoallergenic: if you are allergic to dogs, it is better that you do some tests before adopting your new partner.

Last but not least, like any breed of dog with hanging ears, the Irish Water Spaniel are at increased risk of ear infections, since their ears are poorly ventilated and tend to accumulate a lot of wax. For this reason, it is important to examine your dog's ears weekly and clean the accumulated wax with a product designed for it. This weekly exam is also a good opportunity to examine the dog's nails to make sure they are not too long.; if they are, must be trimmed.

Food

They are recommended between 180 and 310 grams of quality active dry food per day for the Irish Water Spaniel, and should be divided into two meals (one in the morning and one at night).

However, as it is a breed of dog that gets fat quickly, but also has a great need for quality power sources, the vet can give good advice to help you choose the right type of food for your dog, and adjust the amount according to your activity level.

Utility

The Irish Water Spaniel traditionally used as a hunting dog for waterfowl. They have an excellent sense of smell. Therefore, he is an experienced hunter who feels very comfortable in the water, but can easily be adapted to most shooting disciplines. When looking for the hunt, often stands still, but it can also bring her back. It is even capable of pulling its prey out and chasing it through thick and tight bushes..

Due to its natural ease in the water, the Irish Water Spaniel also used as a rescue dog at sea.

Last but not least, although they are not well known for this feature and are not commonly used in this context, the Irish Water Spaniel has all the qualities of an ideal companion dog.

Price

The Irish Water Spaniel it is a very rare breed in France, Belgium and Switzerland, so it is difficult to determine the market price of a puppy of this breed.

In other places, either in the United States or in England, for example, the average price of a puppy of Irish Water Spaniel varies between the 700 and 800 EUR, without great differences between males and females.

Characteristics “Irish Water Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Irish Water Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

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Images “Irish Water Spaniel”

Photos:

1 – “Irish Water Spaniel” by And IggersFlickr
2 – “Irish Water Spaniel” by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Irish Water Spaniel” by anatamanFlickr
4 – “Irish Water Spaniel” “Duke” by DianeFlickr
5 – “8 Week old Irish Water Spaniel puppy, Fergus” by Tom StrattonFlickr
6 – “Irish Water Spaniel” by cchoFlickr

Videos “Irish Water Spaniel”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Irish Water Spaniel"

FCIFCI - "Irish Water Spaniel"
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Whiptail, Shannon Spaniel, Rat Tail Spaniel, Bog Dog, (Irish: An Spáinnéar Uisce) (English).
    2. Chien d’eau irlandais (French).
    3. Irish Water Spaniel (German).
    4. (em inglês: Irish water spaniel) (Portuguese).
    5. Spaniel de Agua Irlandés, Irish Water Spaniel (Spanish).

Brittany Spaniel
Francia FCI 95 . Spaniel type

Spaniel Bretón

The Brittany Spaniel are “Pointing Dogs” multifaceted, for all types of hunting and all-terrain.

Content

History

The Brittany Spaniel It, as its name suggests, originally from the Breton region, in the extreme west of France. It is probably one of the races Spaniel type and “Pointing Dogs” oldest in the country.

Some historians argue that it was developed a long time ago, about 150 years AD. In any case, the first traces of white and red dogs that looked like him and that were undoubtedly the ancestors of the current Brittany Spaniel date back to 17th century tapestries and paintings. The dogs in question are represented hunting.

The most likely hypothesis is that the development of the breed began in the 18th century, but there is relatively little data on its exact origins. However, specialists believe that it probably originated from the “Welsh Springer Spaniel”, the English Setter and various breeds of “French Spaniel”. The first representatives of the breed were surely born in the village of Ponthou, located in the department of Finistère, and are most likely the result of the first crosses between the “Welsh Springer Spaniel” and “french dogs”.

During the 19th century, in the city of Callac and its surroundings (department of Côtes-d’Armor), the dogs thus created interbred with him English Setter. The city then specialized in the breeding of the dogs resulting from these crosses, and today it is considered the capital of Brittany Spaniel.

There are several theories about the exact development of the breed, including how the English Setter used for breeding. One of the theories is that they belonged to British families who spent their holidays in Britain, while according to another they were brought by hunters of the same nationality who came to hunt in the region.

Around 1850, Reverend E. W. Davies, Anglican writer, minister and hunter who liked to spend winters hunting in the Breton region, mentioned in his writings a medium-sized hunting dog, type Pointer, with short tail. This was definitely the Brittany Spaniel as we know it today, since this short or even absent tail, due to an English ancestor who introduced the corresponding gene into bloodlines, it is one of the peculiarities of the breed.

From the beginning of its development, the Brittany Spaniel was bred as both a pointer and a collection dog, regardless of time. In fact, was (and it still being) very adaptable, which allowed it to spread later in many French regions, as well as in several European countries, like the UK. French breeders, However, they predisposed him to hunt birds.

Used to working in collaboration with man and eager to please him, the Brittany Spaniel he was not only at the service of hunters, but also integrated into their homes. When i wasn't working, voluntarily stayed with their masters in their homes. His reputation as a good pet was quickly established.

Dog shows also played an important role, as they allowed the breed to become known outside their homeland. In fact, the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th were marked by a significant development of these events in Great Britain and other European countries, especially in France.

The year 1907 marked the creation of the Club l’Épagneul Breton à courte queue naturelle. Below, a first draft of the breed standard was written, which was adopted at the first plenary meeting of the association the following year in Loudéac. It was later modified into 1923 and again in 1933, 1956, 1995, 2001 and 2003.

As with many races, World War II marked the end of the breeding of Brittany Spaniels. Then it suffered a certain decline, However, it could be compensated once the conflict ended thanks to the work of the breeders and the evolution of certain rules.. In effect, how the breed's gene pool had shrunk too much across Europe, it was decided to accept individuals with black spots, what did not happen until then.

The problem did not arise in the United States and Canada, so local organizations did not follow the example of their French counterparts, British and others. The situation has not changed since then: this particularity is still not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), el United Kennel Club (UKC) and the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC).

The popularity of the “Brittany Spaniel”

In its country of origin, the Brittany Spaniel It is very much appreciated, and its popularity has not waned over the decades. Like this, the number of new annual registrations at the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) has never been below 4.000 since the middle of the years 70, and most of the time it even exceeds 5.000. However, there has been a certain decline over the years 2010, in which the number of new registrations has dropped from almost 5.500 a year at about 4.500.

The Brittany Spaniel it's the only one “French Spaniel” which is also very popular outside your country. Official recognition of the breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1954 obviously contributed to it.

He did not wait for the FCI to gain a foothold in the United States, where their first representatives arrived in 1931. Crossbreeding with other type dogs “Setter” made the breed gain in size and muscle, thus deviating from the original model. In fact, there is now a clear physical distinction between the American and French types, beyond the possible presence of black spots on the latter.

The Brittany Spaniel was recognized already in 1934 by the AKC under the name of Brittany Spaniel, then the latter was shortened by 1982 in favor of the simple denomination Brittany. In fact, both in Europe and America, this dog probably has more in common with “Pointers” what with the “Spaniels”. It is the same choice made by the other reference organization in the country, the UKC, when he also accepted the breed in 1948, again with the simple name of Breton. The UKC has the distinction of being the only organization that recognizes the two types of Brittany Spaniel like two different races. In fact, seeing how “Brittany” Americanan had ended up diverging from his French ancestor, decided on 2002 also recognize the “french guy” as a race in its own right, with the name that you carry in your country of origin.

However, This quick recognition should not obscure the fact that the lack of a tail was initially a major disruption to American hunters., so the Brittany Spaniel it took time to make a dent in the country. However, the general qualities of the breed eventually overcame this reluctance and the breed became very popular. Although it was also used as a hunting dog, its qualities as a companion dog, starting with his medium size and good character, also contributed greatly to its success. The latter is real, since it occupies around the post 25 (of something less than 200) in the breed ranking established by the AKC based on the number of annual births registered in the organization. This is even an improvement over the first decade of the 21st century., when he was around the post 30.

Also in North America, the Canadian CKC also recognizes the breed, and it is quite appreciated in the country.
Closer to France, Great Britain contributed to the genesis of the breed thanks to “Welsh Springer Spaniel” and to the English Setter, and adopted her in turn, being its representatives used both for hunting and shows and for the company. However, its inhabitants seem to have subsequently moved away from it. Like this, was not up 1975 when the Kennel Club, the country's leading canine organization, recognized the Brittany Spaniel. Regarding the number of subjects enrolled each year, we cannot say that it reflects a great fondness for this dog, since it is below a hundred. This figure is even on the decline, since in the first semester of 2010 it was rather between 100 and 150.

However, other European countries have given it a much better welcome. This is the case, in particular, of Italy, where hunting is very popular and widely practiced. This is, without a doubt, one of the reasons why, at the beginning of 2010, it occupied 5th place in the classification of the most represented dogs in the country, depending on the number of annual registrations in the Ente Nazionale Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI). However, since then the number has dropped steadily; now it is more or less around the 3.000, which is still considerable.

Worldwide, a classification established in 2013 and based on the sum of the annual registration statistics of 25 national organizations among the hundred members of the FCI places the Brittany Spaniel in the post 30, which confirms to what extent it has been able to gain a foothold around the world.

Physical characteristics

The Brittany Spaniel is within the “Pointing Dogs” smallest in the world, but it's longer than most dogs “Spaniel type”. They are of the braccoid type, muscular and agile, quite high-legged and with a compact silhouette. They are distinguished from dogs of type “Pointer” by his head, typical of “Spaniel”, and the frequent absence of tail.

Straight and rigid, his back is generally as long as his height at the withers. The chest generally descends to the tips of the elbows, while the shoulders are long and very mobile.

Due to a genetic mutation introduced in the 19th century, the tail of Brittany Spaniel is absent or very short. When it is present, is located in the upper part of the rump and usually measures between 3 and 6 cm., but the breed standard accepts up to 10 cm.. There was a time when the use of tail docking was common for dogs with a tail too long for their owner's liking.. However, this practice is prohibited today in a large number of countries, like belgium, France, Switzerland and Quebec.

As for the legs, they are long and strong, and have flexible joints that allow them to run lightly without much effort. The feet are usually larger on the hind legs than on the front legs.. In all cases, they are well rounded, compact and have tight toes.

The head of the Brittany Spaniel rests on a moderately long neck, fine and strong. Whether viewed from the side or from the front, the skull is somewhat rounded. The stop is quite well defined. In addition, this dog is slightly brachycephalic, which means that its muzzle is shorter than its skull. It ends in a nose with wide nostrils whose color corresponds to that of the fur, and master the scissor bite jaws.

Located on the top of the head and provided with semi-long hairs, sometimes wavy at the top, the ears are wide, short, triangular and drooping. They are extremely mobile when you are on the lookout for something.
The eyes are slightly oblique and their color usually corresponds to the predominant color of the coat. His intelligent gaze shows the great alertness of this dog.

If there is no undercoat, the mantle of Brittany Spaniel consists simply of a thin layer of medium length hair, which is not very thick and can be smooth or slightly wavy. The most common color is fawn on white, but there are also brown and white dogs, fire and tricolor (black, Orange and white, or brown, Orange and white). Confidentially, the latter has gained in popularity in recent times. As for the black and white fur, there is debate: accepted by some organizations, as the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), but others reject it, as the American Kennel Club (AKC) or the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC). In any case, regardless of its color, some individuals have spots on the snout, the lips, around the eyes, on the legs or even on the chest.

Last but not least, It should be noted that there are two very different types: the Brittany Spaniel French type and the Brittany Spaniel american type. They differ mainly by their size: the second (the most represented in the United States and Canada) it is bigger and more massive than the first (majority in Europe). As to the nature, tends to be more active and awake. These differences are explained by the fact that the first representatives of the breed imported to the United States in the decade of 1930 they quickly interbred with type dogs “Setter”.

Whatever the type, there is only a very slight sexual dimorphism between males and females, although the former may be a bit larger and heavier. In addition, regardless of gender, representatives of the breed reach their adult size between 14 and 16 months of age.

Height and weight

▷ Male size: Of 49 - 50 cm.

▷ Female size: Of 48 - 49 cm.

▷ Male weight: Of 14 - 16 kg

▷ Female weight: Of 13 - 16 kg

Varieties:

Although they are not strictly varieties, there are two types of Brittany Spaniel: the original French type and the American type, that appeared after the breed's arrival in the United States in the years 30 and their crossing with local Setters. This resulted in a larger dog, stronger and faster with a livelier temper.

Smaller and more compact, the Brittany Spaniel French type is easier to train and handle during hunting parties.
These two types can also be differentiated by their fur. The Brittany Spaniel American type has no black spots, unlike his cousin. In addition, they tend to have shorter hairs.

El United Kennel Club (UKC) American is the only organization that recognizes these two types as distinct races. In 1948, the Brittany Spaniel was recognized as Brittany. Arrived in the country less than 20 years before, this dog was still broadly identical to the one found in France. However, as the gap widened over the decades, the race finally decided that the “Brittany” It corresponds to Brittany Spaniel american type, and in 2002 decided to also recognize his ancestor, the french type, under the name of Brittany Spaniel.

Character and skills

The Brittany Spaniel it is one of the most popular dog breeds in France, and even to a certain extent the world. In effect, is sociable, Intelligent, attentive and cheerful. With the, it seems impossible to get bored and in a bad mood, So contagious is their joie de vivre!

Having said that, as it happens with many races, the temperament of this dog can vary according to sex. For an individual destined for hunting, a sterile male is often preferred, as it is considered calmer and more gentle than an uncastrated female or male.

In any case, it is a joy for the whole family, 'And he gets along especially well with children. He loves to play actively with them and can be quite protective if he perceives a threat to them. However, Your boundless energy and enthusiasm may lead you to unintentionally push or even knock a young child down. In any case, as with any dog, should never be left alone with a very young child without adult supervision, and those whose age allows it must learn to behave with respect towards him.

Loyal to his family and little tolerant of loneliness, this dog requires a lot of presence and affection to feel good: if he is left alone too long or does not receive enough attention from his masters, can quickly develop destructive behavior or bark excessively. Its need for attention and interaction also means that it is unsuitable for a household where members are often absent for long periods of time..

Sharing your home with another little companion is an interesting option to help you pass the time when your caregivers are away. In fact, the Brittany Spaniel not only appreciates humans: he is also very sociable with his peers, whether they cross paths during walks or those with which you would have to live daily. He is also grateful that he is not the only dog ​​in the family.. You can also plan a coexistence with a cat, as soon as I am in contact with him from a very young age. On the other hand, when he meets an unknown feline, you probably want to go after him. Good socialization is not enough for you to live under the same roof as a small prey-like animal, like a rodent or a bird. In fact, hunting instinct is in his genes and he is likely to regain the upper hand at any moment, ending this coexistence prematurely.

Their propensity to hunt small animals that pass by, as well as his permanent desire to run, It also implies that if you live in a house with a garden, this must be well fenced, at the risk of sometimes going too far. A property with a large fenced area is the ideal environment for him, but it is quite adaptable. Therefore, provided your need for exercise is met each day with the help of long walks and other activities, you can even live in an apartment and in an urban environment.

However, keep in mind that they can be sensitive to noise. Therefore, can get stressed out when your home is particularly noisy, for example, by very noisy children. The same type of problem can arise if you live in the city or move regularly (for example, when walking) in a very crowded environment, especially if you haven't gotten used to it from a very young. On the other hand, used since its inception for hunting, he is indifferent to the noise of rifle shots.

Although they live in the quiet countryside and have access to a very large garden at all times, this is not enough for this particularly active and hardy dog ​​to be comfortable with his head and paws. To be able to expend his great energy, needs at least an hour or two of daily activity. It's not about being much less active during the week and trying to make up for it on the weekend.: if this dog does not expend enough energy each day, can quickly develop behavior disorders, such as excessive nervousness or hyperactivity.

Given your level of activity, it is easy to understand that the Brittany Spaniel it is not at all adapted to elderly or very homey people. On the other hand, he is the best friend of an active master who likes to run, hiking or taking long bike rides and dreams of taking his animal with him. Knowing that he also likes to swim, do not hesitate to take him swimming in a lake from time to time, or in planning a swim break when there is a water point along the way during any activity. It can also be very good at practicing canine sports such as cani-cross or cani-VTT. In fact, usually always willing to do any activity that involves exercise, especially if it is fun or is accompanied by other dogs.

During the walks, It is important to bear in mind that at any time you can run after a bird or any other animal that is in your way, or you can be tempted by a smell that will not leave you indifferent. Your determination and stamina can go a long way, even to get lost. To avoid this, the most effective solution is, of course, always carry him on a leash, but this is by no means ideal for your well-being, as he urgently needs to vent. Therefore, it is better to put the emphasis on learning to withdraw, considering that it is impossible to completely trust such a dog: Investing in a connected dog collar is a good way to prevent walks from being a source of anxiety, since then it is possible to know where it is at all times.

However, physical exercise is not enough to keep you balanced: you also have to keep him mentally busy. Therefore, the ideal is to keep him mentally occupied with activities that appeal to his intelligence, like certain canine disciplines (obedience, agility or flyball, for example), o solving puzzles and other problems. As a working dog, he likes his owner to assign him tasks, and usually takes them very seriously.

This is all the more true as their closeness to their caregiver, her desire to please him and her intelligence make the Brittany Spaniel an easy to train dog that learns very quickly. They are especially attentive to the orders of their owner, attentive to every facial expression and ready to react and respond to any request.

Unlike other races, the Brittany Spaniel are not particularly destructive or difficult during their teens, which starts around 6 months and continues until 18 months of age. Even if you start to adopt undesirable behavior, his great desire to please makes him very easy to correct.

Last but not least, because of his personality, not very assertive by nature, not a good watchdog, although it can be protective in especially threatening situations. He does not hesitate to bark to warn of the arrival of a stranger, but it is not usually the kind that does much more to deter the intruder. They can also be especially loud barking at the top of their lungs when they are home alone.. He has a groan that is his own and that he can also show when he is in this situation, or when scared or intrigued.

Education

The education of Brittany Spaniel it's pretty easy, because it is an obedient dog that likes above all to please its master. For this reason, not the type to use his intelligence to try to exploit loopholes and challenge his master's dominance, but it allows you to learn very quickly. This makes it a recommended dog breed for a beginner..

With the, sweetness is the key word. In fact, is sensible, does not support violence and is not at all receptive to education based on punishment or negative reinforcement. If these methods are used, is likely to show signs of anxiety and stress at work. Positive reinforcement, namely, a work method based on the assessment of good behavior through rewards (petting, stimuli, candies…) is much more effective and allows you to feel real pleasure from your work.

Hunting individuals can quickly learn their future role. In effect, the Brittany Spaniel has a great hunting instinct, to the point that it is not uncommon to see a cub that begins hunting from the 3 months of age. It is possible to take your dog hunting from the 5 months of age. Obviously, it is not at that moment when he catches his first woodcock, but it allows you to become familiar with the environment and hunting. It is important, However, stick to short games and be fairly sure to watch the game, so as not to demotivate him. In addition, being still growing and fragile, avoid trying too hard. Only when it reaches its adult size, between 14 and 16 months, you can fully participate in this activity.

Although not intended for hunting, any activity that reinforces their persecution instinct should be prohibited in their education. Obviously, this should not detract from your need to be active and exercise properly. The learning and regular practice of a dog sport, like agility, obedience or flyball, for example, is a good alternative, although it can also be practiced perfectly by an individual employed as a hunter.

Teaching your dog to remember is also helpful in preventing him from giving vent to his predatory instincts in inappropriate circumstances.. However, since even well-trained dogs are difficult to trust completely, the leash is more or less often essential for your safety and that of the animals and people around you. Therefore, learning to walk on a leash is another important aspect of your education.

Last but not least, like any dog, the Brittany Spaniel should benefit from great socialization from a young age, especially since he can tend to be suspicious and shy around strangers, or being especially stressed when in a noisy environment. Getting used from a young age to meet all kinds of people and fellow humans, but also to live in different places and to face a great variety of situations and stimuli (noises, smells, etc.), we give you all the possibilities to make you feel good in your head, calm down and easily find your place with humans.

Use

The Brittany Spaniel was developed to be a versatile hunter. Notable in search, the signaling and collection (both in water and on land), is specialized in hunting birds (especially the woodcock and the duck), He acts alone and not in a pack and remains, Still today, the hunting dog breed preferred by many hunters.
From the beginning of its history, has also found its place in the homes of its owners, thanks to his friendly personality and his natural closeness to man.

Today, is still appreciated as a companion dog and is an excellent choice for anyone active and available, hunter or not, wanting nothing better than hiking with your dog or taking it with you when you go for a run or ride a bike.

Your energy, his resistance and his desire to please also make him a perfect student for many canine disciplines such as agility, the flyball, obedience, the cani-cross or the mountain bike.

Grooming

Due to her very moderate hair loss throughout the year, its lack of undercoat and its little tendency to tangle, the fur of the Brittany Spaniel requires little maintenance: a weekly brushing is enough. Your seasonal shed, in spring and autumn, it is not very pronounced, but still requires more regular brushing, on the order of 2 or 3 times per week.

It is also possible to take the dog to the groomer to have the medium hairs on its legs cut (or do it yourself), to avoid knots, since this part of the body is especially prone to them. However, this is not essential: depends on the preferences of each caregiver.

How their coat is generally kept clean, it is not necessary to bathe the dog more than 2 or 3 times a year. In any case, unless it got especially dirty, avoid bathing him too close, as it could seriously damage the skin or coat. In any case, it is important to always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of human skin and that of your best friend are different.

The drooping shape of the Brittany Spaniel implies an increased risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.), as it facilitates the accumulation of dirt and moisture. Therefore, it is essential to examine and clean them weekly, as well as drying them after each prolonged moment in a humid place, and of course every time you swim.

The weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to check the condition of your partner's eyes and clean the contours. This also greatly reduces the risk of infection. This is all the more important since the Brittany Spaniel is quite sensitive to the eyes and can present a number of eye diseases: the sooner they are detected, best.

Caring for a Brittany Spaniel it also involves taking care of your teeth, always using a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This helps limit the build-up of dental plaque., which can lead to tartar formation, which can be the cause of many problems, some of which are potentially serious. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better to avoid brushing less than once a week.

Last but not least, the activity level of this hyperactive dog causes claw wear to occur normally naturally. Therefore, they rarely need to be cut, unless, for example, your mobility is limited by a health problem. If you hear them rubbing when you walk on the hard ground, it's time to take care of them. Otherwise, could hinder your movements or even break and injure yourself.

As with any race, the steps to take care of a Brittany Spaniel (either its fur, his eyes, his ears, their teeth or claws) should not be taken at random. In fact, beyond the risk of being ineffective, they could hurt or even injure you. Therefore, it is wise to see a vet or professional groomer the first time, to learn from him the best way to proceed. The sooner the animal gets used to these different manipulations, it will be easier for you to let them do it throughout your life. The sessions can then be beautiful moments of sweetness and complicity, instead of being tests feared by the two protagonists.

Another habit to take - and that also leads to manipulation- is to systematically examine your body when you return from every long moment you spend outdoors, in particular its fur, its feet and its pads. This ensures that you have not been injured, nor has he caught spikes or parasites.

Health

In general, the Brittany Spaniel enjoys robust health, which is illustrated by the fact that a good number of representatives of the breed are celebrating their 15th birthday.

In addition, your Breton origins mean that bad weather does not impress you or prevent you from doing your outdoor activities. It is also capable of adapting to many weather conditions, even at extreme temperatures.

However, like all dogs, have a predisposition to develop certain diseases, many of which are hereditary:

  • Hip Dysplasia, a potentially inherited joint malformation that mostly affects medium and large dogs. Causes pain and lameness to a greater or lesser extent, as well as osteoarthritis from a certain age;
  • Cleft palate, a congenital and often inherited malformation responsible for poor communication between the puppy's mouth and nose. Then you may suffer from feeding difficulties, swallowing problems, choking or coughing. Difficulty feeding can cause growth retardation and surgery is necessary to correct the problem;
  • Spinal muscular atrophy, a sometimes inherited syndrome that causes a decrease in muscle mass. This can cause, among other things, difficulty moving, breathing problems or trouble eating properly. It is a progressive and often fatal disease for which there is no treatment;
  • La abiotrofia cerebelosa, a disease that causes tremors and a significant loss of coordination, that affects young men more. These symptoms initially appear only when the animal is in motion, and then they get worse over time, more or less quickly, until they appear when idle. There is no treatment for this rare disease, but it is not painful for the animal;
  • Epilepsy, a sometimes inherited disease causing more or less severe and often impressive seizures. Various treatments allow limiting or even eliminating them, so that, usually, those affected continue to lead an almost normal life;
  • Hypothyroidism, an endocrine disruption that corresponds to a defect in the regulation of thyroid hormones. You can have all kinds of symptoms: weight gain, decreased heart rate, dry skin, hair loss, increased sensitivity to cold ..;
  • Hemophilia, an incurable inherited disease that causes a deficiency in coagulation and, Therefore, excessive bleeding. They can appear mostly under the skin, during tooth growth, in urine and feces, during vaccination or when the animal is injured. They can also be internal and invisible, and often lead to death;
  • Lupus erythematosus, a skin disease resulting from a deficiency of the immune system, what causes, among other things, depigmentation of certain parts of the body (nose first, then the ears and legs), erosions and ulcers ;
    external otitis, due to the drooping shape of his ears.

The Brittany Spaniel it is also predisposed to certain eye diseases:

  • Dislocation of the lens, causing instability and abnormal movement of the lens in the eye. In this breed, most often it is the result of hereditary transmission. Very painful, can lead to total loss of sight if not treated with surgery;
  • The waterfall, a potentially inherited eye disease that usually develops in old age. Cataracts cause a cloudy lens that gradually reduces the dog's vision until total blindness occurs. Can be treated by surgery;
  • Glaucoma, an often inherited disease that can cause sudden loss of vision. It is the result of an abnormal increase in pressure in the dog's eye and must be treated quickly, otherwise its consequences are irreversible.

In addition, specimens used for hunting are at increased risk of injury, parasites and spikes.

Last but not least, despite its high level of activity, the Brittany Spaniel does not get rid of obesity, that can cause or accentuate many health problems. It also constitutes a vicious cycle, since an overweight individual tends to be less active.

However, the long list of diseases to which the breed is predisposed should not hide the fact that most of its representatives spend most of their lives in perfect health. This is confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the British Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, which established that the leading cause of death in this breed is simply advanced age.

On the other hand, this list leads to many inherited conditions, or that are likely to be hereditary. This underlines how important it is to go to a serious and competent Brittany Spaniel breeder who rigorously selects his breeders.. If you are not able to present the results of genetic tests carried out to the parents or the offspring to avoid any transmission of said disease, it is better to go your way and go to another breeder; no lack of options. In addition to these documents, any serious professional should be able to provide a certificate from a veterinarian proving that the puppy is in good health, as well as your health or vaccination card, confirm that you have received all necessary vaccinations.

Adopting a healthy animal is one thing, but its usefulness is limited if you don't make sure it stays that way. Therefore, it is essential to note that, until the age of 14 - 16 months, a puppy of Brittany Spaniel is still in its growth phase, and therefore is particularly fragile. Throughout this period, it is important to only very gradually increase the duration and intensity of your activities, at the risk of impairing the proper development of your bones and joints, or even to cause injuries and / or malformations that he could suffer throughout his life. This is all the more important since you are predisposed to hip dysplasia.

Last but not least, one of the best ways to keep your dog healthy is to take him to the vet at least once a year for a thorough check-up to detect any possible problems, which may not be visible to the inexperienced eye. It is also a great opportunity to take stock of vaccinations and any necessary withdrawals.. In addition, antiparasitic treatments also help protect your pet against a number of diseases: it is up to the owner to renew them throughout the year, whenever necessary.

Life expectancy

Of 12 - 15 years

Price “Brittany Spaniel”

In Switzerland, the lower popularity of the breed makes the number of breeders of Brittany Spaniel be quite limited. A solution to have many more options is to buy directly in France.

In canada, the number of breeders barely exceeds ten, and also here the prices are very different, generally ranging between 750 and 1500 canadian dollars. Of course, It is also possible to go to the United States, where you have to have some 800 US dollars for a good quality puppy.

In the case of a purchase abroad, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the price of the puppy and, of course, make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog.

Characteristics “Brittany Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Brittany Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Brittany Spaniel”

Photos:

1 – An eleven-month-old male Brittany Spaniel dog, named “Kinwashkly That’s Mr. Jagger To You” (nickname “Mick”). by Pharaoh Hound, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – We had front row seats the second night of Westminster at Madison Square Garden in NYC. 2/2009 by Kjunstorm, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A liver and white Brittany Spaniel. by John Blyberg, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Brittany Spaniel Dog. Hank watches other dogs misbehaving at the dog beach by Uber Phot, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Brittany Spaniel” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Epagneul_Breton.jpg
6 – “Brittany Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/photos/brittany-brittany-spaniel-dog-3410384/

Videos “Brittany Spaniel”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 95
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • AKCDeportivo
  • ANKCGroup 3
  • CKCPerros Deportivos
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Brittany Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “Brittany Spaniel”
Breton Spaniel FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Brittany Spaniel, Brittany Wiegref, Epagneul Breton, French Brittany (English).
    2. Épagneul breton (French).
    3. Brittany, Bretonischer Vorstehhund (German).
    4. Brittany, (em francês: Épagneul breton) (Portuguese).
    5. American Brittany Spaniel, Bretón Americano, Pointer Bretón, Spaniel bretón, Bretón Español (Spanish).

Eurasian
Alemania FCI 291 . Asian Spitz and related breeds

Eurasier

The Eurasian is confident, quiet, tolerant, adaptable, willing to learn and smart.

Content

History

In the Decade of 1960, Julius Wipfel raised females of Keeshond (Wolfspitz) and males of Chow-Chow en Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, initially the Wolf-Chow. He finally raised this dog with him Samoyed and obtained an original dog with a natural structure and a balanced character.

In 1973 the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and it is, therefore, the youngest German dog breed. The youngest breed, officially recognized German breed owes its name to its original European breeds (Keeshond = EUR) and asian (Chow-Chow and Samoyed = ASIER). The task of the robust companion and family dog ​​with character was not even hunting, nor grazing, nor on guard. The Eurasian was bred solely as a social partner for humans.

Physical characteristics

The Eurasian is balanced, well built, medium-sized, with erect ears. It can be of different colours: Beige, reddish brown, the Grey Wolf, black. A characteristic feature is the Agouti coat pattern and stripe and stripe patterns., that for example wolves also have.
The male has a height of 52 - 60 the cross and weighs cm, approximately, of 23 - 32 kg. The female has a height of 48 - 56 cm to cross and weighs between 18 - 26 kg.
Typical of the coat of the Eurasian is his dense undercoat, which is excellent protection against cold and also repels dirt. Just the muzzle, the face, the ears and the front of the legs are short-haired. The tail, the back of the front legs and the back legs have long hairs.

By the way, the Eurasian get their tongues partially and sometimes even completely blue from the Chow-Chow, whose blue tongue merged with the pink tongue of the Keeshond and Samoyed.

Character and skills

The Eurasian he is sure of himself, quiet, tolerant, adaptable, willing to learn and smart. Above all, animals are very close to their family members, which does not make them a one man dog.

The Eurasian they need constant and close contact with their humans and are therefore completely unsuitable for housing in kennels. In an animal shelter, these sensitive dogs would suffer extraordinarily and eventually wither. How the Eurasiers are so focused on their family, should not be left in the hands of other people, even when they are on vacation. Wants to be with his family, always and everywhere.

These sensitive animals have a special feeling for the mood and disposition of their humans, and have a distinctive social behavior towards others Eurasian. In addition, dogs of this breed are elegant, self-confident and at the same time pleasantly stubborn. They can even trick their owners into getting their way.

Activities with the Eurasian

Although the Eurasian does not have pronounced hunting behavior, a certain prey drive may be present, as in most dogs. However, with a loving consistency, understanding, patience and treats, the Eurasian can be trained to become trouble-free and appreciative companions, that adapt to all situations in life. However, training in an outer hand is out of the question for a Eurasian. If you demand absolute obedience to a dog, you must choose another race.

The Eurasian need about two hours of exercise a day. Your urge to move can be ideally satisfied by jogging, cycling the agility. Monotonous catch-up games like the one in “look for sticks” quickly bore this clever animal.

Eurasian care

Despite the dense undercoat, the care of the coat of the Eurasian it is not complicated and is limited to brushing once a week only during the change of coat, must be combed daily. The tongue of the Eurasier ranges from pink to an infinite number of varieties from pied blue to pure blue. The inheritance of Chow-Chow fascinates many passersby and often leads to confusion with the Chinese race. A Eurasier is an incorruptible friend for life.

Buying a Eurasian from a breeder

If you want to buy a puppy of Eurasian, you will need to be prepared for waiting periods, because there are only some 300 or 400 puppies per year under the umbrella organization of the VDH (German Canine Federation. Cubs Eurasian cost around 1000 EUR.

Eurasian images

Photos:

1 – Kai de Eurasipomer (Nombre original Selly de Eurasipomer) by Siasegos / CC BY-SA
2 – Eurasier by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eurasier_liegend.jpg
3 – Eurasier by https://flic.kr/p/eKr7Rv
4 – Eigen gemaakte foto van een Eurasier (hondenras) by Ekta / CC BY-SA
5 – A beautiful Eurasier male I met during a walk. His name is Haiko vom Born by https://flic.kr/p/UAo4j3
6 – Adult tan and black eurasier dog on body of water by https://www.pikrepo.com/fwskj/adult-tan-and-black-eurasier-dog-on-body-of-water

Eurasian Videos

Dogs breeds: Eurasian
Raffi – Eurasian – 3 Week Residential Dog Training at Adolescent Dogs

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 291
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.
  • ANKC – Non sporting
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working Dogs
  • ​KC – Utility
  • NZKC – Non Sporting
  • UKC – Northern Breeds

FCI Eurasier breed standard

Eurasian FCI Eurasian FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Eurasian Dog (English).
    2. Eurasier (French).
    3. Eurasier (Hunderasse) (German).
    4. Eurasier (Portuguese).
    5. Eurasian (Spanish).
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