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Majorca Mastiff (Majorcan mastiff dog)
España FCI 249 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Majorca Mastiff is a gentle dog, extremely affectionate with their owners, faithful to his master

Ca de Bou

Content

Characteristics "Majorca Mastiff (Majorcan mastiff dog)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Majorca Mastiff (Majorcan mastiff dog)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The Majorcan mastiff dog, also known as Majorca Mastiff in Catalan or Perro de presa mallorquín in Spanish, is a fairly old dog whose history remains unclear.

It is believed to have originated from a number of races, especially the Spanish Mastiff and the Alano, that crossed over the centuries.

The result of these crosses came to Mallorca in the thirteenth century, specifically in 1229, during the conquest of the island by King James I of Aragon. Some of these dogs remained there and were bred with local dogs.. The resulting individuals turned out to be much less sensitive to heat and adapted very well to local conditions. They began to be used by the local population to monitor houses and livestock.

It was also in the thirteenth century when the butchers of the island found in the dog an assistant for his ability to control livestock, especially bulls, before and during their sacrifice. In fact, his powerful jaw made him able to keep them immobile by holding them firmly by the nose.

At the same time, it was also used by the Knights of Malta in battle and to guard the camps. It also, he was unrivaled in his ability to breach enemy camps, which greatly facilitated the assaults.

In 1713 the Treaties of Utrecht are ratified, which put the island of Mallorca under British rule. The English then introduced their own guard and fighting dogs in the Balearic Islands. Mallorcan dogs were bred with the Bulldog, and the result of these crosses was called “Majorca Mastiff”, which is a translation of the English word “Bulldog” (“bull” means bull) in Catalan. This name reflects the main use given to it. In fact, at the beginning of the 18th century, the bull-baiting, show in which a pack of dogs had to kill a bull, it was widespread and very popular in England, and the English did not stop importing it to Mallorca.

The Majorca Mastiff they also began to hunt wild boar and deer. It was also used for many years as a watchdog on ships, especially in case of pirate attacks, and sometimes you ate when there was nothing to eat.

Following the ban on bull hunting in 1835, was limited to two main functions: watchdog and hunter.

An eventful twentieth century

In the early 20th century, the Majorcan mastiff dog became better known. The first written record of the breed dates from 1907.

In 1923, the first representative of the breed was inscribed in the Spanish studbook. One year later, in Barcelona, made his first appearance at a dog show.

But, its development was greatly hampered by the famines of the decades of 1920 and 1930. Then, like many other breeds, was affected by World War II. Its population declined considerably throughout the period.

However, in 1946 a breed standard was developed, but it was not recognized by the International Cynological Federation (FCI) until about twenty years later, in 1963. But, by then there were probably no more left Majorca Mastiff pure. It also, the interest of breeders and individuals had largely shifted to other breeds that were expanding rapidly at the time, as the Great Dane, the German Shepherd and the Rottweiler.

In the Decade of 1980, the Majorca Mastiff, as it was known after the war, actually ceased to exist, especially due to the numerous crosses with Mallorcan sheepdogs (Ca de Bestiar). The latter came from the same region as the Majorca Mastiff and they brought their brindle coat. But, these unions substantially modified the characteristics of the Majorca Mastiff, so that it gradually moved away from the description given in the official standard.

But, passionate and determined breeders tried to save the breed and ensure that it kept the characteristics as close as possible to the registered standard. They set out to find individuals as close as possible to their ancestors. Two specimens called Tito and Anastasia (father and daughter, respectively), who were the first individuals considered sufficiently similar to the Majorca Mastiff of yesteryear. Its union and crossing with other crossed dogs on the island helped to resurrect the breed from a solid base. But, the number of breeders is still very low and the breed remains confidential. The specimens obtained did not leave the island and were reserved for the national market., where they were highly coveted for dogfighting.

In 1992 dogfighting was banned in the Balearic Islands, and it was then that the breed began to be exported slowly. The opening to the international market also allowed the introduction of new breeders in the lines, in order to expand the genetic heritage of the breed; they were both subjects of unknown origin with physical traits similar to the race, as hybrids of Majorcan mastiff dog.

These exports gave rise to numerous hatcheries in a wide variety of countries., where the Majorca Mastiff It is used both as a companion dog and as a guard dog.. In fact, it can be said that it was the export of the breed that almost saved it, since in Mallorca itself it is now only present in very limited numbers.

The recognition and popularity of the “Majorcan mastiff dog”

In the last decades, the reputation of the Majorcan mastiff dog has increased and their number has grown in many countries, but there is still a long way to go. In fact, its recognition by the main canine organizations in the world is still very partial, which obviously limits its visibility and dissemination.

In France, in the first decade of the twenty-first century, went from a handful of records a year to about fifty, and then the number skyrocketed in a few years, until exceeding 200 annual births in 2014. Since then, has hovered around this value.

Further east, countries such as Poland and Russia have welcomed a good number of representatives of the breed since the beginning of its international spread. Some even claim that over the years 90 there were more than 2.000 Majorca Mastiff only in the city of Moscow. This is likely to be unfounded, but the fact is that it was quickly appreciated there, and still appreciated.

It is also especially popular in Puerto Rico, where there is a prestigious locally developed lineage, which was created from the Spanish champion Chimo and other quality specimens that were sent there.

There are also several representatives of the breed in Holland, Denmark, Finland and Sweden. But, this is still quite embryonic, as evidenced by the low number of breedings in these countries.

In United States, the Majorcan mastiff dog It was recognized in 2006 by the United Kennel Club (UKC). But, the other reference organization in the country, the American Kennel Club (AKC), has not yet taken the step. Further north, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) he doesn't recognize it either. In fact, in North America, both the reputation of the breed and its diffusion are still very low.

In the United Kingdom, where it was introduced in 2001, it is also not recognized by the prestigious Kennel Club (KC).

In Spain, not only on the island of Mallorca the Majorca Mastiff is discreet. In fact, the Royal Canine Society of Spain (RSCE), the main canine organization in the country, received less than 50 enrollment requests per year to mid-year 2010, figure that was even reduced to less than 20 at the end of the decade.

Physical characteristics

He has a bulky head, solid and the skull is wide. The eyes are oval and somewhat oblique; in the color, the more dark best. The ears are short and played backwards. The body is a massif with included belly. The forelimbs are strong and the tail reaches to the Hock. The coat is short and rough.

The favorite colors in your order are: the striped, the Fawn and black. In the striped prefer the dark tones in the leonados the intense nuances. The white spots are admitted in the previous members, chest and tolerated up to a maximum of 30 % the surface of the body. The black mask is also supported.

The Ca de Bou or Majorcan Dogo, It is a dog reserved and suspicious with strangers. It has an extraordinary adaptation, but it is not a dog to place in any hand. Their education and socialization should be initiated as soon as possible because the breed is naturally dominant.

The care of the fur is a simple weekly brushing and a regular cleaning of the ears and eyes. It is a rustic dog that adapts well to changes in temperature and withstands inclement weather well..

Character and skills

Although the Majorca Mastiff it has been used in its history for quite violent tasks, like bull hunting, the slaughter of bulls or the fighting of dogs, he is surprisingly very affectionate and has an excellent temperament. In fact, tends to create a very strong bond with his family.

They will do anything to protect their family and are very good watchdogs.. In fact, has a strong protective instinct and is very suspicious of strangers. But, although it can be impressive and dissuasive when needed, he only shows aggression when he feels his family is in danger. On the other hand, when dealing with people you don't know, he is always cautious, but he refers to his teacher to determine whether or not they are to be trusted. If the landlord invites someone you don't know to the house, will normally keep distance, but will not intervene in an untimely or even aggressive way. However, good socialization is necessary from an early age to avoid excessive distrust of all strangers.

Fits well with children, with whom he is patient and kind. He is even-tempered and likes spending time playing with them as much as being quiet on the couch. But, as with any dog ​​of any breed, should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision. This is especially true because it is relatively heavy and can easily push or knock over a young child..

On the other hand, the Majorca Mastiff tends to get along very well with other dogs, both with those who share their home and with those who are on a walk. But, if the dog is a male and is in the presence of another male with a dominant temperament, a rivalry relationship may develop. So, it is better to avoid this type of coexistence and to take precautions to avoid any fight when you meet other dogs, in particular doing gradual introductions.

As they don't have a strong hunting instinct, his relationships with small animals, as cats, rodents or birds, they are usually quiet. If you have to live with them on a daily basis, the ideal is to present them as soon as possible, but his great sociability makes it possible to integrate newcomers into his house even if he has always been the only animal.

Perhaps because it has been used to being used in so many ways and in so many different environments throughout its history., the Majorcan mastiff dog is generally very adaptable, so much so that it is possible that he lives in a flat. But, for your well-being, it is better that I live in a house with a garden, since he likes to run and exercise a lot. To feel good on its legs and on its head, usually needs an hour of activity a day, which can consist of walks or games in the garden. In any case, long daily outings are essential if you don't have access to a garden. They are always happy to accompany their owners on walks, and are well suited to active and sporty families. An elderly or very sedentary person, on the other hand, may not satisfy your need for activity and would be better off with another breed.

In addition to participating in the activities of their owners, can, of course, distinguish yourself in various dog sports such as agility, el cane-cross, The tracking, the RCI or the ring. It can even be made to pull a light trolley that the children sit in..

In any case, considering his past as a working dog, to the Majorca Mastiff he likes to be assigned tasks. These may include, takes his role as guardian very seriously: although it is not necessarily obvious at first glance, always watch out for the slightest noise or movement, and shows great reactivity. In general, Giving him chores to do and keeping him busy is the best way to ensure he thrives..

Once you are in your right mind, the Majorcan mastiff dog it is quiet and very quiet. He is not one of those who annoys the neighbors, he just barks in his role as guardian, that is to say, when a stranger enters your territory and tries to show you that you better leave.

Nor is he one of those who let themselves be heard when their owners are not: although he especially likes to be in contact with them, knows how to stay alone without suffering separation anxiety.

In summary, as long as he is well socialized and educated, and as long as you have enough opportunities to exercise, the Majorcan mastiff dog it is a fairly easy dog ​​to carry. It is even an ideal breed choice for those who wish to acquire their first Molossian type dog., since it does not constitute a danger for his family and he is also very sociable with other animals in general.

But, this is only possible if the dog's place in the family hierarchy is perfectly clear and, Therefore, if he has a master who knows from the beginning how to position himself as a leader and how to be strict when necessary. Although the Majorca Mastiff it is quite easy to train and handle compared to other similar breeds, still a giant, so it is better that it is in the hands of a person who already has some experience in dog training.

Education

The Majorcan mastiff dog is an independent and determined thinker. So, can be very overbearing if not confronted by an experienced dog training person, who knows how to show both firmness and consistency to behave as a leader and make his dog understand who is the master.

So, your education should start at an early age, when it is still more impressionable, to lay the foundations on which the coexistence will be based throughout his life. As such, you have to be firm, but also soft, at the risk of antagonizing him or damaging the quality of his relationship with his owners.

The latter must also show some coherence: the rules should not only be fixed in time, but also from one person to another, that is to say, everyone should be in phase on what the dog is or is not entitled to do. The dog did not understand why one person allowed him to get on the sofa when another had strictly prohibited it the previous time.

As long as these conditions are met throughout the education of the Majorcan mastiff dog, things are going well; it is easy to carry and learns quickly.

This is even more true if your teacher is in charge of organizing small training sessions and asking you to do various things.. In this way, stays focused all the time, instead of boring you and losing your attention with long and repetitive sessions.

Learning is also easier and more enjoyable for everyone when the owner opts for methods based on positive reinforcement., that is to say, rewarding (with a word of encouragement, a caress, a treat…) good behavior and ignoring bad. In fact, punishment-based techniques quickly frustrate the dog, and an operation based on the constraint, although it may work in the short term, usually limits the prospects for evolution, or even counterproductive - or even dangerous- long-term. The Majorca Mastiff he is not one of those who turn against his master, but if he is brutal with him and uses bad methods, You may end up responding to what you perceive as assault with an equally violent reaction.

Last, all dogs benefit from being socialized as soon as possible, but this is especially true for the Majorcan mastiff dog. In fact, his developed instinct for protection generally leads him to distrust strangers and, Therefore, to be especially reserved with them. Not the type to get unnecessarily aggressive towards them, but it is preferable to ensure that you do not show an excessive reserve every time a visitor arrives at your house. As such, nothing like making him meet a wide range of people in all kinds of situations from his first months, so that little by little you will better accept the confrontation with strangers. The same goes for exposure to other dogs and animals of all kinds, as well as to all kinds of environments and stimuli (noises, smells, etc.). The sooner and more intensely a dog is socialized, the easier it will be for you to move around in the human world, whatever the circumstances.

Health

The Majorcan mastiff dog generally in very good health and predisposed to few problems., it is a very resistant dog in general.

This also applies to temperatures., used to the quite hot climate of the island of Mallorca, it is very resistant to high temperatures., not very sensitive to cold either, although this is really not a common thing in his homeland.

Among the diseases to which you are particularly predisposed, we can mention: brachycephalic syndrome, which affects dog breeds with flattened nose and short nose. In effect, This anatomical peculiarity notably translates into narrow nostrils and an excessively narrow nasal cavity, which implies respiratory failure, manifested especially during physical exertion and / or in case of strong heat. It can also be the cause of various digestive problems (vomiting, etc.). If the most serious cases must be treated by means of a surgical act to increase the respiratory capacity of the animal, most of those affected live in a more or less normal way as soon as their owner saves them from too intense physical effort (above all, especially when it's hot or humid) and carefully monitor your diet to avoid being overweight (a problem the breed is not particularly prone to).French Bulldog or the Pug;

  • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation in which the femur is not correctly positioned in the pelvic cavity of the hip joint, causing pain and lameness, as well as osteoarthritis as we age. Is problem, whose appearance is often favored by a hereditary predisposition, can be treated or alleviated by surgical intervention;
  • The dilation-torsion of the stomach, a problem that particularly affects medium-large dogs. It can happen especially when the animal ingests large amounts of food too quickly. It consists of sudden and excessive swelling of the stomach, that folds on itself;this blocks the evacuation of gases and interrupts blood circulation. Without prompt medical intervention, dog death occurs quickly;
  • The entropion, where the lid of one eye turns inward in contact with the eyeball. This problem can be inherited and causes severe irritation to the eye.. It is quite possible to remedy this by surgery;
  • The ectropion, corresponding to a curl defect of the lower eyelid. Then, the eye is no longer adequately protected, causing more or less severe irritation and conjunctivitis. Once again, this condition can be inherited and can be cured with surgery.

Although the breed is not predisposed to a large number of diseases, it is important to go to a breeder of Majorcan mastiff dog serious and competent. In effect, this allows the adopted puppy to have benefited from a good living environment and good socialization from its first weeks, but also and above all to maximize the chances that you enjoy good health and the rest. In fact, a serious breeder avoids breeding a dog with a hereditary defect such as Hip Dysplasia., because there would be a significant risk of transmission to young people. If you do not present them spontaneously, as should be the case, you should be asked for the results of the corresponding tests carried out on the parents or the puppy.

You must also always be able to provide a certificate of good health of the puppy prepared by a veterinarian, as well as a health or vaccination record, that proves that the child has received all the necessary vaccines. Once the animal has returned to its new home, should never be forgotten, during the following months, that is still growing and, therefore, particularly fragile. Thus, until I am about a year and a half, it is important to avoid any physical exercise that is too intense or too long, otherwise your joints or bones could suffer seriously. Or even end up presenting developmental defects that can incapacitate him throughout his life. This is all the more true as Majorca Mastiff is predisposed to Hip Dysplasia.

Last, even once this growth period has passed and the animal has become an adult, it is important to always pay attention to your health. As such, nothing substitutes for a complete check-up at a vet at least once a year, to ensure that no problem appears that cannot be detected by an inexperienced person. These regular appointments also offer the opportunity to be reminded of your vaccinations., so you never stop being protected. It should also be used against internal and external parasites, so it is up to your teacher to renew your antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary, throughout the year.

Life expectancy

11 years

Grooming

The Majorca Mastiff it is an easy breed to care for, and this is especially true for their fur. A weekly brushing is more than enough to keep it in good condition. But, not so during moulting periods, in spring and autumn: much more must be done each day, to allow good removal of dead hairs.

It also, as it is not dirty or smells bad, rarely need a bath. Unless it was especially dirty during an outing or in contact with toxic material, do it 2 or 3 times a year is more than enough. It may also be wise to do this at the same time as your seasonal shedding to save time during these periods., since it removes a good amount of dead hair. In any case, always use a shampoo specially developed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is different from that of human skin.

It also, although their ears are not especially prone to infection, they should be checked and cleaned once a week to prevent dirt or moisture from accumulating that could cause infection.
Your eyes are also not immune to infection, so you also have to check and clean them weekly to prevent dirt from accumulating.

Brushing your dog's teeth is also a good habit that should be established at least once a week, making sure to use a dog-specific toothpaste each time. This helps prevent plaque formation., which can cause serious health problems when it turns into tartar. If possible, it is advisable to opt for an even higher frequency, even daily.

As for the claws, this adaptable dog wears them down to a greater or lesser extent, according to the activity level of your family and your living environment. A dog that walks and spends a lot of time a day does not need to have its nails trimmed manually, since they file themselves, especially if it is on a hard surface like asphalt. But, if the dog lives in a flat and is not very active, it needs to be trimmed regularly. Too long claws can be very annoying for the dog, especially when traveling. It also, if they break, they can hurt the dog. In fact, as soon as the friction with the hard ground is heard, they have become too long and have to be cut.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, grooming your dog requires a minimum of precision and vigilance. If you don't, not only can you fail in grooming your dog, but it can hurt you, or even injure it. So, the first time it is best to seek the advice of a veterinarian or professional dog groomer, and learn from him how to take care of his Majorca Mastiff.

The sooner you train your dog, the better it will be for the rest of your life.

Food

Feeding a Majorcan mastiff dog it is not an arduous task: is perfectly fine with a balanced, quality industrial diet. Homemade rations are another perfectly adequate option, as long as they are well composed and, Therefore, are able to meet your nutritional needs. As such, should consist mainly of meat, but they can also contain large bones, remains, vegetables and rice.

In any case, the amount given must be consistent with his age, your health and the amount of physical exercise you get on a daily basis.

It also, the fact that it is prone to dilation-torsion of the stomach means that some precautionary rules should be observed when feeding the Majorcan mastiff dog. So, it is essential to divide your daily ration into at least two meals, and that these be taken in stride. It also, should not be preceded or followed by any intense or prolonged activity for an hour.

Although this breed is not very prone to obesity, it is important to regularly monitor the dog's weight. In fact, no one is immune to sudden and significant weight gain, especially after sterilization. Weighing your dog about once a month will allow you to quickly spot any unexplained deviations, so that you can take your dog to the vet if the deviation is confirmed or even increased during the following measurements. In fact, only a health professional can make a reliable diagnosis and indicate how to remedy the problem, because diet and lack of activity are not the only possible causes of being overweight: it can also be caused by illness or a reaction to treatment.

Last, like all dogs, the Majorca Mastiff a bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to you.

Price

The Majorcan mastiff dog can be found at various prices. In all cases, the latter depend, in particular, of the reputation of the kennel, from the line the pup came from, but also of its intrinsic qualities, in particular of their physical qualities, especially of its greater or lesser conformity and its color.

In fact, the brindle color is the most sought after in this breed, what can explain the price differences, sometimes substantial, even within the same litter.

In Spain, the average price of a companion puppy is around 700 EUR. Obviously, like in other places, can be much higher for the best subjects. Those sold with a confirmation guarantee, whose attributes will allow them to be exhibited in dog shows or used as breeders, can reach much higher sums, up to several thousand euros.

Majorca Mastiff Images

Videos Ca de Bou

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , UKC

FCI breed standard "Majorca Mastiff (Majorcan mastiff dog)"

FCIFCI - Majorca Mastiff (Majorcan mastiff dog)
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Alternative names:

1. Mallorquin Mastiff, Mallorquin Bulldog, Silverback (English).
2. Dogue de Majorque (French).
3. Ca de Bou (German).
4. Ca de bou, Dogo maiorquino (Portuguese).
5. Dogo mallorquín, perro de presa mallorquín, Presa mallorquín (español).

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Cane Corso
Italia FCI 343 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Cane Corso It is a versatile and balanced dog that can adapt to all.

Cane Corso

Content

Characteristics "Cane Corso"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Cane Corso" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan mastiff, the Cane Corso (or Italian mastiff) It was used in the past not only as Cattle dog but also in wild boar hunting, and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog. It was widespread throughout the southern Italian region and even more so in Calabria, Lucannia, Pugglia, and Sannia, until end interrelating so with history, the tradition, and local legends that, in the Royal Lottery game, the Corsican was assigned the number 22.

Both fierce and determined appearance, as its imposing structure of all the molossians, They seem to be on the agenda of its name, therefore means powerful Corso, robust, strong, and these are, without a doubt, its main characteristics.

Others attribute the etymological origin of the word to Latin “Cohors” or greater guard of the body or to the Greek “kortos”, referring to the fact that he kept and watch people and animals during periods of transhumance. Finally, others see the name associated with the island of Corsica. The truth is that outside of Italy very little is known about the Cane Corso and that even in its country of origin, for years, the race has remained forgotten and ignored. He took that in 1973 Professor Giovanni Bonatti refer to the presence in the province of Puglia in a “molosser dog for short hair, different from the Neapolitan mastiff, similar to the Bullmastiff and similar to the dog's Mallorquin Dam” for a group of enthusiasts to get down to work and try to recover it and make it known inside and outside the country.

In fact its official recognition from the ENCI (Ente Nazionale di Cinophilia Italian) has only taken place in January of 1994, Once the table of work of the società  Amatoria Cane Corso (SACC) provide sufficient documentation, photos, data and a large group of typical specimens to defend its existence and ancient origin.

It is almost always difficult to make History of the history of a dog breed, but in the case of the Cane Corso there was enough documentation that revealed its presence since ancient times in the southern part of what is now Italy. Certainly had to be traced back to many centuries ago, Learn about the legends of the inhabitants of the Mezzogiorno, investigate its folklore and more ingrained traditions, Learn about its history, the superstitions of an entire people, but, finally, After many years of intense and arduous research, Professor Fernando Casolino, of the SACC, He managed to gather enough data to this impressive animal because they have been many, many written and pictorial references that have been found about this dog. It should be noted some dating as far back as the 15th and 16th centuries, such is the case of the burlesque poems written in Italian mixed with Latin by the Benedictine friar Folengo or the quotes in the “Of Quadrupelibus“, the renowned physician and naturalist Gessner, known as the “German Pliny”, without forgetting the very detailed description of the illustrious Valvassone, that showed his power and the strength of their jaws in the “Poem of the head”.

In the 18th century, the count of Leclerc, Georges Buffon, mentioned you in your “Natural history” as well as did Oronzio Costa in his Treaty on “The fauna of the Kingdom of Naples”, published in 1839. Thirty years later Palumbo wrote also about our protagonist in his “Catalog of mammals of Sicily”.

Quotations continued to be frequent and already in 1900 Spalikowski mentioned him in his work “Evolution of the dog in the human society“, of essential reading for all lovers of dogs; much closer in time are the articles and works published by Fiorenzo Fiorone, Danilo Mainardi, Bonatti Mizzoli and how does not, my good friend Mario Perricone, who in the “Great encyclopedia of the dog” published by Agostino in 1987, He wrote widely on race, in which the most important monographic article on the Cane Corso is considered. Recently also of Priscus and Johson cite you in the “Canine Lexicon” referring to him as “a recreation of the old Marcellaio Cane”, under the heading of “Sicilian Branchiero”, explaining that it existed exclusively in Sicily and that it was known for its particular way of moving in front of the herd, so according to the authors it could even be related to the German bullenbeiser and that “on the island he functioned as a butcher dog and herd driver of unique abilities” What, at a time “He could participate in bulls fighting just as did it other dogs of butchers in the continent”.

Priscus and Johson they also claim that in the eighties they arrived to the United States.UU. the first puppies imported by a Sicilian farmer who died soon after and which constitute the scant breeding base in that country.

They have been missing many years of work and staff of a few efforts to again talk of Italian Corso Dog, race so ancient and so deeply linked to the traditions and the history of the South of Italy and properly recover virtually from scratch. There was, in fact, There were many contradictions about which dog truly resembled and contained the very essence of the Cane Corso and it took many debates and many discussions to finally agree on which specimen the foundations of the new breeding lines should be based on..

Gone are all agreed on a male name “Dauno” that summed up the very essence of the race and that traced the path to be followed by those who, with a passion beyond doubt wore years looking for precisely this path. It was decided to locate up to three closely related subjects in order to establish the characteristics of the breed., just as the Ballota professors had described it, Bonatti and Casolina.

After exhaustive research studies and, at the end, not without major sacrifices, the recovery programme was gradually bearing fruit. In 1988, the ENCI Board of Directors decided that the time had come to gather as many copies as possible, produced by people not linked to that society both the scope of the SACC, and carry out a pilot trial in order to check homogeneity of type, of construction and character and its similarity with the characteristics described in the draft standard that the SACC had presented to them. In three exhibitions-Bari, Florence and Milan- the judges Morsiani, Perricone and Vandoni examined fifty copies; then, in the autumn of that same year the SACC presented the ENCI the outcome of the first census carried out by the Lords Bruno and Indiveri which is didn't data out of a total of 57 perfectly typical and rustic specimens already registered.

Did you know??

The Cane Corso is also known as Dogo di Puglia, that means “Dog Puglia”.

As result of this effort the ENCI promulgated the opening of a “Open book” in which all adult specimens that had been duly tattooed could be registered, and therefore recognized as conforming with the standard project and in just four years became part of the same over 500 dogs, so it was clear that the recovery program had been successful.

Such results finally gave rise to the official recognition of the race in January of 1994.

Modernity and the decline of the work for which it was intended, have not prevented this race from maintaining its characteristic gifts. He continues to be a dog with a tenacious temperament but does not bite for anything. It is one of the best races of property protection. If you are very fond with the owner can be very sensitive to your mood.

Physical characteristics

Its skin is thick enough, with tissue limited connective and therefore virtually glued to the subcutaneous tissues of each region. The neck does not present practically double chin. The head does not have to submit wrinkles. The pigment of the mucous and the esclerosas has to be black. The pigment of the soles and nails must be dark.
The coat is short but not satin, glassy in texture, gleaming, bright, adherent, serious, very dense, with a light layer of undercoat that is accentuated in winter, without that never reaches to emerge on the hair of coverage. His medium-length is 2/2′ 5 cm.. On the cross, the rump, and the subsequent edges of the thigh and on tail reaches the 3 cm., without ever giving rise to fringes. On the nose hair is private, smooth, adherent and not more than 1/1′ 5 cm..

It may be black, grey lead, Slate gray, light grey, Griffon clear, Red cervato, Dark tawny and striped (stripes against a background of Griffon or grey colour of various shades). In fawn and brindle subjects, a black or gray mask is present whose extension should not exceed the line of the eyes. Admitted a small white patch on the chest, at the tip of toes and on the nasal helm.

The height the cross in the males is of 64 to 68 cm., in the females of 60 to 64 cm.. With tolerance of 2 cm more or less. The weight in the males is of 45 to 50 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,71 kg per cm). And in the females of 40 to 45 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,68 kg/cm).

Salud de Cane Corso

Some of the health conditions that have been in the Cane Corso are the Hip Dysplasia, eye problems such as Entropion or ectropion, demodectic mange and the tendency to bloat.

Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Cane Corso maintain an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Character and skills

His character affable and faithful with their own. His psychological balance and extreme functional versatility that allows you to adapt to everything, He is doing to gain more followers and indeed again used you in grazing and foster as old tasks, and also in the hunt, although little by little it is gaining a preferential position as a companion animal and in what has been called therapy with domestic animals (“pet therapy”).

But, for its size and extraordinary force Cane Corso owner should be able to educate from the first moment to always have it under control, in such a way that never conflicts surprises or, It must learn from puppy what is right and what not, What is prohibited and what is allowed, so that later there will be no setbacks, recommending further vocational training of certain circumstances, provided that the dog has acquired a certain degree of maturity, Therefore we must not forget that, in the case of molossians, their psychological development is always slower than the physical.

Aware of its size and appearance, corso usually does not express nervousness and willingly accepts to any person that his own master will accept either. When he is assigned the custody of a property his balanced temperament allows her always from a background, with great discretion, and only in the case of real necessity, act and attack. Thus we can conclude that the Cane Corso is an impressive animal, balanced and effective in any task requiring him. There is a legend made reality.

Cane Corso's Education

With patience and sensitivity
The Cane Corso is not a beginner dog and only belongs to responsible hands. Learn quickly and with pleasure if you treat it with patience and sensitivity during training. If it is to be kept as a family dog, Cane Corso's protective instincts should not be encouraged during training. Early and comprehensive socialization is especially important, so that the dog gets used to other people and animals and reacts calmly in all situations.

Care of Cane Corso

Cane Corso's coat is shiny, smooth and short, and does not require extensive cleaning. Cane Corso has a thin undercoat that can protect it from the cold at times. A massage sponge or soft brush should be used regularly to stimulate blood circulation. – this ensures a healthy and shiny coat.

Nutrición Cane Corso

Only with high meat content
With prepared food, pay attention to a high meat content, low grain content and high quality. An adult dog needs enough fresh meat and vegetables for a healthy diet.. Young dogs, on the other hand, should not be fed too much protein. Foods that are too high in protein can promote growth too quickly and encourage skeletal diseases. Food should be divided into two meals a day. One of them must be given directly after the daily walk. In this way the dog gets its reward after the “work done”.

The life expectancy of the Cane Corso

Cane Corso can reach a relatively high age, what is really unusual for such large dogs. A healthy and active dog will easily reach the age of 10 to 14 years, as long as you exercise a lot and have a balanced diet. This robustness and long life expectancy compared to other larger dog breeds are due to the strong bone structure and robust construction.

Buy Cane Corso

Serious breeders offer not only a pedigree with a complete record of the dog's ancestors, but also a complete advice that goes beyond the purchase. Before buying or reserving a puppy, exhaustive information must be obtained from the local authority to know what conservation regulations exist.

Images Cane Corso

Vídeos Cane Corso

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Cane Corso"

FCIFCI - Cane Corso
Cane

Alternative names:

1. Italian Mastiff, Italian Corso Dog, Cane Corso Italiano (English).
2. Cane Corso Italiano, Chien de Cour Italien (French).
3. Cane Corso, ITALIENISCHER CORSO-HUND (German).
4. Mastim Italiano (Portuguese).
5. Mastín italiano (español).

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Fila Brasileiro
Brazil FCI 225 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Fila Brasileiro it is a rare dog in Europe, which implies that it is difficult to find a good puppy.

Fila Brasileiro

Content

Characteristics "Fila Brasileiro"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Fila Brasileiro" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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History

The Fila Brasileiro its history is linked to both genetic mixing and Brazilian colonization. There is no consensus on its origin, but probably the Brazilian line is the result of a mixture of dogs whose specialty was hunting and herding animals in the field. The mastiff, the Bulldog, the Terceira line (a portuguese breed) and the Scent hound are just a few examples of possible breeds that have contributed to tracing the DNA of the Brazilian line. Some say that indigenous dogs (Aracambé) and even the savages, like the guarbo wolf, they may also have participated in the miscegenation.

In some 19th century carvings, the breed was already known to assist in catching oxen, cows, sheep and even big cats, like jaguars, for example. This shows that the Brazilian line was not just a dog to keep at the door, taking a nap in the late afternoon: I was really going to fight! And maybe that's where his keen sense of protection comes from., always putting strangers in their place once they get home.

In 1946 the first effort was made to set the breed standard. In 1976, the second standard was recognized and approved during the 1st Symposium of the Brazilian Fila Race. In 1984 the third rule was defined, which is still valid today.

Physical characteristics

It is a trotting large but very agile. It has a powerful skeleton and a rectangular structure, compact and proportionate. The head is big, heavy and solid, although it is always proportionate to the body. The craniofacial relationship is almost 1:1, with the nose slightly shorter than the skull. The occipital ridge is very prominent, especially in the puppy. The stop is low and inclined, so it should not be seen when looking at the animal from the front. The eyes are medium or large, in the form of almond, quite sunken and colored according to the mantle (yellow to dark brown). Ears are wide and thick, dangling and "V" shaped. The limbs are parallel and straight, with strong bones. A characteristic of the breed is the way of moving in amble. The tail is very broad at the root and tapers rapidly when it reaches the hock..

  • Fur: short.
  • Color: all solid colors are supported, except white, the rat gray and the mottled or stained coat, liable to disqualification. Solid color layers may have stripes of less intense or very dark color. Black mask is optional.
  • Size: in males, of 63 to 75 cm., with a minimum weight of 50 kg; in females, of 60 to 70 cm., with a minimum weight of 40 kg.

Character and skills

The Brazilian Fila is very determined, brave and can be very fierce. They can be docile and very obedient to their owners and family and are very tolerant of children.. It is a dog that loves the company of its owner and always tries to be with him.. One of the most striking points of the Fila Brasileiro is the aversion to strangers. So they are excellent guard dogs..

The Fila Brasileiro are the protectors of the pack (that is to say, the family that raises him) and therefore they need to be educated from an early age. At the age of 7 months already begin to show surveillance potential. As they are very large and very strong dogs, it's important for owners to have a firm wrist and show leadership from an early age, so that the dog becomes obedient and respects the owners.

They are very smart and tend to easily learn the owners' teachings. Be careful not to be too rigid in your corrections when the Fila Brasileiro does something wrong, because they can be a bit stubborn and make training difficult.

This dog's aggressive instinct should not be stimulated (and less with bloody methods), because it could become a dangerous animal, given its great bulk. Without a doubt, this is a breed for experts.

care of the “Fila Brasileiro”

Videos "Fila Brasileiro"

Brazilian Fila VideosFila brasileiro

Fila brasileiro puppies week 7

Maintaining a “Fila Brasileiro” it is not laborious, not too different from other large, short-haired dogs. The frequency of the bath can vary according to the type and intensity of the activities carried out by each dog..

– Grooming: the “Fila Brasileiro” does not need more than a weekly brushing, because its coat is short and the breed doesn't get too dirty. Ideally, you should bathe monthly in summer and, in winter, Every two months.

– Nails and ears: you always have to check them. The nail cannot grow too long and the ear cannot accumulate wax and dirt. Remember that the “Fila Brasileiro” it is prone to developing otitis and keeping it clean makes it easier to perceive any problem.

– Eyes: if there is any spot near the eyes or accumulation of discharge, clean them with saline solution.

– Sol: sunbaths are welcome: stimulate the body to produce vitamin D, essential for strong teeth and bones. The ideal time for this is the same as for humans, avoid the hottest times of the day, between the 10 am and 4 pm.

Health of the “Fila Brasileiro”

The Fila Brasileiro it is a healthy breed of dog. Maintaining the basic care routine and controlling your physical condition, the chances of you having a happy life are great! See some problems that may affect you:

– Obesity: common cause of health problems that can affect not only the Fila Brasileiro, but to all overweight dogs. As the Fila Brasileiro have a tendency to gain weight, watch for changes in the general shape of the dog, avoid giving treats and respect the recommended amounts of food for the breed.

– Otitis is an infection that can affect the hearing of the Fila Brasileiro and it can be caused by age or even poor hygiene.

Dog's level of exercise

The Fila Brasileiro need plenty of exercise, what requires available space – even if you walk on walks. Must exercise for one hour daily. And how is a smart dog, seeks to diversify its activities. A simple change in the route of the walk offers new stimulation and keeps you happy.

Images "Fila Brasileiro"

Photos:

1 – PETRA VESELÁ posted this image “Fila Brasileiro” under public domain license.
2 – Original bitch Fila Brasileiro – branca to AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
3 – Fila Brasileiro (ALMODOVAR Rio Grande – from RIO GRANDE kennel) by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – Puppy OFB at 4 months old by AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
5 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 223 | Julio Cesar Hoyos A | Flickr
6 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 086 – Flickr

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • CKC – Miscellaneous list
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Fila Brasileiro"

FCIFCI - Fila Brasileiro
Row

Alternative names:

1. Brazilian Mastiff, Onceiro (Jaguar Hound), Cabeçudo (Big-headed), Black Mouth (English).
2. chien de Fila (French).
3. Brasilianischer Mastiff (German).
4. Brazilian mastiff, Mastiff brasileiro, Boca Negra, Onceiro, Cabeçudo, Boiadeiro das Minas Gerais, Cão de Fila brasileiro (Portuguese).
5. Cabeçudo boiadeiro, Fila brasileño (español).

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Dogo Canario
España FCI 346 - Molossoid . Dogo

Dogo Canario

The aggressiveness of Dogo Canario should not be overly stimulated. It is an optimal guardian and defender without the need for training.

Content

History

The Dogo Canario It is a classic moloso. It is the offspring of an ancient and in this ancient form is only rarely found in Central Europe today.. It has many names: Presa Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario. Dogs of the current type Dogo Canario they existed still ago 200 years everywhere. They were the old saupackers, bear teethers, guard dogs, butcher dogs, the ancestors of the current great danes, bulldogs, boxers and mastiffs. They are extremely strong and bulky dogs, that even today are summarized as molossers. They were already bred in ancient times and have always been highly appreciated. They were used on large farms, with livestock herds or for example on merchant ships such as guard and protection dogs, served as herding dogs and as hunting dogs for wild boar or bear. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs, they had them carved in stone in full recognition does 3700 years.

Due to its strength, courage and determination, have been used as fighting dogs in the arenas of animal fighting since Roman times. Molossians have a commanding head with a rather short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molossian have remained essentially the same for thousands of years, but in recent centuries and especially due to modern dog breeding, the classic type of molosser has been lost to some extent. In extreme cases strange shapes have been bred with many extremely short folds or snouts such as bulldogs or giants like him Great Dane or the Mastiff. The Dog is still raised in his homeland only for his performance at work.

So, chances are that the Dogo Canario still personify the type Molosoide as was common in the old days. It is clearly recognized as trotting, but does not suffer from cultivated exaggerations of any bodily characteristics or traits. Can only hope it stays that way. Unfortunately, breeders are very much at odds with Dogo Canario. They haven't even managed to agree on a name and a registry office. Since 1991 has been officially considered as “The Canary Presa Dog” among the natural symbols of the Canary Islands. Meanwhile in 2001 the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture recognized these dogs as a national breed also under the name of Dogo Canario, the same dogs were then provisionally recognized as Dogo Canario by the world federation FCI in 2001 and finally in 2011. Other names are Perro de Presa y Alano. Alano It is an old word that means Great Dane.

Physical characteristics

The Dogo Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario – all designations for the same four-legged friend – he is an elegant dog that radiates athletic power. He is an athletic, muscular, elongated but nevertheless typical molosser.

The skull-muzzle ratio is approximately 6:4. The upper lip rests a little flaccidly on the lower one. The eyes, medium-sized, they are oval and hazelnut, the ears, high, they are separated from each other and are shaped like a button; they are only amputated to remember their original function as a combat dog. The neck, long and muscular, shows a slight dewlap. The tail is implanted high: thick at the base, is tuned to the extreme. the belly is retracted, but the last ribs stand out only slightly, giving a harmonious harp shape. Limbs are sturdy, muscular and perfectly plumb; angulation of the hind limbs is not very marked.

The difference between male and female bulldogs desired by the FCI standard is therefore unnaturally large. In any case, desires of this standard for outward appearance should not be taken so seriously.

Because fortunately this originally preserved dog breed, robust and healthy has set its standard “By herself”, more exactly for their performance at work, and has kept it in the practice of life until today. People, who now wants to put him in a standard of modern pedigreed dog breeding, don't even agree to the principle, as we can see in its history of the breed. Modern pedigreed dog breeding has done no breed of dog any good, both in terms of health and character. In old times, the Bulldog fitted with pleasure to the ears, so that they protruded upwards. This is now prohibited. Today they show large down-hanging ears..

  • Fur: short, without Undercoat, pretty hard.
  • Color: leonado or atigrado. The tabby specimens have a wide range of colors, from very dark to a light gray with a rather cold tone.
  • Size: males, of 61 to 66 cm.; females, of 57 to 62 cm..

Character

The Dogo Canario is a quiet dog, balanced and self-assured. He is a powerful and defensive athlete who can show his performance at any time. Like all molossi, he is extremely kind, has strong nerves and a high stimulus threshold. But, he is more eager to move and not as lethargic as most molossers today bred only as companions. One Dogo Canario well socialized is friendly to people who know and like children. It is very sociable. Towards strangers is at first a little distant without fear. He is an incorruptible guardian, fearless and protective of his family without being aggressive himself. The FCI standard describes the character desired by the breed:

Calm appearance; alert look. It is especially suitable as a watchdog… His temperament is even-tempered and he is very self-confident.. Deep barking. He is docile and kind to his family members and with strong ties to his master, but you may suspect strangers. Self-assured demeanor, elegant and somewhat distant. When you are alert, his attitude is confident and alert.

It must be added that the Dogo Canario rarely barks. But if it barks once, it's pretty awesome.

Fitness

The Dogo Canario is undemanding in terms of external conditions. Of course: a small apartment in the big city would not be optimal for your attitude. But other than that it's easy to maintain. It is also a working dog, a guard, a driver, a hunting dog for hunting wild boar. The Dogo Canario it is suitable as a family dog ​​only on the condition that it is well socialized, well educated and physically fit. You also have to take into account a fact: It is considered a “dangerous dog” in many countries.

Dogo Canario Education

The Dogo Canario can be trained well, but still not a beginner dog. It is intelligent, very sociable and eager to work. But at the same time he is very powerful and assertive. In case of doubt, always the strongest end of the strap. So, his master or caretaker should not leave doubts about his role as leader and this on the basis of natural authority. So this dog will gladly leave the leading role to his bipeds without reservation.. But it must be filled. The Dogo Canario it is even suitable for demanding tasks such as training as an assistance or protection dog. The basic requirement is that it comes from a serious breeder and that it has already been socialized there..

Dogo Canario health and care

The Dogo Canario has no special demands on your care.

Typical diseases

Breed-specific diseases are not known.. Due to his still short career as an official pedigree dog, it can be assumed that the population of the Dogo Canario, Presa Dog or Presa Canario – Whatever this ancient breed of dog is called – enjoys robust health.

Nutrition / Food

The Dogo Canario has no special demands on their diet.

Life expectancy Dogo Canario

There are no reliable figures on life expectancy. Seriously raised, the Dogo Canario should be able to live off 10 to 12 years.

Buy Dogo Canario

Before making a purchase, be aware that the restrictive attitude of the State can cause many problems in daily life and additional financial burdens. The Dogo Canario it is a large and powerful dog that belongs to the hands of an experienced teacher or lover. The cost of a Dogo Canario is of some 1200 EUR.

Characteristics "Dogo Canario"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dogo Canario" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Dogo Canario"

Photos:

1 – Canarian Presa Dog – Dogo canario by Kamen rider snipe / CC BY-SA
2 – Presa Canario dog – Dogo Canario by Basil Dragon / CC BY-SA
3 – Presa Canario by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/732874
4 – Canary bulldog, edited by Canecorsodog (en.Wikipedia) edited by Caronna 12:25, 6 February 2008 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
5 – Zai-Kan de Irema Curtó. Canary prey perro byManuel Curtó Jr. / CC BY-SA
6 – Presa Canario by Wikipedia
7 – Presa canario dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/75916

Videos "Dogo Canario"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Dogo Canario"

FCIFCI - Dogo Canario
The press

Alternative names:

1. Canary Mastiff, Canary Catch Dog, Canarian Dogo, Presa Canario.Dogo Canario, Presa (English).
2. dogo Canario (French).
3. Presa Canario, Kanarische Dogge (German).
4. Perro de presa canário, Dogo canário (Portuguese).
5. Perro de presa canario (español).

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Saint Miguel Cattle Dog
Portugal FCI 340 - Molossoid - Dogo

The dog's Saint Miguel Cattle Dog It is a breed of dog Portugal, specifically the Azores Islands.

Fila de San Miguel

Content

History

With the settlement of the Azores archipelago and the beginning of the exploration of the optimal conditions of the islands for raising cattle, the need for dogs on the islands to help drive and defend livestock soon became apparent, dating from the sixteenth century the first reference to its presence, in particular on the island of São Miguel. These animals are recognized as the precursors of Saint Miguel Cattle Dog.

Although the existence of Saint Miguel Cattle Dog, as an individual race, has been recorded since the early 19th century, only in 1982 began to be registered by António José Amaral with the collaboration of Maria de Fátima Machado Mendes Cabral, veterinarian, in order to create a census of your herds. The first officially registered dog of the breed was the “Corisca”, a perfect representative of your breed.

It is also on the initiative of these same two people that, in 1984, two years after the beginning of the registration of persons the first official standard is published. In 1995 was proposed to the FCI (International Cynological Federation) and the breed was finally recognized in 2008.

Origin:

The breed known today as Saint Miguel Cattle Dog descended from mastiffs and alano initially brought to the islands of the Azores by the first settlers on the continent. Later, and through contact with other people who came and settled in the Azores, the genetic heritage of the breed was enriched by crosses made with English mastiffs, bulldogs and Dogue de Bordeaux, until the culmination of the appearance of the new race, with fully defined morphological and temperamental characteristics.

In addition to those mentioned, other races may form part of the Fila de San Miguel ancestry, as the St. Humberto's Dog, also known as Bloodhound, and the Dogo Canario, a Spanish breed from the Canary Islands, but the real link – yes there is – between these races and the Sao Miguel queue not yet proven.

Video "Saint Miguel Cattle Dog"

Playing around 1

Physical characteristics

The Saint Miguel Cattle Dog it is characterized by being an animal of size and rustic features and characteristically longer than tall. The breed is medium in size, muscular, but without the heavy appearance of others.

The muzzle is well proportioned, apparently short, but it hides a wide mouth, with a full denture, capable of a powerful bite. The head has a solid appearance, wide and with the ears well placed on top, implanted in a strong neck that starts from a solid trunk, with a wide and deep chest. The legs are proportional to the body, being the front, as a rule, slightly separated.

The coat is strong, smooth and dense, and always striped, and it can be tawny, gray or yellow, with white mesh on the chest. Legs can also be white. The tail is implanted high, it's thick, medium length and slightly curved. It is amputated at the height of the second or third vertebra, or is it naturally short.

  • Fur: short, smooth, dense, with hard textured hair.
  • Color: gray hair, carbonated sand (grey), yellow with all fades from light to fawn; always striated. May show white spot on forehead or from chin to chest, and white spots on the forefoot, in the later or in all four.
  • Size: males, of 50 to 60 cm.; females, of 48 to 58 cm..

Character and skills

Race of a lively and sharp intelligence, with great ease of learning, the strength of character of the Saint Miguel Cattle Dog, coupled with a distrust of the strange instincts of all guardians by vocation, can easily be mistaken for aggressiveness, but it hides a gentle nature towards those with whom it deals closely, while remaining a tenacious and courageous guardian of those who treat him. His loyalty to his human family is extreme.

With even greater emphasis, given the dominant nature of the breed, the education and sociability of puppies must be done from birth, gradually exposing the animals to new situations and stimuli, in order to improve the development of balanced individuals capable of living with humans and other animals.

Not a suitable breed for beginners, given its dominant nature, further enhanced by his physical strength and his strongly independent and autonomous character.

Even as a pet, a Saint Miguel Cattle Dog must have the opportunity to have a task to perform. Thorough training is always a simple and effective means of strengthening the relationship between the human family and the animal, while providing the physical and mental exercise necessary for the training and development of a well-balanced animal.

But, given the intrinsic characteristics of the breed, training a copy of the Saint Miguel Cattle Dog it is a task that can be quite difficult for someone who has little experience with dogs. Being a very intelligent and dominant breed, will not respond well to the use of force. Full socialization recommended.

The sheepdog for tradition and excellence, their natural fitness for livestock can, with the right training, can be channeled into the care of horses and other small ruminants such as sheep and goats. When not channeled to grazing, the Saint Miguel Cattle Dog has already demonstrated its aptitude for big game hunting, like the boar and the deer.

Its strong and protective temperament is also valued as a self-defense dog..

Health “Saint Miguel Cattle Dog”

Being a rustic breed, is in robust health and there are no records to date to suggest that there is any pathology to which the breed is specifically prone to for genetic reasons. The average life expectancy of this breed is calculated in 12 years.

Grooming “Saint Miguel Cattle Dog”

The same hardiness that gives vigor to the breed also makes it a poorly maintained breed in a strict sense. Short, hard hair can be brushed occasionally and baths will be sporadic.. Adequate and balanced feeding will give developing puppies what they need to become healthy adults, and the same regimen will suffice to ensure adult health..

Images "Saint Miguel Cattle Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs. Section 2: Molossoid. 2.1 Dogue type.


FCI breed standard "Saint Miguel Cattle Dog"

FCIFCI - Saint Miguel Cattle Dog
Row

Alternative names:

1. Cão de fila de São Miguel, São Miguel cattle dog, São Miguel catch dog, Azores cattle dog, Azores cow dog (English).
2. fila de Saint Miguel (French).
3. Cão Fila de São Miguel (German).
4. Fila de São Miguel, Cão das Vacas (Portuguese).
5. (español).

Source:

Wikipedia

Photos:

1 – Fila de São Miguel during International dog show in Rzeszów, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
2 – Fila de São Miguel during International dog show in Rzeszów, Poland. by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – At the Burnt Peak of Ribeira Grande, Son and Mother by TheLife / CC BY-SA
4 – Helsinki, el Finnish Winner Show 2015. by Thomas / CC BY-SA

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English mastiff
Inglaterra FCI 264 - Molosoids – Doge

Mastín Inglés

The English mastiff He is extremely loyal and faithful to his family.

Content

History

The English mastiff It is a breed of dog of large size type trotting and English origin.

The history of this dog goes back to the year 55 to. c., time when the legions invaded Great Britain and to his surprise had to face an enemy that had two curious assistants, two dogs with striking characteristics.

One of them was strong and robust both body and members, with a large head and a short but powerful jaw.

That dog is possibly the ancestor of the Bulldog, and part of the current Bullmastiff.

The other dog had dimensions that were scary, looked more like a lion than a dog. This specimen was a direct descendant of the Mastiffs 'Asiriobabilonians' who had traveled to England by the Phoenicians five centuries before the Roman invasion.

Before this beanpole, the 'molossians of Epirus' which the Romans brought with them as their war dogs, they looked like Chihuahuas...

So once conquered 'Britain', the Romans, they expanded his army with several copies of those giant and fearful dogs who called "Pugnaces Britannici" and they used them, mainly in typical shows of the time...

They faced these dogs with huge wild beasts in the arenas of circuses, there they participated in bloody fights against bulls, bears and other dogs. As well, they were used as guardians of herds, bodyguard, protectors and companions.

The English Mastiff or Mastiff, is descended directly from those dogs.

A Mastiff arrived in America aboard the Mayflower, name of the ship that transported the so-called "Pilgrims" from England (United Kingdom), to the coast of what is today the United States of America, in the year 1620.

They were the first settlers, in settling on the coast of Massachusetts, forming the Plymouth Colony, and with them the English Mastiff.

There is documentary evidence that the English Mastiff first arrived in America on the Mayflower., but the standardization of the breed in United States did not occur until the end of the 19th century.

By the end of the second world war, the mastiffs were almost extinct in England. But, with the flow of imports of United States and Canada, the breed resurfaced and today its existence is not in any danger in England and has gained much popularity in North America..

Physical characteristics

This is a race of powerful composition, burly, wide skull and the head usually has a square appearance.

Of size It must be very large and give the impression of power and strength, viewed from any angle. The body must be massive with great width and depth, especially between the Forelegs, cause these are well separated. While no height or weight have been specified for this race, the approximate height of 70 to 80 cm and the weight of 80 kg to 90 kg.

His hair is short and glued to the body and color may vary, while its snout, ears and nose, around the eyes is always black.

This is a particularly large dog that requires a correct diet and exercise. Normally live in 10 to 12 years.

Different colors are possible, for example, sand color, striped, brown or gray. Unfortunately the human tends to extremes and the mastiff was not spared from this.. So it has been raised bigger and heavier in recent decades.. His head has become increasingly massive and many folds have also been made. Giants could no longer reproduce naturally, they could no longer walk properly, his life expectancy was dramatically reduced.

Character and skills

Videos of the English Mastiff
Handsome English Mastiff
English Mastiff Samson Snaps Tree Branch!Lightbox for Video by VideoLightBox.com v1.11

The Mastiff breed is a combination of greatness, dignity, and bravery; calm and affectionate towards his owner, but capable of protecting.

He is a well-mannered dog but you need enough field to stretch his long body. It is an extremely loyal breed and, Although it shows no excessively, It is true to his family and is very good with children.

But, It can be very jealous for the protection of owners and should be handled sensibly, as it is exceptionally powerful and can be difficult to control.

Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. In case of acute threat to your humans, will try to keep danger away from them by facing the attacker with his body, but it won't attack him anymore. His calm and serene temperament makes him a loyal and child-friendly companion, who forgives everything. It gets along very well with other pets.

English Mastiff Education

Keep in mind that in an adult mastiff the leash is only symbolically a control. The mastiff easily has the power to maneuver the other end of the line at will.. But you don't want to do it, at least if you have enjoyed the basics of a good education. The Mastiff is very easy to train. Only their stubbornness has to be broken here and here a consistent softness is needed.. He wants to follow his master and caretaker and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Mastiff to pay attention to a consequent education already in the puppy. This alone and not the strap makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people.

Care and health English Mastiff

Caring for a healthy mastiff is not problematic. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

Typical diseases

Gigantism with copies of more than 90 kg, sometimes up to 120 kg, unbalances the entire natural dog building plan. Serious gait damage is just one consequence, and life expectancy is also greatly reduced. Bad habit of strong folding of the head and body often leads to chronic inflammations. As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Eye and heart disease can occur more frequently with mastiffs – the rule is always: the more serious, the greater the risk.

Nutrition / Food

You need a lot of high quality food. Especially in the growth phase you need a professional nutrition plan. It is helpful to have a feeding bowl in a high position to counteract the risk of stomach twisting. You should always pay close attention to their weight.

Characteristics "English mastiff"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English mastiff" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

The life expectancy of the English Mastiff

Breeding errors, especially the tendency to gigantism, they have cost this dog, once extremely robust, many years of his life expectancy. Before they were 12, Today are 7 – 9 years.

Buy an English Mastiff

Buying a mastiff should be long-term and well-considered. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to be able to spend many wonderful years with this giant.. If you are looking for a puppy, you must pay special attention that the dogs are not too massive. One should wonder about ancestors, its appearance, their illnesses, your age. Also to get a Mastiff with a stable character, you should just look directly at a serious breeder. For animal welfare reasons one should refrain from buying puppies from parents of more than 90 kg. Very occasionally there is also a mastiff in the animal shelter. Puppies raised in serious conditions cost around 2000 EUR.

Characteristics "English mastiff"

Adaptation ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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Images “English mastiff”

Videos “English mastiff”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "English mastiff"

FCIFCI - English mastiff
Mastiff

Alternative names:

1. Mastiff, Old English Mastiff (English).
2. Old English Mastiff (French).
3. Old English Mastiff (German).
4. Mastiff inglês, Mastim inglês, Canis molossus, С. mastivus gladiator, Mastife inglês (Portuguese).
5. Old English Mastiff (español).

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Neapolitan mastiff
Italia FCI 197 - Molosoids – Doge

Mastín Napolitano

Despite his fierce appearance, the Neapolitan mastiff It is a balanced dog and friend of children.

Content

History “Neapolitan mastiff”

The Neapolitan mastiff, like all broadcast, most likely descends from the molossus Tibetan. According to historical data, Italy has been inhabited since very remote times, which could date back to the second millennium before Christ..

This shows that this architect of Campania (South Italy region, on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, whose capital is Naples) brings lot of history under its belt.

All European mastiffs descend from the Tibetan Mastiff, the oldest representative of dog breeds.
Probably the first Asian mastiffs were carried in the India Greece by Alexander the great, around the year 300 a.C.

Some historians argue that it was the Greeks who were known to the Romans these dogs so spectacular, to see them is struck and (for a change) they used them in their famous circuses like fighting dogs. The Neapolitan mastiff fought with Lions, bears, Tigers, He was also a dog bred for war.

According to the English cinofilia, on the other hand, the mastiff was taken to Britannia (term designated to the island of Great Britain before that occurred the Germanic invasions) by the Phoenicians in the year 500 to. C. from that moment the spread throughout Europe would have begun.

Beyond disagreements as to the diffusion of the breed you can ensure, years. At that time, that the “Neapolitan mastiff” has lived in Campania for at least two thousand years, Although its first official appearance in the cinophilia data of 1946 and its official standard was approved in the year 1949.

During the course of World War II, the race was on the verge of extinction but was recovered by a writer and called cinólogo Piero Scanziani that between 1941 and 1980 published a dozen volumes of fiction and nonfiction, including various Cynology treatises. He was responsible for the reconstruction of the Neapolitan mastiff during the postwar period, and he did so on the basis of the few copies remaining.

Physical characteristics

Videos “Neapolitan mastiff”

Neapolitan Mastin ALACRAN
Neapolitan Mastin bruce dello stradone (Leonardo lopez)Lightbox for Video by VideoLightBox.com v1.11

The Mastino Napoletano impresses even from a distance with its impressive physique. Especially the huge head stands out. It is a typical molossoid head, but he has particularly pronounced full lips. His facial expression is cool and relaxed, his overall impression is impressive. Its coat is short and smooth.

Modern breeding has given the Mastino Napoletano an excess of loose skin, that borders on the torture of the brood. For animal welfare reasons only, one must make sure that the skin is taut and there are not too many wrinkles and folds. Only slight wrinkles should be allowed in the neck area and on the dewlap.. Especially the head has grown an overabundance of skin and wrinkles in recent decades, partly so extreme that dogs can barely see due to all the wrinkles. It also, severe wrinkles are a treasure for infections and itchiness.

According to him standard official of the breed the males of Neapolitan mastiff They must be measured of 66 to 72 cm in the cross and his weight is of 70 kg, males can easily reach up 90 kg, females should be measured in 60 to 68 cm.. The weight of the males due of 60 to 70 Kg and females of 50 to 60 kg.

The head is huge and short, the rounded and flattened skull between the ears. It has the straight snout, a great truffle and fat lips it fall heavily.

It has the eyes well separated and the accumulation of skin seems they were oval shaped but in reality are round. The ears are triangular, medium and high insertion.

The body, in general, It is longer than high with the neck well massif and the Pope and grupa broad. The tail is amputated two-thirds of its length.

The favorite colors they are the lead, the grey and black (sometimes with small white markings on the chest and the tip of the fingers), the fawn, the mahogany, the Fawn and stag.

All cloaks can be atigrados, but the possibility that a Neapolitan mastiff come out color "tabby" is one in a million.

Observations

Despite its large size, no need for large spaces to be happy, because it moves shortly. although yes, It is important to establish a relaxed routine of daily walks that help keep your muscles toned.

Another issue to highlight is that they significantly drool-worthy.

Character and skills

Despite his surly and even fierce aspect, the Neapolitan mastiff he is a peaceful dog, balanced, sweet, fell, very affectionate with the master and friend of children.

Never behaves aggressively without a real reason, But if he were to have the answer, could be terrible.

Its temperament is peaceful, but it may become aggressive if its owner is not able to educate him with wisdom and responsibility.

Due to its structure it solid, its movement is heavy and clumsy, but appearance because it is aware of its size and enough to see him interact with children to confirm (disarms in delicacy).

Has been dog of war, combat in the circus, police assistant, dog sledge drag, companion and self-defense dog. Currently it is trained as a guardian of houses and farms and is increasingly appreciated as a companion dog..

In fact, it is more a guard dog than a companion or exhibition dog. Of the molossians foster, It is the quietest character.

One Neapolitan mastiff serious upbringing is, therefore, educated, an extremely simple dog. Here and there the fat man is a bit stubborn. Only if it is good to persuade and ask for help, then it will do everything for its owner or caretaker. As a family member, is extremely adorable. He seeks the proximity of his humans and is a reliable protector.

In case of acute threat to your humans, will try to keep danger away from them by facing the attacker with his body, but it won't attack him anymore. Does all of this quietly. Barks very rarely. His calm and serene temperament makes him a loyal and child-friendly companion, who forgives everything. Towards strangers, However, is initially waiting and watching. The Neapolitan mastiff he's a cool guy and a fascinating dog.

Not an easy dog ​​to keep just because of his strength. By its nature it has very few demands. A daily walk, sometimes brushing the coat, that is all. Only the food is a certain challenge in terms of quantity and quality. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. A small apartment on the nth floor would not be suitable. The Neapolitan mastiff he's a great partner, but it is not a companion for runners, dog athletes or performance junkies.

Education

It must be remembered that in a Neapolitan mastiff adult, the line is just a symbolic control. Large dog easily has the power to maneuver the other end of the leash at will. But he doesn't want, at least if you have enjoyed the basics of a good education. The Neapolitan mastiff it is very easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness.. He wants to follow his master and mistress and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of an owner of Neapolitan mastiff pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only education and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this calm four-legged friend they become a balm for the soul of agitated people.

Care and health “Neapolitan mastiff”

Caring for a Neapolitan mastiff healthy breed is not problematic. Brushing the coat here and there is enough.

Bad habit of extremely strong folding of the head and body often leads to chronic inflammation. They are usually a source of constant itching for dogs.. Sometimes it even makes vision difficult. Such dogs need expensive time and care.

Nutrition “Neapolitan mastiff”

You need a lot of high quality food. It is helpful to have an elevated feeding bowl to counteract the risk of stomach churning. Weight must always be carefully considered.

Life expectancy “Neapolitan mastiff”

Breeding mistakes have cost this dog, formerly robust, many years of his life expectancy. Before they were 12, today they are more likely to be 6 to 9 years. But, exact data not available.

For sale “Neapolitan mastiff”

The purchase of a Neapolitan mastiff it must be long-term and well considered. You should check carefully if you have all the requirements in order to spend many wonderful years together with this strong friend.. Also financially the attitude is a challenge. If you are looking for a puppy, you must make sure that the dogs are not too massive and wrinkled. You must ask about the ancestors, its appearance, their illnesses, your age. To get a Neapolitan mastiff solid character, you should just look directly at a serious breeder. For animal welfare reasons you should refrain from buying puppies from parents with severe wrinkles. A puppy Neapolitan mastiff from a good breeder costs about 2.500 EUR.

Characteristics "Neapolitan mastiff"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Neapolitan mastiff" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 1.0 out of 5
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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Images “Neapolitan mastiff”

Videos “Neapolitan mastiff”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Neapolitan mastiff"

FCIFCI - Neapolitan mastiff
Mastiff

Alternative names:

1. Mastino Napoletano Italian (English).
2. Mâtin de Naples, Napolitain (French).
3. Neapolitanischer Mastiff (German).
4. Mastino napoletano, Neapolitan mastiff (Portuguese).
5. Mastín napolitano (español).

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Cimarrón uruguayo
Uruguay FCI 353 - Molossoid - Dogo

Cimarrón

The Cimarrón uruguayo also called Cimarrón dog or Creole cimarrón is the only breed developed entirely in Uruguayan territory.

Content

History

The Cimarrón uruguayo Bulldog is a dog type molosoide, medium-sized, compact and strong, the fur can be striped or also bayo (cream-coloured) and snout black. His temperament is docile, cunning and guardian, ideal for guard, company or big game. It is recognized as a race in Uruguay from 1989 and internationally by the Federation Cynologique Internationale – FCI, from the 21 in February of 2006.

Etymologically Cimarron is a term applied in America (originally on the island of Hispaniola) to everything that having been domestic or civilized returned to the wild or wild state, by referring in this case to their refuge in the heights (Indeed in the mountains and valleys hidden) Sierras, with which cimarrón would be “who lives in the tops or hidden in them”.

The original specimens of the wild dog descended from the dogs introduced by the Spanish and Portuguese conquerors..
The natural crosses that were taking place in the wild is that it evolved in the course of two centuries a native variety perfectly adapted to the environment of the Uruguayan Plains.

«Tell your master that when I lack men to fight his henchmen, I have to fight them with Maroon dogs»: José Gervasio Artigas to the Gral. Carlos Federico Lecor.

The dog breed called Cimarrón dog or Criollo cimarrón is the only breed developed entirely in Uruguayan territory.

Non-domestic dogs in the world, Whether original species or breeds produced by the feralization of domestic breeds that returned to the natural environment and managed to readapt to it, they show a physical development that is totally different from this one., so it is highly arguable that this breed produced in the Uruguay as a supposed model maroons dogs mentioned in ancient chronicles and documents reflect the natural demeanor of those. All wild dogs of the world, by what is known as “convergence” evolutionary level they have long legs, erect ears, slender body, exceptions that occur in extreme climates (enormous ears of certain dogs of African deserts or small ears of Arctic foxes).

There are detailed chronicles of attacks by packs of these dogs on caravans and people, that led to the authorities of the time (end of the 18th century) they already have and encourage major massacres, reaching count by tens of thousands dead dogs.

Each dead animal was paid by the authorities of the time, requiring proof of death presented the jaw or the pair of ears of the animal. From this practice would derive the characteristic ear cut that is performed on many newborn pups., in the form of “ear of puma”.

Despite these massacres, «…a good number of mothers with their offspring conquered the mountains of Olimar and especially in the Sierra de Otazo and in the Cerros Largos», in what is now known as departments of Cerro Largo and Treinta y Tres, where many ranchers and landowners in this place, they took advantage of the virtues of this breed for working with cattle and defense of his property, beginning to raise it, preserving the mixing.

Modern traces of the breed begin to become more public in the early 1990s. 1980, When numerous breeders of Montevideo, attracted by the remarkable characteristics some specimens, they begin to develop their parenting and standardization.

It is in 1989 When this work begins to pay its fruits, to being the Cimarrón Uruguayo officially recognized by the Association of the Rural Uruguay (A.R.U.) and the Kennel Club Uruguayo (K.C.U.), 20 years after the first exposure of a specimen of the breed in the K.C.U.
Thus, the Association of Uruguayan Cimarrones Breeders was created and together with the K.C.U.. It prepares the official roll of the race, selecting the base dogs of the same and registering their pups, being tattooed for the first time with this registration number.

Today the character attributes of this breed called Cimarrón They make it increasingly popular in Uruguay and region, being employed as a companion dog, Guard and hunting, especially the wild boar.

Physical characteristics

The Cimarrón Bulldog is a dog of medium size type, balanced, strong, compact, with good osatura, muscular, shrewd and great courage. The size and weight of the males is of 58 to 61 cm. of height and 38 to 45 weight kg. And of 55 to 58 cm. of height and 33 to 40 weight kg, in females.

Character and skills

It is excellent to work with cattle dog, hunting and guard. Predominant livestock activity of these lands and the consequent abundance of food without great competition with other natural predators, the bighorn reproduced in large numbers becoming – according to historical documents – in a true plague and scourge for the inhabitants of the countryside and the livestock.

This race since its standardization has attracted a growing interest both within the Uruguay border, having copies of this dog in various countries of America, from United States to Argentina, counting this last country with several breeders of Cimarrón Uruguayo.
Another of the steps achieved for the genetic improvement of the breed called Cimarrón Uruguayo is the signing of an agreement between the University of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, through its Faculty of veterinary medicine with the Maroons breeders society for the study of the zootechnical status and consanguinity of the exemplary enrolled in their rolls.

This long process of standardization was crowned the 21 in February of 2006 When the International Bureau of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) gives international recognition to the Uruguayan Cimarron.

The breed standard states that the dog must have great courage. Like all large dogs, Cimarron Uruguayo should be well socialized when very young if you want to be kept as a companion. It is a very friendly dog ​​with children and other animals.

Cimarron Uruguayo is sometimes used for surveillance, hunting and all dog sports in his native Uruguay. Being a very intelligent dog has been used for all kinds of jobs, as rescue or grazing.

A dog is fairly quiet and stable, rarely bark unless the threat is real.

The primitive Cimarrón dog, by its roots in the Uruguayan territory, It has been from the very beginning of the national identity of this town a symbol of the independence struggle, faithfully reflected in the letter sent by General José Gervasio Artigas in response to General Carlos Federico Lecor, Count of la Laguna and Governor of the Provincia Cisplatina (current Uruguay) in which Artigas expressed that if it was left without soldiers to fight, I would do it with the Cimarron dog.

It is because of this tradition that this breed is currently a symbol and mascot of the National Army of Uruguay., having a preferential place in the annual military parades of the 18 July. On this occasion, a soldier of the battalion of Blandengues (the company that Artigas himself knew how to lead at the time) He rides leading the parade carried a Moorish Steed without along rider which is a sheep dog by the flange.

Images "Cimarrón uruguayo"

credits:

1. Cimarron Uruguayo – Kennel La Bonfire by Leonardo Botião Fonseca / CC BY-SA
2. Cimarron Uruguayo by brindle / CC BY-SA
3. The Finnish Winner Show, Helsinki, 2015. By Thomas / CC BY-SA
4. Nbistolfi / CC BY-SA

Videos "Cimarrón uruguayo"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , UKC

FCI breed standard "Cimarrón uruguayo"

FCIFCI - Cimarrón uruguayo
Cimarrón

Alternative names:

1. Cimarron, Uruguayan Cimarron, Cimarron Creole, Maroon Dog, Cerro Largo Dog, Perro Cimarron, Cimarron Dog (English).
2. Cimarrón uruguayo (French).
3. Cimarrón Uruguayo (German).
4. Cimarron uruguaio (Portuguese).
5. Perro Gaucho, Perro criollo, Cimarrón (español).