The Bullmastiff It is a British breed of dog, as believed, comes from the crossing between races English Mastiff and Bulldog.
The race originated official in Britain at the end of the 19th century and the first standard (description of the set of racial characteristics) data of 1924, date on which was adopted by the British Kennel Club. After, the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club, the Kennel Club Sheiko, the Australian Kennel Club and the own Federation Cynologique Europèene wrote other standards, similar in concept, Although, some of them show some differences.
In the past, the Bullmastiff It was used in England as guardian of the large private landowners hunting grounds, in order to pursue and apprehend poachers; the dog Peiki developed its activity of harassment and demolition pushing the thieves with the weight of his body and throwing them on top, to immobilize them, without using his powerful mouth. Reason that this dog attack materialise in the use of body force but not in the bite had been given by the forest laws prevailing since the 12th century in England.
It must be said that even though the race is officially defined as originating from the United Kingdom, the truth is that long before its adoption as such race by part of the Kennel Club and the making of his racial standard (that has changed very little since its adoption in the year 1924), the truth is that in the Iberian peninsula they existed examples of similar morphology, as evidenced by engravings by Goya (c.1800) and, even more oil of great proportions, entitled “Courtyard of horses in the ancient square of Madrid, before the Bullfight”, Manuel Castellanos, dating of 1853 and that it portrays two dogs that well could pass through Bullmastiff modern.
In fact, much earlier, There were already “Bull dogs” in the Iberian Peninsula that were highly appreciated by his courage and strength; so much so that the Catherine of Aragon, When he travelled to England to marry Henry VIII took, as part of his regalia, several of these animals to be used beyond, hobby that became very fashionable then and continued to be very much appreciated in times of Elizabeth I and Mary Stuart.
Aspect imposing and eminently deterrent, the Bullmastiff is an animal's good bones, chest wide and deep and powerful back. His head, square viewed from any angle, with ears darker than the mantle and preferably black color v, on which dominates a nose medium length and width, covered with a black mask that extends towards and around the eyes which have to be equally dark (preferably color hazelnut, Brown, dark brown or black, never yellow or amber), intense and deep look, It is their main and most characteristic hallmark. Short hair, his cloak can be Griffon, covering all the tones from the sand to red liver, or striped.
The typical male, When he reaches his full physical development, for the three and a half years of age, comes to measure between 63,5 and 68,5 cm to the cross with a weight between 49,5 and 59,5 kg. The adult female, completed eighteen months, usually weigh in 41 to 49,5 kg and measured between 61 and 66 cm..
Cleaning and maintenance of a Bullmastiff is simple, because it is a short hair dog, with an annual moult in spring. A session of vigorous brushing hair and against the grain, three times in a week will be enough to keep your hair clean and bright and prevent body odor. The baths, alter the pH of the skin are fully desaconsejados and if you ever needed to bathe him, It is essential to do so with shampoo neutral pH and water warm, abundantly clarified to remove all SOAP residue and then drying thoroughly throughout the body.
Character and skills
Still today, its attack and defense is characteristic, and it is very much appreciated, because well measured its strength and never attacks to draw blood. And it is this trait that distinguishes it from other trotting breeds that are much more easily and prompt in the bite, inferring great damage to their prey, whether other dogs, other animals or people.
It is essential that the exercise is very controlled during the critical phase of growth (until the 15-16 months males and the 10 months females), to avoid muscle-skeletal problems in adults. For this reason you must avoid overweight in the puppy.
Training in attack is totally discouraged.
Smart guardian, discreet, effective and with great capacity of discrimination, is little barking, very home, and only moderately active, so it adapts perfectly to the floor and city life.
Unlike other trotting races, It is characterized by accepting orders imposed all the members of the House, even the little ones and not be “dog for an owner only”, which facilitates its coexistence with the family.
- Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides / Mountain dog
Dogs breeds: Bullmastiff