Cimarrón uruguayo
Uruguay FCI 353 - Molossoid - Dogo


The Cimarrón uruguayo Also called the Cimarrón dog or cimarrón criollo, it is the only breed fully developed in Uruguayan territory..



The Cimarrón uruguayo Bulldog is a dog type molosoide, medium-sized, Compact and strong, the fur can be striped or also bayo (cream-coloured) and snout black. His temperament is docile, cunning and guardian, ideal for guard, company or hunting. It is recognized as a race in Uruguay from 1989 and internationally by the Federation Cynologique Internationale – FCI, from the 21 in February of 2006.

Etymologically Cimarron is a term applied in America (originally on the island of Hispaniola) everything having been domestic or civilized he returned to the wild or wild state, by referring in this case to their refuge in the heights (Indeed in the mountains and valleys hidden) Sierras, with making sheep would be “who lives in the tops or hidden in them”.

The original copies of the feral dog descended from dogs brought by the Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors.
The natural crosses that were taking place in the wild is that it evolved in the course of two centuries a native variety perfectly adapted to the environment of the Uruguayan Plains.

«Tell his master that when me missing men to fight his minions», «them I have to fight with runaway dogs»: José Gervasio Artigas to the Gral. Carlos Federico Lecor.

The breed of dog called dog Cimarron, Cimarron Creole is the only race entirely developed in Uruguayan territory.

Non-domestic dogs in the world, original species or breeds produced by the asilvestramiento of domestic races returned to the natural environment and managed to readjust to the same show a completely different to this physical development, so it is highly arguable that this breed produced in the Uruguay as a supposed model maroons dogs mentioned in ancient chronicles and documents reflect the natural demeanor of those. All wild dogs of the world, by what is known as “convergence” evolutionary level they have long legs, erect ears, slender body, exceptions that occur in extreme climates (enormous ears of certain dogs of African deserts or small ears of Arctic foxes).

There are detailed Chronicles of attacks by packs of these dogs to caravans and people, that led to the authorities of the time (end of the 18th century) they already have and encourage major massacres, reaching count by tens of thousands dead dogs.

Each dead animal was paid by the authorities of the time, requiring proof of death presented the jaw or the pair of ears of the animal. This practice it would lead to characteristic cutting ear performed many newborn calves, in the form of “ear of puma”.

Despite these massacres, «…a good number of mothers with his offspring won the mountains of the Olimar and especially in the sierra de Otazo and long hills», in what is now known as departments of Cerro Largo and Treinta y Tres, where many ranchers and landowners in this place, they took advantage of the virtues of this breed for working with cattle and defense of his property, beginning to raise it, preserving the mixing.

Modern traces of the race start to become more public in the early of 1980, When numerous breeders of Montevideo, attracted by the notable features some exemplary, they begin to develop their parenting and standardization.

It is in 1989 When this work begins to pay its fruits, to being the Cimarrón Uruguayo officially recognized by the Association of the Rural Uruguay (A.R.U.) and the Kennel Club Uruguayo (K.C.U.), 20 years after the first exposure of a specimen of the breed in the K.C.U.
It thus creates the Association of breeders of Maroons Uruguayans and next to the K.C.U. It prepares the official roll of the race, selecting the dogs the same base and registering their offspring, being tattooed with this registration number first.

Today the attributes of character of this race called Cimarron They make it increasingly popular in Uruguay and region, to be used as a companion dog, Guard and hunting, in particular that of the boar.

Physical characteristics

The Cimarron Bulldog is a dog of medium size type, balanced, strong, compact, with good osatura, muscular, shrewd and great courage. The size and weight of the males is of 58 - 61 cm. of height and 38 - 45 weight kg. And 55 - 58 cm. of height and 33 - 40 weight kg, in females.

Character and skills

It is excellent to work with cattle dog, hunting and guard. Predominant livestock activity of these lands and the consequent abundance of food without great competition with other natural predators, the Cimarron was reproduced in large numbers making it – According to historical documents – in a real pest and scourge for the inhabitants of the campaign and the livestock.

This race since its standardization has attracted a growing interest both within the Uruguay border, having copies of this dog in America, from United States to Argentina, with the latter several breeders of Cimarrón Uruguayo.
One of the steps made in the genetic improvement of so-called race Cimarrón Uruguayo is the signing of an agreement between the University of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay, through its Faculty of veterinary medicine with the Maroons breeders society for the study of the zootechnical status and consanguinity of the exemplary enrolled in their rolls.

This long process of standardization was crowned the 21 in February of 2006 When the International Bureau of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) gives international recognition to the Uruguayan Cimarron.

The breed standard states that the dog must have great courage. Like all large dogs, Cimarron Uruguayo should be well socialized when very young if you want to be kept as a companion. It is a very friendly dog ​​with children and other animals.

Cimarron Uruguayo is sometimes used for surveillance, hunting and all dog sports in his native Uruguay. Being a very intelligent dog has been used for all kinds of jobs, as rescue or grazing.

A dog is fairly quiet and stable, rarely bark unless the threat is real.

The primitive Cimarrón dog, by its roots in the Uruguayan territory, It has been a symbol of the independence struggle from the same beginning of the national identity of this town, faithfully reflected in the letter sent by General José Gervasio Artigas in response to General Carlos Federico Lecor, Count of la Laguna and Governor of the Provincia Cisplatina (current Uruguay) in which Artigas expressed that if it was left without soldiers to fight, I would do it with the Cimarron dog.

Is this tradition that this breed is now symbol and mascot of the national Uruguay army, having a preferential place in the annual military parades of the 18 July. On this occasion, a soldier of the battalion of Blandengues (the company at the time knew how to lead the same Artigas) He rides leading the parade carried a Moorish Steed without along rider which is a sheep dog by the flange.

Images "Cimarrón uruguayo"


1. Cimarron Uruguayo – Kennel La Bonfire by Leonardo Fonseca Botião / CC BY-SA
2. Cimarron Uruguayo by brindle / CC BY-SA
3. The Finnish Winner Show, Helsinki, 2015. By Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
4. Nbistolfi / CC BY-SA

Videos "Cimarrón uruguayo"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossian breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle
  • Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type. Without working trial.



FCI breed standard "Cimarrón uruguayo"

FCIFCI - Cimarrón uruguayo

Alternative names:

    1. Cimarron, Uruguayan Cimarron, Cimarron Creole, Maroon Dog, Cerro Largo Dog, Perro Cimarron, Cimarron Dog (English).
    2. Cimarrón uruguayo (French).
    3. Cimarrón Uruguayo (German).
    4. Cimarron uruguaio (Portuguese).
    5. Perro Gaucho, Perro criollo, Cimarrón (Spanish).
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