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Redbone Coonhound
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

Redbone Coonhound

The Redbone Coonhound It is commonly used for hunting bears, raccoons and pumas.

Content

History

Redbone Coonhound It is a breed of dog of American origin which, Since its inception it has been used for hunting of bears, raccoons, and even, Pumas. Its physical characteristics and agility allow the Redbone Coonhound to hunt in swamps., in mountains and some tend to be used as water dogs (bailiffs).

According to the norm of American Kennel Club: “The Redbone Coonhound is a balanced blend of beauty and temperament, with a notorious air security and great talents for hunting”. This beautiful race won his first record in the American Kennel Club in the 1904.

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American bulldog
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

Bulldog Americano

The American bulldog It tends to be a strong and healthy dog

Content

History

The original Bulldog breed was retained by working-class immigrants who brought their working dogs with them to South America. Small farmers and ranchers used this dog for many agricultural tasks.. It was not a standardised breed, years. At that time, but there was a type of Bulldog that was generic. Various strains of “Bulldog type” dogs” they were kept by individual farmers as the utility working dogs. But, at the end of World War II, those “Bulldog type” strains were dying out.

It was then that appeared in the story a loving man of the Bulldog breed, the Sr. John D. Johnson, war veteran returning from the disaster and death, but he came determined to resurrect the race… Paradoxes of history.
The SR. John D. Johnson He devoted himself to find the best specimens of these working dogs by different farms and began to create the pedigree and genealogical trees. His project was to create a farm dedicated to conserving and enhancing the Bulldog breed, Recalling to the bulldogs of old. Later, a man named Alan Scott and other breeders joined Johnson efforts to resurrect the race.

Johnson and Scott they began to breed dogs American Bulldog with care, keeping a careful record of the copies, the health of the race and working capacity. Initially, Johnson and Scott had a similar vision, a common idea regarding race. But over time there was a split between his views, and as a result of this disagreement they left us two different types of American Bulldog (American Bulldog).

Alan Scott preferred a smaller dog, more sports, with a longer snout that could be used for capturing cattle and for hunting wild boar.

John Johnson preferred a larger, stockier dog with a shorter snout, whose main function was that of watchdog.
Eventually the two breeders and the preservation of the breed founders, as well as important local breeders continued to work on the breed, to help meet the goal of John Johnson, get the ideal working Bulldog breed. Originally, the race was called American Pit Bulldog and the Decade of 1970 registered in the National Kennel Club (CCR) as such. Later the name was changed to American Bulldog to avoid confusion with the American Pit Bull Terrier. The American Bulldog was recognized by the United Kennel Club the 1 in January of 1999.

Today the breed is recognized by the CCR, UKC y el American Bulldog Association (ABA).

The American bulldog It is now safe from extinction and is enjoying great health and an increase in popularity, either as a working dog, protective or as a family pet.

Physical characteristics

The American bulldog He is a native of South-East of the United States farm dog. Used as a watchdog for livestock or hunting. It is a medium-sized dog, sports and balanced.

It has a robust physiognomy, Compact and powerful which lets you move with agility and vigor. It tends to prefer a strong dog on that beautiful structure, if you do not present any morphological excess or weight overload. Males have a large and a more marked than females type structure.

It must present a solid appearance although with slender and sporty lines. Mantle's hair must be smooth, short and glued to the body. Its color can be white, white striped with red or brown. Permitted until a 90% color, If the white highlight to the head. It is not permitted to present black mask or spots black. Its skull is long and flat with the well marked stop. The eyes are round, medium-sized, and the most appreciated eye color is dark brown with black outline. Blue eyes are allowed but are considered to be a mild lack.

The height at the withers in males is between 57 and 67 cm., thinking between 35 and 55 kg. The females measure between 53 and 65 cm. and weigh between 30 and 45 kg.

Character and skills

The American Bulldog are sure dogs, social and active, they are comfortable with their families. Create strong bonds with their owners, When it is puppy can be a bit distant with strangers, but as they mature confidence should develop in a normal manner, because being a confident dog is a characteristic of this breed.

The American Bulldog tolerates children and can make very good friends with them, When are socialized from an early age, and they are educated and taught to know what their limits are.

It is known for being very race dominant, why it is so important to socialize the puppy, and this will be as easy as exposing him since childhood to situations in which there are more pets, I played and relates to other dogs. The breed is also known for having a very high pain tolerance. An American Bulldog, should never be shy in adulthood, because this reflects insecurity, and given the physical characteristics, It is not recommended that the dog is an animal afraid or insecure.

Did you know??

The American Bulldog was bred to be what is known as “hunting dog”. Your job is to pursue, catch and shoot down cattle released.

The American Bulldog is a dog strong and healthy, When equipped with the necessary care (like any dog) and get a good dose of physical activity, their life expectancy is of 10 to 16 years.

Observations

Since the breed has a short coat, are generally less tolerable to extreme hot or cold weather, and as a result, you may need to keep them indoors on very hot or cold days.

Characteristics "American bulldog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "American bulldog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Images "American bulldog"

Videos "American bulldog"

Type and recognitions:

  • Federations: AKC , UKC

Alternative names:

1. Southern White, White English, Old Southern White Bulldog, Hill Bulldog, Country Bulldog, English White Bulldog (English).
2. Bouledogue américain (French).
3. American Bulldog, Old Country Bulldog (German).
4. Bulldog-americano (Portuguese).
5. Bulldog americano (español).

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Ottos
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

Bulldog Alapaha de sangre azul

Despite its similarity, not to be confused with the American bulldog

Content

history “Ottos”

Also Known As Otto Bulldog It is a breed of dog of American origin, considered rare due to the few existing copies. According to available information, They have been developed in the area Alapaha River in the southern region Georgia. They are renowned for their great sense of obedience, their agility and your protective character.

This was developed by crossing Old English Bulldog white (known as, White English Bulldogs), a Catahoula Bulldog and a reduced number of copies of Colby Pit Bull Terrier. The origins of the breed remain fuzzy, and this has caused much confusion…

While at first glance it is a Bulldog type. It is a stronger dog and a well-developed musculature (remarkable characteristic of the breed, compared to other varieties Bulldog).

Despite its similarity, not to be confused with American bulldog. This similarity resulted in actions pre-register many Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog They were included in the ancestry of American bulldog.

Videos

While Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog Association It has declared that it was founded in 1979, the earliest evidence of the existence of this club record dates of 1989 in California. That discrepancy has triggered multiple discussions.

The race was in danger of extinction until a small group of Southern, in 1979, in an attempt to rescue the Bulldog de Old Tymey Plantation del Sur, He founded the ABBA (Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog Association), giving the aforementioned name and dedicated to the preservation of this unique type of dog.

Claims made by the Mrs. Lana Lane, nurturer and follower of the race, they dealt with the existence of records. But, little evidence exists to support his claim because in family lines described in the World Atlas of Dog Breeds as the founders of the breed.

The current records of this breed They include the following organisms:

The ACA (American Canine Association) who registered the first champion Under the title of Alapaha. ABBA (Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog Association), CCR (National Kennel Club), (ABBBR) Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog registry, CKC (Continental Kennel Club), WWKC (World Wide Kennel Club), UWABC (Kingdom of work Alapaha Bulldog Club & Registration), UCA (United Canine Association), and IOEBA (International Olde English Bulldogge Association), among them there is great variation in the type and standard.

Physical characteristics

Descriptions of their size vary greatly depending on the organism., but trying to reach an average consensus we would place the males in a weight ranging from 32 to 41 kg, and height the cross of 51 to 63 cm.. Females - slightly smaller, they weigh in 25 to 34 kg and measure of 45.7 to 55.9 cm in height to the cross.

The ears and tail They are left natural, without any cutout.

Their colors They are varied, preferably, You must have at least the 50% white body with spots. They can be, predominantly, solid color with white, or dry white. Patches or markings are generally color merle, striped, blue, black, chocolate, red, beige, or tricolor. Currently the most common are the tricolor mantle (both white, Merle, red, as well as beige, Merle, chocolate).

The eye color can vary from Brown to blue, and they usually see with one eye of each color copies or a finger eye colors.

Its pelage is short, hard and bright by nature, which is why, coat care requirements are minimal.

Character and skills

Coachable, obedient and responsible, with impressive capabilities as guardian Family and property. They have a strong instinct for protection and it's love at home.

Puppy must be socialized and trained using humane methods, since cruelty could stimulate the aggressiveness of the animal. Intelligent and quick learning, with assertive methods.

very energetic and athletic breed. Even so, They can be adapted perfectly to life in an apartment if sufficiently exercised and daily. While within the home displays inactive, quiet, It will be more happy with - at least- a medium size yard.

They were formerly used to work with livestock, especially in the capture of errant pigs. For that reason his muscles are long and powerful, this physical characteristic reminds us that for the dog to have optimal health it needs to be exercised regularly. They often enjoy long walks, run and play.

His life expectancy is from 12 to 15 years.

Images “Ottos”

Videos “Ottos”

Numb Skull the Alapaha Bulldog in the UK

Dogs breeds: “Ottos”


Type and recognitions:

  • Race is not recognized by the FCI

Alternative names

1. Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog, Otto Bulldog (English).
2. Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog (French).
3. Buldogue Alapaha de sangue azul, Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog (Portuguese).
4. Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog (German).
5. Bulldog Alapaha de sangre azul, Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog (español).

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American Mastiff
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

The American Mastiff He was raised to be a family dog, his character and temperament attest to this...

Mastín Americano

Content

History

The American Mastiff It is a molossoid-type dog breed that was developed over many years of selective breeding by Fredericka Wagner of “Flying W Farms” (Kennel dedicated to the race), in Piketon, Ohio, ago 20 or 25 years (the truth is that I've burned the tabs looking for the exact date... and I haven't found it).

The objective was to develop a dog that had the size, temperament, the provision, and the appearance of the Mastiff breed, but with fewer health problems and not losing as much saliva as the other varieties of Mastiff dog, and that life expectancy was greater.

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American Staffordshire Terrier
Estados Unidos FCI 286 - Bull type Terriers

The American Staffordshire Terrier they are brave, tenacious, friendly, extremely attentive

American Staffordshire Terrier

Content

Characteristics "American Staffordshire Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "American Staffordshire Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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History

The American Staffordshire Terrier or Amstaff (different to the American Pitbull Terrier), is a breed of dog type Terrier well known worldwide.

It is a young breed of dog from the USA.. Among his ancestors are, Besides of Terrier, the Old english bulldog.

In England and North America, dog fighting had a tradition dating back to ancient times.. The Old english bulldog was sent to fight bulls in the arenas of animal fighting. Although Old english bulldog are the forerunners of Bulldogs of today, his physique was much more similar to the current one American Staffordshire Terrier. After animal fighting was officially banned, continued illegally; In the USA. until today. Its origin in the 19th century was the black county of central England, called Staffordshire. Workers from the coal mines and clay pits crossed the Old english bulldog with the terriers. In the official scene of the fight against animals such crosses had been prohibited. It was feared that the fighting power and toughness of the Bulldog will combine with the predatory acuity of the terriers, which would lead to uncontrollable fighting machines. In the illegality of the backyards nobody cared. This is how he was born “Bull and Terrier” and very quickly came to the US. There they liked to call them “Pit Bulls”. Pit is the name given to the dogfighting ring.

In 1898 was founded the “United Kennel Club” (UKC), who wanted to take over the breeding of these dogs. But the UKC was nothing more than a professional dogfighting organizer. So the community was divided around these dogs. Lovers of Pit Bull they condemned dog fighting, they wanted a friendly family dog. In the meantime, the Pit Bulls they had earned a great reputation in US society. In World War, the courage of Pit Bulls became a stimulus for the combat power of American troops. Even celebrities like the President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt showed up with the Pit Bulls.

On cinemas, “The Little Rascals”, a gang of kids with a dog, was very popular and was featured in 220 episodes between 1922 and 1944. The dog was the guardian and protector, children's playmate and dildo. This dog was a Pitbull. He later became the first dog registered with the American Kennel Club (AKC) for the new breed “Staffordshire terrier“. To draw a clear line at the fighting dog scene, the AKC had insisted on a name change. The first standard was published in 1936. In 1972 there was the second name change to “American Staffordshire Terrier” to distinguish it from its British relative. The Amstaff, what's been called since then, Is higher, bigger and heavier. He is still cared for by “American Staffordshire Terrier Club of America”, who from the beginning clearly condemned dog fighting and trusted his upbringing as a family dog.

In many countries, its social discrimination as a fighting machine and the technically unjustifiable classification as “dangerous dog breed” they have hit him hard.

Popular American Staffordshire Terrier Mixes

Mixtures of American Staffordshire Terrier seriously bred with other dog breeds or hybrids are quite rare. But, there is an abundance of hybrids of all kinds, that remind the Amstaff and are marketed as such or Pitbull. Here I should make a clear distinction. The American Staffordshire Terriers Serious breeding have nothing to do with the general mixes under which troublesome dogs can frolic. Unfortunately, there is a financially strong scene using such dogs as a weapon or to intimidate.

Physical characteristics

How is an American Staffordshire Terrier?

The American Staffordshire Terrier is a dog's size medium, Awesome, very strong and at the same time elegant. has short hair, dense and shiny that sits gently on the body. Emphasizes your muscular and sporty complexion. The standard says: “It must be robust and compact, no legs or lightweight construction”. Any color, solid, multicolor or speckled is allowed. The standard of the American Staffordshire Terrier is pleasantly different from many other dog breeds, which go into great detail on where hair color or crease is allowed. It is one of the few standards that consistently focus on the healthy dog.. This is emphasized by “1is Club Americano de Staffordshire Terrier”:

We give top priority to performance and health. Beauty is considered desirable but secondary. The correct interpretation of the rule, that is free from crippling regulations, It is our obligation. Muscular, dry dogs with long bones, persistent and fast, are our breeding goal. We categorically reject “monstrosities” supercharged, low with extremely high weights. We consider mental performance to be even more important. Nerve strength and impeccable character are an absolute requirement.

How big is an American Staffordshire Terrier??

El American Staffordshire Terrier mide entre 43 and 48 cm tall and weighs between 20 and 30 kg.

How long can an American Staffordshire Terrier live??

Because the breeding of the American Staffordshire Terrier is not oriented so much to external appearances as to aptitude and character, The American Staffordshire Terrier enjoys a fit constitution into old age and a relatively long life expectancy of about 12 years.

Character and skills

The American Staffordshire Terrier he is a relaxed dog. He is very vigilant and intelligent. It is enormously strong, brave and has great fighting strength potential. At the same time it is extremely adorable, loyal and affectionate, even dedicated to his humans. Is neutral with strangers. Is of good character and has an extraordinarily high threshold for irritation. Can hardly be provoked. As with the English Bulldog and other breeds of dogs that were used in the past in the arenas of animal fighting, these dogs have been given a particularly high level of control and stimulus threshold. It also, these dogs have been used in serious breeding for many generations exclusively as family and companion dogs. Unfortunately this has not protected the dogs from criminals. Especially in the decade of 1990, dogs like Amstaff became aggressive by irresponsible breeders and owners, Savagely crossed and abused like living weapons. the same politicians, who tolerated these illegal practices for a long time, they were then the first to start the discrimination, pointing to American Staffordshire Terrier like a dangerous race, something technically unfounded. Breeding can cause even chihuahuas or caniches toy become aggressive in a few generations. The breed of dogs American Staffordshire Terrier is the victim, not the author. Seriously raised, they make excellent family dogs and careful companions to children.

Caution, health and diseases

How much care does an American Staffordshire Terrier need??

The American Staffordshire Terrier it is absolutely easy to care. Brushing here and there is enough.

Are there any breed-typical diseases in the American Staffordshire Terrier?

The American Staffordshire Terrier enjoy robust health. Sporadically hip or knee problems.

What food is best for an American Stafford Terrier?

The American Staffordshire Terrier has no special dietary requirements. Of course high quality food is good for your health and proof. Like most dogs, he likes a meat bone now and then..

Activities

One American Staffordshire Terrier it is suitable for almost all activities that can be done with a dog.

Considerations before purchase

Where can you buy an American Staffordshire Terrier?

If you want to buy a American Staffordshire Terrier, you should consider that it is a dog from the list. Your whole life has to be prepared for the restrictions of the state and society. You should look at a reputable breeder affiliated with a club that meets the FCI standards. Please, only there and do not buy a puppy from a dubious source. There are many American Staffordshire Terrier and hybrids in refuges. Get tips for choosing your dog here. But, only with a serious breeding dog can you be reasonably certain that your Amstaff has the character qualities described here.

Education and attitude of the American Staffordshire Terrier

¿Me conviene un American Staffordshire Terrier?

The American Staffordshire Terrier is undemanding in his attitude. It is not a dog that only needs to walk around the block for a walk.. Want to exercise mentally and physically. Even with a puppy it should be clear who is in charge of the house. There should be no doubt about it. The Amstaff is a bright and occasionally playful four-legged friend who likes to roam the countryside. It is suitable for dog sports of all kinds. Sometimes it is also used as a rescue dog. Is a good guardian.

The American Staffordshire Terrier is widely on the lists of supposedly dangerous dogs. Travel to the Netherlands or Denmark is prohibited, because there is a risk that dogs will be confiscated on the street and euthanized. On the street you should expect people to harass you because of the dog. That is, Unfortunately, the social reality in Central Europe today.

The American Staffordshire Terrier needs consistent upbringing from puppyhood. Consistency means, especially with this physically very strong dog but at the same time sensitive and intelligent, that the master or caregiver should work on the basis of a deep relationship of trust. The dog wants the guidance of its owner. Find the nearby connection. This should be given with a calm hand, respectful and strong. Coercive measures are counterproductive, certain consequences are intentional. The American Staffordshire Terrier must socialize with other dogs at an early stage. Due to its strength and joy of working, it is not a dog for beginners.. Even experienced dog owners should consciously work with it and preferably attend a suitable dog school. Well mannered, don't just listen to the word, rather, he reads the wishes of his master and caregiver through their eyes.

American Staffordshire Terrier pictures

Vídeos American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terrier (AmStaff) AKSA playing at the pond

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 3 – Section 3 Bull type Terriers.
  • AKC – Terriers
  • ANKC – Terriers
  • CKC – Terriers
  • NZKC – Terriers


FCI breed standard "American Staffordshire Terrier"

FCIFCI - American Staffordshire Terrier
American

Alternative names:

1. AmStaff, American Staffy (English).
2. American terrier, staff, amstaff (French).
3. Amstaff (German).
4. AST, Staffordshire terrier americano, Amstaff (Portuguese).
5. AmStaff, AST (español).

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American Pitbull Terrier
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier suele ser de naturaleza amable, even with strangers.

Content

History


The American Pitbull Terrier is a pure breed of dog, originally from United States, It was forged from dogs imported from United Kingdom. Were used as fighting dogs until they were banned in 1976; they are now bred as pets and athletes in legal sports (Although it is still the favorite breed, dog fighting carried out clandestinely).

It should not be confused with other races mistakenly calls “pit bull”: Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Bull Terrier, American Bulldog and even more races “distant”, as the Dogo Argentino.

In Spain the American Pitbull Terrier He is considered a potentially dangerous breed of dogs by Royal Decree, by which to his possession must obtain the licence for possession of dangerous dogs and register it in the corresponding Municipal registry of potentially dangerous animals. One of the things that are required for this license is insurance of civil liability to third parties.

With the American Staffordshire Terrier, the confusion began when, at the beginning of the year 30, the American Kennel Club decided to give another name to the breed, American Staffordshire Terrier, with the end of that cease to be related to its past (The American Pit Bull Terrier was initially used as a dog fight). The American Pit Bull Terrier has not been recognized by the American Kennel Club, While the American Staffordshire Terrier, It is slightly larger, yes it has been recognized.

Otros nombres: APBT / Pit / Pitty

Physical characteristics

The APBT (American Pit Bull Terrier) is a dog's size medium, males usually weigh in 16 to 30 kg and females in 13 to 25 kg. They are known for their value, intelligence, dedication and loyalty. They are of athletic constitution and their breeding focuses mainly on the character and performance of the functional dog..

Are advised to socialize with other dogs from puppies to make to adult aggression towards these minor.

Currently the breed is going through a difficult time due to bastardization with other breeds for commercial reasons where massive dogs are sought, deformed, with exaggerated heads or true color, by having more acceptance and one greater than the APBT quote pure. There has also been crossbreeding by neophyte breeders who have crossed pitbulls cigars with dogs of similar breeds and even with dogs without breed. In this case these mixtures are no longer American Pit Bull and therefore their behavior will never be the same as that of a pure blood.

The American Pit Bull Terrier is recognized only by two records, ADBA and UKC, unlike the latter, the ADBA has the largest number of copies due to its defence and promotion of the breed.

According to the standard the characteristics of the breed are as follows:

Head: an exaggerated head, It will simply make you excessive weight that reduced you functionality when it comes to any type of work. An APBT, for all purposes provided in the head, It must appear two-thirds the width of the shoulders and a 25% more bandwidth on their cheeks to neck to the base of the skull. From the rear part of the skull to stop, It must be the same distance from the stop to the tip of the nose. The snout will be straight and square shape. The depth from the top of the head to the bottom of the jaw is important. The mandible is closed by the temporal fossa muscle., the pressure you need the animal on the coronoide process. The head will be a form of wedge view up from or side, and when viewed from front is round. We do not accept dogs with long lip.

Eyes: The eyes are round, separated from each other and located in a low position.

Teeth: Supported the closure in scissors (preferred), tongs and mild prognathism. The most important thing in the teeth of an APBT, that addition, the official judges of this breed of dog is that are based on a review of the standard, These are the tusks, that must slip through senior behind the lower.

Nose: The nose is dependent on the color of the dog, If it is white it should be red nose, If it is gray the must have grey until the bottom lip.

Neck: The neck should strongly be muscular to the base of the skull.

Rear train: This is the driving train of any four-legged animal. One 80% the work of an APBT develops in her hips and hind legs. A hip long and steep is extremely important, because it will give more support point to the femur, and it must be shorter than the tibia. The hips should be wide. To be this way it will take with them a wide back area, thus allowing a large surface for the insertion of the gluteus and biceps femoris muscles, they are the largest engines of the Powertrain.

Front of: The dog must have deep ribs. They are wide above, narrowing towards the bottom of. The ribs are home to the lungs, which are not deposits, but pumps. The ribs act like a bellows. Its effectiveness is linked on the difference between the volume of contraction and expansion. The depth of ribs gives more room for larger lungs. The shoulders should be slightly wider than the ribs at the height of the eighth rib. Too narrow shoulders not aguantarán an appropriate muscle structure, but also a too wide shoulders structure slows the animal and added too much unnecessary weight. The scapula must be to 45 degrees or less angle to the ground, and this will be wide and flat. The elbows should settle levels, with the humerus in a path almost parallel to the spine. The elbow must come under your ribs. The forearm, it should be only slightly longer than the humerus and the humerus should be thick and solid, nearly twice the thickness of the metatarsals at the height of the Hock. The front legs and shoulders must be able to withstand a lot of work and the thickness of the same here can become a virtue.. The feet should be small and inserted high in the ranillas or trabaderas.

Tail: The tail will be inserted under; It must be long until a little before reaching the hocks. This has a thick to decline until the end. You must have form of crank when the dog is relaxed.

Mantle: The mantle can be of any color or combination of them. It should be short and strong. The luster of the mantle usually reflects the health of the APBT, vital sign.

Skin: It should be thick and loose, but not with folds, with the exception of the neck and chest, that should be loose enough to show some vertical folds.

Height to the cross: The height at the cross of males may vary between the 38 cm and the 48 cm., and in females, from the 35 cm. up the 45 cm..

Weight: Despite what many people believe, the APBT they are a small canine breed, at most medium, finding the weight of the males may vary between the 16 kg and the 28 kg, and the females from the 13 kg to the 27 kg. One can have an exemplary pure APBT that although three or four kilograms above these weights, but of course he would have to be fat.

General aspect: The APBT should be square seen from side, the distance from the shoulder to the point of hip to be equal to the distance of the shoulder to the ground. The animal high step and will have a maximum point of their body weight support.

The American Pit Bull Terrier he is a complete athlete. Its morphology is designed for speed, power, agility and stamina.

Character and skills

The American Pit Bull Terrier suele ser de naturaleza amable, even with strangers. Many specimens have strong hunting instincts, so it will not be uncommon to see your Pit Bull run after cats or other small animals that are running away...

As with any breed of dog, proper training and socialization at an early age is a necessity. According to his temperament standard, "aggressive behavior towards human beings is not characteristic of the breed and is highly undesirable", because due to his powerful physique, the American Pit Bull Terrier needs an owner who is able to socialize it carefully and train it in obedience, in order to avoid any bad drink...

They are dogs with a lot of energy and need exercise and stimulation to channel their energy correctly and avoid becoming frustrated., boredom, or destructive behavior.

If we take care of responsibly and if it is properly socialized, our American Pit Bull Terrier, will be an excellent pet.

To remember:

This is what their standard dictates... "aggressive behavior towards human beings is not characteristic of the breed and is something very undesirable". Which confirms that, NO there are aggressive dogs, it is their masters who highlight these characteristics in the dog. Once again... the human hand that destroys everything...

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The reality on the American Pit Bull Terrier.- I'm not what they say, I'm not what I appear!

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American Mastiff Panja
Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

The race American Mastiff Panja, was initially bred to protect homes and properties.

American Mastiff Panja

Content

History

The American Mastiff Panja It is a breed of dog developed in United States, raised initially to protect the homes and properties of the people.

The term "panja”, by which it is usually known this race, proceeds of Panja Kennels, a hatchery situated in the city of Flint (Florida) who was one of the first to initiate selective breeding with the aim of turning it into a defined breed.

Unfortunately, many American Mastiff Panja They were used by drug traffickers and people linked to crime in order to serve as guard dogs of their properties and that environment and the training techniques used (very hard) they have led to this race to develop an instinct of guard very exacerbated.

Its origin is due to a cross between several races between them found dogs as the Pit Bull and Rottweiler.

Since they have been recognized by the DRA (Dog Registry of America), people in general have started to look at these dogs with other eyes, and fortunately not already belong, exclusively, to the world of drug trafficking… they have been able to get away from their (forced) dark past. They are currently used as companion pets..

Panja bandog, Rock bandog, drug dealer bandog, Detroit rock dog, American mastiff panja, Panja, rockweiler, pitweiler : all these names refer to the same type of bandog, product of miscegenation between American Pitbull Terrier and Rottweiler, that it arose in the city of Detroit ago 30 years.

American Mastiff Panja

Recognized by: BBC, DRA
Group: Work

Physical characteristics

The American Mastiff Panja is a working dog with an athletic and muscular body. Broad chest and extremities well muscular, straight lines, for strong bones, with the slightly angled hocks. They have small eyes, almendrados expression alert and curious. They have a broad head and short ears.

Like his compatriot the American Mastiff, the American Mastiff Panja differs from other Mastiff breed dogs in that its belfos not protrude, and they not drool-worthy.

The layer of hair is short, flat and shiny, It can be of different colors. The tail is usually cut to 1/3 its natural length. The height to the cross goes of 55,88 cm to 66,04 cm.. Y, the weight of 36 kg to 45 kg. The life expectancy of these dogs is of 10 to 12 years.

Character and skills

The American Mastiff Panja It is a dog with a relaxed attitude and calm temperament. Son excellent pets and protectors of their family nucleus. In the United States most of the American Mastiff Panja they are great with young children. The natural instinct of the race is to protect, they believe that it is his duty to protect everything and everyone in your home.

They are dogs intelligent and obedient, obedience training is recommended to prevent the onset of boredom and collation destructive behaviors, as chewing. It is a guard dog by nature, so it will always be ready to alert their owners of any suspicious activity. They are wayward, they have a dominant personality, but they are also very kind and loyal companions.

The American Mastiff Panja is in general, a very healthy dog, he does not have any important health problems to highlight, but like other many breeds of dogs, It is possible that some copies are in one higher risk of developing Hip Dysplasia.

The American Mastiff Panja you can live peacefully in a small house or apartment if you exercise it properly. They are calm and very homemade dogs with propensity to be lazy, so it is important that their owners motivate them and take them out for long walks. It adapts well to all climates and can tolerate varying weather conditions. It will be happier with a small courtyard where can lie in the Sun and do not forget that the daily walks are ideal for this athletic breed.

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Alternative names:

1. American Mastiff Panja (English).
2. American Mastiff Panja (French).
3. American Mastiff Panja (German).
4. American Mastiff Panja (Portuguese).
5. "Mastín Americano Panja" (español).

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Boston Terrier
Estados Unidos FCI 140 . Small Molossian type Dogs

Annie the Boston Terrier

The Boston Terrier they are ready and friendly, mainly used as companion dogs.

Content

history “Boston Terrier”

Unlike many ancient races, history Boston Terrier is well known and can be accurately tracked. In 19th century England, the popularity of bloodthirsty activities involving attack dogs led to the trend of crossing breeds Terrier and Bull to develop individuals who could excel in dogfighting and other rat bait contests (the activity consisting of placing rats in an enclosed area and betting on the time it takes for a dog to kill them all). At the end of the decade 1860, and Liverpool, a cross between a Bulldog and White English Terrier (an extinct breed of dog) spawned a strong, muscular dog named Judge.

The owner of Judge sold it to an American named William O’Brien, that brought him home to Boston. In 1870, O'Brien sold Judge to another bostonian, Robert C. Hooper. Judge, now known in the pedigree trees of the breed as “Hooper’s Judge“, became the patriarch of the race Boston Terrier and in the common ancestor of almost all its representatives.

Judge had a good build and good posture, and weighed about 14 kg. He had dark brown fur, a square, stocky head and a white stripe on the muzzle. Surprisingly, only raised once, with a white bitch of 9 kg call “Burnett’s Gyp” (o Kate). Kate belonged to Edward Burnett, which was based in Southboro, Massachusetts. From this union was born a male cub named Well’s Eph. According to what they say, it was not particularly attractive, but had other features Hooper and his friends admired. This prompted them to start a breeding program with him at the center..

Well’s Eph he mated with a female named Tobin’s Kate, that weighed only 6 kilos and had a rather short head. It was golden tabby in color and had a straight, three-quarters docked tail.. Their offspring are believed to have bred with one or more French Bulldogs to create the base of the Boston Terrier what we know today.

But, this name did not yet exist at that time. Thus, the many offspring of Eph they received different names, as Bullet Dogs, Bull-and-Terriers, American Terriers y Boston Bull Terriers.

In 1889, about thirty owners of these dogs formed the American Bull Terrier Club, deciding to use the term Bull Terrier to name your favorite dog, simply adding an adjective indicating its geographical origin. As expected, the lovers and owners of the Bull Terrier they strongly opposed this choice. Given the influence they had at the time with the American Kennel Club (AKC), enthusiasts Boston Bull Terrier they had no choice but to change the name of their association to Boston Terrier Club, in honor of the breed's birthplace.

Four years later, in 1893, the Boston Terrier became the first American-born dog breed to be recognized by the AKC. At the same time, was the first dog added by the organization to the group of non-sporting breeds.

In the early days, the color and markings of the dog's coat Boston Terrier they were not considered very important. The standard set by the club was very flexible regarding the appearance of the coats, so there was a wide variety of apparitions. After years of careful breeding to define a specific coat type, developed and standardized the Boston Terrier as we know it today. The characteristic marks, similar to the tuxedo, have become a hallmark of the breed, What has earned him the nickname of “american gentleman”.

In the early 20th century, the Boston Terrier achieved great popularity in the United States: was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1914, and in 1915 it was the most popular dog breed in the country. It remained between 10 favorite dog breeds of Americans up to the decade of 1960. Today, although he has lost part of his pride, we keep finding it around the post 20 of the ranking established by the AKC based on the number of registrations in the organization.

Its international diffusion was greatly facilitated by its official recognition by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club. (KC) british in 1937 y por the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1955. Today, is recognized by leading national organizations around the world, including, of course, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

Did you know??

The Bill was exhibited at the Boston State Parliament and approved by the Assembly in 1979. The Boston Terrier was proclaimed mascot of the state by Edward King (the Governor, at that time that in his youth, had had a Boston Terrier).

Photo: Fickr – marada

Boston terrier physical characteristics

The Boston Terrier presents a certain diversity in terms of size. Without actually talking about varieties in their own right, organizations that recognize race generally distinguish between 3 weight categories:

▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.

Whatever its size, they have a beautiful stature and a very proud appearance. In effect, is well proportioned and has a complexion muscular and robust, built around a broad chest and a short muscular back. The rump curved gives the body a boxy look without looking chunky. The tail it's short and short. Can be worn straight or with corkscrew.

The neck, slightly arched, it is elegant and leads to reasonably broad, sloping back shoulders. The Paws they are straight and muscular, with straight elbows. The hind legs they are solid and well muscled, ending in small and compact feet.

The head it is structured by a square skull and has a flat forehead. The facial skin It should be free of wrinkles. The ears they are big, pointed and erect. In the territories where it is allowed, they are sometimes surgically trimmed to help them stand upright or give them a defined shape. This practice, named otectomy, is prohibited in an increasing number of jurisdictions (for example, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec), unless there are medical reasons for it.

The eyes they are dark, large, round and very expressive, which gives this dog a particularly intelligent and friendly look. Some dogs have light blue eyes, with a single blue eye, and others even have both blue eyes. But, this particularity is usually accompanied by one or more health problems: glaucoma, uveitis (inflammation of the uvea), deafness in one or both ears… Consequently, they are not recognized by the breed standard and are excluded from breeding.

The snout is short, square and wide, and ends in a flat black snout that dominates a toothless jaw. The Boston Terrier It is one of the so-called breeds of dogs brachycephalic. Like all other brachycephalic dogs, the lower jaw is proportional to the rest of the body, but the upper one is much shorter, which gives the head a sunken look.

The fur of the Boston Terrier is short, bright and smooth. It has no undercoat, which partly explains its low molt and its low resistance to extreme temperatures. The distinctive white markings on the muzzle, between the eyes and on the chest they form a pattern similar to that of the tuxedo, hence the nickname “american gentleman”. Although black and white fur is the best known and most common, the breed standards established by the most important organizations in the world also recognize the combination of brindle and white, as well as the seal and white (the seal is a color that looks black, but actually has a reddish glow visible only in sunlight or strong light). In addition to these official colors, specimens with smooth white fur can also be found, plain black, fawn and white, Blue and white, lilac and white, sand and white or brown and white.

Last, the sexual dimorphism not very pronounced in this breed, although females are usually slightly thinner than males.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Female size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight 7 – 11 Kg.
▷ Female weight 7 – 10 kg

Varieties

The question of the possible varieties of Boston Terrier it is still a topic that is sometimes highly debated. Some breeders insist that there are Boston Terriers “standard”, on the one hand, and Boston Terriers “miniature” less than 6 kg, the minimum weight recognized by world organizations, for another. Others go further and say that there are also Boston Terriers “in years”.

But, most professionals, as well as the different reference organizations that recognize the breed, consider that there are no varieties within it. But, take into account the great diversity of the breed in terms of size, and classify their representatives in three weight categories:

▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.

This does not prevent some breeders from intentionally crossing Boston Terriers smaller and smaller to get miniature or even tiny dogs. The latter are still purebred, but cannot be entered in a stud book and have a pedigree, because its size is smaller than that established by the breed standards. In fact, the Boston Terrier it's like any other race: dwarfism is synonymous with greater frailty and health problems.

Boston Terrier character and skills

The Boston Terrier combines the enthusiasm of their ancestors Terrier with the sweetness and good sense of their ancestors Bulldog. More of a rascal, has a certain sense of humor and likes to clown around. Loving, he likes to receive a lot of attention and be with his family, especially if that means being able to sit on your lap or share the bed or sofa. He gets very excited at first when he receives visitors, but he calms down quickly once he has been able to give them an enthusiastic welcome.

Has a special affinity with children, and their physical characteristics (small but robust) complete the image of a dog recommended for children. Having said that, just because you can let them play with him without fear of harm doesn't mean you should allow them to do anything and everything, especially since he may not stand being manipulated. So, you have to teach them as soon as possible to treat it with respect. On the other hand, he may also unintentionally push younger children, carried away by his enthusiasm. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child.

Although it may bark when someone knocks on the door, the Boston not a good protector. In fact, they tend to be so kind to humans that they warmly greet anyone who enters the house, friends or strangers. In fact, although it is territorial, usually does not pose a problem with strangers; unless provoked, not aggressive at all.

It also, although some representatives of the breed are especially active, it is by no means the general case. In general, the Boston Terrier need moderate exercise: the medium length walks, possibly supplemented with some play sessions (for example, with a ball) and that represent a cumulative duration of one hour per day, are more suitable than long sessions of vigorous exercise. Its small size, your need for moderate activity, its adaptability and low propensity to bark make it perfectly suited to living in an apartment. On the other hand, if you live in a house with a garden, it is necessary that the latter is properly insured and fenced to prevent his curious nature from pushing him to become interested in other animals or sources of distraction located outside. This will also protect him from other animals or people with bad intentions towards him..

On the other hand, when i come out, It must be worn with a leash and harness and not with a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems that your flattened face already predisposes to.

These morphological peculiarities also make, in periods of high temperatures, feel free to shorten your walks, but above all to avoid giving them in hot hours. In effect, its short snout considerably limits its cooling capacity and, Therefore, makes it especially sensitive to heat. On the other hand, his short fur makes him bear less the cold. In other words, even if I live in a temperate climate, not made to spend most of the time outside: your place is at home, and this is all the more true since you need to be in contact with your family to be in a good head.

If you can have fun alone, especially if they leave him his favorite toys, he far prefers to do it with his family. In any case, a Boston Terrier well raised and socialized he is certainly sociable and is always willing to play if the opportunity presents itself, needing a family that appreciates and seeks your company, but that does not require excessive attention or time. Easily adapts to its owner's schedules, although this does not mean that he likes to be alone for many hours. In fact, if your family is out most of the day, having him share your home with another little playmate is a great way to keep him from feeling lonely and developing behavior problems.

This is all the more true since their sociability does not only extend to human beings, but also other animals, starting with their congeners and cats, especially if you have gotten used to seeing them from a very young age, as part of their socialization. But, can quickly regain its hunting instincts when faced with a small rodent such as a rat or mouse: a possible coexistence with an animal of this type would have a great chance of going wrong.

On the other hand, when he meets strange dogs, can be a lot less friendly, if not directly territorial and protective. The best way to avoid these types of problems is also to allow you to meet all kinds of colleagues from the first time you go out.

Last, It should be noted that the Boston Terrier it's quite noisy. In fact, his short snout makes him sniff, drooling and snoring loudly. Some adopters may find this endearing., but for others it is reason enough to change their race.

Education

The Boston Terrier it's pretty smart, but sometimes he's stubborn. Some specimens are very willing to please and are easily and quickly trained, which explains the popularity of the breed in certain dog sports. Other, However, they are a little more difficult and take a little longer to train. This is true as soon as the dog learns to be tamed., what can lead up to 6 months with some dogs. In this context, it is highly recommended to use the dog cage indoors.

In any case, his sensitive temperament means that he does not take well harsh tones of voice and punishments. Both can be counterproductive to your education., since they can lead you to withdraw into yourself. On the other hand, thrives on gentle and continuous training through positive reinforcement.

Thus, if you are stubborn and not really willing to pursue the education we are trying to give you, it is important to try to understand what can motivate you, enlisting the help of a dog trainer if necessary. Treats are usually the trick, But the use of praise and abuse or the use of a favorite toy can also be the trigger for the success of the training..

As with all dogs, socialization and education of the Boston Terrier must start at an early age. Meet lots of people (family, friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and accustom him to crossing with all kinds of other dogs, as well as with representatives of other species, allows you to become a sociable and balanced adult. This reduces the risk of aggressive behavior or subsequent conflicts.

Health

Despite a life expectancy of about 13 years, the Boston Terrier is prone to many health problems, some of which are related to subrachycephaly, that is to say, with the fact that his mouth is crushed.

This morphological peculiarity also implies that it is much more sensitive to heat than many of its congeners., like any dog ​​with a short muzzle, is not able to inhale and exhale large volumes of air, limiting its ability to cool down when the mercury rises The dog's risk of heat stroke, among others, is particularly pronounced and, therefore, it is important to avoid excessively intense or prolonged efforts in these periods.

On the other hand, his short fur also makes him afraid of the cold.

Apart from this pronounced sensitivity to extreme temperatures, the main risks to your health are:

  • respiratory problems caused by the shape of their mouth. Some are mild, such as loud snoring or sobbing, but others can have serious consequences, and even fatal, such as airway obstruction or cardiac fatigue. Should also be kept on a leash using a harness and not a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems, due to the pressure exerted;
  • eye problems like cataracts,corneal ulcers and glaucoma, again due to its flat face.In the case of juvenile cataracts, a genetic test allows breeders to identify dogs that carry the gene and exclude them from breeding;
  • heart murmur, a symptom often associated with partial obstruction of the heart tubes or valves;
  • the mega esophagus, a defect of the esophagus that prompts the dog to regurgitate its food;
  • the patellar dislocation, a problem that may be congenital or occur later in life, and is common to many small dogs. In milder cases, can be replaced by itself or with the help of the vet, but the most serious cases require surgery;
  • skin allergies, including demodicosis (demodectic scabies), which can lead to hair loss with itchy or crusty lesions;
  • the deafness: 4 to 6% of the puppies Boston Terriers they are deaf in one ear from birth, and some are completely deaf. This particularly affects people with blue eyes and / or whose fur contains a lot of white It is important to discover this affection when the dog is as young as possible, because it affects the education and socialization that should be provided;
  • hemivertebra, what is a failure in the development of the bones of the spine, it is more common in dogs with corkscrew tails. Some dogs with hemivertebra remain asymptomatic throughout their lives, while in others the disease usually manifests itself as soon as they are small, for example, through impaired movement and lack of coordination in the hind legs. Sometimes, the disease progresses very quickly, to the point that the animal can become paralyzed in a few days, and surgery is often the only treatment;
  • reverse sneezing, which can occur when the dog is overly excited or swallows his food too quickly Corresponds to a strange noise, snarling and snoring, usually not dangerous for the dog, but if the attacks become frequent, can be a symptom of airway inflammation, presence of parasites in your nostrils or, more rarely, nasal polyps or a tumor.

It also, the birth of bitches is often problematic in the Boston Terrier.Puppies' broad heads sometimes get stuck in the mother's narrow pelvis: cesarean section is often necessary Litters have an average of 3 or 4 Puppies.

On a completely different note, you should know that this dog is particularly prone to excess gas, even if it depends a lot on your diet.

He is also very gluttonous, so its owner must be careful not only to choose the food he gives him and the size of his portions, but also to allow you to push yourself hard enough. Obesity is not a disease in itself, but it can cause the appearance or worsen various health problems, starting with joint problems or related to poor breathing capacity. Keeping your dog at a suitable weight is one of the best ways to provide good living conditions..

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

The short, soft coat of the Boston Terrier it is easy to care. Molts very little, so a weekly brushing is sufficient. But, when the fur sheds during the spring and fall seasons, the amount of dead hair is much higher, so you need to brush at least two more times.

On the other hand, its short fur does not get dirty and, Therefore, does not tend to emit bad odors. So, it is seldom necessary to bathe your dog: unless it's especially dirty, once or twice a year is more than enough. Unless your dog is especially dirty, once or twice a year is enough. Bathing your dog too often will only dry out his coat and skin, causing them to lose their protective properties and can cause itching and even injuries. In any case, it is essential to use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, as it can cause these problems.

On the other hand, their eyes need regular care, as their size and prominence make them especially fragile. It is best to check daily for any discharge and clean it if necessary, but also make sure there are no signs of redness or irritation.

It may also be the occasion to brush your teeth, to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause (bad dog breath, diseases…). If it is difficult to maintain a daily frequency, two or three times a week is usually enough.

Regarding their ears, they must be checked every week to see if they are red or smell bad, what could be a sign of infection. You should take the opportunity to clean them to prevent infection.

In most cases, the nails should be cut once or twice a month, since natural wear and tear is usually not enough. The first time, do not hesitate to ask a veterinarian or a groomer for help to know how to do it right.

Last, it is important to take advantage of the grooming sessions to look for sores, rashes or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness or inflammation of the skin, in the nose, mouth and eyes, and on the feet. A thorough weekly review helps to identify potential health problems early. This is true of all dogs, but it is especially true for dogs like the Boston Terrier who are particularly prone to skin allergies.

Food

Since the Boston Terrier they can be gluttonous, it is especially important to be attentive when feeding them with products and quantities appropriate to their age, size and activity level.

Since you can be prone to excessive flatulence related to your diet, Choosing high-quality products and trying to identify how your body reacts to different foods can be especially helpful in avoiding or reducing this problem..

In all cases, do not hesitate to use the experience of a veterinarian to make the right decisions in order to feed him in the best way.

This does not exempt you from weighing him regularly to make sure he is not overweight.. If required, reviewing your rations and activity level often remedies the problem. If that is not the case, it is necessary to go to the vet to rule out a possible disease and develop a more appropriate diet.

As with most dogs, it is better to divide your daily ration into two meals.

Last, like all dogs, must have permanent access to fresh water.

Use

When the Boston Terrier, at the end of the 19th century, it was used mostly in rat bait competitions (which consist of placing rats in an enclosed space and betting on the time it takes a dog to kill them all), but he was also very popular in dogfighting.

As blood sports were gradually banned in most countries, was able to become and became smaller and much friendlier for decades. In fact, today it brings together many of the qualities of an ideal companion and house dog.

Thanks to their intelligence and strong desire to please their owners, they can also excel in certain dog sports, like agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

Their friendly nature and desire to be close to people make them ideal therapy dogs..

How much can a cost "Boston Terrier"?

The price of a Boston Terrier puppy is between 1500 and 2000 EUR.

whatever the country, the price depends in particular on the lineage from which the dog descends (and the possible distinctions received by their ancestors), the prestige of the kennel and, above all, its intrinsic characteristics, that is to say, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, what it means, In addition, that within the same litter there may be quite significant price differences. On the other hand, there is no significant price difference between males and females.

Characteristics "Boston Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Boston Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Boston Terrier pictures

boston terrier videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Boston Terrier"

FCIFCI - Boston Terrier
Boston

Alternative names:

1. Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boxwood, American Gentlemen (English).
2. Terrier de Boston, Boston Terrier (French).
3. Boston Terrier (German).
4. Boston Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Boston Bull Terrier (español).