Afghan Hound
Afghanistan Great Britain FCI 228 . Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds.

The Afghan Hound It behaves so haughty and reserved, especially with strangers

Lebrel Afgano


Characteristics "Afghan Hound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Afghan Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History “Afghan Hound”

Also know as Tazi It is a dog coming from Afghanistan.

The origin of this breed it is possible that you are in the race Saluki, que habría llegado a Afghanistan through Persia. Already in Afghanistan, the Saluki necesitaría un pelaje más apropiado para el hostil clima de las montañas de este país, developing the long coat which characterizes Afghan Hound current, y con el que hoy día seduce a tantas personas que adquieren perros de esta raza sin tener en cuenta que necesita cuidados muy especiales.

The origin of the Afghan Hound es antiquísimo, with the first records approximately in the year 1000 a. C., in the area where it is currently Afghanistan. It was used as a hunting dog.

La antigüedad de esta raza aún no ha sido corroborada por nadie, but the earliest records date from the 19th century, which does not mean that they did not exist before, but that Afghan nomads didn't bother in the race record for writing. The first illustration made of a Afghan Hound It is the year 1813. This race came to England in 1920 and didn't succeed, It is recognized by the club británico Kennel only six years later.

In the year 1880, When he ended the war between Afghans and British, the officers of the British army took home some of these dogs, cuyas características como perros de caza en las duras condiciones de las montañas afganas, habían llamado su atención.

Videos "Afghan Hound"

Miske, galgo afgano
Breed All About It - Afghan Hound

In Europe, the Afghan Hound It has maintained its natural activity sheepdog and hunting, tarea que ya hacía en su tierra de origen. As well, Thanks to its elegant appearance, agility and speed, se ha convertido en perro de compañía y de carreras.

In the beginning, the Afghan Hound He was employed to chase prey of all kinds, who were in the mountains Afghanistan, such as hares, foxes, Gazelles, jackals, Wolves, venados, and even, Snow leopard (que es el único felino grande que vive exclusivamente en alta montaña y está perfectamente adaptado a este entorno).

Another function of Afghan Hound was the monitoring the camps of nomadic tribes and livestock, functions that, along with those related to hunting, They gave this race a huge popularity among nomads Afghanistan (incluso reservaban un día de festividad dedicada al Afghan Hound, which engalanaban them with necklaces of flowers).

Physical characteristics “Afghan Hound”

General appearance gives an impression of force, dignity, speed and power. La expresión exótica y oriental es típica de la raza, with a direct and scrutinizing look.

The head It has the long narrow skull and not, with the prominent occipital, the snout long, clean jaw and the light stop.

The eyes They are preferably dark, almost triangular and slightly oblique upwards. The ears They are set low, well delayed position and the animal stuck against the head. The limb They are straight and well boned. The tail it should not be too short, fits low, It forms a ring at the tip and is adorned with a few curious Wicks. In motion, the animal has been raised.

The hair It is long and thin on the sides, extremities and flanks. In older dogs is short and dense in the area from the shoulders and the kidneys. Head is long from the front and forms a long silky hair.

They are admitted all colors.

The ideal height the cross males: 68 a 74 cm.. and females: 63 a 69 cm..

Character and skills “Afghan Hound”

It is considered one of the least intelligent races, positioned on the scale as the number 79 according to S. Coren, autor de “The Intelligence of Dogs”, but also whimsical.

The Afghan Hound is independent and capable of chasing its prey without the need for instructions. Su inteligencia y confianza le permiten anticipar las reacciones de sus presas y tomar decisiones por sí mismo.

This means that you tend to act freely and do things your way when you decide it is necessary., instead of following the letter of his master's instructions. This means that your training can be challenging., and that it is a breed that needs an experienced trainer.

However, despite its independence, They are very devoted to their owner and are usually affectionate with their family. However, must accept that this affection is not available à  la carte, but when they decide the time is right. In other words, you have to accept their independence and not expect constant displays of affection from them. Not recommended for families with young children: without being aggressive with them, tends to reject their contact when they are too insistent.

Fuera del círculo familiar, their sociability is limited. Therefore, often tends to be distant - even haughty- with anyone who considers a stranger in their home. You can even show that attitude with your master, especially if you feel upset.

Su carácter un tanto difícil y el hecho de que no se muestre necesariamente afectuoso tienden a hacer olvidar que, However, he is a faithful companion. May have a hard time adjusting to a new home.

However, can be very affectionate and fun, and even enjoys being the center of attention. Some owners also report that they like to steal things and hide them. He even seems to enjoy doing it in front of his owner's nose.. In other words, even when he's having fun, shows your level of confidence and self-control.

The Afghan Hound it is a very robust dog that needs a lot of exercise. However, can adapt to life in a flat, siempre que su dueño le proporcione un mínimo de dos horas diarias de actividad física para gastar su energía. Due to his background as a hunter, he especially likes to run long distances: it is one of his favorite activities, and walking is not enough. So, necesita correr varias veces a la semana -o incluso todos los días- and is a very good companion for someone who wants to run with their dog. Puede contentarse con correr en un recinto seguro los días en que su dueño no esté disponible para una carrera larga, as long as you continue to do at least some additional activities (brisk walks, go to the park, etc.) para gastar su ilimitada energía.

Si vive en una casa y tiene acceso a un jardín, it must be strictly fenced, since his hunting instinct is particularly pronounced. Otherwise, won't stop taking off if it sees potential prey, to go after her. No es una valla eléctrica inalámbrica lo que podría detenerlo, since the discomfort he feels is no match for his desire to pursue.

Obviously, the same happens when walking, so it is always better to wear it on a leash, at the risk of suddenly disappearing as soon as a potential prey is identified. If the owner wishes to allow his dog to go off leash in certain less dangerous areas, debería al menos equiparlo con un collar GPS para perros conectado, to be able to find it in case of need.

Last, their hunting instinct means that coexistence with other small animals is not recommended. Sometimes he can tolerate a cat if he has become used to its presence from a young age, but in general, not very sociable with other animals. It is a little less complicated with other dogs, But again, you better start with them asap.


Although he is extremely loyal, the Afghan Hound he is very stubborn and tends to do what he wants. If we add to this that they tend to be dominant, we can see how much they need an experienced owner who knows how to show their dog who is the master and assert himself gently. To get it, it is recommended to use training techniques based on positive reinforcement.

In any case, your training requires a good dose of patience, since it is very independent. If you decide you are not interested, you need to use your imagination to capture their attention and arouse their interest, or postpone the training session. If you feel upset when you think you have something better to do, in a rush and / or forced to do something you don't want to, becomes very stubborn and rejects any instructions. It also, to avoid fatigue and, Therefore, disinterest on his part, it is better to opt for varied sessions rather than long repetitions of the same exercise.

The training of a Afghan Hound requires, Therefore, the ability to adapt to your current mood and vary exercises to diversify your sessions and keep your focus. This is all the more true since, unlike other races, does not seek to please his master.

Group classes in a school for puppies (once the first vaccinations have been carried out) they are an interesting option for the success of training. This can help teach the puppy the first commands (how to sit to order or search) in a more supervised environment. It also, offer an interesting socializing opportunity.

Socialization is an important aspect of training an Afghan greyhound puppy. Como no es muy aficionado a los seres humanos fuera de su círculo familiar, it is important to expose it from a young age to various people and situations (salir en público, meet the neighbors, receive guests at home, etc.) so you don't get too reserved. In fact, his shyness and natural distrust of strangers tend to get the best of him quickly.

It also, as your maintenance need is quite important but you may consider human interaction a nuisance, it is essential to teach him from a young age to allow himself to be manipulated without flinching.


Although generally in good health, the Afghan Hound is particularly prone to certain diseases:

  • Allergies: los síntomas de una alergia en un perro son los mismos que en los humanos (crying eyes, sneezing, etc.). They can be treated with drugs and / or changes in the animal's environment, según el tipo de alergia implicada;
  • Cancer : as humans, this condition can be fatal, has fortiori if detected in an advanced stage. On the other hand, when taken on time, a menudo es posible eliminar la masa cancerosa mediante cirugía y / or taking medication;
  • The juvenile cataract : is usually present from birth and, depending on its severity, puede potencialmente tratarse mediante cirugía. However, in some cases, cause blindness in the dog ;
  • Hypothyroidism , a thyroid gland disorder causing lethargy, weight and hair loss, así como fatiga. Usually, it is treated with medications.

It also, como la mayoría de los perros con orejas colgantes , presenta un mayor riesgo de infección de oído y, therefore, requires special vigilance at this level.

It also, is more exposed than other breeds to the risk of urinary obstruction. These can be treated with medications, pero se requiere cirugía si no funcionan. In any case, a change in diet is often necessary to reduce the risk of new crystal formation.

Obesity is not a problem you are predisposed to. However, any dog ​​that is malnourished and / or not exercising enough is at risk of being overweight, with a potential higher risk of developing certain diseases. His master must, Therefore, go to the trouble of weighing your partner regularly, asegurarse de que todo está en orden a este nivel y reaccionar si no es así, in general, to make you exercise more and be more rigorous in your daily ration is enough.

Another good must-have habit is taking your dog to the vet at least once a year for a full checkup.. This allows both detecting a possible problem early, as well as ensuring that everything is in order regarding the dog's vaccinations and reminders.

Life expectancy

12 a 14 years


Due to its long fur, cleanliness is an essential dimension of maintaining Afghan Hound. To avoid tangling, the dog should be brushed with a rubber comb, idealmente todos los días. This will help maintain the silky texture of the coat while removing dead hair.. As in the case of any long-haired dog, do not neglect the time dedicated to this task, as it is an important condition to keep your dog healthy.

It also, es necesario que de vez en cuando lleves a tu perro a la peluquería para mantener su pelaje bien recortado y con un buen aspecto para todas las ocasiones. In fact, the maintenance of its thick coat is more complex than that of many other breeds, and it is better to leave it in the hands of a professional. Ideally, trim it every 2 or 3 months.

On the other hand, the Afghan Hound only needs to be bathed once or twice a year, unless it got dirty. Regular brushing is usually enough to remove debris that may be lodged in the coat..

The ears, on the other hand, they need a lot more attention. El pelo largo alrededor de las orejas y el hecho de que estén plegadas sobre sí mismas suponen un mayor riesgo de que esto ocurra. To avoid irritation or infection problems, it is important to inspect them weekly and keep them clean.

This weekly session is also an opportunity to clean the dog's eyes and brush his teeth., in order to maintain good oral hygiene and limit the formation of tartar, which can have unfortunate consequences.

In general, as in the case of all dogs, a weekly check-up is essential to ensure that you are in good health and to detect any problems early, be it skin rashes, eye infections or injuries to the pads of the feet.

Last, the claws of this very active animal tend to wear out enough naturally, so no need to trim them manually. However, es importante comprobar periódicamente que es así y hacerlo si es necesario.


He has washed too often (each 15 days), because knots are easily formed.. Exemplary elders and breeding females can be sheared to be able to take care of more easily.


Along the centuries, the Afghan Hound has developed a long coat, thick and silky that allows it to withstand the extreme temperatures of the mountainous regions where it was used as a hunting dog.

Su resistencia al frío no es la única baza que le hacía -y le hace- a formidable hunter: you can also trust your vision. Similar to the Whippet, the English Greyhound, the Borzoi and the Saluki, has a field of view of 270 degrees, 30 more than other dog breeds (and 70 more than a human being). This allows them to detect their prey from a wider angle while remaining immobile., so they can go unnoticed more easily.

Once they start to chase their prey, the Afghan Hound it gives them little chance of escaping. In fact, his speed is legendary: can reach a maximum speed of 64 km/h, not far from the speed record ever set by a racehorse (69,2 km/h). Can only maintain that speed for short distances, but it has a great resistance, as it can be maintained for hundreds of kilometers.

In his native Afghanistan, it was used mainly to hunt large prey, both in desert areas and in the mountains. He was valued for his ability to travel long distances, its speed and its value. In fact, one of his tasks was to hold back dangerous prey, like leopards, until the riders arrived. This type of hunting, in which the dog leads the hunters, requires great independence and a capacity to react to different situations with few instructions. Son cualidades que todavía posee hoy en día.

However, this use as a hunting dog has now disappeared. Lo más frecuente es encontrarlo como perro de compañía, aunque su número ha disminuido considerablemente en comparación con hace unas décadas.

It also stands out in dog shows and, despite his strong character, is known for its good performance in obedience competitions.

On the other hand, although he is an extremely fast runner, the races of the Afghan Hound have never been as popular as his cousin the Greyhound. There are records of this type of racing in India and Afghanistan in the 19th century, but it is not clear in the literature how popular this sport was then. Since the mid-1990s 1980, some breeders try to popularize them, mainly in England and the United States, But it is no small thing to say that they face headwinds. In fact, las críticas al trato de los perros de carreras han ido en aumento, thanks above all to the awareness-raising work of various animal defense organizations, so dog racing has been losing popularity over the years 90.

Price "Afghan Hound"

The price of a puppy Afghan Hound varies between the 1.200 and 1.400 EUR, without there being a significant price difference between males and females.

In fact, las diferencias de precio de un individuo a otro se explican más por las características intrínsecas del cachorro (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), the possible prestige of its lineage and the reputation of the kennel from which it comes.

Images “Afghan Hound”

Videos “Afghan Hound”

Breeders of the breed "Afghan Hound"


Afghan Hound Breeders

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Type and recognitions:

  • Group 10: Sighthounds
  • Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Group 10: Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC

FCI breed standard "Afghan Hound"

FCIFCI - Afghan Hound

Alternative names

    1. Afghan Hound, Tazi, Tazhi Spay, Da Kochyano Spay, Sage Balochi, Ogar Afgan, Barakzai Hound, Eastern Greyhound/Persian Greyhound (English).
    2. Lévrier afghan, Tazi (French).
    3. Afghanische Windhund, kurz Afghane (German).
    4. Galgo afegão (Portuguese).
    5. Lebrel afgano, Baluchi Hound, Sage Baluchi, Tazi, Ogar Afgan (español).
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1 thought on "Afghan Hound”

  1. These dogs are the more aggressive there. There is an acquaintance who has one and has already killed to 4 dogs. They are uncontrollable and little obedient.


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