With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, the Miniature American Shepherd has all the qualities of Sheepdogs
In forty years, Americans have managed to fix the characteristics of this new breed, from the strains of small Australian Shepherds. Recently, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to integrate and, therefore, recognize the Miniature American Shepherd as a race in its own right, integrating it into the Pastoral Group “Sheepdogs” … next to his ancestor, the Australian Shepherd.
In the decade of 1960, the little ones Australian Shepherd that worked on the rodeo circuit in the United States were selectively bred to further reduce their size. The new breed was originally called the “Australian Shepherd” in miniature. “They became especially popular with riders who traveled to horse shows, since his intelligence, loyalty and size made them an excellent travel companion”, say the experts of the Club del Miniature American Shepherd from the USA. “In this way its popularity spread throughout the country.”
Currently, the breed is recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale), in view of the number of breeders that are embarking on the selection of this breed of dog in Europe.
The Miniature American Shepherd shares many physical traits with its predecessor the Australian Shepherd, only on a smaller scale. The females measure between 33 – 43 cm at shoulder; the males between 35,5 – 46 cm.. Despite its size, they are every inch a real herding dog: energetic, versatile, robust and extremely bright. Striking fur comes in black, blue merle, red and red merle. (Merle exhibits any amount of marbling, spots or mottling.) The Miniature American Shepherd they move with the smooth, agile gait of a dog built for tough work on rough terrain.
Character and skills
With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, dogs Miniature American Shepherd they have all the qualities of a little Shepherd dog, with a pronounced instinct to lead and watch over the herds. Easy to train, able to respond to a variety of demands that allow them to evolve in different sports disciplines. the Miniature American Shepherd However, they are reserved for people who are not familiar to them.. But once the “known”, becomes a wild playmate, and capable of real feats, thanks to its agility and small size.
Like all working dogs, especially those able to work in their original profession, when in a situation with a herd of animals, their behavior changes and they become attentive and tireless helpers.
Its small size, your toilet reduced to a minimum, their adaptability and listening skills, greatly facilitate your life and your education in the city. But, like all shepherds, need to spend and “empty” his overflowing energy. Beautiful walks and runs in the forest are essential to maintain your tone, his physical form and his playful character.
Health and nutrition
This solid and sturdy dog, just like their ancestors, does not pose any particular problem in feeding. His health is that of a dog from generations of working dogs, although many buyers take the step of having a companion dog that is easy to live with. Never forget where it comes from, as you deserve regular physical activity to maintain your figure and strength.
The Miniature American Shepherd is generally a healthy dog, and responsible breeders test their breed for health conditions, communicating with other breeders dedicated to working together for the health of the breed and the preservation of its unique qualities.
Although the Miniature American Shepherd it is a relatively healthy breed, the following complications have been observed:
PRA (progressive retinal atrophy)
PPM (persistent pupillary membrane)
Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure a long and healthy life for the dog.
The Miniature American Shepherd has a double coat, with a longer outer coat and a wool underlayer. The breed shows a good amount, even more so during shedding season, which can happen once or twice a year. Weekly brushing, daily during molting season, will help remove dirt and loose hair and keep the dog looking its best. Balls or tangles can be resolved with a finer brush or metal comb. As in all races, nails must be trimmed regularly, too long nails can cause discomfort to the dog.
As in all races, early socialization and training classes for puppies are recommended, which help to ensure that the dog becomes a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion. Smart and willing to please, the Miniature American Shepherd is highly trainable and will reach its best potential as a partner when taught at least basic obedience.
The Miniature American Shepherd he is active and athletic, and requires a moderate amount of exercise but is also very adaptable to your family's way of life. They do well as city dogs as long as their owners provide them with enough exercise.. They enjoy outings with their people that will occupy both their mind and their body. They enjoy and excel at many dog events, including obedience, agility and tracking.
Characteristics "Miniature American Shepherd"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature American Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
1. Miniature Australian Shepherd, MAS (English).
2. Miniature Australian Shepherd (French).
3. Miniature Australian Shepherd, Mini-Aussie (German).
4. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Portuguese).
5. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Spanish).
Robust medium-sized hounds, well balanced, calm and good-natured, very attached to their master.
The skull is slightly domed, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, the nose is always black, eyes are dark with a smart expression, the ears are hanging and without folds, their tips are rounded.
The body is muscular and slightly long. The fur-covered tail is saber-shaped. The pelage is dense, short and with abundant undercoat. The coat is black with brown markings over the eyes, on the muzzle and lower legs.
Size: Height to the cross 44 - 54 cm..
Ideal size for males: 49 - 50 cm., ideal size for females: 48 - 49 cm..
Character and skills “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”
The Montenegrin Mountain Hound is bold, smart and calm. They are also particularly agile, resistant and tenacious.
They are balanced dogs, quiet, kind, loving and obedient, which makes them excellent companions.
It is often used to hunt hares and foxes, sometimes deer.
Although its qualities make it a good companion dog, life in the city is not recommended for this hound..
Videos "Montenegrin Mountain Hound"
Specijalka Crnogorski planinski gonic 08.09.2012
Stenci – Crnogorski planinski gonic
Type and recognitions:
Section : . .
– FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. ⓘ
The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound It is not a dog that adapts to life in an apartment if there is no way for it to vent its great energy.
The breed had been around for a long time and various dog lovers like Mr M. Légeron, A. Rivot porthole, Willekens, Gairal, Daubigné they had tried in vain to get it officially recognized.
Hare hunters had created this small dog of order from medium-sized French breeds: Porcelaine, Gascon Saintongeois, Poitevin hound in crossbreeding with English dogs like him Beagle, several varieties of Harriers, even the little one English Foxhound. The objective of these crosses was to improve the construction of their dogs and thus increase the speed and attitude to take.
In any case it is a typical French hunting dog, in which English blood also flows. In 1957 the first official recognition of the breed took place in France, followed by the FCI in 1978.
The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound – or also called Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie – He is of medium size and a dog with a powerful constitution, but it never seems heavy. In its appearance it resembles the dogs of the French pack. According to the breed standard, the head should be long and not too wide. The hair is short, thick and smooth and can be two or three colors (white and orange or black, white with brown).
The eyes are large and soft but lively in expression.. Ears below the eye line are soft, slightly turned inwards and medium in size. The tail is of medium length and quite thin. The limbs are strong, with straight and broad forequarters in profile and muscular hindquarters with low set hocks.
Character and skills “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”
The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound is described as balanced and bold, independent, smart and leader, proud and trustworthy. He is affectionate and loyal to his owners. However, adult dogs are suspicious of strangers.
These dogs make up the vast majority of hare and fox hunting herds today. But shooters increasingly appreciate its fine-nosed qualities., resistance, good throat, easy to put on, wise in the hunt and in the kennel.
In the last twenty years, The number of Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hounds medium has improved both in quality and quantity. However, the breeders, and buyers in particular, they must register their dogs with the LOF (Central Canine Society) to better control the selection.
Activities and exercise with “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”
This dog loves to move, needs a lot of exercise and wants to work. You have to spend about four hours a day intensely with him. The breed is suitable for training as a hunting dog, but also for various dog sports. Keeping the dog in the house is strongly discouraged: The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound you need and want a lot of space and would like to have free access to the garden also outside the “hours of walk”.
Education of “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”
To the Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound he likes to learn, he is submissive and also has an intelligent mind. However, has a strong hunting instinct, so your education should start soon and therefore, any “rarity” that this dog acquires in his youth must be solved since it is difficult to correct later.
Care and health of the “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”
The short and dense coat of this dog does not require any special care, cleans itself almost by itself. Its legs, However, should be checked regularly. Especially when used as a hunting dog, injuries and problems are more likely to occur.
In rare cases there is a tendency to osteoarthritis and bone tumors.
– FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. ⓘ
– Central Canine Societyⓘ
FCI breed standard "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"
FCI - Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
1. Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie (English).
2. Anglo-français de petite vénerie (French).
3. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (German).
4. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (Portuguese).
5. Sabueso anglo francés de tamaño mediano, Anglo-francés para la caza menor, Anglo-francés de tamaño medio (Spanish).
The Miniature Pinscher has much temperament, vitality and is an excellent companion dog.
It is often thought that the Pinscher miniatura is a German Pinscher small, but it predates that race at least in 200 years. Originally paid for his maintenance as a buzzard in the German pens. It is believed to have been created by the crossing of races as diverse as the Dachshund, the old german pinscher, the Manchester Terrier and the Italian Greyhound. The result was a spirited and fearless puppy.
It was very popular in Germany and in the Scandinavian countries, but it is not surprising that its international star began to grow. The Pinscher miniatura was first registered with the American Kennel Club in 1925 like Terrier for his mouse experience. The Miniature Pinscher Club of America was formed in 1929, and the dogs were reclassified as a toy breed in 1930. In America they were called Pinscher (Toy) until 1972, when they were renamed Miniature Pinscher.
Today, the Miniature Pinscher ranks 40th among AKC registered breeds, below 17th in 2000. As with many races, has changed position at the whim of the public, possibly because he's not the cute little lap dog that some thought he would be, or simply because other races have caught the public's attention.
The Pinscher miniature is the achicada image of the German Pinscher, flawless dwarfism. Its elegant square construction is clearly visible through her short hair, smooth and tight.
Its proportions are square because it has the same length as the cross height, between the 25 and 30 cm..
Its weight varies between the 4 and 6 kg maximum, at risk of suffering from the heart.
The hair is short and smooth, admitting only copies monocolores Red in their different shades and copies bicoloured Black with fire marks.
Traditionally, the Miniature Pinscher was the tail and ears cut, but now this practice is prohibited throughout the European Union.
Character and skills
A small dog with a great attitude and a bigger mouth, the Miniature Pinscher he has no idea he's not as big as a Doberman. Will face any threat, including a dog many times bigger than him. Will try to protect his family, will chase cats out of the yard and sound the alarm whenever he deems necessary, which is constant. And although it will fit in your puppy bag, you won't like being there. This is a dog with a mind and a will of its own, not an accessory.
Don't let its designation as a toy dog fool you. Like his older Terrier cousins, the Pinscher miniatura dig, will bark and chase anything that moves, including squirrels, cats and quite possibly other dogs. Unless well-bred and well-socialized – and sometimes even despite such advantages – is prone to being an annoying barker, suspicious of strangers and not very good with children.
The Pinscher miniatura It can be wonderful with older kids as long as the kids don't mistreat them. Your activity and energy level is suitable for children, and loves to be a family dog. Monitor interactions with young children so they don't hurt the dog, or viceversa.
Due to his tendency to be protective and territorial, the assertive, proud and stubborn Pinscher miniatura needs a firm and consistent training from the puppy stage to control his bites, as well as any tendency you have to bark inappropriately. Don't let him get away with bad behavior or he'll quickly become an almost impossible habit to break. In addition, like many small dogs, Miniature Pinschers are difficult to train at home; firmness and consistency are the keys to success.
The Miniature Pinscher is innately curious and likes toys that move or make noises. However, it is likely that at some point you will try to eat the toys… will gut a squeaky toy in no time. Flimsy rubber or plastic aren't the best bets for him.
Start training your puppy Pinscher miniatura the day i bring it home. Even at 8 or 10 weeks of age, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until immunizations are completed for puppies (including that of rage, distemper and parvovirus). Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.
Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see their pups daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.. If you are looking for a Pinscher miniatura, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.
Miniature Pinscher Health
All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines.
The Miniature Pinscher is prone to some health problems. Here is a brief summary of some of the conditions you should know.
Like most small dogs, Miniature Pinscher's knees can be unstable and can come out of position easily, the common condition known as dislocated kneecaps. This is one of the reasons why it is essential to keep your Miniature Pinscher at a proper weight..
Hip disease known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease occurs in Min Pins. Causes a reduction in the blood supply to the head of the hind leg bone, which then begins to degrade. The first sign of Legg-Calve-Perthes, the limp, usually appears when the puppy has 4 - 6 months of age. In many cases, treatment requires surgery to remove the head from the leg bone.
Mucopolysaccharidosis VI, the MPSVI, it is a genetic defect in the way the body processes certain molecules. An accumulation of dermatan sulfate (a complex molecule) can occur in specific areas of the body. Stunted growth, joint damage, cloudiness of the eyes (which may look like waterfalls) and damage to the heart valves are some of the consequences of MPSVI. DNA test can identify affected dogs, Carriers and Normal - Breeding two carriers can produce affected puppies.
Other conditions that affect race include diabetes, dislocation of the elbow, congenital deafness and eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma and hypoplasia of the optic nerve.
Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you should find a trusted breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for genetic defects and considered healthy for breeding. As a minimum, the breeder must have hip and knee evaluations of both breeding dogs.
If the breeder tells you that you don't need to do those tests because you have never had a problem with your lines, your dogs have been vet checked, or any of the other excuses bad breeders have to skimp on their dogs' genetic testing, vaiyase.
Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.
Not all visits from Pinscher miniatura to the vet they are due to a genetic problem. Due to its size and athletics, broken legs are not uncommon.
Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Pinscher miniatura with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
Caring for the Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinschers are very easy to groom due to their short, soft fur. Just use a bristle brush once or twice a week. They lose an average amount, but its small size means less hair is lost than in a larger dog with the same type of short hair.
Bathe the Miniature Pinscher as desired or only when it gets dirty. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, You can bathe a Miniature Pinscher weekly if you want without damaging its coat.
As with all Toy breeds, dental problems are common. Brush your Miniature Pinscher's teeth daily with a vet-approved pet toothpaste and have them checked regularly by your vet. Nails should be cut every two weeks; you should not hear the click of the toenails when the dog walks.
Characteristics "Miniature Pinscher"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature Pinscher" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
– FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer. ⓘ
– AKC – Toys ⓘ
– ANKC – Group 1 (Toys) ⓘ
– CKC – Group 5 – (Toys) ⓘ
– KC – Toys ⓘ
– NZKC – Toys ⓘ
– UKC – Company breeds ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Miniature Pinscher"
FCI - Miniature Pinscher
1. Min Pin, King of the Toys (English).
2. Pinscher Nain (French).
3. Rehpinscher, Miniature Pinscher, Minpin, Minidoberman; in Österreich auch unter Rehrattler bekannt (German).
4. Pinscher miniatura (Portuguese).
5. Pinscher enano (Spanish).
The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog he will be really happy sleeping with the cattle rather than on the sofa in your home.
The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog (Maremmano-Abruzzese or Cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese), It is a breed of sheepdog native to central Italy and used for centuries by shepherds to defend their flocks from wolves.
The breed is still used, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo where the flocks of sheep vitalize the rural economy and the wolves are protected predators (of the few areas of the planet, Regrettably…).
He also descended from Shepherd dogs that once existed in the region of the Tuscan Maremma and the region of Lazio. From 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.
Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Dogs similar to Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog they are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times to the present day.
Until year 1958, the Maremma Sheepdog and the Maremmano-Abruzzese they were considered as separate races. The first Canine society of the Maremma Sheepdog was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the First Canine Society of the Maremma Sheepdog.
But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especially after the unification of Italy was "natural melting"” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).
Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, While they continue to be widely utilized by sheep farmers in Italy in areas where predation is common, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.
But, Ironically, of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, well Yes, but do not like to hear it, the hand of the man and the ringing has resulted a sinister more: sheep farming has been reduced and the Wolf is almost extinct.
Although it is easier for him Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, develop its link with sheep and goats, farmers have found that, also, they are able to develop a protective bond with cows, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. Also, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, owls, etc.).
In Australia, a lot has been bet on Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog. Specifically in the city of Warrnambool, which boasts great natural beauties, and in one of them the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog It is today a key piece for the survival of other species.
Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, recognized as a site of the southern right whale calf. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.
In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, penguins and the common dolphin. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.
There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island had a large colony of penguins. But the uncontrolled presence of foxes brought the number of members of the colony to be reduced significantly. In 2005, There are only four penguins in the colony.
It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, first in the world with these features, introduced to Middle Island several copies of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect the penguins. This very original and innovative programme has been the cornerstone of the re-establishment of the colony of penguins that year 2009 already had more of 100 Members.
While the use of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect an endangered species was a rare thing at first, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, it has been proven that the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog along with other breeds of livestock guardian dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, as the penguins, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, also, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.
In other countries as Italy, United States and Canada, the use of dogs has also been promoted Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, as well as other types of dogs pastors, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.
The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog is a dog from large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. It is also harmony on its format (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).
The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.
The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.
The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, and when the dog is alert rises to the line of the spine.
The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.
Height to the cross in the males is of 65 - 73 cm and females is of 60 - 68 cm.. The weight of 35 - 45 kg in males and 30 - 40 kg in females.
Character and skills
Despite its large size, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog can be a good companion dog in homes with open spaces, appropriate to your needs.
Centuries of breeding Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, today in an animal that adapts very well to home life very much joins his family who protects as if it were a herd, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.
In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.
Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, away from property of the neighbour and traffic lines, It would be an ideal place for this beautiful Shepherd. In this environment, Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, is there really happy.
In addition to its extensive use in Italy, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog lives happily performing its livestock protection duties in Australia, United States and Canada.
The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, is a very versatile dog, and capable of generating a links very, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, but the most common is that they introduce with 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, still of puppies, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.
What else can we say about the character of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog? I believe that the words..., sobran.
Characteristics "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.
The Maltese It is a canine breed that has existed since ancient times and was already widespread in Mediterranean cultures. However, contrary to what its name might suggest, its exact origin remains uncertain, but it seems to come from one of the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, today it is known mainly as Maltese or Maltese dog.
Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese even existed in ancient Egypt. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 BC. - 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. Therefore, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.
Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.
They weren't the only ones who honored him, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 BC. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. He mentioned a breed of small dog that he called in Latin canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.
Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Many noblewomen owned one and never went out without it. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.
In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 BC. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), Roman governor of Malta who owned a Maltese named Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.
The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), and there it also became very popular among the upper classes, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, while its small size allowed them to easily wear it on their blouses. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).
Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.
Despite its success and presence in many countries, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. There it was shown with the name of Maltese Lion Dog.
The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, when the other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.
They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 - 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.
The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.
Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.
Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.
The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.
The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.
The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, so breeders focused only on white-furred individuals.
As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..
Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.
Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. Therefore, you better stay away from them.
In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.
Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.
In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.
At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 there were some 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.
The situation is different in France, since the number of annual inscriptions in the French Book of Origins (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.
In Switzerland, It is the 13th most popular breed in the country. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.
Did You Know?
The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. Could it be because they are so adorable in photos? We think so.
Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, and is able to comfort them in difficult moments. He is very active and maintains a young spirit all his life.
Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. Therefore, not suitable for a teacher who usually spends most of his days away from home.
Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (CAT, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, in the event that another animal comes to your family one day, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, as it could harm you unintentionally, for example just playing with him.
Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, the latter are quick to make gestures too abrupt towards him, especially during playtime, and they could hurt you unintentionally. In addition, even if it is not like that, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, which could lead to inappropriate reactions on your part. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.
Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.
The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Half an hour of activity a day is more than enough, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.
As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, in a big house with a garden. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, since its lack of undercoat makes it sensitive to cold. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.
Unlike other dogs the Maltese needs little physical activity, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.
Take them to walk would also make them sociable that don't require much exercise, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.
They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.
Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, as well as exposing him to all kinds of situations and environments. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..
At the same time, given the very strong level of attachment to their humans that characterizes this race, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.
The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, since they are not receptive to reprimands and respond much better to stimuli and treats. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.
In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. This would be the best way to get him to develop the “the small dog syndrome”, namely, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, aggressive and difficult to live with. Therefore, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.
The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.
However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, it is particularly sensitive to cold and humidity.When temperatures are cold, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, you are not meant to live in an area where the climate is cold for much of the year.
In addition, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:
The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), Common in dogs, it occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain or lameness of varying degrees of severity., an operation is necessary;
The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsand corresponds to a reduction in the diameter of the trachea The most common sign is a dry and chronic cough, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
The cryptorchidism, often a hereditary defect that causes the animal's testicles not to descend into the scrotum, the only solution then is to remove them surgically to avoid further complications, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
Congenital portosystemic derivation, a vascular abnormality that can lead to growth retardation, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, symptoms are subtle, which makes the diagnosis of the disease later., whose cause may be hereditary, can be cured by surgical intervention;
Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Symptoms vary from one individual to another (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
Shaky dog syndrome, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. It consists of inflammation of the cerebellum and causes attacks of involuntary tremors throughout the body and lack of coordination.Symptoms usually begin to appear between the 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Symptoms of the problem are loss of appetite, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, if sugar is not given one way or another;
The Cushing's disease, a hormonal disease whose most common clinical signs include increased appetite, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, at night and then during the day;
The Glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited and causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina due to abnormally high pressure in the eye.This painful pathology for the animal rapidly evolves towards a total or partial loss of sight, unless it is attended urgently;
The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
The otitis, frequent inflammation indogs with lop ears.
In addition, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, that can cause or aggravate many existing pathologies, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. This is all the more true since it constitutes a vicious circle, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.
At last, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.
Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, It must be taken into account that its prevalence is low and that most people lead a perfectly healthy life, this is also confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, Along with cancer, cardiac causes rank third and together account for more than half of all deaths.
The number of diseases to which the breed is predisposed being or may be hereditary, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., You must also provide a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as the details of the vaccines received, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.
Later, it is strongly recommended not to make him perform prolonged or too intense physical efforts during his growth, period in which your bones and joints are still very fragile, you would risk injuring yourself or developing malformations, potentially with life-long consequences.This is even more important because you are predisposed to various joint problems:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.
At last, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, that can sometimes detect a problem that is still embryonic and treat it as well as possible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, to prevent the risk of parasites and the many diseases that accompany them, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.
The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, it is advisable to brush it every day with a special brush or glove and use a detangling and revitalizing spray. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.
The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: an excessive frequency could damage the balance of your skin, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. In addition, a shampoo specially designed for dogs must be used systematically, also with the risk of damaging your skin, and avoid wetting the inside of your ears, as they are especially prone to ear infections and other infections.
It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.
In addition, to keep you from being embarrassed about the length of your hair at eye level, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.
So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.
In addition, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.
You also have to pay special attention to their floppy ears, since this morphological characteristic increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.
The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.
Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, or even every day.
The Maltese It is one of the oldest companion dog breeds in the world, fulfilling this function since ancient times. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, as well as for many historical figures, both in antiquity and in Renaissance Europe and later centuries. He even had a reputation for curing the sick, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.
In fact, things haven't changed much nowadays, as they are mainly used as companion dogs. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.
They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. Therefore, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.
In addition, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.
Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.
Last but not least, your kindness and kindness, as well as his cheerful and attentive character, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.
The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, it is not very difficult to find a Maltese breeder, because they are numerous.
In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.
Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, as well as the lineage from which they descend.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Miniature Schnauzer It is only a balanced and affectionate companion dog.
The Miniature Schnauzer It is derived from the Standard Schnauzer, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This race is, probably, result of crosses a medium Schnauzer with some of the smaller races, as the Poodle, the Miniature Pinscher or the Affenpinsche.
Schnauzer originated at the end of the 1880's on German farms to combat rodents, as a company of horses and mares, so to be an alert and intelligent company of families. The fur both baleen and legs has a role since its inception that it serves as camouflage to mislead the rodents that bite fur assuming that it is the animal's skin. The cutting of ears and tail also shared this same purpose, that the rats could easily bite to the Schnauzer in these extremities.
The Miniature Schnauzer is very unique in its appearance. Compact and muscular, they have a square complexion (its width and length are almost the same). They have Beard long, populated eyebrows and hair length in feet. The ears and tail, commonly, cut them. In some countries has banned the cutting of these parts because it is believed that dogs used the movement of these parties to express moods and other complex interactions within the herd.
Are what, they are their ancestor and the form in which it existed, What is known for certain is that the Mudi, has survived this time thanks to the appreciation of the shepherds who praise his innate ability in which protection of livestock with regard.
In the year 1936 wrote the first breed standard, naming it Mudi.
The studbook is still open, that means that more and more dogs of this type, they live in their homeland, they are incorporated into the breeding records.
The Mudi, "today is a"rare breed"there are few copies in his native country", and outside Hungary if hay…, very few inches.
Before the flocks of cattle were numerous and pastores… dogs, essential, This situation has changed dramatically from a time to this part and along the way we lost many canine breeds, specializing in working with cattle.
Usually weigh between 8 and 13 kg and measure between 38 and 48 centimeters to the cross.
The mantle is medium wavy or curly, with short hair on the face and legs. The colors accepted are black, Ash, brown, white, Fawn and merle.
The Mudi can have the tail short birth or birth with them long and cut them.
It is a very versatile dog, You can be on a farm, You can hunt, exterminate rodents, make guardian, dog herds and as dog boyero.
Although it is a much less popular breed than the Puli and the Komondor in its country of origin, owners always recognize his superiority due to his versatile talent and always friendly and working arrangement.
Hair: varies by region. The head and limbs are covered in short hair, straight and smooth. On other parts of the body there is hair of a length between and cm, dense, undulating and shiny. the undercoat is arranged in spirals and stripes.
Color: glossy black or white, but there are also white mantles with black stripes or black ones with white stripes, with medium-sized spots and uniform distribution.
Size: 35 - 47 cm..
The hair of the Mudi, Unlike other dog breeds, has much pigment. Surfaces devoid of hair, They must be totally black, However, the pads and nails are slate grey.
The Mudi is a very active race. If you live in the city it is necessary to carry out a walk every day to light step, or run.
In addition, It would be beneficial for their health have an area where it can run rampant at outdoor, they need plenty of exercise to maintain sanos… and happy.
To the Mudi She loves to play and Excel in all kinds of sports Canine as the Frisbee, for example.
Can also compete in the agility, obedience, Rally obedience, Schutzhund, show, Flyball, and tracking. It has strong instinct and grazing capacity, with appropriate training, It could also compete in herding trials.
A Mudi can live in a house doing enough exercise, but always they need ample space to run and play. They are active and they can live, perfectly, in the open air.
Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.
The Mudi is a generally healthy breed with a life expectancy of 12 - 14 years.
Health problems seen in the Mudi include Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, cataract, elbow dysplasia and patellar dislocation.
If a breeder tells you they don't need to do those tests because they've never had a problem with their lines or because their dogs have been vet checked, or if they give any other excuse to skimp on their dogs' genetic testing, leave immediately.
Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in many cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what was their cause of death.
Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Mudi at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend his life..
The coat of the Mudi loose the dirt (and the hair, of course) and does not require frequent bathing. A weekly brushing is usually all that is needed and the coat does not need to be trimmed.
If your Mudi is like most, you will enjoy swimming in a pool, a lake or the ocean. Thereafter, rinsed with fresh water to remove chlorine, algae or salt and restore shine to your coat.
The Mudi sheds her coat in the spring and doesn't get it back fully until late summer.
The rest are basic care. Trim nails every few weeks or as needed. Brush your teeth often – with a vet-approved pet toothpaste – for good general health and fresh breath.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Mudi" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
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