Alemania FCI 145 - Molossoid . Mountain


Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.



The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, because it has been specifically bred according to the standard since 1846. The Leo It, therefore, one of the oldest dog breeds in modern breeding. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. Most other pedigree dogs have a long history and originated from ancient breeds of working dogs.

The Leonberger, However, it has a different and unique history. Between 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. Everywhere people wanted these big dogs and they were (and they are) really big dogs.

Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. So quite a few dog dealers from southwest Germany helped out. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Puppies that looked like a St. Bernard they were sold as such, but for the others there were at most a few potatoes from a farmer. The dog trade was – as it still is today – a lucrative business and some sold hundreds of puppies a year and got rich.

Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. He created a brand out of puppies that he couldn't market as St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Thus was born the Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. Also in the official world of dogs these hybrids went unnoticed for a long time. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, does not even mention the Leonhardiner in his two-volume work “The breeds of the dog” (Dog breeds) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

The Leonberger it should be a success in all respects. Today it belongs to the primitive rocks of the world of breed dogs, that no dog lover wants to miss. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, which still represents the Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, peaceful and totally suitable for families.

Physical characteristics

The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

“In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. It is characterized by a harmonious construction and a self-assured calm with a lively temperament. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. The shapes of his physique should be recognizable. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. During the study period, life expectancy had even decreased by 1,5 years in the last three decades. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 years would be normal. The breed has recognized these red flags and is now more focused on the health and extension of life expectancy for these large dogs..

Character and skills

The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

As a family dog, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion dog it is a nice companion, obedient and fearless in all life situations.

The strength of character required includes above all: self-confidence, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. His very high stimulus threshold as well as his stoic composure are the necessary counterpart to his enormous strength. These two poles thus characterize the nature of the Leonberger. Here and there is a stubborn thing. Only good persuasion and supplication will help, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, A fascinating dog!


The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, a small apartment on the nth floor would not be for him. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefer the cold. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. In addition, You should have considered before buying what to do if the dog is sick and may need to be brought 80 kg or more. Last but not least, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Here one must be really responsible and look honestly in the mirror if all the conditions for a happy coexistence with the dogs are given. Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

Leonberger's Education

It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, the strap is just a symbol of control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Because that would cause the exact opposite of education and end in disaster..

Leonberger care

Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

Nutrition / Food

You need a lot of high quality food. A raised bowl is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. Always pay attention to the weight.

Leonberger Health

As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone tumor in dogs, it is also very common in the Leonberger.

Leonberge life expectancy

Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 - 9 years. The pup is working to regain the possible natural life of a healthy dog. It is accompanied here by a research project of the University of Veterinary Medicine of Hannover.

Buy a Leonberger

Buying a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to spend many wonderful years with this giant. If you are looking for a puppy, above all, make sure that dogs are not over-bred. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. You should see a breeder affiliated with the FCI Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

Leonberger images


1 – Leonberger bitch by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

Leonberger Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Leonberger breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Chien Leonberg (French).
      3. Leo (German).
      4. Leo (Portuguese).
      5. Leo (Spanish).



    The Hound It responds to a group of dogs that make up a race whose physical Constitution makes them be gifted to the race, which can reach a high speed. They are mostly taller than long, they have long, narrow head and ears in pink or semierectas. And detail to highlight mode, they have a great sense of sight unlike most breeds of dog. Often used for hunting in packs and the rabbit and Hare hunting.

    In Spain are also known as greyhounds because that is the name given to the national hound and by extension all those races that possess similar characteristics, are referred to as Greyhound.

    The Federation Cynologique Internationale It classifies the different varieties of the breed hound in Group X, and at the same time, This group is divided in:

    • Section 1: where are the dogs of breed Hound of hair long or Ondulado.
    • Section 2: where are included to the Hound of wire-haired dogs.
    • Section 3: where are dogs of breed of Shorthaired Hound.

    Here we offer each section of the X group, with its respective members, and brief overview that may extend to following the link to each of the races.

    Section 1: Sighthound hair long or Ondulado.

    • Afghan Hound: also known as Greyhound Afghan, Afghan Hound, Balkh Hound, Baluchi Hound, Barutzy Hound, Shalgar Hound, Kabul Hound or Galanday Hound is a dog from Afghanistan. It has a distinctive coat, very long, fine and silky, It needs continuous care that he entangled, arriving at losing their gloss.
    • Saluki: known as the Royal Egypt dog, It is perhaps the oldest known breed of domesticated dog and the oldest in the venátici, It is believed descended from wolves in the wilderness of Ara. The Bedouin are highly valued and use them for hunting gazelles and as pets.
    • Russian Hound: or Borzoi, It is a breed of dog developed in Russia. Descended from the Arabic Greyhound being similar to a Russian ovejero dog. Formerly known as Russian Greyhound, It was originally bred to hunt wolves and hares. It is graceful, strong and fast.

    Section 2: Sighthound hair hard.

    • Irish Hound: or Irish Wolfhound is the largest breed of dog that exists; adults reach an average height of between 95 and 100 cm to the cross. Known since the year 395, they are descended from the venátici used by the Celts of Ireland for the hunting of the Wolf, Deer, and other large dams.
    • Scottish Hound: or Deerhound, It is a traditional dog belonging to the Scottish Highlands, It also appears in the old portraits, sleeping at the foot of great lords. When became fashionable with shotgun deer hunting, This race was on the verge of extinction.

    Section 3: Sighthound of short hair.

    • Spanish Greyhound: The Greyhound is a breed of dog indigenous Spain, so it is also known as Greyhound Spanish. According to the Royal Academy of the Spanish language, the word derives from the Latin Gallĭcus Canis, dog of the Gaul.
    • English Hound: Greyhound is a breed of dog that is used mainly as animal of company and competition. It is the ancestor of most of the venátici. They are skilled to run, but not to carry out extensive exercise.
    • Whippet: It is a breed of dog of British origin, slender and elegant porte. They are active and playful dogs, physically similar to the English Greyhound. Its popularity has led to use the Whippet name on a large number of things, from cars to cookies.
    • Italian Hound: or Italian Greyhound is perfectly adapted to small households. However you need to walk. Company in short races can do but prefers the walks and play with other dogs (better if they are not great).
    • Azawakh: or African Greyhound is a breed of dog Lebrel type, originating in Africa. It is also known by other names: Hanshee, Oska, Rawondu, Bareeru, Wulo, Tuareg Sloughi.
    • Sloughi: Arab Hound, Berber Greyhound or Sloughi Moghrebi is originally from North Africa. It is in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. The Sloughi is closely related to the Azawakh.
    • Polish Hound: Chart Polski or Polish Greyhound, It is a breed of dog lebrel of Polish origin, as its name suggests. It originated in Poland, and enter their ancestors are some Asian Hound, a Saluki type dog. According to current theories they don't have as ancestor English Hound.

    And remembering, Digest, not to forget and act: Spain is the only country in the European Union in which still allows hunting with greyhounds and hunters kill about 50.000 Greyhounds or Sighthound per year, injections of bleach, hanging or burned alive, as economic methods of murder.

    Breeds of dog: Hound

    Norwegian Lundehund
    Noruega FCI 265 - Nordic Hunting Dogs


    Most of the Norwegian Lundehund live in Norway and Finland, it is believed that there are some 2000 copies around the world.



    The Lundehund (Norsk Lundehund or Norwegian Puffin Dog) It is a small breed of dog of Spitz type, originally from Norway. Its name is composed of the prefix Lunde, Norwegian lundefugl (puffins), and the suffix hund, What dog. The breed was developed to hunt these birds and their eggs.

    The Norwegian Lundehund is a small, rectangular Spitz, with a wide variety of mobility in the joints of your bones, What makes him able to enter through small and intricate passages.

    They remain able to rotate the head back on the backbone and bend the hind legs to the side at an angle of 90 degrees such as the arms of humans, In addition to six toes on the feet.

    The breed has a long history. Already in 1600 It was used for hunting puffins along the Norwegian coast. Its flexibility and extra toes were ideal for hunting of birds in their places of nesting in the inaccessible cliffs and caves.

    Video “Norwegian Lundehund”

    My lundehund

    Interest in the breed declined as new hunting methods for puffins, as for example, the use of networks…, and this ex officio contortionist, was no longer needed. Puffins were a precious object of hunting, the meat was horse and kept and feathers were used to make quilts.

    The breed was nearly extinct around World War II, when the canine distemper hit Værøy and the islands surrounding. In 1963, the population was decimated… Only six copies of Lundehund (one Værøy and 5 in Soon, to the South of Norway), These five puppies was of the same litter.

    Due to the care of the breeding with strict guidelines, currently there are approximately 1500 or 2000 copies of Lundehund around the world, of this population around 1.100 are in Norway and almost 350 in the United States.

    The official record of the Lundehund was approved by the American Kennel Club's in the miscellaneous class 1 in July of 2008, After a unanimous vote of the Board the 13 in November of 2007. The race debuted at the AKC National Championship / Eukanuba in Long Beach, California (United States), the 13 and 14 in December of 2008, being one of the most important events of the American canine world.

    The 12 in February of 2010, The American Kennel Club Board of Directors voted to accept the Lundehund in the AKC Source Book and became part of it on 1 in December of 2010. The 1 in January of 2011, It became a part of the "non-Sports Group".

    For the American Kennel Club and Canadian Kennel Club, the non-sports group is a diverse classification that comprises a variety of robust dogs with different personalities and appearances as the Chow Chow , and the Keeshond, among others. Covered by the non-sporting group breeds, It is very diverse in terms of appearance, size, layer, personality and, in general.

    According to the classification of the CRF is located in the Group 5 Dogs type Spitz and primitive type. Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    Physical characteristics

    The Lundehund medium in size looks a bit like a fox and is, also because it is one of the rare races, sometimes mistaken for a mestizo, a Nordic mongrel. On the contrary, is very specialized: The Lundehund has been bred for hunting puffins, a kind of bird that breeds in burrows. This brings with it some unique physical characteristics: your shoulder joints are more flexible, allowing you to rotate your front legs 90 ° to the side. In addition, this dog can close his pointed, upright ears, allowing you to dive better.

    The most striking features are undoubtedly the six toes of each foot and the up to eight pads, which give the ancient cliff hunter immense security. Some of these dogs also lack molars, which facilitated the transport of the captured birds without damaging them.

    The Norwegian Lundehund It has a height at the withers of up to 38 cm and weighs 7 kg. sporty and light. The dense coat is short and red to fawn, with black hair tips in places. have a smooth undercoat, very fine and a rough top coat.

    Character and skills

    The Norwegian Lundehund is a four legged friend, simple and skillful, but he has a lot of energy and wants to live it. Due to its independent nature – the Lundehund was left to fend during the hunt – always kept his own head and thus will never fully subordinate himself. Who respects this, win with him Lundehund an easy to train and loyal friend for life.

    Basically the breed is considered quite shy, so a close relationship with its owner is especially important – this is how your Lundehund gain security. Towards strangers he is usually reserved – it is also considered to be alert. He usually gets along well with other dogs. The Lundehund not a typical hunting dog, but it is also wonderfully suitable as a companion dog.

    The education of the Norwegian Lundehund

    This is a breed of dog with a stubborn and stubborn character, they are still easy to train and learn the basic commands with great motivation.

    Although the breed belongs to hunting dogs, the Lundehund can accompany you, with some effort in their education, on your nature walks without the need for a leash, since it is not an elusive dog, nor a traditional prey tracker. A bigger challenge is getting our dogs to stop barking: Lundehund, like all nordic dogs, announce aloud all the supposedly interesting things in their environment – and that in part is quite persistent. So patience is absolutely necessary when training a Lundehund. Already in puppyhood, be sure to keep this in mind when training your dog. Play lessons for puppies, as well as attending a dog school, have a positive effect on Lundehund – here you can not only socialize it more with other four legged friends, but you will surely also get some tips and tricks for the education of this dog.

    Health: the syndrome Lundehund

    Since the population dates back to only five dogs, Controlled breeding of the breed made a fresh start in the decade of 1960, with what the Lundehund has a very small gene pool. One of the five founding dogs developed stomach and intestinal symptoms at the age of about three years, that have spread even further among the descendants. Today, this is known as the Lundehund syndrome: a chronic and inflammatory bowel disease that is associated with increased loss of protein through the intestines. About half of the population is affected by it, although to varying degrees. A genetic test can be used to determine if a dog intended for breeding is a carrier, so that the risk of Lundehund syndrome can be reduced. There is no cure for this disease, only symptoms can be relieved. While some dogs are barely limited by the disease and have long symptom-free phases, other affected quadrupeds have a more severe course and eventually lead to death.

    Before deciding to acquire a representative of this breed, must be informed in detail about the Lundehund syndrome and the corresponding genetic test and its meaning. The Nordic Dog Clubs can also provide you with more information on this.. The healthy ones Norwegian Lundehund are, for the rest, very robust and can reach an age of about 14 years.

    care “Norwegian Lundehund”

    The coat of this Norwegian Coastal Dog is insensitive to weather conditions and requires little grooming. However, the more you brush, less hair is distributed in your home – especially during coat change a daily brushing may make sense, because the Lundehund then lose a lot of hair. In all other respects, care is quite simple: dirt brushes better when dry. By the way, the Norwegian Lundehund It is one of the few dogs that really enjoys grooming. If you support them with the brush, you are also doing something for their bonding.

    Check the ears and eyes regularly and clean them with special ear and eye cleaners if necessary. If the eyes get wet, what happens in many dogs due to narrow tear ducts, just clean and dry them gently once a day with clear water. Some dog owners opt for daily dental care in the form of toothbrushing with dog toothpaste and toothbrush.. If you already introduce your puppy to this ritual, is an optimal prevention against tartar and associated secondary diseases.

    Activities “Norwegian Lundehund”

    Long walks in nature, enjoying the wind and the weather are the base of activity of this Norwegian breed. In addition, most of these dogs love to swim. Make your partner happy and give him the opportunity to do it! But you should also encourage and challenge their brain and skills. There is a wide range of joint activity possibilities at your disposal: Dog lovers can enjoy almost all types of sports with dogs, with the exception of sports with training dogs. Due to his great independence you should not expect unconditional obedience from him, but a relaxed approach to the respective human-animal hobby jointly. Try together with your animal companion which sport you like the most!

    Is a “Norwegian Lundehund”?

    A Norwegian Lundehund fits well in a sporty family, where at least one family member already has experience with dogs. Learn easily and with pleasure, but for education you still need a certain knowledge and consistency. In addition, it is important to use the dog to its full potential – the small Lundehund not a couch dog, needs a lot of outdoor exercise and a lot of time.

    He is usually very fond of children and can also make friends with cats, especially if you met them as a puppy. This dog can also live in a medium-sized apartment, but of course also enjoy a garden (leak proof). It is important to direct the joy of the breed's barking in a controlled manner.

    Before moving, make sure no one in your household has an allergy to animal hair and consider whether you can and want to take the dog on vacation – many hotels today host four-legged friends – or how you organize care. Although the Lundehund it's more like a small dog, can be quite expensive in terms of regular costs: Apart from a high quality diet with a high content of fish, this includes taxes and dog insurance, as well as visits to the vet. In addition, is, of course, the not inconsiderable purchase price of this rare four-legged friend – with possible travel expenses – and if necessary the basic equipment.

    Where can i find my “Norwegian Lundehund”?

    First of all: A Norwegian Lundehund It's very weird. In total, there are some 1.300 specimens around the world. Therefore, you may very well have to wait a long time and travel many miles to get hold of such a rare dog. The majority of the Lundehunds they live in norway. Check with a Norwegian dog club in your country to find out how to contact the breeders of the Norwegian Lundehund. Ask your potential dog breeder about the Lundehund syndrome and the diet of the breed.

    His young Lundehund will move in with you at the earliest at the age of eight weeks – if you come from a European country, you will normally need a valid rabies vaccine for the trip in addition to the necessary papers. It is essential that you remember booster shots and also talk to your vet about regular deworming of your four-legged friend.

    It is extremely unlikely to find an adult dog, especially outside of norway. So if you are looking for a four legged adult friend, it is advisable to contact a Nordic dog club. There are also often wonderful mongrel dogs looking for a new home., value the adoption of one of them.

    We wish you much joy with your extraordinary Norwegian Lundehund!

    Characteristics “Norwegian Lundehund”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Norwegian Lundehund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Norwegian Lundehund


    1 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by http://www.petsadviser.com/
    2 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/754827
    3 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/880994
    4 – Norwegian puffin town Andrva / CC BY-SA
    5 – “Norwegian Lundehund” by https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lundehund.jpg
    6 – The Norwegian Lundehund “With” looking out at the ocean on the north side of the island Værøy in Northern Norway. The island on the top, in the middle, is “The mosque”, the island in the top left is “Mosques” by ZorroIII / CC BY-SA

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway,
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    Norwegian Lundehund breed FCI standard

    Norwegian Lundehund FCI Norwegian Lundehund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Norsk Lundehund, lundehund, Norwegian Puffin Dog (English).
      2. lundehund (French).
      3. Norsk Lundehund (German).
      4. Cão de papagaio-do-mar (Portuguese).
      5. Perro frailecillo, Lundehund (Spanish).


    The Lurcher is a dog Hound of English origin whose name derives from “Lur” that means thief in Gypsy language. Always it has been acknowledged as the dog of the poachers so occasionally is called Poacher ’ s Dog (dog of fugitive).

    As a result of its appearance (hairy and scruffy) It is not admitted in competitions but for many it is a dog to enhance. In general, the Lurcher is a cross between a hound and a working dog, What gives rise to many opportunities: Greyhound and Golden Retriever; Whippet and Border Collie.

    In the event that you want a Lurcher with more features of hound that of working dog is often cross for the second time with a dog hound type. With this you get a dog faster than a working dog, but with the strength of this. The character of the Lurcher is derived from the best of parents and, some, They define it as quiet and affectionate.

    Read more



    Longdog (or Kangaroo Dog) "it is a breed of dog of lebrel type with origin in Ireland whose name literally means"long dog"referring to the shape of its limbs".

    Authors such as Colonel Ted Walsh define it as a cross between two hunting dogs, What distinguishes it from the so-called Lurcher, race created from crosses between sighthound dogs and working dogs.

    Is not currently distinguish between the Lurcher and the Longdog and encompasses both within the Lurcher.

    Because of that are the product of different crosses, the Longdog vary in appearance depending on the races that were used in the cross. They can be so light as a Greyhound or as robust as a Wolf dog. Their coats can also vary depending on the playback. Some have short fur, Some have long fur and some have hard coat.

    The common Longdog crosses are usually Saluki with Greyhound, Deerhound with Greyhound, and Whippet with Greyhound. These dogs tend to be raised to (some of the) same purpose as the Lurcher, but they generally have a higher speed compared to the overall resistance and greater training than the Lurcher.

    Each of these crossing carries features distintivas…

    • Saluki crossed with Greyhound: It is especially appreciated as a Hunter dog of hares in the United Kingdom and, for short time, in United States. The best copies shared resistance to high temperatures which possesses the Saluki and the capacity for acceleration and strength of the Greyhound.
    • Deerhound crossed with Greyhound: specialist in hunting foxes and deer in United Kingdom, It has a great body resistance and ability to adapt smoothly to the different climatic characteristics, You can live outdoors. In United States, the blood of this can, He has contributed to the development of the American Hound (specialists in the pursuit of coyotes).
    • Whippet crossed with Greyhound: highly appreciated by its balance is, Acceleration, agility, tenacity, heat resistance and, especially, by his rapid recovery. Depending on each dog, It can be used successfully in all kinds of hunting, but in the United Kingdom, stand out, especially in hunting rabbits.

    The Lurcher (the Longdog cousins) they were initially raised to catch rabbits when they were expelled from their burrows, but in the Decade of 1950, the myxomatosis ended with most of the rabbits. The myxomatosis, It is an infectious disease of rabbits, swellings on the skin and membranes of these animals, particularly in head and genitals. It is then often evolve into acute conjunctivitis, and sometimes blindness. The rabbit becomes listless, lost appetite and develops fever. In typical cases where the animal has no resistance, death happens on average in 13 days.

    It was discovered in Uruguay at the end of the 19th century, in rabbits imported from the genus Sylvilagus. It was subsequently extended by the South American populations of wild rabbits. This was however a less virulent strain than introduced in Australia in 1950, that he slashed the population (of 600 - 100 million in two years).

    Scientists decades of Great Britain, Germany and France sought a remedy for the plague that had become the rabbits, but it was the French physician Armand Delille which believed the solution. It was introduced artificially in France in 1952 a few rabbits inoculated with the virus producer the myxomatosis and quickly spread to the European continent in a natural way, through arthropod blood sucking and decimated the French population in 2 years (90% mortality). The myxomatosis, together with hemorragicovírica pneumonia, It is the cause of the decline of the rabbit in the Iberian Peninsula, What has caused the decline of the iconic animals to the point that in the Spanish imperial Eagle were lost the 70 % nests and the Iberian lynx is found without their basic livelihood.

    The mode of transmission is the flea and other sucking arthropods of blood in Europe, Although for example, in Australia is transmitted through mosquito.

    There is a vaccine for viral vector for domestic rabbits, While in wild specimens Europe have developed immunity and gradually extend.

    As mentioned above, in the Decade of 1950, the myxomatosis ended with most of the rabbits, but the disease did not affect the hares.

    Y, This led to the need to develop the race to achieve faster dogs to be able to catch hares. A Hare can run at speeds of up 72 km/h.

    The need for, the Longdog is born, developed to get a dog proper to the preferred style of hunting and the need of the moment.

    Y, Although they are not a pure breed, the crossing with dogs pure Greyhound race, He has carried that are highly valued within the “elite” canine sports.

    Because the Longdog is not a pure breed they are not recognized by any canine club. However, North America has recently created the "Lurcher and Longdog Association" to serve as a registering body for dogs Lurcher and Longdog in the United States and Canada.

    Like the Lurcher, beyond the different objectives of the crossing, What is certain is that the Longdog is an excellent companion dog that adapts very well to home life, and it is very grateful to received love, She loves to be with people but it needs vigorous walks outdoors, like all dog. Y, above all, very large spaces to savor the aftertaste of freedom.

    Dogs breeds: Longdog

    Lhasa Apso
    Tíbet FCI 227 - Tibetan breeds.

    Lhasa Apso

    The Lhasa Apso It is a breed of dog of Tibetan origin, small size, characterized mainly by the great length of his hair, whose main purpose is to prevent heat loss to withstand cold temperatures and protect against solar radiation.

    It is said that already existed around the year 800 -. C. Its main task was the alert with their strong barking to the Tibetan mastiffs the presence of strangers.

    They are symbol of luck, Why were aways the monks to the senior leaders of other countries. It is said that he welcomes the soul of their owners when they die. It is a somewhat peculiar character dog, that it needs an owner who can understand.

    The Lhasa Apso is a breed of small size but no thumbnail. The ideal height at the cross round one 25-28 cm.. The weight is not specified, but the desire will be surrounding a 8-9 kg, More or less. It also depends on the country of origin. It is a dog of strong structure and tends to be longer than high.

    It has abundant hair, double layer, It protects it from the inclement weather. It tends to form knots on a regular basis, so it requires a careful hair care. Even brushing it every day it is possible to continue forming knots, especially if given good life dog. I.e., many owners and breeders of these dogs to keep the hair in perfect condition, and thus to submit it in exhibitions, limited to draw very little walk, where the hair danger be damaged. If leads it to the mountain, Beach, field, etc., the formation of knots is inevitable, but it will be a strong and happy dog.

    It has a long fringe that falls on your eyes and they hide their beautiful Tibetan look. When you look at front not the white of the eyes will appreciate. It is found in a wide variety of colors: sand, honey, Golden, black, grey, White and particolor (consisting of white and another color), the most common being the Golden. The tail is populated with long hair and high insertion.

    It is a dog in a State of constant alert and formal, is usually to show something suspicious with strangers. Takes it time making friends, but when they do it will be forever. It is a very intelligent dog who shows him being very stubborn. It will monitor the House and will alert when you notice something strange. In their daily lives may be dominant with other dogs (the leader). Quiet nature, joyful, playful and very greedy. They are very affectionate dogs with his master, Although sometimes they are very jealous when his master is with young children or other dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Lhasa Apso

    Polish Hound

    Lebrel Polaco

    The Polish Hound (Chart Polski), Poland Greyhound or Polish Greyhound, It is a breed of dog lebrel of Polish origin, as its name suggests.

    The Polish hound originated in Poland, and enter their ancestors are some Asian Hound, a dog type Saluki. But according to current theories do not have as ancestor to the English Hound, It does part of the history of other many different types of venátici.

    The Polish Hound is a short, smooth fur can be many colors. The pelage is somewhat longer than the majority of the venátici, and it is rough to the touch. It has dual layer, and the internal becomes thicker in winter. They have tufts of hair long in the tail and the rear of the thighs.

    While it retains the general appearance of a Greyhound, the Polish Hound, It is a dog is much stronger and less thin. This is a persistent Hunter, with a long, muscular neck (Unlike other greyhounds). It is an elegant dog, as all Hound, and carries his head high. It has large eyes almendrados with some inclination that give an expression of infinite tenderness.

    This beautiful Hound, weighs around 29,5 - 43 Kg, and measures of 68.58 - 81 cm in height to the cross.

    The Polish hound has some similarities with other venátici, they are hyperactive dogs at the time when bored, that is why it is good to have a purpose clear to be active (Games, hunting, exercises). In other respects they are very different from the typical Hound, for example, they may become aggressive dogs if they feel threatened or distrust of the environment, We must not forget that they were bred to hunt wolves, Hence their fierceness, also, something that helps is that, they are usually highly territorial. They have a strong instinct and not always accept new dogs at home.

    They can be very good guard dogs in the House and create strong bonds with their owners, in some, This instinct is so strong, It does not accept any stranger who arrives home. They enjoy a good exercise regime, walking every day is a very good way to. They love to run, which is why, It is good to give this possibility taking him for walks in the open field where they can run rampant at.

    On the other hand, fits very well to home, and not there will be nothing better than a good NAP on the sofa or the bed. They are obedient and easy to train, Although it may be a little stubborn. This is not the best race for a novice owner. They need early socialization and firm, with affection yet firm, It requires that its owner will be able to communicate who the boss at home.

    The life expectancy of a Polish Hound, round the 10-12 years of age, Although cases of dogs who have lived have been reported to the 15.

    Dogs breeds: Polish Hound

    Afghan Hound
    Afghanistan Great Britain

    FCI 228

    Lebrel Afgano

    It behaves so proud and reserved, especially with strangers


    Afghan Hound History

    Also known as Tazi It is a dog coming from Afghanistan.

    The origin of this breed it is possible that you are in the race Saluki, I would have come to Afghanistan through Persia. Already in Afghanistan, the Saluki need a more appropriate coat for the hostile climate of the mountains of this country, developing the long coat which characterizes Afghan Hound current, and with that today appeals to so many people that they acquire dogs of this breed without taking into account that you need very special care.

    The origin of the Afghan Hound It is ancient, with the first records approximately in the year 1000 -. C., in the area where it is currently Afghanistan. It was used as a hunting dog.

    The antiquity of this breed still has not been corroborated by anyone, but the earliest records date from the 19th century, which does not mean that they did not exist before, but that Afghan nomads didn't bother in the race record for writing. The first illustration made of a Afghan Hound It is the year 1813. This race came to England in 1920 and didn't succeed, It is recognized by the British Kennel Club only six years later.

    In the year 1880, When he ended the war between Afghans and British, the officers of the British army took home some of these dogs, whose characteristics as hunting dogs in the harsh conditions of the Afghan mountains, they had drawn their attention.

    In Europe, the Afghan Hound It has maintained its natural activity sheepdog and hunting, task that was already in its land of origin. Also, Thanks to its elegant appearance, agility and speed, It has become dog race and company.

    In the beginning, the Afghan Hound He was employed to chase prey of all kinds, who were in the mountains Afghanistan, such as hares, foxes, Gazelles, jackals, Wolves, Deer, and even, ptarmigan leopards (It is the only big cat who lives exclusively in high mountains and is perfectly adapted to this environment).

    Another function of Afghan Hound was the monitoring the camps of nomadic tribes and livestock, functions that, along with those related to hunting, They gave this race a huge popularity among nomads Afghanistan (even they reserved a day of celebration dedicated to Afghan Hound, which engalanaban them with necklaces of flowers).

    Physical characteristics Afghan Hound

    General appearance gives an impression of force, dignity, speed and power. The exotic and oriental expression is typical of the breed, with a direct and scrutinizing look.

    The head It has the long narrow skull and not, with the prominent occipital, the snout long, clean jaw and the light stop.

    The eyes They are preferably dark, almost triangular and slightly oblique upwards. The ears They are set low, well delayed position and the animal stuck against the head. The limb They are straight and well boned. The tail it should not be too short, fits low, It forms a ring at the tip and is adorned with a few curious Wicks. In motion, the animal has been raised.

    The hair It is long and thin on the sides, extremities and flanks. In older dogs is short and dense in the area from the shoulders and the kidneys. Head is long from the front and forms a long silky hair.

    They are admitted all colors.

    The ideal height the cross males: 68 - 74 cm.. and females: 63 - 69 cm..

    Breed: Afghan Hound - Standard FCI



    • Skull: Long, not too narrow, with a well marked occipital Protuberance. Well proportioned and covered with a tuft of long hair.
    • Depression links (Stop): Light.


    • Truffle: Preferably black; It allows the color liver in dogs with coat clear.
    • Snout: Long, with powerful JAWS.
    • JAWS / Teeth: JAWS strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite is to say, the upper incisors closely overlap the lower and the teeth are placed vertically in the maxilla. Bite level. Allowed the bitefork clamp edge with edge.
    • Eyes: Preferably dark, Although the Golden tones are not. Almost triangular in appearance, Since the internal rising slightly oblique towards the outer corner angle.
    • Ears: Low insertion loss and placed far behind the head, worn close to the head, silky long hair covers.

    NECK: Long, strong, It holds the proud head port.


    • Back: Straight, moderately long, with good musculature.
    • Pork loin: Straight, broad and rather short.
    • Rump: Slightly sloping to the tail. Quite separate and prominent hip bones.
    • Breast : Ribs moderately sprung, well deep chest.

    TAIL: Not too short. Low insertion loss and forming a ring at its end. It takes her high during movement. Cover of hair in the form of thin pen.



    • Blades: Long and inclined, placed well behind, equipped with good musculature still strong without seeming heavy.
    • Forearm: Long and inclined.
    • Elbows: In vertical profile, under the cross, attached to the rib cage, without deviations outward or inward.
    • Arms: Straight, equipped with strong bones.
    • Metacarpus: Long and flexible.
    • Previous feet: Previous feet strong and very large both in length and width, covered in long and thick hair; arched toes. Pads rest firmly on the soil.


    • General appearance: Powerful. With great length between the hip and the hocks and, comparatively, distance short between the Hock and foot.
    • Knee: Well angulated and well directed.
    • Back feet: Long, Although not as wide as the previous, covered in long and thick hair, arched toes. Pads rest firmly on the soil
    • Spurs: They can be removed.

    MOVEMENT: Fluid and elastic with a very distinguished style.


    • Hair: On ribs, in the anterior and posterior limbs and the flanks is long and very fine texture. In adult dogs, from the shoulders back and along the mount is short and tight. From the front and back hair is long and is a marked section, long and silky (“top-knot”). The facial hair is short. The ears and limbs are well covered with hair. The pasterns may lack hair. The fur should present a natural development. Any evidence of cuts or cuts with scissors should be penalized..

    COLOR: All colors are admitted.

    Ideal height at the withers:

    • In males: 68 - 74 cm..
    • In females: 63 - 69 cm..

    FAULTS: Any deviation from the above mentioned criteria is considered as missing and the gravity of this is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and well-being of the dog.


    • Aggressive or fearful dog.
    • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

    NOTE: Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

    TRANSLATION: Brigida Nestler / Original version: (IN)
    Technical supervision: Miguel Angel Martinez

    Afghan Hound character and skills

    It is considered one of the least intelligent races, positioned on the scale as the number 79 According to S. City, author of "The Intelligence of Dogs", but also whimsical.

    A Afghan Hound I could pretend he does not know his master after having left a couple of afternoons on the patio, or not having given all the attention that demand. The Afghan look at you and look through one. It´s Dignified and aloof, with a certain subtle ferocity.

    usually dependent and slightly suspicious. They also have great strength and courage, even before other animals fierce such as leopards and wolves.

    It has been attempted to use race in Europe for Greyhound racing, but it has never been. The problem comes from the fact that the Afghan sighthounds not pursue the mechanical Hare as either one Greyhound would, but a genuine strategy of hunting that you plan to catch the Hare: cross the central area of ​​the racecourse and pounce on them when turning the bear is coming to the Afghan Hound.


    He has washed too often (each 15 days), because knots are easily formed.. Exemplary elders and breeding females can be sheared to be able to take care of more easily.

    Images of the Afghan Hound

    The Afghan Hound videos

    Type and recognitions:

    Alternative names

      1. Afghan Hound, Tazi, Tazhi Spay, Da Kochyano Spay, Sage Balochi, Ogar Afgan, Barakzai Hound, Eastern Greyhound/Persian Greyhound (English).

      2. Lévrier afghan, Tazi (French).

      3. Afghanische Windhund, kurz Afghane (German).

      4. Galgo afegão (Portuguese).

      5. Lebrel afgano, Baluchi Hound, Sage Baluchi, Tazi, Ogar Afgan (Spanish).

    PHP Code Snippets Powered By : XYZScripts.com