Cimarrón uruguayo
Uruguay FCI 353 - Molossoid - Dogo

Cimarrón

The Cimarrón uruguayo also called Cimarrón dog or Creole cimarrón is the only breed developed entirely in Uruguayan territory.

Content

History

The Cimarrón uruguayo Bulldog is a dog type molosoide, medium-sized, compacta y fuerte, the fur can be striped or also bayo (cream-coloured) and snout black. His temperament is docile, cunning and guardian, ideal for guard, compañía o caza mayor. It is recognized as a race in Uruguay from 1989 and internationally by the Federation Cynologique Internationale – FCI, from the 21 in February of 2006.

Etymologically Cimarron is a term applied in America (originally on the island of Hispaniola) a todo lo que habiendo sido doméstico o civilizado se volvía al estado salvaje o silvestre, by referring in this case to their refuge in the heights (Indeed in the mountains and valleys hidden) Sierras, con lo cual cimarrón sería “who lives in the tops or hidden in them”.

Los ejemplares originales del perro cimarrón descendían de los canes introducidos por los conquistadores españoles y portugueses.
The natural crosses that were taking place in the wild is that it evolved in the course of two centuries a native variety perfectly adapted to the environment of the Uruguayan Plains.

«Dígale a su amo que cuando me falten hombres para combatir a sus secuaces, los he de pelear con perros Cimarrones»: José Gervasio Artigas to the Gral. Carlos Federico Lecor.

La raza canina llamada perro Cimarrón o cimarrón criollo es la única raza desarrollada íntegramente en territorio uruguayo.

Non-domestic dogs in the world, ya sea especies originales o razas producidas por el asilvestramiento de razas domésticas que volvieron al medio natural y lograron readaptarse al mismo muestran un desarrollo físico totalmente distinto a ésta, so it is highly arguable that this breed produced in the Uruguay as a supposed model maroons dogs mentioned in ancient chronicles and documents reflect the natural demeanor of those. All wild dogs of the world, by what is known as “convergence” evolutionary level they have long legs, erect ears, slender body, exceptions that occur in extreme climates (enormous ears of certain dogs of African deserts or small ears of Arctic foxes).

Hay crónicas detalladas de ataques por parte de jaurías de estos perros a caravanas y personas, that led to the authorities of the time (end of the 18th century) they already have and encourage major massacres, reaching count by tens of thousands dead dogs.

Each dead animal was paid by the authorities of the time, requiring proof of death presented the jaw or the pair of ears of the animal. De esta práctica derivaría el característico corte de oreja que se realiza a muchas crías recién nacidas, in the form of “ear of puma”.

Despite these massacres, «…un buen número de madres con su prole ganaron los montes del Olimar y sobre todo en la sierra de Otazo y en los Cerros Largos», in what is now known as departments of Cerro Largo and Treinta y Tres, where many ranchers and landowners in this place, they took advantage of the virtues of this breed for working with cattle and defense of his property, beginning to raise it, preserving the mixing.

Los rastros modernos de la raza comienzan a hacerse más públicos a comienzo de la década de 1980, When numerous breeders of Montevideo, atraídos por las notables características algunos ejemplares, they begin to develop their parenting and standardization.

It is in 1989 When this work begins to pay its fruits, to being the Cimarrón Uruguayo officially recognized by the Association of the Rural Uruguay (A.R.U.) and the Kennel Club Uruguayo (K.C.U.), 20 years after the first exposure of a specimen of the breed in the K.C.U.
Se crea así la Asociación de Criadores de Cimarrones Uruguayos y junto al K.C.U. It prepares the official roll of the race, seleccionándose los perros base de la misma y registrándose sus crías, siendo por primera vez tatuados con este número de registro.

Hoy día los atributos de carácter de esta raza llamada Cimarrón They make it increasingly popular in Uruguay and region, siendo empleada como perro de compañía, Guard and hunting, en especial la del jabalí.

Physical characteristics

The Cimarrón Bulldog is a dog of medium size type, balanced, strong, compact, with good osatura, muscular, shrewd and great courage. The size and weight of the males is of 58 a 61 cm. of height and 38 a 45 weight kg. Y de 55 a 58 cm. of height and 33 a 40 weight kg, in females.

Character and skills

It is excellent to work with cattle dog, hunting and guard. Predominant livestock activity of these lands and the consequent abundance of food without great competition with other natural predators, el cimarrón se reprodujo en gran número convirtiéndosesegún documentos históricosen una verdadera plaga y azote para los habitantes de la campaña y la ganadería.

This race since its standardization has attracted a growing interest both within the Uruguay border, habiendo ejemplares de este perro en diversos países de América, from United States to Argentina, contando este último país con varios criadores de Cimarrón Uruguayo.
Otro de los pasos logrados para el perfeccionamiento genético de la raza llamada Cimarrón Uruguayo es la suscripción de un acuerdo entre la Universidad de la República Oriental del Uruguay, through its Faculty of veterinary medicine with the Maroons breeders society for the study of the zootechnical status and consanguinity of the exemplary enrolled in their rolls.

This long process of standardization was crowned the 21 in February of 2006 When the International Bureau of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) gives international recognition to the Uruguayan Cimarron.

The breed standard states that the dog must have great courage. Like all large dogs, Cimarron Uruguayo should be well socialized when very young if you want to be kept as a companion. It is a very friendly dog ​​with children and other animals.

Cimarron Uruguayo is sometimes used for surveillance, hunting and all dog sports in his native Uruguay. Being a very intelligent dog has been used for all kinds of jobs, as rescue or grazing.

A dog is fairly quiet and stable, rarely bark unless the threat is real.

The primitive Cimarrón dog, by its roots in the Uruguayan territory, ha sido desde los comienzos mismos de la identidad nacional de este pueblo un símbolo de la lucha independentista, faithfully reflected in the letter sent by General José Gervasio Artigas in response to General Carlos Federico Lecor, Count of la Laguna and Governor of the Provincia Cisplatina (current Uruguay) in which Artigas expressed that if it was left without soldiers to fight, lo haría con los Cimarron dog.

Es por esta tradición que esta raza es actualmente símbolo y mascota del Ejército Nacional del Uruguay, having a preferential place in the annual military parades of the 18 July. On this occasion, a soldier of the battalion of Blandengues (la compañía que en su momento supo liderar el mismo Artigas) He rides leading the parade carried a Moorish Steed without along rider which is a sheep dog by the flange.

Images "Cimarrón uruguayo"

credits:

1. Cimarron Uruguayo – Kennel La Bonfire by Leonardo Botião Fonseca / CC BY-SA
2. Cimarron Uruguayo by brindle / CC BY-SA
3. The Finnish Winner Show, Helsinki, 2015. By Thomas / CC BY-SA
4. Nbistolfi / CC BY-SA

Videos "Cimarrón uruguayo"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 353
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type. Without working trial.

Federations:

FCI , UKC

FCI standard of the breed "Cimarrón uruguayo"

FCIFCI - Cimarrón uruguayo
Cimarrón

Alternative names:

    1. Cimarron, Uruguayan Cimarron, Cimarron Creole, Maroon Dog, Cerro Largo Dog, Perro Cimarron, Cimarron Dog (English).
    2. Cimarrón uruguayo (French).
    3. Cimarrón Uruguayo (German).
    4. Cimarron uruguaio (Portuguese).
    5. Perro Gaucho, Perro criollo, Cimarrón (español).
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