Miniature Schnauzer
Alemania FCI 183 . Pinscher and Schnauzer type

Schnauzer Miniatura

The Miniature Schnauzer it is exclusively a balanced and affectionate companion dog.

Content

History

The Miniature Schnauzer It is derived from the Standard Schnauzer, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This race is, probably, result of crosses a medium Schnauzer with some of the smaller races, as the Poodle, the Miniature Pinscher or the Affenpinsche.

El Schnauzer se originó a finales de los 1880’s en granjas alemanas para combatir a los roedores, como compañía de yeguas y caballos, así para ser un alerta e inteligente compañía de las familias. El pelaje tanto de las barbas como de las patas tiene una función desde sus orígenes ya que les sirve como camuflaje para despistar a los roedores que muerden el pelaje asumiendo que es la piel del animal. The cutting of ears and tail also shared this same purpose, ya que las ratas fácilmente podían morder al Schnauzer en estas extremidades.

Physical characteristics

The Miniature Schnauzer is very unique in its appearance. compacts and muscular, they have a square complexion (its width and length are almost the same). They have Beard long, populated eyebrows and hair length in feet. The ears and tail, comúnmente, cut them. En algunos países se ha prohibido el corte de estas partes porque se considera que los canes utilizan el movimiento de estas partes para expresar estados de ánimo y otras complicadas interacciones dentro de la manada.

Their features are similar to the of your “relative” giant. Its smaller size, gives greater appearance of compact and robust. The head is pretty long, the trunk very collected, the limbs are strong and powerful, It has a general look of vitality that denote intelligence and attention.

The hair durísimo, which can be defined as of “wire”, needs a proper stripping which consists of boot by hand (in the times of the year in which the hair “is dead”) with the help of a special knife.

The shearing carried out with machine, not only is not allowed with regard to exposures, but it causes a degradation of the hair with the passage of time loses its hardness and roughness.

Its fur It should be cut every month, post that does not move. For this reason, There are those who recommended this race and other races such as the poodle for people with asthma and those who suffer from any respiratory allergies because they not release the amount of fur and other races.

The AKC USA, Canadian Kennel Club Canada, Australian National Kennel Council ANKC Australia and The Kennel Club of the United Kingdom recognize the four colors: white, black, salt and pepper, and silver.

Between commercial breeders reproduces the color white. Este color ha aparecido en líneas de exposición desde 1920. Este color fue eliminado por crianza selectiva puesto que sería fácilmente percibido en la noche por los roedores e iría en contra de la función zootécnica que originó a la raza.

El blanco ha reaparecido actualmente por criadores que no son miembros de los clubes oficiales que establecen el estándar de pureza racial en países no miembros de la FCI. The appearance of the White has led to questions about clandestine crossings with other breeds to acquire the white color of unscrupulous way. However, the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale), with 83 países miembros, recently recognized the variety of white as part of the standard of the breed; Since it is possible that the white Schnauzer is one of the originals.

The FCI does not cross between varieties of color, What has become a setback to improve varieties of color white, negra y negra plata ya que la mayoría de los criadores que siguen el estándar de perfección racial de la raza se concentran en la variedad sal y pimienta.

Its height It 30.5 a 38 centímetros en cruzados y el estándar de perfección racial no especifica peso. Is usually of 4.5 a 7 kilograms and overweight should be monitored, because they have a tendency to diabetes.

The ethical is brooders are carefully planning the crossing to remove cataracts, defects of the corneas, kidney stones, enfermedades del hígado, from the heart, Diabetes, quistes y recientemente miotonía. De ahí una de las razones por las que es recomendable adquirir una mascota de un criador que compita con sus ejemplares de cruza en el ring de exposición para evaluar la calidad de su programa de crianza ya que estos monitorean, the health of the gene pool. Ring for exhibition purpose is to evaluate if playing the exemplary would be worthwhile to move towards the Schnauzer described in the standard racial perfection.

Los criadores de exposición comúnmente retienen un ejemplar de la camada para su programa de crianza y el resto es colocado entre quienes no desean exhibir sino buscan un Schnauzer para enriquecer sus vidas. Estos ejemplares son colocados con contratos de esterilización ya que la inmensa mayoría de los Schnauzer no deben ser reproducidos y de esta manera se preserva y protege la raza.

Character and skills

The Miniature Schnauzer is known for his personality alert and friendly. They are also intelligent and tend to be depressed if they are ignored by his human family. They are loyal to their owners and sometimes, even, dependent.

The Miniature Schnauzer are excellent as alert, as protectors of your home. Skills hunting rodents, buscando trufas o como compañía de otros animales hacen a cualquiera amante de la raza.

It is considered the Twelfth race with greater ability to learn, that is to say that they learn orders quickly and efficiently.

Normally, según esta clasificación mundial, they need between 5 and 10 repetitions to understand what we want to teach them. It is wrong to regard it as one of the races “more intelligent” Since the “intelligence” como tal viene determinada por otras muchas características que tienen tanto que ver con cada perro en particular como con la raza en general.

They have a affable and very protective temperament, They must be well educated and socialized from puppies to accept strangers and other dogs with their owners.

Many times they understand what they are asked, but it is a matter of time to learn.

In principle were buzzards dogs from Germany. No se les tenía como perros caseros, After the second world war began them to grant this status.

There is a variant of this so-called race “Ispirichis“, born from the intersection with North Spain races, This species is almost identical to the other Miniature Schnauzer, la única diferencia es que poseen un pelaje más denso y tupido.

There are currently less than 50 specimens, all are in the Galician coast in Northwest Spain. Nunca hubo un gran número registrado de ellos y no se pretende conservar la especie ya que no posee un valor especial, Why canine experts did not give the Ispirichis one greater hope of 100 years before its extinction.

Miniature Schnauzer Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, o que le diga que sus cachorros están aislados de la parte principal del hogar por razones de salud. Un criador de buena reputación será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen en sus líneas.

The Miniature Schnauzer is genetically predisposed to various diseases, including several related to the eyes.

Cataract is an opaque cloud that gradually covers the lens of the eye.. Vision is affected and can range from mild deficiency to blindness. Fortunately, las cataratas pueden ser tratadas quirúrgicamente y la visión puede ser restaurada.

Entropion occurs when the eyelids curl into the eye and the eyelashes irritate the cornea.. La condición es dolorosa y necesita cirugía para ser corregida.

Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) it is an inherited disease that can progress to blindness in both eyes. Fortunately, it's not painful, but currently there is no cure.

Urolithiasis is a condition in which urine sediments eventually unite to form stones of variable size. Miniature Schnauzers can get a few different types of stones. La cirugía es necesaria en muchos casos, and sometimes a special diet is recommended to try to prevent recurrence.

The esophagus is the tubular and muscular organ that connects the mouth to the stomach.. Congenital megaesophagus affects esophageal muscle function, causing regurgitation, what happens when you swallow food but it stays in the esophagus until it basically falls back. Affected dogs can accidentally inhale food and water into their lungs while trying to eat or drink, lo que puede llevar a una neumonía por aspiración.

A Canine Version of Muscular Dystrophy May Affect Miniature Schnauzers. Es una enfermedad muscular degenerativa generalizada causada por la falta de una proteína específica. Puppies may be affected; signs include an unusual gait (abnormal way of walking), difficulty swallowing and stiff neck.

Von Willebrand's disease (VWD) es un defecto de coagulación de la sangre para el cual los Schnauzers miniatura deben hacerse pruebas de ADN antes de la cría. Los perros con VWD pueden experimentar hemorragias severas asociadas con la cirugía, or even minor injuries or injuries. Another potential blood clotting problem in miniature Schnauzers involves a deficiency of Factor VII. (a blood clotting factor).

El síndrome de Comedone es tan común entre los Schnauzers miniatura que se le conoce como golpes de Schnauzer. Dogs with this condition develop pimples and crusts., usualmente involucrando los folículos pilosos de la espalda. Sometimes hair is lost. Your vet may recommend medicated wipes, ungüentos, geles o champús para controlar la condición.

Otros posibles problemas médicos incluyen afecciones cardíacas (like mitral valve disease, la estenosis pulmonar y el síndrome del seno enfermo), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (a condition affecting the hip joint) and osteochondrosis, which can affect the knees, the elbows, shoulders or hocks.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. Si un criador le dice que no necesita hacer esas pruebas porque nunca ha tenido problemas en sus líneas y sus perros han sido “reviewed by the veterinarian”, so you need to find a breeder who is more rigorous with genetic testing.

Recuerde que después de haber acogido a un nuevo cachorro en su casa, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Miniature Schnauzers are wonderfully skilled at begging for food, and it's so smart it's as good as stealing it. Keeping your Miniature Schnauzer at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend your life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Characteristics "Miniature Schnauzer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature Schnauzer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Miniature Schnauzer Images

Miniature Schnauzer Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 183
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 1.2: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1.2: Schnauzer types.
  • AKC – Terrier
  • ANKC
  • CKC – Group 4 – Terrier
  • ​KC
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Terrier


FCI breed standard "Miniature Schnauzer"

FCIFCI - Miniature Schnauzer
Schnauzer

Alternative names:

    1. Dwarf Schnauzer (English).
    2. Schnauzer miniature (French).
    3. Zwergschnauzer (German).
    4. Schnauzer anão (Portuguese).
    5. Schnauzer Enano (español).
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