Alaskan Malamute History
Also called Mally. It is native to the Arctic dog, and one of the oldest breeds within the sledge dogs.
It's a dog with a strong appearance, strong, with good musculature. It is capable of carrying significant weight (until 20 kg) for tens of kilometres. This is a very ancient race, from the first races of sled dogs.
Raised by a tribe of Inuit call mahlemiut. The meaning of the word mahle It is unknown, but it is known that mouse means “town of”. Mahlemiut as Mahle people can therefore be interpreted. Following the English phonetics, diction is then transformed into MALAMUTE.
The area inhabited by the people of the MALAMUTE were the banks of Kotzebue Sound, a territory between two large rivers: the Kobuk and the Noatak. Men and women of the tribe mahlemiut (MALAMUTE) They were highly prized among others Inuit tribes for their courage, his pride and his skill in hunting and fishing.
These dogs were famous for their beauty and characteristics of strength and endurance, they did of them optimal elements for shooting.
They were, in general, larger and more powerful than the other Nordic dogs, with similar in appearance to the Wolf and large and soft tails carried on the back. Contemporary witnesses tell it between 1870 and 1880 approximately, the caribou, for unexplained reasons, They changed their usual migration routes and taking away the Malamute tribes an important source of livelihood.
In these conditions families no longer could afford keep groups of dogs trained for more than two or three copies: testimonies of the time talking about men, women and even children helped their dogs to pull the sledges. So the population began to decline and the way they ran their dogs.
Its ability to carry heavy loads it is revealed when he is chosen for expeditions to the Arctic Circle, as the two who placed the Admiral Byrd. They were also used as a rescue of injured dog in World War II.
His presence, always with the head-up, It gives some impressive aspect that, However, It is not at odds with a very friendly and playful character with their owners, Although it gives the impression of being a very serious dog anyone that knows no race.
Physical characteristics Alaskan Malamute
Its height and weight normal vary 60-65 cm. on the cross and 35-40 kg for males, and 55-60 cm and 30-35 kg for females. It has two layers hair: an external, thick and rough, and an internal feel oily and woolly, and it is longer in the area of the neck and shoulders, on the back and the tail. Its color It is predominantly gray but colors ranging from white to reddish sand allowed.
Their lores they are triangular, always in tip, medium-sized. The eyes They are alive, on alert, medium-sized and almendrada form.
The Alaskan Malamute is a big dog with hair mantle that characterizes him, You can give the impression of being a “shielded” among the dogs.
In contrast to other races, When it gets wet is not drastically reduced its size.
There are different colors in the Alaskan Malamute, Black with white, coffee, reddish and recently found a color of white Malamute. The history of this color is equal to of the Siberian Husky; they are white to camouflage in the snow and thus be able to catch prey.
Character and skills Alaskan Malamute
It is a sled dog with ancient origins, little changed from its origin Wolf. This does not mean that it is aggressive. While his appearance and pride can impress the external observer, It's a playful animal (When you are invited to do so), faithful to his master and a great protective instinct with children.
It is a dog outside, She loves the outdoors and is happy to live in the open air; If locks it after a fence, It is very likely that finding the way to escape, because likes freedom and not lose a chance to go in search of an adventure or a career.
Shyness is usually not a good sign, but fortunately, seems to be a pretty rare feature in this race and if it occurs it may be due to causes outside of the animal genetics and having been produced by an owner who has failed to give a proper socialization, keeping it locked and devoid of psychic stimuli, interaction with the same kind and a very limited human contact. If it detects, It should be monitored and provide training to overcome the problem, that otherwise his behavior may become unpredictable and therefore dangerous.
On the other hand, given the way of Eskimo and nomadic life share everything, is not a race of protection, but it can be a good Dog Alert, It will notify the owner that he sees something strange, with the so particular sound it emits, It is a combination between howl and bark.
It is not a dog to guard and defense than by nature tend to be friendly with humans.
As a result of his former life, It is a dog with strong herd instinct and hierarchy, which results in frequent attacks with other animals. In addition, males are very territorial and competitive among themselves so it is not advisable to accommodate them together. Females may be easier to train and better adapted to living in houses. This race like the company human, has huge doses of loyalty, love and willingness to work, What makes a good dog home.
It is affectionate with children, even with strangers, and he loves to accompany them on all sides. Because of its independent character is reputed to be stubborn and difficult to train among people who do not know. However, There are Malamutes champions working with blind obedience.
They are sensitive, affectionate and playful, but they know to protect themselves effectively. With a good training and socialization are balanced dogs, both physically and psychologically, because they have good potential for learning because they are quick to learn and acute reflexes.
Dogs breeds: Alaskan Malamute
Type and recognitions:
- Group 5 / Section 1, Nordic sled dogs
- FCI 243, AKC, ANKC,CKC, KC, NZKC, UKC
1. Alaskan Malamute, Mal, Mally (English).
2. Malamute de l’Alaska (French).
3. Alaskan Malamute (German).
4. Malamute-do-alasca (Portuguese).
5. Alaskan malamute (Spanish).