Spanish Mastiff

Dogo Español

The Spanish Mastiff He has the instinct of guard and defense still preserving the hunting instinct and dam;


Spanish Mastiff history

Dam dogs entered in the Iberian tribes of barbarians beyond accompanying by the 4th century; Swabians, Vandals and Alans they were guarding their livestock and transhumant with this type of dog camps.

Throughout history, these animals are used in different functions with a common denominator; his instinct for hunting and dam as a tool at the service of hunting; management of livestock; guardianship and custody of properties; dog of war; etc.

Kings, feudal lords, mercenaries, butchers, livestock, and even bullfighting, These lines make a very important benchmark in the history of our country, reaching its greatest height during the period called "Spanish romanticism". The historical references are so numerous as diverse. According to their morphological characteristics they would use for some purposes or other; more light and more broker-type dogs were used for hunting, and the more corpulent and bobbleheads were employed in tasks requiring more power or strength of stop that resistance. Where, as and when it begins to be selected systematically towards one or another tendency and under one or another name is hardly something decipherable. Then spoke of "types" - the concept of race is much more modern in canine terms -; and under the concept of "type" coexist different morphologies with certain common traits. The more generic denominations of this "type" have been "Alans"; "prey";"Bulldogs"; "Bull dogs"; "Alans butchers"; "chatos"; etc.

Sometimes referring to specific differential features called them in one way or another, and other times of generically under the same concept to different varieties. A current "taxonomic" classification of these dogs according to historical references, It would be an anachronism of difficult zootechnical solution.
We found centuries-old descriptions — as in the "book of the Monteria"- that under the same concept of "Alano" gets to the lightweight type for hunting with reference to other heavier variety for the grip of cattle.

But we also find arguments and references supporting morphological and functional differences between these "prey"; see the description of "Dogo" by the Royal Academy of the language edition of 20th century; The distinction by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1911 between "dam Spanish" in his role as guardian and utility and the "Alano" on the trail and hunting group; the Medal with the inscription "Dogue de Burgos" of the year 1625 ; documented deliveries of indigenous British Bulldogs and Italians, etc.

Therefore, far from squinting not without ambiguities sometimes etymological or linguistic issues, We focus on the constructive process, that is none other that history with all its variability of types reconciled, with the current reality of the concept of "race", which requires adjustment to more defined patterns.

Under this purpose is born the project for the recovery of the Spanish Mastiff; It would include the type of alano or dam heavy and most full-bodied of our peninsula.

"Why unify under the denomination of"?Mastiff”? It was to use a name that meet a series of requirements:

    1. Having historic endorsement in number and significance of reference
    2. Generic and identifiable name with these morphologies
    3. Avoid controversial connotations related to endangerment
    4. Avoid localisms or allusion to obsolete or too restrictive functions

"Results of this denomination of"Mastiff"is that better encompasses the concept of"molosser Iberian”.

"We have the definition of"Mastiff"by the Royal Academy of the language; our Dogos influenced directly or indirectly the rest of related breeds; There are manifestos of the Crown of Aragon for shipment of Doges Spaniards to Naples; the Governor of Cuba concerning the delivery of "dams Spaniards" the British Navy for the control of Maroons; they exported extensively to England; in Germany they recreated to the extinct "bullesbeizer" through the Boxer crossing a bulldog with a bitch of a dam called "Flora" of clear Hispanic descent; look the first boxer rebellion of late 19th to see the resemblance of the Germanic race of that period with our rustic flat autochthonous.
The number of references is countless.

  • 2. Origins of the process of recovery of the Spanish Mastiff

In the Decade of the 80, with the onset of the Alano recovery already referred to the existence of different typologies and trends. Then used the terms "type, line or livestock trend"Vs"Hunter type"as differential label.

"The fusion of"Alans or dams"with dogs"villains' land, -light grazing and cutting Lupoid dogs - gave a versatile hybrid that preserved the atavism of grip dogs, but with the spark and resistance of the shepherds. "Hence the"Villain of the Encartaciones”, a derivative of the Alano in its lightest version.

The Spanish Alano is standardized to guiding their selection was an intermediate type. The process concludes with the official recognition of the breed in the year 2003 on the part of the Royal Canine society of Spain.

In short the basic trends on a bipolar scale we find the following picture:

    1° / On the one hand light runners and discharged structures morphology;

    2° / On the pole opposite the types most corpulent and brachycephalic;

    3º / And between both ends, a majority and consolidated intermediate type.

The types"corridor” e “intermediate"they would be represented by"Villains” y “Alans"respectively; leaving uncovered the most molosser niche of the scale.

Was justice detach for the first time since the beginning of the century past our "most corpulent prey" of its parent alanica, and make it not under the restriction that prints a "trend", But reconciling the idiosyncrasies of this type with the concept of current race. Any trend that takes body and prominence is likely to empower low-status of race; It is just a matter that under the right circumstances: having genetic material; references historical; and above all with a coordinated group willing to redirect selection facilitate this work.

With the recovery of the Alano was foreseeable the tribute that would pay the extreme types; marginalized to a purely testimonial presence in directly proportional relationship to the fixing of the intermediate alano. "Under this scenario our last strongholds of"Bulldogs"they would be doomed to extinction as potential race or in the best cases relegated to trend within the restraint imposed by the standard of the Alano.

Were fortunately born individuals of this kind in litters of Alans. We have continued to use some breeders as players occasionally, and if only it were looking for complementarity, these genes have continued there. Other breeders - special mention to Francisco Rincon– they have had the courage not only to continue using Alans in this trend, but do so looking for fix this type rather than complement it. "Thanks to this recovery project of the"Spanish Mastiff"on the genetic basis of the"Alano"is a reality.

Physical characteristics

One of the most controversial issues in mapping out the path and targets in selection, It is to be clear where it started and where we are going; define that niche is covered with this project, and do it with its own identity, trying to converge as little as possible with the rest of related breeds. Our Mastiff is framed between the the molossians of arenas and the molosoides group.

More related with our races Spanish Mastiff indigenous, both by type and by junction, they would be the Dogo Canario; the Spanish Alano; the Majorca Mastiff; the Dogue de Bordeaux; the Cane Corso; and the bullmasfiff.

Based on a thorough differential analysis of our standard project, We have our niche secured connection all them. Of echo, There is greater overlap between many terriers; bracoides; pastors and Nordic - to mention a few families- to enter our Spanish Mastiff and the rest of related.

To see clearly where lie these differences, -others, such as the expression and the type are more difficult to quantify- We took the average values of each racial pattern and vein results with our Spanish Mastiff. We will look at an example, that where could have some overlap in weight, There will be no size, or where any size won't be it in proportions; not to mention in expression and typicity although not easily described values.

To this end we present the attached table offering average in those easier to obtain parameters values: by adding maximum and minimum thresholds and dividing between two we took weights and middle of each standard sizes. We do so only in males by simplifying data and observe such differences at a glance quickly.

Related breeds Spanish Mastiff

Delving into these differences, other variables - such as the facial skull lines; injuries such as the cephalic and thoracic perimeters; proportion of muzzle to skull; eye color; etc.,- they come to make it even more clear to what's our niche and do so without conflict of competence with respect to the rest of related breeds.

Breed standard

Racial pattern


During the period between the end of the s. IV and the 5th century, the alano village will occupy large areas of southern Europe, among others the Iberian peninsula. This town is made accompanied by their dogs of prey, which is mestizan with powerful dogs brought to the peninsula by the Phoenicians and Romans, mainly.

Miscegenation which gives rise to which most would be later called Dogo, Dam or flat Spanish among other synonyms. His name is mainly due to their excellent qualities in the management and control of the cattle of bravo and semi-bravo type, a native of the Iberian peninsula.
Later, the emergence of bullfighting, would that they would play a prominent role in the same, in the so-called luck of dogs, until the beginning of the 20th century.

Also, for its excellent qualities for the defence and guard, It would be used as a dog of war, being very appreciated by soldiers of other Nations, especially for the control of rebels in the Americas.


Molosser type, moderately brevilineo, very strong, rustic and endowed with tremendous power.
Back straight and compact. It presents a notable sexual dimorphism, males showing a cranial region more developed and a stronger type. Medium to large-sized, brachycephalic, It has a robust structure as a whole, Compact and powerful.


Sweet and affable character with the family. Tireless worker and multifaceted.
Very attentive and especially gifted for the guardian, Defense, management and control of cattle. Easy management and education. He is very self-confident.


Brachycephalic, head strong and powerful.


Slightly convex skull, square, wide and very strong. Average length, always in harmony with the rest of the body. Facial skull lines slightly converging. Well pointed front Groove. Well developed temporal muscles. The zygomatic arches, superciliary, as well as the temporal bones, They show a high development. The skin is smooth, without wrinkles. Very marked stop.


    – Truffle: Pigmented black and complete. Large and wide holes.
    Snout: It is a square, strong, occupying the 34% the total length of the skull, admitting a deviation of the 2%. Light folds are supported.
    – Lips: thick and well Pigmented; desirable that they do not hang up too.
    – JAWS and teeth: they must be very powerful. The wide enough to permit a correct insertion of dental. Preferably complete (42 parts). The teeth are not visible with the mouth closed. Canine blunt, short, wide and well separated. Is supported as the Scissor bite, Clip, reverse scissor, as well as a slight prognathism not exceeding 0, 5 cm. Well developed JAWS.
    – Eyes: medium-sized, almond and separate. From dark Hazel to amber and yellow. Adhered, well pigmented eyelid. Frank gaze and front. With no apparent conjunctiva and little white.
    – Ears: medium-high insertion. Preferably folded over the face and slightly rounded at the bottom. Medium to small size.


Well muscled, slightly arched and of medium length. Allowed light folds in the jowl area. Crushing it slightly from the shoulders to the head.


    – Cross: well marked, average implementation and descended toward the back.
    – Back: medium, flat and well developed.
    – Pork loin: short, broad, strong and convex.
    – Rump: slightly downed. It is short, wide and well developed.
    – Breast : width, deep, very strong and developed. Slightly cylindrical rib. Profile down to the elbow. The thoracic perimeter, in its widest part must pass at least in a 25% the height at the withers.
    – Abdomen: moderately retracted.
    – Tail: average insertion. Great thick at its base is tuned toward aims it, not to exceed the Hock. It is not wound on the tip.


    – Shoulder: strong, with prominent muscles. Slightly oblique.
    – Arms: good muscular, Plumb and separate.
    – Elbows: neither returned to the outside or very attached to the chest.
    – Forearms: good muscular, straight and with good bone.
    – Previous feet: rounded, made of strong fingers that reinforce the appearance of big cats.


Strong and properly angled.

    – Thighs: apparent and very developed.
    – Hocks: short, vigorous and moderate-angle. RAM does not present.
    – Back feet: rounded, slightly longer than the previous ones and fat fingers.


The typical passage of the race is the trot. This is shown effortlessly, fluid and agile.
The back is at the same level, parallel to the direction of motion. The head tends to be low. Explosive Gallop.


Thick and attached except in the neck, It is somewhat more lax.

– FUR:

    – Hair: moderately short (never satin), dense, acrid, There may be a light Undercoat. The hair should reinforce the rustic appearance of the individual.
    – Color: Griffon and barcinos or Brindle in all its varieties; alobados; carbonates or Chair; black and Brindle; black and Fawn and peeps. With or without mask.


    – Height at the withers: males from 61cm to 66cm, females of 58cm to 63 cm.. Supported a tolerance of 2cm at the top.
    – Weight: males between 45 and 53 kgr, females between 40 and 47 kgr. Supported a tolerance of 3 kgr.
    – Weight and height must be in harmony:
    – IPT (average weight size) in males = 49 kgs / 63,5 CMS = 0'77
    – Females average IPT = 43,5 kgs / 60,5 CMS = 0'72
    – Between racial IPT = 0'745
    – ILA (index height/length) means males = height/length = 0'92 (a 8% longer than high).


Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered absence and severity of this is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard.


    – Shyness.
    – Unjustified aggression.
    – Muzzle too short or too long.
    – Overload.
    – Dorsal downline.
    – Lack of two premolars.


    – Deafness.
    – Albinism, lack of pigmentation.
    – Cryptorchidism or monorquidismo.
    – Lack of four premolars.
    – Mandibular torque.
    – Long hair.
    – Amputated tail.

Character and skills of the Spanish Mastiff

The historical evidence make it clear that we have a purely functional breed. We have already referred to some of the work that played these dogs; "in bullfighting for the fate of"dogs the bull”; for management of livestock and hunting; as dog's force to the dam or grip of cattle; also as a dog guard or defense accompanied the armies. They had great prominence in America during the colonial period for the control of Maroons and the birth of much of the functional races of that continent: Cimarrón Uruguayo; Fila Brasileiro; Cordoba fighting dog and rear Argentine Dogo; antique American Bulldogss; dams of the Caribbean; etc.

While it is true that society evolves and the times are changing, It is not less true that the potential of this group can bring much as working dog. We want that the Spanish Mastiff still a dog's working to the extent of their possibilities; obviously not to compete with pastors in agility or mondioring not with villains in a half marathon; the limitations will be marked by their morphological characteristics. But can be outlined minimum tests to assess parameters related to the power; arrojo and safety; meet a few minimum requirements in terms of the physical potential; everything is a matter of to agree according to the reality of the project.

Obviously if demand parameters that agility and resistance prevail, We fall into the trap of converge towards lighter types, Hence how complicated it is sometimes drawn guidelines in this regard. It is not comparing ourselves to other breeds, fate of squeezing the maximum potential of our. If we have something clear who decided to give shape to this project, is that we do not want that our Spanish Mastiffdoes not become a mere "showcase" nice only to recreate the reminiscent of the old dogs of Bull. These dogs should remain able to meet certain requirements and do so with the solvency to its morphology.

I have always defended the individual initiative of each owner, each breeder; the selection and therefore evolution or a breed standardization, It does not necessarily imply a collective effort of all and each of the owners and breeders; It is enough to encourage those who wish to engage one degree more do so and facilitate the improvement of the rest. It is not so much a question of obligation and requirement, but to encourage those who want to use their energies in the improvement of the breed through its functional aspect.

With a small group of fans "motivated" in this sense and working good dogs for the benefit of the community, There must be tangible results long-term average allowing go differentiating us from other groupings of similar cut but yes have become mere exaggerated displays of what were. To minimize the danger of this "impairment" - meaning that the loss of their ancestral features for no more spectacular-, the breed Club can play an important role in this regard.

You can trade Club with veterinary clinics that allow discounts to partners in the management of health control parameters (plates of hips and elbows dysplasia; hemivertebrae; heart tests; etc.); even subsidize club as part of these costs; establish ranking of individuals recommended by the club for breeding; designing tests of work; etc. It's all about go mapping objectives and study feasibility of each.

Spanish Mastiff pictures

Spanish Mastiff videos

Alternative names of the Spanish Mastiff:

  • span class =”no_translatelate”> PRESS, BORING, BULLS DOG, ALANO LIVESTOCK
  • Among the Group of the molossians arenas and molosoides.



  • (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(7),(8),(9),(10) – Spanish Mastiff “The thirds” (Photos)
  • (6) – ROMERO DE LOS TARANTOS – Los Tarantos
  • (11),(12),(13) – Spanish Mastiff national Club (Photos)

Dogo Sardo
Sardinian Shepherd Dog

Dogo Sardo

Dogo Sardo (Dogo Sardesco, Cane Sardo, Sardinian Shepherd Dog or Sardinian Doge) It is a breed of dog of Italian origin used as a watchdog of properties, livestock guardian dog, combat and working dog, in general.<>

It is a rare breed and quite unknown outside Italy, the Dogo Sardo was developed in the villages of Sardinia as a dog trotting type suitable for all types of work. From an aggressive guardian, an excellent pastor for the protection of livestock and a delicate and careful with their flocks farmer, up a fierce wrestler.

Read moreDogo Sardo

German Doge

Dogo Alemán

The German Doge, Great Dane or German Alano It is a breed of dog known for its large size and delicate personality, considered as the "Apollo among all races" by the Federation Cynologique Internationale.

The great Dane, even being a giant race, should not be clumsy in his walk and movements. Your character must be friendly and never shy. Males should be stronger than the females Constitution.

Read more about the race by clicking on: Great Dane.

German Doge



The Dachshund (“Badger dog” in German), also called Dachshund, Dackel or Dog sausage, It is a breed of dog in German.

Its peculiar appearance is due to a genetic mutation known as bassetismo, that is provided with copies of a few very short limbs relative to the size of the body.

There are engravings of old Egypt where are short-legged dogs. However, race as we know it comes from the selection of hounds affected Germans from bassetismo, very suitable for rabbit-hunting, Hare, Badger and other prey into Burrows. Is believed to be the oldest variety of short hair; varieties of hard and long hair then arose through the crossing with the Griffon and Epagneul races, respectively.


  • Read all about the race, by clicking on: Dachshund.

Majorcan Doge
España FCI 249

Dogo Mallorquín

The Majorcan Doge It is a very rare breed outside their homeland.

The Majorcan Doge (also called Ca Bou) It is a breed of dog native of Mallorca. The molosser is related to the Dogo Canario (Canary dog of prey).

In the Spanish book of origins of the year 1923, longer the Ca de Bou as a breed of dog. In 1928 Enroll to the first copy and the year 1929 the Ca de Bou was winner at the Barcelona dog show exhibition.

Read all about the race, by clicking on: Majorca Mastiff

  • Otros nombres: Presa mallorquín / Ca de Bou / Mallorquin Mastiff / Mallorquin Bulldog / Majorca Mastiff / Majorcan Bulldog / Majorca-dogge.
  • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Majorcan Doge

Guatemalan Doge

Dogo Guatemalteco

The Guatemalan Doge It is a variant of the Doge race, a native of Guatemala. It's a watchdog.

From the age 1990, the Guatemalan Canófila Association initiated the study of this race to the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) given the global recognition on the breeding of dogs with pedigree, the only one in this region. In charge of studying the race to set their standard, adoption and international recognition through the CRF is the veterinary doctor and Chief Arturo Chavez.

Dogo Guatemalteco is the product of crossing points at random between the English Bull Terrier breeds, Dalmatian and Boxer. Records of its existence date from 1890, because there are images of a Guatemalan Doge in a collection of 12 photos of the day, Arturo Gallusser property. It is also known that the family Gerardi, in 1910, had some copies of these canes, but it is unknown the offspring of the same.

It is a dog that stands out for being a good watchdog, It is medium sized and somewhat longer than high, so it does not have a completely square appearance. His head is quite square and his lips are slightly; his jaw is strong enough and has the bite in the form of scissors.

The weight of the males is of 40 a 45 kg and females in 35 a 40 kg. The height in the males is of 54 a 60 cm and the females of 52 a 58 cm..

The life expectancy of the Dogo Guatemalteco, is of, approximately, 11 a 12 years.

Its predominant color is bright white with some black or brown spots. The fur is short, rough, thick and quite attached to the body.

It is good guardian it ladra to strangers, but believes it only when necessary. You can get along with others but it creates a bond with his master, making it an excellent companion dog.

A bath is recommended only when needed or can be cleaned with a wet handkerchief to remove hairs that have fallen or when it has dirtied. Socialization at an early age will be required with the people. Will also be made if you have other pets to be in the future not to fight with them, and that's not a totally aggressive dog.

Daily activities such as walks next to its owner is needed to not bored, Since it is a strong dog and can become destructive and stressed not to use the energy that has.

Guatemalan Doge

Tibet Mastiff
Tíbet FCI 230

Dogo del Tíbet

The Tibet Mastiff It is not a dog to live with children.

It is an original race of Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 a. C. Ancient working breed of nomadic herders of the Himalaya and a traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has surrounded by great mysticism since that was discovered in antiquity.

It is a companion dog, Guard and protection; slow to mature, females reach only its height between 2 and 3 years and males at least the 4 years.

Otros nombres: Dogo del Tíbet / Do-Khy / Dogue du Tibet / Tibet-Dogge / Tibetan Mastiff

Group 2 / Section 2 – molosoides

Dogs breeds: Tibet Mastiff

Dogue de Bordeaux
Francia FCI 116 - Molossoid - Mastiff

Dogo de Burdeos

The Dogue de Bordeaux It is very faithful to its owner and loving with children.



The Dogue de Bordeaux, it is a medium to large size molossian from France. The Molossian type has been known since ancient times and played a considerable role in various cultures of the ancient world.. The Babylonians carved their molosser out of granite. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs. Molosses are strong and heavy dogs. They have a commanding head with a short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molosser have remained essentially the same for thousands of years.

The range of their tasks in the service of man has also remained constant for a long time. The ancestors of the Dogue de Bordeaux served as a hunting dog for large, well-fortified game, especially as a saupacker. They had to catch and corner the dangerous boar until the hunter could kill it with the feather of the boar, a special spear. This required speed, resistance, much courage and strength. The Dogue de Bordeaux served and continues to serve today as a guard and protection dog. In the Middle Ages it was used for the arenas of animal fighting. Large and small mollusks have always been scattered across Europe. The Dogue de Bordeaux was created as an independent breed with the emergence of modern dog breeding as a separate dog breed. In 1863 The first French dog show was held at the Paris Acclimatization Garden.

The Dogue de Bordeaux it was already shown there under its current name. The name must derive from the fact that these dogs were seen more often in the butchers of the city of Bordeaux. At that time the Dogue de Bordeaux they were not so big however, heavy and as wrinkled as today. Also lacking the monochromaticity required today. The male awarded in Paris in 1883, “Battle”, his head was wrinkle free with a black mask. The Dogue de Bordeaux often had to suffer the political turmoil of humanity. During the French Revolution in 1789 was almost exterminated, because he was considered the dog of the rich. During the two world wars, the dogs had to suffer so much that their breed was endangered after the wars. Since the decade of 1960 has been experiencing a new boom. To revive the race, it is said that they were crossed with the St. Bernard short hair.

Physical characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux It has an impressive appearance, despite or perhaps because it is not as big and heavy as a mastiff or a Saint Bernard. However, you can see the power it presents in majestic serenity. The standard establishes a height at the withers of 60 a 68 cm for males and 58 a 66 cm for females. The weight of the males is of “at least 50 kg” and that of the females of “at least 45 kg”. Unfortunately, the standard does not provide an upper weight limit. So today we see specimens with 70 kg and more.

Especially such gigantism is at the expense of dogs' fitness and health.. Belgian Earl Bylandt gives 1894 as weight for the male 54 – 60 kg. German cynologist Richard Strebel reports in 1905 of 54 – 55 kg as the best weight for a male and 45 – 46 kg for a female. Such weight would also do very well to the current Dogue de Bordeaux. The coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux must be thin, short and soft to the touch. Should be “solid in all fawn color tones from mahogany to Elizabethan”. White spots on the chest and extremities of the limbs are allowed when they are not very extensive. This color restriction is also not very beneficial for the gene pool of the Dogue de Bordeaux. All this leads to the fact that today the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the most ephemeral dogs.


Serious and self confident, but with an underlying sense of humor, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a vigilant and brave companion. It has several personalities: distant, Extrovert, funny, sweet, wrestler, quick to learn, each one belongs to a different dog.

In the best case, the Bulldog is calm and gentle, but it can also be stubborn. When a dog this size is stubborn and wants to get away with it, can be difficult to deal with. The Dogue de Bordeaux Must have early and extensive socialization combined with strong leadership from its owner, or it can become aggressive towards other dogs, smaller animals or even people. If you want to live with a Dogue de Bordeaux, you must be willing to learn to work with him, to control it and earn its respect.

A Bulldog who has an owner whom he respects is a wonderful family dog. Enjoy spending time with them, even in bed and sofa. It is not an active dog and is content to be in the house, making sure everyone is safe. Short walks and game moments are just your speed. But don't be fooled. If someone approaches the door, the Dogue de Bordeaux is there to protect you from harm.

With young children, is loving, Protector, gentle and tolerant. Unlike many large breeds, they can be too rowdy with young children, the Bulldog is usually careful with them. However, large dogs are not appropriate for childcare, and all interaction between the two must be supervised.

The perfect Dogue de Bordeaux not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, is not trained or is not supervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence.

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start train or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Dogue de Bordeaux, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

Dogue de Bordeaux attitude

The Dogue de Bordeaux it is somewhat more demanding in its maintenance. Not suitable for an apartment. Although it is not a very agitated dog, he really likes having a little freedom of movement, for example in a garden. Here he likes to spend several hours sleeping and watching. You need a lot of space, because he wants to be able to move freely. Appreciate long walks and short bike rides. You need your daily exercise, but she is not an athlete. Physical and mental effort should be avoided in hot weather. Also keep in mind that dogs as large and strong as the Dogue de Bordeaux in our current society, supposedly animal friendly, often meet with great rejection, sometimes aggressive. Some people simply fear him out of ignorance. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city.. One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet bills.

Dogue de Bordeaux Education

The Dogue de Bordeaux can be trained very well, in regards to the basic rules of behavior. He must also be well educated from the age of a puppy to be able to always run this center of power.. She does not like to learn tricks whose meaning is not clear to her. Even more than with most other dogs, an intimate relationship of trust with your master or lover is the basis for a successful education. There are also consequences, because the Dogue de Bordeaux is intelligent, he notices every little discrepancy and knows how to use it for his own purposes. The Dogue de Bordeaux it is also very sensitive. Do not forget the injustices. Always keep in mind that the leash of these dogs is only a symbolic control. The Dogue de Bordeaux would easily have the power to maneuver the other end of the strap at will, If I wanted. But it doesn't.

Health Dogue de Bordeaux

Like any giant breed with a short snout, the Dogue de Bordeaux have health problems. The breed's limited gene pool creates a dog susceptible to extreme temperatures, to heart disease like dilated cardiomyopathy and aortic stenosis, and ectropion, a condition in which the eyelid fades out. Dogue de Bordeaux is also prone to foot pad hyperkeratosis.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Dogue de Bordeaux at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Dogue de Bordeaux grooming

The short coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux it is easy to care. Brush it once a week with a rubber brush to remove dead hairs.

But there is more to grooming than caring for the coat. The Dogue de Bordeaux you have wrinkles and need special care to avoid becoming infected. Wipe them with a damp cloth or baby wipe, and then dry the folds thoroughly to avoid skin infections.

Bring a hand towel to clean your wrinkled face after every meal or drink of water. When he shakes that big head, throw chunks of slime everywhere. It also comes off a lot, so you will spend a lot of time sweeping and vacuuming.

The rest are basic care. Check the ears weekly and clean them if necessary, brush your teeth as often as possible, and cut your nails regularly, usually every few weeks.

Nutrition / Food

As with all these heavy dogs, especially in the growth phase, diet and composition must be carefully considered. Later this is not problematic. The risk of stomach torsion must be taken into account.

The life expectancy of the Dogue de Bordeaux

The average life expectancy of Dogue de Bordeaux It, Unfortunately, extremely low, of 6 a 8 years. It would be good for the race to do everything humanly possible to correct this..

Buy a Dogue de Bordeaux

A puppy should only be purchased personally from a reputable breeder.. This can be planned for a few 1.500 – 2.500 EUR. You should look closely at the litter and parents, as well as obtaining information about ancestors. You must pay attention to the age of the ancestors, and that they are not too heavy or too wrinkled.

Dogue de Bordeaux Reviews

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dogue de Bordeaux” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dogue de Bordeaux Images


1 – Dogue de Bordeaux puppy 10 weeks old by
2 – Dogue de Bordeaux Harley by
3 – Bordeaux sits comfortably in the garden by
4 – Portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux by
5 – A portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) by spaceodissey from Parma, Italy / CC BY
6 – Harley and Doutzen – Dogue de Bordeaux and bulldog playing together by

Dogue de Bordeaux Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, doge type.
    • AKC – Dogs working
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Bordeaux Bulldog breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff, Bordeauxdog (English).
      2. Dogue de Bordeaux (French).
      3. Dogue de Bordeaux (German).
      4. Mastim francês (Portuguese).
      5. Dogo de Burdeos (Spanish).

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