The story of him “Yakutian Laika” is very extensive. For centuries, sleds pulled by dogs was something very important for the majority of peoples of the North of Russia, due to their way of life and the climate to which they were subjected. In the Neolithic, in the line of the coast of Northeast Asia, These dogs were used for transportation and hunting.
At the beginning of the year 90, There was a finding on Zhokhov Island (Novosibirsk Islands, Yakutia), they found an archaeological site of hunters and dogs. It was investigated by an archaeologist from St. Petersburg, Vladimir Pitulko, There he found remains of archaeological sleds, harnesses and they still kept the bones of dogs. Using the method of radiocarbon dating demonstrated that these remains had a length of 7.800 - 8.000 years. This, It is the oldest discovery that has taken place in the Arctic.
Ethnographers MG Levin (1946), Smolyak AV (1978) and other authors, they share that since ancient times (up until the present day), for the Aboriginal peoples of the North, the sled dogs were always universal animals: they were shooting animals, they were used also as food, and their skins were used for the manufacture of clothing and the rituals of worship. Times, the dogs were sacrificed and were used for religious ceremonies.
Many Arctic geographical discoveries were made possible, with the sled dogs. The two poles of the Earth were discovered with the help of these dogs, in 1907, F. Cook and 1909 R. Piry reached the North Pole. In 1911, Amundsen was a Norwegian flag at the South Pole, in hostile climatic conditions, made 2.980 miles in 99 days with sled dogs.
Until 1960 sleds pulled by dogs teams were important and, Sometimes the only available form of transport of winter in the regions of North Russia. They were used not only by the local population, but also by government agencies, including troops from the border, the postal service and scientific expeditions. According to data from file, at the end of the 50 years of 20th century, in Northern Uluses of Yakutia, the total number of dogs was of 33 000. The decrease in sledges pulled by dogs in Russia was initiated during the last thirty years of the 20th century, When appeared on the market the snowmobiles, This led to a decline of fur and the local fishing industry, that little by little led to the extinction of the use of sledge dogs…
“Give me the winter and a team of dogs, and take all” they are words of the famous traveller from North Knut Rasmussen, who made the trip longer on sledges pulled by dogs. This phrase describes the importance that have had these dogs to the length and breadth of history, and that in turn, It shows that without them much of what we know today belonged to our ignorance.
The first written record of the dogs in the Yakutian territory dates of 1633. In the documents of the time, Olenek River, the Yana and Kolyma River is referred to as “Rivers of dogs”. In Siberia, the rivers are divided in “rivers of dog” and “Deer River”. In the fish-rich rivers, It was easy to capture and store enough fish (dry fish – yukola) to feed the dogs and so called dog River. When there are fish no, It was difficult to use dogs for transport and the reindeer were used, What are the rivers of reindeer. The journey along the "rivers of dogs" was more difficult, due to the continued need for fishing and hunting to obtain enough food for dogs.
In 1843, published the “Manual of geography of the Russian Empire” from Ivan Yakovlevich Pavlovsky, in this book, described the Yakutian Laika as a special race, as “a domesticated animal used to pull sleds and hunting”.
The Yakutian Laika, is an excellent hunting companion, they are not usually very large, its height is of 50 - 60 cm., and the reason of its size due to food, given the hostile climate, Sometimes food was really poor, However in other areas in which the race has developed, its size increases significantly. The expression of the side leaves us a cunning air mixed with melancholy.
Vladimir Ilyich Mikhelson was the first to describe the breed Yakutian Laika and differentiated her from other dogs in Northeast Asia.
The Yakutian Laika is a robust, built proportionally, a little tall and slim, the dog of medium size and with highly developed layers of hair, which is enough to survive under harsh conditions of the Arctic. The Yakutian Laika is an active dog, the agile, curious, with a friendly and obedient nature, very sociable and nothing aggressive.
Its main purpose is to pull the sled and hunting. It is robust, with well developed muscles and bones.
The Yakutian Laika is bold, Extrovert, Active, friendly and sociable, an excellent companion but needs freedom, space and is very happy the cold climates.
Character and skills
Dogs Yakutian Laika, they live outdoors all year round, in the summer cavan pits in the Earth to keep fresh, or looking for the water trying to get rid of mosquitoes. In winter, They also tend to dig, they seek shelter, hiding under the snow.
Good nutrition and training of Yakutian Laika for transport has always been a main activity of the fishing population.
They are very smart dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction, It replaces a compass, prodigious hearing and sight.
All those added to his highly developed survival instinct, they are that they are able to travel in a snow storm, mist, on dark nights and foggy, and find the nearest shelter, If they have been once, enough to register it in your memory. And we think that we are talking about a desert snow, no points of referencia…
Exercises with “Yakutian Laika”
The Yakutian Laika it is a sled dog with a well defined prey. The breed thrives on regular exercise and sufficient training. With a medium-high energy level, they love to run alongside a bicycle, do sled or tackle races, or play pickup in the yard. They play well with other dogs they are familiar with., but they distrust dogs and strange people. Usually, heat up quickly, but supervision is a good idea in new situations. The Yakutian Laika they are not suitable for people who cannot spend time with their dogs.
Training “Yakutian Laika”
Train him Yakutian Laika It is quite a pleasant and easy task thanks to his docile nature and sharp intelligence. This dog has a strong penchant for independent thinking, so you will not follow the trainer's orders unless you fully trust him. Pulling a sled is an innate talent of this breed, and does not need much training in this regard.
The Yakutian Laika seek leadership and human guidance, but does not respond well to corrective training techniques. Work more enthusiastically if the learning process is based on positive reinforcement and tasty treats. Like any other dog, the Yakutian Laika must learn certain rules and norms of decent behavior in human society, so elemental obedience training is imperative.
The Yakutian Laika experiences a seasonal shedding that can get out of control if not brushed regularly. Generally, should be brushed weekly to avoid tangles and matting. When a lot comes off, it is a good idea to brush it every day to prevent the hair from sticking to everything. Use a bristle brush and metal comb when brushing. A tousler or detangler can make your job a little easier too. Since the Yakutian Laika he's a working dog, no need to over-trim their fur. Trim between your foot pads to prevent snow, ice and other debris build up and cause irritation. Their fur naturally repels dirt and is odorless, so the bath should only be done two or three times a year. Trim your nails when necessary, usually every two to three weeks. Clean your ears every week as part of your grooming routine.
Videos "Yakutian Laika"
THE YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – EARTH’S COLDEST SUPERMODEL
YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – RUSSIA’S SUPER SLED DOGS
Type and recognitions:
- CLASSIFICATION FCI: 365
- Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
- Section 1: Nordic sled dogs. Without working trial.
- – FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic sled dogs. ⓘ
- – AKC – Nordic sled dogs ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Yakutian Laika"
FCI - Yakutian Laika
1. Yakut Laika, Yakustkaya Laika, Kolyma-Indigirka Laika, Laïka de Iakoutie, Chien de Traîneau de Yakutie, Laika de Yakutia, Kolyma Husky (English).
2. Yakutian Laika (French).
3. Kolyma-Indigirka Laika (German).
4. Laika da Iacútia, (em russo: Якутская лайка) (Portuguese).
5. Yakut Laika (Spanish).