In the Middle East a Saluki You can never be sold, You can only give away in signal estimation.
The Saluki, commonly known as “Royal dog of egypt”, It is perhaps the oldest known breed of domesticated dog and the oldest of the Sighthounds, It is believed descended from wolves in the wilderness of Ara. The Bedouins hold them in high esteem and use them for hunting gazelles and as pets..
As in the case of some other breeds in United States, including the Basenji and the Portuguese Podengo, the current Saluki population is descended from a small number of the first dogs to be introduced to the country since the 19th century.
It is said that the Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound), is the most intelligent hound.
Originally from North Africa and probably a descendant of the ancient “Egyptian hound”, it is said that the Sloughi took its name from the town of Sloughito in Tunisia. Its exact origins are unclear., but it is known that it was used for centuries by the Berber people and the Bedouin tribes to hunt gazelles, jackals, foxes and hares. In fact, thanks to its speed and resistance, could chase game across vast expanses of wilderness, which explains why it was the favorite dog of nomads. His sense of observation and his highly developed instinct also made him - and make him- an excellent herding dog. Last, it was also a domestic animal for them, since he was allowed to sleep with them in the tent at night. They even covered him with a blanket to protect him from the cold..
The first Sloughis arrived in Europe in the mid-nineteenth century, after the conquest of Algeria by France. The breed was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1934. World War II halted its development, since many breeders had to euthanize their animals due to lack of food or export them to countries that were saved from the conflict. The Sloughi it then became extremely rare until the end of the Algerian war (1954-1962), when the French soldiers brought to their country some specimens of the breed, which relaunched its expansion into European territory.
Tagiurie el Sian it was the first Sloughi that arrived in the United States in 1973. Originally from Tunisia, crossed the Atlantic with his owners Kaethe y Carl Rodarty. Unfortunately, due to his age and lack of females, could not have offspring. In fact, the breed was not really established in the country until 1979, When Carole Cioce imported two Sloughis from Germany to California.
Most representatives of the breed in North America today are descended from individuals imported from European countries. (France, Netherlands, Germany, etc.), although some come directly from North Africa, especially from Algeria, Libya and Tunisia.
The breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1995, and the other reference body of the country, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2016. El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), on the other hand, has not yet taken the step.
The popularity of the CKC in the neighboring country is certainly not a reason for it to do so.. The Sloughi It is one of the rarest dog breeds in the United States, being last in 2018 in the ranking established by the AKC based on the number of annual births registered in the organization.
In fact, the Sloughi It is now one of the rarest breeds of sighthounds in the world. In France, occur between 30 and 50 registrations per year in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF). The figure has been relatively stable since the middle of the years 80, while at the beginning of that decade it was rather twice. Compared, every year they are born around 1.400 hounds Whippet. In Great Britain, race is even confidential, since some years no birth is registered in the prestigious Kennel Club, the canine body of reference in the country.
The Sloughi it is also in danger of extinction in the Maghreb countries. Their number continues to decrease., mainly due to the scarcity and protection of certain species it hunts and the sedentarization of the Bedouin tribes, who need your help less and less to protect their herds.
In the news, Morocco has the largest number of Sloughis of the world. It's hard to know the exact number, but specialists estimate that the population is about 600 individuals.
The Sloughi it is one of the largest dog breeds. Like the other races of Sighthounds, looks slim and athletic. This is due to their thin and tight skin, to his short coat, fine and closed, to his lean musculature and his very pronounced bone structure. Its general appearance is that of a noble dog, very elegant and stylish, but specially built for speed.
His chest is wide, encased by flat ribs, long and slightly curved on the back third of the chest. The belly is tight and the back is short, almost horizontal between the withers and the hips. Straight legs, Bony and muscular are an important part of the dog's formidable speed.
Profile, the head is long and thin. Seen from above, the skull is wide. Tapers to the end formed by the nose, reminiscent of the shape of a valley. The nose is black and slightly descending, and the nostrils are wide open.
The eyes are large and dark, with a soft and melancholy look. The edge of the eyelids is pigmented. The ears are droopy, triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tips. The jaw is strong and regular.
Coat colors vary from light sandy to reddish, with or without black mask or cape. The most common are the black sand mask and the brindle sand.
Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced, since the males are usually not more than 10 cm taller than females, which is modest compared to the size of the animal.
Size and weight
▷ Male size: 66 to 72 cm.
▷ female size: 64 to 69 cm.
▷ Male weight: 20-25 kg
▷ female weight: 19-22 kg
Character and skills
Although it is not very demonstrative, the Sloughi he is devoted and loyal, and tends to be a single owner dog. When they join their owner, is for all the life, so it is very difficult for them to join another family if their owner is abandoned or dies.
They get along well with children, but it is better if they are of a certain age and have learned to interact with an animal. In fact, given its size, could unintentionally push a smaller one, or forcefully push away an older one who disrespects you. In any case, whatever the race and the degree of proximity, a small child should never be left alone with a dog.
Their sociability with humans is often limited to family members. With strangers, they are much more reserved, and will bravely defend their own if they feel threatened in any way.
In more general terms, can easily become anxious when faced with new situations. Thus, it is essential to socialize him as soon as possible to prevent him from becoming a fearful and / or unnecessarily aggressive dog.
You can also live with animals of other species (cats, rodents, etc.), as long as they grew up together and you consider them part of your family. On the other hand, as his hunting instinct is highly developed, the subsequent introduction of another animal into the home where you live can be problematic.
As for living under the same roof as a partner, this coexistence does not usually pose problems if you have grown up with him. Otherwise, it all depends on the size of the newcomer. Yes it's small, is likely to be regarded as prey. From his past as a hunter and rancher, preserves the need for space and exercise. So, you need at least one hour of physical exercise a day to get rid of your excess energy and stay balanced. So, they are ideal candidates for dog sports, starting, of course, for the tests intended for sighthounds (racing in cinodromes, decoy chase…). It is also an ideal breed of dog for an athlete, who likes to accompany on their outings; canicross and cani-VTT are activities perfectly adapted to it, and certainly more recommendable than sighthound races. On the other hand, having a strong hunting instinct, he can chase any small animals he meets at any time, especially cats. So, it is essential that you obey the call, and in any case it is better to carry him on a leash during walks, to avoid any risk of leakage. In fact, once a Sloughi olido has a hold, no longer really responsive to his master's instructions, so it is extremely difficult to make him return.
This is all the more true since, even with a lot of training, is often far from being the most obedient dog in the world. It also, cannot be trusted to keep a low profile if reprimanded: given his strong character, it would be the opposite. So, it is up to the owner to be firm from an early age, so as not to be dominated by his imposing companion.
The great need for exercise of the Arabian Greyhound and its size make, although I rarely bark (even in the presence of strangers), not really adapted to living in a flat. But, can live in an apartment, as long as he is taken out several times a day and can satisfy his need for exercise. A house is still preferable. But, it is important to ensure that the garden is well fenced, since the Sloughi is naturally elusive. Using an underground electric fence would not be a viable solution with such a dog., since the annoyance of the electrical impulses would be less strong than his determination to flee and follow who knows what trail. On the other hand, although I tolerate loneliness relatively well, it is not convenient that I live outside. In fact, its short and fine fur makes it very sensitive to cold, and he needs to bond with his humans anyway, to whom he is more attached than sometimes is thought.
The Sloughi He is a shy dog and is easily frightened by what he does not know. So, their socialization should take place from a very young age, when it is most malleable, so that you face the maximum number of people and situations and learn to adopt the appropriate behaviors in all circumstances, to become a perfectly balanced adult.
You should also put him in contact with other animals, especially with cats, rodents and other small animals, to try to prevent him from seeing them as prey when he later crosses paths with them.
With his great intelligence and keen sense of observation, learns quickly… if you want. In fact, obedience is not his strong point: It is not a dog that strives to satisfy or even anticipate the requests of its master. So, you need to be firm in your education, but also show patience, to respect his character. Trying to break in could only be detrimental to the future, since it is a proud and sensitive animal, who does not appreciate reprimands. His temperament makes him an ideal client for the positive reinforcement dog training method, and sweets are usually the key to success.
Last, teaching your dog to remember is especially important to be able to enjoy walks outdoors with peace of mind, since the Sloughi retains a strong predatory instinct and, therefore, can launch itself at any time in pursuit of an animal that it considers prey. This is even more true because, given its maximum speed, it is very difficult to reach it.
The Sloughi it is a healthy breed of dog. Has a low risk of inherited diseases and a longer life expectancy than other dogs of the same size.
But, are prone to injury while running and are more prone to certain ailments.
This is the case, in particular, of the progressive retinal atrophy of APR-RCD type (rod and cone dysplasia), an inherited disease that causes a malformation of the retina: the puppy's eyesight deteriorates from 6 months old and, usually, goes completely blind before the year. There is a blood test that can determine whether or not an individual is a carrier of the gene responsible for this disease. So, before adopting a representative of this breed, it is recommended to do the test, to avoid any risk at this level. Of course, knowing that it is a hereditary disease, a good breeder does not breed an individual carrying the gene.
Like all large dog breeds, it is also more prone to stomach dilation-torsion syndrome. This condition is an absolute emergency, as it is likely to die if not treated by a vet very quickly.
It also, like most breeds “Sighthounds”, the Sloughi is especially sensitive to anesthesia and medications. Thus, it is advisable to turn to a veterinarian who knows the specificities of these dogs in this regard.
Another peculiarity of this dog is its very high pain tolerance., so sometimes it is difficult to detect that you are suffering. So, be especially attentive to any change in behavior that may betray a health problem.
Last, due to its origins and its fur, the Sloughi not a cold weather breed. Thus, when temperatures are low, it is important to avoid spending too much time outside and to cover it with a suitable coat for dogs.
The Sloughi is the archetype of easy-care dog.
Brushing his short coat once or twice a week with a soft brush or brushing glove is perfectly sufficient to remove dead hairs and keep his coat clean.. Their molt is even more limited since, unlike many other breeds, does not suffer seasonal molts.
It also, the coat is self-cleaning, so it does not give off bad odors and it is not necessary to wash it regularly. Under normal circumstances, two or three times a year is more than enough, but, of course, you should not hesitate to bathe your dog if he has become very dirty and / or if harmful substances have spread through his coat.
As in any race, oral hygiene is very important and should not be neglected. The toothbrush is the most effective accessory to prevent the accumulation of tartar, strengthen gums and prevent bad breath.
It also, although your dog is not at particular risk of ear infections, despite the dangling shape of his ears, it is necessary to inspect and clean your ears at least once a week. This weekly session is also an opportunity to review - and if necessary clean- the eyes.
Last, natural wear and tear is usually enough to trim your claws. But, when you get older and / or less active, they can be too long, and then they can annoy or even hurt you. In this case, it is advisable to trim them with a special file or with a claw trimmer.
As in the case of any dog, the sooner you get used to the different manipulations that your care entails, the less likely you are to have problems later.
The diet of the Sloughi should consist primarily of lean meat, rice and vegetables. It is preferable to choose a quality food, either in the form of industrial croquettes, pate or homemade food. The amount to be given varies according to the size, the age and physical activity of the animal. By the way, don't be fooled by its slim look and slightly visible ribs: this is part of his physical characteristics and is not at all a sign that he is malnourished. No need to worry about it, but the abnormal would be the opposite.
In general, the more effort and activity your dog makes, more food will be needed to make up for the loss of energy. It is advisable to divide it into at least two meals, one in the morning and one at night, to reduce the likelihood of digestive problems such as stomach bloating or distention.
To avoid the latter, meals should be taken in a quiet place and one hour away from walks or any strenuous physical activity.
Last, as in the case of all dogs, it is essential to guarantee the availability of fresh water throughout the day.
Known as the “lord of the dogs” in Moroccan culture, the Sloughi has long been appreciated for its hunting skills, agility, endurance and speed. It can reach a speed of up to 55 km / h along 300 m, to the point that there is an Arabic saying that says “when a Sloughi see a gazelle pluck a blade of grass, it will be at your height before you finish chewing it”.
In the north of Africa, where is he from, It was mainly used as a guard dog to protect herds, as well as to hunt hares, foxes, jackals or gazelles.
But, in 1844, a French law prohibited hunting with Sighthounds and it was applied in the Maghreb territories that became part of France in the 19th century.
Since 2004, hunting with greyhounds is again allowed in some Maghreb countries, but under certain conditions. But, is still banned in Europe, except for Spain.
In United States, has sometimes been used to hunt coyotes.
In their homelands, the Sloughi It is still used by nomads as a guard dog for their herds, although this practice tends to disappear as tribes settle.
Their loyalty and unwavering devotion to their master also make them very good companion dogs., as long as their families are able to meet their great need for exercise.
Last, his lean and athletic nature makes him a good competitor in racing and sight pursuit events, although it is not as fast as a “Greyhound”.
Price “Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound)”
The price of a puppy Sloughi ranges between 900 and 1300 EUR. The price of a copy depends on its conformity with the standard, of the reputation of his lineage, of the prestige of the kennel and also of its sex: females are considerably more expensive than males.
It is also possible to import a Arabian Greyhound straight from north africa. The purchase price is more affordable (between 500 and 750 EUR), but you must respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and transport costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.
Adopting a Sloughi It can also be done through specialized retired greyhound associations. Many owners decide to part with their Sloughi when they can no longer compete. Sometimes they are also abandoned by owners who are not sufficiently informed of their needs. (especially in terms of physical activity) and they are not able to take proper care of them. Thus, these associations try to offer a second life to the greyhounds they host, allowing them to find a new family.
Characteristics "Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound)"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. The variety of drooping ears is called Phalène.
The Continental Toy Spaniel (in French: Butterfly), water dog is a breed of dog of the type. One of the oldest of the Toy Spaniel, It is named after its resemblance to the butterfly, in its ears, large with long hair and fringes, It emulates open wings of a butterfly.
The history of Continental Toy Spaniel is traced through various works of art. The first Toy Spaniels which resembles the Continental Toy Spaniel you are in italy. Vicelli Tiziano painted these small dogs in many famous paintings, about 1500, as the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other renowned artists to have painted these small dogs are Watteau, González Coke, Fragonard, Paolo Veronese, and Mignard.
A painting of the Wallace Collection, London, appears a Continental Toy Spaniel portrayed with the family of Louis XIV. As well, Papillon dogs appear in paintings of European royal families and the families of merchants of the time paintings. The race was very popular in England, France and Belgium, which are considered countries of origin by the FCI.
The history of Continental Toy Spaniel and its long association with royalty have led to many stories about the breed. Marie Antoinette is said to have gone to the guillotine, clinging to her small dog under her arm, a Continental Toy Spaniel. But, Tradition says that Marie Antoinette's dog was a small dog belonging to the Water Dogs which had been brought to the French court from Spain on the back of pack mules. according to history, her puppy was saved and was treated in a building in Paris that, currently called the Papillon House.
The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. In the news, the Continental Toy Spaniel can be seen competing in obedience and agility.
S – black and white
S – Lemon and white
S – White and Red
S – Sable and white
S – Black and white as
A – Brown black and white
A – Black red and white
A – Brown and white
A – Black & Fawn
A – Red
A – Red, Sable and white
A – Sand
A – White
A – White and Brown
A – Silver and white
A – Black marks
A – Mask black
A – red marks
A – Sand
A – the marks fire
To the Continental Toy Spaniel with floppy ears it is called Phalène (from French: moth). His small head is slightly rounded. The snout is a little short, fine, narrowing towards the nose. The eyes are dark, size medium, round, with a thin black border that, often extends into the Union of the eyelids to ears. The large ears may be erect or fall with the rounded tips.
They have the long tail of high insertion, covered with long, fine hair. The hair is smooth, long, fine, a single layer, and on the chest, the ears and the back of the queue have longer hair, as if it were a wheel.
The color of the coat is white with patches of any color. A mask of a color other than white covers both ears and the eyes from back to front..
The most distinctive of Continental Toy Spaniel it's his big fringed ears, It seems to the wings of a butterfly. They can also be registered, the American Kennel Club supports the following colors and markings, the types specified as S-standard, or A-alternative for use in shows and competitions:
There are two variations of this race, that of the fully erect ears of the Continental Toy Spaniel more common, and the lop-eared Spaniel type (ears of Phalène). But, the American Kennel Club and the International Cynological Federation consider variation Phalène and the Continental Toy Spaniel common, as the same race. The height is of 20 to 28 cm., and the weight of approximately 3.5 kg.
in brood, a specimen of the variety should never be crossed Continental Toy Spaniel with variety Phalène, because there is a considerable risk that arise with ears semierguidas either mixed puppies.
This detail, It must be taken into account for those people who wish to participate in show ring since that difference in the ears is penalized as a serious lack.
Character and skills
The temperament of Continental Toy Spaniel is very affectionate, docile and even at times, absorbent.
Is - by definition- a service dog is will be looking for pampering continuously, which makes it an ideal dog for older people, Since his love everyday waste and their small size are an infallible weapon against loneliness.
In general, is a quiet dog, is very patient and just ladra.
It adapts with total tranquility to any situation, the only thing that will interest him is to be next to his owner.
While they will not display aggressiveness to strangers, nor give exaggerated signs of love. They should not be shy or aggressive, that is not common in the breed.
They need a daily walk. The game really like, and it is good that there is time for fun, but long walks are necessary to be a good state of health.
Life expectancy Continental Toy Spaniel round the 16 years.
Y, as last detail, is an excellent Hunter of mice.
The globally obedient and loyal character of the Continental Toy Spaniel makes you a good candidate for a first adoption. In particular, his intelligence makes him quickly understand and memorize the association between orders and actions. This makes it easier to learn the basic commands, but it also makes him an ideal student for a master who wants to go further and teach his dog tricks. Very intelligent, the dog Continental Toy Spaniel trains easily.
But, to use your intelligence and learn, must be willing to do it. In fact, pampered and treated like a prince for centuries, has maintained a certain propensity to do only what he wants. So, special emphasis should be placed on learning obedience early in your education, as it is the key to unlocking everything else and exploiting its full potential. But, it's not a matter of rushing: given its sensitivity and its closeness to its humans, punishing the dog for being recalcitrant would have every chance of backfiring, by weakening the bond that binds him to his master. Better to see it upside down, and reward him (with stimuli, treats or even caresses) every time he does what is expected of him. This is the very basis of the positive dog training method., and the value you place on everything that comes from your human referent only makes the use of rewards more effective. Like this, knowing how to show firmness (and if patience is necessary) to set and enforce limits upon arrival at home, it is better to share beauty with gentleness and rewards to make your education a success.
It also, the fact that he is sociable both with humans and with other animals does not exempt him from being socialized from his earliest age, at the risk of behaving differently. Make you meet lots of people (friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and get used to meeting other animals (dogs, cats, rodents, birds…) it is essential to avoid any tendency to aggression once he is an adult and to hope to at least partially curb his hunting instinct. At the same time, exposing him to all kinds of noises and smells in all kinds of places allows him to be calm and balanced afterwards, and therefore perfectly capable of finding and holding its place alongside humans.
Despite her fragile appearance, the Continental Toy Spaniel it is generally quite robust. Most people have few health problems and enjoy a good life expectancy, at least equal to that of other dogs of this structure.
His coat lacking undercoat, However, makes it little resistant to cold. On the other hand, has less difficulty in strong heat.
The health problems to which you are particularly predisposed are:
hereditary cerebellar ataxia, a rare genetic disorder whose outcome is usually fatal;
progressive retinal atrophy, which gradually causes the dog's weight due to neuronal degeneration of the eye responsible for vision.It is an incurable hereditary disease;
the opening of the fontanel, when a soft spot on the top of the head does not close completely.This genetic problem means that a head injury can be fatal;
von Willebrand's disease, an inherited condition that affects platelets and leads to a bleeding disorder: Therefore, a simple cut can cause excessive bleeding;
patellar luxation, which can cause pain in the knee of the animal and promote the development of arthrosis. Continental Toy Spaniel explains why you are predisposed to this problem;
the waterfall, giving the eye a milky or crystalline appearance, and can cause blindness. In some cases, corrected by surgery;
entropion, a malformation of the eyelid that causes painful lesions of the cornea in the animal;
collapsed windpipe, an irreversible condition that causes breathing problems and worsens over time;
follicular dysplasia of the black hairs, a skin condition that causes hair loss (alopecia);
dental problems, like all dogs of this size., the small size of its mouth favors the formation of tartar, and all the troubles that go with it (gingivitis,periodontosis…);
broken bones, especially in puppies, that are particularly fragile and must be handled with care;
hypoglycemia, which is characterized by a decrease in blood sugar levels. The animal is then in a state of great weakness and fatigue. In the most severe cases, may fall into a coma.
The fact that many of these conditions are inherited underscores the difference that adopting from a serious breeder Continental Toy Spaniel.In fact, a professional worthy of the name should be able to provide not only a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccinations received by the animal (recorded in your health record or immunization record), but also and especially the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or the child on these diseases.
Having said that, making sure you adopt a healthy puppy is of little interest if you don't do everything you can to keep it that way. In this sense, prevention plays a fundamental role: wear it regularly (At least once a year) to a veterinarian for a health check allows, in particular, make sure you are up to date on your vaccinations, but also detect a possible problem as soon as possible.
Of 14 to 15 years
Although the Continental Toy Spaniel it's a long-haired dog, the absence of undercoat makes their coat relatively easy to maintain. In fact, this particularity implies that very little is detached, except during their molting periods, in spring and autumn. Daily brushing is necessary during these periods, but twice a week is more than enough the rest of the time.
As long as the coat is brushed enough, does not tend to get dirty or smell bad. So, unless it got especially dirty, wash the dog 2 or 3 times a year is usually enough. Always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is not the same as that of humans.
As in the case of any dog, their ears should be checked and cleaned once a week to reduce the risk of infection.
Since they are especially prone to eye diseases, your eyes should also be thoroughly cleaned weekly.
It also, regular tooth brushing, at least once a week, It is essential to limit the formation of tartar and avoid all the risks that this entails. Do not neglect this maintenance, as it is prone to dental problems.
Last, your nails grow quickly: therefore, generally need to be cut once a month. Otherwise, run the risk of disturbing or even breaking and injuring you.
Of course, all coat maintenance, the eyes, the ears, the dog's teeth and nails should not be done randomly: it is important to know how to proceed. It is important to know how to do it well. The first time, It may help to see a veterinarian or professional groomer to learn how to do this..
It also, so that the sessions go as well as possible, it is important to accustom your pet to all these manipulations from an early age.
The Continental Toy Spaniel can be fed industrial dog food, as long as it is of good quality and adapted to their age, size and activity level, so that it provides you with all the nutrients you need.
Even if your dog is not predisposed to being overweight due to his activity level, you have to make sure that his daily intake does not exceed his needs and weigh him regularly, for example, Once a month. In the event that a discrepancy is confirmed or even worsens from one moment to the next, it doesn't take long to take him to a vet: he will be able to identify the medical origin (disease, side effect of a medication…) or dietary origin (unsuitable products or given in excessively large quantities) of the problem, and define how to remedy it. By the way, It's important to put attention on 300 or 400 grams of extra is not much for a human, but they represent for a small dog like Continental Toy Spaniel a significant percentage of your weight, and therefore clearly require to be alarmed.
By the way, treats can work wonders in the context of your education, but they can also work against you by promoting weight gain if given in large amounts. To limit this risk, the ideal is to deduct your caloric intake from your daily ration. Last, like any dog, the Continental Toy Spaniel must have access to clean, fresh water at all times.
Unlike many dog â€‹â€‹breeds that were originally developed for hunting or herding, the Continental Toy Spaniel has served from the beginning as an ideal companion dog, being gentle, affectionate and calm. From the 15th century, they were the perfect companion of noble ladies in the royal courts of Europe.
This role of faithful companion dog is still the most frequent today, and needs to be very close to his family. But, not to be confused with a lap dog that spends most of its time sleeping: has a lot of energy, and needs a master active enough to allow him to spend it every day.
His past and present success as a companion dog owes much to his attractive appearance.. It's no wonder that many owners try to display them at dog shows, so it is common to find them as sample dogs.
His intelligence and physical abilities are above average for a dog of his size., which makes them ideal competitors in dog sports such as agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.
It also, His level of vigilance and the fact that he is not one of those who spend hours sleeping during the day make him a good alert dog., that does not stop warning in case of unusual presence.
Last, His closeness to humans and ability to quickly become friends with them combine with his sensitivity to make him an excellent therapy dog., gifted to calm the most fragile people with his simple presence. They can be found in hospitals, mental health centers and rehabilitation centers.
How much does a “Continental Toy Spaniel”?
The price of a puppy Continental Toy Spaniel it's average 1200 EUR.
But, there may be a more or less important difference from one individual to another, based on your lineage, the prestige of the kennel from which they come, its intrinsic characteristics (and, in particular, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, which means that within the same litter there may be significant price differences), as well as their sex, since females tend to cost more than males.
Characteristics "Continental Toy Spaniel"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Continental Toy Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Tibetan spaniel it is an awake and very active dog that is very close to its owner.
The Tibetan spaniel is a breed native to the mountainous regions of Tibet, as the name reflects. The ancestors of the Tibetan Spaniel are believed to have appeared two millennia ago, along with the Lhasa Apso, the Shih Tzu and the Pekingese, among others. This dog has long accompanied Buddhist monks in their temples, warning their masters and their companions (mainly to Tibetan Mastiff – Do-Khy) from the slightest intrusion.
Even though it's called spaniel, has neither the qualities nor the heritage of a hunting dog. It has always been used as a companion and alert dog.. The first representatives of the breed to be brought to England arrived there at the end of the 19th century.. In United States, the Tibetan spaniel began to be adopted during the decade of 1960 and the national club dedicated to the breed was founded in 1971. 13 years later, earned recognition from the American Kennel Club. In the meantime, the 22 in August of 1961, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) granted the breed its own ultimate status.
▷ Fur: silky, glued, smooth, average length, shorter on the face and in the front of the legs. The fringes are present on the back of the front legs. Hair and mane are less dense in females. ▷ Color: all colors are allowed, shades and combinations. ▷ Head: Small in relation to the body, proud port. The skull is slightly domed, medium width and length. The stop is light but it's marked. ▷ Ears: Medium-sized, high insertion, well feathered and hanging. ▷ Eyes: oval, dark brown, medium-sized, placed far apart, forward facing, showing an expressive and lively look. ▷ Body: rectangular, slightly longer than the height of the withers. The neck is moderately short, strong, covered with a mane (more pronounced in males than females). The loin is straight and the ribs are well sprung. ▷ The tail it is high insertion, happily held, forming a loop on the back when the dog is in action and provided with abundant hair.
Size and weight
▷ Male size: 25 – 26 cm.
▷ female size: 22 – 24 cm.
▷ Male weight: 4 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 4 – 7 kg
Character and skills
The Tibetan spaniel is an alert and active little dog that shows great intelligence. Your education is very easy. Loyal to his family and close to his masters, it is a dog that nevertheless needs independence.
Accumulate many qualities such as affection, the softness, the sensibility. It is a dog very devoted to his family and that adapts as well to a family with children as to a single person or older. It is not an aggressive dog, but be wary of people you don't know, which makes him a very good alert and guard dog because he is full of security.
The Tibetan spaniel is an indoor dog that fits perfectly into an urban lifestyle, In an apartment. The possibility of enjoying a fenced garden also suits you, but you should always be able to benefit from a shelter from bad weather.
The Tibetan spaniel it is a social race that needs regular contact with its humans. They do not respond well when left alone for long periods of time. Having been developed as a companion dog by Tibetan monks, are emotional and empathic with the needs of their owners.
It is important to socialize him Tibetan spaniel at a young age with a variety of people and situations. They are protectors of their family. Even after socializing, they tend to be distant with strangers. If you are scared or uncomfortable, a Tibetan spaniel will express mistrust with loud alarm barks.
Although it is not a particularly athletic dog, he needs daily walks for his physical balance, psychological and emotional.
The Tibetan spaniel it is a strong and healthy dog. But, the breed is prone to a number of diseases, such as the risk of patella luxation, generalized retinal atrophy, urinary stones and persistent pupillary membrane.
The Tibetan spaniel It is subject to 2 seasonal moults per year. During these, you are likely to lose hair extensively. Apart from the changes, its maintenance is still undemanding, but it should be done regularly.
It is recommended to brush the dog once a week outside the shedding periods and daily during them.. Special attention must be paid to the hygiene of the inside of their hanging ears to avoid possible infections. You can give it a bath every 3 or 4 months approximately, but it is not necessary to shear it.
The Tibetan spaniel does not need a special diet. Not a very greedy dog. Like all dogs, a good quality diet is advised, adapted to his age, to your state of health and your physical exercise to keep you in good health.
Price of Tibetan spaniel
The price of a puppy Tibetan spaniel it will depend on the sex, the pedigree of the parents, compliance with breed standards, etc.
▷ Price of a Tibetan spaniel male: of 550 to 1200 EUR.
▷ Price of a female Tibetan spaniel : 600 to 1200 EUR.
breeders of the Tibetan spaniel
Name of kennel
Tibetan Spaniel The Legend of the Elves (France)
La Legende des Elfes is a small hobby / exhibition kennel, who has had and shown the Tibetan Spaniel. We are situated in beautiful Normandy and surrounded by farmland where our tibby's enjoy the peace and serenity of country life and long walks.
We occasionally have puppies available for approved homes. All dogs used for breeding have current eye test certificates. We provide an after-sales advisory service and accept or re-house any of our specimens at any time. Most of our puppies just want a good home and to be the family pet., No problem.
We have already imported dogs from Finland, Denmark and Norway. My main goal is to breed wonderful tibbies in Austria and to make the breed known here. Of course I want to breed good show dogs, but the main thing for me is health. During the dog shows I met many wonderful Tibetan Spaniel breeders from Europe.
Pramaweg 88 Going am Wilden Kaiser Kitzbuehel / Tirol A-6353 Austria
My breeding principle is to raise healthy Tibetan Spaniel dogs, social and happy to the delight of their new families and long-term family members. I belong to the Finnish Kennel Club and the Tibetan Spaniel Association and have signed a breeder agreement. I am also a member of SuKoKa ry.
Welcome to the Pul-i-Khumri website - Tibetan Spaniels
On this website you will find information about this small companion dog.
History, care, Puppies, colors, pedigrees, exhibition results, champions book.
From time to time we raise a new nest and try to support a responsible dissemination of this beautiful breed. Our dogs live with us in the house and of course the puppies are raised in our house.
We try to socialize young dogs as best as possible, letting them get used to other dogs. We accompany them on some car rides and take them to various places, like a mall, shops and, a garden center. We also take the puppies to visit family or friends.
At the same time, we try to make them clean as much as possible. We also train young dogs to stay calm while we brush them on the table., for possible visits to dog shows.
Puppies receive a chip for identification, are treated with a fermifuge and receive a puppy graft when they have 6 weeks and a second graft at 9 weeks. Then they will be ready to go to the big world and its new owners..
+31(0)36-537 45 97
Breeding of "Tibetan spaniel" with love and care at home. Member of the Tibetan Association of Finland since 1971
The Tibetan spaniel from Tashi-Gong come from Finland.
All of our dogs are beloved members of the family from the beginning of their lives to the end.. Carefully planned litters that are born in the middle of a normal family life, being used to driving from an early age. None of our puppies will be sold in kennel condition or for display purposes only.
The Finnish Kennelclub has honored me, as creator of Tashi-Gong Tibetan Spaniels, with the Vuolasvirta Breeder Award - High Quality Breeding Award.
Breeding dogs requires responsibility and commitment ... ..
for this reason we breed a maximum of 1 to 2 litters per year.
Each litter is carefully planned and takes a lot of time in the planning phase to choose the right breeding partner.. Usually, long distances to suitable males at home and abroad should be accepted.
Our puppies are born in the house and we take care of them 24 hours. The first pass 14 days of their lives with their mom in our bedroom. Here the young family does not bother, if it is not observed, so that help can be intervened at any time if necessary. During this time, the cubs still sleep a lot and are fully cared for by the mother .
If required, puppies feed from the 4th to the 5th week. The menu includes goat's milk with melted flakes or raw lamb, beef or poultry with vegetable puree. Meat meals are supplemented with bone meal, herbs, beer yeast, wheat germ and oat bran.
When the weather is good, you can go to the garden for hours. There is a playground for puppies there, which is alternatively equipped with various stimuli. These include different soil conditions, wavy and moving objects, like umbrella, floating ribbons, PET bottles, tubes, caves and much more.
From the 5th week of life, puppies meet strangers. In the 7th and 8th week of life, the little ones can leave their territory, we take short walks, car trips and have positive first contacts with other dogs. In this way, our puppies socialize with people and peers at a young age.
Visitors and interested to see our puppies are always welcome by appointment.
Puppies are vaccinated for the first time at 10 weeks and a visit to the breeding director is planned. From the 12th week of life, the little ones can finally move in with their new families.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Tibetan spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The hair Shih Tzu needs a lot of care, especially with the exhibition specimens
The Shih Tzu It is a very ancient breed of dog (the first data found on them date from the 10th century to. C.) originating in China. There is an opinion widely about his origin, but often give acceptable they are descended from similar Tibetan dogs Lhasa Apso.
Like the Lhasa Apso, the Shih Tzu They are a race linked in some way with the Buddhist religion. The Chinese bred them and primped so they seem somewhat Lions. Even the name of the race, “Shih Tzu”, means “Lion dog”, which is usually blamed on the strong and deep bark of these animals.
They were highly prized in China as guard dogs.
In the seventeenth century the history of the Shih Tzu. The Dalai Lama, wanting to fill of gifts to the Chinese emperor, He gave some examples of this breed. Ending the 19th century, Ts’eu-hi, empress who was the grandmother of the last emperor, I was a big fan of the Shih Tzu and for this reason it had more than a hundred and specialized caregivers. When in 1908 the Empress died, the Shih Tzu suffered a severe blow.
At the beginning of the 1930s, He began to creep into houses of Chinese elders, leaving the ivory tower. And in that time he received some names: Lhasa Lion Dog, Tibetan Poodle, etc. And in 1934 was founded the Peking Kennel Club.
In 1937, the invasion of China by the Japanese was the reason for the disappearance of the Shih Tzu in China, your country of origin. But, Luckily, Europeans had already become fond of this breed, that in 1955 began to be extended by United States.
After her appearance, the Shih Tzu they replaced the Lhasa Apso as the favourite dogs of nobles and emperors. Travelers who visited the eastern country during that time brought the fashion for these small, hairy dogs to Europe and, later, to America, where made a strong impression. In the modern era, the fashion of the Shih Tzu gradually disappeared, and after the Communist revolution the dog breed was considered extinct in China, although it had already penetrated deeply in the West.
All the genetic inheritance of Shih Tzu comes from seven pairs of dogs, including a Pekingese, that through the efforts of several historians have been able to be identified.
The head of these dogs is small in proportion to the rest of your body, and eyes, black (and rarely even blue or brown) they are always huge, so there they deserve special care if you want to avoid health problems.
Her hair is long and very dense, but never curly (are allowed a bit of undulation), and it can be of all colors, Although it is more normal to the front and the end of the tail are white. The ears are large and pendants, and they have so much hair that seem to form a whole with the hair in the neck.
The snout is short and flat, sometimes causing them breathing problems; for example, is quite common that they ronquen soundly. The average length of life of this dog is fourteen years, However, a Shih Tzu that has been well cared for and has not had major health problems can live up to twenty-three years, in the case of one of the longest known dog breeds. Their colours can be white, dorado, black, liver, Silver, Red or brindel. The Shih Tzu They are animals that, due to their type of hair, do not give allergies to allergic people.
Physically they are not very tall (they measured a maximum 26,7 cm and weigh in 4,5 to 8,1 kg).
Character and skills
Dog breeds are often created for a specific purpose.. In this case, the purpose of Shih Tzu is to be a partner. Has no hunting instinct, nor on guard, and is never aggressive. He was selected just to be a faithful and loving friend.
The Shih Tzu It, Therefore, a dog that gets along with everyone, both with children and adults. Also appreciates other animals, especially felines. It is sometimes said to be a “dog Cat”, since its behavior is very similar to that of a feline. In fact, he decides when he wants to be caressed, and once he is an adult, he really appreciates just sitting still on his cushion. It also, tends to be independent and to obey only if you want. It also, like many small breeds of dogs, can be somewhat difficult.
But, the Shih Tzu he is a tender and calm companion, but also full of joy. He loves to play and to be taken care of: his master is everything to him. In fact, can't stand loneliness; if your family is usually far away, the company of another animal is welcome.
The Shih Tzu live as well in apartment as at home. Perfectly adapted to city life, he barks little and his calm character allows him to be carried everywhere: he will remain calmly at the feet of his master. Having said that, not a dog that needs a lot of exercise; a daily walk and games are enough for him. All this makes it an ideal dog for an older person., if it is willing to take on the daily maintenance it requires.
Intelligent and endowed with a good learning ability, the Shih Tzu is nevertheless a stubborn dog. He does not like to obey blindly, and even less that they force him. Your master will have to be persistent and cunning. It is advisable to go through the game and fun rather to make him learn the orders.
The Shih Tzu is generally in good health.
But, you are at risk of developing brachycephalic syndrome, because of his crushed face.
It also, is a dog that can be prone to ear infections, because of his drooping ears, or cataracts for his bulging eyes. You can also get contact conjunctivitis, in case your hair falls into your eyes. That is why it is advisable to lift the hair by putting a toupee on it.. In general, your eyes and ears should be checked regularly.
It also, being longer than tall, the Shih Tzu may have back problems, especially at the level of the intervertebral disc. It is advised to avoid going up and down the stairs too often. So, in the absence of elevator, it is better to take it.
It also, also has a predisposition to atopia, risk that increases if your hair is poorly cared for.
He is a greedy dog, who is prone to obesity. So, it is necessary to take care of the amount of food eaten. A maximum of 100 grams of kibble per day.
Last, if the cold doesn't bother you, the Shih Tzu it is instead sensitive to heat: in summer, it is necessary to shorten the walks, or perform them away from temperature peaks.
To the Shih Tzu you have to take care of them with time and a lot of patience.
The maintenance of Shih Tzu requires careful attention.
In addition to the daily hairstyle, it is recommended to groom your Shih Tzu each 3 or 4 weeks. If cleaning is done at home, using a highly nourishing dog shampoo and conditioner will make the job easier. You have to dry the dog with a hair dryer, so that it does not catch cold.
On the other hand, it should be noted that the Shih Tzu only changes, making it one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.
On the other hand, his eyes and teeth must be cleaned daily, and the ears once a week.
You must be careful, as well, with food: they are delicate stomach dogs, normally they do not accept well anything else other than dry food. Veterinarians recommend give milk without lactose because many of them cannot tolerate.
Characteristics "Shih Tzu"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Shih Tzu" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, It is said to have the character of a cat, and you will see why...
Characteristics "Japanese Chin"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Japanese Chin" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
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The true origin of the Japanese Chin It is still controversial, Although a general consensus, concludes that originated in Spaniela.
These dogs were brought to Japan around year 732. Some maintain the ancestors of these dogs first arrived to Japan around the year 732, as a gift from royalty Korea, while others argue that Japanese Chin copies were offered as a gift to the Empress of Japan in the middle of the sixth century, other theories assure that they arrived in Japan in the year 1000.
But beyond all the controversy regarding the origin, all agree on one thing, the Japanese Chin, is an authentic “Japanese”, because it reflects the Japanese sensitivity to detail.
The Japanese established various breeds of dogs, with a defined purpose that was work, that Japan considered something different, different from a “dog“, He was considered a work on farm animal, for hunting, to care for cattle, etc., but the Japanese Spaniel, it was something very special because it was strictly considered a companion dog.
His appearance and distinctive personality was quickly captured the hearts of the Japanese and that led to ownership of these dogs to be limited to persons of Royal and noble blood.
Due, every noble House was raising its own standard, why there are many variations of the Japanese Spaniel, in terms of size, the density of the layer, the eyes, the personality…
Once the race was introduced in the West, a strong desire of the people by the smaller copies (those who weighed a maximum 4,5 Kg.), He carried that size was the most popular and became the official standard of various canine clubs around the world.
Professor Von Ludvic Schulmuth studied canine origins from a discovery of skeletal remains of dogs found in human settlements dating back to the eighth millennium BC., in the Gobi desert. On the basis of the information collected, he created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs which gathered very interesting information concerning the origin of certain breeds that are today very popular.
The Gobi Desert is a large desert region between Spaniela northern and southern Mongolia. Can be one of the deserts, or desert areas largest and most important worldwide. Around it the Altai Mountains and the steppes of Mongolia in the North, the Tibetan plateau and the northern Spaniela plain to the southwest. The word gobi means "desert".’ in Mongolian. The Gobi is composed of different geographic and ecological regions, based on its variations of climate and topography.
Historically, the Gobi desert He is noted for being part of the Mongol Empire and the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.
Occupying the 30% of the national territory, great Gobi Mongolia covers capricious montes, sandy dunes, vast plateaus, steppes with its aromatic herbs and, Since then, a varied animal world, within the canine ancestors found Professor Ludvic Von Schulmuth.
Ludvic von Schulmuth defined as origin of certain dog breeds a former denizen dog of the Gobi desert, whose remains were found in places where stored manure or litter, and called them “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog”, Several lines arose from this animal that gave rise to various breeds.. These may include, a small dog with soft hair and floppy ears that was the ancestor of Tibetan Spaniel, the Japanese Chin and Pekingese. Another branch which descends from the “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog ” gave rise to the Continental Toy Spaniel and to the Chihuahua longhair. Y, another branch of the same dog of the Gobi desert, gave rise to the emergence of the Pug and Shih Tzu.
There is also some documentation that indicates Portuguese sailors introduced the breed to Europe in the century 17 through the gift of some to Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of King Charles II of England, but there is more evidence that the first Japanese Spaniel which opened steps behind borders, It was a gift of the Emperor of Japan offered a U.S. Navy officer, Matthew C. Perry, When he visited East in 1853 to open bilateral trade. The naval officer, a litter seven Japanese took Spaniel, and to reach their land only survived two, and to whom he gave them is something that is still not known for sure.
What we do have full certainty of is that the Japanese Spaniel, also known as the Spaniel Japanese has been the dog of Japanese royalty.
This small dog of friendly aspect, It has a very similar appearance to that of the Pekingese, But unlike, its legs are longer, and the color of the fur is different; It may be black and white or red and white. The fur is soft and long; the large, dark eyes, well separated from each other; the tail, well endowed with hair, relies on the back; the ears are triangular in shape and small size; the snout is short and flattened, and large heads relative to their body.
The Japanese Spaniel barks only when necessary in order to alert the family of the arrival of a visitor or something out of the ordinary, then is a quiet breed.
It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, is said to have the character of a cat, and you will see why...
The Japanese Chin is always alert, He is intelligent and independent, and it uses its feet to wash and dry your face. Other feline features are your preferences for the rest in elevated surfaces, as the backups of the sofa and chairs. He has a spectacular ability to walk across a tea table without knocking over any objects., If that doesn't make it a cat total!!!
These dogs were bred and trained for the purpose of loving his people. Although it is usually a quiet dog, He also known for the amount of mischief that make, Welcome to all, as the call “Spin Chin”, they go around quickly in a circle as if they were dancing but resting only on their hind legs, While with their Forelegs dejan them interwoven and shaking them up top down at full speed, they are very funny.
The Japanese Spaniel is an excellent companion dog., It is affectionate and loyal to his owner and, normally, happy to see other people, though some mistrust strangers. It is a dog who prefers the family environment, but they adapt very well in new situations and are often used as therapy dogs due to this trait and their love of people.. Socialization at an early age contributes to his temperament of develop optimally, is an emotionally balanced dog, by nature, but it is important to contribute.
Some tend to “sing”, They produce a noise that can range from a minimal trill to a high pitch and quite low-pitched for their size., almost with the quality of Opera that sounds like “booooooo”. On race Basenji in the right column you can see a video of the dog singing, it is very similar to what the Japanese Chin.
The orbits of the eyes of large contribute to moisture in the face and the folds of skin around the crushed nose and facial area, You can trap moisture and cause fungus problems. The face should be cleaned from time to time with a damp cloth and the folds, with a cotton swab.
Diet is an important factor in the health and condition of the Japanese Chin, many specimens may be allergic to corn, for example.
Due to their small size they don't need too much exercise, although yes, requires frequent walks, because they are active and love to be outdoors. They adapt well to life in an apartment or small homes. On the other hand, their fur should brush your daily, as it is often about getting caught.
Japanese Chin has a long life, to round the 15 years, but in many cases can be extended to more or less the 18 years of age.
They weigh between 1,8 and 3,3 kand and measured at the cross, of 21 to 25 cm.. The litter is usually fairly small, of between 3 and 4 Puppies.
Images "Japanese Chin"
1. Japanese Chin, young male by Pointer8 / CC BY-SA
2. A Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
3. A red Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
4. Japanese Chin with tongue hanging out over crooked teeth by OliviaCC / Public domain
5. A Japanese Chin puppy. By Rachel Harris (RLH) from Scottsdale, THE, U.S.A. / CC BY
6. One of our neighbours has this small Japanese Chin. By Mark Hillary
7. Japanese Chin by https://www.needpix.com/photo/download/1697007/dog-japanese-chin-animal-pet-sweet-white-black-nature-sunset
8. Japanese Chin by Tingflorance / CC BY-SA
9. Japanese Chin by Arnaud 25 / Public domain
The English Cocker Spaniel he is a sweet and affectionate dog. Excellent guard and loving with children.
The term spaniel it applied to any dog â€‹â€‹that hunted game birds and pulled. Usually they distinguished by their size or the way they work. These may include, there was spaniels land and spaniels water. The dogs that hunted woodcocks were known as Cockers, while the larger spaniels that “drew” cover hunting by pulling the chain were known as Springers. At any given time, different types could be born in the same litter, but eventually they separated in races: Cocker Spaniels and English Springer Spaniel.
In the United States and Britain, the Cocker They developed a different aspect, while began to be considered separate races. The Club of the English Cocker Spaniel America was formed in 1935 for people who appreciate the look and the different skills of the English Cocker. The American Kennel Club recognized him as an individual race 1946. The American Cocker It became more popular, but fans of the English Cocker consider their dogs a well kept secret. Today, the English Cocker ranks 66 between breeds registered by the AKC.
The English Cocker Spaniel, It has the benefit of having many coat colors, and each can have their favorite color. However the selection of the color does not have any influence or precedent on health.
There are two varieties of Cocker Spaniel, the English Cocker Spaniel, from Wales and the American Cocker Spaniel, It is resulting from the adjustment of the English Cocker Spaniel to United States.
The English Cocker Spaniel It is a strong dog, Atlético, Compact and balanced, they weigh in 12 to 15 Kg. In them, the extent of the ground to the cross (39 to 41 cm.) and this at the tail is equal, approximately. The body of the dog is compact, with a well developed chest and possess a slight tilt from the back to the tail.
The legs are strong and muscular, especially the rear. The wide head, Lightweight aspect, with a large truffle. The English Cocker Spaniel ears are lobular shape and low insertion, at the height of the eyes. It has large eyes. They tend to be Brown, almost dark, although some Cocker they have clear.
The expression of eyes is intelligent, alert, bright and cheerful. You can see this dog in multiple colors. Copies of solid color only allows a white patch on the chest.
Character and skills
The English Cocker Spaniel, It is currently a very popular dog as a companion pet., for those who enjoy the countryside. To develop this race in Wales The aim was to get a dog that would chase the chickens, herding them from their hiding places in the bushes.. Its versatility grew up and went when they realized that this dog was happy in a different position and was also able to swim.
They enjoy playing with children (especially the females) provided that these comply, It should educate the can so that it does not jump on infants.
While they are dogs that like to play is recommended to be very careful in dealing with these animals due to his hyperactive character.
It is a sweet and affectionate dog. Excellent guard and loving with children. Although it is sometimes dominant. Why should be severe education from the beginning. It is a very active dog, cheerful and curious. He likes to be in family or accompanied by. It is a very sensitive breed, If it is many hours alone will be sad. You need love, care in your coat if you want to leave the long skirt.
Your fur needs cut and this must be done by a professional, or the owner can acquire appropriate equipment and learn to do it himself, on the instructions of the breeder. Depending on each country, There are generally different options of professionals specialized in the grooming of pets in each city, and usually they also provide the service to pick them up and bring them back home when the Cocker It is elegantly trimmed.
The upper teeth close over the lower teeth and are square in the jaw, and they must be cleaned regularly. Nails should be trimmed as needed. The long ears should be revised weekly and special attention, cleaning up any dirt, grass, seeds, excrement, and other waste that have been able to adhere to the same, Since as you said, they are very susceptible to suffering otitis by his excessive Seborrheic secretion. It is also common for them to have a large number of warts..
All purebred dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Avoid any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee on puppies., I say that race has no known problems, or keep the cubs isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and incidence occurring with.
The English Cockers They have some health conditions that may be of concern. They include progressive retinal atrophy, the patellar luxation, cataracts, immune-mediated hemolytic anemia, ear infections, kidney failure juvenile onset, Hypothyroidism and, in particular, hearing loss.
Remember that after bringing a new puppy to your home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a English Cocker with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventative abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
Characteristics "English Cocker Spaniel"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Cocker Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.
The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.
Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius described the descendants of these dogs from the Iberian Peninsula in his Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.
But, litters used to be a mix of both types, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; his job was to detect and flush out the animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. The current names of the breeds derive from these hunts.: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel excelled at finding, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.
In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, so that the lines of dogs differed from region to region. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.
This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, and the breeding program became stricter.
Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other leading organization in the United States. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).
With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. But, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, when they were almost born 13.000 each year.
The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. This figure had previously doubled in just a decade., since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.
The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, based on the number of annual registrations in the organization. The UKC also produces a classification based on the number of births reported to it, in which it is among the 20 first.
Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. But, there is a real difference in morphology between individuals in lines destined for dog shows and those whose specialty is hunting and field trials: the former are much more massive than the latter
In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.
The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, but now docking is prohibited in most countries.
The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.
The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, but it also protects you from the various thorns and twigs that could hurt you in the undergrowth. The individuals of the working lines, however, generally have shorter hair than those of the beauty lines.-
His fur is black and white or liver and white, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.
Last, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.
Size and weight
▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
▷ female size: 48 – 49 cm.
▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
▷ female weight: 18 – 19 kg
From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel have tended to distinguish between lines intended for dog shows and those intended for hunting or company.
In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, selecting their players either for their aesthetics or for their physical abilities.
In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. But, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: no standard distinguishes between show dogs and working dogs.
Character and skills
The English Springer Spaniel he is incredibly sociable, open and loving. They love the company of humans in general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.
On the other hand, can express his joy at seeing his master come back urinating on the carpet. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. So, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.
If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. So, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, with which you can spend hours running and playing in the garden. But, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.
His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Anyone who adopts this dog while keeping chickens or ducks in the garden will quickly understand why his hunting skills are unanimously recognized.…
To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. One hour of intense physical exercise (footing, games…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.
Although they have a reputation for being less active, dogs on show lines should also exercise for a minimum of one hour a day.
As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: you better have access to a garden. You better have access to a garden, but this must be well fenced to prevent it from escaping if it sees birds or follows a friendly passerby who gives it a treat. In any case, you shouldn't spend most of your time alone in the garden: its place is inside, with his family.
It also, physical exercise is not enough for it to be balanced: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, throwing things or digging in the garden.
Dog sports are a great way to keep your dog engaged both physically and mentally. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, track and search.
Last, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.
Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, runs the risk of becoming shy or, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.
It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, as well as teaching him not to bark untimely. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.
With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. But, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.
In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, since they could traumatize him. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.
The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.
Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Their undercoat is more or less dense depending on the climate of the region in which they live., and are equally resistant to cold and heat. But, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.
Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :
The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, In most cases, does not affect vision;
The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. This problem can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.;
Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. But, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.
Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina and the very rare and surprising rabies syndrome (not to be confused with rabies disease), when a peaceful dog is suddenly overcome by an attack of hyperagression for no apparent reason.
It also, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.
But, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, most of which are very rare. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.
In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., as well as the data of the administered vaccines, registered in your health or vaccination card.
But, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog â€‹â€‹with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.
Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. They should be scheduled at least once a year to detect the beginnings of a potential health problem and to make sure your dog is up to date on his vaccinations.
Of 12 to 14 years
The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.
It also, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, so it can be useful to bathe him after a hunting trip or a particularly muddy trip to the forest, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Then you have to be careful to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs., at the risk of damaging your skin.
In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.
It also, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. So, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.
Your floppy ears deserve special attention, since this morphological characteristic makes moisture and dirt easily accumulate in them, with an increased risk of infection. So, should be examined and washed at least once a week.
Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, and clean them with a damp cloth if they are not.
Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more often..
Last, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, could get in the way of walking, or even break and hurt you, so they need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.
The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. They are still used for hunting around the world, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.
They are also excellent companion dogs., loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.
His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. But, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.
When not used for hunting, physical and mental qualities of English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.
They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.
It is also common to find them as rescue dogs and search for accident victims., either in the mountains or in urban areas.
Last, his closeness to humans and his sociable nature also make him a very good therapy dog, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.
Price "English Springer Spaniel"
The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values â€‹â€‹that go from about 500 euros for dogs with characteristics that are far from the standard, up to approximately double for those with prestigious ancestry and intended for dog shows.
The price varies depending on the reputation of the breeder, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all its intrinsic physical characteristics.
Characteristics "English Springer Spaniel"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Springer Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
– FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers ⓘ
– AKC – Sportingⓘ
– ANKC – Group 3 (Gundogs)ⓘ
– CKC – Sporting Dogsⓘ
– KC – Gundog ⓘ
– NZKC – Gundogⓘ
– UKC – Gun Dogsⓘ
FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"
FCI - English Springer Spaniel
1. Springer Spaniel (English).
2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (español).
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