English Water Spaniel

English Water Spaniel (Spanish water dog) It is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, He was last seen in the Decade of 1930. Is of English origin.

He was very famous for his skill in hunting waterfowl and being able to dive like a duck. Described as similar to a Collie or a cross between a Poodle and a Springer Spaniel curly hair and was generally white with color stains liver or brown.

The English Water Spaniel is prior to the Irish water dog (Irish Water Spaniel). Historians of the race, They claim that they have been mentioned by Shakespeare "in his work"Macbeth”, and they believe that they have influenced genetically in several modern dog breeds, including therein to the American Water Spaniel, the Curly Coated Retriever and the Field Spaniel, Although it is unknown if the race was involved in the creation of Irish water dog.

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English White Terrier

English White Terrier (White English Terrier, also known as Old English Terrier or British White Terrier) is a breed of dog extinct, of English origin.

"The name of"English White Terrier"it was invented and adopted at the beginning of" 1860 by a group of breeders willing to create a new breed of dog, inspired by the typical Terrier work but with a higher acuity of hearing. This premature intention was born later the Fox Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Sealyham terrier and, later, in United States the Boston Terrier and the Rat Terrier.

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English Toy Spaniel
King Charles Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel, known as King Charles Spaniel (King Charles Spaniel) It is a small size breed developed in England.

The current documentation of this breed said to you have originated in the far East, mainly, in Japan. They also claim that the first English Toy Spaniel were seen in Europe - for the first time- during the 16th century.

While it is true that, mysteries abound in the canine world, It is known that the English Toy Spaniel shares common ancestry with the Pekingese and Japanese Chin. But the real success of these toddlers was born when they were given as a gift to European royalty, especially with his association with King Charles II of England (1630-1685), Although they have been linked with English royalty from the time of Mary Tudor (1516-1558).

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Euskal Artzain Txakurra

Euskal Artzain Txakurra

There are two varieties of Euskal Artzain Txakurra: the Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua.


The Euskal Artzain Txakurra (Basque Shepherd) It is a breed of dog originating in the autonomous community of the Basque country, traditionally used as dog pastor and care of livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua.

The breed was officially recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995. The official name of the breed is not "Pastor Vasco", as it is known mostly, but "Euskal Artzain Txakurra".

From the official club of the breed is referred to “Basque shepherds” to those mestizos dogs of wool that are seen by the villages of Euskal Herría, mostly white, Tan or black, they have nothing to do with the reddish or leonados of exemplary cigars of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

The Shepherd is the oldest dog. Since that man evolved from nomadic farmer and livestock has been using dogs to the work of grazing. Some skeletal remains found in the Neolithic caves attest that, 12.000 years ago, the farmers in the region were using these animals to grazing. We can find the Euskal Artzain Txakurra in Basque popular mythology. Later, had it been recognized in various pictorial frescoes of the 16th century, witnessing a popularity that came to transcend from rural environments to the highest circles of the Court of the time. From the 18th century they appear painted or drawn on the canvas of Paret y Alcazar, Doré, Guiard, Arrue and others.

Since the end of the 19th century to the early decades of the 20th century was an era of regression in Guipúzcoa and Navarra breed due to the strong attacks of the Wolf to the flock, reason why pastors replaced careadores dogs with the Artzanoras or mastiffs. In Alava and Vizcaya, However this decline was not as marked, and the work of grazing they alternated with custody and notice in the villages when they were not with the herds. This know-how combining work, He was one of the keys for that race is not extinct.

Today, Euskal Artzain Txakurra has only with 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.

Later they began to organize international competitions of pastoral dogs. Due to the admiration that sparked this breed among those who witnessed his task, a plan via scholarship and research project was initiated to study these dogs with ethnological methodology, Biochemistry, Genetics, reproductive and etological in 1991. After a thorough review of more than three thousand copies of the whole Basque country, took place the recognition of the Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

Unfortunately, the localism of a canine species generates, in most cases, multiple barriers to their survival.

Photo: elexartza

Otros nombres: Pastor Vasco / Basque Shepherd Dog.

Physical characteristics

As mentioned above there are two varieties in the Euskal Artzain shepherds breed, the "Iletsua" and "Gorbeiakoa" and the standard brand differences.

The differences between the two varieties most important morfoestructurales are as follows:

In the Iletsua:

  • Longer hair on the back
  • Longer hair on the front limbs.
  • Greater width of the face in the female.
  • Greater width of the chest.
  • Most cephalic index.
  • The typical color of layer blond or tawny
  • Most with fallen ears.

As to the general appearance, has a trunk strong and rectangular. It has the body covered with a typical mantle of bristle hair, blondes or leonadas and canelas layers.

Has the head elongated, cover of hair shorter than in the rest of the body, and uncovered eyes. The nose is always black. The snout color is more intense than the rest of the body or black cinnamon. Short hair. Firm lips, Pigmented in black. Scissor bite. Eyes oval, with black eyelids and Brown iris and amber.

It has the limb strong and covered with short hair on the front and back fringes. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

The fur is moderately long, rough, rustic-looking. As mentioned above, It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

Height in males of 47 a 63 and in females, of 46 a 58 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 a 33 Kg., and in females, of 17 a 30 Kg.

In the Gorbeiakoa:

  • The male has a greater height at the withers.
  • Greater length of head.
  • Longer hair on the belly.
  • Greater width of the rump in the female.
  • The typical color of the layer is red fire.

As to the general appearance, the trunk is elongated appearance. The layer red fire, known as "pink", with frequent darkening on snout.

The head It has a pyramidal shape and is equipped with very short hair. Frequent presence of three Lunar, one next to each of the corners of the lips, and the other in the central and ventral part of the jaw, all of them with black setae of greater length than the rest of the head. Truffle always black. Snout elongated and thin, with frequent pigmentation. Eyes macaroons, Brown and amber.

The limb they are strong. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

The fur is moderately long and soft texture. It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

The height males will of 47 a 61 and in females, of 46 a 59 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 a 36 Kg., and in females, of 17 a 29 Kg.

Character and skills

With regard to the temperament of the Euskal Artzain Txakurra, We can find special characteristics of each variety (Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua):

  • Gorbeiakoa: It is safe to, balanced and above all very sociable, Sometimes it is considered to be one member of his family and his talent for grazing can be added. His instinct, as described, It focuses more on tasks of grazing.
  • The Iletsua: It has a territorial instinct, but always maintains a strong link with his master, as always happens with him and rarely is separated from it. His instinct, as described, It focuses more care tasks.


All training can start with a small basic education course (the dog learn to stay quiet, sitting, that moves when the owner order). Regardless of age you can start socializing so you can get confidence with his master and others.

Euskal Artzain shepherds stops playing, caress and runs like a champ for what you need from a field where can romp freely over long periods of time. Give some walks and stay active either playing with the ball or small but intense session of game with the family. Its longevity is of 11 a 13 years.

Euskal Artzain shepherds pictures

Euskal Artzain shepherds videos

Breeds of dog: Euskal Artzain Txakurra

Elkhound Swedish
Swedish Elkhound

Elkhound Sueco

The Elkhound Swedish, also called Swedish Elkhound, It is a breed of dog of Spitz type of Northern Europe. Jämthund is an eponym of Jämtland, central province of Sweden.

This race, of similar appearance to the Wolf, It was recognized by the FCI from 1946, due to the intense work of Aksel Lindström and others. Prior to that, the Jämthund and the Hunter of Norwegian Elkhound were seen as the same race.

Read all about the race by clicking on: Swedish Elkhound.

Elkhound Swedish

Alemania FCI 291 . Asian Spitz and related breeds


The Eurasian is confident, quiet, tolerant, adaptable, willing to learn and smart.



In the Decade of 1960, Julius Wipfel raised females of Keeshond (Wolfspitz) and males of Chow-Chow en Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, initially the Wolf-Chow. He finally raised this dog with him Samoyed and obtained an original dog with a natural structure and a balanced character.

In 1973 the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and it is, therefore, the youngest German dog breed. The youngest breed, officially recognized German breed owes its name to its original European breeds (Keeshond = EUR) and asian (Chow-Chow and Samoyed = ASIER). The task of the robust companion and family dog ​​with character was not even hunting, nor grazing, nor on guard. The Eurasian was bred solely as a social partner for humans.

Physical characteristics

The Eurasian is balanced, well built, medium-sized, with erect ears. It can be of different colours: Beige, reddish brown, the Grey Wolf, black. A characteristic feature is the Agouti coat pattern and stripe and stripe patterns., that for example wolves also have.
The male has a height of 52 a 60 the cross and weighs cm, approximately, of 23 a 32 kg. The female has a height of 48 a 56 cm to cross and weighs between 18 a 26 kg.
Typical of the coat of the Eurasian is his dense undercoat, which is excellent protection against cold and also repels dirt. Just the muzzle, the face, the ears and the front of the legs are short-haired. The tail, the back of the front legs and the back legs have long hairs.

By the way, the Eurasian get their tongues partially and sometimes even completely blue from the Chow-Chow, whose blue tongue merged with the pink tongue of the Keeshond and Samoyed.

Character and skills

The Eurasian he is sure of himself, quiet, tolerant, adaptable, willing to learn and smart. Above all, animals are very close to their family members, which does not make them a one man dog.

The Eurasian they need constant and close contact with their humans and are therefore completely unsuitable for housing in kennels. In an animal shelter, these sensitive dogs would suffer extraordinarily and eventually wither. How the Eurasiers are so focused on their family, should not be left in the hands of other people, even when they are on vacation. Wants to be with his family, always and everywhere.

These sensitive animals have a special feeling for the mood and disposition of their humans, and have a distinctive social behavior towards others Eurasian. In addition, dogs of this breed are elegant, self-confident and at the same time pleasantly stubborn. They can even trick their owners into getting their way.

Activities with the Eurasian

Although the Eurasian does not have pronounced hunting behavior, a certain prey drive may be present, as in most dogs. However, with a loving consistency, understanding, patience and treats, the Eurasian can be trained to become trouble-free and appreciative companions, that adapt to all situations in life. However, training in an outer hand is out of the question for a Eurasian. If you demand absolute obedience to a dog, you must choose another race.

The Eurasian need about two hours of exercise a day. Your urge to move can be ideally satisfied by jogging, cycling the agility. Monotonous catch-up games like the one in “look for sticks” quickly bore this clever animal.

Eurasian care

Despite the dense undercoat, the care of the coat of the Eurasian it is not complicated and is limited to brushing once a week only during the change of coat, must be combed daily. The tongue of the Eurasier ranges from pink to an infinite number of varieties from pied blue to pure blue. The inheritance of Chow-Chow fascinates many passersby and often leads to confusion with the Chinese race. A Eurasier is an incorruptible friend for life.

Buying a Eurasian from a breeder

If you want to buy a puppy of Eurasian, you will need to be prepared for waiting periods, because there are only some 300 or 400 puppies per year under the umbrella organization of the VDH (German Canine Federation. Cubs Eurasian cost around 1000 EUR.

Eurasian images


1 – Kai de Eurasipomer (Nombre original Selly de Eurasipomer) by Siasegos / CC BY-SA
2 – Eurasier by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eurasier_liegend.jpg
3 – Eurasier by https://flic.kr/p/eKr7Rv
4 – Eigen gemaakte foto van een Eurasier (hondenras) by Ekta / CC BY-SA
5 – A beautiful Eurasier male I met during a walk. His name is Haiko vom Born by https://flic.kr/p/UAo4j3
6 – Adult tan and black eurasier dog on body of water by https://www.pikrepo.com/fwskj/adult-tan-and-black-eurasier-dog-on-body-of-water

Eurasian Videos

Dogs breeds: Eurasian
Raffi – Eurasian – 3 Week Residential Dog Training at Adolescent Dogs

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.
  • ANKC – Non sporting
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working Dogs
  • ​KC – Utility
  • NZKC – Non Sporting
  • UKC – Northern Breeds

FCI Eurasier breed standard

Eurasian FCI Eurasian FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Eurasian Dog (English).
    2. Eurasier (French).
    3. Eurasier (Hunderasse) (German).
    4. Eurasier (Portuguese).
    5. Eurasian (Spanish).

Norwegian Elkhound
Gray Norwegian Elkhound

Elkhound Noruego

The Norwegian Elkhound or Gray Norwegian Elkhound, It is one of the ancient dog breeds of type Spitz and the national dog of Norway.

He has been employed as a Hunter, guardian, Shepherd and dog defense. This race is the product of a country of sub-Arctic temperatures, heavy snowfall, dense forests and rugged mountains, What has given rise to develop a great resistance. Bravery can highlight, perhaps due to its ancient use in the hunt for the bear and other pieces of hunting, such as Moose and wolves. The Norwegian Elkhound was presented for the first time in a dog show in Norway, in 1877.

The Norwegian Elkhound is one 45-52 cm in height and weighs up, approximately, 24 kg. Its grey fur, black and white is composed of two layers: a dense, soft fur, Black color that goes in the mouth, the tip of its tail and ears, then it will degrade grey silver legs, the tail and bottom, and then covered with a black cloak. It has a coiled tail. The Elkhound, It is a very resistant and medium-sized dog. They have a very strong bark, Why are good monitors.

The Norwegian Elkhound is very faithful to his master, an excellent family dog, If they are given adequate attention. It is bold, playful, independent, always alert, extremely intelligent, and, sometimes, a little bit naughty.

Loves the outdoors and cold weather. Need daily exercise, so do not feel frustrated or even, become destructive. It is a race, exceptionally, friendly. If it is not trained, It tends to pull the strap when we are taking a walk. This dog requires much attention so that you can understand what his place in the family, otherwise they may develop social problems and feel abandoned.

It is a very proud and noble race that may have hurt feelings when its owner is not acting in a coherent way. Although each dog is a unique, usually, this breed are very friendly and get along very well with children. They are happiest when they feel they are part of the family. This, combined with their physical characteristics, It makes a good watchdog.

Train a Norwegian Elkhound, It might be a challenge due to their intelligence and deep independent streak, But even so, is an obedient dog, of good character, and applied in their learning and training.

Norwegian Elkhound

Canadian Eskimo

Esquimal Canadiense

The dog Canadian Eskimo is an Arctic breed of dog, often considered the oldest in North America and the most rare indigenous domestic canine pedigree.

The Canadian Eskimo dog is a dog sled, the North of Canada natural. This is possibly one of the dogs more cold-tolerant. It is highly resistant such as dog sledding in the winter and summer load; He manages to carry much weight in long distances at a considerable speed. This has been one of the reasons, that has been used in the Arctic and Antarctic exploration. In the present is one of the favorite dogs in sled races.

For a long time, they were the preferred transportation method of the Inuit in the Canadian Arctic, the traditional working dog teams became increasingly unusual in North, Since the 1960s, appeared the snowmobiles, It became increasingly popular, as you are fast and efficient. Today many people in the North and Nunavutmiut (Inuit living in Nunavut) they prefer to use the Alaskan Husky, they are less resistant but faster. That being that the Canadian Eskimo dog, decrease your chances of survival, and each time are less...

The Canadian Eskimo, has small ears, triangular, placed high on the head and well separated. It keeps stops. The outer mantle of long medium and dense inner mantle. All colours and combinations are allowed. The tail has long hair and keeps it on the back. The height of the males is of 58 a 70 cm.. The females measure of 50 a 60 cm.. The weight of 30 a 40 Kg. in males. Females weigh in 18 a 30 Kg.
This is a working breed has extraordinary qualities to survive and adapt extreme places, more than any dog. [stextbox id=”info” float=”true” width =”680″]It is quiet, curious, However, Once they enter the instincts of survival in action, those instincts that have helped him adapt to the environment and conditions where their ancestors have lived for a thousand, perhaps too much for a House dog.

Taking into account that is a dog that historically, It has been used to work in packs (dog sleds), We must remember that the order of command, the role of Chief, is very strong. Y, need to educate him what from puppy, show him who's boss, strongly, love and patience.

The Canadian Eskimo dog is best known for "canadian eskimo dog", "eskimo dog" and “Canadian Inuit”.

Canadian Eskimo

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