Afghan Hound
Afghanistan Great Britain FCI 228 . Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds.

Lebrel Afgano

The Afghan Hound It behaves so haughty and reserved, especially with strangers

Content

History “Afghan Hound”

Also known as Tazi It is a dog coming from Afghanistan.

The origin of this breed it is possible that you are in the race Saluki, I would have come to Afghanistan through Persia. Already in Afghanistan, the Saluki need a more appropriate coat for the hostile climate of the mountains of this country, developing the long coat which characterizes Afghan Hound current, and with that today appeals to so many people that they acquire dogs of this breed without taking into account that you need very special care.

The origin of the Afghan Hound It is ancient, with the first records approximately in the year 1000 -. C., in the area where it is currently Afghanistan. It was used as a hunting dog.

The antiquity of this breed still has not been corroborated by anyone, but the earliest records date from the 19th century, which does not mean that they did not exist before, but that Afghan nomads didn't bother in the race record for writing. The first illustration made of a Afghan Hound It is the year 1813. This race came to England in 1920 and didn't succeed, It is recognized by the British Kennel Club only six years later.

In the year 1880, When he ended the war between Afghans and British, the officers of the British army took home some of these dogs, whose characteristics as hunting dogs in the harsh conditions of the Afghan mountains, they had drawn their attention.

Afghan Hound videos
Miske, Afghan Greyhound
Breed All About It - Afghan Hound

In Europe, the Afghan Hound It has maintained its natural activity sheepdog and hunting, task that was already in its land of origin. Also, Thanks to its elegant appearance, agility and speed, It has become dog race and company.

In the beginning, the Afghan Hound He was employed to chase prey of all kinds, who were in the mountains Afghanistan, such as hares, foxes, Gazelles, jackals, Wolves, Deer, and even, Snow leopard (It is the only big cat who lives exclusively in high mountains and is perfectly adapted to this environment).

Another function of Afghan Hound was the monitoring the camps of nomadic tribes and livestock, functions that, along with those related to hunting, They gave this race a huge popularity among nomads Afghanistan (even they reserved a day of celebration dedicated to Afghan Hound, which engalanaban them with necklaces of flowers).

Physical characteristics “Afghan Hound”

General appearance gives an impression of force, dignity, speed and power. The exotic and oriental expression is typical of the breed, with a direct and scrutinizing look.

The head It has the long narrow skull and not, with the prominent occipital, the snout long, clean jaw and the light stop.

The eyes They are preferably dark, almost triangular and slightly oblique upwards. The ears They are set low, well delayed position and the animal stuck against the head. The limb They are straight and well boned. The tail it should not be too short, fits low, It forms a ring at the tip and is adorned with a few curious Wicks. In motion, the animal has been raised.

The hair It is long and thin on the sides, extremities and flanks. In older dogs is short and dense in the area from the shoulders and the kidneys. Head is long from the front and forms a long silky hair.

They are admitted all colors.

The ideal height the cross males: 68 - 74 cm.. and females: 63 - 69 cm..

Character and skills “Afghan Hound”

It is considered one of the least intelligent races, positioned on the scale as the number 79 According to S. City, author of "The Intelligence of Dogs", but also whimsical.

The Afghan Hound is independent and capable of chasing its prey without the need for instructions. His intelligence and confidence allow him to anticipate the reactions of his prey and make decisions for himself.

This means that you tend to act freely and do things your way when you decide it is necessary., instead of following the letter of his master's instructions. This means that your training can be challenging., and that it is a breed that needs an experienced trainer.

However, despite its independence, They are very devoted to their owner and are usually affectionate with their family. However, must accept that this affection is not available à la carte, but when they decide the time is right. In other words, you have to accept their independence and not expect constant displays of affection from them. Not recommended for families with young children: without being aggressive with them, tends to reject their contact when they are too insistent.

Outside the family circle, their sociability is limited. For this reason, often tends to be distant - even haughty- with anyone who considers a stranger in their home. You can even show that attitude with your master, especially if you feel upset.

His somewhat difficult character and the fact that he is not necessarily affectionate tend to make you forget that, However, he is a faithful companion. May have a hard time adjusting to a new home.

However, can be very affectionate and fun, and even enjoys being the center of attention. Some owners also report that they like to steal things and hide them. He even seems to enjoy doing it in front of his owner's nose.. In other words, even when he's having fun, shows your level of confidence and self-control.

The Afghan Hound it is a very robust dog that needs a lot of exercise. However, can adapt to life in a flat, provided that its owner provides a minimum of two hours a day of physical activity to expend its energy. Due to his background as a hunter, he especially likes to run long distances: it is one of his favorite activities, and walking is not enough. Therefore, need to run several times a week - or even every day- and is a very good companion for someone who wants to run with their dog. You can be content to run in a safe enclosure on days when your owner is not available for a long run., as long as you continue to do at least some additional activities (brisk walks, go to the park, etc.) to expend your unlimited energy.

If you live in a house and have access to a garden, it must be strictly fenced, since his hunting instinct is particularly pronounced. In all other respects, won't stop taking off if it sees potential prey, to go after her. It's not a wireless electric fence that could stop you, since the discomfort he feels is no match for his desire to pursue.

Obviously, the same happens when walking, so it is always better to wear it on a leash, at the risk of suddenly disappearing as soon as a potential prey is identified. If the owner wishes to allow his dog to go off leash in certain less dangerous areas, should at least equip it with a connected GPS dog collar, to be able to find it in case of need.

Last but not least, their hunting instinct means that coexistence with other small animals is not recommended. Sometimes he can tolerate a cat if he has become used to its presence from a young age, but in general, not very sociable with other animals. It is a little less complicated with other dogs, But again, you better start with them asap.

Education

Although he is extremely loyal, the Afghan Hound he is very stubborn and tends to do what he wants. If we add to this that they tend to be dominant, we can see how much they need an experienced owner who knows how to show their dog who is the master and assert himself gently. To get it, it is recommended to use training techniques based on positive reinforcement.

In any case, your training requires a good dose of patience, since it is very independent. If you decide you are not interested, you need to use your imagination to capture their attention and arouse their interest, or postpone the training session. If you feel upset when you think you have something better to do, in a rush and / or forced to do something you don't want to, becomes very stubborn and rejects any instructions. In addition, to avoid fatigue and, Therefore, disinterest on his part, it is better to opt for varied sessions rather than long repetitions of the same exercise.

The training of a Afghan Hound requires, Therefore, the ability to adapt to your current mood and vary exercises to diversify your sessions and keep your focus. This is all the more true since, unlike other races, does not seek to please his master.

Group classes in a school for puppies (once the first vaccinations have been carried out) they are an interesting option for the success of training. This can help teach the puppy the first commands (how to sit to order or search) in a more supervised environment. In addition, offer an interesting socializing opportunity.

Socialization is an important aspect of training an Afghan greyhound puppy. As he is not very fond of humans outside his family circle, it is important to expose it from a young age to various people and situations (go out in public, meet the neighbors, receive guests at home, etc.) so you don't get too reserved. In fact, his shyness and natural distrust of strangers tend to get the best of him quickly.

In addition, as your maintenance need is quite important but you may consider human interaction a nuisance, it is essential to teach him from a young age to allow himself to be manipulated without flinching.

Health

Although generally in good health, the Afghan Hound is particularly prone to certain diseases:

  • Allergies: the symptoms of an allergy in a dog are the same as in humans (crying eyes, sneezing, etc.). They can be treated with drugs and / or changes in the animal's environment, according to the type of allergy involved;
  • Cancer : as humans, this condition can be fatal, has fortiori if detected in an advanced stage. On the other hand, when taken on time, it is often possible to remove the cancerous mass by surgery and / or taking medication;
  • The juvenile cataract : is usually present from birth and, depending on its severity, can potentially be treated by surgery. However, in some cases, cause blindness in the dog ;
  • Hypothyroidism , a thyroid gland disorder causing lethargy, weight and hair loss, as well as fatigue. Usually, it is treated with medications.

In addition, like most dogs with hanging ears , have an increased risk of ear infection and, therefore, requires special vigilance at this level.

In addition, is more exposed than other breeds to the risk of urinary obstruction. These can be treated with medications, but surgery is required if they don't work. In any case, a change in diet is often necessary to reduce the risk of new crystal formation.

Obesity is not a problem you are predisposed to. However, any dog ​​that is malnourished and / or not exercising enough is at risk of being overweight, with a potential higher risk of developing certain diseases. His master must, Therefore, go to the trouble of weighing your partner regularly, make sure everything is in order at this level and react if it is not, in general, to make you exercise more and be more rigorous in your daily ration is enough.

Another good must-have habit is taking your dog to the vet at least once a year for a full checkup.. This allows both detecting a possible problem early, as well as ensuring that everything is in order regarding the dog's vaccinations and reminders.

Life expectancy

12 - 14 years

Grooming

Due to its long fur, cleanliness is an essential dimension of maintaining Afghan Hound. To avoid tangling, the dog should be brushed with a rubber comb, ideally every day. This will help maintain the silky texture of the coat while removing dead hair.. As in the case of any long-haired dog, do not neglect the time dedicated to this task, as it is an important condition to keep your dog healthy.

In addition, it is necessary that from time to time you take your dog to the groomer to keep his coat well trimmed and looking good for all occasions. In fact, the maintenance of its thick coat is more complex than that of many other breeds, and it is better to leave it in the hands of a professional. Ideally, trim it every 2 or 3 months.

On the other hand, the Afghan Hound only needs to be bathed once or twice a year, unless it got dirty. Regular brushing is usually enough to remove debris that may be lodged in the coat..

The ears, on the other hand, they need a lot more attention. Long hair around the ears and the fact that they are folded in on themselves pose a greater risk of this happening. To avoid irritation or infection problems, it is important to inspect them weekly and keep them clean.

This weekly session is also an opportunity to clean the dog's eyes and brush his teeth., in order to maintain good oral hygiene and limit the formation of tartar, which can have unfortunate consequences.

In general, as in the case of all dogs, a weekly check-up is essential to ensure that you are in good health and to detect any problems early, be it skin rashes, eye infections or injuries to the pads of the feet.

Last but not least, the claws of this very active animal tend to wear out enough naturally, so no need to trim them manually. However, it is important to periodically check that this is the case and to do so if necessary.

Comments

He has washed too often (each 15 days), because knots are easily formed.. Exemplary elders and breeding females can be sheared to be able to take care of more easily.

Use

Along the centuries, the Afghan Hound has developed a long coat, thick and silky that allows it to withstand the extreme temperatures of the mountainous regions where it was used as a hunting dog.

His resistance to cold is not the only asset that made him -and makes him- a formidable hunter: you can also trust your vision. Similar to the Whippet, the English Greyhound, the Borzoi and the Saluki, has a field of view of 270 degrees, 30 more than other dog breeds (and 70 more than a human being). This allows them to detect their prey from a wider angle while remaining immobile., so they can go unnoticed more easily.

Once they start to chase their prey, the Afghan Hound it gives them little chance of escaping. In fact, his speed is legendary: can reach a maximum speed of 64 km/h, not far from the speed record ever set by a racehorse (69,2 km/h). Can only maintain that speed for short distances, but it has a great resistance, as it can be maintained for hundreds of kilometers.

In his native Afghanistan, it was used mainly to hunt large prey, both in desert areas and in the mountains. He was valued for his ability to travel long distances, its speed and its value. In fact, one of his tasks was to hold back dangerous prey, like leopards, until the riders arrived. This type of hunting, in which the dog leads the hunters, requires great independence and a capacity to react to different situations with few instructions. These are qualities that he still possesses today..

However, this use as a hunting dog has now disappeared. The most common is to find it as a companion dog, although their number has decreased considerably compared to a few decades ago.

It also stands out in dog shows and, despite his strong character, is known for its good performance in obedience competitions.

On the other hand, although he is an extremely fast runner, the races of the Afghan Hound have never been as popular as his cousin the Greyhound. There are records of this type of racing in India and Afghanistan in the 19th century, but it is not clear in the literature how popular this sport was then. Since the mid-1990s 1980, some breeders try to popularize them, mainly in England and the United States, But it is no small thing to say that they face headwinds. In fact, criticism of the treatment of racing dogs has been on the rise, thanks above all to the awareness-raising work of various animal defense organizations, so dog racing has been losing popularity over the years 90.

Price "Afghan Hound"

The price of a puppy Afghan Hound varies between the 1.200 and 1.400 EUR, without there being a significant price difference between males and females.

In fact, price differences from one individual to another are explained more by the intrinsic characteristics of the puppy (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), the possible prestige of its lineage and the reputation of the kennel from which it comes.

Characteristics "Afghan Hound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Afghan Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Afghan Hound”

Videos “Afghan Hound”



Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 228
  • Group 10: Sighthounds
  • Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Afghan Hound"

FCIFCI - Afghan Hound
Sighthound

Alternative names

    1. Afghan Hound, Tazi, Tazhi Spay, Da Kochyano Spay, Sage Balochi, Ogar Afgan, Barakzai Hound, Eastern Greyhound/Persian Greyhound (English).
    2. Lévrier afghan, Tazi (French).
    3. Afghanische Windhund, kurz Afghane (German).
    4. Galgo afegão (Portuguese).
    5. Lebrel afgano, Baluchi Hound, Sage Baluchi, Tazi, Ogar Afgan (Spanish).
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4 thoughts on"Afghan Hound”

  1. These dogs are the more aggressive there. There is an acquaintance who has one and has already killed to 4 dogs. They are uncontrollable and little obedient.

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