The Belgian Shepherd Dog or Belgian ovejero dog is the name of four races or varieties of dogs, Depending on the Association Cynologique we consultemos. The four breeds or varieties are: Groenendael, Laekenois, Tervuren and Malinois.
At the end of the 19th century, There was a large number of drivers dogs of herds whose type was heterogeneous in Belgium and their coats were a wide variety. In order to put order into this situation, some cinófilos (cinógrafos) fans formed a group which was guided by A teacher. Reul, the school of veterinary medicine of Cureghem, who can be considered as a true pioneer and founder of the race.
The Belgian Shepherd was officially born as a race between 1891 and 1897. The 29 in September of 1891, founded in Brussels the “The Belgian Shepherd Dog Club” and that same year, the 15 November, Professor A.. Reul manages to gather in Cureghem, 117 dogs, allowing you to carry out a census and form a group with the best copies. In the following years becomes a real selection, making an extreme inbreeding on some stallions.
The 3 in April of 1892, the “Belgian Shepherd Dog Club” She wrote a first well detailed standard of the breed. Was admitted a single race, with three varieties of hair. Anyway, at that time, the Belgian Shepherd was only a dog of humble people and therefore a race which still lacked prestige. As a result, is not until 1901 the first Belgian Shepherd were recorded in the book of the origins of the Société Róyale Saint Hubert (L.O.S.H.).
In the course of the next few years, the leaders cinófilos fans to the Belgian Shepherd pursued tenaciously to unify the type and correct defects. We can affirm that towards the 1910 the type and character of the Belgian Shepherd were already established.
Throughout the history of the Belgian Shepherd, the issue of the different varieties and accepted colors has given rise to many controversies. On the other hand, in regard to morphology, the character and fitness to work, There has never been any disagreement.
According to the classification scheme of the Federation Cynologique Internationale, It's four different from same breed varieties. Other organizations such as the American Kennel Club recognize only under the name of Belgian Shepherd Groenendael. Cinológicas of Australia and New Zealand organizations classify as four distinct races.
However, in many countries, such as Canada, Great Britain, Puerto Rico, Mexico and South Africa, among others, using the classification of the CRF, recognizing them as four varieties of the same species.
From the middle ages are known, only in those times there different varieties classified solely by their function and not so much by their morphology since the interest of his upbringing was rooted in the search for an efficient race for grazing.
According to the FCI are classified in the Group 1 Shepherd dogs and dogs boyeros (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 Shepherd dogs. With working trial. Use: Grazing, company and guard.
The desirable average size of a Belgian Shepherd is of 62 cm in males and 55 cm in females. Tolerance is of 2 cm less and 4 cm. more. The weight of 25 to 30 kg, in males and in females approximately 20 to 25 kg.
All are smart dogs, workers and approximately the same size and temperament, Although they differ superficially in their appearance and coat. They are closely related genetically to the point that crosses two dogs of the same “type” It is possible that being born puppies of different “variety”.
The Belgian Shepherd life expectancy (in any of its 4 variants) in 2004 in United Kingdom was around of 14 years. What is high for this size breeds especially if you consider used them, and highlights the utility and work. Of 113 United Kingdom copies, the main cause of death was cancer (23%), age (23%) and failure of internal organs (heart, kidneys, liver) (13%).
The Belgian shepherds suffer from common diseases of dogs in relation to reproductive issues, Musculoskeletal and skin issues.
Used still as shepherds, and its ease of learning transformed them into auxiliary police, competing as equals with their German relatives.
Character and skills
With regard to their nature, the Belgian shepherd dog is a vigilant and active, a great vitality, She loves children. Her innate aptitude of flock guardian joined the unique qualities of the best guard dog of the property.
It is a dog that stands out in the defence of his master and property, This is necessary to provide you with plenty of exercise. It is good to train since childhood but without ill-treatment, that they can give as a result, a nervous and little obedient animal. They are very watchful and protective to children.
Since the length, the address, the appearance and the colour of the hair are varied in the Belgian Shepherd, This point as the criterion has been adopted to distinguish the four varieties of the breed: Groenendael, Tervuren, Malinois and Laekenois. These four varieties are judged separately.
It is a rustic dog, supports both high and low temperatures. The Argentina Republic has places of extreme temperatures and there are examples throughout the country. In some cases must be checked for hip dysplasia.
- Otros nombres: Pastorus Belganus / Pastus Belgarius / Belgian Sheepdog / Chien de Berger Belge.
- Group 1 / Section 1 – Shepherd dogs
Dogs breeds: Belgian Shepherd