Japanese Chin
FCI 206 . Japan Chin and Pekingese

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, It is said to have the character of a cat, y verán porque…


Characteristics "Japanese Chin"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Japanese Chin" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)


The true origin of the Japanese Chin It is still controversial, Although a general consensus, concludes that originated in Spaniela.

These dogs were brought to Japan around year 732. Some maintain the ancestors of these dogs first arrived to Japan around the year 732, as a gift from royalty Korea, while others argue that Japanese Chin copies were offered as a gift to the Empress of Japan in the middle of the sixth century, otras teorías aseguran que llegaron a Japón en el año 1000.

But beyond all the controversy regarding the origin, all agree on one thing, the Japanese Chin, is an authentic “Japanese”, because it reflects the Japanese sensitivity to detail.

The Japanese established various breeds of dogs, with a defined purpose that was work, that Japan considered something different, different from a “dog“, He was considered a work on farm animal, for hunting, to care for cattle, etc., but the Japanese Spaniel, fue algo muy especial porque era considerado estrictamente un perro de compañía.

His appearance and distinctive personality was quickly captured the hearts of the Japanese and that led to ownership of these dogs to be limited to persons of Royal and noble blood.

Como consecuencia, every noble House was raising its own standard, why there are many variations of the Japanese Spaniel, in terms of size, the density of the layer, the eyes, la personalidad…

Once the race was introduced in the West, a strong desire of the people by the smaller copies (those who weighed a maximum 4,5 Kg.), He carried that size was the most popular and became the official standard of various canine clubs around the world.

El profesor Von Ludvic Schulmuth estudió orígenes caninos a partir de un hallazgo de restos óseos de perros encontrados en asentamientos humanos que databan del octavo milenio antes de Cristo, in the Gobi desert. On the basis of the information collected, he created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs which gathered very interesting information concerning the origin of certain breeds that are today very popular.

The Gobi Desert is a large desert region between Spaniela northern and southern Mongolia. Can be one of the deserts, or desert areas largest and most important worldwide. Around it the Altai Mountains and the steppes of Mongolia in the North, la meseta del Tíbet y la planicie del norte de Spaniela por el suroeste. La palabra gobi significa ‘desierto’ in Mongolian. The Gobi is composed of different geographic and ecological regions, basadas en sus variaciones de clima y topografía.

Historically, the Gobi desert He is noted for being part of the Mongol Empire and the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.

Occupying the 30% of the national territory, great Gobi Mongolia covers capricious montes, sandy dunes, vast plateaus, steppes with its aromatic herbs and, Since then, a varied animal world, within the canine ancestors found Professor Ludvic Von Schulmuth.

Ludvic von Schulmuth defined as origin of certain dog breeds a former denizen dog of the Gobi desert, whose remains were found in places where stored manure or litter, and called them “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog”, de este animal surgieron varias líneas que fueron dando origen a varias razas. For example, un perro pequeño de pelo suave y orejas caídas ese fue el ancestro de Spaniel tibetano, the Japanese Chin and Pekingese. Another branch which descends from the “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog ” gave rise to the Continental Toy Spaniel and to the Chihuahua longhair. Y, another branch of the same dog of the Gobi desert, gave rise to the emergence of the Pug and Shih Tzu.

There is also some documentation that indicates Portuguese sailors introduced the breed to Europe in the century 17 through the gift of some to Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of King Charles II of England, but there is more evidence that the first Japanese Spaniel which opened steps behind borders, It was a gift of the Emperor of Japan offered a U.S. Navy officer, Matthew C. Perry, When he visited East in 1853 to open bilateral trade. The naval officer, a litter seven Japanese took Spaniel, and to reach their land only survived two, y a quién los regaló es algo que aún no se sabe con certeza.

De lo que sí tenemos plena certeza es que el Spaniel Japonés, also known as the Spaniel Japanese has been the dog of Japanese royalty.

Physical characteristics

This small dog of friendly aspect, It has a very similar appearance to that of the Pekingese, But unlike, its legs are longer, and the color of the fur is different; It may be black and white or red and white. The fur is soft and long; the large, dark eyes, bien separados entre sí; the tail, well endowed with hair, relies on the back; the ears are triangular in shape and small size; the snout is short and flattened, and large heads relative to their body.

Character and skills

Según la clasificación realizada por Stanley Coren después de analizar las respuestas de más de 200 the AKC judges (“La inteligencia de los perros”, Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), el Spaniel Japonés es el Nº 62 from the list.

The Japanese Spaniel barks only when necessary in order to alert the family of the arrival of a visitor or something out of the ordinary, then is a quiet breed.

It's a very special race, they have very feline attitudes, is more, is said to have the character of a cat, y verán porque…

The Japanese Chin is always alert, He is intelligent and independent, and it uses its feet to wash and dry your face. Other feline features are your preferences for the rest in elevated surfaces, as the backups of the sofa and chairs. Tiene una capacidad espectacular para caminar a través de una mesa de té sin tirar ningún objeto, If that doesn't make it a cat total!!!

These dogs were bred and trained for the purpose of loving his people. Although it is usually a quiet dog, He also known for the amount of mischief that make, Welcome to all, as the call “Spin Chin”, dan rápidas vueltas en círculo como si bailaran pero apoyados solo en sus patas traseras, While with their Forelegs dejan them interwoven and shaking them up top down at full speed, they are very funny.

El Spaniel Japonés es un excelente perro de compañía, It is affectionate and loyal to his owner and, normally, happy to see other people, aunque algunos desconfían de los extraños. It is a dog who prefers the family environment, pero se adapta muy bien en las nuevas situaciones y son a menudo utilizados como perros de terapia debido a esta característica y su amor por la gente. Socialization at an early age contributes to his temperament of develop optimally, is an emotionally balanced dog, by nature, but it is important to contribute.

Some tend to “sing”, producen un ruido que puede oscilar entre un mínimo trino a un alto sonido y bastante grave en relación a su tamaño, almost with the quality of Opera that sounds like “booooooo”. On race Basenji in the right column you can see a video of the dog singing, it is very similar to what the Japanese Chin.


The orbits of the eyes of large contribute to moisture in the face and the folds of skin around the crushed nose and facial area, You can trap moisture and cause fungus problems. La cara debe ser limpiada de vez en cuando con un paño húmedo y los pliegues, with a cotton swab.

Diet is an important factor in the health and condition of the Japanese Chin, muchos ejemplares pueden ser alérgicos al maíz, for example.

Due to their small size they don't need too much exercise, aunque sí, requires frequent walks, because they are active and love to be outdoors. They adapt well to life in an apartment or small homes. On the other hand, their fur should brush your daily, as it is often about getting caught.

Japanese Chin has a long life, to round the 15 years, but in many cases can be extended to more or less the 18 years of age.

They weigh between 1,8 and 3,3 kand and measured at the cross, of 21 a 25 cm.. The litter is usually fairly small, of between 3 and 4 Puppies.

Images "Japanese Chin"


1. Japanese Chin, young male by Pointer8 / CC BY-SA
2. A Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
3. A red Japanese Chin by LostinTexas (Alex Archambault) – Flickr
4. Japanese Chin with tongue hanging out over crooked teeth by OliviaCC / Public domain
5. A Japanese Chin puppy. By Rachel Harris (RLH) from Scottsdale, THE, U.S.A. / CC BY
6. One of our neighbours has this small Japanese Chin. By Mark Hillary
7. Japanese Chin by https://www.needpix.com/photo/download/1697007/dog-japanese-chin-animal-pet-sweet-white-black-nature-sunset
8. Japanese Chin by Tingflorance / CC BY-SA
9. Japanese Chin by Arnaud 25 / Public domain

Videos "Japanese Chin"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs
  • Section 8: Japan Chin and Pekingese. Without working trial.



FCI standard of the breed "Japanese Chin"

FCIFCI - Japanese Chin

Alternative names:

    1. Japanese Spaniel, Chin (English).
    2. Épagneul japonais ou chin (French).
    3. Chin (German).
    4. Chin (Portuguese).
    5. Chin Japonés, Chin (español).
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