Miniature American Shepherd
Estados Unidos FCI 270 . Sheepdogs

Miniature American Shepherd

With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, the Miniature American Shepherd has all the qualities of Sheepdogs

Content

History

In forty years, los estadounidenses han logrado fijar las características de esta nueva raza, from the strains of small Australian Shepherds. Recently, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to integrate and, therefore, recognize the Miniature American Shepherd as a race in its own right, integrating it into the Pastoral Group “Sheepdogs” … next to his ancestor, the Australian Shepherd.

In the decade of 1960, the little ones Australian Shepherd que trabajaban en el circuito de rodeo de los Estados Unidos fueron criados selectivamente para reducir aún más su tamaño. The new breed was originally called the “Australian Shepherd” in miniature. “They became especially popular with riders who traveled to horse shows, since his intelligence, lealtad y tamaño los convertían en un excelente compañero de viaje”, say the experts of the Club del Miniature American Shepherd from the USA. “De esta manera su popularidad se extendió por todo el país.

Currently, the breed is recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation), en vista del número de criaderos que se están embarcando en la selección de esta raza de perro en Europa.

Photo: Buddy” Miniature American Shepherd – Lost Island’s Roy ‘Arsenal’ Harper – bred by: Julia Bettendorf, Lost River Miniature American ShepherdsJugabe3b, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Miniature American Shepherd comparte muchos rasgos físicos con su antecesor el Australian Shepherd, only on a smaller scale. The females measure between 33 – 43 cm at shoulder; the males between 35,5 – 46 cm.. Despite its size, son cada centímetro un verdadero perro de pastoreo: energetic, versatile, robust and extremely bright. Striking fur comes in black, blue merle, red and red merle. (Merle exhibits any amount of marbling, spots or mottling.) The Miniature American Shepherd se mueven con el paso suave y ágil de un perro construido para el trabajo duro en terrenos difíciles.

Character and skills

With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, dogs Miniature American Shepherd they have all the qualities of a little Shepherd dog, with a pronounced instinct to lead and watch over the herds. Easy to train, able to respond to a variety of demands that allow them to evolve in different sports disciplines. the Miniature American Shepherd However, they are reserved for people who are not familiar to them.. But once the “known”, becomes a wild playmate, and capable of real feats, thanks to its agility and small size.
Like all working dogs, especially those able to work in their original profession, when in a situation with a herd of animals, their behavior changes and they become attentive and tireless helpers.

Its small size, su aseo reducido al mínimo, their adaptability and listening skills, greatly facilitate your life and your education in the city. But, like all shepherds, need to spend and “empty” su energía desbordante. Beautiful walks and runs in the forest are essential to maintain your tone, su forma física y su carácter juguetón.

Health and nutrition

This solid and sturdy dog, just like their ancestors, no plantea ningún problema particular en la alimentación. His health is that of a dog from generations of working dogs, aunque muchos compradores dan el paso de tener un perro de compañía con el que es fácil vivir. Never forget where it comes from, ya que merece una actividad física regular para mantener su figura y su fuerza.

The Miniature American Shepherd is generally a healthy dog, and responsible breeders test their breed for health conditions, comunicándose con otros criadores dedicados a trabajar juntos para la salud de la raza y la preservación de las cualidades únicas de la misma.

Although the Miniature American Shepherd it is a relatively healthy breed, the following complications have been observed:

  • Juvenile cataracts
  • PRA (progressive retinal atrophy)
  • Iris Colobomas
  • PPM (persistent pupillary membrane)
  • Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure a long and healthy life for the dog.

    Grooming

    The Miniature American Shepherd has a double coat, with a longer outer coat and a wool underlayer. The breed shows a good amount, más aún durante la temporada de desprendimiento, which can happen once or twice a year. Weekly brushing, daily during molting season, will help remove dirt and loose hair and keep the dog looking its best. Balls or tangles can be resolved with a finer brush or metal comb. As in all races, nails must be trimmed regularly, too long nails can cause discomfort to the dog.

    Training

    As in all races, early socialization and training classes for puppies are recommended, which help to ensure that the dog becomes a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion. Smart and willing to please, the Miniature American Shepherd is highly trainable and will reach its best potential as a partner when taught at least basic obedience.

    Ejercicios físicos

    The Miniature American Shepherd he is active and athletic, and requires a moderate amount of exercise but is also very adaptable to your family's way of life. They do well as city dogs as long as their owners provide them with enough exercise.. They enjoy outings with their people that will occupy both their mind and their body. They enjoy and excel at many dog ​​events, including obedience, agility and tracking.

    Characteristics "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature American Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Photos:

    1 – Blue Merle Miniature American Shepherd by Lextergrace, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Miniature American Shepherd with Frisbee by Mullinspw, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Miniature american shepherd puppy by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Miniature american shepherd by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Miniature American Shepherd, blue merle, female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – American miniature shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1029669

    Videos "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI
    • AKC


    FCI breed standard "Miniature American Shepherd"

    FCIFCI - Miniature American Shepherd
    Pastor

    Alternative names:

      1. Miniature Australian Shepherd, MAS (English).
      2. Miniature Australian Shepherd (French).
      3. Miniature Australian Shepherd, Mini-Aussie (German).
      4. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Portuguese).
      5. Miniature Australian Shepherd (español).

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Montenegro FCI 279 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound

    Even in his country of origin the Montenegrin Mountain Hound it is little spread, in other countries it is practically unknown.

    Content

    History

    Aunque sus orígenes son seguramente mucho más antiguos, the existence of Montenegrin Mountain Hound (Crnogorski planinski gonič) is attested since the beginning of the 19th century.

    The race, confined to the border region with Greece, ha mantenido sus características intactas.

    Bred for its ability to work in rocky terrain and scrub, hunt both small and large animals.

    There are two varieties: the Montenegrin Mountain Hound and the “Serbian tricolour hound”, that are distinguished mainly by the color of their fur, and both are virtually unknown outside its borders.

    In the past, the Montenegrin Mountain Hound has sometimes been called the “Black hound”.

    The first standard dates back to 1924 y la F.C.I. officially recognized the breed at its Warsaw meeting on 8 in May of 1969.

    Belonging to the ⓘAmerican Rare Breed Association (abbreviated as ARBA)

    Photo: https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1493407


    Physical characteristics “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Montenegrin Mountain Hound, b&t by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Robust medium-sized hounds, well balanced, calm and good-natured, very attached to their master.

    The skull is slightly domed, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, the nose is always black, eyes are dark with a smart expression, the ears are hanging and without folds, their tips are rounded.

    The body is muscular and slightly long. The fur-covered tail is saber-shaped. The pelage is dense, short and with abundant undercoat. The coat is black with brown markings over the eyes, on the muzzle and lower legs.

    Size: Height to the cross 44 a 54 cm..

    Ideal size for males: 49 a 50 cm., ideal size for females: 48 a 49 cm..




    Character and skills “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    The Montenegrin Mountain Hound is bold, smart and calm. They are also particularly agile, resistant and tenacious.

    They are balanced dogs, quiet, kind, loving and obedient, which makes them excellent companions.

    It is often used to hunt hares and foxes, sometimes deer.

    Aunque sus cualidades lo convierten en un buen perro de compañía, life in the city is not recommended for this hound..

    Videos "Montenegrin Mountain Hound"

    Specijalka Crnogorski planinski gonic 08.09.2012
    Stenci – Crnogorski planinski gonic

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.


    FCI breed standard "Montenegrin Mountain Hound"

    FCIFCI - Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Black Hound, Yugoslavian Mountain Hound (English).
      2. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Chien courant yougoslave de montagne, Chien courant noir (French).
      3. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Montenegrinische Gebirgsbracke, Früher Jugoslawischer Gebirgslaufhund (German).
      4. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Sabujo-negro (Portuguese).
      5. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Sabueso montañés de Montenegro (español).

    Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
    Francia FCI 325 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound no es un perro que se adapte a la vida en un apartamento si no existe el medio para que desahogue su gran energía.

    Content

    History

    La raza había existido durante mucho tiempo y varios amantes de los perros como Mr M. Légeron, A. Rivot porthole, Willekens, Gairal, Daubigné habían intentado en vano que se reconociera oficialmente.

    Los cazadores de liebres habían creado este pequeño perro de orden a partir de razas francesas de tamaño medio: Porcelaine, Gascon Saintongeois, Poitevin hound in crossbreeding with English dogs like him Beagle, several varieties of Harriers, even the little one English Foxhound. El objetivo de estos cruces era mejorar la construcción de sus perros y así aumentar la velocidad y la actitud a tomar.

    En cualquier caso es un típico perro de caza francés, in which English blood also flows. In 1957 the first official recognition of the breed took place in France, followed by the FCI in 1978.

    Photo: Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound – or also called Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie – He is of medium size and a dog with a powerful constitution, but it never seems heavy. En su apariencia recuerda a los perros de la jauría francesa. Según el estándar de la raza, the head should be long and not too wide. The hair is short, thick and smooth and can be two or three colors (white and orange or black, white with brown).

    The eyes are large and soft but lively in expression.. Las orejas situadas bajo la línea de los ojos son suaves, slightly turned inwards and medium in size. The tail is of medium length and quite thin. The limbs are strong, with straight and broad forequarters in profile and muscular hindquarters with low set hocks.

    Character and skills “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound is described as balanced and bold, independent, inteligente y líder, proud and trustworthy. He is affectionate and loyal to his owners. However, adult dogs are suspicious of strangers.

    Estos perros constituyen hoy en día la gran mayoría de las manadas de caza de liebre y zorro. But shooters increasingly appreciate its fine-nosed qualities., resistance, good throat, easy to put on, wise in the hunt and in the kennel.

    En los últimos veinte años, el número de Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hounds medium has improved both in quality and quantity. However, the breeders, and buyers in particular, they must register their dogs with the LOF (Central Canine Society) to better control the selection.

    Activities and exercise with “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    This dog loves to move, needs a lot of exercise and wants to work. Tienes que pasar unas cuatro horas al día intensamente con él. The breed is suitable for training as a hunting dog, but also for various dog sports. Keeping the dog in the house is strongly discouraged: The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound necesita y quiere mucho espacio y le gustaría tener acceso libre al jardín también fuera de las “hours of walk”.

    education of the “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    To the Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound he likes to learn, he is submissive and also has an intelligent mind. However, has a strong hunting instinct, so your education should start soon and therefore, any “rarity” que este perro adquiera en su juventud debe solucionarse ya que es difícil de corregir más tarde.

    Cuidados y salud del “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    El corto y denso pelaje de este perro no requiere ningún cuidado especial, cleans itself almost by itself. Its legs, However, should be checked regularly. Especially when used as a hunting dog, injuries and problems are more likely to occur.

    In rare cases there is a tendency to osteoarthritis and bone tumors.

    Images "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

    Photos:

    1 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, op der Haard, Diddeleng by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, Kackeschbësch, Éiter by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, 7 months, Wesley by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie (white and black with pale tan markings) three and four months old puppies. by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

    Anglo Français de petite vénerie
    le repas

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society


    FCI breed standard "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

    FCIFCI - Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie (English).
      2. Anglo-français de petite vénerie (French).
      3. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (German).
      4. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso anglo francés de tamaño mediano, Anglo-francés para la caza menor, Anglo-francés de tamaño medio (español).

    Miniature Pinscher
    Alemania FCI 185 . Pinscher and Schnauzer type

    Pinscher Miniatura

    The Miniature Pinscher has much temperament, vitality and is an excellent companion dog.

    Content

    History

    It is often thought that the Pinscher miniatura is a German Pinscher small, but it predates that race at least in 200 years. Originally paid for his maintenance as a buzzard in the German pens. It is believed to have been created by the crossing of races as diverse as the Sausage dog, the old german pinscher, the Manchester Terrier and the Italian Greyhound. The result was a spirited and fearless puppy.

    Fue muy popular en Alemania y en los países escandinavos, but it is not surprising that its international star began to grow. The Pinscher miniatura was first registered with the American Kennel Club in 1925 like Terrier for his mouse experience. The Miniature Pinscher Club of America was formed in 1929, and the dogs were reclassified as a toy breed in 1930. In America they were called Pinscher (Toy) until 1972, when they were renamed Miniature Pinscher.

    Today, the Miniature Pinscher ocupa el 40º lugar entre las razas registradas por el AKC, por debajo del 17º en 2000. Como ocurre con muchas razas, ha cambiado de posición por capricho del público, posiblemente porque no es el pequeño y lindo perro faldero que algunos pensaban que sería, o simplemente porque otras razas han captado la atención del público.

    Physical characteristics

    The Pinscher miniature is the achicada image of the German Pinscher, flawless dwarfism. Its elegant square construction is clearly visible through her short hair, smooth and tight.

    Its proportions are square because it has the same length as the cross height, between the 25 and 30 cm..

    Its weight varies between the 4 and 6 kg maximum, at risk of suffering from the heart.

    The hair is short and smooth, admitting only copies monocolores Red in their different shades and copies bicoloured Black with fire marks.

    Traditionally, the Miniature Pinscher was the tail and ears cut, but now this practice is prohibited throughout the European Union.

    Character and skills

    A small dog with a great attitude and a bigger mouth, the Miniature Pinscher he has no idea he's not as big as a Doberman. Will face any threat, including a dog many times bigger than him. Will try to protect his family, will chase cats out of the yard and sound the alarm whenever he deems necessary, which is constant. And although it will fit in your puppy bag, no le gustará estar allí. This is a dog with a mind and a will of its own, not an accessory.

    Don't let its designation as a toy dog ​​fool you. Like his older Terrier cousins, the Pinscher miniatura dig, will bark and chase anything that moves, including squirrels, cats and quite possibly other dogs. Unless well-bred and well-socialized – and sometimes even despite such advantages – is prone to being an annoying barker, suspicious of strangers and not very good with children.

    The Pinscher miniatura It can be wonderful with older kids as long as the kids don't mistreat them. Su nivel de actividad y energía es adecuado para los niños, and loves to be a family dog. Monitor interactions with young children so they don't hurt the dog, or viceversa.

    Due to his tendency to be protective and territorial, the assertive, proud and stubborn Pinscher miniatura needs a firm and consistent training from the puppy stage to control his bites, así como cualquier tendencia que tenga a ladrar de forma inapropiada. Don't let him get away with bad behavior or he'll quickly become an almost impossible habit to break. It also, like many small dogs, los Pinschers Miniatura son difíciles de entrenar en casa; firmness and consistency are the keys to success.

    The Miniature Pinscher is innately curious and likes toys that move or make noises. However, es probable que en algún momento intente comerse los juguetes… will gut a squeaky toy in no time. Flimsy rubber or plastic aren't the best bets for him.

    Start training your puppy Pinscher miniatura el día que lo traiga a casa. Even at 8 or 10 weeks of age, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, y muchos veterinarios recomiendan una exposición limitada a otros perros y lugares públicos hasta que se hayan completado las vacunas para cachorros (including that of rage, distemper and parvovirus). Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Los criadores ven a sus cachorros diariamente y pueden hacer recomendaciones increíblemente precisas una vez que sepan algo sobre su estilo de vida y personalidad. If you are looking for a Pinscher miniatura, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

    Miniature Pinscher Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur in their lines..

    The Miniature Pinscher is prone to some health problems. Aquí hay un breve resumen de algunas de las condiciones que debe conocer.

    Como la mayoría de los perros pequeños, Miniature Pinscher's knees can be unstable and can come out of position easily, la condición común conocida como rótulas luxadas. This is one of the reasons why it is essential to keep your Miniature Pinscher at a proper weight..

    Hip disease known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease occurs in Min Pins. Causes a reduction in the blood supply to the head of the hind leg bone, which then begins to degrade. The first sign of Legg-Calve-Perthes, the limp, usually appears when the puppy has 4 a 6 months of age. In many cases, el tratamiento requiere de una cirugía para remover la cabeza del hueso de la pierna.

    Mucopolysaccharidosis VI, the MPSVI, it is a genetic defect in the way the body processes certain molecules. An accumulation of dermatan sulfate (a complex molecule) puede ocurrir en áreas específicas del cuerpo. Stunted growth, joint damage, cloudiness of the eyes (which may look like waterfalls) y el daño a las válvulas cardíacas son algunas de las consecuencias de la MPSVI. DNA test can identify affected dogs, portadores y normales.La cría de dos portadores puede producir cachorros afectados.

    Other conditions that affect race include diabetes, dislocation of the elbow, congenital deafness and eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma and hypoplasia of the optic nerve.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so you should find a trusted breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) han sido examinados para detectar defectos genéticos y considerados sanos para la cría. Como mínimo, el criador debe tener evaluaciones de la cadera y la rodilla de ambos perros de cría.

    If the breeder tells you that you do not need to do these tests because you have never had problems in your lines, your dogs have been vet checked, or any of the other excuses bad breeders have to skimp on their dogs' genetic testing, vaiyase.

    Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

    Not all visits from Pinscher miniatura to the vet they are due to a genetic problem. Due to its size and athletics, broken legs are not uncommon.

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Pinscher miniatura with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Caring for the Miniature Pinscher

    Miniature Pinschers are very easy to groom due to their short, soft fur. Just use a bristle brush once or twice a week. They lose an average amount, but its small size means less hair is lost than in a larger dog with the same type of short hair.

    Bathe the Miniature Pinscher as desired or only when it gets dirty. Con los suaves champús para perros disponibles ahora, You can bathe a Miniature Pinscher weekly if you want without damaging its coat.

    As with all Toy breeds, dental problems are common. Brush your Miniature Pinscher's teeth daily with a vet-approved pet toothpaste and have them checked regularly by your vet. Nails should be cut every two weeks; no debe oír el chasquido de las uñas de los pies cuando el perro camina.

    Characteristics "Miniature Pinscher"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature Pinscher" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    The Miniature Pinscher pictures

    Videos del Pinscher Miniatura

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • AKC – Toys
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toys)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toys)
    • ​KC – Toys
    • NZKC – Toys
    • UKCRazas de compañía


    FCI breed standard "Miniature Pinscher"

    FCIFCI - Miniature Pinscher
    Pinscher

    Alternative names:

      1. Min Pin, King of the Toys (English).
      2. Pinscher Nain (French).
      3. Rehpinscher, Miniature Pinscher, Minpin, Minidoberman; in Österreich auch unter Rehrattler bekannt (German).
      4. Pinscher miniatura (Portuguese).
      5. Pinscher enano (español).

    Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
    Italia FCI 201 . Sheepdogs

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog he will be really happy sleeping with the cattle rather than on the sofa in your home.

    Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese

    Content

    Characteristics "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog (Maremmano-Abruzzese or Cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese), It is a breed of sheepdog native to central Italy and used for centuries by shepherds to defend their flocks from wolves.

    La raza se emplea aún hoy, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo donde los rebaños de ovejas vitalizan la economía rural y los lobos son predadores protegidos (of the few areas of the planet, lamentablemente…).

    The race is similar to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, to the Kuvasz de Hungría y al Akbash de Turquía (This, that more!).

    También desciende de los perros de pastor que existían antaño en la región de la Maremma Toscana y en la región del Lacio. Since 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.

    Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Dogs similar to Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog they are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times to the present day.

    Until year 1958, the Maremma Sheepdog and the Maremmano-Abruzzese they were considered as separate races. The first Canine society of the Maremma Sheepdog was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the First Canine Society of the Maremma Sheepdog.

    But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especialmente después de la unificación de Italia se dio “fusión natural” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).

    Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, si bien siguen siendo ampliamente utilizados por ganaderos ovinos de Italia en las zonas donde la depredación es común, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.

    But, Ironically, of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, pues sí, aunque no guste oírlo, la mano del hombre y el progreso… han dado como resultado un siniestro más: la cría de ovejas se ha reducido y el lobo está casi extinto.

    Curiosities

    Although it is easier for him Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, desarrollar su vínculo con ovinos y caprinos, farmers have found that, as well, son capaces de desarrollar un vínculo protector con las vacas, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. As well, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, búhos, etc.).

    In Australia, se ha apostado muchísimo por el Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog. Específicamente en la ciudad de Warrnambool que cuenta con grandes bellezas naturales, and in one of them the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog es hoy en día una pieza clave para la supervivencia de otras especies.

    Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, reconocida como un sitio de cría de la ballena austral. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.

    In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, pingüinos y el delfín común. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.

    There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island contaba con una gran colonia de pingüinos. Pero la presencia descontrolada de zorros llevó a que el número de integrantes de la colonia se redujera de manera significativa. In 2005, sólo quedan cuatro pingüinos en la colonia.

    It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, primero en el mundo con estas características, introduced to Middle Island several copies of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog para proteger a los pingüinos. Este programa tan original e innovador ha sido la piedra angular del re-establecimiento de la colonia de pingüinos que en el año 2009 already had more of 100 Members.

    While the use of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect an endangered species was a rare thing at first, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, it has been proven that the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog along with other breeds of livestock guardian dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, como los pingüinos, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, as well, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.

    En otros países como Italia, United States and Canada, the use of dogs has also been promoted Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, así como otros tipos de perros pastores, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.

    Physical characteristics

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog is a dog from large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. También guarda armonía en cuanto a su formato (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).

    The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.

    The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.

    The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, y cuando el perro está alerta se eleva a la línea del lomo.

    The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only one supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.

    Height to the cross in the males is of 65 a 73 cm and females is of 60 a 68 cm.. The weight of 35 a 45 kg in males and 30 a 40 kg in females.

    Character and skills

    Despite its large size, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog puede ser buen perro de compañía en hogares que cuenten con espacios abiertos, appropriate to your needs.

    Siglos de cría del Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, hoy en día en un animal que se adapta muy bien a la vida hogareña se une muchísimo a su familia a quién protege como si de un rebaño se tratara, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.

    In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.

    Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, lejos de las líneas de propiedad del vecino y del tráfico rodado, sería un lugar ideal para este hermoso pastor. In this environment, Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, allí es realmente feliz.

    In addition to its extensive use in Italy, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog lives happily performing its livestock protection duties in Australia, United States and Canada.

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, is a very versatile dog, y capaz de generar un vínculos muy, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, pero lo más común es que se introduzcan con 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, aún de cachorros, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.

    ¿Qué más podemos decir del carácter del Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog? Creo que las palabras…, sobran.

    Photos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

    Videos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI standard of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"

    FCIFCI - Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese, Maremmano, Pastore Abruzzese, Pastore Maremmano, Abruzzese Mastiff, Mastino Abruzzese, Abruzzo Sheepdog, Abruzzese Sheepdog (English).
      2. cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (French).
      3. Maremmen-Abruzzen-Schäferhund (German).
      4. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (Portuguese).
      5. Maremmano-Abrucense, Pastor de Maremma (español).

    Mastiff danés
    Dinamarca FCI 315 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Mastín Danés

    The Mastiff danés is calm, with good temperament and friendly.

    The Mastiff danés (or Broholmer) It is a breed of molosser type dog, originally from Denmark.

    It is a dog of Doge of large size type, rectangular and strong Constitution; its motion is regular and energetic. His appearance is dominated by the powerful forelimbs.

    The head is broad and solid; strong neck with some loose skin, and the chest wide and deep.

    Otros nombres: Danish mastiff / Broholmer.

    Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Mastiff danés

    Read all about the race by clicking on: Broholmer.

    Maltese
    Italia FCI 65 . Bichons

    The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.

    Bichón Maltés

    Content

    Characteristics "Maltese"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Maltese es una raza canina que existe desde la antigüedad y que ya estaba muy extendida en las culturas mediterráneas. However, al contrario de lo que podría sugerir su nombre, its exact origin remains uncertain, pero parece proceder de uno de los países de la cuenca mediterránea. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, hoy en día se le conoce principalmente como Maltese or Maltese dog.

    Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese incluso existía en el antiguo Egipto. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 a.C. a 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. So, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.

    Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.

    No fueron los únicos que lo honraron, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 a.C. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. Mencionó una raza de perro pequeño que denominó en latín canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.

    Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Muchas mujeres de la nobleza poseían una y nunca salían sin ella. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.

    In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 a.C. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), gobernador romano de Malta que poseía un maltés llamado Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.

    The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), y allí también se hizo muy popular entre las clases altas, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, mientras que su pequeño tamaño les permitía llevarlo fácilmente en sus blusas. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).

    Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.

    A pesar de su éxito y presencia en muchos países, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. Allí se mostraba con el nombre de Perro León Maltés.

    The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, cuando la otra organización canina más importante del país, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.

    Physical characteristics

    They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 a 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.

    The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.

    Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.

    Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.

    The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.

    The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.

    The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, por lo que los criadores se concentraron únicamente en los individuos de pelaje blanco.

    As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..

    Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.

    Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. So, you better stay away from them.

    In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.

    Popularity

    Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.

    In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) según el número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.

    At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 había unas 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.

    The situation is different in France, ya que el número de inscripciones anuales en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.

    In Switzerland, es la 13ª raza más popular del país. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.

    Did you know??

    The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. ¿Podría ser porque son tan adorables en las fotografías? Creemos que sí.

    Character and skills

    "Maltese"

    Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, y es capaz de reconfortarlos en los momentos difíciles. Es muy activo y mantiene un espíritu joven toda su vida.

    Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. So, no es adecuado para un maestro que suele pasar la mayor parte de sus días fuera de casa.

    Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, en el caso de que otro animal venga a parar un día a su familia, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, ya que éste podría hacerle daño involuntariamente, for example just playing with him.

    Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, estos últimos se apresuran a tener gestos demasiado bruscos hacia él, especially during playtime, y podrían herirle involuntariamente. It also, aunque no sea así, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, lo que podría provocar reacciones inadecuadas por su parte. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.

    Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.

    The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Media hora de actividad al día es más que suficiente, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.

    As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, en una casa grande con jardín. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, ya que su falta de subpelo le hace sensible al frío. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.

    Observations

    Unlike other dogs the Maltese necesita poca actividad física, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.

    Llevarlos a caminar serviría también para hacerlos sociables ya que no requieren mucho ejercicio, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.

    They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.

    Education

    Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, así como exponerle a todo tipo de situaciones y entornos. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..

    At the same time, dado el fortísimo nivel de apego a sus humanos que caracteriza a esta raza, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.

    The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, ya que no son receptivos a las reprimendas y responden mucho mejor a los estímulos y las golosinas. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.

    In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. Esta sería la mejor manera de hacer que desarrolle el “small dog syndrome”, that is to say, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, agresivo y difícil de convivir. So, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.

    Health

    The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.

    However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, es particularmente sensible al frío y la humedad.Cuando las temperaturas son frías, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, no está destinado a vivir en una zona donde el clima es frío durante gran parte del año.

    It also, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:

    • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
    • The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), común en los perros.Ocurre cuando la rótula se mueve hacia adentro o hacia afuera de la rodilla y puede causar dolor o cojera de diversos grados de severidad.En los casos más graves, an operation is necessary;
    • The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsy corresponde a una reducción del diámetro de la tráquea.El signo más común es una tos seca y crónica, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
    • The cryptorchidism, a menudo un defecto hereditario que hace que los testículos del animal no desciendan al escroto.La única solución entonces es extirparlos quirúrgicamente para evitar complicaciones posteriores, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
    • Congenital portosystemic derivation, una anomalía vascular que puede provocar retraso del crecimiento, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, los síntomas son sutiles, lo que hace que el diagnóstico de la enfermedad sea posterior.Esta patología, whose cause may be hereditary, puede curarse mediante intervención quirúrgica;
    • Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Los síntomas varían de un individuo a otro (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
    • Síndrome del perro tembloroso, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. Consiste en la inflamación del cerebelo y provoca ataques de temblores involuntarios en todo el cuerpo y falta de coordinación.Los síntomas suelen empezar a aparecer entre los 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
    • Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Los síntomas del problema son pérdida de apetito, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, si no se le administra azúcar de una forma u otra;
    • The Cushing's disease, una enfermedad hormonal cuyos signos clínicos más comunes incluyen aumento del apetito, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
    • The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, de noche y luego de día;
    • The glaucoma, una enfermedad ocular que se puede heredar y causa la degeneración del nervio óptico y la retina debido a una presión anormalmente alta en el ojo.Esta dolorosa patología para el animal evoluciona rápidamente hacia una pérdida total o parcial de la vista, unless it is attended urgently;
    • The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
    • The otitis, frequent inflammation inperros con orejas caídas.

    It also, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, que puede provocar o agravar muchas patologías ya existentes, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que constituye un círculo vicioso, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.

    Finally, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.

    Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, hay que tener en cuenta que su prevalencia es baja y que la mayoría de las personas llevan una vida perfectamente sana.Esto también lo confirma un estudio realizado en 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, a la par del cáncer.Las causas cardíacas ocupan el tercer lugar y juntas representan más de la mitad de las muertes observadas.

    El número de enfermedades a las que está predispuesta la raza siendo o pueden ser hereditarias, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., también deberá aportar un certificado de buen estado de salud establecido por un veterinario así como el detalle de las vacunas recibidas, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.

    Later, se recomienda encarecidamente no hacerle realizar esfuerzos físicos prolongados o demasiado intensos durante su crecimiento, período en el que sus huesos y articulaciones aún son muy frágiles.Se arriesgaría a lesionarse o desarrollar malformaciones, potencialmente con consecuencias de por vida.Esto es aún más importante porque está predispuesto a varios problemas articulares:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.

    Finally, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, que en ocasiones puede detectar un problema que aún es embrionario y tratarlo lo mejor posible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, para prevenir el riesgo de parásitos y las múltiples enfermedades que los acompañan, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.

    Life expectancy

    15 years

    Grooming

    The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, es aconsejable cepillarlo todos los días con un cepillo o guante especial y utilizar un spray desenredante y revitalizante. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.

    The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: una frecuencia excesiva podría perjudicar el equilibrio de tu piel, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. It also, hay que utilizar sistemáticamente un champú especialmente diseñado para perros, also with the risk of damaging your skin, y evitar mojar el interior de sus oídos, ya que son especialmente propensos a las infecciones de oído y otras infecciones.

    It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.

    It also, para evitar que se avergüence de la longitud de su pelo a la altura de los ojos, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.

    So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.

    It also, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.

    También hay que prestar especial atención a sus orejas caídas, ya que esta característica morfológica aumenta el riesgo de infecciones a este nivel (otitis, etc.). So, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.

    The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.

    Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, o incluso todos los días.

    Utility

    The Maltese es una de las razas de perro de compañía más antiguas del mundo, cumpliendo esta función desde la antigüedad. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, así como para muchos personajes históricos, tanto en la antigüedad como en la Europa del Renacimiento y los siglos posteriores. Incluso tenía fama de curar a los enfermos, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.

    In fact, las cosas no han cambiado mucho hoy en día, ya que se utilizan principalmente como perros de compañía. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.

    They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. So, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.

    It also, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.

    Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.

    Last, your kindness and kindness, así como su carácter alegre y atento, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.

    Price

    The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, no es muy difícil encontrar un criador de malteses, because they are numerous.

    In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.

    Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, así como el linaje del que descienden.

    Images “Maltese”

    Videos “Maltese”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
    • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
    • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
    • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKC – Toy
    • UKC – Company


    FCI breed standard "Maltese"

    FCIFCI - Maltese
    Bichon

    Alternative names:

      1. Maltese, Sleeve Dog (English).
      2. Bichon maltais (French).
      3. Malteser (German).
      4. Maltês, bichon maltês (Portuguese).
      5. Bichón maltés, Maltaise, Couton, Mini Maltés, Pulguis (español).

    Miniature Schnauzer
    Alemania FCI 183 . Pinscher and Schnauzer type

    Schnauzer Miniatura

    The Miniature Schnauzer it is exclusively a balanced and affectionate companion dog.

    Content

    History

    The Miniature Schnauzer It is derived from the Standard Schnauzer, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This race is, probably, result of crosses a medium Schnauzer with some of the smaller races, as the Poodle, the Miniature Pinscher or the Affenpinsche.

    El Schnauzer se originó a finales de los 1880’s en granjas alemanas para combatir a los roedores, como compañía de yeguas y caballos, así para ser un alerta e inteligente compañía de las familias. El pelaje tanto de las barbas como de las patas tiene una función desde sus orígenes ya que les sirve como camuflaje para despistar a los roedores que muerden el pelaje asumiendo que es la piel del animal. The cutting of ears and tail also shared this same purpose, ya que las ratas fácilmente podían morder al Schnauzer en estas extremidades.

    Physical characteristics

    The Miniature Schnauzer is very unique in its appearance. compacts and muscular, they have a square complexion (its width and length are almost the same). They have Beard long, populated eyebrows and hair length in feet. The ears and tail, comúnmente, cut them. En algunos países se ha prohibido el corte de estas partes porque se considera que los canes utilizan el movimiento de estas partes para expresar estados de ánimo y otras complicadas interacciones dentro de la manada.

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