Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)
Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.

Content

History

The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) (Kleinspitz) is a variety of German Spitz, which today is available in five different sizes and in numerous colors. The exact origin of dogs spitz it is difficult to determine. In many regions there are indications of an early appearance of the breed. For example, in the terracotta pieces Mycenaean or in the Greek vases you can already find illustrations of similar dogs. From the Middle Ages, the Spitz guard and court dogs were popular, especially among the rural population. The obedient dogs took their duties as court protectors so seriously that they pinched the “intruders” on her calves. For this reason, Spitz was formerly considered a loved one.

At the beginning of directed breeding, all representatives of the breed with a height at the withers less than 29 centimeters were summarized under the term Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz). As it was mainly in the area of Mannheim, he was also known as “Mannheimer Spitz“. Only later did the Dwarf Spitz (Pomeranian) with a height at the withers of up to 22 centimeters developed as a separate variety. Internationally the breed belongs to the group 5 from FCI “Spitz and dogs of the original type” in the section 4 “European Spitz“.

Physical characteristics

With a height at the cross of 23 a 29 centimeters, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) is the second smallest of the five varieties of German Spitz. Just the Pomeranian (Zwergspitz) is smaller. His pointed ears and mischievous eyes resemble those of a fox and give him a playful and mischievous look. It has a dense and protruding coat, consisting of two layers. The top layer is soft and long, while the undercoat is soft and dense. Around the neck the fur forms a mane like that of a lion and the bushy tail is carried over the back. Most of the coat color is black, brown, white, orange and cloudy gray. But some tips are cream too, cream-saber, orange-saber, black and tan.

Character and skills

The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented. Like all German Spitz, does not like to be alone and is glad of the full attention of their owners. They are quite reserved and distrustful of strangers. Puppies defend their territory with force and tend to bark when they are not trained. However, due to its charming nature and lack of hunting instinct, the little ones spitz they are also easy to train for beginners. With proper training you can take the dog off leash without any problem. Although he can sometimes be a bit rebellious and cheeky, the four-legged friend gets along with other dogs.

Kleinspitz Education

Despite its small size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a dog to be taken seriously and needs constant training. Therefore, show the puppy the basic rules from day one and do not allow him to do anything that he is not allowed to do as an adult dog. Don't let her charm and cuteness bewitch you. In the young years, dogs learn better and want to please their owner. When training the puppy, you should not rush anything and allow time for new orders. Success is best achieved with consistency and praise. Early socialization is very important, especially for the cheeky ones Spitz. In this way he learns to deal with other dogs and remains more relaxed in everyday life.. It is recommended to attend a puppy school or a trainer.

Activities with the little Spitz

The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a lively and attentive dog that loves to be by your side at all times. Daily walks are the order of the day with him in any weather. Dog sports such as agility are also suitable for sports workload. For the mental load you can provide with the intelligence toy. Smart tops are also known for their love of learning tricks and tricks. The loving Spitz is with a good education a pleasant companion dog. You can easily take it with you on vacation or on small trips.

Health and care Kleinspitz

Despite its long fur, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is not a breed that requires much care. Protruding hairs give it a natural firmness, that hardly tangles. Therefore, just comb the coat from time to time and remove any dirt. Your dog will be pleased with the extra care. However, during the coat change, the small spitz also need your help to get rid of superfluous hair. The Spitz it is also one of the least susceptible breeds in terms of health. Some members of the breed are susceptible to tartar, but it can be prevented by using chewing bone or a dog toothbrush.

Buy a Kleinspitz

Due to its size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is also suitable for smaller homes and will be happy both in a city apartment and in a house. The most important thing is to give him enough exercise and not treat him like a lap dog. The cheerful and affectionate dog is well suited to singles or pensioners, but also fits in a family without problems. The puppy needs one or more caregivers who take care of it daily. So you should think carefully about buying a puppy from Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) and not rush anything.

If you are sure that the breed suits you, you have to find a serious breeder. For a purebred puppy with papers and vaccines, many breeders charge up to 1.500 EUR. A laudable alternative is, therefore, a shelter dog. As the German Spitz they only differ in size, you will also be happy with a Pomeranian or a Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).

Kleinspitz Videos

Puppies Spitz Aleman. Kleinspitz

Our kennel of Kleinspitz

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)
Alemania FCI 97 - European Spitz

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

The Mittelspitz is by nature a bit like the old guard dog.

Content

History

The Spitz, officially called “German Spitz“, It is a classic breed of dog in Germany and Central Europe. The Spitz used to be found everywhere. They belonged to all properties, guarded warehouses and transport carts. Its standard variant is also called “Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)“. This breed of dog has an ancient tradition, which is closely related to our history at least since the Middle Ages. Although this variant is the type of its breed bred from primitive times, the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) did not receive an official place in the standard of the German Spitz until 1969.

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz), on the other hand, only has 100 puppies per year in the VDH (German Canine Federation), the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) has even less. For this reason, from 2003, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) and the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) have been declared a pet breed in danger of extinction by the “Society for the Conservation of Ancient and Endangered Breeds of Pets”. The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is classified as extremely endangered, the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) as highly endangered.

Physical characteristics

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) is raised in the colors black, brown, white, orange, gray cloud and other colors. Other colors include shades like cream, cream- March, orange- March, black-brown and pinto. Like all Spitz has a double layer: a long top coat, straight and protruding and a short undercoat, thick and padded.

With a shoulder height of between 30 and 38 centimeters, the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) is the representative of the breed with the classic tip size.

Character and skills

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) is by nature a bit like the old guard dog. She is an incorruptible guard, fell, resistant and persevering. He is very smart, curious and energetic. The standard describes its nature:

This German Spitz is always alert, lively and extraordinarily affectionate with his owner. It is very docile and easy to train. His distrust of strangers and his lack of hunting instinct make him the ideal guardian for the house and yard.. It is neither fearful nor aggressive. Insensitivity to the weather, robustness and longevity are its most outstanding characteristics.

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) it is suitable for dog sports, as the agility. Has a fairly low stimulus threshold and can become a barker in certain circumstances, especially when bored. At the same time you want to please your caregiver and bond with him closely. If the emotional relationship is correct, the Spitz He will do his best not to do anything that his owner does not like., and for example, at least largely, dispense with his barking. However, intelligent breed of dog hates boredom. Combined with your intelligence, wit and docility, it's just fun to practice tricks or agility with him. He will then do everything to please humans. Is very playful, friendly and closely related to people, especially with the children.

How long can a Mittelspitz live?

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) It is robust and durable and can reach a very high age of 15 years and more.

Mittelspitz care

Caring for the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) it is extremely easy and undemanding. To keep the long coat healthy it is enough to brush it from time to time. Only when the coat is changed should it be additionally cleaned.

Regarding their salus, the medium spitz is also a robust breed without any breeding related diseases.

Nutrition of the Mittelspitz

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) has no special dietary requirements. For centuries, has become used to using human food scraps. However, this does not mean that we should not give him high quality food today, either dry or wet, and regularly fresh meat.

Education Mittelspitz

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) easily adapts to the lifestyle of its people. You can live in the country or in the big city. You also feel comfortable in a small apartment in the city. You don't need a strong hand on the other end of the strap, because he follows willingly and does not show any dominance or even aggressiveness towards other dogs. Remain sovereign and neutral, if he is ever bothered. Your attitude is not problematic in all respects due to external circumstances. However, here he hardly demands anything in terms of the relationship and common activities with his caregiver. She is not a couch dog and always wants to experience something new. Want the mental challenge, that can be offered for example with sports for dogs.

Is willing and able to learn and adapt to the habits of their caregivers. Well mannered, it is a very practical companion when visiting a restaurant, when traveling and when on vacation. It is a good and reliable companion for children. He is playful and above all good-natured. He is insensitive to the weather and wants to go on his daily walk in any weather. Either a single person or a family with or without children, young or old: the Spitz is an ideal companion.

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) must be trained like a great dog in all seriousness from puppyhood. One is always tempted to underestimate these little dogs., especially like dogs. The Spitz needs clear announcements and rules, In summary: guidance from the teacher. He gladly accepts this. The Spitz immediately notices carelessness and inconsistency. With a little responsibility in their upbringing, that every owner should assume from the beginning, the Spitz will easily become a well-trained adult companion dog. After training, a Spitz can be trained very well in various dog sports. It is also very suitable for beginners.

Buy Mittelspitz

If you want to buy a puppy Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz), you should visit a breeder affiliated with the VDH (German Canine Federation). You can also find your Spitz or one of the mixes in the shelters.

Mittelspitz Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)
Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the large Spitz is also extremely robust and weather resistant.

Content

History

While the small and medium varieties of the German Spitz (Pomeranian, Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) and Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz), Keeshond) were more common among common people in the Middle Ages, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) , with its impressive and elegant shape, found its way into the homes of the noble and middle classes. The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) white enjoyed great popularity even among representatives of the English nobility. The “German Spitz” He was also able to make a name for himself in America and was kept mainly by German immigrants. In the course of the negative image of Germany after the 1st World War, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) was renamed as “American Eskimo

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) black, on the other hand, used to be more common in vineyards in Baden Württemberg. His excellent wakefulness instinct was a great help to the winegrowers in keeping off the grape thieves, both animals and humans, away from the valuable vines.

According to Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen e. V. (Society for the Conservation of Ancient and Endangered Breeds of Domestic Animals), to the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is considered today in danger of extinction. Over the years 2000 a 2002, for example, there was only 11 Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) blacks in Germany and 38 white dogs. To preserve this breed of enterprising and cheerful dogs, there are initiatives to mate the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) white and black with each other and to cross them with Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) and the Keeshond.

Physical characteristics

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is characterized by its special double layer. The long straight top layer looks very bushy due to the thick, padded undercoat and stays away from the body. Particularly striking is the strong horsehair fur collar and the bushy tail that curls over the back. The fox head with the agile eyes and the pointed ears, small and narrow give this Spitz its characteristic appearance.

With a shoulder height of up to 50 cm and a weight of 15-20 kg, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is the second largest representative of the German Spitz after the Keeshond. It is raised in black colors, White and Brown.

Males and females category “Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) ” they are very similar in weight and size. However, the males representing the breed mostly appear heavier and larger. This is due to the fact that their coat is slightly longer and therefore appears more voluminous than that of female dogs..

Character and skills

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) needs a lot of movement and exercise. Therefore, long walks and running games and slides should always be on the agenda. In addition, dog sports such as agility, obedience or tracking can bring additional variety to the dog's life and make optimal use of the breed.

Breed-specific character traits

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) He is very affectionate by nature and would like to accompany his family everywhere. Staying home alone does not suit them at all and can make dogs experience their grief intensely. As a rule, the more attention and affection a Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) , more comfortable feels. That's why they like to be with the family, since they also get along very well with children. But, of course, every four legged friend, no matter how sociable I am, he also needs his rest. It is important that all members of the family respect these phases, which are usually quite rare with the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) . Thanks to his kind and loving character, many representatives of this breed of dog are also suitable as therapy dogs.

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) it is also extremely robust and weather resistant. Due to its distinctive protective instinct, they are also considered ideal guardians for the house and yard. However, without proper training, can become a very barking dog. Through an appropriate workload for each species, good socialization and a consistent but loving upbringing, desirable behavior can be encouraged, namely, “don't bark”.

Grossespitz training

Get enough attention and feel well integrated into family life. As they have almost no hunting instinct, they are usually relatively easy to train and can be recommended for beginners. However, it is important to inform yourself widely about the breed and its requirements beforehand.

Like all the other spitz, to the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) likes to be in contact with children and loves to play with and protect them. Therefore, fits well in a lively little family, in which there is always something to do and much to discover.

So that the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) can exercise your favorite activity as a watchdog, the ideal would be to keep it in a house with a patio and garden. If the four-legged friend moves regularly and has mental problems, you can also consider keeping it in a city apartment, as long as there are enough opportunities for exercise nearby.

Grossespitz videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

German Spitz
Alemania FCI 97 - European Spitz

German Spitz

Your hair requires certain care, especially for exhibitions.

Content

History

The Spitz it is one of the oldest German domestic dog breeds, although its origins are not completely clear. There is evidence that dogs Spitz lived together with humans ago 4.000 years. Due to its wide diffusion as a guard dog on farms and in the homes of the petty bourgeoisie it also found its way into literature and painting..

Especially in rural areas, a German Spitz was ubiquitous in the old days as a house and garden dog. Smaller Spitz were popular as lap dogs with ladies.

The popularity of the Spitz decreased so much in the recent past that it was declared an endangered breed of pet in 2003.

Physical characteristics

All the German Spitz, regardless of size or color, form a family and should have similar characteristics and a typical lace look.

The Spitz impresses with his beautiful coat. The abundant undercoat and long top coat, straight and outstanding give them their unmistakable appearance. Particularly striking is the strongly mane-like collar around the neck and the bushy, furry tail., that is carried boldly on the back. The fox-like head with quick eyes and small, narrow pointed ears give the Spitz its characteristic disturbing expression. The body of the Spitz is square.

Measurements:

a) Wolfspitz / Keeshond : 49 cm ± 6 cm..
b) Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) : 46 cm ± 4 cm..
c) Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) : 34 cm ± 4 cm..
d) Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) : 26 cm ± 3 cm..
and) Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian : 20 cm ± 2 cm..
(are undesirable specimens measuring less than 18 cm.).

Weight

Any variation in the size of the German Spitz should have a corresponding variation in weight.

Character and skills

A German Spitz has a reputation for being a talkative. In fact, the dogs bark a lot; for a guard dog, making a sound is a desirable feature, that today cannot be reconciled with all the neighbors.

A natural distrust, along with incorruptibility and loyalty, is inherent to German Spitz. This makes it predestined to be a watchdog that patrols its territory and reports suspicious incidents.. A German Spitz reliably stands up for the things entrusted to it. When not on guard, a is a very friendly and affectionate dog, sometimes a little possessive, who follows his humans closely and enjoys being petted. A German Spitz is generally regarded as a child.

The education and attitude of the German Spitz

With cheerful romp and docility, a German Spitzn is a dog that absolutely needs a task. Find your place as a working watchdog, but also as a companion and family dog. With a lot of positive encouragement and loving consistency, breeding is not problematic and can also be managed if you have little experience with dogs.

For a German Spitz be respectful of animals, must be weather resistant: The Spitz it just feels really comfortable outdoors, either with sun, rain or snow. It is an ideal companion for runners, riders and cyclists. He is also an agility sports enthusiast. As the Spitz only has a weakly developed hunting instinct, does not tend to go its own way when outdoors and is easy to recover. It is less suitable for intensive accommodation, especially because he likes to bark a lot. Similar to the Poodle, the spitz is available in different sizes, from the Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian to Wolfspitz / Keeshond. The best known variant is the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) with a shoulder height of 34-38 cm and weighing up to 10 kg. Apart from its format, the types do not differ visually.

Caring for the German Spitz

Surprisingly, the fluffy coat of the Spitz does not require much grooming. The hair is dirt repellent, so an occasional brushing is enough. In addition, a German Spitz it is very clean and cleans itself. Also in terms of health, the Spitz they are quite robust dogs.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 4 European Spitz.

FCI standard German Spitz

German Spitz FCI German Spitz FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Deutscher Spitz (English).
    2. Spitz allemand (French).
    3. Deutsche Spitze (German).
    4. Deutsche Spitze (Portuguese).
    5. Spitz alemán (Spanish).

Photos

1- Szpic_miniatura at the national show in Rybnik – Stone to Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

German Spitz varieties

a) Wolfspitz / Keeshond.
b) Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) .
c) Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).
d) Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz).
and) Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian.

European Spitz

1 Keeshond

Keeshond

Even today the Keeshond is known for its faithfulness and loyalty.

Are Wolfsspitz and Keeshond identical?

This question repeatedly leads to

Read more

2 Pomeranian

Pomeranian

The Pomeranian very active, independent, Intelligent, brave and loyal.

The Pomeranian (Deutscher Spitz;, Pom-Dog or Deutscher Zwergspitz) is a dog

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3 Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the large Spitz is also extremely robust and weather resistant.

While the varieties

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4 Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

The Mittelspitz is by nature a bit like the old guard dog.

The Spitz, officially called “German Spitz“,

Read more

5 Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.

The little Spitz (Kleinspitz) is a variety of

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Leonberger
Alemania FCI 145 - Molosoides - Mountain

Leonberger

Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.

Content

History

The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, because it has been specifically bred according to the standard since 1846. The Leo It, therefore, one of the oldest dog breeds in modern breeding. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. Most other pedigree dogs have a long history and originated from ancient breeds of working dogs.

The Leonberger, However, it has a different and unique history. Between 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. Everywhere people wanted these big dogs and they were (and they are) really big dogs.

Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. So quite a few dog dealers from southwest Germany helped out. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Puppies that looked like a St. Bernard they were sold as such, but for the others there were at most a few potatoes from a farmer. The dog trade was – as it still is today – a lucrative business and some sold hundreds of puppies a year and got rich.

Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. He created a brand out of puppies that he couldn't market as St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Thus was born the Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. Also in the official world of dogs these hybrids went unnoticed for a long time. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, does not even mention the Leonhardiner in his two-volume work “The breeds of the dog” (Dog breeds) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

The Leonberger it should be a success in all respects. Today it belongs to the primitive rocks of the world of breed dogs, that no dog lover wants to miss. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, which still represents the Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, peaceful and totally suitable for families.

Physical characteristics

The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

“In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. It is characterized by a harmonious construction and a self-assured calm with a lively temperament. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. The shapes of his physique should be recognizable. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. During the study period, life expectancy had even decreased by 1,5 years in the last three decades. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 years would be normal. The breed has recognized these red flags and is now more focused on the health and extension of life expectancy for these large dogs..

Character and skills

The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

As a family dog, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion dog it is a nice companion, obedient and fearless in all life situations.

The strength of character required includes above all: self-confidence, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. His very high stimulus threshold as well as his stoic composure are the necessary counterpart to his enormous strength. These two poles thus characterize the nature of the Leonberger. Here and there is a stubborn thing. Only good persuasion and supplication will help, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, A fascinating dog!

Attitude

The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, a small apartment on the nth floor would not be for him. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefer the cold. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. In addition, You should have considered before buying what to do if the dog is sick and may need to be brought 80 kg or more. Last but not least, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Here one must be really responsible and look honestly in the mirror if all the conditions for a happy coexistence with the dogs are given. Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

Leonberger's Education

It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, the strap is just a symbol of control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Because that would cause the exact opposite of education and end in disaster..

Leonberger care

Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

Nutrition / Food

You need a lot of high quality food. A raised bowl is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. Always pay attention to the weight.

Leonberger Health

As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone tumor in dogs, it is also very common in the Leonberger.

Leonberge life expectancy

Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 a 9 years. The pup is working to regain the possible natural life of a healthy dog. It is accompanied here by a research project of the University of Veterinary Medicine of Hannover.

Buy a Leonberger

Buying a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to spend many wonderful years with this giant. If you are looking for a puppy, above all, make sure that dogs are not over-bred. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. You should see a breeder affiliated with the FCI Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

Leonberger images

Photos:

1 – Leonberger bitch by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

Leonberger Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 145
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Leonberger breed FCI standard

    LEONBERGER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Chien Leonberg (French).
      3. Leo (German).
      4. Leo (Portuguese).
      5. Leo (Spanish).

    Great Dane
    Alemania FCI 235 - Molossoid - Mastiff

    It is an expensive dog, that he eats in proportion to his size and that when he is young he needs some care

    Content

    History

    The Great Dane is the oldest modern breed of dog breeding in Germany. Since then it is considered by many as the Apollo among dogs – after the greek deity. And in fact, the Great Dane it is a dog with a special charm and unique and impressive charisma and elegance. The origin of this breed is only partially found in Germany. Already in the 16th century the Great Danes are said to have originated in England, as described in historical sources “crossing the mastiff with the Irish greyhounds”. The name “Dogge”, the old english word for dog, from which the current “Dog”, also talks about a line of British descent. However, this type of dog was raised in ancient times and was represented on stone tablets.

    Also on the European continent, old bull teethers regularly mated with greyhounds and hunting dogs, since these results of the crossings were perfectly adapted to the great hunts of the boar nobility, bears and wolves. Little by little, a breed of its own with molossi developed., Greyhound and some hunting dog blood. In 1867 the viennese cynologist Leopold Fitzinger distinguished three variants of Great Dane: the common mastiff, english and danish. Even today the great danes They are called “Great Dane” in some languages. Modern analyzes by geneticists confirm the views of ancient cynologists about ancestors, and even assign them to greyhounds instead of molossians.

    In 1888 the Club of the Great Dane In Berlin. It is the first and oldest pedigree dog breeding club in Germany. The Great Dane modern should now become a representative companion and protector. In addition, it should be even more elegant. So the standard was adapted to these ideas. It was possible to achieve an extremely elegant and harmonious blend of these very different origins. The Great Dane combines the elegance and speed of hounds with the power and carefreeness of the molossians.

    Physical characteristics

    The Great Dane it is an extremely large and powerful dog but at the same time very elegant and sensitive. A male dog reaches a height at the cross of 80 cm., often even more. Bitches are slightly smaller. The Great Dane has a unique charisma. The animal painter and dog connoisseur Richard Strebel already betrayed 1914 to the breeders of the Great Dane, the: “… they have created a dog that can be considered without exaggeration as the most successful in size, proportion, strength and graceful movement never created in dogs.” Unfortunately, this respect is not always shown in the breeding of Great Dane. Regardless of your health, are used for extreme breeding, the so-called gigantism, as well as for games with defective genes for rare fur colors; genes that can also cause serious illness.

    While around 1900 the height at the withers for males was 76 – 80 cm., the FCI standard valid today says “at least 80 cm.” without any clear upper limit. This allows the Great Dane reach the dubious honor of the world's largest dog. According to the Guinness Book of Records, this was the male Great Dane “Gibson” with 108 height cm. That was in August 2004. Gibson still reached an age of almost 7 years, but the last few years only in 3 legs. His record was expanded more and more.

    “Zeus” de Michigan / EE.UU. reached a height of 112 cm and died with just 5 years, supposedly already in old age – Dubious records at the expense of dog welfare. The Great Dane it's impressive enough even without those dubious extremes. Its sovereign and elegant appearance is also highlighted by its silky coat. It is a very short coat, which is close to the muscular body with a slight shine. Colors are yellow or black, blue, tabby or stained.

    • Hair: Satin.
    • Color:
    • – Griffon: yellow golden colour with black mask. The eyebrows and edges of the eyes must be black, While the ears and the tail may be clearer.
      – Striped: Fawn and black in a striped pattern.
      – Blue: Dark steel grey, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
      – Black: Jet Black pure, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
      – Harlequin: White with black patches. The great Dane is the only race which shows this color pattern on her coat.

    • Size: the minimum height for males is 80 cm and for the females of 72 cm.

    Character

    The Great Dane is often described as a gentle giant, but it is naturally protective when the situation requires it. He is loving and loves people, and those qualities should never be perverted by encouraging aggressive behavior.

    In terms of character and size the Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Belongs exclusively to the hands of experienced dog owners, who can and want to be fully involved with the animal. So there is no more inspiring companion than this dog. El Canciller del Reich Otto von Bismarck, who was accompanied by great Danes all his life, he openly admired the intelligence and abilities of his great danes and is said to have said: “I have great respect for my dog's knowledge of human nature – it is faster and more complete than me.”

    Great Danes love children, but they must learn to be nice to them. And a blow from that wagging tail will knock a little boy down, so it's important to monitor your interactions. These large dogs can also learn to get along with other pets., especially when they are raised with them.

    A fenced yard is necessary to prevent the Great Dane go for a walk alone. Not usually a jumper, so a two meter fence should be enough to keep it contained. Note that while adult Great Danes are quite calm, puppies are very active and enjoy digging in gardens..

    You would think that the Great Dane it is more suitable for outdoor life due to its huge size, but it's just the opposite. It should be an indoor dog that is part of the family. When that's the case, the Great Dane is loving, learns well and is easily trained. Left to his own fate, the amount of destruction it can do to your home and garden is beyond imagination.

    any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Great Dane, years “adolescence” they can start at six months and continue until the dog is about two years old.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. Don't wait until you are six months old to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

    The Great Dane perfect doesn't come fully formed out of the puppy box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and who have been well socialized since the puppy's young age.

    Great Dane attitude

    The maintenance of Great Dane it is very complex and expensive. Food in the required quality and quantity, possible veterinary and drug costs, direct and indirect transportation costs and more require a financially wealthy owner. Yes a Great Dane wants to sit on the couch, you need all the two-seater, at least. Furniture made of faux solid leather has proven its worth here. The Great Dane should not be kept in a small apartment, better is a house with a garden. The ideal would be to live in a rural area. Hectic urban centers are not the place where these big dogs feel comfortable. Also the dog and the owner often encounter rejection and even open hostility here. This must be considered.

    Scooby Doo

    Fiction has made it one of the best-known dogs for the general public. Scooby Doo character is a Great Dane.

    The Great Dane it is a big dog that wants to have a lot of movement. However, he is hardly ever seen on the street, although with 1.200 puppies a year ranks ninth on the VDH bestseller hit list (German Canine Federation), even before dog breeds like the Bernese Mountain Dog or the Chihuahua, they are seen much more often on the streets. Often these giants are only locked up once they are past their puppy age and - poorly socialized and educated.- can no longer be managed by the owner who is not familiar with dogs. The Great Dane not a kennel dog. He is basically a family dog ​​and wants and needs the loving connection with his human family. Is smart and responsive. One should not think about what to do if this big dog, at times of 90 kg, is sick and has to be loaded. Therefore, buying a Great Dane must be carefully considered.

    Great Dane Education

    The Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Its strength and potential danger require expert and loving socialization, education and guidance already in the puppies. It is sensitive and intelligent and does not forgive any mistake by the owner so quickly. She likes to be guided and educated, but not by any means of coercion. Many normal dog training aids do not work with the Great Dane, simply because it is too strong. In case of doubt, even the strongest man will not wear the leash. Due to overexploitation and breeding selection oriented unilaterally towards outward appearances, today there are, although extremely rare, specimens with idiopathic aggressiveness, which then represent practically insoluble problems for an education.

    Great Dane Health

    Great Danes also have a high incidence of cardiomyopathy, a disease of the heart muscle that causes an enlarged heart. This is very common in many giant dogs., and when it occurs late in life, can often be controlled with medication. Have your dog's heart checked at least once a year, and that any unusual murmurs or symptoms be investigated by a certified veterinary cardiologist. This condition can also be genetic., but currently available tests can only rule out the dog at the moment; a dog could rule out one day and develop heart disease the next day.

    Great Danes can also suffer from hip dysplasia, a crippling malformation of the hip socket that may require expensive surgery to repair and can result in painful arthritis later in life. Another genetic problem with an imperfect screening test, The best prevention for hip dysplasia at this time is to buy only a puppy whose parents have been tested with normal hips and who have very few close relatives with the disease.. Keep your dog slim, especially when young, can also help.

    Another painful bone disease is hypertrophic osteodystrophy., that occurs during the puppy's rapid growth phase. Ask Your Vet About Large Breed Puppy Foods. These diets are formulated to help puppies grow slowly., which can help prevent developmental orthopedic problems.

    Cancer is another major cause of death in the Great Dane, especially bone cancer. They are also prone to other skeletal problems, visual and neurological, both older and younger.
    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Great Dane with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Great Dane care

    The Great Dane has a short coat, thick and smooth. Falls moderately, in other words, more than you might think, but it requires little cleaning. Brush into Danish weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to keep hair and skin healthy. In spring and autumn, will have a heavy shed, known as “blow” coat and will need to be brushed more frequently during that time to get rid of all loose hair.

    Bathe Danish as you like or only when it gets dirty. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, you can bathe a dane weekly if you want without damaging his coat.

    The rest are basic care. Cut your toenails every few weeks. Long nails can catch on things and tear off. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth frequently for good dental health. To prevent ear infections, keep ears dry and clean, using a cleaning solution recommended by your vet.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Great Dane consume large amounts of food. At the same time, this food must be of a very high quality and must be selectively composed during the growth phase, which lasts up to two years. When it comes to eating, sometimes it is very rustic. Certainly not all, but some great danes don't have the best “Table Manners”. So it can occasionally happen that the dog, as well as the feeding place must be cleaned after eating. How to minimize the risk of stomach torsion in this predisposed breed through proper feeding management is very important.

    Life expectancy

    Life expectancy Great Dane has increased slightly from the extremely low level of 2004 with 6 years and 6 months to 7 years, according to British Kennel Club statistics. As a general rule: the bigger and more unusual the coat color, less will be the life expectancy. Already at the age of 8 years a Great Dane is officially considered an old man today. Without gigantism and healthy breeding you could have a life expectancy of 10 a 12 years.

    Great Dane Reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Great Dane” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Buy a Great Dane

    Only puppies from parents with a maximum height of 80 cm to the cross and have the colors yellow, striped, black, spotted. In addition, Care must be taken to avoid inbreeding to get a puppy Great Dane healthy. One should know how old the cubs' ancestors were. Those interested in dogs can find a Great Dane in one of the emergency initiatives for dogs and offer them a loving home. Maintaining Great Danes is very expensive. Acquisition costs can be negligible compared.

    Great Dane Images

    Photos:

    1 – Little Great Dane of 5 months, color negro by Eacampbell14 / CC BY-SA
    2 – 07 VICKY TRES MESES by https://flic.kr/ps/H4SaY
    3 – Great Dane by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-oqedh
    4 – Great Dane by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=34101&picture=perro-gran-danes
    5 – Great Dane dog Close-up portrait of a Great Dane Harlequin dog by public domain
    6 – Large size dog standing on woman wearing gray pullover hoodie on green open field at daytime by https://www.wallpaperflare.com/large-size-dog-standing-on-woman-wearing-gray-pullover-hoodie-on-green-open-field-at-daytime-wallpaper-zqizp

    Great Dane Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 235
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, doge type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • CKC
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Non-Sporting
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Great Dane breed

    GREAT DATA FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Boarhound, Apollo of Dogs, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Grand Danois (French).
      3. Ulmer Dogge, Englische Dogge, Dänische Dogge, Hatzrüde, Saupacker, Große Dogge (German).
      4. Grande dinamarquês, Alano tedesco (Portuguese).
      5. Dogo alemán, Alano alemán (Spanish).

    Boxer
    Alemania FCI 144 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Boxer

    The Boxer It is docile and boasts an unmatched loyalty with his family

    Content

    History of the BOXER

    The Boxer It is a breed of dogs work and company, medium-sized, of German origin. Obtained through the crossing of an Bullenbeisser and Bulldog.

    Most dog historians are in agreement that the Boxer has ancestors in dogs Bullenbeisser. The Bullenbeisser (or out of bulls) they were hunting dogs, used for the hunting of the pig, the wild boar and deer. Such expeditions for the hunting of wild animals used to cost several dogs life, the game was horrible and painful both people and dogs (not to mention for the wild boar). Some sources say that these huge medieval dogs had large teeth and erect ears, It would be used to hold the animal by the snout. It is likely that the hunters sever the ears of the way they do in some countries today, that this custom would seem consistent with the early practices of those times.

    In a more civilized and utilitarian path, the ancestors of the Boxer were frequently used as butchers dogs, due to its ability to hold to a bull and lead him toward his barn, If turned rebel. It is believed that the famous reputation of a so-called dog “Boxl”, used by a Berlin butcher is which gave the name to the race. The derivation of the word Boxer as the name for a purebred dog is ironic, Since the word “boxl” or “boxel” as translation, in essence, mestizo.

    Boxer physical characteristics

    Exist of varieties within the Boxer race:

    • The Griffon
    • The striped

    Their physical features include a strong head, lower jaw prognática, whose jaw pressure is generally 122 kg per square centimeter, snout with a characteristic black mask, traditionally farmers cut their ears so that they seem rather long and situated in high, dark brown eyes, Truffle wide and black, strong neck, rounded and muscular and well fat; chest wide and rooms well muscled hind.

    With animal protection laws has allowed the dog to submit without cutting of ears and the tail of these animals, but in the standard of beauty, It looks more the Boxer cut ears and tail. Flat and drooping ears on both sides of the head, give it a character “the eternal puppy”.

    The Boxer has a short coat, bright and smooth, Griffon or striped color (standard, black or red, though these colors are scarce). Sometimes it has white spots (collar, chest and gloves), Although the all-white Boxer has been considered as a genetic defect, While the initial progenitor (Meta Von Der Passage) was white.

    The height at the cross of males varies between the 57 and 63 centimeters. For females, the height at the cross must be between the 53 and 59 centimeters. The average weight of adult males is around the 30 kg, While that of females is around the 25 kg.

    Did You Know?

    White boxers are not albinos and their color is not the result of a genetic mutation. In bóxers, white is only one color. But white dogs tend to get sunburned and may have an increased risk of skin cancer.

    Boxer character and skills

    Due to its value, strength and agility, He was elected as police in Germany dog, used as a guide for the blind and dog of fire for his great sense of smell and bravery in major disasters. It is a faithful dog, intelligent and watchful, It is certainly one of the most complete dogs that exists. It is docile and boasts an unmatched loyalty with his family. However it is fierce and dominant and may attack other dogs with high speed (especially in males) When is one of their own attacked. They are very good for children, If you have one of 1 year two is the ideal time to fond with children and adults.

    For your good health and development, the Boxer Puppy needs enough exercise and a controlled diet. The amount of exercise and food depends on the age. The small puppy, before they are weaned and separated from their brothers, He plays with others until he tires, and all enroscan to rest. This exercise, with sufficient rest, It is essential for the growth of the puppies. As it grows, the Boxer needs exercise to keep in condition and develop his musculature. In addition to playing with different elements, as you can be a ball, It is essential to get the dog to walk on a daily basis.

    They are very appropriate as dogs of company, family and in dealing with children, In addition to good dogs work and sport, They also serve as guard. They are recommended by specialists to help people with psychological deficiencies, This is a clear proof of its docility.

    Their training is recommended at an early age, due to the Boxer are usually have a strong personality, making your workout more difficult when is adult. They are very playful, so do not like being locked, they prefer to be outdoors, why you must walk them often and do some exercise with them. They are also dogs with a great capacity for learning.

    White Boxer comments

    The Boxer are susceptible to tumors. Among its possible problems is also dysplasia. They suffer from epilepsy. Many of them tend to be sensitive of skin and some form of skin disease; allergic dermatitis is the most common.

    The white Boxer tend to be most susceptible to hereditary diseases, Since it is considered a failure of the crossing, These Boxer can not participate in any competition. The occurrence of these diseases is not high, and if this is added that the puppy will be purchased from a breeder, It provides all the certificates of health for their copies, much increases the chances of having a healthy animal.

    The Boxer white They are not as appreciated as brown or another color. Said that they are not entirely of pure-bred, but this is not true. These dogs are equal to each other, but in another color. Given that may suffer from various health problems, not appreciate them much, But if the dog does not have any problem is like any other. If you have a health problem we must not think that it is a dog mestizo or that it is not completely pure. In addition the Boxer White It is not accepted by the F.C.I.

    In the Boxer breed, white markings are produced by the semi-recesivo gene sw. The Golden or atigrados Boxer with white markings carry a single copy of sw. The white Boxer lead 2 copies of sw. (Note: the white Boxer are not albinos. Albinism is determined by a different gene and exemplary albinos, Unlike in the Boxer white, they completely lacking pigmentation).

    Unfortunately, the white color produced by the 2 copies of sw is associated with problems of deafness in a not inconsiderable percentage of cases. This type of deafness is set in the puppy in their first weeks of life, starting when the ear canal is still closed. The process is complex, but it can be summarized by saying that it occurs because of the absence of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) in the internal tissues of the ear. The color gold or striped Boxer does not present any problem of deafness.

    This type of deafness is not exclusive to the Boxer White, that is also produced in other breeds that are white for the same reason genetic (This is, the lead 2 copies of sw), for example the Dalmatian, White Bull Terrier and other.

    Boxer Ratings

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Boxer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Exercise Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Imágenes Boxer

    Vídeos Boxer

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossoid. Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds. / Section 2.1 –> Molossoid type Dogo. With working trial.
    • FCI 144
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI nomenclature of the Boxer breed
    • BOXER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. German Boxer, Deutscher Boxer (English).
      2. Boxer (French).
      3. Boxer, Deutsche Boxer (German).
      4. Boxer alemão (Portuguese).
      5. bóxer alemán (Spanish).

    Dachshund
    Germany FCI 148 - Dachshund

    Teckel

    Although it is kept as a companion dog, the Dachshund is still a passionate hunting dog, persistent, fine and agile nose.

    Content

    History

    The Dachshund he is a very special dog, not only for its unique appearance. Even today it remains a versatile hunting dog and of course a family dog.. It is probably the only small dog that is still regularly used for work. In times past it was called “Dachshund” and that is still their official breed name today. The specialty of Sausage dog, what hunters like to call it, is hunting.

    The Dachshund He was sent to the caves to take a badger from its burrow. He should not fear that great defensive marten that, After all, he could easily counter double his weight to the brave Dachshund in the battle. Even today the Dachshund are still used for hunting foxes and rabbits. In addition, proves himself in search and sweat work.

    Today, the Dachshund it is one of the most popular hunting dogs in Germany and in many other countries. And it is also one of the most popular companion dogs. Since primitive times, the low-breasted sausage has been bred as a hunting dog. They are already shown in the photos of the ancient Egyptians. As early as the Middle Ages, dogs were described and painted that look almost exactly like our own. dachshunds from today. Also the purposes were the same.

    The Dachshund It is one of the dog breeds that were and continue to be the most resistant and one of which for the longest time has been entrusted with a task at the service of man. With the rise of modern dog breeding, the modern Dachshund was born in germany. Already in 1888 the German Club of Dachshund. It is the oldest sausage breeding club and the second oldest purebred dog club in Germany..

    Dachshund normal
    Dachshund standard variety

    There are three varieties of Dachshunds according to the size that in turn are subdivided each one into three sub-varieties depending on the length of their fur:

    1 – Standard

    • a – Long-haired
    • b – Smooth-haired
    • c – Wire-haired

    Dachshund Miniature
    Miniature dachshund

    2 – Miniature

    • a – Long-haired
    • b – Smooth-haired
    • c – Wire-haired

    3 – Rabbit Dachshund

    • a – Long-haired
    • b – Smooth-haired
    • c – Wire-haired
    Rabbit Dachshund
    dachshund for rabbit hunting

    It is said that the spaniels were bred in the past by the long-haired dachshund, while the wire-haired dachshund had a terrier among its ancestors.

    What is your correct name: Teckel, Dachshund o Dackel?

    All three names are correct. The name “Dahshunt” (derived from badger), late middle ages, became “Dächsel” at the beginning of the 18th century, in the second half of that century in “Teckel” in northern Germany and later, towards the end of the 19th century – as a short tiny shape – “Dackel“.

    Physical characteristics

    The main external characteristic of the Dachshund it's his downfall, called chondrodystrophy. This chondrodystrophy is a mutation of the cartilage that, among other things, produces dwarfism in long bones. This has been established in ancient times and maybe even before that, since such dogs are very useful to humans. For example, both hunting and working in tight spaces. The humble character of Dachshund is combined with an elongated and slim body.

    The Dachshund breeds in two lines: as a hunting dog and as a companion dog. Lovers of dog shows also move in the line of companion dogs, where it's over and over again at the expense of the well-being and health of dogs, for example if dogs are bred too long and too short.

    The Standard dachshund has a chest circumference of more than 35 centimeters and weighs between four and nine kilograms. The Miniature dachshund have a circumference of 30 a 35 centimeters at the bust and weighing between three and four kilograms, the Rabbit Dachshund, about three kilograms in weight, but no less.

    Character and skills

    The Dachshund he is a hunting dog and has never been a lap dog. It is a small dog, very large. In the burrow, the Dachshund he is a persistent solitary hunter and must make decisions independently. A strong will, perseverance and great courage are other qualities that are required for hunting. These requirements have had a lasting effect on his character.. He's self-confident and sometimes stubborn, but contrary to popular opinion he is extremely well mannered and manageable. He is a true professional. His stubbornness makes up a good part of his special charm, that you not only have to accept but you like. He is friendly and not submissive, shows your opinion and is neither fearful nor aggressive. He also has a well-balanced temperament. Although it is kept as a companion dog, the Dachshund still a passionate hunting dog, persistent, fine and agile nose. Can be trained well – also for dog sports.

    Dachshund care

    The Dachshund has no special demands regarding its maintenance. He loves his humans, either in a small apartment or in the country with a large garden. However, you should never expect me to climb the stairs, at least not regularly. The Dachshund he is a hunter and a dog who enjoys nature. Regular excursions must be allowed, if possible daily, to the nature. Despite its short legs, the Dachshund has amazing resistance. It is always impressive to see with what zeal, speed and endurance this dog runs through nature. It is not unusual for him to accompany his master or carer when he runs, but this doesn't have to be the rule. Like a sturdy little dog, the Dachshund can be carried everywhere without problems. In a restaurant or hotel, he knows how to behave. The Dachshund it is an excellent family dog. Can be problematic with other pets due to their hunting instincts. This can be changed during the puppy stage if the dog gets used to it and is educated accordingly.

    Coat and muzzle should be checked daily. The coat should be brushed regularly. The Dachshund wire-haired needs to be trimmed.

    Dachshund education

    Despite his passion for hunting, the Dachshund is a dog for everyone, whether hunter or non-hunter. Contrary to popular opinion, he is a well trained dog. You just have to earn it as a partner consistently and with conviction and patience. Then he gives his proverbial trusting nature the warm “look of Dachshund“. Is never submissive; has strong self-confidence with a strong will of his own. This must be respected, even appreciated. Each Dachshund has its own individual character. It should not be misinterpreted as a lapdog, must be challenged and above all his individual personality must be accepted. It can then be coached and managed consistently on the basis of the bonds of friendship.. With a little commitment, this is also possible for a less experienced beginner.

    Typical Dachshund Diseases

    The Dachshund enjoy robust overall health. You just have to be careful that the dogs are not too small, too long, too light and not too short legs. Also show breeds, in which dogs are judged on their external appearance, should be considered with caution. The Dachshund occasionally suffers from paralysis of the Dachshund It is named. It is a special sliding disc, that has the same inherited causes as your lack of movement. In addition, diseases of the heart valves, rheumatic diseases and idiopathic epilepsy are more common. La endogamia, mating with extreme features like dwarf -exaggerated proportion (short legs, long back)- represents a considerable risk to health and dramatically shortens life expectancy.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Dachshund has no special nutritional requirements. For your general fitness, especially with regard to the risk of paralysis of the Dachshund, you must take care that it stays strong and slim.

    The life expectancy of the Dachshund

    The Dachshund belongs to the healthy breeds, vital and long-lived. This is because, among other things, for use as a professional hunting dog. He often reaches the age of 12 a 15 years without any problem, sometimes even more.

    Buy a Dachshund

    If you want to buy puppies, you should be the first to decide if you want to have a Dachshund as a hunting helper or as a family companion. You should only buy your Dachshund to a recognized local breeder. You can also look at the local animal shelter. Puppies usually cost between 1.000 and 1.500 EUR.

    Ratings of Dachshund

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dachshund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Dachshund

    Photos:

    1 – Dachshund standard straight hair by Katemil94 / CC BY-SA
    2 – A long-haired Dachshund puppy by Tam Tam from Shizuoka, JAPAN / CC BY-SA
    3 – A red and tan smooth haired Dachshund by Raven Underwood / CC BY
    4 – Dachshund in Cannes by Tiia Monto / CC BY-SA
    5 – A Wirehaired Dachshund Sleeping in the Sun by Jeuwre / CC BY-SA
    6 – Dachshund running in a green field by Dan Bennett / CC BY

    Videos of the Dachshund

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 148
    • Group 4: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Dachshunds. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 4 – Section 1 Dachshund.
    • AKC – Dachshund
    • ANKC – Dachshund
    • CKC – Dachshund
    • ​KC – Dachshund
    • NZKC – Dachshund
    • UKC – Dachshund

    FCI standard of the Dachshund breed

    Dachshund FCI Dachshund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Doxie, Wiener dog/hotdog, Sausage dog, weenie dog (English).
      2. chien-saucisse (French).
      3. Dackel, Teckel (German).
      4. Cachorro salsicha, Teckel (Portuguese).
      5. Perro vienesa, Perro longaniza, Perro salchicha (Spanish).

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