Castro Laboreiro Dog
Portugal FCI 170 - Molossoid . Mountain

Perro de Castro Laboreiro

The Castro Laboreiro Dog It is an excellent guard dog and companion



The Castro Laboreiro Dog (Cão de Castro Laboreiro) It is a breed of Portuguese dog of large size. Originating in the parish of Castro Laboreiro, Melgaço, is a dog type Lupoid amastinado is lighter than other breeds of cattle dogs.

The Castro Laboreiro Dog it has its origin in the region that gave it its name, the people of Castro Laboreiro, en el municipio de Melgaço. Es una región montañosa accidentada que se extiende desde el río Miño a las montañas de Peneda y Soajo entre los ríos Trancoso, Laboreiro and moro, until around 1400 m above sea level.

Like the dog, Castro Laboreiro is one of the oldest regions of the land of Portugal. The prehistoric remains such as dolmens and rock paintings, They demonstrate the presence of man in the region for thousands of years. The strengths are evidence of the strong presence of Celtic culture in the region. También los celtas y los romanos llegaron aquí, las vías romanas y la construcción de puentes con sus hitos. The castrejas communities have always lived of hunting, fishing, grazing and agriculture.

La búsqueda de buenos pastos para el ganado llevó a cabo una especie de corta distancia la trashumancia, que se ha convertido en una migración estacional que todavía se produce en algunos sectores de la población caracterizada por una curiosa adaptación al terreno montañoso y el clima.

The dogs that accompanied (and accompany) These movements of transhumant cattle that, being a short distance, a diferencia de lo ocurrido en el resto de la Península Ibérica (including the transhumance of herds of sheep in the Serra da Estrela, whose movement reached several hundred miles), an animal so powerful is not necessary.

El número de ovejas y cabras, ha ido disminuyendo en los últimos años y es progresivamente sustituido por el ganado. The Castro Laboreiro Dog has been adapting to social changes, It is still as effective in protecting the sheep, goats and cows as yesteryear, but it has also acquired new features. Due to the emigration of men over the years 40, mainly to France, leaving women alone to care for the Earth and the animals, dogs have developed a very important role in the custody of property and of the members of the families, In addition to the protection of livestock that was his main work.

This special character, carved by the hardness of the mountains and the pace of life of the inhabitants of Castro Laboreiro, también fue fruto del aislamiento de esa región de difícil acceso -hasta hace muy poco – the first dirt road was completed in 1948.

Los avances científicos han permitido a los genetistas confirmar ciertas pruebas (for example, Archaeological, morphological and behavioral) who claim that the wolf is the ancestor of the Castro Laboreiro Dog. Según los registros fósiles, the domestication of the Wolf has been hace aproximadamente 14.000 years in the region of the fertile Crescent, dogs have spread rapidly throughout Europe, Asia and North America. Genetic studies also indicate that domestication must have happened only once.

A pesar de la presencia de perros en el territorio portugués desde el Mesolítico, the first traces appear in depictions of scenes of hunting in Roman mosaics. The earliest references to the national races in the century. 16TH, He suggests that they may be at least 300 a 600 years.

Cattle dogs have always been an important element in the agropastorales communities. Regarding the Castro Laboreiro Dog, their quality and their importance are highlighted by various authors. Leal Augusto (1874), describing the region, makes mention of the existing dogs, also the ethnographer José Leite de Vasconcelos (1933) refers to the Castro Laboreiro as. There are also references to race in literature, like the novel of Camilo Castelo Branco, Prazins Brazil (1879).

The national pride generated by Castro Laboreiro Dog shines all year in the Castro Laboreiro Dogs competitions, the oldest existing in Portugal canine competition. Desarrollado por el Padre Aníbal Rodríguez, Castro Laboreiro priest from 1945 (died in 2003), This competition is traditionally held every year since the middle of the 50, se celebró por primera vez en octubre y en las últimas décadas 15 of August. La competición ha sido muy importante en la difusión y el mantenimiento de las características de la raza.

In fact, mixing with other races was a serious problem until very recently. The introduction of other races, facilitated by greater openness to the outside of the region, produced crossing, not controlled, con los perros nativos lo que llevo a la aparición de ejemplares con características menos comunes que alertaron a muchos jueces en los concursos y a los interesados en la raza a través de diversos medios de comunicación.

This problem is greatly exceeded by responsible breeders through greater control of mating. Se interesaron en aprender todo acerca de las características de la raza, winning a lugarcito in the Portuguese Kennel Club (CPC), Noting the parents of the litter and placing copies in the genealogical book of the race.

A pesar del reconocimiento de su antigüedad, only in the second quarter of the 20th century relevant studies were initiated to achieve a definition of the standard of the breed. What was published in 1935 by Professor Manuel Fernández Marques. This was an important milestone for the conservation of the breed, siendo un garante de la preservación de sus características originales. In effect, the standard represents the ideal type of race, la descripción de las características que se definen, they form the basis of reference to follow in selecting. Despite the fact that the standard was published in 1935, the earliest records in the genealogical book of the race were provisionally in 1932. In 1993 adopted an amendment to the height at the cross, was increased in 4,3 cm., lo que refleja la tendencia observada en la raza en los últimos años.

Despite their smaller body size, Agility is also an advantage in the fight with the Wolf, easy to escape the attack of these. There are many stories of dogs who helped pastoralists to capture wolves when they were attacking livestock, Yet there are few reports of dogs fatally attacked by wolves.

Las características específicas del medio ambiente de la región y el sistema de pastoreo, along with geographical isolation, han dado lugar a un perro de ganado único. A pesar del probable origen común por más de 50 cattle dog breeds recognised in Asia and throughout the Mediterranean region, It is distinguished by being a smaller dog. In fact, It is a breed of dog of mountain, of medium to large rather than amastinada Lupoid – with a lighter head, but powerful, and with a height to the cross which can vary between 55 and 64 cm. (more than 2 cm tolerance) and a weight of between 25 and 40 kg. Estas características le permiten ser más activos y por lo tanto inquietos, always alert, easily to be quickly has the presence of predators, When caring for cattle is about.

Physical characteristics

The eyes of the Castro Laboreiro Dog they are sloped almond-shaped and medium in size. Its coat consists of a layer of light brown pelage tends to dark brown. The ears are triangular, rounded at the tip and pendants. When is the dog attentive, the ears become forward. The tail is broad and thick, up the legs when the dog is calm and movement takes the form of Saber, más allá de la línea de fondo. The hair is short (5 cm.) thick and resistant, hard to the touch, soft and abundant throughout the body. Usually, the hair is soft in some areas, as the head and ears. El color del pelaje se compone de una capa de color sólido dominante que a menudo presenta estrías.

Because of their proven effectiveness in the protection of herds against wolves and other predators such as foxes or feral dogs attacks increasingly are used to protect the flocks of goats and sheep or herds of cows, de la Meseta de montañas de Castro Laboreiro hasta Alvão. En esta región existe un núcleo creciente de los perros de la raza integrado por Wolf Group – Association for the conservation of wolves and its ecosystem. The Wolf group has developed an innovative project of great interest, whose objective is to promote the use of dogs Castro Laboreiro in the protection of livestock, in order to reduce the losses caused by wolves, y reducir así los conflictos que las comunidades rurales tienen con este depredador.

The Iberian wolf, el último de nuestra fauna de grandes carnívoros, It is in danger of extinction and are fully protected by law from 1988. Así llegamos a una situación en la que está afiliada a la conservación de la recuperación del lobo a una raza nacional de perro, the Castro Laboreiro Dog, is also at risk of extinction. The genetic heritage of animals is part of the national biodiversity we have responsibility for the preservation, ya que su pérdida sería irreversible.

During the first months of life, especially of 2 a 6 months of age, progressive contact with a variety of environments and situations should be given to the dog (for example, walking in the street or traveling by car, get in touch with strange people and children and other dogs). An adequate education, con estímulos positivos y sin el uso de la fuerza, It is the basis for the development of a balanced and healthy pet.

The dogs may have two litters a year, the first - in general- after 6 months of age. The litters tend to have, on average, seven dogs, can, However, achieve the 14 dogs.

Cuando los cachorros nacen tienen un pelaje más oscuro que tiende a aligerar gradualmente a medida que crecen y adquieren el típico rayado. Also the texture and hardness of hair change accompanied with growth.

With respect to the height of the samples was proposed in the meeting General annual of the Club of Castro Laboreiro dog (10 in July of 1993) the change in height for males 58 a 64 cm. (with a tolerance of + 2 cm.) and females in 55 a 61 cm. (with a tolerance of + 2 cm.). The proposed modification of the standard was adopted by unanimity and, later, subject to approval by the Portuguese Kennel Club, where be later reviewed by the Technical Committee, It was adopted by the General extraordinary Board of the canine Portuguese Club the 24 in August of 1993.

Character and skills

Despite her natural aptitude for the protection of animals is a very versatile breed, he excelled in different roles. Fue utilizado como perro de la policía militar y en la Infantería de Marina en Portugal para mantener el orden. Algunos también se utilizan en jaurías para la caza.

It is also an excellent guard dog and companion, by his innate to protect ability and complete dedication to its owner, will be of great delicacy, especially with the children.

It is an intelligent dog, easy to train, but with a somewhat independent temperament, It is derived from its task of protecting the herd, en el que actúa con independencia del pastor.

Establece un fuerte vínculo con su familia (human or not) It protects instinctively from all danger. It has a great capacity for the protection, always vigilant, attentive to any thief or dangers that come, buscando posibles amenazas… Los machos tienden a ser más dominantes y agresivos en presencia de otros machos, but, used from small, You can easily live with other males of owls size.


Su ladrido es muy característico y muy sonoro: begins with varying tones, únicamente graves, and it ends with a howl-like extended treble.

Images “Castro Laboreiro Dog”

Videos “Castro Laboreiro Dog”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2: Molossoid - 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. Without working trial..



FCI standard of the breed "Castro Laboreiro Dog"

FCIFCI - Castro Laboreiro Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Portuguese cattle dog, Portuguese watchdog (English).
    2. Cão de Castro Laboreiro (French).
    4. Cão de Castro Laboreiro (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de Castro Laboreiro (español).
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2 thoughts on "Castro Laboreiro Dog”

  1. I have a dog there is 12 anos da raça Castro Laboreiro, to get me to the guard of my yard, in Castle Street, N 10, San Antonio-Serpa, behaves as if the House was really her, meiga e sempre atenta ao que se passa à volta. Initially I had some bad habits because when I came to Lisbon to this my land, I found it abandoned on the street, where parmanecia was more or less six months, sem qualquer apoio nem companhia a não ser a fome e sede.
    Espero que venha a continuar a sua vida por mais alguns anos onde tem prestado sempre bom serviço e uma companhia excelente.
    É pena que os nossos politicos só agora se tenham lembrado dos maus tratos aos animais, After forty years of democracy, in which are only represent themselves and individually on behalf of political parties.


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