In Great Britain they are increasingly rare and in the rest of Europe they are disappearing.
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) is closely related to the Manchester Terrier. It was originally called Black and Tan Terrier and was usually even larger than current specimens. They deliberately mated with him Italian Sighthound and only the smallest dogs were used for breeding.
They were originally kept in London as rat catchers. Due to its size, they were often put in the pocket of a purse or coat, where they should protect themselves from pickpockets. In the time of Queen Victoria it was very popular as a lap dog.
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) he is a well balanced dog, elegant, compact, sharp and clean construction.
Has a body weight of about 3,6 kg. The height of his body is about 30 cm.. With this size, the English toy terrier It is one of the smallest representatives of the group of terriers. Therefore, falls in section 4 “Terriers enanos”.
This breed is characterized by a slim body. All four legs are straight and very delicate. However, at the same time, the representatives of these Terriers are sporty and muscular, so they can easily accompany you on long walks.
At first sight, the little dog's large, upright ears stick out. The dog's muzzle is long and reminiscent of larger terriers. The eyes of the English toy terrier they are alert and awake. All the Toy Terriers ingleses they have the hair pattern “black and tan”, what does black and tan mean. Most of the coat is black, but there are tan marks on some parts of the body. So the dog always has tan marks on his face and chest. The coat of a English toy terrier it's short and smooth.
Character and skills
Today the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) belongs to the rare breeds and there are only a few breeders. And that, although this little terrier can be kept well even in city apartments. He is very close to his family and continues to be a good guardian, but tends to bark a little. He usually gets along well with children and is a tireless playmate. The little terrier also gets along with other dogs.
To the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) loves long walks and ball games. It can even be a good companion for shorter and not too fast jogging rounds.
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) still show typical terrier characteristics. They are brave, testy, lively, alert and cheerful. They learn quickly, but they also need some consistency up front. They still have a hunting instinct, so from the beginning you must work to direct this instinct in an acceptable way.
Health and life expectancy
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) tend to be a bit nervous, but otherwise they are quite healthy dogs. They can come to live off 13 - 15 years.
Similar breeds and relatives
The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) es similar al Manchester Terrier, the Italian Sighthound, the German Pinscher and the Doberman.
English Toy Terrier Care
This little terrier has an easy-care coat that never really needs to be washed. Once your English Toy Terrier has been lying, you can wash it with clean water. You should only use a dog shampoo if it is very dirty. Too frequent use of shampoos destroys the natural protective layer of the coat, what can cause skin diseases.
Its English toy terrier he is a robust dog that does not normally need a jacket. In very cold temperatures it may be useful to protect your dog with a well-fitting jacket. Especially very small dogs are hypothermic when they are in the snow for a long period of time. The jacket should fit well and not get in the way of your dog when he runs and plays.
Check your teeth English Toy Terrier regularly. Tartar can form here, which in the long run can lead to painful inflammation of the teeth. Care, a soft dog toothbrush can be used for brushing. A toothpaste for dogs is harmless and usually tastes quite good to animals.. Make sure to accustom your English Toy Terrier slowly and gently to brushing its teeth.
The correct nutrition of the English Toy Terrier
The English toy terrier it is a very robust breed that gets along with most foods. Due to its small body size it is important to provide the English toy terrier of enough energy. To do this, for example, you can choose a type of food specially developed for small breeds. Small dogs have a higher energy turnover than large dogs. Another way of feeding is to give the dog fresh food or homemade food. Here too care must be taken to ensure sufficient calorie intake.
Feed your English toy terrier several times a day, since the small dog can only absorb small amounts. Although healthy dogs usually have good teeth, the food components should not be too large.
Because the English toy terrier he is an adorable dog, many people tend to pamper him. However, many human foods are not suitable for dogs. Therefore, their English toy terrier should only be fed with food scraps if it does not contain sugar or spices.
Suitable accessories for the English Toy Terrier
You don't need many accessories for your English toy terrier for everyday use. For food and water your dog needs at least two bowls. The water bowl should always be full and accessible to your dog.
As the Toy Terriers ingleses they are very delicate animals, you should buy a well fitted harness. It is also important to use a light lead line. Traction lines are less suitable if your dog has not yet learned not to pull on the leash. A good alternative is to use a lightweight traction strap, that gives your dog freedom of movement.
To the playful English toy terrier loves to learn. So you can do many sports with it which are also suitable for very small dogs. Dummies and other recovery toys are good for training. In addition, you English toy terrier will have a lot of fun with chew toys, that also support dental health.
Last but not least, but no less important, should provide your English toy terrier a comfortable dog bed. There are several dog beds, almost all of them suitable. Whether your terrier is allowed on the couch or in bed, you can also give him a dog blanket there.
It is very important that you secure your English toy terrier in the car. An adapter for the belt buckles can be attached to the harness. This prevents skipping while driving and reduces the risk to your dog in the event of an accident. An alternative is to accustom your dog to a transport box. You can also take him on the train in a transport box if he is used to it.
FCI breed standard "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"
FCI - English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
1. ETT, English toy terrier (English).
2. Toy terrier anglais noir et feu (French).
3. English Toy Terrier (German).
4. English Toy Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Terrier miniatura negro y fuego, English toy terrier, Toy Terrier inglés, TERRIER INGLÉS DE JUGUETE NEGRO Y FUEGO (Spanish).
The Japanese Terrier it hardly enjoys diffusion and is practically to discover.
In the middle of the Edo era, about 1700, a small dog appeared in Japan that looked a lot like the terrier type. It was the result of a cross between small Japanese dogs with English Fox Terrier Smooth, which was brought to the port of Nagasaki by Dutch sailors. At that time the port of Nagasaki was the only port open to western countries, especially the dutch. After several generations, some descendants of these dogs were bred as a type of Italian Greyhound.
Around 1900, al final de la era Meiji, some of the best of the aforementioned dogs were seen in the Kobe district and called “Terriers de Kobe”. His type was something between modern Fox Terrier Smooth and the modern Japanese Terrier. They were the first terriers to be bred in Japan. This “Kobe Terrier” and some of their ancestors were also called “Oyuki Terrier” and “Mikado Terrier” and it is said that they were lovingly cared for by locals and also by foreigners.
Around 1916 an ancestor of the Japanese Terrier in the Nada district, near Kobe, a so-called dog “KURO” (born in 1913 in Kobe), that means “black” in Japanese. This dog was a cross between a English toy terrier and Bull Terrier miniature, both imported from western countries. These pups were raised with dogs of the aforementioned Kobe Terrier. The result was a very short haired dog, thin and small of the Terrier type and was called Japanese Terrier (NIHON) since then. In those days, Osaka County's top breeders engaged in inbreeding and line breeding to consolidate appearance. Thanks to your efforts, the breed was firmly established in 1930.
In 1932 NIHON TERIA CLUB was founded under the presidency of Tamara KIKUJIRO. The Japanese Terrier it was ideal for city dog breeders and became fashionable.
In 1940, where cities were built everywhere and with these cities grew the demand for a smaller and more active dog than the large guard dogs, the Japanese Terrier became very popular. However, in all its history, this breed was twice threatened with extinction. The first time, during WWII and again, about 1948, due to loss of popularity among the Japanese, since other western races were more fashionable.
Although the Japanese Terrier was recognized by the F.C.I. (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 1964, this breed was practically unknown outside of Japan.
According to the documents, three basic lines of Japanese Terrier: “LANDMARK” (by Mr.. Nobuaki Shigematsu, Yamaguchi Prefecture), “APPLY” (by Mr.. Sumiko Amano, Hamamatsu City) and “TAMA TAKAHARA” (by Mr.. Jun Takahara, Such).
Around 1985, there was less than 50 bitches available for breeding throughout Japan. After the great efforts of some volunteers, who were aware of the need for immediate protection of the race, the number of dogs had reached about 400 breeding dogs after seven years.
Therefore, special mention must be made of the efforts of Mr.. Jun TAKAHARA, whose commitment made the Japanese Terrier was known beyond the borders of Japan.
The breed was not seen in European countries until 1991, when a couple of Japanese Terriers arrived in France at the request of Mrs.. Luisa González de Castejón. Their dog names were “Kuroyuri Maru de Tama Takahara” (male) and “Keshinome Brains de Tama Takahara” (female).
Another European breeder had also joined this adventure in the years 90: The Sr. Roberto Verde from Naples (Italy) he also owned three beautiful Japanese Terriers.
Time and time again there have been and still are some breeders who care for this breed, but unfortunately it was not possible to establish a stable population in Europe.
After 2 years of establishing contact with the Japanese breeder Mr.. Thoshihide OZAKI was able to import the FIRST Japanese Terrier the 4.11.2014 to AUSTRIA. “YODOGIMI de OZAKI FARM JP” Born 28.06.2014. This dog was registered with the Austrian Kennel Club (ÖHZB) con JAPT 1.
In order to create a breeding base, more dogs have been imported from Japan in recent years. In total 4 females were brought to Austria and two males (Ozaki Farm JP’s HIBIKI Swiss / 2017 & Ozaki Farm JP’s SHIN / 2018) were transferred to Switzerland. In 2017 the first Japanese Terrier.
It is a small dog, elegant in appearance, and a defined and compact configuration.
Shoulder height: 30 cm. – 33 cm.; Weight: a few 5 kg
Fur: Short (2mm) smooth, dense and glossy; the coat does not need any additional care;
Color: Head: Tricolor (fire and white); Body: Basic color white with small black or tan spots.
The breeders of the Japanese Terrier they are very demanding in terms of appearance and color markings, that are sometimes considered more important than your sports skills. The ideal colors and markings in a Japanese Terrier are the black, chocolate brown and beige: The head, ears and nose bone should be dark in color, black or chocolate brown. The muzzle to the nose and on each cheek and above each eye should be light brown. The lower jaw will be white. A clear “V” is visible on the neck. Occasionally there are also dark gray heads with light brown markings. However, this is considered to be the worst of the color variations. This is different with the deep black heads. This black color is allowed, because it reminds one of the old kobe dogs.
Character and skills
The Japanese Terrier not only is he a very intelligent puppy, but also mischievous and full of terrier temperament. Knowing him means loving him for his great sensitivity. Has a cheerful character and will participate in games with pleasure and joy. It is a one-man dog whose devotion flatters its owner. As an attentive house dog will warn of the approach of a stranger but without being aggressive. It is very easy to train and can learn all kinds of tricks. His greatest effort is to please his owner. As a sports partner he has great skills and innate instincts. Has an excellent sense of smell and good eyesight, but still has no hunting ambitions. It's never quarrelsome, She gets along well with other dogs, especially with his own race.
It is an independent puppy, whose characteristics make it a pleasant “partner”. It is suitable for young people, for both athletes and the young at heart. And one thing is especially important for the little terrier: snuggling with its owner.
Fitness: The Japanese Terrier it's a small dog, but still needs enough activity. It is the ideal companion for active people. Likes to learn and is therefore also suitable for mind games or dog sports that are suitable for small breeds.
It is a “perro faldero” in the positive sense. But that's only if you're tired of the many races!
With the kids:
The Japanese Terrier is very attached to his owners and enjoys a good snuggle. However, he is not a babysitter dog. As in all small dog breeds, small body size has advantages when traveling, but it becomes a disadvantage with – and I say it with affection – the clumsy hands of children. This means that when they have children, make sure children handle the dog with care. Offer the dog an area where he can retreat if he becomes too heavy for him. If this is observed, nothing stands in the way of positive cooperation.
Correct nutrition Japanese Terrier
Proper nutrition is extremely important to avoid diet-related diseases. It is important to have a balanced diet that suits your beloved. Due to its active nature, the Japanese Terrier has its own nutritional requirements. It is very agile, so you need to pay attention to a sufficient power supply.
High-quality whole foods are precisely tailored to your dog's nutritional needs. This ensures a supply of all the nutrients your dog needs.. High-quality prepared foods have the advantage that no feed additives are needed.
Terriers are often susceptible to allergies based on gluten-containing grains. In this case, you must ensure that the food contains other sources of carbohydrates. Rice or potatoes are a good alternative here. Food intolerance can lead to skin rashes, inflammation and digestive problems.
It is recommended to feed your terrier several times a day in small portions. After each feeding, a pause in digestion must be ensured. You should refrain from eating before planned sports activities.
Care Japanese Terrier
The coat of his Japanese Terrier it is extremely easy to care, since it only measures about 2 cm long. Don't lose much, but you will enjoy removing loose hairs with a silicone glove. Even dandruff can be removed and the blood circulation of the skin is stimulated.
Your terrier's hair doesn't grow too thick. Therefore, it is recommended to put on a coat during the cold months. If you stay outdoors for a longer period of time, protect your stomach and nose with sun milk.
When caring for your terrier's teeth, you should make sure not to feed him any food that contains sugar. These damage teeth, which in turn can lead to serious digestive problems.
The Japanese Terrier has a highly developed musculature, but its bone structure is quite fine. Therefore, the use of a dog harness is recommended instead of a collar. If you stay home alone for a while, chewing bones of an appropriate size can be used as a toy.
Characteristics "Japanese Terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Japanese Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
It is generally believed that Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is less excitable than other Terriers, although it takes action immediately when prompted.
The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier originates from the Irish east coast, in county wicklow, which is in the ravine (=Valle) the Imaal. From this rough and wild valley this very old breed got its name. It was first mentioned around 1575.
Like old farm dog, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier he had a very busy life and worked hard for his master. Their job was to catch rats and mice on farms and operate smaller work machines such as churns and shredders., where I had to run with leather straps. He also accompanied his master on the fox hunt, the Badger and Otter. He worked in silence and if necessary he fought to the death. Before it was banned in Ireland, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier also used in questionable dogfights. Of course, he was also the most loyal friend and guarded the house and the yard, never shied away from facing a much bigger and stronger opponent.
For its owner, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier was as important as his daily bread, although undemanding, frugal and tough enough to share the barren life of farmers. This harsh life brought with it a ruthless selection. Only the toughest and most frugal Terriers survived, what characterizes the breed until today.
The pedigree of Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it's an irish secret to this day. In Ireland itself, this Terrier has never been numerous and did not leave his ancestral home until 1980, when the owners preserved him as a true child of nature, marked by great courage, skill and endurance. In 1933 the breed was officially recognized by the Irish Kennel Club ( I.K.C.). The international recognition of the F.C.I. continued on 1981.
The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is small but strong and robust and weighs up to 16 kilograms with a maximum height at the withers of 36 centimeters. Its relatively small forward leaning ears are notable.. Its coat is medium length and consists of a rough top layer and a smooth bottom layer. It can be wheat colored, tabby blue or in different shades of red and gold. In the case of a dark colored coat, a black-blue mask is common, which can also show as stripes over the ears, along the back and tail, so these marks become clearly clearer with increasing age.
Character and skills
Today the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a gentle and docile family dog. Its balanced and faithful nature, as well as his average temperament make life with him very pleasant. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is very affectionate, always happy and in a good mood and preferably “in the middle”. Enjoy all the attention and care, but without demanding anything. Rather, follows her around with her alert gaze and once she has gained attention, shows his joy for it with strong tail blows. If the joy is particularly great, his temperament can also run away with him.
Children are welcome as playmates, if they show him the respect that he shows. Pets are accepted by him without problems when they get used to each other. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier she is always friendly with strangers, and with his contagious joy, her charm and her irresistible gaze quickly has all the sympathies on her side. After all, it is a terrier that radiates a lot of personality. He is open-minded and not afraid to learn new things. He likes to be everywhere with his nose. In general, everything that is new – Weird people, new environments, an object that has not been there before – it is very interesting and has to be examined very carefully. The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is a particularly attentive observer. Along with her charming nature and her desire to do everything right, is very adaptable and develops a very close relationship with his family. He likes to accompany them whenever possible. Like a very people-oriented terrier, I would defend them in an emergency, even to death. Feel more comfortable in your proximity.
What characterizes him Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is his great courage, his self-confidence and his intelligence above average. Sufficient workload and intellectual work are important to the intelligent four-legged friend. Enjoy almost all activities, be it sports with dogs, search games or learning tricks – is available for all kinds of fun.
Despite its short legs, it is very agile, due to his muscular physique, a small power. Its special features are its slightly curved front legs with the legs turned outwards, his big head and his pronounced chest. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a very balanced dog, that radiates great calm on the one hand, but on the other hand you are immediately ready for action and, if required, vigorously watches over and defends your home and family.
The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier – the little irish with a big heart
Like a silent working terrier it hardly barks. It is also less excitable than other terriers. Sometimes you can see the Irish stubbornness, but the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier not resentful. Due to its origin it does not tolerate heat very well, he likes harsh weather and when the wind blows around his nose. But if the chemistry is not correct, or if the other dog brazenly approaches him, you will receive the message – “Glen doesn't like your attitude”. Therefore, it is important to socialize with other dogs from the beginning and to have contact with many dogs of different ages.
Care “Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier”
Because the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier still very original and not over-bred, still a very healthy and robust breed. Its coat has a rough top coat with a smooth undercoat that needs to be trimmed. In all other respects, his self-cleaning coat is very easy to care for. Coat color is wheat or Brindle (Blue striped).
A consistent but loving upbringing makes the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier a faithful companion, nice and gentle, which is easy to handle.
Life expectancy “Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier”
The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is considered an original dog breed, that is in good health and robustness due to the absence of hereditary diseases caused by breeding. If maintained in a species-appropriate manner, will live an average of twelve years.
Images "Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier"
1 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
2 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – Adult w:Glen of Imaal Terrier by photo by Scoo / CC BY-SA
4 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
5 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
6 – Glen of Imaalinterrieri by Sami Kronqvist / CC BY-SA
Due to his easy training and physical abilities, the Brazilian terrier in Brazil it is used as a circus dog.
Although the Brazilian terrier was originally from Brazil, his ancestors did not come from South America, but mainly from Europe. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Brazilian youths studied at European universities, especially in England and France. It was not uncommon for them to come home married and their wives sometimes brought small terrier dogs with them. These were mixed with the native males and females, so a breed of dog developed, whose members looked different and literally strange.
By the way, the Brazilian terrier became familiar with the different living conditions in Brazil: At first families with their dogs lived in the countryside before being attracted to the big urban centers, that gradually developed. The Brazilian terrier used to serve primarily as a rat hunter. In the meantime, However, its field of application has been expanded: they are excellent guard and family dogs.
Selective breeding of this breed of dog, highly appreciated in Brazil but almost unknown in Europe, started around 1970. The Brazilian terrier was provisionally recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1995 and from 2007 is completely included as a breed in the catalog of the largest cynological organization in the world. Bears the standard number 341 and is in the group 3 (terriers), section 1 (Large and medium-sized terriers).
The Brazilian terrier is a dog's size medium, slim and harmonious construction. Its square body with rounded outer lines is firm but not too heavy. The weight of an adult animal is a maximum of eight to ten kilograms. This applies to both males and females, although the height at the withers is different in both: While reaching 35 - 40 centimeters in males, it's just 33 - 38 centimeters in females.
Interesting and unusual is that Brazilian terrier have different tail lengths from birth: From a rudimentary stump on a medium long tail to a full tail, you can find the most varied expressions. This characteristic characteristic of the breed gives the Brazilian terrier an individual appearance and does not detract from its charm, on the contrary.
The dog also owes its special charisma to the small folded ears, as well as the big round blue eyes, green, brown, Bluish gray or reddish brown with an open and lively look. The head seems very expressive. It has a triangular shape and is wide at the base. The face narrows noticeably from the widely spaced ears to the tip of the nose. Due to the relatively distinctive groove on the forehead, seems thoughtful.
The short coat, smooth, fine and tight dog feels very nice, a bit like the hair of a rat. No underwear. Especially soft areas are found on the head, the ears, the bottom of the neck and the inside of the front legs. As a rule, a Brazilian terrier it's tricolor. The basic color is always white. It is flanked by black marks, blue and / or brown red, they provide a distinctive pattern. Over and over you hear and read that the Brazilian terrier has strong similarities to Fox Terrier. This is undeniable, but there are visible differences: the Brazilian's muzzle is much shorter and the body contours appear more rounded, while the body of the Fox Terrier is more angular.
Character and skills
The character of Brazilian terrier can be described, justly, as little complicated. Their social behavior is once again much better than that of other types of terrier. For example, the stubbornness of Russel and I shake it off Fox Terrier are much less present in South America. He is very friendly with the people he meets and in relation to contact with their owners, one can use terms like “loving” and “Tender”. Also with other dogs the Brazilian terrier usually gets along smoothly.
Like your relatives in the terrier family, the Brazilian terrier it is extremely spirited, and therefore active and lively. You could also say: a real brazilian. As a result, need plenty of exercise. He loves to accompany runners and hikers and frolic with children., but is content with fun adventures in the park without complaining. But please, pay attention to the variety: The dog finds both pleasure in ball games and recovery. It moves freely and elegantly. Typical are the short and fast steps.
The Brazilian terrier is considered a smart dog – but of course this requires a certain amount of activity, not just outside, but also inside the house or the apartment. Its high level of attention and the fact that it is initially reserved towards strangers, his above average barking often qualifies him as a watchdog. It is also worth mentioning the dog's ability to empathize in almost any situation..
In short, It is an excellent dog for home and family or social, which can be easily trained with a successful mix of gentle and patient guidance. Canine sports enthusiast (agility, fly-ball). In addition, gets along very well with horses, making it an excellent companion for horse owners. Thanks to his pleasant character, the Brazilian terrier also suitable as a beginner dog for people who have had little or no experience of active dog ownership to date.
Considering its origin, the Brazilian terrier is naturally used to tropical temperatures. For this reason it is recommended to give up the breed if you live in very cold and rainy climates.
Care and health of the Brazilian Terrier
The maintenance of Brazilian terrier it's comparatively easy. This is mainly due to the short, smooth coat without undercoat. The dog hardly loses hair, so it is also suitable for allergy sufferers who have to do without the four-legged friends of other races for health reasons.
Talking about health:
Another positive aspect is that the Brazilian terrier they are particularly resistant to diseases and have a high life expectancy. On average, they live on 12 - 15 years. Only with respect to the ears is necessary caution: Dogs have what are known as slanted ears, which means that the ear canal is angled. This makes ventilation of the inner ear somewhat more difficult., which promotes the settlement of bacteria and fungi and significantly increases the probability of a dangerous ear infection. For this reason, the ears of the Brazilian terrier must be cleaned regularly and thoroughly. To do this, earlobes and special ear cleaners are used. These agents help loosen dirt and wax from the ear and, therefore, keep the quadruped healthy. Important: Never use cotton swabs. They would have a counterproductive effect.
The Slovak Cuvac it's a good watchdog, faithful and very brave, always ready to fight intruders, even if it's bears or wolves.
The white mountain dog breed group is derived from arctic-type wolves, whose survivors remained from the pre-glacial era in the mountainous areas of Europe, as far as freezing limits reached. These areas are the mountainous slopes of the North Caucasus, the balkans, especially the Rodope mountains, the Carpathians, especially the Tatra, the slopes to the north of Abruzzo and finally the Pyrenees. In these cold and humid regions the mountain dog was introduced, also accompanied by ancient flora and fauna, which were still discovered by the Swedish researcher Wahlenberg in Scandinavia.. We can find a similar relationship with Nordic pets, for example, in Tatra regions in the Carpathians where the Huzul horse has as its predecessor the Gudbrandstal horse; in the same way, the Slovak Cuvac has an analogy with the pomeranian sheepdog. Slovak alpine cowboy activity has a very old tradition.
The Slovak Cuvac along with the mountain sheep, the Huzul horse and the typical mountain inhabitants constitute the basic economic conditions to take advantage of the pastures in cattle breeding. The Slovak mountains mostly belonged to the free people who were not subject to the servitudes of the Middle Ages; the people protected the country's borders and their task was only to make sheep cheeses. His institution was called ″ Wallach Alliance ″ (Vallasky belt), based in Kaschau until the abolition of easements. The members of this military and pastoral group carried out their services in the pastures, always accompanied by the typical surveillance dog. Tatra that also appear in many images. The Slovak Cuvac has shown his skills as a good caregiver, guardian and companion, as well as guide the flocks of sheep, to the care of the cattle and also in the pastures of turkeys and other domestic animals, as well as guarding various objects. Also the clients of the thermal stations who visited the alpine cowboys and who came to buy cheeses and other products, they looked with pleasure at these puppies covered in dense hair and bought them, taking this breed to lower places where it was often considered a luxury breed for its unique appearance.
In the Polish Tatra region, where there is a similar breed of mountain dog called goral dog, exceptionally strong specimens were commonly called "Liptauer", indicating its Slovak origin. In this way, It is also limited from the topographical point of view the region of the breeding of the Slovak Cuvac white. The genealogical record of the Slovak Cuvac was started in Czechoslovakia more than 30 years by Professor Anton Hruza of the Veterinary Faculty of Brünn. The initial material came from the Liptovska Luzna region, kokava, Vychodna from Tatrach and the surrounding area of Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first hatchery was named ″ Ze zlaté studny ″ (from the golden well) and it was founded in Svitavy u Brna.
The calf in the Carpathians was called ″ z Hoverly ″ (the Hoverla). Since then, the Breeders Club of Slovak Cuvac is based in Bratislava where exact registrations are made and exhibitions are organized, judgments and powers that extend throughout the country. Other original bloodlines come from the Liptovské Hole regions, Velky Choc, buried, Martin, Jedlova and Jeseniky. The lines that have been extended further are Topas, career, Simba, Hrdos, Ibro, Cuvo, Ass, Dinar, Samko, Bojar, Olaf and others. Genetically the Slovak Cuvac can be characterized as a leuzistic mountain dog with a black muzzle, and to a lesser extent as a flavistico white dog with brown snout and lighter eyes. From the combination of the mentioned genetic types, in which the first is dominant, some variations in color tonality originate, pigmentation of the eyes, of the eyelids, of the muzzle, lips and mucosa. By means of a strict selection in the direction of the first type, judges and breeders achieved the rate required for the current standard and its stabilization within the hatchery area. The number of club members with bred and kennel dogs has reached as many as 200 in the last times. Since then, we have 800 live and registered dogs throughout the Republic. The quality of our upbringing of Slovak Cuvac it reflects, among other things, in the favorable judgment made in international exhibitions (Prague, Brno, Liberec, Bratislava, Leipzig among others) with intense foreign competition.
Shows the typical solid and solid appearance of mountain dogs. The bone is solid, the lively and vigilant temperament, fearless and attentive. The eyes are dark brown and oval. Ears are high and very mobile, of moderate length, hanging and almost attached to the head. The tail has a low implant and at rest descends to the hock. When the dog moves, he wears it curled on his back.
Hair: except for the head and limbs, where is shorter, the mantle constitutes a dense continuous covering without tufts in the tail and the haunches. The Mache have a marked mane. The subpelo, fine thick, it is completely covered by the hair and is less dense in summer.
Color: white. A yellowish blur at the end of the ears is supported but not desirable.
Size: males, of 62 - 70 cm.; females, of 59 - 65 cm..
Observations and tips
According to the tradition, only white individuals are selected to distinguish them at night from wild animals.
Character and skills
He is extremely faithful and brave and is always ready to face any harmful animal, still to wolves and bears. In order to differentiate it during the night from the wild beasts of the field, it is only bred in white color, this being an ancient tradition.
He is very affectionate with his owner.
Characteristics "Slovak Cuvac"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Slovak Cuvac" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Boston Terrier they are ready and friendly, mainly used as dogs of company.
history “Boston Terrier”
Unlike many ancient races, history Boston Terrier is well known and can be accurately tracked. In 19th century England, the popularity of bloodthirsty activities involving attack dogs led to the trend of crossing breeds Terrier and Bull to develop individuals who could excel in dogfighting and other rat bait contests (the activity consisting of placing rats in an enclosed area and betting on the time it takes for a dog to kill them all). At the end of the Decade of 1860, and Liverpool, a cross between a Bulldog and White English Terrier (an extinct breed of dog) spawned a strong, muscular dog named Judge.
The owner of Judge sold it to an American named William O'Brien, that brought him home to Boston. In 1870, O’Brien sold Judge to another bostonian, Robert C. Hooper. Judge, now known in the pedigree trees of the breed as “Hooper's Judge“, became the patriarch of the race Boston Terrier and in the common ancestor of almost all its representatives.
Judge had a good build and good posture, and weighed about 14 kg. It had a dark brown fur, a square, stocky head and a white stripe on the muzzle. Surprisingly, only raised once, with a white bitch of 9 kg call “Burnett’s Gyp” (o Kate). Kate belonged to Edward Burnett, who was based in Southboro, Massachusetts. From this union was born a male cub named Well’s Eph. As they count, it was not particularly attractive, but it had other characteristics that Hooper and his friends admired. This prompted them to start a breeding program with him at the center..
Well’s Eph he mated with a female named Tobin’s Kate, that weighed only 6 kilos and had a fairly short head. It was a golden tabby color and had a straight tail and three-quarters docked.. Their young are believed to have interbred with one or more French Bulldogs to create the base of the Boston Terrier that we know today.
However, this name did not yet exist at that time. For this reason, the multiple offspring of Eph they received different names, as Bullet Dogs, Bull-and-Terriers, American Terriers y Boston Bull Terriers.
In 1889, about thirty owners of these dogs formed the American Bull Terrier Club, deciding to use the term Bull Terrier to name your favorite dog, simply adding an adjective indicating its geographical origin. As expected, the lovers and owners of the Bull Terrier they strongly opposed this choice. Given the influence they had at that time with the American Kennel Club (AKC), enthusiasts Boston Bull Terrier they had no choice but to change the name of their association to Boston Terrier Club, in honor of the breed's birthplace.
Four years later, in 1893, the Boston Terrier became the first American-born dog breed to be recognized by the AKC. At the same time, was the first dog added by the organization to the group of non-sporting breeds.
In the early days, the color and markings of the dog's coat Boston Terrier they were not considered very important. The standard set by the club was very flexible regarding the appearance of the coats, so there was a great variety of appearances. After years of careful breeding to define a specific coat type, developed and standardized the Boston Terrier as we know it today. The characteristic marks, similar to the tuxedo, have become a hallmark of the breed, What has earned him the nickname of “american gentleman”.
In the early 20th century, the Boston Terrier achieved great popularity in the United States: was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1914, and in 1915 it was the most popular breed of dog in the country. It remained between 10 favorite dog breeds of Americans up to the decade of 1960. Today, although he has lost part of his pride, we keep finding it around the post 20 of the ranking established by the AKC based on the number of registrations in the organization.
Its international diffusion was greatly facilitated by its official recognition by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club. (KC) british in 1937 y por the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1955. Today, is recognized by leading national organizations around the world, including, of course, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).
Did You Know?
The Bill was exhibited at the Boston State Parliament and approved by the Assembly in 1979. The Boston Terrier was proclaimed mascot of the state by Edward King (the Governor, at that time that in his youth, had had a Boston Terrier).
The Boston Terrier presents a certain diversity in terms of size. Without actually talking about varieties in their own right, organizations that recognize race generally distinguish between 3 weight categories:
▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.
Whatever its size, they have a beautiful stature and a very proud appearance. In effect, is well proportioned and has a complexion muscular and robust, built around a broad chest and a short muscular back. The rump curved gives the body a boxy look without looking chunky. The tail it's short and short. Can be worn straight or with corkscrew.
The neck, slightly arched, it is elegant and leads to reasonably broad, sloping back shoulders. The Paws they are straight and muscular, with straight elbows. The hind legs they are solid and well muscled, ending in small and compact feet.
The head it is structured by a square skull and has a flat forehead. The facial skin It should be free of wrinkles. The ears they are big, pointed and erect. In the territories where it is allowed, sometimes they are surgically trimmed to help them stand upright or give them a defined shape. This practice, named otectomy, is prohibited in an increasing number of jurisdictions (for example, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec), unless there are medical reasons for it.
The eyes they are dark, large, round and very expressive, which gives this dog a particularly intelligent and friendly look. Some dogs have light blue eyes, with a single blue eye, and others even have both blue eyes. However, this particularity is usually accompanied by one or more health problems: Glaucoma, uveitis (inflammation of the uvea), deafness in one or both ears… As a result, are not recognized by the breed standard and are excluded from breeding.
The snout is short, square and wide, and ends in a flat black muzzle dominating a toothless jaw. The Boston Terrier It is one of the so-called breeds of dogs brachycephalic. Like all other brachycephalic dogs, the lower jaw is proportional to the rest of the body, but the upper one is much shorter, which gives the head a sunken look.
The fur of the Boston Terrier is short, bright and smooth. It has no undercoat, which partly explains its low molt and its low resistance to extreme temperatures. The distinctive white markings on the muzzle, between the eyes and on the chest they form a pattern similar to that of the tuxedo, hence the nickname of “american gentleman”. Although black and white fur is the best known and most common, the breed standards established by the most important organizations in the world also recognize the combination of brindle and white, as well as the seal and white (the seal is a color that looks black, but actually has a reddish glow visible only in sunlight or strong light). In addition to these official colors, specimens with smooth white fur can also be found, plain black, fawn and white, Blue and white, lilac and white, sand and white or brown and white.
Last but not least, the sexual dimorphism not very pronounced in this breed, although females are usually slightly thinner than males.
Size and weight
▷ Male size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Female size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight 7 – 11 Kg.
▷ Female weight 7 – 10 kg
The question of the possible varieties of Boston Terrier it is still a topic that is sometimes highly debated. Some breeders insist that there are Boston Terriers “standard”, on the one hand, and Boston Terriers “miniature” less than 6 kg, the minimum weight recognized by world organizations, for another. Others go further and say that there are also Boston Terriers “in years”.
However, most professionals, as well as the different reference organizations that recognize the breed, consider that there are no varieties within it. However, take into account the great diversity of the breed in terms of size, and classify their representatives in three weight categories:
▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.
This does not prevent some breeders from intentionally crossing Boston Terriers smaller and smaller to get miniature or even tiny dogs. The latter are still purebred, but they cannot be entered in a herd book and have a pedigree, because its size is smaller than that established by the breed standards. In fact, the Boston Terrier it's like any other race: dwarfism is synonymous with greater frailty and health problems.
Boston Terrier character and skills
The Boston Terrier combines the enthusiasm of their ancestors Terrier with the sweetness and good sense of their ancestors Bulldog. More of a rascal, has a certain sense of humor and likes to clown around. Loving, he likes to receive a lot of attention and be with his family, especially if that means being able to sit on your lap or share the bed or sofa. He gets very excited at first when he receives visitors, but he calms down quickly once he has been able to give them an enthusiastic welcome.
Has a special affinity with children, and its physical characteristics (small but robust) complete the image of a dog recommended for children. Having said that, just because you can let them play with him without fear of harm doesn't mean you should allow them to do anything and everything, especially since he may not stand being manipulated. Therefore, you have to teach them as soon as possible to treat it with respect. On the other hand, he may also unintentionally push younger children, carried away by his enthusiasm. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child.
Although it may bark when someone knocks on the door, the Boston not a good protector. In fact, they tend to be so kind to humans that they warmly greet anyone who enters the house, friends or strangers. In fact, although it is territorial, usually does not pose any problems with strangers; unless provoked, not aggressive at all.
In addition, although some representatives of the breed are especially active, it is by no means the general case. In general, the Boston Terrier need moderate exercise: the medium length walks, possibly supplemented with some play sessions (for example, with a ball) and that represent a cumulative duration of one hour a day, are more suitable than long sessions of vigorous exercise. Its small size, your need for moderate activity, its adaptability and low propensity to bark make it perfectly suited to living in an apartment. On the other hand, if you live in a house with a garden, it is necessary that the latter is properly secured and fenced in order to avoid that its curious nature does not push it to be interested in other animals or sources of distraction located outside. This will also protect him from other animals or people with bad intentions towards him..
On the other hand, when i come out, It must be worn with a leash and harness and not with a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems that your flattened face already predisposes to.
These morphological peculiarities also make, in periods of high temperatures, feel free to shorten your walks, but above all to avoid giving them in hot hours. In effect, its short snout considerably limits its cooling capacity and, Therefore, makes it especially sensitive to heat. On the other hand, its short coat makes it less tolerant of the cold. In other words, even if I live in a temperate climate, not made to spend most of the time outside: your place is at home, and this is all the more true since you need to be in contact with your family to be in a good head.
If you can have fun alone, especially if they leave him his favorite toys, he far prefers to do it with his family. In any case, a Boston Terrier well raised and socialized he is certainly sociable and is always willing to play if the opportunity presents itself, in need of a family that appreciates and seeks your company, but that does not require excessive attention or time. Easily adapts to its owner's schedules, although this does not mean that he likes to be alone for many hours. In fact, if your family is away most of the day, having him share your home with another little playmate is a great way to keep him from feeling lonely and developing behavior problems.
This is all the more true since their sociability does not only extend to human beings, but also other animals, starting with their congeners and cats, especially if you have gotten used to seeing them from a very young age, as part of their socialization. However, can quickly regain its hunting instincts when faced with a small rodent such as a rat or mouse: a possible coexistence with an animal of this type would have great possibilities of going wrong.
On the other hand, when he meets strange dogs, can be a lot less friendly, if not directly territorial and protective. The best way to avoid these types of problems is also to allow you to meet all kinds of colleagues from the first time you go out.
Last but not least, It should be noted that the Boston Terrier it's quite noisy. In fact, his short snout makes him sniff, drooling and snoring loudly. Some adopters may find this endearing., but for others it is reason enough to change their race.
The Boston Terrier it's pretty smart, but sometimes he's stubborn. Some specimens are very willing to please and are easily and quickly trained, which explains the popularity of the breed in certain dog sports. Other, However, are a bit more difficult and take a bit longer to train. This is true as soon as the dog learns to be tamed., what can lead up to 6 months with some dogs. In this context, it is highly recommended to use the dog cage indoors.
In any case, his sensitive temperament means that he does not take well harsh tones of voice and punishments. Both can be counterproductive to your education., as they can lead you to withdraw into yourself. On the other hand, thrives on gentle and continuous training through positive reinforcement.
For this reason, if you are stubborn and not really willing to pursue the education we are trying to give you, it is important to try to understand what can motivate you, enlisting the help of a dog trainer if necessary. Treats are usually the trick, But the use of praise and abuse or the use of a favorite toy can also be the trigger for the success of the training..
As with all dogs, socialization and education of the Boston Terrier must start at an early age. Meet lots of people (family, friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and accustom him to crossing with all kinds of other dogs, as well as representatives of other species, allows you to become a sociable and balanced adult. This reduces the risk of aggressive behavior or subsequent conflicts.
Despite a life expectancy of about 13 years, the Boston Terrier is prone to many health problems, some of which are related to subrachycephaly, namely, with the fact that his mouth is crushed.
This morphological peculiarity also implies that it is much more sensitive to heat than many of its congeners., like any dog with a short muzzle, are unable to breathe in and out large volumes of air, limiting its ability to cool down when the mercury rises The dog's risk of heat stroke, among others, is particularly pronounced and, therefore, it is important to avoid too intense or prolonged efforts during these periods.
On the other hand, his short coat is also afraid of the cold.
Apart from this pronounced sensitivity to extreme temperatures, the main risks to your health are:
respiratory problems caused by the shape of your mouth, some are mild, such as loud snoring or sobbing, but others can have serious consequences, and even fatal, such as airway obstruction or cardiac fatigue It should also be kept on a leash using a harness and not a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems, due to the pressure exerted;
eye problems like cataracts,corneal ulcers and glaucoma, again due to its flat face.In the case of juvenile cataracts, a genetic test allows breeders to identify dogs that carry the gene and exclude them from breeding;
heart murmur, a symptom that is often related to partial blockage of the heart tubes or valves;
the mega esophagus, a defect of the esophagus that prompts the dog to regurgitate its food;
the patellar dislocation, a problem that may be congenital or occur later in life, and is common to many small dogs. In milder cases, can be replaced by itself or with the help of the vet, but more severe cases require surgery;
skin allergies, including demodicosis (demodectic scabies), which can lead to itchy hair loss or scabbed lesions;
the deafness: 4 - 6% of the puppies Boston Terriers are deaf in one ear from birth, and some are completely deaf. This particularly affects people with blue eyes and / or whose fur contains a lot of white It is important to discover this affection when the dog is as young as possible, because it affects the education and socialization that should be provided;
hemivertebra, what is a failure in the development of the bones of the spine, is more common in dogs with corkscrew tails, some dogs with hemivertebrae remain asymptomatic throughout their lives, while in others the disease usually manifests itself as soon as they are small, for example, through impaired movement and lack of coordination in the hind legs. Sometimes, the disease progresses very quickly, to the point that the animal can be paralyzed within a few days, and surgery is usually the only treatment;
reverse sneezing, which can occur when the dog is overly excited or swallows his food too quickly Corresponds to a strange noise, snarling and snoring, usually not dangerous for the dog, but if the attacks become frequent, may be a sign of inflammation of the airways, presence of parasites in your nostrils or, more rarely, nasal polyps or a tumor.
In addition, the birth of bitches is often problematic in the Boston Terrier.Puppies' broad heads sometimes get stuck in the mother's narrow pelvis: cesarean section is often necessary Litters have an average of 3 or 4 Puppies.
On a completely different note, you should know that this dog is particularly prone to excess gas, even if it depends a lot on your diet.
He is also very gluttonous, so its owner must be careful not only to choose the food he gives him and the size of his portions, but also to allow you to exert yourself enough.Obesity is not a disease in itself, but it can cause the appearance or worsen various health problems, starting with joint problems or related to poor breathing capacity. Keeping your dog at a suitable weight is one of the best ways to provide good living conditions..
The short, soft coat of the Boston Terrier it is easy to care. Molts very little, so a weekly brushing is sufficient. However, when the fur sheds during the spring and fall seasons, the amount of dead hair is much higher, so you need to brush at least two more times.
On the other hand, its short fur does not get dirty and, Therefore, does not tend to emit bad odors. Therefore, it is seldom necessary to bathe your dog: unless it's especially dirty, once or twice a year is more than enough. Unless your dog is especially dirty, once or twice a year is enough. Bathing your dog too often will only dry out his coat and skin, causing them to lose their protective properties and can cause itching and even injuries. In any case, it is essential to use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, as it can cause these problems.
On the other hand, their eyes need regular care, as their size and prominence make them especially fragile. It is best to check daily for any discharge and clean it if necessary, but also make sure there are no signs of redness or irritation.
It may also be the occasion to brush your teeth, to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause (bad dog breath, diseases…). If it is difficult to maintain a daily frequency, two or three times a week is usually enough.
Regarding their ears, they must be checked every week to see if they are red or smell bad, what could be a sign of infection. You should take the opportunity to clean them to prevent infection.
In the majority of cases, the nails should be cut once or twice a month, since natural wear and tear is usually not enough. The first time, do not hesitate to ask a veterinarian or a groomer for help to know how to do it right.
Last but not least, it is important to take advantage of the grooming sessions to look for sores, rashes or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness or inflammation of the skin, in the nose, mouth and eyes, and on the feet. A thorough weekly review helps to identify potential health problems early. This is true of all dogs, but it is especially true for dogs like the Boston Terrier who are particularly prone to skin allergies.
Given that the Boston Terrier they can be gluttonous, it is especially important to be attentive when feeding them with products and quantities appropriate to their age, size and activity level.
Since you can be prone to excessive flatulence related to your diet, choosing high-quality products and trying to identify how your body reacts to different foods can be especially helpful in avoiding or reducing this problem.
In all cases, do not hesitate to use the experience of a veterinarian to make the right decisions in order to feed him in the best way.
This does not exempt you from weighing him regularly to make sure he is not overweight.. If required, reviewing your rations and activity level often remedies the problem. If that is not the case, it is necessary to go to the vet to rule out a possible disease and develop a more appropriate diet.
As with most dogs, it is better to divide your daily ration into two meals.
Last but not least, like all dogs, must have permanent access to fresh water.
When the Boston Terrier, at the end of the 19th century, it was used mostly in rat bait competitions (which consist of placing rats in an enclosed space and betting on the time it takes a dog to kill them all), but he was also very popular in dogfighting.
How blood sports were gradually banned in most countries, was able to become and became smaller and much friendlier for decades. In fact, nowadays it brings together many of the qualities of an ideal companion and house dog.
Thanks to their intelligence and strong desire to please their owners, they can also excel in certain dog sports, like agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.
Their friendly nature and desire to be close to people make them ideal therapy dogs..
How much can a "Boston Terrier"?
The price of a Boston Terrier puppy is between 1500 and 2000 EUR.
Whatever the country, the price depends in particular on the lineage from which the dog descends (and the possible distinctions received by their ancestors), the prestige of the kennel and, above all, of its intrinsic characteristics, namely, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, what it means, In addition, that within the same litter there may be quite significant price differences. On the other hand, there is no significant price difference between males and females.
Characteristics "Boston Terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Boston Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
1. Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boxwood, American Gentlemen (English).
2. Terrier de Boston, Boston Terrier (French).
3. Boston Terrier (German).
4. Boston Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Boston Bull Terrier (Spanish).
The Aussie (Australian Terrier) It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, classified in the section 2.
It is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence, loyalty and faithfulness.
Sometimes it might be dominant so that a good training from an early age would be the right thing.
The Australian Silky Terrier It is not appropriate to live with other smaller pets.
The Australian Silky Terrier is a native of Australia dog, Although the types and ancestral breeds were of Great Britain. The ancestors of the Australian Silky Terrier include the Yorkshire Terrier (originating in England and Scotland before being considered) and the Aussie (It descends from brought type wire-haired Terrier of Great Britain to Australia century 19), but the records do not indicate whether early dogs were simply Terrier Australian born with silky fur, or if there was an attempt to create a breed apart.
In accordance with the American Kennel Club, the race began at the end of the 19th century, being result of crosses between a Yorkshire Terrier and Aussie. At the beginning, "the race was known as"the Sydney silk”, that was mainly in the city of Sydney, Australia. Although most Australian breeds are listed as working dogs, Australian Silky Terrier, is considered to be, was raised - mainly- to be an urban pet and companion of the family, but also It is a breed known for killing snakes in Australia.
Until 1929, the Australian Terrier, the Silky Terrier Australian and the Yorkshire Terrier they were not clearly defined, in the same litter, could birth three dogs of breeds considered over time, different. According to the existing information, they were separated by the appearance in different types once they raised separately.
After 1932 in Australia, miscegenation was tweaking, and in 1955 the name of the race officially became Australian Silky Terrier. The breed was recognized by the national canine Council of Australia, in 1958 in the Toy group.
During and after World War II American soldiers who had been sent to Australia, return to United States, they brought with them several Australian Silky Terrier. Pictures in the newspapers of the time (1954), They show the soldiers, back to home wearing their pets Australian Silky Terrier, and this caused a rise in popularity to the race, and hundreds of Australian Silky Terrier were imported from Australia to the United States.
The American Kennel Club He acknowledged the race as the Silky Terrier in 1959, like the United Kennel Club ((UNITED STATES)UU.) in 1965, and the Canadian Kennel Club. The breed is recognized by all major canine clubs of the English speaking world, and internationally by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as breed number 236.
The Australian Silky Terrier is a Terrier, but is usually placed in the Group of dogs Toy type, instead of the Terrier group, due to its small size. The Federation Cynologique Internationale has a special section of the Terrier group that includes only the smaller dogs, While other canine clubs, place the breed in the Toy group, but universally everyone agrees that the breed type is Terrier.
His mantle's hair is grey, Griffon's soft texture and bluish, smooth and long. It requires constant maintenance and brushing. An Australian Silky Terrier should have approximately 23 - 25 cm to cross and weighs between 3.6 and 8 kg, Although the steps may vary between the different federations. It should be a little bit longer than that width (about one-fifth longer than the height at the cross).
Australian Silky Terrier, small, almond-shaped eyes. According to the rules, the eyes are considered to lack. The ears are small and erect. It has a tail of high adjustment and small feet, almost like a cat. The hair should be long. The hair on the face and ears is usually cut.
This breed must have with a Barber every three weeks and their teeth should be brushed. The Terrier are known to have problems with teeth and gums.
The layer of Silky Terrier is very susceptible to tangles and mats and requires daily brushing and the hairstyle. This breed requires a deep commitment to the owners. To keep the shiny fur, regular washing is necessary. The use of an avocado and oatmeal shampoo will help relieve the itching of the skin, characteristic of this breed dry.
Character and skills
The Silky Terrier has a very lively character and will bark at any stranger immediately. He is smart and also an excellent watchdog, announcing unwanted intruders with a squeaky bark.
Due to its small size, also suitable for an apartment in the city, but also appreciates extensive exercise in nature. He makes a very nice roommate and an excellent pet for everyone who likes a small dog with a big heart.
The Silky Terrier can bring much joy to the sick or the elderly, that can even be tied to the house, at least if the dog still gets proper exercise from relatives or good neighbors.
Like most other terriers, the Silkies they are very alert and anxious. Hunting instinct is generally well developed, so the dog should always have enough opportunity to move.
Because despite his pretty appearance he Silky Terrier it is not a lap dog, but a typical terrier that needs movement and family connection. He is a cheerful and uncomplicated companion dog, with a lot of temperament and joy of movement, but fortunately it is easy to train.
As the Silky Terrier also has a distinctive personality, a consistent and loving education is essential.
Australien Silky Terrier Education
Although the Silky Terrier australiano it's a miniature terrier, still has the typical terrier stubbornness. That is why you should show him a firm education. If this is practiced, the “Silky” will become a simple and obedient companion, but – can't get out of your skin – can also kill a rat or mouse from time to time. His intelligence can be promoted by brain work and he can also be taught little tricks.
Care and diseases Australien Silky Terrier
Although her hair doesn't shed much, the mantle of your Silky Terrier australiano needs a lot of care. Needs to be brushed daily to keep its long coat silky. But the straight and split hair makes brushing relatively easy, if you don't let it get tangled.
Seasonal dermatitis (inflammation of the skin caused mainly by malassezias), drug intolerance (glucocorticoids), cataract, urinary tract diseases (cystine stones).
Strictly Necessary Cookies
Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings.
If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again.