English Springer Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 125 . Flushing Dogs

The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.

Content

History

The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.

Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius described the descendants of these dogs from the Iberian Peninsula in his Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.

However, litters used to be a mix of both types, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; his job was to detect and expel the animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. The current names of the races are derived from these hunts: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel excelled in finding, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.

In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, so that the dog lines differed from region to region. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.

This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, and the breeding program was tightened.

Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other leading organization in America. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. However, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, when they were born almost 13.000 each year.

The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. This number had previously doubled in just a decade, since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.

The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, based on the number of annual registrations in the organization. The UKC also develops a classification based on the number of births reported to it., in which it is among the 20 first.

Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. However, there is a real difference in morphology between the individuals of the lines destined for dog shows and those whose specialty is hunting and field trials: the former are much more massive than the latter

In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.

The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, but now docking is prohibited in most countries.

The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.

The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, but it also protects you from the various thorns and twigs that could injure you in the undergrowth. However, individuals from the working lines generally have shorter hair than those from the beauty lines.-

Their fur is black and white or liver and white, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
    ▷ Female size: 48 – 49 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
    ▷ Female weight: 18 – 19 kg

Varieties:

From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel have tended to distinguish between lines for dog shows and those for hunting or company.

In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, selecting their players either for their aesthetics or for their physical aptitudes.

In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. However, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: no standard distinguishes between show dogs and working dogs.

Character and skills

The English Springer Spaniel he's incredibly sociable, open and loving. They love the company of humans in general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.

On the other hand, You can express your joy at seeing your master come back by peeing on the carpet. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. Therefore, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.

If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. Therefore, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, with whom you can spend hours running and playing in the garden. However, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.

His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Anyone who adopts this dog while having chickens or ducks in the garden will quickly understand why his hunting skills are unanimously recognized.…

To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. One hour of intense physical exercise (footing, Games…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.

Although they have a reputation for being less active, dogs in show lines should also exercise for a minimum of one hour a day.

As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: you better have access to a garden. You better have access to a garden, but it must be well fenced to prevent it from escaping if it sees birds or follows a friendly passerby who gives it some treats. In any case, you should not spend most of your time alone in the garden: its place is inside, with his family.
In addition, physical exercise is not enough to keep you balanced: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, throwing things or digging in the garden.

Dog sports are a great way to keep your dog busy both physically and mentally.. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, crawl and search.

Last but not least, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.

Education

Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, you risk becoming shy or, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.

It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, as well as teaching him not to bark in an untimely way. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.

With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. However, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.

In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, as they could traumatize you. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.

Health

The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.

Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Their undercoat is more or less dense depending on the climate of the region in which they live., and are equally resistant to cold and heat. However, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.

Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
  • Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
  • The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, in most cases, does not affect vision;
  • The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. This problem can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.;
  • Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. However, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
  • Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.

Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina and the very rare and surprising rabies syndrome (not to be confused with rabies disease), When a peaceful dog is suddenly seized by a fit of hyperagression for no apparent reason.

In addition, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.

However, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, most of which are very rare. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.

In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., as well as the data of the administered vaccines, registered in your health or vaccination card.

However, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog ​​with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.

Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. They should be scheduled at least once a year to detect the beginnings of a potential health problem and to make sure your dog is up to date on his vaccinations.

Life expectancy

Of 12 - 14 years

Grooming

The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.

In addition, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, so it may be useful to bathe it after a hunting excursion or a particularly muddy outing in the woods, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Then you have to be careful to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs., at the risk of damaging your skin.

In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.

In addition, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. Therefore, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.

His floppy ears deserve special attention, since this morphological characteristic makes moisture and dirt easily accumulate in them, with an increased risk of infection. Therefore, should be examined and washed at least once a week.

Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, and clean them with a damp cloth if they are not.

Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more frequently.

Last but not least, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, could get in the way of walking, or even break and hurt you, so they need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.

Utility

The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. They are still used to hunt around the world, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.

They are also excellent companion dogs., loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.

His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. However, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.

When not used for hunting, the physical and mental qualities of the English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.

They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.

They are also frequently found as rescue and search dogs for accident victims, either in the mountains or in urban areas.

Last but not least, his closeness to humans and his sociable nature also make him a very good therapy dog, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.

Price "English Springer Spaniel"

The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values ​​that go from about 500 Euros for dogs with characteristics that are far from the standard up to approximately double for those of prestigious ancestry and are intended for dog shows.

The price varies depending on the reputation of the breeder, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all of its intrinsic physical characteristics.

Characteristics “English Springer Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “English Springer Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
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Images "English Springer Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – English Springer Spaniel by Heinz Höfling, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Coffee, English-Springer-Spaniel, 8 Months by photo taken by Heinz Höfling [User:Hhoefling], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A black English Springer Spaniel named Oliver. by racermd5, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – English Springer Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-englisch-springer-spaniel-317039/
5 – Mimi, English Springer Spaniel by Pedro Lopez
6 – Tallinn, Estonia, duo CACIB 2013 August 17-18 by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "English Springer Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"

FCIFCI - "English Springer Spaniel"
Springer

Alternative names:

    1. Springer Spaniel (English).
    2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
    3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
    4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
    5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (Spanish).

English Water Spaniel

English Water Spaniel (Spanish water dog) It is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, He was last seen in the Decade of 1930. Is of English origin.

He was very famous for his skill in hunting waterfowl and being able to dive like a duck. Described as similar to a Collie or a cross between a Poodle and a Springer Spaniel curly hair and was generally white with color stains liver or brown.

The English Water Spaniel is prior to the Irish Water Spaniel (Irish Water Spaniel). Historians of the race, They claim that they have been mentioned by Shakespeare "in his work"Macbeth”, and they believe that they have influenced genetically in several modern dog breeds, including therein to the American Water Spaniel, the Curly Coated Retriever and the Field Spaniel, Although it is unknown if the race was involved in the creation of Irish water dog.

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English White Terrier

English White Terrier (White English Terrier, also known as Old English Terrier or British White Terrier) is a breed of dog extinct, of English origin.

"The name of"English White Terrier"it was invented and adopted at the beginning of" 1860 by a group of breeders willing to create a new breed of dog, inspired by the typical Terrier work but with a higher acuity of hearing. This premature intention was born later the Fox Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Sealyham terrier and, later, in United States the Boston Terrier and the Rat Terrier.

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English Toy Spaniel
King Charles Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel, known as King Charles Spaniel (King Charles Spaniel) It is a small size breed developed in England.

The current documentation of this breed said to you have originated in the far East, mainly, in Japan. They also claim that the first English Toy Spaniel were seen in Europe - for the first time- during the 16th century.

While it is true that, mysteries abound in the canine world, It is known that the English Toy Spaniel shares common ancestry with the Pekingese and Japanese Chin. But the real success of these toddlers was born when they were given as a gift to European royalty, especially with his association with King Charles II of England (1630-1685), Although they have been linked with English royalty from the time of Mary Tudor (1516-1558).

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Sussex Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 127 . Flushing Dogs

Sussex Spaniel

The Sussex Spaniel it is a meek and thoughtful dog when it is at rest.

Content

History

The Sussex Spaniel gets its name from the county of England where it was favored as a hunting dog. It comes from the farm of Rosehill Park, where it was developed in the 18th century, and it was already mentioned in 1803 in a magazine called Sportsmen’s Cabinet.

The Knights of Sussex created a dog adapted to its heavy clay soil, to the dense undergrowth and thick hedges, a dog that could hang out all day and bark with bell tones to alert hunters they were on the right track. The dogs were exposed in the dog show of the Crystal Palace in 1862 and they were among the 10 first breeds admitted to the registry of the American Kennel Club in 1884.

Because they were primarily confined to the county of Sussex, the Sussex Spaniel they were necessarily inbred, with only an occasional brood with the Field Spaniel to bring new blood. With the passage of time, the hunters developed new interests and the Sussex stayed on the road. Could have been lost in history, like so many other dogs, but the breeders Moses Woolland y Campbell Newington intervened to bring them off the brink of extinction and even improved. The breed again faced extinction during WWII, but it was saved thanks to the efforts of the breeder Joy Scholefield.

Today the Sussex still weird, but in no danger of disappearing. Occupies the position 155 between breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The Sussex Spaniel It is a short dog with a compact and rectangular body and a weight between 16 and 20 kg. It stands out for the color of its fur, an intense golden liver, and for his big sad hazel eyes, so typical of the Spaniel family. Historically, However, there have also been examples of Sussex black, black and tan, and golden and white liver color.

The fur is thick (sometimes with a slight wave), with fringes on the chest, legs and ears and consists of a weather-resistant underlay, the outside being silky.

The long, silky ears are lobe-shaped, typical of Spaniel, and are moderately low

In the countryside, it's slow but steady, making his way through the thick canopy to make the birds disappear and retrieve for a hunter on foot.

Character and skills

Appearances can be deceptive when it comes to the Sussex Spaniel. Beneath a gloomy and serious expression hides a friendly and cheerful dog with a placid character. Loves being around people and joins any activity with controlled enthusiasm. More than many Spaniels, the Sussex has a protective character, always keeping her big sad eyes on her family to make sure all is well. She loves the children, and his calm demeanor makes him an excellent therapy dog.

As a hunting dog, the Sussex moves at a slower pace than other sporting dogs, but that doesn't mean i'm lazy or i don't need a lot of exercise. Not much less. He loves to hunt and has a lot of energy and stamina. Thanks to its ability to avoid the thicket, it is an excellent companion for walks or excursions, wagging the tail all the time. If you are a bird watcher, will help you find your prey. With its great olfactory capacity, you might like to give it a tracker title or two.

It is a very intelligent dog that is not always easy to train. Can be stubborn, but his soft Spaniel nature can make him cringe at any correction. Be firm but kind, rewarding the behavior you like with praise, games and goodies. Keep in mind that it matures slowly. You will not be instantly trained, and that includes home training. It is a breed that requires patience to get the best of itself, not to mention a sense of humor for times when he makes fun of you or embarrasses you, that there will be.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even with 8 weeks of age, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait until he is six months old to start training him, or you will have to deal with a bigger and stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a trainer when he has between 10 and 12 weeks, and socialize him.

Talk to the breeder, describe exactly what you are looking for in a dog and ask for help in selecting a puppy. Breeders see puppies on a daily basis and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.. Regardless of what you want from a Sussex, look for one whose parents have a pleasant personality and who has been well socialized since he was a puppy.

Education

He is very smart, but can be stubborn, so it is not always easy to train. Having said that, if the right motivation is found - how to take advantage of your great olfactory capacity- can be taught to Sussex to do almost anything. Train him with positive reinforcement techniques. He especially likes food rewards. Be patient in training. A Sussex, especially the females, it may take a long time to be reliable in this regard.

The Sussex walks at a slow pace and doesn't require the frantic levels of exercise some other sporting breeds need, but he's not a couch potato either, at least not when he's young. You will enjoy moderate or long walks or hikes, although not the companion of a runner or jogger. Its versatility and athleticism make it suitable for a number of dog sports, like hunting trials, freestyle, obedience, the rally and the crawl. The Sussex easily learn to recover, making it a great playmate for the kid who likes to play ball. Once it reaches maturity, his calm demeanor makes him a natural for therapy work.

When a Sussex Spaniel grows up with children, both usually go together like strawberries and cream. However, the puppies of Sussex can be too unruly for families with young children, and Sussex Spaniel adults unfamiliar with children may not feel comfortable with them.

Like most dogs, the Sussex Spaniel get bored when left alone, and the damage they can do is considerable. Do not give them control of the house until they have reached trustworthy maturity.. Cubs Sussex tend to develop slowly, so they may not reach maturity until 2 or 3 years of age. And keep your Sussex busy with training experiences, play and socialization. A Sussex boring is a Sussex destructive.

Health

The Sussex Spaniels they are healthy in general, but some conditions can be worrisome, especially if you are not careful when buying. These include some heart problems, such as cardiomyopathy and pulmonary stenosis, as well as an exercise intolerance syndrome called pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency (PDH). Hip dysplasia has also been reported, deafness and eye problems (such as entropion and retinal dysplasia). Females may have difficulty giving birth and often require cesarean sections.

PDH deficiency is present in the 20 percent of Sussex Spaniel, but there is a genetic test to identify normal dogs, carriers and affected. Ask the breeder to show proof that at least one of the puppy's parents is free of PDH deficiency.

Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents are free of health problems that affect the breed.. Veterinary examination of dogs is not a substitute for genetic health tests.

Grooming

The Sussex has thick fur, smooth or slightly wavy, with fringes on the legs and tail and a nice curl under the neck. The coat can be cared for by brushing it at least once or twice a week to remove tangles or mats and distribute skin oils. Bathe him when necessary. The Sussex changes moderately, and daily brushing will reduce the amount of hair that falls on the floor, the furniture and clothes.

The rest are basic care. Trim nails when needed and keep hanging ears clean and dry. Good dental hygiene is also important. Brush teeth frequently with veterinarian approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.

Characteristics “Sussex Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Sussex Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3.9 out of 5
3.9 out of 5 stars (based on 22 reviews)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Sussex Spaniel"

Sussex Spaniel
Sussex_spaniel at the World Dog Show in Poznan by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Sussex Spaniel
Group 8 SUSSEX SPANIEL, Marquell Replay MyDOG, The Nordic region's largest dog event: www.mydog.seby by Swedish Fair from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Sussex Spaniel"

Sussex Spaniel / Breeds of dog – Dog Breed
Bean the Sussex Spaniel wins the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show Sporting Group | FOX SPORTS

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Sussex Spaniel"

FCIFCI - "Sussex Spaniel"
Sussex

Alternative names:

    1. Sussex (English).
    2. Sussex (French).
    3. Sussex (German).
    4. Spaniel de Sussex (Portuguese).
    5. Sussex (Spanish).

The Collie and its different lines

El Collie y sus diferentes líneas

Content

Meaning of the term Collie

The term Collie It refers to many dog breeds that have originated in Scotland and Northern England. The exact origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it comes from:

  • The term 'Col’ o ‘Coll'of the old Scottish meaning'black’.
  • Or the English 'coal’: 'coal'.
  • Also, It is possible that it is a deformation of the word Colley It was as they called the sheep (face and Black-legged), These dogs pastoreaban.
  • The Anglo-Saxon regional term Collie, which means '[thing] useful’.
  • So it has been called in several ways: Coll, colly, Collie, Colley, Pastor of Scotland

The Shetland Sheepdog, for example, It is erroneously called Collie miniature, While aesthetically (with the exception of the size) they are identical, they are two different races… Although, We should not forget that, the most direct ancestor of the Shetland Sheepdog or "Sheltie" as usually nickname, is the Border Collie.

Collie breed history

The high mountains of Scotland are the natural home of this breed. It is not known if you run Roman blood in his veins, but we do know that the Romans conquered Scotland in the 6th century to. C. Then, the Collie was known for his great abilities of grazing, capable of driving up 500 sheep at a time. Unlike the current Collie, I didn't have such long and beautiful hair. The Collie was crossed with Setter Irish and with the Borzoi, and from there he was getting the characteristics of today's Collie. William Shakespeare wrote about this dog, calling it Collied Ski. The first illustration of this breed dates back to the year 1790.

While collies have used this dog for a long time and since the beginning of the race, as ovejero dog, the different forms varieties were developed in England at the end of the 1800.

The ancient race Collie was referred to as Scottish Collie in the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. Scottish Collie were heavier than the current. Their modern ancestors were exhibited for the first time Scotch Sheepdogs (foresee Scots) in 1860, in Birmingham (England), in a dogshow.

In the 19th century, this breed was not known yet, but with the first dog shows, its popularity began to grow to their highest point. Today remains one of the breeds of dogs most popular. South Africa still used as pastor, but in this case, large flocks of ostriches, his sense of monitoring is very developed.

Lassie, the character of the television that popularized this race, is a Rough Collie.

Collie dog has two varieties. The first is the Rough Collie, more easily recognizable due to its wide use in films and television (e.g.: Lassie). This variety has pretty hair in neck, tail and legs. It has a double cover, with small hairs lining the body. The second variety is the Smooth Collie, It has two coatings but the outer coat is short and smooth.

Collie breed characteristics

Collie dog has long body in relation to height. Its height of cross is of 56 - 61 cm. the male and 51 - 56 cm. females. They weigh in 18 - 29 kg. He has Brown eyes, almendrada and slightly oblique way. Their ears are small and are played back, or forward when the dog is alert. The snout is long and flat, with black truffle. Its tail is long and abundant hair, and the fur is dense, hard to the touch, soft and bright if it is taken care of very well. It can be color caramel and white, tricolor or blue dark. This dog's life expectancy is of 12 years.

Collie dog character

Healthy by nature, It is also known that he has very few known congenital problems. The most delicate part of the body tends to be your eyes, they should be frequently cleaned through a piece of absorbent cotton impregnated simply with warm clean water.

Known to be sweet and protective. They are easy to train due to her intelligence and innate please desire. They develop a very strong bond with their masters. They are excellent foresee dogs, good company for the family and other dogs. They are very loyal and faithful, but distrust of strangers if do not fall them well. They are also very playful and love to children. She loves to charge monitor children. It is sweet, good very attentive and vigilant: a suitable dog to leave a child in his charge. With babies is treated as a stuffed animal, and a baby can learn to walk if he grabs her hair. This dog will be careful to avoid it to fall. In addition, It will avoid that the baby will go with strangers.

On the beach, It will be devoted to monitoring the smallest, and if something happens, They cry or fall, do not hesitate to act. He does not fear nothing. It is not a scary or timid dog. In case of danger, defends the family. And it is able to stay a whole night warning, to pounce to lower noise. Every time that the members of the family discuss, It stands always because he hates disputes.

Before a rebuke sometimes it can be susceptible, and away to a corner to grumbling. But if the owner gets to look for him there is nothing spiteful: jump to your arms. It is active and disciplined. You must be educated with affection and without resorting to force.

Collie breeds ancestry

There are many breeds of dog with ancestry in Collie, as for example, to get an idea…:

  • Australian dog: used in Australia for livestock. Dogs of this type are also known as Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler. Heeler, means "talonero".
  • Australia Collie or “Bordaussie”: It is not really a recognized breed, but a cross between two popular breeds: Australian Shepherd and Border Collie.
  • Australian Kelpie: Developed in Australia from Collie dogs brought from Scotland and Northern England. Erect ears, Smooth-haired, usually black, black and brown or red and Brown and white feet.
  • Australian Shepherd: Developed in United States, with crossing of British dogs, German and Spanish, but they are in other parts of the world (including Australia).
  • Stumpy Tail: Used in Australia for livestock. Erect ears, Smooth-haired, mottled grey or red without white. With a very short tail or no tail.
  • Bearded Collie: Now largely animal home and exhibition, but they are still used as working dogs on farms. Long and silky hair (included in the face and legs), Black, grey or beige, and white on the shoulders.
  • Blue Lacy: Grey, Smooth-haired, drooping ears. Derived in part from English Pastor, with other races that descend from the Collie but aren't Collie.
  • Border Collie: The most famous race for grazing sheep around the world. Originally developed in Scotland and Northern England. According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Border Collie is the No. 1 from the list.
  • Cumberland Sheepdog: An extinct breed similar to the Border Collie and, possibly, absorbed by this race. An ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. Ears erect or semi-erectas, dense fur, Black with white only on the face and chest.
  • English Shepherd: Developed in United States from a farm Collie originating in Great Britain. It should not be confused with the old English Pastor.
  • Farm Collie or farm Collie: It was any dog grazing is encuontraba for farming in Britain or United States (descendants of British dogs), and perhaps in other places.
  • German Collie: Developed in Australia, probably from British Collie dogs, but they may have included Germany and Spain dogs. The name of “German Collie” also applies to a cross between a German Shepherd and Border Collie).
  • Huntaway: New Zealand developed from a mixture of races, probably including some Collie – but it is not a breed of the Collie type. It is larger and more full-bodied than most of the Collie.
  • Hound: It is not a race, but a Collie cross (or other grazing or Terrier dog) with a hound or Greyhound. Obtained in a traditional way for poaching, with the speed of a hound, but more obedient and less visible.
  • McNab Shepherd: Developed in United States from British Collie dogs. Ears of variable size, upright or semi-erectas, Smooth-haired, black or red, usually with some white on the face and chest.
  • Old English Pastor: Derivative of the ancestors of the Collie Barbudo. They are larger than most of the Collie, with a lack of tail, hair is long and silky (included in the face), usually grey and white. It should not be confused with the English Shepherd.
  • Scottish Collie, in its two varieties, Rough Collie and Smooth Collie: They were created by crossing dogs working with other races Collie (especially dogs Borzoi).
  • Shetland Sheepdog: comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
  • Smithfield: a breed of British dog that has been terminated, It was like a great Collie, strong, white or black and white color that is used to guide cattle in South East England, especially the Smithfield market (an area of the city of London).
  • Welsh Sheepdog: a native of Wales. Ears erect or semi-erectas, short or silky hair, red, black, black and fire or Blackbird, usually with white over shoulders.

Lines Collie dog breed

According to the type of fur have born different lines of Collie, among them are:

1 Border Collie

Border Collie

The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of smarter dogs que existe

The Border Collie It takes its name

Read more

2 Bearded collie

Breeders of bearded Collie or Bearded Collie in Spain

The Bearded collie It is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.

The Bearded collie is one

Read more

3 Smooth Collie

Smooth Collie

The Smooth Collie, today is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as United States and Canada

The Hair Collie

Read more

4 Rough Collie

Rough Collie

It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

The Rough Collie is one of the Read more

English Pointer
Gran Bretaña FCI 1 - Pointer

Pointer Inglés

The English Pointer It is a dog of great kindness and loyalty to its owner and docile.

Content

History

The first records of Pointers in England they date from around 1650. The breed is believed to be the result of a cross between Spanish pointers, the English Foxhound, Greyhounds, St. Hubert Hound, Bulldog and various breeds of Setter.

The objective of the breeders was to develop an animal that combined the qualities of these different breeds, in particular the developed sense of smell and the physical constitution of the St. Hubert Hound; speed, the elegance and grace of Greyhound; the well-developed rib cage of the English Foxhound, as well as its resistance and ease of maintenance. Later, various breeds of Setters to improve the psychological characteristics of the English Pointer, since the first specimens were described as fierce.

Until the 18th century, this dog was used to search, locate and mark small game, like the rabbit, the hare or the fox. He worked in tandem with the Greyhounds and other racing dogs, which in turn were in charge of catching and killing prey.

At the beginning of the 18th century, with the development of the use of firearms for hunting birds, the hunters realized that the English Pointer stood out in the search, signaling and recovery of game birds, thanks mainly to its speed and its great resistance. Therefore, was used primarily for this purpose.

The international diffusion of English Pointer

The English Pointer began to spread abroad in the second half of the 19th century.

It is especially at this time that the first specimens were imported to France by lovers of hunting dogs., like the gentlemen Merle, Bailly, Mayaudon, Caillard y Lambertye.

Although it is possible that the first specimens were imported much earlier by the colonists, the first official import of a English Pointer in the United States it dates from 1876. From England and with a white and lemon coat, the apt name of Sensation became the emblem of the famous dog show of the Westminster Kennel Club, which was founded the following year and is still today one of the most prestigious dog shows in the world. The breed quickly gained popularity among hunters for hunting quail.

In 1878, just two years after arriving in the United States, was accepted by the National American Kennel Club, the predecessor of the American Kennel Club (AKC). The English Pointer was one of the first nine breeds recognized by the AKC when it was founded in 1884. The other reference organization in the country, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized the breed in the early 20th century. However, was not up 1963 when the breed was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which oversees the national organizations of a hundred countries (including France, Belgium and Switzerland).

Physical characteristics

The English Pointer it is a large dog with a harmonious appearance, flexible and elegant. His body is well proportioned and his muscles well developed.

His tail is rather short, thick at the base and thin towards the tip. It is straight and follows the line of the back. When on the move, beats from side to side.

His head is flat and rests on a long, muscular neck. Profile, the length of the skull and muzzle are approximately equal.

The ears are medium in size, drooping and just above the eyes. They are slightly pointed and thin, with visible veins.

The eyes are oval in shape, with a hazel color in light-coated individuals, brown on others. In all cases, give the dog a lively look.

The nose is generally black, but may be lighter in dogs with lemon and white fur. In all cases, their nostrils are wide open.

The coat of the English Pointer is short, dense, smooth, straight and shiny. Their fur is usually bicolor, mixing white and another color: lemon, orange, brown or black. Unicolor or tricolor individuals are rarer, but they are also recognized by the standard.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is quite marked in this breed: males are larger and above all more massive than females.

Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 63 - 69 cm.

    ▷ Female size: Of 61 - 66 cm.

    ▷ Male weight: Of 20 - 30 kg

    ▷ Female weight: Of 18 - 28 kg

Character and skills

The English Pointer he is a gentle companion, loyal and affectionate with his family. Get along especially well with children old enough to have learned to interact with animals, and is a tireless playmate for them. He is also very patient and gentle with them, even when they are unruly or even bullying you. However, it is much less suitable for young children due to its large size, since you can easily push them unintentionally. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a very young child without adult supervision.

The English Pointer not only does he get along very well with family members, but also with other dogs of the same breed.

Sharing your everyday life with one of them is a great way to avoid boredom when your child is away from home.. In fact, they have a hard time tolerating loneliness: if left alone too often or for too long, they are very likely to develop separation anxiety, with destructive behavior as a consequence. Whether you share your home with another animal or not, only suitable for a master who generally spends most of his days away from home.

If you like to be around your family, the Pointer, on the other hand, is much more reserved and distant with strangers. Without showing aggressiveness towards them, does not deprive himself of barking when he perceives danger or a stranger approaches his place of residence. However, although their barking and large size can be a deterrent, his ability to attack when necessary is limited, which does not make them good guardians. On the other hand, is an effective warning dog. Living with a cat or a rodent is possible, as long as they have been raised together or are used to living with other animals from a young age. Otherwise, it is better to avoid taking the risk, since his marked hunting instinct could lead him to consider newcomers as prey. This is also how you see pet birds and small animals that you do not know, whether they cross your path during a walk or venture into your garden.

This temperament is obviously a good thing if employed as a hunter., but it also implies that he must be kept on a leash during walks as long as he does not obey when asked to return, otherwise it will start chasing small animals that pass. Having said that, even with a good recovery workout, cannot be completely trusted: your instincts can get stronger at any time. For this reason, It makes sense to invest in a GPS-connected collar, so you can easily locate it if it goes out to sea, especially since then it can get far away, but not necessarily find my way back.

In any case, the fear that he may be deceiving his masters is no reason to limit his outings, since the remedy would be worse than the disease. In effect, to be balanced, the English Pointer must be able to dedicate at least one hour a day, for example through two or three walks and / or play sessions.

It is too active to be suitable for an elderly and / or very sedentary person, but its incredible speed and endurance make it a perfect companion for a very active master. It is a pleasure to accompany you on jogging sessions, bike outings or long walks.

His curiosity and high intelligence also make physical activity not enough: to feel good both in your head and in your body, must also be intellectually stimulated. Ideally, you have a job to do or a mission to accomplish as often as possible.. Hunting and dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally are, Therefore, great ways to allow you to exercise both physically and mentally.

In any case, your activity level makes you unsuitable for apartment living, since it needs to be able to run freely at all times in a wide space to expend its excess energy. Therefore, needs a house with a garden, but the garden must be well fenced, given his unbridled temper. Using an underground electric fence would not be an effective solution, because their determination is much stronger than the discomfort felt by electrical impulses, especially when he has sniffed a prey and goes after it.

And just because a dog likes to play in the garden doesn't mean he has to spend most of his time there., away from his family. To be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family. In addition, once your needs are met, he is quite calm and enjoys spending time with his masters, for example lying on the sofa receiving pampering.

Education

As in any race, Socialization should be one of the pillars of the education of the English Pointer and start at a young age, when it is most malleable and adaptable. Therefore, you need to get used to being exposed to all kinds of different situations and environments, but also and above all to regularly meet other animals and new people. This is all the more necessary since he tends to be spontaneously shy around strangers..

The other way, to avoid any hyperapego to their owners, you should also teach your dog to tolerate loneliness. Otherwise, it can be especially difficult to cope with your absences.

The intelligence of English Pointer makes you able to learn quickly. This does not mean that he is willing to comply with all the wishes of his master.: has a strong character and can be very stubborn, so sometimes it's hard to make him obey.

Therefore, to achieve your goals - and, in particular, to get your dog to obey you- his master must be firm in his education and not let anything pass from the beginning, at the risk of ending up with a difficult partner. Pay special attention that the rules are clear from the start, but also constant over time and from one person to another, which requires good cooperation between family members.

In general, the ideal is to start learning as soon as you get home, opting for the dog training method based on positive reinforcement. In fact, not receptive to reprimands, and responds much better to stimuli and treats.

However, the different smells and sounds that you perceive around you also interest you very much, and soon catch your attention during training sessions. Therefore, it is better to opt for frequent sessions, short and varied, in order to keep you focused on tasks at all times.

Difficulties in achieving what is expected of him make it not really recommended for an inexperienced person, since it would soon be difficult for him to get it right.

In any case, given his strong hunting instinct, remembrance is one of the most important teachings you should receive. Prevents him from constantly chasing animals he considers prey and disregarding his master's orders. Although it is still difficult to hope that his burning will be curbed in the 100% of the cases, it must be kept on a leash during walks as long as this order is not properly assimilated.

Health

The English Pointer It, in general, a robust and healthy animal, and their life expectancy, of 12 - 15 years, is rather in the high range of the average for dogs of this size. They can withstand the heat without difficulty, but their short fur makes them especially sensitive to cold and humidity. For this reason, it is advisable to cover him with a dog coat when temperatures are low. In any case, not suitable for living in a region where the climate is especially cold for much of the year.

Although in good general health, like any race, you can suffer from various more or less serious illnesses throughout your life. Those that predispose the most are :
  • The Hip Dysplasia, a joint malformation whose appearance may be favored by a hereditary predisposition. Produces pain and lameness that worsens over time, and favors the appearance of osteoarthritis as the animal ages;
  • The metaphyseal osteopathy (or hypertrophic osteopathy), a bone disease that usually manifests itself as the animal grows and progresses rapidly. Besides lameness, can cause various symptoms such as high fever, anorexia or abnormal fatigue. The vital prognosis is good in mild forms of the disease, but much more reserved for the most serious cases;
  • Chondrodysplasia (or dwarfism), a genetic disease that causes underdevelopment of bones and cartilage. The latter makes the front and rear limbs shorter than normal.. There is no cure for this disease, but medication can ease the pain, and surgery may be suggested for more severe cases to correct any deformation of the bones and vertebrae;

  • The stomach dilation-torsion syndrome, which occurs when the stomach swells and folds in on itself, blocking the evacuation of gases and interrupting blood circulation. Unless a vet intervenes quickly, it is usually fatal, so it is a vital emergency;
  • The Addison's disease, an endocrine disorder that is sometimes inherited and is caused by destruction or atrophy of the adrenal glands. This gives rise to various symptoms that may suggest other pathologies: vomiting, diarrhea, dejection, weightloss, anorexia, tremors… The acute form gives the animal little chance of survival, while a lifelong treatment helps fight the chronic form;
  • The Hypothyroidism, a hormonal disease that causes a decrease in metabolism. Hypothyroidism is a hormonal disease that causes a decrease in metabolism and gives rise to various symptoms that vary from one individual to another.: exhausted, damaged fur, breathing difficulties, overweight… Requires lifelong treatment to alleviate or even prevent these symptoms;
  • The Epilepsy, a chronic disease of the nervous system that causes seizures whose manifestations can vary depending on the moment and the individual. Although there is no cure, various treatments can reduce the intensity or number of seizures to such an extent that most people with this disease can lead normal lives;
  • Aortic stenosis, a congenital and probably inherited heart defect that causes heart failure. This anomaly is incurable, and the risk of syncope or heart attack in the affected animal is not negligible. However, there are medications to counteract the effects of heart failure and the risk of sudden death;
  • Demodechia, dermatological disease due to overgrowth of Demodex Canis mites. Hairless spots may appear, itchy redness, blackheads and dandruff. The localized form usually heals itself, but if necessary -or in the case of a generalized form- medication and skin care can help;
  • Allergies, whether they are respiratory, food, skin or contact. Symptoms and treatments depend on the type of allergy in question;

Congenital deafness, which mainly affects white-coated dogs. Whether it affects one or both ears, is irreversible;

The ear infections, that are common in any dog ​​with floppy ears.

The English Pointer it is also especially prone to various eye diseases:
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that causes retinal degeneration. Causes progressive loss of vision, first at night and then during the day;
  • The gland prolapse nictitante (or cherry eye), which corresponds to an inflammation of this lacrimal gland. The most common signs are the appearance of a small red ball in the inner corner of the eye and tearing. Can be treated with surgery;
  • The entropion, which is a curvature of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye. It can be hereditary and causes pain, irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva from repeated rubbing of the eyelashes and / or hairs on the fragile parts of the eye. This can be remedied with surgical intervention.;
  • The waterfall, which mainly affects the elderly and corresponds to a clouding of the lens. If nothing is done, leads to progressive loss of vision, up to total blindness. However, an operation can allow the animal to regain correct vision.

In addition, When the English Pointer used for hunting, you are obviously exposed to the risks that this activity implies – particularly that of injuries.

Having said that, although the list of conditions the breed is predisposed to may seem frightening at first glance, keep in mind that its prevalence remains low, so most of its representatives live in perfect health. This is confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, which showed that old age is the main cause of death in this breed. Old age alone accounts for a quarter of deaths, while cancers rank second and are implicated in around the 20% of the cases.

However, it is true that a large part of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, which justifies favoring a serious breeder of English Pointer. In effect, not content with offering puppies quality socialization from their first weeks of life, a professional worthy of the name takes care that they do not suffer from a hereditary defect transmitted by their parents. To avoid this, has various genetic tests performed routinely on individuals you plan to breed, to avoid the transmission of a hereditary pathology and, of course, rule out those at risk. In addition to the test results in question, must be able to present a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccines administered, registered in the animal's sanitary or vaccination registry.

Once adopted, It is necessary to ensure that the animal does not make any excessively long or intense physical effort during its growth, which usually lasts until 18 months. In effect, your bones and joints are then especially fragile; would run the risk of injury or developing malformations, with sequels that could last a lifetime. For example, this could lead to the development of Hip Dysplasia, to which you are predisposed.

Last but not least, throughout his life, the English Pointer must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete health check. This appointment is also an opportunity to carry out any necessary vaccine withdrawals.. At the same time, to prevent risks related to parasites (worms, ticks…), your owner must make sure to renew your deworming treatments whenever necessary.

Life expectancy

Of 13 - 14 years

Grooming

The English Pointer it is an easy breed of dog to take care of, and this is especially true for their fur. Brushing once a week with a special glove or a rubber brush is enough to remove dead hairs and spread the sebum all over his coat.. If rubbed gently with a chamois or soft cloth, will be bright. It is also the occasion to detect possible skin problems, that are frequent in him.

During your seasonal molt, in spring and autumn, hair loss is still moderate, but brushing frequency should be increased. Ideally, do it two or three times a week.

When properly cared for, the fur of the English Pointer does not get very dirty and rarely smells bad. Therefore, no need to wash frequently: once or twice a year is enough, unless, of course, is dirty or smells bad. In any case, a mild shampoo designed specifically for dogs should always be used, to avoid damaging your skin with an unsuitable product. In fact, the pH of dog skin differs from that of human skin.

Pay special attention to their floppy ears, since this morphological peculiarity increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, not only do they have to be inspected and cleaned at least once a week, but also spend time drying them every time they have been in contact with water or have spent a long time in a humid environment, to prevent moisture build-up.

The maintenance of your dog's ears and also the opportunity to check his eyes and clean them if necessary, in order to avoid the risk of infections.

In addition, teeth should also be cleaned at least once a week with dog toothpaste and a toothbrush or pad. This helps limit the formation and accumulation of tartar., that favors the development of bad breath and various oral diseases. Ideally, brush your teeth several times a week or even daily.

Looking at its claws, the activity level of the English Pointer makes natural wear and tear normally enough to file them. However, as you age or are no longer as active as before, they can get too long and end up annoying or even hurting you. Therefore, they should be examined regularly and cut with a file or nail clipper as needed. This is the case as soon as a kind of rattling sound is heard when walking on hard ground.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, do not hesitate to ask for the help of a professional (vet or groomer) to know the proper care of the English Pointer. It is also advisable to accustom your pet to being handled from a young age.

This facilitates not only grooming sessions, but also to be able to examine it easily every time you return from a long stay abroad, for example during a hunting day. In effect, this is important to make sure that he is not injured or that there are no parasites or barbs stuck in his fur.

Food

As in the case of any race, the diet of English Pointer should fit your size, age, health and level of physical activity, both in terms of the choice of products and the amount of food that is given each day. To maximize the chances of keeping your dog healthy, it is recommended to feed him with high quality croquettes or hamburgers that provide him with all the nutrition he needs.

Nutrient intake can vary significantly throughout the year. If used as a hunter, will use more energy during certain periods of the year, so your daily rations should be modified and increased, since the diet of a hunting dog is not the same as the usual. However, it is important to return to a normal amount of food once the season is over to avoid any risk of overweight in dogs.

In fact, but the English Pointer are not predisposed to obesity, it is advisable to monitor your weight every month to ensure that everything is fine at that level. This is even more important if you have been sterilized, since the risk is then higher. In case the magnification is prolonged or even increased during several measurements in a row, it is necessary to take him to the vet to find out the cause of the problem and thus know how to remedy it. In any case, your diet and activity level may not be the cause, for example if weight gain is a symptom of an underlying disease.

In any case, diet is especially important when the dog is small and growing. Feeding them too much and / or giving them too much food can cause them to grow too fast, which can cause not only injuries, but also long-term problems with bones and joints, as deformities. On the other hand, improper nutrition can also cause potentially very damaging stunting.

Regardless of age, the ideal is, as with any dog, divide your daily ration into several meals. This is all the more essential since it is predisposed to the dilation-torsion of the stomach., which often follows the rapid absorption of a large amount of food. In addition, to avoid the latter, meals should be eaten in a quiet place and one hour away from any strenuous physical activity.

In addition, the fact that it is not especially prone to obesity does not justify giving it food intended for humans (for example, table scraps), without ensuring that you can effectively meet your nutritional needs. Otherwise, it would be more harmful than beneficial, especially, of course, if the food is popular with humans but toxic to dogs.

Last but not least, water should be available throughout the day and should be changed regularly to keep it fresh. If used for hunting, it is better to carry enough than to let him drink standing water.

Use

Before the 18th century, the English Pointer it was mainly used as Pointing Dogs for small game, like the rabbit, the hare or the fox. For this reason, cared for possible prey and worked with racing dogs, who were in charge of hunting and catching them.

With the arrival of firearms in his native England in the early 18th century, began to be used more to target and retrieve game birds, function in which he stood out.

Even today, are still highly prized by hunters, who use it mainly as Pointing Dogs.

They are also found as pets. Its sweetness and affectionate character make the Pointer a very endearing companion, as long as his family can meet his great need for exercise and they are sufficiently present for him.

Their loyalty to their owners and their aloof and aloof demeanor with strangers, without depriving yourself of barking loudly when they approach, make it an excellent warning dog. However, its ability to act as a watchdog is limited by its lower propensity to attack in danger.

It is also a good companion for dog sports. Its competitive character and its resistance allow it to distinguish itself in disciplines such as canicross, el cani-VTT, obedience, the rally and agility.

Last but not least, his elegance and his desire to please his masters also make him a sure value in canine beauty contests. In fact, He was already seen often in dog shows of the 19th century.

Price

The price of a puppy English Pointer varies between the 450 and 1.200 EUR, and the average is around 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females. There are many breeders throughout Europe.

On the other hand, in Canada remain rare, so the number of individuals offered each year is quite limited. The amount requested usually ranges from 1200 and 3000 canadian dollars. Therefore, the most pertinent option may be to buy in the United States, where a puppy can be acquired for between 1000 and 1500 USD. Then, you must ensure that you adhere to the regulations regarding the importation of a dog into Canada and note that transport and administrative costs are added to the purchase price.

Regardless of the country, price differences from one individual to another are explained by their own characteristics (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), but also by the reputation of the lineage from which they come, as well as the prestige of the breeding.

Characteristics “English Pointer”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “English Pointer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “English Pointer”

Videos “English Pointer”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 1
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 2: British and Irish Pointers and Setters. 2.1: Pointer. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 2: Continental Pointing Dogs. 2.1: Pointer
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard “English Pointer”

FCIFCI – “English Pointer”
Pointer Inglés FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Pointer (English).
    2. Pointer (French).
    3. Englische Pointer (German).
    4. (em inglês: English Pointer), Pointer (Portuguese).
    5. Perdiguero inglés (Spanish).

Field Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 123 . Flushing Dogs

Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel It takes its name “field” of its great ability to work in the open field.

Content

History

The Field Spaniel (Field) is an example of what can go wrong when trying to breed sporting dogs for their looks without considering their use in the field. In the early days of the breed, in the XVIII century, the Spaniels were defined by their size, and it was considered Field Spaniel to any dog ​​that weighed more than 11 kg (25 pounds). The Spaniels smaller ones were known as “Cockers”, and both sizes could be born in the same litter. His fur used to be liver, liver and white, red, Red and white, yellow or black and white.

The advent of dog shows in the mid-19th century motivated dog breeders to start considering both appearance and function.. The different was good. Thus was born the “Black Spaniel”. That was good, but unfortunately the dogs that were long and short – as the “Sussex Spaniel“- they were popular at dog shows at the time. The breeders began to cross Field Spaniel with “Sussex Spaniels“. How the size of the dogs was so different, the results were disastrous, converting to Field into a heavy, unattractive dog that could barely move. Even so, exaggerated-looking dogs won at shows.

At last, people came to their senses and the fashion of Field Spaniel finished. The dogs could have become extinct, but they were revitalized after World War I through crosses with the “English Springer Spaniel”, that were more suitable for the size of the Field Spaniel. Through careful breeding, their usefulness as hunting dogs was restored, with the ability to cut through undergrowth that was too difficult for him to “Springer”, and the speed that the “Sussex” and the “Clumber“.

The race was not yet saved. World War II put an end to breeding, and then only a few good dogs were left. In United States, there was no Field Spaniel until the age of 60. The Field Spaniel Society of America was formed in 1978. Dogs remain little known today, but they are no longer in danger of extinction. The Field Spaniel ranks 132 between breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The Field Spaniel is closely related to the Cocker Spaniel and the “English Springer Spaniel”. In the beginning, the three races were separated mainly by size. With a weight range of 15 - 22 Kg, the Field Spaniel is bigger than him “Cocker” but smaller than the “Springer“. Besides hunting, competes in field tests and uses his excellent nose in tracking tests. It is a rare breed, but if you are looking for a solid hunter in addition to a family companion, the Field Spaniel is one of those you should consider.

Weight and size:

Females have an approximate size of 43 cm., While the males measure approximately 45 cm.. Its approximate weight varies from 18 – 25 kg.

Character and skills

The Field Spaniel has the typical features of Spaniel: sensitivity, affection for his family and willingness to learn. With strangers, is reserved, even shy if not well socialized, but their owners will experience a playful and mischievous side. May be barking when happy or restless.

Its medium size and docile character can make it a good choice for families with children.. He also gets along well with pets, as cats, if he grew up with them. However, pet birds may need to watch your tail. Even though i don't hunt, the Field Spaniel he will take every opportunity to hunt birds and will do his best to go after them. Unless you are in an area with no traffic, keep it on a leash or you'll lose it in the chase.

The Field Spaniel is a dog that needs a job. Not the type of dog that spends the day eating cookies. Take a daily leash walk of at least an hour, take him to safe, traffic-free areas where he can run off-leash and target him for dog sports like agility, obedience, rally and crawl.

Education

The Field Spaniel is intelligent and accepts training well. Like most Spaniels, has a mild temperament and responds best to positive reinforcement techniques, like the compliments, the game and the food rewards. Tends to mature slowly, so you must be patient and constant. In the field he has a natural tendency to explore, that can be stopped by teaching commands like “Venz”, “Wait” and “stay”.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait for you to have 6 months to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a kennel school for puppies when he is between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes.

Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, like all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Run away from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee for the puppies, to tell you that the breed has no known problems or to keep puppies isolated from the main part of the house for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur.

The Field Spaniel They have some health conditions that may be of concern, especially if you are not cautious with breeder selection. Among them are the Hypothyroidism and eye problems such as cataract, progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia.

Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents have been exempted from health issues affecting the breed. Make the dogs are “reviewed by the veterinarian” not a substitute for genetic health testing.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best-looking dogs., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in most cases, dogs can still have a good life. If you are getting a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what are the most common causes of death.

Remember that after welcoming a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping the dog at an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life. Take advantage of your prevention skills to ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming

The Field Spaniel has only one coat, namely, does not have undercoat. Silky hair is moderately long and can be straight or slightly wavy. The front of the chest, the belly, the back of the legs and the rear are fringed like those seen in breeds “Setter”.

The coat is not heavy and it is easy to maintain. You have to brush it weekly and comb its fringes a couple of times a week, or whenever the dog has been outside or has twigs or other debris stuck to the hair. Trim the hair between the paw pads and inside the ears. Bathe the dog only when necessary; regular brushing should keep it pretty clean. The Field Spaniel they molt moderately.

If you plan to expose your Field Spaniel, ask the breeder for advice on how to present the dog at a dog show. You must have a natural look, but may need a little more razor cleaning, Grooming scissors and blades than a companion dog would receive.

The rest are basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every few weeks. Yes to your Field Spaniel he likes to swim - and even if he doesn't like- keep hanging ears clean and dry to avoid bacterial or fungal infections. Brush your teeth frequently for general good health and fresh breath.

Characteristics “Field Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Field Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Field Spaniel”

Photos:

1 – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A Grupp 8: FIELD SPANIEL, Winterbourne Itsy Bitsy Spider by Swedish fair
3 – My dog, Lily, after enjoying a smelly romp through a fetid swamp close to home. what a plague. Lily is a Field Spaniel. by Jo-Anna Ghadban, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Daisy – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Field Spaniel In Liver Color by RishiBali, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Field Spaniel The Westminster Kennel Club 137th Annual All Breed Dog Show February 11-12, 2013 New York, NY by Andrea Arden

Videos “Field Spaniel”

Field spaniel Molly
Playing with Jekku
Valpelek Field Spaniel
Field Spaniel Bite jumps into water

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 123
  • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard “Field Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “Field Spaniel”
Field Spaniel FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Field (English).
    2. Field (French).
    3. Field (German).
    4. Field (Portuguese).
    5. Field, Spaniel de campo (Spanish).
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