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Deerhound
Escocia FCI 164 . Rough-haired Sighthounds

The Scottish Deerhound resembles a Greyhound larger coarse hair and stronger bone.

Lebrel Escocés

Content

Characteristics "Deerhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Deerhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

Where does the Deerhound “Scottish Deerhound”?

The Deerhound it is one of the oldest and noblest dog breeds in the world. It is an impressive hunting dog and sighthound. Together with his cousin, the Irish wolfhound, slightly larger, displays a distinctive and strongly impressive dog type.

It has the complexion of a large and very strong greyhound and at the same time a rough and shaggy coat. As the name suggests, was the hunting dog of the Scottish high nobility for the red deer. The Scottish Deerhound must be fast, brave and strong enough to attack an adult deer and, at least, knock him down until the hunter can finish him off with the spear. The Deerhound it was also used in other game such as elk or wild boar. The hunts took place in the rugged Scottish Highlands. Dogs had to be fast, strong, persistent and, at the same time, extremely robust and resistant. So later they were also used to exterminate wolves.

With the decline of classical hunting by the high nobility and new firearms with which a deer could be easily shot from a distance, the Deerhound lost importance and was finally almost extinct. British dog lovers, like the great painter Edwin Landseer, were involved in its conservation after 1800. Fortunately, this was very successful. The Scottish Deerhound is closely related to the Irish wolfhound, which is supported by genetic studies carried out by a team of geneticists led by Heidi Parker in 2017. Even today, the appearance of Deerhound singlehandedly distills the conditions of antiquity and medieval times in the Highlands.

There are few more impressive dogs. Although there are still places in the Scottish mountains named after dogs that died hunting, the Scottish Deerhound is a breed in decline now found almost exclusively in South Africa.

Physical characteristics

The Deerhound he has the typical build of a large greyhound. Over this he wears his trademark wiry fur, lean and moisture repellent. The official standard describes its appearance as follows:

The Scottish Deerhound resembles a Greyhound larger coarse hair and stronger bone. His build gives the impression of a unique combination of speed, strength and endurance needed to shoot down a deer; However, its general bearing is of noble dignity.

His coat is disheveled, but not excessive. Woolly hair is not allowed. The correct coat is dense, tight, disheveled, feels hard or stiff. In the body, neck and hindquarters are hard and lean, of about 7-10 cm.; in the head, chest and belly is much softer. Slight fringe of hair on the inside of the front and back legs.

Must measure between 7 and 10 centimeters. The allowed colors are dark blue-gray, the gray or the brindle, the yellow. White spots are undesirable. Unfortunately, It has become common practice at shows that dogs must show at least one 10% additional height at the withers. This tendency to gigantism is detrimental to the health of dogs and makes the already difficult growth phase even more difficult..

How big is a “Scottish Deerhound”?

With a height at the withers from 71 centimeters in females and up to 79 in males, they look awesome. Bitches must weigh about 36, the males ones 45 kg.

How many years does a “Scottish Deerhound”?

The life expectancy of a “Scottish Deerhound” it's hard to measure. There are specimens that barely reach the 6 years, others even reach the 12 and more years in the best physical shape.

Character and skills

The Scottish Deerhound is a Sighthound and a hunting dog. But it's much more than that. He is a sensitive friend who absolutely needs a close connection with his human family.. Shows great empathy and adaptability to its humans. This strong and fast hunter is extremely gentle, calm and free from any aggressiveness.

He is kind and patient with children. At the same time, always show some pride. Thanks to his intelligence and sensitivity, notices any unfair treatment. This hurts. The Deerhound it is an extremely nice and easy to drive companion. It is also an ideal companion for horseback riding or jogging. Given their willingness to hunt, this requires good training and a close bond with its owner, that I should be able to call you at any time. It is an incomparable experience to walk through nature with these dogs. But, A prerequisite for a harmonious coexistence is that the Scottish Deerhound can satisfy your basic needs. This includes running, ideally chasing a dummy hare during coursing.

One Scottish Deerhound who can live up to a certain point his natural running abilities makes an excellent companion and family dog. The official standard describes its character as follows:

Its build evokes the impression of a unique combination of speed, strength and endurance needed to shoot down a deer; However, its general bearing is of noble dignity. Soft and friendly. Obedient and easy to train, as it is eager to please. Docile and fair, never suspicious, aggressive or shy. Shown with quiet dignity.

Care and health of a “Deerhound”

What care does a “Scottish Deerhound”?

The Scottish Deerhound adult is a low maintenance dog. Regular brushing is enough.

Are there diseases typical of the breed? “Scottish Deerhound”?

The Deerhounds, once grown, they are a robust breed.

What is the best food for a “Scottish Deerhound”?

The Deerhounds value a high-quality and varied diet. Expert guidance is essential, especially during the growth phase.

The Scottish Deerhound it's a greyhound. The free run, fast and extensive, it is a basic requirement for the life of its species. Thus, in some regions there are special facilities where greyhounds can satisfy their need to run. Either he runs after a dummy rabbit at the racetrack or during the coursing, or else the dog is made happy with a ball thrower.

where can you buy a “Scottish Deerhound”?

If you want to spend your life with a Scottish Deerhound, you should first check if you have the possibility to leave this Hound released regularly. Ideally, you should enjoy racing. You should only buy your puppy from a reputable breeder.

Images "Deerhound"

Photos:

1 – “Deerhound” female with exceptional longevity: 14 years and 7 months. by Manialize, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Scottish Deerhound” by Mark Robinson
3 – “Deerhound” grey, male. by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Deerhound” by Manialize, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Deerhound” at Theodore Roosevelt by Dog Park Andrea Arden
6 – “Deerhound” by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Deerhound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • Standard FCI (International Cynological Federation) Group 10: Section 2: Rough-haired Sighthounds
  • CCC standard (Canadian Kennel Club / Canadian Kennel Club)
  • KC standard (The Kennel Club)
  • AKC standard (American Kennel Club) (Hound)


FCI breed standard "Deerhound"

FCIFCI - Deerhound
Sighthound

Alternative names:

1. Scottish Deerhound (English).
2. Scottish Deerhound, Deerhound (French).
3. Scottish Deerhound, Highland Deerhound (German).
4. Deerhound, Galgo escocês, Deerhound escocês (Portuguese).
5. Deerhound (español).

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Irish wolfhound
Irlanda FCI 160 . Rough-haired Sighthounds

The Irish wolfhound It is the largest breed of dog that exists.; adults reach an average height of between 95 and 100 cm to the cross.

Lebrél irlandés

Content

Characteristics "Irish wolfhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Irish wolfhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The Irish wolfhound it is a very old canine breed, It was used as a war and hunting dog as early as the 3rd century BC..

As the greatest of the Sighthounds and hunting dogs, they were already admired. In fact, its impressive size and exceptional bravery even allowed it to hunt the now-extinct Irish elk, that doubled him in size. But, It was his ability to attack wolves that gave the name to the Irish Wolfhound. Before taking this name, he was known simply as Cu, a Gaelic word whose meaning is not very clear; according to the texts, this word was sometimes translated as dog, sometimes like war dog, sometimes like wolf.

In any case, it's easy to imagine how, on the battlefield, the Irish wolfhoundhe could look like a fierce fighter and impress with his size. Its main use was to knock men off their horses or from enemy chariots. But, although his warrior past is mentioned during the various Celtic wars, there are few texts that narrate his exploits with greater precision. However, It should be noted that during the sacking of Delphi in the year 279 a.C., one survivor mentioned the presence of giant dogs fighting alongside their masters, but without giving more details.

Although it was used against him in some conflicts with the Celts, was admired by the Romans. This is attested by writings such as those of the Roman consul Quinto Aurelio, who received them as a gift and reported in the year 391 a.C. that Rome admired them in amazement. The Romans also used them as fighting dogs in the arenas., making them compete with other animals and prisoners of war.

The Irish wolfhound is intrinsically linked to the history and folklore of its country of origin, which is the national dog. In addition to the historical mentions of his role in wars and conflicts, this gentle giant is also at the center of the legends told in various writings, already in the 3rd and 4th centuries. In fact, its popularity has endured throughout the ages, as illustrated by numerous examples. One of the most famous comes from a twelfth-century writing that relates that Mesrodia, then king of Leinstern, In Ireland, owned an Irish Wolfhound so remarkable that the King of Connacht offered him six thousand cows and other treasures in exchange for his dog. Mesrodia's refusal led to a war between the two kingdoms, but the text does not specify what happened to the Greyhound, called Aibe.

In ancient ireland (until the 5th century AD), A law reserved to kings and nobles the possibility of owning a Irish wolfhound, and his number was a prestige mark of the person's title. These may include, minor members of the nobility could only own a maximum of two Irish wolfhound. But, this did not mean that the number of representatives of the breed in the country was extremely limited, since Ireland was divided at that time into more than 150 kingdoms, with many kings and nobles.

The Irish wolfhound it was a popular gift among the nobility, and was often delivered with silver and gold chains to develop or strengthen alliances. One of the most famous exchanges was the sending of an Irish greyhound named Gelert to Prince Llewellyn of Wales by King John of England in 1210, and the burial place of the august dog can be seen today in Wales.

Either used in battle or gifted to consolidate alliances, The Irish Greyhound has also made a name for itself outside its native country; mentions of the breed can be found in numerous writings. In 1596, in Spain, the poet Lope de Vega wrote a sonnet entirely dedicated to the Irish wolfhound.

Despite its glorious past, the Irish greyhound was not far from extinction in the early 1800s. At that time, the Irish wolfhound it was used mainly for hunting, but the disappearance or near disappearance of wolves, deer, roe deer and wild boar in Ireland took away much of its usefulness. It survived because some families already used it as a pet.

The Irish wolfhound he probably owes his salvation to Commander H as well. D. Richardson, who wrote a book about dogs in 1842 (The Dog: Its Origin, Natural History, and Varieties), in which he suggested that the Irish wolfhound and the Deerhound they were the same race. This led him to start a breeding program for the Irish wolfhound using Irish wolfhound from the Glengarry area (Ireland), saving the race from the brink of extinction.

Captain George Augustus Graham was another breeder who, in the decade of 1860, kept the race alive. Crossed the Irish wolfhound with the Scottish Greyhoundby Glengarry, Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound and the Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy) to avoid inbreeding. He also used the Irish wolfhound that had been crossed with the Great Dane harlequin. Graham was also responsible for the creation of the first breed club of the Irish wolfhound in 1885.

The Kennel Club, the leading british kennel club, was founded in 1873, but did not recognize the breed until 1925.

In United States, was recognized already in 1897 by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The other leading American organization, the UKC (United Kennel Club), it took a little longer to do the same, since it was not until 1921. It also, in 1927 a breed club was founded. Today, the irish greyhound is moderately popular in ireland, occupying an average of 75th place in 200 in the number of pedigrees issued annually by the AKC.

The International Cynological Federation did not recognize the Irish wolfhound until 1955.

Physical characteristics

The Irish wolfhound is the largest of Sighthounds and has an elongated and imposing body, with massive musculature and a broad back. Their legs are long, straight and strong; perfect to let you jump high.

His head is long and flat, and the skull is not very wide. The ears are located high on the skull and fold along it., in the characteristic style of Greyhounds.

The muzzle is long and slightly pointed, and the small dark eyes.

Finally, their fur has a wire texture; it is rough and quite short. The hair under the eyes and under the jaw is slightly curly and longer than the rest of the body. The color of the coat is gray, white, black, red, beige or tabby.

Weight and size

▷ Male size: 81 to 94 cm.
▷ female size: 71 to 81 cm.
▷ Male weight: 55 to 85 kg
▷ female weight: 50 to 70 kg

Character and skills

the size of the Irish wolfhound makes it not a suitable dog for everyone. In fact, even if it is quite passive, it is not recommended to live in an apartment, due to its size. You have to have enough space for everyone to move around easily. It also, how prone to joint problems (starting with the Hip Dysplasia), they are also not recommended for homes with stairs.

So, the Irish wolfhound is much more comfortable in a place with enough space to stretch his legs, preferably with a fenced garden, to prevent the dog from escaping. A wireless electric fence probably wouldn't stop it, since his hunting instinct prevails.

In any case, even if you have access to a garden, it is important that you plan walks with your adult dog for at least 40 minutes a day. Once your need for exercise is satisfied, you will be happier to walk around the house with your family.

Whether walking or running, daily exercise should be much more limited with a puppy of Irish wolfhound, due to the fragility of your joints. It is best to start with a five-minute walk each day and then gradually increase the walking time.. The gradual increase in time and distance of exercise should continue until the child reaches maturity., to prevent joint damage. In any case, children under one year of age should not travel more than three kilometers.

It also, despite your affection and devotion to your loved ones, the Irish wolfhound not the most effective guard dog, as they do not have the reflex to start barking to warn of potential danger. It also, although its large size may be enough to scare away potential intruders, They are not the type to adopt an aggressive temperament towards a human, even if it is malicious. This is not incompatible with his ability to display great bravery; simply, despite his origin as a warrior dog, does not a priori perceive humans as a source of danger. They are often described as gentle giants who, despite its size, they can be very gentle with family and children.

In fact, this intelligent dog naturally seeks human company, making him an extremely loyal companion. They get along with everyone, and this is also true if they have to share their daily life with another dog.

On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, it can be quite difficult to get them to live with other pets, as they will soon be mistaken for prey. Although he is socialized from a young age to the presence of other species, there is always the risk that your natural instincts will overtake you, so this coexistence must always be carried out under supervision.

It is also his hunting instinct which explains why it is advisable to always keep him on a leash., to prevent it from chasing small animals, unfamiliar cats or even small dogs that may pass by. In fact, there is a real risk that you will be the victim of a traffic accident, 'Cause when he's worried about the hunt, he forgets his immediate surroundings, to the extent, for example, to cross a road without paying attention to possible vehicles.

Education

The Irish wolfhound he is a sensitive and intelligent dog, that it is easy to train if the owner uses positive reinforcement dog training techniques and knows how to stay calm in case of problems, but also rewards the dog when it responds well to instructions. On the other hand, if he is punished or if his owner raises his voice too much, likely to retract and isolate. It also requires a certain consistency in your education..

It also, when they are still small, the Irish wolfhound have a tendency to steal various objects, like shoes. Thus, it is often easier and safer to leave your dog in a crate at home when you are away. But, duration should be minimal: more than half a day would start to cause problems, as your dog needs to move and stretch to prevent joint damage. As i grow, and as long as your education is not deficient, You should understand that this is not acceptable behavior., and that impulse should pass, which would allow him to be let loose at home.

Health

The Irish wolfhound is one of the shortest-lived dog breeds and is prone to a variety of health problems, several of which are common to all large dogs :

The hepatic dog
This disease is the result of liver failure., that no longer fulfills its metabolic functions. This functional loss is the cause of serious metabolic disorders. (dehydration, diarrhea, etc.) and can cause the death of the dog . In the Irish wolfhound, the most common cause is intoxication from an inadequate dose of certain medications to which it is particularly sensitive.

Hip Dysplasia
Common in dogs of this size, can have several causes. In the case of the Irish wolfhound, is an inherited condition most often caused by the femur not fully inserting into the hip joint.

heart disorders
Dog heart problems do not spare the Irish Wolfhound. In particular, a third of the representatives of the breed have an increased risk of cardiac arrest caused by dilated cardiomyopathy (also called a heart strain).

▷ The dilation-torsion of the stomach.

It also, like all breeds of greyhounds , the Irish wolfhound have an increased sensitivity to anesthetics and certain medications. In the event of an intervention that requires anesthetizing the dog, it is essential to choose a veterinarian familiar with the Irish wolfhound and its physiological specificities, since a normal dose in another race can be fatal for him.

Life expectancy

Of 6 to 8 years

Grooming

The Irish wolfhound constantly changes, but not in excess. The dog's coat should be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair.. However, the coat is generally easy to care for, and it should not be necessary to bathe the dog more than once or twice a year, unless, Of course, that you come into contact with a substance that is dirty or harmful to your health.

Some owners trim their fur Irish wolfhound, but this is more for aesthetic reasons than a real need. This is done primarily for individuals shown at dog shows. In any case, longer hair around the ears can be trimmed slightly, legs or neck. The underbelly and tail hair can also be shortened to give the dog a proud appearance..

It is also advisable to brush the dog's teeth two or three times a week.. The dog's nails should be trimmed once or twice a month, depending on its wear.

Once a week, brushing the dog's coat is an opportunity to examine its general physical condition, for example, to make sure your ears or skin are not red or show other signs of infection.

Food

Like all large dogs, the Irish wolfhound has a big food budget. In fact, needed between 540 and 1.000 grams of quality dry food each day, administered in two meals: one in the morning and one at night. The exact amount should be determined with the help of your veterinarian., depending on the age and activity level of the dog.

In any case, due to the high risk of stomach bloating, it is important to avoid any intense physical activity in the hour before and especially after each meal.

Price of a “Irish wolfhound”

The Irish wolfhound not only is it an expensive dog to breed (due to the budget for food that it represents), but it is also one of the most expensive breeds to buy. The price of a puppy Irish wolfhound varies between the 1.350 and 1.800 EUR, without there being a significant difference between males and females.

Images "Irish wolfhound"

Photos:

1 – “Irish wolfhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/irish-wolfhound-chihuahua-poodle-mix-85578/
2 – Meet drew, the new “Irish wolfhound” rescued from my mother. A precious animal by Airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Irish wolfhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/irish-wolfhound-perro-1789938/
4 – Attila, Irish Wolfhound, owner Ms.. Sylvie Saulue by Sylvie Saulue/Design Madeleine, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Irish Wolfhound, striped, macho by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Yesterday my mother received a “Irish wolfhound” rescued. His owner couldn't keep him any longer due to a terminal illness, so the wolf rescue society contacted my mother to see if she would take him in, and he said yes 🙂 Amy and I picked it up yesterday, and this is me bonding with him 🙂 Taken with Amy's phone camera, so excuse the quality. by Airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Irish wolfhound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 2: Rough-haired Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hound
  • ANKC – Group 4 (Hounds)
  • CKC – Group 2 – Hounds
  • KC – Hound
  • NZKC – Hound
  • UKCSighthound and Pariah


FCI breed standard "Irish wolfhound"

FCIFCI - Irish wolfhound
Sighthound

Alternative names:

1. Irish wolfhound (English).
2. Irish wolfhound (French).
3. Irish Wolfhound (German).
4. (em inglês: Irish Wolfhound), Lébrel irlandês (Portuguese).
5. Cazador de lobos irlandés, Lobero irlandés (español).

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Lhasa Apso
Tíbet FCI 227 - Tibetan breeds.

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn.

Content

History

Originally from Tibet, the Lhasa Apso is known in his country of origin as “Apso Seng Kyi”, that means “dog with the roar of a lion”, probably in reference to its characteristic bark and its appearance quite similar to that of a miniature lion.

DNA studies have established that it is one of the oldest domestic dogs: the first specimens would have appeared several thousand years before our era. They have also shown that it is one of the dog breeds most closely related to the wolf, although its appearance does not necessarily suggest it.

For a long time they were mistaken for the Tibetan Terrier, until separate rules were established that facilitated their differentiation. The distinction was made mainly on the basis of size, being the Tibetan Terrier bigger and, Therefore, more of a deterrent as a guard dog.

Considered sacred in its country of origin, It was forbidden to be sold and was raised exclusively by nobles and monks to watch over and protect palaces., Isolated Buddhist temples and monasteries in the Himalayan mountains. His job was to raise the alarm in case of intrusion or potential danger, while his cousin, the Tibetan Mastiff, put all his imposing stature to deter malicious individuals from going any further. The monks believed that when the owner of a Lhasa Apso I died and was not yet ready for Nirvana, his soul was reincarnated in the body of his animal.

It was also customary to use it as a gift for foreign leaders. It also, only the Lhasa Apso gifts from the Dalai Lama could leave the country. They always happened in pairs, to bring luck and prosperity to the recipient. This is how the first subjects were introduced into China towards 1583, at the beginning of the Manchu dynasty.

The international diffusion of Lhasa Apso

It was not until the dawn of the 20th century that the Lhasa Apso came to europe, and more specifically in 1904. It was then that the first import to the UK took place., when British soldiers returning from the expedition to Tibet led by Francis Younghusband brought back representatives of the breed. But, was not up 1964 when the Kennel Club, the main canine organization in the country, officially recognized the breed.

In France, was introduced in 1949 by Miss Violette Dupont.

The Lhasa Apso first set foot in North America in 1933, when Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933), the XIII Dalai Lama, offered one to the explorer and naturalist Charles Suydam Cutting (1889-1972).

It took the American Kennel Club only two years to officially recognize the breed, as he did in 1935. The other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club, waited until 1975 to do the same.

The International Cynological Federation (FCI), that coordinates the organizations of a hundred countries, recognized the Lhasa Apso in 1969.

Popularity

The Lhasa Apso is now very popular and is present all over the world.

In United States, ranks 70 (of something less than 200) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. This marks a certain decline compared to the first years of the 21st century., when he was rather in the position 40.

In the United Kingdom, the breed is also in sharp decline, after having peaked. Like this, while the number of annual births registered by the Kennel Club was around 4.000 in the middle of the Decade of 2000 and exceeded 4.500 early in the decade 2010, then collapsed, to the point of dividing by three, with, Therefore, less than 1.500 annual records at the end of the decade of 2010.

The situation is quite similar in France, where the breed reached its peak popularity in the early years 90, with more than 1.500 births in some years. But, before the dawn of the 21st century, they had already regressed below a thousand. The Lhasa Apso recovered in the second half of the decade of 2000, flirting with the numbers reached at their peak. But, fell back from 2012, and abruptly. Like this, during the decade of 2010, the number of people registered each year in the French Book of Origins (LOF) divided by two, ending the decade in less than 700.

Physical characteristics

The Lhasa Apso it is a small dog with a robust and harmonious appearance. His body is longer than high, and well proportioned. Its front legs are straight. The tail is set high on the back and covered by a long lock of hair.

The skull is small and slightly rounded, with a well defined stop. The ears are soft, medium in size and covered with long hair. Very often hidden under a long fringe of hair, eyes are dark brown and oval. They have an alert expression. The snout is short, straight but not square, and ends in a black nose.

The coat of the Lhasa Apso consists of a medium density undercoat and a long topcoat, Lisa, dense and hard. Hair covers the entire body and usually touches the ground, without ever impeding their movements.

But, because they shed relatively little, they are often promoted as a breed of dog hypoallergenic, which makes them suitable for people with allergies to dogs. But, keep in mind that no breed is totally hypoallergenic: a person who is in this case should always try to carry out a test in real conditions for several hours before any adoption.

In any case, the coat can be of various colors: dorado, sand, honey, dark grey, Slate, black, white or brown. It is smooth in some individuals, and particolorada (that is to say, that mixes several colors) in others.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are very similar in size.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 20 – 30 cm.
▷ female size: 18 – 28 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 4 – 6 kg

Character and skills

The Lhasa Apso He is very loving and protective of his owners. But, despite the close bond he has with them, his independent nature allows him to handle loneliness without difficulty. He is not one of those who suffer from separation anxiety when his owners are absent for a few hours.

Get along well with children old enough to have learned to interact with and respect an animal, which makes him a very good playmate. On the other hand, by not being very patient, can quickly become overwhelmed by young children who are noisy, that move a lot or that hurt you, and then he risks at any moment to react abruptly. So, it is not recommended that you live with younger children. In any case, Whatever your race, a dog should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision.

Probably because he loves his family and seeks to protect them, the Lhasa Apso It, on the other hand, suspicious of strangers. They do not hesitate to bark when they perceive a threat or a stranger approaching their home, and are usually perceptive enough to quickly determine if the person is a friend or foe of their family. So, he is an excellent alert dog. But, not only uses their vocalizations to raise the alarm: it is known to bark a lot, even in situations that don't justify it. This is probably due to his highly developed hearing., that allows you to hear noises and sounds inaudible to humans and even to some other races.

Living with their little fellows usually goes well, how much have they grown up together. Otherwise, for its dominant character, it can be more complicated. Given its size, it is also better to avoid living with a large dog, since it could inadvertently hurt you, for example while playing together. There is also a risk with people who are on your walks. In fact, as he is very brave and sees himself as bigger and more powerful than he really is, does not hesitate to play with (or sometimes face) other dogs much bigger than him, not realizing that they could unintentionally hurt you during their interactions.

Have you share your home with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is very possible. In fact, does not have a very pronounced predatory instinct, and he is not one of those who begins to chase the small animals that are during his walks. The only exception are those who dare to enter their territory, for example in your garden.

The Lhasa Apso you don't need much to satisfy your need for exercise. But, half an hour a day, through two or three walks and / or play sessions, is a minimum below which you should not keep it balanced. On the other hand, if you are happy to accompany your masters on short walks, its resistance is quite limited: you don't have to count on him to walk for hours. In fact, its low level of activity makes it an ideal companion for the elderly or sedentary. However, do not neglect to exercise daily, both for their psychological and physical well-being, especially since it is a breed of dog that tends to be overweight.

It also, the Lhasa Apso not only needs to be physically stimulated. In fact, You also have to take advantage of his curiosity and his great intelligence so that he is psychologically balanced. So, It may be convenient not only to vary the routes and activities of the walk, but also, for example, regularly teach him new tricks or let him play different dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally, that allow you to exercise both physically and mentally.

As soon as your needs are met, easily adapts to all places in life, showing himself capable of living both in the city and in the country, in an apartment like in a house. Having said that, even if you have access to a garden, your independence does not mean you can spend most of your time there, away from their masters. In fact, to be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family.

But, it is important to note that the Lhasa Apso is independent, stubborn and not really inclined to spontaneously obey. It also, if you don't like something, does not hesitate to express his discontent. It also, matures very slowly and can remain a puppy in your head until 3 years. So, not really suitable for a person who has no experience with dogs, since it could give you too much trouble.

Education

The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn. It also, matures slowly, to the point that some individuals remain puppies on their heads for up to three years. Obviously, this is not without consequences on their education: has difficulty concentrating and taking learning sessions seriously.

Everything is combined so that obeying is not necessarily the most natural thing for him, not the first thing on his priority list. This is all the more true as he is dominant and does not hesitate to question the rules and test the limits.; if he perceives a flaw that allows him to do what he pleases or even occupy the role of leader, does not hesitate to exploit it.

So, its owner must be firm from the first months and not let it get away with it, at the risk of allowing the development of “small dog syndrome”. The latter appears when the owners, too moved by the pretty and harmless looks of their young companion, do not correct -or not enough- their inappropriate behaviors (grunts, barking, aggressiveness…), like they would with a bigger dog. This is the best way to make it disobedient, aggressive, disturbed and hard to live. It also, then it is very difficult to correct the situation, once bad habits have been established.

This is the case, for example, of the barking, since it is known to bark excessively. Do not wait to try to make him understand the circumstances in which it is useless to do so and those in which, on the other hand, is pertinent. You also have to teach him to stop when asked.

To avoid drifts or failures in your education, It is important that each of the members of the house is involved in it and makes sure that the current regulations are respected to the letter. These rules must be established from their arrival in the family and be constant over time and from one person to another., otherwise he runs the risk of getting lost and not being able to understand what is expected of him.

It also, either to make him assimilate the rules or to teach him various useful things, a certain regularity is necessary to obtain results, and it is better to start from your arrival in the family. Short daily sessions are great for keeping you focused on the tasks at hand, as it tends to get bored quickly. Positive reinforcement is the best training method: rewarding him with treats and stimuli is much more effective than harsh punishment.

Last, like any dog, the socialization of Lhasa Apso should be started at an early age, during which it is more malleable and adaptable. To become a well-adjusted adult and behave correctly in all circumstances, needs to meet as many people and animals as possible during the first months of life, as well as being exposed to all kinds of situations and stimuli.

Health

The Lhasa Apso is generally robust and healthy. It is also not unusual for representatives of the breed to live to 20 years or more.

It also, its Tibetan origins and its well-stocked coat (that is not alien) explain why it is particularly resistant to cold and humidity. On the other hand, is much less comfortable when mercury peaks, or even frankly in great difficulty., your flattened face implies a markedly lower than average respiratory ventilation capacity and, Therefore, a less good ability to regulate your internal temperature by panting.Particularly prone to heatstroke, it's not done, for example, to live in a Mediterranean climate.

Although he is in good general health, It is possible that he will suffer from various more or less serious pathologies throughout his life. The health problems to which he is predisposed are:

  • the brachycephalic syndrome, Which affectssnub-nosed and star-nosed dog breeds.In fact, this morphological peculiarity predisposes the animal to various health problems, like breathing difficulties, eye diseases or digestive disorders. Surgical intervention may be considered to enlarge the animal's nostrils and thus increase its respiratory capacity;
  • the Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance may be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and inevitably progresses toosteoarthritis aas the dog ages;
  • the dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), common in small dogs. It occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain and / the cojera;
  • the herniated disc, a disease of the spine that causes pain that is increasingly difficult for the animal to face, which can therefore be aggressive when manipulated or the door. It also has more and more difficulties to move, he even ends up paralyzed.In less advanced cases, rest and medication are usually sufficient, but in others surgery is necessary;
  • inguinal hernia, manifested by the appearance of a soft, painless mass between the inner thigh and the abdomen. It mainly affects unsterilized women and is cured by surgical intervention;
  • congenital renal dysplasia, a malformation of the kidneys whose symptoms can be very varied: growth retardation, dull coat, lack of appetite, dirt … In all cases, it is a serious and incurable disease;
  • urolitiasis (or bladder stone), which is the formation of stones in the urinary tract., the dog experiences difficulty urinating or even gets dirty and / or the presence of blood in the urine. Treatment consists of surgical removal of the stone;
  • congenital hydrocephalus, a disease of the nervous system that can have many consequences: strabismus, bulging skull, stunted growth, locomotive difficulties,epileptic attacks, vision problems … Medical treatments reduce symptoms, but it is also possible to consider a surgical intervention to solve the problem at the source;
  • type B hemophilia (or Christmas disease), a blood clotting disorder that is often inherited, affects mainly males and causes heavy or prolonged bleeding, as well as the spontaneous appearance of bruises. It is a serious and incurable pathology: even if thedog transfusionsare possible during severe bleeding, usually dies young;
  • the periodontics, an irreversible inflammatory disease of the gingival tissue uncommon in all canines and particularly insmall breeds.It appears due to poor oral hygiene and causes inflammation of the gums. In the most serious cases, teeth eventually loosen and fall out at an early stage, thetreatment of periodontics isbased on desquamation and good oral hygiene When the disease is in an advanced stage, surgery is needed to remove affected teeth;
  • the infectionsof the ear, frequent inflammation indog breeds with floppy ears;
  • the dermatitis by Malassezia, a dermatological disease caused by the multiplication of the yeast called Malassezia, which usually causes redness, itching and greasing the skin of the animal;
  • the adenitis sebácea, a relatively rare skin disease destroys the sebum-producing glands, causing dry skin, total or partial hair loss and the appearance of scabs that can give off bad odors. Treatments are available to reduce the symptoms, but the disease itself is incurable;
  • allergies, either food allergies or atopy., the animal scratches repeatedly and skin lesions may appear.

The Lhasa Apso it is also particularly prone to certain eye diseases:

  • the progressive atrophy, an incurable inherited disease characterized by degeneration of the retina, resulting in progressive loss of vision, night and then day, until the individual becomes totally blind;
  • the glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited. It causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina. This painful pathology for the animal rapidly progresses to total or partial loss of sight, unless it is seen urgently;
  • dry conjunctivitis, a disease that can be inherited due to insufficient tear production, resulting in dry eye, inflammation of the eyelids, Red eyes, repeated blinking of the eyelids, presence of scabs and / or yellowish discharge. All of these symptoms obviously cause pain and discomfort to the animal. In severe cases, sores can also develop and cause ulcers that can lead to perforation or loss of the eye. This condition usually requires lifelong treatment;
  • nictitating gland prolapse (or cherry eye), an ophthalmological condition of the lacrimal gland. The most common signs are the appearance of a small red ball in the inner corner of the eye and watery eyes. It is treated with surgical intervention;
  • the entropion, which corresponds to a curl of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye and can be inherited., irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by repeated eyelash rubbing and / or hairs in fragile parts of the eye. The problem can be solved with the help of surgery;
  • corneal dystrophy, a corneal disease often inherited in origin that results in clouding of the cornea in both eyes.There are two types of dystrophies: lipid and endothelial. The former do not compromise vision and do not require special treatment. The latter, on the other hand, can cause blindness, but it is treatable by surgery;
  • distiquiasis, an eye disease characterized by abnormally implanted eyelashes which may be asymptomatic or cause irritation, itchiness, redness of the eyes or even the formation of acorneal ulcer.Different techniques are used to treat affected people;
  • It also, the Lhasa Apso has a fairly high risk of Obesity.The latter can cause or aggravate many pathologies, and therefore have a significant impact on the health of the animal.

The list of ailments to which you are predisposed Lhasa Apso can be overwhelming at first glance, but it should be remembered that they are still rare and that most representatives of the breed spend their lives trouble-free. This is confirmed in particular by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians: the 32% of the deaths studied were simply caused by old age (32%), way ahead of cancers (18%) and diseases, kidneys (7%).

But, knowing that some of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, it is important to adopt from acreatorrigorous ofLhasa Apso.In fact, in addition to guaranteeing quality socialization to the puppies, a serious breeder routinely performs genetic testing on individuals he plans to breed (or also in the offspring obtained), to prevent the transmission of a hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of the tests in question, in addition to presenting a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as the detail of the vaccines administered, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination record.

Once the animal is adopted, We must not lose sight of the fact that it is particularly fragile throughout its growth., particularly when it comes to your bones and joints., it is strongly recommended not to force him to make excessive physical efforts during this period, since you would run the risk of injuring yourself or even developing malformations, with potentially long-lasting consequences.This is all the more true since this dog is predisposed to certain joint problems (dislocation of the patella and Hip Dysplasia).

Finally, whatever your age and like any other race, everything Lhasa Apso must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete check-up, that at the same time allows you to ensure that you are kept up to date with your vaccination withdrawal.

Life expectancy

14 years

Grooming

The Lhasa Apso It is not for those who do not have time or desire to spend a lot of time caring for their dog's coat. In fact, to remove dead hair and prevent mat formation, its long coat must be brushed at least three or four times a week, with a special brush or glove. Although the molt remains moderate throughout the year, brushing should be done daily during spring and fall seasonal moult.

If it is not maintained regularly enough, hair gets tangled, preventing the skin from breathing. This favors the proliferation of bacteria and the skin problems that they can cause. It also, it is very painful for the animal - even impossible- detangle the hairs with a simple brush, and then it is usually necessary to go through a professional hairdresser.

It also, as the length of its fur makes it often touch the ground, tends to easily accumulate dirt and give off bad odors. So, it is necessary to wash it with a shampoo adapted to dogs, once every one or two months. But, you should not wash your dog more than this, as this will remove the sebum that protects you from skin problems. When you bathe, you must be careful not to get the inside of your dog's ears wet, since they are especially sensitive. It is also recommended to clean the dog's coat directly after bathing rather than letting it air dry, since this could reduce its beauty and shine.

To avoid the task of untangling, or to be needed less often, many owners of Lhasa Apso choose to keep their pet's hair short. Whether they do it themselves or use the services of a professional dog groomer, the coat should be trimmed with scissors or trimmed every two months to keep the coat clean.

But, even if the fur stays long, a small cut is necessary every one or two months to prevent the animal from being hindered when moving and to reduce the risk of infection caused by small plants or spikelets that get stuck in the fur.

The hanging ears of the Lhasa Apso they also require special attention. In effect, this morphological particularity means that moisture and dirt can easily accumulate there, and be the source of infections such as otitis. So, you have to inspect them and, if required, clean them once a week, and dry them every time they have been in contact with water or have spent a long time in a humid place.

The weekly maintenance of your ears is also the occasion to check your eyes and clean their contour, to reduce the risk of infections.

You can also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth, making sure to use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This will help prevent tartar buildup., which can cause bad breath and, above all, the appearance of oral diseases such as periodontal disease, which is very common in Lhasa Apso and it can have serious consequences on your health. Knowing this, the ideal is to brush several times a week, or even every day.

Looking at its claws, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them. But, when the animal becomes older and / or less active, they can get too long and bother you, or even injuring you. In this case, they need to be trimmed with a claw trimmer or special file.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, maintaining a Lhasa Apso should not be done randomly. It is useful to learn them the first time with a vet or groomer if in doubt, to know the good techniques and to be able to act effectively and safely, without hurting or harming your pet. It also, how many hairdressing sessions will be throughout your life, It is convenient that the dog grooming sessions run as smoothly as possible: getting used to it since childhood is an excellent way to achieve it.

Food

Like any dog, the diet of Lhasa Apso must suit your age, your level of physical activity and your health status. It is recommended to opt for high quality croquettes or industrial patés, to provide you with all the nutritional inputs you need on a daily basis.

In any case, its small size should not lead one to believe that it can be fed with food intended for cats. In fact, the two species do not have the same nutritional needs, and he would suffer both deficiencies of some nutrients and excesses of others.

In this case, it is even more important to be attentive, since this breed has a predisposition to being overweight. This is even more true in the case of a neutered individual, because the risk of obesity is then more important. Dividing your daily allowance into at least two meals is a good way to keep you from crying out throughout the day., since he knows that a second meal awaits him a little later. It is also better to avoid abusing the treats, although they can obviously be very effective in educating you. A good habit may be to systematically deduct your caloric intake from your daily allowance., In addition to, of course, opt for low-calorie products.

At the same time, weighing the dog once or twice a month makes it possible to quickly detect any deviations. If this is confirmed or even accentuated in the following measurements, it is advisable to take the dog to the vet, since only he can determine the cause of the problem and remedy it. In fact, your diet and activity level are not always the cause: weight gain may be due to illness or a reaction to treatment, for example.

Last, like any dog, the Lhasa Apso must have water available throughout the day, regularly renewed so that it is always fresh.

Utility

Until the 20th century, the Lhasa Apso It was used by Tibetan monks and nobles to guard and protect palaces, Buddhist temples and monasteries. His extremely fine hearing allowed him to alert quickly in case of danger.

In fact, even today, its courage and protective nature allow it to stand out as a warning dog.

But, now we find it used mainly as a companion animal. In fact, his affectionate and cheerful character makes him an endearing companion. If we add their low need for exercise, we will understand that it easily finds its place in many homes and places in life. This is especially true because they shed less hair and produce less dandruff than many other breeds., making them a great potential choice for someone with a dog allergy. Having said that, since there can be big differences from one individual to another and no dog is totally hypoallergenic, real-life testing is always essential by spending several hours with the animal you are considering adopting.

Its small size, its long coat and elegance also make the Lhasa Apso a regular at dog shows. However, Any owner who considers entering their dog in beauty contests must have a lot of time and a marked interest in hairdressing., since then a daily brushing and several hours of maintenance a week is necessary to maintain a well-groomed coat and address these events in the best conditions.

His kindness and sweetness also make him a very good hospital therapy dog, nursing homes and nursing homes.

Last, their intelligence and liveliness can be put to the test in various dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally.

Price

The price of a puppy Lhasa Apsoor ranges between 500 and 1.500 EUR, being the average of about 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females.

whatever the country, the significant price differences between the specimens are generally explained by the greater or lesser conformity of the animal with the breed standard, as well as the prestige of the breeding and the lineage from which it comes.


Breeders of the breed "Lhasa Apso"

Characteristics "Lhasa Apso"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Lhasa Apso" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Images "Lhasa Apso"

Photos:

1 – A dog Lhasa Apso, With white hair she is two years old, her name is Yuna by Yuna89bcn, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Lhasa Apso female with 6 meses by Lcfrederico, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso_Puppy_Clip.jpg
4 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso,_aged_16_months.jpg
5 – “Lhasa Apso” by Flickr user lisaschaos . Photo uploaded to commons by user ltshears, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Skoda_new_064.jpg

Videos "Lhasa Apso"

Lhasa Apsos | Breed Judging 2023

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Lhasa Apso"

FCIFCI - Lhasa Apso
Lhasa

Alternative names:

1. Lhasa, Lion Dog (English).
2. Apso Seng Kyi (French).
3. Lhasaterrier, Löwenhund (German).
4. Nome original 拉薩犬 (Portuguese).
5. Perro león/span> (español).

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Labrador Retriever
Canadá Reino Unido FCI 122 . Retrievers

Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever It is the most popular breed in the world by number of registered copies.

Content

History

The Labrador Retriever is a relatively recent breed and originated in Great Britain, where it was developed during the 19th century.

His ancestor, St. John's dog, comes from canada. Contrary to popular belief, is originally from the island of Newfoundland, of that St. John's is the capital, and not from the province of Labrador.

The exact origin of this ancestor is under debate, but the most accepted theory is that it descends from the Castro Laboreiro Dog, a dog that accompanied the Portuguese fishermen. another theory, supported by some experts, although not very plausible, is that the Labrador Retriever actually descended from the dogs used by Labradors Indians to pull sleds.

The truth is that many writings dating back to the 16th century speak of small dogs, sometimes presented as little Newfoundlands, who help local fishermen find the fish that have fallen out of the trap.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the qualities of this dog convinced the English visitors to the island, and then some specimens were imported to Great Britain. They caught the attention of the 2nd Earl of Malmesbury, who used these water dogs for hunting. He passed on his passion for these dogs to his son, who continued to develop the breed with the help of some local breeders. Was this son, the third Earl of Malmesbury, who gave name to the breed Labrador Retriever. But, no one knows if he did it as a tribute to the Labrador Sea, that borders the island of Newfoundland, or as a distortion of the Portuguese name Laboreiro.

In 1885, Lord Malmesbury, the third of the name, gave birth to a black dog named Buccleuch Avon, which is considered the ancestor of all Labradores current.

The Kennel Club británico (KC) recognized the breed already in 1903, but it wasn't until 1916 when Countess Lorna Howe founded the first breed club, who wrote the first standard of the Labrador Retriever.

It was also at the beginning of the 20th century when the breed was imported to the United States., to the point that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed already in 1917.

Over the years 20, the standards of the different organizations evolved to accept yellow copies, while all Labrador Retriever they were originally black.

After World War II, the breed spread all over the world, earning recognition from the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1947 y from the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1954. Today it is accepted by all canine associations, including, for example, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

Diffusion

The Labrador Retriever It, with difference, the most popular dog breed in the world. It is especially popular with Anglo-Saxons, for example, ranking first in Australia, Canada, Great Britain and United States. In this country, leads to head from 1991, with more than 100.000 annual registrations in the American Kennel Club (AKC). The same has happened in Canada since the end of the years 90.

Although its popularity does not diminish, can fluctuate significantly from year to year. In Great Britain, for example, there were more than 44.000 annual records of Kennel Club in 2010, but “only” a few 32.000 in 2015 and 35.000 in 2019.

In France, the situation is different. Although it is one of the 10 Most popular dog breeds in France, is not present in the head trio, and is even surpassed by the Golden Retriever. The popularity of the Labrador in France it soared over the years 80-90, going from less than 2.500 births registered each year in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) at the beginning of the period about 10.000 at the end. Then, this figure decreased in the decade of 2000 (while the Golden ones shot up), until they are around 7.000. From 2013, rebounded, ending the year 2010 at around 8.000 births per year.

Physical characteristics

The Labrador it is a big animal, well built, but agile.

His body is massive and muscular, but not at all corpulent. His chest is wide, and the bowed ribs should be palpable under the skin. The legs are solid boned and end in round legs. The tail, known as “otter tail”, is a peculiarity of the breed and helps you swim. Very thick at the base, tapers towards the tip and is covered in short fringed hairs.

The skull is broad, with a well defined stop and a powerful muzzle. The nose has wide nostrils and is the same color as the fur. The eyes are more or less dark brown and express intelligence and good character.. The ears, placed towards the back of the skull, fall along the cheeks.

The coat of the Labrador Retriever consists of a dense, weather-resistant underlayer and a dense top layer, short and without ripples. To the touch, it is quite hard and rough. It is waterproof and dries quickly once out of the water.

The coat of the Labrador must be uniform, except for a possible small white spot on the chest. The breed standard only accepts three colors: the black (the original color), the yellow (the most common today, that goes from cream to red) and the brown (the least common, and sometimes called liver or chocolate). Silver color (Silver) it's not allowed, since it is due to a cross with the Weimaraner.

Last, the male is larger and more massive than the female, but this sexual dimorphism is not extremely marked either.

Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 56 to 57 cm.
    ▷ female size: Of 54 to 56 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 30 to 35 kg
    ▷ female weight: Of 30 to 33 kg

Varieties

Although they are not strictly varieties, the Labrador Retriever of work lines have some differences with those of exposure line. In general, the former are more agile and athletic, while the seconds are more solid and calm.

It also, the Labrador it is probably the most used breed for the creation of designer dogs. Among the many possible crosses, the most common are undoubtedly the Labradoodle (Labrador + Poodle), the Labsky (Labrador + Husky) and the Borador (Border Collie + Labrador).

Character and skills

The Labrador is loving, close to his family and incredibly sociable, to the point of being one of the races closest to humans. Love everyone: To his family, of course, but also to the neighbors, to the pizza delivery man, the stranger who is on a walk or the friendly thief who enters his territory and takes the time to caress him.

It is also an ideal dog with children of all ages, showing legendary patience when a little one plays with his ears or tries to play wheelie with him. And surely this is the reason why so many accidents are recorded every year: the fact that it is so conciliatory should not do without teaching children how to behave with an animal and respect it, so as not to exceed the limits of what you can tolerate. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left with a young child without adult supervision.

The Labrador Retriever they not only enjoy the company of humans, they also love spending time with other dogs and get along wonderfully with cats and other small animals in the house. But, its size, his enthusiasm and his habit of putting everything between his jaws can be dangerous for small rodents, reptiles and birds, those who can accidentally hurt.

During its first two years, this dog is a ball of energy with insatiable curiosity and limited listening skills. Run, he plays and bites everything he finds: toys, shoes, plants, phone… It is better not to leave anything that is valuable or that could harm you.. When he becomes an adult, calm down, but he is still a very active dog, that you need at least an hour of exercise a day. Games and walks are a great way to help you exercise., and even the most sporty owners appreciate finding a companion who is always happy to be away, even after several hours of effort. On the other hand, not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person.

In any case, although it does not tend to flee, his sociability and curiosity make him like to go see what happens everywhere and snoop. Thus, to avoid possible problems during walks, it is better to lead him on a leash so that he remains by his master's side.

Smart and helpful, to the Labrador Retriever likes to be useful. They stand out as assistance dogs, but they can also be content with more routine tasks. The missions of great importance, like bringing slippers or helping dig a hole to plant a tree, give you a sense of accomplishment. But it is capable of much more, and he loves dog sports like flyball, agility and obedience, that allow you to show all your qualities, both athletic and intellectual.

Water activities are another interesting way to spend your energy. Whether rolling in a puddle, jumping in the pool or swimming in the sea, to the Labrador Retriever She loves water. He is even an excellent swimmer, but he is not always lucid enough to estimate the strength of the current. Best kept on a leash near a dangerous area, such as a river with a strong current or an area of ​​the ocean known for the speed of its currents.

Due to its size and activity level, not particularly suitable for apartment living, although it can be accommodated as long as its owner takes care of taking it out several times a day and allows it to get enough exercise. But, the ideal is a house with a garden, so you can exercise at your leisure. Even though i'm not a fugitive, it is better that the limits of its territory are clear, so that you do not venture to discover the neighborhood, risking getting lost or being the victim of a traffic accident. So, a fence is highly recommended.

The debate among specialists focuses on whether the Labrador is it an indoor or outdoor dog. It is clear that, because of its proximity to humans, the Labrador Retriever wants to spend as much time as possible with his family, and it's not a matter of keeping him away from her for days. But, it is undeniable that its origins, his physical characteristics and his energy make him happier outdoors. At the end, unless your family decides to live in a tent set up outside, there is no ideal solution, and both the master and the dog have to make concessions.

Last, to the Labrador not heard often, but when he barks, Everybody knows: its bark can reach the 110 dB.

Education

The Labrador Retriever is naturally open to humans and other animals, but this does not at all mean that their socialization should be neglected. From the first weeks, the puppy should have the opportunity to meet several people on a regular basis, crossing paths with other animals and being exposed to different situations. It is these experiences that allow you to become a calm and balanced adult, sociable and not aggressive.

In any case, the Labrador young is often difficult to manage for an inexperienced owner, especially if he has been constantly hearing praise about the character of the breed and expects everything to go smoothly. your excess energy, his propensity to bite everything he finds (shoes, furniture, phone…) and his inability to stay focused for more than a few seconds make some people wonder if his partner is having a problem.

The help of a professional canine educator can be useful during the first year, especially to help control its tendency to destroy everything that passes between its jaws, as well as withdrawal orders.

To the extent that Labrador Retriever it grows, becomes one of the easiest and most cooperative dog breeds to train, even for an inexperienced person. Their intelligence and desire to please make them quickly assimilate orders, and his passion for food makes the task even easier.

Knowing this, It goes without saying that positive reinforcement is the method of choice when training a Labrador Retriever. Compliments and pampering are appreciated, but sweets are usually even more so. But, should be used sparingly, since there is a risk of gaining weight.

As long as the owner is willing to spend time on their education and training, the possibilities of a Labrador they are immense, as demonstrated for decades by the thousands of representatives of this breed used as service dogs for the disabled or others. Dog shows, such as agility or obedience competitions, are another way to show the extent of your talents.

Health

The Labrador Retriever it is a robust breed with a remarkable life expectancy for its size, so much so that many specimens happily exceed the 15 years of age.

Its dense and waterproof fur protects it very well from the cold and bad weather., but also from the heat. Like this, adapts perfectly to all types of climates, although it must be able to take shelter when temperatures are extremely low and remain quietly in the shade in the event of a heat wave.

Despite his generally good health, the breed is still susceptible to various diseases. Most are common to all large dogs, but some are specific to him, and others are due to its popularity, which has led some breeders to privilege the quantity and not respect all the usual precautions. The most commons are :

  • Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia and shoulder dysplasia (u osteocondrosis), joint deformities that prevent the dog from moving normally. They can have a hereditary dimension, but since the carrier subjects are excluded from reproduction, the main cause today is simply growing too fast;
  • Dilation-torsion of the stomach, a problem that is often caused by ingesting large amounts of food too quickly and often fatal without the prompt intervention of a veterinarian;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, an incurable degeneration of the eye tissue leading to total loss of sight, first at night and then also during the day;
  • Centronuclear myopathy, an inherited disease that causes a loss of muscle mass;
  • The nasal paraqueratosis (or hyperkeratosis of the nose), a hereditary disease characteristic of the breed and responsible for the lesions in the nose, which then acquires a dry and rough appearance. It is treated with medicinal creams that soften the affected tissues and does not affect the quality of life of the dog;
  • Exercise-induced collapse, which causes the animal to collapse shortly after exertion. It is then necessary to adapt the dog's exercises to avoid those that are too intense., since this condition is incurable ;
  • The epilepsy, that causes seizures and has no cure. But, treatment can reduce the frequency and intensity of these seizures, so that most individuals manage to continue with a normal life;
  • The narcolepsy, causing a sudden loss of muscle tone and sudden drowsiness, sometimes in the middle of an action;
    ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to the drooping shape of the ears, that traps dirt and moisture more easily;
  • Eye problems: cataract, entropion, retinal dysplasia…

Due to the immense popularity of the breed in recent decades, many diseases have been recorded in the Labrador, but they are still extremely rare. A study conducted in 2004 by the British Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association indicates that cancer and advanced age are the leading causes of death in this breed, since they account for more than half of all deaths. heart problems (heart attack, cardiomyopathy…) and cerebral vascular problems lag far behind, representing a running total of around 13% of the cases.

In day to day, the most common health problem in Labrador It, with difference, the obesity. His large appetite and his ability to convince his family that he deserves some extra croquettes make many representatives of the breed eat more than they should and are overweight. Only his master can protect him, respecting the recommended daily rations and not giving in to their incessant demands. This is not to be taken lightly, since obesity can not only aggravate pre-existing pathologies, but also provoke new ones.

Your appetite and your propensity to “comer” everything you find are also responsible for another risk to your health, especially during their first two or three years. Socks, toys and other small objects can cause a bowel obstruction when ingested and require surgical intervention. So, it is important not to leave anything lying around that can be swallowed, especially sharp objects.

Adopt from a serious breeder of Labrador Retriever dramatically reduces the risk of getting a puppy in poor health, for example with a hereditary disease. The fact that it is a member of the breed club is a guarantee of quality. In any case, in addition to the results of the genetic tests carried out on both parents and the puppy, must be able to present a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, as well as details of the vaccinations administered to the puppy, registered in your health or vaccination card.

Once the adoption is done, it is the owner's responsibility to keep their dog in good health throughout its life. As such, a routine visit to the vet is necessary at least once a year, although there are no problems on the horizon. Ensures that the animal is up to date with its vaccinations, but it also makes it possible to detect possible health problems in time that may not be noticeable at first glance. At the same time, the owner must make sure to regularly renew the antiparasitic treatments to his companion, so that it is permanently protected.

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

The maintenance of the coat of the Labrador Retriever is simple, since a weekly brushing is enough to remove dead hairs and dirt. If he Labrador Retriever molts throughout the year, the phenomenon is, of course, much more pronounced during its annual molt, in autumn and spring: it is then necessary to opt for a daily frequency to remove excess dead hair.

Being generally quite clean, does not need to bathe too often, at the risk of damaging your sensitive hair. The sebum that covers it (and that disappears in part during the bath) allows it to be waterproof and protects it from external elements. So, two or three bathrooms a year is a maximum, and it is advisable to systematically use a mild shampoo designed specifically for dogs, since the pH of your skin is not the same as that of humans.
If you've gotten dirty especially after a walk in the mud, it is advisable to simply rinse it with fresh water, without using shampoo. The same should be done after bathing in salt water or in a pool.

After any kind of bath, even in fresh water, dry your ears with a clean towel to prevent moisture from building up. Their fallen shape makes them a breeding ground for all kinds of inflammations and infections. (otitis, etc.). For the same reason, should be cleaned weekly to remove dirt and moisture.

The eyes should also be examined weekly and, if required, clean them with a damp cloth.

The weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your dog's teeth., which helps prevent problems related to plaque formation (bad breath, diseases, etc.). Ideally, do it more often., even daily. In any case, a toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

Last, wear and tear is usually enough to file your claws, but it is advisable to check once a month that it is so, and if нет, cut them manually. In effect, how long are they too long, that is to say, you can hear them rubbing against the ground when walking on hard surfaces, they can get in the way or even break and injure you.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, It may be helpful the first time to learn from a veterinarian or professional groomer what is required to maintain a Labrador Retriever. It is also important to get used to Labrador from a young age to avoid any subsequent problems.

Utility

Is often forgotten, but the Labrador Retriever it's basically a hunting dog, made to recover the hunt. Their ancestors were used to retrieve fish that fell from the net in the icy waters of the North Atlantic. When it was developed in England, learned to recover all kinds of game, but his predilection for the aquatic environment made him a specialist in aquatic birds.

Today he is still a waterfowl specialist, and his hunting dog skills continue to be appreciated around the world.

But, seem to be overshadowed by the qualities that make them an ideal pet, and it is clearly in this role that he finds himself most often all over the world. Child friendly, playful and active, sociable and incredibly attached to his family, the Labrador Retriever It is the quintessential family dog.

Its intelligence also makes it the most common breed among service dogs.. Whether used as a guide dog for the visually impaired, as a service dog for people with disabilities or as an emotional support dog (for example, for autistic people), rarely disappoints. Figures vary from country to country and association to association, but the proportion of Labrador retrievers among the dogs used in this context is generally between the 50 % and the 70 %.

He has also made a name for himself among the security forces, since their smell helps detect drugs, weapons and other prohibited products. He is also well known in the search for victims and missing persons..

as expected, the Labrador Retriever also shines in beauty pageants, to the point of being a regular on the catwalk at dog shows.

It is also frequently found on the podiums of dog sports competitions, especially in agility tests, obedience and flyball.

Last, there is only one role that he is absolutely incapable of playing: the guardian. Doesn't bark when a stranger approaches, and if you have the good idea to pet him or even give him some treat, then you are welcome home, be it good or bad intention…

Price

The price of a puppy Labrador Retriever round the 950 EUR, without great differences between males and females. But, this average hides great disparities, since the quantities requested range from 500 euros for specimens with characteristics far from the standard up to more than 2500 euros for puppies from exceptional lines and intended for dog shows.

regardless of the country, price differences from one individual to another may be due to the reputation of the breed, to the more or less prestigious ancestry of the puppy, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, starting with its proximity to the standard. It also, This last point explains why price differences can be observed within the same litter..

Characteristics "Labrador Retriever"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Labrador Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Labrador Retriever”

Videos “Labrador Retriever”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Labrador Retriever"

FCIFCI - Labrador Retriever
Labrador

Alternative names:

1. Lab, Labrador (English).
2. Labrador retriever, Labrador (French).
3. Labrador (German).
4. Retriever do Labrador, Labrador, Lab (Portuguese).
5. Lab, Cobrador de Labrador, Perdiguero de Labrador, Labrador (español).

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Rhodesian Ridgeback
Zimbabue FCI 146 . Related breeds

Perro crestado rodesiano

The Rhodesian Ridgeback He is loyal and inseparable from its owner and family environment partner.

Content

History

The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a descendant of the semi-wild dogs used more than 500 years for the towns Khoikhoi y Hottentot in south africa. These ancestors already had the same color of wheat (a shade of yellow) and especially the distinctive dorsal crest, formed by hair growing in the opposite direction on the spine.

When the Dutch settlers arrived from the 17th century, they were accompanied by many dogs to help them settle in these difficult regions. Terriers, greyhounds, molossians, Hunting dogs.…: all had a hard time adjusting to the African climate, lack of water and diseases transmitted in particular by the moscow tsetsé. The need to cross European dogs with the local breed quickly became apparent..

The dogs of these crosses helped the farmers to hunt game animals, from the smallest birds to large mammals like lions. They also provided protection in isolated areas and put potentially dangerous animals to flight., such as leopards and baboons.

With the arrival of the English in the 19th century, many boers (settlers of Dutch origin) they moved north, to the area known as Rhodesia, which is now Zimbabwe. This is where the history of the breed really began, when the Reverend Charles Helm (1844-1915) brought two females to the Fountain of Hope, a mission near the town of Bulawayo. They were the ones who started the breeding program of the breed.

In fact, the famous lion hunter Cornelius van Rooyen lived nearby and decided to incorporate these dogs into his pack used to hunt the king of animals. Started a breeding program, in which they were used Collies and the Great Dane to give to Rhodesian Ridgeback your current appearance.

The exploits of this dog, able to run for hours with his master on horseback but also to corner the lion until the hunter arrived, made it quickly popular in the region. Its population exploded, and many babies were born. A breeder named Francis Richard Barnes founded the first club of the breed in 1922 in Bulawayo, and wrote the first standard of the then Rhodesian Lion Dog. This standard was accepted in 1926 by the South African Kennel Union, the reference organization of the country (nowadays the KUSA, pure Southern African Kennel Union). But, on the occasion of this official recognition of the breed, the organization decided to change the name to Rhodesian Ridgback.

The breed appeared in Europe and the United States in the decade of 1930, but it wasn't until after World War II that it really took root. The British Kennel Club (KC) was the first to recognize it in 1954, followed a year later by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1955. Was not up 1980 that the American United Kennel Club (UKC) he did the same. However, all the major canine organizations in the world today recognize the Rhodesian Ridgeback: is the case of the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) in particular.

His current situation in his country of origin is paradoxical. Although it is probably the most widespread dog in South Africa, breeders are experiencing many difficulties due to the reduction of the gene pool. Like this, it is estimated that only one litter in twenty is registered with the KUSA, and can be considered purebred. as a result of that, the characteristics of this dog are being lost, and more and more crosses give rise to individuals who are far from the standard.

But, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is very present in the rest of the world and enjoys a certain popularity. In the United States, annual registration statistics with the AKC put it in a very respectable 40th position (almost 200), and has almost won 20 places since the beginning of the 21st century. In Great Britain, the KC registers between 1000 and 1200 births per year.

Physical characteristics

The breed standard indicates that males should be between 63 and 68 cm to the height of the cross, weighing between 36 and 41 kg, and the slightly smaller females, of 61 to 66 cm. of height and a weight of between 29 and 34 kg.

Its weight varies between 30 and 39 kg, its pelage is short, dense, smooth and shiny, without being woolly or silky.

It has, as a feature, a crest on your spine, formed by hairs that grow in opposite direction to the rest of the fur.

The Ridge must be clearly defined and symmetrical, closer to the hip. Must start immediately behind the shoulders and continue until the bones of the hip (rump).

The Ridge must only have two crowns, identical and opposite. The length of the Crown shall not exceed to 1/3 the total length of the ridge or ridge. A good average of the width of the same is of 5 cm..

The Rhodesian Ridgeback it is a dog of good presence, strong, muscular, agile and active, symmetrical appearance, balanced and well balanced.

An adult Ridgeback is a beautiful dog, well planted and Atlético, able to travel long distances with a proper speed. It emphasizes their agility, elegance and strength without the massive trend.

The legs front are straight and strong, heavy bones, What makes it an extremely hardy animal.

The breed standard accepts the colors ranging from pale wheat Red.

The color of the snout It can be black or brown. It supports a small white spot on chest and toes of the front or rear legs.

The South African hunters discovered that the Ridgeback, in pack, they were very effective against the Lions, thus originating a second name for this breed: “the African lion Hunter”.

The Rhodesian Ridgeback adapts perfectly to the environment of the African steppes. It can withstand high temperatures, as well as the cold of the night.

It´s resistant to insect bites and can remain without food and water more than 24 hours.

Character and skills

He is very smart. Absolutely loyal and inseparable from its owner and family environment partner. Patient with children (although, because of his size and strength, indicated that they should be monitored during their games) and never aggressive.

According to a popular legend, the crest of Rhodesian Ridgeback is the mark of a lion's paw.

It is reserved with strangers. It is common to confuse its crest with the idea that the dog is Bristly, This often misinterpret her attitude.

In general, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is a dog lively, joyful, playful and very brave.

Let us not forget that he was selected for the Lions hunting. Since its inception, its mission was to discover the lion with its barks and deceptive movements., like feints and escapes, it attracted its prey until it was placed in the crosshairs of the hunter's weapon.

Education “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

The socialization of Rhodesian Ridgeback should start in the first few weeks to help him become a calm and balanced adult. Meeting a lot of people (neighbors, friends, family, dealers…) and when crossing with all kinds of companions, gets used to social interactions and learns not to give in to his natural distrust of what is unknown to him.

Your education can start from the first months, and it is important to quickly teach your dog to walk on a leash. Because his hunting instinct is deeply ingrained, tends to run after all small animals and should always be kept on a leash when not in an enclosed area.

It is equally essential to quickly teach him obedience so that he learns to listen to his master and to carry out his orders., either when you are about to chase a passing cat or on any other occasion. He's really smart and stubborn, and tends to do what he likes. Needs a firm and authoritative master, who knows how to make your dog respect you. Add to that its imposing size and it's easy to see why it's not suitable for newbies.. On the other hand, an experienced master can use his intelligence and closeness to his family to teach him many tricks. That is why this dog often shines in dog sports competitions, especially in obedience or agility.

In any case, traditional training methods backfire on this dog, as they would damage the bond between the dog and its owner. On the other hand, positive reinforcement has spectacular results in keeping the dog motivated and strengthening the human-animal relationship. However, to avoid boredom and prevent the animal from being less receptive, it is better to opt for short and playful sessions, even if this means making them more frequent.

It also, it is advisable to accustom it to being handled at a very young age, either for grooming sessions or visits to the vet. In fact, given its size, would quickly become unwieldy if he had the idea not to be very conciliatory in such circumstances as an adult.

Last, given their greed and the risks it entails for their health, it is also better to teach him from a young age to be satisfied with what he is given, and not let him beg or steal food at the table, in cupboards or even garbage cans.

Health “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

The Rhodesian Ridgeback it is quite robust, with a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years, which is quite normal for a breed of this size.

They are very resistant to heat and drought, but they also tolerate the cold quite well, as long as the temperature does not drop below 0 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, he doesn't like water at all and hates rain. It should not be left outside or walked around when it rains. May not like humid or very cold areas, so another breed choice seems to be the best option.

Despite his good general health, are particularly exposed to certain diseases:

Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, often hereditary joint malformations that can cause more or less severe locomotion difficulties depending on the severity;

  • dilation-torsion of the stomach, also common in large dogs, which can be fatal if a vet does not intervene quickly. Most of the time it is due to eating large amounts of food too quickly.;
    Hypothyroidism, a hormonal problem in the thyroid gland that causes weight gain and general fatigue. This disease is still rare in the population of the breed, but it seems to be on the rise;
  • dermoid sinus, a hole in the back through which impurities can enter the spine. This inherited problem can lead to serious and life-threatening infections. Surgery can solve the problem, But it's not always like this. Although it is quite rare, This malformation is much more common in the Rhodesian Ridgeback than in other races, although affected individuals are systematically excluded from breeding;
  • degenerative myelopathy, a progressive deterioration of the spinal cord that is paralyzing and fatal. But, still very weird;
    ophthalmological problems (waterfall, progressive retinal atrophy, persistence of the pupillary membrane, entropion…), more particularly within certain lines;
  • Other serious diseases have been reported in the Rhodesian Ridgeback, but they are still very rare and do not seem to affect these dogs more than other breeds: is the case of cerebellar abiotrophy, cervical malformation, hemolytic anemia, lupoid onychodystrophy, hemangiosarcoma or von Willebrand's disease.

    But, this long list should not hide the fact that, According to a study conducted in 2004 about almost 200 individuals by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, the main causes of mortality in this breed are cancer and advanced age, accounting for half of the deaths.

    To reduce the risk of inherited diseases and increase the chances of adopting a healthy puppy, it is recommended to go to a dog breeder Rhodesian Ridgeback serious and responsible. Must present a certificate issued by a veterinarian attesting that the animal is in good health, the details of the vaccinations carried out (registered in the health record or in the vaccination book), as well as the results of the genetic tests carried out that demonstrate the good health of the puppy and the parents.

    Like all breeds of dogs with floppy ears, the Rhodesian Ridgeback are at increased risk of infection in this area. So, it is necessary to regularly clean your ears with a clean cloth to remove dirt and avoid problems.

    Another risk you are exposed to is obesity. Pretty greedy, have a tendency to be overweight if you can't exercise as you should. Only its owner can help you keep your weight in shape, keeping him active and making sure he doesn't eat more than necessary.

    Your weight is one of the things the vet looks at during routine visits. As with any dog, these must be at least once a year, since they also and above all allow the early detection of any problem, as well as making sure you stay up to date on your vaccinations.

    Grooming “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The coat of the Rhodesian Ridgeback it is particularly easy to care, since his short coat only needs a quick weekly brushing. But, they molt in spring and fall, when it is advisable to increase the frequency of brushing to remove dead hair.

    The coat generally remains clean and therefore odorless, and only needs to be bathed when particularly dirty, for example after a walk in the mud. But, even in this case, vigorous brushing may be enough to help you get rid of dirt. In any case, when you bathe your dog, you can only use a shampoo specifically designed for dogs, as it can damage your skin.

    His floppy ears are finally the point that requires the greatest vigilance in terms of maintenance., because this morphological peculiarity implies a greater risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). To avoid this, They should be inspected weekly and cleaned with a damp cloth.. This prevents debris or dirt from accumulating.

    The weekly coat and ear maintenance session is also an opportunity to check and clean the eyes, even though there is no increased risk in this area.

    You should also take advantage of this time to brush your teeth to limit the formation of tartar and thus avoid problems such as bad breath., caries, gum disease, etc. The ideal, However, is that you brush more often, up to once a day.

    Finally, the claws of Rhodesian Ridgeback they grow alive and are particularly hardy. Although he can run outdoors often, it is better to check them every 2-3 weeks, since it is common that natural wear is not enough to file them. When they get too long, must be trimmed with a nail clipper designed specifically for dogs, as there is a risk of them getting in the way or breaking.

    Use “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback has worked for centuries in his native country as a guard dog on isolated farms against predators, as well as hunting dog. They earned their letters of nobility and a certain notoriety thanks to their exploits during organized lion hunts in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.. A pack of two or three of these dogs was capable of chasing a lion for tens of kilometers before cornering it until the hunter arrived..

    Although today he no longer hunts lions, continues to accompany hunters from various continents, helping them take out and chase game of all sizes.

    It also acts as a guard dog, warning of the arrival of strangers and not hesitating to show his courage if the threat is confirmed and his family is in danger.

    But, what makes it so popular today is above all because it combines many of the qualities of the ideal companion dog. Affectionate and devoted, are especially popular with sports owners. Capable of running a marathon in 90 minutes, the Rhodesian Ridgeback can easily accompany a runner, cyclist or hiker for several hours. On the other hand, would not fit well with an elderly or very sedentary person, and would have every chance of overcoming a beginner or an insecure master.

    Last, his physical assets obviously make him a champion in cani-cross competitions, but also excels in other dog sports, like obedience or agility.

    Buy “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The price of a puppy Rhodesian Ridgeback registered is an average of between 1200 and 1300 EUR, without great differences between males and females. But, this average hides a fairly wide price range, of 700 to 1800 EUR, depending on the physical characteristics of the puppy, its ancestry and the prestige of the breeding from which it comes.

    in Canada, it is necessary to count between 1500 and 2500 Canadian dollars to adopt a Rhodesian Ridgeback with all the guarantees about the fact that he is in good health.

    Observations

    The race is almost unknown in Spain, and in the rest of Europe, that makes it very difficult to get a puppy from Rhodesian Ridgeback.

    Characteristics "Rhodesian Ridgeback"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Rhodesian Ridgeback" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Images “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Videos “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 3: Related breeds.
    • AKCHound
    • ANKCGroup 4 (Hounds)
    • CKCGroup 2 – Hounds
    • ​KCHoundy
    • NZKCHound
    • UKCSighthounds & Pariahs


    FCI breed standard "Rhodesian Ridgeback"

    FCIFCI - Rhodesian Ridgeback
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Ridgeback, African Lion Dog, African Lion Hound (English).
    2. Rhodesian ridgeback (French).
    3. (German).
    4. Rhodesian ridgeback (Portuguese).
    5. Perro Crestado de Rhodesia, Rhodesiano (español).

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    Swedish Lapphund
    Suecia FCI 135 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

    In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

    Content

    Origin and history

    The “Swedish Lapphund” share his ancestors with him Finnish Lapphund. They are descended from dogs bred by the Lapps and Sami specifically to herd their large herds of reindeer.. For centuries they have served as indispensable working dogs in this way.

    Breeding became increasingly specialized for weather resistance and independence. The dogs had to perform very well physically. Persevering and willing to work, They formed the perfect partners for the herd owners. With this they ensured their livelihood for these people.

    Only in the 20th century were three independent dog breeds formed and recognized from these dogs. In addition to the Swedish and Finnish Lapphound, there is also the Lapponian Herder today. This one has a shorter coat and short hair.

    As technology progressed, the Swedish Lapphund was gradually replaced by snowmobiles. Due to its faithful and pleasant character, the breed remained, however, preserved. Today they are highly valued as family and companion dogs.. But they are also suitable for hunting, like watchdogs, and even as search and rescue dogs.

    Physical characteristics

    The breed is recognized by the FCI and belongs to the group 5 of the “Spitz-type dogs and primitive type”. The relationship with Spitz can be easily seen in the appearance of the Swedish Lapphund. Distinctive triangular head and ears frame large, alert eyes. With a height between 43 and 48 centimeters, belongs to the breeds of medium-sized dogs.

    His coat is always black. Only occasionally can small white markings be found on the legs or chest. Like all Nordic dogs, has a double coat with a very dense undercoat and a long coat. This coat makes it very insensitive to almost all weather conditions.

    Character and skills

    Swedish Lapphund
    The largest dog event in the Nordics: www.mydog.se

    In his character, the Swedish Lapphund he is very attentive, lively and friendly. It is well adapted as a family dog. But it is often used for dog sports too, hunting or as a watchdog. Your original task as a herding dog is, Unfortunately, hardly needed today.

    Like an intelligent and persistent dog, it is important that you are always physically and mentally disabled. Due to its independent character, consistent training is necessary. In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

    The Swedish Lapphund tends to bark, what is beneficial to use as a watchdog. If you start early with education, the barking can also be well contained. Generally friendly with other animals.

    Correct nutrition

    The Swedish Lapphund has no special restrictions on feeding. It can be well fed with any quality food. Attention should be paid to a good nutrient composition. The sugar, However, has no place in feeding.

    Awards are not absolutely necessary for the motivation and education of the Swedish Lapphund. But, is particularly happy with the natural chewy sticks, like cowhide or pig's ears. Attention should also be paid to dental care.

    Care “Swedish Lapphund”

    Although the coat of Swedish Lapphund it is as abundant as it is impressive, his toilet is not elaborate. The coat is very dense and offers perfect protection against the weather. Firm structure of the top layer is dirt repellent. So, it is enough to brush the Swedish Lapphund from time to time to remove coarse dirt or sticks.

    Only during the change of coat is daily brushing necessary. One should use dog shampoo very sparingly with this dog.. So, should only be bathed in the absolutely exceptional case. It also, a haircut is not normally necessary. Like any other dog, their claws should be checked regularly and, if required, cut. The ears should also be cleaned from time to time to avoid infections..

    Videos "Swedish Lapphund"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..


    FCI breed standard "Swedish Lapphund"

    FCIFCI - Swedish Lapphund
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Svensk lapphund (English).
    2. Chien suédois de Laponie (French).
    3. Schwedischer Lapphund (German).
    4. Lapphund (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor lapón de Suecia (español).

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    East Siberian Laika
    Rusia FCI 305 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Laika de Siberia Oriental

    The East Siberian Laika it is popular in its native Russia not only as a hunting dog, but also as a draft and sled dog.

    Content

    History

    The home of this impressive and robust pedigree dog is -as its name implies- in the forested area of ​​Eastern Siberia, more precisely in the vast area between Yenisei and peninsula de Kamchatka.

    The East Siberian Laika was first mentioned by name in 1947, when the Cynology Congress of Alliances in the former Soviet Union established four breed standards for different Laikis (plural of Laïka). Besides him East Siberian Laika, these other races like the West Siberian Laika and the Russo-European Laika, have been somewhat better known, just like him Yakutian Laika and the Siberian Husky, so this breed was not yet recognized by the FCI.

    Ancestors of the East Siberian Laika:

    Hunting and sled dogs of the high arctic

    It is assumed that the history of the ancestors of the Laïka goes way back. The origin of the Laika rousso dates back to the sleds and hunting dogs of the high arctic. The East Siberian Laika, as described in today's breed standard, was created by crossing Ewenkish, Lamutsker, Amur and other races of Laïka. The main focus of the breeding efforts was training their hunting skills. A natural hunting instinct, courage and a lively temperament, as well as excellent sensory perceptions, a particularly good sense of smell and orientation should characterize the offspring.

    In his native Russia, the East Siberian Laika mainly used for squirrel hunting, martens and feather hunting. But it is also appreciated as a draft and sled dog. By the way, he is not related to the bitch “Laïka“, who became world famous as the first dog in space. This bitch was probably a mix of Husky and Terrier.

    Physical characteristics

    With a height at the cross of 53 to 65 cm el East Siberian Laika belongs to the medium and large breeds. His muscular body and strong physique quickly give an impression of the stocky build of this wolfhound.. From the harsh climate of its native Siberia, the hard hairs on its coat and the dense and soft undercoat protect. On the neck and shoulders the abundant coat forms the typical collar of the Laïka. Males, where the fur at the withers is even more abundant, They also stand out for a kind of mane.

    Many color variations

    Regarding its fur, many different variations possible. So black tones are possible, White, grey, reddish, colored fox and colored wolf. Variations of pied or spotted according to the Russian standard and the FCI.

    Other distinctive features of the East Siberian Laika are the ears standing, placed laterally and the tail rolled.

    Character and skills

    The Russian word “lajatj” (layat), from which the racial name is derived “Laika“, means “to bark”. And in fact, loud barking is a fundamental characteristic of this Russian hunting dog. Like a so-called poking dog, finds its prey on its own and keeps it in control with its distinctive barks until the hunter arrives and is able to kill the prey. He is very self-confident and courageous and proves to be an independent worker., robust and persevering while hunting. Unlike other breeds of hunting dogs, as the Gray Norwegian Elkhound, the East Siberian Laika never strays too far from its controller. Each 20 or 30 minutes he looks for contact with him and makes sure he continues his search.

    Independent hunter and trusted companion

    In combination with your intelligence, his lively temperament and physical strength, this narrow “leader bond” allows it to be used in many different ways. Like this, the East Siberian Laika it is popular in its native Russia not only as a hunting dog, but also as a draft and sled dog, as a companion dog and guard dog. Despite its independence, the East Siberian Laika shows himself within his family as a balanced and confident companion, that enjoys the most of the caresses of its humans. In contact with children the proud Laïka is playful and considerate. Due to its original behavior, However, children should only be allowed to play with the strong dog under supervision.

    Not a beginner dog

    Despite his balanced nature and basically friendly nature, the East Siberian Laika a dog is not for beginners. Your innate hunting instinct, its great independence as well as its pronounced need for movement would quickly overwhelm inexperienced owners. So, the keeping of this breed should be reserved to specialists who have experience in dealing with similar breeds and who know how to educate and train such an original dog.

    Health and typical diseases of the East Siberian Laika

    The owners of a East Siberian Laika they don't have to fear high bills for veterinary expenses. The breed is considered extremely robust and healthy. The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known. But, as with all big dogs, breeders and owners should pay attention to healthy hip development. Later diseases of hip or elbow dysplasia (HD o ED), that are often hereditary, but which are also the result of improper maintenance and feeding.

    Nutrition of the East Siberian Laika

    As in humans, nutrition plays a decisive role in the healthy development of the dog. Although the East Siberian Laika it is considered very robust and healthy by nature, for this to continue, you need a balanced diet that provides you with all the essential nutrients in the right composition. As a descendant of the wolf, the Laïka also needs mostly meat. But just like the wolf, that also eats all the prey including the stomach contents, hair and bones, the dog must also get vegetables, rice, fruit (and bones) additional.

    It depends on the proper ratio

    When preparing food, attention should be paid to the correct ratio of food and the respective nutrients. An excess of certain vitamins and minerals can be just as harmful as a deficiency. If you want to be sure of exactly what your dog needs, you can ask the vet for a detailed diet plan. This plan takes into account not only age, the weight and sex of the breed, but also activity levels, the accommodation conditions and the health status of each dog.

    Caring for the East Siberian Laika

    The East Siberian Laika is not very demanding not only in terms of food but also in terms of attention. Coarse and soft hair repels dirt well and only needs a brush two to three times a week. During this process, dead hair is removed and coarse dirt is brushed. The East Siberian Laika rarely need a bath – and only if the dirt cannot be combed in another way. Dog shampoo should also be used sparingly to prevent stretching of the skin's natural protective layer..

    Fitness to have with an East Siberian Laika

    Like all races of Laïka, the East Siberian Laika was bred primarily as a working and utility dog. Since its origin, it is used to working hard and independently and to moving freely in nature.. An attitude as a house and companion dog would contradict his nature and certainly would not do justice to this demanding dog.. Who wants to keep him Laïka in the city despite everything, you have to make sure you don't just exercise a lot, but also a suitable occupation that challenges and satisfies you not only physically but also mentally.

    Is the Laika suitable for dog sport?

    For dog sports, This Laïka is suitable only conditionally. Like a hunting dog, you still attach great importance to your independence. Although proximity to his humans is important to him, maintains its independence. Do not expect blind or pronounced obedience “will to please” of a true Laïka, like the one brought by many other breeds of domestic dogs. But, with his strong body and agile movements, naturally brings good conditions for use in the dog sports field.

    Closeness and trust from the beginning

    Whether hunting dog, sledge dog, dog shooting, watchdog or companion dog only: the East Siberian Laika is a demanding four-legged friend, requiring a lot of exercise and activity. But, do not forget that he also likes to be close to his humans. A pure kennel attitude does not do this breed justice. One Laïka must be firmly integrated into the family from the beginning and experience a lot of contact with their humans and other animals. If you build a close relationship of trust and socialize your Laïka comprehensively already in the puppy stage, will experience the original pedigree dog, despite its roots, as a very balanced and loving partner, for whom extensive fondling is almost as important as independent work.

    Buying an East Siberian Laika

    If you are interested in a purchase of a East Siberian Laika outside russia, you will probably have a hard time finding a breeder near you. But, When in doubt it is worth the long drive to Russia to meet and understand this Laïka in its natural environment. After all, the East Siberian Laika It is not a dog that you should buy as a companion dog “that easy”. Plus plenty of time and space to get out, its maintenance and education requires a lot of knowledge, patience and assertiveness. Compared to other dog breeds, This Laïka has a hard time asserting himself as an apartment dog. But, who is convinced that a East Siberian Laika is the right dog and whoever is looking for a purebred dog, you have to accept long roads and long waiting periods for a puppy. The costs, just for the purchase of the puppy, they are with this breed some 1.300 to 1.500 EUR.

    Characteristics "East Siberian Laika"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "East Siberian Laika" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Rated 4.0 out of 5
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    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
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    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
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    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
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    barking ⓘ

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    Rated 2.0 out of 5
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    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
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    Images "East Siberian Laika"

    Photos:

    1 – East Siberian Laika, young dog. The picture was taken by PrzemekL during World Dog Show 2006 in Poznan. by No machine-readable author provided. PrzemekL assumed (based on copyright claims). / Public domain
    2 – East siberian laika by Myrtle / CC BY-SA
    3 – East Siberian Laika, bitch. The picture was taken by PrzemekL during World Dog Show 2006 in Poznań by No machine-readable author provided. PrzemekL assumed (based on copyright claims). / Public domain
    4 – East Siberian Laika agouti by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    5 – East Siberian Laika fawn & white by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    6 – East Siberian Laika Sable & white, head profile by Canarian / CC BY-SA

    Videos "East Siberian Laika"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.


    FCI breed standard "East Siberian Laika"

    FCIFCI - East Siberian Laika
    Laïka

    Alternative names:

    1. Vostotchno-Sibirskaia Laika (English).
    2. Vostotchno-Sibirskaia Laika (French).
    3. Vostotchno-Sibirskaia Laika (German).
    4. (em russo: Восточносибирская лайка) (Portuguese).
    5. Vostotchno-Sibirskaia Laika (español).

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    West Siberian Laika
    Rusia FCI 306 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Laika de Siberia Occidental

    in your country of origin, Russia, the West Siberian Laika has been bred as a hunting dog for centuries.

    Content

    History

    The “West Siberian Laika” (Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka), is the product of crossbreeding between the closely related species of Laïka de Chanteisk and Mansijak with Russian hunting dogs from the north of the Urals and Western Siberia. Outside its area of origin in areas mainly populated by hunters, This race has widely spread to central areas of Russia; This type of dog that abounds on these sites, they are reared in large installations. In different hunting regions there are special kennels for raising the West Siberian Laika.

    Recognition by the FCI

    Since 1980 the Russo-European Laika just like him East Siberian Laika have been recognized as independent breeds by the FCI in addition to the West Siberian Laika. But, the Yakutian Laika, as well as other types of Laïka, as the Jezdoraja Laika, the Nenezker Weather or the Karelo-Finnish Laika, are not internationally recognized until now. Within the FCI the three breeds of Laïka are classified in the group 5, Together with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the Karelian Bear Dog, form the Section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs” within this group.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a hunting dog of variable utility, but also shooting or for sledge. Is medium-sized, Slim and strong Constitution. Her bone structure is well developed, is not mass or rough. Muscle is strong and well developed. It has a strongly coiled tail, He takes her on the back or the back.

    Its fur is hard, short, with developed internal fluff. The outer layer is thick and straight. The internal fluff is abundant and dense hair's outer layer which gives a distant and leafy appearance. In the head, You ears and part of limb hair is short. On the cross, neck and back of legs the hair is longer than forming a collar in the region of the neck and a beard in the cheek area; the rear extremities presents some feathers.

    Is white, salt and pepper, Red or gray in all colors. Allow the color black, also spotted or with the same color plates.

    Strong similarity to the wolf

    With the often hairier males, it even produces a kind of mane. This feature is reminiscent of a wolf, with which the Laïka not only share the pointed and high ears, narrow wedge-shaped head and small oblique eyes, but also strong teeth and coat color, often similar to wolf.

    Assorted coat colors and a typical striped tail

    But, the colors of him West Siberian laika they are very diverse according to the wide area of ​​distribution of the breed and the large number of local traits, ranging from pure white to black, pepper and salt, the color of the wolf, reddish brown, grey, the pied or the spotted. characteristic of all races Russian Laika is the striking striped tail, worn both on the side and on the back.

    Character and skills

    Independent hunter and close ally.

    Like most hunting dogs, the West Siberian Laika also has some independence. Not only in hunting, but also as a watchdog, companion dog or sled dog, sometimes acts independently and autonomously. But, this does not mean that it cannot adapt to its humans. On the contrary: the Laïka feels closely connected to her reference person and always seeks their proximity. Even when hunting, never strays too far from his guide and makes sure each 20 or 30 minutes of hunter following.

    The intense relationship with humans allows him Laïka – despite its original roots – be used as a herding dog, protection, guard or shooting.

    Life in the family

    Once an owner has earned the trust of his Laïka, even the most demanding training goals can be achieved. It is important that the West Siberian Laika have a firm place in your “in the sense” from the beginning and allow him to participate closely in the life of his people. In doing so, is closely linked to your “leader of the pack”, but also shows himself as a patient and loving companion when dealing with other family members, especially with the children. If you socialize early and comprehensively, living with other dogs and pets usually works without problems.

    Activities “West Siberian Laika”

    Despite these characteristics, the West Siberian Laika is and remains primarily a working dog, for which his “work” is as important as its people. A life as a pure domestic and family dog ​​certainly does not do justice to its nature.. Only if you can sufficiently demonstrate your stamina, agility, speed and intelligence, will present himself at home as a calm and balanced companion.

    The West Siberian Laika I want to be “needy” and, therefore, you should definitely be given a task that challenges you both physically and mentally. Owners who don't run their Laïka like the hunter he is, they must provide for sufficient substitute employment, for example, in sport form (Agility), training dog sport, runway and nose work or training as a rescue dog.

    Health “West Siberian Laika”

    Unlike many other dog breeds, which often developed rather by coincidence, Russian dogs already had very early exact ideas about the useful characteristics of this breed. The baby of him West Siberian Laika was soon put under strict controls and took place in central state approved breeding stations. In order to preserve the excellent qualities of hunting, officially organized tests were introduced. Dogs that did not meet the high usage requirements were systematically excluded from breeding..

    Healthy and robust working dogs

    Strict breeding requirements and tough selection led to the good hunting dog qualities and excellent sensory perceptions of dogs being preserved to this day. At the same time, high concentration on utility ensured that outward appearances became less of an affair. A breeding of pure beauty, that as the examples of other dog breeds show, often led to health problems, was avoided in the West Siberian Laika. Hereditary diseases typical of the breed, with which fashionable dogs often fight, are not known in this original breed. Even generalized joint diseases, such as dysplasia of the hip joint (HD), rarely occur in this Laïka.

    Nutrition “West Siberian Laika”

    Dog owners shouldn't change their diet too often either.. Although the West Siberian Laika is not very picky about his diet, the constant changes in the food plate could overload even his robust stomach. As a descendant of the wolf, dogs don't need many different foods to stay healthy. Unlike us humans, that we should have a diet as varied as possible and whose menu includes meat, fish and vegetables, as well as potatoes, noodles and other cereal products, dogs need meat above all. Both their teeth and their digestion are oriented to the processing of foods based on meat. Different types of meat and changing tastes are, by the way, desirable with respect to this main ingredient.

    Discover our selection of dog food.

    Pay attention to your dog's nutritional needs. Whether you feed your dog moist meat, dry, raw (BARF) or cooked, it is important that the quantity and content of the food meets the specific nutritional needs of your dog. These requirements depend on very individual criteria such as race, size, age, activity level and health status and may vary accordingly. If the composition is correct, a Laïka adult can get by on one or two meals a day. after feeding, the feeding bowl should be cleaned and should only be available again the next day or for the next meal. It is better to avoid snacking between meals or the constant administration of treats. But, fresh drinking water should always be available for your dog.

    Buying a West Siberian Laika

    With his healthy nature, robust and original, the West Siberian Laika satisfies the desire of many dog ​​lovers for something “Wild” in our modern and civilized everyday life. And finally, but not less important, the wolf appearance of this breed fascinates people. This natural beauty, coupled with excellent hunting performance, made of him West Siberian laika one of the most popular dog breeds of the former Soviet Union already in 1960.

    how much does a puppy cost “West Siberian Laika”?

    In Europe, the Time to fall still rarely seen. So it is extremely difficult outside of Russia to get a purebred Laika from a proven breeding line.. Long, arduous roads and a comparatively high puppy price between 1.300 and 1.500 EUR are the rule. Even if you have found a suitable breeder after a long search, you may be advised not to buy a Laïka. Don't be surprised if during the first meeting you are asked very personal questions about your profession., their living conditions, your future plans and marital status. For committed and serious breeders, the welfare of dogs is, as a last resort, more important than financial benefit. After all, keeping such a demanding animal takes a long time, experience and space.

    People who are mainly attracted by the appearance and originality of this Laïka they must therefore carefully consider whether their living conditions and character really fit this breed. If in the end you are still convinced that the West Siberian Laika is the correct breed, you must prepare well for the purchase of the new “family member”. Not only are you doing yourself a favor, but above all the dog, because this Laïka demands your undivided attention “handler” and does not tolerate a change of owner very well.

    care for him “West Siberian Laika”

    Although the West Siberian Laika he is a very robust dog, you need not only a healthy diet but also proper care to stay healthy and vital. Its hard and soft top layer repels dirt and water well, but you still need to brush regularly (about twice a week). During the change of coat, you Laïka should be brushed daily to remove dead hair and strands. In general, owners of this dog breed should not be bothered by dog ​​hair in the house, because although the West Siberian Laika he is basically a very clean dog, lose a lot of hair, that spreads across the sofa, the carpet and the floor. In addition to the toilet, the claws should be regularly shortened and the ears, teeth and feet should be checked and cleaned.

    Keeping

    Regarding the attention, the time required can be manageable, but the use of a Laïka alone takes a lot of time (free). Who chooses a West Siberian Laika should therefore not have to work full time. This human-oriented working dog is not cut out for long periods of solitude. As an original hunting dog needs a lot of career, an appropriate task and lots of contact with your reference person. A hatchery in a small town flat is, therefore, as unsuitable as a kennel. The Siberian breed dog feels more comfortable in a house with a large fenced garden, where you can be close to your humans at all times.

    No dog for beginners

    Also for the education of this Laïka a close relationship between dog and human is a basic requirement. If your dog trusts you, can rely on its competence and sovereignty as “leader of the pack” and is sure of his closeness and love, will follow you willingly – despite its original roots as an independent hunting dog. But in order to reliably fulfill the role of a competent leader of the pack, technical knowledge is required, consistency and strength of character. The West Siberian Laika certainly not a beginner dog.

    Characteristics "West Siberian Laika"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "West Siberian Laika" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "West Siberian Laika"

    Photos:

    1 – “West Siberian Laika” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Siberian_Laika.jpg
    2 – “West Siberian Laika” by ecured
    3 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas / CC BY-SA
    4 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas / CC BY-SA
    5 – First-generation (F1) wolf-dog hybrid from Wildlife Park Kadzidlowo, Poland (photos: A. Krzywinski) by Maris Hindrikson et al / CC BY
    6 – This is a 4 month old West Siberian Laika female pup. It is at this stage when a WSL pups unique natural hunting instincts become evident by Meribelles at English Wikipedia / CC BY-SA

    Videos "West Siberian Laika"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.


    FCI breed standard "West Siberian Laika"

    FCIFCI - West Siberian Laika
    Laïka

    Alternative names:

    1. WSL, Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (English).
    2. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (French).
    3. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (German).
    4. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (Portuguese).
    5. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (español).