Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
Noruega FCI 203 - Medium-sized Hounds

Norwegian Hound

The Norwegian Hound (Dunker) is found only in its country of origin and is virtually unknown outside its borders.



The Norwegian Hound was originally called Dunker, in honor of the Norwegian captain and breeder Wilhelm Conrad Dunker (1806-1860), who established the first breed standard in 1850. During the first half of the 19th century, there was a large population of hounds in norway, including various types used for hare hunting. Wilhelm Dunker seleccionó a los que tenían el sentido del olfato más agudo y los cruzó con un Sabueso Arlequín Ruso to produce a versatile hound, able to hunt rabbits and hares by smell rather than sight, and tough enough to withstand the harsh weather conditions of Norway.

In 1902 was founded the Norsk Harehundklub, a club dedicated to hounds. That same year the hounds were divided into two main groups, known today as Dunker y Hygenhounds. El primero era el más numeroso e incluía perros locales de todo el país, proporcionando una amplia y variada base de cría.

Aunque Noruega se vio menos afectada por la Segunda Guerra Mundial que otros países europeos, the demand for these dogs dropped dramatically, which made it difficult for the breeders to continue their work properly. As a result, el número de especímenes disminuyó significativamente.

After the conflict is over, the Dunker regained some popularity and was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1956.

However, this bounce was only short lived: lost ground again from the decade of 1970, debido a la competencia de las razas extranjeras de perros de caza importadas al país.

Things did not improve much in the 80, to the point that inbreeding problems began to appear. In fact, the decline in its population led many breeders to resort to inbreeding to continue breeding. This led to a high rate of congenital deafness.. For this reason, in 1987, el comité de cría del Norwegian Hound asked the Norsk Kennel Klubb (NKK), the reference canine organization in Norway, permission to cross the Dunker with other races, but they denied it. However, how things did not improve much, the NKK finally gave his approval for some crosses two years later. This resulted in a more varied and healthy genetic makeup, manteniendo al mismo tiempo los rasgos característicos de la raza.

The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1996. However, the other American reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), no ha hecho lo mismo hasta el día de hoy – nor does the neighboring Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or the prestigious British Kennel Club (KC). In fact, at the global level, recognition of the breed is still quite partial.

It's the same for broadcast. Incluso en los demás países escandinavos, is almost absent, with the exception of Sweden, where the Svenska Kennelklubben registra cada año un número de nacimientos que puede contarse con los dedos de una mano, compared to around twenty in the early nineties. In France, no se hizo ni una sola inscripción en el Libro de los Orígenes Franceses (LOF) during the first two decades of the 21st century.

In Norway, el número de Dunkers recorded each year in the NKK has been around 150 since the mid-decade 2000. However, esto marca una reducción a la mitad del número comparado con el cambio de los años 90. Este número limitado se explica en parte por el problema de sordera presente en esta raza: almost the 75% of its population suffers from deafness.

Photo: A Norwegian Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound It is a medium-sized dog distinguished by its long, well-proportioned body, his energetic and clear walk and his light weight. They have solid bones, giving an impression of strength and endurance. The back is straight, firm and long enough to give length to the rib cage. Lets on strong, dry front legs. The tail is wide and thick at the base and tapers at the tip. Descends to the hock or slightly protrudes from the hock.


Quite long, its head is characterized by a slightly domed skull and a marked stop. Located at half height, the ears are flat, without folds, hanging and soft to the touch. De ancho medio, taper towards its tip, which is rounded. Its mouth has scissor-shaped teeth dominated by a square, well-developed snout., a black nose and wide nostrils.

His eyes are round, large and very penetrating. Although they are usually dark in color, there are also individuals with one or two blue eyes, una característica que se asocia con un mayor riesgo de sordera. Minnow eyes are allowed in blue individuals (variegated). Regardless of the color of the eyes, the eyes express calm and seriousness.

The coat of the Dunker consists of short hair, hard, tight and dense. Its coloration is a distinctive sign of the breed: they are either black with light fawn and white spots, or blue merle (¿bigarros?) and mottled with light fawn and white spots. Jet black coats with dark tawny markings are less desirable, and those in which white predominates (to the point of representing at least the 50% Of the surface) are considered undesirable by the norm.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

Life expectancy: 12 years of age.

Size of Norwegian Hound

    Peso de la hembra: Of 24 a 25 kg
    – Male weight: Of 24 a 25 kg
    – female size: Of 47 a 53 cm.
    – Male size: Of 50 a 55 cm.

Character and skills “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is a fast and tenacious hunter with an above-average olfactory ability. They excel particularly in hunting hare and rabbit.

Being also gentle, loving, cheerful and friendly, tienen todas las cualidades requeridas para ser un excelente perro de compañía. Equilibrados, patients, tolerant and devoid of aggressiveness, they are very good playmates for children. However, it is important to note that a dog should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision, and this applies to all races.

His total lack of aggressiveness and his attraction to humans, even for those you don't know, make it totally impossible to use as a guard dog. In effect, not reserved at all, shy, fearful or aggressive with strangers, rather they tend to welcome them positively and trust them. They are more likely to greet a malicious person with curiosity and licking them rather than barking to warn their master or make them understand that they better go their way.

His sociability extends to other dogs too. Therefore, it is quite possible to share a house with a dog companion without fearing that conflict situations will multiply, and is generally friendly with those he meets on his walks.

With cats and other animals, things are a little more complicated. His hunting instinct naturally leads him to chase any small furry animal that is not part of the canine species.. Although he has grown up with him and must consider his little companion as a member of the family and not as a potential prey, risk can never be ruled out, so it is better to avoid such cohabitation. As for those that can be found on your walks, you probably want to chase them. Therefore, it is preferable to keep it on a leash during excursions, to avoid any accident.


In any case, el miedo a que persiga a otros animales no significa que no debas sacarlo lo suficiente cada día, sabiendo que necesita mucha actividad para gastar su gran energía. Need at least 45 minutos de ejercicio al día, but his stamina makes him happy to go further if given the chance. What's more, es preferible variar los placeres para permitirle gastar plenamente su energía: long walks, run through the park, sports with dogs, etc. Sports that require running (like canicross) and those that appeal to your senses (like tracking) they are the most recommended. In fact, este perro es muy feliz cuando tiene que movilizar sus capacidades físicas y mentales. In any case, in addition to allowing you to exercise, all these activities reinforce the relationship with his master, which is especially important if you are hearing impaired.

From the above it follows that the Dunker not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person, que no podría darle todo el ejercicio que necesita. The ideal for him is a master of sport, and willing to take his partner in his various activities. Retirees may be right for him, if they are active enough.

In any case, life in the city is not ideal for him, that needs large spaces to fully develop. Una casa con un jardín en el campo es un ambiente mucho más apropiado para vivir. However, es importante asegurarse de que el jardín esté bien cercado y que el entorno sea seguro, as his instincts and hunting instincts soon lead him to follow leads and flee.

Once your need for exercise is satisfied, the Norwegian Hound has an easy and docile character; is far from being as stubborn as many hunting dog breeds. However, your sense of smell can make training difficult, as he is easily distracted by a scent and not really responsive to his master's commands.

Their propensity to bark can also be quite annoying. Es particularmente propenso a hacerlo si su amo está lejos por mucho tiempo sin haberle dado ningún ejercicio de antemano y sin tener los medios para hacerlo por sí mismo. In fact, inactivity can be a burden and cause those behavior problems, así como destrucción, for example. However, as long as you have something to take care of in the absence of your family, not the type of dog that suffers a lot from separation anxiety.

Education “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

Like all the other hounds, the Norwegian Hound must be socialized from an early age. In other words, so that he becomes a balanced adult and has no trouble finding his place, should be given without delay a maximum of opportunities to meet all kinds of humans (veterinary, neighbors, delivery man, etc.), Other animals, but also to face various noises, smells and situations. Esto es aún más importante ya que se distrae fácilmente con su sentido del olfato.

The rules established in your education should also be taught to you from an early age, when your ability to learn and docility are at their best. Como con cualquier raza, los malos hábitos se adquieren rápidamente cuando todavía es un cachorro y se convierten en verdaderos problemas cuando crece.

In any case, the Dunker it is a breed of dog that is easy to train and that listens to its master, as long as he uses a dog-friendly training method. Treatments generally prove to be very effective in positively reinforcing your good deeds and facilitating learning. However, sometimes it is necessary to show firmness and affirm your own authority to prevent this dogged dog from doing what he pleases. También puede ser difícil conseguir su atención, given their tendency to be distracted by their sense of smell.

Since it has a strong inclination to follow its nose and to chase passing small animals, Teaching your dog to call back is especially important to avoid the risk of a frantic tug on the leash or running away if it moves freely.

También puede ser útil tratar de enseñarle a canalizar su propensión a ladrar. However, as it is deeply ingrained in him, should not be expected to be the calmest of dogs. If it is impossible to make him understand that some things do not necessarily require him to bark, at least he can be taught to stop on command.

Last, if the dog is deaf from birth, as is the case with a significant fraction of the representatives of the breed, the master must obviously adapt to this restriction: el entrenamiento de un perro sordo no se hace de la misma manera que el entrenamiento de otro perro que es capaz de oír la voz de su amo. La confianza es entonces aún más crucial en la relación entre el animal y su amo, para que pueda aprender y vivir en buenas condiciones a pesar de su minusvalía. Of course, communication is then done through non-verbal communication, y depende del maestro adoptar un lenguaje corporal explícito, basado en gestos y mímicas precisas, específicas para cada indicación que desee dar.

Health “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is very resistant, generally have excellent health and very good longevity.

Used to living in harsh Norwegian weather, pueden tolerar el frío y la humedad sin dificultad. Their coat is naturally waterproof and offers good protection from the elements. On the other hand, shows some intolerance to high temperatures, even if it is able to adapt to a Mediterranean climate. You simply need to lighten up your activities during hot flashes, or at least privilege those that are carried out inside, para asegurarse de que siempre tiene acceso a un lugar a la sombra o incluso al aire acondicionado y evitarle cualquier ejercicio físico demasiado intenso en las horas más calurosas.

Its small population and its limited diffusion prevent a very important deterioration of health, but it has been shown that it is predisposed to certain problems:

  • deafness, what is a hereditary disease. Según la Fundación Ortopédica para los Animales (OFA), almost the 75% de la población de la raza es hoy en día sorda en al menos uno, si no ambos oídos;
  • hip dysplasia, a joint malformation that may be characterized by a hereditary predisposition. Puede causar dolor en las articulaciones así como dificultades para moverse;
  • Elbow dysplasia, which can also be favored by a hereditary predisposition. It is painful and leads to difficulty moving and the development of osteoarthritis;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary and incurable eye disease. Causes loss of night vision first, then loss of daytime vision, to the point that the dog becomes totally blind;
  • Demodecic scabies, a contagious parasitic disease that causes itching and true discomfort to the dog, gradually losing appetite and sleep;
  • ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to its hanging shape.
  • What's more, individuals used for hunting are exposed to the various risks associated with this activity: wounds, parasites, thorns, etc.

    What's more, the Dunker has a strong appetite. How it is usually active, this is not usually a problem. However, if it is not, soon becomes overweight.

    Given the hereditary conditions to which the breed is predisposed, the breeder's work plays a decisive role in the adoption of a Norwegian Hound that he is in perfect health and that he will probably remain so. In addition to the results of genetic tests performed on the parents and the puppy to reduce the risk of such diseases, every serious and responsible breeder must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, así como documentos relativos a las vacunas administradas.

    What's more, cuando el perro es pequeño y aún está creciendo, your bones and joints are particularly fragile: therefore, debe evitarse cualquier ejercicio físico demasiado intenso o prolongado, ya que podría pagarlo un día u otro, with potentially permanent sequelae (malformations, etc.).

    Last, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian at least once a year to ensure that the dog is in good health or, on the other hand, para poder detectar lo antes posible cualquier problema cuyos síntomas no sean todavía visibles. This health check is also an opportunity to carry out your immunization reminders, which are another essential lever to keep the dog in good health. Aún en el registro de prevención, it is the owner's responsibility to renew the antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary throughout the year, so your partner is never unprotected.

    Cuidados y mantenimiento “Norwegian Hound”

    A tough breed, the Norwegian Hound do not require much maintenance.

    However, they lose a lot of hair, así que cepillarse el pelo dos veces por semana no es demasiado para ayudar a eliminar los pelos muertos y mantenerlo en buen estado. Durante sus períodos de muda en primavera y otoño, when it should be done more often (even daily) to prevent hair growth throughout the house.

    Since his hair is not very dirty and therefore does not have a strong odor, bathing him two or three times a year is generally sufficient. In any case, a too frequent bath will make the sebum naturally present on the skin disappear, que la aísla y la protege de los elementos. Having said that, do not hesitate to give him a bath if he has gotten very dirty, for example during a particularly muddy hunting trip. In any case, sólo se puede utilizar un champú especialmente diseñado para perros, at the risk of damaging your skin.


    The oídos, on the other hand, require special attention, since its hanging shape implies an increased risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). Deben ser limpiados cada semana con un paño húmedo o un producto de limpieza especialmente diseñado para este fin. También deben secarse después de cada baño o de un largo período de tiempo en un lugar húmedo.

    Their eyes también deben ser examinados semanalmente y limpiados si es necesario con un paño húmedo.

    It is also necessary to brush the teeth de su perro cada semana o incluso cada día para evitar la formación de placa dental y sus posibles consecuencias (bad breath, diseases, etc.). A toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

    What's more, it is important to regularly check your dog's claws to make sure they are not getting too long and to trim them if this is the case. Esto no sólo podría dificultar su andar, sino que también podría romperse y potencialmente lesionarse al mismo tiempo. Having said that, while you're active and spending long hours outdoors, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them.

    To know how to proceed during maintenance sessions, es útil beneficiarse de la experiencia de un veterinario o un peluquero la primera vez. In fact, whether the various procedures for grooming the coat, the ears, the eyes, your pet's teeth or claws are not done properly, not only will satisfactory results not be obtained, but the owner may even injure or injure his pet. What's more, the owner should get used to his pet very soon, so that throughout his life he accepts to be manipulated without being rebellious.

    What's more, when your pet returns from a long time in the wild, it is a good idea to systematically take a little time to inspect it carefully: parasites, spikes or dirt may have gotten into their fur, and may also have been injured.

    ¿Que precio tiene un “Norwegian Hound”

    In Norway, a puppy Dunker It costs around 7000 Norwegian crowns (a few 650 EUR). El precio de venta varía de un individuo a otro dependiendo del prestigio de la cría, el linaje del perro y sus características intrínsecas.

    Since the breed does not have a wide international distribution, es casi imposible encontrar un criador de la misma fuera de su país de origen.

    Therefore, whether you are in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada or elsewhere, who wants to adopt a Norwegian Hound you must opt ​​for the import solution. In this case, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, you must respect the regulations to import a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Videos "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    Sabueso Noruego (Dunker) – Raza de Perro
    Dunker ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group :
    • Section : . .


    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    FCIFCI - Norwegian Hound (Dunker)

    Alternative names:

      1. Dunker (English).
      2. Dunker (French).
      3. Dunkerbracke, Dunkerlaufhund (German).
      4. Dunker (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador noruego, Dunker, Sabueso de Dunker (español).

    Spanish dogo
    España Molosoide

    Dogo Español

    The Spanish dogo He has the instinct of guard and defense still preserving the hunting instinct and dam;


    History “Spanish dogo”

    Los perros de presa entraron en la península ibérica acompañando a las tribus de bárbaros allá por el siglo IV; Swabians, Vandals and Alans they were guarding their livestock and transhumant with this type of dog camps.

    A lo largo de la historia estos animales se emplean en distintas funciones con un denominador común; his instinct for hunting and dam as a tool at the service of hunting; management of livestock; guardianship and custody of properties; dog of war; etc.

    Kings, feudal lords, mercenaries, butchers, livestock, and even bullfighting, hacen de estas estirpes un referente importantísimo en la historia de nuestro país, alcanzando su mayor apogeo durante el periodo denominado “romanticismo español”. The historical references are so numerous as diverse. En función de sus características morfológicas se emplearían para unos menesteres u otros; los perros más ligeros y de tipología más corredora se utilizaban para la caza mayor, y los más corpulentos y cabezones se empleaban en labores que requerían más potencia o fuerza de parada que resistencia. Where, como y cuando comienza a seleccionarse sistemáticamente hacia una u otra tendencia y bajo uno u otro nombre es algo difícilmente descifrable. Entonces se hablaba de “tipos” -el concepto de raza es mucho más moderno en materia canina-; y bajo ese concepto de “tipo” coexistían distintas morfologías con determinados rasgos comunes. Las denominaciones más genéricas de este “tipo” han venido siendo “alanos”; “presas”;“dogos”; “perros de toros”; “alanos carniceros”; “chatos”; etc.

    Sometimes referring to specific differential features called them in one way or another, and other times of generically under the same concept to different varieties. Una clasificación “taxonómica” actual de estos perros atendiendo a los referentes históricos, sería un anacronismo de difícil solución zootécnica.
    Encontramos descripciones centenarias –como la del “Libro de la Montería”- que bajo el mismo concepto de “Alano” mete al tipo ligero para las monterías haciendo mención a otra variedad más pesada para el agarre de ganado.

    Videos "Spanish dogo"

    Pero también encontramos argumentos y referencias que respaldan diferencias morfológicas y funcionales entre estos “presas”; véase la descripción de “Dogo” por la Real Academia de la lengua Edición del Siglo XX; The distinction by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1911 entre “presa español” en su faceta de guarda y utilidad y el “Alano” en el grupo de rastro y montería; la medalla con la inscripción “Dogo de Burgos” del año 1625 ; documented deliveries of indigenous British Bulldogs and Italians, etc.

    Therefore, lejos de escudriñar sobre cuestiones etimológicas o lingüísticas no exentas de ambigüedades en ocasiones, We focus on the constructive process, that is none other that history with all its variability of types reconciled, con la realidad presente del concepto “raza”, which requires adjustment to more defined patterns.

    Under this purpose is born the project for the recovery of the Spanish dogo; que englobaría al tipo de alano o presa más pesado y corpulento de nuestra península.

    ¿Por qué unificar bajo la denominación de “Dogo”? It was to use a name that meet a series of requirements:

      1. Having historic endorsement in number and significance of reference
      2. Nombre genérico e identificable con estas morfologías
      3. Avoid controversial connotations related to endangerment
      4. Avoid localisms or allusion to obsolete or too restrictive functions

    Resultado de todo ello la denominación de “Dogo” es la que mejor engloba el concepto de “molosser Iberian”.

    Contamos con la definición de “Dogo” por la Real Academia de la lengua; our Dogos influenced directly or indirectly the rest of related breeds; existen manifiestos de la Corona de Aragón para el envío de Dogos Españoles a Nápoles; el Gobernador de Cuba refiere la entrega de “presas españoles” a la armada británica para el control de cimarrones; they exported extensively to England; en Alemania recrearon al extinto “bullesbeizer” a través del Boxer cruzando un bulldog con una perra de presa llamada “Flora” de clara ascendencia hispana; basta mirar los primeros Boxers de finales del XIX para ver el parecido de la raza germana de aquel periodo con nuestros rústicos chatos autóctonos.
    El número de referencias es incontable.

    • 2. Orígenes del proceso de recuperación del Spanish dogo

    In the Decade of the 80, con el inicio de la recuperación del Alano ya se contempla la existencia de distintas tipologías y tendencias. Entonces se utilizaban los términos “tipo, línea o tendencia ganadera” Vs “tipo cazador” como etiqueta diferencial.

    La fusión de “Alans or dams” con perros “villanos” del terreno, -perros ligeros de pastoreo y corte lupoide – daba un híbrido polivalente que conservaba el atavismo de los perros de agarre, but with the spark and resistance of the shepherds. De ahí nace el “Villain of the Encartaciones”, a derivative of the Alano in its lightest version.

    The Spanish Alano se estandariza orientando su selección hacía un tipo intermedio. The process concludes with the official recognition of the breed in the year 2003 on the part of the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

    In short the basic trends on a bipolar scale we find the following picture:

      1º/ Por un lado morfología ligera de estructuras más corredoras y descargadas;

      2º/ En el polo opuesto las tipologías más corpulentas y braquicéfalas;

      3º/ Y entre ambos extremos, a majority and consolidated intermediate type.

    Los tipos “corridor” e “intermediate” estarían representados por “Villains” y “Alans” respectivamente; leaving uncovered the most molosser niche of the scale.

    Era de justicia desvincular por primera vez desde principios de siglo pasado a nuestros “presas más corpulentos” de su matriz alánica, y hacerlo no bajo la restricción que imprime una “tendencia”, But reconciling the idiosyncrasies of this type with the concept of current race. Any trend that takes body and prominence is likely to empower low-status of race; It is just a matter that under the right circumstances: having genetic material; references historical; and above all with a coordinated group willing to redirect selection facilitate this work.

    With the recovery of the Alano era previsible el tributo que pagarían los tipos extremos; marginalized to a purely testimonial presence in directly proportional relationship to the fixing of the intermediate alano. Bajo este panorama nuestros últimos reductos de “Dogos” se verían abocados a su extinción como raza potencial o en el mejor de los casos relegados a tendencia dentro de la moderación impuesta por el estándar del Alano.

    Afortunadamente seguían naciendo individuos en este tipo en las camadas de alanos. We have continued to use some breeders as players occasionally, and if only it were looking for complementarity, esos genes han seguido ahí. Otros criadores –mención especial a Francisco Rinconhan tenido la valentía no solo de seguir utilizando Alanos en esta tendencia, but do so looking for fix this type rather than complement it. Gracias a esto el proyecto de recuperación del “Spanish dogo” partiendo de la base genética del “Alano” es una realidad.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the most controversial issues in mapping out the path and targets in selection, It is to be clear where it started and where we are going; define that niche is covered with this project, and do it with its own identity, trying to converge as little as possible with the rest of related breeds. Our Dogo se encuadraría entre el the molossians of arenas and the molosoides group.

    More related with our races Spanish dogo indigenous, both by type and by junction, serían el Dogo Canario; the Alano Español; the Majorca Mastiff; the Dogue de Bordeaux; the Cane Corso; and the Bullmasfiff.

    Based on a thorough differential analysis of our standard project, We have our niche secured connection all them. Of echo, There is greater overlap between many terriers; bracoides; pastores y nórdicos –por citar unas familias- to enter our Spanish dogo and the rest of related.

    To see clearly where lie these differences, -otras como la expresión y la tipicidad son más difíciles de cuantificar- We took the average values of each racial pattern and vein results with our Spanish dogo. We will look at an example, that where could have some overlap in weight, There will be no size, or where any size won't be it in proportions; not to mention in expression and typicity although not easily described values.

    To this end we present the attached table offering average in those easier to obtain parameters values: sumando umbrales máximos y mínimos y dividiendo entre dos sacamos pesos y tallas medias de cada estándar. We do so only in males by simplifying data and observe such differences at a glance quickly.

    Related breeds Spanish Mastiff

    Delving into these differences, otras variables –como las líneas cráneo faciales; perímetros corporales como el cefálico y torácico; proportion of muzzle to skull; eye color; etc.,- vienen a dejar aún más claro cuál es nuestro nicho y lo hacen sin entrar en conflicto de competencia con respecto al resto de razas emparentadas.

    [spoiler title=”Breed standard” open=”yes” style=”fancy”]


    Racial pattern


    During the period between the end of the s. IV and the 5th century, the alano village will occupy large areas of southern Europe, entre otras la península Ibérica. This town is made accompanied by their dogs of prey, los cuales se mestizan con los poderosos perros traídos a la península por fenicios y romanos, mainly.

    Mestizaje que da origen al que más tarde sería llamado Dogo, Dam or flat Spanish among other synonyms. His name is mainly due to their excellent qualities in the management and control of the cattle of bravo and semi-bravo type, oriundo de la península Ibérica.
    Later, the emergence of bullfighting, haría que estos jugaran un papel destacado en la misma, in the so-called luck of dogs, until the beginning of the 20th century.

    As well, for its excellent qualities for the defence and guard, sería utilizado como perro de guerra, being very appreciated by soldiers of other Nations, especially for the control of rebels in the Americas.


    Molosser type, moderately brevilineo, very strong, rústico y dotado de una tremenda potencia.
    Back straight and compact. It presents a notable sexual dimorphism, males showing a cranial region more developed and a stronger type. Medium to large-sized, brachycephalic, It has a robust structure as a whole, Compact and powerful.


    Sweet and affable character with the family. Tireless worker and multifaceted.
    Very attentive and especially gifted for the guardian, Defense, management and control of cattle. Easy management and education. Se muestra muy seguro de sí mismo.


    Brachycephalic, head strong and powerful.


    Slightly convex skull, square, wide and very strong. De largura media, siempre en armonía con el resto del cuerpo. Líneas cráneo faciales ligeramente convergentes. Well pointed front Groove. Músculos temporales muy desarrollados. The zygomatic arches, superciliary, así como los huesos temporales, They show a high development. The skin is smooth, without wrinkles. Very marked stop.


      – Truffle: Pigmented black and complete. Large and wide holes.
      Snout: It is a square, strong, occupying the 34% the total length of the skull, admitting a deviation of the 2%. Light folds are supported.
      – Lips: thick and well Pigmented; desirable that they do not hang up too.
      Mandíbulas y dientes: they must be very powerful. The wide enough to permit a correct insertion of dental. Preferably complete (42 parts). The teeth are not visible with the mouth closed. Canine blunt, short, wide and well separated. Is supported as the Scissor bite, Clip, reverse scissor, así como un leve prognatismo que no supere los 0,5cm. Well developed JAWS.
      – Eyes: medium-sized, almond and separate. From dark Hazel to amber and yellow. Adhered, well pigmented eyelid. Frank gaze and front. With no apparent conjunctiva and little white.
      – Ears: medium-high insertion. Preferably folded over the face and slightly rounded at the bottom. Medium to small size.


    Well muscled, slightly arched and of medium length. Allowed light folds in the jowl area. Crushing it slightly from the shoulders to the head.


      – Cross: well marked, average implementation and descended toward the back.
      – Back: medium, flat and well developed.
      – Pork loin: short, broad, strong and convex.
      – Rump: slightly downed. It is short, wide and well developed.
      – Breast : width, deep, very strong and developed. Costillar ligeramente cilíndrico. Profile down to the elbow. El perímetro torácico, en su parte más ancha debe superar como mínimo en un 25% the height at the withers.
      – Abdomen: moderadamente retraído.
      – Tail: average insertion. Great thick at its base is tuned toward aims it, not to exceed the Hock. It is not wound on the tip.


      – Shoulder: strong, con músculos prominentes. Slightly oblique.
      – Arms: good muscular, Plumb and separate.
      – Elbows: neither returned to the outside or very attached to the chest.
      – forearms: good muscular, straight and with good bone.
      – Previous feet: rounded, made of strong fingers that reinforce the appearance of big cats.


    Strong and properly angled.

      – Thighs: apparent and very developed.
      – Hocks: short, vigorous and moderate-angle. RAM does not present.
      – Hind feet: rounded, slightly longer than the previous ones and fat fingers.


    El paso típico de la raza es el trote. This is shown effortlessly, fluid and agile.
    The back is at the same level, parallel to the direction of motion. The head tends to be low. Explosive Gallop.


    Thick and attached except in the neck, It is somewhat more lax.


      – Fur: moderately short (never satin), dense, acrid, There may be a light Undercoat. El pelo debe reforzar la apariencia rústica del individuo.
      – Color: Griffon and barcinos or Brindle in all its varieties; alobados; carbonates or Chair; black and Brindle; negro y leonado y píos. With or without mask.


      – Height at the withers: males from 61cm to 66cm, females of 58cm to 63 cm.. Supported a tolerance of 2cm at the top.
      – Weight: males between 45 and 53 kgr, females between 40 and 47 kgr. Supported a tolerance of 3 kgr.
      Peso y talla deben ir en armonía:
      – IPT (índice medio peso talla) in males = 49 kgs / 63,5 cms = 0’77
      – Females average IPT = 43,5 kgs / 60,5 cms = 0’72
      IPT medio racial = 0’745
      – ILA (índice altura/longitud) medio en machos = altura/longitud = 0’92 (a 8% longer than high).


    Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered absence and severity of this is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard.


      – Shyness.
      – Unjustified aggression.
      – Muzzle too short or too long.
      – Overload.
      Línea dorsal descendente.
      – Lack of two premolars.


      Albinismo, lack of pigmentation.
      – Cryptorchidism or monorquidismo.
      – Lack of four premolars.
      – Mandibular torque.
      – Long hair.
      Cola amputada.


    Character and aptitudes of the “Spanish dogo”

    The historical evidence make it clear that we have a purely functional breed. We have already referred to some of the work that played these dogs; en la tauromaquia para la suerte de “dogs the bull”; for management of livestock and hunting; as dog's force to the dam or grip of cattle; also as a dog guard or defense accompanied the armies. They had great prominence in America during the colonial period for the control of Maroons and the birth of much of the functional races of that continent: Cimarrón Uruguayo; Fila Brasileiro; perro de pelea cordobés and rear dogo argentino; antique American Bulldogss; dams of the Caribbean; etc.

    While it is true that society evolves and the times are changing, It is not less true that the potential of this group can bring much as working dog. We want that the Spanish dogo still a dog's working to the extent of their possibilities; obviously not to compete with pastors in agility or mondioring not with villains in a half marathon; las limitaciones estarán marcadas por sus propias características morfológicas. Pero pueden esbozarse unas pruebas mínimas encaminadas a evaluar parámetros relacionados con la potencia; arrojo and safety; cubrir unos requerimientos mínimos en cuanto al potencial físico; everything is a matter of to agree according to the reality of the project.

    Obviously if demand parameters that agility and resistance prevail, caeríamos en el error de converger hacia tipologías más livianas, de ahí lo complicado que resulta a veces trazar directrices en este sentido. It is not comparing ourselves to other breeds, fate of squeezing the maximum potential of our. If we have something clear who decided to give shape to this project, is that we do not want that our Spanish dogono se convierta en un mero “escaparate” bonito solo para recrear las reminiscencias de los antiguos perros de toro. Estos perros deben seguir siendo capaces de cumplir determinados requerimientos y hacerlo con la solvencia adecuada a su morfología.

    I have always defended the individual initiative of each owner, each breeder; the selection and therefore evolution or a breed standardization, It does not necessarily imply a collective effort of all and each of the owners and breeders; It is enough to encourage those who wish to engage one degree more do so and facilitate the improvement of the rest. It is not so much a question of obligation and requirement, sino de motivar a quienes quieran emplear sus energías en la mejora de la raza a través de su faceta funcional.

    Con un pequeño grupo de aficionados “motivados” en este sentido y trabajando buenos perros en beneficio de la colectividad, debe haber resultados tangibles a medio largo plazo que permitan ir diferenciándonos de otras agrupaciones de similar corte pero que sí han ido convirtiéndose en meros escaparates exagerados de lo que fueron. Para minimizar el peligro de este “deterioro” –entendiendo como tal la merma de sus prestaciones ancestrales en pro de espectacularidad sin más-, the breed Club can play an important role in this regard.

    Se puede negociar a nivel de club con clínicas veterinarias que permitan descuentos importantes a socios en la gestión de parámetros de control de salud (plates of hips and elbows dysplasia; hemivertebrae; heart tests; etc.); even subsidize club as part of these costs; establecer ranking de ejemplares recomendados por el club para la cría; designing tests of work; etc. It's all about go mapping objectives and study feasibility of each.

    Images “Spanish dogo”

    [nggallery id=696]

    Videos “Spanish dogo”

    Alternative names for “Spanish dogo”:

    • span class =”no_translatelate”> PRESS, BORING, BULLS DOG, ALANO LIVESTOCK
    • Among the Group of the molossians arenas and molosoides.



    • (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(7),(8),(9),(10) – Spanish dogo “The thirds” (Photos)
    • (6) – ROMERO DE LOS TARANTOS – Los Tarantos
    • (11),(12),(13) – Spanish Mastiff national Club (Photos)

    Sardinian Shepherd Dog
    Italia Not recognized by the FCI

    Dogo Sardo



    The Sardinian Shepherd Dog It is a breed of dog of Italian origin used as a watchdog of properties, livestock guardian dog, combat and working dog, in general.<>

    It is a rare breed and quite unknown outside Italy, the Sardinian Shepherd Dog It was developed in the towns of Sardinia like a group dog Molossoid, mastiff type suitable for all types of work. From an aggressive guardian, an excellent pastor for the protection of livestock and a delicate and careful with their flocks farmer, up a fierce wrestler.

    The race Sardinian Shepherd Dog es tan valorada por la gente de Cerdeña que –habitualmente- they refuse to sell their puppies to foreigners.

    El hecho de que los cachorros nazcan y se críen en Cerdeña, ha contribuido a que sea difícil determinar la herencia de la raza. Es casi seguro que su descendencia se encuentra en la misma raíz que el resto del de los antiguos perros con similares características que existieron en la Edad Media, shared legacy with the Neapolitan mastiff, Cane Corso, Calabrese Bucciriscu and others.

    The Sardinian Shepherd Dog rarely seen outside of his native region, and there are no written rules, ni estándar que regule sus características, because they are not recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

    For more confusion the population of Sardinia, defends that there are two separate races of Sardinian Shepherd Dog, uno sería el Fonnese Pastore that it is a Long-haired shepherd dog, and the other the real one Sardinian Shepherd Dog What, locally, is known as Pertiatzu Cani and he has short hair, similar to the Cane Corso . This confusion comes from this name Fonnese Mastino has been erroneously used to name the Sardinian Shepherd Dog.

    In reality the Fonnese Mastino (or Mastín Fonnese) is the smooth-coated variety of the breed Fonnese Pastore, that was born from the crossing of a Pastor Fonnese with a Sardinian Shepherd Dog.

    Physical characteristics

    Volviendo a nuestro protagonista… El Sardinian Shepherd Dog he is a very muscular and athletic dog, a working dog, differs from the Cane Corso, en algunos rasgos faciales característicos como ser su hocico largo y una piel más pegada al cuerpo. Algunos Dogo Sardo que fueron criados en zonas rurales tienen características bastante lupoides (the longer snout than normal), pero en esos casos… su pureza es cuestionable.

    The body of the Sardinian Shepherd Dog he is thin and strong, con un cuello poderoso y extremidades de iguales características. The ears are usually cropped, and in some cases they are almost completely eliminated, While the tail can be cut or not.

    Although there is no standard on the Sardinian Shepherd Dog, Several experts agree that these dogs have an average altitude of 56 a 68 cm to the cross and a weight of 30 a 45 kg, but not this parameter can be set, is just orientative.

    It has a huge head, con músculos en las mejillas (that they are handed down), tiene el hocico –ligeramente- shorter than the skull, teeth strong and bite in scissors.

    His eyes are amber (in different shades). The layer of hair is short and very thick hair (comparable al del jabalí), incluso el atigrado de la capa en uno de sus varios tonos se parece a un jabalí, they are rarely white.
    The appearance of the Dogo Sardo denotes elegance, power and wildness at the same time.

    It tends to be very attached to the family (especially with the children), y distante con los extraños y no toleran otros machos por su espíritu dominante. It is very good for the guard.

    Character and skills

    The Sardinian Shepherd Dog It, in fact, a faithful hound with an easy gait. Known for his intelligence and diligence, it is also a particularly dignified and aggressive dog, de hecho necesita mucha actividad física.

    Although he is used to living alone, is not violent towards other animals or people. He is very attached to his owner, whom he protects and blindly obeys. Has excellent instincts, so it can also be said that it is a defense and hunting dog.

    German Mastiff
    Alemania FCI 235 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Dogo Alemán

    The German Mastiff, Great Dane or German Boarhound It is a breed of dog known for its large size and delicate personality, considered to be the "Apollo among all races" by the International Cynological Federation.

    The great Dane, even being a giant race, should not be clumsy in his walk and movements. Your character should be friendly and never shy. Males should be stronger than the females Constitution.

    Read more about the race by clicking on: Great Dane.

    German Mastiff

    Sausage dog
    Germany FCI 148 - Dachshund


    The Sausage dog (“badger dog” in German), also called Dachshund, Dackel or Dog sausage, It is a breed of dog in German.

    Su peculiar fisonomía se debe a una mutación genética conocida como bassetismo, that is provided with copies of a few very short limbs relative to the size of the body.

    There are engravings of old Egypt where are short-legged dogs. However, race as we know it comes from the selection of hounds affected Germans from bassetismo, very suitable for rabbit-hunting, liebre, Badger and other prey into Burrows. Is believed to be the oldest variety of short hair; varieties of hard and long hair then arose through the crossing with the Griffon and Epagneul races, respectively.

    Sausage dog

    • Read all about the race, by clicking on: Dachshund.

    Ca de Bou
    España FCI 249 - Molossoid - Dogo

    The Ca de Bou It is a very rare breed outside their homeland.

    Dogo Mallorquín

    The Ca de Bou (also called Majorcan Bulldog) It is a breed of dog native of Mallorca. The molosser is closely related with the Dogo Canario.

    In the Libro de Orígenes Español of the year 1923, longer the Ca de Bou as a breed of dog. In 1928 Enroll to the first copy and the year 1929 the Ca de Bou was winner at the Barcelona dog show exhibition.

    Read all about the race, by clicking on: Majorca Mastiff

    • Otros nombres: Presa mallorquín / Ca de Bou / Mallorquin Mastiff / Mallorquin Bulldog / Majorca Mastiff / Majorcan Bulldog / Majorca-dogge.
    • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Ca de Bou

    Guatemalan Dogo
    Guatemala Not recognized by the FCI

    The Guatemalan Dogo It is a variant of the Doge race, a native of Guatemala. It's a watchdog.

    Dogo Guatemalteco



    From the age 1990, the Guatemalan Canophila Association began the study of this breed so that the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) otorgue el reconocimiento mundial sobre la crianza de perros con pedigrí, la única en esta región. In charge of studying the race to set their standard, approval and international recognition through the FCI is the veterinarian and zootechnician Arturo Chavez.

    The Guatemalan Dogo is the product of random crosses between races Bull Terrier English, Dalmatian and Boxer. Records of its existence date from 1890, Well there are images of a Guatemalan Dogo in a collection of 12 photos of the day, property of Arturo Gallusser. It is also known that the family Gerardi, in 1910, tenía algunos ejemplares de estos canes, but it is unknown the offspring of the same.

    Physical characteristics

    "Guatemalan Dogo"

    Dogo Guatemalteco
    Dogo/Bull Terrier Guatemalteco: Owner Owner Oscar E. Lorenzana Gallusser – Oscar E. Lorenzana Gallusser, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

    It is a dog that stands out for being a good watchdog, It is medium sized and somewhat longer than high, so it does not have a completely square appearance. His head is quite square and his lips are slightly; su mandíbula es bastante fuerte y tiene la mordida en forma de tijera.

    The weight males will of 40 a 45 kg and females in 35 a 40 kg. The height in the males is of 54 a 60 cm and the females of 52 a 58 cm..

    The life expectancy of the Guatemalan Dogo, is of, approximately, 11 a 12 years.

    Its color predominant is very bright white with some black or brown spots. The fur is short, rough, thick and quite attached to the body.

    Character and skills

    It is good guardian it ladra to strangers, but believes it only when necessary. You can get along with others but it creates a bond with his master, haciéndolo así un excelente perro de compañía.

    Se recomienda un baño sólo cuando sea necesario o puede limpiarse con un pañuelo húmedo para quitar pelos que se han caído o cuando se ha ensuciado. Socialization at an early age will be required with the people. Will also be made if you have other pets to be in the future not to fight with them, and that's not a totally aggressive dog.

    Daily activities such as walks next to its owner is needed to not bored, ya que es un perro enérgico y puede volverse destructivo y estresado al no usar la energía que posee.

    Do khyi
    Tíbet FCI 230 - Molossoid . Mountain

    The Do khyi It is not a dog to live with children.

    Dogo del Tíbet

    It is a breed native to Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 a. C. Ancient working breed of nomadic herders of the Himalaya and a traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has been surrounded by great mysticism since it was discovered in ancient times..

    It is a companion dog, Guard and protection; slow to mature, females only reach their apogee between 2 and 3 years and males at least the 4 years.

    Otros nombres: Dogo del Tíbet / Do-Khy / Dogue du Tibet / Tibet-Dogge / Tibetan Mastiff

    Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoides

    Dogs breeds: Do khyi