The breed of dog Polish Tatra Sheepdog, It originated in the region of Podhale, in the area of the Tatra mountains of Poland, hence its name.
The race lived the Polish mountains since thousands of years ago, but there is no exact date to record the start of the race. There are theories that suggest similar terraces that inhabited the mountains mixed together and from there arose the Polish Tatra Sheepdog.
Other historians, They suggest that it was born from dogs imported by Phoenician traders from the East and probably came to Europe from Africa.. They also argue, that the Phoenicians used these dogs as merchandise to exchange for valuable products, as glass, Silver and tissues.
As well, other historians recount that the Romans used in battles and also as guard of prisoners, and that the nobles used to use it as a companion and guard dog.
Although there is much controversy regarding the origin of Polish Tatra Sheepdog, breeders of race in Poland, they assure that it comes from a Mastiff-type dog.
Historically, the Polish Tatra Sheepdog has been very successful among pastors for various reasons, but one of them, and perhaps the most remarkable - in addition to its inteligencia-es the color of his cloak, that allowed shepherds to quickly identify it from a bear or a wolf, for example.
It also, owners used to trim the dog's hair and use it like wool.
While the grazing of sheep will be the most important task of this dog, Historically, It wasn't the only job I did.. As well, they used it as a personal guard dog, of factories and private in general property.
But despite all these wonders that describe the Polish Tatra Sheepdog, After the world wars was on the verge of extinction.
It was the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) who prevented that you happen starting in the year 1960 an exhaustive breeding program in order to avoid the extinction of the breed.
Thanks to this action, the race was slowly stretching to far and wide throughout Europe, for the year 1981 the race was already present in Canada.
Although it is currently bred more frequently and remains relatively stable, the Polish Tatra Sheepdog still known as a rare breed, It is estimated that there are only 3000 copies of the race around the world. Most are in Poland, they have with 600 registered copies, the if United States with 300 registered copies, and then countries like France, for example in the year 2003 registered 150 births this race.
And in Poland, approximately 150 of those 600 specimens, are they still used for grazing.
The Polish Tatra Sheepdog, is a dog from large size, is very similar to the Newfoundland but completely white.
The males they have a height to the cross ranging from 65 to 70 cm. and females -slightly smaller- they have a height ranging from 60 to 65 cm.. The weight is proportional to its size, but it is usually located 39 to 59 kg.
In one head huge, with a wide barrel and slightly arched Vault but with well marked but not abrupt stop.
Their eyes are showy and medium-sized, they transmit - by the general-una smart look, lively, the shape of the eyes is gently almendrada and gives us the feeling of that would sleep, transmits tenderness.
The ears they have an average length and are triangular, fitted with long hair.
The tail, planted at mid-height has a length that reaches at least the hock.
The the mantle of the Pastor of Tatras, is of double layer. The subpelo, is dense and fluffy, and the outer layer is a fairly notorious long mane around the neck.
Character and skills
His instinct, through hundreds of years of ageing, was to protect livestock, reason why easily adopt a family as a herd if it were.
It is a companion dog and very protective of their own (whether families or herds). It is not an attack dog, but perceived threats to the distance and try to scare it through intimidation, using as I support his strong bark.
Although maintained similarities in appearance and temperament with at the Pyrenean Mountain Dog and with the Kuvasz (Hungarian). The Polish Tatra Sheepdog it is less distant than those two races mentioned, tends to be more attached to his offspring and is more attached to his own.
The Polish Tatra Sheepdog, is a quiet dog, very powerful but aware of his strength shows sensitivity to the weakest (for example, children).
Temperament is very balanced, It independent and autonomous but very easy to educate and always ready to learn.
With children is, especially, cheerful and friendly. It will take care of them like its young, displaying its strong protection instinct backed by its history..
In the mountainous regions of Poland, where this precious dog usually lived, shepherds used to place an iron or spiked collar to protect it from wolves. It was a way to avoid bites that wolves usually allocated to the neck or throat of its prey. In the news, they still used kind of necklaces.
In United States, the dog Polish Tatra Sheepdog it is considered a rare breed. And is not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
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Type and recognitions:
- FCI CLASSIFICATION: 252
- Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
- Section 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial..
- – FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs ⓘ
- – UKC – Herding dogs ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Polish Tatra Sheepdog (Tatra Shepherd Dog)"
FCI - Polish Tatra Sheepdog (Tatra Shepherd Dog)
1. Tatra Mountain Sheepdog, Owczarek Tatrzański, Owczarek, Podhalański, Polski Owczarek, Podhalan, Tatra (English).
2. Berger de Podhale (French).
3. Tatra Schäferhund, Tatrahund, Tatra-Hirtenhund sowie Podhalaner (German).
4. Polski Owczarek Podhalański (Portuguese).
5. Pastor polaco de Podhale (español).