Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
Noruega FCI 203 - Medium-sized Hounds

Norwegian Hound

The Norwegian Hound (Dunker) it is found only in its country of origin and is practically unknown outside its borders.

Content

History

The Norwegian Hound was originally called Dunker, in honor of the Norwegian captain and breeder Wilhelm Conrad Dunker (1806-1860), who established the first breed standard in 1850. During the first half of the 19th century, there was a large population of hounds in norway, including various types used for hare hunting. Wilhelm Dunker selected those with the sharpest sense of smell and crossed them with a Russian Harlequin Hound to produce a versatile hound, able to hunt rabbits and hares by smell rather than sight, and tough enough to withstand the harsh weather conditions of Norway.

In 1902 was founded the Norsk Harehundklub, a club dedicated to hounds. That same year the hounds were divided into two main groups, known today as Dunker y Hygenhounds. The first was the largest and included local dogs from all over the country, providing a wide and varied breeding base.

Although Norway was less affected by World War II than other European countries, the demand for these dogs dropped dramatically, which made it difficult for the breeders to continue their work properly. As a result, the number of specimens decreased significantly.

After the conflict is over, the Dunker regained some popularity and was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1956.

However, this bounce was only short lived: lost ground again from the decade of 1970, due to competition from foreign breeds of hunting dogs imported into the country.

Things did not improve much in the 80, to the point that inbreeding problems began to appear. In fact, the decline in its population led many breeders to resort to inbreeding to continue breeding. This led to a high rate of congenital deafness.. For this reason, in 1987, the breeding committee of the Norwegian Hound asked the Norsk Kennel Klubb (NKK), the reference canine organization in Norway, permission to cross the Dunker with other races, but they denied it. However, how things did not improve much, the NKK finally gave his approval for some crosses two years later. This resulted in a more varied and healthy genetic makeup, while maintaining the characteristic features of the breed.

The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1996. However, the other American reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), has not done the same to this day – nor does the neighboring Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or the prestigious British Kennel Club (KC). In fact, at the global level, recognition of the breed is still quite partial.

It's the same for broadcast. Even in the other Scandinavian countries, is almost absent, with the exception of Sweden, where the Svenska Kennelklubben records a number of births each year that can be counted on the fingers of one hand, compared to around twenty in the early nineties. In France, not a single inscription was made in the Book of French Origins (LOF) during the first two decades of the 21st century.

In Norway, The number of Dunkers recorded each year in the NKK has been around 150 since the mid-decade 2000. However, this marks a halving of the number compared to the change of the years 90. This limited number is partly explained by the deafness problem present in this breed: almost the 75% of its population suffers from deafness.

Photo: A Norwegian Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound It is a medium-sized dog distinguished by its long, well-proportioned body, his energetic and clear walk and his light weight. They have solid bones, giving an impression of strength and endurance. The back is straight, firm and long enough to give length to the rib cage. Lets on strong, dry front legs. The tail is wide and thick at the base and tapers at the tip. Descends to the hock or slightly protrudes from the hock.

Dunker
Dunker

Quite long, its head is characterized by a slightly domed skull and a marked stop. Located at half height, the ears are flat, without folds, hanging and soft to the touch. Half-width, taper towards its tip, which is rounded. Its mouth has scissor-shaped teeth dominated by a square, well-developed snout., a black nose and wide nostrils.

His eyes are round, large and very penetrating. Although they are usually dark in color, there are also individuals with one or two blue eyes, a characteristic that is associated with an increased risk of deafness. Minnow eyes are allowed in blue individuals (variegated). Regardless of the color of the eyes, the eyes express calm and seriousness.

The coat of the Dunker consists of short hair, hard, tight and dense. Its coloration is a distinctive sign of the breed: they are either black with light fawn and white spots, or blue merle (Variegated?) and mottled with light fawn and white spots. Jet black coats with dark tawny markings are less desirable, and those in which white predominates (to the point of representing at least the 50% Of the surface) are considered undesirable by the norm.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

Life expectancy: 12 years of age.

Size of Norwegian Hound

    – Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
    – Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
    – Female size: Of 47 - 53 cm.
    – Male size: Of 50 - 55 cm.

Character and skills “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is a fast and tenacious hunter with an above-average olfactory ability. They excel particularly in hunting hare and rabbit.

Being also gentle, loving, cheerful and friendly, they have all the qualities required to be an excellent companion dog. Balanced, patients, tolerant and devoid of aggressiveness, they are very good playmates for children. However, it is important to note that a dog should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision, and this applies to all races.

His total lack of aggressiveness and his attraction to humans, even for those you don't know, make it totally impossible to use as a guard dog. In effect, not reserved at all, shy, fearful or aggressive with strangers, rather they tend to welcome them positively and trust them. They are more likely to greet a malicious person with curiosity and licking them rather than barking to warn their master or make them understand that they better go their way.

His sociability extends to other dogs too. Therefore, it is quite possible to share a house with a dog companion without fearing that conflict situations will multiply, and is generally friendly with those he meets on his walks.

With cats and other animals, things are a little more complicated. His hunting instinct naturally leads him to chase any small furry animal that is not part of the canine species.. Although he has grown up with him and must consider his little companion as a member of the family and not as a potential prey, risk can never be ruled out, so it is better to avoid such cohabitation. As for those that can be found on your walks, you probably want to chase them. Therefore, it is preferable to keep it on a leash during excursions, to avoid any accident.

Dunker
Dunker

In any case, the fear that it will chase other animals does not mean that you should not take it out enough every day, knowing that you need a lot of activity to expend your great energy. Need at least 45 minutes of exercise per day, but his stamina makes him happy to go further if given the chance. In addition, it is preferable to vary the pleasures to allow you to fully expend your energy: long walks, run through the park, sports with dogs, etc. Sports that require running (like canicross) and those that appeal to your senses (like tracking) they are the most recommended. In fact, this dog is very happy when he has to mobilize his physical and mental capacities. In any case, in addition to allowing you to exercise, all these activities reinforce the relationship with his master, which is especially important if you are hearing impaired.

From the above it follows that the Dunker not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person, I couldn't give you all the exercise you need. The ideal for him is a master of sport, and willing to take his partner in his various activities. Retirees may be right for him, if they are active enough.

In any case, life in the city is not ideal for him, that needs large spaces to fully develop. A house with a garden in the country is a much more appropriate environment to live. However, it is important to ensure that the garden is well fenced and that the environment is safe, as his instincts and hunting instincts soon lead him to follow leads and flee.

Once your need for exercise is satisfied, the Norwegian Hound has an easy and docile character; is far from being as stubborn as many hunting dog breeds. However, your sense of smell can make training difficult, as he is easily distracted by a scent and not really responsive to his master's commands.

Their propensity to bark can also be quite annoying. He is particularly prone to doing so if his master is away for a long time without having given him any exercises beforehand and without having the means to do it himself.. In fact, inactivity can be a burden and cause those behavior problems, as well as destruction, for example. However, as long as you have something to take care of in the absence of your family, not the type of dog that suffers a lot from separation anxiety.

Education “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

Like all the other hounds, the Norwegian Hound must be socialized from an early age. In other words, so that he becomes a balanced adult and has no trouble finding his place, should be given without delay a maximum of opportunities to meet all kinds of humans (veterinary, neighbors, delivery man, etc.), Other animals, but also to face various noises, smells and situations. This is even more important as you are easily distracted by your sense of smell..

The rules established in your education should also be taught to you from an early age, when your ability to learn and docility are at their best. As with any race, bad habits are quickly acquired while he is still a puppy and become real problems when he grows up.

In any case, the Dunker it is a breed of dog that is easy to train and that listens to its master, as long as he uses a dog-friendly training method. Treatments generally prove to be very effective in positively reinforcing your good deeds and facilitating learning. However, sometimes it is necessary to show firmness and affirm your own authority to prevent this dogged dog from doing what he pleases. It can also be difficult to get their attention, given their tendency to be distracted by their sense of smell.

Since it has a strong inclination to follow its nose and to chase passing small animals, Teaching your dog to call back is especially important to avoid the risk of a frantic tug on the leash or running away if it moves freely.

It can also be helpful to try to teach him to channel his propensity to bark.. However, as it is deeply ingrained in him, should not be expected to be the calmest of dogs. If it is impossible to make him understand that some things do not necessarily require him to bark, at least he can be taught to stop on command.

Last but not least, if the dog is deaf from birth, as is the case with a significant fraction of the representatives of the breed, the master must obviously adapt to this restriction: training a deaf dog is not done in the same way as training another dog that is capable of hearing its master's voice. Trust is then even more crucial in the relationship between the animal and its master., so that you can learn and live in good conditions despite your disability. Of course, communication is then done through non-verbal communication, and it is up to the teacher to adopt explicit body language, based on gestures and precise mimics, specific for each indication you want to give.

Health “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is very resistant, generally have excellent health and very good longevity.

Used to living in harsh Norwegian weather, can tolerate cold and humidity without difficulty. Their coat is naturally waterproof and offers good protection from the elements. On the other hand, shows some intolerance to high temperatures, even if it is able to adapt to a Mediterranean climate. You simply need to lighten up your activities during hot flashes, or at least privilege those that are carried out inside, to make sure you always have access to a shaded place or even air conditioning and to avoid any excessive physical exercise in the hottest hours.

Its small population and its limited diffusion prevent a very important deterioration of health, but it has been shown that it is predisposed to certain problems:

  • deafness, what is a hereditary disease. According to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), almost the 75% of the breed population is today deaf by at least one, if not both ears;
  • hip dysplasia, a joint malformation that may be characterized by a hereditary predisposition. Can cause joint pain as well as difficulty moving;
  • Elbow dysplasia, which can also be favored by a hereditary predisposition. It is painful and leads to difficulty moving and the development of osteoarthritis;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary and incurable eye disease. Causes loss of night vision first, then loss of daytime vision, to the point that the dog becomes totally blind;
  • Demodecic scabies, a contagious parasitic disease that causes itching and true discomfort to the dog, gradually losing appetite and sleep;
  • ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to its hanging shape.
  • In addition, individuals used for hunting are exposed to the various risks associated with this activity: wounds, parasites, thorns, etc.

    In addition, the Dunker has a strong appetite. How it is usually active, this is not usually a problem. However, if it is not, soon becomes overweight.

    Given the hereditary conditions to which the breed is predisposed, the breeder's work plays a decisive role in the adoption of a Norwegian Hound that he is in perfect health and that he will probably remain so. In addition to the results of genetic tests performed on the parents and the puppy to reduce the risk of such diseases, every serious and responsible breeder must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as documents related to the vaccines administered.

    In addition, when the dog is small and still growing, your bones and joints are particularly fragile: therefore, any excessive or prolonged physical exercise should be avoided, since I could pay it one day or another, with potentially permanent sequelae (malformations, etc.).

    Last but not least, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian at least once a year to ensure that the dog is in good health or, on the other hand, to be able to detect as soon as possible any problem whose symptoms are not yet visible. This health check is also an opportunity to carry out your immunization reminders, which are another essential lever to keep the dog in good health. Still in the prevention registry, it is the owner's responsibility to renew the antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary throughout the year, so your partner is never unprotected.

    Care and maintenance “Norwegian Hound”

    A tough breed, the Norwegian Hound do not require much maintenance.

    However, they lose a lot of hair, so brushing your hair twice a week is not too much to help remove dead hairs and keep it looking good. During their shedding periods in spring and fall, when it should be done more often (even daily) to prevent hair growth throughout the house.

    Since his hair is not very dirty and therefore does not have a strong odor, bathing him two or three times a year is generally sufficient. In any case, a too frequent bath will make the sebum naturally present on the skin disappear, that insulates and protects it from the elements. Having said that, do not hesitate to give him a bath if he has gotten very dirty, for example during a particularly muddy hunting trip. In any case, you can only use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, at the risk of damaging your skin.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    The ears, on the other hand, require special attention, since its hanging shape implies an increased risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). They should be cleaned every week with a damp cloth or a cleaning product specially designed for this purpose.. They should also be dried after each bath or a long period of time in a humid place.

    Their eyes they should also be examined weekly and cleaned if necessary with a damp cloth.

    It is also necessary to brush the teeth of your dog every week or even every day to avoid the formation of dental plaque and its possible consequences (bad breath, diseases, etc.). A toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

    In addition, it is important to regularly check your dog's claws to make sure they are not getting too long and to trim them if this is the case. This could not only hinder your gait, it could also be broken and potentially injured at the same time. Having said that, while you're active and spending long hours outdoors, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them.

    To know how to proceed during maintenance sessions, it is helpful to benefit from the expertise of a vet or groomer the first time. In fact, whether the various procedures for grooming the coat, the ears, the eyes, your pet's teeth or claws are not done properly, not only will satisfactory results not be obtained, but the owner may even injure or injure his pet. In addition, the owner should get used to his pet very soon, so that throughout his life he accepts to be manipulated without being rebellious.

    In addition, when your pet returns from a long time in the wild, it is a good idea to systematically take a little time to inspect it carefully: parasites, spikes or dirt may have gotten into their fur, and may also have been injured.

    What is the price of a “Norwegian Hound”

    In Norway, a puppy Dunker It costs around 7000 Norwegian crowns (a few 650 EUR). The sale price varies from one individual to another depending on the prestige of the offspring, the dog's lineage and its intrinsic characteristics.

    Since the breed does not have a wide international distribution, it is almost impossible to find a breeder of the same outside your country of origin.

    Therefore, whether you are in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada or elsewhere, who wants to adopt a Norwegian Hound you must opt ​​for the import solution. In this case, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, you must respect the regulations to import a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    Videos “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    Sabueso Noruego (Dunker) – Raza de Perro
    Dunker ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 203
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

    “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)” FCI Norwegian Hound (Dunker) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dunker (English).
      2. Dunker (French).
      3. Dunkerbracke, Dunkerlaufhund (German).
      4. Dunker (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador noruego, Dunker, Sabueso de Dunker (Spanish).

    Spanish dogo
    España Molosoide

    Dogo Español

    The Spanish dogo He has the instinct of guard and defense still preserving the hunting instinct and dam;

    Content

    History “Spanish dogo”

    Dam dogs entered in the Iberian tribes of barbarians beyond accompanying by the 4th century; Swabians, Vandals and Alans they were guarding their livestock and transhumant with this type of dog camps.

    Throughout history, these animals are used in different functions with a common denominator; his instinct for hunting and dam as a tool at the service of hunting; management of livestock; guardianship and custody of properties; dog of war; etc.

    Kings, feudal lords, mercenaries, butchers, livestock, and even bullfighting, These lines make a very important benchmark in the history of our country, reaching its greatest height during the period called "Spanish romanticism". The historical references are so numerous as diverse. According to their morphological characteristics they would use for some purposes or other; more light and more broker-type dogs were used for hunting, and the more corpulent and bobbleheads were employed in tasks requiring more power or strength of stop that resistance. Where, as and when it begins to be selected systematically towards one or another tendency and under one or another name is hardly something decipherable. Then spoke of "types" - the concept of race is much more modern in canine terms -; and under the concept of "type" coexist different morphologies with certain common traits. The more generic denominations of this "type" have been "Alans"; "prey";"Dogos"; "Bull dogs"; "Alans butchers"; "chatos"; etc.

    Sometimes referring to specific differential features called them in one way or another, and other times of generically under the same concept to different varieties. A current "taxonomic" classification of these dogs according to historical references, It would be an anachronism of difficult zootechnical solution.
    We found centuries-old descriptions — as in the "book of the Monteria"- that under the same concept of "Alano" gets to the lightweight type for hunting with reference to other heavier variety for the grip of cattle.

    But we also find arguments and references supporting morphological and functional differences between these "prey"; see the description of "Dogo" by the Royal Academy of the language edition of 20th century; The distinction by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1911 between "dam Spanish" in his role as guardian and utility and the "Alano" on the trail and hunting group; the Medal with the inscription "Dogue de Burgos" of the year 1625 ; documented deliveries of indigenous British Bulldogs and Italians, etc.

    Therefore, far from squinting not without ambiguities sometimes etymological or linguistic issues, We focus on the constructive process, that is none other that history with all its variability of types reconciled, with the current reality of the concept of "race", which requires adjustment to more defined patterns.

    Under this purpose is born the project for the recovery of the Spanish dogo; It would include the type of alano or dam heavy and most full-bodied of our peninsula.

    "Why unify under the denomination of"?Dogo”? It was to use a name that meet a series of requirements:

      1. Having historic endorsement in number and significance of reference
      2. Generic and identifiable name with these morphologies
      3. Avoid controversial connotations related to endangerment
      4. Avoid localisms or allusion to obsolete or too restrictive functions

    "Results of this denomination of"Dogo"is that better encompasses the concept of"molosser Iberian”.

    "We have the definition of"Dogo"by the Royal Academy of the language; our Dogos influenced directly or indirectly the rest of related breeds; There are manifestos of the Crown of Aragon for shipment of Doges Spaniards to Naples; the Governor of Cuba concerning the delivery of "dams Spaniards" the British Navy for the control of Maroons; they exported extensively to England; in Germany they recreated to the extinct "bullesbeizer" through the Boxer crossing a bulldog with a bitch of a dam called "Flora" of clear Hispanic descent; look the first boxer rebellion of late 19th to see the resemblance of the Germanic race of that period with our rustic flat autochthonous.
    The number of references is countless.

    • 2. Origins of the recovery process Spanish dogo

    In the Decade of the 80, with the onset of the Alano recovery already referred to the existence of different typologies and trends. Then used the terms "type, line or livestock trend"Vs"Hunter type"as differential label.

    "The fusion of"Alans or dams"with dogs"villains' land, -light grazing and cutting Lupoid dogs - gave a versatile hybrid that preserved the atavism of grip dogs, but with the spark and resistance of the shepherds. "Hence the"Villain of the Encartaciones”, a derivative of the Alano in its lightest version.

    The Spanish Alano is standardized to guiding their selection was an intermediate type. The process concludes with the official recognition of the breed in the year 2003 on the part of the Royal Canine society of Spain.

    In short the basic trends on a bipolar scale we find the following picture:

      1° / On the one hand light runners and discharged structures morphology;

      2° / On the pole opposite the types most corpulent and brachycephalic;

      3º / And between both ends, a majority and consolidated intermediate type.

    The types"corridor” e “intermediate"they would be represented by"Villains” y “Alans"respectively; leaving uncovered the most molosser niche of the scale.

    Was justice detach for the first time since the beginning of the century past our "most corpulent prey" of its parent alanica, and make it not under the restriction that prints a "trend", But reconciling the idiosyncrasies of this type with the concept of current race. Any trend that takes body and prominence is likely to empower low-status of race; It is just a matter that under the right circumstances: having genetic material; references historical; and above all with a coordinated group willing to redirect selection facilitate this work.

    With the recovery of the Alano was foreseeable the tribute that would pay the extreme types; marginalized to a purely testimonial presence in directly proportional relationship to the fixing of the intermediate alano. "Under this scenario our last strongholds of"Bulldogs"they would be doomed to extinction as potential race or in the best cases relegated to trend within the restraint imposed by the standard of the Alano.

    Were fortunately born individuals of this kind in litters of Alans. We have continued to use some breeders as players occasionally, and if only it were looking for complementarity, these genes have continued there. Other breeders - special mention to Francisco Rincon– they have had the courage not only to continue using Alans in this trend, but do so looking for fix this type rather than complement it. "Thanks to this recovery project of the"Spanish dogo"on the genetic basis of the"Alano"is a reality.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the most controversial issues in mapping out the path and targets in selection, It is to be clear where it started and where we are going; define that niche is covered with this project, and do it with its own identity, trying to converge as little as possible with the rest of related breeds. Our Dogo is framed between the the molossians of arenas and the molosoides group.

    More related with our races Spanish dogo indigenous, both by type and by junction, they would be the Dogo Canario; the Spanish Alano; the Majorca Mastiff; the Dogue de Bordeaux; the Cane Corso; and the Bullmasfiff.

    Based on a thorough differential analysis of our standard project, We have our niche secured connection all them. Of echo, There is greater overlap between many terriers; bracoides; pastors and Nordic - to mention a few families- to enter our Spanish dogo and the rest of related.

    To see clearly where lie these differences, -others, such as the expression and the type are more difficult to quantify- We took the average values of each racial pattern and vein results with our Spanish dogo. We will look at an example, that where could have some overlap in weight, There will be no size, or where any size won't be it in proportions; not to mention in expression and typicity although not easily described values.

    To this end we present the attached table offering average in those easier to obtain parameters values: by adding maximum and minimum thresholds and dividing between two we took weights and middle of each standard sizes. We do so only in males by simplifying data and observe such differences at a glance quickly.

    Related breeds Spanish Mastiff

    Delving into these differences, other variables - such as the facial skull lines; injuries such as the cephalic and thoracic perimeters; proportion of muzzle to skull; eye color; etc.,- they come to make it even more clear to what's our niche and do so without conflict of competence with respect to the rest of related breeds.

    Breed standard
    SPANISH MASTIFF BREED PATTERN

    Racial pattern

    – HISTORICAL REVIEWS:

    During the period between the end of the s. IV and the 5th century, the alano village will occupy large areas of southern Europe, among others the Iberian peninsula. This town is made accompanied by their dogs of prey, which is mestizan with powerful dogs brought to the peninsula by the Phoenicians and Romans, mainly.

    Miscegenation which gives rise to which most would be later called Dogo, Dam or flat Spanish among other synonyms. His name is mainly due to their excellent qualities in the management and control of the cattle of bravo and semi-bravo type, a native of the Iberian peninsula.
    Later, the emergence of bullfighting, would that they would play a prominent role in the same, in the so-called luck of dogs, until the beginning of the 20th century.

    Also, for its excellent qualities for the defence and guard, It would be used as a dog of war, being very appreciated by soldiers of other Nations, especially for the control of rebels in the Americas.

    – GENERAL APPEARANCE:

    Molosser type, moderately brevilineo, very strong, rustic and endowed with tremendous power.
    Back straight and compact. It presents a notable sexual dimorphism, males showing a cranial region more developed and a stronger type. Medium to large-sized, brachycephalic, It has a robust structure as a whole, Compact and powerful.

    – TEMPERAMENT:

    Sweet and affable character with the family. Tireless worker and multifaceted.
    Very attentive and especially gifted for the guardian, Defense, management and control of cattle. Easy management and education. He is very self-confident.

    – HEAD:

    Brachycephalic, head strong and powerful.

    – CRANIAL REGION:

    Slightly convex skull, square, wide and very strong. Average length, always in harmony with the rest of the body. Facial skull lines slightly converging. Well pointed front Groove. Well developed temporal muscles. The zygomatic arches, superciliary, as well as the temporal bones, They show a high development. The skin is smooth, without wrinkles. Very marked stop.

    – FACIAL REGION (FACE):

      – Truffle: Pigmented black and complete. Large and wide holes.
      Snout: It is a square, strong, occupying the 34% the total length of the skull, admitting a deviation of the 2%. Light folds are supported.
      – Lips: thick and well Pigmented; desirable that they do not hang up too.
      – JAWS and teeth: they must be very powerful. The wide enough to permit a correct insertion of dental. Preferably complete (42 parts). The teeth are not visible with the mouth closed. Canine blunt, short, wide and well separated. Is supported as the Scissor bite, Clip, reverse scissor, as well as a slight prognathism not exceeding 0, 5 cm. Well developed JAWS.
      – Eyes: medium-sized, almond and separate. From dark Hazel to amber and yellow. Adhered, well pigmented eyelid. Frank gaze and front. With no apparent conjunctiva and little white.
      – Ears: medium-high insertion. Preferably folded over the face and slightly rounded at the bottom. Medium to small size.

    – NECK:

    Well muscled, slightly arched and of medium length. Allowed light folds in the jowl area. Crushing it slightly from the shoulders to the head.

    – BODY:

      – Cross: well marked, average implementation and descended toward the back.
      – Back: medium, flat and well developed.
      – Pork loin: short, broad, strong and convex.
      – Rump: slightly downed. It is short, wide and well developed.
      – Breast : width, deep, very strong and developed. Slightly cylindrical rib. Profile down to the elbow. The thoracic perimeter, in its widest part must pass at least in a 25% the height at the withers.
      – Abdomen: moderately retracted.
      – Tail: average insertion. Great thick at its base is tuned toward aims it, not to exceed the Hock. It is not wound on the tip.

    – FORELIMBS:

      – Shoulder: strong, with prominent muscles. Slightly oblique.
      – Arms: good muscular, Plumb and separate.
      – Elbows: neither returned to the outside or very attached to the chest.
      – Forearms: good muscular, straight and with good bone.
      – Previous feet: rounded, made of strong fingers that reinforce the appearance of big cats.

    – HIND LIMBS:

    Strong and properly angled.

      – Thighs: apparent and very developed.
      – Hocks: short, vigorous and moderate-angle. RAM does not present.
      – Back feet: rounded, slightly longer than the previous ones and fat fingers.

    – MOVEMENT:

    The typical passage of the race is the trot. This is shown effortlessly, fluid and agile.
    The back is at the same level, parallel to the direction of motion. The head tends to be low. Explosive Gallop.

    – SKIN:

    Thick and attached except in the neck, It is somewhat more lax.

    – FUR:

      – Hair: moderately short (never satin), dense, acrid, There may be a light Undercoat. The hair should reinforce the rustic appearance of the individual.
      – Color: Griffon and barcinos or Brindle in all its varieties; alobados; carbonates or Chair; black and Brindle; black and Fawn and peeps. With or without mask.

    – SIZE AND WEIGHT:

      – Height at the withers: males from 61cm to 66cm, females of 58cm to 63 cm.. Supported a tolerance of 2cm at the top.
      – Weight: males between 45 and 53 kgr, females between 40 and 47 kgr. Supported a tolerance of 3 kgr.
      – Weight and height must be in harmony:
      – IPT (average weight size) in males = 49 kgs / 63,5 CMS = 0'77
      – Females average IPT = 43,5 kgs / 60,5 CMS = 0'72
      – Between racial IPT = 0'745
      – ILA (index height/length) means males = height/length = 0'92 (a 8% longer than high).

    – FAULTS:

    Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered absence and severity of this is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard.

    – SERIOUS FAULTS:

      – Shyness.
      – Unjustified aggression.
      – Muzzle too short or too long.
      – Overload.
      – Dorsal downline.
      – Lack of two premolars.

    – MISS PLAYOFFS:

      – Deafness.
      – Albinism, lack of pigmentation.
      – Cryptorchidism or monorquidismo.
      – Lack of four premolars.
      – Mandibular torque.
      – Long hair.
      – Amputated tail.

    Character and aptitudes of the “Spanish dogo”

    The historical evidence make it clear that we have a purely functional breed. We have already referred to some of the work that played these dogs; "in bullfighting for the fate of"dogs the bull”; for management of livestock and hunting; as dog's force to the dam or grip of cattle; also as a dog guard or defense accompanied the armies. They had great prominence in America during the colonial period for the control of Maroons and the birth of much of the functional races of that continent: Cimarrón Uruguayo; Fila Brasileiro; Cordoba fighting dog and rear Argentine Dogo; antique American Bulldogss; dams of the Caribbean; etc.

    While it is true that society evolves and the times are changing, It is not less true that the potential of this group can bring much as working dog. We want that the Spanish dogo still a dog's working to the extent of their possibilities; obviously not to compete with pastors in agility or mondioring not with villains in a half marathon; the limitations will be marked by their morphological characteristics. But can be outlined minimum tests to assess parameters related to the power; arrojo and safety; meet a few minimum requirements in terms of the physical potential; everything is a matter of to agree according to the reality of the project.

    Obviously if demand parameters that agility and resistance prevail, We fall into the trap of converge towards lighter types, Hence how complicated it is sometimes drawn guidelines in this regard. It is not comparing ourselves to other breeds, fate of squeezing the maximum potential of our. If we have something clear who decided to give shape to this project, is that we do not want that our Spanish dogodoes not become a mere "showcase" nice only to recreate the reminiscent of the old dogs of Bull. These dogs should remain able to meet certain requirements and do so with the solvency to its morphology.

    I have always defended the individual initiative of each owner, each breeder; the selection and therefore evolution or a breed standardization, It does not necessarily imply a collective effort of all and each of the owners and breeders; It is enough to encourage those who wish to engage one degree more do so and facilitate the improvement of the rest. It is not so much a question of obligation and requirement, but to encourage those who want to use their energies in the improvement of the breed through its functional aspect.

    With a small group of fans "motivated" in this sense and working good dogs for the benefit of the community, There must be tangible results long-term average allowing go differentiating us from other groupings of similar cut but yes have become mere exaggerated displays of what were. To minimize the danger of this "impairment" - meaning that the loss of their ancestral features for no more spectacular-, the breed Club can play an important role in this regard.

    You can trade Club with veterinary clinics that allow discounts to partners in the management of health control parameters (plates of hips and elbows dysplasia; hemivertebrae; heart tests; etc.); even subsidize club as part of these costs; establish ranking of individuals recommended by the club for breeding; designing tests of work; etc. It's all about go mapping objectives and study feasibility of each.

    Images “Spanish dogo”

    Videos “Spanish dogo”

    Alternative names for “Spanish dogo”:

    • span class =”no_translatelate”> PRESS, BORING, BULLS DOG, ALANO LIVESTOCK
    • Among the Group of the molossians arenas and molosoides.

    Sources:

    Images:

    • (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(7),(8),(9),(10) – Spanish dogo “The thirds” (Photos)
    • (6) – ROMERO DE LOS TARANTOS – Los Tarantos
    • (11),(12),(13) – Spanish Mastiff national Club (Photos)

    Dogo Sardo
    Sardinian Shepherd Dog

    Dogo Sardo

    Dogo Sardo (Dogo Sardesco, Cane Sardo, Sardinian Shepherd Dog or Sardinian Doge) It is a breed of dog of Italian origin used as a watchdog of properties, livestock guardian dog, combat and working dog, in general.<>

    It is a rare breed and quite unknown outside Italy, the Dogo Sardo was developed in the villages of Sardinia as a dog trotting type suitable for all types of work. From an aggressive guardian, an excellent pastor for the protection of livestock and a delicate and careful with their flocks farmer, up a fierce wrestler.

    Read more

    German Doge

    Dogo Alemán

    The German Doge, Great Dane or German Alano It is a breed of dog known for its large size and delicate personality, considered as the "Apollo among all races" by the Federation Cynologique Internationale.

    The great Dane, even being a giant race, should not be clumsy in his walk and movements. Your character must be friendly and never shy. Males should be stronger than the females Constitution.

    Read more about the race by clicking on: Great Dane.

    German Doge

    Dachshund

    Dachshund

    The Dachshund (“Badger dog” in German), also called Teckel, Dackel or Dog sausage, It is a breed of dog in German.

    Its peculiar appearance is due to a genetic mutation known as bassetismo, that is provided with copies of a few very short limbs relative to the size of the body.

    There are engravings of old Egypt where are short-legged dogs. However, race as we know it comes from the selection of hounds affected Germans from bassetismo, very suitable for rabbit-hunting, Hare, Badger and other prey into Burrows. Is believed to be the oldest variety of short hair; varieties of hard and long hair then arose through the crossing with the Griffon and Epagneul races, respectively.

    Dachshund

    • Read all about the race, by clicking on: Teckel.

    Majorcan Doge
    España FCI 249

    Dogo Mallorquín

    The Majorcan Doge It is a very rare breed outside their homeland.

    The Majorcan Doge (also called Ca Bou) It is a breed of dog native of Mallorca. The molosser is related to the Dogo Canario (Canary dog of prey).

    In the Spanish book of origins of the year 1923, longer the Ca de Bou as a breed of dog. In 1928 Enroll to the first copy and the year 1929 the Ca de Bou was winner at the Barcelona dog show exhibition.

    Read all about the race, by clicking on: Majorca Mastiff

    • Otros nombres: Presa mallorquín / Ca de Bou / Mallorquin Mastiff / Mallorquin Bulldog / Majorca Mastiff / Majorcan Bulldog / Majorca-dogge.
    • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Majorcan Doge

    Guatemalan Doge

    Dogo Guatemalteco

    The Guatemalan Doge It is a variant of the Doge race, a native of Guatemala. It's a watchdog.

    From the age 1990, the Guatemalan Canófila Association initiated the study of this race to the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) given the global recognition on the breeding of dogs with pedigree, the only one in this region. In charge of studying the race to set their standard, adoption and international recognition through the CRF is the veterinary doctor and Chief Arturo Chavez.

    Dogo Guatemalteco is the product of crossing points at random between the English Bull Terrier breeds, Dalmatian and Boxer. Records of its existence date from 1890, because there are images of a Guatemalan Doge in a collection of 12 photos of the day, Arturo Gallusser property. It is also known that the family Gerardi, in 1910, had some copies of these canes, but it is unknown the offspring of the same.

    It is a dog that stands out for being a good watchdog, It is medium sized and somewhat longer than high, so it does not have a completely square appearance. His head is quite square and his lips are slightly; his jaw is strong enough and has the bite in the form of scissors.

    The weight of the males is of 40 - 45 kg and females in 35 - 40 kg. The height in the males is of 54 - 60 cm and the females of 52 - 58 cm..

    The life expectancy of the Dogo Guatemalteco, is of, approximately, 11 - 12 years.

    Its predominant color is bright white with some black or brown spots. The fur is short, rough, thick and quite attached to the body.

    It is good guardian it ladra to strangers, but believes it only when necessary. You can get along with others but it creates a bond with his master, making it an excellent companion dog.

    A bath is recommended only when needed or can be cleaned with a wet handkerchief to remove hairs that have fallen or when it has dirtied. Socialization at an early age will be required with the people. Will also be made if you have other pets to be in the future not to fight with them, and that's not a totally aggressive dog.

    Daily activities such as walks next to its owner is needed to not bored, Since it is a strong dog and can become destructive and stressed not to use the energy that has.

    Guatemalan Doge

    Tibet Mastiff
    Tíbet FCI 230

    Dogo del Tíbet

    The Tibet Mastiff It is not a dog to live with children.

    It is an original race of Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 -. C. Ancient working breed of nomadic herders of the Himalaya and a traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has surrounded by great mysticism since that was discovered in antiquity.

    It is a companion dog, Guard and protection; slow to mature, females reach only its height between 2 and 3 years and males at least the 4 years.

    Otros nombres: Dogo del Tíbet / Do-Khy / Dogue du Tibet / Tibet-Dogge / Tibetan Mastiff

    Group 2 / Section 2 – molosoides

    Dogs breeds: Tibet Mastiff