Swedish Lapphund
Suecia FCI 135 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

Content

Origin and history

The “Swedish Lapphund” share his ancestors with him Finnish Lapphund. They are descended from dogs bred by the Lapps and Sami specifically to herd their large herds of reindeer. For centuries they have served as indispensable working dogs in this way.

The breeding became more and more specialized in weather resistance and independence. The dogs had to perform physically very well. Persevering and willing to work, They formed the perfect partners for the herd owners. With this they ensured their livelihood for these people.

Only in the 20th century were three independent dog breeds formed and recognized from these dogs. In addition to the Swedish and Finnish Lapphound, there is also the Lapponian Herder today. This one has a shorter coat and short hair.

As technology progressed, the Swedish Lapphund was gradually replaced by snowmobiles. Due to its faithful and pleasant character, the breed remained, however, preserved. Today they are highly regarded as family and companion dogs. But they are also suitable for hunting, like watchdogs, and even as search and rescue dogs.

Physical characteristics

The breed is recognized by the FCI and belongs to the group 5 of the “Dogs type Spitz and primitive type”. The relationship with Spitz can be easily seen in the appearance of the Swedish Lapphund. Characteristic triangular head and ears frame large, alert eyes. With a height between 43 and 48 centimeters, belongs to the breeds of medium-sized dogs.

His coat is always black. Only occasionally can small white markings be found on the legs or chest. Like all Nordic dogs, has a double coat with a very dense undercoat and a long coat. This coat makes it very insensitive to almost all weather conditions.

Character and skills

Swedish Lapphund
The Nordic region's largest dog event: www.mydog.se

In his character, the Swedish Lapphund he is very attentive, lively and friendly. It is well adapted as a family dog. But it is often used for dog sports too, hunting or as a watchdog. Your original task as a herding dog is, Unfortunately, hardly necessary nowadays.

Like an intelligent and persistent dog, it is important that you are always physically and mentally disabled. Due to its independent character, consistent training is necessary. In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

The Swedish Lapphund tends to bark, what is beneficial to use as a watchdog. If you start early with education, the barking can also be well contained. Generally friendly with other animals.

Correct nutrition

The Swedish Lapphund has no special restrictions on feeding. It can be well fed with any quality food. Attention should be paid to a good nutrient composition. The sugar, However, has no place in feeding.

Awards are not absolutely necessary for the motivation and education of the Swedish Lapphund. However, is particularly happy with the natural chewy sticks, like cowhide or pig's ears. Attention should also be paid to dental care.

Care “Swedish Lapphund”

Although the coat of Swedish Lapphund it is as abundant as it is impressive, his toilet is not elaborate. The coat is very dense and offers perfect protection against the weather. Firm structure of the top layer is dirt repellent. Therefore, it is enough to brush the Swedish Lapphund from time to time to remove coarse dirt or sticks.

Only during the change of coat is daily brushing necessary. One should use the dog shampoo very sparingly with this dog. Therefore, should only be bathed in the absolutely exceptional case. In addition, a haircut is not normally necessary. Like any other dog, their claws should be checked regularly and, if required, cut. The ears should also be cleaned from time to time to avoid infection.

Videos “Swedish Lapphund”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 135
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..

    FCI breed standard Swedish Lapphund

    Swedish Lapphund FCI Swedish Lapphund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Svensk lapphund (English).
      2. Chien suédois de Laponie (French).
      3. Schwedischer Lapphund (German).
      4. Lapphund (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor lapón de Suecia (Spanish).

    Leonberger
    Alemania FCI 145 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Leonberger

    Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.

    Content

    History

    The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, because it has been specifically bred according to the standard since 1846. The Leo It, therefore, one of the oldest dog breeds in modern breeding. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. Most other pedigree dogs have a long history and originated from ancient breeds of working dogs.

    The Leonberger, However, it has a different and unique history. Between 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. Everywhere people wanted these big dogs and they were (and they are) really big dogs.

    Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. So quite a few dog dealers from southwest Germany helped out. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Puppies that looked like a St. Bernard they were sold as such, but for the others there were at most a few potatoes from a farmer. The dog trade was – as it still is today – a lucrative business and some sold hundreds of puppies a year and got rich.

    Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. He created a brand out of puppies that he couldn't market as St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Thus was born the Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. Also in the official world of dogs these hybrids went unnoticed for a long time. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, does not even mention the Leonhardiner in his two-volume work “The breeds of the dog” (Dog breeds) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

    The Leonberger it should be a success in all respects. Today it belongs to the primitive rocks of the world of breed dogs, that no dog lover wants to miss. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, which still represents the Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, peaceful and totally suitable for families.

    Physical characteristics

    The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

    “In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. It is characterized by a harmonious construction and a self-assured calm with a lively temperament. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

    Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. The shapes of his physique should be recognizable. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

    A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. During the study period, life expectancy had even decreased by 1,5 years in the last three decades. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 years would be normal. The breed has recognized these red flags and is now more focused on the health and extension of life expectancy for these large dogs..

    Character and skills

    The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

    As a family dog, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion dog it is a nice companion, obedient and fearless in all life situations.

    The strength of character required includes above all: self-confidence, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

    Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. His very high stimulus threshold as well as his stoic composure are the necessary counterpart to his enormous strength. These two poles thus characterize the nature of the Leonberger. Here and there is a stubborn thing. Only good persuasion and supplication will help, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, A fascinating dog!

    Attitude

    The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, a small apartment on the nth floor would not be for him. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefer the cold. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

    It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

    One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. In addition, You should have considered before buying what to do if the dog is sick and may need to be brought 80 kg or more. Last but not least, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Here one must be really responsible and look honestly in the mirror if all the conditions for a happy coexistence with the dogs are given. Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

    Leonberger's Education

    It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, the strap is just a symbol of control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Because that would cause the exact opposite of education and end in disaster..

    Leonberger care

    Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

    Nutrition / Food

    You need a lot of high quality food. A raised bowl is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. Always pay attention to the weight.

    Leonberger Health

    As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone tumor in dogs, it is also very common in the Leonberger.

    Leonberge life expectancy

    Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 to 9 years. The pup is working to regain the possible natural life of a healthy dog. It is accompanied here by a research project of the University of Veterinary Medicine of Hannover.

    Buy a Leonberger

    Buying a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to spend many wonderful years with this giant. If you are looking for a puppy, above all, make sure that dogs are not over-bred. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. You should see a breeder affiliated with the FCI Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

    Leonberger images

    Photos:

    1 – Leonberger bitch by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
    2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
    3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
    5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
    6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

    Leonberger Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 145
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Leonberger breed FCI standard

    LEONBERGER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Chien Leonberg (French).
      3. Leo (German).
      4. Leo (Portuguese).
      5. Leo (Spanish).

    Rhodesian Ridgeback
    Zimbabue FCI 146 . Related breeds

    Perro crestado rodesiano

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback He is loyal and inseparable from its owner and family environment partner.

    Content

    History

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a descendant of the semi-wild dogs used more than 500 years for the towns Khoikhoi y Hottentot in south africa. These ancestors already had the same color of wheat (a shade of yellow) and especially the distinctive dorsal crest, made up of hair growing in the opposite direction on the spine.

    When the Dutch settlers arrived from the 17th century, they were accompanied by many dogs to help them settle in these difficult regions. Terriers, greyhounds, molossians, Hunting dogs.…: all had a hard time adjusting to the African climate, lack of water and diseases transmitted in particular by the moscow tsetsé. The need to cross European dogs with the local breed quickly became apparent..

    The dogs of these crosses helped the farmers to hunt game animals, from the smallest birds to large mammals like lions. They also provided protection in isolated areas and put potentially dangerous animals to flight., such as leopards and baboons.

    With the arrival of the English in the 19th century, many boers (settlers of Dutch origin) they moved north, to the area known as Rhodesia, which is now Zimbabwe. This is where the history of the breed really began., when the Reverend Charles Helm (1844-1915) brought two females to the Fountain of Hope, a mission near the town of Bulawayo. They were the ones who started the breed's breeding program.

    In fact, the famous lion hunter Cornelius van Rooyen lived nearby and decided to incorporate these dogs into his pack used to hunt the king of animals. Started a breeding program, in which they were used Collies and the Great Dane to give to Rhodesian Ridgeback your current appearance.

    The exploits of this dog, able to run for hours with his master on horseback but also to corner the lion until the hunter arrived, made it quickly popular in the region. Its population exploded, and many young were born. A breeder named Francis Richard Barnes founded the first club of the breed in 1922 in Bulawayo, and wrote the first standard of the then Rhodesian Lion Dog. This standard was accepted in 1926 by the South African Kennel Union, the country's reference organization (nowadays the KUSA, pure Kennel Union of southern Africa). However, on the occasion of this official recognition of the breed, the organization decided to change the name to Rhodesian Ridgback.

    The breed appeared in Europe and the United States in the decade of 1930, But it wasn't until after WWII that it really took root. The British Kennel Club (KC) was the first to recognize it in 1954, followed a year later by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1955. Was not up 1980 that the American United Kennel Club (UKC) he did the same. However, All the main canine organizations in the world today recognize the Rhodesian Ridgeback: is the case of the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) in particular.

    Your current situation in your home country is paradoxical. Although it is probably the most widespread dog in South Africa, breeders are experiencing many difficulties due to the reduction of the gene pool. Like this, it is estimated that only one litter in twenty is registered with the KUSA, and can be considered purebred. as a result of that, the characteristics of this dog are being lost, and more and more crosses give rise to individuals who are far from the standard.

    However, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is very present in the rest of the world and enjoys a certain popularity. In the United States, annual registration statistics with the AKC place it in a very respectable 40th position (almost 200), and has almost won 20 places since the beginning of the 21st century. In Great Britain, the KC registers between 1000 and 1200 births per year.

    Physical characteristics

    The breed standard indicates that males should be between 63 and 68 cm to the height of the cross, weighing between 36 and 41 kg, and the slightly smaller females, of 61 to 66 cm. of height and a weight of between 29 and 34 kg.

    Its weight varies between 30 and 39 kg, its pelage is short, dense, smooth and shiny, without being woolly or silky.

    It has, as a feature, a crest on your spine, formed by hairs that grow in opposite direction to the rest of the fur.

    The Ridge must be clearly defined and symmetrical, closer to the hip. Must start immediately behind the shoulders and continue until the bones of the hip (rump).

    The Ridge must only have two crowns, identical and opposite. The length of the Crown shall not exceed to 1/3 the total length of the ridge or ridge. A good average of the width of the same is of 5 cm..

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback it is a dog of good presence, strong, muscular, Agile and active, symmetrical appearance, balanced and well balanced.

    An adult Ridgeback is a beautiful dog, well planted and Atlético, able to travel long distances with a proper speed. It emphasizes their agility, elegance and strength without the massive trend.

    The legs front are straight and strong, heavy bones, What makes it an extremely hardy animal.

    The breed standard accepts the colors ranging from pale wheat Red.

    The color of the snout It can be black or brown. It supports a small white spot on chest and toes of the front or rear legs.

    The South African hunters discovered that the Ridgeback, in Pack, they were very effective against the Lions, originating as well a second name for this race: “the African lion Hunter”.

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback adapts perfectly to the environment of the African steppes. It can withstand high temperatures, as well as the cold of the night.

    It´s resistant to insect bites and can remain without food and water more than 24 hours.

    Character and skills

    He is very smart. Absolutely loyal and inseparable from its owner and family environment partner. Patient with children (Although, because of his size and strength, indicated that they should be monitored during their games) and never aggressive.

    According to a popular legend, the crest of Rhodesian Ridgeback is the mark of a lion's paw.

    It is reserved with strangers. It is common to confuse its crest with the idea that the dog is Bristly, This often misinterpret her attitude.

    In general, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is a dog lively, joyful, playful and very brave.

    Let us not forget that he was selected for the Lions hunting. Since its inception its mission was to discover the lion with his barking and deceptive movements, as you amagues and leaks would attract its prey until it is in the sights of the gun of the Hunter.

    Education “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The socialization of Rhodesian Ridgeback should start in the first few weeks to help him become a calm and balanced adult. Meeting a lot of people (neighbors, friends, family, dealers…) and when crossing with all kinds of companions, gets used to social interactions and learns not to give in to his natural distrust of what is unknown to him.

    Your education can start from the first months, and it is important to quickly teach your dog to walk on a leash. Because his hunting instinct is deeply ingrained, tends to run after all small animals and should always be kept on a leash when not in an enclosed area.

    It is equally essential to quickly teach him obedience so that he learns to listen to his master and to carry out his orders., either when you are about to chase a passing cat or on any other occasion. He's really smart and stubborn, and tends to do what he likes. Needs a firm and authoritative master, who knows how to make your dog respect you. Add to that its imposing size and it's easy to see why it's not suitable for newbies.. On the other hand, an experienced teacher can use his intelligence and closeness to his family to teach him many tricks. That is why this dog often shines in dog sports competitions, especially in obedience or agility.

    In any case, traditional training methods backfire on this dog, since they would damage the bond between the dog and its owner. On the other hand, positive reinforcement has spectacular results in keeping the dog motivated and strengthening the human-animal relationship. However, to avoid boredom and prevent the animal from being less receptive, it is better to opt for short and playful sessions, even if this means making them more frequent.

    In addition, it is advisable to accustom it to being handled at a very young age, either for grooming sessions or visits to the vet. In fact, given its size, it would quickly become unwieldy if he had the idea of ​​not being very conciliatory in such circumstances as an adult.

    Last but not least, given their greed and the risks it entails for their health, it is also better to teach him from a young age to be satisfied with what he is given, and not let him beg or steal food at the table, in cupboards or even garbage cans.

    Health “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback it is quite robust, with a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years, which is quite normal for a breed of this size.

    They are very resistant to heat and drought, but they also tolerate cold quite well, as long as the temperature does not drop below 0 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, he doesn't like water at all and hates rain. It should not be left outside or hanging around when it rains. May not like damp or very cold areas, so another breed choice seems to be the best option.

    Despite his good general health, are particularly exposed to certain diseases:

    Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, often hereditary joint malformations that can cause more or less severe locomotion difficulties depending on the severity;

  • dilation-torsion of the stomach, also common in large dogs, which can be fatal if a vet does not intervene quickly. Most of the time it is due to too rapid ingestion of large amounts of food;
    Hypothyroidism, a hormonal problem in the thyroid gland that causes weight gain and general fatigue. This disease is still rare in the population of the breed, but it seems to be on the rise;
  • dermoid sinus, a hole in the back through which impurities can enter the spine. This inherited problem can lead to serious and life-threatening infections. Surgery can solve the problem, But it's not always like this. Although it is quite rare, this malformation is much more common in the Rhodesian Ridgeback than in other races, although affected individuals are systematically excluded from breeding;
  • Degenerative myelopathy, a progressive deterioration of the spinal cord that is paralyzing and fatal. However, still very weird;
    ophthalmological problems (waterfall, progressive retinal atrophy, persistence of the pupillary membrane, entropion…), more particularly within certain lines;
  • Other serious diseases have been reported in the Rhodesian Ridgeback, but they are still very rare and do not seem to affect these dogs more than other breeds: is the case of cerebellar abiotrophy, cervical malformation, hemolytic anemia, lupoid onychodystrophy, hemangiosarcoma or von Willebrand's disease.

    However, this long list should not hide the fact that, according to a study carried out in 2004 about almost 200 individuals by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, the main causes of mortality in this breed are cancer and advanced age, accounting for half of the deaths.

    To reduce the risk of inherited diseases and increase the chances of adopting a healthy puppy, it is recommended to go to a dog breeder Rhodesian Ridgeback serious and responsible. Must present a certificate issued by a veterinarian attesting that the animal is in good health, the details of the vaccinations carried out (registered in the health record or in the vaccination book), as well as the results of the genetic tests carried out that demonstrate the good health of the puppy and the parents.

    Like all breeds of lop-eared dogs, the Rhodesian Ridgeback are at increased risk of infection in this area. Therefore, You need to regularly clean your ears with a clean cloth to remove dirt and avoid problems.

    Another risk you are exposed to is obesity. Pretty greedy, you have a tendency to be overweight if you can't exercise as you should. Only its owner can help you keep your weight in shape, keeping him active and making sure he doesn't eat more than necessary.

    Your weight is one of the things the vet looks at during routine visits. As with any dog, these must be at least once a year, since they also and above all allow the early detection of any problem, as well as making sure you stay up to date with your vaccinations.

    Grooming “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The coat of the Rhodesian Ridgeback it is particularly easy to care, since his short coat only needs a quick weekly brushing. However, they molt in spring and fall, when it is advisable to increase the frequency of brushing to remove dead hair.

    The coat generally remains clean and therefore odorless, and only needs to be bathed when particularly dirty, for example after a walk in the mud. However, even in this case, vigorous brushing may be enough to help you get rid of dirt. In any case, when you bathe your dog, you can only use a shampoo specifically designed for dogs, as it can damage your skin.

    His floppy ears are finally the point that requires the greatest vigilance in terms of maintenance, because this morphological peculiarity implies a greater risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). To avoid this, should be inspected weekly and cleaned with a damp cloth. This prevents debris or dirt from accumulating.

    The weekly coat and ear maintenance session is also an opportunity to check and clean the eyes, even though there is no increased risk in this area.

    You should also take advantage of this time to brush your teeth to limit the formation of tartar and thus avoid problems such as bad breath, caries, gum disease, etc. The ideal, However, is that you brush more often, up to once a day.

    At last, the claws of Rhodesian Ridgeback they grow alive and are particularly hardy. Although he can run outdoors often, it is better to check them every 2-3 weeks, since it is common that natural wear is not enough to file them. When they get too long, should be trimmed with a nail clipper designed specifically for dogs, as there is a risk of them getting in the way or breaking.

    Use “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The Rhodesian Ridgeback has worked for centuries in its native country as a guard dog on isolated farms against predators, as well as hunting dog. They gained their letters of nobility and some notoriety thanks to their exploits during the lion hunts organized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.. A pack of two or three of these dogs was capable of chasing a lion for tens of kilometers before cornering it until the hunter arrived..

    Although nowadays he no longer hunts lions, continues to accompany hunters from various continents, helping them take out and chase game of all sizes.

    Also acts as a watchdog, warning of the arrival of strangers and not hesitating to show his courage if the threat is confirmed and his family is in danger.

    However, what makes it so popular today is primarily because it combines many of the qualities of the ideal companion dog. Affectionate and devoted, are especially popular with sports owners. Capable of running a marathon in 90 minutes, the Rhodesian Ridgeback can easily accompany a runner, cyclist or hiker for several hours. On the other hand, would not fit in well with an elderly or very sedentary person, and would have every chance to outperform a beginner or an insecure teacher.

    Last but not least, his physical assets obviously make him a champion in cani-cross competitions, but also excels in other dog sports, like obedience or agility.

    Buy “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    The price of a puppy Rhodesian Ridgeback registered is an average of between 1200 and 1300 EUR, without great differences between males and females. However, this average hides a fairly wide price range, of 700 to 1800 EUR, depending on the physical characteristics of the puppy, its ancestry and the prestige of the offspring from which it comes.

    In canada, it is necessary to count between 1500 and 2500 Canadian dollars to adopt a Rhodesian Ridgeback with all the guarantees about the fact that you are in good health.

    Comments

    The race is almost unknown in Spain, and in the rest of Europe, that makes it very difficult to get a puppy from Rhodesian Ridgeback.

    Characteristics “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rhodesian Ridgeback” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Videos “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 146
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 3: Related breeds. Without working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 3: Related breeds.
    • AKCHound
    • ANKCGroup 4 (Hounds)
    • CKCGroup 2 – Hounds
    • ​KCHoundy
    • NZKCHound
    • UKCSighthounds & Pariahs

    FCI breed standard “Rhodesian Ridgeback”

    FCIFCI – “Rhodesian Ridgeback”
    Rhodesian Ridgeback FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Ridgeback, African Lion Dog, African Lion Hound (English).
      2. Rhodesian ridgeback (French).
      3. (German).
      4. Rhodesian ridgeback (Portuguese).
      5. Perro Crestado de Rhodesia, Rhodesiano (Spanish).

    Landseer
    Alemania Suiza CanadáFCI 226 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Landseer

    The nature of Landseer and Newfoundland is very similar, considering the first one as something more agile.

    Content

    History

    The Landseer was created together with Newfoundland on the east coast of Canada. The great island of Newfoundland, located off the coast of Canada, gave his ancestors his name. Just 100 years the ways of Landseer they separated from those of Newfoundland. The reason was that they wanted to keep their skin color in black and white. More on this later. Who descended from the dogs of the Vikings of pre-Columbian times, from Spain or from the dogs of the Indians, are legends that remain untested. However, according to the current genetic map of dog breeds prepared in 2017 by an international group of researchers led by Heidi G. Parker, there is a close relationship with the recuperators, What, like the Labrador, come from the same area. Probably the ancestors of the Landseer or Newfoundland arrived in North America with the first European settlers.

    Large dogs proved to be important helpers to seal fishers and hunters in the cold waters of the North Atlantic, and they were also useful occasionally in bear hunting and big game hunting. In addition, landowners or Landseers they carried loads and even as a draft dog they are said to provide exceptional services. Working with fishermen in extremely harsh weather was very demanding. The Landseer had to think, had to do heavy work on the networks, saved the lives of the castaways over and over again. In this way he developed the peculiarities of his being and his physique. He accomplished amazing things in the service of humanity. The Landseers or landowners came to England over and over again with cod ships as early as the 18th and early 19th centuries. Here he soon became famous for his impressive achievements.

    The famous poet Lord Byron put in 1808 your dear boatswain Landseer an impressive monument. He had the words engraved on his tombstone: “Here rest the bones of one who possessed beauty without vanity, strength without exuberance, courage without savagery, and all the virtues of man without his vices”. Here the greatness of character of these dogs is expressed, that you can still experience today. The painter Sir Edwin Landseer immortalized his Newfoundlands black and white in oil several times around 1830. There is some evidence that dogs documented as Newfoundland Oh ya en Canis Earth News 1700 they were predominantly black and white and that only later did they establish the purely black or brown dogs that are typical of Newfoundland today. The black and white guy went out of style in England. However, Swiss and German cynologists and breeders brought the last good dogs from England and built a continental European breed.

    To save these black and white dogs from Newfoundland, they were declared their own race around 1900, named after their famous painter “Landseer“. So this ancient type of dog with a great history was preserved for the dog world. Since then, the Newfoundland and Landseers are bred separately. Later it is said that Kuvasz and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs were crossed to stabilize the white color of the soil.

    In 1960 the Landseer (continental-european type) was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

    Physical characteristics

    According to the breed standard of the Landseer, You must give the impression of being a but powerful and well balanced. The legs are relatively longer than the black Newfoundland. The back is straight and strong. The hind legs and shoulders are muscular.

    The upper layer must be long and as straight as possible, very dense and soft to the touch. The main color of the layer is white with various patches black in the rump, the neck, backsplash, belly, legs and the tail should be white.

    The head should be black with the white snout and symmetric white extends from the snout to the head, ending with the white collar. It has a distinctive shape with a noble facial expression. The ears are medium-sized and eyes should be dark brown. The size of the Landseer will of 67 to 80 cm., and at birth weigh between 500 to 750 grams and at the age of 1 year can be reached despite 50 to 60 kg.

    Like all Mastiff type breeds, the Landseer It is also grown very fast during its first year. Therefore one must be careful with the exercise, because if it becomes sedentary can suffer from overweight.

    Character and skills

    Throughout its development, and even at maturity (that is not until the dog is of 3 or 4 years of age), the Landseer is a very active dog who likes to do all kinds of activities. Swimming, for example, is your favorite activity. So when a Landseer smacks and sees water, already no boundaries, jump to the water.

    The Landseer he is a very accommodating dog with his master. It is active, has good temperament, but it is not a nervous dog. It is a very confident dog, Intelligent, loyal to their own people, fairly mild in nature and, When they are given sufficient exercise outdoors, it attaches very well to home life. In general terms, the majority of Landseer they are very independent and have a mind of its own. The Landseer is very easy to train, much love and patience will be rewarded with a partner for life.

    As we said in previous lines to most of the Landseer, they love water and walks, It is therefore necessary to fulfill these wishes to the dog. Being on the water takes it as a job, reason why can take advantage of these time to play to find objects, launch toy water to make it look, It can be one excellent training both for the owner and as for the dog. It is a good diver and with appropriate training, they are able to find objects in the bottom of any Lake. In this regard, It is good to note that if you want to go swimming with your Landseer you should keep in mind that, the dog will try to rescue and towed back to land. Therefore, no doubt have to be careful to do this the first time. Basic training is required so that the dog knows when you are playing, and when not. Any other activity with the family is also something that the Landseer always wants to do.

    When it comes to behaviour towards other dogs, children and people no problem. Especially the Landseer, they love to children.

    It is good to socialize with other dogs puppies, because if he is male, It can be very dominant. But with a proper education, There will be no problem.

    Landseer Education

    The Landseer can be educated very well. It is intelligent, interested and quickly understand what you are allowed to do and what you are not. Sometimes he takes it easy, but a little motivated he is very cooperative and tries to make his lord and master happy. The puppy should already show itself clearly and without exception where the hammer hangs. There should be no doubt about the orientation of your humans, as well as on the intimate relationship with.

    Always keep in mind that this dog is the strongest and that orientation only works through unquestionable recognition. But with praise and consequences you can basically accomplish everything with it. On the basis of a good education you can even train very well at Landseer. Many Landseer are used as rescue dogs in the water, but also on earth. For this you can pass the work tests with water in the clubs.

    Landseer Health and Care

    The maintenance and care of the Landseer they are complex as with all big dogs. The dense and weather resistant layer should be brushed regularly with a special brush. Should not be sheared or trimmed.

    The dogs of the breed Landseer like all large dogs they tend to hip joint dysplasia, twisting of the stomach. Due to their constitution and their dense fur they do not tolerate heat well.

    Nutrition / Food

    Like all large dogs, the Landseer needs a lot of good food. Especially in the growth phase you need professional nutritional planning. A bowl of food in a high position is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. You should always pay close attention to your weight.

    Landseer's life expectancy

    Life expectancy is between 10 and 12 years.

    Buy a Landseer

    You should only purchase a puppy locally from a breeder who is affiliated with the FCI. Puppies of this breed cost between 1.500 and 2.000 EUR.

    Landseer images

    Photos:

    1 – Puppy landseer – 3 months old by OdinetPietra / CC BY-SA
    2 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/548945
    3 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/550456
    4 – Cleo 11 months by Per Jensen – Flickr
    5 – Landseer at PhotoEmotions (pixabay.com)
    6 – Landseer by Katrina_S (pixabay.com)

    Videos del Landseer

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 226
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.

    Landseer breed FCI standard

    LANDSEER (EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL TYPE) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. LANDSEER (EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL TYPE) (English).
      2. LANDSEER (TYPE CONTINENTAL-EUROPEEN) (French).
      3. LANDSEER (EUROPÄISCH-KONTINENTALER TYP) (German).
      4. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEU CONTINENTAL) (Portuguese).
      5. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEO CONTINENTAL) (Spanish).

    Lakeland Terrier
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 70 - Large and medium sized Terriers

    Lakeland Terrier

    The Lakeland Terrier he is a friendly dog ​​with his own, also with children if they respect, very confident in himself

    Content

    History

    The Lakeland Terrier It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, and within this section 1. The current Lakeland is a product of the crosses of different breeds of Terrier which include the Bedlington from whom he inherited his agility, the Border, of who retained the features of the fur, the Fox for its distinctive tail, and probably by its appearance the AIREDALE, These crosses resulted to the original Lakeland of the English region of Los Lagos.

    This dog was used by shepherds to protect sheep from attacks by foxes. The breed was officially recognized in the year 1928.

    Physical characteristics

    In the Terrier what we situaríamos in a medium scale, neither very big nor too small. Skull flat, well outlined, small ears and carried porridge with black truffle except liver color copies, followed by a long neck and elegant forms, slightly arched; short back, broad chest, strong limbs and good muscular. The tail is often be amputated. Its height varies between the 35 and 37 cm and his weight between the 6,5 and 7,5 kg. As the mantle may be black and Tan, Blue and fire, red, wheat, grey red, liver, blue black; sometimes with white markings on chest and legs.

    Character and skills

    It is a friendly dog with its own, also with children if they respect, very confident in himself, look cheerful and lively expression, very guardian and courageous by nature jacket.

    Lakeland Terrier, It is a dog that is well adapted to life in an apartment or a House. It is a dog that needs daily exercise (not excessive) and that also, like most of the Terrier, She loves to hunt small vermin.

    Lakeland Terrier Health

    The Lakeland Terrier they are a very healthy breed, although they may have some genetic problems. These include eye problems like cataracts, glaucoma and lens dislocation, and a blood clotting disorder called vonWillebrand disease.

    Many breeds of small dogs, including the Lakeland Terrier, can develop Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD), a bone disorder that requires surgery. Dogs sometimes also have a condition called dysthichiasis, eyelashes that grow from the glands in the corner of the dog's eyes and cause irritation. Symptoms can be mild and easily manageable or severe and require surgery.

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Lakeland with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Lakeland Terrier care

    Lakeland has a double layer: hard and lean on the outside with a soft inner layer next to the skin. Hair is slightly wavy or straight. For display ring, the coat is stripped by hand to show the outline of the dog, giving it a neat and worked appearance. The ” filling” – additional – on his face and legs they are abundant but neat with a clean texture.

    If you want your Lakeland to have the distinctive breed grooming, you will have to learn how to do it yourself or find a hairdresser who is familiar with the task, which can be a challenge. Show coat is even more difficult to achieve. Most pet owners simply groom their dogs a few times a week and trim every two months..

    The rest is basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually once every week or two. Brush your teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good general health and fresh breath. Check your ears weekly for dirt, redness or odor that may indicate an infection. If the ears are dirty, Clean them with a cotton swab moistened with a mild, pH balanced ear cleaner recommended by your vet.. Introduce your Lakeland to the toilet early to accept it willingly and patiently.

    Buy a Lakeland Terrier

    The best way to buy your Lakeland Terrier puppy is to buy it locally from a breeder who is a member of the Terriesr Club or you can search the shelter for a Lakeland Terrier or similar terrier.. The costs are about 1200 EUR.

    Lakeland Terrier Reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Lakeland Terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Lakeland Terrier Images

    Photos:

    1 – Lakeland Terrier by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1210535
    2 – Lakeland Terrier by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-imoro
    3 – Lakeland Terrier by https://www.pexels.com/photo/adorable-animal-animal-portrait-blur-1029726/
    4 – Virginia Purebred – Hollybriar Natural High by Hoppyh / CC BY-SA
    5 – Grizzle and tan Lakeland Terrier by Inkforest / CC BY-SA
    6 – Tallinn, Estonia, CACIB duo 2013, August 17-18 by https://es.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Lakeland.JPG

    Videos del Lakeland Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 70
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • AKC – Terrier
    • ANKC – Group 2 (Terriers)
    • CKC – Group 4 (Terriers)
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    Lakeland Terrier breed FCI standard

    LAKELAND TERRIER FCI LAKELAND TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Lakeland (English).
      2. Lakeland (French).
      3. Lakeland (German).
      4. Lakeland (Portuguese).
      5. Lakeland (Spanish).

    Yakutian Laika
    Rusia FCI 365 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

    Laika de Yakutia

    The Yakutian Laika they are very intelligent dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction

    Content

    History

    The story of him “Yakutian Laika” is very extensive. For centuries, sleds pulled by dogs was something very important for the majority of peoples of the North of Russia, due to their way of life and the climate to which they were subjected. In the Neolithic, in the line of the coast of Northeast Asia, These dogs were used for transportation and hunting.

    At the beginning of the year 90, There was a finding on Zhokhov Island (Novosibirsk Islands, Yakutia), they found an archaeological site of hunters and dogs. It was investigated by an archaeologist from St. Petersburg, Vladimir Pitulko, There he found remains of archaeological sleds, harnesses and they still kept the bones of dogs. Using the method of radiocarbon dating demonstrated that these remains had a length of 7.800 to 8.000 years. This, It is the oldest discovery that has taken place in the Arctic.

    Ethnographers MG Levin (1946), Smolyak AV (1978) and other authors, they share that since ancient times (up until the present day), for the Aboriginal peoples of the North, the sled dogs were always universal animals: they were shooting animals, they were used also as food, and their skins were used for the manufacture of clothing and the rituals of worship. Times, the dogs were sacrificed and were used for religious ceremonies.

    Many Arctic geographical discoveries were made possible, with the sled dogs. The two poles of the Earth were discovered with the help of these dogs, in 1907, F. Cook and 1909 R. Piry reached the North Pole. In 1911, Amundsen was a Norwegian flag at the South Pole, in hostile climatic conditions, made 2.980 miles in 99 days with sled dogs.

    Yakutian Laika
    Yakutian Laika

    Until 1960 sleds pulled by dogs teams were important and, Sometimes the only available form of transport of winter in the regions of North Russia. They were used not only by the local population, but also by government agencies, including troops from the border, the postal service and scientific expeditions. According to data from file, at the end of the 50 years of 20th century, in Northern Uluses of Yakutia, the total number of dogs was of 33 000. The decrease in sledges pulled by dogs in Russia was initiated during the last thirty years of the 20th century, When appeared on the market the snowmobiles, This led to a decline of fur and the local fishing industry, that little by little led to the extinction of the use of sledge dogs

    “Give me the winter and a team of dogs, and take all” they are words of the famous traveller from North Knut Rasmussen, who made the trip longer on sledges pulled by dogs. This phrase describes the importance that have had these dogs to the length and breadth of history, and that in turn, It shows that without them much of what we know today belonged to our ignorance.

    The first written record of the dogs in the Yakutian territory dates of 1633. In the documents of the time, Olenek River, the Yana and Kolyma River is referred to as “Rivers of dogs”. In Siberia, the rivers are divided in “rivers of dog” and “Deer River”. In the fish-rich rivers, It was easy to capture and store enough fish (dry fish – yukola) to feed the dogs and so called dog River. When there are fish no, It was difficult to use dogs for transport and the reindeer were used, What are the rivers of reindeer. The journey along the "rivers of dogs" was more difficult, due to the continued need for fishing and hunting to obtain enough food for dogs.

    In 1843, published the “Manual of geography of the Russian Empire” from Ivan Yakovlevich Pavlovsky, in this book, described the Yakutian Laika as a special race, as “a domesticated animal used to pull sleds and hunting”.

    Physical characteristics

    Yakutian Laika
    Yakutian Laika

    The Yakutian Laika, is an excellent hunting companion, they are not usually very large, its height is of 50 to 60 cm., and the reason of its size due to food, given the hostile climate, Sometimes food was really poor, However in other areas in which the race has developed, its size increases significantly. The expression of the side leaves us a cunning air mixed with melancholy.
    Vladimir Ilyich Mikhelson was the first to describe the breed Yakutian Laika and differentiated her from other dogs in Northeast Asia.

    The Yakutian Laika is a robust, built proportionally, a little tall and slim, the dog of medium size and with highly developed layers of hair, which is enough to survive under harsh conditions of the Arctic. The Yakutian Laika is an active dog, the agile, curious, with a friendly and obedient nature, very sociable and nothing aggressive.

    Its main purpose is to pull the sled and hunting. It is robust, with well developed muscles and bones.
    The Yakutian Laika is bold, Extrovert, Active, friendly and sociable, an excellent companion but needs freedom, space and is very happy the cold climates.

    Character and skills

    Dogs Yakutian Laika, they live outdoors all year round, in the summer cavan pits in the Earth to keep fresh, or looking for the water trying to get rid of mosquitoes. In winter, They also tend to dig, they seek shelter, hiding under the snow.

    Good nutrition and training of Yakutian Laika for transport has always been a main activity of the fishing population.

    They are very smart dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction, It replaces a compass, prodigious hearing and sight.

    All those added to his highly developed survival instinct, they are that they are able to travel in a snow storm, mist, on dark nights and foggy, and find the nearest shelter, If they have been once, enough to register it in your memory. And we think that we are talking about a desert snow, no points of referencia…

    Exercises with “Yakutian Laika”

    The Yakutian Laika it is a sled dog with a well defined prey. The breed thrives on regular exercise and sufficient training. With a medium-high energy level, they love to run alongside a bicycle, do sled or tackle races, or play pickup in the yard. They play well with other dogs they are familiar with., but they distrust dogs and strange people. Usually, heat up quickly, but supervision is a good idea in new situations. The Yakutian Laika they are not suitable for people who cannot spend time with their dogs.

    Training “Yakutian Laika”

    Train him Yakutian Laika It is quite a pleasant and easy task thanks to his docile nature and sharp intelligence. This dog has a strong penchant for independent thinking, so you will not follow the trainer's orders unless you fully trust him. Pulling a sled is an innate talent of this breed, and does not need much training in this regard.

    The Yakutian Laika seek leadership and human guidance, but does not respond well to corrective training techniques. Work more enthusiastically if the learning process is based on positive reinforcement and tasty treats. Like any other dog, the Yakutian Laika must learn certain rules and norms of decent behavior in human society, so elemental obedience training is imperative.

    Grooming

    The Yakutian Laika experiences a seasonal shedding that can get out of control if not brushed regularly. Generally, should be brushed weekly to avoid tangles and matting. When a lot comes off, it is a good idea to brush it every day to prevent the hair from sticking to everything. Use a bristle brush and metal comb when brushing. A tousler or detangler can make your job a little easier too. Since the Yakutian Laika he's a working dog, no need to over-trim their fur. Trim between your foot pads to prevent snow, ice and other debris build up and cause irritation. Their fur naturally repels dirt and is odorless, so the bath should only be done two or three times a year. Trim your nails when necessary, usually every two to three weeks. Clean your ears every week as part of your grooming routine.

    Videos “Yakutian Laika”

    THE YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – EARTH’S COLDEST SUPERMODEL

    YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – RUSSIA’S SUPER SLED DOGS
  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 365
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

    FCI breed standard “Yakutian Laika”

    FCIFCI – “Yakutian Laika”
    Laika of Yakutia FCI

    Russo-European Laika
    Rusia FCI 304 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Russo-European Laika

    The Russo-European Laika It is characterized by its great sense of direction and its tendency to avoid confinement.

    Content

    History

    The Laika it is an original breed of dog from the far north. They are spread across the entire land mass of Eurasia, from Finland to the Bering Sea. The Laika, in its three variants, It is the breed of dog with the largest closed range of all. In the first place it was called a hunting dog. In the villages of Siberia, However, it is useful in many ways. In addition to his role as a hunting dog, It is a protection dog and a guard dog and has even proven its worth as a sled dog.

    Some associate a dog named “Laika” with the history of space travel. Because the dog Laika was the first living being sent into space by humans. His heat death in the cramped Soyuz capsule was planned from the start. But Laika is also the name of a breed of dog. Most of these dogs are extremely robust and intelligent with a huge gene pool. The Laika It is a breed of dog that has been recognized by the canine world since very early. From the time around 1880 there are several descriptions about these dogs. At that time the animals were already participants in the Moscow dog shows. For thousands of years they had enormous economic and cultural importance. Large parts of Siberia were able to develop by humans only with the help of these dogs.

    In the Middle Ages to modern times the Laika played a central role in the fur trade, what made old russia rich. The Laika he was the best hunter of martens. “The hunting dogs of the Sable they must be fugitives, with an exquisite nose, thin face and ears, and possess great sharpness and intelligence.” So it is said in the old reports. Today, hunting wild boar and other game animals is the specialty of this breed. By the way, the name comes from the Russian word “lajat” for “to bark”. The Laika seek and chase the game quietly at first. Once they have caught it, they start barking loudly so the hunter can find it – Hence the name.

    Until the years 40, the Laika they were raised according to the old tradition. Without any more preambles, the most suitable specimens were taken for common work with and for humans. They were then provided with a standard for modern pedigree dog breeding.
    In 1947 Four races of Laika were established by the Russian Congress of Cynologists, three of them are recognized by the FCI today:

    Then there is the Finnish Spitz, that the Russians call the Karelo-Finnische Laika. But the Laika it has nothing to do with the spitz as we know it. They have a completely different nature, although they may look similar on the outside. The races of Laika are very similar to each other and often only differ in details.

    Here we describe the Russo-European Laika, which has found a certain diffusion especially in eastern Germany. This still has its roots in the times of the GDR. From 1950 the Laika have been hunters here. Last but not least, but not less important, many of those who worked in the construction of pipelines in the vastness of the Soviet Union brought the race Laika To Germany.

    Physical characteristics

    The Russo-European Laika is a dog's size medium, strong, with a slightly longer and dense coat. On the head and ears the hair is short and dense. The construction is almost square. The Laika wears its well feathered tail on its back. The head is reminiscent of a European Spitz with wide awake eyes. Wears it upright like a triangle with pointed ears. The official FCI standard describes a strong dog: “The muscles are dry and well trained. A strong bone structure. Sex differences are clearly marked”. The height at the withers is between 52 and 58 centimeters in males. Bitches are a 2 smaller cm. No weight given. The coat color doesn't really play a role with the Laika. In the Russo-European Laika black with white are considered typical colors.

    Character and skills

    The Laika is a thoroughbred hunting dog. Has a distinctive sharpness of play, defend the prey, it's focused, but not sharp.

    The characteristics that recommend it as a hunting dog and that allow it to survive in the harsh living conditions of Siberia, they do not facilitate its maintenance as a companion and family dog. Therefore, serious breeding expressly attaches importance to a good socialization of the puppies already in the breeder.

    As a thoroughbred hunter you have a high level of initiative and want to work independently and with perseverance.. Some experience is needed, consistency and patience to direct this independent head. Otherwise, he would follow his thoughts and instincts at the right opportunity and hunt on his own.

    Needs a busy master or caregiver who is able and willing to allow a lot of movement. Worth it. The Laika they are really big dogs: Highly intelligent, docile and seemingly unlimited capacity. You have to merge very closely with this dog. Then follow your caregiver without contradictions. It is a fantastic experience of nature to roam the landscape with this wide awake dog.

    The ideal is, if you can lead him on the hunt. The Laika is not a guard dog, but he is willing to defend his family effectively. In front of other dogs he has no interest or is even dominant; seems to feel he is far superior to most local house dogs with his rustic body control and keen emergency senses.

    A true Laika, not bred for exhibitions, embodies a wonderful piece of Nordic nature.

    Attitude

    The Laika not at all a dog for beginners. It has high demands on its maintenance, that stem from your destiny as a hunting dog. In addition, it is a very independent working dog. If one wants to have the clear leading role as a human, this requires a lot of understanding of the dog. This opens the possibility of a very special intimate relationship between man and dog., which is not based on submission but on mutual respect and true friendship. In addition to his passion for hunting, can also be used for the agility and other sports with dogs. Here he is also enormously powerful but also demanding. So it's not enough to just go to dog sports with him once a week.. Monotonous reps aren't your thing either.

    On the other hand, is not picky about attitude. However, a property (well secured) must be available, because at Laika he likes to stay out, what is not to be confused with kennel maintenance. During the hunt the animal never loses contact with its guide. Shows an extraordinary sense of direction, a vital feature in the vastness of Russia. So almost always find – if you want – an exit from the property, and again. A proper hunting guide is ideal. Otherwise, need a teacher or a lover of outdoor sports. The breed is extremely robust and adaptable, but it is not a dog for a flat.

    Education of “Russo-European Laika”

    The Russo-European Laika can be well trained for a very experienced dog owner. But you have to get involved with him very intensely. He is open and honest and likes to work with his master and mistress, although his “will to please” be limited. Not a partner for any kind of tricks. Has no problems and is frugal in daily handling, whenever you have your workload on hunting or dog sports.

    Care and health of the “Russo-European Laika”

    The Russo-European Laika it is absolutely easy to clean. Just need a little grooming here and there, during the coat change a little more.

    Nutrition

    The Laika is free of problems in its nutrition.

    Life expectancy “Russo-European Laika”

    It is not for the world of cacina exhibitions, the Laika healthy breed can easily reach the 12 years and much more with a good physical condition.

    Buy a Laika

    As a buyer you should make sure you get a Laika from a breeder who does not inbreed and only allows natural mating.. Other practices are diametrically opposed to respect and love for these original and robust dogs. If you are interested in a Laika, The first thing you should do is check if you want and can spend a close life, common and sporty with these dogs for at least the next ten years. Then you should get information from a local breeder, who is affiliated with a nodic dog club. A puppy of this breed costs around 1.000 EUR.

    Typical diseases “Russo-European Laika”

    The Laika it is a very healthy and extremely robust breed of dog, as long as he's not unilaterally bred by a supposed beauty in the dog show business. Hardly any other breed of dog today is fortunate enough to have access to such a large population., naturally original, to a genetic potential as great as the Laika in the vastness of Russia. One can only hope that this great opportunity will be seized by the breeding clubs..

    Images “Russo-European Laika”

    Photos:

    1 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/540768
    2 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/962571
    3 – Russo-European Laika by https://pxhere.com/de/photo/828184
    4 – Russo-European Laika male on Dog Show in Katowice, 2006 by Konrad Loesch / CC BY
    5 – Russo-European Laika by Timarflex / CC BY-SA
    6 – Russo-European Laika by tracey r / CC BY

    Videos “Russo-European Laika”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 304
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI Russo-European Laika breed standard

    Russo-European Laika FCI Russo-European Laika FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Laĭka (English).
      2. Laĭka (French).
      3. Russisch-Europäischer Laïka, Laĭka (German).
      4. Laika (Portuguese).
      5. Laika (Spanish).

    West Siberian laika
    Rusia FCI 306 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Laika de Siberia Occidental

    In its country of origin, Russia, the West Siberian laika has been bred as a hunting dog for centuries.

    Content

    History

    The “West Siberian laika” (Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka), is the product of the cross between closely related species of Chanteisk laika and Mansijak with Russian hunting dogs from the north of the Urals and Western Siberia. Outside its area of origin in areas mainly populated by hunters, This race has widely spread to central areas of Russia; This type of dog that abounds on these sites, they are reared in large installations. In different hunting regions there are special kennels for breeding the West Siberian laika.

    Recognition by the FCI

    From 1980 the Russo-European Laika as well as the East Siberian Laika have been recognized as independent breeds by the FCI in addition to the West Siberian laika. However, the Yakutian Laika, as well as other types of Laika, as the Jezdoraja Laika, the Nenezker Weather or the Karelo-Finnish Laika, are not internationally recognized until now. Within the FCI the three breeds of Laika are classified in the group 5, Together with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the Karelian Bear Dog, form the Section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs” within this group.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a variable value hunting dog, but also shooting or for sledge. Is medium-sized, Slim and strong Constitution. Her bone structure is well developed, is not mass or rough. Muscle is strong and well developed. It has a strongly coiled tail, He takes her on the back or the back.

    Its fur is hard, short, with developed internal fluff. The outer layer is thick and straight. The internal fluff is abundant and dense hair's outer layer which gives a distant and leafy appearance. In the head, You ears and part of limb hair is short. On the cross, neck and back of legs the hair is longer than forming a collar in the region of the neck and a beard in the cheek area; the rear extremities presents some feathers.

    Is white, salt and pepper, Red or gray in all colors. Allow the color black, also spotted or with the same color plates.

    Strong similarity to the wolf

    With the often hairier males, it even produces a kind of mane. This feature reminds of a wolf, with which the Laika not only share the pointed and high ears, narrow wedge-shaped head and small oblique eyes, but also strong teeth and coat color, often similar to wolf.

    Varied coat colors and a typical striped tail

    However, the colors of him West Siberian laika are very diverse depending on the wide range of the breed and the large number of local strokes, ranging from pure white to black, pepper and salt, the color of the wolf, reddish brown, grey, the pied or the spotted. Characteristic of all races of Russian Laika is the striking striped tail, worn both on the side and on the back.

    Character and skills

    Independent hunter and close ally.

    Like most hunting dogs, the West Siberian laika also has some independence. Not only in hunting, but also as a watchdog, companion dog or sled dog, sometimes acts independently and autonomously. However, this does not mean that it cannot adapt to its humans. On the contrary: the Laika feels closely connected to her reference person and always seeks their proximity. Even when hunting, never strays too far from his guide and ensures every 20 or 30 minutes of hunter following.

    The intense relationship with humans allows him Laika – despite its original roots – be used as a herding dog, protection, guard or shooting.

    Life in the family

    Once an owner has earned the trust of his Laika, even the most demanding training goals can be achieved. It is important that the West Siberian laika have a firm place in your “in the sense” from the beginning and allow him to participate closely in the life of his people. In doing so, is closely linked to your “leader of the pack”, but also shows himself as a patient and loving companion when dealing with other family members, especially with the children. If you socialize early and comprehensively, living with other dogs and pets usually works without problems.

    Activities “West Siberian laika”

    Despite these characteristics, the West Siberian laika is and remains primarily a working dog, for which his “work” is as important as its people. A life as a pure domestic and family dog ​​certainly does not do justice to its nature.. Only if you can sufficiently demonstrate your stamina, agility, speed and intelligence, will present himself at home as a calm and balanced companion.

    The West Siberian laika I want to be “needy” and, therefore, you should definitely receive an assignment that challenges you both physically and mentally. Owners who don't run their Laika like the hunter he is, they must provide for sufficient substitute employment, for example, in sport form (Agility), training dog sport, runway and nose work or training as a rescue dog.

    Health “West Siberian laika”

    Unlike many other dog breeds, which often developed rather by coincidence, Russian dogs already had exact ideas about the useful characteristics of this breed very early. The breeding of him West Siberian laika it was soon subjected to strict controls and took place in breeding stations approved by the central state. In order to preserve the excellent qualities of hunting, officially organized tests were introduced. Dogs that did not meet the high requirements for use were systematically excluded from breeding.

    Healthy and robust working dogs

    Strict breeding requirements and tough selection led to the good hunting dog qualities and excellent sensory perceptions of dogs being preserved to this day. At the same time, high concentration on utility ensured that outward appearances became less of an affair. A breeding of pure beauty, that as the examples of other dog breeds show, often led to health problems, was avoided in the West Siberian laika. The hereditary diseases typical of the breed, with which fashionable dogs often fight, are not known in this original breed. Even generalized joint diseases, such as dysplasia of the hip joint (HD), rarely occur in this Laika.

    Nutrition “West Siberian laika”

    Dog owners shouldn't change their diet too often either.. Although the West Siberian laika is not very picky about his diet, the constant changes in the food plate could overload even your robust stomach. As a descendant of the wolf, dogs don't need many different foods to stay healthy. Unlike us humans, that we should have a diet as varied as possible and whose menu includes meat, fish and vegetables, as well as potatoes, noodles and other cereal products, dogs need meat above all. Both their teeth and their digestion are oriented to the processing of foods based on meat. Different types of meat and changing tastes are, by the way, desirable with respect to this main ingredient.

    Discover our selection of dog food.

    Pay attention to your dog's nutritional needs. Whether you feed your dog wet meat, dry, raw (BARF) or cooked, it is important that the amount and content of the food meet the specific nutritional needs of your dog. These requirements depend on very individual criteria such as race, size, age, activity level and health status and may vary accordingly. If the composition is correct, a Laika adult can get by with one or two meals a day. After feeding, the feeding bowl should be cleaned and should only be available again the next day or for the next meal. It is better to avoid snacking between meals or the constant administration of treats. However, fresh drinking water should always be available for your dog.

    Buying a West Siberian Laika

    With his healthy nature, robust and original, the West Siberian laika satisfies the desire of many dog ​​lovers for something “Wild” in our modern and civilized everyday life. And finally, but not less important, the wolf appearance of this breed fascinates people. This natural beauty, coupled with excellent hunting performance, made of him West Siberian laika one of the most popular dog breeds of the former Soviet Union already in 1960.

    How much does a puppy cost “West Siberian laika”?

    In Europe, the Time to fall still rarely seen. So it is extremely difficult outside of Russia to get a purebred Laika from a proven breeding line.. Long, arduous roads and a comparatively high puppy price between 1.300 and 1.500 EUR are the rule. Even if you have found a suitable breeder after a long search, you may be advised not to buy a Laika. Don't be surprised if during the first meeting you are asked very personal questions about your profession., their living conditions, your future plans and marital status. For committed and serious breeders, the welfare of dogs is, as a last resort, more important than financial benefit. After all, keeping such a demanding animal takes a long time, experience and space.

    People who are primarily attracted to the appearance and originality of this Laika they must therefore carefully consider whether their living conditions and character really fit this breed. If in the end you are still convinced that the West Siberian laika is the correct breed, you must prepare well for the purchase of the new “family member”. Not only are you doing yourself a favor, but above all the dog, because this Laika demands your undivided attention “handler” and does not tolerate a change of owner very well.

    Caring for him “West Siberian laika”

    Although the West Siberian laika he is a very robust dog, you need not only a healthy diet but also proper care to stay healthy and vital. Its hard and soft top layer repels dirt and water well, but you still need to brush regularly (about twice a week). During the change of coat, you Laika should be brushed daily to remove dead hair and strands. In general, the owners of this breed of dog should not be disturbed by the hair of the dogs in the house, because although the West Siberian laika he is basically a very clean dog, lose a lot of hair, that spreads across the sofa, the carpet and the floor. In addition to the toilet, the claws should be regularly shortened and the ears, teeth and feet should be checked and cleaned.

    Keeping

    Regarding the attention, the time required can be manageable, but the use of a Laika alone takes a lot of time (free). Who chooses a West Siberian laika should therefore not have to work full time. This human-oriented working dog is not made for long periods of solitude. As an original hunting dog needs a lot of career, an appropriate task and lots of contact with your reference person. A hatchery in a small town flat is, therefore, as unsuitable as a kennel. The dog of the Siberian breed is most comfortable in a house with a large fenced garden, where you can be close to your humans at all times.

    No dog for beginners

    Also for the education of this Laika a close relationship between dog and human is a basic requirement. If your dog trusts you, you can trust your competence and sovereignty as “leader of the pack” and is sure of his closeness and love, will follow you willingly – despite its original roots as an independent hunting dog. But to reliably fulfill the role of a competent leader of the pack, technical knowledge is required, consistency and strength of character. The West Siberian laika certainly not a beginner dog.

    Evaluations of the West Siberian laika

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “West Siberian laika” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    West Siberian laika pictures

    Photos:

    1 – “West Siberian laika” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Siberian_Laika.jpg
    2 – “West Siberian laika” by ecured
    3 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    4 – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    5 – First-generation (F1) wolf-dog hybrid from Wildlife Park Kadzidlowo, Poland (photos: A. Krzywinski) by Maris Hindrikson et al / CC BY
    6 – This is a 4 month old West Siberian Laika female pup. It is at this stage when a WSL pups unique natural hunting instincts become evident by Meribelles at English Wikipedia / CC BY-SA

    West Siberian laika videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 306
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI West Siberian laika Standard

    West Siberian laika FCI West Siberian laika FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. WSL, Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (English).
      2. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (French).
      3. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (German).
      4. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (Portuguese).
      5. Zapadno-Sibirskaïa Laïka (Spanish).
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