English Water Spaniel (Water Dog) It is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, fue visto por última vez en la década de 1930. Is of English origin.
He was very famous for his skill in hunting waterfowl and being able to dive like a duck. Se describía como similar a unCollie or a cross between a Poodle and Curly-coated Springer Spaniely por lo general era de color blanco con manchas color hígado o marrón.
In 1570, the Dr. John Caius wrote a description of the English Water Spaniel. But the race is officially mentioned by name in 1802, en el “Sportsman’s Cabinet” (organization that nuclear all hunting sports), where they describe the English Water Spanielcomo un perro “natural hair is long and curly, and compact, not loose and messy”, la descripción fue acompañada de un grabado en el que aparecía unEnglish Hair Spanielcolor blanco con manchas hígado. This shows that the English Water Spaniel is prior to Irish Water Spaniel, not developed as a breed recognized until the Decade of 1830.
During the first half of the 18th century, the English Water Spaniel It was used for hunting ducks in East Anglia.
The Kennel Club –initially– tenía una clasificación específica en la que se agrupaban todos los “Non-Irish water dogs”. Ese estándar fue creado específicamente para elEnglish Water Spaniel by Hugh Dalziel in one of his books dedicated to the races of water dogs.
En un artículo suyo publicado en el año 1897, Hugh Dalziel, ensured that, no creía que la raza se hubiese extinguido, on the other hand, aseguraba que aún había muchos ejemplares de la raza distribuidos a lo largo y ancho del país, and keeping alive the race passed through motivate breeders from the most important clubs and canine committees, in the perpetuation and improvement of the breed. But later, Dalziel, regretted the fact that while the Irish Water Spaniel became famous, the English Water Spaniel was absorbed by other breeds of spaniel, under the eye of the most important clubs and canine committees, until you reach the extinction…
In 1967, the author John Fawcett Gordon (y político de Irlanda del Norte) decía: “Después de dos siglos de cría elEnglish Water Spaniel has become extinct. No se ha vuelto a ver ningún ejemplar en los últimos treinta años”.
At least, It is believed that the English Water Spanielha dejado su legado en razas descendientes…
The records for the origin of the modern breed Field Spaniel are more precise and show that one of the four parent dogs used in the creation of the breed was a English Water Spaniel crossed with a Cocker Spaniel officially registered as a Sussex Spaniel, debido a sus manchas color hígado. ¿Es lioso, truth?
De pelo blanco y manchas color hígado (brown), medían unos 51 cm in height to the cross. They were thin, de patas largas características de algunosSpaniel, with the tail and long ears, White under belly and Brown dorsum. With a head long and narrow small and those long ears covered with thick and very defined curls. The body was moderately thick, barrel-shaped, but not as much as the Field Spaniel.
The Eurasian is self-confident, quiet, tolerant, adaptable, willing to learn and smart.
In the Decade of 1960, Julius Wipfel raised females of Keeshond (Wolfspitz) and males of Chow-Chow en Weinheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, initially the Wolf-Chow. He finally raised this dog with him Samoyed and obtained an original dog with a natural structure and a balanced character.
In 1973 the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and it is, therefore, the youngest German dog breed. The youngest breed, officially recognized German breed owes its name to its original European breeds (Keeshond = EUR) and asian (Chow-Chow and Samoyed = ASIER). La tarea del robusto perro de compañía y familia con carácter no era ni la caza, nor grazing, nor on guard. The Eurasianfue criado únicamente como un socio social para los humanos.
The Eurasian is balanced, well built, medium-sized, with erect ears. It can be of different colours: beige, reddish brown, the Grey Wolf, black. Un rasgo característico es el patrón del pelaje de los agutíes y los patrones de bandas y rayas, that for example wolves also have.
The male has a height of 52 to 60 the cross and weighs cm, approximately, of 23 to 32 kg. The female has a height of 48 to 56 cm to cross and weighs between 18 to 26 kg. Típico del abrigo delEurasian is his dense undercoat, que es una excelente protección contra el frío y también repele la suciedad. Just the muzzle, the face, the ears and the front of the legs are short-haired. The tail, the back of the front legs and the back legs have long hairs.
By the way, the Eurasian get their tongues partially and sometimes even completely blue from the Chow-Chow, whose blue tongue merged with the pink tongue of the Keeshond and Samoyed.
Character and skills
The Eurasian is self-confident, quiet, tolerant, adaptable, willing to learn and smart. Por encima de todo, animals are very close to their family members, which does not make them a one man dog.
The Eurasian they need constant and close contact with their humans and are therefore completely unsuitable for housing in kennels. In an animal shelter, estos sensibles perros sufrirían extraordinariamente y eventualmente se marchitarían. How the Eurasiers are so focused on their family, should not be left in the hands of other people, even when they are on vacation. Wants to be with his family, always and everywhere.
These sensitive animals have a special feeling for the mood and disposition of their humans, and have a distinctive social behavior towards others Eurasian. It also, dogs of this breed are elegant, seguros de sí mismos y al mismo tiempo agradablemente testarudos. They can even trick their owners into getting their way.
Activities with the Eurasian
Although the Eurasian does not have pronounced hunting behavior, a certain prey drive may be present, as in most dogs. However, with a loving consistency, understanding, patience and treats, the Eurasian can be trained to become trouble-free and appreciative companions, that adapt to all situations in life. However, training in an outer hand is out of the question for a Eurasian. If you demand absolute obedience to a dog, you must choose another race.
The Eurasiannecesitan unas dos horas de ejercicio al día. Your urge to move can be ideally satisfied by jogging, cycling the agility. Monotonous catch-up games like the one in “look for sticks” quickly bore this clever animal.
Despite the dense undercoat, the care of the coat of the Eurasian it is not complicated and is limited to brushing once a week only during the change of coat, must be combed daily. La lengua del Eurasier varía de rosa a un número infinito de variedades de azul pied a azul puro. The inheritance of Chow-Chowfascina a muchos transeúntes y a menudo conduce a la confusión con la raza china. A Eurasier is an incorruptible friend for life.
Buying a Eurasian from a breeder
If you want to buy a puppy of Eurasian, tendrá que estar preparado para los períodos de espera, because there are only some 300 or 400 puppies per year under the umbrella organization of the VDH (German Canine Federation. Cubs Eurasian cost around 1000 EUR.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Eurasian" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The dog Canadian Eskimo Dog it's a sled dog, the North of Canada natural. Posiblemente este sea uno de los perros más tolerante al frío.
Similar to the Hotocho (or Mongolian sheepdog), the Canadian Eskimo (or Qimmiq en inuktitut) it is a very old canine breed, perhaps one of the first to accompany man to this part of the globe, almost ago 4.000 years. Faithful companion of the Inuit people of Thule, was bred and trained to become a tough working dog, able to travel long distances at a steady pace. It also, your complexion, their excellent sense of smell and intelligence were used to locate the breathing holes of seals for hunting and to protect families from musk oxen and polar bears..
In the Decade of 1920, el esquimal canadiense seguía estrechamente asociado a la cultura inuit, With almost 20.000 Eskimos working alongside men in the northern territories. However, this golden age was not going to last. In effect, the arrival of the snowmobile in the years 60, the massive and systematic killing of Inuit dogs by the Canadian government (officially, por razones de salud pública – unofficially, say some, to intimidate and forcibly assimilate Inuit peoples, eliminando su principal herramienta de trabajo y un símbolo de su cultura), the introduction of new breeds of sled dogs such as the Siberian Husky, así como una cierta vulnerabilidad a las enfermedades que traen estos últimos, are literally decimating purebred Canadian Eskimo populations. In 1963, sólo había unCanadian Eskimo Dogregistrado en el libro de cría delCanadian Kennel Club, which then declared the race extinct.
This statement proved premature. However, it did not count on the tenacity of William Carpenter, Bill Thompson, John McGrath (founders of the Research Foundation of the Canadian Eskimo Dog) and Brian Ladoon (breeder and musher, that is to say, sled driver). With government support to preserve Inuit cultural heritage, el cuarteto emprendió una expedición a las regiones más remotas del Ártico canadiense con el objetivo de encontrar ejemplares esquimales canadienses de pura raza. Their efforts paid off and, thanks to the specimens unearthed in the Inuit villages, se puso en marcha un programa de cría. Pocos años después, in 1970, había nada menos que 200 animals. Today, this figure reaches the 300 individuals around the world.
Although the United Kennel Club American recognized the Canadian Eskimo as a race in its own right in 1996, was not up 2018, year in which the breed was recognized by the International Cynological Federationand (FCI) and Central Canine Society, cuando la raza pasó realmente a la primera línea del mundo canino y el público en general y los aficionados ilustrados conocieron no solo las cualidades de este perro, but also the precariousness of its existence.
However, although some specimens have crossed the Atlantic to the United Kingdom, the spread of the breed remains for the time being essentially limited to Canada and the United States, e incluso allí, the breeders of Canadian Eskimo Dog they are still scarce.
At first sight, it is clear why the Canadian Eskimo has helped the Inuit people for so long. Strength, power, resistencia y vigor son los primeros adjetivos que vienen a la mente al describir a este perro capaz de realizar un esfuerzo constante en condiciones ambientales difíciles.
The Canadian Eskimo is of medium build, with a strong neck and chest, but with legs of medium height. Con sus huesos y músculos bien definidos, su físico poderoso y majestuoso refleja que es principalmente un perro muy resistente, not very fast. It should be noted in passing that females are slightly smaller and less muscular than males.
It is also interesting to note that the Canadian Eskimo is quickly big enough to work: although it does not reach full maturity until around the 3 years of age, it is capable of transporting loads from the 7 months. Puppies are often described as miniature adults, with the ears upright and upright on the skull and the tail coiled from the third week.
Like most of the Spitz, the head of the Canadian Eskimo is angular and elevated, with straight, thick ears. The eyes are placed at an angle and give the animal a serious attitude. The bushy tail is carried high or curled on the back.
The coat of the Canadian Eskimo It is thick, with a smooth top layer and a dense and uniform wool bottom layer, providing optimal thermal insulation for adverse weather conditions. Esto los convierte en una de las razas de perros más adaptadas al frío. Males also have a long mane that covers the neck and shoulders. Females usually have the shortest upper layer, which contributes to give the impression of a finer animal.
The breed standard does not allow smooth fur. Therefore, the Canadian Eskimo must always have a coat with a combination of colors, without the distribution of one color taking precedence over the others:
Completely white fur with pigmentation around the eyes, on the nose and lips (is not an albino);
white coat with only a very small amount of red, buff (including cinnamon shading), gray or black around the ears and eyes;
white coat with red markings, beige, cinnamon, gray or black around the ears and eyes, or the head completely marked with these colors, sometimes with small spots of the same color on the body, usually around the hips or on the flank;
Red and white, or buff and white, or cinnamon and white, or black and white, with a distribution to 50% of each of the two colors in the different parts of the body;
red or beige or cinnamon, with white on the chest and/or on the legs and lower part of the body;
Sabre body or black or dark gray, with white on the chest and/or on the legs, under the body, occasionally extended to the neck like a gola;
silvery grey or greyish white fur;
Brown bottom layer and black top layer.
The white mask shaded around the eyes and/or around the nose, with or without dots above the eyes, es una característica física común en los perros con un color bien definido en la cabeza. Very rarely, the dots above the eyes, así como las marcas de las mejillas, can be buff-colored, adding a third color to a normally bicolored dog.
Size and weight
▷ Male size: 58 to 70 cm.
▷ female size: 50 to 60 cm.
▷ Male weight: 30-40 kg
▷ female weight: 18-30 kg
Character and skills
The character of Canadian Eskimo reflects the harsh environmental conditions in which he lives and the work that dots his daily life. Therefore, it is closer to the wild animal domesticated by the tribal peoples in a logic of labor collaboration than to a real pet overflowing with affection for its master. Intelligent, brave, but always on guard, so sometimes it may seem distant.
This does not prevent this dog from being gentle and affectionate with his family, or express a friendly curiosity towards strangers your family welcomes. But moderation remains the key word for him.. The Canadian Eskimo rarely celebrates his master, although he does not hesitate to ask for a caress as a sign of recognition. As a pack dog, is fiercely loyal to his master, al que considera el líder del clan, and is less distant with it. Cuidado con quien muestre signos de animosidad hacia este líder: the Canadian Eskimo it will quickly remind you of the meaning of the word respect, with many grunts.
The herds of Canadian Eskimo have a reputation for being very organized. From time to time some fights and scratches may occur, pero no es un signo de lucha seria o de rebelión contra el líder establecido.
It also, unlike many recent dog breeds, the Canadian Eskimo has retained a very sharp hunting instinct. El más mínimo estímulo, either the food, the start of a game or a fight, gives rise to a quick and very enthusiastic response by this dog. In fact, this dog is more suitable for a family of adults and should never be left with children, ya que esto podría provocar lesiones involuntarias. You can live with dogs that do not belong to your herd, but with some reservations, since he tends to regard any animal smaller than him as a prey to devour rather than as a companion with whom to live. The cats, rodents and small dogs will be tested if they have to cohabit with it.
Last, as an outdoor dog par excellence, que aprecia las temperaturas frías y prefiere dormir al aire libre si se le da la oportunidad, the Canadian Eskimo is not at all a breed of dog adapted to a floor. Necesitan pasar muchas horas al aire libre cada día para mantener su forma física y mental. Sporty and hyperactive dog, used to pulling sleds, the ideal for him is to have a master as tough as him. In other words, it is a perfect companion for those who want to practice cani-rando, cani-mountain biking, ski jöering, canikart… Sin una actividad física a la altura de sus capacidades, becomes a destructive and/or aggressive dog.
Last, being a very intelligent dog, is the king of escapes and mischief. There is no delicate plant or reinforced fence that resists it. If you have decided to be a runaway dog, será muy difícil detenerlo.
The Canadian Eskimotiene unas excelentes disposiciones físicas que lo hacen resistente a muchas de las enfermedades genéticas que suelen darse en perros de razas similares.
However, although they are a force of nature in their natural environment, are more susceptible to parasites and skin diseases that develop in warmer temperatures. Thus, it's important not to forget dog vaccine reminders, and give regular preventive treatment against ticks and fleas.
It also, like many Nordic dogs, has predisposition to the following diseases:
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Canadian Eskimo Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The American Eskimo dog (American Spitz or “Eskie”) is a descendant of the Spitz from the north of the European continent.
In northern europe, the Spitz smaller ones ended up becoming the different races of German Spitz. European immigrants brought their pets Spitz to United States, especially to New York, early twentieth century, “all of them descendants of German Spitz largest, the Keeshond, the Pomeranian white and the Volpino Italiano.
Although white was not always a recognized color in the different breeds of German Spitz, in general it was the preferred color in the US. In a display of patriotism around the time of World War I, dog owners began to refer to their pets as American Spitz instead of German Spitz
After World War I, the little dogs Spitzllamaron la atención del público estadounidense cuando los perros se convirtieron en populares animadores del circo americano. In 1917, the Cooper Brothers Railway Circus introduced his dogs. Un perro llamadoStout’s Pal Pierre was famous for walking a tightrope with the Barnum and Bailey Circus in the 1930, and the sale of puppies after the show also contributed to its popularity. Due to the popularity of circus dogs, many of the current american eskimo dogs they can trace their lineage to these circus dogs.
After the Second World War, dogs remained popular pets. Postwar contact with Japan led to the importation into the United States of the Japanese Spitz, that may have been crossed with the American Eskimo at that time.
The breed was officially recognized for the first time as American Eskimo already in 1919 by the United Kennel Club (UKC) de EE.UU., and the first written record and history of the breed was printed in 1958 by the UKC. En ese momento no había ningún club oficial de la raza y ningún estándar de la raza, and the dogs were accepted for registration as individual dogs, based on appearance.
In 1970 the National American Eskimo Dog Association was founded (NAEDA), and individual dog searches ceased. In 1985, breeders who wanted to register the breed in the American Kennel Club (AKC) they created the American Eskimo Dog Club of America (AEDCA). Following AKC requirements for breed recognition, el AEDCA recopiló la información del pedigrí de 1.750 dogs that now form the basis of the AKC recognized breed, that it's called American Eskimo dog.
The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995. The herd book was opened from 2000 to 2003 en un intento de registrar más líneas registradas originalmente por el UKC, y hoy en día muchos perrosamerican eskimo dogs they have double registration in both American canine clubs.
The breed was recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club in 2006
The American Eskimo dog -also known as Spitz German American– comes in three different size varieties, small to medium. The dogs of the call “size toy” reach a height at the withers of up to 30 cm and a weight of between 2,7 and 4,5 kg. The version named “Miniature” has a cross height of between 28 and 38 cm.. The weight of the dogs ranges from 4,5 and 9 kg. The largest variety, the “Standard”, reaches a height of 36 to 48 cm and weighs between 8 and 16 kg.
The coat of the american eskimo dog clearly resembles that of the Spitz. It is straight in position and of medium to long length. Dogs have a double coat that protects them from the wind and the elements. Approved coat colors are white and cream.
The life expectancy of dogs of this breed is between 12 and 14 years.
Character and skills
The american eskimo dog considers himself a cheerful and friendly companion. He is very affectionate with his owners. He is always ready to defend his family with courage and without fear. Debido a este fuerte vínculo con sus congéneres, these dogs are quite dependent and dependent. However, they are stubborn and, sometimes, stubborn, so they need a loving but constant education. In general, dogs are considered fairly easy to train.
It also, the American Eskimo is intelligent and capable of learning. They can be trained well and they can also learn little tricks, so they have already achieved a considerable degree of fame in the circus. These smart Spitznecesitan estar muy ocupados para que el subdesafío mental no les lleve a adquirir un mal comportamiento.
The American Eskimo he is very awake and they like to bark, so they are often used as watchdogs. However, they do not usually bite and do not show aggressiveness.
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