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Miniature Schnauzer
Alemania FCI 183 . Pinscher and Schnauzer type

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Schnauzer Miniatura

The Miniature Schnauzer it is exclusively a balanced and affectionate companion dog.



The Miniature Schnauzer It is derived from the Standard Schnauzer, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This race is, probably, result of crosses a medium Schnauzer with some of the smaller races, as the Poodle, the Miniature Pinscher or the Affenpinsche.

The Schnauzer originated in the late 1880's on German farms to combat rodents., as a company of mares and horses, thus to be an alert and intelligent company of the families. The fur on both the beards and the legs has a function from its origins since it serves as camouflage to mislead rodents that bite the fur assuming that it is the skin of the animal.. The cutting of ears and tail also shared this same purpose, since the rats could easily bite the Schnauzer on these extremities.

Physical characteristics

The Miniature Schnauzer is very unique in its appearance. compacts and muscular, they have a square complexion (its width and length are almost the same). They have Beard long, populated eyebrows and hair length in feet. The ears and tail, Commonly, cut them. In some countries, the cutting of these parts has been prohibited because it is considered that dogs use the movement of these parts to express moods and other complicated interactions within the pack..

Their features are similar to the of your “relative” giant. Its smaller size, gives greater appearance of compact and robust. The head is pretty long, the trunk very collected, the limbs are strong and powerful, It has a general look of vitality that denote intelligence and attention.

The hair very hard, which can be defined as of “wire”, needs a proper stripping which consists of boot by hand (in the times of the year in which the hair “is dead”) with the help of a special knife.

The shearing carried out with machine, not only is not allowed with regard to exposures, but it causes a degradation of the hair with the passage of time loses its hardness and roughness.

Its fur It should be cut every month, post that does not move. For this reason, There are those who recommended this race and other races such as the poodle for people with asthma and those who suffer from any respiratory allergies because they not release the amount of fur and other races.

The AKC USA, Canadian Kennel Club Canada, Australian National Kennel Council ANKC Australia y The Kennel Club of the United Kingdom recognize the four colors: white, black, salt and pepper, and silver.

Between commercial breeders reproduces the color white. This color has appeared in show lines since 1920. This color was eliminated by selective breeding since it would be easily perceived at night by rodents and would go against the zootechnical function that originated the breed..

White has now reappeared by breeders who are not members of the official clubs that set the standard of breed purity in non-FCI member countries.. The appearance of the White has led to questions about clandestine crossings with other breeds to acquire the white color of unscrupulous way. But, the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale), with 83 member countries, recently recognized the variety of white as part of the standard of the breed; Since it is possible that the white Schnauzer is one of the originals.

The FCI does not cross between varieties of color, What has become a setback to improve varieties of color white, black and black silver since most breeders who follow the standard of racial perfection of the breed concentrate on the salt and pepper variety.

Its height It 30.5 to 38 centimeters in crossed and the standard of racial perfection does not specify weight. Is usually of 4.5 to 7 kilograms and overweight should be monitored, because they have a tendency to diabetes.

The ethical is brooders are carefully planning the crossing to remove cataracts, defects of the corneas, kidney stones, liver diseases, from the heart, Diabetes, cysts and recently myotonia. Hence one of the reasons why it is advisable to acquire a pet from a breeder who competes with their crossbred specimens in the show ring to assess the quality of their breeding program, since they monitor, the health of the gene pool. Ring for exhibition purpose is to evaluate if playing the exemplary would be worthwhile to move towards the Schnauzer described in the standard racial perfection.

Show breeders commonly retain one individual from the litter for their breeding program and the rest are placed among those who do not wish to show but are looking for a Schnauzer to enrich their lives.. These specimens are placed with sterilization contracts since the vast majority of Schnauzers should not be reproduced and in this way the breed is preserved and protected..

Character and skills

The Miniature Schnauzer is known for his personality alert and friendly. They are also intelligent and tend to be depressed if they are ignored by his human family. They are loyal to their owners and sometimes, even, dependent.

The Miniature Schnauzer are excellent as alert, as protectors of your home. Skills hunting rodents, looking for truffles or as a company of other animals make anyone a lover of the breed.

It is considered the Twelfth race with greater ability to learn, that is to say that they learn orders quickly and efficiently.

Normally, according to this world ranking, they need between 5 and 10 repetitions to understand what we want to teach them. It is wrong to regard it as one of the races “more intelligent” Since the “intelligence” As such, it is determined by many other characteristics that have as much to do with each dog in particular as with the breed in general..

They have a affable and very protective temperament, They must be well educated and socialized from puppies to accept strangers and other dogs with their owners.

Many times they understand what they are asked, but it is a matter of time to learn.

In principle were buzzards dogs from Germany. They were not kept as domestic dogs, After the second world war began them to grant this status.

There is a variant of this so-called race “Ispirichis“, born from the intersection with North Spain races, This species is almost identical to the other Miniature Schnauzer, the only difference is that they have a denser and more bushy coat.

There are currently less than 50 specimens, all are in the Galician coast in Northwest Spain. There has never been a large number of them recorded and it is not intended to conserve the species as it does not have a special value., Why canine experts did not give the Ispirichis one greater hope of 100 years before its extinction.

Miniature Schnauzer Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur in their lines..

The Miniature Schnauzer is genetically predisposed to various diseases, including several related to the eyes.

Cataract is an opaque cloud that gradually covers the lens of the eye.. Vision is affected and can range from mild deficiency to blindness. Fortunately, cataracts can be treated surgically and vision can be restored.

Entropion occurs when the eyelids curl into the eye and the eyelashes irritate the cornea.. The condition is painful and needs surgery to be corrected.

Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) it is an inherited disease that can progress to blindness in both eyes. Fortunately, it's not painful, but currently there is no cure.

Urolithiasis is a condition in which urine sediments eventually unite to form stones of variable size. Miniature Schnauzers can get a few different types of stones. Surgery is necessary in many cases, and sometimes a special diet is recommended to try to prevent recurrence.

The esophagus is the tubular and muscular organ that connects the mouth to the stomach.. Congenital megaesophagus affects esophageal muscle function, causing regurgitation, what happens when you swallow food but it stays in the esophagus until it basically falls back. Affected dogs can accidentally inhale food and water into their lungs while trying to eat or drink, what can lead to aspiration pneumonia.

A Canine Version of Muscular Dystrophy May Affect Miniature Schnauzers. It is a generalized degenerative muscle disease caused by the lack of a specific protein. Puppies may be affected; signs include an unusual gait (abnormal way of walking), difficulty swallowing and stiff neck.

Von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is a blood clotting defect for which Miniature Schnauzers must have their DNA tested before breeding. Dogs with VWD may experience severe bleeding associated with surgery., or even minor injuries or injuries. Another potential blood clotting problem in miniature Schnauzers involves a deficiency of Factor VII. (a blood clotting factor).

Comedone syndrome is so common among Miniature Schnauzers that it is known as Schnauzer bumps.. Dogs with this condition develop pimples and crusts., usually involving the hair follicles on the back. Sometimes hair is lost. Your vet may recommend medicated wipes, ointments, gels or shampoos to control the condition.

Other possible medical problems include heart conditions (like mitral valve disease, pulmonary stenosis and sick sinus syndrome), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (a condition affecting the hip joint) and osteochondrosis, which can affect the knees, the elbows, shoulders or hocks.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If a breeder tells you that you do not need to do these tests because they have never had problems in their lines and their dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, so you need to find a breeder who is more rigorous with genetic testing.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Miniature Schnauzers are wonderfully skilled at begging for food, and it's so smart it's as good as stealing it. Keeping your Miniature Schnauzer at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend your life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Characteristics "Miniature Schnauzer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature Schnauzer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Miniature Schnauzer Images

Miniature Schnauzer Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 1.2: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1.2: Schnauzer types.
  • AKC – Terrier
  • ANKC
  • CKC – Group 4 – Terrier
  • ​KC
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Terrier

FCI breed standard "Miniature Schnauzer"

FCIFCI - Miniature Schnauzer

Alternative names:

1. Dwarf Schnauzer (English).
2. Schnauzer miniature (French).
3. Zwergschnauzer (German).
4. Schnauzer anão (Portuguese).
5. Schnauzer Enano (español).

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