The breed of dog Polish Tatra Sheepdog, It originated in the region of Podhale, in the area of the Tatra mountains of Poland, that's whay the origin of it´s name .
The race lived the Polish mountains since thousands of years ago, but there is no exact date to record the start of the race. There are theories that pose similar terraces that inhabited the mountains were mixed and from there arose the Polish Tatra Sheepdog.
Other historians, pose that it was born from dogs imported by Phoenician traders from the East and probably came to Europe from Africa. They also argue, the Phoenicians used these dogs as a commodity to exchange for valuable products, as glass, Silver and tissues.
Also, other historians recount that the Romans used in battles and also as guard of prisoners, and the nobles tended to use it as a company and guard dog.
Although there is much controversy regarding the origin of Polish Tatra Sheepdog, breeders of race in Poland, They claim that type Mastiff comes from a dog.
Historically, the Polish Tatra Sheepdog has been very successful among pastors for various reasons, but one of them, and perhaps the most remarkable - in addition to its inteligencia-es the color of his cloak, that allowed pastoralists to quickly identify a bear or a Wolf, for example.
In addition, the owners used to cut the hair to the dog and use it like wool.
While the grazing of sheep will be the most important task of this dog, Historically, It was not the only work performed. Also, they used it as a personal guard dog, of factories and private in general property.
But despite all these wonders that describe the Polish Tatra Sheepdog, After the world wars was on the verge of extinction.
It was the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) who prevented that you happen starting in the year 1960 a comprehensive breeding program in order to prevent the extinction of the race.
Thanks to this action, the race was slowly stretching to far and wide throughout Europe, for the year 1981 the race was already present in Canada.
While currently it breeds more often and stays relatively stable, the Polish Tatra Sheepdog still known as a rare breed, It is estimated that there are only 3000 copies of the race around the world. Most are in Poland, they have with 600 registered copies, the if United States with 300 registered copies, and then countries like France, for example in the year 2003 registered 150 births this race.
And in Poland, approximately 150 of those 600 specimens, are they still used for grazing.
The Polish Tatra Sheepdog, is a dog from large size, is very similar to the Newfoundland but completely white.
The males they have a height to the cross ranging from 65 - 70 cm. and females -slightly smaller- they have a height ranging from 60 - 65 cm.. The weight is proportional to its size, but usually lies of 39 - 59 kg.
In one head huge, with a wide barrel and slightly arched Vault but with well marked but not abrupt stop.
Their eyes are showy and medium-sized, they transmit - by the general-una smart look, lively, the shape of the eyes is gently almendrada and gives us the feeling of that would sleep, transmits tenderness.
The lores they have an average length and are triangular, fitted with long hair.
The tail, implanted at medium altitude has a length that reaches at least the Hock.
The the mantle of the Pastor of Tatras, is of double layer. The subpelo, is dense and fluffy, and the outer layer is a fairly notorious long mane around the neck.
Character and skills
His instinct, through hundreds of years of ageing, was to protect livestock, reason why easily adopt a family as a herd if it were.
It is a companion dog and very protective of their own (whether families or herds). It is not an attack dog, but perceived threats to the distance and try to scare it through intimidation, using as I support his strong bark.
Although maintained similarities in appearance and temperament with at the Pyrenean Mountain Dog and with the Kuvasz (Hungarian). The Polish Tatra Sheepdog it is less distant than those two races mentioned, It tends to be tied to her calf and is more attached to their own.
The Polish Tatra Sheepdog, is a quiet dog, very powerful but aware of his strength shows sensitivity to the weakest (for example, children).
Temperament is very balanced, It independent and autonomous but very easy to educate and always ready to learn.
With children is, especially, cheerful and friendly. Will take you care them as their offspring demonstrating its strong instinct of protection backed by its history.
In the mountainous regions of Poland, where usually lived this as precious dog, Pastors used to put a necklace of iron or with nails to protect it from the wolves. It was a way to avoid bites that wolves usually allocated to the neck or throat of its prey. In the news, they still used kind of necklaces.
In United States, the dog Polish Tatra Sheepdog it is considered a rare breed. And is not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
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Type and recognitions:
- CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
- FCI 252
- – FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs ⓘ
- – UKC – Herding dogs ⓘ
1. Tatra Mountain Sheepdog, Owczarek Tatrzański, Owczarek, Podhalański, Polski Owczarek, Podhalan, Tatra (English).
2. Berger de Podhale (French).
3. Tatra Schäferhund, Tatrahund, Tatra-Hirtenhund sowie Podhalaner (German).
4. Polski Owczarek Podhalański (Portuguese).
5. Pastor polaco de Podhale (Spanish).