The Boykin Spaniel (Caniche de Pantano or Little Brown Dog) It is a breed of dog of medium size, was raised as a dog of water with for hunting wild turkeys in the Wateree River swamp of South Carolina, United States. It is the official dog of the State of South Carolina.
The Boykin Spaniel descends from hunting dogs bred in the century 20 in South Carolina, EE.UU. The dogs had to be sufficiently small for mounting on small boats used by hunters in the swamps, was that, L. Whitaker Boykin (1861-1932) experimented with different crosses races, and the dog resulting was the Boykin Spaniel, It is named.
Legend has it that Boykin started his breeding with a so-called dog program ” Dumpy “, a friend of Boykin was found in the streets and in the development of the race it is presumed that they were used for the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Springer Spaniel, the Cocker Spaniel, and the American Water Spaniel.
The area in which L. Whitaker Boykin had his kennel was around Camden, South Carolina, a tourist area, This led to his race was observed by tourists who began to buy copies and little by little the Boykin Spaniel breed was divided by United States.
The Boykin Spaniel society (BSS) was created in 1977 and began to keep a genealogical record in 1979. The el Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1985.
In the year 1990 a group of enthusiasts formed the Boykin Spaniel Club and the Boykin Spaniel Breeders Association in America for purpose of achieving recognition of the breed by AKC and accessing tests for water dogs hunting. This was first Boykin Spaniel organization formed and maintained a "code of ethics". In 2007, the headquarters of the Association of breeders of Boykin Spaniel in United States was recognized by the AKC as the official Kennel Club's breed. In December of 2009 the Boykin Spaniel officially became a registered breed of Spaniel.
The Boykin Spaniel society has a code of ethics for breeders, and sponsor events of trials of field and copies of this breed rescue. In addition to the AKC is also recognized by many Canine Clubs of minor or canine records companies, and in all entities it is promoted as a rare species of pet. But at the present time, the Boykin Spaniel is becoming one of the most common Spaniel in United States races.
The Boykin Spaniel is, slightly, largest that the English Cocker Spaniel, and much heavier due to his wide body. The height at the cross for the males is of 39,4 to 45,7 cm and weigh in 13,6 to 18,2 kg. Females are smaller than, measuring of 35,6 to 40,6 cm. to the cross and weigh in 11,4 to 15,9 kg. Although against the original form and function of the breed, some breeders trials have been conducted in order to increase its size to make them more competitive against other Retriever breeds. Buyers should be aware of the magnitude and the weight in the pedigree of the puppies before choosing a breeder if the size is a factor in the choice of your dog.
Traditionally, its tail was cut to three days of birth, leaving 1/3 its length, but these practices are already prohibited in many countries.
The eyes are bright and attractive. The color varies from bright Golden to a dark amber color. The puppies are born with blue eyes and little by little will take the color characteristic of the breed amber.
The color of the layer is formed by different shades of Brown, You can go the liver color chocolate. Within this range, any color is admitted.
The Boykin Spaniel, It is a dog of water which was raised to adapt to the moderate climate of Southeast United States, but its layer varies enough due to the number of ancestors that has… The length of the layer and its density varies widely due to the variety of races that make up the history Boykin Spaniel, for that reason, any type of layer is acceptable, being some of them very curly as the American Water Spaniel and others with very smooth fur as the Field Spaniel. The length is usually of 2.5 to 5.8 cm around the body. In addition all have fringes in the ears, chest and hind legs, where the density and hair length can vary. While the color of the layer is composed of various shades of Brown, It is possible that the dog a colorless Golden tone for the Red Sun above all in the ears and should not be penalized, If stands for competitions.
The maintenance of the mantle of the Boykin Spaniel is minimal, you just need brushing it often, and there are few and isolated hair cuts, give light form around the head and the top line is enough. Some people leave them to grow enough hair of the ears and that gives the impression that carried a bow as the Llewellin Setter. To the Boykin Spaniel are used for hunting or living in the countryside, often cropped them hair in the area of the belly and a little the skirt and should not be penalized, provided the proper length is maintained to protect the skin. Shave that area is somewhat improper because it can cause some layers of growth with excessive bleaching, discoloration or grayscale. Y, It could also damage the skin of the dog, post your protection.
The Boykin Spaniel is a versatile Hunter, working like a dog water and as a Hunter of mountain which can be hunted birds in flight, Although this is not the style of the hunting of Boykin. They can be used in driving deer or in tracking and monitoring of dams of wounds. Its small size makes them easy to carry in a canoe or a small boat, they often describe it as "the dog that not agitated waters". The Boykin Spaniel is recognized by the AKC.
Although the Boykin Spaniel is a dog who enjoys good health, There are common conditions with all breeds of dogs water and Retriever, they can suffer.
The Boykin Spaniel has a probability of the 37% born with hip dysplasia, According to the statistics of 2006. The disease is usually detected in the from 2 years of age. All breeders of perRos Boykin Spaniel should receive an evaluation and certification of the Orthopedic Foundation for animals (OFA), one of the steps of the assessment is done through x-ray only to the 4 months of age the puppy.
The race also has a high incidence of problems in the eyes and dislocation of the kneecap. Skin and hair problems exist and may be associated with disorders of the thyroid or endocrine. Cushing's disease and hypothyroidism are known in the breed.
Collapse induced by exercise (EIC) is a neuromuscular disease, that applies to the Labrador Retriever and closely related breeds, como ser el Chesapeake Bay Retriever y Curly Coated Retriever. In the year 2010 a research group led by Professor James Mickelson, Minnesota has been found responsible for mutation in the gene DNM1. In the same year, the research team in collaboration with the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation, they were identified on race Boykin Spaniel by the presence of collapse induced by exercise is several of its copies to, they were recorded in the OFA database.
At such news, the members of the Kennel Club of the Boykin Spaniel, They claimed a serious study of the race which resulted to 56% copies of Boykin Spaniel studied had one or two copies of the gene that causes the EIC. It was a devastating result because found is surprisingly high, the highest of all the races in which is currently studying for the disease.
The first symptoms of collapse induced by exercise (EIC) they are alterations in the March of the animal, rigidity in the limbs and tumbler screening walk. Sick animals show muscle weakness, and collapse to the 5-15 minutes after exercise. It is a disease which can go unnoticed stay for years if the animal is not subject to strong efforts or high stress.
A DNA test allows for the direct detection of the mutation responsible for. DNA analysis is independent of age of the animal and can be in puppies. Not only is it possible to differentiate between animals that have or not the mutation, but those healthy animals carriers may also be detected, What is of great importance for breeding.
There are also optional evidence of heart and elbow dysplasia. A CHIC certification does not mean that the dog has passed their evaluations and does not have any disease, but it is simply an indication that the owner finds health problems may have his Boykin Spaniel, or race that is.
Application of testing and responsible breeding may reduce the incidence of these problems, and purchasers of puppies, for added security, they should request these test results.
The Orthopedic Foundation for animals has been evaluated to 157 dog breeds between January of 1974 until December of 2009. The Boykin Spaniel is the thirteenth race worse rated for hip dysplasia by presenting a 34,8% of the affected copiess.
The Boykin Spaniel is a dog friendly and sociable that develops happily in a friendly atmosphere with many outdoor activities. It is easy to train and has always wanted to work. Is very stable and loving children and other dogs. It can sometimes be described as very energetic and with a great resistance that lasts throughout the day. They are highly adaptable to different environments, If you enjoy the social interaction and a lot of time to burn the excess energy being inside. This dog is very good with children, and with other dogs, they did not get angry easily and tend to be eager to please and love to their owners.
As with all dogs, the Boykin Spaniel they require daily exercise and regular care. As mentioned above, the cut of the layer on a regular basis is recommended especially if the dog is in the field, as the fur is soft it picks up Fox tails, Brambles and whole skewer it finds in its path. Y, Remember brushing it often to avoid the entanglements in long hair.
- Alternative names: Boykin / Swamp Poodle / LBD (Little Brown Dog)
Dogs breeds: Boykin Spaniel