The Pumi is a rustic dog, docile, independent and very protective with their own.
The Pumi It is a herding dog size medium of the Terrier group, originally from Hungary.
The Pumi has been used as a "farm dog" in general, in grazing sheep not only, but also cows and pigs, and also for catching small rodents. Originated from the 17TH and 18th century, When the grazing done by dogs Terrier, brought to Hungary from Germany and France, It was somewhat common. These Terrier-type dogs, Hungary indigenous pastors were mixing with dogs, and the result of such crossing gave rise to the sympathetic current Pumi, It is a dog of Terrier blood but with the heart of dog. He was raised as a working dog, an autonomous and free animal.
The Pinscher German is a dog, extremely, active and lively, alert and vigilant.
The Pinscher German (German pinscher “bite”) It is a breed of dog that belongs to the family of the Pinscher.
This race, whose origins date back to the 15th century and which is also related with the Schnauzer, It was originally a dog used by the farmers of Germany to control rodent pests. It is believed that he is descended from crosses between old German dogs and some black Terrier used to hunt rodents.
The Pastor of the Pyrenees It is capable of detecting mood of each Member of the family.
The Pastor of the Pyrenees (Pyrenean Shepherd) is a breed of dog originating in France monitoring pastor, consists of two different varieties: the Pastor of the Pyrenees of long hair and the Pastor of the Pyrenees of face Rasa.
This breed of dog is very old, the oldest dog is French pastors, but in reality, its origins are unknown.
Its origin and its history is supposed to be the same, than the other dogs of pastor European descendants of Asian dogs.
The Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd be really happy sleeping with livestock before that on the couch.
The Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese (Maremma Sheepdog or Maremma Sheepdog-Abruzzese), It is a breed of dog originating in central Italy and used Boyero for centuries by shepherds to protect their flocks from wolves.
The breed is still used, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo where the flocks of sheep vitalize the rural economy and the wolves are protected predators (of the few areas of the planet, Lamentablemente…).
He also descended from Shepherd dogs that once existed in the region of the Tuscan Maremma and the region of Lazio. From 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.
Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Similar to the Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd dogs are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times until today.
Until year 1958, the Maremmano Pastor and Pastor Abrucense were regarded as separate races. The first Canine society of the Pastor Abrucense was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the first Canine society of the Pastor Maremmano.
But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especially after the unification of Italy was "natural melting"” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).
Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, While they continue to be widely utilized by sheep farmers in Italy in areas where predation is common, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.
But, Ironically, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, well Yes, but do not like to hear it, the hand of the man and the ringing has resulted a sinister more: sheep farming has been reduced and the Wolf is almost extinct.
Although it is easier for Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, develop its link with sheep and goats, farmers have found that, also, they are able to develop a protective bond with cows, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. Also, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, owls, etc.).
In Australia, It has a lot bet by Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese. Specifically in the city of Warrnambool, which boasts great natural beauties, and one of them Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese today is a key element for the survival of other species.
Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, recognized as a site of the southern right whale calf. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.
In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, penguins and the common dolphin. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.
There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island had a large colony of penguins. But the uncontrolled presence of foxes brought the number of members of the colony to be reduced significantly. In 2005, There are only four penguins in the colony.
It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, first in the world with these features, several copies of Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese introduced in Middle Island to protect the penguins. This very original and innovative programme has been the cornerstone of the re-establishment of the colony of penguins that year 2009 already had more of 100 Members.
While the use of the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor to protect an endangered species was rare at the beginning, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, It has been shown that the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor along with other breeds of livestock protection dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, as the penguins, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, also, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.
In other countries as Italy, United States and Canada, It has also promoted the use of the dog Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, as well as other types of dogs pastors, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.
The Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd is a dog of large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. It is also harmony on its format (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).
The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.
The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has lores triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.
The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, and when the dog is alert rises to the line of the spine.
The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.
Height to the cross in the males is of 65 to 73 cm and females is of 60 to 68 cm.. The weight of 35 to 45 kg in males and 30 to 40 kg in females.
Character and skills
Despite its large size, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese may be good companion dog in homes that have open spaces, appropriate to your needs.
Centuries of breeding of Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, today in an animal that adapts very well to home life very much joins his family who protects as if it were a herd, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.
In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.
Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, away from property of the neighbour and traffic lines, It would be an ideal place for this beautiful Shepherd. In this environment, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, is there really happy.
In addition to its extensive use in Italy, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese lives happy to play its protective functions of livestock in Australia, United States and Canada.
Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, is a very versatile dog, and capable of generating a links very, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, but the most common is that they introduce with 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, still of puppies, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.
What more can we say about the nature of the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor?? I believe that the words..., sobran.
The Pastor Garafiano It is a very docile and friendly dog.
The Pastor Garafiano is a breed of dog indigenous native to La Palma Canary, Canary Islands. The name receives it from the North of the island, specifically in the Garafía municipality, as the place where this race was more common, Despite the fact that copies are found throughout the island.
Pastor Garafiano has been linked from its origins to the grazing, activity for which shows special aptitude, Although it has nowadays gained great importance as a pet.
For some time, This race was on the edge of his disappearance due to miscegenation with other breeds of dog.
Successive crossings, especially from the age 60 20th century with other breeds of dogs pastors, They show the need to work for their recovery and selection from the exemplary few pure breed that retained the pastors of the island.
The Polish pastor of Vale is a lively, Intelligent, playful and lots of memory.
The Polish pastor of Vale about perro Pastor de las Tierras Bajas Polonia (In English Polish Lowland Sheepdog, in Polish: Polski Owczarek Nizinny, PON), It is a breed of woolly dog half original size of Poland.
The bibliographic data of the race recount that the Polish Valée Pastor, comes from dogs imported by the Phoenicians more than two thousand years.
Some sources insist that the Polish Valée Pastor, as we know it today it exists in Poland at least since the 13th century, and it is likely that there is a Puli dog within their ancestors.
Also, It is described as one of the ancestors of the Bearded Collie breed (Bearded collie). As tells the story a Polish trader named Kazimierz Grabski, it negotiates a shipment of grain for his sheep in Scotland in the year 1514, six copies of Polish Valée Shepherd dogs he brought with him to move cattle in the area.
Apparently a Scottish Shepherd was so impressed with the ability of dogs grazing proposed Kazimierz Grabski exchange a RAM and two ewes for a dog and two bitches. The business was carried out and these three copies were mixing with the local Scottish dogs and there were born the beautiful Bearded Collie.
The Polish Pastor of Valée, as many dog breeds during the second world war he was on the verge of extinction. But - luckily- in the majority of cases, always appears a key person in the history of the breed of dog question.
In this case the breed was restored and was made by the Dra. Danuta Hryniewicz and his dog, Smok ("Dragón"), Smok is considered to be the ancestor of all copies of Pastor Polish Valee that exist in today's world. The first litter in order to restore the breed was born in the year 1950.
Smok, It was a spectacular specimen of the breed, with a perfect anatomical structure and a wonderful temperament. The standard of this dog is tried to emulate by Valée Polish Shepherd breeders, for future generations. And Smok, the first born official standard of the breed, It was written and accepted by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in the year 1959.
The American Kennel Club recognized the Polish Valée Pastor as a race in the Group of grazing in the year 2001.
Otros nombres:Valee Sheepdog / Polski Owczarek Nizinny / Polish Lowland Sheepdog / PON / Polnischer Niederungshütehund / Pastor Polaco de Tierras Bajas / Berger polonais de plaine / Polnischer.
The males measure between 45 and 50 cm and females between 42 and 47 cm., weighing the males of 18,2 to 22,7 Kg and females 13,7 to 18,2 Kg.
The Valée Pastor is a muscular dog of the mantle thickness of double layer which can be of any color and reason, being the colours white, grey and Brown the most common with black markings, grey or brown. Their color usually is becoming darker as it grows.
The internal mantle is soft and dense, While the outside is hard and can be smooth or corrugated, but not curly. The hair head makes the head look larger than it really is, covering him in addition the eyes.
The body It is a square, It seems rectangular due to the abundance of hair, with an altura-longitud ratio of 9:10 (namely, for a dog of 45 centimeters tall, your body will measure each 50 26cm in length).
The tail It may be very short and even cut, Although it is a practice which is prohibited - Fortunately- in many countries.
Character and skills
They are stable, insurance and have an excellent memory which can be worked, Although this breed can dominate his master if it has a weak will.
When is with their herds on the Plains or in the mountains of Poland, the Valée Polish Pastor can rest quietly, because even if it is in sleep mode continues to monitor his flock and will not allow to escape or a single animal, Once the order has been responsible for everything.
Today it is used more as pet, It is very easy to be playful by nature it suits any family on all children.
They adapt well in varied conditions and are popular as dogs of company in apartments, Although they need a moderate daily exercise.
They love to be with people, especially with the children, they are very protective dogs.
It is important to check your power supply: to be quite heavy for its size, has a tendency to obesity. Exercise and good nutrition in the infallible recipe for good health of the Valée Polish Pastor.