English Water Spaniel

English Water Spaniel (Spanish water dog) It is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, He was last seen in the Decade of 1930. Is of English origin.

He was very famous for his skill in hunting waterfowl and being able to dive like a duck. Described as similar to a Collie or a cross between a Poodle and a Springer Spaniel curly hair and was generally white with color stains liver or brown.

The English Water Spaniel is prior to the Irish water dog (Irish Water Spaniel). Historians of the race, They claim that they have been mentioned by Shakespeare "in his work"Macbeth”, and they believe that they have influenced genetically in several modern dog breeds, including therein to the American Water Spaniel, the Curly Coated Retriever and the Field Spaniel, Although it is unknown if the race was involved in the creation of Irish water dog.

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English White Terrier

English White Terrier (White English Terrier, also known as Old English Terrier or British White Terrier) is a breed of dog extinct, of English origin.

"The name of"English White Terrier"it was invented and adopted at the beginning of" 1860 by a group of breeders willing to create a new breed of dog, inspired by the typical Terrier work but with a higher acuity of hearing. This premature intention was born later the Fox Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Sealyham Terrier and, later, in United States the Boston Terrier and the Rat Terrier.

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English Toy Spaniel
King Charles Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel, known as King Charles Spaniel (King Charles Spaniel) It is a small size breed developed in England.

The current documentation of this breed said to you have originated in the far East, mainly, in Japan. They also claim that the first English Toy Spaniel were seen in Europe - for the first time- during the 16th century.

While it is true that, mysteries abound in the canine world, It is known that the English Toy Spaniel shares common ancestry with the Pekinese and Japanese Chin. But the real success of these toddlers was born when they were given as a gift to European royalty, especially with his association with King Charles II of England (1630-1685), Although they have been linked with English royalty from the time of Mary Tudor (1516-1558).

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Euskal Artzain Txakurra

Euskal Artzain Txakurra

There are two varieties of Euskal Artzain Txakurra: the Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua.


The Euskal Artzain Txakurra (Basque Shepherd) It is a breed of dog originating in the autonomous community of the Basque country, traditionally used as dog pastor and care of livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua.

The breed was officially recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995. The official name of the breed is not "Pastor Vasco", as it is known mostly, but "Euskal Artzain Txakurra".

From the official club of the breed is referred to “Basque shepherds” to those mestizos dogs of wool that are seen by the villages of Euskal Herría, mostly white, Tan or black, they have nothing to do with the reddish or leonados of exemplary cigars of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

The Shepherd is the oldest dog. Since that man evolved from nomadic farmer and livestock has been using dogs to the work of grazing. Some skeletal remains found in the Neolithic caves attest that, 12.000 years ago, the farmers in the region were using these animals to grazing. We can find the Euskal Artzain Txakurra in Basque popular mythology. Later, had it been recognized in various pictorial frescoes of the 16th century, witnessing a popularity that came to transcend from rural environments to the highest circles of the Court of the time. From the 18th century they appear painted or drawn on the canvas of Paret y Alcazar, Doré, Guiard, Arrue and others.

Since the end of the 19th century to the early decades of the 20th century was an era of regression in Guipúzcoa and Navarra breed due to the strong attacks of the Wolf to the flock, reason why pastors replaced careadores dogs with the Artzanoras or mastiffs. In Alava and Vizcaya, However this decline was not as marked, and the work of grazing they alternated with custody and notice in the villages when they were not with the herds. This know-how combining work, He was one of the keys for that race is not extinct.

Today, Euskal Artzain Txakurra has only with 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.

Later they began to organize international competitions of pastoral dogs. Due to the admiration that sparked this breed among those who witnessed his task, a plan via scholarship and research project was initiated to study these dogs with ethnological methodology, Biochemistry, Genetics, reproductive and etological in 1991. After a thorough review of more than three thousand copies of the whole Basque country, took place the recognition of the Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

Unfortunately, the localism of a canine species generates, in most cases, multiple barriers to their survival.

Photo: elexartza

Otros nombres: Pastor Vasco / Basque Shepherd Dog.

Physical characteristics

As mentioned above there are two varieties in the Euskal Artzain shepherds breed, the "Iletsua" and "Gorbeiakoa" and the standard brand differences.

The differences between the two varieties most important morfoestructurales are as follows:

In the Iletsua:

  • Longer hair on the back
  • Longer hair on the front limbs.
  • Greater width of the face in the female.
  • Greater width of the chest.
  • Most cephalic index.
  • The typical color of layer blond or tawny
  • Most with fallen ears.

As to the general appearance, has a trunk strong and rectangular. It has the body covered with a typical mantle of bristle hair, blondes or leonadas and canelas layers.

Has the head elongated, cover of hair shorter than in the rest of the body, and uncovered eyes. The nose is always black. The snout color is more intense than the rest of the body or black cinnamon. Short hair. Firm lips, Pigmented in black. Scissor bite. Eyes oval, with black eyelids and Brown iris and amber.

It has the limb strong and covered with short hair on the front and back fringes. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

The fur is moderately long, rough, rustic-looking. As mentioned above, It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

Height in males of 47 to 63 and in females, of 46 to 58 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 33 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 30 Kg.

In the Gorbeiakoa:

  • The male has a greater height at the withers.
  • Greater length of head.
  • Longer hair on the belly.
  • Greater width of the rump in the female.
  • The typical color of the layer is red fire.

As to the general appearance, the trunk is elongated appearance. The layer red fire, known as "pink", with frequent darkening on snout.

The head It has a pyramidal shape and is equipped with very short hair. Frequent presence of three Lunar, one next to each of the corners of the lips, and the other in the central and ventral part of the jaw, all of them with black setae of greater length than the rest of the head. Truffle always black. Snout elongated and thin, with frequent pigmentation. Eyes macaroons, Brown and amber.

The limb they are strong. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

The fur is moderately long and soft texture. It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

The height males will of 47 to 61 and in females, of 46 to 59 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 36 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 29 Kg.

Character and skills

With regard to the temperament of the Euskal Artzain Txakurra, We can find special characteristics of each variety (Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua):

  • Gorbeiakoa: It is safe to, balanced and above all very sociable, Sometimes it is considered to be one member of his family and his talent for grazing can be added. His instinct, as described, It focuses more on tasks of grazing.
  • The Iletsua: It has a territorial instinct, but always maintains a strong link with his master, as always happens with him and rarely is separated from it. His instinct, as described, It focuses more care tasks.


All training can start with a small basic education course (the dog learn to stay quiet, sitting, that moves when the owner order). Regardless of age you can start socializing so you can get confidence with his master and others.

Euskal Artzain shepherds stops playing, caress and runs like a champ for what you need from a field where can romp freely over long periods of time. Give some walks and stay active either playing with the ball or small but intense session of game with the family. Its longevity is of 11 to 13 years.

Euskal Artzain shepherds pictures

Euskal Artzain shepherds videos

Breeds of dog: Euskal Artzain Txakurra

Elkhound Swedish

Elkhound Sueco

The Elkhound Swedish, also called Jämthund, It is a breed of dog of Spitz type of Northern Europe. Jämthund is an eponym of Jämtland, central province of Sweden.

This race, of similar appearance to the Wolf, It was recognized by the FCI from 1946, due to the intense work of Aksel Lindström and others. Prior to that, the Jämthund and the Hunter of Norwegian Elkhound were seen as the same race.

Read all about the race by clicking on: Jämthund.

Elkhound Swedish



The Eurasier, sometimes referred to as Eurasia, is a breed of dog, type Spitz, It originated in Germany. It is widely known as a wonderful companion that maintains its own personality, It is reserved with strangers, He develops a strong bond with his family and is relatively easy to train.

The Eurasier is balanced, well built, medium-sized, with erect ears. It can be of different colours: Beige, reddish brown, the Grey Wolf, black.
The male has a height of 52 to 60 the cross and weighs cm, approximately, of 23 to 32 kg. The female has a height of 48 to 56 cm to cross and weighs between 18 to 26 kg.

[stextbox id=”info” color =”353132″ bgcolor=”f0efef”]The Eurasier, It is a combination of the best qualities of the Chow Chow, the Wolfspitz, and the Samoyed. They were raised as dog company. The Eurasier, they are quiet dogs, fair. They are attentive, always alert, but reserved with strangers, without being shy or aggressive.

For the full development of these qualities, the Eurasier needs constant close contact with his family, much understanding, but consistency in training. They are extremely sensitive to harsh words or discipline and respond best to a gentle rebuke.

Training should always be made by members of the family, not through strangers or drivers. These dogs, they cannot be chained or live in very small spaces because they tend to be depressed.

They are usually used as therapy dogs, because they have a great calm and inner peace that are capable of transmitting. They are affectionate and point to all kinds of activities, especially if in them, engage members of their families. The Eurasier, they do not usually bark, But if they do, They generally have a good reason.

The Eurasier, they are great with children.


Elkhound Norwegian
Norwegian Elkhound Hunter

Elkhound Noruego

The Elkhound Norwegian or Norwegian Elkhound Hunter, It is one of the ancient dog breeds of type Spitz and the national dog of Norway.

He has been employed as a Hunter, guardian, Shepherd and dog defense. This race is the product of a country of sub-Arctic temperatures, heavy snowfall, dense forests and rugged mountains, What has given rise to develop a great resistance. Bravery can highlight, perhaps due to its ancient use in the hunt for the bear and other pieces of hunting, such as Moose and wolves. The Norwegian Elkhound was presented for the first time in a dog show in Norway, in 1877.

The Norwegian Elkhound is one 45-52 cm in height and weighs up, approximately, 24 kg. Its grey fur, black and white is composed of two layers: a dense, soft fur, Black color that goes in the mouth, the tip of its tail and ears, then it will degrade grey silver legs, the tail and bottom, and then covered with a black cloak. It has a coiled tail. The Elkhound, It is a very resistant and medium-sized dog. They have a very strong bark, Why are good monitors.

The Norwegian Elkhound is very faithful to his master, an excellent family dog, If they are given adequate attention. It is bold, playful, independent, always alert, extremely intelligent, and, sometimes, a little bit naughty.

Loves the outdoors and cold weather. Need daily exercise, so do not feel frustrated or even, become destructive. It is a race, exceptionally, friendly. If it is not trained, It tends to pull the strap when we are taking a walk. This dog requires much attention so that you can understand what his place in the family, otherwise they may develop social problems and feel abandoned.

It is a very proud and noble race that may have hurt feelings when its owner is not acting in a coherent way. Although each dog is a unique, usually, this breed are very friendly and get along very well with children. They are happiest when they feel they are part of the family. This, combined with their physical characteristics, It makes a good watchdog.

Train a Norwegian Elkhound, It might be a challenge due to their intelligence and deep independent streak, But even so, is an obedient dog, of good character, and applied in their learning and training.

Elkhound Norwegian

Canadian Eskimo

Esquimal Canadiense

The dog Canadian Eskimo is an Arctic breed of dog, often considered the oldest in North America and the most rare indigenous domestic canine pedigree.

The Canadian Eskimo dog is a dog sled, the North of Canada natural. This is possibly one of the dogs more cold-tolerant. It is highly resistant such as dog sledding in the winter and summer load; He manages to carry much weight in long distances at a considerable speed. This has been one of the reasons, that has been used in the Arctic and Antarctic exploration. In the present is one of the favorite dogs in sled races.

For a long time, they were the preferred transportation method of the Inuit in the Canadian Arctic, the traditional working dog teams became increasingly unusual in North, Since the 1960s, appeared the snowmobiles, It became increasingly popular, as you are fast and efficient. Today many people in the North and Nunavutmiut (Inuit living in Nunavut) they prefer to use the Alaskan Husky, they are less resistant but faster. That being that the Canadian Eskimo dog, decrease your chances of survival, and each time are less...

The Canadian Eskimo, has small ears, triangular, placed high on the head and well separated. It keeps stops. The outer mantle of long medium and dense inner mantle. All colours and combinations are allowed. The tail has long hair and keeps it on the back. The height of the males is of 58 to 70 cm.. The females measure of 50 to 60 cm.. The weight of 30 to 40 Kg. in males. Females weigh in 18 to 30 Kg.
This is a working breed has extraordinary qualities to survive and adapt extreme places, more than any dog. [stextbox id=”info” float=”true” width =”680″]It is quiet, curious, However, Once they enter the instincts of survival in action, those instincts that have helped him adapt to the environment and conditions where their ancestors have lived for a thousand, perhaps too much for a House dog.

Taking into account that is a dog that historically, It has been used to work in packs (dog sleds), We must remember that the order of command, the role of Chief, is very strong. Y, need to educate him what from puppy, show him who's boss, strongly, love and patience.

The Canadian Eskimo dog is best known for "canadian eskimo dog", "eskimo dog" and “Canadian Inuit”.

Canadian Eskimo

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