Estonian Hound
Estonia FCI 366 - Medium-sized Hounds

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound they are extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods

Content

History

The history of Estonian Hound (or Eesti Hagijas in the language of your country of origin) begins at the beginning of the 20th century in Estonia, when the crossing of english hounds, Poles and Finns used by local hunters gave rise to a large dog unofficially considered regional and ancestor of the current Eesti Hagijas.

Given the sharp decline in the population of large game and in order to reestablish it, in 1937 a law was passed that prohibited hunting with dogs over 45 cm to the cross, which in fact caused a change of orientation towards smaller animals, like foxes and hares. As a result, Estonian hunters and breeders had to breed smaller dogs than they had then, therefore, the breeding program was introduced Beagles, the Dachshunds and Swiss Hounds.

This law was amended three years later, in 1940: the maximum size was increased to 55 cm., and breeders stopped their efforts to miniaturize local hunting dogs.

In 1947, when Estonia was part of the USSR, the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture decided that all “republics” who made up Estonia had to have a local breed of dog. The Estonian hunting dog population was then estimated at around 900, and the intense selection helped to stabilize the characteristics of the breed that would become the Estonian Hound.

In 1954, the Ministry of Agriculture sent a specialized commission to Estonia to study the 648 specimens submitted by local breeders, and were clearly convinced: the first breed standard was approved by the Ministry a few months later. This year marked the official introduction of the Estonian Hound like a race, whose stamina and formidable nose were immediately emphasized.

After the collapse of the Soviet regime, Estonia gained independence and in 1998 la Estonian Kennel Club, the main canine association in the country, recognized race. Being the only native of the country, it was not surprising that it was granted national dog status.

The organization set out to make the breed known and recognized internationally. His efforts were crowned with success in 2019, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) provisionally accepted the breed and published a standard. Having said that, there is still a long way to go, since it is not recognized, for example, by the prestigious British Kennel Club, nor by American reference organizations such as the United Kennel Club (UKC) o el American Kennel Club (AKC).

The Estonian Hound is popular in an area encompassing Estonia and nearby Russian regions, and its population is estimated at about 1200 individuals. It is still used there as a hunting dog and has also made a place in many homes as a pet.. However, has not yet conquered the rest of the world. Rare in europe, even in the neighboring countries of Estonia, is practically absent from the North American continent.

Photo: Estonian Hound by Marcin Błaszkowski, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Estonian-hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound They are medium-sized hunting dogs that can easily be mistaken for the Beagle, one of the races that helped create them. However, they are bigger than the Beagle and they have a more pointed snout.

His powerful and muscular body is very long. Its solid bone legs are straight and almost half the size at the withers.. Saber-shaped tail flicks when in motion and remains fairly low, no higher than back level.

The head is quite wide at the level of the skull and the long muzzle ends in a very black nose. His slightly oblique eyes are more or less dark brown, while her long, thin ears fall along her cheeks.

The coat of the Estonian Hound is short, rough and shiny, with a moderately dense undercoat. Their fur is usually tricolor, with black spots with more or less wide red edges on a white background. However, the standard accepts bicolor individuals with completely red spots, without any trace of black. In all cases, the tips of the legs and tail should be white, as well as the throat and chest.

Sexual dimorphism is marked, the female being slightly longer than the male, which is taller in the legs and wider.

Physical characteristics

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound he is particularly devoted to his family, who likes to spend time with. They are a breed of dog especially recommended for children: they love to interact with them and are very patient with them, they even accept having their tails or ears pulled. However, you should remember that interactions between a young child and a dog of any breed must be under the supervision of an adult.

This strong attachment to his family makes him not like loneliness, which can lead to separation anxiety. If you are often left home alone for long periods of time, not surprisingly you may experience destructive behavior.

A solution for a caregiver who is absent regularly during the day may be to provide a playmate. Made to hunt in a pack, the Estonian Hound they enjoy the company of other dogs. If they are used to its presence from an early age, They can also make friends with any feline in the house. On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, should not live with rabbits or other rodents.

Rather shy and not fond of novelty, the Estonian Hound they tend to bark at strangers and then observe their master's behavior from a distance. If he invites the newcomer to the house, comes to greet you politely, but stay reserved.

Extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods, they need a lot of exercise to expend their great energy: a daily walk of one hour is a minimum for them. It is recommended to always keep it tied during these outings, as your excellent sense of smell often allows you to find an interesting track that you are likely to want to follow for hours, ignoring withdrawal orders. A dog owner who still wants to let him walk freely at this time should equip him with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily get your hands back on it if it disappears.

The Estonian Hound you can live in an apartment as long as you are outdoors often enough to satisfy your need for exercise, but he is much happier when he has a garden where he can patrol and play. However, this outdoor space must be well fenced to eliminate the risk of escape if you see potential prey to pursue.

A peculiarity of this dog is its need for routine and its aversion to novelty, which makes their behavior sometimes compared to that of domestic cats. This is not at all an appropriate choice for a master who wants to take their dog on vacation.: he is a poor traveler, you get stressed out when you get in the car and you don't like spending time in a place you don't know at all.

Last but not least, it is a breed of dog that barks often and forcefully. For the peace of the neighborhood, it is necessary to teach him from a young age not to bark for any reason and to shut up when ordered to do so.

Education

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

Like all its fellow men, the Estonian Hound must be socialized from an early age. This requires spending as much time with him as possible so that he meets all kinds of people (neighbors, family, friends, strangers…) And animals, but also so that you get used to the situations that you may face later.

This need to become very quickly acquainted with the outside world is all the more pronounced as it is fearful by nature. In particular, to prevent future vet visits from becoming a nightmare to handle, it is recommended to get used to traveling by car as soon as possible.

Addressing the barking issue at an early age is also imperative, so that you understand that it is not necessary to bark for hours at every unfamiliar noise.

It is also important to teach your dog to remember to bark, as you will not hear any more commands once you have sniffed the trail of a game animal and go in pursuit. Hunting instinct is well established in this breed, so it does not require any specific training to be able to follow a trail for hours and be an excellent hunter.

Relatively independent and headstrong, the Estonian Hound require patience to be trained, but they like to please their master and usually end up listening to him. If necessary, be firm to assert your dominant position and show your dog who is the master, traditional training methods should be avoided, at the risk of damaging the relationship of trust. It is preferable to opt for a learning technique based on positive reinforcement.

Health

As the Estonian Hound it is a relatively new breed and not very widespread, there is still no real and in-depth study of their possible health problems. However, looks quite robust, undoubtedly thanks to a reasoned breeding program that has prioritized the personality and abilities of individuals over their appearance.

However, you have probably inherited from Beagle and the Foxhound a certain predisposition to the following diseases:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a breakdown of the eye tissue that can eventually lead to blindness;
  • entropion and ectropion, problems with the eyelids that cause itching and / or irritation of the eye, but that can be surgically corrected;
  • dislocation of the patella, which affects the kneecap and causes walking difficulties. It can also be responsible for premature arthritis;
  • Elbow or hip dysplasia, that can cause lameness.
  • In addition, the Estonian Hound is sensitive to allergies and sinusitis. These ailments are not serious in themselves, but they can cause a certain amount of stress to the dog, as this breed relies heavily on its sense of smell. Therefore, a temporary loss of your sense of smell is likely disorienting you.

    At last, like most hunting dogs, the Estonian Hound have a ferocious appetite that can lead to overweight or even obesity if they don't get enough exercise.

    Grooming

    Despite her short hair and sparse undercoat, the Estonian Hound require some maintenance. Brushing twice a week is recommended to remove dead hairs and avoid finding them all over the house. This also helps to distribute sebum on the skin to better protect it against infectious agents..

    During shedding periods, in autumn and spring, it is even necessary to opt for a daily frequency, to cope with the large amount of hair she loses during this period.

    On the other hand, it is only necessary to bathe your dog when it is particularly dirty, for example, if he has rolled in the mud.

    Besides keeping your coat, it is recommended to check your teeth once a week to make sure there are no cavities, and wipe your eyes with a damp cloth to remove any dirt that may cause an infection.

    Weekly ear care is especially important: like any dog ​​with floppy ears, the Estonian Hound are at increased risk of ear infections and infections.

    Buy a “Estonian Hound”

    The price of a puppy Estonian Hound is of some 700-800 euros in your country of origin, and there is no price difference between male and female puppies.

    However, it is difficult to find outside of Estonia, but the situation may change rapidly after the breed is recognized by the FCI in 2019.

    Characteristics “Estonian Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Estonian Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Estonian Hound”

    Estonian Hound / 99+1 Dog Breeds
    ESTONIAN HOUND PUPPIES / ESTONIAN HUNDRED PUPPIES

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 20
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.

    FCI breed standard “Estonian Hound”

    FCIFCI – “Estonian Hound”
    Estonian Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. (Estonian: eesti hagijas) (English).
      2. eesti hagijas (French).
      3. (estnisch: Eesti hagijas), Estnische Bracke (German).
      4. Eesti hagijas (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador estonio (Spanish).

    Bavarian Mountain Hound
    Germany FCI 217 . Leash (scent) Hounds

    Bavarian Mountain Hound

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is very suspicious of strangers, I am calm and balanced with its owner.

    Content

    History

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound it is a medium sized hunting dog. He is a highly developed specialist, but at the same time versatile in hunting. Tracking work is his specialty. Master searching and hunting and especially tracking. On the trail, keep track of an injured animal. Fast and infallible dog work is crucial to reduce the suffering of the prey.

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound dates back to ancient dog breeds. These hounds are also called “Bracken”. For hunting, which was an important way of life for our ancestors for thousands of years, dogs with a particularly good sense of smell and an intelligent sense of detection were of great importance. Trace Dogs were also needed to hunt criminals.

    For the Teutons a good Scent hound was worth more than a horse. This is attested by a legal text of more than 1000 years old, el Lex Baiuwariorum. A document of the year 1459 later attests to Bracken's donation to the Tegrinsee monastery (today Tegernsee) by a count Kaspar Törring. Already at that time the count systematically raised the Bracken according to a breeding book. The actual Bavarian Mountain Hound also descends from these Bracken.

    In 1870 he also grew up Hanoverian Scenthound. This resulted in a modern and versatile helper for the ranger and hunter.. The dogs had to be distinguished by their high performance in hunting. At the same time, they had to cope with the harsh conditions of the mountains. Therefore, sharp stones were not allowed to bother them as much as storms, snow or high demands on your ability to climb. In 1883 took place the first official exhibition of the Bavarian Mountain Hound. In 1912 was founded the Klub für Bayerische Gebirgsschweißhunde, who has since been very successful in caring for these dogs.

    After World War II, the genetic bottleneck was worked on by crossing into the Tyrolean hound. Although the breed is very rare, is spread throughout Germany. Their breeding is organized in a very responsible way. To avoid “elite or champion breeding” the number of offspring of a farm animal is limited to 18 a 20. On the other hand, at least one animal from each litter raised must be reintroduced into the breed if there are no signs of inherited diseases. In addition, breeding is only allowed with dogs that have passed performance tests anyway. The breeding of the Bavarian Mountain Hound is a model, a project, how to breed healthy and strong pedigree dogs, even with a numerically very small population. They are raised between 10 and 12 litters with 60 a 80 puppies per year. These go almost only to the professional hands of professional rangers and hunters.

    Photo: Bavarian Mountain Hound (name: Zoran Spod Ruskiej Granicy) by Ralf Lotys (Definitely), CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound It is a strong dog, medium-sized, with a height at the withers of about 44 a 52 cm and a weight of 17 a 30 kg. Males, However, they are larger and heavier than females. For your size, has rather short legs. The standard describes its appearance in this way:

    A medium sized dog, harmonious, light, very agile and muscular. The body is slightly longer than tall, slightly raised from behind; leans on legs not too high. The head is carried horizontally or somewhat erect, tail horizontal or slanted down.

    The coat must be dense, smooth, moderately rough, low gloss. The standard requires the following colors:

    Dark red, deer red, Red brown, yellowish red, also pale yellow (even sand color); reddish gray like the winter hair of the red deer, also brindle or dark flecked.
    In the back, the basic color is generally more intense. Muzzle and ears dark.
    The tail is almost always dotted dark. A small, clear spot is allowed on the chest (hound star).

    The meaning is: The colors must camouflage the dog in its hunting work and not give it away, for example with large white marks.

    Character and skills

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is a thoroughbred hunting dog with wide awake senses, but without nervousness. As long as you don't have a smell in your nose, impresses with a thoughtful nature, quiet and extremely gentle, that radiates pure slowdown for us humans. The official standard describes its nature as follows: “Calm and balanced; affectionate with his owner, reserved with strangers. What is required is a stable dog, self-confident, fearless and easy to handle, Neither timid nor aggressive”.

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound it is a very capable working dog that performs its tasks conscientiously and with the utmost dedication. Has a strong search instinct and is a master of crawling. Exploring nature with him is, therefore, a very special experience and happiness. The Bavarian Mountain Hound, professionally managed, it is also a very good family dog ​​with a gentle nature.

    Attitude

    A Bavarian Mountain Hound it is not a companion dog for the city or for walks in nature, even if they are daily. Not a dog for the home, but a professional hunting dog who wants and needs the job. Otherwise, his attitude is completely undemanding. Therefore, ideally you would live in a house on the edge of the forest or in the country with a garden.

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound wants and can go out in all climates. The standard provides information on the conditions of its maintenance:

    “In keeping with your hunting purpose as a cloven-hoof tracking specialist, the Bavarian Mountain Hound must possess all the qualities required of it to be useful in difficult follow-up. Utility must be proven by appropriate performance tests”.

    Education “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is a very friendly and eager to learn four legged friend, that makes it easier for its owner to train and work with him. Because you want and need this guide. But it is not a dog that awaits orders from its owner. Since dogs have been allowed to breed for many generations only if they have mastered many demanding performance tests, your level of training is extremely high. This is at the same time an obligation for the leadership of this dog. Because you need the hunting job, where it feels good. Its element is search work. Here he has taken it to absolute dominance, you also need to live. However, you should take this into account if you are playing with the idea of ​​sharing your life with a Bavarian Mountain Hound as not a hunter.

    Care and health

    The breed is very easy to care for. Brushing once in a while is enough.

    Typical diseases of the breed:

    Hereditary diseases are not known.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is undemanding in his diet.

    Life expectancy

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound has a life expectancy of about 12 years.

    Buy a “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    If you are looking for a dog of this breed, you should contact a breeder affiliated with the Club Bávaro del Bavarian Mountain Hound well in advance of your planned purchase. As a rule, dogs are only handled by rangers or hunters. From time to time, However, it may happen that a dog is looking for another place. But then you should be able and willing to give him living conditions that can be a substitute for his species-appropriate way of life.. A puppy of this breed costs about 1500 EUR.

    Characteristics “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Bavarian Mountain Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    Photos:

    1 – Bavarian Mountain Hound, female and male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – “Bavarian Mountain Hound” by Wikimedia
    3 – A Bavarian Mountain Scenthound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Bavarian Mountain Hound during show of dogs in Rybnik – Kamień, Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Kafka und Frodo beim ersten Outdoor Treffen und Grillen bei Audigast. Februar 2014. Kafka ist ein Magyar Vizsla und Frodo ein Bayerischer Gebirgsschweißhund by Andreas Kruger
    6 – Bavarian Mountain Hound by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 217
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds.
    • AKCGrupo FSS
    • ​KCCazadores
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    FCIFCI – “Bavarian Mountain Hound”
    Bavarian Mountain Tracker FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bavarian Mountain Scenthound (English).
      2. Chien de recherche au sang de la montagne bavaroise (French).
      3. Bayerischer Gebirgsschweisshund (German).
      4. (em alemão: Bayrischer gebirgsschweisshund) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso bávaro de montaña, Rastreador de Baviera (Spanish).

    Hanoverian Scenthound
    Germany FCI 213 . Leash (scent) Hounds

    Hanoverian Scenthound

    The Hanoverian Scenthound He is a dog with a very good sense of smell, specialized in locating injured prey.

    Content

    History

    The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a medium sized hunting dog.

    He is a highly developed specialist, but at the same time versatile in hunting. Tracking is the supreme discipline of a hunting dog, that the Hanoverian Scenthound dominates like no other. In the crawl, keep track of injured animals on a hunt. A fast and infallible work of the dog is decisive to reduce the suffering of the injured animal. This task is old, but no less relevant today.

    The Hanoverian Scenthound dates back to archaic dog breeds. Bloodhounds are also called “Bracken”. For hunting, which was an important way of life for our ancestors for thousands of years, dogs with a particularly good sense of smell and an intelligent sense of detection were of elementary importance. The scent dogs were also indispensable to hunt criminals. Before the introduction of firearms, hunters had to stalk the game much closer. This is what guide dogs were for. From them emerged the hounds of today. This type of dog is probably over 10.000 years. For the Teutons a good “trail dog” was worth more than a horse. This is attested by a legal text of more than 1000 years old, el Lex Baiuwariorum. In the baroque era, wealthy princes ran the so-called hunting courts. This was a kind of college for hunting with a practical orientation. One of the first was the “Hanover hound”. Here these hounds were systematically bred and trained from 1657.

    Breeding according to current standards started in Erfurt in 1894 with the founding of the Hirschmann club, that is still very successful with this breed today. Their breeding has been extremely responsibly organized since time immemorial. Therefore, vital and healthy dogs with great temperament and excellent performance can be reliably bred even today.

    The Hanoverian Scenthound is a hunting dog, but also a good family dog ​​and companion in everyday life. It has to be. His controller has to be ready to act with him at any time, for example, if there has been a traffic accident and it is necessary to find an injured deer or wild boar. You don't have to be a hunter or a ranger to get a puppy from a Hirschmann club breeder, but you do have to be a member of this club and take a training course for trainers of the Hanoverian Scenthound. Between 40 and 60 puppies are bred every year under the umbrella of the German Canine Federation – VDH.

    Photo: Hanover Hound by TobiasHR, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a strong dog of medium size. By the size of her body, tends to have short legs, as this is advantageous when you must do your nose job close to the ground. Males are larger and heavier than females. Males must have a height at the withers of 50 a 55 centimeters with a weight of 30 a 40 kg. Bitches must have a height at the withers of 48 a 53 centimeters and a weight of 25 a 35 kg. The official standard describes their appearance this way:

    The overall look of the powerful Hanoverian Scenthound is that of a medium-sized dog, well proportioned and powerful. Well-positioned and heavily muscled front and rear limbs allow you to work with resistance. Legs too high, especially an oversized right, they impede work with a deep nose and are out of character. The wide and deep chest provides plenty of room for the lungs and allows for long and grueling chases. The slightly wrinkled forehead and the light and dark eye give the Hanoverian Scenthound his typical serious facial expression.

    The ears are of medium length and, held high on the head, falls. Its pelage is short, dense, thick. Typical of the breed is the basic reddish color, which can range from light pale red to dark brindle, almost black.

    Character and skills

    The Hanoverian Scenthound is a thoroughbred hunting dog with alert senses, but without any kind of nervousness. As long as you don't have a smell in your nose, impresses with a thoughtful nature, quiet and extremely gentle, that for us humans radiates pure slowdown. On the way he shows his passion and follows her with loud barks. The FCI standard describes its nature as follows:

    Quiet and safe nature, but sensitive towards its controller. Selective and reserved with strangers. High concentration capacity in hunting tracking work with a pronounced herd relationship to the main hunter.

    The Hanoverian Scenthound he is a very efficient working dog, who fulfills his tasks conscientiously and with the greatest commitment. Exploring nature together with him and his higher senses is a very special experience and happiness. Its balanced nature, even sovereign, his social qualities and human kindness make him an excellent family dog.

    Fitness

    A Hanoverian Scenthound not a companion dog for the city. Not an apartment dog, but a passionate hunting assistant who wants and needs the job. Otherwise, his attitude is completely undemanding. Ideally, you should live with your humans in a house on the edge of the forest or in the country with a garden. This already results from your task, which must also be that of your caregiver: the search.

    The hunting dog team, composed of the dog and the handler, be prepared at all times to search for injured game animals on behalf of the local hunting community, either after a hunt or a traffic accident. This task should also be shared by the whole family. The challenges are great in all aspects: all kinds of weather, day or night, crawl hard through dense terrain and open terrain, safely in search of an injured and perhaps aggressive animal, think about the boar. The hound must be able to be directed by its handler at all times. These are challenges that are unmatched in dog sports. In everyday life he is sociable and discreet. You can do everything with it.

    Education

    The Hanoverian Scenthound is a deeply friendly and eager to learn four-legged friend, that makes it easier for your trainer to train and educate you, as well as working with him. Want and need this guide. But it is not a dog that waits for orders from its keeper. You can't teach him, but you can train him excellently based on positive reinforcement and deep emotional confidence.

    As dogs have only been allowed to breed for many generations if they have mastered many demanding behavioral tests, its performance level is extremely high. This is at the same time a commitment to the management of this dog.

    Care and health

    The Hanoverian Scenthound does not require any special care.

    Brushing the dog's coat weekly is enough to get rid of the various debris collected during the walk or hunting and to remove dead hairs.

    However, it is recommended to regularly inspect your ears. In fact, as in any breed of dog with lop ears, have an increased risk of otitis. Ear wax and accumulated bacteria can cause such infections.

    To protect you from dental problems, the dog's teeth should be brushed regularly. Ideally, this should be at least two or three times a week.

    In addition, when you return from long walks with your dog or hunting, it is a good idea to check the parts of your body that may be damaged, especially the legs, tail and ears.

    You should also regularly check for parasites and make sure your dog receives proper pest control treatment..

    At last, the dog's nails should be trimmed if they are too long. This is particularly necessary if the dog does not regularly walk on very hard surfaces such as concrete..

    Typical diseases of the breed:

    Although the Hanoverian Scenthound do not have a congenital predisposition to any particular pathology, is particularly prone to ear infections in dogs. To prevent these infections, it is advisable to inspect the dog's ears regularly.

    It can also be sensitive to anesthetics and pose entropion risks (the edge of the eyelid is turned inward, which makes the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye) the ectropion (the eyelid is turned out, exposing the conjunctiva and possibly causing eye infections).

    It also presents a risk of obesity for the dog, if you are overfed and / or lead a too sedentary life.

    In addition, the main risks to which it is exposed as a hunting dog are insect bites or stings (of vipers, for example), as well as insolation. To avoid this, it is better to avoid hunting in the hottest hours of the day.

    At last, you also run the risk of being injured by hunting (wild boar, Deer…). This risk is particularly important for the Hanoverian Scenthound, who is very stubborn at work and never gives up, even when he's hurt.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a hardy dog ​​that is not difficult to feed. Quality industrial dog food is ideal for him, ideally divided into two meals a day.

    If you hunt, the dog's diet must be adapted to this activity and its seasonality: one month before opening, it may be necessary to make your dog lose weight if he has gained too much weight during winter. This can be done by reducing your servings or by eating a lower calorie diet..

    On the other hand, once hunting season begins, the dietary and energy needs of the dog are increased by its high physical activity, and it is necessary, on the other hand, or increase servings by 10 a 20% or give him a richer diet.

    In addition, it is preferable to divide the meals during a hunting day: a small amount of food should be given before departure, and then another at noon, to avoid syncope due to hypoglycemia. This portion is preferably warm and moist so that it is digested faster, so as not to overwhelm you before intense exercise, that could make you sick (vomiting…). The largest portion is given at night.

    Life expectancy

    This breed of dog has a life expectancy of about 12 years.

    Buy a “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    If you are interested in a Hanoverian Scenthound, you must contact him Club Hirschmann well in advance of your planned purchase. Puppies are only released to members on a set schedule. Then you should be able and willing to give this species appropriate living conditions for this hunting dog for at least 10 years. A puppy of this breed costs about 850 EUR.

    Characteristics “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hanoverian Scenthound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    Photos:

    1 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hs-hannoverscher-schweisshund-macho-5226519/
    2 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193568/
    3 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/terrier-hannoverscher-schweisshund-4453683/
    4 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193562/
    5 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193559/
    6 – Hanoverian Scenthound by Hirschmann Association, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 213
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    FCIFCI – “Hanoverian Scenthound”
    Hannover FCI Tracker

    Alternative names:

      1. Hanoverian Hound, Hanoverian Scenthound, Hannover’scher Schweisshund (English).
      2. Chien de rouge du Hanovre (French).
      3. Hannoversche Schweisshunde (German).
      4. (em alemão: hannover’scher schweisshund) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso de Hannover (Spanish).

    Small swiss hound
    Suiza FCI 60 . Small-sized Hounds

    Small Bernese hound
    Small Bernese hound

    The dog Small swiss hound, little stimulated, often becomes an annoying pet that can be difficult to train.

    Content

    History

    In the early 20th century, hunting began to change in Switzerland. Private hunting grounds were introduced and the standard size of the Swiss Hound he was too fast and enthusiastic to hunt properly within these smaller hunting grounds. The hunters decided to develop a different breed of hunting that could hunt efficiently and effectively within the closed private hunting grounds.. Many people think that Small swiss hound it's just a smaller version of the Swiss Hound. While this is partly true, They are a different race that originated from crossing the Swiss Hound with the Basset Hound. The ultimate goal was to develop a breed that was shorter and smaller., but also had the same four color variants as the Swiss Hound. The resulting dogs were expected to have a strong sense of smell for nose work and a melodious voice to sound the alarm when hunting..

    The Small swiss hound He is an outstanding hunter and has the ability to track scents for miles over rough terrain. The Small swiss hound became the hunting dog of people hunting on private land.

    The United Kennel Club recognized the Small swiss hound in 2006. The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) accepted them and adopted the official breed standard under the name Schweizer Niederlaufhund in 2015.

    The Small swiss hound still a popular hunting companion in his native Switzerland.

    Photo: Small Bernese Hound Smooth-coated male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    In proportion smaller than the Swiss Hound. Its body shape is rectangular, moderately long, and strong conformation. Medium size head, thin, elegant, with friendly facial expression
    and attentive. His ears are very long, low insertion, and he wears them folded. Thin and strong limbs. When walking calmly, he has his tail hanging, in activity bends it slightly upwards.

    The Small swiss hound comes in four different varieties. The only difference between the varieties is the color, but each variety has its own name.

    Variants Small swiss hound

    Small Jura houndSmall Bernese houndSmall Schwyz houndSmall Lucerne hound
    Small hound of Juraequeño de Jura
    Small Jura hound
    Small Bernese hound
    Small Bernese hound
    Small Schwyz hound
    Small Schwyz hound
    Small Lucerne hound
    Small Lucerne hound
  • The Small Jura hound has a smooth coat that is black with tan markings found over the eyes.
    The Small Jura hound has only one coat and may only have a small amount of white on its body.
  • The Small Bernese hound has two types of fur:
    the smooth coat and the rough coat.
    The rough coat has a single hard coat and a small beard.
    The Small Bernese hound it's black and white with fiery marks over its eyes; many call it tricolor.
  • The Small Schwyz hound has a smooth, unique coat that is predominantly white with yellow-red spots; orange-red spots are also acceptable.
  • The Small Lucerne hound has a smooth and unique coat that is predominantly white but speckled with black or gray giving the illusion of a blue body. They have black spots with tan markings over their eyes.
  • Photos:

    1 – Small Bernese Hound Smooth-coated male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Jura low-run dog by Bhv The Max
    3 – This dog is a small Schwyz Hound by pets.ch
    4 – Little Lucerne Hound by carlosh catalog

    Character and skills

    When he's hunting, the Small swiss hound is tireless and relentless, exhibiting impressive endurance and strength of character. They tend to be lively and excitable, eager to do their job. The majority of the Small swiss hound they are happy to hunt regardless, without any royal order from his master.

    Despite being bred to hunt, most breed members can transition from working hound to family pet easily and are generally affectionate and demonstrative of their owners. They are good friends with children and other dogs, but they cannot be trusted with small animals, including cats and rabbits.

    Individual temperaments vary, and while some may be quiet and peaceful guests of the house, others may be excitable and jumpy. Dogs with more energy can often be taught to settle indoors once they have been properly exercised.. Ideally, the exercise should be done in the form of hunting, as this not only burns excess energy but also occupies your inquisitive mind. The dog Small swiss hound, little stimulated, often becomes an annoying pet that can be difficult to train.

    Not being an aggressive dog, the Small swiss hound should not be used as a guard dog as it does not tend to scare off intruders and does not usually feel the need to guard your property.

    Training “Small swiss hound”

    The phrase “the small dog syndrome” can be mentioned when talking about Small swiss hound, as they have a reputation for acting like large dogs in small dog bodies. Full of confidence, lively and independent, this is not a breed for the novice trainer. Obedience work can be a particular challenge, as they have a free-spirited character and a mind of their own.

    Coaches must be firm and inflexible, keeping your training sessions short and interesting to keep the dog's interest. How this breed likes to assume a dominant position in the home, he should be taught his place from an early age, to avoid any bad behavior.

    Most dogs Small swiss hound are still used as hunting dogs in Switzerland today, meaning your exercise requirements are easily met during hunting season. In the case of non-working dogs, or when the hunting season is over, owners should take time to meet the needs of this active hound.

    A rural setting is the ideal place for Small swiss hound, who needs wide terrain to explore and does not enjoy being confined. It is essential that your property is securely fenced to avoid solo adventures.

    Health “Small swiss hound”

    There are not many diseases that affect the Small swiss hound more than other races, but there are a handful of conditions that should be watched in individuals:

    Ear infections

    Hanging ears are prone to developing ear infections, particularly if a dog spends a lot of time outside wet and muddy. Keeping your ears clean can prevent this from becoming a problem.

    Hip Dysplasia

    Malformed hip joints can lead to lifelong discomfort and reduced mobility. X-rays of the hips (a process called “hip score”) should be performed when a breeding dog is over one year of age to ensure that its hips are of good enough quality to be passed on.

    Grooming “Small swiss hound”

    Although there are a number of different hair types within the breed, all are easy to maintain and need little in the way of grooming. Weekly brushing will suffice. The Small swiss hound you will only need to be bathed a few times a year. If owners feel the need to disguise their “odor to dog” they can use dry shampoo, avoiding the risk of drying out their skin and coat.

    Ears of the Small swiss hound should be cleaned weekly and ideally should be checked daily for signs of infection. They must be completely dried after getting wet.

    Characteristics “Small swiss hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Small swiss hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Small swiss hound”

    Swiss low-legged dog + Schweizer Laufhund + Orange hound
    Schweizer Laufhund CERVA

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 60
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.3: Small-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Small swiss hound”

    FCIFCI – “Small swiss hound”
    Small Swiss Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (English).
      2. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (French).
      3. Schweizer Niederlaufhund (German).
      4. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (Portuguese).
      5. (en suizo, Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund) (Spanish).

    Swiss Hound
    Suiza FCI 59 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Schwyz Hound
    Schwyz Hound

    In the breed standard, the temperament of the Swiss Hound is described as “Vivacious and passionate about hunting, sensitive, docile and very attached to his master”.

    Content

    History

    It is said that the Swiss Hound is among the oldest members of the Group of Hounds. According to a 15th century letter to Ernst, Elector of Saxony (1441-86), Swiss working dogs were among the best. 17th century images show packs of hounds “with the same color and the same size, large heads and very long ears”.

    Three centuries later, the german dog writer Richard Strebel wrote in “Die Deutschen Hunde” (German dog breeds, 1903-05) that hounds that lived separately in a restricted area of ​​Switzerland therefore developed separately.

    In the decade of 1890, it seemed that purebred hounds were marked for death in Switzerland, despite the breeding of the Schwyz Hound, Bernese Hound and Lucerne Hound. Some hounds were exported to Scandinavia and, thanks to the crossing with native hounds, the Stövares (scandinavian hounds) they were blooming. But at the same time, the Thurgauer Laufhund quietly disappeared in Switzerland, and the Aargauer Laufhund gave way to Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound).

    In 1903, J. Dust del Swiss Kennel Club founded the Schweizerische Laufhunde-Club (Swiss Hound Club) and in 1907 an appeal was made to save the Swiss hound of extinction. Then something remarkable happened: the breed club bought good quality Swiss hounds and gave them to prudent breeders and hunters. Test rules and regulations were developed and a series of obligations were established: a) only one dog at a time when hunting; b) the dog had to be under control when hunting; c) a dog that disappeared while hunting had to return to its master within half an hour; y d) the dog was to return as soon as the horn sounded, regardless of whether the dog was looking. Using these rules, the breed club tried to exclude disobedient dogs and forced owners to properly breed and train their dogs.

    Four varieties

    The development of Swiss Hound started in the decade of 1930, but it took time and effort. In 1937, only five hounds were entered in the Swiss herd book. The Dr. O. Vollenweider managed to gather 11 hound collectors in the city of Soleura, in northwestern Switzerland. Suitable dogs were selected for breeding and, in 1933, a breed standard was published. In the standard, the varieties were distinguished by coat color and pattern.

    In 1944, 150 Swiss hounds were entered in a hound exhibition. (As a neutral country, Switzerland did not participate in WWII) It was no longer forbidden to work with dogs that gave tongue, and bloodhounds of more than 20 inches (50 centimeters) to the cross.

    Attempts to save or restore the Laufhund de Argovia they were unsuccessful; in 1933, the breed standard was canceled. Four varieties remained: the Bernese Hound, the Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound), the Lucerne Hound and the Schwyz Hound. Their names connect them with cities and areas of Switzerland (Berne, Lucerne, Jura), or with Switzerland.

    It is said that between 1902 and 1922, a few 1.200 swiss hounds, mainly Schwyz Hound white-yellow, they were raised in Norway. Some years, there were more Swiss hounds outside of Switzerland than in their home country. In 1993, about 1.000 copies of Lucerne Hound they lived in sweden.

    France is another importer. Seventy-five Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound) enrolled in an exhibition in Lyon in 1976. It is not surprising that the Jura is predominantly found in France and Switzerland, and that it extends to Germany. Since the 15th century, Swiss hounds were also exported to Italy. According to Räber, they frequently crossed paths with his Italian cousin, the Italian short-haired Segugio.

    Photo: XXXVIII Wystawa krajowa psów rasowych w Częstochowie. Gończy ze Schwyz: Ella Haniccina Zahradka z hodowli Z Pastorowej Sfory należąca do Mariusza i Wioletty Antoszczuk by chained, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Swiss Hound varieties:

    1 Bernese Hound

    Bernese Hound

    The Bernese Hound is mainly used for hunting hare.

    The Swiss Hound has a very ancient origin. Its existence in Switzerland since Roman times is verified thanks to a

    Read more

    2 Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)

    Bruno Jura Hound

    The Jura Hound It is very distant with strangers and needs firm handling if kept as pets.

    In the year of 1882 a standard was established for each of the five

    Read more

    3 Lucerne Hound

    Lucerne Hound

    The Lucerne Hound is a lively dog, but gentle and docile. Very attached to his master.

    The breed was originally bred in the Lucerne area, Switzerland. Already in appearance it is closely related to the

    Read more

    4 Schwyz Hound

    Schwyz Hound

    The Schwyz Hound is a very lively and energetic breed that requires a significant amount of daily exercise.

    The Schwyz Hound has ancient origins, the details are a bit confusing though. The dogs of

    Read more

    Grand basset griffon vendéen
    Francia FCI 33 . Small-sized Hounds

    Grand basset griffon vendéen

    The Grand basset griffon vendéen is tenacious, brave and a little stubborn.

    Content

    History

    The Grand basset griffon vendéen have been through more than 400 years of evolution to produce today's French hounds.

    In general, French hounds were developed into the breeds that they are today training to suit the particular needs of their geographic areas. The dense region, The thorny and rocky Vendéée required a tough breed of dog with mental and physical stamina and a coat that would resist brambles.. In addition, lower-class hunters who did not own horses needed a slower hound to keep up. His solution was to shorten the dog's legs and, through evolution and breeding, a short dog was created. At the end of the 19th century, the Grand basset griffon vendéen, combining rusticity and a shortened leg, had evolved as part of the basset breeds of France.

    Working more on producing the exact size and proportions needed to hunt different game animals, the Vendeen Griffon Club, founded in 1907, recognized two varieties of Basset Griffon Vendéen, the Grand basset griffon vendéen and the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen.

    In the decade of 1950, the Grand basset griffon vendéen was separated on its own standard and considered a separate breed, although the miscegenation between basset vendeano “Grand” and the “Petit” not banned until 1977.

    The first selections were made in the late 19th century by the Earl of Elva, who was looking for straight-legged dogs, but it was Paul Dezamy who established the type. He had understood that to catch a moving hare you needed dogs of a certain size, that he fixed on some 43 centimeters.

    Nowadays it is used for rifle hunting and can hunt all furry animals, from the hare to the wild boar. A herd of Grand basset griffon vendéen won the 5th European Hare Championship.

    Photo: Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen in Tallinn duo CACIB, 17-18 Aug 2013, handler competition by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Grand basset griffon vendéen it is a well balanced, heavily built, an olfactory hound with a friendly and noble character. It is medium size, with straight legs and deep chest. It is longer than high, with a moderately long muzzle, long ears and a long tail.

    His neck is moderately long and strong, his noble head with mustache and beard, and is crowned by long protective eyebrows. Its structure was designed to hunt rabbits and hares, at a rapid pace through the brambles, protected with his long eyebrows, and on the rugged terrain of the Vendée area in France.

    He is a brave hunter, passionate and very skilled that nowadays he is used to hunting not only rabbit and hare but also wild boar and roe deer. It is active, possesses great stamina for a full day of hunting and uses his voice freely while on the trail.

    Any feature that detracts from functionality is a serious fault.

    Character and skills

    The calm and docile demeanor of the Grand basset griffon vendéen makes them excellent companions and house dogs. Prepare to give him plenty of exercise. They won't thrive like a couch dog. They should have a fenced area to exercise, since these hunting dogs can't resist the urge to chase. They are sturdy and do not slow down with age, so plan to maintain your exercise routine until adolescence.

    You should be aware that like all hounds, the Grand basset griffon vendéen generally has a high prey drive and will follow its nose wherever it goes. Not only is a fence necessary and / or a strap, it is also required to train a constant memory from childhood. Another feature of the Grand basset griffon vendéen is your free use of voice; no amount of training will stop this chatty. If you don't like your dog talking to you, this breed may not be for you.

    Health

    As in all races, there may be some health problems. Some dogs may face these health challenges in their lives, but most of the Grand basset griffon vendéen they are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those who wish to own a dog of this breed, they can get the information they need to learn about the specific health problems of this hound. Good breeders use genetic testing of their breeders to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.

    Recommended health tests for this breed:

  • Hip evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist evaluation
  • Cardiac examination
  • Patella evaluation
  • Thyroid evaluation
  • Characteristics “Grand basset griffon vendéen”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Grand basset griffon vendéen” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 33
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.3: Small-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard “Grand basset griffon vendéen”

    FCIFCI – “Grand basset griffon vendéen”
    Great Basset Griffon Vendean FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Basset Griffon Vendéen (Petite), PBGV (English).
      2. Grand basset griffon vendéen (French).
      3. Briquet Griffon Vendéen, Großer Basset Griffon Vendéen (German).
      4. (em francês: Grand basset griffon Vendéen) (Portuguese).
      5. GBGV (Spanish).

    Westphalian Dachsbracke
    Germany FCI 100 . Small-sized Hounds

    Westphalian Dachsbracke

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke It is mainly a hunting dog that maintains an active temperament and a great need for exercise.

    Content

    History

    The Westphalian Badger Dog was developed in the 17th century in Germany, in the region between the Rhine and the Weser. The result of the cross between the German Hound and various types of Dachsbrack, was created to satisfy the need for a fast dog, small and short, able to cut through bushes and chase prey into burrows. They were the favorite companions of the Germanic nobles, who were so appreciated for their ability to hunt hares, rabbits and foxes as per their friendly disposition.

    It is mentioned in the official description of the German Hound in the Decade of 1880, and a first standard was established in 1910. However, the breed was not recognized by the German Kennel Club until 1935, and then by the FCI in 1954.

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke It, However, uncommon outside of Germany. In addition, among the main canine organizations in the Anglo-Saxon world, only the UKC recognizes this breed, and only from 2006.

    Photo: Westphalian Dachsbracke by Volbu1, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke It is a small hound that measures between 30 and 38 cm at the withers and weighing about 15 kg. It seems to the German Hound, which is even considered a miniature version.

    His coat is tricolor, combining black, red and white. White markings are found on the neck, the chest, the snout, paws and tail tip. Bi-color is not accepted. The coat is rough and very tight, medium length in the back, neck and back of the tail, but short in the rest of the body.

    With a slightly elongated skull and a slightly accentuated stop, his head clearly evokes his kinship with the other double basses. His eyes are dark, while his ears, big and long, are flat against the head.

    The tail, strong and tall at the base, is in perfect extension of the back line. It is carried out with a saber blade or hanging.

    Translation done with the free version of the translator www.DeepL.com/Translator

    Character and skills

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke he's a smart working dog, stubborn and tenacious who can follow the trail of prey over great distances without hesitation.

    They are primarily hunting dogs that maintain an active temperament and a great need for exercise. This need must be met every day to prevent destructive dog behavior.. Live in an apartment, although it is not recommended, it is possible as long as the dog can take long walks at least twice a day. During these walks, it is strongly recommended to keep it on a leash, in case you smell prey that takes you off the beaten track. However, ideally it would have access to a garden.

    In the home, although he is not the most docile of dogs, the Westphalian Dachsbracke shows a lot of attachment and affection for his master, family loyalty, and gets along very well with children. All these are qualities that make it a very pleasant companion dog.. However, requires a lot of interaction and availability, since he needs constant company and cannot be left alone for a whole day. Playtime and obedience or agility training can keep you busy, but nothing will make you happier than a hunting trip.

    At last, the Westphalian Dachsbracke tolerate other pets as long as they are exposed to your presence from a young age. Otherwise, his hunting instincts take over, and is capable of chasing and hurting them.

    Education

    Due to its firm character, the Westphalian Dachsbracke can be tough and stubborn in his upbringing. Some commands will take longer to assimilate than with other dog breeds. Therefore, the master must act as the leader of the pack to be heard and obeyed, and under no circumstances allow him to take over the family hierarchy. Therefore, it is clearly important not to be fooled by the small size of this dog and to turn it into a “Princess”, at the risk of experiencing real cohabitation problems in the near future.

    At the end, the Westphalian Dachsbracke must be trained early and firmly, while promoting the principles of positive dog training.

    Health

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke he is a robust dog, healthy and with a good life expectancy. However, their kinship to the Basset family explains why they are prone to back problems, ranging from muscle tension to degenerative disc disease.

    In addition, you have to be careful with his long and floppy ears, as they are sensitive to ear infections. In case of infection, the dog tends to shake its head and scratch its ear. Other signs are a bad smell and the development of redness around the ear canal.. An ear infection requires a visit to the vet and is treated with prescription medications.

    Last but not least, like any working dog, a Westphalian Dachsbracke that participates in hunting is more likely to be injured than a companion dog that is kept at home. However, in the heat of the moment, the dog tends to ignore pain, so it is often only after the owner notices lacerations or bites, for example.

    Grooming

    One to two weekly brushings are recommended to maintain the very tight and rough-textured coat of the Westphalian Dachsbracke. These dogs should rarely be bathed, since they deprive the coat of its natural oils.

    The ears should also be visually inspected at least once a week and they should be dried after soaking in water to limit the risk of infection..

    Last but not least, the dog's teeth should be brushed regularly to reduce the risk of periodontal diseases and infections, that one day may require dental extractions.

    Characteristics “Westphalian Dachsbracke”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Westphalian Dachsbracke” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Westphalian Dachsbracke”

    Westphalian Badger
    Westphalian Dachsbracke by Mare.s., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Donar from the Wild Man, Westphalian Dachsbracke by <a href="https://Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:Donar.jpg&quot;>Jörg Erich</a>, a href=&quot;httpsttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0&quot;>CC BY-SA 4.0&at;/a>, via Wikimedia Commons
    Donar from the Wild Man, Westphalian Dachsbracke by Jörg Erich, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Westphalian Dachsbracke”

    Westfälische Dachsbracke – Jagd: Weidmannsheil!
    Jersey (Rhodesian Ridgeback) & Lea (Westfälische Dachsbracke) Sparring Nr. 2

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 100
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.3: Small-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Westphalian Dachsbracke”

    FCIFCI – “Westphalian Dachsbracke”
    Westphalian Dachshund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Westphalian Hound (English).
      2. (Westfälische Dachbracke en allemand) (French).
      3. Westfälische Dachsbracke (German).
      4. (em alemão: Westfälische dachsbracke) (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador de Westfalia (Spanish).

    German Hound
    Germany FCI 299 . Small-sized Hounds

    German Hound

    The German Hound It is a fairly frequent dog in its country and very rare outside its borders.

    Content

    History

    The first written traces of the German Hound date from the 18th century. German breeders wanted to create a versatile hunting dog, but it is very difficult to precisely define the ancestry of the breed. However, the German Hound was originally a descendant of Beagle, Pointer and English Foxhound. Other breeds like greyhounds, the hounds, the “Westphalian Dachsbracke“, the “Holzbracke de Sauerland tricolor” (little hound for hunting in the forest) and “Steinbracken” locals may have contributed to the breed.

    Multipurpose hunting and hounds were booming in Germany at the time, after the dismantling of large hunting grounds and the abandonment of traditional hound hunting methods in favor of stalking and stalking.

    Over the years, the German Hound has become known by a large number of regional variants with different names. The Deutscher Bracken Club was founded in Olpe (North Rhine-Westphalia) in 1896 and covered all the varieties of the northwest of the country. In 1900, were finally grouped into a single race called “Deutsche Bracke” (German Hound).

    However, was not up 1964 that was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The standard currently in force dates from 1987.

    Sometimes known as the “Braque d’Olpe” (the city where one of the variants of the breed was found and where the Deutscher Bracken Club), the German Hound still a very popular hunting dog in his native region, and even in the rest of Germany. However, its distribution outside of Germany remains highly confidential.

    That does not prevent it from being recognized by the American Kennel Club (A.K.C.) and the United Kennel Club (U.K.C.) in the United States, as well as by the Kennel Club (K.C.) From great britain.

    Photo: hundeo.com

    Physical characteristics

    The German Hound it is a light hunting dog, tall and elegant that, However, it is of solid construction. The head is noble and rather light, with hanging ears of medium size and a well carried but relatively thick tail in relation to the body line. The abdomen is slightly folded.

    The teething of the German Hound is particularly strong and regular, with powerful pointed incisors. The eyes, that are moderately large, they are clear and bright. The head, dry and moderately long, and relatively strong neck (compared to the head) follow each other to achieve a slightly arched top.

    The coat is long, very dense and hard, and even covers the belly. It is tricolor: red or fawn, black and white. The saddle and / or coat must be black and well defined. The white markings characteristic of the breed are a continuous list on the muzzle, the neck (a totally white collar is particularly appreciated), chest and limbs. The tip of the tail is also white.

    Character and skills

    The German Hound he is a medium-sized dog that exudes great joie de vivre. Attached and endowed with a stable character, is happy when put to work and has plenty of outdoor space. Being able to live in complete freedom in a large fenced garden is essential if your master is regularly outside, since he likes to live outdoors and exercise. In fact, needs to vent at least two hours a day to be balanced. If you don't allow your partner to use your energy, the master has every chance of ending up with a stressed dog, overexcited, aggressive or even destructive.

    German Hound

    In addition, even if you have enough opportunities to exercise, the risk of the dog escaping is high with the German Hound, who especially appreciates sneaking out of his house as soon as he gets the chance, whether to explore new environments or follow tempting smells.

    The German Hound not at all a suitable breed of dog for apartment living. And unless you have a very big garden – and even then… – it is also not a suitable breed of dog for an elderly or sedentary person. You need an active owner, even sporty, to provide you with the exercise and outings you need.

    Nice to live, can be both a companion and hunting dog, since it is able to adapt to many situations. However, although they love to roam every corner of the garden, his great passion is still hunting, in which they excel thanks to their particularly developed sense of smell. The German Hound it is above all a tough tracking dog that needs to work hard and work hard. They excel in the pursuit of uninjured game and in the pursuit of wounded prey.

    Due to his cautious behavior in front of strangers and his ability to be attentive and alert in any situation, also can, occasionally and as long as it does not last too long (your joviality is likely to regain control), occasionally assume the role of watchdog.

    However, whatever your activity at that time, can be easily distracted from your mission by a pleasant smell, in which case it becomes difficult to attract their attention again.

    These hunting dogs are passionate about stalking their prey, but they are also very sensitive. They are very close to their family and are very loyal to them. Therefore, should be handled with care and never intimidated, although sometimes they are on guard. Particularly loyal, faithful and sociable, the German Hound proves to be the ideal companion for the whole family, and gets along so well with adults – whose authority and leadership you seek – as with small children, who likes to have fun with. However, should not be left alone with young children, as their overwhelming energy could inadvertently push them, knock them down or knock them unconscious.

    Although the German Hound is generally friendly and balanced, meeting other dogs can be a problem in some cases. Although the German Hound has long become used to living with other dogs due to its long use in pack hunting, some dogs still tend to be dominant, especially when it comes to unfamiliar animals. For this reason, any outing synonymous with a possible dog encounter involves keeping your partner on a leash.

    Regarding cohabitation with other pets, especially a cat, it can also be difficult. In fact, unless you got used to it too soon, namely, created together, tends to regard other animals as potential prey. In other words, not really a recommended dog breed with a cat…

    At last, the German Hound is a noisy dog ​​whose voice extends far. This is a characteristic common to all hunting dogs., since they must communicate with their master at a distance. But this might not be to the taste of the neighbors, who might complain about the dog's untimely barking. It is important to pay attention to this point when training the puppy, to prevent his barking from becoming a problem once he is an adult.

    Education “German Hound”

    Although it is soft, stable and very nice, the German Hound not an easy dog ​​breed to train and obedient. Therefore, requires a strong and early education, but of course without any brutality, as this could only backfire. To get the best of your partner, it is necessary to combine sweetness and firmness, and put special emphasis on the socialization of the dog.

    Last but not least, if it is to be used as a hunting dog, learning how to call your dog back is obviously of particular importance.

    In any case, training sessions should be short and interesting enough, since the German Hound it can be annoying, especially if tempting smells distract your attention.

    For all these reasons, should be reserved for experienced teachers: not a suitable breed as a first dog.

    Health “German Hound”

    The German Hound it is a fairly robust and resistant dog.

    However, you are particularly at risk of hip dysplasia, as well as the risk of reversal of the stomach (dilation-torsion).

    Whatever the cause, a possible operation should be done with greater vigilance as this dog is very sensitive to anesthesia.

    In addition, as in any breed of dog with lop ears, special attention should be paid to the risk of ear infections in the dog.

    In addition, the absence of descent of one or even both testicles into the scrotum (dog cryptorchidism) it is relatively frequent in this breed. Generally prevents the affected male from reproducing and makes it impossible to confirm the dog.

    At last, the German Hound are frequently found with eye problems, so it is advisable to also pay attention to this point.

    Care “German Hound”

    The German Hound it is an easy breed of dog to keep. Its short coat requires only minimal grooming and regular maintenance.. Brushing your dog once a week should be enough to preserve the beauty of his coat. In addition, how the coat naturally repels dirt and water, bathing is not normally necessary.

    In addition, even during the molting period, loses very little hair.

    In addition, as in any dog ​​with floppy ears, the inside of the tubes should also be carefully watched to reduce the risk of ear infections.

    This may be an opportunity to inspect your eyes at the same time., to be able to intervene quickly if there is a problem in this area.

    Food “German Hound”

    As the German Hound it is a fairly resistant breed, Feeding your dog shouldn't pose any particular problems. A meat-based diet, vegetables and starchy foods, or quality croquettes, it will be perfectly adequate.

    However, Be careful with the volume of the servings! If used as a hunting dog, it may certainly be appropriate to increase them by 10 a 20% during hunting season, when you are more active than usual. But they must also adapt to the dog's energy needs when they decrease, to avoid any risk of the dog becoming overweight.

    In addition, it is important to avoid giving too much food before the dog goes hunting, At risk, for example, to throw up. A little pre-hunt snack is a good thing, but the bulk of the daily ration should be given in the afternoon.

    Activities “German Hound”

    Although they can be pleasant companion dogs, the German Hound It, above all and by its very nature, a hunting dog specialized more specifically in tracking hares, badgers and big game, whether or not they are injured. These fine hounds are experts in rough terrain and can withstand all types of weather conditions. They like to chase their prey for hours and hours. Its long snout and extremely sensitive nose are its best allies in this task.. Once the prey has been hunted, its loud and clear bark is highly appreciated by hunters, since it allows them to point out the exact position of the hunted animal.

    Although the German Hound it is very suitable for hunting alone, also excels in pairs or small groups of individuals. This is how the breed was originally used.

    Price “German Hound”

    The price to adopt a puppy from German Hound is between 700 and 900 EUR.

    Characteristics “German Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “German Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “German Hound”

    Deutsche Bracke
    Deutsche Bracke Stöberhundwelpen district forest walk excursion

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 31
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.3: Small-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • AKCHound
    • ​KCHoundy
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “German Hound”

    “German Hound” FCI German hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutsche Bracke, German Bracke, Olper Bracke, Westphalian Bracke (English).
      2. (deutsche bracke en allemand) (French).
      3. Westfälische Bracke (German).
      4. braco alemão, (em alemão: Deutsche Bracke) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso de sangre de Baviera (Spanish).