Miniature Schnauzer
Alemania FCI 183 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

Schnauzer Miniatura

The Miniature Schnauzer It is only a balanced and affectionate companion dog.



The Miniature Schnauzer It is derived from the Standard Schnauzer, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This race is, probably, result of crosses a medium Schnauzer with some of the smaller races, as the Poodle, the Miniature Pinscher or the Affenpinsche.

Schnauzer originated at the end of the 1880's on German farms to combat rodents, as a company of horses and mares, so to be an alert and intelligent company of families. The fur both baleen and legs has a role since its inception that it serves as camouflage to mislead the rodents that bite fur assuming that it is the animal's skin. The cutting of ears and tail also shared this same purpose, that the rats could easily bite to the Schnauzer in these extremities.

Physical characteristics

The Miniature Schnauzer is very unique in its appearance. Compact and muscular, they have a square complexion (its width and length are almost the same). They have Beard long, populated eyebrows and hair length in feet. The ears and tail, commonly, cut them. In some countries has banned the cutting of these parts because it is believed that dogs used the movement of these parties to express moods and other complex interactions within the herd.

Their features are similar to the of your “relative” giant. Its smaller size, gives greater appearance of compact and robust. The head is pretty long, the trunk very collected, the limbs are strong and powerful, It has a general look of vitality that denote intelligence and attention.

The hair very hard, which can be defined as of “wire”, needs a proper stripping which consists of boot by hand (in the times of the year in which the hair “is dead”) with the help of a special knife.

The shearing carried out with machine, not only is not allowed with regard to exposures, but it causes a degradation of the hair with the passage of time loses its hardness and roughness.

Its fur It should be cut every month, post that does not move. For this reason, There are those who recommended this race and other races such as the poodle for people with asthma and those who suffer from any respiratory allergies because they not release the amount of fur and other races.

The AKC USA, Canadian Kennel Club Canada, Australian National Kennel Council ANKC Australia and The Kennel Club of the United Kingdom recognize the four colors: white, black, salt and pepper, and silver.

Between commercial breeders reproduces the color white. This color has appeared in exposure lines from 1920. This color was eliminated by selective breeding since that would be easily perceived at night for rodents and run counter to zootechnical function that originated at the race.

White has now reappeared by breeders who are not members of the official clubs that set the standard of racial purity in countries not members of the FCI. The appearance of the White has led to questions about clandestine crossings with other breeds to acquire the white color of unscrupulous way. However, the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale), with 83 Member countries, recently recognized the variety of white as part of the standard of the breed; Since it is possible that the white Schnauzer is one of the originals.

The FCI does not cross between varieties of color, What has become a setback to improve varieties of color white, black and black silver that most breeders who follow the standard of racial perfection of the breed are concentrated in the variety salt and pepper.

Its height It 30.5 to 38 centimeters in Crusaders and the standard of racial perfection not specified weight. Is usually of 4.5 to 7 kilograms and overweight should be monitored, because they have a tendency to diabetes.

The ethical is brooders are carefully planning the crossing to remove cataracts, defects of the corneas, kidney stones, diseases of the liver, from the heart, Diabetes, cysts and recently myotonia. Hence one of the reasons why it is advisable to purchase a pet from a breeder to compete with their copies of crosses in the ring of exposure to evaluate the quality of its breeding program as they monitor, the health of the gene pool. Ring for exhibition purpose is to evaluate if playing the exemplary would be worthwhile to move towards the Schnauzer described in the standard racial perfection.

Breeders of exhibition commonly retain a copy of the litter for their breeding program and the rest is placed between those who do not want to display but seek a Schnauzer to enrich their lives. These copies are placed with sterilization contracts since the vast majority of the Schnauzer must not be reproduced, and thus it preserves and protects the race.

Character and skills

The Miniature Schnauzer is known for his personality alert and friendly. They are also intelligent and tend to be depressed if they are ignored by his human family. They are loyal to their owners and sometimes, even, dependent.

The Miniature Schnauzer are excellent as alert, as protectors of your home. Skills hunting rodents, searching for truffles or as a company of other animals make any lover of the race.

It is considered the Twelfth race with greater ability to learn, that is to say that they learn orders quickly and efficiently.

Normally, According to this world ranking, they need between 5 and 10 repetitions to understand what we want to teach them. It is wrong to regard it as one of the races “more intelligent” Since the “intelligence” as such it is determined by many other characteristics that both have to do with each dog in particular with the breed in general.

They have a affable and very protective temperament, They must be well educated and socialized from puppies to accept strangers and other dogs with their owners.

Many times they understand what they are asked, but it is a matter of time to learn.

In principle were buzzards dogs from Germany. They had no home dogs, After the second world war began them to grant this status.

There is a variant of this so-called race “Ispirichis“, born from the intersection with North Spain races, This species is almost identical to the other Miniature Schnauzer, the only difference is that they have a dense, bushy fur.

There are currently less than 50 specimens, all are in the Galician coast in Northwest Spain. There was never a great number of them and are not intended to conserve the species that do not have a special value, Why canine experts did not give the Ispirichis one greater hope of 100 years before its extinction.

Miniature Schnauzer Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines.

The Miniature Schnauzer is genetically predisposed to various diseases, including several related to the eyes.

Cataract is an opaque cloud that gradually covers the lens of the eye.. Vision is affected and can range from mild deficiency to blindness. Fortunately, cataracts can be surgically treated and vision can be restored.

Entropion occurs when the eyelids curl into the eye and the eyelashes irritate the cornea.. The condition is painful and needs surgery to be corrected.

Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) it is an inherited disease that can progress to blindness in both eyes. Fortunately, it's not painful, but currently there is no cure.

Urolithiasis is a condition in which urine sediments eventually unite to form stones of variable size. Miniature Schnauzers can get a few different types of stones. Surgery is necessary in many cases, and sometimes a special diet is recommended to try to prevent recurrence.

The esophagus is the tubular and muscular organ that connects the mouth to the stomach.. Congenital megaesophagus affects esophageal muscle function, causing regurgitation, what happens when you swallow food but it stays in the esophagus until it basically falls back. Affected dogs can accidentally inhale food and water into their lungs while trying to eat or drink, which can lead to aspiration pneumonia.

A Canine Version of Muscular Dystrophy May Affect Miniature Schnauzers. It is a generalized degenerative muscle disease caused by the lack of a specific protein. Puppies may be affected; signs include an unusual gait (abnormal way of walking), difficulty swallowing and stiff neck.

Von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is a blood clotting defect for which miniature Schnauzers must have DNA tests done before breeding. Dogs with VWD can experience severe bleeding associated with surgery, or even minor injuries or injuries. Another potential blood clotting problem in miniature Schnauzers involves a deficiency of Factor VII. (a blood clotting factor).

Comedone syndrome is so common among miniature Schnauzers that it is known as Schnauzer bumps.. Dogs with this condition develop pimples and crusts., usually involving the hair follicles of the back. Sometimes hair is lost. Your vet may recommend medicated wipes, ointments, gels or shampoos to control the condition.

Other possible medical problems include heart conditions (like mitral valve disease, pulmonary stenosis and sick sinus syndrome), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (a condition affecting the hip joint) and osteochondrosis, which can affect the knees, the elbows, shoulders or hocks.

Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If a breeder tells you they don't need to do those tests because they've never had a problem with their lines and their dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, so you need to find a breeder who is more rigorous with genetic testing.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Miniature Schnauzers are wonderfully skilled at begging for food, and it's so smart it's as good as stealing it. Keeping your Miniature Schnauzer at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend your life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Ratings of the Miniature Schnauzer

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Miniature Schnauzer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Miniature Schnauzer Images

Miniature Schnauzer Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 1.2: Schnauzer type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1.2: Schnauzer types.
    • AKC – Terrier
    • ANKC
    • CKC – Group 4 – Terrier
    • ​KC
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Terrier

    FCI Standard of the Miniature Schnauzer breed


    Alternative names:

      1. Dwarf Schnauzer (English).
      2. Schnauzer miniature (French).
      3. Zwergschnauzer (German).
      4. Schnauzer anão (Portuguese).
      5. Schnauzer Enano (Spanish).
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