The Griffon Bruxellois is a breed of dog miniature which takes its name from its city of origin, Brussels, Belgium. The Brussels Griffon may refer to three different races, the Brussels Griffon, the Belgian Griffon and the Petit Brabançon.
Identical in general, their unique differences occur in the coat and colour. Are often considered varieties of the same race. Scholars of the Brussels Griffon breed raised that their ancestors are the Pug and the King Charles Spaniel.
The three varieties are generally composed of small animals, with flat face, prominent Chin, and large eyes.
The standard weight differs among races, but the ideal is in general 3.63 kg to 4.54 kg for both sexes. It has a rounded head large in proportion to the body. The nose is wide, with large holes, black, and it is located almost at the same height as the eyes.
The Brussels Griffon is known for having a big heart, and a strong desire to snuggle it and spend long hours with his master. They tend to be fairly independent, but it should not be shy or aggressive, However, they are very sensitive emotionally, and because of this, It should be socialized carefully at an early age. They tend to be always alert, curious and interested in their environment.
The life expectancy of a Griffon is in the range of 12 a 15 years.
Due to the roundness of the skull of the puppies, females have difficulties in childbirth; for this reason it is often necessary to resort to caesarean section. The size of the litter often determines the scope of these complications.
The three Belgian varieties of Griffon (Griffon Bruxellois, Belgian Griffon and the Petit Brabançon), they are descended from an ancient type of dog called a Smousje, characterized by a hard coat, was a small dog Terrier type, used to remove rodents from the stables, similar to the Dutch Smoushond race.
The Brussels Griffon (Griffon Bruxellois, Brussels Griffon, Belgium Griffon, Petit Brabançon) grew in popularity in the century 19 with the workers and the nobles in Belgium. The first Brussels Griffon was recorded in 1883 in the first volume of the genealogical book of the Kennel Club of Belgium, the Origins book of the St - Hubert (LOSH).
The popularity of the breed was increased thanks to the interest shown by the Queen Henrietta Maria in race, a dog enthusiast who faithfully visited the annual dog shows in Belgium, went with his daughter, and became a nurturer and reinforcement of the Brussels Griffon, giving them, international fame and popularity. Many dogs were exported to other countries, prompting the creation of various canine breed clubs in various countries, as for example in England (1897) and United States (1945).
The first and second world war turned out to be a disastrous period for the race. War times have been difficult for all breeds of dog. At the end of World War II, There was almost no native Brussels Griffon dog in Belgium, and it was only through the vigilance of dedicated breeders (in United Kingdom in particular) the race could survive.
The race has never been large and popular, but he had a brief boom in the Decade of 1950, and now it is generally a rare breed. There has been a recent increase in interest in the United States due to the emergence of a Griffon in a movie, and also due to a general increase in interest in Toy type dogs.