Swedish Lapphund
Suecia FCI 135 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

Content

Origin and history

The “Swedish Lapphund” share his ancestors with him Finnish Lapphund. They are descended from dogs bred by the Lapps and Sami specifically to herd their large herds of reindeer.. For centuries they have served as indispensable working dogs in this way.

Breeding became increasingly specialized for weather resistance and independence. The dogs had to perform very well physically. Persevering and willing to work, They formed the perfect partners for the herd owners. With this they ensured their livelihood for these people.

Only in the 20th century were three independent dog breeds formed and recognized from these dogs. In addition to the Swedish and Finnish Lapphound, there is also the Lapponian Herder today. This one has a shorter coat and short hair.

As technology progressed, the Swedish Lapphund was gradually replaced by snowmobiles. Due to its faithful and pleasant character, the breed remained, however, preserved. Today they are highly valued as family and companion dogs.. But they are also suitable for hunting, like watchdogs, and even as search and rescue dogs.

Physical characteristics

The breed is recognized by the FCI and belongs to the group 5 of the “Spitz-type dogs and primitive type”. The relationship with Spitz can be easily seen in the appearance of the Swedish Lapphund. Distinctive triangular head and ears frame large, alert eyes. With a height between 43 and 48 centimeters, belongs to the breeds of medium-sized dogs.

His coat is always black. Only occasionally can small white markings be found on the legs or chest. Like all Nordic dogs, has a double coat with a very dense undercoat and a long coat. This coat makes it very insensitive to almost all weather conditions.

Character and skills

Swedish Lapphund
The largest dog event in the Nordics: www.mydog.se

In his character, the Swedish Lapphund he is very attentive, lively and friendly. It is well adapted as a family dog. But it is often used for dog sports too, hunting or as a watchdog. Your original task as a herding dog is, Unfortunately, hardly needed today.

Like an intelligent and persistent dog, it is important that you are always physically and mentally disabled. Due to its independent character, consistent training is necessary. In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

The Swedish Lapphund tends to bark, what is beneficial to use as a watchdog. If you start early with education, the barking can also be well contained. Generally friendly with other animals.

Correct nutrition

The Swedish Lapphund has no special restrictions on feeding. It can be well fed with any quality food. Attention should be paid to a good nutrient composition. The sugar, However, has no place in feeding.

Awards are not absolutely necessary for the motivation and education of the Swedish Lapphund. However, is particularly happy with the natural chewy sticks, like cowhide or pig's ears. Attention should also be paid to dental care.

Care “Swedish Lapphund”

Although the coat of Swedish Lapphund it is as abundant as it is impressive, his toilet is not elaborate. The coat is very dense and offers perfect protection against the weather. Firm structure of the top layer is dirt repellent. Therefore, it is enough to brush the Swedish Lapphund from time to time to remove coarse dirt or sticks.

Only during the change of coat is daily brushing necessary. One should use dog shampoo very sparingly with this dog.. Therefore, should only be bathed in the absolutely exceptional case. It also, a haircut is not normally necessary. Like any other dog, their claws should be checked regularly and, if required, cut. The ears should also be cleaned from time to time to avoid infections..

Videos "Swedish Lapphund"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..


FCI breed standard "Swedish Lapphund"

FCIFCI - Swedish Lapphund
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Svensk lapphund (English).
    2. Chien suédois de Laponie (French).
    3. Schwedischer Lapphund (German).
    4. Lapphund (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor lapón de Suecia (español).

Leonberger
Alemania FCI 145 - Molossoid . Mountain

Leonberger

Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.

Content

History

The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, porque ha sido criada específicamente de acuerdo con el estándar desde 1846. The Leo It, therefore, una de las razas de perro más antiguas de la cría moderna. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. La mayoría de los otros perros de pedigrí tienen una larga historia y se originaron de antiguas razas de perros de trabajo.

The Leonberger, However, tiene una historia diferente y única. Among 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. En todas partes la gente quería estos grandes perros y eran (and they are) really big dogs.

Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. Así que bastantes traficantes de perros del suroeste de Alemania ayudaron sin más. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Los cachorros que parecían un St. Bernard se vendían como tal, pero para los demás había como mucho unas cuantas patatas de un granjero. The dog trade was – as it still is today – un negocio lucrativo y algunos vendían cientos de cachorros al año y se hacían ricos.

Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. Creó una marca a partir de los cachorros que no podía comercializar como St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Así nació el Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. También en el mundo oficial de los perros estos híbridos pasaron desapercibidos durante mucho tiempo. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, ni siquiera menciona al Leonhardiner en su obra en dos volúmenes “The breeds of the dog” (Las razas del perro) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

The Leonberger debería ser un éxito en todos los aspectos. Hoy en día pertenece a las rocas primitivas del mundo de los perros de raza, que ningún amante de los perros quiere perderse. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, que aún representa al Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, pacífico y totalmente adecuado para las familias.

Physical characteristics

The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

“In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. Se caracteriza por una construcción armoniosa y una calma segura de sí mismo con un temperamento vivo. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. Las formas de su físico deberían ser reconocibles. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. Durante el período del estudio, la esperanza de vida incluso había disminuido en 1,5 años en las últimas tres décadas. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 años serían normales. La cría ha reconocido estas señales de alarma y ahora se centra más en la salud y la extensión de la esperanza de vida de estos grandes perros.

Character and skills

The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

Como perro de la familia, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. No es ni tímido ni agresivo. Como perro de compañía es un compañero agradable, obedient and fearless in all life situations.

The strength of character required includes above all: confianza en sí mismo, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. Su muy alto umbral de estímulo así como su compostura estoica son la contrapartida necesaria de su enorme fuerza. Estos dos polos caracterizan así la naturaleza del Leonberger. Aquí y allá es algo terco. Sólo la buena persuasión y la súplica ayudarán, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, ¡un perro fascinante!

Fitness

The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, un pequeño apartamento en el enésimo piso no sería para él. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefiere el frío. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. It also, debería haber considerado antes de comprar qué hacer si el perro está enfermo y es posible que haya que llevar 80 kg or more. Last, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Aquí uno debe hacerse realmente responsable y mirarse honestamente en el espejo si se dan todas las condiciones para una feliz convivencia con los perros Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

Leonberger's Education

It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, la correa es sólo un símbolo de control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness.. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Porque eso causaría exactamente lo contrario de la educación y terminaría en un desastre.

Leonberger care

Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

Nutrition / Food

You need a lot of high quality food. Un bol elevado es útil para contrarrestar el riesgo de torsión estomacal. Always pay attention to the weight.

Leonberger Health

As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, el tumor óseo más común en los perros, también es muy común en el Leonberger.

Leonberge life expectancy

Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 to 9 years. La cría está trabajando para recuperar la vida natural posible de un perro sano. Está acompañado aquí por un proyecto de investigación de la Universidad de Medicina Veterinaria de Hannover.

Compra un Leonberger

The purchase of a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to be able to spend many wonderful years with this giant.. If you are looking for a puppy, debe asegurarse sobre todo de que los perros no se críen demasiado. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. Debería ver a un criador afiliado al FCI Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

Images "Leonberger"

Photos:

1 – Leonberger Hündin by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

Videos "Leonberger"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Leonberger"

FCIFCI - Leonberger
Leonberger

Alternative names:

    1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. Chien Leonberg (French).
    3. Leo (German).
    4. Leo (Portuguese).
    5. Leo (español).

Lurcher
Inglaterra Irlanda Not recognized by the FCI

Content

History

The Lurcher is a dog Hound of English origin whose name derives from “lur” that means thief in Gypsy language. Always it has been acknowledged as the dog of the poachers so occasionally is called Poacher’s Dog (dog of fugitive).

As a result of its appearance (hairy and scruffy) It is not admitted in competitions but for many it is a dog to enhance. In general, it can be said that the Lurcher is a cross between a Sighthound and working dog, What gives rise to many opportunities: English Greyhound and Golden Retriever; Whippet and Border Collie.

Physical characteristics

The Lurcher It is a hybrid dog similar to a Greyhound with short fur, medium long or long or straight hair in all colors.

The type of layer will be variable and will depend on the crosses made. Then, the types of fur can be: short and smooth like the Sighthounds, a bit long and thick as of the Boxer, or rough and hard as the of the Border Terrier, for example.

Character and skills

In case you want a Lurcher with more features than Sighthound what of working dog it is usually crossed for the second time with a dog Greyhound type. With this you get a dog faster than a working dog, but with the strength of this. The character of Lurcher is derived from the best of its parents and, some, They define it as quiet and affectionate.

The temperament, also variable, It will depend on the influence of ancestors, but as with all dogs, temperament will be modified by the socialization of the puppy and received education.

In general, the objective of the different crossing was to create a hound with more intelligence, an animal cunning and appropriate for the original purpose of the hound: hunting poaching rabbits, hares and birds. With the time, have gone underway several crossing, always pursuing the objective of improving the speed and intelligence.

The Lurcher he is a versatile dog, It has various uses that depend on the different crossing to which have been subjected, but they are usually used as hunting dogs with different styles. most of Lurcher today it is used for general pest control, Rabbit, hares and foxes, although some of the larger types have been successfully used for hunting large game such as wild boar and deer.

Insisting on the use of the can has much to do with the objective of the Hunter and the cross from which is derived, It is good to take this post to remind you that unfortunately, some breeders - no ethical- in the search for the "perfect dog" they usually kill or abandon everything Lurcher that does not fit your needs, because he is not a good hunter or has a physical or behavioral problem.

The Lurcher, It has also proved to be very good in canine sports, such as obedience and agility, where they are becoming increasingly popular due to its speed and willingness to please.

Because the Lurcher is not a pure breed they are not recognized by any canine club. However, North America has recently created the “Lurcher and Longdog Association” to serve as a registration body for dogs Lurcher and Longdog in the United States and Canada.

Beyond the different objectives of the crossing, What is certain is that the Lurcher It is an excellent companion dog that adapts very well to home life., and it is very grateful to received love, She loves to be with people but it needs vigorous walks outdoors, like all dog.

Longdog
Irlanda Not recognized by the FCI

Longdog

Content

History

The Longdog It is a breed of dog of the sighthound type with origin in Ireland whose name literally means "long dog” haciendo referencia a la forma alargada de sus extremidades.

Authors like the colonel Ted Walsh define it as a cross between two hunting dogs, What distinguishes it from the call Lurcher, race created from crosses between sighthound dogs and working dogs.

Currently no distinction is considered between the Lurcher and the Longdog and both are included within the Lurcher.

Physical characteristics

Because of that are the product of different crosses, the Longdog varía en su apariencia en función de las razas que se utilizaron en la cruza. They can be so light as a Greyhound or as robust as a Wolf dog. Their coats can also vary depending on the playback. Some have short fur, Some have long fur and some have hard coat.

Common crosses of Longdog usually: Saluki with English Greyhound, Scottish Deerhound with Greyhound (English Greyhound), and Whippet with Greyhound (English Greyhound). These dogs tend to be raised to (some of the) same purposes as the Lurcher, but they generally have a higher speed compared to general endurance and a higher training capacity than the Lurcher.

Cada una de esas cruzas conlleva características distintivas…

  • Saluki crossed with Greyhound: It is especially appreciated as a Hunter dog of hares in the United Kingdom and, for short time, in United States. The best copies shared resistance to high temperatures which possesses the Saluki and the capacity for acceleration and strength of the Greyhound.
  • Deerhound crossed with Greyhound: specialist in hunting foxes and deer in United Kingdom, posee una gran resistencia corporal y la capacidad de adaptarse sin problemas a las diferentes características climáticas, You can live outdoors. In United States, the blood of this can, He has contributed to the development of the American Hound (specialists in the pursuit of coyotes).
  • Whippet crossed with Greyhound: highly appreciated by its balance is, Acceleration, agility, tenacity, heat resistance and, especially, by his rapid recovery. Depending on each dog, It can be used successfully in all kinds of hunting, but in the United Kingdom, stand out, especially in hunting rabbits.

The Lurcher (first cousins ​​of the Longdog) they were initially raised to catch rabbits when they were expelled from their burrows, but in the Decade of 1950, la mixomatosis acabó con la mayoría de los conejos.

The myxomatosis, It is an infectious disease of rabbits, swellings on the skin and membranes of these animals, particularly in head and genitals. It is then often evolve into acute conjunctivitis, and sometimes blindness. The rabbit becomes listless, lost appetite and develops fever. En los casos típicos donde el animal no posee resistencia, death happens on average in 13 days.

Video "Longdog"

Queen, dont stop me now, mix coursing longdogs

It was discovered in Uruguay at the end of the 19th century, in rabbits imported from the genus Sylvilagus. It was subsequently extended by the South American populations of wild rabbits. This was however a less virulent strain than introduced in Australia in 1950, that he slashed the population (of 600 to 100 million in two years).

Durante décadas científicos de Gran Bretaña, Alemania y Francia buscaron un remedio contra la plaga en que se habían convertido los conejos, but it was the French physician Armand Delille which believed the solution. It was introduced artificially in France in 1952 a few rabbits inoculated with the virus producer the myxomatosis and quickly spread to the European continent in a natural way, through arthropod blood sucking and decimated the French population in 2 years (90% mortality). The myxomatosis, junto con la neumonía hemorragicovírica, es la causante del declive del conejo en la Península Ibérica, What has caused the decline of the iconic animals to the point that in the Spanish imperial Eagle were lost the 70 % nests and the Iberian lynx is found without their basic livelihood.

The mode of transmission is the flea and other sucking arthropods of blood in Europe, Although for example, in Australia is transmitted through mosquito.

Existe una vacuna de vector vírico para conejos domésticos, While in wild specimens Europe have developed immunity and gradually extend.

As we said above, in the decade of 1950, la mixomatosis acabó con la mayoría de los conejos, but the disease did not affect the hares.

Y, This led to the need to develop the race to achieve faster dogs to be able to catch hares. A Hare can run at speeds of up 72 km/h.

The need for, he is born Longdog, desarrollado para conseguir un perro apropiado al estilo preferido de la cacería y la necesidad del momento.

Y, Although they are not a pure breed, you cross them with him Greyhound (English Greyhound) purebred, He has carried that are highly valued within the “elite” canine sports.

Debido a que el Longdog it is not a purebred are not recognized by any dog ​​club. However, North America has recently created the “Lurcher and Longdog Association” to serve as a registration body for dogs Lurcher and Longdog in the United States and Canada.

Character and skills

Similar to the Lurcher, beyond the different objectives of the crossing, What is certain is that the Longdog It is an excellent companion dog that adapts very well to home life., and is very grateful for the care received, She loves to be with people but it needs vigorous walks outdoors, like all dog. Y, above all, very large spaces to savor the aftertaste of freedom.

Lhasa Apso
Tíbet FCI 227 - Tibetan breeds.

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn.

Content

History

Originally from Tibet, the Lhasa Apso es conocido en su país de origen como “Apso Seng Kyi”, that means “dog with the roar of a lion”, seguramente en referencia a su ladrido tan característico y a su aspecto bastante parecido al de un león en miniatura.

DNA studies have established that it is one of the oldest domestic dogs: los primeros ejemplares habrían aparecido varios miles de años antes de nuestra era. They have also shown that it is one of the dog breeds most closely related to the wolf, although its appearance does not necessarily suggest it.

For a long time they were mistaken for the Tibetan Terrier, until separate rules were established that facilitated their differentiation. La distinción se hacía principalmente en base al tamaño, being the Tibetan Terrier bigger and, Therefore, more of a deterrent as a guard dog.

Considerado sagrado en su país de origen, tenía prohibida su venta y era criado exclusivamente por nobles y monjes para vigilar y proteger palacios, Isolated Buddhist temples and monasteries in the Himalayan mountains. Su trabajo consistía en dar la alarma en caso de intrusión o peligro potencial, while his cousin, the Tibetan Mastiff, ponía toda su imponente estatura para disuadir a los individuos malintencionados de ir más allá. Los monjes creían que cuando el dueño de un Lhasa Apso moría y aún no estaba preparado para el Nirvana, his soul was reincarnated in the body of his animal.

También se acostumbraba a usarla como regalo para los líderes extranjeros. It also, only the Lhasa Apso regalados por el Dalai Lama podían salir del país. They always happened in pairs, to bring luck and prosperity to the recipient. Así es como se introdujeron los primeros súbditos en China hacia 1583, al comienzo de la dinastía manchú.

The international diffusion of Lhasa Apso

It was not until the dawn of the 20th century that the Lhasa Apso came to europe, and more specifically in 1904. It was then that the first import to the UK took place., cuando los soldados británicos que regresaban de la expedición al Tíbet dirigida por Francis Younghusband trajeron de vuelta representantes de la raza. However, was not up 1964 when the Kennel Club, la principal organización canina del país, officially recognized the breed.

In France, was introduced in 1949 by Miss Violette Dupont.

The Lhasa Apso first set foot in North America in 1933, when Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933), the XIII Dalai Lama, offered one to the explorer and naturalist Charles Suydam Cutting (1889-1972).

It took the American Kennel Club only two years to officially recognize the breed, as he did in 1935. La otra organización canina más importante del país, el United Kennel Club, waited until 1975 to do the same.

The International Cynological Federation (FCI), que coordina las organizaciones de un centenar de países, recognized the Lhasa Apso in 1969.

Popularity

The Lhasa Apso is now very popular and is present all over the world.

In United States, ranks 70 (of something less than 200) en el ranking de razas establecido por el American Kennel Club según el número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. This marks a certain decline compared to the first years of the 21st century., when he was rather in the position 40.

In the United Kingdom, the breed is also in sharp decline, after having peaked. Like this, mientras que el número de nacimientos anuales registrados por el Kennel Club se situaba en torno a los 4.000 in the middle of the Decade of 2000 and exceeded 4.500 early in the decade 2010, then collapsed, to the point of dividing by three, with, Therefore, less than 1.500 annual records at the end of the decade of 2010.

The situation is quite similar in France, where the breed reached its peak popularity in the early years 90, with more than 1.500 births in some years. However, before the dawn of the 21st century, ya habían retrocedido por debajo del millar. The Lhasa Apso recovered in the second half of the decade of 2000, flirting with the numbers reached at their peak. However, fell back from 2012, and abruptly. Like this, during the decade of 2010, el número de personas inscritas cada año en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) divided by two, ending the decade in less than 700.

Physical characteristics

The Lhasa Apso it is a small dog with a robust and harmonious appearance. His body is longer than high, and well proportioned. Its front legs are straight. The tail is set high on the back and covered by a long lock of hair.

The skull is small and slightly rounded, with a well defined stop. The ears are soft, medium in size and covered with long hair. Very often hidden under a long fringe of hair, eyes are dark brown and oval. They have an alert expression. The snout is short, straight but not square, and ends in a black nose.

The coat of the Lhasa Apso consists of a medium density undercoat and a long topcoat, Lisa, dense and hard. Hair covers the entire body and usually touches the ground, without ever impeding their movements.

However, because they shed relatively little, they are often promoted as a breed of dog hypoallergenic, which makes them suitable for people with allergies to dogs. However, keep in mind that no breed is totally hypoallergenic: a person who is in this case should always try to carry out a test in real conditions for several hours before any adoption.

In any case, the coat can be of various colors: dorado, sand, honey, dark grey, Slate, black, white or brown. It is smooth in some individuals, and particolorada (that is to say, that mixes several colors) in others.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are very similar in size.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 20 – 30 cm.
▷ female size: 18 – 28 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 4 – 6 kg

Character and skills

The Lhasa Apso He is very loving and protective of his owners. However, a pesar del estrecho vínculo que tiene con ellos, his independent nature allows him to handle loneliness without difficulty. He is not one of those who suffer from separation anxiety when his owners are absent for a few hours.

Get along well with children old enough to have learned to interact with and respect an animal, which makes him a very good playmate. On the other hand, by not being very patient, can quickly become overwhelmed by young children who are noisy, that move a lot or that hurt you, and then he risks at any moment to react abruptly. Therefore, it is not recommended that you live with younger children. In any case, Whatever your race, a dog should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision.

Probably because he loves his family and seeks to protect them, the Lhasa Apso It, on the other hand, suspicious of strangers. They do not hesitate to bark when they perceive a threat or a stranger approaching their home, and are usually perceptive enough to quickly determine if the person is a friend or foe of their family. Therefore, he is an excellent alert dog. However, not only uses their vocalizations to raise the alarm: it is known to bark a lot, even in situations that don't justify it. Esto se debe probablemente a su oído altamente desarrollado, que le permite oír ruidos y sonidos inaudibles para los humanos e incluso para algunas otras razas.

Living with their little fellows usually goes well, how much have they grown up together. Otherwise, for its dominant character, it can be more complicated. Given its size, it is also better to avoid living with a large dog, ya que éste podría hacerle daño involuntariamente, for example while playing together. There is also a risk with people who are on your walks. In fact, como es muy valiente y se ve a sí mismo como más grande y poderoso de lo que realmente es, does not hesitate to play with (or sometimes face) other dogs much bigger than him, sin darse cuenta de que podrían herirle involuntariamente durante sus interacciones.

Have you share your home with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is very possible. In fact, does not have a very pronounced predatory instinct, and he is not one of those who begins to chase the small animals that are during his walks. La única excepción son los que se atreven a entrar en su territorio, por ejemplo en su jardín.

The Lhasa Apso you don't need much to satisfy your need for exercise. However, media hora al día, through two or three walks and / or play sessions, es un mínimo por debajo del cual no debes mantenerlo equilibrado. On the other hand, if you are happy to accompany your masters on short walks, its resistance is quite limited: you don't have to count on him to walk for hours. In fact, its low level of activity makes it an ideal companion for the elderly or sedentary. However, do not neglect to exercise daily, tanto por su bienestar psicológico como físico, especially since it is a breed of dog that tends to be overweight.

It also, the Lhasa Apso no sólo necesita ser estimulado físicamente. In fact, You also have to take advantage of his curiosity and his great intelligence so that he is psychologically balanced. Therefore, It may be convenient not only to vary the routes and activities of the walk, but also, for example, regularly teach him new tricks or let him play different dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally, que le permiten ejercitarse tanto física como mentalmente.

As soon as your needs are met, easily adapts to all places in life, showing himself capable of living both in the city and in the country, in an apartment like in a house. Having said that, even if you have access to a garden, su independencia no significa que pueda pasar la mayor parte del tiempo allí, away from their masters. In fact, to be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family.

However, it is important to note that the Lhasa Apso is independent, stubborn and not really inclined to spontaneously obey. It also, if you don't like something, does not hesitate to express his discontent. It also, matures very slowly and can remain a puppy in your head until 3 years. Therefore, not really suitable for a person who has no experience with dogs, ya que podría darle demasiados problemas.

Education

The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn. It also, matures slowly, to the point that some individuals remain puppies on their heads for up to three years. Obviously, this is not without consequences on their education: has difficulty concentrating and taking learning sessions seriously.

Everything is combined so that obeying is not necessarily the most natural thing for him, not the first thing on his priority list. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que es dominante y no duda en cuestionar las reglas y poner a prueba los límites; si percibe un defecto que le permita hacer lo que le plazca o incluso ocupar el papel de líder, does not hesitate to exploit it.

Therefore, its owner must be firm from the first months and not let it get away with it, at the risk of allowing the development of “small dog syndrome”. Esta última aparece cuando los propietarios, too moved by the pretty and harmless looks of their young companion, do not correct -or not enough- their inappropriate behaviors (grunts, barking, aggressiveness…), como harían con un perro más grande. This is the best way to make it disobedient, aggressive, perturbado y difícil de vivir. It also, después es muy difícil corregir la situación, once bad habits have been established.

This is the case, for example, of the barking, since it is known to bark excessively. No hay que esperar para intentar hacerle entender las circunstancias en las que es inútil hacerlo y aquellas en las que, on the other hand, is pertinent. You also have to teach him to stop when asked.

To avoid drifts or failures in your education, It is important that each of the members of the house is involved in it and makes sure that the current regulations are respected to the letter. These rules must be established from their arrival in the family and be constant over time and from one person to another., otherwise he runs the risk of getting lost and not being able to understand what is expected of him.

It also, ya sea para hacerle asimilar las normas o para enseñarle diversas cosas útiles, a certain regularity is necessary to obtain results, and it is better to start from your arrival in the family. Short daily sessions are great for keeping you focused on the tasks at hand, as it tends to get bored quickly. Positive reinforcement is the best training method: premiarlo con golosinas y estímulos es mucho más eficaz que un castigo severo.

Last, like any dog, the socialization of Lhasa Apso should be started at an early age, during which it is more malleable and adaptable. To become a well-adjusted adult and behave correctly in all circumstances, necesita conocer al mayor número posible de personas y animales durante sus primeros meses de vida, así como estar expuesto a todo tipo de situaciones y estímulos.

Health

The Lhasa Apso is generally robust and healthy. It is also not unusual for representatives of the breed to live to 20 years or more.

It also, sus orígenes tibetanos y su pelaje bien provisto (that is not alien) explican que sea particularmente resistente al frío y la humedad.Por otro lado, is much less comfortable when mercury peaks, or even frankly in great difficulty., your flattened face implies a markedly lower than average respiratory ventilation capacity and, Therefore, a less good ability to regulate your internal temperature by panting.Particularly prone to heatstroke, it's not done, for example, to live in a Mediterranean climate.

Although he is in good general health, es posible que padezca diversas patologías más o menos graves a lo largo de su vida.Los problemas de salud a los que así está predispuesto son:

  • the síndrome braquicefálico, Which affectssnub-nosed and star-nosed dog breeds.In fact, this morphological peculiarity predisposes the animal to various health problems, like breathing difficulties, enfermedades oculares o trastornos digestivos.Se puede considerar una intervención quirúrgica para agrandar las fosas nasales del animal y así aumentar su capacidad respiratoria;
  • the Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance may be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and inevitably progresses toosteoarthritis aas the dog ages;
  • the dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), común en perros pequeños.Ocurre cuando la rótula se mueve hacia adentro o hacia afuera de la rodilla y puede causar dolor y / the cojera;
  • the herniated disc, una enfermedad de la columna vertebral que provoca un dolor cada vez más difícil de afrontar para el animal, which can therefore be aggressive when manipulated or the door. It also has more and more difficulties to move, he even ends up paralyzed.In less advanced cases, rest and medication are usually sufficient, pero en otros es necesaria la cirugía;
  • inguinal hernia, que se manifiesta por la aparición de una masa blanda e indolora entre la cara interna del muslo y el abdomen.Afecta principalmente a mujeres no esterilizadas y se cura mediante intervención quirúrgica;
  • congenital renal dysplasia, una malformación de los riñones cuyos síntomas pueden ser muy variados: growth retardation, dull coat, lack of appetite, dirt … In all cases, it is a serious and incurable disease;
  • urolitiasis (or bladder stone), which is the formation of stones in the urinary tract., the dog experiences difficulty urinating or even gets dirty and / o la presencia de sangre en la orina.El tratamiento consiste en la remoción quirúrgica del cálculo;
  • congenital hydrocephalus, a disease of the nervous system that can have many consequences: strabismus, bulging skull, stunted growth, locomotive difficulties,epileptic attacks, vision problems … Los tratamientos médicos reducen los síntomas, pero también es posible plantearse una intervención quirúrgica para resolver el problema en la fuente;
  • type B hemophilia (or Christmas disease), a blood clotting disorder that is often inherited, affects mainly males and causes heavy or prolonged bleeding, así como la aparición espontánea de hematomas.Es una patología grave e incurable: even if thedog transfusionsare possible during severe bleeding, usually dies young;
  • the periodontics, una enfermedad inflamatoria irreversible del tejido gingival poco común en todo el canino y particularmente ensmall breeds.Aparece por mala higiene bucal y provoca inflamación de las encías.En los casos más graves, teeth eventually loosen and fall out at an early stage, thetreatment of periodontics isbased on desquamation and good oral hygiene When the disease is in an advanced stage, es necesaria una cirugía para extraer los dientes afectados;
  • the infectionsdel oído, frequent inflammation inrazas de perros con orejas caídas;
  • the dermatitis by Malassezia, a dermatological disease caused by the multiplication of the yeast called Malassezia, which usually causes redness, itching and greasing the skin of the animal;
  • the adenitis sebácea, a relatively rare skin disease destroys the sebum-producing glands, causing dry skin, pérdida total o parcial del cabello y aparición de costras que pueden desprender malos olores.Hay tratamientos disponibles para reducir los síntomas, pero la enfermedad en sí es incurable;
  • allergies, either food allergies or atopy., the animal scratches repeatedly and skin lesions may appear.

The Lhasa Apso it is also particularly prone to certain eye diseases:

  • the progressive atrophy, an incurable inherited disease characterized by degeneration of the retina, resulting in progressive loss of vision, night and then day, until the individual becomes totally blind;
  • the glaucoma, una enfermedad ocular que se puede heredar.Provoca la degeneración del nervio óptico y la retina.Esta dolorosa patología para el animal progresa rápidamente a una pérdida total o parcial de la vista, unless it is seen urgently;
  • dry conjunctivitis, a disease that can be inherited due to insufficient tear production, resulting in dry eye, inflammation of the eyelids, Red eyes, repeated blinking of the eyelids, presence of scabs and / o secreción amarillenta.Todos estos síntomas obviamente causan dolor e incomodidad al animal.En casos graves, también pueden aparecer llagas y causar úlceras que pueden conducir a la perforación o pérdida del ojo.Esta afección generalmente requiere un tratamiento de por vida;
  • nictitating gland prolapse (or cherry eye), una afección oftalmológica de la glándula lagrimal.Los signos más comunes son la aparición de una pequeña bola roja en la esquina interna del ojo y ojos llorosos.Es tratada con una intervención quirúrgica;
  • the entropion, which corresponds to a curl of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye and can be inherited., irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by repeated eyelash rubbing and / o pelos en partes frágiles del ojo.El problema se puede solucionar con la ayuda de una cirugía;
  • corneal dystrophy, a corneal disease often inherited in origin that results in clouding of the cornea in both eyes.There are two types of dystrophies: lípidas y endoteliales.Los primeros no comprometen la visión y no requieren un tratamiento especial.Este último, on the other hand, can cause blindness, pero es tratable mediante cirugía;
  • distiquiasis, an eye disease characterized by abnormally implanted eyelashes which may be asymptomatic or cause irritation, itchiness, redness of the eyes or even the formation of aúlcera corneal.Different techniques are used to treat affected people;
  • It also, the Lhasa Apso has a fairly high risk of Obesity.Este último puede provocar o agravar muchas patologías, and therefore have a significant impact on the health of the animal.

The list of ailments to which you are predisposed Lhasa Apso can be overwhelming at first glance, pero conviene recordar que siguen siendo raras y que la mayoría de los representantes de la raza pasan la vida libres de problemas.Esto se confirma en particular por un estudio realizado en 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians: the 32% of the deaths studied were simply caused by old age (32%), way ahead of cancers (18%) and diseases, kidneys (7%).

However, knowing that some of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, it is important to adopt from acreatorrigorous ofLhasa Apso.In fact, in addition to guaranteeing quality socialization to the puppies, a serious breeder routinely performs genetic testing on individuals he plans to breed (or also in the offspring obtained), to prevent the transmission of a hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of the tests in question, además de presentar un certificado de buena salud establecido por un veterinario así como el detalle de las vacunas administradas, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination record.

Once the animal is adopted, We must not lose sight of the fact that it is particularly fragile throughout its growth., particularly when it comes to your bones and joints., se recomienda encarecidamente no obligarlo a realizar esfuerzos físicos demasiado intensos durante este período, ya que correría el riesgo de lesionarse o incluso desarrollar malformaciones, with potentially long-lasting consequences.This is all the more true since this dog is predisposed to certain joint problems (dislocation of the patella and Hip Dysplasia).

Finally, whatever your age and like any other race, everything Lhasa Apso must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete check-up, que al mismo tiempo permita asegurarse de que se mantiene al día con su retirada de vacunas.

Life expectancy

14 years

Grooming

The Lhasa Apso It is not for those who do not have time or desire to spend a lot of time caring for their dog's coat. In fact, to remove dead hair and prevent mat formation, its long coat must be brushed at least three or four times a week, with a special brush or glove. Although the molt remains moderate throughout the year, brushing should be done daily during spring and fall seasonal moult.

If it is not maintained regularly enough, hair gets tangled, preventing the skin from breathing. This favors the proliferation of bacteria and the skin problems that they can cause. It also, it is very painful for the animal - even impossible- detangle the hairs with a simple brush, y entonces suele ser necesario un paso por una peluquería profesional.

It also, as the length of its fur makes it often touch the ground, tends to easily accumulate dirt and give off bad odors. Therefore, es necesario lavarlo con un champú adaptado a los perros, once every one or two months. However, you should not wash your dog more than this, as this will remove the sebum that protects you from skin problems. When you bathe, you must be careful not to get the inside of your dog's ears wet, since they are especially sensitive. It is also recommended to clean the dog's coat directly after bathing rather than letting it air dry, ya que esto podría restarle belleza y brillo.

To avoid the task of untangling, or to be needed less often, many owners of Lhasa Apso choose to keep their pet's hair short. Whether they do it themselves or use the services of a professional dog groomer, the coat should be trimmed with scissors or trimmed every two months to keep the coat clean.

However, even if the fur stays long, a small cut is necessary every one or two months to prevent the animal from being hindered when moving and to reduce the risk of infection caused by small plants or spikelets that get stuck in the fur.

The hanging ears of the Lhasa Apso they also require special attention. In effect, esta particularidad morfológica hace que la humedad y la suciedad puedan acumularse fácilmente allí, and be the source of infections such as otitis. Therefore, you have to inspect them and, if required, clean them once a week, y secarlos cada vez que haya estado en contacto con el agua o haya pasado mucho tiempo en un lugar húmedo.

The weekly maintenance of your ears is also the occasion to check your eyes and clean their contour, to reduce the risk of infections.

You can also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth, making sure to use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This will help prevent tartar buildup., which can cause bad breath and, above all, the appearance of oral diseases such as periodontal disease, que es muy común en los Lhasa Apso and it can have serious consequences on your health. Knowing this, the ideal is to brush several times a week, o incluso todos los días.

Looking at its claws, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them. However, when the animal becomes older and / or less active, they can get too long and bother you, or even injuring you. In this case, they need to be trimmed with a claw trimmer or special file.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, maintaining a Lhasa Apso should not be done randomly. Es útil aprenderlas la primera vez con un veterinario o un peluquero en caso de duda, to know the good techniques and to be able to act effectively and safely, without hurting or harming your pet. It also, como serán muchas las sesiones de peluquería a lo largo de su vida, es conveniente que las sesiones de peluquería del perro se desarrollen con la mayor fluidez posible: getting used to it since childhood is an excellent way to achieve it.

Food

Like any dog, the diet of Lhasa Apso must suit your age, your level of physical activity and your health status. It is recommended to opt for high quality croquettes or industrial patés, to provide you with all the nutritional inputs you need on a daily basis.

In any case, its small size should not lead one to believe that it can be fed with food intended for cats. In fact, the two species do not have the same nutritional needs, y él sufriría tanto carencias de algunos nutrientes como excesos de otros.

In this case, es aún más importante estar atento, since this breed has a predisposition to being overweight. Esto es aún más cierto en el caso de un individuo castrado, because the risk of obesity is then more important. Dividir su ración diaria en al menos dos comidas es una buena manera de evitar que clame durante el día, since he knows that a second meal awaits him a little later. It is also better to avoid abusing the treats, although they can obviously be very effective in educating you. A good habit may be to systematically deduct your caloric intake from your daily allowance., In addition to, of course, optar por productos bajos en calorías.

At the same time, weighing the dog once or twice a month makes it possible to quickly detect any deviations. Si esto se confirma o incluso se acentúa en las siguientes mediciones, it is advisable to take the dog to the vet, since only he can determine the cause of the problem and remedy it. In fact, your diet and activity level are not always the cause: weight gain may be due to illness or a reaction to treatment, for example.

Last, like any dog, the Lhasa Apso debe tener agua a su disposición durante todo el día, regularly renewed so that it is always fresh.

Utility

Until the 20th century, the Lhasa Apso It was used by Tibetan monks and nobles to guard and protect palaces, Buddhist temples and monasteries. Su finísimo oído le permitía dar la alerta rápidamente en caso de peligro.

In fact, incluso hoy en día, its courage and protective nature allow it to stand out as a warning dog.

However, ahora lo encontramos empleado principalmente como animal de compañía. In fact, his affectionate and cheerful character makes him an endearing companion. If we add their low need for exercise, we will understand that it easily finds its place in many homes and places in life. This is especially true because they shed less hair and produce less dandruff than many other breeds., making them a great potential choice for someone with a dog allergy. Having said that, dado que puede haber grandes diferencias de un individuo a otro y que ningún perro es totalmente hipoalergénico, real-life testing is always essential by spending several hours with the animal you are considering adopting.

Its small size, its long coat and elegance also make the Lhasa Apso a regular at dog shows. However, cualquier propietario que se plantee inscribir a su perro en concursos de belleza debe disponer de mucho tiempo y de un marcado interés por la peluquería, since then a daily brushing and several hours of maintenance a week is necessary to maintain a well-groomed coat and address these events in the best conditions.

His kindness and sweetness also make him a very good hospital therapy dog, nursing homes and nursing homes.

Last, their intelligence and liveliness can be put to the test in various dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally.

Price

The price of a puppy Lhasa Apsoor ranges between 500 and 1.500 EUR, being the average of about 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females.

whatever the country, the significant price differences between the specimens are generally explained by the greater or lesser conformity of the animal with the breed standard, así como por el prestigio de la cría y el linaje del que procede.


Breeders of the breed "Lhasa Apso"

Characteristics "Lhasa Apso"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Lhasa Apso" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Lhasa Apso"

Photos:

1 – A dog Lhasa Apso, With white hair she is two years old, her name is Yuna by Yuna89bcn, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Lhasa Apso female with 6 meses by Lcfrederico, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso_Puppy_Clip.jpg
4 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso,_aged_16_months.jpg
5 – “Lhasa Apso” by Flickr user lisaschaos . Photo uploaded to commons by user ltshears, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Skoda_new_064.jpg

Videos "Lhasa Apso"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Lhasa Apso"

FCIFCI - Lhasa Apso
Lhasa

Alternative names:

    1. Lhasa, Lion Dog (English).
    2. Apso Seng Kyi (French).
    3. Lhasaterrier, Löwenhund (German).
    4. Nome original 拉薩犬 (Portuguese).
    5. Perro león/span> (español).

Löwchen
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

Löwchen

The Löwchen It is the breed of dog that once had the honour to, as the Portuguese water dog and the Havanese, be regarded as the rarest dog in the world. Even today, the race, in general, It has less one hundred new registrations each year around the world.

Despite the fact that this dog may be linked with the Bichón Frise, la historia de la Löwchen sigue siendo oscura. The small lion “dog” seen in many works of art with dogs already in the century 16, pero no está claro si se trataba de todos los perros como los Löwchen, or simply small dogs of the Bichon type that were trimmed in a lion cut.

It is one of ancient race, que se encontraba en muchos países ya en el siglo 16. Modern sources of the breed are Belgium, France and Germany, enthusiasts of race at the end of the century 19.

El Löwchen es una de las razas Bichón, It has a long and silky coat that, It occurs in a lion cut. This means that frogs legs them, the hind legs, Paws (except in the ankle bracelets), and the first third of the tail, close of the body shaves, and the rest of the layer that is natural to give the appearance of a lion.

It is a small dog, they are considered by some registries as dogs in the Toy group, and they have been long time fellow of the Royal courts.

El aspecto del Löwchen es una de sus características más importantes, wide snout, wide skull, lively round eyes and ears pendulantes. The head, in proportion to the body, It is not too big nor too small, but that helps highlight the friendly personality, fair, y leonina del Löwchen.

The hair should not be thin and soft as a Bichon Frisé, but corrugated, with a mixture of thick hair, among the fine. A hard Terrier hair or smooth Bichon Frisé, something in between.

El peso del Löwchen en los machos va de 5.4 to 8.1 kg and females in 4.5 to 6.8 kg. The height in the males is of 30 to 35,6 cm and the females of 28 to 33 cm..

La esperanza de vida de un Löwchen, round the 12-14 years.

El Löwchen es un perro amistoso, happy. Dogs of this breed are playful and active, and very intelligent. It is an excellent pet for families with children.

Dogs breeds: Löwchen

Irish wolfhound
Irlanda FCI 160 . Rough-haired Sighthounds

The Irish wolfhound It is the largest breed of dog that exists.; adults reach an average height of between 95 and 100 cm to the cross.

Lebrél irlandés

Content

Characteristics "Irish wolfhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Irish wolfhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Irish wolfhound it is a very old canine breed, It was used as a war and hunting dog as early as the 3rd century BC..

As the greatest of the Sighthounds and hunting dogs, they were already admired. In fact, its impressive size and exceptional bravery even allowed it to hunt the now-extinct Irish elk, that doubled him in size. However, It was his ability to attack wolves that gave the name to the Irish Wolfhound. Before taking this name, he was known simply as Cu, a Gaelic word whose meaning is not very clear; according to the texts, this word was sometimes translated as dog, sometimes like war dog, sometimes like wolf.

In any case, it's easy to imagine how, on the battlefield, the Irish wolfhoundhe could look like a fierce fighter and impress with his size. Its main use was to knock men off their horses or from enemy chariots. However, although his warrior past is mentioned during the various Celtic wars, there are few texts that narrate his exploits with greater precision. However, It should be noted that during the sacking of Delphi in the year 279 a.C., one survivor mentioned the presence of giant dogs fighting alongside their masters, but without giving more details.

Although it was used against him in some conflicts with the Celts, was admired by the Romans. This is attested by writings such as those of the Roman consul Quinto Aurelio, who received them as a gift and reported in the year 391 a.C. that Rome admired them in amazement. The Romans also used them as fighting dogs in the arenas., making them compete with other animals and prisoners of war.

The Irish wolfhound is intrinsically linked to the history and folklore of its country of origin, which is the national dog. In addition to the historical mentions of his role in wars and conflicts, this gentle giant is also at the center of the legends told in various writings, already in the 3rd and 4th centuries. In fact, its popularity has endured throughout the ages, as illustrated by numerous examples. One of the most famous comes from a twelfth-century writing that relates that Mesrodia, then king of Leinstern, In Ireland, owned an Irish Wolfhound so remarkable that the King of Connacht offered him six thousand cows and other treasures in exchange for his dog. Mesrodia's refusal led to a war between the two kingdoms, but the text does not specify what happened to the Greyhound, called Aibe.

In ancient ireland (until the 5th century AD), A law reserved to kings and nobles the possibility of owning a Irish wolfhound, and his number was a prestige mark of the person's title. For example, minor members of the nobility could only own a maximum of two Irish wolfhound. However, this did not mean that the number of representatives of the breed in the country was extremely limited, since Ireland was divided at that time into more than 150 kingdoms, with many kings and nobles.

The Irish wolfhound it was a popular gift among the nobility, and was often delivered with silver and gold chains to develop or strengthen alliances. One of the most famous exchanges was the sending of an Irish greyhound named Gelert to Prince Llewellyn of Wales by King John of England in 1210, and the burial place of the august dog can be seen today in Wales.

Either used in battle or gifted to consolidate alliances, The Irish Greyhound has also made a name for itself outside its native country; mentions of the breed can be found in numerous writings. In 1596, in Spain, the poet Lope de Vega wrote a sonnet entirely dedicated to the Irish wolfhound.

Despite its glorious past, the Irish greyhound was not far from extinction in the early 1800s. At that time, the Irish wolfhound it was used mainly for hunting, but the disappearance or near disappearance of wolves, deer, roe deer and wild boar in Ireland took away much of its usefulness. It survived because some families already used it as a pet.

The Irish wolfhound he probably owes his salvation to Commander H as well. D. Richardson, who wrote a book about dogs in 1842 (The Dog: Its Origin, Natural History, and Varieties), in which he suggested that the Irish wolfhound and the Deerhound they were the same race. This led him to start a breeding program for the Irish wolfhound using Irish wolfhound from the Glengarry area (Ireland), saving the race from the brink of extinction.

Captain George Augustus Graham was another breeder who, in the decade of 1860, kept the race alive. Crossed the Irish wolfhound with the Scottish Greyhoundby Glengarry, Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound and the Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy) to avoid inbreeding. He also used the Irish wolfhound that had been crossed with the Great Dane harlequin. Graham was also responsible for the creation of the first breed club of the Irish wolfhound in 1885.

The Kennel Club, the leading british kennel club, was founded in 1873, but did not recognize the breed until 1925.

In United States, was recognized already in 1897 by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The other leading American organization, the UKC (United Kennel Club), it took a little longer to do the same, since it was not until 1921. It also, in 1927 a breed club was founded. Today, the irish greyhound is moderately popular in ireland, occupying an average of 75th place in 200 in the number of pedigrees issued annually by the AKC.

The International Cynological Federation did not recognize the Irish wolfhound until 1955.

Physical characteristics

The Irish wolfhound is the largest of Sighthounds and has an elongated and imposing body, with massive musculature and a broad back. Their legs are long, straight and strong; perfect to let you jump high.

His head is long and flat, and the skull is not very wide. The ears are located high on the skull and fold along it., in the characteristic style of Greyhounds.

The muzzle is long and slightly pointed, and the small dark eyes.

Finally, their fur has a wire texture; it is rough and quite short. The hair under the eyes and under the jaw is slightly curly and longer than the rest of the body. The color of the coat is gray, white, black, red, beige or tabby.

Weight and size

▷ Male size: 81 to 94 cm.
▷ female size: 71 to 81 cm.
▷ Male weight: 55 to 85 kg
▷ female weight: 50 to 70 kg

Character and skills

the size of the Irish wolfhound makes it not a suitable dog for everyone. In fact, even if it is quite passive, it is not recommended to live in an apartment, due to its size. You have to have enough space for everyone to move around easily. It also, how prone to joint problems (starting with the Hip Dysplasia), they are also not recommended for homes with stairs.

Therefore, the Irish wolfhound is much more comfortable in a place with enough space to stretch his legs, preferably with a fenced garden, to prevent the dog from escaping. A wireless electric fence probably wouldn't stop it, since his hunting instinct prevails.

In any case, even if you have access to a garden, it is important that you plan walks with your adult dog for at least 40 minutes a day. Once your need for exercise is satisfied, you will be happier to walk around the house with your family.

Whether walking or running, daily exercise should be much more limited with a puppy of Irish wolfhound, due to the fragility of your joints. It is best to start with a five-minute walk each day and then gradually increase the walking time.. The gradual increase in time and distance of exercise should continue until the child reaches maturity., to prevent joint damage. In any case, children under one year of age should not travel more than three kilometers.

It also, despite your affection and devotion to your loved ones, the Irish wolfhound not the most effective guard dog, as they do not have the reflex to start barking to warn of potential danger. It also, although its large size may be enough to scare away potential intruders, They are not the type to adopt an aggressive temperament towards a human, even if it is malicious. This is not incompatible with his ability to display great bravery; simply, despite his origin as a warrior dog, does not a priori perceive humans as a source of danger. They are often described as gentle giants who, despite its size, they can be very gentle with family and children.

In fact, this intelligent dog naturally seeks human company, making him an extremely loyal companion. They get along with everyone, and this is also true if they have to share their daily life with another dog.

On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, it can be quite difficult to get them to live with other pets, as they will soon be mistaken for prey. Although he is socialized from a young age to the presence of other species, there is always the risk that your natural instincts will overtake you, so this coexistence must always be carried out under supervision.

It is also his hunting instinct which explains why it is advisable to always keep him on a leash., to prevent it from chasing small animals, unfamiliar cats or even small dogs that may pass by. In fact, there is a real risk that you will be the victim of a traffic accident, 'Cause when he's worried about the hunt, he forgets his immediate surroundings, to the extent, for example, to cross a road without paying attention to possible vehicles.

Education

The Irish wolfhound he is a sensitive and intelligent dog, that it is easy to train if the owner uses positive reinforcement dog training techniques and knows how to stay calm in case of problems, but also rewards the dog when it responds well to instructions. On the other hand, if he is punished or if his owner raises his voice too much, likely to retract and isolate. It also requires a certain consistency in your education..

It also, when they are still small, the Irish wolfhound have a tendency to steal various objects, like shoes. Thus, it is often easier and safer to leave your dog in a crate at home when you are away. However, duration should be minimal: more than half a day would start to cause problems, as your dog needs to move and stretch to prevent joint damage. As i grow, and as long as your education is not deficient, You should understand that this is not acceptable behavior., and that impulse should pass, which would allow him to be let loose at home.

Health

The Irish wolfhound is one of the shortest-lived dog breeds and is prone to a variety of health problems, several of which are common to all large dogs :

The hepatic dog
This disease is the result of liver failure., that no longer fulfills its metabolic functions. This functional loss is the cause of serious metabolic disorders. (dehydration, diarrhea, etc.) and can cause the death of the dog . In the Irish wolfhound, the most common cause is intoxication from an inadequate dose of certain medications to which it is particularly sensitive.

Hip Dysplasia
Common in dogs of this size, can have several causes. In the case of the Irish wolfhound, is an inherited condition most often caused by the femur not fully inserting into the hip joint.

heart disorders
Dog heart problems do not spare the Irish Wolfhound. In particular, a third of the representatives of the breed have an increased risk of cardiac arrest caused by dilated cardiomyopathy (also called a heart strain).

▷ The dilation-torsion of the stomach.

It also, like all breeds of greyhounds , the Irish wolfhound have an increased sensitivity to anesthetics and certain medications. In the event of an intervention that requires anesthetizing the dog, it is essential to choose a veterinarian familiar with the Irish wolfhound and its physiological specificities, since a normal dose in another race can be fatal for him.

Life expectancy

Of 6 to 8 years

Grooming

The Irish wolfhound constantly changes, but not in excess. The dog's coat should be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair.. However, the coat is generally easy to care for, and it should not be necessary to bathe the dog more than once or twice a year, unless, Of course, that you come into contact with a substance that is dirty or harmful to your health.

Some owners trim their fur Irish wolfhound, but this is more for aesthetic reasons than a real need. This is done primarily for individuals shown at dog shows. In any case, longer hair around the ears can be trimmed slightly, legs or neck. The underbelly and tail hair can also be shortened to give the dog a proud appearance..

It is also advisable to brush the dog's teeth two or three times a week.. The dog's nails should be trimmed once or twice a month, depending on its wear.

Once a week, brushing the dog's coat is an opportunity to examine its general physical condition, for example, to make sure your ears or skin are not red or show other signs of infection.

Food

Like all large dogs, the Irish wolfhound has a big food budget. In fact, needed between 540 and 1.000 grams of quality dry food each day, administered in two meals: one in the morning and one at night. The exact amount should be determined with the help of your veterinarian., depending on the age and activity level of the dog.

In any case, due to the high risk of stomach bloating, it is important to avoid any intense physical activity in the hour before and especially after each meal.

Price of a “Irish wolfhound”

The Irish wolfhound not only is it an expensive dog to breed (due to the budget for food that it represents), but it is also one of the most expensive breeds to buy. The price of a puppy Irish wolfhound varies between the 1.350 and 1.800 EUR, without there being a significant difference between males and females.

Images "Irish wolfhound"

Photos:

1 – “Irish wolfhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/irish-wolfhound-chihuahua-poodle-mix-85578/
2 – Meet drew, the new “Irish wolfhound” rescued from my mother. A precious animal by Airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Irish wolfhound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/irish-wolfhound-perro-1789938/
4 – Attila, Irish Wolfhound, owner Ms.. Sylvie Saulue by Sylvie Saulue/Design Madeleine, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Irish Wolfhound, striped, macho by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Yesterday my mother received a “Irish wolfhound” rescued. His owner couldn't keep him any longer due to a terminal illness, so the wolf rescue society contacted my mother to see if she would take him in, and he said yes 🙂 Amy and I picked it up yesterday, and this is me bonding with him 🙂 Taken with Amy's phone camera, so excuse the quality. by Airwolfhound, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Irish wolfhound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 2: Rough-haired Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hound
  • ANKC – Group 4 (Hounds)
  • CKC – Group 2 – Hounds
  • KC – Hound
  • NZKC – Hound
  • UKCSighthound and Pariah


FCI breed standard "Irish wolfhound"

FCIFCI - Irish wolfhound
Sighthound

Alternative names:

    1. Irish wolfhound (English).
    2. Irish wolfhound (French).
    3. Irish Wolfhound (German).
    4. (em inglês: Irish Wolfhound), Lébrel irlandês (Portuguese).
    5. Cazador de lobos irlandés, Lobero irlandés (español).

Tuareg Sloughi
Mali FCI 307 . Short-haired Sighthounds

Galgo Africano

The Tuareg Sloughi (Azawakh), is a breed of dog lebrel, native to africa.

It is also known by other names: Hanshee, Oska, Rawondu, Bareeru, Wulo, Tuareg Sloughi.

  • Read about the race by clicking on: Azawakh.