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English Springer Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 125 . Flushing Dogs

The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.

Content

History

The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.

Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius described the descendants of these dogs from the Iberian Peninsula in his Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.

However, litters used to be a mix of both types, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; his job was to detect and flush out the animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. The current names of the breeds derive from these hunts.: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel excelled at finding, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.

In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, so that the lines of dogs differed from region to region. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.

This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, and the breeding program became stricter.

Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other leading organization in the United States. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. However, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, when they were almost born 13.000 each year.

The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. This figure had previously doubled in just a decade., since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.

The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, based on the number of annual registrations in the organization. The UKC also produces a classification based on the number of births reported to it, in which it is among the 20 first.

Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. However, there is a real difference in morphology between individuals in lines destined for dog shows and those whose specialty is hunting and field trials: the former are much more massive than the latter

In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.

The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, but now docking is prohibited in most countries.

The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.

The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, but it also protects you from the various thorns and twigs that could hurt you in the undergrowth. The individuals of the working lines, however, generally have shorter hair than those of the beauty lines.-

His fur is black and white or liver and white, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
    ▷ female size: 48 – 49 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
    ▷ female weight: 18 – 19 kg

Varieties:

From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel have tended to distinguish between lines intended for dog shows and those intended for hunting or company.

In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, selecting their players either for their aesthetics or for their physical abilities.

In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. However, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: no standard distinguishes between show dogs and working dogs.

Character and skills

The English Springer Spaniel he is incredibly sociable, open and loving. They love the company of humans in general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.

On the other hand, can express his joy at seeing his master come back urinating on the carpet. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. Therefore, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.

If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. Therefore, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, with which you can spend hours running and playing in the garden. However, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.

His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Anyone who adopts this dog while keeping chickens or ducks in the garden will quickly understand why his hunting skills are unanimously recognized.…

To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. One hour of intense physical exercise (footing, games…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.

Although they have a reputation for being less active, dogs on show lines should also exercise for a minimum of one hour a day.

As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: you better have access to a garden. You better have access to a garden, but this must be well fenced to prevent it from escaping if it sees birds or follows a friendly passerby who gives it a treat. In any case, you shouldn't spend most of your time alone in the garden: its place is inside, with his family.
It also, physical exercise is not enough for it to be balanced: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, throwing things or digging in the garden.

Dog sports are a great way to keep your dog engaged both physically and mentally. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, track and search.

Last, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.

Education

Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, runs the risk of becoming shy or, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.

It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, as well as teaching him not to bark untimely. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.

With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. However, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.

In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, since they could traumatize him. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.

Health

The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.

Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Their undercoat is more or less dense depending on the climate of the region in which they live., and are equally resistant to cold and heat. However, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.

Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
  • Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
  • The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, In most cases, does not affect vision;
  • The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. This problem can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.;
  • Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. However, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
  • Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.

Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina and the very rare and surprising rabies syndrome (not to be confused with rabies disease), when a peaceful dog is suddenly overcome by an attack of hyperagression for no apparent reason.

It also, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.

However, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, most of which are very rare. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.

In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., as well as the data of the administered vaccines, registered in your health or vaccination card.

However, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog ​​with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.

Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. They should be scheduled at least once a year to detect the beginnings of a potential health problem and to make sure your dog is up to date on his vaccinations.

Life expectancy

Of 12 to 14 years

Grooming

The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.

It also, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, so it can be useful to bathe him after a hunting trip or a particularly muddy trip to the forest, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Then you have to be careful to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs., at the risk of damaging your skin.

In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.

It also, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. Therefore, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.

Your floppy ears deserve special attention, since this morphological characteristic makes moisture and dirt easily accumulate in them, with an increased risk of infection. Therefore, should be examined and washed at least once a week.

Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, and clean them with a damp cloth if they are not.

Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more often..

Last, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, could get in the way of walking, or even break and hurt you, so they need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.

Utility

The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. They are still used for hunting around the world, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.

They are also excellent companion dogs., loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.

His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. However, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.

When not used for hunting, physical and mental qualities of English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.

They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.

It is also common to find them as rescue dogs and search for accident victims., either in the mountains or in urban areas.

Last, his closeness to humans and his sociable nature also make him a very good therapy dog, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.

Price "English Springer Spaniel"

The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values ​​that go from about 500 euros for dogs with characteristics that are far from the standard, up to approximately double for those with prestigious ancestry and intended for dog shows.

The price varies depending on the reputation of the breeder, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all its intrinsic physical characteristics.

Characteristics "English Springer Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Springer Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "English Springer Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – English Springer Spaniel by Heinz Höfling, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Coffee, English-Springer-Spaniel, 8 Months by photo taken by Heinz Höfling [User:Hhoefling], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A black English Springer Spaniel named Oliver. by racermd5, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – English Springer Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-englisch-springer-spaniel-317039/
5 – Mimi, English Springer Spaniel by Pedro Lopez
6 – Tallinn, Estonia, duo CACIB 2013 August 17-18 by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "English Springer Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"

FCIFCI - English Springer Spaniel
Springer

Alternative names:

    1. Springer Spaniel (English).
    2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
    3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
    4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
    5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (español).

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English Water Spaniel
Inglaterra Extinct

Content

History

English Water Spaniel (Water Dog) It is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, was last seen in the s 1930. Is of English origin.

He was very famous for his skill in hunting waterfowl and being able to dive like a duck. It was described as similar to a Collie or a cross between a Poodle and Curly-coated Springer Spaniel and was usually white with liver or brown markings.

The English Water Spaniel is prior to Irish Water Spaniel (Whiptail). Historians of the race, They claim that they have been mentioned by Shakespeare in his work "Macbeth”, and they believe that they have influenced genetically in several modern dog breeds, including therein to the American Water Spaniel, the Curly-coated Retriever and the Field Spaniel, Although it is unknown if the race was involved in the creation of Irish Water Spaniel.

In 1570, the Dr. John Caius wrote a description of the English Water Spaniel. But the race is officially mentioned by name in 1802, in the "Sportsman’s Cabinet” (organization that nuclear all hunting sports), where they describe the English Water Spaniel like a dog "natural hair is long and curly, and compact, not loose and messy”, the description was accompanied by an engraving in which a English Hair Spaniel white with liver spots. This shows that the English Water Spaniel is prior to Irish Water Spaniel, not developed as a breed recognized until the Decade of 1830.

During the first half of the 18th century, the English Water Spaniel It was used for hunting ducks in East Anglia.

The Kennel Clubinitially– had a specific classification in which all the "Non-Irish water dogs”. That standard was created specifically for the English Water Spaniel by Hugh Dalziel in one of his books dedicated to the races of water dogs.

In an article of his published in the year 1897, Hugh Dalziel, ensured that, I didn't think the breed was extinct, on the other hand, He assured that there were still many specimens of the breed distributed throughout the country, and keeping alive the race passed through motivate breeders from the most important clubs and canine committees, in the perpetuation and improvement of the breed. But later, Dalziel, regretted the fact that while the Irish Water Spaniel became famous, the English Water Spaniel was absorbed by other breeds of spaniel, under the eye of the most important clubs and canine committees, until you reach the extinction…

In 1967, the author John Fawcett Gordon (and politician from Northern Ireland) He said: “After two centuries of breeding the English Water Spaniel has become extinct. No specimen has been seen again in the last thirty years”.

At least, It is believed that the English Water Spaniel has left its legacy in descendant races...

Some authors include within these races the American Water Spaniel which was also developed using additional genetic material from the Irish Water Spaniel and of the Flat-coated Retriever. The Curly-coated Retriever is considered to have descended from Poodle, of the Setter, of the extinct St. John’s Water Dog and of the English Water Spaniel.

The records for the origin of the modern breed Field Spaniel are more precise and show that one of the four parent dogs used in the creation of the breed was a English Water Spaniel crossed with a Cocker Spaniel officially registered as a Sussex Spaniel, due to its liver-colored spots. ¿Es lioso?, truth?

Physical characteristics

The English Water Spaniel looked more like a curly-haired version of the Springer Spaniel, with some features of the Collie, Pudelhund, and Setter.

With white hair and liver-colored spots (brown), they measured about 51 cm in height to the cross. They were thin, long-legged characteristic of some Spaniel, with the tail and long ears, White under belly and Brown dorsum. With a head long and narrow small and those long ears covered with thick and very defined curls. The body was moderately thick, barrel-shaped, but not as much as the Field Spaniel.

Due to the colors of the English Water Spaniel (liver or brown and white), it has been suggested that breed may have been the source of the colors that modern breeds have English Springer Spaniel and Welsh Springer Spaniel.

Alternative names:

  • Water Dog, Water Rug
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    English White Terrier
    Inglaterra Extinct

    The English White Terrier (White English Terrieris a breed of dog extinct, of English origin.

    Content

    History

    The name of "English White Terrier” fue inventado y adoptado a comienzos de 1860 by a group of breeders willing to create a new breed of dog, inspirados en los típicos Terrier de trabajo pero con una mayor agudeza de oído. This premature intention was born later the Fox Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Sealyham terrier and, later, in United States the Boston Terrier and the Rat Terrier.

    With the passage of time (and not much) the authorities of the Kennel Club they decided that the English White Terrier, debía ser considerado como una raza y fue admitido, pero la gran cantidad de problemas genéticos del perro llevaron a que su popularidad cayera en picado…

    All these vicissitudes led to the life and history of the English White Terrier, durara muy poco… a los 30 years of appearing on the stage of the Kennel Club, the English White Terrier había caído en la extinción. However, before disappearing was crossed with the English Bulldog generando así los primeros albores de las razas Boston Terrier and Bull Terrier.

    In fact, working and small Terrier breeds have existed at least since the end of the century in United Kingdom 18. These dogs have always been very variable in size and shape, podían encontrarse perros Terrier with a height at the withers that ranged from 25,4 and 31 cm., con las orejas caídas u orejas rectas, de capa lisa o pelo duro…

    With the rise of the show ring over the years 1860, enthusiasts of the new races that were emerging, they made possible by naming them and improve them, the Terrier were the first of their lists. A partir de allí fueron naciendo perros Terrier de trabajo que hoy conocemos como Fox Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Parson Russell Terrier and Sealyham terrier.

    In the vortex of creation and claim of new dog breeds, los diferentes grupos criadores competían despiadadamente, a veces ponían nombres distintos para una misma raza, también era una práctica común inventarse historias sobre razas –totalmente- fictitious they advertised as part of a campaign by declaring a new strain of a race, or a new race, eso daba cierta distinción personal y caché al criador y por supuesto… sus ventas subían. Ese era el verdadero sentido…

    Physical characteristics

    In 1894, for as long as he English White Terrier finally disappeared from the scene of the canine clubs (que siempre fue más bien una mascota de compañía y perro de exposición, as a working dog) a scholar of the race, Rawdon Lee Briggs, señaló que “los últimos ejemplares vistos en Londres, eran de tipo “Toy”, small dogs that were not above the 7 kg, with a rounded skull, o los llamados ‘cabeza de manzana’, lo cual se debería a un efecto de la endogamia”. Según el estándar oficial, the English White Terrier weighed between 6 and 9 Kg.

    Lee described the English White Terrier como “el más frágil y delicado de todos nuestros Terrier. No es el típico acompañante de un deportista, pero sí es un perro ideal para habitar en una casa bonita, en la que reciba una considerable cantidad de mimos y cuidados”.

    Though 1894 el perro aún seguía existiendo, la gente vinculada al mundo canino podía ver ante su ojos que la posible extinción del English White Terrier era ya una cruda realidad… Pero lamentando la decadencia de la raza, se consolaban pensando que quizá debían dar lugar a nuevas razas (assuming the inevitable), and they thought developing breeds better adapted to the needs and comforts of the historic present.

    There was, a male specimen of the breed English White Terrier born in 1876, He was very famous, was owned by Alfred Benjamin, se llamaba ‘Silvio’. Se considera al día de hoy una muestra fidedigna y privilegiada de la raza.

    In 1877, Silvio fue el campeón de un evento de ‘Conformation Show’ (Demonstrations of conformation, also known as a demonstration race), is a competition, o bien… un evento en el cual un juez familiarizado con una determinada raza de perro, evalúa individualmente a cada ejemplar y determina cuáles perros son de raza pura o bien, which conform to the breed standard. Silvio I weighed nineteen kilos.

    Esa exposición se llevó a cabo en el “Royal Agricultural Hall” en el año 1878, en lo que hoy conocemos como el l “Business Design Centre” que es un centro de exposiciones sito en el distrito de Islington, in London.

    Alternative names:

  • White English Terrier
  • Old English Terrier
  • British White Terrier
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    King Charles Spaniel
    England FCI 128 . English Toy Spaniels

    English Toy Spaniel

    The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.

    Content

    History

    Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. Tenía muchos, que iban y venían a su antojo por los pasillos del Palacio Real. ¡Incluso tenían un estatus privilegiado!

    Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. Había conseguido hacerse indispensable para la Corte.

    However, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.

    Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spaniel se basa en estándares que fueron revisados por última vez en 2010.

    Physical characteristics

    Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. La mandíbula es ligeramente inferior, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.

    ▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Among 25 cm and 35 cm.
    ▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Among 3,5 kg and 6 kg
    Pelo del King Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.

    Character and skills

    Es difícil encontrar un perro con el que sea más fácil convivir. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. So, ¡no hay que esperar a que venga hacia ti y anticiparse a sus necesidades!

    He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.

    It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..

    More reserved than his cousin the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, remains gentle and calm in all circumstances.

    Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, el King Charles Spaniel disfruta de la compañía de los niños. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.

    In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. Mientras pueda acurrucarse con su amo y mostrar su alegría cuando le apetezca, will be happy. Older people like it a lot.

    Education

    Your sense of smell, su oído y su inteligencia hacen que no sólo sea un perro agradable para vivir, but also relatively easy to train. Basta con indicarle los límites que no debe traspasar y ofrecerle una buena socialización para que sea un excelente compañero de vida. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: aprovecha este rasgo para perfeccionar su educación y reforzar vuestros vínculos.

    Health

    With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, oídos, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. También puede tener problemas de irritación de los oídos y dificultades respiratorias y/o cardíacas. Last, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.

    Grooming

    The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.

    For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, utilizando un cepillo de hierro sin púas o una carda suave, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, asegurándose de utilizar un champú especial para perros y de eliminar previamente los nudos.

    Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "King Charles Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
    2 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
    3 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=281620&picture=king-charles-spaniel
    4 – King Charles Spaniel sitting while looking up, during the dog show in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. by Pleple2000 10:18, 5 April 2006 (UTC), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – King Charles Spaniel by Universe876 at Italian Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – King Charles Spaniel named blenheim by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "King Charles Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - King Charles Spaniel
    King

    Alternative names:

      1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
      2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
      3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
      4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
      5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Sussex Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 127 . Flushing Dogs

    Sussex Spaniel

    The Sussex Spaniel it is a meek and thoughtful dog when it is at rest.

    Content

    History

    The Sussex Spaniel gets its name from the county of England where it was favored as a hunting dog. It comes from the farm of Rosehill Park, where it was developed in the 18th century, and it was already mentioned in 1803 in a magazine called Sportsmen’s Cabinet.

    The Knights of Sussex created a dog adapted to its heavy clay soil, to the dense undergrowth and thick hedges, a dog that could spend all day barking with bell tones to alert hunters that they were on the right track. The dogs were exposed in the dog show of the Crystal Palace in 1862 and they were among the 10 first breeds admitted to the registry of the American Kennel Club in 1884.

    Because they were primarily confined to the county of Sussex, the Sussex Spaniel they were necessarily inbred, with only an occasional brood with the Field Spaniel to bring new blood. With the passage of time, the hunters developed new interests and the Sussex stayed on the road. could have been lost to history, like so many other dogs, but the breeders Moses Woolland y Campbell Newington intervened to bring them off the brink of extinction and even improved. The breed again faced extinction during WWII, but it was saved thanks to the efforts of the breeder Joy Scholefield.

    Today the Sussex still weird, but in no danger of disappearing. Occupies the position 155 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The Sussex Spaniel It is a short dog with a compact and rectangular body and a weight between 16 and 20 kg. It stands out for the color of its fur, a deep golden liver, and for his big sad hazel eyes, so typical of the spaniel family. Historically, However, there have also been examples of Sussex black, black and tan, and liver colored gold and white.

    The fur is thick (sometimes with a slight wave), with fringes on the chest, legs and ears and consists of a weather-resistant underlay, the outside being silky.

    The long, silky ears are lobe-shaped, typical of Spaniel, and are moderately low

    In the countryside, it's slow but steady, making his way through the thick canopy to make the birds disappear and retrieve for a hunter on foot.

    Character and skills

    Appearances can be deceptive when it comes to the Sussex Spaniel. Under a gloomy and serious expression hides a friendly and cheerful dog with a placid character. Loves being around people and joins any activity with controlled enthusiasm. More than many Spaniels, the Sussex has a protective character, always keeping her big sad eyes on her family to make sure all is well. She loves the children, and his calm demeanor makes him an excellent therapy dog.

    As a hunting dog, the Sussex moves at a slower pace than other sporting dogs, but that doesn't mean i'm lazy or i don't need a lot of exercise. Not much less. He loves to hunt and has a lot of energy and stamina. Thanks to its ability to avoid the thicket, it is an excellent companion for walks or excursions, wagging the tail all the time. If you are a bird watcher, will help you find your prey. With its great olfactory capacity, you might like to put a tracker title or two on it.

    It is a very intelligent dog that is not always easy to train. Can be stubborn, but his soft Spaniel nature can make him cringe at any correction. Be firm but kind, rewarding the behavior you like with praise, games and goodies. Keep in mind that it matures slowly. You will not be instantly trained, and that includes home training. It is a breed that requires patience to get the best of itself, not to mention a sense of humor for the times when he makes fun of you or embarrasses you, that there will be.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even with 8 weeks of age, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait until he is six months old to start training him, or you will have to deal with a bigger and stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a trainer when he has between 10 and 12 weeks, and socialize him.

    Talk to the breeder, describe exactly what you are looking for in a dog and ask for help selecting a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Sussex, look for one whose parents have a pleasant personality and who has been well socialized since he was a puppy.

    Education

    He is very smart, but can be stubborn, so it is not always easy to train. Having said that, if the right motivation is found - how to take advantage of your great olfactory capacity- can be taught to Sussex to do almost anything. Train him with positive reinforcement techniques. He especially likes food rewards. Be patient in training. One Sussex, especially the females, it may take a long time to be reliable in this regard.

    The Sussex walks at a slow pace and doesn't require the frantic levels of exercise some other sporting breeds need, but he's not a couch potato either, at least not when he's young. You will enjoy moderate or long walks or hikes, although not the companion of a runner or jogger. Its versatility and athleticism make it suitable for a number of dog sports, like hunting trials, freestyle, obedience, the rally and the crawl. The Sussex easily learn to recover, making it a great playmate for the kid who likes to play ball. Once it reaches maturity, his calm demeanor makes him a natural for therapy work.

    When a Sussex Spaniel grows up with children, both usually go together like strawberries and cream. However, the puppies of Sussex can be too unruly for families with young children, and Sussex Spaniel adults unfamiliar with children may not feel comfortable with them.

    like most dogs, the Sussex Spaniel get bored when left alone, and the damage they can do is considerable. Do not give them control of the house until they have reached trustworthy maturity.. Cubs Sussex tend to develop slowly, so they may not reach maturity until 2 or 3 years of age. And keep your Sussex busy with training experiences, play and socialization. One Sussex boring is a Sussex destructive.

    Health

    The Sussex Spaniels they are healthy in general, but some conditions can be worrisome, especially if you are not careful when buying. These include some heart problems, such as cardiomyopathy and pulmonary stenosis, as well as an exercise intolerance syndrome called pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency (PDH). Hip dysplasia has also been reported, deafness and eye problems (such as entropion and retinal dysplasia). Females may have difficulty giving birth and often require cesarean sections.

    PDH deficiency is present in the 20 percent of Sussex Spaniel, but there is a genetic test to identify normal dogs, carriers and affected. Ask the breeder to show proof that at least one of the puppy's parents is free of PDH deficiency.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents are free of health problems that affect the breed.. Veterinary examination of dogs is not a substitute for genetic health tests.

    Grooming

    The Sussex has thick fur, smooth or slightly wavy, with fringes on the legs and tail and a nice curl under the neck. The coat can be cared for by brushing it at least once or twice a week to remove tangles or mats and distribute skin oils. Bathe him when necessary. The Sussex changes moderately, and daily brushing will reduce the amount of hair that falls on the floor, the furniture and clothes.

    The rest is basic care. Trim nails when needed and keep hanging ears clean and dry. Good dental hygiene is also important. Brush teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Sussex Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Sussex Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4.1 out of 5
    4.1 out of 5 stars (based on 26 reviews)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Sussex Spaniel"

    Sussex Spaniel
    Sussex_spaniel at the World Dog Show in Poznan by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Sussex Spaniel
    Group 8 SUSSEX SPANIEL, Marquell Replay MyDOG, The largest dog event in the Nordics: www.mydog.seby by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Sussex Spaniel"

    Sussex Spaniel / Dog breeds – Dog Breed
    Bean the Sussex Spaniel wins the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show Sporting Group | FOX SPORTS

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Sussex Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Sussex Spaniel
    Sussex

    Alternative names:

      1. Sussex (English).
      2. Sussex (French).
      3. Sussex (German).
      4. Spaniel de Sussex (Portuguese).
      5. Sussex (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    El Collie y sus diferentes líneas

    El Collie y sus diferentes líneas

    Content

    Meaning of the term Collie

    The term Collie It refers to many dog breeds that have originated in Scotland and Northern England. The exact origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it comes from:

    • El término ‘Col’ o ‘Coll’ del escocés antiguo que significa ‘black’.
    • O del inglés ‘coal’: ‘carbón’.
    • As well, It is possible that it is a deformation of the word Colley It was as they called the sheep (face and Black-legged), These dogs pastoreaban.
    • The Anglo-Saxon regional term collie, que significa ‘[thing] útil’.
    • So it has been called in several ways: Coll, colly, collie, Colley, Pastor of Scotland

    The Shetland Sheepdog, for example, It is erroneously called Collie miniature, While aesthetically (with the exception of the size) they are identical, they are two different races… Though, We should not forget that, el ancestro más directo del Shetland Sheepdog o “Sheltie” como se suelen apodar, is the Border Collie.

    Collie breed history

    The high mountains of Scotland are the natural home of this breed. It is not known if you run Roman blood in his veins, pero sí sabemos que los romanos conquistaron Escocia en el siglo VI a. C. Then, the Collie was known for his great abilities of grazing, capable of driving up 500 sheep at a time. Unlike the current Collie, no tenía el pelo tan largo y bonito. The Collie was crossed with Setter Irish and with the Borzoi, y desde ahí fue obteniendo las características del Collie de la actualidad. William Shakespeare wrote about this dog, calling it Collied Ski. The first illustration of this breed dates back to the year 1790.

    While collies have used this dog for a long time and since the beginning of the race, as ovejero dog, the different forms varieties were developed in England at the end of the 1800.

    The ancient race Collie was referred to as Scottish Collie in the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. Scottish Collie were heavier than the current. Their modern ancestors were exhibited for the first time Scotch Sheepdogs (foresee Scots) in 1860, in Birmingham (England), in a dogshow.

    In the 19th century, esta raza no era muy conocida aún, but with the first dog shows, its popularity began to grow to their highest point. Today remains one of the breeds of dogs most popular. South Africa still used as pastor, but in this case, large flocks of ostriches, his sense of monitoring is very developed.

    Lassie, the character of the television that popularized this race, is a Rough Collie.

    Collie dog has two varieties. The first is the Rough Collie, más fácilmente reconocible debido a su gran utilización en películas y la televisión (e.g.: Lassie). This variety has pretty hair in neck, tail and legs. It has a double cover, with small hairs lining the body. The second variety is the Smooth Collie, It has two coatings but the outer coat is short and smooth.

    Características de la raza Collie

    Collie dog has long body in relation to height. Its height of cross is of 56 to 61 cm. the male and 51 to 56 cm. females. They weigh in 18 to 29 kg. He has Brown eyes, almendrada and slightly oblique way. Their ears are small and are played back, or forward when the dog is alert. The snout is long and flat, with black truffle. Its tail is long and abundant hair, and the fur is dense, hard to the touch, soft and bright if it is taken care of very well. It can be color caramel and white, tricolor or blue dark. This dog's life expectancy is of 12 years.

    Collie dog character

    Healthy by nature, It is also known that he has very few known congenital problems. The most delicate part of the body tends to be your eyes, they should be frequently cleaned through a piece of absorbent cotton impregnated simply with warm clean water.

    Known to be sweet and protective. They are easy to train due to her intelligence and innate please desire. Desarrollan un vínculo fortísimo con sus amos. They are excellent foresee dogs, buena compañía para la familia y para otros perros. They are very loyal and faithful, aunque desconfían de los extraños si no les caen bien. They are also very playful and love to children. She loves to charge monitor children. It is sweet, good very attentive and vigilant: a suitable dog to leave a child in his charge. With babies is treated as a stuffed animal, and a baby can learn to walk if he grabs her hair. This dog will be careful to avoid it to fall. It also, It will avoid that the baby will go with strangers.

    On the beach, It will be devoted to monitoring the smallest, and if something happens, They cry or fall, do not hesitate to act. He does not fear nothing. No es un perro miedoso o tímido. In case of danger, defends the family. And it is able to stay a whole night warning, to pounce to lower noise. Every time that the members of the family discuss, It stands always because he hates disputes.

    Before a rebuke sometimes it can be susceptible, and away to a corner to grumbling. But if the owner gets to look for him there is nothing spiteful: jump to your arms. It is active and disciplined. You must be educated with affection and without resorting to force.

    Collie breeds ancestry

    Existen muchísimas razas de perro con ascendencia de Collie, as for example, to get an idea…:

    • Australian dog: utilizado en Australia para la cría de ganado. Dogs of this type are also known as Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler. Heeler, significa “talonero”.
    • Australia Collie or “Bordaussie”: It is not really a recognized breed, but a cross between two popular breeds: Australian Shepherd and Border Collie.
    • Australian Kelpie: Desarrollado en Australia a partir de perros Collie traídos de Escocia y el norte de Inglaterra. De orejas erectas, shorthair, usually black, black and brown or red and Brown and white feet.
    • Australian Shepherd: Developed in United States, with crossing of British dogs, German and Spanish, but they are in other parts of the world (including Australia).
    • Stumpy Tail: Usado en Australia para la cría de ganado. erect ears, shorthair, mottled grey or red without white. With a very short tail or no tail.
    • Bearded Collie: Now largely animal home and exhibition, pero aún se utilizan como perros de trabajo en granjas. Long and silky hair (included in the face and legs), color negro, grey or beige, and white on the shoulders.
    • Blue Lacy: Gris, shorthair, orejas caídas. Derived in part from English Pastor, with other races that descend from the Collie but aren't Collie.
    • Border Collie: The most famous race for grazing sheep around the world. Originally developed in Scotland and Northern England. According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more than 200 work of the AKC judges ("The Intelligence of Dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), el Border Collie es el Nº 1 from the list.
    • Cumberland Sheepdog: An extinct breed similar to the Border Collie and, possibly, absorbed by this race. An ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. Ears erect or semi-erectas, dense fur, Black with white only on the face and chest.
    • English Shepherd: Developed in United States from a farm Collie originating in Great Britain. It should not be confused with the old English Pastor.
    • Farm Collie or farm Collie: It was any dog grazing is encuontraba for farming in Britain or United States (descendants of British dogs), and perhaps in other places.
    • German Collie: Developed in Australia, probably from British Collie dogs, but they may have included Germany and Spain dogs. The name of “German Collie” also applies to a cross between a German Shepherd and Border Collie).
    • Huntaway: New Zealand developed from a mixture of races, probably including some Collie – but it is not a breed of the Collie type. Es más grande y más corpulento que la mayoría de los Collie.
    • Warren hound: It is not a race, but a Collie cross (or other grazing or Terrier dog) with a hound or Greyhound. Obtained in a traditional way for poaching, with the speed of a hound, but more obedient and less visible.
    • McNab Shepherd: Developed in United States from British Collie dogs. Ears of variable size, upright or semi-erectas, shorthair, black or red, usually with some white on the face and chest.
    • Old English Pastor: Derivative of the ancestors of the Collie Barbudo. Son más grandes que la mayoría de los Collie, with a lack of tail, hair is long and silky (included in the face), usually grey and white. It should not be confused with the English Shepherd.
    • Scottish Collie, in its two varieties, Rough Collie and Smooth Collie: They were created by crossing dogs working with other races Collie (especially dogs Borzoi).
    • Shetland Sheepdog: comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
    • Smithfield: a breed of British dog that has been terminated, It was like a great Collie, strong, white or black and white color that is used to guide cattle in South East England, especially the Smithfield market (an area of the city of London).
    • Welsh Sheepdog: a native of Wales. Ears erect or semi-erectas, short or silky hair, red, black, black and fire or Blackbird, usually with white over shoulders.

    Líneas de la raza de perro Collie

    De acuerdo al tipo de pelaje han nacido las diferentes líneas de Collie, among them are:

    1 Bearded collie

    Breeders of bearded Collie or Bearded Collie in Spain

    The Bearded collie It is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.

    The Bearded collie is one

    Read more

    2 Border Collie

    Border Collie

    The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of smarter dogs que existe

    The Border Collie It takes its name

    Read more

    3 Rough Collie

    Rough Collie

    The Rough Collie he is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

    The Rough Collie is one of

    Read more

    4 Smooth Collie

    Smooth Collie

    The Smooth Collie, today it is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as the United States and Canada

    The Hair Collie

    Read more

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    English Pointer
    Gran Bretaña FCI 1 - Pointer

    Pointer Inglés

    The English Pointer It is a dog of great kindness and loyalty to its owner and docile.

    Content

    History

    The first records of Pointers in England they date from around 1650. The breed is believed to be the result of a cross between Spanish pointers, the English Foxhound, Greyhounds, St. Hubert Hound, Bulldog and various breeds of Setter.

    The objective of the breeders was to develop an animal that combined the qualities of these different breeds, in particular the developed sense of smell and the physical constitution of the St. Hubert Hound; speed, the elegance and grace of Greyhound; the well-developed rib cage of the English Foxhound, as well as its resistance and ease of maintenance. Later, various breeds of Setters to improve the psychological characteristics of the English Pointer, since the first specimens were described as fierce.

    Until the 18th century, this dog was used to search, locate and mark small game, like the rabbit, the hare or the fox. He worked in tandem with the Greyhounds and other racing dogs, which in turn were in charge of catching and killing prey.

    At the beginning of the 18th century, with the development of the use of firearms for hunting birds, the hunters realized that the English Pointer destacaba en la búsqueda, signaling and recovery of game birds, thanks mainly to its speed and its great resistance. Therefore, was used primarily for this purpose.

    The international diffusion of English Pointer

    The English Pointer began to spread abroad in the second half of the 19th century.

    It is especially at this time that the first specimens were imported to France by lovers of hunting dogs., like the gentlemen Merle, Bailly, Mayaudon, Caillard y Lambertye.

    Although it is possible that the first specimens were imported much earlier by the colonists, the first official import of a English Pointer in the United States it dates from 1876. From England and with a white and lemon coat, the apt name of Sensation became the emblem of the famous dog show of the Westminster Kennel Club, which was founded the following year and is still today one of the most prestigious dog shows in the world. The breed quickly gained popularity among hunters for hunting quail.

    In 1878, just two years after arriving in the United States, was accepted by the National American Kennel Club, the predecessor of the American Kennel Club (AKC). The English Pointer was one of the first nine breeds recognized by the AKC when it was founded in 1884. La otra organización de referencia del país, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized the breed in the early 20th century. However, was not up 1963 when the breed was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which supervises the national organizations of a hundred countries (including France, Belgium and Switzerland).

    Physical characteristics

    The English Pointer it is a large dog with a harmonious appearance, flexible and elegant. Su cuerpo está bien proporcionado y sus músculos bien desarrollados.

    His tail is rather short, thick at the base and thin towards the tip. Es recto y sigue la línea de la espalda. When on the move, beats from side to side.

    His head is flat and rests on a long, muscular neck. Profile, the length of the skull and muzzle are approximately equal.

    The ears are medium in size, caídas y situadas justo encima de los ojos. They are slightly pointed and thin, with visible veins.

    The eyes are oval in shape, with a hazel color in light-coated individuals, brown on others. In all cases, give the dog a lively look.

    The nose is generally black, but may be lighter in dogs with lemon and white fur. In all cases, their nostrils are wide open.

    The coat of the English Pointer is short, dense, smooth, straight and shiny. Their fur is usually bicolor, mixing white and another color: lemon, orange, brown or black. Unicolor or tricolor individuals are rarer, but they are also recognized by the standard.

    Last, sexual dimorphism is quite marked in this breed: males are larger and above all more massive than females.

    Height and weight

      ▷ Male size: Of 63 to 69 cm.

      ▷ female size: Of 61 to 66 cm.

      ▷ Male weight: Of 20 to 30 kg

      ▷ female weight: Of 18 to 28 kg

    Character and skills

    The English Pointer he is a gentle companion, loyal and affectionate with his family. Get along especially well with children old enough to have learned to interact with animals, and is a tireless playmate for them. He is also very patient and gentle with them, even when they are unruly or even bullying you. However, it is much less suitable for young children due to its large size, since you can easily push them unintentionally. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a very young child without adult supervision.

    The English Pointer not only does he get along very well with family members, but also with other dogs of the same breed.

    Sharing your everyday life with one of them is a great way to avoid boredom when your child is away from home.. In fact, they have a hard time tolerating loneliness: if left alone too often or for too long, they are very likely to develop separation anxiety, with destructive behavior as a consequence. Whether you share your home with another animal or not, sólo es adecuado para un amo que generalmente pasa la mayor parte de sus días fuera de casa.

    If you like to be around your family, the Pointer, on the other hand, is much more reserved and distant with strangers. Without showing aggressiveness towards them, does not deprive himself of barking when he perceives danger or a stranger approaches his place of residence. However, although their barking and large size can be a deterrent, his ability to attack when necessary is limited, which does not make them good guardians. On the other hand, is an effective warning dog. Living with a cat or a rodent is possible, as long as they have been raised together or are used to living with other animals from a young age. Otherwise, it is better to avoid taking the risk, ya que su marcado instinto de caza podría llevarle a considerar a los recién llegados como una presa. Así es también como ve a los pájaros de compañía y a los pequeños animales que no conoce, tanto si se cruzan en su camino durante un paseo como si se aventuran en su jardín.

    This temperament is obviously a good thing if employed as a hunter., but it also implies that he must be kept on a leash during walks as long as he does not obey when asked to return, otherwise it will start chasing small animals that pass. Having said that, even with a good recovery workout, cannot be completely trusted: your instincts can get stronger at any time. Thus, It makes sense to invest in a GPS-connected collar, so you can easily locate it if it goes out to sea, especially since then it can get far away, but not necessarily find my way back.

    In any case, the fear that he may be deceiving his masters is no reason to limit his outings, ya que el remedio sería peor que la enfermedad. In effect, to be balanced, the English Pointer debe poder dedicar al menos una hora al día, for example through two or three walks and / or play sessions.

    It is too active to be suitable for an elderly and / or very sedentary person, pero su increíble velocidad y resistencia lo convierten en un compañero perfecto para un amo muy activo. It is a pleasure to accompany you on jogging sessions, bike outings or long walks.

    Su curiosidad y su gran inteligencia también hacen que la actividad física no sea suficiente: to feel good both in your head and in your body, must also be intellectually stimulated. Ideally, you have a job to do or a mission to accomplish as often as possible.. Hunting and dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally are, Therefore, excelentes formas de permitirle ejercitarse tanto física como mentalmente.

    In any case, your activity level makes you unsuitable for apartment living, ya que necesita poder correr libremente en todo momento en un espacio amplio para gastar su exceso de energía. Therefore, necesita una casa con jardín, pero el jardín debe estar bien vallado, given his unbridled temper. Using an underground electric fence would not be an effective solution, because their determination is much stronger than the discomfort felt by electrical impulses, especially when he has sniffed a prey and goes after it.

    Y que a un perro le guste jugar en el jardín no significa que tenga que pasar la mayor parte del tiempo allí, away from his family. To be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family. It also, once your needs are met, he is quite calm and enjoys spending time with his masters, for example lying on the sofa receiving pampering.

    Education

    As in any race, Socialization should be one of the pillars of the education of the English Pointer and start at a young age, when it is most malleable and adaptable. Therefore, you need to get used to being exposed to all kinds of different situations and environments, but also and above all to regularly meet other animals and new people. Esto es tanto más necesario cuanto que tiende a ser espontáneamente tímido con los extraños.

    The other way, to avoid any hyperapego to their owners, you should also teach your dog to tolerate loneliness. Otherwise, puede resultarle especialmente difícil sobrellevar sus ausencias.

    The intelligence of English Pointer makes you able to learn quickly. This does not mean that he is willing to comply with all the wishes of his master.: has a strong character and can be very stubborn, por lo que a veces es difícil hacerle obedecer.

    Therefore, to achieve your goals - and, in particular, to get your dog to obey you- his master must be firm in his education and not let anything pass from the beginning, a riesgo de acabar con un compañero difícil. Pay special attention that the rules are clear from the start, but also constant over time and from one person to another, which requires good cooperation between family members.

    In general, the ideal is to start learning as soon as you get home, opting for the dog training method based on positive reinforcement. In fact, not receptive to reprimands, y responde mucho mejor a los estímulos y las golosinas.

    However, the different smells and sounds that you perceive around you also interest you very much, and soon catch your attention during training sessions. Therefore, it is better to opt for frequent sessions, short and varied, in order to keep you focused on tasks at all times.

    Difficulties in achieving what is expected of him make it not really recommended for an inexperienced person, ya que pronto le costaría acertar.

    In any case, given his strong hunting instinct, remembrance is one of the most important teachings you should receive. Prevents him from constantly chasing animals he considers prey and disregarding his master's orders. Aunque sigue siendo difícil esperar que se consiga frenar su ardor en el 100% of the cases, it must be kept on a leash during walks as long as this order is not properly assimilated.

    Health

    The English Pointer It, in general, a robust and healthy animal, and their life expectancy, of 12 to 15 years, is rather in the high range of the average for dogs of this size. They can withstand the heat without difficulty, pero su corto pelaje les hace especialmente sensibles al frío y a la humedad. Thus, it is advisable to cover him with a dog coat when temperatures are low. In any case, no es adecuado para vivir en una región donde el clima es especialmente frío durante gran parte del año.

    Although in good general health, like any race, you can suffer from various more or less serious illnesses throughout your life. Those that predispose the most are :
    • The Hip Dysplasia, a joint malformation whose appearance may be favored by a hereditary predisposition. Produce dolor y cojera que se acentúan con el tiempo, and favors the appearance of osteoarthritis as the animal ages;
    • The osteopatía metafisaria (u osteopatía hipertrófica), a bone disease that usually manifests itself as the animal grows and progresses rapidly. Besides lameness, puede provocar diversos síntomas como fiebre alta, anorexia or abnormal fatigue. The vital prognosis is good in mild forms of the disease, but much more reserved for the most serious cases;
    • Chondrodysplasia (or dwarfism), una enfermedad genética que provoca un desarrollo insuficiente de los huesos y los cartílagos. Esto último hace que las extremidades delanteras y traseras sean más cortas de lo normal. There is no cure for this disease, but medication can ease the pain, y se puede sugerir la cirugía para los casos más graves para corregir cualquier deformación de los huesos y las vértebras;

    • The stomach dilation-torsion syndrome, que se produce cuando el estómago se hincha y se pliega sobre sí mismo, blocking the evacuation of gases and interrupting blood circulation. Unless a vet intervenes quickly, it is usually fatal, so it is a vital emergency;
    • The enfermedad de Addison, an endocrine disorder that is sometimes inherited and is caused by destruction or atrophy of the adrenal glands. Esto da lugar a diversos síntomas que pueden sugerir otras patologías: vomiting, diarrhea, dejection, weightloss, anorexia, tremors… The acute form gives the animal little chance of survival, while a lifelong treatment helps fight the chronic form;
    • The Hypothyroidism, a hormonal disease that causes a decrease in metabolism. El hipotiroidismo es una enfermedad hormonal que provoca un descenso del metabolismo y da lugar a diversos síntomas que varían de un individuo a otro: exhausted, damaged fur, breathing difficulties, overweight… Requiere un tratamiento de por vida para aliviar o incluso prevenir estos síntomas;
    • The epilepsy, una enfermedad crónica del sistema nervioso que provoca ataques convulsivos cuyas manifestaciones pueden variar según el momento y el individuo. Although there is no cure, diversos tratamientos pueden reducir la intensidad o el número de convulsiones hasta tal punto que la mayoría de las personas con esta enfermedad pueden llevar una vida normal;
    • Aortic stenosis, un defecto cardíaco congénito y probablemente hereditario que provoca insuficiencia cardíaca. Esta anomalía es incurable, y el riesgo de síncope o infarto en el animal afectado no es despreciable. However, existen medicamentos para contrarrestar los efectos de la insuficiencia cardíaca y el riesgo de muerte súbita;
    • Demodechia, dermatological disease due to overgrowth of Demodex Canis mites. Hairless spots may appear, itchy redness, blackheads and dandruff. The localized form usually heals itself, but if necessary -or in the case of a generalized form- medication and skin care can help;
    • Allergies, whether they are respiratory, food, skin or contact. Los síntomas y tratamientos dependen del tipo de alergia en cuestión;

    Sordera congénita, which mainly affects white-coated dogs. Tanto si afecta a uno como a los dos oídos, is irreversible;

    The ear infections, que son comunes en cualquier perro con orejas caídas.

    The English Pointer it is also especially prone to various eye diseases:
    • Progressive retinal atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that causes retinal degeneration. Causes progressive loss of vision, primero de noche y luego de día;
    • The gland prolapse nictitante (or cherry eye), which corresponds to an inflammation of this lacrimal gland. The most common signs are the appearance of a small red ball in the inner corner of the eye and tearing. Se puede tratar con cirugía;
    • The entropion, which is a curvature of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye. It can be hereditary and causes pain, irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva from repeated rubbing of the eyelashes and / or hairs on the fragile parts of the eye. This can be remedied with surgical intervention.;
    • The waterfall, which mainly affects the elderly and corresponds to a clouding of the lens. If nothing is done, leads to progressive loss of vision, up to total blindness. However, an operation can allow the animal to regain correct vision.

    It also, When the English Pointer used for hunting, you are obviously exposed to the risks that this activity implies – particularly that of injuries.

    Having said that, although the list of conditions the breed is predisposed to may seem frightening at first glance, keep in mind that its prevalence remains low, por lo que la mayoría de sus representantes viven en perfecto estado de salud. This is confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, which showed that old age is the main cause of death in this breed. La vejez representa por sí sola una cuarta parte de las muertes, while cancers rank second and are implicated in around the 20% of the cases.

    However, it is true that a large part of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, which justifies favoring a serious breeder of English Pointer. In effect, not content with offering puppies quality socialization from their first weeks of life, a professional worthy of the name takes care that they do not suffer from a hereditary defect transmitted by their parents. To avoid this, has various genetic tests performed routinely on individuals you plan to breed, para evitar la transmisión de una patología hereditaria y, of course, rule out those at risk. In addition to the test results in question, must be able to present a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, así como los detalles de las vacunas administradas, registered in the animal's sanitary or vaccination registry.

    Once adopted, hay que procurar que el animal no realice ningún esfuerzo físico excesivamente largo o intenso durante su crecimiento, which usually lasts until 18 months. In effect, your bones and joints are then especially fragile; correría el riesgo de lesionarse o desarrollar malformaciones, con secuelas que podrían durar toda la vida. For example, esto podría conducir al desarrollo de Hip Dysplasia, to which you are predisposed.

    Last, throughout his life, the English Pointer must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete health check. This appointment is also an opportunity to carry out any necessary vaccine withdrawals.. At the same time, to prevent risks related to parasites (worms, ticks…), your owner must make sure to renew your deworming treatments whenever necessary.

    Life expectancy

    Of 13 to 14 years

    Grooming

    The English Pointer it is an easy breed of dog to take care of, and this is especially true for their fur. Brushing once a week with a special glove or a rubber brush is enough to remove dead hairs and spread the sebum all over his coat.. If rubbed gently with a chamois or soft cloth, will be bright. It is also the occasion to detect possible skin problems, that are frequent in him.

    During your seasonal molt, in spring and autumn, hair loss is still moderate, but brushing frequency should be increased. Ideally, do it two or three times a week.

    When properly cared for, the fur of the English Pointer does not get very dirty and rarely smells bad. Therefore, no need to wash frequently: once or twice a year is enough, unless, of course, is dirty or smells bad. In any case, debe utilizarse siempre un champú suave diseñado específicamente para perros, to avoid damaging your skin with an unsuitable product. In fact, the pH of dog skin differs from that of human skin.

    Hay que prestar especial atención a sus orejas caídas, since this morphological peculiarity increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, not only do they have to be inspected and cleaned at least once a week, sino también dedicar tiempo a secarlos cada vez que hayan estado en contacto con el agua o hayan pasado mucho tiempo en un ambiente húmedo, to prevent moisture build-up.

    El mantenimiento de los oídos de su perro y también la oportunidad de revisar sus ojos y limpiarlos si es necesario, in order to avoid the risk of infections.

    It also, teeth should also be cleaned at least once a week with dog toothpaste and a toothbrush or pad. This helps limit the formation and accumulation of tartar., that favors the development of bad breath and various oral diseases. Ideally, brush your teeth several times a week or even daily.

    Looking at its claws, the activity level of the English Pointer makes natural wear and tear normally enough to file them. However, as you age or are no longer as active as before, they can get too long and end up annoying or even hurting you. Therefore, hay que examinarlas regularmente y cortarlas con una lima o un cortaúñas en cuanto sea necesario. This is the case as soon as a kind of rattling sound is heard when walking on hard ground.

    Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, do not hesitate to ask for the help of a professional (vet or groomer) to know the proper care of the English Pointer. It is also advisable to accustom your pet to being handled from a young age.

    This facilitates not only grooming sessions, but also to be able to examine it easily every time you return from a long stay abroad, for example during a hunting day. In effect, esto es importante para asegurarse de que no está herido o de que no hay parásitos o púas clavadas en su pelaje.

    Food

    As in the case of any race, the diet of English Pointer should fit your size, age, health and physical activity level, tanto en lo que respecta a la elección de los productos como a la cantidad de comida que se le da cada día. To maximize the chances of keeping your dog healthy, it is recommended to feed him with high quality croquettes or hamburgers that provide him with all the nutrition he needs.

    Nutrient intake can vary significantly throughout the year. If used as a hunter, gastará más energía durante ciertos periodos del año, so your daily rations should be modified and increased, since the diet of a hunting dog is not the same as the usual. However, it is important to return to a normal amount of food once the season is over to avoid any risk of overweight in dogs.

    In fact, but the English Pointer are not predisposed to obesity, it is advisable to monitor your weight every month to ensure that everything is fine at that level. Esto es aún más importante si ha sido esterilizado, since the risk is then higher. In case the magnification is prolonged or even increased during several measurements in a row, es necesario llevarlo al veterinario para averiguar la causa del problema y así saber cómo remediarlo. In any case, your diet and activity level may not be the cause, por ejemplo si el aumento de peso es un síntoma de una enfermedad subyacente.

    In any case, diet is especially important when the dog is small and growing. Feeding them too much and / or giving them too much food can cause them to grow too fast, which can cause not only injuries, but also long-term problems with bones and joints, as deformities. On the other hand, improper nutrition can also cause potentially very damaging stunting.

    Regardless of age, the ideal is, as with any dog, divide your daily ration into several meals. This is all the more essential since it is predisposed to the dilation-torsion of the stomach., which often follows the rapid absorption of a large amount of food. It also, para evitar esto último, las comidas deben realizarse en un lugar tranquilo y a una hora de distancia de cualquier actividad física intensa.

    It also, the fact that it is not especially prone to obesity does not justify giving it food intended for humans (for example, table scraps), without ensuring that you can effectively meet your nutritional needs. Otherwise, sería más perjudicial que beneficioso, especially, of course, if the food is popular with humans but toxic to dogs.

    Last, el agua debe estar disponible durante todo el día y debe cambiarse regularmente para mantenerla fresca. If used for hunting, it is better to carry enough than to let him drink standing water.

    Use

    Before the 18th century, the English Pointer it was mainly used as Pointing Dogs for small game, like the rabbit, the hare or the fox. Thus, cared for possible prey and worked with racing dogs, who were in charge of hunting and catching them.

    With the arrival of firearms in his native England in the early 18th century, began to be used more to target and retrieve game birds, function in which he stood out.

    Even today, are still highly prized by hunters, who use it mainly as Pointing Dogs.

    They are also found as pets. Its sweetness and affectionate character make the Pointer a very endearing companion, as long as his family can meet his great need for exercise and they are sufficiently present for him.

    Their loyalty to their owners and their aloof and aloof demeanor with strangers, without depriving yourself of barking loudly when they approach, make it an excellent warning dog. However, its ability to act as a watchdog is limited by its lower propensity to attack in danger.

    It is also a good companion for dog sports. Its competitive character and its resistance allow it to distinguish itself in disciplines such as canicross, el cani-VTT, obedience, the rally and agility.

    Last, his elegance and his desire to please his masters also make him a sure value in canine beauty contests. In fact, ya se le veía a menudo en las exposiciones caninas del siglo XIX.

    Price

    The price of a puppy English Pointer varies between the 450 and 1.200 EUR, y la media se sitúa en torno a los 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females. There are many breeders throughout Europe.

    On the other hand, in Canada remain rare, por lo que el número de individuos que se ofrecen cada año es bastante limitado. The amount requested usually ranges from 1200 and 3000 canadian dollars. Therefore, the most pertinent option may be to buy in the United States, where a puppy can be acquired for between 1000 and 1500 USD. Then, you must ensure that you adhere to the regulations regarding the importation of a dog into Canada and note that transport and administrative costs are added to the purchase price.

    regardless of the country, las diferencias de precio de un individuo a otro se explican por sus propias características (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), but also by the reputation of the lineage from which they come, así como por el prestigio de la cría.

    Characteristics "English Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

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    Images “English Pointer”

    Videos “English Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 2: Continental Pointing Dogs. 2.1: Pointer
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "English Pointer"

    FCIFCI - English Pointer
    Pointer

    Alternative names:

      1. Pointer (English).
      2. Pointer (French).
      3. Englische Pointer (German).
      4. (em inglês: English Pointer), Pointer (Portuguese).
      5. Perdiguero inglés (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Field Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 123 . Flushing Dogs

    The Field Spaniel It takes its name “field” of its great ability to work in the open field.

    Field Spaniel

    Content

    Characteristics "Field Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Field Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Field Spaniel (Field) is an example of what can go wrong when trying to breed sporting dogs for their looks without considering their use in the field. In the early days of the breed, in the XVIII century, the Spaniels se definían por su tamaño, and it was considered Field Spaniel to any dog ​​that weighed more than 11 kg (25 pounds). The Spaniels más pequeños se conocían como “Cockers”, y ambos tamaños podían nacer en la misma camada. Su pelaje solía ser hígado, liver and white, red, Red and white, yellow or black and white.

    The advent of dog shows in the mid-19th century motivated dog breeders to start considering both appearance and function.. The different was good. Thus was born the “Black Spaniel”. That was good, but unfortunately the dogs that were long and short – as the “Sussex Spaniel“- they were popular at dog shows at the time. The breeders began to cross Field Spaniel with “Sussex Spaniels“. How the size of the dogs was so different, the results were disastrous, converting to Field en un perro pesado y poco atractivo que apenas podía moverse. Even so, exaggerated-looking dogs won at shows.

    Finally, people came to their senses and the fashion of Field Spaniel finished. Los perros podrían haberse extinguido, but they were revitalized after World War I through crosses with the “English Springer Spaniel”, that were more suitable for the size of the Field Spaniel. Mediante una cuidadosa cría, their usefulness as hunting dogs was restored, con la capacidad de atravesar la maleza que era demasiado difícil para el “Springer”, y la velocidad de la que carecían elSussex” and the “Clumber“.

    La raza aún no estaba salvada. La Segunda Guerra Mundial puso fin a la cría, and then only a few good dogs were left. In United States, there was no Field Spaniel until the age of 60. The Field Spaniel Society of America was formed in 1978. Los perros siguen siendo poco conocidos hoy en día, but they are no longer in danger of extinction. The Field Spaniel ranks 132 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The Field Spaniel is closely related to the Cocker Spaniel and the “English Springer Spaniel”. In the beginning, the three races were separated mainly by size. With a weight range of 15 to 22 Kg, the Field Spaniel is bigger than him “Cocker” but smaller than the “Springer“. Además de cazar, competes in field tests and uses his excellent nose in tracking tests. Se trata de una raza poco común, but if you are looking for a solid hunter in addition to a family companion, the Field Spaniel is one of those you should consider.

    Weight and size:

    Females have an approximate size of 43 cm., While the males measure approximately 45 cm.. Its approximate weight varies from 18 – 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Field Spaniel tiene los rasgos típicos del Spaniel: sensitivity, affection for his family and willingness to learn. With strangers, is reserved, incluso tímido si no está bien socializado, but their owners will experience a playful and mischievous side. Puede ser ladrador cuando muestra alegría o inquietud.

    Its medium size and docile character can make it a good choice for families with children.. He also gets along well with pets, as cats, if he grew up with them. However, es posible que los pájaros de compañía deban vigilar su cola. Even though i don't hunt, the Field Spaniel he will take every opportunity to hunt birds and will do his best to go after them. Unless you are in an area with no traffic, keep it on a leash or you'll lose it in the chase.

    The Field Spaniel is a dog that needs a job. No es el tipo de perro que se pasa el día comiendo galletas. Take a daily leash walk of at least an hour, llévelo a zonas seguras y sin tráfico donde pueda correr sin correa y apúntelo a deportes caninos como agilidad, obedience, rally and crawl.

    Education

    The Field Spaniel is intelligent and accepts training well. Como la mayoría de los Spaniels, has a mild temperament and responds best to positive reinforcement techniques, like the compliments, the game and the food rewards. Tends to mature slowly, so you must be patient and constant. In the field he has a natural tendency to explore, that can be stopped by teaching commands like “Venz”, “Wait” and “stay”.

    Empiece a adiestrar a su cachorro el día que lo traiga a casa. Incluso con ocho semanas de edad, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait for you to have 6 months to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a kennel school for puppies when he is between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes.

    Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, like all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Avoid any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee for the puppies, to tell you that the breed has no known problems or to keep puppies isolated from the main part of the house for health reasons. Un criador reputado será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen.

    The Field Spaniel They have some health conditions that may be of concern, especially if you are not cautious with breeder selection. Among them are the Hypothyroidism and eye problems such as cataract, progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents have been exempted from health issues affecting the breed. Make the dogs are “reviewed by the veterinarian” not a substitute for genetic health testing.

    Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best-looking dogs, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, In most cases, dogs can still have a good life. If you are getting a puppy, pregunte al criador sobre las edades de los perros de sus líneas y cuáles son las causas más comunes de muerte.

    Remember that after welcoming a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping the dog at an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life. Take advantage of your prevention skills to ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming

    The Field Spaniel has only one coat, that is to say, does not have undercoat. Silky hair is moderately long and can be straight or slightly wavy. The front of the chest, the belly, the back of the legs and the rear are fringed like those seen in breeds “Setter”.

    The coat is not heavy and it is easy to maintain. You have to brush it weekly and comb its fringes a couple of times a week, or whenever the dog has been outside or has twigs or other debris stuck to the hair. Trim the hair between the paw pads and inside the ears. Bathe the dog only when necessary; un cepillado regular debería mantenerlo bastante limpio. The Field Spaniel they molt moderately.

    If you plan to expose your Field Spaniel, ask the breeder for advice on how to present the dog at a dog show. You must have a natural look, but may need a little more razor cleaning, tijeras y cuchillas de peluquería de lo que recibiría un perro de compañía.

    The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every few weeks. Yes to your Field Spaniel he likes to swim - and even if he doesn't like- keep hanging ears clean and dry to avoid bacterial or fungal infections. Brush your teeth frequently for general good health and fresh breath.

    Images "Field Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – A Grupp 8: FIELD SPANIEL, Winterbourne Itsy Bitsy Spider by Svenska Mässan
    3 – My dog, Lily, after enjoying a smelly romp through a fetid swamp close to home. what a plague. Lily is a Field Spaniel. by Jo-Anna Ghadban, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Daisy – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Field Spaniel In Liver Color by RishiBali, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Field Spaniel The Westminster Kennel Club 137th Annual All Breed Dog Show February 11-12, 2013 New York, NY by Andrea Arden

    Videos "Field Spaniel"

    Field spaniel Molly
    Playing with Jekku
    Valpelek Field Spaniel
    Field Spaniel Bite jumps into water

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Field Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Field Spaniel
    Field

    Alternative names:

      1. Field (English).
      2. Field (French).
      3. Field (German).
      4. Field (Portuguese).
      5. Field, Spaniel de campo (español).