The Shetland Sheepdog (Dog Pastor of the Shetland Islands) comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
The race “Father” "of the Shetland Sheepdog or"Sheltie"how often nickname", they are the Border Collie.
The Sheltie have a double cloak, What makes this breed peleche much more than other dogs. Long hair covering the thick and soft layer base, is repellent to water, While the layer base provides relief to heat and cold.
There are three main colors: Sable, It ranges from the Golden to mahogany; Tri-color, formed by the black, White and Tan, and blue mirlo, composite grayscale, white, black and Tan.
Black and white: is less common but still acceptable.
Sable: the best-known color, dominates over other colors. The shadow Sabre, or mahogany can sometimes be confused with the Sheltie tricolor because of the large amount of dark shading in their coats. Another name for the Sheltie “shading”, is trifactorado sable and white. This name comes from the mixture of a tricolor and a sable and white. Other acceptable but less common color is Sable Merle, which sometimes can be difficult to distinguish between the regular sable after the time of puppy. The saber mirlo has patches of dark brown on a light brown background compared to the black and grey blue Merle.
There are other two colors that are a bit rare, which are unacceptable in the ring. The White Color-headed (most of white head “normally” marked), It is the product of two dogs crossed white facotrados. Double Merle, the product of the crossing of two blue Sheltie mirlo, they can be crossed but have a high incidence of deafness or blindness than other colors.
The ideal height at the cross, in males 37,5 cm.. The females. 35,5 cm.. One greater diversion of 2,5 cm above or below these measures is regarded as highly undesirable.
It is an excellent companion dog, highly loyal. It is joyful, intelligent and always ready to obey. The Sheltie is love, loyal and affectionate with the family and of course, on the sidelines, with strangers; for this reason the Sheltie must be socialized. Some may be very reserved. This breed is very well with children if they raise with them from an early age; However, its small size makes it easy for a child to accidentally harm them, This monitoring is necessary. Well consider bringing an adult Sheltie for a House with young children, they may not be compatible.
Some Sheltie tend to show a similar to a Terrier personality that tends to be hyperactive, and always ready, However this temperament is not sanctioned in the breed standard. Some may be shy, but this temperament is specifically discouraged by the standard. The trend towards shyness, It can be reduced with proper socialization. The average Sheltie is an excellent watch dog, giving alarm barks when a person is at the door or pass a car on the street.
The herding instinct is strong in many Sheltie. Love to chase and pasture including, squirrels, ducks, pigeons and children. The Sheltie love run in large open areas.
They normally love to play. They are better with a sensitive owner, but firm. The Sheltie is, first and foremost, a smart pastor and love to keep them busy, Although his level of activity, usually, It coincides with the level of its owner. As they are very intelligent, they are highly trainable. Lack of exercise and intellectual stimulation, It can lead to undesirable behaviors, including excessive barking, phobias and nervousness. Fortunately the annoying behaviors may decrease largely by an hour of exercise to make the dog with its owner.
In its category, the breed dominates Dog Agility competition. They also look at obedience competition, Flyball, Grazing, Tracking and proof of talent.
It is a very intelligent dog, According to Dr. Stanley city, expert on animal intelligence. The Sheltie It is one of the dogs brightest occupying the position number 6 in the Ranking of 132 evaluated races. His research found that an average Sheltie could understand a new command in less of 5 repetitions and yields to the command for the first time the 95% of the times or more.
Like Collie hair long, There is a tendency to inherit malformations and diseases in the eye. Each puppy should have his eyes examined by a qualified eye veterinarian. Some lines may be susceptible to hypothyroidism, Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, or skin allergies. The life expectancy of the Sheltie is between 10 and 15 years, Although some in some it may be more, and in others may be less.
Von Willebrand disease is an inherited bleeding disorder. The Sheltie breed, affected dogs, as a general rule, they do not live long. The Sheltie carry type III Von Willebrand, which, It is the most severe of the three levels. There are DNA tests that were developed to find the disease in dogs Sheltie. It can be done at any age and will showcase one of the following results: affected, carrier or affected not. The Sheltie may also suffer from hypothyroidism, It is the low functioning of the thyroid gland. Clinical symptoms include, loss of hair, on low weight and faintness.
Although small breed dogs are unlikely to be affected by hip dysplasia, It has been identified in some specimens of Sheltie. Occurs when the head of the femur and the acetabulum do not fit correctly, This causes pain and/or lameness. Hip Dysplasia is thought to be genetic; Many breeders sent to test their dogs to certify that they are free from this.
The Sheltie is very familieros, good with children (If properly socialized), Smart, loyal and can be happy in an apartment in the city or as in a farm.
- Otros nombres: Pastor de las Islas Shetland / Shetland Collie / Dwarf Scotch Shepherd / Toonie dog / Apartment Collie / Miniature Collie / Sheltie / Berger des Shetland.
- Group 1 / Section 1 – Shepherd dogs.
Dogs breeds: Shetland Sheepdog