Schnauzer miniature
Alemania FCI 183

Schnauzer Miniatura

The Schnauzer miniature It is only a balanced and affectionate companion dog.

The Schnauzer miniature It is derived from the Medium-Schnauzer, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This race is, probably, result of crosses a medium Schnauzer with some of the smaller races, as the Poodle, the Pinscher miniature or the Affenpinsche.

Schnauzer originated at the end of the 1880's on German farms to combat rodents, as a company of horses and mares, so to be an alert and intelligent company of families. The fur both baleen and legs has a role since its inception that it serves as camouflage to mislead the rodents that bite fur assuming that it is the animal's skin. The cutting of ears and tail also shared this same purpose, that the rats could easily bite to the Schnauzer in these extremities.

Physical characteristics

The Miniature Schnauzer is very unique in its appearance. Compact and muscular, they have a square complexion (its width and length are almost the same). They have Beard long, populated eyebrows and hair length in feet. The ears and tail, commonly, cut them. In some countries has banned the cutting of these parts because it is believed that dogs used the movement of these parties to express moods and other complex interactions within the herd.

Their features are similar to the of your “relative” giant. Its smaller size, gives greater appearance of compact and robust. The head is pretty long, the trunk very collected, the limbs are strong and powerful, It has a general look of vitality that denote intelligence and attention.

The hair very hard, which can be defined as of “wire”, needs a proper stripping which consists of boot by hand (in the times of the year in which the hair “is dead”) with the help of a special knife.

The shearing carried out with machine, not only is not allowed with regard to exposures, but it causes a degradation of the hair with the passage of time loses its hardness and roughness.

Its fur It should be cut every month, post that does not move. For this reason, There are those who recommended this race and other races such as the poodle for people with asthma and those who suffer from any respiratory allergies because they not release the amount of fur and other races.

The AKC USA, Canadian Kennel Club Canada, Australian National Kennel Council ANKC Australia and The Kennel Club of the United Kingdom recognize the four colors: white, black, salt and pepper, and silver.

Between commercial breeders reproduces the color white. This color has appeared in exposure lines from 1920. This color was eliminated by selective breeding since that would be easily perceived at night for rodents and run counter to zootechnical function that originated at the race.

White has now reappeared by breeders who are not members of the official clubs that set the standard of racial purity in countries not members of the FCI. The appearance of the White has led to questions about clandestine crossings with other breeds to acquire the white color of unscrupulous way. However, the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale), with 83 Member countries, recently recognized the variety of white as part of the standard of the breed; Since it is possible that the white Schnauzer is one of the originals.

The FCI does not cross between varieties of color, What has become a setback to improve varieties of color white, black and black silver that most breeders who follow the standard of racial perfection of the breed are concentrated in the variety salt and pepper.

Its height It 30.5 to 38 centimeters in Crusaders and the standard of racial perfection not specified weight. Is usually of 4.5 to 7 kilograms and overweight should be monitored, because they have a tendency to diabetes.

The ethical is brooders are carefully planning the crossing to remove cataracts, defects of the corneas, kidney stones, diseases of the liver, from the heart, Diabetes, cysts and recently myotonia. Hence one of the reasons why it is advisable to purchase a pet from a breeder to compete with their copies of crosses in the ring of exposure to evaluate the quality of its breeding program as they monitor, the health of the gene pool. Ring for exhibition purpose is to evaluate if playing the exemplary would be worthwhile to move towards the Schnauzer described in the standard racial perfection.

Breeders of exhibition commonly retain a copy of the litter for their breeding program and the rest is placed between those who do not want to display but seek a Schnauzer to enrich their lives. These copies are placed with sterilization contracts since the vast majority of the Schnauzer must not be reproduced, and thus it preserves and protects the race.

Schnauzer miniature: Standard FCI




  • Skull: Strong and elongated, with the back of the little marked head. The head must correspond to the overall strength of the dog. The forehead is flat and parallel with the nasal helm, without wrinkles.
  • Depression links (stop): Well marked because of the eyebrows.



  • Truffle: Well developed with wide open Windows. It is always black.
  • Snout: It ends truncated wedge. The nasal helm is straight.
  • Belfos: Black, rest firm and plans on the jaws; the corner of the mouth is closed.
  • JAWS/teeth: Powerful upper jaw and lower. The bite is scissors, strong and full (42 clean, white teeth according to tooth formula of the dog), You must close properly. The muscles of Mastication is strongly developed without this, exaggerated cheeks spoil the straight-line appearance of the head (with beard).
  • Eyes: Medium-sized, oval, directed forward, dark, with lively appearance. Adherent eyelids.
  • Ears: Folded and tumbled, high insertion, "V" shaped; the inside edges of the ears rest on cheeks. The size of the ears is symmetric; they are directed forward in the direction of the temple. Parallel fold should not exceed the top line of the skull.

NECK: The nape is according to the strength of the dog, muscular and nobly arched. The neck harmoniously slide cross. Strongly inserted, is narrow, noble postage, contributing to the vibrant and elegant appearance. The skin of the throat is adherent and without dewlap.



  • Top line: Slightly descending from the cross back.
  • Cross: It is the highest point of the upper line.
  • Back: Strong, short, firm.
  • Pork loin: Short, strong, deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short so that the dog appear compact.
  • Rump: Slightly rounded imperceptibly towards the inclusion of the queue.
  • Breast : Moderately wide, oval cut, deep up to elbows. The apron is especially marked by the tip of the sternum.
  • Bottom line: Flanks not too tucked up so near the bottom of the thorax form a harmonic and wavy line.


TAIL: Natural, the goal being to make it Sabre or sickle-shaped.




PREVIOUS MEMBERS: The forelimbs are, seen from the front, vigorous, straight and placed not too close together. Seen side forearms are straight.

  • Shoulder: The scapula is firmly resting on the chest. Well muscled on both sides of the spine of the bone, It overhangs the vertebrae of the column in the thoracic segment. As much as possible well cast and tilted backward, It forms an angle of 50 ° to the horizontal.
  • Arm: Well on the body, strong and muscular; with the scapula form a more or less 95 ° angle up to 105 degrees.
  • Elbows: Tight, not rotated or outward or inward.
  • Forearm: Straight seen from either side, strongly developed and well muscled.
  • Carpus: Strong and stable. Its structure barely stands out from the forearm.
  • Metacarpus: Straight seen from the front; profile slightly oblique to the floor; strong and slightly elastic.
  • Front feet: Short and round, fingers pinched each others and arched (cat feet); nails short and dark colour and strong pads.


LATER MEMBERS: Views of oblique profile; from the back, they are parallel and not too close together.

  • Thigh: Moderately long, width and heavily muscled.
  • Knee: Must not be turned neither inward nor outward
  • Leg: Long and strong, sinewy, continuing in a powerful Hock.
  • Hock: Well angled, strong, firm, not turned neither inward nor outward.
  • Metatarsus: Short and perpendicular in relation to the floor.
  • Rear feet: Short fingers, arched and tightened a few others ; nails short, black.


MOVEMENT: Elastic, elegant, Agile, free and with good coverage of land. Previous members are stretched as far forward as possible and subsequent - with good elastic range- they give the necessary propulsion. The front side and back on the other side simultaneously moving forward. Back, ligaments and joints are firm.

SKIN: Tight throughout the body.


HAIR: The coat should be hard, wiring and bushy. It is composed by a dense internal NAP and a short outer layer (that it can never be too short) hard and well glued hair all over the body. The hair of the outer layer is rough, of sufficient length, to be able to test its texture, Neither ogres nor wavy. The members hair tends not to be so hard. On the head and ears is short. Typical characteristics are, on the snout, the beard, that should not be too soft and bushy eyebrows that make eye shadow.



  • Pure black with black interior NAP
  • Salt and pepper
  • Black and silver
  • Pure white with white interior NAP


  • For the salt and pepper, the breeding objective is to obtain a medium with equal distribution of color tone pepper, well pigmented with grey interior NAP. Allowed colours ranging from dark grey pavements to the silver grey. All varieties of colour must have a dark mask that emphasizes the expression and which is in harmony with the respective tone color. Well-defined white spots on the head, in the chest or the members are unwanted.
  • Black and silver breeding aims to get an outer layer of black hair with black inner fluff, white spots on the eyes, cheeks, in the beard, in the throat, in the sill two symmetrically placed triangles, in the Metacarpus, in feet, on the inside face of the rear limbs and in the perineal area. The front, the neck and the outer sides of the ears must be black, the same as the outer layer hair.





  • Males and females: from 30 until 35 cm..


  • Males and females: from 4 until 8 kg.


FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the seriousness is considered the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

In particular:

  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on the forehead.
  • Short snout, pointed or narrow.
  • Bite in clamp.
  • Clear eyes, too large or round eyes.
  • Inclusion of low or very long ears, ears carried different from each other.
  • Cheeks or too marked cheeks bones.
  • The throat loose skin.
  • Double Chin, narrow neck.
  • Too long back, collected or soft.
  • Encarpado back.
  • Fall rump.
  • Inclusion of tail rotated toward the head.
  • Long feet.
  • Amble step.
  • Too short hair, long, soft, wavy, with locks, silky.
  • Domestic fluff Brown.
  • Anguilla in the back or black Chair line.
  • In black and silver, triangles of the sill not well separated one from the other.
  • 1 cm.. above or below the top and bottom steps.



  • Heavy or light appearance, petizo or patilargo.
  • Inverted sexual characters (for example female male).
  • Elbows rotated out.
  • Hind closed or barrel.
  • Warm too long.
  • Hocks rotated inwards.
  • Too short pasterns.
  • White or stained black varieties and salt and pepper hair.
  • Spotted in the varieties black and silver and white hair.
  • More than 1 cm.. and less than 2 cm.. in the upper and lower heights.



  • Shyness, aggressiveness, evil, exaggerated suspicion, nervous behavior.
  • Any deformity.
  • Lack of racial characteristics.
  • Faults in the bite as upper or lower prognathism, incisor arcade deviated.
  • Miss runner in each region as construction defects, hair and color.
  • Variation of more of 2 cm.. upper and lower heights.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

NB.: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

TRADUCCIÓN: Lucas Rodríguez Bazzurro.

Character and skills

The Miniature Schnauzer is known for his personality alert and friendly. They are also intelligent and tend to be depressed if they are ignored by his human family. They are loyal to their owners and sometimes, even, dependent.

The Miniature Schnauzer are excellent as alert, as protectors of your home. Skills hunting rodents, searching for truffles or as a company of other animals make any lover of the race.

It is considered the Twelfth race with greater ability to learn, that is to say that they learn orders quickly and efficiently.

Normally, According to this world ranking, they need between 5 and 10 repetitions to understand what we want to teach them. It is wrong to regard it as one of the races “more intelligent” Since the “intelligence” as such it is determined by many other characteristics that both have to do with each dog in particular with the breed in general.

They have a affable and very protective temperament, They must be well educated and socialized from puppies to accept strangers and other dogs with their owners.

Many times they understand what they are asked, but it is a matter of time to learn.

In principle were buzzards dogs from Germany. They had no home dogs, After the second world war began them to grant this status.

There is a variant of this so-called race “Ispirichis“, born from the intersection with North Spain races, This species is almost identical to the other Miniature Schnauzer, the only difference is that they have a dense, bushy fur.

There are currently less than 50 specimens, all are in the Galician coast in Northwest Spain. There was never a great number of them and are not intended to conserve the species that do not have a special value, Why canine experts did not give the Ispirichis one greater hope of 100 years before its extinction.

Images of the Miniature Schnauzer

Videos del Schnauzer Miniatura
  • Otros nombres: Zwergschnauzer / Schnauzer Enano / Titi.
  • Group 2 / Section 1 – Tipo Pinscher y Schnauzer.

Dogs breeds: Schnauzer miniature

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