Miniature Pinscher
Alemania FCI 185 - Pinscher

Pinscher Miniatura

The Miniature Pinscher has much temperament, vitality and is an excellent companion dog.



It is often thought that the Pinscher miniatura is a German Pinscher small, but it predates that race at least in 200 years. Originally paid for his maintenance as a buzzard in the German pens. It is believed to have been created by the crossing of races as diverse as the Dachshund, the old german pinscher, the Manchester Terrier and the Italian Greyhound. The result was a spirited and fearless puppy.

It was very popular in Germany and in the Scandinavian countries, but it is not surprising that its international star began to grow. The Pinscher miniatura was first registered with the American Kennel Club in 1925 like Terrier for his mouse experience. The Miniature Pinscher Club of America was formed in 1929, and the dogs were reclassified as a toy breed in 1930. In America they were called Pinscher (Toy) until 1972, when they were renamed Miniature Pinscher.

Today, the Miniature Pinscher ranks 40th among AKC registered breeds, below 17th in 2000. As with many races, has changed position at the whim of the public, possibly because he's not the cute little lap dog that some thought he would be, or simply because other races have caught the public's attention.

Physical characteristics

The Pinscher miniature is the achicada image of the German Pinscher, flawless dwarfism. Its elegant square construction is clearly visible through her short hair, smooth and tight.

Its proportions are square because it has the same length as the cross height, between the 25 and 30 cm..

Its weight varies between the 4 and 6 kg maximum, at risk of suffering from the heart.

The hair is short and smooth, admitting only copies monocolores Red in their different shades and copies bicoloured Black with fire marks.

Traditionally, the Miniature Pinscher was the tail and ears cut, but now this practice is prohibited throughout the European Union.

Character and skills

A small dog with a great attitude and a bigger mouth, the Miniature Pinscher he has no idea he's not as big as a Doberman. Will face any threat, including a dog many times bigger than him. Will try to protect his family, will chase cats out of the yard and sound the alarm whenever he deems necessary, which is constant. And although it will fit in your puppy bag, you won't like being there. This is a dog with a mind and a will of its own, not an accessory.

Don't let its designation as a toy dog ​​fool you. Like his older Terrier cousins, the Pinscher miniatura dig, will bark and chase anything that moves, including squirrels, cats and quite possibly other dogs. Unless well-bred and well-socialized – and sometimes even despite such advantages – is prone to being an annoying barker, suspicious of strangers and not very good with children.

The Pinscher miniatura It can be wonderful with older kids as long as the kids don't mistreat them. Your activity and energy level is suitable for children, and loves to be a family dog. Monitor interactions with young children so they don't hurt the dog, or viceversa.

Due to his tendency to be protective and territorial, the assertive, proud and stubborn Pinscher miniatura needs a firm and consistent training from the puppy stage to control his bites, as well as any tendency you have to bark inappropriately. Don't let him get away with bad behavior or he'll quickly become an almost impossible habit to break. In addition, like many small dogs, Miniature Pinschers are difficult to train at home; firmness and consistency are the keys to success.

The Miniature Pinscher is innately curious and likes toys that move or make noises. However, it is likely that at some point you will try to eat the toys… will gut a squeaky toy in no time. Flimsy rubber or plastic aren't the best bets for him.

Start training your puppy Pinscher miniatura the day i bring it home. Even at 8 or 10 weeks of age, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until immunizations are completed for puppies (including that of rage, distemper and parvovirus). Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see their pups daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.. If you are looking for a Pinscher miniatura, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

Miniature Pinscher Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines.

The Miniature Pinscher is prone to some health problems. Here is a brief summary of some of the conditions you should know.

Like most small dogs, Miniature Pinscher's knees can be unstable and can come out of position easily, the common condition known as dislocated kneecaps. This is one of the reasons why it is essential to keep your Miniature Pinscher at a proper weight..

Hip disease known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease occurs in Min Pins. Causes a reduction in the blood supply to the head of the hind leg bone, which then begins to degrade. The first sign of Legg-Calve-Perthes, the limp, usually appears when the puppy has 4 a 6 months of age. In many cases, treatment requires surgery to remove the head from the leg bone.

Mucopolysaccharidosis VI, the MPSVI, it is a genetic defect in the way the body processes certain molecules. An accumulation of dermatan sulfate (a complex molecule) can occur in specific areas of the body. Stunted growth, joint damage, cloudiness of the eyes (which may look like waterfalls) and damage to the heart valves are some of the consequences of MPSVI. DNA test can identify affected dogs, Carriers and Normal - Breeding two carriers can produce affected puppies.

Other conditions that affect race include diabetes, dislocation of the elbow, congenital deafness and eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma and hypoplasia of the optic nerve.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you should find a trusted breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for genetic defects and considered healthy for breeding. As a minimum, the breeder must have hip and knee evaluations of both breeding dogs.

If the breeder tells you that you don't need to do those tests because you have never had a problem with your lines, your dogs have been vet checked, or any of the other excuses bad breeders have to skimp on their dogs' genetic testing, vaiyase.

Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

Not all visits from Pinscher miniatura to the vet they are due to a genetic problem. Due to its size and athletics, broken legs are not uncommon.

Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Pinscher miniatura with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Caring for the Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinschers are very easy to groom due to their short, soft fur. Just use a bristle brush once or twice a week. They lose an average amount, but its small size means less hair is lost than in a larger dog with the same type of short hair.

Bathe the Miniature Pinscher as desired or only when it gets dirty. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, You can bathe a Miniature Pinscher weekly if you want without damaging its coat.

As with all Toy breeds, dental problems are common. Brush your Miniature Pinscher's teeth daily with a vet-approved pet toothpaste and have them checked regularly by your vet. Nails should be cut every two weeks; you should not hear the click of the toenails when the dog walks.

Reviews of the Miniature Pinscher

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Miniature Pinscher” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

2.0 rating
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Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
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Need to exercise ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

The Miniature Pinscher pictures

Videos del Pinscher Miniatura

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • AKC – Toys
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toys)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toys)
    • ​KC – Toys
    • NZKC – Toys
    • UKC – Company breeds

    FCI Standard of the Miniature Pinscher breed

    GENEOUTL APPEARANCE : The Miniature Pinscher is a reduced

    image of the German Pinscher without the draw-backs of a dwarfed appearance. His elegant square build is clearly visible due to his short smooth coat.


    • The ratio from length to height shall make his build appear as square as possibl
    • The length of the head (measured fom the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).

    BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT : Lively, spirited, self assured and evenly tempered. These qualities make him an agreeable family and companion dog.



    Skull : Strong, elongated without markedly protruding occiput. The forehead is flat without wrinkles, running parallel to the bridge of nose.

    Ston: Slight, yet clearly defined.


    Noris: Noseleather well developed and black.

    Muzzle: Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.

    Linps: Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaw. Corners of lips closed.

    Jaws/Teeth : Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula), is strong and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed without pronounced cheeks interfering with the smooth outline. Eyes: Dark, oval, with black pigmented close fitting eyelids.

    Ears : Prick ears ; drop ears, set high, V-shaped with the inner edges lying close to the cheeks, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.

    NECK : Nobly curved, not too short. Blending smoothly into the withers without any marked set on. Dry without dewlap or throatiness. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.


    Torplinnand: Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

    Withers: Forming the highest point in topline. Back: Strong, short and taut.

    Itinns: Strong. The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

    Croup: Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

    ChEast: Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

    Underline and belly : Flanks not too tucked up, forming a nicely curved line with the underside of the brisket.

    TATHE: Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.



    General appearance: Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.

    Shoulders: The shoulder blade lies close against the ribcage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.

    Uppis poor: Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled,

    forming an angle of 95° to 100° to the shoulder blade. Elbows: Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

    Forearm: Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely straight seen from the front and the side.

    Carpal joint: Strong and firm.

    Pastern: Strong and springy. Seen from the front,vertical, seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground.

    Forefeet: Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, black and strong.


    General appearance: Standing obliquely, when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together seen from the rear.

    Uppis thigh: Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled.

    Stinsleep: Turning neither in nor out.

    Itwis thigh: Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock. Hock: Markedly angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

    Metatarsus : Vertical to the ground.

    Hinnd feet: Somewhat longer than forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails short and black.

    GAIT/MOVEMENT : The Miniature Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains firm and rather steady in movement. The movement is harmonious, sure, powerful and uninhibited with good length of stride. Typical of the trot is a ground covering, relaxed, fluent movement with strong drive and free front extension.

    SKIN : Tight fitting over the whole body.


    HAIR : Short and dense, smooth, close and shiny without bald patches.


    • Self coloured : Deer red, reddish-brown to dark red brown.
    • Black and Tan : Lacquer black with red or brown marking

    The aim is for markings as dark, as rich and as clearly defined as possible. The markings are distributed as follows: Above the eyes, at the underside of the throat, on the pasterns, on the feet, at the inside of the hind legs and under the root of the tail. Two even, clearly separated triangles on the chest.


    Height at withers : Dogs and bitches: 25 to 30 cm..

    Weight : Dogs and bitches: 4 to 6 kg.

    FTOLTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.


    • Clumsy or light in build. Too low or too high on leg.
    • Heavy or round skull.
    • Wrinkles on forehead.
    • Short, pointed or narrow muzzl
    • Pincer bit
    • Light, too small or too large ey
    • Ears set low or very long, unevenly carried.
    • Throatin
    • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
    • Roach back.
    • Croup falling away.
    • Long feet.
    • Pacing movement.
    • Hackney gait.
    • Thin coat.
    • Roans; black trace on the back, dark saddle and lightened or pale coat.
    • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm..


    • Lack of sexual type (in. doggy bitch).
    • Light appearance
    • Apple head.
    • Lines of head not parallel.
    • Elbows turning out.
    • Hindlegs standing under the body.
    • Straight or open hocked hindleg
    • Hocks turning out.
    • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm..


    • Aggressive or overly shy dog
    • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
    • Malformation of any kind.
    • Lack of breed typ
    • Faults in mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
    • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat or colou
    • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm..


    • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
    • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

    The latest amendments are in bold characters.

    Alternative names:

      1. Min Pin, King of the Toys (English).
      2. Pinscher Nain (French).
      3. Rehpinscher, Miniature Pinscher, Minpin, Minidoberman; in Österreich auch unter Rehrattler bekannt (German).
      4. Pinscher miniatura (Portuguese).
      5. Pinscher enano (Spanish).
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